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					         saqarTvelos teqnikuri universiteti


                                      xelnaweris uflebiT




                     laSa bulia


  regionuli socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis
SedarebiTi analizi saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis
                     magaliTze




               ekonomika da biznesis marTva




        doqtoris akademiuri xarisxis mosapoveblad
                warmodgenili disertaciis




                 a v t o r e f e r a t i




                      Tbilisi
                      2011 weli
    disertacia        Sesrulebulia        saqarTvelos       teqnikuri
universitetis humanitarul-teqnikuri fakultetis ekonomikisa da
biznesis    marTvis   departamentis     ekonomikuri     Teoriisa    da
biznesis marTvis mimarTulebaze.


samecniero xelmZRvaneli,
ekonomikur mecnierebaTa doqtori,
stu sruli profesori:                                   e. baraTaSvili


oficialuri recenzentebi:
ekonomikur mecnierebaTa doqtori,
stu sruli profesori:                                      g. malaSxia


ekonomikis akademiuri doqtori,
Tsu asocirebuli profesori:                              e. lekaSvili


    disertaciis dacva Sedgeba 2011 wlis 24 Tebervals 14:00
saaTze,    saqarTvelos    teqnikur     universitetSi    sadisertacio
sabWos kolegiis ----------- sxdomaze
korpusi VI, kostavas q.#77


    disertaciis gacnoba SesaZlebelia saqarTvelos teqnikuri
universitetis biblioTekasa da stu-s veb gverdze.


sadisertacio sabWos mdivani,
filologiis mecnierebaTa doqtori,
stu sruli profesori:                                         b. imnaZe




                                  2
                                        Abstract

    In the introduction of the Thesis there is discussed the theme actuality, goal of
research and tasks, objective of research, main results of thesis and scientific novelty,
theoretical and methodological basis of research, results exploitation area.
    Scientific novelty, resulted from research could be formed as following: 1. The
theory and methodology of comparative analysis of transformative Social-economical
systems are not complete and they require the deep scientific research. There are good
reasons given in the thesis for the implementation of comparative analysis in the
contemporary conditions of Georgia; 2. Executed practical research, according to the
macro economical and social parameters, based on the comparative analysis of social-
economical development on transformative economical countries – is not complete
and needs scientific research, for the special study purpose of tendencies, peculiarities
and economical crisis regulatory of these countries; 3. During the practical research
of comparative parameters, it’s well grounded the necessity of their complex
utilization for the better showing of crisis development in the transformative
economical countries; 4. It’s well grounded the necessity of comparative analysis of
Georgia and CIS countries social-economical development and possibility of
globalization and regionalization interrelationship, on the basis of integrated indexes.
    In the first chapter of the Thesis – “Theoretical and methodological basis of
comparative analysis of transformative Social-economical systems” is discussed the
typology of transformative economics and its meaning in the context of comparative
analysis. There is also explained the difference between “transformative social-
economical system” and “transformative economics”. In the author’s opinion, these
two concepts reflect dialectical unity of common and specific, though - concepts,
noted in the literature are identified, that is not correct. There are given good reasons,
that development of transformative economics theory requires macro economical
instability and deep theoretical elaboration of the economical crisis problems.
    In the Thesis there is learned the direct connection of comparative analysis of
transformative economics to the static and dynamic approach of economical
processes. Transformative economics’ theory was formed in the frames of static
approach priorities, but it should be vice versa. Static approach surpluses nowadays In
the formation of this theory. Transformative economics theory - is the theory of
transitional processes, development and dynamics.


                                            3
      In the second chapter of the Thesis:”Comparative analysis of social-economical
parameters, of Georgia and CIS countries’ transformative economics” – is discussed
regulatory, tendencies and peculiarities of social-economical development of
transformative economics’ countries.
      Comparative analysis was performed according to the following macro
economical parameters of transformative economics’ countries, since the beginning of
transformation:1. Gross domestic product dynamics in Georgia and CIS countries; 2.
Gross domestic product per capita dynamics in Georgia and CIS countries; 3. Annual
growth dynamics of Gross domestic product in Georgia and CIS countries; 4. Inflation
Index dynamics (0% to the previous year) in Georgia and CIS countries; 5. Direct
foreign investments dynamics in Georgia and CIS countries. 6. Foreign trade (export-
import) relationship dynamics in Georgia and CIS countries.
      Social parameters, used during the social development comparative analysis of
Georgia and CIS countries., are: 1. Social parameters, according to the poverty
rate; 2. Social parameters, according to the employment rate; 3. Social parameters,
according to the unemployment rate.
      In each group were picked out several indexes, which were elaborated in the
forms of tables. By the comparative analysis there were displayed the social
tendencies in Georgia and CIS countries.
      The third chapter of dissertation - “Comparative analysis of social-economical
development of Georgia and CIS countries, in the context of globalization and
regionalization interrelationship” – is devoted to the searching of perfection ways of
regional comparative analysis, based on the global integrated indexes.
      In the first sub-chapter “Globalization and regionalization” –it is discussed the
theoretical problems of interrelationship of globalization and regionalization.
     The second sub-chapter of the third chapter of the Thesis “comparative analysis
of social-economical development of Georgia and CIS countries, on the basis of
global integrated indexes”- is devoted to the review of 8 international integrated
indexes (Transformation progress Index, Economic Freedom Index, Democracy
Index, Corruption Perception Index, Global Competitiveness Index, Human
Development Index, Gini Index, Sustainable Development Index)- for determining the
transformative development level of Georgia and CIS countries. By which it was
defined those important tendencies, which accompany those countries, as the subjects
of regionalization, global economics involvement process.

                                           4
                          naSromis zogadi daxasiaTeba


    Temis aqtualuroba. transformaciuli ekonomikebis Teoria,
meTodologia       da      praqtika         bevr    sakamaTo        sakiTxs    moicavs,
romelTa mecnierul doneze Seswavla da gamoyeneba socialur-
ekonomikuri ganviTarebis Sesaxeb realuri suraTis misaRebad
mraval sirTulesTanaa dakavSirebuli. transformaciuli ganvi-
Tarebis dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mxareebis gamovlenaSi Sedare-
biT analizs gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeba. amrigad, Tema
dReisaTvis       aqtualuri             da         jer      kidev       Seuswavlelia
saqarTveloSi.
    TemaSi dasabuTebulia transformaciuli ekonomikis qveynebis
makroekonomikuri          da        socialuri           ganviTarebis     SedarebiTi
analizis      saqarTvelos             Tanamedrove          pirobebSi         danergvis
aucilebloba,        rac        gulisxmobs,          erTis     mxriv,     krizisuli
movlenebis droulad gamovlenas da daZlevas, meores mxriv,
saqarTvelos reitinguli adgilis dadgenas, mesames mxriv, rac
yvelaze      ufro      mTavaria,        qveynis         kompleqsuri      socialur-
ekonomikuri ganviTarebis strategiis SemuSavebas.F
    TemaSi dasabuTebulia regionalizaciisa da globalizaciis
urTierTkavSiris         mniSvneloba             transformaciuli           ekonomikis
qveynebis,   rogorc        regionalizaciis               subieqtebis,    globalur
ekonomikaSi CasarTavad, risTvisac kompleqsuradaa gamoyenebuli
globalizaciaSi         CarTulobis           amsaxveli       rva    umniSvnelovanesi
globaluri integrirebuli indeqsi.
    kvlevis      mizani        da    amocanebi.         kvlevis     ZiriTad     mizans
warmoadgens         saqarTveloSi                  transformaciis             periodSi
Tanamedrove socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis problematikis
gadaWris gzebis da transformaciis daCqarebuli ganviTarebis
perspeqtivebis      Seswavla          da     dsT-s       regionTan      mimarTebaSi,
ganviTarebis krizisuli dinamikis SedarebiTi analizis safuZ-
velze, praqtikuli daskvnebisa da rekomendaciebis SemuSaveba.

                                            5
    aRniSnuli miznidan gamomdinare gamokvlevisaTvis dasaxul
iqna Semdegi amocanebi:
            transformaciuli ekonomikebis tipologizaciisa da
misi mniSvnelobis gansazRvra SedarebiT analizSi;
            transformaciuli               socialur           –        ekonomikuri
sistemebis SedarebiTi analizis meTodologiis specifiurobis
dadgena;
            transformaciuli               socialur           –        ekonomikuri
sistemebis SedarebiTi analizis parametrebis gamovlena;
            transformaciuli ekonomikis qveynebis socialur –
ekonomikuri    ganviTarebis        kanonzomierebebis,         tendenciebis      da
Taviseburebebis       Seswavla      makroekonomikuri              da    socialuri
parametrebis SedarebiTi analizis safuZvelze;
            regionalizaciisa         da      globalizaciis               urTierT-
kavSiris Teoriuli sakiTxebis Seswavla da am kavSiris asaxva
saqarTvelosa        da    dsT-s     regionis       globalur             ekonomikaSi
CarTulobis amsaxveli saerTaSoriso integrirebuli indeqsebis
safuZvelze.
    kvlevis obieqti da sagani. kvlevis obieqts, gamokvlevis
konkretuli miznebidan da amocanebidan gamomdinare, warmoadgens
saqarTvelosa         da    dsT-s      qveynebis       socialur-ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis kanonzomierebebis, tendenciebisa da Taviseburebebis
gamovlena     da    makroekonomikuri         da    socialuri           ganviTarebis
parametrebis        sistemuri       formireba,        aseve        saerTaSoriso
indeqsebis     dinamikuri         analizis        safuZvelze           gamovlenili
kanonzomierebebisa        da    tendenciebis      dadebiTi        da    uaryofiTi
faqtorebis kompleqsuri Seswavla.
    kvlevis    sagania         transformaciuli        socialur-ekonomikuri
sistemebis SedarebiTi analizis Teoriuli da meTodologiuri
safuZvlebi,        saqarTvelosa      da     dsT-s     qveynebis         socialur-
ekonomikuri         ganviTarebis       praqtikuli         suraTis            asaxva
transformaciis periodSi.



