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Michigan Certified Floral Student Test

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Michigan Certified Floral Student Test Powered By Docstoc
					                               Michigan Certified Floral
                                Student Test Question Bank

1. Genus and species are in what language?
      a. German
      b. French
      c. Latin
      d. Italian
2. When writing the binomial nomenclature, the genus should be capitalized and the species should
   be:
       a. Capitalized
       b. Lower case
       c. Bold
       d. Subscript
3. An “x” inserted into the binomial nomenclature name indicates what?
      a. A hybrid cross
      b. Species
      c. Crossbreeding
      d. All of the above
4. What is a cultivar?
     a. Species that has been extensively bred for unique colors and features
     b. The common name of the plant
     c. Further identification for the family of a plant
     d. None of the above
5. What is the abbreviation for a cultivar?
     a. sp.
     b. cv.
     c. di.
     d. cl.
6. The stamen includes all of the following except:
      a. Pollen
      b. Anther
      c. Style
      d. Filament
7. The pistil includes all of the following except:
      a. Stigma
      b. Style
      c. Ovary
      d. Pollen
8. The following are reproductive parts of the flower except:
      a. Pistil
      b. Stamen
      c. Leaflet
      d. Anther
9. A complete flower contains the following parts:
      a. Stamen, Pistil, Roots, Stem
      b. Pistil, Leaf, Petiole, Internode
      c. Stamen, Pistil, Sepal, Petal
      d. None of the above
10. The section between two nodes is called a:
      a. Petiole
      b. Internode
      c. Leaflet
      d. Both A and C
11. The following terms make up a compound leaf, except for:
      a. Petiole
      b. Leaflet
      c. Petiolule
      d. Stipule
12. The part of the flower that has a sticky substance on which pollen is caught is known as the:
      a. Stigma
      b. Anther
      c. Filament
      d. Raceme
13. The neck of the pistil connecting the stigma to the ovary of a flower is the:
      a. Panicle
      b. Style
      c. Filament
      d. Cyme
14. Daffodils would most likely come in which color?
      a. Blue
      b. Purple
      c. Yellow
      d. Red
15. Which one of the following is not a color of a Hyacinth:
      a. Red
      b. Lavender
      c. Pink
      d. White
16. Another name for baby’s breath is:
      a. Gypsophila
      b. White flowers
      c. Brides Breath
      d. Gypsy
17. These are all names of different varieties of Lilies except:
      a. Stargazer
      b. Liatris
      c. Casablanca
      d. Asiatic
18. Lily of the Valley is most commonly what color?
       a. Red
       b. Blue
       c. White
       d. Purple
19. All of the following are names of orchids except:
       a. Phalaenopsis
       b. Cattleya
       c. Nerine
       d. Cymbidium
20. Tea roses have how many flowers per stem?
      a. One
      b. Two
      c. Three
      d. Many
21. All of the following are varieties of Eucalyptus except:
       a. Baby blue
       b. Seeded
       c. Silver dollar
       d. Dracaena
22. A Rieger Begonia is an example of:
      a. A cut flower
      b. A flowering potted plant
      c. Foliage
      d. None of the above
23. Another name for a Christmas Cactus is:
      a. Holiday Cactus
      b. Thanksgiving Cactus
      c. All of the above
      d. None of the above
24. A spider plant is an example of a:
       a. Foliage plant
       b. Cut Flower
       c. Flowering potted plant
       d. None of the above
25. All of these can be colors of Irises except:
       a. Blue
       b. Yellow
       c. Red
       d. Purple
26. Which of these would be considered a flowering branch?
      a. Forsythia
      b. Cornflower
      c. Dahlia
      d. Monkshood
27. What are the common products used to clean floral containers?
