DAFTAR OPTK KELOMPOK NEMATODA by mikesanye

VIEWS: 244 PAGES: 23

									                DAFTAR OPTK KELOMPOK NEMATODA


  Spesies (Taksonomi);            Kategori
                                                        Inang              Media Pembawa                    Daerah Sebar
      Nama Umum                  (Golongan)
Achlysiella Williamsi;             A1 (2)     (P): Saccharum              umbi (tuber/corm), Africa: Mauritius.
(Radopholus similis                           officinarum (tebu,          planlet, kulit batang Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa,
=R.williamsi),                                sugarcane).                 (bark of stem), akar Tonga
Pratylenchidae; burrowing                     (S): Citrus spp.(jeruk,     (root), rhizome,
nematode                                      orange), Vanilla sp.        tanah (soil).
                                              (vanili, vanilla), Coffea
Kelompok: Nematoda                            spp. (kopi, coffee),
                                              Arachys hypogaea
                                              (kacang tanah,
                                              groundnut, peanut).
Anguina tritici (Steinbuch)        A1 (2)     (P): Secale cereale (rye) tunas (bud), benih         America; Canada
Filipjev; (=Anguillula tritici                , Triticum aestivum       (seed), tanah (soil)       Asia: PR of China, Iran, India,
=Anguillulina tritici                         (gandum, wheat),                                     Siria, Iraq, Israel, Afganistan,
=Rhabditis tritici =Tylenchus                 (S): Avena sativa (oat,                              Azerbaijan, South Korea,
scandens =T.tritici =Vibrio                   oats ) , Hordeum vulgare                             Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
tritici), Anguinidae; wheat                   (barli, barley), Triticum                            Africa: Egypt, Ethiopia
gall nematode, eelworm                        turgidum                                             Europe: Austria, Bulgaria,
disease                                                                                            Croatia, Cyprus, France,
                                                                                                   Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Kelompok: Nematoda                                                                                 Ireland, Italy, Lithuania,
                                                                                                   Netherlands, Poland, Rumania,
                                                                                                   Russian Federation, Spain,
                                                                                                   Sweden, Switzerland, Ukrania,
                                                                                                   UK, Yugoslavia
                                                                                                   Oceania: Australia, Australia,
                                                                                                   New Zealand.
Aphasmatylenchus                   A1 (2)     (P): Arachys hypogaea     akar (root), tanah         Africa: Burkina Faso
straturatus Germani;                          (kacang tanah,            (soil)
Hoplolaimidae; ground nut                     groundnut, peanut).
chlorosis nematode                            (S): Cajanus cajan
                                              (kacang gude, pigeon
Kelompok: Nematoda                            pea), Glycine
                                              max(kedelai, soybean),
                                              Vigna cylindrical (kacang
                                              tunggak, long bean),
                                              Voandzeia subterranea
Aphelenchoides arachidis           A1 (2)     (P): Arachys hypogaea       tunas (bud),          Africa: Nigeria.
Boss.; Aphelenchoididae;                      (kacang tanah,              benih/biji
groundnut testa nematode                      groundnut, peanut)          (seed/grain),
                                              (S): Oryza sativa (padi,    legumes, tanah (soil)
Kelompok: Nematoda                            paddy), Pennisetum
                                              glaucum, Saccharum
                                              officinarum (tebu,
                                              sugarcane), Sorghum
                                              bicolor (sorgum,
                                              sorghum), Zea mays
                                              (jagung, corn, maize)
Aphelenchoides fragariae           A1 (2)     (P): Fragaria vesca         benih/biji               America: Canada, Mexico, USA
(Ritzema Bos) (Chriestie),                    (arbei, strawberry),        (seed/grain), buah       Europe: Belgium, UK, Denmark,
(=Aphelenchoides olesistus                    Lilium spp., Anthurium      (fruit), bunga           Germany, Hungary, Ireland,
=A.olesistus var. longicollis                 andreanum,                  (flower/infloresence),   Italy, Latvia, Moldovia, Portugal,
=A.pseudolesistus                        Rhododendron spp.            batang (stem), daun      Poland, Russian Federation,
=Aphelenchus fragariae                   (azaleas), Barleria          (leaf), umbi             Spain, Switzerland, Sweden,
=A.olesistus =A.olesistus                cristata, Begonia spp.,      (tuber/corm),            Ukrania
var. longicollis                         Chloranthus spicatus,        planlet, tanah (soil)    Asia: PR of China, India, Israel,
=A.pseudolesistus),                      Hibiscus rosa –sinensis                               South Korea, Kirgyztan, Japan,
Aphelenchoididae; bud and                (kembang sepatu, china-                               Turkey
leaf nematode                            rose), Hosta spp.,                                    Oceania: Australia, New Zealand,
                                         Hydrangea macrophylla,                                Papua New Guinea, Hawaii
Kelompok: Nematoda                       Maranta leuconeura,
                                         Peony, Pimpinella
                                         diversifolia, Primula sp.,
                                         Psychotria nervosa,
                                         Rhododendron simsii,
                                         Ruscus hypophyllum, St.
                                         paulia ionantha,
                                         Saxifraga spp., Tolmiea
                                         menziesii, Veronica
                                         arvensis, Viola odorata,
                                         Wulfenia carinthiaca
                                         (S): Cornus canadensis,
                                         Ficus carica (buah ara,
                                         fig), Ficus macrophylla,
                                         Lamium maculatum,
                                         Prunus persica (persik,
                                         peach), Anigozanthos
                                         sp., Allium ascalonicum
                                         (bawang merah, shallot),
                                         Allium sativum (bawang
                                         putih, garlic), Avena
                                         sativa (oat, oats ) ,
                                         Ipomoea batatas (ubi
                                         jalar, sweet potato),
                                         Asplenium nidus (bird’s-
                                         nest fern), Capsella
                                         bursa-pastoris,
                                         Chenopodium album,
                                         Cobotium chamissoi,
                                         Erigeron annuus, Ficus
                                         elastica, Western Sword-
                                         fern, Polygonum blumei,
                                         Pteris spp., Rorippa
                                         atrovirens, Senecio
                                         vulgaris, Solanum
                                         nigrum, Stellaria media
Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi      A1 (2)   (P): Chrysanthemum           benih/biji               America: Brazil, Chile, Mexico,
(Schwartz) Steiner & Buhrer;             spp. (krisan, chrysant ),    (seed/grain), daun       Canada, USA, Venezuela.
(=Aphelenchoides ribes                   Dahlia, Fragaria vesca       (leaf), batang           Africa: South Africa, Mauritius
=Aphelenchus phyllophagus                (arbei, strawberry)          (stem), akar (root),     Asia: PR of China, India, Japan,
=A.ribes =A.ritzemabosi                  (S): Asplenium nidus,        bunga                    Kazakhtans, South Korea,
=Pathoaphelenchus                        Bergenia spp.,               (flower/infloresence),   Uzbekistan
ritzemabosi                              Calceolaria spp.,            umbi (tuber/corm),       Oceania: New Zealand, Fiji
=Pseudaphelenchoides                     Campanula spp.,              tanah (soil)             Europe: Bulgaria, Germany,
ritzemabosi =Tylenchus                   Campanula pyramidalis,                                Russian Federation, Hungary,
ribes), Aphelenchoididae;                Consolida ambigua,                                    Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
bud and leaf nematode,                   Crassula coccinea,                                    Netherlands, Poland, Portugal,
Chrysant foliar eelworm, leaf            Callistephus chinensis,                               Spain, Switzerland, UK, Ukrania,
wilt nematode of Chrysant ,              Geranium spp.,                                        Yugoslavia,
Chrysant foliar nematode                 Helianthus annuus
                                       (bunga matahari,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     sunflower), Hibiscus rosa
                                       –sinensis (kembang
                                       sepatu, china-rose),
                                       Helleborus niger,
                                       Lavandula angustifolia,
                                       Lotus corniculatus,
                                       Lupinus spp. (lupine),
                                       Lycopersicum
                                       esculentum (tomat,
                                       tomato), Mimulus spp.,
                                       Nicotiana tabacum
                                       (tembakau, tobacco),
                                       Ocimum basilicum
                                       (kemangi, basil),
                                       Passiflora
                                       quadrangularis(markisah,
                                       passionfruit, granadilla),
                                       Peperomia sp., Rheum
                                       hybridum, Rhododendron
                                       spp. (azalea), Ribes uva-
                                       crispa, Rudbeckia spp.
                                       Salvia splendens,
                                       Sinningia speciosa, St.
                                       paulia spp., St. paulia
                                       ionantha, Solanum
                                       nigrum, Verbena spp.,
                                       Viburnum spp., Viola
                                       spp., Ribes nigrum,
                                       Limonium sinuatum,
                                       Medicago sativa (alfalfa,
                                       lucerne), Vigna spp.
                                       (buncis, cowpea), Zinnia
                                       elegans, Buddleia spp.,
                                       Eleusine coracana,
                                       Ranunculus spp.,
                                       Sambucus spp., Senecio
                                       spp., Sonchus spp.,
                                       Veronica spp., Echium
                                       spp., Rumex spp.,
                                       Stellaria media
Aquina agrostis (Steinbuch)   A1 (2)   (P): Agrostis stolonifera    tunas (bud), daun        Europe: Czech, Slovakia, Estonia,
Filipjev; (=Anguillula                 var. palustris, Agrostis     (leaf), benih/biji       Finland, Germany, Ireland,
agrostidis =A.agrostis                 capillaris, Bromus           (seed/grain), batang     Norway, Poland, Russian
=A.phalaridis =Anguillulina            erectus, Festuca ovina,      (stem), akar (root),     Federation, Sweden,Ukrania, UK
agrostis =A.phalaridis                 Lolium rigidum, Phleum       bunga                    Asia: PR of China, Kirzikistan
=Anguina funesta =A.lolii              pratense, Trisetum           (flower/infloresence),   America: Canada , USA
=A.phalaridis =A.poophila              flavescens, Agrostis         umbi (tuber/corm),       Oceania: New Zealand.
=Tylenchus agrostidis                  canina, Agrostis exarata,    tanah (soil)
=T.agrostis =T.phalaridis              Dactylis glomerata,
=T.phlei =Vibrio agrostis              Festuca nigrescens,
=Vibrio phalaridis),                   Phleum boehmeri,
Anguinidae; rye grass                  Phleum phleoides, Poa
nematode, bent grass                   alpina, Poa annua, Poa
nematode                               pratensis