                                       6
    naSromis ZiriTadi Sedegebi da mecnieruli                siaxle.     trans-
formaciuli      ekonomikis     qveynebis     socialur        –     ekonomikuri
sistemebis SedarebiTi analizis (komparativistikis) Teoria da
meTodologia       arasrulyofilia        da    ufro          Rrma    mecnierul
kvlevas moiTxovs. kerZod, dRemde ar arsebobs transformaciuli
ekonomikis qveynebis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli tipologizacia. am
qveynebis    ganviTarebis     kanonzomierebebis,        tendenciebisa        da
Taviseburebebis    dinamikaSi    kvleva,     anu   SedarebiTi         analizis
praqtikuli mxare, maTi transformaciul ekonomikaze gadasvlis
dRidan dRemde, transformaciis procesSi mimdinare krizisuli
movlenebisa da faqtorebis gaTvaliswinebiT, TiTqmis ar aris
Seswavlili qarTul ekonomikur literaturaSi. kerZod, dRemde
ar Catarebula aseTi kvleva saqarTvelos da dsT-s, rogorc
transformaciuli ekonomikis qveynebis mixedviT.
    Seswavlilia     transformaciuli          socialur         –    ekonomikuri
sistemebis    SedarebiTi    analizis       Teoriul      –    meTodologiuri
safuZvlebi.      disertanti      gvTavazobs        sakuTar          mosazrebas
transformaciuli ekonomikisa da transformaciuli socialur –
ekonomikuri sistemis urTierTkavSiris Sesaxeb. avtoris azriT,
es ori cneba asaxavs zogadisa da konkretulis dialeqtikur
erTianobas.     ekonomikur      literaturaSi         aRniSnuli          cnebebi
gaigivebulia, rac araswori Teoriuli midgomaa.
    SedarebiTi         analizis            safuZvelze              Seswavlilia
transformaciuli       ekonomikis     qveynebis     makroekonomikuri          da
socialuri      parametrebi      saqarTvelosa       da       dsT-s      qveynebis
mixedviT transformaciis procesis dawyebidan dRemde.
    saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis socialur – ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis SedarebiTi analizi calmxrivi rom ar gamosuliyo,
gaTvaliswinebul      iqna     aRniSnuli      qveynebis       globalizaciis
procesebSi CarTulobis faqtori da pirvelad kompleqsurad,
TvalsaCinod iqna gamoyenebuli saerTaSoriso kvlevebSi farTod
cnobili globalizaciisa da regionalizaciis urTierTkavSiris
amsaxveli     mniSvnelovani    integrirebuli       indeqsebi,         romlebic


                                    7
aRniSnuli      transformaciuli                  ekonomikis     qveynebis,     rogorc
regionalizaciis subieqtebis, makroekonomikuri da socialuri
ganviTarebis       globalur             ekonomikaSi       CarTulobis          realur
suraTs asaxaven.
    amrigad,       naSromis           ZiriTadi        praqtikuli       Sedegebi     da
mecnieruli siaxle mdgomareobs imaSi, rom pirvelad qarTul
ekonomikur     literaturaSi              kompleqsurad          iqna     gamoyenebuli
ekonomikuri        komparativistika              da     rogorc        raodenobrivad
gazomvadi       sayovelTaod               aRiarebuli           parametrebis,        ise
saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis globalizaciaSi CarTulobis
amsaxveli saerTaSoriso indeqsebis dinamikuri analizis gziT,
gamovlenil         iqna        am    qveynebis        socialur     –     ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis kanonzomierebebi, tendenciebi da Taviseburebebi.
  gamokvlevebis Teoriuli da meTodologiuri safuZvlebi. naS-
romis     Teoriul          –        meTodologiur         safuZvels       warmoadgens
kvlevis     dialeqtikuri             meTodi,     transformaciuli            ekonomikis
Teoriis fuZemdebluri debulebebi. mecnieruli kvlevis dros
gamoiyeneba iseTi sayovelTaod aRiarebuli meTodebi, rogoricaa
ekonomikuri analizi da sinTezi, SedarebiTi analizi, ganzo-
gadoeba da abstraqcia, induqcia da deduqcia, grafikuli anali-
zisa da statistikuri dajgufebis meTodebi. naSromis damuSa-
vebis procesSi gamoyenebulia sakvlevi Temis garSemo arsebuli
Teoriuli      da     praqtikuli          mniSvnelobis        mqone     monografiebi,
mecnieruli         statiebi.           gamokvlevis        sainformacio            bazas
warmoadgens saqarTvelos statistikis erovnuli samsaxuris                             da
sxvadasxva saerTaSoriso organizaciebis internetiT moZiebuli
analitikuri moxsenebebi da saangariSgebo monacemebi.
    Sedegebis         gamoyenebis          are.        sadisertacio          naSromSi
SemoTavazebulia            midgomebi       saqarTvelos           transformaciuli
ganviTarebis         kompleqsurad                asaxvisadmi         globalizaciis
procesebSi      CarTulobis              TvalsazrisiT.          disertantis         mier
SemoTavazebuli            sqema       principulad        axali        midgomaa,    rac
SedarebiTi analizis meSveobiT globalizaciis integrirebuli


                                            8
indeqsebis sistemur gamoyenebaSi mdgomareobs. SemoTavazebuli
rekomendaciebis         ganxorcieleba         saqarTvelos          xelisuflebis
centralur          organoebs       xels       Seuwyobs       transformaciuli
periodis      warmatebiT          daZlevaSi,     krizisuli          ganviTarebis
zigzagebis     obieqturad         danaxvaSi    da   globalur           ekonomikaSi
CarTulobis gaZlierebaSi. sadisertacio naSromis daskvnebi da
rekomendaciebi,         miRebuli       transformaciuli               ekonomikebis
SedarebiTi       analizis    safuZvelze,        xels     Seuwyobs       transfor-
maciuli      ekonomikis      Teoriis        ganviTarebas      da       ekonomikuri
komparativistikis           farTod          danergvas        transformaciuli
ganviTarebis       procesebis       obieqturad      gaazrebaSi          da    swori
ekonomikuri        politikis       SemuSavebaSi,       regionalizaciisa           da
globalizaciis urTierTkavSiris gaRrmavebis gaTvaliswinebiT.
      aprobacia.    sadisertacio        naSromis       ZiriTadi        debulebebi
moxsenda: saerTaSoriso samecniero konferenciaze `msoflio axa-
li     wesrigi     da    kavkasia”,    q.Tbilisi,       2009w.,    22-25     aprili;
saerTaSoriso samecniero konferenciaze `globaluri krizisi da
saqarTvelos ekonomika”, q.Tbilisi, 2009w., 27-28 marti; sauniversi-
tetSoriso         samecniero      konferenciaze         `msoflio           finansuri
krizisi da saqarTvelo’, q.Tbilisi, 2009w., 10 dekemberi.
      disertaciis Temaze           stu-s humanitarul-teqnikuri fakul-
tetis ekonomikisa da biznesis marTvis departamentis                         seminare-
bze   daculi iqna ori saseminaro naSromi.
      publikacia.       sadisertacio           naSromis       Temis          irgvliv
gamoqveynebulia 12 Sroma.
      disertaciis moculoba da struqtura. sadisertacio naSromi
moicavs kompiuterze nabeWd 170 gverds, 5 naxazs 38 cxrils.
Sedgeba    sami    Tavis,   rva    qveTavis,    daskvnebisa       da    rekomenda-
ciebisagan. gamoyenebul iqna 41         dasaxelebis literatura.




