Handbook Biochemistry by ashrafp

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									   Lead City University, Ibadan

Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology

      B Sc. Biochemistry Handbook

                2009/2010 Edition
University Anthem ................................................................................................................................................................................ 3
Forward ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4
Officers of the University...................................................................................................................................................................... 5
Staff of Department of Biochemistry .................................................................................................................................................... 6
Philosophy ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 7
Objectives .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8
Entry Requirement ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9
Course Outline....................................................................................................................................................................................... 10
Course Description ................................................................................................................................................................................ 14
Guidelines on Course Unit System ........................................................................................................................................................................ 37
Matriculation & Registration ................................................................................................................................................................................. 38
System of Teaching ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 39
Quality Control / Assurance ................................................................................................................................................................................... 39
System of Examinations......................................................................................................................................................................................... 39
Award of the Degree of Lead City University ....................................................................................................................................................... 40
Titles & Classes of Degrees ................................................................................................................................................................................... 41
Library Services ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 41
Exam Malpractices, Other Offences & Penalties ................................................................................................................................................... 45
Regulation on Students Conduct & Discipline ...................................................................................................................................................... 48
Dress Code ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 49
Rules & Guidelines on Students’ Clubs & Associates........................................................................................................................................... 51

         University Anthem

Lead City University
The cradle of great leaders
Where hopes and dreams are given life
And drive for great attainment
With motivation and inspiration
We’re dedicated, educated
Extending peace and joy
From different cultures, beautiful picture
Lead City University

We are the leaders
The light of our great nation
Diversified yet one great vision
With knowledge for self-reliance
And wisdom to serve our fatherland
We’re dedicated, educated
Extending peace and love
Our voices together, beautiful harmony
Lead City University


It is my pleasure to welcome all new students to Department of Biochemistry, Lead City University. This Handbook has been
prepared to serve as a useful reference for all students in their quest to acquire a functional University Education.

The Handbook particularly furnishes the reader and user very valuable information on the Curriculum of this Department. It
emphasizes Departmental courses to offer and conditions required to be eligible for a single honours degree in Biochemistry.

I enjoin all students therefore to focus their attention squarely on the primary purpose for which they have been admitted. This is a
unique University that provides all the facilities and or opportunity to actualize your dreams.

Read, digest and assimilate this Handbook. It pilots you.

Professor S. O. Agunbiade
Head of Department

     Officers of the University
        Prof. Gabriel .B. Ogunmola
           B.Sc, Ph.D, (Ib), FAS

       Chairman Governing Council
          Professor Jide Owoeye
       B.Sc, M,Sc, Ph.D (Ife), FICA

             Vice Chancellor
    Professor Johnson B. Aladekomo
 B.Sc, Ph.D (Machester), FINSTP, FNMS

       Dr. (Mrs.) Oyebola Ayeni
B.Ed, M.Ed, Ph.D (Ibadan) MNIM, MIMC

       Acting Director of Finance
            Mrs. Folake J. Saba
      B. Sc. (Maiduguri),MBA, FCA

             Dean of the Faculty
             Prof. S.O. Agunbiade
B.Sc. (Ife), PGD, M.Sc. (UK), Ph.D (Ibadan)

                            Staff of Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology
Programme:                  B.Sc. Biochemistry
Head of Department:         Prof. S. O. Agunbiade B.Sc. (Ife), PGD, M.Sc. (UK), Ph.D (Ibadan)
P.A to H.O.D:               Miss Ademola Agnes Temitope HND, (FP. Ede)

1.    Prof. S. O. Agunbiade             B.Sc. (Ife), PGD, PhD (Ibadan), M.Sc. (UK)       Professor
2.    Prof. O. O. Fafioye               NCE (Ilesha), B.Ed., M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan)        Professor
3.    Prof. Akin Aboderin               B.Sc., Ph.D. (Yale)                              Professor
4.    Prof. Omole, J. O. A.             B.Sc. (Ibadan), P hD (Ibadan),                   Associate Professor
5.    Prof. A. O. Uwaifo                B.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan)                             Adjunct Lecturer
6.    Dr. O.A. Oyelese                  B.Sc. M.Sc., P.hD. (Ibadan)                      Senior Lecturer
7.    Dr. (Mrs.) O. Ladokun             B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan)                      Senior Lecturer
8.    Mr. O. O. Ogunlaja                B. Sc. (Lagos), M. Sc. (Ibadan)                  Lecturer II
9.    Mr. O. O. John-Dewole             B.Tech., M.Tech. (Ogbomoso)                      Lecturer II
10.   Mr. M. O. Ighodaro                B. Sc. (Lagos), M. Sc. (Ibadan)                  Lecturer II
11.   Mrs. Tosin Arojojoye              B.Sc., M.Sc., (Ibadan)                           Lecturer II
12.   Miss Olajumoke Alao               B. Sc., M. Sc. (Ibadan)                          Lecturer II
13.   Mrs. Judith Hassan                F. Diploma (Ibadan), MNIST AISLT (Ibadan)        Technologist I
14.   Mr. Ademayowa S. Adelani          F. Diploma, HND (Akure) MNIST AISLT (Ibadan)     Technologist I

                                                          B.Sc Biochemistry Curriculum
The B.Sc degree programme, a four-year course, is designed to meet the NUC minimum requirement for the award of a degree to deserving candidates.
By running biochemistry as a course, the Lead City University is apt to provide a suitable environment to enhance dissemination of basic and functional
education through the availability of qualified personnel and well equipped laboratories.

(I)        Department of Biochemistry believes in the upbringing of intellectual, resourceful and skilful individuals meant to provide efficient services
           needed for national developmental goals, industrial aspirations, breakthroughs and economic empowerment. The intention is to turn around
           Nigerian environment for meaningful existence through an in-depth knowledge of biochemistry and closely related courses.

(II)        The department recognizes the apparent interrelationship between Biochemistry and other courses such as Biology, Chemistry, Food Science,
           Microbiology, Health Science etc. The rudimentary information provided by these sciences serves as a basic tool for training in Biochemistry. The
           department believes in sound laboratory training, relevant Industrial attachment and prosecution of a project by each student as essential for the
           award of a Bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry.

(III)      The ultimate purpose of training Biochemists is to increase Nigerian high level manpower needed in all facets of our national
           development/economy. This, however, can be achieved through:
(a)        Involvement of highly qualified academic and efficient supporting technical crew.

(b)        Provision of a standard laboratory, sufficiently equipped in accordance with NUC and Nigerian Society of Biochemists’ bench

(c)        Provision of Library, adequately stocked with relevant books and scientific journals and magazines.

           The Biochemistry curriculum aims at achieving the following major objectives:

      i.   Teaching the fundamentals of Biochemistry as an instrument for understanding living organisms in terms of their cellular and ecological
           organizations and functions.

   ii.     Including analytical skills and confidence in undergraduate students through provision of adaptable practical oriented education.
  iii.     Exposing undergraduates to our rich natural resources with a view to providing a sound academic background upon which to build higher

 iv.   Training personnel fully equipped to explain and proffer solutions, in an advisory capacity, to problem in related field e.g. agriculture, industries,
       medicines (cultural or modern).etc.

  v.   Running service or in-service courses beneficial to students in other departments/faculties of LCU University and professionals from public and
       private sectors.

Entry Requirements:
        i. Prospective candidates of Biochemistry major must satisfy both the University and Faculty of Information Technology and Applied
            Science admission requirements. It is mandatory that the student must have had five (5) credits at the ordinary level (GCE, SSCE/NECO)
            in English Language, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics at not more than two sittings.

        ii.    For a direct entry, advanced level passes in Biology and Chemistry in addition to credits in English Language, Biology, Chemistry,
               Mathematics and Physics at ordinary level.

       iii.    Requirement for Graduation
           -   Students are to take maximum of 24 units per semester
           -   Total requirement for graduation 40 x 4= 160 units
          -    All the compulsory courses must be taken and passed

                                                      B.Sc. Biochemistry Course Outline
100 Level             Course Title                                   Unit      Status
1st Semester
Course Code
CHM 101              Introductory Chemistry I                         3            C
CHM 102              Experimental Chemistry                           1            C
MTH 101              Algebra & Trigonometry                           3            C
MTH 102              Calculus                                         3            C
PHY 101              General Physics I                                3            C
PHY 102              Experimental Physics                             1            C
ZOO 101              Introductory Zoology                             3            C
ZOO 102              Experimental Zoology                             1            C
GST 101              Use of Library                                   1            C
GST 103              End-User Computing                               2            C
GST 106              Character Conduct & Services                     1            C
                     Total                                           22
Choose one from the following: GST 102, 104 & GST 105
GST 102              Philosophy & Logic                              2          R
GST 104              Culture & Citizenship Education                 2          R
GST 105              Man-Environment and Interaction                 2          R
Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester.
2nd Semester
CHM 111               Introductory Chemistry II                      3         C
CHM 112               Experimental Chemistry                         3         C
MTH 111               Vector & Co-ordinate Geometry                  3         R
PHY 111               General Physics II                             3         R
PHY 112               Experimental Physics II                        1         C
BOT 111               Introductory Botany I                          3         E
BOT 112               Experimental Botany I                          1         C
GST 113               Use of English                                 3         C
GST 115               Character Conduct & Services                   1         C
                      Total                                         21
Choose one from the following: GST 111, 112 & GST 114
GST 111                Technology, Agriculture & Society             2         R
GST 112                History & Philosophy of Science               2         R
GST 114                Human Geography of Nigeria                    2         R
Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester.

