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Tenses And You

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					TENSES
 AND
 YOU   Prepared by:
       Ms. CHANDAN MEET
       T.G.T ENGLISH
       DL DAV SHALIMAR
       BAGH
This study material can be used by teachers
as well as students.
This material is basically meant for students
of class VII and can be used in modules for
class VI also.
This presentation enhances the grasping
power of the students as it not only provides
the definitions , structures and examples but
through their pictorial or animated description,
aids the teaching – learning process.
Exercises have been attached to each
concept so that students can apply the
concepts and check their understanding.
How to use these slides
To move in the main sequence (eg. To move
from simple present to simple past )PRESS
SPACE BAR.
To move to exercises , uses etc, click where
the direction is given. For example on words
like –
Use , exercise , exercise on simple present
etc.
WARNING : NEVER PRESS SPACE BAR
AFTER AN EXERCISE OR SLIDE OF USES
AS YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO COME
BACK TO THE MAIN SEQUENCE.
                Glossary
Here certain terms are explained to help you
  understand better :
Verbs : Word used to express an action or
  state.
V1 – First or base form of verb, eg. Do
V2 – Second or past form of verb, eg. did.
V3 – Third or past participle for of verb, eg.
  Done.
page1
             GLOSSARY
SUB – SUBJECT – The part which names the person
or thing we are speaking about .

SUBJECT – VERB AGREEMENT (click on the
following to understand)

FOR SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

FOR PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

FOR PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

FOR PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
What are tenses ?


 Tenses describe an action
    along with it’s time.
TIME CAN BE OF THREE
       TYPES


          PRESENT
P A   S   T
FUTURE
TENSES       ARE

     OF

         4

    TYPES
                      Tenses


                                      Perfect
Simple                               continuous




         Continuous            Perfect
AND    3    X       4    =

            12
SO         THERE        ARE
      12            TYPES
            OF
           TENSES
        SIMPLE PRESENT
This tense is used to describe actions
 which take place in the present. But no
 definite time is given.
               SUB + V1 (s/es)
Examples :
   Suresh writes neatly.
   Mona plays football.          uses
              SIMPLE PAST
1) Hi Rahul . Where        2) I went to my village.
  were you                 4) Oh ! I enjoyed so
  yesterday?                 much that I didn’t
3) Did you enjoy ?           want to return.

     Simple past tense describes an action
     that took place at a time in the past.

         SUB + V2         (see the underlined
     verbs)

                      exercise on simple past
                                SIMPLE FUTURE
Lets go to a hill station                        It will be very cold.
      next week.                            The snow is going to fall there.




    Yes, all my friends                   Are your friends also going somewhere?
   will go out of town      .



Simple future describes an action which will take place at
a time in the future. : SUB + WILL/SHALL + V1
Eg. I shall play in the evening. (intention)
Brazil will win the match. (prediction)
Exercise on simple future
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
 This tense describes actions which
 continue or go on for some time in the
 present
 SUB + IS/AM/ARE + V1 + ING
 Examples :
  I am teaching grammar.
  We are studying tenses.
Exercise on present continuous
     PAST CONTINUOUS
 This tense describes actions which
 continued or were going on for some
 time in the past.
   SUB + WAS / WERE + V1 + ING
Examples :
Children were playing in the park yesterday .
I was sleeping when you called. (extra ‘gyan’)
Exercise on past continuous
 FUTURE CONTINUOUS
   This tense is used to describe actions
   which continue for some time in the
   future.
  SUB + WILL / SHALL + BE + V1 + ING
Examples :
I shall be packing for the journey later.
Mridul will be coming home in the
   evening.
Exercise on future continuous
                 PRESENT PERFECT
This tense is used for actions which start and finish in the
present time.

      SUB + HAS / HAVE + V3

It is used in the following circumstances:
1. When an action is completed in the near present
     or just now.         Click on example to understand .
2. When an action started earlier and continued up till the
     moment of speaking. Click on example to understand .
3. When an action happened earlier but its effect is there in the
     present.              Click on example to understand .

                 exercise on present perfect
               Past perfect
This tense is used for actions that finished in the
  past ,but even before another action in past only.