                                        9
                              naSromis Sinaarsi
    SesavalSi        dasabuTebulia          sakvlevi     Temis   aqtualuroba.
gansazRvrulia          kvlevis      mizani      da       amocanebi,     romelTa
gadawyvetis      gzebi    gamotanilia        dacvaze,     kvlevis      sagani    da
obieqti, Camoyalibebulia kvlevis Teoriuli da meTodologiuri
safuZvlebi, gamokveTilia mecnieruli siaxleebi da naSromis
praqtikuli          mniSvneloba.     naSromSi          mocemulia        aRniSnul
problemasTan         dakavSirebiT     arsebuli         literaturis        zogadi
mimoxilva.
    sadisertacio naSromis pirvel TavSi - `transformaciuli
socialur-ekonomikuri sistemebis SedarebiTi analizis Teoriul
- meTodologiuri safuZvlebi” - ganxilulia transformaciuli
ekonomikebis        tipologizacia     da     misi    mniSvneloba       SedarebiT
analizSi. axsnilia `transformaciul socialur – ekonomikur
sistemasa”     da    `transformaciul         ekonomikas”     Soris      arsebuli
gansxvaveba.
    dasabuTebulia, rom transformaciuli ekonomikis Teoriis
ganviTareba moiTxovs ekonomikuri krizisis problemebis Rrma
Teoriul        damuSavebas,      krizisuli       ekonomikisaTvis        damaxasi-
aTebeli kanonzomierebebis Seswavlis safuZvelze. transforma-
ciuli     ekonomikis       Teoriis      mecnieruli          potenciali,         misi
meTodologiuri ganviTarebis rezervebi, mas ayeneben Tanamedrove
ekonomikuri      mecnierebis       damoukidebel        perspeqtiul       mimarTu-
lebaTa ricxvSi.
    makroekonomikuri arastabiluroba da krizisuli ekonomika
dRis    wesrigSi      mTeli      simwvaviT     ayenebs    sakiTxs      transfor-
maciuli ekonomikebis tipologizaciis, anu sxvadasxva niSnebis
mixedviT maTi klasifikaciis Sesaxeb.
    transformaciuli           ekonomikebis      tipologizacia           gviCvenebs
gardamavali         ekonomikis     qveynebis     dajgufebas           ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis donis mixedviT. ekonomikuri ganviTarebis doneebis
SedarebiTi      analizi     ki     naTel     suraTs      gvaZlevs      transfor-




                                       10
maciuli      ekonomikebis       globalur          ekonomikur         procesebSi
CarTulobis Sesaxeb.
     transformaciuli           ekonomikebis          SedarebiTi           analizi
uSualodaa dakavSirebuli ekonomikuri procesebisadmi statikur
da   dinamikur      midgomebTan.        transformaciul             ekonomikebSi,
rogorc      cnobilia    struqturuli           reformebi      da     gardaqmnebis
procesebi mimdinareobs, rac ekonomikuri procesebis dinamikaSi
ganxilvas      saWiroebs.      transformaciuli           ekonomikis       Teoria
statikuri midgomis prioritetulobis farglebSi Camoyalibda.
piriqiT ki unda yofiliyo. aRniSnulma garemoebam dRis wesrigSi
daayena     transformaciuli           ekonomikis        Teoriis      Tvisobrivi
srulyofis aucilebloba.
     statikuri      analizisadmi        upiratesobis        miniWeba      erTgvar
deformirebas ukeTebs transformaciuli ekonomikis Teorias, anu
amcirebs mis mecnierul potencials da praqtikaze efeqtiani
zemoqmedebis     SesaZleblobebs.            transformaciuli           ekonomikis
Teoriis formirebaSi dinamikuri midgomis upiratesi gamoyenebis
aucilebloba        ganpirobebulia,          upirveles       yovlisa,          Tavad
transformaciuli          ekonomikis          bunebiT:       transformaciuli
procesebi    asaxaven    ara    sistemis      Cveulebriv        funqcionirebas,
aramed gardaqmnis procesebs. isini ganviTarebis procesebia da
transformaciuli         ekonomikis          Teoria       aris      ganviTarebis,
dinamikis    Teoria.    naSromSi      dasabuTebulia,        rom      es   momenti
ZiriTadia saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis transformaciuli
ganviTarebis SedarebiT analizSi.
     naSromSi    SedarebiTi      analizis      Teoria       da    meTodologia
gamoyenebulia saqarTvelos socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis
Tanamedrove      mdgomareobis        naTeli       suraTis        dasanaxad.     igi
SesaZleblobas gvaZlevs sworad SevafasoT qveynis ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis     strategia      da     taqtika,    sxvadasxva       ekonomikuri
parametrebis     mixedviT,      paralelebi         gavavloT         ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis      sxvadasxva         safexurze       myof        qveynebTan     da
ganvsazRvroT misi adgili globalur ekonomikaSi.


                                       11
    naSromSi xazgasmiTaa aRniSnuli, rom msoflio ekonomikis
globalizaciis        pirobebSi       transformaciuli                ekonomikebis
funqcionirebis      SedarebiTi     analizis        gansakuTrebiT             mniSvne-
lovani safexuria is parametrebi, romlebic transformaciuli
ekonomikebis globalur ekonomikaSi CarTvas gansazRvraven. es
parametrebia:    transformaciis      progresis          indeqsi;    ekonomikuri
Tavisuflebis      indeqsi;     demokratiis        maCvenebeli;        korufciis
aRqmis   indeqsi;     globaluri          konkurentunarianobis                indeqsi;
adamianuri      potencialis     ganviTarebis        indeqsi        (apgi);     jinis
indeqsi; mdgradi ganviTarebis indeqsi.
   saerTaSoriso        organizaciebis            mier     damuSavebuli            es
indeqsebi gamoiyeneba sxvadasxva saxis saerTaSoriso SedarebebSi,
magram maTi kompleqsuri gamoyeneba ar xdeba.
    sadisertacio naSromSi dasabuTebulia aRniSnuli saerTa-
Soriso   indeqsebis    kompleqsuri        gamoyenebis      aucilebloba            da
maTi praqtikuli gamoyenebis SesaZlebloba, saqarTvelosa da
dsT-s socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis SedarebiT analizSi,
transformaciis dawyebis momentidan dRemde.
    sadisertacio naSromis meore TavSi - `saqarTvelos da dsT-s
transformaciuli       ekonomikis     qveynebis      socialur-ekonomikuri
parametrebis     SedarebiTi     analizi”     -    ganxilulia          transfor-
maciuli ekonomikis qveynebis socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis
kanonzomierebebi, tendenciebi da Taviseburebebi.
    transformaciuli          ekonomikebis    kanonzomierebebis               analizi
iwvevs, rogorc Teoriul, ise praqtikul interess. bevr qveyanaSi
transformaciis periodi jer kidev Sorsaa damTavrebisagan da
misi kanonzomierebebis codna gvexmareba             ekonomikuri politikis
SemuSavebaSi.
    SromaSi      farTodaa     ganxiluli      dsT-s        regionis       qveynebis
mwvave socialur-ekonomikuri problemebi reformebis ganxorci-
elebis procesSi. mocemulia 1991-2009 wlebSi saqarTvelosa da
dsT-s qveynebSi raodenobrivad gazomvadi makroekonomikuri da
socialuri ganviTarebis parametrebis SedarebiTi analizi.


                                    12
      SedarebiTi analizi moiTxovs saanalizo periodis vadebis
dakonkretebas.     rogorc         aRniSnul      iqna,     transformaciuli
periodis    dasawyisad    unda      miviCnioT    1991-1992   wlebis   mijna.
swored am dros daiwyo Zveli sistemis gadamwyveti demontaJi
deviziT    `socializmi       da   sabazro     ekonomika      SeuTavsebadia”.
swored maSin daiwyo masStaburi sistemuri gardaqmnebi, romelTa
Sorisac      umniSvnelovanesi         adgili       daikava       saxelmwifo
sakuTrebis privatizaciam da ekonomikis liberalizaciam.
      transformaciuli ekonomikis qveynebis bazarze gadasvla da
ekonomikis axal safuZvelze aRmavloba             warmodgenilia naxaz 1-
ze.


 reformis sami     liberalizacia
 sayrdeni Zala
                    finansuri stabilizacia

                   privatizacia
                                          sakuTrebis uflebebis gadana-
                                          wileba da ganmtkiceba. korpo-
                                          raciuli marTvis Camoyalibeba
 struqturuli         pasiuri faza
 gardaqmna
                                             aqtiuri faza
       warmoebis    dacema
                                  stabilizacia       aRmavloba
       dinamika


                                                                    dro

      nax. 1. bazarze gadasvlis grafiki. reformebs, struqturul
gardaqmnasa da warmoebis dinamikas           Soris      damokidebuleba.


      mocemuli grafikis Tanaxmad gamoiyofa bazarze gadasvlis
etapebi:
      I. mosamzadebeli    etapi,      romlis      ganmavlobaSic       mimdi-
        nareoben sacdeli mosamzadebeli reformebi. am etapis
        mTavari amocanaa sabazro reformebis ideologiuri da
        politikuri momzadeba.




                                     13
    II. etapi-liberalizaciis              dawyebidan         finansuri        stabili-
         zaciis damTavrebamde da struqturuli gardaqmnisa da
         ekonomikuri zrdis aqtiur fazaze gadasvlis winamZRvre-
         bis Seqmnamde.
    III. etapi-struqturuli          gardaqmna           da      ekonomikuri        zrda,
         amisaTvis aucilebelia institucionaluri cvlilebebis
         ganxorcieleba.
    transformaciuli          ekonomikis             qveynebis     makroekonomikuri
parametrebis     SedarebiTi         analizis           klasifikacia           da    maTi
mecnieruli Seswavla pirvelad ganaxorcieles rusma mecnier –
ekonomistebma       a.kolganovma               da      a.buzgalinma.          naSromSi
dasabuTebulia,      rom      maT     mier           SemoTavazebuli        SedarebiTi
analizis     parametrebi     mTlad         srulyofili             araa   da    Semdgom
daxvewas        saWiroebs.          SedarebiTi                analizi          Catarda
transformaciuli ekonomikis qveynebis Semdegi makroekonomikuri
parametrebis mixedviT:
    1.     saqarTvelosa      da      dsT-s            qveynebSi     mTliani        Sida
           produqtis dinamika;
    2.     saqarTvelosa      da      dsT-s            qveynebSi     mTliani        Sida
           produqtis dinamika erT sul mosaxleze gaangariSebiT;
    3.     saqarTvelosa      da    dsT-s        qveynebSi       mTliani       erovnuli
           Semosavali erT sul mosaxleze gaangariSebiT;
    4.     saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebSi inflaciis indeqsebis
           dinamika (%-ad wina welTan);
    5.     saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebSi pirdapiri ucxouri
           investiciebis dinamika;
    6.     saqarTvelosa      da     dsT-s           qveynebSi     sagareo      savaWro
           (saeqsporto – saimporto) urTierTobebis dinamika;
    SedarebiTi      analiziT        dadginda,           rom      sabWoTa       kavSiris
daSlis      momentisaTvis,        masSi        Semavali       respublikebis         mier
damoukideblobis mopovebis pirvelsave, 1991 wlidan SeimCneva
mTliani Sida produqtis indeqsis Semcirebis tendencia dsT-s
yvela qveyanaSi, rac ganpirobebulia Zveli sameurneo kavSirebis


