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UNIT 9 - RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ACTIVITY - Respiratory Worksheet NAME ____________________________________ PERIOD/DATE ___________ 1. Describe how the respiratory and cardiovascular systems work together to supply oxygen and remove carbon dioxide. 2. What are three functions of the nose? a. b. c. 3. The uppermost portion of the pharynx is called the ______________________. The middle portion of the pharynx is called the ___________________________. The lower portion of the pharynx is called the ____________________________. Which portion of the pharynx serves only as a passageway for air? _____________________________________ 4. The larynx is commonly known as the ________________________. It connects the ______________ with the __________________________. The larynx is composed of nine pieces of _______________. The major portion is known as the _________________________________ which is nicknamed the Adam’s apple. The opening through the larynx is called the ______________________________. The “lid” to the larynx is called the _____________________________ which closes the larynx during swallowing. The ________ vocal cords produce sound. 5. The trachea is commonly known as the __________________________. It is located ______________ to the esophagus. The trachea is lined with _______________________ and is held open by _____________________________. 6. What respiratory tubes found in the lungs are lined with epithelial tissue and held open by varying amounts of cartilage? __________________________________ 7. What respiratory tubes are smaller, connect the bronchi to the alveolar ducts and contain no cartilage? _______________________________________ 8. The lungs are located in the __________________________ cavity. They are enclosed by the _______ membrane. The ___________ is located directly on the surface of the lungs while the ______________ is found lining the cavity. Unit 9: Respiratory System Test Review NAME ____________________________________ PERIOD/DATE ___________ 1. List the general functions of the respiratory system. 2. Identify the organs of the respiratory system in the order in which air will pass through them from the exterior. 3. Describe the three regions of the pharynx. a. nasopharynx: b. oropharynx: c. laryngopharynx: 4. Identify the anatomical features of the larynx and associated structures. a. epiglottis: b. glottis: c. hyoid bone: d. thyroid cartilage: e. cricoid cartilage: f. true vocal cords: g. false vocal cords: 5. Identify the coverings of the lungs and the gross anatomical features of the lungs. a. apex: b. base: c. lobes: d. visceral pleura: e. parietal pleura: f. pleural cavity: 6. Identify the site at which gas exchange occurs in the lungs. 7. Identify the volumes and capacities of air exchange during ventilation. a. tidal volume: b. vital capacity: 8. Differentiate among ventilation, external respiration, and internal respiration. a. ventilation: b. external respiration: c. internal respiration: 9. Describe the effects of carbon dioxide on respiration. 10. Describe the diseases or disorders of the respiratory system. a. Emphysema: b. Influenza: c. Pleurisy: d. Pneumonia: e. SIDS: f. Tuberculosis: g. Lung Cancer: h. Coryza: i. Asthma: j. Bronchitis: k. Cystic Fibrosis: l. Respiratory Distress Syndrome: m. Rhinitis: n. Epistaxis: o. Pertussis: p. Stridor: q. Pulmonary Embolism: r. Pulmonary Edema: s. Respiratory Failure:
"UNIT 9 Respiratory Wrshts. Packet"