      SUB + HAD + V3
Example : I had solved the sum when the class
  began.

    sum solved        class began    now
_____|_________________|____________|
     10 a.m.            10:30 a.m.  11 a.m.
past in past              past     present
            <-    time line - >
USE (click to understand)
                 FUTURE PERFECT
  This tense is used for actions which
  will finish by a certain time in future.
  SUB + WILL / SHALL +HAVE + V3

Example : I shall have finished the
  painting by Wednesday.
Sunday                 Tuesday              wednesday
|---------------------|--------------------|
Time of speaking        painting
                        finished
         < ---------time line---------- >


  exercise
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
This tense is used for actions which started
  earlier and are going on in the present. (no
  information about when they will finish is
  given)

   SUB + HAS / HAVE + V1 + ING

Example : I have been playing for two hours.

Click here to understand better
Past perfect continuous
This tense is used to
describe actions that
started at a time in the
past and continued for
sometime in the past
only.
SUB + HAD + BEEN +
V1 + ING
I had been working for
ten hours before leaving
the office.


                  Exercise on past perfect continuous
    Future perfect continuous
This tense is used when before a
 particular time in the future, an action
 starts and continues after that time
 also.

SUB + WILL / SHALL + HAVE + BEEN +
 V1 + ING

Click here to understand
end show
                YOUR   ROUTINE




You go to school        You study till 1
by bus.                 p.m.




 You play in            You sleep at 10
                        p.m.
 the evening.
                   PROVERBS
LIKES / DISLIKES   All that glitters is not
                   gold.
                   HABITS
                   I study at 4P.M. in the
                   evening.
                   UNVERSAL TRUTHS
 I LIKE RAINBOWS
                   The Sun rises in the East.


                   Back
                   Exercise on simple
 I ENJOY DANCING   present
          USE OF PAST CONTINUOUS

  Past continuous is also used to describe a
  time period within which an action took place.
  Example : Ramesh was studying when
  Rohan returned.

                        Rohan returned
--------------------|---------------------------------------

< ---time period for which Ramesh was studying--->

back
     Exercise on simple
          present
   Describe your routine.
Example :
I get up at 5 in the morning . I reach
   school by 7.30 and study till 1 P.M. in
   the afternoon.
back
     Exercise on simple past tense



Describe what you did yesterday with
second or past form of following verbs :

          study
                    sleep
              go
   play                     help
                                       back
  Answer the following questions using the
     structure of simple future tense :


1. What will you do in your holidays?
 eg. I shall sleep a lot during my holidays.
2. Will you study a little bit?
3. Will you join some hobby classes ?


back
                      Use the following words and form
                      sentences of the actions going on in
                      the picture:
                      Subject : boy , bird , teacher
Exercise on present   Verb    : write , teach , fly
continuous                                             back
EXERCISE ON PAST CONTINUOUS

           This is a picture of the
           party you attended
           yesterday. Now describe to
           your friend what was going
           o n in the party.
           Eg. Uncle Tom was
           snoring in the middle of
           the party.
                         back
Exercise
on
Future
continuous



                     Identify the use of simple future
                     and future continuous in the
                     paragraph given above.
                                              back
  Difference between simple future and future continuous
   Simple future and continuous
   Simple future describes       Future continuous is
   an action which will take     used when an action is
                                 described in relation to
   place in future.              a future time around
   Example :                     which that action will be
 I will bake a cake in the       going on.
   evening.                      Example :
I shall study on Sunday.       When you return, I will be
                                 baking a cake.
                               Don’t come on Sunday as
                                 I shall be studying .
                                                    back
I have completed the
   answer just now.




                       back
Oh hello M r. Dubey ! I    Oh yes. I got a job
have seen you after        in Goa in 1997.
such a long time.          We have lived there
 Last time I saw you in
                           for ten years .
1997




                    back
A truck has hit my car




                         back
  Exercise on present perfect

     State whether correct or incorrect :
1) I have seen the Taj Mahal yesterday.
    a) correct b) incorrect
 2) She have gone just now.
    a) correct b) incorrect
3) Puja is having a car.
    a) correct b) incorrect
4) They have left just now.
    a) correct   b) incorrect          back
   started                  still        continue
   playing                playing        playing
|-----|-----------------------|---------------------- >
     2 p.m. ->              4 p.m.
                       (time of speaking)
Use of since and for
exercise
                                                      back
BRAVO !

          BACK
BACK
You have done it again !




                      back
Marvelous !




              back
                 Oops!
 ‘ I have seen the Taj Mahal yesterday.’
Here ‘have seen’ refers to present time
   and the word ‘yesterday’ to past and
   both cannot come together in one
   sentence.
The correct sentence is :
I have seen the Taj Mahal. Or
I saw the Taj Mahal yesterday.
                                     back
                Try again

‘She have gone to
  Australia’

Along with singular third
  person pronoun( she)
  we use has and not
  have
Correct sentence:
She has gone to Australia.   BACK
  BETTER LUCK NEXT TIME !
  INCORRECT                 CORRECT
‘Puja is having a car’   ‘Puja has a car.’
                         In sentences related to
                            Possession
Having means the
                            Relationship
 action of eating.
                            Health
                          has / have is used.
                         Eg :
back                      I have a book.
                          She has a brother.
WHY   ?


