SCORING PROCEDURE The University of Arizona Tucson Arizona by mikesanye

VIEWS: 26 PAGES: 9

									                                                         STATE FFA NURSERY/LANDSCAPE
                                                           CAREER DEVELOPMENT EVENTspe
                                                                                     Revised January 2004


 PURPOSE

 To stimulate career interest, encourage proficiency development, and recognize excellence in
 students of nursery practices and landscaping through the agricultural education curriculum.

 TEAM MAKE-UP

 A team will consist of three members and one alternate.

I. OBJECTIVES

    A. To demonstrate the ability to identify nursery and landscape plant materials and turf grasses
       commonly used in the Southwest and in the United States.

    B. To demonstrate the ability to identify unhealthy plant conditions due to pests, nutritional or
       physiological disorders, and mechanical or chemical injury.

    C. To demonstrate knowledge of the principles and skills involved in propagation, growth
       requirements, growing techniques, harvesting, marketing and maintenance of nursery plants
       and landscape turf.

    D. To demonstrate knowledge of the principles and techniques of landscape design and
       construction.

    E. To demonstrate the ability to identify, select, use and maintain appropriate supplies and
       equipment for nursery and landscape operations, including equipment and procedures in
       mechanization and automation.

    F. To demonstrate knowledge of safety practices in nursery and landscape operations.

    G. To demonstrate skills in oral and written business communications.

    H. To demonstrate understanding of marketing principles and proper sales and service skills.

    I. To demonstrate the ability to prepare accurate and legible records and reports and to interpret
       business documents.

II. COMPETENCIES
       PS 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15
  A. Select and prepare growing media and understand characteristics of different medium
     components.

  B. Determine need for fertilizers, growth regulators and pesticides.

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  C. Propogate, grow and maintain nursery stock.

  D. Recommend installation and maintenance measures for exterior landscapes.

  E. Recommend correct plant(s) for a given situation.

  F. Identify characteristics of a quality plant.

  G. Propagate, grow and maintain nursery crops.

  H. Identify landscape and nursery crops.

  I. Apply skills in selling and merchandising horticulture products.

  J. Demonstrate an understanding of economic principles needed for an effective operation of a
      horticultural business.

  K. Construct, operate and maintain plant growth structures (greenhouses, lath houses, cold frames,
      etc.).

  L. Identify tools, equipment and supplies used in the nursery and landscape industries.

  M. Demonstrate the ability to read and interpret blueprints for landscapes.


III. EVENT FORMAT

 The divisions of the event are:
    1. Written Exam - General Knowledge Test (100 points)
    2. Practicums (4 out of 5 chosen randomly)
               Plant Identification (40 points)
               Plant Selection (40 points)
               Problems (40 points)
               Equipment ID (40 points)
               Plan Reading and Assessment (40 points)
          TOTAL POINTS – 260


IV. SCORING PROCEDURE

 See attached chart

 REFERENCES

 NOTE: All General Knowledge Test questions will be based on information found in the references
 listed above.

 Arizona Core Curriculum, Plant Growth and Development, SRU #5.


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New Western Garden Book –Sunset will be the authority for the portion of the plant identification test
where plant characteristics are tested..

Plants for Dry Climates, Duffield and Jones.

Introductory Horticulture, Sixth Edition, Reily and Shry.

Landscape/Nursery Event Plant List for the Arizona FFA State CDE Day


GENERAL KNOWLEDGE TEST
(100 points, 50 questions, 45 minutes)

Each year the event officials will create a written test consisting of fifty objective questions (multiple
choice and/or true/false). These questions may relate to any of the event competencies previously
listed. The answers to all of the General Knowledge Test questions can be found in the references
listed above. Each question will be worth two (2) points. Answers will be written on a scan tron sheet.
Participant will be allowed 45 minutes to complete this portion of the event.


PRACTICUMS (4 @ 40 pts =160 points)

NOTICE: ALL PRACTICUMS WILL BE FOR INDIVIDUAL PARTICIPANTS

Each year FOUR of the FIVE practical stations from the list below will be selected by the event
superintendent, but will not be announced in advance to teams or coaches. All materials necessary to
complete the skills test will be provided except pencils.

