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Man is born with an insatiable thirst and a deep curiosity to learn the mind and matter that surrounds him. The function learning, understanding the explaining continually in process in all human beings. The moment one comes across phenomena, whether it be in the social, psychological natural ethical or any other field, which seems to be inaccessible then unable to be satisfied the intrigue sharpens. In this dissertation we will make a study of two seemingly irrational phenomena which prick our curiosity and high ten our desire to know about them. These being, magic and bungled actions in history. In the first chapter the problem as to whether the seemingly irrational can be amenable in rational terms or not poses itself. As this problem is directly related to the concepts of rationality and explanation, a brief discussion of these two notions will be looked into. The second chapter in the philosophy of anthropology comprises of a discussion on magic; a social phenomena, which loomed large in the primitive cultures, butt traces of which are found even today, in our present day modern world. Can this seemingly irrational act be explained rationally?’ this will be our topic of concern in the second chapter. Various views have been adduced by different social anthropologists. We have made a study of Frazers’ theory of magic, functionalism and Beattie’s view that magic is basically symbolic and observe that none can stand on closer scrutiny. Peterwinch has also been brought into account but his arguments also cannot stand in the heat of criticism produced against them. It is the logic of situation that has been able to explain magic satisfactorily. In the third chapter we will deal with the philosophy of history. The problem selected to be discussed is of yet another seemingly irrational phenomena. These are bungled actions in history; actions which do not attain their coveted goals but end e up, in a muddled up consequence due to the misappraisal of the agent, involved in the problem situation. A few historical explanation presented by different social scientists have been brought into consideration, but those could not successfully explained bungled actions in history, due to their own shortcomings. Bringing into account Watkins’ Imperfect rationality principle in the context of the logic of situation, we have tried to explain that bungled actions are not unintelligible. Thus both irrational phenomena; magic, in the field of social anthropology, and bungled actions in history can be explained in terms of the logic of situation.
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