                                                B.Sc. Biochemistry Course Outline
200 Level                  Course Title                          Unit          Status
1st Semester
Course Code
CHM 201             Basic Inorganic Chemistry                    2             C
CHM 202             Basic Physical Chemistry                     2             C
CHM 203             Experimental Physical/Inorganic Chemistry    2             C
MCB 201             General Microbiology I                       2             R
BCH 201             Nutritional Biochemistry                     3             C
BCH 202             General Biochemistry I                       3             C
ZOO 201             Introductory Genetics and Physiology         2             C
PHY 204             Modern Physics                               2             R
GST 202             Character Conduct & Services                 1             C
                    Total                                       19

Direct Entry students must offer GST 101, 103 and choose one from GST 102, 104 & GST 105
Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester.
2nd Semester
MCB 211              General Microbiology II                       3            R
CHM 211              Basic Organic Chemistry                       2            C
CHM 212              Basic Experimental Organic Chemistry          2            C
BCH 211              Cell and Molecular Biology                    2            C
BCH 212              Membrane Biochemistry                         3            C
BCH 213              Experimental Biochemistry                     3            C
BCH 214              SIWES                                         3            C
CHM 214              Aromatic, Heterocyclic & Introductory
                     Natural product Chemistry                     2            C
GST 211              Character Conduct & Services                  1            C
                     Total                                        21
Direct Entry students must offer GST 113.

Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester.

                                                B.Sc. Biochemistry Course Outline
300 Level                  Course Title                    Unit        Status
1st Semester
Course Code

BCH 301              Carbohydrate Metabolism                 3                C
BCH 302              Vitamins                                3                C
BCH 303              Functional Biochemistry                 3                C
BCH 304              Bioenergetics                           3                C
BCH 305              Protein Chemistry                       3                C
BCH 306              Metabolism of Nucleic Acids             3                C
CHM 301              Chemical kinetics & Thermodynamics      2                R
GST 301              Character Conduct & Services            1                C
                     Total                                  24
Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester
2nd Semester
BCH 311              Nucleic Acids & Protein Synthesis        3               C
BCH 312              Enzymology                               3               C
BCH 313              Instrumentation & Methods in
                     Biochemistry                             2               C
BCH 314              Food Chemistry                           2               R
BCH 315              Microbial and Plant Biochemistry         2               R
BCH 316              Experimental Biochemistry                2               C
BCH 317              Student Industrial Work Experience       3               C
GST 311              Management Skills                        2               C
GST 312              Character Conduct & Services             1               C
PHY 311              Medical Physics                          2               R
                     Total                                   22
Direct Entry Students must offer one of the following: GST 111, 112 and 114
Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester

                                               B.Sc. Biochemistry Course Outline
400 Level           Course Title                                    Unit   Status
1st Semester

Course Code

BCH 401              Lipid Metabolism                                3       C
BCH 402              Physico-Chemical Methods in Biochemistry        3       C
BCH 403              Experimental Biochemistry                       3       C
BCH 404              Seminar Topics                                  3       C
BCH 405              Tissue Biochemistry                             3       R
BCH 406              Bioinorganic Chemistry                          3       E
BCH 407              Genetics Engineering                            3       R
GST 401              Entrepreneurship & Small Scale Business         2       C
GST 402              Character conduct & Services                    1       C
                     Total                                          24
Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester

2nd Semester
BCH 411              Advanced Cell Biology                           3       C
BCH 412              Regulation of Metabolic Processes               3       C
BCH 413              Biochemical Reasoning                           2       E
BCH 414              Industrial Biochemistry                         3       C
BCH 415              Metabolism of Drugs/Pharmaceutical Chemistry    2       R
BCH 416              Research Project                                6       C
GST 411              Poise/Customer Service and
                     Communication Skill                             2       C
GST 413              Professional Qualification                      2       C
GST 412              Character Conduct & Services                    1       C
                     Total                                          24
Students are to take a maximum of 24 units per semester.

                                                               Course Description
100 Level

1st Semester

CHM 101:       Introductory Chemistry I
Emphasis is laid on a basic understanding of stoichiometry and of the physical principles involved in chemical reactions. Topics include: Measurement
and precision; nature of matter; chemical formulae and equations; volumetric calculations, including the balancing of equations by electron-transfer
equality; chemical equilibra and related calculations, e.g. involving the water equilibrium and the solubility of ionic solids, intermolecular forces; entropy,
and enthalpy; exothermic and end-othermic changes and related calculations; electro-chemistry. No Prerequisites.
HL: 30                 HP: 45                 U: 3                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 1

CHM 102:       Experimental Chemistry
Selection of experimental exercises based on CHM 101
HL: 0                  HP: 45                 U: 1                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 1

MTH 101:       Algebra & Trigonometry
Elementary set theory, subsets, union inter-section complements. Venn diagrams, advanced indicial and logarithmic equations. The use of nations. Real
number, integers, rational and irrational numbers. Mathematical inductions, sequences, series, methods of undermined coefficients. Theory of quadratic
equations, binomial theorem. Complex numbers, the Argand Diagram, De-Moivre’s theorem, roots of unity. Circular measures, trigonometric functions
of angles. Addition and factor formulae.
HL: 45                 HP: 0                  U: 3                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 1

MTH 102:       Calculus
Differentiations of algebraic, exponential trig product and quotient functions. Maxima and Minima. The derivative as limit of change. Curve sketching.
Definite and Indefinite integrals with applications to areas and volumes. Integration by parts. Simple first order differential equations.
HL: 30                  HP: 0                 U: 3                    CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 1

PHY 101:       General Physics I
         —     Rectilinear motion. Newton’s Laws of motion
         —     Gravitation. Satellite and radial escape velocity, orbital motion
         —     Work, energy and power, Friction and Viscosity
         —     Moment and Energy of rotation
         —     Simple Harmonic motion
         —     Kinetic theory of matter, properties of solid, elasticity, surface tension and Capillarity
         —     First law of thermodynamics as applied to the properties of solid, liquid and gases: calorimetry, expansion of liquid.
         —     Thermal conductivity, types and energy of radiation
         —     Atomic Structure
         —     Methods of mixture and electrical method and latent heat.
               HL: 45                 HP: 0                   U: 3                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 1

PHY 102:       Experimental Physics I
Experiments covering topics in mechanics, mechanical properties of matter and heat.
HL: 30                  HP: 45                U: 3                    CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 1

ZOO 101:          Introductory Zoology
Animal Complexity. Grades of Organisation
      1.      Protoplasmic grade (Unicellular/acellular) e.g. Protozoans
      2.      Cellular grade (Cell-tissues, tissue – Organs, Organ – Systems

Animal embryology types. Eggs, fertilization, Cleavage/gestation, Differentiation/Reproduction.
Animal Kingdom Taxonomy. Diversity of animal life

(A)        Invertebrates Unicellular/acellular animals e.g. amoeba, paramecium, euglena, Trypanosome.
Radiate animals (diploblastic) (Coelenterates) e.g. Hydra and Obelia acoelomate animals (Platyhelminthes) e.g. Planaria and Fasciola Pseudocoelomate
animals (Nematoda) e.g. segmented worms (earthworms).
Mollusca e.g. land snails and cephalopods Arthropods (non chellates) acquatic mandibulates e.g. Crayfish (Crustacean) Terrestrial mandibulates e.g.
centipedes, millipedes and insects. Chellate arthropods e.g. Scorpions and Spiders (Arachnida) Echinodermata e.g. Starfish.

(B)        Vertebrates – Chordates, general characteristics: fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Concepts of Ecology: Niche, Ecosystem,
Population, Habitat and Environment.
HL: 30                   HP: 45                U: 2                   CR: 0               P: 0                 S: 1

ZOO 102:          Experimental Zoology
A selection of experimental exercises designed to illustrate material presented in ZOO 101
HL: 30                   HP: 45                U: 1                   CR: 0               P: 0                 S: 1

GST 101:       Use of Library
It is the objective of this course to familiarize students with the basic and fundamental rudiments of librarianship. It seeks to teach students the easies
ways to make use of the various resources available in the library environment with little or no assistance. Additionally, the course seeks to teach students
the necessary and basic skills to develop their personal and simple library collections.
HL: 30                 HP: 0                  U: 3                   CR: 0                 P: 0                   S: 1
GST 102:       Philosophy and Logic
The course is designed to give a survey of the many branches of philosophy especially logic. Symbolic logic, special symbols such as conjunction,
negation, affirmative, disconjunction, equivalence and conditional statements, law of thought. The method of deduction using rules of inferences.
HL:30          HP: 0                  U: 2            CR: 0          P: 0           S: 1

GST 103:       End-User Computing
         —     Definition of End User Computing
         —     History of End User Computing
         —     Who is an End User
         —     Classification of End Users
         —     Resources needed by End Users
               o       Software
               o       Hardware
         —     Computers
               o       Definition of Computers
               o       History of Computer
               o       Classification of Computer
               o       Characteristics of Computers
HL: 30                 HP: 0                  U: 3                   CR: 0                 P: 0                   S: 1

GST 104:       Culture and Citizenship Education
Nigeria Culture: The Concept of Culture and Nigerian Society. Married Family. African beliefs; Traditional Religions in Nigerian culture & Human
Settlement. Traditional economic System. Expressive Arts and Nigerian Traditional Agriculture.
Citizenship Education: citizenship and Constitute Authority, governmental Systems and Processes in Nigeria. Federalism, Constitutions, Rights and
obligations. National Ethic and Discipline; National identity Environmental Utilization and Conservation.

HL:30          HP:0                          U: 2          CR: 0                 P: 0                   R

GST 105:       Man-Environment and Interactions
Simple interpretation of man’s Environmental challenges; man’s responses to and impact on the Environments; spatial and Functional relationships of
Settlements and activity resource relationships.