                                          14
rRveviT da transformaciul ekonomikaze gadasvlis dawyebiT.
yirgizeTma,    moldovam,           tajikeTma,       ukrainam       da     saqarTvelom
(agvistos omis Semdeg gamovida dsT-s rigebidan) jer kidev ver
miaRwies    1990-1991    wlebis        dones.      saqarTvelos          sakmaod    didi
Zalisxmeva     dasWirdeba am donis misaRwevad. kerZod, 2008 wels
saqarTvelo 61.7 %-iT CamorCeboda 1990 wlis dones da 22.1%-iT
1991 wlis dones.
    rogorc       saqarTvelosa              da     dsT-s     qveynebis        erT    sul
mosaxleze      mTliani          Sida       produqtis        dinamikuri         analizi
gviCvenebs, qveynebi jgufdebian ori kriteriumiT:
    a)     saqarTvelo         da    dsT-s        transformaciuli             ekonomikis
           qveynebi, romelTac jerac ver miaRwies 1990 wlis dones;
    b)     dsT-s transformaciuli ekonomikis qveynebi, romelTac
           gadaaWarbes 1990 wlis dones.
    pirveli     kriteriumiT            dajgufebul          qveynebs      miekuTvnebian
saqarTvelo, yirgizeTi, moldova, tajikeTi da ukraina. meore
kriteriumiT      dajgufebul            qveynebs     miekuTvnebian         azerbaijani,
belarusi, yazaxeTi, ruseTi da uzbekeTi.
    msoflio bankis meTodologiaSi, romelic yovelwliurad
angariSobs msoflios qveynebSi erT sul mosaxleze erovnuli
Semosavlis            maCveneblebs,              mocemulia           saxelmwifoebis
klasifikacia sami kategoriis mixedviT: 1) erT sul mosaxleze
mTliani     erovnuli          Semosavlis         maRali    donis        qveynebi   (11.906
dolaridan da maRla); 2) erT sul mosaxleze mTliani erovnuli
Semosavlis saSualo donis qveynebi: a) erT sul mosaxleze
saSualo      Semosavlebze          maRali        doniT    (3856    dolaridan        11905
dolaramde);     b)      erT    sul     mosaxleze          saSualo        Semosavlebze
dabali doniT (976 dolaridan 3.855 dolaramde); 3) erT sul
mosaxleze mTliani erovnuli Semosavlis dabali doniT (975
dolaridan      da       dabla).     2008    wlis     mdgomareobiT            erT    sul
mosaxleze mTliani erovnuli Semosavlis saSualoze maRali
donis    qveynebia:     ruseTi,       yazaxeTi      da    belarusi;          saSualoze
dabali      donis        qveynebia:        azerbaijani,           somxeTi,     ukraina,


                                            15
TurqmeneTi, saqarTvelo da moldova; dabali donis qveynebi ki:
uzbekeTi, yirgizeTi da tajikeTi.
    naSromSi     mocemulia     samomxmareblo        fasebis      indeqsebis
(inflaciis     indeqsebis)   SedarebiTi     analizi      transformaciis
dawyebis   momentidan     dRemde.    1991-1995   wlebSi    dsT-s     yvela
qveyanaSi SeimCneoda inflaciis mkveTri zrdis (hiperinflaciis)
tendencia, romelic momdevno periodSi sagrZnoblad Semcirda.
2005-2008 wlebi gamoirCeva im tendenciiT, rom dsT-s qveynebi met-
naklebi warmatebiT uaxlovdebian normaluri inflaciis (10%)
zRvars. zogierT qveyanaSi ki am zRvarze gacilebiT dabali
inflacia dafiqsirda. 2005-2008 wlebSi saqarTveloSi inflaciis
done normaluri inflaciis maqsimalur zRvarze dabalia (2005w
– 8.2%, 2006w – 9.2%, 2007w – 9.2%, 2008w – 9.9%). 2008 wels
saqarTvelo am maCvenebliT meore adgilzea somxeTis Semdeg (9%).
transformaciuli          ekonomikebis      ganviTarebis          kvalobaze
makroekonomikuri       stabilizacia      metnaklebad      miRweulia     da
hiperinflaciuri procesebi ar fiqsirdeba, magram isic unda
aRiniSnos, rom inflaciuri procesebis mimdinareobis Sesaxeb
oficialuri         statistikuri          informacia            met-naklebad
damaxinjebulia da realur suraTs ver asaxavs. evrokavSiris
standarts (inflaciis 2.5%-ian niSnuls) verc saqarTvelo da
dsT-s verc erTi qveyana ver akmayofilebs.
    msoflio gamocdileba gviCvenebs ekonomikuri donis uSualo
damokidebulebas        pirdapiri     ucxouri       investiciebis      (pui)
Semodenaze da dagrovebaze. pirdapiri ucxouri investiciebis
Semodenili saerTo moculobisa da pui-s Semodenis grZelvadiani
dinamikis SefasebiT dsT-s qveynebi SeiZleba davyoT sam jgufad
(dagrovili     pui-s    moculobis        kriteriumiT):     10mlrd.     aSS
dolarze meti (ruseTi, yazaxeTi, ukraina, azerbaijani), 10 mlrd.
dolaramde    (TurqmeneTi,    belarusi),     2    mlrd.   aSS    dolaramde
(somxeTi, yirgizeTi, moldova, uzbekeTi, tajikeTi). saqarTveloc
pirobiTad am jgufs SeiZleba mivakuTvnoT. TiToeul jgufSi




                                    16
SeiZleba     gamovyoT          qveynebi       pui-s    mdgradi           zrdiT       (ruseTi,
saqarTvelo, TurqmeneTi, belarusi, somxeTi da moldova).
      SedarebiTi        analiziT          dadginda,        rom     saqarTvelos        ekono-
mikuri ganviTarebis dafinansebisaTvis gansakuTrebuli mniSvne-
loba      eniWeba      pirdapir       ucxour          investiciebs.          saqarTveloSi
dagrovili         pui-s       wili    mSp-Si       mkveTrad         gamoxatuli        zrdis
tendenciiT xasiaTdeba (2002w – 20.6%, 2003 w – 26.3%, 2004w – 34.5%.
2005w – 36.3%, 2006w – 43%, 2007w – 53%, 2008w – 54.3%). 2008 wels
dagrovili pui-s wili mSp-Si TurqmeneTSi Seadgenda 63.4%-s da
igi    dsT-s      sivrceSi          pirvel         adgilze         gavida.      saqarTvelo
TurqmeneTis        Semdeg      am    maCvenebliT           meore    adgilze         imyofeba.
somxeTSi     es     maCvenebeli           30%-iani    niSnulis        farglebSia.        rac
Seexeba     azerbaijans,            igi     Tavad     axdens        pirdapir         ucxour
investirebas proficituri sagadasaxdelo balansis xarjze. pui-s
wilma     mSp-Si       2008    wels        Seadgina        14.3%    da    es      maCvenebeli
Semcirebis tendenciiT xasiaTdeba.
      naSromSi         xazgasmiTaa         aRniSnuli,         rom     transformaciuli
ekonomikis     qveynebSi        transformaciis               periodis          xangrZlivoba
uSualodaa              damokidebuli                pirdapiri          sazRvargareTuli
investiciebis           Semodenaze           da      maT      efeqtian          dabandebaze
transformaciul ekonomikaSi.
      qveynis makroekonomikur parametrebs Soris gansakuTrebuli
adgili      uWiravs       sagareo         vaWrobis     (eqsportisa           da    importis)
maCveneblebs. ekonomikuri analizisaTvis didi mniSvneloba aqvs
eqsportsa         da      imports          Soris       Tanafardobis               Seswavlas.
sadisertacio           naSromSi       sagareo        vaWrobis        saldos         dinamikis
SedarebiTi analiziT gakeTda Semdegi daskvnebi:
      1. 1995-2008 wlebSi dsT-s qveynebis erT jgufSi (azerbaijani,
          yazaxeTi,       ruseTi,         TurqmeneTi         da     uzbekeTi)        sagareo
          vaWrobis        brunvaSi          gamoikveTa           eqsportis         upiratesi
          xvedriTi wilis tendencia, anu eqsportze orientirebis
          tendencia;




