# Tenses And You

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```					TENSES
AND
YOU   Prepared by:
Ms. CHANDAN MEET
T.G.T ENGLISH
DL DAV SHALIMAR
BAGH
This study material can be used by teachers
as well as students.
This material is basically meant for students
of class VII and can be used in modules for
class VI also.
This presentation enhances the grasping
power of the students as it not only provides
the definitions , structures and examples but
through their pictorial or animated description,
aids the teaching – learning process.
Exercises have been attached to each
concept so that students can apply the
concepts and check their understanding.
How to use these slides
To move in the main sequence (eg. To move
from simple present to simple past )PRESS
SPACE BAR.
To move to exercises , uses etc, click where
the direction is given. For example on words
like –
Use , exercise , exercise on simple present
etc.
WARNING : NEVER PRESS SPACE BAR
AFTER AN EXERCISE OR SLIDE OF USES
AS YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO COME
BACK TO THE MAIN SEQUENCE.
Glossary
understand better :
Verbs : Word used to express an action or
state.
V1 – First or base form of verb, eg. Do
V2 – Second or past form of verb, eg. did.
V3 – Third or past participle for of verb, eg.
Done.
page1
GLOSSARY
SUB – SUBJECT – The part which names the person
or thing we are speaking about .

SUBJECT – VERB AGREEMENT (click on the
following to understand)

FOR SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

FOR PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

FOR PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

FOR PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
What are tenses ?

Tenses describe an action
along with it’s time.
TIME CAN BE OF THREE
TYPES

PRESENT
P A   S   T
FUTURE
TENSES       ARE

OF

4

TYPES
Tenses

Perfect
Simple                               continuous

Continuous            Perfect
AND    3    X       4    =

12
SO         THERE        ARE
12            TYPES
OF
TENSES
SIMPLE PRESENT
This tense is used to describe actions
which take place in the present. But no
definite time is given.
SUB + V1 (s/es)
Examples :
   Suresh writes neatly.
   Mona plays football.          uses
SIMPLE PAST
1) Hi Rahul . Where        2) I went to my village.
were you                 4) Oh ! I enjoyed so
yesterday?                 much that I didn’t
3) Did you enjoy ?           want to return.

Simple past tense describes an action
that took place at a time in the past.

SUB + V2         (see the underlined
verbs)

exercise on simple past
SIMPLE FUTURE
Lets go to a hill station                        It will be very cold.
next week.                            The snow is going to fall there.

Yes, all my friends                   Are your friends also going somewhere?
will go out of town      .

Simple future describes an action which will take place at
a time in the future. : SUB + WILL/SHALL + V1
Eg. I shall play in the evening. (intention)
Brazil will win the match. (prediction)
Exercise on simple future
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
This tense describes actions which
continue or go on for some time in the
present
SUB + IS/AM/ARE + V1 + ING
Examples :
I am teaching grammar.
We are studying tenses.
Exercise on present continuous
PAST CONTINUOUS
This tense describes actions which
continued or were going on for some
time in the past.
SUB + WAS / WERE + V1 + ING
Examples :
Children were playing in the park yesterday .
I was sleeping when you called. (extra ‘gyan’)
Exercise on past continuous
FUTURE CONTINUOUS
This tense is used to describe actions
which continue for some time in the
future.
SUB + WILL / SHALL + BE + V1 + ING
Examples :
I shall be packing for the journey later.
Mridul will be coming home in the
evening.
Exercise on future continuous
PRESENT PERFECT
This tense is used for actions which start and finish in the
present time.

SUB + HAS / HAVE + V3

It is used in the following circumstances:
1. When an action is completed in the near present
or just now.         Click on example to understand .
2. When an action started earlier and continued up till the
moment of speaking. Click on example to understand .
3. When an action happened earlier but its effect is there in the
present.              Click on example to understand .

exercise on present perfect
Past perfect
This tense is used for actions that finished in the
past ,but even before another action in past only.

