Name: _________________ Date:__________ The Civil War Chapter 11 Test Take home Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description. Note: Some letters may not be used at all. Some may be used more than once. (2 points each) A. Ulysses S. Grant AB. George McClellan B. William Tecumseh Sherman AC. David G. Farragut C. Abraham Lincoln AD. Jefferson Davis D. Robert E. Lee AE. Clara Barton E. Stonewall Jackson BC. John Wilkes Booth ____ 1. Republican who won the presidency in 1860 ____ 2. Southern sympathizer and actor who assassinated President Lincoln ____ 3. hero at Vicksburg who became commander of all Union armies in 1864 ____ 4. Union commander who burned a path of destruction through Georgia ____ 5. president of the Confederacy ____ 6. general responsible for the Confederate victory at the First Battle of Bull Run ____ 7. Union general who was eventually fired by Lincoln for having the "slows" ____ 8. Union commander who seized New Orleans, Baton Rouge, and Natchez ____ 9. Confederate commander who opposed secession but sided with his beloved state of Virginia ____ 10. Union nurse who cared for the sick and wounded on the front lines Multiple Choice: Choose the letter of the best answer. (2 points each) ____ 11. Which of the following abolished slavery in the North? A. the Gettysburg Address B. the Thirteenth Amendment C. the Compromise of 1850 D. the Emancipation Proclamation ____ 12. Why is the Battle of Gettysburg considered a turning point in the Civil War? A. It made the South give up the idea of invading the North. B. It divided the Confederacy. C. It convinced the Confederacy to surrender. D. It marked the first Union victory on the battlefield. ____ 13. Which of the following quotations is from the Gettysburg Address? A. "We are not prepared for this suffrage. But we can learn." B. "All persons held as slaves within any State . . . in rebellion against the United States, shall be . . . forever free." C. "The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here." D. "You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, . . . determined people on earth." ____ 14. What is the main reason that Lincoln did not respond with force to the Confederate threat to attack Fort Sumter? A. He wanted the Union to fire the first shots in the war. B. He wished to treat the Confederacy as a legitimate nation. C. He did not want to anger Republicans and slave states still in the Union. D. He had decided to abandon Fort Sumter. ____ 15. Why was David Farragut's victory in April 1862 so important? A. It protected the Union capital from a Confederate takeover. B. It advanced the Union plan to split the Confederacy along the Mississippi River. C. It made the South give up the idea of invading the North. D. It boosted morale throughout the South and prompted Lee to invade the North. ____ 16. What was the stated aim of the Emancipation Proclamation? A. to free all slaves in the United States B. to free slaves behind Confederate lines C. to free slaves in Union slave states D. to enlist slaves in the Union army ____ 17. What was Clara Barton's role in the Civil War? A. Red Cross volunteer B. nurse on the battlefield C. ordinary soldier D. federal clerk True/ False: If the statement is true, fill in A on your scantron. If it is false, fill in B on your scantron. (2 points each) _____ 18. A writ of habeas corpus is a court order that requires authorities to appear before a judge and show cause for jailing a prisoner. _____ 19. A Copperhead was a Northern Democrat who supported peace with the South. ______ 20. The riots that broke out among lower-class New York City workers in 1863 were in reaction to emancipation. ______21. The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves only in the border states. ______ 22. The income tax law of 1863 helped businesses and made banking safer for investors. _______23. Garland White shot President Lincoln just five days after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House. _______ 24. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery throughout the United States. _______25. During the war, the Confederacy faced a severe shortage of nurses that led to skyrocketing prices and riots in the streets. Short Answer 26. List the eleven Confederate States of America: 27. List ten of the Union States 28. List the five Border States: 29. Explain four advantages the North (USA) had at the beginning of the War. 30. Explain three advantages the South had at the beginning of the War. 31. Put the following in chronological order: First Battle of Antietam Battle of Bull Run Battle of Gettysburg Emancipation Proclamation South Carolina secedes Sherman’s March Vicksburg is captured Surrender at Appomattox Lincoln elected President Fort Sumter bombed 32. List in Chronological Order the generals who were in charge of the UNION Army Define or identify the following with respects to the American Civil War. 33. Total war 34. War of Attrition 35. Anaconda Plan 36. Rifling 37. Draft Riots 38. States Rights Explain the Importance of the following 39. The Gettysburg Address 40. The Emancipation Proclamation.