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islam islam What do Muslims believe Muslims believe in One Unique

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What do Muslims believe?
Muslims believe in One, Unique, Incomparable Almighty Allah, the only true God; in the Angels
created by Him; in the prophets through whom His revelations were brought to mankind; in the
Day of Judgment and individual accountability for actions; in the Lord's complete authority over
human destiny and in life after death. Muslims believe in a chain of prophets starting with Adam
and including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, David,
Solomon, Elias, Jonah, John the Baptist, and Jesus, peace be upon them. But the Creator's final
message to man on his earth, a reconfirmation of the eternal message and a summing-up of all
that has gone before was revealed to the last of the Prophets, Hazrat Muhammad      , May
Allah (swt) bless him and give him peace (pbuh) through angle Gabriel.
How does someone become a Muslim?
Simply by saying "there is no god apart from God, and Muhammad is the
Messenger of God." By this declaration the believer announces his or her faith in
all God's messengers, and the scriptures they brought.

About the message of Islam
The holy Quran was revealed to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and
blessings on him) 1, 400 years ago from Allah (swt). It was revealed through angel
Gabriel (on whom be peace) and was thus preserved in the Holy Quran. The Holy
Quran carries a Divine guarantee of safeguard from interpolation and it claims
that it combines the best features of the earlier scriptures. The prime message of
Islam is the Unity of God, that the Creator of the world is One and He alone is
worthy of worship and that Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) is His
Messenger and Servant

The Qur'an speaks in the first person, i.e., Allah's commandments to His creation.
Gabriel also visited the Prophet throughout his mission informing and teaching him
of events and strategy as needed to help in the completion of the prophetic mission.
The Prophet‟s sayings, actions, and approvals are recorded separately in
collections known as Hadith.
Islam is the final message of ALLAH Almighty to humanity.
All of God's prophets have come to this world, and all the scriptures have been
delivered. The time has come to purify and consolidate all the messages delivered
by Allah‟s prophets into one message, and to proclaim that henceforth, there is
only one religion acceptable to Allah Almighty (swt), "Submission" (3:19,85).

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"Submission" is the human‟s Way of life i.e. the religion whereby a man recognize
his creator's absolute authority, and reach s to an unshakeable conviction that HE
ALONE possesses all power; no other entity possesses any power that is
independent of Him. The natural result of such a realization is to devote mankind‟s
lives and worship absolutely to Omnipresent Allah ALONE. This is the First
Commandment in all the scriptures, including the Old Testament, the New
Testament, and this (The Holy Quran) is a Final Testament for the whole mankind
forever without any change till the last day of this universe.

Deen Islam is the only true way of life for the vicegerent on earth.

 For this purpose the Almighty Allah chose His prophets from the men and gave
them divine guidance. Among these prophets He further selected His Rasools and
gave them Minhaj (Shariah) for successful life here and hereafter. These Minhaj
(Shariah ) starts from prophet Adam till the last massager the prophet of Islam
Hazrat Muhammad pbuh .

Last but not least is that, No reforms required in Islam (5:3)

Who founded Islam?
The Holy Quran teaches the mankind in no uncertain terms that it started from
Hazeat Adam. The chain of prophets continued till Hazrat Muhammad pbuh .
Every one warned against sins and gave them the good news of mercy through the
door repentance. The prophet Noah‟sera was very significant in this regard. Later
Hazrat Abraham rebuilds the holy Kaba at Makkah and gave the message of Islam
as it is practiced today. Abraham was the first in particular, the recipient of the
concept of Islam as a practice, and the first to call us Muslims. As such, what did
Abraham contribute to our daily life as Muslims? Quran teaches us that ALL
RELIGIOUS PRACTICES IN ISLAM, (Salat, Zakat, Fasting, & Hajj) came to us
from Abraham, generation after generation. The hypocrites of the Muslims always
ask, how can these practices come to us from Abraham and not from Muhammed..
They do not trust that Allah Almighty can preserve His own religious practices
(rituals) to give to us pure and clear. In other words, all religious practices in Islam
existed before Muhammed.