Kelompok: Nematoda
Belonolaimus longicaudatus   A1 (2)   (P): Gossypium              tanah (soil), batu   America: Bahama, Bermuda,
Rau; Belonolaimidae; sting            hirsutum, Cucumis melo kerikil (gravel)          Costa Rica, Mexico, Puerto rico,
nematode                              (melon, melon), Glycine                          USA.
                                      max(kedelai, soybean),
Kelompok: Nematoda                    Cynodon dactylon
                                      (kacang gude, pigeon
                                      pea), Arachys hypogaea
                                      (kacang tanah,
                                      groundnut, peanut), Zea
                                      mays (jagung, corn,
                                      maize), Citrus sinensis
                                      (jeruk manis, navel
                                      orange), Fragaria spp.,
                                      Daucus carota (wortel,
                                      carrot), Brassica spp.
                                      (S): Poaceae,
                                      Abelmoschus esculentus
                                      (okra, lady’s finger), Acer
                                      spp., Acer pseudo
                                      platanus, Agrostis
                                      stolonifera var. palustris,
                                      Allium cepa (bawang
                                      bombai, onion), Apium
                                      graveolens (seledri,
                                      celery), Beta vulgaris
                                      (bit, beetroot),
                                      Chrysanthemum spp.,
                                      Citrullus lanatus,
                                      Capsicum annuum
                                      (cabai, hot pepper,
                                      chillies, red pepper),
                                      Cucumis sativus
                                      (mentimun, cucumber),
                                      Desmodium tortuosum,
                                      Digitaria decumbens,
                                      Digitaria sanguinalis,
                                      Eremochloa ophiuroides,
                                      Festuca arundinacea,
                                      Helianthus annuus
                                      (bunga matahari,
                                      sunflower), Hordeum
                                      vulgare (sorgum,
                                      sorghum), Ipomoea
                                      batatas (ubi jalar, sweet
                                      potato), Lactuca sativa
                                      (sla, lettuce),
                                      Liquidambar styraciflua,
                                      Lolium multiflorum,
                                      Lycopersicon esculentum
                                      (tomat, tomato),
                                      Ocimum basilicum
                                      (kemangi, basil),
                                      Paspalum notatum,
                                      Pennisetum glaucum,
                                      Pisum sativum (kapri,
                                      sweet pea), Pinus
                                      palustris, Pinus taeda,
                                      Pittosporum tobira,
                                       Secale cereale (rye),
                                       Sesbania exaltata,
                                       Solanum melongena
                                       (terung, eggplant,
                                       aubergine), Solanum
                                       tuberosum (kentang,
                                       potato), Sorghum
                                       sudanense,
                                       Stenotaphrum
                                       secundatum, Trifolium
                                       spp., Triticum aestivum
                                       (gandum, wheat),
                                       turfgrasses, Ulmus
                                       parvifolia, Vaccinium
                                       corymbosum, Vigna
                                       unguiculata, Baccharis
                                       halimifolia, Casuarina
                                       equisetifolia, Diospyros
                                       kaki (kesemek,
                                       persimmon), Mentha
                                       spicata, Pennisetum
                                       purpureum, Pharbitis
                                       purpurea, Vigna spp.
                                       (buncis, cowpea), Rumex
                                       crispus, Saccharum
                                       officinarum (tebu,
                                       sugarcane), Schinus
                                       terebinthifolius, Vitis
                                       rotundifolia.
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus    A1 (2)   (P): Pinus spp.             kulit kayu (bark of    America: Canada, Mexico, USA.
(Steiner & Buhror) Nickle;             (S): Picea spp., Larix      wood), umbi            Asia: PR of China, Japan, Korea
(=Aphelenchoides xylophilus            spp., Abies spp., Cedrus    (tuber/corm),          Europe: Portugal.
=Bursaphelenchus                       deodara, Cedrus             rhizome, batang
lignicolus),                           atlantica, Pseudotsuga      (stem), daun (leaf),
Parasitaphelenchidae; pine             menziesii,                  bunga
wood nematode, pine wilt               Chamaecyparis               (flower/infloresence),
nematode                               nootkatensis                benih/biji
                                                                   (seed/grain),
Kelompok: Nematoda                                                 (externaly), tanah
                                                                   (soil), kemasan kayu
                                                                   (wood packing
                                                                   material),
                                                                   Monochamus
                                                                   alternatus (vector),
                                                                   M. Nitens (vector)
Ditylenchus destructor        A1 (2)   (P): Solanum tuberosum      umbi (tuber/corm),    Europe: Albania, Austria,
Thorne; Anguinidae; potato             (kentang, potato),          rhizome, batang       Belarusia, Belgium, Netherlands,
rot nematode, potato tuber             Ipomoea batatas (ubi        (stem), planlet,      Bulgaria, Czech, Estonia, Finland,
nematode, potato eelworm               jalar, sweet potato),       tanah (soil)          France, Germany, Greece,
                                       Fragaria vesca (arbei,                            Hungary, UK, Ireland, Italy,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     strawberry), Beta                                 Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
                                       vulgaris (bit, beetroot),                         Moldova, Norway, Poland,
                                       Daucus carota (wortel,                            Rumania, Russian Federation,
                                       carrot), Allium                                   Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,
                                       ascalonicum (bawang                               Switzerland, Ukrania
                                       merah, shallot), Allium                           Asia: Azerbaijan, PR of China,
                                       sativum (bawang putih,                            India, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan,
                                       garlic), Arachys                                  South Korea, Kirgistan, Malaysia,
                                      hypogaea (kacang tanah,                           Pakistan, Saudi Arabia,
                                      groundnut, peanut),                               Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan,
                                      Camellia sinensis (teh,                           Africa: South Africa
                                      tea), Chrysanthemum                               America: Canada, Ecuador, Haiti,
                                      spp. (krisan, chrysant ),                         Mexico, Peru, USA
                                      Citrus sinensis (jeruk                            Oceania: Australia, New Zealand
                                      manis, navel orange),
                                      Capsicum annuum
                                      (paprika, bell-pepper),
                                      Cucumis sativus
                                      (mentimun, cucumber),
                                      Cucurbita maxima
                                      (waluh, labu parang,
                                      pumpkin), Dahlia
                                      hybrids, Gladiolus
                                      hybrids, Glycine
                                      max(kedelai, soybean),
                                      Humulus lupulus (hops),
                                      Irish spp., Lycopersicum
                                      esculentum (tomat,
                                      tomato), Mentha spp.
                                      (mentol, mint), Panax
                                      schinseng (ginseng),
                                      Solanum melongena
                                      (terung, eggplant,
                                      aubergine), Trifolium
                                      spp., Triticum aestivum
                                      (gandum, wheat), Tulipa
                                      spp., Zea mays (jagung,
                                      corn, maize)
Globodera pallida (Stone)    A1 (2)   (P): Solanum tuberosum      akar (root),batang    Europe: Austria, Belgium,
Mulvey & Stone;                       (kentang, potato),          (stem), umbi          Netherlands, Bulgaria, Czech,
(=Heterodera pallida),                Lycopersicum                (tuber/corm), tanah   Estonia, Iceland, Finland, France,
Heteroderidae; white cyst             esculentum (tomat,          (soil)                Jeman, Greece, Hungary, UK,
nematode, pale potato cyst            tomato), Solanum                                  Ireland, Italy, Croatia, Faroe
nematode, potato cyst                 melongena (terung,                                Islands, Latvia, Lithuania,
nematode, potato root                 eggplant, aubergine)                              Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova,
eelworm                               (S): Datura stramonium                            Norway, Poland, Portugal,
                                      (kecubung, jimsonweed),                           Rumania, Russian Federation,
Kelompok: Nematoda                    Lycopersicon                                      Cyprus, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,
                                      pimpinellifolium, Oxalis                          Switzerland, Ukrania
                                      tuberosa , Solanum gilo,                          Asia: India, Pakistan, Turkey
                                      Solanum indicum,                                  Africa: Algeria, Tunisia,
                                      Solanum mauritianum,                              America: Argentina, Bolivia,
                                      Solanum marginatum,                               Canada, Chile, Koltuber/corma,
                                      Solanum nigrum,                                   Falkland Islands, Ecuador,
                                      Solanum quitoense,                                Panama, Peru, Venezuela
                                      Solanum aviculare,                                Oceania: New Zealand.
                                      Solanum sarrachoides.
Globodera tabacum Mulvey &   A1 (2)   (P): Nicotiana tabacum akar (root), tanah         Europe: Rusia, Yugoslavia,
Stone; (=Globodera tabacum            (tembakau, tobacco),   (soil)                     France, Greece, Italy
=Heterodera tabacum),                 Lycopersicum                                      Asia: PR of China, South Korea,
Heteroderidae; tobaco cyst            esculentum (tomat,                                Pakistan
nematode                              tomato)                                           Africa: Madagascar, Moroko
                                      (S): Solanum melongena                            America: Argentina, Colombia,
Kelompok: Nematoda                    (terung, eggplant ,                               Meksico, USA.
                                      aubergine), Solanum
                                      nigrum, Solanum gilo,
                                         Solanum indicum,
                                         Solanum mauritianum,
                                         Solanum quitoense,
                                         Solanum tuberosum
                                         (kentang, potato)
Hemicycliophora arenaria        A1 (2)   (P): Citrus limonia         akar (root), tanah    America: Argentina, Brazil and
Raski; Criconematidae;                   (mandarin lime), Citrus (soil)                    USA.
sheath nematode                          aurantiifolia (jeruk nipis,
                                         lime), Citrus reticulate
Kelompok: Nematoda                       (jeruk mandarin,
                                         mandarin) ,
                                         Lycopersicum
                                         esculentum (tomat,
                                         tomato), Cucurbita
                                         maxima (waluh, labu
                                         parang, pumpkin)
                                         (S): Apium graveolens
                                         (selederi, celery) Citrus
                                         limettioides (palestine
                                         sweet lime), Citrus
                                         macrophylla, Citrus
                                         taiwanica, Capsicum
                                         annuum (cabai, hot
                                         pepper, chilies, red
                                         pepper), Libocedrus
                                         Chilensis, Saccharum
                                         officinarum (tebu,
                                         sugarcane), Vigna
                                         cylindrical (kacang
                                         tunggak, long bean),
                                         Vitis vinifera (anggur,
                                         grapevine)
Heterodera avenae               A1 (2)   (P): Avena sativa (oat,     akar (root), umbi     Europe: Belgium, Bosnia-
Wollenweber; (=Bidera                    oats) , Hordeum vulgare     (tuber/corm),         Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech,
avenae =B.ustinovi                       (barli, barley), Secale     benih/biji            Slovakia, Denmark, Estonia,
=Heterodera major =H.                    cereale (rye) , Triticale   (seed/grain),         Former Yugoslavia, France,
schachtii maior =H.schachtii             spp. Triticum aestivum      (externally), tanah   Germany, Greece,Ireland, Italy,
var. avenae =Heterodera                  (gandum, wheat)             (soil).               Latvia, Malta, Netherlands,
ustinovi), Heteroderidae; oat            (S): Poaceae, Zea mays                            Norway, Poland, Portugal,
cyst nematode, cereal cyst               (jagung, corn, maize)                             Russian Federation, Slovenia,
nematode, cereal cyst                                                                      Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
eelworm, oat root eelworm                                                                  Ukrania, UK
                                                                                           Asia: PR of China, India, Iran,
Kelompok: Nematoda                                                                         Israel, Japan, Kazakstan,
                                                                                           Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
                                                                                           Africa: Algeria, Libia, Marocco,
                                                                                           South Africa, Tunisia
                                                                                           America: Canada, Peru, USA,
                                                                                           Australia
                                                                                           Oceania: Australia, New
                                                                                           Zealand.
Heterodera cacti Filipjev;      A1 (2)   (P): Schlumbergera       akar (root), batang      Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech,
(=Cactodera cacti),                      truncata, Epiphyllum     (stem), tanah (soil)     Slovakia, Denmark, Yugoslavia,
Heteroderidae; cactus cyst               spp., Epiphyllum                                  Former Russian, Hungary,
nematode, cactus cyst                    ackermannii, Echinopsis                           France, Germany, Italy, Malta,
eelworm, cactus root                     spp., Erysimum allionii,                          Netherlands, Poland, Rumania,
eelworm                                  Ferocactus spp., Opuntia                          Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK
                                         microdasys, Opuntia                               Asia: India, Israel, Japan, South
Kelompok: Nematoda                     stricta, Saccharum                                Korea, Uzbekistan, Vietnam
                                       officinarum (tebu,                                Africa: Algeria
                                       sugarcane)                                        America: Canada, Colombia,
                                                                                         Cuba, Mexico, USA, Argentina,
                                                                                         Brazil
                                                                                         Oceania: Australia.
Heterodera carotae Jones;     A1 (2)   (P): Daucus carota         umbi (tuber/corm),     America: USA
Heteroderidae; carrot cyst             (wortel, carrot), Olea     tanah (soil)           Europe: France, Portugal,
nematode, carrot cyst                  europea sub.sp europea                            Switzerland.
eelworm, carrot root                   (zaitum, olive)
eelworm