1. PLANT SELECTION
(40 points)

Participants will identify specific characteristics of 20 plants from the plant list. This portion of the
event will be a multiple-choice test, using a scan tron sheet. The 20 questions are worth 2 points
each. Latin names will be used in all questions.

The following are sample questions:

Which of the following would be the best choice for a vine to cover the north side of a house in the
desert southwest?
       a.     Euonymus japonica
       b.     Ficus pumila
       c.     Leucophyllum frutecena
       d.     Gazania rigens

Which of the following plants displays blue clusters of flowers in early spring ?
      a.       Leucophyllum frutescens
      b.       Cordia boissieri
      c.       Sophora secundiflora
      d.       Chilopsis linearis

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                     OR

2. PLANT IDENTIFICATION
(40 points)

Twenty (20) landscape or nursery plant specimens selected from the approved list will be set up in an
open area. Each plant will be numbered and the plants will be arranged randomly but sequentially
from 1-20. Each participant will be given the plant list that includes the botanical name, common
name and variety (if appropriate) of each of the plants. Next to each plant's common and scientific
name on the score sheet, participants will write the number of the corresponding specimen plant.

Two points will be awarded for each correct identification. Officials will designate a definite order of
rotation and will space team members apart in order to avoid interaction between team members
during this phase of the event. A time limit of 30 seconds per plant will be observed. No specimen
plant may be touched or handled in any way.


                     OR

3. NURSERY / LANDSCAPE MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION
  (40 points)

The participant will identify 20 items (2 points each) or photographs of tools, equipment and supplies
used in the landscape and nursery trade. The National list of nursery/landscape equipment and
supplies identification and some supplies commonly used in the Southwest will be used for this
practicum. Participants will receive the list and will write the corresponding number of an item next to
the appropriate item.

       EXAMPLES OF ID MATERIALS:
       1, 5, 15 gallon container                                drip irrigation component
       24" box                                                  fertilizer injector
       vermiculite                                              rooting hormone
       peat moss                                                propagation mat
       anvil and blade pruners                                  shade cloth
       4" & 6" pots                                             plant tie tape
       water breaker                                            tree caliper
       mattock                                                  backpack sprayer
       hanging baskets                                          tree spade
       grafting knife                                           soil sulphur
       tree netting                                             moisture meter
       pH meter                                                 liners




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             OR


4. IDENTIFYING AND CONTROLLING PLANT DISORDERS
   (40 points)

   Each participant will view ten samples, each of which has a nutritional,
   environmental, disease or insect disorder. The participant will need to identify
   the disorder (given in the form of a multiple choice question) and then
   prescribe a treatment (also given in the form of a multiple choice question).
   The ten questions are worth 4 points each, 2 points for the identification of the
   disorder and 2 points for the selection of an appropriate treatment.

      EXAMPLE: (PARTICIPANT IS LOOKING AT A PLANT SAMPLE
      LABELED "DISORDER #1”)

Disorder #1 is:
          a. too much light
          b. root rot
          c. whiteflies
          d. salt damage
      1. Prescribed Treatment for #1 is:
          a. water deeply
          b. apply Sevin according to directions
          c. add sand to the soil around this plant
          d. use a high phosphorus fertilizer

      The plant disorders to be used in the event will be selected from the
      following list:

      Nutritional and Environmental Disorders

      Poor soil drainage
      Overwatering damage
      Insufficient water
      Inadequate lighting
      Too much light
      Improper temperature
      Iron Deficiency
      Nitrogen deficiency
      Phosphorus Deficiency
      Salt damage
      Frost damage




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        Diseases

        Powdery mildew
        Root rot
        Verticillium wilt
        Rust
        Mosaic
        Leaf spot
        Stem rot
        Fusarium wilt
        Damping-off
        Rhizoctonia

        Insects and Pests

        Snails
        Whiteflies
        Leaf cutter bees
        Mealybugs
        Slugs
        Aphids
        Spider mites
        Scale

        Weeds

        Nutsedge
        Oxalis
        Crabgrass
        Dandelion
        Purslane
        Bermuda grass

                              OR

5. PLAN READING AND ASSESSMENT
(40 points)

Participants will receive a landscape plan and 10 multiple choice questions, worth
4 points each. Questions will relate to the ability to interpret elements on the plan,
read the scale and estimate materials. Scales will be provided. Questions will be
multiple choice.

Example: How far apart are the tam junipers on the north side of the patio ?