 "Abraham was neither Jewish, nor Christian; he was a monotheist; a Muslim; he
never was an idol-worshiper. The people most worthy of following Abraham are
those who follow him and this prophet (Muhammed), and those who believed. God
is the Lord of the believers." 3:67-68


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"Then we inspired you (O Muhammed) to follow the religion of Abraham,
monotheism; never was he an idol-worshiper." 16:123

Logically, if Muhammed was a follower of Abraham, and we are followers of
Muhammed, then we are followers of Abraham. What did we learn from
Abraham??? The Quran teaches us that we learned ALL THE RELIGIOUS
PRACTICES of Islam from Abraham. The whole Arabian society before and
during the time of Muhammed had many followers of the religion of Abraham.
Thus Abu Lahab, Abu Jahl, and the idolators of Quraish used to observe Salat
prayers as we can see in 8:33-35.

"Their SALAT PRAYERS at the shrine were no more than deceit and repulsion.
What does 'Islam' mean and Islamic Laws?
The Arabic word 'Islam' simply means 'submission', and derives from a word
meaning 'peace'. In a religious context it means complete submission to the will of
God. "Mohammedanism' is thus a misnomer because it suggests that Muslims
worship Muhammad (pbuh) rather than God. 'Allah' is the Arabic name for God,
which is used by Arab Muslims and Christians alike.
Islam is not a new religion, but the same truth that God revealed through all His
prophets to every people. Islam is not only a religion but also a complete way of
life. Muslims follow a code of peace, mercy, and forgiveness, and the majority has
nothing to do with the extremely grave events, which have come to be associated
with their faith late in other beliefs.
The Quran says: God forbids you not, with regards to those who fights y ou not for
(your) faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with
them; for God loveth those who are just.(Quran, 60:8)

The function of the Islamic law is to protect and safeguard the humanity .It protects
the privileged status of minorities, and this is why non-Muslim places of worship
have flourished all over the Islamic world. History provides many examples of
Muslim tolerance towards other faiths: when the caliph Omar entered Jerusalem in
the year 634, Islam granted freedom of worship to all religious communities in the
city.

Islamic law also permits non-Muslim minorities to set up their own courts, which
implement family laws drawn up by the minorities themselves.

 About the Misconception of Islam
 That many people have a misconception that Islam is a new religion, which came
into existence 1400 years ago, and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the founder of

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the religion of Islam, infact Islam is there since time immemorial, since man set
foot on the earth. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is not the founder of the religion of
Islam but he is the last and final messenger of Islam.

      The Definition of a Muslim
A Muslim is a person who submits his will to Allah - the Almighty God.
Abdullah ibn Amr bin Aas, may Allah be pleased with them, relates that the Holy
Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: "A Muslim is one against
whose tongue and hands other Muslims are secure, and an Emigrant is one who
departs from what Allah has forbidden." (Bukhari

Who are the Muslims?
About two billion people from a vast range of races, nationalities and cultures
across the globe - from the southern Phillipines to Nigeria - are united by their
common Islamic faith. About 18% live in the Arab world; the world's largest
Muslim community is in Indonesia; substantial parts of Asia and most of Africa are
Muslim, while significant minorities are to be found in the Soviet Union, China,
North and South America, and Europe.




Who is Allah Azaa –Wa- Jal?
Allah is the proper name of the One True God, the creator and sustainer of the universe, who
does not have a partner or associate, and He did not beget nor was He begotten. Unlike the word
god, the word Allah does not have a plural or gender. Who has complete authority over every
thing and decrees what ever He likes.HE Allah: the creator-the omniscient-the self sufficient

allah is the proper name applied to the only true god who exists necessarily by himself,
comprising all the excellent divine names and attirbutes of perfection. allah is one and unique; he
has no partner or equal. he is the sole creator and sustainer of the universe. every creature bears
witness to his oneness. divinity, lordship and the uniqueness of his attributes and names. allah's
essence does not resemble other essences; " there is none like unto him ". he is the one, the sole,
the indivisible. he is the god without whom no affairs are accomplished, and to whom lordship
ultimately pertains. he neither begets nor is begotten. he does not inhere in anything, nor does
anything inhere in him. all creatures stand in need of him, but he stands in need of none.

allah is the omnipotent, the omniscient, whose knowledge comprehends in the most perfect
manner all things, hidden or manifested. but he is far greater than to be encompassed by the
knowledge of his creatures. allah the supreme is the creator of everything, for he has a free hand
in the disposal of all affairs. he is the most mercifuln whose unhounded mercy encompasses


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everything. he is far removed from injustice and tyranny. allah's justice ensures order in the
universe, which has no defect. there is no one to share his domain, nor does he take aid or
support from his creatures. he is the god of the worlds. yet, he is nearer to man than man's
jugular vein. whenever a believer in need or distress calls on him, he responds. he is above the
seven heavens mounting his throne is the manner which suits his grandure.

allah has revealed his final scripture, al-quran to the last of his messengers, muhammad, peace be
on him, to convey the message of islam to mankind. he is the exalted allah; glory be to him.