Kelompok: Nematoda

Heterodera cruciferae         A1 (2)   (P): Cruciferae            akar (root), tanah     Europe: UK, Switzerlands
Franklin; Heteroderidae;                                          (soil)                 Asia: Pakistan.
crucifer cyst nematode

Kelompok: Nematoda

Heterodera goettingiana       A1 (2)   (P): Pisum sativum        umbi (tuber/corm),      Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria,
Liebs; Heteroderidae; pea              (kapri, sweet pea), Vicia akar (root), batang     Former Russian, France,
cyst nematode, pea cyst                faba                      (stem), tanah (soil)    Germany, Italy, Malta, Poland,
eelworm, pea root eelworm              (S): Cicer arietinum,                             Portugal, Spain, UK
                                       Glycine max(kedelai,                              Asia: PR of China, Israel, Jordan
Kelompok: Nematoda                     soybean), Lens                                    Africa: Algeria
                                       esculentum (lentil),                              America: USA.
                                       Lathyrus odoratus,
                                       Lathyrus sativus, Lupinus
                                       albus, Lupinus luteus,
                                       Medicago sativa (alfalfa,
                                       lucerne), Pisum sativum
                                       (kapri, sweet pea), Vicia
                                       spp.
Heterodera oryzicola Rao &    A1 (2)   (P): Oryza sativa (padi, akar (root), tanah       Asia: India.
Jayaprakash; Heteroderidae;            paddy), Cynodon          (soil)
rice cyst nematoda                     dactylon
                                       (S): Musa paradisiaca
Kelompok: Nematoda                     (pisang kepok, plantain)