                                              17
       2. 1995-2008    wlebSi    qveynebis    meore     jgufSi     (saqarTvelo,
           somxeTi,    belarusi,    yirgizeTi,        moldova,    tajikeTi      da
           ukraina) gamoikveTa sagareo vaWrobis brunvaSi importis
           upiratesi     xvedriTi     wilis     tendencia,       anu     importze
           orientirebis tendencia.
       3. sagareo      vaWrobis     brunvis    xarisxobrivi        struqturis
           TvalsazrisiT saqarTvelo da somxeTi bolo adgilebs
           iyofen (2008 wlis monacemebiT saqarTvelosa da somxeTSi
           importis moculoba 4.2 jer aRemateboda eqsportis mocu-
           lobas), rac imas niSnavs, rom izrdeba savaWro balansis
           deficiti. es ki Tavis mxriv, ganapirobebs sagadasaxdelo
           balansis deficitisa da sxvadasxva qveynebTan sagareo
           davalianebis zrdas.
       sxvadasxva ekonomikuri parametrebis mixedviT SedarebiTma
analizma dagvanaxa, rom saqarTvelo jer kidev ar aris mzad
evrokavSirSi          Sesasvlelad     da     transformaciuli            procesebi
sakmaod didxans gagrZeldeba.
       naSromSi        SedarebiTi      analizis         gziT       Seswavlilia
socialuri parametrebi siRaribis donis mixedviT. sakmaod mwiri
monacemebi      arsebobs        mosaxleobis      im     nawilis        dasadgenad,
romelic siRaribis nacionalur zRvarze dabla cxovrobs. 2003
wels saqarTveloSi mosaxleobis is nawili, romelic cxovrobda
siRaribis       nacionalur        zRvarze      dabla,     Seadgenda        54.5%-s,
somxeTSi-43%-s, belarusSi-27.1%-s, yirgizeTSi -50%-s, ruseTSi-
20.3%-s,     tajikeTSi-60%-s,       TurqmeneTSi-58%-s,       ukrainaSi-37,7%-s.
saqarTveloSi 2006 wels es maCvenebeli gaumjobesda da Seadgina
31%, Tumca somxeTTan SedarebiT uaresi Sedegi hqonda (26.5%).
transformaciuli ekonomikis sawyis periodTan SedarebiT dsT-s
yvela       qveyanaSi     da      saqarTveloSi          Semcirda        siRaribis
nacionalur zRvarze dabla mcxovrebi mosaxleobis wili, rac
maTi     materialuri       keTildReobis        gaumjobesebaze           miuTiTebs.
analiziT dadginda, rom TiTqmis yvela qveyanaSi minimaluri
xelfasi kvlav gacilebiT naklebia sacxovrebel minimumze. dsT-s


                                       18
yvela qveynis mixedviT es monacemebi ar moipoveba. am qveynebs
miekuTvneba: ukraina, belarusi da moldova. arc erT qveyanaSi
sacxovrebeli minimumis zRvari miRweuli ar aris. International
Labour Officce-s monacemebiT, 2006 wels am zRvars yvelaze axlos
yazaxeTi miuaxlovda (97%). ruseTSi, azerbaijanSi da somxeTSi
TiTqmis     Tanabari    donea     (Sesabamisad,         60.3;    da   62    da    63%).
minimaluri       xelfasi        sacxovrebel             minimumTan         SedarebiT
gacilebiT dabalia yirgizeTSi (12%) da saqarTveloSo (17%). am
maCvenebliT     saqarTvelo       2.7    jer     CamorCeba         azerbaijansa      da
somxeTs da samxreT kavkasiis regionSi bolo adgils ikavebs.
siRaribis saerTaSoriso donis dinamikis analiziT dadginda,
rom saqarTvelo gamoirCeva mosaxleobis siRaribis doniT. 2005
wlis   monacemiT       saqarTveloSi           dReSi      2      dolarze       naklebi
SemosavliT mcxovrebTa wilma Seadgina 30.4%, maSin, roca dsT-s
oTx qveyanaSi: ruseTSi, belarusSi, ukrainaSi da azerbaijanSi
aseTi mosaxleobis wili 2%-ze naklebi iyo.
    dasaqmebis    donis    mixedviT           socialur          parametrebs      Soris
amosavali      maCvenebelia      ekonomikurad            aqtiuri       mosaxleoba,
romlis     dinamikis    SeswavliTac           dadginda,         rom   ekonomikurad
aqtiuri mosaxleobis mkveTrad gamoxatuli zrdis tendenciiT
xasiaTdebian     azerbaijani,          yazaxeTi,     yirgizeTi        da      ruseTi;
saqarTveloSi da moldovaSi               ekonomikurad aqtiuri mosaxleoba
mcirdeba. rac Seexeba dsT-s sxva qveynebs, zrdis an Semcirebis
mkveTrad     gamoxatuli       tendencia        ar     SeimCneva.      zogadad      Tu
vityviT,    ekonomikuri    aqtivobis          done      unda      amaRldes,      roca
ekonomikuri      mdgomareoba      umjobesdeba            da      adamianebs      ufro
uadvildebaT samuSaos povna da SenarCuneba.
    naSromSi      saqarTvelosa          da     dsT-s     qveynebSi         SedarebiTi
analizis gziT dinamikaSi Seswavlilia dasaqmebuli mosaxleobis
wili mTlian raodenobaSi. dasaqmebulTa wilis (%-Si) zrdis
tendenciiT     xasiaTdebian      dsT-s        Semdegi    qveynebi:    azerbaijani,
yazaxeTi, ruseTi, ukraina da yirgizeTi. dasaqmebulTa wilis
Semcirebis tendencia SeimCneva saqarTveloSi da moldovaSi. 2006-


                                         19
2008 wlebSi sam qveyanaSi, ekonomikuri zrdis daaxloebiT 8 da
met      procentiani       saSualo          wliuri             zrdis       tempebiT     –
azerbaijanSi,       belarusSi       da     saqarTveloSi,            am     ukanasknelis
garda,    SeimCneoda       sami    dadebiTi         tendencia          –   ekonomikuri
aqtivobis donisa da dasaqmebulTa wilis zrda da umuSevrobis
donis      Semcireba;      saqarTveloSi             es        maCveneblebi     mxolod
gauaresda. ruseTSi, yazaxeTSi da ukrainaSi, romelTac gviCvenes
ekonomikuri        zrdis    ufro         dabali          tempebi    (8%-ze     naklebi)
situacia       sakmaod     kargi     aRmoCnda             –     gaumjobesda         samive
maCvenebeli.       zogadad        SeiZleba          gavakeToT            daskvna,     rom
transformaciuli            ekonomikis           qveynebSi       ekonomikur          zrdas
yovelTvis Tan rodi sdevs umuSevrobis donis Semcireba da
ekonomikuri aqtivobisa da dasaqmebis Sesabamisi zrda. am kuTxiT
ekonomikuri zrdis SedarebiT maRali tempebis mqone qveyanam –
saqarTvelom ufro cudi maCveneblebi aCvena, vidre im qveynebma,
sadac aseTi zrdis tempebi dabali aRmoCnda.
      disertaciis mesame Tavi -~saqarTvelosa da dsT-s transfor-
maciuli ekonomikis qveynebis socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis
SedarebiTi       analizi      globalizaciisa                  da   regionalizaciis
urTierTkavSiris konteqstSi” - eZRvneba regionuli SedarebiTi
analizis       srulyofis          gzebis        Ziebas        makroekonomikuri         da
socialuri xasiaTis saerTaSoriso indeqsebis meSveobiT.
      naSromSi xazgasmiTaa aRniSnuli, rom globaluri ekonomika
warmoadgens istoriulad axal realobas, romelic msoflio
ekonomikisagan        gansxvavdeba.             daxasiaTebulia             globaluri
ekonomikis msoflio ekonomikisagan ganmasxvavebeli niSnebi.
      naSromSi      gatarebulia          azri,      rom        globalizaciisa          da
regionalizaciis urTierTobis problemebis ukeT gasagebad didi
mniSvneloba eniWeba geopolitikuri faqtoris gaTvaliswinebas,
am    sakiTxebis    ganxilvis      mizanSewonileba              mocemulia       samxreT
kavkasiis regionisa da saqarTvelos magaliTze. saqarTvelos
geopolitikuri mdgomareoba SesaZleblobas AaZlevs mas, rom
ufro aqtiurad CaerTos globalizaciis procesSi. Cveni xedvis


                                           20
arsi imaSi gamoixateba, rom globaluri da regionuli erTmaneTs
ki   ar   unda     upirispirdebodnen,              aramed       unda      erTmaneTs
SeTanxmebulad       avsebdnen        saqarTvelos              mier      strategiis
SemuSavebisa da realizaciis procesSi.
     gansakuTrebuli        yuradRebaa         gamaxvilebuli            avtoriseul
mosazrebaze     imis Sesaxeb, rom saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis
socialur-ekonomikuri            ganviTarebis             SedarebiTi         analizi
makroekonomikuri      da       socialuri           ganviTarebis        parametrebis
safuZvelze, srulyofilad ver asaxavs am qveynebis, rogorc
regionalizaciis      procesis        ZiriTadi           subieqtebis       globalur
ekonomikaSi      CarTulobis          suraTs.            regionalizaciisa           da
globalizaciis urTierTkavSiris procesis asaxvisaTvis, rogorc
pirvel TavSi iqna aRniSnuli, farTod gamoiyeneba sxvadasxva
saerTaSoriso      organizaciebis            mier    specialuri         meTodikebis
safuZvelze     damuSavebuli         integrirebuli            indeqsebi,    romelTa
umravlesobac mTeli rigi komponentebisgan Sedgeba. am indeqsebis
erTobliobaSi         ganxilviT              SesaZlebelia             ganisazRvros
gamokvlevebSi     CarTuli       TiToeuli           qveynis     adgili      msoflio
TanamegobrobaSi.
     sadisertacio naSromSi detaluradaa dinamikaSi Seswavlili
da   gaanalizebuli       rva    saerTaSoriso            integrirebuli        indeqsi
Semadgenel     nawilebTan       –   komponentebTan            erTad.      cxrili    1
warmogvidgens Svidi saerTaSoriso integrirebuli indeqsis –
transformaciis progresis indeqsis, ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis
indeqsis, demokratiis maCveneblis, korufciis aRqmis indeqsis,
globaluri         konkurentunarianobis                   indeqsis,        adamianuri
potencialis      ganviTarebis       indeqsis       da     mdgradi      ganviTarebis
indeqsis mixedviT statikur maCveneblebs, romlebic gaangari-
Sebulia       saTanado         saerTaSoriso              organizaciebis         mier
specialuri meTodikebis safuZvelze bolo sakvlevi wlisaTvis.
     zemoT     aRniSnuli        indeqsebis          da     maTi      komponentebis
SedarebiTi analizi dinamikaSi mocemulia Tavad sadisertacio
SromaSi. cxril 1-Si mocemuli yvela indeqsi fasdeba balebSi,


