Mangrove Ecosystems Communities and conflicts E cological systems are the powerhouse for social systems. Mangrove ecosystems support communities in tropical coastal areas. Interactions among physical, chemical and biological components of mangrove ecosystems give rise to E cosystem services provide livelihoods to humans. Livelihoods of Tropical coastal communities depend on mangrove ecosystem services produced by mangrove functions. functions that support life, including that of humans. Livelihoods that affect hydrology change mangrove functions and therefore their life supporting capacity. Mangrove plants Soil Mangrove ecosystems, communities and conflict: Livelihood Functions affected developing knowledge-based approaches to Water Animals Habitats, nursery grounds, reconcile multiple demands Fisheries biodiversity Microorganisms Air Organic matter production, Shrimp habitats & nursery grounds Ecosystem culture Pollutant removal processes Ecosystem Functions Organic matter production food for fish & shellfish Shrimp Nursery areas for juvenile fish and shellfish processing Very little effect Habitats for aquatic organisms Charcoal Organic matter production, Supports biodiversity Removal of pollutants from water/ sediment production habitats, nursery grounds Sediment stabilization Eco/tourism Very little negative effect Ecosystem Services Provision Fish, wood, fuel, clean air and water Regulation Water purification, climate, floods Protection Check coastal erosion, storms, salt water intrusion Cultural – Aesthetic, recreation, education Level of negative effect on mangrove functions and conflict with other livelihoods Objectives of EU MANGROVE Project ACTION PLANNING ¾ Understand the functional status of mangrove ecosystems in Nakhon Si Thammarat ¾ Stakeholder participatory methods ¾ Livelihoods and their dependence on mangrove o Identification of mangrove resource functions and services uses ¾ Conflicts in resource use and management o Conflict areas ¾ Development of an Action Plan to reconcile o Remedial options multiple demands on mangrove resources with o Constraints stakeholder participation ¾ Actions ¾ Develop stakeholder based monitoring o Mangrove rehabilitation mechanisms using indicators on functional o Ecotourism promotion status of mangrove ecosystems and o Better fisheries management sustainability of dependent livelihoods o Better aquaculture ¾ Communication of knowledge generated to management coastal/ mangrove managers ¾ Implementation strategy/ies ¾ Assist in formulating Codes of Practice and o Community groups policies to reconcile multiple demands on o Local government authorities mangrove resources o National agencies Contribution of EU MANGROVE Project for ¾ Monitoring project impacts/ trajectories of change development of knowledge based o Stakeholder participation approaches for reconciling multiple demands o Indicators on mangrove resources o Stakeholder skill enhancement ¾ Appraisal of mangrove functions o Stakeholder participation o Expert contribution Expected output of the workshop ¾ Sustainability of livelihoods o Social, institutional and organizational ¾ Identification of best mangrove rehabilitation environment strategies for Nakhon Si Thammarat o Participatory appraisal and log book ¾ Identification of activities that need external method for quantification input ¾ Institutional analysis using soft system ¾ Evaluation of EU MANGROVE input for methodology (SSM) mangrove rehabilitation in Nakhon Si o focuses on creating the human activity Thammarat Province systems and human relationships needed to achieve a common purpose. o based on clarifying an unstructuredor messy problem situation to identify desirable and feasible change. It integrates thinking about the logic of how to improve a situation with what is socially and politically feasible.