Heterodera sacchari Luc.&     A1 (2)   (P): Oryza sativa (padi,   akar (root), tanah     Asia: India, Pakistan, Thailand
Merny.; Heteroderidae;                 paddy), Zea mays           (soil)                 Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso,
sugarcane cyst nematode                (jagung, corn, maize),                            Chad, Congo, Ivory Coast,
                                       Saccharum officinarum                             Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     (tebu, sugarcane),                                Senegal.
                                       Nicotiana tabacum
                                       (tembakau, tobacco)
Heterodera schachtii          A1 (2)   (P): Beta spp., Brassica akar (root), umbi        Europe: Albania, Austria,
Schmidt; (=Heterobolbus                napus var. napus,           (tuber/corm), tanah   Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Rep.
schachtii =Heterodera                  Brassica oleracea, Alliaria (soil)                Czech, Denmark, Estonia,
schachtii minor =Tylenchus             petiolata, Amaranthus                             Hungary, Finland, Former
schachtii), Heteroderidae;             spp., Apium dulce, Arabis                         Yugoslavia, France, Germany,
sugar beet, cyst nematode,             spp., Armoracia                                   Greece, Netherlands, Poland,
beet cyst eelworm                      rusticana, Atriplex spp.,                         Portugal, Rumania, Russian
                                       Aubrieta spp., Aubrieta                           Federation, Spain, Sweden,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     columnae, Alyssum                                 Switzerland, Ukrania, UK
                                       argentium, Brassica spp.,                         Asia: Azerbaijan, PR of China,
                                        Dianthus spp.,                                   India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordania,
                                        Polygonum convolvulus,                           Kazakstan, South Korea,
                                        Gypsophila acutifolia,                           Kirzikistan, Pakistan, Siria,
                                        Gypsophila elegans,                              Turkey
                                        Oryza sativa (padi,                              Africa: Algeria, Cape Verde,
                                        paddy), Thlaspi arvense,                         Gambia, Libia, Marocco, Senegal,
                                        Phytolacca acinosa,                              South Africa, Tunisia,
                                        Vigna spp. (buncis,                              America: Chile, Canada, Mexico,
                                        cowpea), Pisum sativum                           Peru, USA, Uruguay
                                        (kapri, sweet pea),                              Oceania: Australia, New
                                        Polygonum spp.,                                  Zealand.
                                        Portulaca oleracea,
                                        Raphanus maritimus,
                                        Raphanus raphanistrum,
                                        Raphanus sativus (lobak,
                                        radish), Rheum
                                        hybridum, Rorippa
                                        amphibia, Rorippa
                                        islandica, Rumex spp.,
                                        Saponaria ocymoides,
                                        Saponaria officinalis,
                                        Sesbania macrocarpa,
                                        Sesbania exaltata, Silene
                                        armeria, Silene maritima,
                                        Silene nutans, Silene
                                        quadrifida, Silene
                                        saxifraga, Sinapis
                                        arvensis, Sinapis eruca,
                                        Sisymbrium austriacum,
                                        Sisymbrium spp.,
                                        Solanum sarrachoides,
                                        Spinacia glabra, Spinacia
                                        oleracea, Tetragonia
                                        tetragonioides,
                                        Tropaeolum perigrinum,
                                        Vaccaria hispanica, Vicia
                                        benghalensis, Vigna
                                        catjang.
Heterodera trifolii Goffart;   A1 (2)   (P): Poaceae, Beta         akar (root), tanah    Asia: India, Iran
Heteroderidae; clover cyst              vulgaris var. saccharifera (soil)                Oceania: Australia.
nematode, clover cyst                   (bit gula, sugar
eelworm                                 beetroot), Dianthus
                                        caryophyllus (anyelir,
Kelompok: Nematoda                      carnation), Solanum
                                        tuberosum (kentang,
                                        potato), Trifolium spp.,
                                        Trifolium pratense,
                                        Trifolium repens,
                                        Leguminosae
Heterodera vigni Edward &      A1 (2)   (P):Vigna sinensis          akar (root), tanah   Asia: India. Pakistan
Mura; (=Heterodera cajani),             (kacang panjang,            (soil)               Africa: Egypt.
Heteroderidae; pea cyst                 cowpea), Cajanus cajan
nematode                                (kacang gude, pigeon
                                        pea), Cyamopsis
Kelompok: Nematoda                      tetragonoloba, Lablab
                                        purpureus, Vigna
                                        aconitifolia, Vigna radiata
                                        (kacang hijau,
                                         mungbean),Vigna
                                         mungo, Vigna spp.
                                         (buncis, cowpea), Pisum
                                         sativum (kapri, sweet
                                         pea), Sesamum indicum
                                         (wijen, sesame), Vigna
                                         cylindrica (kacang
                                         tunggak, long bean)
                                         (S): Crotalaria juncea,
                                         Sesbania cannabina
Heterodera zeae                 A1 (2)   (P): Zea mays (jagung, akar (root), tanah          America: USA
Koahy,Swarup & Sethi;                    corn, maize)             (soil)                    Asia: India, Pakistan, Nepal,
Heteroderidae; corn/maize                (S): Avena sativa (oat,                            Thailand
cyst nematode                            oats ) , Hordeum vulgare                           Africa: Egypt.
                                         (barli, barley), Oryza
Kelompok: Nematoda                       sativa (padi, paddy),
                                         Setaria italyca, Sorghum
                                         sudanense, Sorghum
                                         bicolor (sorgum,
                                         sorghum), Triticum
                                         aestivum (gandum,
                                         wheat), Zea mexicana
Hirschmanniella miticausa       A1 (2)   (P): Colocasia esculenta   umbi (tuber/corm),      Oceania: Papua New Guinea,
Bridge Mortimer & Jackson;               (talas, taro)              tanah (soil)            Solomon Islands.
Pratylenchidae; miti miti
disease

Kelompok: Nematoda

Hirschmanniella spinicaudata    A1 (2)   (P): Oryza sativa (padi,   umbi (tuber/corm),      Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso,
Schuurman Steekhoven;                    paddy), Saccharum          planlet, akar (root),   Cameroon, Congo, Ivory Coast,
(=Hirschmannia spinicaudata              officinarum (tebu,         tanah (soil)            Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria,
=Radopholus lavabri                      sugarcane)                                         Senegal, Togo, Zambia
=Tylenchorhynchus                        (S): Fimbristylis                                  America: Brazil, Costa Rica,
spinicaudatus),                          dichotoma                                          Cuba, USA, Venezuela
Pratylenchidae; rice root tip
nematode, root lesion
nematode