HL:30          HP:0                          U: 2          CR: 0                 P: 0                   R

GST 106:       Character Conduct and Service
Satisfactory moral conduct, service to the university community. Exemplary behaviour. Excellence in sporting and Extra curriculum activities. Service to
outside community. Satisfactory dressing and general outlook.
HL: 0                 HP: 0                  U: 1                  CR: 0                 P: 0                 S: 1

2nd Semester
CHM 111:       Introductory Chemistry II
Applications of physical principles to descriptive chemistry of the elements, including an introduction to organic chemistry. Topics include: The structure
of atoms and molecules; the nucleus; electrons and electronic energy levels; ionic, covalent, co-ordinate, and metallic bonds; the periodic table; trends in
the physical and chemical properties of the element and their commoner compounds acids and bases; survey of properties and trends from Group VIII, in
Group IB ND and in the series from chromium to copper in the d-block transition elements. Introductory organic chemistry: bonding, polarity, and
intermolecular forces in carbon compounds; their isolation, purification and analysis, structural formulae, nomenclature and isomerism; structure and
reactivity of some common functional groups in organic compounds.
HL: 30                HP: 45                 U: 2                   CR: 0                  P: 0                  S: 2

CHM 112:       Experimental Chemistry
A selection of experimental exercises designed to illustrate materials presented in CHM 01 and CHM 111

MTH 111:       Vector & Co-ordinate Geometry
Rectangular Cartesian co-ordinates. Mid-point theorem gradient, distance between two points. Equation of a straight line, parallel and perpendicular lines
– angles between two lines. Graph of simple rational functions in one variable. Asymptote form of a graph at the origin and axis of symmetry. Geometric
properties and applications of:
         (a)   Circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola
         (b)   Paraboloid , Ellipsoids, Hyperboloids
Statements and proofs and associated Theorems and propositions. Straight lines and planes in space. Direction cosines. Angle between two skew lines.
Geometric representation of vectors in 1 – 3 dimensions, components, direction cosines, addition of scalars. Multiplication of Vectors. Linear
independence, Scalar and Vector products of two vectors. Differentiation and integration of vectors with respect to a scalar.
HL: 30                HP: 0                  U: 3                   CR: 0                  P: 0                  S: 1

PHY 111:      General Physics II
         —    Coulomb’s Law, electric charges and method of charging
         —    Electric field intensity and charge distribution on conductors and insulators of various configurations.
         —    Electric potential, potential gradient and electric potential energy
         —    Ohm’s Law and its applications; capacitors and dielectric.
         —    Kirchoff’s Law. The Wheatstone bridge, potentiometer and their applications.
         —    Magnetic fields and magnetic forces of / on current – carrying conductors.
         —    Electromagnetic induction, Alternating currents. The Transfer of waves and properties
         —    Optical refraction of light at plane and curved surface, the Lens maker’s formula.
         —    Application of lenses in optical instruments i.e. microscope, telescope, etc
         —    Aberrations, polarization, interference, Dispersion of light
         —    Photometry and light spectrum analysis.
HL: 45                HP: 0                  U: 2                   CR: 0                    P: 0                S: 2

PHY 112       Experimental Physics II
Laboratory experiments which involve principles and experimental techniques in electricity, magnetism, optics and modern (nuclear) physics.
HL: 0                 HP: 45                 U: 1                   CR: 0                    P: 0                S: 2

BOT 111:       Introductory Botany I
Activities of living things; respiration, ingestion and utilization of food, growth and reproduction, irritability. The cell, its general structure and activity;
the possible origin of living matter; DNA; RNA; Viruses, chromosomes; prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells; cell division, the gamete, sexual and asexual
reproduction, growth. Plant classification, its history and relevance today. Viruses, Bacteria, The fungi, Schizophyta Eumycophyta. Algae, Lichens –
crustose, foliose, fructicose. Liverworts and mosses. Vascular plants; Phylophyta through coniferophyta. Anthophya and their evolution; major categories
of Anthophyta. The stem; external morphyology, internal structure function. The flower, general structure; reproductive anatomy and physiology, floral
diversity. Propagules. Introduction to plant identification and the use of keys.
HL: 45                 HP: 0                  U: 2                    CR: 0                   P: 0                   S: 2
BOT 112:       Experimental Botany I
A selection of experimental exercises designed to illustrate material presented in BOT III.
HL: 0                  HP: 45                 U: 1                    CR: 0                   P: 0                   S: 2
GST 111:       Technology Agriculture and Society
The course focuses on the transformation of Society from Agrarian, Industrial, technological to the Information age: Science and practice of cultivation of
land; crops production; livestock; food processing and enterprises, practical applications of scientific discoveries; (for goods and services). It will also
examine African perspective of society, groups, values, authority, norms, Ethics, Moral obligation to citizens, status and role, culture dynamics and
HL:30          HP:0                           U: 2            CR: 0                   P: 0                   R

GST 112:       History and Philosophy of Science
This course is a survey of man-the origin and nature. Man and his economic environment, scientific methodology, Science and technology in the society
and service of man. Renewable and non-renewable resources. Man and his energy resources, environmental effects of chemical and radio chemical waste
and other naturals. Chemical and radio chemical hazards. Introduction to the various areas of science and technology.
HL:30          HP:0                           U: 2            CR: 0                   P: 0                   R

GST 113:       Use of English
The course is in two parts. The first part of the course attempts to make the student appreciate the fundamentals of English Language. Close attention is
paid to the types and features of Nouns and pronouns, features and function of Adjectives and Adverbs, Conjunction, Preposition, Interjections, Clauses
and Sentence types. In the second part, particular attention is paid on language skills such as listening, speaking, reading and writing. Topics to be treated
include essentials of writing, forms of writing, speech writing and summary writing, among others.
HL: 45                 HP: 0                  U: 2                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 2
GST 114:       Human Geography of Nigeria
Political development of different part of Nigeria, economic activities of different communities in terms of Agricultural practices and products,
commercial and industrial development, minerals and power resources, transportation network, regional economic integration, settlement patterns,
population growth and urbanization processes.
HL:30          HP:0                           U: 2           CR: 0                  P: 0                   R

GST 115:       Character, Conduct & Service
This is a non-taught Course that seeks to promote moral conduct and service to the university community. The course is designed to assess student’s
exemplary behaviour, dress sense, service to the University Community and the larger society.
Negotiable Entrustments. Insurance Commercial Relation between persons; Agency, Partnership; Companies, unfair competition Passing off and Trade
HL: 30                 HP: 0                  U: 1                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 2

                                                                Course Description
200 Level

1st Semester

CHM 201: Basic Inorganic Chemistry
A quantitative introduction to the basic principles of inorganic chemistry, particularly atomic structure, periodicity of chemical properties, chemical
bonding and reactivity. Subselections comprise electronic structures of element; the covalent bond; inorganic applications of standard reduction
potentials; general properties of elements in relation to periodic table introduction to complex ions, including nomenclature and isomerism.
HL: 30                 HP: 45                  U: 4                    CR: 0                 P: 0                  S: 1

CHM 202: Basic Physical Chemistry
The aim of the course is to provide a firm foundation to basic thermoclynamics and kinetics treated under the following headings; kinetic theory;
energetics; the first law of thermodynamics free energy; entropy ands the second law of thermodynamics, phase changes equilibrium; reaction kinetics;
electro chemistry.
HL: 45                  HP: 0               U: 4                  CR: 0                P: 0                S: 1

CHM 203: Experimental Physical / inorganic Chemistry
A basic practical chemistry course designed to:
(a)     Develop good experimental expertise
(b)     Illustrate the principles of topics covered in CHM 200 level courses.
(c)     Demonstrate the empirical nature of chemistry
Basic techniques to be developed are in physical and inorganic chemistry and shall include
Estimation of errors, theoretical processing of experimental data to yield best curve on linear fits and error limits
Quantitative organic analysis by volumetric and gravimetric methods.

(d)    Measurements of pH and preparations of buffer solutions

(e)   Oxidation – reduction titrations
(f)   Mixed base titrations requiring the use of more than one indicator
      Thermal analysis, including
      Measurement of heat of reaction
      Measurement of heat of solution and mixing
      Analysis of intermolecular forces
      Chemical kinetic
      Measurements of reaction rates
      Measurements of activation energy
      Simple inorganic synthesis
HL: 0                HP: 45                 U: 1                  CR: 0                    P: 0                   S: 1

MCB 201:       General Microbiology I
Origin and scope of microbiology Introduction to various forms and characteristics of Microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and
algae. A brief account of their growth, reproduction and distribution in nature, their relationships to each and other living things and their beneficial and
harmful effects on man. Control of microbial populations involving both physical and chemical agents.
HL: 30                HP: 0                  U: 3                   CR: 0                   P: 0                  S: 1

BCH 201:       Nutritional Biochemistry
Food nutrient, energy values of food energy expenditure by mammalian. Nutritive values of food carbohydrate, fats, protein, vitamins, mineral elements
and water. Nutritional disorders. Public health aspects of nutrition, assessment of nutritional status etiology of malnutrition and overnutrition;
environmental and social features related to malnutrition. Kwashiorkor and marasmus, prevention and therapy, nutritional status and nutritional
requirements. Recommended dietry allowances. Assignment of nutritional activity and ageing, diet and disease, obesity and chemical nutrition
HL: 30                HP: 0                 U: 3               CR: 0                  P: 0                    S: 1

BCH 202:        General Biochemistry I
Brief History and development of biochemistry.Prokaryotic versus Eukaryotic organisms. Type of cells and their characteristics Chemistry and brief
classifications and functions of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and protein, nucleic acids and nucleo-proteins. Enzymes. Acidity and alkalinity, pH and
pKa values and their effects on cellular activities. Buffers and Buffer systems
HL: 30                 HP: 0                   U: 3                   CR: 0                 P: 0                  S: 1

ZOO 211:       Introductory Genetics and Physiology
Historical perspectives; life cycles and reproduction Mendel’s laws. Probability and tests of goodness of fit Quantitative inheritance. Chromosomes and
Genes. The physical and chemical native of genetic materials, protein synthesis; the chromosome theory of inheritance. Simply illustrated. Linkage,
crossover and chromosome mapping. Sex chromosomes and sex linkage. Variations in genomic structures; mutation. Introduction to microbial genetics.
Extra chromosomal and epigenetic systems. Human genetics. Genetic analysis-variation in natural populations. Darwin and natural selection. Introduction
of population genetics. Physiology of reproduction.
HL: 30                 HP: 0                  U: 4                CR: 0                   P: 0                  S: 2

PHY 204:       Modern Physics
     —         The origin of quantum theory – Block body radiation; Wien’s Law, the Rayleigh – Jean Theory, Planck’s theory.
     —         Electrons and quanta – Cathode rays; the specific charge of electrons, the charges and mass of elections.
     —         Electromagnetic spectrum. Particle behaviour; photoelectric effect, Compton effect, pair production and annihilation.
     —         The atomic nucleus – Thomson’s model; Rutherford’s model; the size of the nucleus.
     —         Wave behaviour of matter – De Broglie hypothesis; Electron diffraction, wave – particle duality.

