Mangrove ecosystems_ communities and conflict developing

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					                                                 Mangrove Ecosystems                                         Communities and conflicts



                                                 E     cological systems are the powerhouse for
                                                       social systems. Mangrove ecosystems support
                                                       communities in tropical coastal areas.
                                                 Interactions among physical, chemical and biological
                                                 components of mangrove ecosystems give rise to
                                                                                                          E      cosystem services provide livelihoods to
                                                                                                                 humans. Livelihoods of Tropical coastal
                                                                                                                 communities depend on mangrove ecosystem
                                                                                                          services produced by mangrove functions.
                                                 functions that support life, including that of humans.   Livelihoods that affect hydrology change mangrove
                                                                                                          functions and therefore their life supporting
                                                                                                          capacity.
                                                       Mangrove plants                    Soil

Mangrove ecosystems, communities and conflict:                                                             Livelihood          Functions affected
developing knowledge-based approaches to                                                 Water
                                                     Animals                                                                   Habitats, nursery grounds,
reconcile multiple demands                                                                                 Fisheries
                                                                                                                               biodiversity

                                                       Microorganisms                       Air                                Organic matter production,
                                                                                                           Shrimp              habitats & nursery grounds
                                                     Ecosystem                                             culture             Pollutant removal
                                                     processes
                                                   Ecosystem Functions
                                                    Organic matter production food for fish & shellfish    Shrimp
                                                    Nursery areas for juvenile fish and shellfish          processing          Very little effect
                                                    Habitats for aquatic organisms
                                                                                                           Charcoal            Organic matter production,
                                                    Supports biodiversity
                                                    Removal of pollutants from water/ sediment             production          habitats, nursery grounds
                                                    Sediment stabilization


                                                                                                           Eco/tourism
                                                                                                                               Very little negative effect
                                                   Ecosystem Services
                                                   Provision Fish, wood, fuel, clean air and water
                                                   Regulation Water purification, climate, floods
                                                   Protection Check coastal erosion, storms, salt water
                                                   intrusion
                                                   Cultural – Aesthetic, recreation, education                  Level of negative effect on mangrove functions
                                                                                                          and conflict with other livelihoods
Objectives of EU MANGROVE Project                      ACTION PLANNING
¾   Understand the functional status of mangrove
    ecosystems in Nakhon Si Thammarat                    ¾    Stakeholder participatory methods
¾   Livelihoods and their dependence on mangrove                   o Identification of mangrove resource
    functions and services                                             uses
¾   Conflicts in resource use and management                       o Conflict areas
¾   Development of an Action Plan to reconcile                     o Remedial options
    multiple demands on mangrove resources with                    o Constraints
    stakeholder participation                            ¾    Actions
¾   Develop stakeholder based monitoring                           o Mangrove rehabilitation
    mechanisms using indicators on functional                      o Ecotourism promotion
    status of mangrove ecosystems and                              o Better fisheries management
    sustainability of dependent livelihoods                        o Better aquaculture
¾   Communication of knowledge generated to                            management
    coastal/ mangrove managers                           ¾    Implementation strategy/ies
¾   Assist in formulating Codes of Practice and                    o Community groups
    policies to reconcile multiple demands on                      o Local government authorities
    mangrove resources                                             o National agencies
Contribution of EU MANGROVE Project for                  ¾    Monitoring project impacts/
                                                              trajectories of change
development of knowledge based                                     o Stakeholder participation
approaches for reconciling multiple demands                        o Indicators
on mangrove resources                                              o Stakeholder skill enhancement
¾   Appraisal of mangrove functions
         o Stakeholder participation
         o Expert contribution                               Expected output of the workshop
¾   Sustainability of livelihoods
         o Social, institutional and organizational      ¾    Identification of best mangrove rehabilitation
              environment                                     strategies for Nakhon Si Thammarat
         o Participatory appraisal and log book          ¾    Identification of activities that need external
              method for quantification                       input
¾   Institutional analysis using soft system             ¾    Evaluation of EU MANGROVE input for
    methodology (SSM)                                         mangrove rehabilitation in Nakhon Si
         o focuses on creating the human activity             Thammarat Province
              systems and human relationships
              needed to achieve a common purpose.
         o based on clarifying an unstructuredor
              messy problem situation to identify
              desirable and feasible change. It
              integrates thinking about the logic of
              how to improve a situation with what
              is socially and politically feasible.