Kelompok: Nematoda

Hoplolaimus columbus Sher.;     A1 (2)   (P): Glycine max(kedelai, akar (root), tanah       Asia: India, Pakistan
Hoplolaimidae;                           soybean), Gossypium       (soil).                  Africa: Egypt
Coltuber/corma lance                     barbadens (kapas,                                  America: USA.
nematode                                 cotton), Saccharum
                                         officinarum (tebu,
Kelompok: Nematoda                       sugarcane), Sorghum
                                         bicolor (sorgum,
                                         sorghum), Triticum
                                         aestivum (gandum,
                                         wheat), Zea mays
                                         (jagung, corn, maize)
Hoplolaimus indicus Sher.;      A1 (2)   (P): Oryza sativa (padi,   akar (root), tanah      Asia: Bangladesh, PR of China,
(=Basirolaimus arachidis                 paddy)                     (soil).                 India, Iran.
=Basirolaimus indicus                    (S): Abelmoschus
=Hoplolaimus arachidis),                 moschatus (okra, lady’s
Hoplolaimidae; lance                     finger), Arachys
nematode                            hypogaea (kacang tanah,
                                    groundnut, peanut),
Kelompok: Nematoda                  Basella spp., Brassica
                                    oleracea botrytis (bunga
                                    kol, cauliflower), Brassica
                                    oleracea capitata (kubis,
                                    cabbage), Cajanus cajan
                                    (kacang gude, pigeon
                                    pea), Chrysanthemum
                                    spp. (krisan, chrysant ),
                                    Citrus jambhiri,
                                    Cyamopsis
                                    tetragonoloba, Capsicum
                                    annuum (paprika, bell-
                                    pepper), Capsicum
                                    annuum (cabai rawit, hot
                                    pepper, chilies, red
                                    pepper), Cucumis sativus
                                    (mentimun, cucumber),
                                    Eleusine coracana,
                                    Gossypium barbadens
                                    (kapas, cotton), Ipomoea
                                    batatas (ubi jalar, Sweet
                                    potato), Lycopersicum
                                    esculentum (tomat,
                                    tomato), Mangifera
                                    indica (mangga, mango),
                                    Musa spp. (pisang,
                                    banana), Pennisetum
                                    glaucum, Vigna radiata
                                    (kacang hijau,
                                    mungbean), Vigna
                                    mungo, Pisum sativum
                                    (kapri, sweet pea),
                                    Poncirus trifoliata, Prunus
                                    persica (persik, peach),
                                    Psidium spp., Raphanus
                                    sativus (lobak, radish),
                                    Solanum melongena
                                    (terung, eggplant,
                                    aubergine), Solanum
                                    tuberosum (kentang,
                                    potato), Sorghum bicolor
                                    (sorgum, sorghum),
                                    Trifolium alexandrinum,
                                    Triticum aestivum
                                    (gandum, wheat), Vigna
                                    cylindrica (kacang
                                    tunggak, long bean), Zea
                                    mays (jagung, corn,
                                    maize), Senna siamea,
                                    Pinus roxburghii,
                                    Saccharum officinarum
                                    (tebu, sugarcane)
Hoplolaimus pararobustus   A1 (2)   (P): Musa spp. (pisang, akar (root), tanah   Asia: PR of China, Pakistan, Sri
Sher. In Coomans;                   banana)                    (soil).           Lanka
(=Gottholdsteineria                 (S): Coffea spp. (kopi,                      Africa: Angola, Burkina Faso,
pararobusta =Hoplolaimus            coffee), Camellia sinensis                   Cameroon, Congo, Ivory Coast,
angustulatus =H.capensis               (teh, tea), Psidium                                Egypt, Gambia, Guinea, Kenya,
=H.casparus =H.                        guajava (jambu biji,                               Madagascar, Malawi,
kittenbergeri                          guava),Saccharum                                   Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria,
=H.pararobustus                        officinarum (tebu,                                 Réunion, Sao Tome and Principe,
=Rotylenchus pararobustus              sugarcane), Elaeis                                 South Africa, Tanzania, Togo,
=Tylenchorhynchus                      guineensis (kelapa sawit,                          Uganda, Zimbabwe
pararobustus),                         oilpalm), Gossypium                                America: Rep. Dominica,
Hoplolaimidae; lance                   hirsutum, Mangifera                                Grenada, St. Lucia, St. Vincent &
nematode                               indica (mangga, mango),                            the Grenadines.
                                       Carica papaya (pepaya,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     pawpaw), Oryza sativa
                                       (padi, paddy), Dioscorea
                                       spp., Ananas comosus
                                       (nenas, pineapple),
                                       Triticum aestivum
                                       (gandum, wheat), Vigna
                                       cylindrica (kacang
                                       tunggak, long bean),
                                       Vitis vinifera (anggur,
                                       grapevine), Citrus,
                                       Sorghum bicolor
                                       (sorgum, sorghum),
                                       Eleusine coracana,
                                       kakao, Rosa spp.
                                       (mawar, rose)
Longidorus attenuatus         A1 (2)   (P): Hordeum vulgare         akar (root), tanah    Europe: Europe, Russian
Hooper; Longidoridae;                  (barli, barley), Fragaria    (soil). (Vector: :    Federation
needle nematode                        vesca (arbei,                Lycopersicum
                                       strawberry), Beta            esculentum (tomat,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     vulgaris var saccharifera    tomato black ring
                                       (bit gula, sugar             virus)
                                       beetroot)
Longidorus caespiticola       A1 (2)   (P): Fragaria vesca       akar (root), tanah     Europe: Western Europe
Hooper; Longidoridae;                  (arbei, strawberry), Rosa (soil). (Vector: :
needle nematode                        spp. (mawar, rose)        raspberry ringspot
                                                                 virus, Prunus
Kelompok: Nematoda                                               cerrasus (ceri, cherry
                                                                 leaf roll virus)
Longidorus elongatus (de      A1 (2)   (P): Beta vulgaris (bit,     akar (root), tanah    Europe: Belgium, Netherlands,
Man) Thorne & Swanger;                 beetroot), Daucus carota     (soil). (Vector:      Bulgaria, Czech, Denmark,
(=Dorylaimus elongatus                 (wortel, carrot), Fragaria   raspberry ringspot    Estonia, Finland, France,
=Dorylaimus tenuis                     vesca (arbei,                virus, Lycopersicum   Germany, Greece, Hungary,
=Longidorus menthasolanus              strawberry), Lolium          esculentum (tomat,    Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Moldova,
=Longidorus monohystera                perenne, Mentha piperita     tomato black ring     Norway, Poland, Portugal,
=Trichodorus elongates),               (S): Allium spp.,            virus)                Rumania, Russian Federation,
Longidoridae; needle                   seladeri, Avena sativa                             Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,
nematode, tomato black ring            (oat, oats ) , Brassica                            Switzerland, Ukrania, UK
eelworm                                oleracea var. gemmifera,                           Asia: Georgia, India, Kazakhtan,
                                       Brassica oleracea                                  Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     capitata kubis, cabbage),                          Vietnam
                                       Ficus carica, Hordeum                              Africa: South Africa
                                       vulgare (barli, barley),                           America: Canada, USA
                                       Lycopersicum                                       Oceania: New Zealand.
                                       esculentum (tomat,
                                       tomato), Medicago sativa
                                       (alfalfa, lucerne),
                                       Raphanus sativus (lobak,
                                       radish), Ribes nigrum,
                                     Ribes rubrum, Trifolium
                                     pratense, Urtica dioica,
                                     Vitis vinifera, Arachys
                                     hypogaea (kacang tanah,
                                     groundnut, peanut),
                                     Brassica rapa subspec.
                                     rapa (turnip, turnip),
                                     Polygonum convolvulus,
                                     Malus domesticum (apel,
                                     apple), Pyrus communis
                                     (pir, pear), Ranunculus
                                     acris, Rosa spp. (mawar,
                                     rose), Rubus idaeus
Longidorus leptocephallus   A1 (2)   (P): cerealia, Daucus        akar (root), tanah     Europe
Hooper; Longidoridae;                carota (wortel, carrot),     (soil). (Vector: :
needle nematode                      Solanum tuberosum            raspberry ringspot
                                     (kentang, potato)            virus, Prunus
Kelompok: Nematoda                                                cerrasus (ceri, cherry
                                                                  leaf roll virus)
Longidorus macrosoma        A1 (2)   (P): Rosa spp. (mawar,       akar (root), tanah    Europe
Hooper; Longidoridae;                rose), Fragaria vesca        (soil). (Vector: :
needle nematode                      (arbei, strawberry), Vitis   rasberry ringspot
                                     vinifera (anggur,            virus)
Kelompok: Nematoda                   grapevine)

Meloidogyne acronea         A1 (2)   (P): Gossypium           akar (root), tanah        Africa: Malawi, South Africa.
Coetzee; (=Hypsoperine               barbadens (kapas,        (soil)
(Hypsoperine) acronea                cotton)
=Hypsoperine acronea),               (S): Arachys hypogaea
Meloidogynidae; African              (kacang tanah,
cotton root nematode                 groundnut, peanut),
                                     Cajanus cajan kacang
Kelompok: Nematoda                   gude, pigeon pea),
                                     Cassia spp., Chloris
                                     gayana, Cyamopsis
                                     tetragonoloba, Croton
                                     tiglium, Eleusine
                                     coracana, Eragrostis
                                     spp., Helianthus annuus
                                     (bunga matahari,
                                     sunflower), Hibiscus
                                     sabdariffa, Lycopersicum
                                     esculentum (tomat,
                                     tomato), Pennisetum
                                     glaucum, Vigna spp.
                                     (buncis, cowpea),
                                     Solanum tuberosum
                                     (kentang, potato),
                                     Sorghum bicolor
                                     (sorgum, sorghum)
Meloidogyne brevicauda      A1 (2)   (P): Camellia sinensis     akar (root), tanah      Asia: Azerbaijan, India, Srilanka.
Loos; Meloidogynidae;                (teh, tea), Crocus sativus (soil)
Indian rootknot nematode,
tea rootknot nematode

Kelompok: Nematoda
Meloidogyne chitwoodi          A1 (2)   (P): Daucus carota       akar (root), umbi        Europe: Belgium, Germany,
Golden; Meloidogynidae;                 (wortel, carrot),        (tuber/corm), tanah      Netherlands
Coltuber/corma root-knot                Lycopersicum             (soil)                   Africa: South Africa
nematode                                esculentum (tomat,                                America: Argentina, Canada,
                                        tomato), Medicago sativa                          Mexico, USA.
Kelompok: Nematoda                      (alfalfa, lucene),
                                        Solanum tuberosum
                                        (kentang, potato)
                                        (S): Vigna spp. (buncis,
                                        cowpea), Pisum sativum
                                        (kapri, sweet pea),
                                        Scorzonera hispanica,
                                        Zea mays (jagung, corn,
                                        maize)
Meloidogyne coffeicola         A1 (2)   (P): Coffea spp. (kopi,      akar (root), tanah   America: Brazil
Lordello & Zamith;                      coffee)                      (soil)
Meloidogynidae; rootknot
nematode

Kelompok: Nematoda

Meloidogyne decalineata        A1 (2)   (P): Coffea spp. (kopi,      akar (root), tanah   Africa: Tanzania
Whitehead; Meloidogynidae;              coffee)                      (soil)               America: Sao Tome & Principe.
African coffee rootknot
nematode