                                       21
magram   am   indeqsebisaTvis            saerTaSoriso             organizaciebis    mier
SemuSavebuli         baluri        Sefasebebis          sxvadasxva        kriteriumebi
arsebobs.     mxolod        am    kriteriumebis         gaSifrvis         Semdeg   xdeba
SesaZlebeli maTi statikur mdgomareobaSi Seswavla uaxloesi
monacemebis safuZvelze da saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis
reitinguli         mdgomareobis            SedarebiTi             analiziT    Sefaseba.
marTalia      am     gziT        rTulia         transformaciuli            ganviTarebis
procesebis Seswavla transformaciis dawyebidan dRemde, magram
transformaciis          Tanamedrove                suraTis        dasanaxad    savsebiT
sakmarisia. TiToeul indeqss Tavisi sainformacio wyaro aqvs,
romlebic uSualod disertaciaSia mocemuli.
    postsabWoTa qveynebSi struqturuli gardaqmnebis SedarebiT
srul daxasiaTebas gvaZlevs transformaciis progresis indeqsi,
romelic       SemuSavebulia             rekonstruqciisa              da    ganviTarebis
evropuli bankis (rgeb) mier. igi xelmisawvdomia drois sakmaod
xangrZlivi     periodisaTvis             da        Sefasebulia       standartizebuli
meTodologiis safuZvelze. Tu aseTi maCveneblis mniSvneloba 1-
is tolia, es niSnavs, rom Sesabamis sferoSi qveyana win ar
waweula reformebSi gegmian ekonomikasTan SedarebiT. indeqsis
maqsimaluri mniSvneloba                 4,33(4+)      Seesabameba srulad funqci-
onaluri sabazro ekonomikis standartebs.
    rgeb-is        indeqsebi      axasiaTeben          struqturul          cvlilebebs
Semdeg sferoebSi: 1. mcire sawarmoebis privatizacia; 2. msxvili
sawarmoebis         privatizacia;          3.       fasebis       liberalizacia;      4.
antimonopoliuri         politika;          5.      sabanko    sistemis     reforma;   6.
sawarmoebis        reforma;        7.    savaluto            da     sagareo   vaWrobis
liberalizacia; 8. arasabanko finansuri organizaciebis reforma;
9. infrastuqturis reforma. cxra Sesabamisi indeqsi agregirdeba
transformaciis         progresis          indeqsSi,     romliTac          SesaZlebelia
Sefasdes, Tu qveyanam ramdenad waiwia win sabazro ekonomikisken.
     sadisertacio naSromSi ganxilulia saqarTvelosa da dsT-s
qveynebis     transformaciis               progresis          indeqsisa       da    misi




                                              22
                                                                                                         cxrili 1
        saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis transformaciuli ganviTarebis globaluri integrirebuli indeqsebi
                   transfor-   ekonomikuri      demokratiis korufciis   globaluri mdgradi             adamianuri
                   maciis      Tavisuflebis maCvenebeli       aRqmis    konkurent-     ganviTarebis potencialis
        qveynebi   progresis   indeqsi 2009w.   2009w.        indeqsi   unarianobis indeqsi           ganviTarebis
                   indeqsi                                    2009w.    indeqsi        2007-2008ww.   indeqsi
                   2009w.                                               2009w.                        2007w.
     azerbaijani   2.63        58               6.25          2.3       4.30           0.605          0.787
     somxeTi       3.18        69.9             5.39          2.7       3.71           0.662          0.798
     belarusi      2.04        45               6.57          2.4       -              -              0.826
     saqarTvelo    3.11        69.8             4.93          4.1       3.81           0.674          0.778
23




     yazaxeTi      2.96        60.1             6.32          2.7       4.08           0.597          0.804
     yirgizeTi     2.92        61.8             6.04          1.9       3.36           0.587          0.710
     moldova       3           54.9             5.07          3.3       3.75(2008w.)   0.617          0.720
     ruseTi        3.04        50.8             6.11          2.2       4.15           0.653          0.817
     tajikeTi      2.37        54.6             6.14          2         3.38           0.579          0.688
     TurqmeneTi    1.44        44.2             6.93          1.8       -              -              0.739
     uzbekeTi      2.17        50.5             6.89          1.7       4.13(2007w.)   0.568          0.710
     ukraina       3.07        48.8             4.29          2.2       3.95           0.633          0.796




                                                         23
komponentebis SedarebiTi analizi 1995-2009 wlebSi. SedarebiTma
analizma       gviCvena,    rom       aRniSnul       qveynebSi     transformaciuli
procesebi        cvalebadi warmatebiT mimdinareobs da arc erTi
maTgani     ar        Seesabameba        srulad         funqcionalur            sabazro
ekonomikas. 2009 wlis monacemebiT (ix. cxrili 1) transformaciis
progresis indeqsis yvelaze kargi maCveneblebi aqvT somxeTs (3.18
bali), saqarTvelos (3.11 bali), ruseTs (3.04 bali), ukrainas (3.07
bali),     moldovas         (3     bali).     yvelaze      cudi     maCveneblebi           ki
belaruss (2.04 bali) da TurqmeneTs (1.44 bali).
      ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis indeqsi, romelic Wall Street Journal
da    Hesitage Foundation-is          mier   1995    wlidan      muSavdeba,     farTod
gamoiyeneba           msoflios           qveynebis      umravlesobisaTvis.                 am
maCveneblis mixedviT qveynebs eniWebaT specialuri saerTaSoriso
reitingebi,      romlebic             mniSvnelovanwilad          gansazRvraven            maT
adgils msoflios globalur ekonomikur procesebSi.
      qveynis ekonomikuri ganviTarebis done uSualo kavSirSia
ekonomikuri       Tavisuflebis           indeqsis      dinamikasTan.     am     indeqsis
mixedviT yvela qveyana iyofa Semdeg jgufebad: a) Tavisufali (80-
100   bali);     b)    ZiriTadad         Tavisufali        (70-79.9);   g)    zomierad
Tavisufali        (60-69.9);     d)    ZiriTadad      araTavisufali          (50-59.9);    e)
araTavisufali          (0-49.9).
      sadisertacio         naSromSi          Seswavlilia      da    gaanalizebulia
saqarTvelosa          da   dsT-s        qveynebSi    ekonomikuri        Tavisuflebis
indeqsis dinamika 1995-2009 wlebSi da misi komponentebi. cxrili
1-dan Cans, rom zomierad Tavisufali qveynebis ricxvSi moxvdnen
somxeTi,       saqarTvelo,            yirgizeTi       da    yazaxeTi.        ZiriTadad
araTavisufali qveynebis ricxvSi Sevidnen azerbaijani, moldova,
tajikeTi, uzbekeTi da ruseTi. araTavisufal qveynebSi, sadac
ekonomikuri Tavisufleba dabalia da reitingi ar aRemateba 50
bals, Sevidnen ukraina, belarusi da TurqmeneTi.
      demokratiis              maCvenebeli           muSavdeba          saerTaSoriso
organizacia Freedom House – s mier, romelmac daadgina                         Sefasebis
kriteriumebi 1-dan 7- mde SkaliT balebSi. 1-2 bali niSnavs myari


                                              24
demokratiis reJims, 3 bali – TiTqmis myari demokratiis reJims, 4
bali – gardamaval mdgomareobas an Sereul reJims, 5 bali –
TiTqmis     Camoyalibebul           avtoritarul           reJims,     6-7    bali    –
Camoyalibebul avtoritarul reJims.
     am     kriteriumebiT            dsT-s      8      qveyana       Camoyalibebul
avtoritarul reJims miekuTvneba. es qveynebia (ix. cxrili 1)
azerbaijani, belarusi, yazaxeTi, yirgizeTi, ruseTi, tajikeTi,
TurqmeneTi da uzbekeTi. saqarTvelo da ukraina miekuTvnebian
Sereuli     reJimis      qveynebs,    somxeTi        da    moldova      ki    TiTqmis
Camoyalibebul avtoritaruli reJimis qveynebs.
     saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebSi demokratiis maCveneblebi
gauaresebis     tendenciiT           xasiaTdebian.         zogma     qveyanam     ukve
SesamCnevad gaauresa demokratiulobis xarisxi, zogsac ki (mag. –
saqarTvelos)        bevri    aRar     uklia,    rom       misi    demokratiulobis
xarisxi erTi safexuriT gauaresdes.
     sadisertacio naSromSi saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis
demokratiis maCveneblebis SedarebiTi analiziT dadginda, rom
es   qveynebi   jer         kidev    sakmarisad        Sors       dganan     realuri
demokratiidan, rac transformaciuli ekonomikis qveynebisaTvis
damaxasiaTebeli senia.
     korufciis aRqmis indeqsi dgeba Transparency international - is
mier, axdens qveynebis ranJirebas, saxelmwifo moxeleebsa da
politikosebs         Soris      korufciis           gavrcelebadobis          xarisxis
Sefasebebis         mixedviT.        es      indeqsi       emyareba         sxvadasxva
damoukidebeli         da     warmomadgenlobiTi             organizaciebis        mier
korufciis           Sesaswavlad           saeqsperto             Sefasebebisa       da
gamokvlevebis monacemebs. indeqsi axdens qveynebis ranJirebas 0-
dan 10 balamde Skalis mixedviT. nuli aRniSnavs korufciis
aRqmis donis yvelaze maRal maCvenebels, aTi ki – yvelaze
umciress,     anu    0   aRniSnavs        korufciis       Zalian     maRal      dones,
Skalaze 10 balis dros ki korufcia praqtikulad ar arsebobs.
korufciis aRqmis indeqsSi CasarTavad, qveyanaSi Catarebul unda