Example : I had solved the sum when the class
began.

sum solved        class began    now
_____|_________________|____________|
10 a.m.            10:30 a.m.  11 a.m.
past in past              past     present
<-    time line - >
USE (click to understand)
FUTURE PERFECT
This tense is used for actions which
will finish by a certain time in future.
SUB + WILL / SHALL +HAVE + V3

Example : I shall have finished the
painting by Wednesday.
Sunday                 Tuesday              wednesday
|---------------------|--------------------|
Time of speaking        painting
finished
< ---------time line---------- >

exercise
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
This tense is used for actions which started
earlier and are going on in the present. (no
information about when they will finish is
given)

SUB + HAS / HAVE + V1 + ING

Example : I have been playing for two hours.

Past perfect continuous
This tense is used to
describe actions that
started at a time in the
past and continued for
sometime in the past
only.
SUB + HAD + BEEN +
V1 + ING
ten hours before leaving
the office.

Exercise on past perfect continuous
Future perfect continuous
This tense is used when before a
particular time in the future, an action
starts and continues after that time
also.

SUB + WILL / SHALL + HAVE + BEEN +
V1 + ING

end show

You go to school        You study till 1
by bus.                 p.m.

You play in            You sleep at 10
p.m.
the evening.
PROVERBS
LIKES / DISLIKES   All that glitters is not
gold.
HABITS
I study at 4P.M. in the
evening.
UNVERSAL TRUTHS
I LIKE RAINBOWS
The Sun rises in the East.

Back
Exercise on simple
I ENJOY DANCING   present
USE OF PAST CONTINUOUS

Past continuous is also used to describe a
time period within which an action took place.
Example : Ramesh was studying when
Rohan returned.

Rohan returned
--------------------|---------------------------------------

< ---time period for which Ramesh was studying--->

back
Exercise on simple
present
Example :
I get up at 5 in the morning . I reach
school by 7.30 and study till 1 P.M. in
the afternoon.
back
Exercise on simple past tense

Describe what you did yesterday with
second or past form of following verbs :

study
sleep
go
play                     help
back
Answer the following questions using the
structure of simple future tense :

1. What will you do in your holidays?
eg. I shall sleep a lot during my holidays.
2. Will you study a little bit?
3. Will you join some hobby classes ?

back
Use the following words and form
sentences of the actions going on in
the picture:
Subject : boy , bird , teacher
Exercise on present   Verb    : write , teach , fly
continuous                                             back
EXERCISE ON PAST CONTINUOUS

This is a picture of the
party you attended
yesterday. Now describe to
o n in the party.
Eg. Uncle Tom was
snoring in the middle of
the party.
back
Exercise
on
Future
continuous

Identify the use of simple future
and future continuous in the
paragraph given above.
back
Difference between simple future and future continuous
Simple future and continuous
Simple future describes       Future continuous is
an action which will take     used when an action is
described in relation to
place in future.              a future time around
Example :                     which that action will be
I will bake a cake in the       going on.
evening.                      Example :
I shall study on Sunday.       When you return, I will be
baking a cake.
Don’t come on Sunday as
I shall be studying .
back
I have completed the

back
Oh hello M r. Dubey ! I    Oh yes. I got a job
have seen you after        in Goa in 1997.
such a long time.          We have lived there
Last time I saw you in
for ten years .
1997

back
A truck has hit my car

back
Exercise on present perfect

State whether correct or incorrect :
1) I have seen the Taj Mahal yesterday.
a) correct b) incorrect
2) She have gone just now.
a) correct b) incorrect
3) Puja is having a car.
a) correct b) incorrect
4) They have left just now.
a) correct   b) incorrect          back
started                  still        continue
playing                playing        playing
|-----|-----------------------|---------------------- >
2 p.m. ->              4 p.m.
(time of speaking)
Use of since and for
exercise
back
BRAVO !

BACK
BACK
You have done it again !

back
Marvelous !

back
Oops!
‘ I have seen the Taj Mahal yesterday.’
Here ‘have seen’ refers to present time
and the word ‘yesterday’ to past and
both cannot come together in one
sentence.
The correct sentence is :
I have seen the Taj Mahal. Or
I saw the Taj Mahal yesterday.
back
Try again

‘She have gone to
Australia’

Along with singular third
person pronoun( she)
we use has and not
have
Correct sentence:
She has gone to Australia.   BACK
BETTER LUCK NEXT TIME !
INCORRECT                 CORRECT
‘Puja is having a car’   ‘Puja has a car.’
In sentences related to
Possession
Having means the
Relationship
action of eating.
Health
has / have is used.
Eg :
back                      I have a book.
She has a brother.
WHY   ?