          BACK
  7 Use of past perfect tense
    p.m.                        Use of past perfect
Food                            9 p.m.
                                              9 p.m.
cooked

                                                       back

                                                        exercise

    7 p.m.
                                     Guests arrived

 When there are two actions, both in past, then past perfect
tense is used to describe the action which took place first
and simple past tense is used to describe the action which
took place later.
 Example : John had cooked (past perfect) the meal when the
guests arrived(simple past).
       Exercise on past perfect
    Join the sentences using past perfect tense:

Eg. I reached the station (8 a.m.). The train left (7: 50
    a.m.)
Answer : The train had left when I reached the station.

•   I completed the essay (10 a.m.). The bell rang (10:05
    a.m.).
•    The movie began (3 p.m.). Arun reached the theatre
    (3:30 p.m.) .
•   The doctor arrived (5 a.m.). The patient died (4 a.m.).
                           back
       Exercise on future perfect
Match the columns and make complete sentences :
1) W hen my parents       a) Before the party
     return                    begins
2)   The cake will have   b)   Before we reach the
     finished                  theatre
3)   The movie will       c)   I shall have gone to
     have begun                sleep
4)   In fifty years       d)   When the school
5)   I shall have read         reopens
     the book             e)   Man will have made
                               homes on the Moon
                                              back
       Exercise on present perfect
               continuous
    Rewrite the following sentences using
    present perfect continuous along with since
    or for :

Eg . Children are writing the answer.
       began(9 a.m.)       now (11 a.m.)
Children have been writing the answer for 2 hrs.
a) The workers are digging the road.
     began(morning)           now(?)
b) The company is constructing a bridge.
      began(2005)             now(?)
c)   Rahul is painting. Began(2 p.m.) now(5p.m.)
                                         back
   Difference between since and for
      SINCE                          FOR

 Since is used when we       For is used when we know
   know only the point in       the point when the action
   time when the action         began and the period for
   began                        which it continued
Eg. Morning , Monday,        Eg. Two hours, 10 days,century
   1997 etc.                  It answers the following
 It shows the time when        question
   the action began          For how much time did the
For example :                   action continue ?
I have been studying since   Eg. I have been studying for
   morning.                     five days.
                             Studied for how much
Studied for how much         time? 5 days               back
Time ? DON’T KNOW
With the help of the hints given form sentences using
past perfect continuous :

a) Cleaning – afternoon              c) working on the
                                      computer - Monday




b) Howling – 5 hours                 d) reading – ten days




                          back
The worker will have been digging the ground before
the vehicles start coming.




|--------|-------------------|---------------------------------------------- >
      7 a.m.                9 a.m.               Continues digging
   starts digging            vehicles             after vehicles come
                             come


Exercise                                                           back
    Exercise on future perfect
           continuous
Join the hints to form complete sentences
                       1
a) I Running --- the race--- b) he finish




I shall have been running when he
    finishes the race.
Click for next
                           2

a) Neeta sleeping                    b) we return

                            3
a) The teacher teaching ---the class----b) you reach




back
  SUBJECT-VERB AGREMENT FOR SIMPLE
              PRESENT

PERSON                   SINGULAR                 PLURAL

1st person
(the person speaking)
                         Bare verb                Bare verb
                         I play                   We play
2nd person
(the person spoken to)
                         Bare verb                Bare verb
                         You play                 You play
3rd person
(the person spoken to)
                         Verb + s/es              Bare verb
                         He/she/ it/ name plays
                                                  They play
                                                              back
  SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR
      PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PERSON                 VERB
1st person             Am + verb + ing
I / we                 Am painting
2nd person             Are + verb + ing
You                    Are
3rd person             Is/are + verb +ing
He/she/ it/ they/ name He/she/it/name is
                       painting.
                       They are painting.
                                          back
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PAST CONTINUOUS



    Person     Singular     Plural

    1st        I was        We were

    2nd        You were     You were

    3rd        He/she/it/   They were
               name was


                                        back
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PRESENT
              PERFECT

  PERSON   SINGULAR PLURAL

  1ST      I have       We have

  2nd      You have     You have

  3rd      He/she/it/   They have
           name has
                                    back
Thank
 you !

				
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