Calculate the square feet of paved surface area on the north side of the house.



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                                    NURSERY / LANDSCAPE EVENT
                                              PLANT LIST


ACACIA redolens                                 Prostrate Acacia           _____________________
ACACIA salicina                                 Willow Acacia              _____________________
ACACIA smallii                                  Sweet Acacia               _____________________
ACACIA stenophylla                              Shoestring Acacia          _____________________
AGAVE Americana                                 Century Plant              _____________________
AGAVE vilmoriniana                              Octopus Agave              _____________________
APTENIA cordifolia                              Hearts and Flowers         _____________________
ARECASTRUM romanzoffiana                        Queen Palm                 _____________________
ASPARAGUS densiflorus                           Asparagus Fern             _____________________
BACCHARIS centennial                            Centennial Broom           _____________________
BOUGAINVILLEA ‘Barbara Karst’                   Bougainvillea              _____________________
BRACHYCHITON populneus                          Bottle Tree                _____________________
BUDDLEIA marrubifolia                           Woolly butterfly bush      _____________________
BUXUS microphylla japonica                      Japanese Boxwood           _____________________
CAESALPINIA pulcherrima                         Red Bird of Paradise       _____________________
CAESALPINIA mexicana                            Mexican Bird of Paradise   _____________________
CALLIANDRA californica                          Baja Fairy Duster          _____________________
CALLIANDRA eriophyila                           Fairy Duster               _____________________
CARISSA grandiflora                             Natal Plum                 _____________________
CHAMAEROPS humilis                              Mediterranean Fan Palm     _____________________
CHILOPSIS linearis                              Desert Willow              _____________________
CONVOLVULUS cneorum                             Bush Morning Glory         _____________________
CORDIA boissieri                                Texas Olive                _____________________
CUPRESSUS arizonica                             Arizona Cypress            _____________________
CYCAS revoluta                                  Sago Palm                  _____________________
DALEA frutescens                                Black Dalea                _____________________
DALEA greggii                                   Trailing Indigo Bush       _____________________
DASYLIRION wheeleri                             Desert Spoon               _____________________
DODONAEA viscosa                                Hopseed Bush               _____________________
EBENOPSIS ebano (PITHECELLOBIUM flexicaule)     Texas Ebony                _____________________
ENCELIA farinosa                                Brittle Bush               _____________________
ERICAMERIA laricifolia                          Turpentine bush            _____________________
EUCALYPTUS microtheca                           Coolibah                   _____________________
EUCALYPTUS spathulata                           Narrow-Leaved Gimlet       _____________________
EUPHORBIA rigida                                Gopher Plant               _____________________
FEROCACTUS spp.                                 Barrel Cactus              _____________________
FOUQUIERIA splendens                            Ocotilla                   _____________________
FRAXINUS velutina ‘Fantex’                      Rio Grande Ash             _____________________