         —    The uncertainly principle of Heisenberg. Bohr’s theory of atomic structure – Atomic spectra.
         —    Wilson – Summerfield quantization rule; Summerfield’s relativistic theory; the correspondence principle.
         —    Problems of the old quantum theory.
         —    Schrodinger wave equation and simple application
HL: 30               HP: 0                  U: 3                  CR: 0                  P: 0                S: 2

GST 201:       Character, Conduct and Service
This is a non-taught Course that seeks to promote moral conduct and service to the university community. The course is designed to assess student’s
exemplary behaviour, dress sense, service to the University Community and the larger society.
HL: 0                 HP: 0                 U: 1                  CR: 0                 P: 0                  S: 1
Direct Entry Students must offer GST 101, GST 102 and GST 103

2nd Semester

BCH 211:       Cell and Molecular Biology
History and present trends is biology. Cell theory – organization function of cell organelles. Chemical nature and structure of cell membrane. Movement
solutes through cell membrane. The molecular basis of cell structure; carbohydrate, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids. Biological Phenomena. Bioelectric
phenomena. Cell biology of movement. Cell differentiation.
HL: 30                HP: 0                   U: 3                  CR: 0                  P: 0                  S: 2

CHM 211: Basic Organic Chemistry
Revision of Chemistry of common functional groups covering the material of CHM 111 Extension of aliphatic chemistry, including hydrocarbon,
alkenes, carbonyl group, hydroxyl acids and their derivatives. Survey of aromatic chemistry, topics include benzene and monosubstitution products. Bi-
functional compounds Introduction to lipids, carbohydrate, amino acids and to chromatographic spectroscopic methods of investigating organic
structures. Synthesis of some organic compounds.
HL: 30                HP: 0                 U: 4                  CR: 0                 P: 0                  S: 2

CHM 212:        Basic Experimental Organic Chemistry
A course designed to illustrate the principles covered in (elective) course CHM 211. Topic includes separation, purification and identification of organic compounds by
solvent extraction, distillation crystallization followed by determination of physical constants simple organic synthesis and qualitative analysis by chemical methods.
HL: 0                      HP: 30                    U: 3                   CR: 0                    P: 0                    S: 2
CHM 214:        Aromatic, heterocyclic and Introductory Natural Product Chemistry
Aromatic chemistry is surveyed with particular attention to the substitution reactions of benzene and its derivatives; alkybenzenes nad aromatic alcohol carbonyl
compounds and carboxylic acids; phenols and quinines, nitro-compounds, amines, and other nitrogenous derivatives, sulphonic acids and the derivatives, bi-functional
benzene derivatives; compound with linked benzene rings: salient features of naphthalene and anthrancene chemistry; aromatic, heterocyclics, exemplified by phyrole,
twain, thiophene, pyridine
HL: 30                   HP: 0                U: 3                      CR: 0                  P: 0                    S: 2

BCH 212:        Membrane biochemistry
Structure composition, integrity and functions of biological membranes, isolation, characterization and classification of membrane, chemistry and biosynthesis of
membranes. Erythrocyte membrane as a useful tool in membrane study, intrinsic and extrinsic protein in erythrocyte ghost membrane; ankyrin, spectrin and Band-3
proteins. Molecular organization of membrane components. Natural and artificial membrane bilayers, liposomes, the unit membrane hypothesis, membrane transport
systems – passive versus active. Transportation of sugars and amino acids, ionophors. Biophysical aspect of cell growth and development.
HL: 30                  HP: 0                    U: 4                    CR: 0                   P: 0                     S: 2
BCH 213:        Experimental Biochemistry:

Selection of some qualitative and quantitative experiments
HL: 60                  HP: 3                    U: 3                     CR: 0                    P: 0                     S: 2
BCH 214:        SIWES

GST 211:        Character, Conduct & Service
This is a non-taught Course that seeks to promote moral conduct and service to the university community. The course is designed to assess student’s exemplary
behaviour, dress sense, service to the University Community and the larger society.
HL: 30                  HP: 0                    U: 2                     CR: 0                    P: 0                     S: 2

Direct Entry Students must offer GST 113.

Course Description
300 Level

1st Semester

BCH 301:       Metabolism of Carbohydrates
Degradation and digestion of Carbohydrates (Sugar), reactions of sugars. Metabolism of glucose, fructose, galactose and other hexoses including amino
sugars in animals, plants and microorganism. Fermentation, tricarboxylic acid cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, glycohylate pathway, the phospho-
glycolytic pathway, the calving pathway. Gluconeogenesis. Glycogen synthesis, breakdown and degradation of other polysaccharides, photosynthesis.
Regulation of glycogen metabolism synthesis of structural and reserve polysaccharides. Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism.
HL: 30                HP: 0               U: 3                    CR: 0                 P: 0                  S: 1

BCH 302:      Vitamins
Nomenclature, Classification – (i) The fat soluble vitamins, (ii) The water soluble vitamins
Sources: Biochemical functions, metabolism and their deficiency syndromes
HL: 30               HP: 0                    U: 3                   CR: 0                 P: 0             S: 1

BCH 303:      Functional Biochemistry
Body fluids, blood plasma proteins, blood clothing, iron metabolism, electrolyte, water and acid-balance. Muscle, composition contractile process,
sources of energy for molecular work, Biochemistry of the brain, conduction and transmission of nerve impulse Bone; calcium and phosphate
metabolism, biochemistry of Vision. Endocrine glands, hormones, immuno chemistry inborne errors of metabolism.
HL: 30              HP: 0                  U: 3                  CR: 0              P: 0                   S: 1

BCH 304:       Bioenergetics
Concept of bioenergetics. Biochemical thermodynamics. Thermodynamic concepts, parameters and law,. High energy compound or phosphates, and their
roles in cells metabolism. ATP as the energy-currency of the cell. Transfer of phosphate from ATP to various acceptors. Ion motive ATPases – AP
synthase. Chemiosmotic principle of ATP synthesis. Regulation of ATP synthesis. ATP cycle.
HL: 30              HP: 0                 U: 3                   CR: 0               P: 0                   S: 1

BCH 305:       Protein Chemistry / Metabolism of amino acid and Protein
Classification of proteins with examples from important groups. Isolation of proteins. Criteria of purity. Determination of shape and size of the protein
molecule. Primary structure. Reactions of amino acids side chains. Determination and evolutionary aspects of amino acids sequence. Secondary, tertiary
and quaternary structures of protein. Protein-protein interaction correlation of structure with functions in a few specific proteins.
HL: 30                 HP: 0                  U: 3                   CR: 0                   P: 0                   S: 1

BCH 306:        Metabolism of Nucleic Acids
Metabolism of purine and pyrimidine, nucleotides, abnormalities in nucleic acid metabolism – xerodermal pigmentosum and skin cancer. Translation in
cell free system. Regulation of gene action in prokaryotes. Mutation and repair.
HL: 30                HP: 0                   U: 3                  CR: 0              P: 0                S: 1

BCH 307:      Microbial & Plant Biochemistry
Biochemistry of viruses, Autotrophic microorganisms, Nitrogen fixation, Fermentation, Cell wall of bacteria and yeasts, Antibiotics, Toxins, structure
and action of flagella and cilica, Regulation of chromosome replication, differentiation in slime molds, photosynthesis, Regulation of sulphate
metabolism of non-protein amino acids, Alkaloids, metabolism of plant hormones, phytochromes, methyl xanthines, cyclic nucleotides.
HL: 30               HP: 0                 U: 3                  CR: 0                P: 0                 S: 2
CHM 301: Chemical kinetics and Thermodynamics
Review of reaction rates, rate equations orders of reactions and their determination calculations; Experimental methods for studying slow and fast
reactions. Reactions in solution. Complex reactions, heterogeneous catalysis. Thermodynamic laws. Thermodynamics principles in relation to chemical
potential, inter-relationships of thermodynamic functions phase equilibria, gaseous and liquid mixtures, colligative properties of solution, chemical
equilibria, electrolytic solutions, thermodymics of surface.
HL: 30                   HP: 0                U: 3               CR: 0                P: 0                  S: 1

GST 302:       Character, Conduct & Service
This is a non-taught Course that seeks to promote moral conduct and service to the university community. The course is designed to assess student’s
exemplary behaviour, dress sense, service to the University Community and the larger society.
HL: 0                 HP: 0                 U: 1                  CR: 0                  P: 0                  S: 1

2nd Semester

BCH 311:       Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
Structure and properties of nucleotides and nucleic acids. Hydrolysis of nucleic acids. Elucidation of DNA structure and properties. Unique and
repetitative DNA sequence. Aspect of phage and bacteria genetics mechanism of replication. Polymerases and ligases. Transcription. Structure and
function of tRNA, rRNA amd mRNA. Genetic code. Mechanism and control of protein biosynthesis.
HL: 30                HP: 0               U: 4                 CR: 0                 P: 0                S: 2

BCH 312:        Enzymology
Classification and nomenclature of enzymes. Characteristics of the main enzyme groups survey of chemical kinetics, catalysis, order of reactions.
Michealis-menon kinetics. Thermodynamics, types of inhibition. Allosteric enzymes. Enzyme system. Regulation of enzyme system. Investigation on the
active centres. Enzymes with more than one active centre. Co-operativity between active centres. Mechanism of enzymes action.
HL: 30               HP: 0                 U: 3                   CR: 0                  P: 0                 S: 2

