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watkins

VIEWS: 14 PAGES: 2

									INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A KEY TOOL
FOR MEETING SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS.

Amanda Watkins
European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education
Teglgaardsparken 100, DK-5500 Middelfart, Denmark
www.european-agency.org
amanda@european-agency.org

ICT and special needs education policies
Element of ICT policy                 Evident in

General – not special needs           Austria, Belgium, Cyprus (under development),
education specific – ICT policies     Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France,
that include statements and           Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
objectives on the five areas          Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
                                      Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK

The general ICT policy includes       Belgium (Flemish Community),          Denmark,
statements of equity of               Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden
educational opportunity with
respect to and through the use of
ICT

As an element of educational          Austria, Belgium (Flemish Community), Cyprus
policy, ICT is embodied within        (applies to secondary and special schools only),
the school curriculum that applies    Czech Republic, France, Iceland, Ireland,
to all pupils, including those with   Norway, Poland, Sweden, UK
SENs

Different bodies are responsible      Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France,
for policy implementation             Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
                                      Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
                                      Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

Some form of evaluation of            Austria, Belgium      (Flemish    Community),
general ICT policy is being           Denmark Finland, Greece, Ireland, Netherlands,
conducted                             Norway, Portugal, Spain (at a regional level),
                                      Sweden, Switzerland, UK

ICT is incorporated as a              Cyprus, Portugal, Slovakia
particular element of national
disability and SEN policy and
legislation

Policy is being implemented and       Czech Republic, Lithuania, Norway
evaluated via dedicated ICT
projects at a national level

Policies have a direct impact         Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
upon a teacher’s access to          Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
training, support and information   Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
relating to ICT                     Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
                                    UK

Types of specialist ICT in special needs education support
 Type of support                     Available in
 National dedicated agencies for     Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden,
 ICT in Education                    Switzerland, UK
 Support services that work          Belgium (Flemish Community), Denmark,
 directly with teachers and pupils   Sweden, UK
 within special needs education
 Specialist resource centres         Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France,
 where teachers obtain advice,       Germany (some Länder), Greece, Iceland,
 materials and information           Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway,
                                     Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK
 Specialist support provided by      Cyprus
 special schools
 Specialist national and/or          Austria, Portugal
 regional working groups
 Specialist websites and online      Austria, Belgium (French Community),
 networks                            Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
                                     Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
                                     Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
                                     Sweden, Switzerland, UK
 In school support                   Austria, Belgium, Cyprus (under
                                     development), Czech Republic, Denmark,
                                     Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland,
                                     Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
                                     Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK*
* Most countries suggested that individual schools may have named staff with
special expertise acting as ICT co-ordinators, but these staff were not
necessarily those with SEN expertise.

European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education. Editor
Watkins, A. (2001) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and
Special Needs Education (SNE), Middelfart, Denmark.

European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education. Editors
Meijer, C.J.W., Soriano, V. & Watkins, A. (2003) Special Needs Education in
Europe: Thematic Publication, Middelfart, Denmark.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Special Needs
Education (SNE) project web database
http://www.european-agency.org/ict_sen_db/index.html

SEN-IST-Net: www.senist.net

								
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