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GEIJERA parviflora                                 Australian Willow                _____________________
GARDENIA jasminoides                               Gardenia                         _____________________
GAZANIA rigens                                     Gazania                          _____________________
HEDERA helix                                       English Ivy                      _____________________
HESPERALOE parviflora                              Red Yucca                        _____________________
HIBISCUS rosa-sinensis                             Chinese Hibiscus                 _____________________
JUNIPERUS tamariscifolia                           Tam Juniper                      _____________________
JUSTICIA spicigera                                 Mexican Honeysuckle              _____________________
LAGERSTROEMIA indica                               Crape Myrtle                     _____________________
LANTANA montevidensis                              Trailing Purple Lantana          _____________________
LARREA tridentata                                  Creosote                         _____________________
LEUCOPHYLLUM frutescens                            Texas Ranger/Texas Sage          _____________________
LEUCOPHYLLUM compacta                              Compact Texas Sage               _____________________
LEUCOPHYLLUM ‘Green Cloud’                         Green Cloud                      _____________________
LEUCOPHYLLUM laevigatum                            Chihuahuan Sage                  _____________________
LONICERA japonica                                  Honeysuckle                      _____________________
MACFADYENA unguis-cati                             Cat's Claw Vine                  _____________________
MUHLENBERGIA capillaris ‘Regal Mist’               Regal Mist Muhly                 _____________________
MUHLENBERGIA rigens                                Deer Grass                       _____________________
MYOPORUM parvifolium                               Green Myoporum                   _____________________
NANDINA domestica                                  Heavenly Bamboo                  _____________________
NERIUM oleander ‘Petite Pink’                      Petite Pink Oleander             _____________________
NERIUM oleander                                    Standard Oleander                _____________________
OENOTHERA berlandieri                              Mexican Evening Primrose         _____________________
OPTUNTIA spp.                                      Prickly Pear                     _____________________
PARKINSONIA aculeata                               Mexican Palo Verde               _____________________
PARKINSONIA florida (CERCIDIUM floridum)           Blue Palo Verde                  _____________________
PARKINSONIA mycrophylla (CERCIDIUM microphyllum)   Foothills Palo Verde             _____________________
PARKINSONIA praecox (CERCIDIUM praecox)            Palo Brea                        _____________________
PENNISETUM setaceum ‘Cupreum’                      Purple Fountain Grass            _____________________
PHILODENDRON selloum                               Philodendron                     _____________________
PHOENIX dactylifera                                Date Palm                        _____________________
PINUS eldarica                                     Mondell Pine                     _____________________
PITTOSPORUM tobira ‘Wheeler’s Dwarf’               Wheelers Dwarf                   _____________________
PLATANUS wrightii                                  Arizona Sycamore                 _____________________
PODOCARPUS macrophyllus                            Yew Pine                         _____________________
POPULUS fremontii                                  Cottonwood                       _____________________
PROSOPIS chilensis                                 Chilean Mesquite                 _____________________
PROSOPIS hybrid                                    South American hybrid Mesquite   _____________________
PRUNUS sp.                                         Purple Leaf Plum                 _____________________
PYRACANTHA sp.                                     Pyracantha                       _____________________
QUERCUS ilex                                       Holly Oak                        _____________________



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QUERCUS virginiana                           Southern Live Oak           _____________________
RAPHIOLEPIS indica                           Indian Hawthorn             _____________________
RHUS lancea                                  African Sumac               _____________________
ROSMARINUS officinalis                       Prostrate Rosemary          _____________________
RUELLIA peninsularis                         Ruellia                     _____________________
SALVIA greggii                               Autumn Sage                 _____________________
SCHINUS molle                                California Pepper Tree      _____________________
SENNA artemisioides (CASSIA artemisioides)   Feathery Cassia             _____________________
SENNA nemophylla (CASSIA nemophylla)         Green Cassia                _____________________
SENNA phyllodinea (CASSIA phyllodinea)       Silver Leaf Cassia          _____________________
SIMMONDSIA chinensis                         Jojoba                      _____________________
SOPHORA secundiflora                         Texas Mountain Laurel       _____________________
STRELITZIA reginae                           Tropical Bird of Paradise   _____________________
TECOMA stans                                 Arizona Yellow Bells        _____________________
TECOMARIA capensis                           Cape Honeysuckle            _____________________
THEVETIA peruviana                           Yellow Oleander             _____________________
TRACHELOSPERMUM jasminoides                  Star Jasmine                _____________________
ULMUS parvifolia                             Evergreen Elm               _____________________
VAUQUELINIA californica                      Arizona Rosewood            _____________________
VERBENA peruviana                            Verbena (asst. colors)      _____________________
VERBENA rigida                               Sandpaper verbena           _____________________
VITEX agnus-castus                           Chaste Tree                 _____________________
WASHINGTONIA robusta                         Mexican Fan Palm            _____________________
YUCCA aloifolia                              Spanish Bayonet             _____________________
YUCCA elata                                  Soap Tree Yucca             _____________________



BEDDING PLANTS:
DIMORPHOTHECA sinuata                        African Daisy               _____________________
CALENDULA officinalis                        Calendula                   _____________________
CATHARANTHUS roseus                          Periwinkle                  _____________________
IMPATIENS balsamina                          Impatiens                   _____________________
LISIANTHUS russellianus                      Lisianthus                  _____________________
LOBULARIA maritima                           Sweet Alyssum               _____________________
MATTHIOLA                                    Stocks                      _____________________
PETUNIA                                      Petunia                     _____________________
TAGETES                                      Marigolds                   _____________________
VIOLA                                        Pansy                       _____________________
ZINNIA elegans                               Zinnia                      _____________________




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