BCH 313:       Instrumentation and Methods In Biochemistry
Principles of instruments, principles, methodologies and applications of electrophoresis. Chromatograph. Thin-layer chromatography,
paperchromatography, column chromatography, HPLC, GAS, Liquid chromatography and spectro fluometry. Flame photometry, polarimetry,. Optical
rotatory dispersion and circular dichroism, pH measurements and manometric techniques, purification and isolation of proteins Dialysis, ion exchange
chromatography EDMAN degradation of amino acid sequence in protein.
HL: 30                HP: 0                  U: 3               CR: 0               P: 0                   S: 2

BCH 314:       Food Chemistry
An introduction to the theory and application of physical and chemical methods for determining constituents of food stuffs, processing, preservation and
storage of traditional foods – roots, and stem tubers, fruits and fruit drinks, seeds and gains, green vegetables. Digestion and absorption of foods. Food
poisoning and intoxication, prevention and cure. Toxic substances in food, especially local foods. Browning reactions, food spoilage (Chemical,
microbial) Quality control. Food microbiology. Food additives.
HL: 30                  HP: 0                 U: 3                   CR: 0                  P: 0                  S: 2

BCH 315:     Experimental Biochemistry
Experiments will be conducted to teach techniques used in biochemistry and to illustrate material presented in the lecture courses.
HL: 30                HP: 0                 U: 3                 CR: 0                   P: 0                    S: 2

BCH 316:       Students Industrial Work Experience

PHY 311:      Medical Physics
Diagnostic Techniques use in Medicine: Invasive and Non-Invasive, Production and uses of X-rays; Production and use of ultrasound; Use of magnetic
resonance; radioactive tracers. Effect and interaction of Radiation with Matter; Biological Effects of Radiation; Genetic effects, Stochastic and Non-
stochastic effects; Dose, Dose rate, RBE, Radiation Dosimetry. The skeleton, joined bones as Levers, Spinal Stress, Walking and the frictional force,
body energy and Temperature control. The Eye and its defects; myopia, Hypermetropia, Astigmatism, corrections, depth of focus, lenses, power in
dioptres. The Ear and its sensitivity, frequency response e.t.c.
HL: 30                 HP: 0                   U: 3                CR: 0                P: 0                  S: 1

GST 311:       Research, Design & Methodology

GST 312:       Character, Conduct and Service
This is a non-taught Course that seeks to promote moral conduct and service to the university community. The course is designed to assess student’s
exemplary behaviour, dress sense, service to the University Community and the larger society.
HL: 0                 HP: 0                  U: 1                   CR: 0                 P: 0                   S: 2

                                                               Course Description
400 Level

1st Semester

BCH 401:       Lipid Metabolism
A survey of the structures, functions, biosynthesis and catabolism of different classes of lipids. The regulatory aspects of biosynthesis and catabolism of
the lipids especially in relation to homeostasis in the organism will be stressed. The lipids include; fatty acids, glycerides and phosphogly cerides,
prostaglandins, terpenoids and steroids such as bile acids, steroid hormones, carotenoids and vitamins A, Vitamin D and terpenoid quinines. Steroid
hydroxylation mechanisms, mode of action of steroid hormones.
HL: 30                 HP: 0                 U: 3                  CR: 0                   P: 0                   S: 1

BCH 402:         Physico – Chemical Methods in Biochemistry
Viscosity, diffusion, dielectric constant, osmometry, ultracentrifugation, separation methods (electrophoresis, chromatography inoexchange, absorption
affinity, gel filtration) Optical methods (e.g light scattering optical rotary dispension and circular dishoroism, refraction, infrared, visible and ultravalete
absorption, fluerescennces, phosphorescence). Electron microscope X-ray diffraction, nuclear magnetic resonance, radioisotope technique.
HL: 30                    HP: 0                U: 3                    CR: 0                 P: 0                   S: 1

BCH 403:     Experimental Biochemistry I
Experiments will be conducted to teach techniques used in Biochemistry and to illustrate material presented in the lecture courses.
HL: 30                HP: 45                U: 3                 CR: 0                   P: 0                    S: 1

BCH 404:       Seminar Topics

BCH 405:       Tissue Biochemistry
The Liver: Intracellular organization, glucostalic function and Nitrogen metabolism in the liver. Liver function tests. The kidneys; Anatomical units and
urine formation Osmoregulation and serial excretory mechanisms, Tubular transport mechanism, Acid-base regulation, Abnormal urine constituents,
penile function tests, muscle; structure and composition of muscles, energy requirement and energetics of muscular contraction, Adipose tissues;
functions, disturbances of lipid metabolism thermogenic properties of brown adipose tissue, structural tissues; chemical composition and physico-
chemical properties if elastin and collagen.

The Brain; Biochemical aspect of brain structure including technique of fractionalization functional aspect of neural biochemistry, membrane potential
and ion transport, action potential and depolarization action of neurotransmitters and biogenic aminos in the brain, constitution and function of blood
lymph and other fluids, plasma proteins in systems, chemistry and biosynthesis of selected hormones, the control of hormones secretion, mechanism of
hormonal control of selected hormones, mechanism of hormonal control of metabolism-general treatment of hormones of lower animals, Biochemistry of
cordiac tissue, Biochemistry of vision.
HL: 30                 HP: 0                   U: 3                CR: 0                 P: 0                   S: 1

BCH 406:       Bioinorganic Chemistry
Relationship between the physico-chemical properties and biological functions of inorganic ions. Ligand-complexes and their biochemical significance.
Electrolyte metabolism, Nitrogen fixation, carbon-cycle, sulphur cycle.
HL: 30                HP: 0                  U: 3                  CR: 0               P: 0                 S: 1

BCH 407: Genetic Engineering
Replication, transcription and translocation – a brief review. The genetic code and its relationship to cellular functions. DNA replication in a cell free
system. Genetic transformation, transduction and conjugation. Gene mutation, mutagenic agents and their application to gene transfer. Gene mapping.
Structure of eukaryotic genome. Recombinant DNA and its applications (Cloning, extra chromosomal factors, episome, colicins, plasmids) and

GST 401:       Entrepreneurship and Small Business
The aim of this course is to develop entrepreneurial orientation and skill in students. The course exposes students to the opportunities in entrepreneurship
and the basic characteristics required of successful performance as an entrepreneur, issues covered include the nature and functions of entrepreneurs,
types, role demands, identification and evaluation of business opportunities, feasibility study, financing and managing growth in entrepreneurial firm,
negotiations, succession, socio-cultural constraints and theories of entrepreneurship.

Definition of small business, the need for students to start small business after graduation in the context of Nigeria’s present socio-economic realities, the
role of small business such as NDE, small and medium scale enterprises scheme, tax and other incentives, common types of small business operations,
factors which determine the decision to own and manage a business operation, business planning, financial needs, financial management techniques,
marketing policies and procedures for small business interpretation of company accounts and ratio analysis, key determinants of success and failure.
HL: 30                HP: 0                 U: 3                    CR: 0               P: 0                    S: 1

GST 402:       Character, Conduct and Service
This is a non-taught Course that seeks to promote moral conduct and service to the university community. The course is designed to assess student’s
exemplary behaviour, dress sense, service to the University Community and the larger society.
HL: 0                  HP: 0                  U: 1                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 1

2nd Semester

BCH 411:        Advanced Cell Biology
Function and biochemistry of cell organelles, membrane structure, Receptor function and specificity – selective cell interaction, Nuclear—cytoplasmic
relationships, cell cycle-control of growth, differentiation and embryonic development.
HL: 30                  HP: 0                  U: 4                  CR: 0              P: 0                 S: 2

BCH 412:       Regulation of Metabolic Processes
Control of branched metabolic pathways. Allosteric proteins and conformation aspect of enzymes regulation, protein – protein interactions. Illustration of
regulation of metabolic pathways using specific examples. Protein – Survey of hormones, their receptors and mechanisms of regulation of metabolism,
control of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
HL: 30                HP: 0                 U: 3                  CR: 0                 P: 0                 S: 2

BCH 413:      Biochemical Reasoning
Evaluation and design of experimental biochemistry from available information and data. Analysis, interpretation and inference-drawing from
biochemical research data.
HL: 30                HP: 0             U: 3               CR: 0                P: 0                 S: 2

BCH 414:      Industrial Biochemistry (Elective)
A short review of microbial physiology an genetics, A review of general metabolic pathway, control and applications in industry, continuous culture
methods, principles and application, Industrial fermentations – alcogolic amino acids, antibiotics and other secondary metabolites, primary and secondary
metabolism, process evaluation and development, methods of screening and selecting micro organisms of industrial importance, induction of mutation in
micro organisms and plants for he purpose of over production and its application in industrial enhancement, Heat transfer, coefficient-application of heart
transfer, sterilization and canning, pasteurization, chilling, refrigeration and freezing of food.
HL: 30                   HP: 0                 U: 3                     CR: 0                  P: 0              S: 2

BCH 415:       Metabolism of Drugs / Pharmaceutical Biochemistry
Review of different types of drugs with examples of structures. Action of drugs and foreign compounds on living organisms. Absorption, distribution and
termination of action of drugs. Dose and time responses to drugs, individual variability, Drug toxicity and aspects of drug abuse.
HL: 30                 HP: 0                 U: 3                   CR: 0                  P: 0                   S: 2

BCH 416:      Research Project
                    U: 6

GST 411:         Poise/Customer Service & Communication Skills
It is the objective of this course to prepare the student for the challenges of the Market Place. The elements of composure, needed for effective delivery
and effective communication, among others, are stressed. In essence, the course trains the student to cultivate appropriate positive attitudes in dealing
with customers/clients in particular and with all forms of social relations in general.
HL: 30                  HP: 0                  U: 3                    CR: 0                P: 0                  S: 2
GST 412:      Professional Qualification

GST 413:       Character, Conduct and Service
This is a non-taught Course that seeks to promote moral conduct and service to the university community. The course is designed to assess student’s
exemplary behaviour, dress sense, service to the University Community and the larger society.
HL: 0                 HP: 0                 U: 1                   CR: 0                 P: 0                   S: 2

Guidelines on Course Unit System

1.    Grouping of Courses
      (a)    Core Courses or Compulsory Courses(C)
             These are courses that must be taken by the student and passed in respect of a particular degree programme.
      (b)     General University Courses (G)
             These are courses, which are offered by the University, and are compulsory for all students. These courses must be passed before the
             students can qualify for the award of degree in any programme of the University.
      (c )   Elective Course (E)
             These are optional courses, which a student may take to make up the minimum units required for the University.
      (d)    Pre-requisite Courses (P)
             These are courses (which can be in any of the categories above), which must be taken before other specified courses.
      (e)    The Course Unit System
             All Faculties of the University operate the course unit system.
             All courses shall be evaluated in terms of course credit units, and assessment shall be on Weighted Grade Point System, that is, Weighted
             Grade Point Average (WGPA).