Look at the following Quranic verses ;




                                                                           (He is ) The
Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it : "Be!" -
and it is.




Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion, and He is Able to do all things.




Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, "Be!" and it is!




                                                                              So Glorified is
He and Exalted above all that they associate with Him, and in Whose Hands is the dominion of
all things, and to Him you shall be returned.




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Allâh! Lâ ilahâ illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One
Who sustains and protects all that exists.

So Glorified is Allah (swt) with reference to the Holy Quran ;

              o   A day for Him is
                        A thousand human years, 22:47, 32:5
                        Fifty thousand years, 70:4
              o   Ability to do anything, 2:106, 2:117, 3:165, 3:189, 8:41, 9:116, 11:4,
                  16:40, 40:68, 41:39, 42:49, 57:2
              o   Best of all judges, 95:8
              o   Beyond definition, 43:82, 67:12
              o   Brings disbelievers schemes to nought, 8:30, 8:36
              o   Cause human beings to disappear and bring forth other beings, 4:133,
                  14:19, 35:16
              o   Causes laughter and crying, 53:43
              o   Caused a man to sleep for a century, 2:259
              o   Enemy of those who deny the truth, 2:98
              o   Extol his glory from morning until night, 33:42
              o   False daughters of, 16:57, 17:40, 43:16, 52:39, 53:21-22
                        by name, 53:19-20
              o   Gives humans free will, 36:67
              o   Giving it all up for him, 4:66-68, 4:125
              o   Good and evil are from Him, 4:78
              o   Grants life and death, 44:8, 53:44, 57:2, 67:2
              o   Hard strivers rewarded better, 4:95-96, 5:54, 9:120, 49:15, 61:11
              o   Has no consort, 72:3
              o   Has no son, 43:81, 72:3, 112:3
              o   Has not forsaken you during your hard times, 93:3
              o   Is everywhere, 2:115, 2:142, 2:177, 4:126
              o   Is the
                        First and the Last (alpha and omega), 57:3
                        Outward and Inward, 57:3
              o   Knows that beyond comprehension, 6:59, 6:73, 9:94, 9:105, 13:9, 32:6,
                  34:48, 35:38, 39:46, 49:18, 59:22, 62:8, 64:18, 72:26, 74:31, 87:7
              o   Loves those who behave equitably, 49:9
              o   Made no laws regarding that of which He didn't speak, 5:101, 6:140,
                  6:148, 7:32
              o   Mercy towards prisoners of war who have good in them, 8:70
              o   Nature of, 2:255
              o   No human is a divinity, 3:64, 3:151
              o   Not a trinity, 4:171
              o   Refuge from evil with, 113:1-5, 114:1-6
              o   Remembering him standing, sitting, lying down, 3:191, 4:103, 10:12,
                  25:64
              o   Shapes you in the womb, 3:6



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              o    Throne rests upon the water, 11:7
              o    Will create things of which you have no knowledge, 16:8
              o    Wills no wrong to His creation, 3:108, 4:40, 17:71, 21:47, 22:10, 26:209,
                   40:31, 41:46, 45:22, 50:29, 64:11



Who is A Prophet?
A Prophet is a human being whom Allah (Jalla jalal hu) chooses among His
people; and teaches him through the wahi /Angel Gabriel (a.s.). Each has been sent
to mankind, at a particular time, to guide the people to right path.

Attribute of a Prophet:
When Allah (Swt) chooses to send a Messenger to people to instruct and teach
them to put trust in Him to worship Him alone and do good deeds, the person
selected should be the noblest in thought, speech, deeds and behavior, so that
people believe, respect and trust him. Therefore, prophets altogether are
characterized with good morals and virtues, foresight, intelligence, exemplary
behavior and doing good deeds in their communities.

 The essential attributes of Prophet hood
The essentials of Prophet hood common to all of the Prophets are, according to the
theologians, as follows:

• Truthfulness.

