Oil Pastel Impressionism Ohio Standards: -Explain the relationship of a selected work of art to the time period in which it was created. - Describe sources visual artists use to generate ideas for artworks. - Explain how choice of media and style contribute to the meaning of a work. Background: The history of modern art begins with Impressionism, a movement founded in Paris as an opposition to the rigid traditions favored by art schools. The Impressionist style of painting emphasized loose imagery rather than finely delineated pictures. The artists of the movement worked mostly outdoors and strived to capture the variations of light at differing times throughout the day. Their color palettes were colorful and they rarely used blacks or grays. Subject matter was most often landscape or scenes from daily life. Impressionists were interested in the use of color, tone, and texture in order to objectively record nature. They emphasized sunlight, shadows, and direct and reflected light. In order to produce vibrant colors, they applied short brush strokes of contrasting colors to the canvas, rather than mixing hues on a palette. The Impressionist approach was avant-garde and revolutionary, and not interested in telling stories and painting morals of the academic painters. Three things helped to bring about the Impressionist style; 1) Painters did not want to be like realist photographers, 2) new technology of paint in tubes allowed more outdoor work, and 3) painters were influenced by the flat quality of Japanese prints. Materials: Gray paper, masking tape, oil pastels, watercolor paints, landscape examples. Procedure: Choose a magazine landscape to work from. It should have a lot of color and very little, if any, black. No silhouettes. Tape the edges of the paper to make an even border. Paint a background with watercolor. Do not try to paint the scene, but just get color in the background. Blend oil pastels by drawing on top of another color, not by rubbing with your fingers. Start the oil pastels with the farthest parts of the scene and the shadows. Work toward the front (as if you were standing and looking at the scene) and the lightest parts. Every area should have at least three colors blended. Evaluation: - Is there an obvious use of a resource? - Are there Impressionist style brush strokes? - Does the work represent the photo? - Is there a knowledge of color mixing, intensity colors in the shadows? - Are there at least three colors in every area?