Kelompok: Nematoda

Meloidogyne exigua Goeldi;     A1 (2)   (P): Allium ascalonicum akar (root), tanah        America: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
(=Heterodera exigua),                   (bawang merah, shallot), (soil)                   Colombia, El Salvador, Dominica,
Meloidogynidae; coffee                  Bidens pilosa, Citrus                             Guatemala, Guadeloupe, Guyana,
rootknot nematode, Brazilian            aurantium (jeruk nipis,                           Honduras, Martini, Nicaragua,
pyroid coffee nematode,                 lime), Citrullus vulgaris                         Puerto Rico, Peru, Suriname,
root-knot nematode                      (semangka,                                        Trinidad, Venezuela.
                                        watermelon), Capsicum
Kelompok: Nematoda                      annuum (paprika, bell-
                                        pepper), Cucumis sativus
                                        (mentimun, cucumber),
                                        Cyphomandra betacea,
                                        Lycopersicum
                                        esculentum (tomat,
                                        tomato), Musa spp.
                                        (pisang, banana), Oryza
                                        sativa (padi, paddy),
                                        Pilea spp., Poncirus
                                        trifoliata, Saccharum
                                        officinarum (tebu,
                                        sugarcane), Solanum
                                        nigrum, Stachys
                                        arvensis, Coffea spp.
                                        (kopi, coffee), Ipomoea
                                        acuminata.
Meloidogyne naasi Franklinl;   A1 (2)   (P): Hordeum vulgare         akar (root), tanah   Europe: France, Hungary, UK.
Meloidogynidae; rootknot                (barli, barley), Trifolium   (soil)
nematode                                repens, Triticum
                                        aestivum (gandum,
Kelompok: Nematoda                      wheat), Beta vulgaris
                                        var. sacchraifera (bit
                                        gula, sugar beetroot),
                                        cerealea, Glycine
                                        max(kedelai, soybean)
                                        (S): turfgrasses
Meloidogyne oteifae (elm)      A1 (2)   (P): Coffea spp. (kopi,   akar (root), tanah   Africa: Angola, Zaire
iligy; Meloidogynidae;                  coffee), Peuraria spp.    (soil)
rootknot nematode

Kelompok: Nematoda

Nacobbus aberrans (Thome),     A1 (2)   (P): Solanum tuberosum umbi (tuber/corm),      Europe: Finland, Italy,
(=Nacobbus batatiformis                 (kentang, potato),        akar (root), tanah   Netherlands, Russian Federation,
=N.serendipiticus bolivianus            Lycopersicum              (soil)               UK
=Pratylenchus aberrans                  esculentum (tomat,                             Asia: India.
=Nacobbus serendipiticus                tomato), Beta vulgaris                         America: Argentina, Bolivia,
=Anguillulina aberrans),                var. sacchraifera (bit                         Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru,
Pratylenchidae; false                   gula, sugar beetroot),                         USA
rootknot nematode, potato               Brassica spp.,
rosery nematode                         Amaranthus hybridus
                                        (bayam, spinach),
Kelompok: Nematoda                      Atriplex confertifolia,
                                        Beta vulgaris (bit,
                                        beetroot), Chenopodium
                                        album, Capsicum
                                        annuum (paprika, bell-
                                        pepper), Cucumis sativus
                                        (mentimun, cucumber),
                                        Cucurbita maxima,
                                        Cucurbita pepo (labu
                                        kuning, zucchini),
                                        Daucus carota (wortel,
                                        carrot), Gaillardia spp.,
                                        Kochia spp., Lactuca
                                        sativa (selada, lettuce),
                                        Opuntia spp., Pisum
                                        sativum (kapri, sweet
                                        pea), Sisymbrium irio,
                                        Solanum melongena
                                        (terung, eggplant,
                                        aubergine), Spergula
                                        arvensis, Spinacia
                                        oleracea, Tribulus
                                        terrestris, Tragopogon
                                        porrifolius, Solanum
                                        nigrum, Ullucus
                                        tuberosus
Pratylenchus goodeyi Sher &    A1 (2)   (P): Musa spp. (pisang, akar (root), tanah     Europe: Greece, Portugal, Spain
Allen; (=Anguillulina                   banana), Musa            (soil)                Africa: Burundi, Cameroon,
musicola =Tylenchus                     paradisiaca (pisang                            Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya,
musicola), Pratylenchidae;              kepok, plantain)                               Ruwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.
banana lesion nematode                  (S): Zea mays (jagung,
                                        corn, maize), Vigna spp.
Kelompok: Nematoda                      (buncis, cowpea),
                                        Commelina benghalensis,
                                        Sesbania grandiflora
                                        (turi, agati),
                                        Lycopersicum
                                        esculentum (tomat,
                                        tomato), Solanum
                                        tuberosum (kentang,
                                        potato), Sorghum bicolor
                                        (sorgum, sorghum)
Pratylenchus loosi Loof;       A1 (2)   (P): Camellia sinensis     akar (root), tanah   Asia: Bangladesh, PR of China,
Pratylenchidae; lesion                  (teh, tea), Coffea spp.    (soil)               India, Japan, Sri Lanka
nematode, meadow                        (kopi, coffee)                                  Africa: Senegal.
nematode, Loos’ root lesion             (S): Abelmoschus
nematode                                moschatus (okra, lady’s
                                        finger), Citrus spp.
Kelompok: Nematoda                      (jeruk, orange),
                                        Cinnamomum camphora,
                                        Convallaria spp.,
                                        Dioscorea spp.,
                                        Diospyros kaki
                                        (kesemek, persimmon),
                                        Fragaria vesca (arbei,
                                        strawberry), Malus
                                        domesticum (apel,
                                        apple), Mangifera indica
                                        (mangga, mango), Musa
                                        paradisiaca (pisang
                                        kepok, plantain), Pisum
                                        sativum (kapri, sweet
                                        pea), Poncirus trifoliata,
                                        Prunus avium, Pyrus
                                        communis (pir, pear),
                                        Saccharum officinarum
                                        (tebu, sugarcane),
                                        Solanum tuberosum
                                        (kentang, potato),
                                        Sorghum bicolor
                                        (sorgum, sorghum),
                                        Vigna cylindrica (kacang
                                        tunggak, long bean), Zea
                                        mays (jagung, corn,
                                        maize)
Pratylenchus neglectus         A1 (2)   (P): Triticum aestivum    akar (root), tanah    Europe: Croatia, Estonia, Rusia,
(Rensch)Fili&Schuur.Steekh.;            (gandum, wheat), Zea      (soil)                Spain
Pratylenchidae; California              mays (jagung, corn,                             Asia: Pakistan
root lesion nematode,                   maize), Agropyron                               Africa: Marocco, South Africa
California meadow nematode              cristatum, Brassica                             America: Canada, Mexico, USA
                                        oleracea capitata (kubis,                       Oceania: Australia,
Kelompok: Nematoda                      cabbage), Fragaria vesca
                                        (arbei, strawberry),
                                        Malus domesticum (apel,
                                        apple), Medicago sativa
                                        (alfalfa, lucerne),
                                        Solanum tuberosum
                                        (kentang, potato)
Pratylenchus scribneri;        A1 (2)   (P): Gossypium          akar (root), tanah      Europe: Italy
Pratylenchidae; lesion                  barbadens (kapas,       (soil)                  Asia: Pakistan
nematode                                cotton), Malus                                  Africa: Cameroon, South Africa
                                        domesticum (apel,                               America: USA.
Kelompok: Nematoda                      apple), Mentha spicata,
                                        Parthenium argentatum,
                                        Solanum tuberosum
                                        (kentang, potato),
                                        Sorghum halepense, Zea
                                        mays (jagung, corn,
                                        maize), Fragaria vesca
                                        (arbei, strawberry),
                                        Hippeastrum spp.
                                        (amarilis, amaryllis).
Pratylenchus thornei Sher. &   A1 (2)   (P): Triticum aestivum      akar (root), tanah   Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria,
Allen; Pratylenchidae;                  (gandum, wheat), Cicer (soil)                    Netherlands, Croatia, Cyprus,
Thorne’s root lesion                    arietinum, Zea mays                              Denmark, Yugoslavia, Germany,
nematode                                (jagung, corn, maize),                           Greece, Italy, Portugal, Russian
                                        Pinus merkusii (tusam,                           Federation, Spain, UK
Kelompok: Nematoda                      pinetree), Quercus spp.                          Asia: Afganistan, India, Iran,
                                        (S): Rosa spp. (mawar,                           Israel, Japan, Jordan, Saudi
                                        rose), Fabaceae, Agrostis                        Arabia, Siria, Turkey
                                        spp., Allium ascalonicum                         Africa: Egypt, Libia, Malawi,
                                        (bawang merah, shallot),                         Marocco
                                        Apium graveolens                                 America: Argentina, Mexico, USA
                                        (seladeri, celery),                              Oceania: Australia.
                                        Arachys hypogaea
                                        (kacang tanah,
                                        groundnut, peanut),
                                        Avena sativa (oat, oats),
                                        Beta vulgaris (bit,
                                        beetroot), Citrullus
                                        vulgaris (semangka,
                                        watermelon), Cupressus
                                        spp., Cynara scolymus
                                        (artisyok, artichoke),
                                        Daucus carota (wortel,
                                        carrot), Fragaria vesca
                                        (arbei, strawberry),
                                        Glycine max(kedelai,
                                        soybean), Hordeum
                                        vulgare (barli, barley),
                                        Iberis spp., Juglans regia
                                        (walnut), Lens esculenta
                                        (lentil), Lathyrus
                                        odoratus, Medicago
                                        sativa (alfalfa, lucerne),
                                        Mentha piperita, Mentha
                                        spicata, Vigna spp.
                                        (buncis, cowpea), Pisum
                                        sativum (kapri, sweet
                                        pea), Prunus spp.,
                                        Saccharum officinarum
                                        (tebu, sugarcane),
                                        Solanum tuberosum
                                        (kentang, potato),
                                        Sorghum bicolor
                                        (sorgum, sorghum),
                                        Trifolium spp., Vicia faba,
                                        Vigna cylindrica (kacang
                                        tunggak, long bean),
                                        Vitis vinifera (anggur,
                                        grapevine)
Pratylenchus vulnus (Allen &   A1 (2)   (P): Actinidia arguta      Akar (root), bibit    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria,
Jensen); Pratylenchidae;                (tara vine), Actinidia     tanaman (seedling)    Denmark, Finland, France,
walnut root lesion nematode;   deliciosa (kiwi, kiwifruit),   Germany, Greece, Italy,
root lesion nematode;          Araucaria araucana             Netherland, Norway, Russia,
meadow nematode                (monkey puzzle),               Russian Federation, Spain, UK
                               Berberis thunbergii            Asia: China, India, Iran, Israel,
Kelompok: Nematoda             (Japanese barberry),           Japan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan,
                               Brassica oleracea var.         Pakistan, Sri Lanka
                               capitata (cabbage),            Africa: Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya
                               Buxus sempervirens             America: Argentina, Brazil, Cuba,
                               (common boxwood),              Canada, USA, Uruguay
                               Carya illinoinensis            Oceania: Australia, New Zealand
                               (pecan), Citrus
                               aurantium (sour orange),
                               Citrus sinensis (navel
                               orange), Citrus x paradisi
                               (grapefruit), Corylus
                               avellana (hazel),
                               Crotalaria juncea (sunn
                               hemp), Crotalaria
                               spectabilis (Showy
                               rattlepod), Cydonia
                               oblonga (quince), Cytisus
                               scoparius (broom),
                               Daucus carota (wortel,
                               carrot), Eriobotrya
                               japonica (loquat), Ficus
                               carica (ara), Forsythia
                               intermedia (Golden
                               bells), Fragaria ananassa
                               (strawberry), Gossypium
                               hirsutum (kapas,
                               Bourbon cotton),
                               Hamamelis (witchhazel),
                               Impatiens balsamina
                               (garden balsam), Juglans
                               hindsii (californian black
                               walnut), Juglans major
                               (arizona walnut), Juglans
                               microcarpa (River walnut
                               tree), Juglans nigra
                               (black walnut), Juglans
                               regia (walnut), Juniperus
                               chinensis (Chinese
                               juniper), Lathyrus
                               odoratus (sweet pea),
                               Ligustrum ovalifolium
                               (california privet), Lilium
                               longiflorum (Easter lily),
                               Lilium speciosum (Showy
                               lily), Lotus corniculatus
                               (bird`s-foot trefoil),
                               Mahonia (holly grape),
                               Malus sylvestris (crab-
                               apple tree), Medicago
                               sativa (lucerne),
                               Melilotus alba (honey
                               clover), Nicotiana
                               tabacum (tobacco), Olea
                               europaea subsp.
                                       europaea (olive),
                                       Papaver somniferum
                                       (Opium poppy), Persea
                                       americana (avocado),
                                       Phaseolus lunatus (lima
                                       bean), Phaseolus vulgaris
                                       (common bean), Pistacia
                                       vera (pistachio), Pisum
                                       sativum (pea), Prunus
                                       amygdalus , Prunus
                                       armeniaca (apricot),
                                       Prunus avium (sweet
                                       cherry), Prunus besseyi
                                       (bessey cherry), Prunus
                                       cerasifera (myrobalan
                                       plum), Prunus domestica
                                       (plum), Prunus dulcis
                                       (almond), Prunus
                                       mahaleb (mahaleb
                                       cherry), Prunus persica
                                       (peach), Pterocarya
                                       stenoptera (chinese wing
                                       nut), Pyrus communis
                                       (European pear), Rosa
                                       (roses), Rosa canina
                                       (Dog rose), Rosa
                                       chinensis (China rose),
                                       Rosa multiflora
                                       (Multiflora rose), Rubus
                                       (blackberry, raspberry),
                                       Rubus idaeus
                                       (raspberry), Taxus
                                       baccata (English yew),
                                       Vicia benghalensis
                                       (purple vetch), Vicia faba
                                       (broad bean), Vigna
                                       catjang , Vitis rupestris
                                       (sand-grape), Vitis
                                       vinifera (grapevine), Zea
                                       mays (maize)
Punctodera punctata           A1 (2)   (P): Agrostis stolonifera akar (root), tanah        Europe: Austria, Belgium, Chech,
(Thorne) Mulvey & Stone;               var. palustris, Agrostis   (soil)                   Denmark, Finland, Yugoslavia,
(=Heterodera punctata),                stolonifera, Agrostis                               France, Germany, Greece,
Heteroderidae; grass cyst              capillaris, Festuca rubra,                          Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
nematode, grass cyst                   Lolium perenne, Poa                                 Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
eelworm                                annua, Poa pratensis                                Portugal, Russian Federation,
                                       (S): Avena sativa (oat,                             Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Kelompok: Nematoda                     oats) , Hordeum vulgare                             Sweden, Switzerland, Ukrania,
                                       (barli, barley), Triticum                           UK
                                       aestivum (gandum,                                   Asia: Israel, Japan
                                       wheat)                                              Africa: Marocco
                                                                                           America: Argentina, Canada,
                                                                                           Chile, Mexico, USA.
Rhadinaphelenchus             A1 (2)   (P): Cocos nucifera          tunas (bud), kulit     America: Bahama, Barbados,
cocophilus (Cobb) Goodey;              (kelapa, coconut), Elaeis    kayu (bark of wood),   Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa
(=Aphelenchoides cocophilus            guineensis (kelapa sawit,    planlet, batang        Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, El
=Aphelenchus cocophilus                oilpalm)                     (stem), daun (leaf),   Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana,
=Bursaphelenchus                       (S): Phoenix canariensis,    akar (root), kayu      Grenada, Haiti, Honduras,
cocophilus                            Phoenix dactylifera       (wood of), tanah       Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua,
=Chitinoaphelenchus                   (kurma, dates-palm),      (soil),Rhynchophorus   Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, St.
cocophilus),                          Sabal palmetto            palmarum &             Vincent & Grenadines, Suriname,
Aphelenchoididae; red ring                                      Rhynchophorus          Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela.
disease                                                         cruentatus (vector:
                                                                )
Kelompok: Nematoda