                                           25
iqnas, rogorc minimumi, 3 gamokvleva. korufciis aRqmis indeqsSi
CarTulni arian saqarTvelo da dsT-s qveynebi.
    sadisertacio             naSromSi     Seswavlilia           korufciis          aRqmis
indeqsis dinamika saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebSi. analiziT
dadginda, rom dsT-s qveynebSi 2003 wlidan SeimCneva korufciis
aRqmis indeqsis gauresebis tendencia. erTaderTi saqarTveloa,
romelSic korufciis aRqmis indeqsi gaumjobesebis (korufciis
donis Semcirebis) tendenciiT xasiaTdeba (2003w – 1.8 bali; 2004w
– 2.0; 2005-2.3; 2006w-2.8; 2007w-3.4; 2008w. 3.9; 2009w-4.1). cxrili 1-dan
naTlad        Cans,     rom    korufciis           aRqmis     indeqsiT          saukeTeso
maCvenebeli      aqvs    saqarTvelos,          magram    10   balamde        jer    kidev
Zalian Sorsaa. korufciis maRali donea uzbekeTSi, TurqmeneTSi,
yirgizeTSi       da     am    qveynebze    umniSvnelod           dabalia         ruseTSi,
ukrainaSi, tajikeTSi, azerbaijanSi, belarusSi da yazaxeTSi.
moldova korufciis aRqmis indeqsiT saqarTvelos Semdeg meore
adgilzea.
    globaluri                konkurentunarianobis              indeqsi,          romelic
muSavdeba msoflio ekonomikuri forumis mier, afasebs qveynebis
globalur          konkurentunarianobas              da      emyareba        ekonomikuri
zrdisaTvis            SedarebiT           mniSvnelovan                makroekonomikur
maCveneblebs.
    sadisertacio naSromSi ganxilulia saqarTvelosa da dsT-s
qveynebis     globaluri         konkurentunarianobis                 indeqsis    dinamika
2004-2009 wlebSi da misi komponentebi. cxril 1-Si mocemulia 2009
wels saqarTvelosa da dsT-s qveynebis konkurentunarianobis
statikuri             suraTi         7-baliani           Sefasebis              mixedviT:
konkurentunarianobis            indeqsiT       I   adgilzea          azerbaijani     (4.30
bali),   II    adgilze        ruseTi,     saqarTvelo          3.81     baliT     uswrebs
yirgizeTs,       tajikeTs       da   somxeTs.        belarusi          da   TurqmeneTi
gamokvlevebSi ar monawileoben. aseve 2009 wels gamokvlevaSi ar
monawileobdnen moldova (2008 wels monawileobda) da uzbekeTi
(2007 wels monawileobda).




                                          26
      naSromSi     SedarebiTi       analizis       safuZvelze         gakeTebulia
konkretuli         daskvnebi     saqarTveloSi          da     dsT-s         qveynebSi
konkurentunarianobis realuri mdgomareobis Sefasebisa da misi
gaumjobesebis TvalsazrisiT.
      adamianuri     potencialis       ganviTarebis         indeqsi       (apgi)    –
adamianuri       potencialis        ganviTarebis       zogadi         maCvenebelia.
naSromSi     ganxilulia          saqarTvelosa          da     dsT-s         qveynebis
adamianuri potencialis ganviTarebis indeqsis dinamika 1990-2007
wlebSi da misi komponentebi. apgi-s gaangariSebisas gamoiyeneba
qveynebis Semdegi klasifikacia: 1. qveynebi apgi-s Zalian maRali
doniT (0.900 – 1.000 balamde);          2. qveynebi apgi-s maRali doniT
(0.800-0.900 balamde) ; 3. qveynebi apgi-s saSualo doniT (0.500- 0.800
balamde); 4. qveynebi apgi-s dabali doniT (0-0.500-mde). cxrili 1-
dan Cans, rom 2007 wels dsT-s regionSi arc erT qveyanas ara
aqvs apgi Zalian maRali doniT. apgi-s maRali doniT gamoirCevian
belarusi,      ruseTi      da     yazaxeTi.       dsT-s     sxva      qveynebi     da
saqarTvelo apgis saSualo donis qveynebia.
      mdgradi ganviTarebis indeqsis mixedviT yvela qveyana iyofa
xuT      jgufad      (klasterad).       klasterebi          asaxaven        mdgradi
ganviTarebis doneeebs. pirveli klasteria mdgradi ganviTarebis
Zalian maRali done, (0.76-1.00 bali); meore klasteria mdgradi
ganviTarebis      maRali    done     (0.70-0.75    bali);    mesame     klasteria
mdgradi     ganviTarebis        saSualo     done     (0.60-0.70    bali);     meoTxe
klasteria mdgradi ganviTarebis dabali done (0.50-060); mexuTe
klasteria mdgradi ganviTarebis Zalian dabali done (0.00-0.50
bali).
      SedarebiTi analiziT dadginda, rom dsT-s arc erTi qveyana
ar miekuTvneba pirvel da meore klasters (ix.cxrili 1). dsT-s
eqvsi qveyana (saqarTvelo, somxeTi, ruseTi, ukraina, moldova,
azerbaijani) Sevidnen mesame klasterSi mdgradi ganviTarebis
saSualo doniT, oTxi qveyana ki (yazaxeTi, yirgizeTi, tajikeTi,
uzbekeTi)    Sevidnen      meoTxe    klasterSi        mdgradi        ganviTarebis
dabali doniT. dsT-s qveynebSi mdgradi ganviTarebis indeqsiT


                                       27
2007/2008 wlebSi liderobs saqarTvelo (0.674 baliT). msoflios
113     qveyanas     Soris,      romlebic         indeqsSi      arian       CarTulni,
saqarTvelos 49-e adgili ukavia. mesame klasterSi saqarTvelo
meaTe     adgilzea      meqsikis,    poloneTis,           xorvatiis,        argentinis,
mavrikiis,      bulgareTis,       braziliis,        ekvadoris        da     albaneTis
Semdeg.     2006     welTan      SedarebiT        saqarTvelom         mniSvnelovnad
gaaumjobesa         mdgradi     ganviTarebis        indeqsi     da    reitingSi       20
adgiliT win waiwia.
       Semosavlis         ganawilebaSi             uTanasworobis              erTerTi
mniSvnelovani         indikatoria         jinis      indeqsi(koeficienti).          igi
Semosavlis         koncentraciis         maCvenebelia      da   gamoxatavs         Semo-
savlis       faqtobrivi         ganawilebis         gadaxras         misi     Tanabari
gadanawilebis xazidan. Tanabari ganawilebisas jinis indeqsi
nulis      tolia,      absoluturi         uTanabrobisas         ki    erTis.     jinis
indeqsis dabali mniSvneloba asaxavs saqmiani aqtiurobis dabal
dones da Zlier saxelmwifoebriv Carevas ekonomikaSi. jinis
maRali indeqsis SemTxvevaSi SeimCneva Semosavlebis uaRresad
araTanabari ganawileba, rac iwvevs korufciis zrdas, saqmiani
aqtiurobisa da qveynis ekonomikuri mdgradobis Semcirebas.
        jinis      indeqsis    Tanaxmad     qveynebi      SeiZleba        davyoT     sam
jgufad.      pirvel      jgufSi      moqceulia        qveynebi,      romlebSic        es
maCvenebeli 0.50-s aRemateba, anu Semosavlis ganawilebis gadaxra
misi     Tanabari      gadanawilebis            xazidan    Zalian       maRalia      da
uaxlovdeba          SesaZleblobis         maqsimums       (erTs).    jinis     indeqsi
qveynebis umravlesobaSi saSualo donezea da 0.30-dan 0.50-mde
meryeobs. maT Sorisaa saqarTveloc (0.41-2005w). jinis indeqsis
SedarebiT dabali done (0.30-ze qvemoT) aqvT dsT-s qveynebidan
mxolod ukrainas da belaruss.
       globaluri        integrirebuli indeqsebi warmoadgenen misi Se-
madgeneli komponentebis saSualo ariTmetikul sidideebs. isini
gansaSualebulad               asaxaven      transformaciuli                 procesebis
ganviTarebis dadebiT an uaryofiT tendenciebs. Gglobaluri
indeqsebis komponentebi gacilebiT                  zust warmodgenas gvaZleven