• Trustworthiness.

• Communication of God‟s commands

• Intelligence.

• Infallibility.

• Freedom from all kinds of bodily and mental defects

                   WHY ALLAH SENT PROPHETS AND MESSENGERS?




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Ever since people innovated the dogma of Shirk, (i.e. joining others in worship along with
Allah), Allah had been sending Prophets and Messengers to His devotees in order to invite them
to the worship of Allah and Allah Alone, to order them not to ascribe partners unto Him and
bring them out of the darkness of polytheism into the light of Monotheism. All the Prophets
preached Tauhîd (i.e. Monotheism, the Belief in the Oneness of Allah, the Glorious, the
Elevated). The following Verses from the Noble Qur'ân illustrate this fact:

"Indeed We sent Noah to his people, and he said: 'O my people! Worship Allah! You have no
other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilaha ill Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).
Certainly, I fear for you the torment of a great Day!' " (V. 7:59).

"And to 'Ad (people, We sent) their brother Hûd. He said: 'O my people! Worship Allah! You
have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha ill Allâh, none has the right to be worshipped but
Allah). Will you not fear (Allah)?' " (V. 7:65).

"And to (the people of) Madyan (Midian), (We sent) their brother Shu'aib. He said: 'O my
people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha ill Allâh, none has the
right to be worshipped but Allah). Verily, a clear proof (sign) from your Lord has come unto
you, so give full measure and full weight and wrong not men in their things, and do not make
mischief on the earth after it has been set in order, that will be better for you, if you are
believers.' " (V.7:85)

"And to Thamûd (people, We sent) their brother Salih. He said: 'O my people! Worship Allah!
You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha ill Allah, none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah).' " (V. 7:73).

"And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger
(proclaiming): Worship Allah (Alone) and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities
etc. i.e. do not worship Tâghûts besides Allah)." (V. 16:36).

Every Prophet was sent unto his own nation for their guidance, but the Message of Prophet
Muhammad SAW was general for all mankind and jinns.

"Say (O Muhammad SAW ): 'O mankind: Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah.' "
(V. 7:158).

So the aim of sending these Prophets and Messengers to men and jinns was only that they should
worship Allah Alone, as Allah SWT; said: "And I (Allah) created not the jinns and men except
they should worship Me (Alone)" The Qur'ân (V. 51:56).

And to worship Allah means to obey Him and to do all He has ordained, and to fear Him by
abstaining from all He has forbidden.

Then those who will obey Allah will be rewarded in Paradise, and those who will disobey Him
will be punished in the Hell-Fire.



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What is The Holy Quran?


The Quran is a record of the exact words revealed by Allah Almighty through the angel Gabriel
to the prophet Muhammad          in Arabic language as it is to day.

The Quran, the last revealed Word of the owner of this universe is the prime source of every
Muslim's faith and practice. It deals with all the subjects, which concern the human beings, that
how to live as Muslim in this world: It is total wisdom, complete doctrine of life, order of
worship, and perfect operational law for the creations, in short its basic theme is the relationship
between King, the Creator and His creatures. At the same time it provides guidelines for a just
society, proper human conduct, an equitable economic and political system for human being in a
global state.

The Holy Quran in the Language of Quran;

          Qarun, 28:76-81, 29:39, 40:24
          Qur'an, 4:82, 5:16, 7:204, 9:111, 10:15, 10:37, 11:13, 11:14, 12:3, 15:87, 15:91,
           16:98, 17:9, 17:41, 17:45, 17:46, 17:60, 17:82, 17:88, 17:89, 18:54, 20:2, 20:114,
           25:4, 25:6, 25:30, 25:32, 27:1, 27:6, 27:76, 27:92, 28:85, 30:58, 34:31, 36:2, 38:1,
           39:27, 41:26, 41:44, 42:7, 43:31, 46:12, 46:29, 47:24, 50:1, 50:45, 54:22, 54:32,
           54:40, 55:2, 56:75, 59:21, 69:40, 73:4, 73:20, 76:23, 84:21
              o bestowed on a blessed night, 44:3, 97:1-5
              o clear ordinances, 98:3
              o completion of, 5:3
              o conveyed clearly, 5:16, 10:15
              o distortion of, 5:41
              o divine nature of, 10:37
              o don't approach it in haste, 20:114
              o easy to understand, 44:58
              o full of wisdom, 36:2
              o guidance to humans, 2:185
              o invisible barrier during recitation, 17:45
              o is not Muhammed's sayings, 69:44
              o not from a satanic force, 81:25
              o not poetry, 36:69, 69:41
              o recite as much as you may do with ease, 73:20
              o revealed in Arabic, 12:2, 13:37, 16:103, 20:113, 26:195, 39:28, 41:3, 43:3,
                  44:58
              o sent forth "in waves" (gradually), 77:1
              o some verses direct, some allegorical, 3:7
              o source of health, 17:82, 41:44
              o upon an imperishable tablet, 85:21-22