      a. Hand soap, bleach and Windex
      b. Bleach, hot water and a detergent
      c. Cold water, comet and bleach
      d. Bleach, Windex and distilled water
28. The water temperature for fresh flowers should be within what range?
      a. 30 – 50 degrees F
      b. 60 – 80 degrees F
      c. 75 – 90 degrees F
      d. 100 – 110 degrees F
29. Plastic containers are used instead of metal because:
       a. Metal is too heavy to work with
       b. Metal will stain the flowers natural color
       c. Metal is difficult to clean
       d. Metal can react with elements in the water supply or preservatives
30. The abbreviation TDS stands for:
      a. Total digestible salts
      b. Totally dissolved solution
      c. Total dissolved solids
      d. None of the above
31. The TDS rating of water for fresh flowers should be ________ 200 ppm.
      a. Greater than
      b. Less than
      c. Exactly
      d. No where near
32. What do air bubbles in the water do to the fresh flower water uptake?
      a. Cause the stems to float
      b. They acquire on the sides, clouding visibility
      c. Increases water uptake by 10 %
      d. Causes blockage and slows water uptake
33. General maintenance of flowers that have been stored for more than four days requires you to:
      a. Throw them out
      b. Re-cut their stems
      c. Pull the petals off
      d. Put them in the freezer
34. Do not let cut flowers remain in the ____.
      a. Cooler
      b. Water
      c. Sun
      d. Air
35. Before using cut flowers in a design:
      a. Store in cooler for six hours to overnight
      b. Cut all stems down to less than three inches
      c. Freeze the flowers so they stay nice
      d. Spray with water
36. Why should fruits and vegetables not be stored with flowers?
      a. They cause an odor in the flowers
      b. They could produce ethylene damage
      c. They produce methylene damage
      d. The fruits and vegetables will spoil
37. Floral preservatives increase vase life up to _____ percent.
       a. 100
       b. 200
       c. 50
       d. 600
38. Display unit temperatures should be:
       a. 20 – 25 degrees F
       b. 50 – 60 degrees F
       c. 34 – 36 degrees F
       d. 40 – 45 degrees F
39. Humidity in a floral cooler should be between ___ and ___ %.
      a. 30 and 46
      b. 90; 95
      c. 55; 70
      d. 75; 85
40. To kill bacteria in containers add ___ capful(s) of bleach to 5 gallons of water.
       a. 1
       b. 5
       c. 3
       d. 10
41. Ideal pH of water for fresh flowers and greens is ____.
       a. 3.5 – 4.5
       b. 3.0 – 4.0
       c. 4.0 – 5.0
       d. 6.5 – 7.5
42. What is the best lighting for the inside of a cooler?
      a. Incandescent
      b. Halogen
      c. Black
      d. Fluorescent
43. Floral stems should be cut ____when conditioning.
       a. Diagonal
       b. Underwater
       c. With sharp instruments
       d. All of the above
44. Foliage below the water line should be:
       a. Left alone
       b. Removed
       c. Sprayed with wax
       d. Sanitized
45. Cut flowers lose their ability to ______when stored in a cooler.
      a. Respirate
      b. Grow
      c. Die
      d. Photosynthesize
46. Plants take carbon dioxide and water and turn it into _______ and ________.
       a. Sugar; oxygen
       b. Sugar; salt
       c. Salt; oxygen
       d. Carbon monoxide; sugar
47. What does ppm stand for?
      a. Parts per milliliter
      b. Parts per meter
      c. Phosphorous price measurement
      d. Parts per million
48. Water should be tested _______.
      a. Daily
      b. Weekly
      c. Monthly
      d. Yearly
49. _________ is the least expensive and most effective means of purifying water:
      a. Deionization
      b. Distillation
      c. Reverse osmosis
      d. Osmosis
50. Bud opening solutions are used to force flower blooms to open ______ than they normally
    would:
      a. Faster
      b. Slower
      c. Longer
      d. Shorter
51. Tropical flowers will become damaged when kept at temperatures below:
       a. 80 degrees
       b. 70 degrees
       c. 60 degrees
       d. 45 degrees
52. Containers with bud opening solutions should be kept in a location with a temperature of:
      a. 68 degrees F
      b. 66 degrees F
      c. 64 degrees F
      d. 62 degrees F
53. When processing fresh flowers, the water temperature should be:
      a. 90 – 100 degrees F
      b. 100-110 degrees F
      c. 110-120 degrees F
      d. 80 – 90 degrees F
54. The ideal temperature for a floral cooler should be:
      a. 46-48 degrees F
      b. 42-44 degrees F
      c. 38-40 degrees F
      d. 34-36 degrees F
55. When preparing cut flowers, how often should you clean the tools and equipment?
     a. Once a year
     b. Everyday
     c. Once a month
     d. Every 4 days
56. What is the first thing that should be done upon receiving fresh flowers?
     a. Inspect for damage and accuracy
     b. Immediately place in a preservative solution
     c. Throw away outer wrappings
     d. Remove lower foliage
57. To prepare flowers, you should?
      a. Use clean, sharp knife
      b. Place flowers in a preservation solution
      c. Use warm water
      d. All of the above
58. Why should you clean buckets after each use?
     a. Bacteria affects the pH of the water
     b. It makes them look better for display
     c. Preservatives do not work well in dirty buckets
     d. It kills bacteria
59. Why should water quality be checked?
     a. To make sure the preservative will work properly
     b. To check for TDS
     c. To check for harmful levels of chemicals
     d. All of the above
60. What are the two most common gases found in water?
     a. Oxygen and Sodium
     b. Nitrogen and Sodium
     c. Oxygen and Nitrogen
     d. None of the above
61. What type of water should never be used as water for cut flowers?
     a. Softened water
     b. Deionized
     c. Distilled water
     d. City water
62. Light is the most important factor in the life cycle of plants. What else is an important
    quality of light?
      a. Intensity
      b. Duration
      c. Quality
      d. All of the above

63. The best source of light for plants is:
      a. Incandescent
      b. High intensity discharge
      c. Fluorescent
      d. Natural
64. What colors of the visible spectrum do plants utilize the most?
      a. Green and Yellow
      b. Red and Green
      c. Red and Blue
      d. Blue and Green
65. Insufficient light may cause:
       a. Spindly growth
       b. Loss of vegetation
       c. Slow, stunted growth
       d. All of the above
66. Excessive light may cause:
      a. Less water to be used
      b. Soil erosion
      c. Sun scorch
      d. None of the above
67. What percent of the plant is composed of water?
      a. 80%-90%
      b. 60%-70%
      c. 50%
      d. 95%
68. Which of the following components retain the most water?
      a. Sand/Clay
      b. Peat moss
      c. Vermiculite
      d. Clay
69. Relative humidity, as it relates to plants, may be too low if:
       a. There is consumption of excessive amounts of water
       b. Brown leaf tips and edges are visible on plants
       c. There is reduced flowering
       d. All of the above
70. A growing medium should be kept in the pH range of:
       a. 8.0 - 9.0
       b. 7.0 - 7.2
       c. 6.2 - 6.8
       d. 5.8 - 6.0
71. This pest may cause leaves to turn bronze and die. One sign of these pests are fine webs on the
    undersides of leaves - which pest is it?
       a. Two-spotted Spider Mite
       b. Scale
       c. Thrips
       d. Aphids
72. These cause minor damage to the roots of the plant. They are found in unsterilized soil and look
    like small black flies - which pest is it?
       a. Aphids
       b. Fungus Gnats
       c. Mealybugs
       d. Scale
73. This pest causes plants to become weak, deformed, and pale. They are snow-white insects which
    can lay up to 100 eggs per month. The eggs can be found on the underside of the leaves.
       a. Aphids
       b. Thrips
       c. Whiteflies
       d. Scale
74. This pest causes the foliage of a plant to appear stunted or curled. The pest secretes
    honeydew and can be found in a wide variety of colors.
      a. Aphids
      b. Thrips
      c. Whiteflies
      d. Scale
75. This pest sucks plant juices, rasps and shreds the leaf. The injured plant turns white and shows
    signs of black secretions.
       a. Thrips
       b. Whiteflies
       c. Scale
       d. Aphids
76. This pest causes plants to exhibit stunted growth. A telltale sign is the brown raised shell of the
    adult.