BACK
7 Use of past perfect tense
p.m.                        Use of past perfect
Food                            9 p.m.
9 p.m.
cooked

back

exercise

7 p.m.
Guests arrived

When there are two actions, both in past, then past perfect
tense is used to describe the action which took place first
and simple past tense is used to describe the action which
took place later.
Example : John had cooked (past perfect) the meal when the
guests arrived(simple past).
Exercise on past perfect
Join the sentences using past perfect tense:

Eg. I reached the station (8 a.m.). The train left (7: 50
a.m.)

•   I completed the essay (10 a.m.). The bell rang (10:05
a.m.).
•    The movie began (3 p.m.). Arun reached the theatre
(3:30 p.m.) .
•   The doctor arrived (5 a.m.). The patient died (4 a.m.).
back
Exercise on future perfect
Match the columns and make complete sentences :
1) W hen my parents       a) Before the party
return                    begins
2)   The cake will have   b)   Before we reach the
finished                  theatre
3)   The movie will       c)   I shall have gone to
have begun                sleep
4)   In fifty years       d)   When the school
5)   I shall have read         reopens
the book             e)   Man will have made
homes on the Moon
back
Exercise on present perfect
continuous
Rewrite the following sentences using
present perfect continuous along with since
or for :

Eg . Children are writing the answer.
began(9 a.m.)       now (11 a.m.)
Children have been writing the answer for 2 hrs.
a) The workers are digging the road.
began(morning)           now(?)
b) The company is constructing a bridge.
began(2005)             now(?)
c)   Rahul is painting. Began(2 p.m.) now(5p.m.)
back
Difference between since and for
SINCE                          FOR

 Since is used when we       For is used when we know
know only the point in       the point when the action
time when the action         began and the period for
began                        which it continued
Eg. Morning , Monday,        Eg. Two hours, 10 days,century
1997 etc.                  It answers the following
 It shows the time when        question
the action began          For how much time did the
For example :                   action continue ?
I have been studying since   Eg. I have been studying for
morning.                     five days.
Studied for how much
Studied for how much         time? 5 days               back
Time ? DON’T KNOW
With the help of the hints given form sentences using
past perfect continuous :

a) Cleaning – afternoon              c) working on the
computer - Monday

b) Howling – 5 hours                 d) reading – ten days

back
The worker will have been digging the ground before
the vehicles start coming.

|--------|-------------------|---------------------------------------------- >
7 a.m.                9 a.m.               Continues digging
starts digging            vehicles             after vehicles come
come

Exercise                                                           back
Exercise on future perfect
continuous
Join the hints to form complete sentences
1
a) I Running --- the race--- b) he finish

I shall have been running when he
finishes the race.
Click for next
2

a) Neeta sleeping                    b) we return

3
a) The teacher teaching ---the class----b) you reach

back
SUBJECT-VERB AGREMENT FOR SIMPLE
PRESENT

PERSON                   SINGULAR                 PLURAL

1st person
(the person speaking)
Bare verb                Bare verb
I play                   We play
2nd person
(the person spoken to)
Bare verb                Bare verb
You play                 You play
3rd person
(the person spoken to)
Verb + s/es              Bare verb
He/she/ it/ name plays
They play
back
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PERSON                 VERB
1st person             Am + verb + ing
I / we                 Am painting
2nd person             Are + verb + ing
You                    Are
3rd person             Is/are + verb +ing
He/she/ it/ they/ name He/she/it/name is
painting.
They are painting.
back
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PAST CONTINUOUS

Person     Singular     Plural

1st        I was        We were

2nd        You were     You were

3rd        He/she/it/   They were
name was

back
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PRESENT
PERFECT

PERSON   SINGULAR PLURAL

1ST      I have       We have

2nd      You have     You have

3rd      He/she/it/   They have
name has
back
Thank
you !

```
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