                                           28
im problemebisa da ’’susti adgilebis’’ Sesaxeb, romlebic pirvel
rigSi unda gamoswordnen. amgvarad, transformaciuli ekonomikis
qveynebis globaluri               integrirebuli indeqsebis               SedarebiTi
analizi zogad warmodgenas iZleva transformaciuli                              procese-
bis ganviTarebis tendenciebze da kanonzomierebebze. indeqsebis
Semadgeneli        komponentebis SedarebiTi analizi ki konkretulad
asaxavs transformaciuli ganviTarebis zigzagebs ekonomikuri da
socialuri sferoebis garkveuli mimarTulebebiT.
                  ZiriTadi Ddaskvnebi da rekomendaciebi
      daskvnebi     da    rekomendaciebi       pirobiTad           SeiZleba    daiyos
Teoriul       da    praqtikul        nawilebad.        yuradRebas        imsaxurebs
transformaciuli              socialur-ekonomikuri                   sistemis       da
transformaciuli             ekonomikis         cnebebis            msgavsebiTi     da
gansxvavebiTi niSnebis gamoyofa da maTi, rogorc zogadisa da
konkretulis, dialeqtikur erTianobaSi ganxilva.
      mocemulia          transformaciuli          ekonomikebis           SedarebiTi
analizis dinamikuri da statikuri midgomebi. avtori akeTebs
daskvnas,     rom   statikuri       analizisadmi           upiratesobis       miniWeba
deformirebas        ukeTebs       transformaciuli           ekonomikis        Teorias,
sinamdvileSi         ki       piriqiT         unda         iyos.       disertaciaSi
SemoTavazebulia            rekomendacia,             rom       transformaciuli
ekonomikebis SeswavlaSi mizanSewonilia moxdes statikuri da
dinamikuri        midgomebis       kompleqsuri         gamoyeneba,       dinamikuri
midgomis      prioritetulobis           pirobebSi.          disertantis        azriT,
transformaciuli           ekonomikebis        tipologizacia          dasaxvewia    da
igi    unda     moxdes      makroekonomikuri           arastabilurobisa            da
ekonomikis krizisulobis doneebis mixedviT, rac SesaZleblobas
gvaZlevs      gamovyoT      transformaciuli            ekonomikebis       saxeobebi.
rekomendaciebis pirveli jgufi exeba saqarTvelosa da dsT-s
qveynebis     kanonzomierebebis,        tendenciebis         da     Taviseburebebis
Seswavlas      socialur       –    ekonomikuri       parametrebis        SedarebiTi
analizis      safuZvelze.         gamovlenilia        am    qveynebis     transfor-
maciuli     ganviTarebis       zogadi     kanonzomierebebi,            dadebiTi    da


                                         29
uaryofiTi tendenciebi, romlebic gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas
transformaciuli               periodis              ekonomikuri         politikis
SemuSavebisas.
      saqarTvelosa       da        dsT-s     qveynebis   socialur-ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis      SedarebiTi             analiziT        miRebuli      praqtikuli
Sedegebi xels Seuwyobs transformaciuli ekonomikis Teoriis
ganviTarebas da SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnas transformaciuli
ekonomikis Teoriis saswavlo kursebSi.
      disertantis        rekomendaciiT,              Tanamedrove        msoflioSi
saqarTvelos       adgilis          gansazRvrisaTvis       saWiroa      gamoviyenoT
saqarTveloze       ori     saxis         Sexeduleba,      rogorc       globaluri
procesebis     monawileze           da     rogorc     geopolitikur        sivrceSi
ganlagebul        qveyanaze.         aseTi        SexedulebebiT        gamoikveTeba
saqarTvelos roli or ganzomilebaSi – globalur ekonomikaSi
da regionul ekonomikaSi. jerjerobiT saqarTvelos ekonomikis
globaluri        xasiaTi      sakmaod       mokrZalebulia      Cveni    ekonomikis
gaxangrZlivebuli mZime krizisis gamo. saqarTvelos ganviTarebis
socialur-ekonomikuri koncefcia unda iTvaliswinebdes iseTi
politikis      gatarebas,          romelic        uzrunvelyofs      saqarTvelos
globaluri interesebis regionul interpretacias.
      praqtikuli    daskvnebisa            da    rekomendaciebis    meore   jgufi
exeba globalizaciis faqtoris gaTvaliswinebis aucileblobas.
ekonomikur       literaturaSi               gamoyenebuli      transformaciuli
ekonomikebis SedarebiTi analizis parametrebi ar iTvaliswineben
transformaciuli ekonomikebis qveynebis globalur procesebSi
CarTvadobis      dones.       am     TvalsazrisiT,        SedarebiTi      analizis
sizustis amaRlebis mizniT, disertants mizanSewonilad miaCnia
avtoritetuli saerTaSoriso organizaciebis mier SemuSavebuli
globaluri integrirebuli indeqsebis kompleqsuri gamoyeneba,
rac     SesaZleblobas              mogvcems       ganvsazRvroT      saqarTvelos,
rogorc     regionalizaciis               subieqtis    adgili      globalizaciis
procesebSi.




                                            30
     disertantis           mier     TiToeuli          am     indeqsis      mixedviT,
saqarTvelosa       da        dsT-s       qveynebis       magaliTze,       dinamikaSi
SedarebiTi analizis safuZvelze, gamovlinda transformaciuli
ganviTarebis     dadebiTi          da    uaryofiTi         tendenciebi,    romelTa
gaTvaliswinebac            aucilebelia           xelisuflebis             sxvadasxva
organoebis       mier       transformaciuli                procesebis      efeqtiani
marTvisaTvis.
                sadisertacio naSromis ZiriTadi debulebebi
                       gamoqveynebulia avtoris SromebSi
1.   ekonomikuri sistemebi da maTi kvlevebis dros SedarebiTi
     analizis     (komparativistikis)           gamoyeneba.      _   saerTaSoriso
     referirebadi da recenzirebadi samecniero – analitikuri
     Jurnali `saqarTvelos ekonomika”, 2008 #3 (124), 82-84.
2.   SedarebiTi         analizis         roli         gardamavali         ekonomikis
     SeswavlaSi. – saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa erovnuli akademiis
     samecniero        –    referirebuli           Jurnali        `mecniereba    da
     teqnologiebi”, 2008, #7-9, 14-17.
3.   socialur      –       ekonomikuri        sistemis      SedarebiTi     analizis
     parametrebi gardamavali ekonomikis qveynebSi. – saqarTvelos
     mecnierebaTa erovnuli akademiis samecniero referirebuli
     Jurnali `mecniereba da teqnologiebi”, 2008, #10-12, 3-8.
4.   makroekonomikuri             stabilizaciis         procesebis       SedarebiTi
     analizi     saqarTvelosa            da    Savi     zRvis     auzis    regionis
     qveynebis    magaliTze.         _   saerTaSoriso           recenzirebadi    da
     referirebadi samecniero Jurnali `ekonomika”, 2008, #11-12,
     114-123.
5.   transformirebadi             ekonomikis     qveynebis      klasifikacia     da
     makroekonomikuri             stabilizaciis         procesebis       SedarebiTi
     analizi     (saqarTvelosa           da     dsT-s       qveynebis   magaliTze).
     _saerTaSoriso recenzirebadi da referirebadi samecniero
     Jurnali `ekonomika”, 2009, #1-2, 237-249.




                                          31
6.    regioni     da      regionuli       makroprocesebi             globalizaciis
      pirobebSi. – saerTaSoriso recenzirebadi da referirebadi
      samecniero Jurnali `ekonomika”, 2009, # 5-6, 109-116.
7.    transformirebadi            ekonomikis        qveynebis       klasifikacia   da
      makroekonomikuri          stabilizaciis            procesebis       SedarebiTi
      analizi. – saerTaSoriso referirebadi da recenzirebadi
      samecniero Jurnali `socialuri ekonomika (XXI saukunis
      aqtualuri problemebi)”, 2009, #1(1), 76-80.
8.    damoukidebel         saxelmwifoTa          Tanamegobrobis          krizisi   da
      erovnuli           ekonomikuri       politika.            –      saerTaSoriso
      referirebadi         da      recenzirebadi           samecniero       Jurnali
      `socialuri           ekonomika           (XXI      saukunis         aqtualuri
      problemebi)”, 2009, #2(2), 33-37.
9.    geopolitikuri             garemos          regionuli            Taviseburebani
      globalizaciis          konteqstSi.        –     saerTaSoriso        samecniero
      konferenciis `msoflio axali wesrigi da kavkasia” masalebi,
      Tbilisi: `teqnikuri universiteti”, 2009, gv. 78-81.
10.   samxreT      kavkasiis       regionalizmi          da     globalizacia.       –
      saerTaSoriso         samecniero      konferenciis             `msoflio   axali
      wesrigi      da      kavkasia”      masalebi,        Tbilisi:       `teqnikuri
      universiteti”, 2009, gv. 128-201.
11.   regionuli          Sromis     bazrisa         da   dasaqmebis       problemebi
      globaluri            ekonomikuri              krizisis         pirobebSi.     –
      saerTaSoriso samecniero konferenciis `globaluri krizisi
      da saqarTvelos ekonomika” masalebi, Tbilisi: `inovacia”,
      2009, gv. 19-23.
12.   inovaciuri politikis regionaluri aspeqtebi saqarTveloSi.
      –    II   sauniversitetTaSoriso                 samecniero        konferenciis
      `msoflio finansuri krizisi da saqarTvelo” samecniero
      Sromebis krebuli, Tbilisi: `bartoni”, 2009, gv. 121-132.




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