       a. Whiteflies
       b. Scale
       c. Fungi
       d. Two-spotted Spider Mite
77. These pests weaken and slow the growth of plants. The adult insects form a white cottony mass.
      a. Two-spotted Spider Mite
      b. Mealybugs
      c. Fungus Gnats
      d. Aphids
78. What causes root rot?
      a. Virus
      b. Bacteria
      c. Fungi
      d. Insects
79. There is no remedy for which one of the following plant problems?
      a. Fungi
      b. Virus
      c. Insects
      d. Bacteria
80. In the care and handling of cut flowers, when should the buckets be cleaned?
        a. After each use
        b. Once a month
        c. Everyday
        d. Bi-weekly
81. Floral preservatives are not to be used for this purpose:
       a. To provide a food source
       b. Raise pH
       c. Aid in water uptake
       d. Help kill bacteria
82. Which of the following should be done when preparing flowers?
      a. Remove all lower foliage
      b. Cut stems under water
      c. Cut stems on an angle
      d. All of the above
83. How long should flowers be left at room temperature after they have been processed?
      a. 4-5 hours
      b. 1-2 hours
      c. 2-3 hours
      d. Place then directly in the cooler
84. When should you harvest garden products?
      a. First thing in the morning
      b. In the middle of the day
      c. Late afternoon or early evening
      d. At night
85. What is dry pack storage?
      a. Storing flowers without water and in the cooler
      b. Storing flowers in a low humidity
      c. Storing flowers at higher temperatures
      d. None of the above
86. What is a display cooler?
      a. A cooler with a glass front
      b. A cooler used to store dry packed flowers
      c. A cooler for fruit baskets
      d. None of the above
87. What should you include with each sale of flowers?
      a. A free rose
      b. A guarantee
      c. A packet of floral preservative
      d. None of the above
88. What should you tell customers when buying cut flowers?
      a. How to care for them at home
      b. To remove any dying foliage
      c. To keep them out of extreme temperatures
      d. All of the above
89. What is light duration?
      a. The amount of time a plant receives light
      b. The type of light a plant receives
      c. The amount of light a plant receives
      d. All of the above
90. Which of the following are needed in large amounts for plant growth?
      a. Macronutrients
      b. Micronutrients
      c. Fertilizers
      d. None of the above
91. What is good soil?
      a. 50% airspace, 25% solid, 25% water
      b. 25% airspace, 50% solid, 25% water
      c. 25% airspace, 25% solid, 50% water
      d. 5% airspace, 75% solid, 20% water
92. What is the best way to control insects?
      a. Prevention
      b. Insecticide
      c. Soap and water
      d. Moving plants
93. In plant care, what is the most often made mistake?
       a. Over-watering
       b. Under-watering
       c. Over-fertilizing
       d. None of the above
94. How is the salesperson supposed to perceive each new customer?
      a. As a new victim
      b. As a new customer
      c. As the next paycheck
      d. As their new boss
95. What does a salesperson need in order to be successful?
      a. A nice car
      b. A good product
      c. Lots of customers
      d. A core value
96. What is the number one reason why customers take their business elsewhere?
      a. Doesn’t like products
      b. Conflict with an employee
      c. Cost
      d. Convenience
97. Most retail floral shops would be considered to be what type of business?
      a. Franchise
      b. Customer service
      c. Boutiques
      d. Store
98. How many customers do not tell a business why they are leaving?
      a. 96 out of 100
      b. 50 out of 100
      c. 24 out of 100
      d. 4 out of 100
99. What is the primary goal of a flower shop?
     a. To make money
     b. To help people share their feelings through flowers
     c. To give customers a good value
     d. To set floral trends
100. What advantage would a customer have in going to a boutique instead of a warehouse?
      a. Better prices
      b. More selection
      c. Hands-on approach to service
      d. Fresher flowers
101. What are considered to be good characteristics of a salesperson’s appearance?
      a. Well dressed and polite
      b. Appropriate body language
      c. Smiling
      d. All of the above
102. A professional salesperson should represent the store in the following way:
      a. Gives a good first impression
      b. Tries to win customers over with your charm
      c. Customer associates you with the boutique
      d. Both A and C
103. Which of the following is not an important aspect of a salespersons speech habits?
      a. Tone of voice
      b. Accent
      c. Pronunciation
      d. Volume of voice
104. Good sales etiquette requires:
      a. Being a fast talker
      b. Being very persuasive
      c. Clear and accurate communication
      d. Having a great product
105. Who is the most challenging customer for a salesperson?
      a. A longtime customer
      b. A first time customer
      c. A family member
      d. Someone with little money
106. Obtaining a new customer is ______ times harder than retaining a current one.
      a. 2
      b. 20
      c. 6
      d. 14
107. If you need to use logic and reasoning to sell your product’s advantages to a customer, you
     are probably dealing with a _________________ customer type.
       a. Relater
       b. Thinker
       c. Socializer
       d. Director
108. A customer who is easy to please, but has a hard time making decisions is likely to be which
     customer type?