Matriculation and Registration:
A student admitted to the University for the first time to study for a degree (including transfer students) will be required to matriculate and sign the
matriculation register. This is also applicable to part-time students. It shall also be mandatory for all students to register for courses at the beginning of
the session. Registration for courses shall end three weeks after the commencement of lectures.
Quantification of Courses
Courses are quantified in credit units.
A unit equals 15 hours of lectures (i.e. one hour a week per semester)
45 hours of laboratory, fieldwork, practical/practicum, and studio practice.
30 hours of seminars
15 weeks of industrial attachment.
One semester has a minimum of 15 weeks of lectures.
Course Assessment
(a)   Every course assessment must consist of continuous assessment (between 40 and 20%) and course examination (between 60% and 80%).

(b)    Continuous assessment in the Faculty of Information Technology and Applied Sciences shall not be more than 30%.

(c )   The pass mark for every course assessment is 40%.

(d)    The grading system is as follows:

       Scores                         Grade                          Grade Point
       70 – 100                       A                                    5
       60 - 69                        B                                    4
       50 – 59                        C                                    3
       45 – 49                        D                                    2
       40 – 44                        E                                    1
        0 – 39                        F                                    0

System of Teaching
The system of teaching adopted by the Faculty of Information & Applied Sciences is lecture cum tutorial. While the lectures’ sessions are formal, the
tutorials are quasi formal. Tutorials are conducted by junior colleagues. In very few cases, two lecturers may teach a particular course. They circulate
brief notes, give copy reference, discuss facts that support or refer to pages and passages in texts. Attendance registers are marked.
Attendance carries a maximum score of ten.

Quality Control/Assurance
To ensure that standard is maintained there is a Quality Control Department which is headed by the Dean. The Dean is assisted by the Sub Dean and the
two (2) heads of Department. Every lecturer must produce, teaching plan and as many tutorial questions as possible that will cover every topic in the
synopsis. The Dean will vet to make sure that all the questions are standard and that they cover all the topics in the course the materials will be given to
every student in relation to every course offered.

System of Examination
The semester examination comprises a set of questions from which the students are expected to answer at least four questions.
Some lecturers give a question or questions they tag compulsory. This usually depends on the importance or premium they place on the specific areas.
Such areas are usually emphasized and sufficiently highlighted because of their relevance. Some lecturers give multiple choice or objective questions to
cover wider areas of curriculum.

Each examination in a semester per course shall carry equal marks of hundred (100) percent each which is divided into sixty (60) percent for examination
in each course sat for and the remaining forty (40) percent for test/assignments/oral examination/attendance. A letter grade and numerical point shall be
awarded to each student based on his/her total scores on all the evaluation criteria.

Examinations are written within a period of two weeks. Sufficient examination materials are provided ahead of time for examination and time table for
invigilation. Supervision is done by academic staff with non-academic staff assistants. The time table for examination is displayed on the Faculty Notice
Boards at least two weeks before the beginning of the examination. The faculty officer/manager is present at examinations.

Continuous Assessment
The system of continuous assessment through occasional written, objective tests, term papers, seminars, presentations and oral examinations should be

In addition, the conventional theory examination should be continued. The percentage of the total grading in each course to be allocated to the
continuous assessments/tests/oral examination/attendance is as stated below.

Examination shall be conducted two (2) times in a semester namely 1st or second week in December and at the end of the 1st semester in February. 2nd
semester examination shall also be conducted twice in May and at the end of the semester/session in July in accordance with University calendar.

The final marks scored by the student and the corresponding letter grades and the numerical point should be clearly indicated.
As an illustration, the following tables is an example:

[Marks (%)]              Letter Grade                 Grade Points
70 – 100                      A                              5
60 – 69                       B                              4
50 – 59                       C                              3
45 – 49                       D                              2
40 – 44                       E                              1
 0 – 39                       F                              0
Examination Regulations
In assessing a student for withdrawal or probation, Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) would be used as a guide.

(i)     If a student’s CGPA is below 1.00 at the end of a particular year of study, such a student earns a period of probation for one academic session.

(ii)    Subject to the conditions for withdrawal and probation, a student may be allowed to repeat failed courses at the next available opportunity,
        provided that the total number of credit units carried during the Semester does not exceed 24, and the Grade Point earned at all attempts shall
        count towards the CGPA.

(iii)   A candidate whose Cumulative Grade Point Average is below 1.00 at the end of a particular period of probation should be required to withdraw
        from the faculty. For the purpose of calculating a student’s Cumulative Grade Point Average in order to determine the class of degree to be
        awarded, grades obtained in ALL the courses whether compulsory or optional and whether passed or failed must be included in the computation.
        Even when a student repeats the same course or substitutes another for failed optional course, grades scored at each and all attempts shall be
        included in the computation of the CGPA.

Award of the Degree of Lead City University
Lead City University has the right to refuse the award of its degree to any student who has exhibited gross acts of misbehaviour in the University. The
award of the University’s degree is subject to both good academic and behavioural performance of the student throughout his/her period of study. Lead
City University degree is awarded on the basis of both academic excellence and good character.

A student shall qualify for the award of a degree when he/she has:
(a)    completed and passed all the Courses he registered for, including all compulsory courses and such elective/optional courses as may be specified
       by the university/faculty.
(b)    Obtained a minimum cumulative GPA specified by the University but not less than 1.00
(c )   Earned the minimum credits units of not less than 184.

Titles and Classes of Degree
The degree shall be titled B.Sc/B. Tech Honours. Classes of degree are to be awarded depending on the cumulative GPA obtained. The classes of degree
that may be awarded are First Class Honours, Second Class Honour (Upper Division), Second Class Honours (Lower Division), Third Class Honours and
Pass. The various classes of degrees shall be based on the numerical points given below thus:

              Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)                       Class of degree
              4.50 – 5.00                                                 First Class
              3.50 – 4.49                                                 Second Class Upper
              2.50 – 3.49                                                 Second Class Lower
              1.50 – 2.49                                                 Third Class
              1.00 – 1.49                                                 Pass
Library Services (The Sciences)
      Opening Hours: The Library’s opening hours vary according to the following schedules:
(1)   Semester Period
      Monday – Friday: 9.00 a.m. – 6.00 p.m.
             Saturday: 9.00 a.m. – 2.00 p.m.
             Holidays (Public and University): Closed

Membership: The use of the Science Library is normally permitted to registered users only. Registration as a Library user is open to all persons in the
following categories:

i)     Full and Part-time members of the University teaching and research staff, senior members of the university administration.
ii)    Registered Research Students
iii)   Members of the University Council
iv)    Registered full and part-time undergraduate students of the University.
(v)    Graduate Students of the University
vi)    Members of Parents’ Forum

Main Services Rendered: The following main services are offered:
a)    loan transactions including inter-library loans (restricted for now)
b.    reference services general and subject;
c)    readers’ advisory services
d)    services to researches;
e)    binding of students projects;
f)    exhibitions;
g)    current awareness services;
h)    photocopying services

Library Rules and Regulations
1)    No book may be removed from the library without the issue being recorded in the manner prescribed by the Librarian. The janitor in charge of the
      exit is authorized to examine books to be taken out of the library. Readers must present such items for inspection.
ii)     The Librarian may restrict or prohibit the borrowing of any book or periodical
iii)    Library users in categories 2, 1iii and v may borrow up to two books; while those in categories 2, iv and vi may borrow one book each from the
        open access collection on condition laid down by the Librarian.
iv)     All books borrowed by Library users in categories 2, ii, iii and v must return them at the end of each semester, while library users in categories 3,
        iv and vi must return their books after a fortnight.
v)      Returned books may be renewed by the Library users provided such are not required by other users.
vi)     The Librarian may recall a book issued to any Library user. In such cases, the book must be returned within three days of recall.
vii)    Books from short-term loan or reserved book collection may not be reserved nor may the loans be renewed.
viii)   Materials of special nature such as tapes and irreplaceable works may be borrowed only with the permission of the Librarian.
ix)     Library users are at all times responsible for any book, which has been issued in their name and this responsibility ends only when the book has
        been returned to the Library and the issued records have been cancelled.