Scutellonema bradys          A1 (2)   (P): Dioscorea spp.,     umbi (tuber/corm),      Asia: India, South Korea,
(Steiner & Le Hew)                    Vigna cylindrica (kacang akar (root), tanah      Pakistan
Andrassy; (=Anguillulina              tunggak, long bean), Zea (soil).                 Africa: Cameroon, Ivory Coast,
bradys =Hoplolaimus bradys            mays (jagung, corn,                              Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria,
=Rotylenchus blaberus                 maize), Manihot                                  Senegal, Togo
=R.bradys =Scutellonema               esculenta (ubi kayu,                             America: Barbados, Brazil, Cuba,
blaberum =S.dioscorea),               cassava), Quercus spp.                           Dominica, Guadeloupe,
Hoplolaimidae; yam dry rot            (S): Abelmoschus                                 Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica,
nematode, yam nematode                moschatus (okra, lady’s                          Martini, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-
                                      finger), Cajanus cajan                           Tobago, USA, Venezuela
Kelompok: Nematoda                    (kacang gude, pigeon
                                      pea), Cocos nucifera
                                      (kelapa, coconut),
                                      Celosia argentea,
                                      Corchorus olitorius,
                                      Hibiscus cannabinus
                                      (kenaf), Hibiscus
                                      sabdariffa, Luffa
                                      acutangula (gambas,
                                      angled loofa),
                                      Lycopersicum
                                      esculentum (tomat,
                                      tomato), Manihot
                                      esculenta (ubi kayu,
                                      cassava), Pachyrhizus
                                      erosus (bangkuang,
                                      yam-bean), Vigna radiata
                                      (kacang hijau,
                                      mungbean), Pueraria
                                      phaseoloides, Sesamum
                                      indicum (wijen, sesame),
                                      Sorghum bicolor
                                      (sorgum, sorghum),
                                      Urena lobata, Synedrella
                                      nodiflora
Trichodorus similis          A1 (2)   (P): Solanum tuberosum akar (root), tanah        Europe: Belgium, Netherlands,
Seinhorst; Trichodoridae;             (kentang, potato),     (soil). (Vector :         France, Germany, Italy, Norway,
needle nematode                       sorgum, Beta vulgaris  tobacco rattle virus)     Poland, Sweden, UK
                                      var. saccharifera (bit                           America: USA.
Kelompok: Nematoda                    gula, sugar beetroot)