       a. Relater
       b. Thinker
       c. Socializer
       d. Director
109. A hurried customer who mostly controls the sales presentation is a __________________
     customer type.
      a. Relater
      b. Thinker
      c. Socializer
      d. Director
110. If your core value is on target, you will help the customer express their emotions with this
     technique:
       a. Cramming
       b. Statistical Selling
       c. Nemo’s Theory
       d. Suggestive Selling
111. The first step in sales blueprinting is:
      a. Knowing your customer
      b. The greeting
      c. Being well prepared
      d. Suggestive selling
112. The most important information to determine when identifying customer needs is:
      a. The occasion, style of the sender and recipient
      b. How much they are willing to spend
      c. What the most important thing is they want
      d. What color of flowers they don’t like
113. The Descriptive Selling technique is most likely done:
      a. Over the internet
      b. At the counter in the store
      c. By a good salesperson
      d. By a sale over the telephone
114. The best way to handle a complaint is to:
      a. Welcome it
      b. Berate the complaint with a witty comeback
      c. Tell them to come back when the manager is available
      d. None of the above
115. One of the most common complaints heard in floral selling is about the:
      a. Color
      b. Size
      c. Price
      d. Arrangement Style
116. What type of closing technique are you using if you ask a series of questions that are equal
     to one major question?
      a. Assumptive close
      b. Minor and major close
      c. Compromise close
      d. None of the above
117. This type of close is often used when money is an issue. It usually involves selecting a price
     between the highest and the lowest price.
      a. Assumptive close
      b. Minor and major close
      c. Compromise close
      d. None of the above
118. After you have the customer’s commitment to the purchase your product, the sale does not
     have to end. The sales that comes up while you are writing the order are known as:
      a. Extra Sales
      b. Impulse sales
      c. Add-on sales
      d. None of the above
119. Wrap-up contains two major components, they are:
      a. Reassurance and money taking
      b. Education and money-taking
      c. Education and descriptive selling
      d. Education and reassurance
120. What is the most important thing you should do when taking a wire order?
      a. Listen
      b. Get a current address
      c. Check spelling
      d. Write everything down twice
121. You should welcome what kind of complaints?
      a. Only complaints about service
      b. All complaints
      c. Only legitimate complaints
      d. Only complaints about design work
122. What is the good part about customer complaints?
      a. They point out areas that need improvement
      b. They give a second chance to provide great service
      c. They give an opportunity to strengthen customer loyalty
      d. All of the above
123. Most floral purchases are made with which of the following?
      a. Gift certificates and cash
      b. Credit cards and refunds
      c. Cash, check and credit cards
      d. None of the above
124. Which of the following is not needed for good floral design?
      a. Rhythm
      b. Harmony
      c. Balance
      d. All are Necessary
125. Oriental designs consist of what three components?
      a. Heaven, earth, and man
      b. Earth, man, and the sun
      c. Mountains, water, and heaven
      d. Heaven, earth, and the sun
126. What does pre-green mean?
      a. To use leaf shine on plants before they go out
      b. To dye flowers green for special occasions
      c. To cover floral foam with foliage before starting the design
      d. None of the above
127. What type of wiring method do you use on a daisy?
      a. Hook method
      b. Pierce method
      c. Wrap-around method
      d. Insert method
128. Tropical flowers are often used in a design as:
      a. Primary flowers
      b. Secondary flowers
      c. Filler flowers
      d. Not used in design
129. To achieve good harmony, you should:
      a. Cross stems
      b. Make sure the lines stem from a central point
      c. Let the container dominate
      d. Use sharp contrast between shapes
130. Which bouquet would you suggest if the bride wanted the “Natural Look”?
      a. Crescent
      b. Cascade
      c. Colonial
      d. Clutch
131. A vegetative design uses:
      a. A technique that mimics the way flowers grow
      b. A design that simulates a natural habitat
      c. Natural elements like rocks and twigs
      d. All of the above
132. The most important tool a florist has is:
      a. Wire snips
      b. Floral tape
      c. Scissors
      d. Florist knife
133. How is color rhythm achieved?
      a. A gradual shift of color from one hue to another
      b. A change in values
      c. A change in chroma
      d. All of the above
134. Rhythm can be achieved in all of the following ways except:
      a. Sizes
      b. Facing
      c. Equal spacing
      d. Related shapes
135. What type of line would you use to express power in an arrangement?
      a. Curved
      b. Zigzag
      c. Diagonal
      d. Vertical
136. What is the focal point?
      a. The very top of the arrangement
      b. The spot that first attracts the eye
      c. Where the muted colors are
      d. None of the above
137. What is a utility container?
      a. A high quality ceramic bowl
      b. A novelty container
      c. A container that has many uses outside of floral design
      d. An inexpensive, everyday container
138. What is the purpose of leaf shine?
      a. To form a protective layer on plant leaves
      b. To clean and shine plant leaves
      c. To clean silk and artificial leaves
      d. None of the above
139. What is floral tape?
      a. A waterproof tape that holds floral foam in containers
      b. Tape that is used to conceal wire or stems
      c. Tape used to secure ribbon to baskets
      d. The name florists give to transparent tape to increase sales
140. When would you use wire mesh netting as a design aid?
      a. In everyday basket arrangements
      b. When creating pieces with heavy or large stemmed flowers
      c. For holiday corsages
      d. All of the above
141. What is composition?
      a. The comparative size relationship of the design to its container
      b. The feeling of motion in a design
      c. The physical and visual qualities of a material
      d. The organization of different parts to create the unified whole
142. The colors green, violet, and orange create a ________ color scheme.
      a. Complementary
      b. Analogous
      c. Triadic
      d. None of the above
143. The colors red and green form a __________ color scheme.
      a. Monochromatic
      b. Analogous
      c. Triadic
      d. Complementary
144. Which of the following color groups create an analogous color scheme?
      a. Red, red-orange, and yellow-orange
      b. Violet and yellow
      c. Red violet, violet, and blue violet
      d. Red, yellow, and blue
145. The type of wiring method you would use for roses is ___________.
      a. The pierce method
      b. The hook method
      c. The insert method
      d. The wrap-around method
146. What is physical balance?
      a. When the flower arrangement looks balanced
      b. Only seen in symmetrical arrangements
      c. Flowers are placed in the container so that the arrangement is stable and will not tip
      d. All of the above
147. Wire and taping is associated most with what type of design?
      a. Corsages
      b. Artistic designs
      c. Plants
      d. Vased arrangements
148. Which of the following wedding bouquets is completely round?
      a. Cascade
      b. Colonial
      c. Crescent
      d. Corsage
149. A hue is known as:
      a. The name of a full intensity color