Penalties for Various Offences of the Library
i)     Delinquent student borrowers who fail to pay their accumulated fines will be barred from writing their semester or degree examinations. If
       however, they sit for their examinations their results and certificates will be withheld until the fines are paid.
ii)     Delinquent student borrowers who refuse to return library books and pay the fines will not sit for their examinations. If they sit for their
        examinations, their results and certificate will be withheld until they pay for books and clear their fines. The cost of each of such books will be
        five times the unit cost.
iii)    Library users who mark, deface, damage or mutilate library books will pay for such books, the amount involved being five times the unit cost of
        each book.
iv)     Those who pilfer any library book will be summarily dismissed from the University.
v)      Allegedly lost books will be paid for. The cost of each of such books will be five times the unit cost.

i)    All cases of loss of borrower’s cards must be promptly reported at the circulation desk.
ii)     If the book you require is on loan, you should please fill out a reservation slip for it at the Circulation Desk.
iii)    The use of any material obtained through inter library loan services is governed at all times by the regulations of the lending library.
iv)     Photocopying services are offered in accordance with the scale of charges currently in force.
v)      Smoking, eating and drinking are not allowed in the library
vi)     Children and pets are prohibited from coming into the library
vii)    The library will not assume responsibility for any loss of personal items
viii)   Umbrellas, handbags and personal copies of newspapers and magazines should not be taken into the library

Learning Opportunities for Parents and Guardians: Parents and Guardians have the opportunity of auditing any course or topic of their choice in any
faculty of the University. They can also use the Library. Permits for such are readily available in the Registrar’s office and Parents’ Forum Liaison

Registration/Eligibility for Examination
i)     Having completed the registration for courses, a student need not register separately for examination.
ii)    Three weeks to the commencement of examinations, the Faculty Manager/Officer of the respective faculties shall publish the list of students who
       have met the attendance requirement for examination in each course, copies of which shall be forwarded to the Department Heads, the Registrar
       and the Deans respectively.
iii)   Such lists shall serve as the examination attendance registers, which must be made available to invigilators before the commencement of the
       examination in every paper.
iv)    The said examination attendance registers shall have columns for the signatures of students, invigilators and Course Examiners.
       A student shall be deemed to have begun his/her course of studies on the date of his/her registration for that course.

Change of Course: Students may change, add, or drop particular course(s) during the first three weeks of commencement of lectures in a semester.
Change of Course Form should be obtained from the respective Faculty office while dropped course(s) should be deleted from the course forms/cards and
where appropriate prescribed courses should be added with the advice of the Faculty Manager/Officer in charge.

No course shall be added or deleted after three weeks of commencement of lectures in any particular semester. No change of course forms shall be
accepted after the third week of registration.

Essential Services during Examination
i)     The University Medical Services shall make First Aid facilities available throughout the examination period
ii)    The Director of Physical Planning and Maintenance Services shall ensure adequate functioning of all electrical appliances at all examination

i)    A student shall remain in the University and carry over the remaining required number of units for normal progress in accordance with the
      regulations prescribed by the Faculty and approved by Senate.
ii)    A student carrying over courses shall not be allowed to register for more than the approved maximum number of units for the session, which is 64
       units, depending on the level of the student as stated in this handbook.
iii)   A student shall register first his/her carry over courses (in order of level) up to the maximum units for the semester. Additional units to make up
       the maximum can be added.

Examination Malpractices, Other Offences and Penalties
The following constitute malpractices and offences in Lead City University, Ibadan
1.     Unauthorised Class/Laboratory/Library Use: Class attendance of Laboratory and Library by those not duly registered constitutes misconduct.
       Only those duly registered at the Faculty and University Clinic would be regarded as being bona fide students.
2.     Cheating: Cheating in examinations, assignments, term papers, reports, projects or any other test that is to be used in judging the student’s
       performance in a course, programme of study or on any special test, which the University may offer. Cheating includes copying form another
       student’s work or allowing other students to copy from one’s own work, consultation with any unauthorized person during an examination or test
       and use of unauthorized aids.
3.     Impersonation: Impersonating another student or entering into an agreement with another person to be impersonated for purpose of taking
       examinations or tests or carrying out laboratory or other assignments.
4.     Plagiarism: is the act of presenting the ideas or words of another person as one’s own. The use of other people’s idea or words must be properly
       acknowledged and referenced. This applies to all written materials, such as essays, laboratory reports, term papers, designs and other projects,
       statistical data, computer programmes and research results. The proper acknowledgment of the use of other people’s work is an accepted form of
       academic behaviour.
5.     Unorthodox Means: Obtaining by theft, or other improper means, examination papers, test, or any other materials, or using such materials, or
       distributing such materials to other students is prohibited.
6.     Falsifying Academic Records for Admission: Falsifying academic records or submitting false credentials for purposes of gaining admission to the
       University examination or for any other academic purpose.
7.     False Medical Certificate: Submitting a false medical or other certificate, or obtaining such certificate under false pretence for examinations or any
       other academic purpose whatsoever.
8.     Re-Submission of used Materials: Submitting of essay, report of assignment to satisfy some, or all of the requirements of a course, when that
       essay, report or assignment has been previously submitted or is concurrently being submitted for another course, without the express permission
       of the lecturer(s) involved.
9.     Disruption, Harassment, etc: Behaving in a manner, which infringes in an unreasonable way, on the rights of other students to engage in their
       scholarly work. This shall include the disruption of classes and examinations and the harassment or intimidation of students or staff.
10.    Anti-Safety Behaviour: Behaving, in a workshop, studio room or laboratory, in a manner, which is in serious or repeated violation of safety
       regulations and, thereby, creating a situation that constitutes a threat to the safety of the individual or other occupants of the Workshop Studi o
       Room or Laboratory.

11.   Unauthorised Communication: If a student is found engaging in any unauthorized communication (oral, written or sign) while an examination is
      in progress, the student involved shall be disqualified in the relevant examination paper and shall be deemed to have failed that paper. Such a
      student may be allowed to register for the course during the following year.
12.   Influencing an Examination Official: If a student is found attempting to influence any examination official with a view to gaining an advantage
      (e.g, writing of unauthorized numbers, names, marks, notes etc,. on answer books), the student involved shall be disqualified in the relevant
      examination paper, and shall be deemed to have failed that paper. Such a student may be allowed to register for the course during the next
13.   Unauthorised Change of Seating Position: If a student is found changing assigned seating position in the examination hall without the permission
      of the Invigilator, the student involved shall be disqualified in the relevant examination paper and shall be deemed to have failed that paper. Such
      a student shall be allowed to register for the course during the next session.
14.   Possession of Written Materials: If a student is found having in his/her possession, any written or photocopies of notes or any printed materials, or
      notes written on any part of the body, clothing, instruments, such as set square, slide rules, calculator etc. or have notes written of chairs, tables,
      desks or drawing boards during the examination, the student involved shall be disqualified from the examination.
15.   Copying From Unauthorized Materials: If a student is found, while an examination is in progress copying, or has copied any paper, book or note
      on any part of clothing, body, table, desk or instruments, like set square, slide rule, protractors, calculators, etc, the student involved shall be
      disqualified from the examination.
16.   Consulting Recommended Books or Lecture Notes: If a student is found, while an examination is in progress consulting lecture note or
      recommended textbooks, inside or outside the examination hall, the student involved shall be disqualified from the examination.
17.   Passing Unauthorized Materials to Others: If a student is found, while an examination is in progress, passing any material, such as a copy of the
      question set in the paper or solution, to anyone, both students involved shall be disqualified from the examination.
18.   Receiving Unauthorised Help from Others during Examination: If a student is found, while an examination is in progress, receiving from or
      giving help to another student through some written materials relevant to the examination, both the students involved shall be disqualified from
      the examination.
19.   Aiding and Abetting Others to Copy: If a student is found, while an examination is in progress aiding and abetting any other student to copy
      unauthorized material; both students involved shall be disqualified from the examination.
20.   Soliciting for Marks: If a student is found, while an examination is in progress, communicating or attempting to communicate, directly or
      indirectly, with the examination officials, with a view to influencing them in the award of marks, the student involved shall be disqualified from
      the entire examinations. Ditto for soliciting for marks from examiners, lecturers, etc.

21.   Destruction of Unauthorized Materials: If a student is found, while an examination is in progress, destroying any unauthorized note or paper
      found on him/her, the student involved shall be disqualified from the examination.
22.   Disobeying Examination Instructions: If a student is found disobeying lawful instructions from examination officials, the student involved shall be
      disqualified from the examination.
23.   Possession of Examination Materials: If a student is found, to be in possession of examination materials, such as answer booklets, or any
      unauthorized materials before and/or after examination, the student involved shall be disqualified from the specific examination.
24.   Making Previous Arrangements for Help: If a student is found to have made, or makes, or is making, any prior arrangement to obtain help in
      connection with question paper, the student involved shall be disqualified from the entire examinations and suspended for one academic year and
      shall be required to register at the beginning of the corresponding semester of the next session.
25.   Impersonating another Student: If a student is found impersonating another student by writing the candidate’s name and/or number, the students
      involved, that is, both the impersonator and the impersonated, if both are LCU students, shall be expelled from the University. However, where
      the impersonator is not a student of LCU, he/she shall be handed over to the Police. Similarly, if a student of LCU impersonates anyone outside
      LCU, he/she shall be expelled from the University.
26.   Attacking Invigilator(s) or Lecturer(s): If a student is found attacking an invigilator or any examination officer, in or out of the examination hall,
      the student involved shall be expelled from the University.
27.   Talking, Failure to Return Examination Booklets, etc: Failure to return an answer script after an examination or talking to another student during
      an examination or looking into another student’s answer script, or borrowing or lending materials in the Examination Hall, or exhibiting unruly
      behaviour to the invigilator or any other examination officer or students, constitutes examination misconduct. Any student involved shall be
      deemed to have failed that particular course. He may, however, be allowed to write the paper in the next session.
28.   Failure to Stop Writing or Writing before the Start of the Examination: Writing before the start of examination, or after the call for stop of
      examination or writing things other than the registration number on the question paper administered, constitutes an offence and the offender shall
      be given a written warning.
29.   Offensive Dressing: Appearance at all Examinations must be in compliance with the approved University dress code:
30.   Unauthorized use of the name of the University: Students of Lead City University, either individually or collectively, shall not, without the written
      consent of the proper authorities, use the name of Lead City University or any of its units in any activity of whatsoever kind, outside of the regular
      work of the school. Violation of this rule is regarded a sufficient cause for dismissal.

Regulations on Students Conduct and Discipline
The Disciplinary System: Under the University Law, the power to discipline students is vested in the Senate. A high standard of personal integrity is
expected of every student of Lead City University. The University considers as serious, all acts of unethical, immoral, dishonest or destructive behaviour
as well as violations of University regulations. It is the responsibility of each student to be aware of these regulations.