Trichodorus viruliferus      A1 (2)   (P): Beta vulgaris var.   akar (root), tanah    Europe: Bulgaria, France,
Hooper; Trichodoridae;                saccharifera (bit gula,   (soil). (Vector : pea Germany, Italy, Netherlands,
stubby root nematode                  sugar beetroot), Vitis    early browning virus, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, UK
                                      vinifera (anggur,         tobacco rattle virus)
Kelompok: Nematoda                    grapevine), Triticum
                                      aestivum (gandum,
                                      wheat), Zea mays
                                      (jagung, corn, maize)
Xiphinema americanum       A1 (2)   (P): Citrus spp. (jeruk,       akar (root), tanah       Europe: Hungary, Poland,
Cobb.; (=Tylencholaimus             orange), Coffea spp.           (soil). (Vector :        Russian Federation, Spain, UK
americanus =Xiphinema               (kopi, coffee), Malus          tobacco ring spot        Asia: PR of China, India, Japan,
taylori =Xiphinema                  domesticum (apel,              virus, Lycopersicum      Kazakhtan, North Korea, Oman,
californicum),                      apple), Rubus idaeus,          esculentum (tomat,       Pakistan, Philipina, Sri Lanka,
Xiphinematidae; American            Vaccinium spp., Vitis          tomato) ring spot        Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan
dagger nematode, tobacco            vinifera (anggur,              virus, Prunus persica    Africa: Nigeria
ring spot nematode                  grapevine), Zea mays           (persik, peach yellow    America: Argentina, Brazil,
                                    (jagung, corn, maize),         bud virus, Prunus        Canada, Chile, Ecuador,
Kelompok: Nematoda                  Lycopersicum                   cerrasus (ceri, cherry   Guatemala, Mexico, Panama,
                                    esculentum (tomat,             rasp leaf virus)         Peru, USA, Uruguay, Venezuella
                                    tomato), Avena sativa                                   Oceania: Australia.
                                    (oat, oats), Cocos
                                    nucifera (kelapa,
                                    coconut), Citrus sinensis
                                    (jeruk manis, navel
                                    orange), Ficus carica
                                    (ara), Fragaria vesca
                                    (arbei, strawberry),
                                    Glycine max(kedelai,
                                    soybean), Gossypium
                                    barbadens (kapas,
                                    cotton), Juglans regia
                                    (walnut), Dimocarpus
                                    litchii (leci, lychee),
                                    Linum usitatissimum,
                                    Mangifera indica
                                    (mangga, mango),
                                    Nicotiana tabacum
                                    (tembakau, tobacco),
                                    Oryza sativa (padi,
                                    paddy), Prunus spp.,
                                    Psidium guajava (jambu
                                    biji, guava), Rubus spp.,
                                    Saccharum officinarum
                                    (tebu, sugarcane),
                                    Solanum tuberosum
                                    (kentang, potato),
                                    Sorghum bicolor
                                    (sorgum, sorghum),
                                    Vaccinium spp., Vitis
                                    vinifera (anggur,
                                    grapevine)
                                    (S): Mentha spp. Pinus
                                    spp., Achras (=
                                    Manilkara) zapota (sawo,
                                    sapodilla), Onobrychis
                                    viciifolia, Petunia
                                    hybrida, Picea spp.,
                                    Plantago spp., Poncirus
                                    trifoliata, Potentilla spp.,
                                    Rosa spp. (mawar, rose),
                                    Shorea robusta, Tectona
                                    grandis (jati, teakwood),
                                    Trifolium spp., Zoysia
                                    japonica, Agropyron
                                    spp., Bambucaceae,
                                    Codiaeum variegatum,
                                      Callicarpa americana,
                                      Nerium oleander
Xiphinema diversicaudatum    A1 (2)   (P): Beta vulgaris (bit,     akar (root), tanah     Europe: Austria, Belgium,
Micoletzky & Thorne;                  beetroot), Fragaria vesca    (soil). (Vector: :     Netherlands, Bulgaria, Croatia,
(=Dorylaimus (Longidorus)             (arbei, strawberry),         arabic mosaic virus,   Czech, Denmark, Yugoslavia,
diversicaudatus                       Prunus spp., Rosa spp.       Fragaria vesca         France, Germany, Greece,
=D.elongatus =Longidorus              (mawar, rose), Rubus         (arbei, strawberry     Ireland, Italy, Moldova, Norway,
diversicaudatus =Xiphinema            fruticosa, Rubus idaeus,     latent ringspot        Poland, Portugal, Russian
(Diversiphinema)                      Vitis vinifera (anggur,      virus)                 Federation, Slovakia, Spain,
diversicaudatum                       grapevine)                                          Sweden, Switzerland, Ukrania,
=X.amarantum =X.basiri                                                                    UK
=X.israeliae =X.                                                                          Asia: India, Israel
paraelongatum =X.sahelense                                                                Africa: Algeria, South Africa
=X.seredouense),                                                                          America: USA, New Zealand.
Xiphinematidae; dagger
nematode

Kelompok: Nematoda

Xiphinema index Thorne &     A1 (2)   (P): Vitis vinifera          akar (root), tanah     Europe: Albania, Austria,
Allen; (=Diversiphinema               (anggur, grapevine),         (soil). (Vector: :     Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Rep.
index), Xiphinematidae;               Ficus carica (ara, fig) ,    fanleaf virus pada     Czech, Yugoslavia, France,
dagger nematode, fanleaf              Muscadinia rotundifolia,     Vitis vinifera         Germany, Greece, Hungary,
virus nematode                        Vitis spp.                   (anggur, grapevine)    Italya, Malta, Moldova, Poland,
                                      (S): Citrus spp. (jeruk,                            Portugal, Rumania, Russian
Kelompok: Nematoda                    orange), Ampelopsis                                 Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia,
                                      aconitifolia, Anacardium                            Spain, Switzerland, Ukrania
                                      occidentale (jambu mete,                            Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan,
                                      cashew-nut), Citrus                                 Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel,
                                      aurantium (jeruk nipis,                             Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey,
                                      ime), Cydonia oblonga                               Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
                                      (kwinsi, quince), Juglans                           Africa: Algeria, South Africa,
                                      regia (walnut), Jasminum                            Tunisia
                                      officinale, Lycopersicum                            America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile,
                                      esculentum (tomat,                                  Peru, USA
                                      tomato), Malus                                      Oceania: Australia, New
                                      domesticum (apel,                                   Zealand.
                                      apple), Morus alba, Olea
                                      europea subsp. europea
                                      (zaitum, olive), Opuntia
                                      sp., Parthenicissus
                                      tricuspidata, Petunia
                                      hybrida, Vigna spp.
                                      (buncis, cowpea),
                                      Pistacia mutica, Pistacia
                                      vera, Prunus americana
                                      (aprikot, apricot), Prunus
                                      cerrasus (ceri, cherry),
                                      Prunus spp., Pyrus
                                      communis (pir, pear),
                                      Rosa spp. (mawar, rose),
                                      Solanum tuberosum
                                      (kentang, potato)
Xiphinema italye Meyl.;      A1 (2)   (P): Citrus spp., Vitis      akar (root), tanah     Europe: Greece, Italy, Spain
Xiphinematidae; dagger                vinifera (anggur,            (soil). (Vector: :     Africa: Cameroon, Egypt, Libia,
nematode                              grapevine), Olea europea     grapevine fanleaf      Nigeria, South Africa, Tunisia.
                                      subsp. europea (zaitum,      virus)
Kelompok: Nematoda                    olive)
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus   A1 (2)   (P): Pinus spp.            kulit kayu (bark of      Europe: Portugal
Steiner & Buhrer, Nickle;             (S): Picea spp., Larix     wood), umbi              America : USA, Canada, Mexico
Parasitaphelenchidae, Pine            spp., Abies spp., Cedrus   (tuber/corm),            Asia : China, Hongkong, Japan,
Wilt Nematode                         deodara, Cedrus            rhizome, batang          Korea, Macau
                                      atlantica, Pseudotsuga     (stem), daun (leaf),
Kelompok: Nematoda                    menziesii,                 bunga
(Tanam                                Chamaecyparis              (flower/infloresence),
                                      nootkatensis.              benih/biji
                                                                 (seed/grain),
                                                                 (externaly), tanah
                                                                 (soil), kemasan kayu
                                                                 (wood packing
                                                                 material),
                                                                 Monochamus
                                                                 alternatus (vector),
                                                                 M. Nitens (vector)

								
To top