      b. A color with white added
      c. A color with gray added
      d. Term used for a collection of color that look good together
150. Tone is known as:
      a. The name of a full intensity color
      b. A color with white added
      c. A color with gray added
      d. Term used for a collection of color that look good together
151. What type of a vase is best to use when arranging roses?
      a. Short with a wider opening
      b. Taller with a wider opening
      c. Tall with a narrow neck
      d. None of the above
152. Line arrangements should have what type of appearance?
       a. Triangular
       b. Round
       c. Creative
       d. European
153. These are often attached on bows to be inserted in plants. They can also extend stem length.
      a. Wood picks
      b. Wire
      c. Frogs
      d. Tape
154. This is used to remove rose thorns quickly:
      a. Wood picks
      b. Stem stripper
      c. Wire cutters
      d. Steel Picks
155. This is the base for designing silk, dried, and artificial flowers:
      a. Dry foam
      b. Wet foam
      c. Moldable clay
      d. None of the above
156. This is used to cut wire in half, and may also be used to cut artificial flower stems:
      a. Wire cutters
      b. Greening pins
      c. Pruners
      d. Steel picks
157. This is used to cover floral foam and vase tops to give thicker stems more stability:
      a. Wire mesh netting
      b. Wire
      c. Floral tape
      d. Spanish moss
158. This is used to attach wet foam to floral containers:
      a. Scotch tape
      b. Double sided tape
      c. Waterproof tape
      d. None of the above
159. These are artificial stems with a water reservoir, often used on orchids and stephanotis:
      a. Wire
      b. Flower stems
      c. Water tubes
      d. Wire mesh netting
160. These are used to secure moss or foliage to soil or designs:
      a. Wire
      b. Water tubes
      c. Greening pins
      d. None of the above
161. These are often used for precision gluing:
      a. Glue guns (two types)
      b. Craft glues
      c. Glue pans
      d. All of the above
162. These are often put on the ends of flowers that are going to be used in planters:
       a. Preservative
       b. Water tubes
       c. Vases
       d. Knife
163. This is often used to secure ribbon to the outside of a container:
      a. Double sided tape
      b. Waterproof tape
      c. Wire
      d. Glue guns
164. This gluing method allows stems to be dipped in adhesive:
      a. Glue gun
      b. Hot melt pan glue
      c. Oasis glue
      d. a, b and c
165. This is a flat based item with needle-like projections, often used in oriental designs:
      a. Asian metal container
      b. Frogs
      c. Hynoki wood
      d. a and b
166. These are used to cut thick or woody stems:
      a. Wire cutters
      b. Scissors
      c. Pruners
      d. Knife
167. This is a protective shield sprayed on plant leaves to help them retain their moisture:
     a. Utility containers
     b. Leaf shine
     c. Preservatives
     d. Anti-transpirant
168. This material is generally used to create stronger, more structural floral shapes:
      a. Dry foam
      b. Wet foam
      c. Styrofoam
      d. None of the above
169. This is the ribbon size most popular for corsage work or small designs:
      a. #3 ribbon
      b. #9 ribbon
      c. #40 ribbon
      d. all of the above
 170. This ribbon size is often used to make plant bows for six inch pots:
      a. #3 ribbon
      b. #9 ribbon
      c. #40 ribbon
      d. all of the above
 171. All of the following items should be considered when making a window display except:
      a. Size
      b. Shape/form
      c. Composition
      d. Price
 172. The most common background for a display is:
      a. Complete
      b. Partial
      c. Incomplete
      d. Solid
173. _________________ displays are generally found in shops that must attract customers
     from a distance.
      a. Little window
      b. Big window
      c. Fun
      d. Holiday
174. ________________ displays are generally found in high traffic areas where customers will be
     up close to the windows.
     a. Little windows (small windows)
     b. Big windows
     c. Blue
     d. Circular
175. The term composition means:
     a. Organized to create a unified whole
     b. Repeating to make it unified
     c. All colors from the same hue
     d. None of the above
176. One way to give the display greater impact is to:
     a. Repeat a basic shape throughout a window
     b. Put a border around the display
     c. Use five different colors
     d. Use a title
177. Experts agree that it is important to combine both __________ and ___________ to create a
     show-stopping effect.
     a. Product; Prop
     b. Price; Product
     c. Price; Prop
     d. Producer; Prop
178. When creating a display that promotes products one should:
     a. Use products that are sufficient in size or available in large quantities
     b. Design one large floral arrangement with major impact
     c. Make sure the display has a coordinating theme
     d. All of the above
179. To use color in a complimentary way you would:
     a. Use products of one color against a background of a contrasting color
     b. Use products of one color against a background of a similar color
     c. Use the school’s colors to show your school spirit
     d. Use the brightest colors to get attention
180. When combining two textures:
     a. One texture should dominate and one should blend in
     b. Two textures should be used equally
     c. As many textures should be used as possible
     d. One texture should dominate and one texture should accent
 181. An open space near an object in a display can give the object more impact. This open space
      is called:
      a. Empty space
      b. Void space
      c. Negative space
      d. Positive space
182. Different methods used to refine a window display can include:
     a. Moving outside/moving inside
     b. Contrasting shapes
     c. Defining space
     d. All of the above
183. Where should dynamic or high volume displays be placed in a typical floral store?
     a. By the back door
     b. Near the cash register
     c. Along the aisle on the way from the entrance to the floral cooler
     d. All of the above
184. Putting a vase of fresh flowers in a display of vases is an example of:
     a. Blending merchandise
     b. Suggestive selling
     c. Edit merchandise
     d. Creative salesmanship
 185. Putting a small number of products out rather than all of the products is an example of:
      a. Blending merchandise
      b. Suggestive selling
      c. Edit merchandise
      d. Creative salesmanship
 186. If a product is not selling in one spot:
      a. Mark it 50% off
      b. Add some balloons
      c. Move the product to a different display
      d. Move a hot selling item next to it
 187. This type of display can be pulled together with very little effort:
      a. Group products of the same color together
      b. Arrange products according to the color spectrum
      c. Use a minimal amount of products
      d. Arrange products in alphabetical order
 188. Placing items together that may not match but serve the same purpose is an example of:
      a. Color groupings
      b. Function
      c. Product composition
      d. Group texture
  189. To create enthusiasm in a display you can:
       a. Paint old units different colors
       b. Re-cover shelves
       c. Place lights inside the display
       d. All of the above
  190. A theme in a store should be showcased where?
       a. In the back of the store
       b. In an end-cap
       c.. In the front window and throughout the store
       d. In front of your competitor’s store
191. Pedestals and products can be used in a display to add:
     a. Height and depth
     b. Height and color
     c. Depth and texture
     d. Texture and contrast
192. When a figure in a display actually moves because of a power source, it is an example of:
     a. Implied animation
     b. Animation
     c. Movement
     d. Implied movement
193. When a figure in a display is not moving, but it looks like it is in the middle of an action,
     this is known as:
     a. Implied animation
     b. Animation
     c. Movement
     d. Implied movement
194. A fan generating a breeze which moves suspended items is an example of:
     a. Implied animation
     b. Animation
     c. Movement
     d. Implied movement
195. A football suspended over a goal post that does not have to move to give the illusion of a
     field goal in progress is an example of:
     a. Implied animation
     b. Animation
     c. Movement
     d. Implied movement
196. The traditional lighting used in homes is called:
     a. Halogen lights
     b. Pinspot lights
     c. Fun lights
     d. Incandescent lights
197. Which of the following is not required for a great display?
     a. Balance
     b. Lighting
     c. Color
     d. Expensive props
198. What percent of the color in the display should be the dominant color?
     a. 60%
     b. 80%
     c. 20%
     d. 90%

199. What is the most under-utilized aspect of display?
     a. Ceilings
     b. Windows
     c. Floors
     d. Tables
200. What is not necessary in large display windows?
     a. Graphic shapes
     b. Lots of detail
     c. Bright Colors
     d. Large displays
201. The type of background generally used for window displays is a __________background.
     a. Closed
     b. Open
     c. Partial
     d. Solid
202. What should be considered in the composition of a display?
     a. Balance
     b. Depth
     c. The number of objects
     d. All of the above
203. The basic form of the objects used in a display should generally:
     a. Repeat
     b. Be varied
     c. Pair with other forms
     d. None of the above
204. What is the ultimate goal of displays?
     a. Community Spirit
     b. Mood
     c. Product-promotion
     d. Sales
205. Textures used in displays should:
     a. Consist mainly of one type
     b. Be an even mix of two types
     c. Use three types
     d. Use as many types as possible
206. What is negative space?
     a. A space that is wasted in a display
     b. A space that is too cluttered
     c. A space where there is nothing in the display
     d. A space that is not maintained
207. Where should the most dynamic in-store display be?
     a. At the entrance of the store
     b. Near the floral cooler
     c. In the back of the store
     d. Near the cash register
208.   Once you have established a good display, you should NOT:
       a. Move it often
       b. Change traffic patterns
       c. Keep it simple
       d. Leave it up for a year
209.   In creating shop displays, you should:
       a. Use expensive props with expensive products
       b. Use cheap props and expensive products
       c. Use the same props for all items
       d. It does not matter what type of prop is used
210. What is the first step in creating a display?
        a. Gather props
        b. Select a theme
        c. Gather merchandise
        d. Bet a backdrop
    211.   When you gather props, what is the first thing you should do?
           a. Get small detail props together
           b. Get two large props for contrast
           c. Select one main prop
           d. None of the above
    212. What is one way motion can be achieved in a display?
         a. Animation
         b. Implied Animation
         c. Implied motion
         d. All of the above
    213.   A window that promotes a community event is known as:
           a. A prop window
           b. Image window
           c. Detail window
           d. Product window
    214. What is the toughest way to coordinate products?
         a. Texture
         b. Composition
         c. Color
         d. By holiday
    215. The type of lighting that allows the use of many fixtures without having to conceal wires
         is:
         a. Halogen
         b. Track lighting
         c. Pinspots
         d. Trackless Lighting
     216. This type of light is best to use for showcasing flowers.
          a. Halogen
          b. Incandescent
          c. Funlights
          d. Floods
     217. When creating signage for a store, it is best to:
          a. Hire someone to do it all
          b. Let employees make different signs
          c. Keep all signs uniform
          d. None of the above

				
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