Categories of Offences:
   a.     Cases of misconduct: This will be handled by Senate
   b.     Criminal Offences: This will be referred to the Nigerian Police Force for necessary action. In this regard, the final decision of the Senate
          would depend on the outcome of Police investigations.
     I    Vandalism
          Willful damage or destruction of University or private property: This offence attracts a suspension for up to a maximum of one session and
          payment for the repair or replacement of damaged or destroyed property.
     II Unauthorized Displacement, Use or Damage of University or Private Property
        Three possible offences are listed below:
        i.     Unauthorised transfer of personal or University property.
        ii.    Unauthorised transfer and use of such property
        iii.   Unauthorised transfer, use and damage of such property
               These offences shall attract a strong reprimand and replacement of the property removed, together with the repair of any attendant
     III Pilfering and Stealing
       a. Pilfering: This is an unauthorized removal of any small property or petty object belonging to another person with the intention of permanently
          depriving the owner of its use. It is pilfering when the value of the property is not a such substance, as would interest the law enforcement
          agents. A case of pilfering shall, therefore, be addressed by the Senate. Pilfering shall attract punishment ranging from reprimand to suspension
          for one session, to expulsion, depending on the gravity and frequency of the offence.

         b. Stealing and Extortion: This is the unauthorized removal of a property that belongs to another person is a grievous offence. Stealing is a
            criminal offence and will be referred to the Nigerian Police Force by the Senate. Upon being arraigned in court, the student is automatically
            suspended from University. After the matter has been disposed off by the Police, the student still have to face the Senate for misconduct. It is
            punishable by a penalty ranging from suspension for one session to expulsion, depending on the gravity of the offence.

IV          Insubordination
            This is defined as unwillingness to submit to, or willful disrespect to constituted authority. This shall attract a punishment, ranging from strong
            reprimand to suspension for one session, depending on the gravity of the offence.

V        Membership of Secret Cult
         Since all secret cults have been proscribed nationally, it is an offence for any student to belong to a secret cult on or outside the campus. It is
         also a contravention of Decree 47 of 1989 to belong to any secret cult on campus. Any student found to belong to a secret cult will be handed
         over to the Police Force. Thus, after the Police have concluded their own part of the case, the student shall be expelled.

VI       Criminal Offences
         These are acts that contravene the laws of the land and, as such, shall be handled by the law enforcement agents. These acts are listed below.
         However, after the Police Force has concluded its own part of the case, the student will face the Senate by being present or in absentia (i.e, if
         already jailed). Such offences include: presentation of fake certificates/falsification of results, fraud, theft, burglary, assault occasioning harm,
         murder, membership of a secret cult, arson, rape, possession and use of hard drugs and drug trafficking.

Dress Code
The University attaches a great importance to modest and good dressing. Your dressing adds value to your personality, self confidence and self worth.
This saying is very instructive; ―Dress the way you would like to be addressed‖
The University expects all students to be decently dressed and have on them their identity cards while on the campus or on excursions and institutional
engagements outside the campus.

Dress Code for all Student in the University
i)      During normal lectures, public lectures, special ceremonies, Matriculation, Founder’s Day, Convocation and examinations, all students must be
        corporately dressed. To be corporately dressed connotes a smart suit, skirt and blouse, or a smart dress with a pair of neat, covered shoes or
        sandals. Male students must tuck in their shirts and collar should not be left flying.
ii)     Students may wear ―native‖ attire or foreign wear, suits and other forms of formal dressing are highly encouraged.
iii)    Dresses should be of knee length. The wearing of strapless blouses, sleeveless dresses or dresses with very tiny singlet-like straps (Spaghetti
        strap), without a jacket, is strictly prohibited in the University environment.
iv      Over-clinging clothing, including hipster trousers, are not allowed in the University.
v)      Revealing blouses, especially the type of blouse that does not cover the burst or navel, are not allowed.
vi      Transparent dresses must be worn with singlet or other forms of inner wears. Ordinary transparent dresses are prohibited.
vii     Wearing bathroom slippers is not allowed in and around the lecture halls of the University.
viii    Female student are advised to wear hairstyles that are neat and becoming of a responsible citizen.
ix      Students may wear trouser suits and jeans but tight or clinging trousers are not allowed.
x       Earring and necklaces may be used by female students, provided they are not the bogus types.
xi      Piercing of any part of the body, other than the ear (for earrings), is prohibited. Male students shall not use earrings.
xii     Fastening of trousers below the waistline is not allowed.
xiii.   Wearing of long-sleeved shirts, without buttoning the sleeves well or folding, as desired, is not allowed.

Uniform Dress Code for Professional Disciplines:

If any Uniform Dress Code is prescribed for female and male students in any College/Department of the University, particularly those in the professional
disciplines, all students involved must adhere to the Uniform Dress code very strictly. The University Administration will consider any violation of this
rule as a very serious one and severe disciplinary action will be taken against the defaulters, which may include a written warning, suspension or

Penalties for Improper Dressing:

i)     Erring students shall be sent out of the lecture room or Examination Hall.
ii)    A warning letter shall be issued to the erring student and a copy of the letter may be filed in his/her personal file in the University/Department
       while the parents/guardians of the erring student will be informed in writing, accordingly.
iii)   In all cases, the offence shall lead to loss of credit units.
Note: Students will earn additional credits every semester for participating and sitting for the examination of any of the listed professional examinations,
satisfactory moral conduct, service to the university community, exemplary behaviour, excellence in sporting and extra curricular activities, modest
dressing and general outlook.

Rules and Guidelines on Students’ Clubs and Associations
1.     Student Associations
a.     Student Unionism and demonstrations as a means of protest are prohibited. However, it is the policy of the University to encourage responsible
       protests in form of writing following due process. Students who so desire can join departmental, faculty based or other approved associations that
       contribute to their academic and social well-being.
       For this purpose, groups seeking recognition must submit the following to the Director, students Affairs and renew same at the beginning of each
       i)      Two copies of the proposed Constitution and Bye-Laws
       ii)     Names, matriculation numbers, and hall and faculty/departmental addresses of the Officers
       iii)    Signatures of two members of the Parents’ Forum and one full-time senior staff of the University who agreed to serve as Adviser/Patron to
               the association.
       iv)     Certification by the Adviser/Patron that at least fifty full-time students will form the nucleus of the association.
       v)      Statement of purposes and proposed programmes of activities, as they relate to the expect contributions to the academic, cultural, social or
               recreational life of the students on campus.
       vi)     Affiliations, if any, to any outside associations.
b.     Student associations may be dissolved by request of the association members, by action of the Director, Students’ Affairs, when the association
       failed to file a registration form for two consecutive academic sessions, or by action of the Director, Students’ Affairs with the approval of the
       Registrar, for any violation of University regulations and policies governing student associations.

2.     Conduct of Club/Association Programmes
a.     Members Dues & Gate-Taking: If any form of payment is to be made by members or guests to a club or association’s programme, the approval
       of the Director, Students’ Affairs should be obtained on the amount to be collected and the procedure for the collection of such money. Funds
       soliciting from outside bodies and individuals must be made known to the Director, Students’ Affairs.
       Generally, indiscriminate use of the name of the University or its approved clubs are not allowed. To ensure effective monitoring of
       programmes/activities of clubs and societies, Ten[10] complimentary card/invitation cards on events organized by clubs and societies should be
       deposited at the Students’ Affairs Unit.

b.     Prizes: Clubs, associations or societies should submit evidence or any authority from sponsor of activities/programmes to the Student Affairs
       Unit. Prizes or evidence of the availability of the prizes should be deposited or cleared with the Director, Students’ Welfare, seven [7] days before
       the posters for the programme/activities are displayed or any publicity whatever is given. Strict penalty awaits any Club/Association, which
       defaults on any of the rules and regulations of the Students Observances stipulated above. Further clarification on any of the above could be
       obtained form the Students’ Welfare unit.
c.     Invitation of Guests to the University: On any occasion, when a Student Association or Club is inviting guests from outside the University, the
       authority shall be informed through the Director of Corporate Affairs & Communications, at least a week in advance so that if need be, protocol
       arrangements can be made by the university.

d.   Timing of Activities:
           i)      No students’ activities shall normally be carried out in the night time. If activities must be carried out in the night, this shall be
                   done under adequate lighting and with the permission of the school authorities.
           ii)     The right to hold any activities is subject to the exercise of the University’s responsibility for security.
e.   Pasting of Bills and Posters: Indiscriminate pasting of Bills and Posters by Students’ Organisations, Clubs, Societies or any individual within the
     University is prohibited. Bills and Posters may be pasted only on the Bill Boards provided by each organized Students Association or the
     University for that purpose. Erring Students/Associations may be sanctioned.
f.   Every registered Students’ Club or Association shall renew its registration annually. Renewal will be granted after an appropriate study of the
     annual report and financial statement of the Society or Club and an assessment of its contribution to the University Community. Accordingly
     every Students’ Club or Association is expected to submit its Annual Financial report and programmes along with its application for renewal.
     This report should include the list of names of all members and the executive members of the Club or Association. Any Students’ Club or
     Association, which fails to submit its annual report within 14 days after the matriculation ceremony in a particular academic session will pay a late
     fee as may be determine from time to time.
g.   A registration or renewal fee as may be determined from time to time, shall be paid before registration or renewal.
h.   The Vice-Chancellor may cancel the registration of any Students’ Club or Association at any time if he is satisfied that the activities of the
     Association or Club are inimical to the interest of the University.
i.   All publications emanating from Student Organisations or Club must get the approval of the Director, Corporate Affairs and Communications
     before release.
j.   Publications for the purpose of ridiculing or ―bugging‖ fellow students or staff are not allowed.

k.   The Students Association shall give the University authority, through the Directorate of Students’ Affairs, at least 2 weeks notice of its intention
     to embark on any form of activity in respect of any anniversary. Such notices shall include a list of intended activities and indicate the nature and
     time of such activities. The University shall respond to the Students’ Organisations notice at least a week before the date of the event.


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