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The state of record and the eternal care with Allah’s truth;

It was memorised by Muhammad          and then dictated to his companions, and written down by
scribes in Arabic language, who cross – checked it during his life time .Not one word of its 114
chapters, surah, has been changed over the centuries .The Quranic text is in its complete original
detail, with the unique preservation that miraculous text which was revealed to Muhammad
fourteen centuries ago in the same language till today. The purity of the text of glorious Quran
through the ages is a fore state of the eternal care with Allah‟s truth is guarded from all
corruptions, inventions and accretion pass away, As Allah almighty, he says:

“ Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'ân) and surely, We will guard
it (from corruption). Indeed, We sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad           ) amongst the
sects (communities) of old. (Al hijar-15 verses no 9,10

In short, the holy Quran is advice and help; instruction and warning comfort and hope, correction
and direction, prediction and promises. It is helped in the time of need and guidance in life‟s
problems, hope for the future and peace of mind, it is a power and assurance of eternal life. It
contains knowledge of universe and all times guidance for mankind.
Islam, the Commandments of Allah (swt), by the giver of life and guidance;

Islam is not merely a religion but complete way of life (Deen) it caters to the body
as well as the soul (Al-Quran-51: 56)
The Glorious Qur‟an mentions that “For each period is a book (revealed).”
(Al-Qur‟an 13:38)
The revelations of Allah almighty mentioned by name in Qur‟an are only four i.e.
Torah, Zaboor, Injeel and the Qur‟an.
     Torah is the revelation, which was given to Moses (pbuh)
     Zaboor is the revelation, which was given to David (pbuh)
     Injeel is the revelation, which was given to Jesus (pbuh) and
     Qur‟an is the last and final revelation, is given to the last, and final
Messenger Muhammad (pbuh).
All the previous revelations were sent only for their people i.e the revelations that
came before Qur‟an were only sent for their own people and were to be followed
only for a particular time period, known as shariah of those prophets.

 The Marvelous Qur’an is sent for whole humankind;
Since the holy Qur‟an is the last and final revelation, it was not sent only for the
Muslims or the Arabs but it is sent for the whole of humankind till the last day of
this universe. It is mentioned in Surah Ibrahim, Chapter 14, and Verse 1; “Alif

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Lam Ra. A book which We have revealed unto thee, in order that thou mightiest
lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light…”
                                                          [Al-Qur‟an 14:1]
A similar message is repeated in same Surah, Verse 52 “Here is a Message for
mankind: let them take warning there from, and let them know that He is (no other
than) One God: let men of understanding take heed”.
                                                    [Al-Qur‟an 14:52]
A similar message is repeated in Surah Zumur too,
“Verily We have revealed the Book to thee in Truth, for (instructing) mankind.”
                                                                        [Al-
Qur‟an 39:41]

Very important thing that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh
is sent for whole of humankind ( Al-Quran-21:107) (34:28) Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book of
Salaah, Chapter 56, Hadith 429

Are there any other sacred sources?
Yes, the sunna, the practice and example of the Prophet (pbuh), is the second
authority for Muslims. A hadith is a reliably transmitted report of what the Prophet
(pbuh) said, did, or approved, belief in the sunna is part of the Islamic faith.

Examples of the Prophet's sayings
The Prophet (pbuh) said:

"God has no mercy on one who has no mercy for others."

"None of you truly believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for
himself."

"He who eats his fill while his neighbor goes without food is not a believer."

"The truthful and trusty businessman is associated with the prophets, the saints,
and the martyrs."

"Powerful is not he who knocks the other down, indeed powerful is he who
controls himself in a fit of anger."

"God does not judge according to your bodies and appearances but He scans your
hearts and looks into your deeds."




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"A man walking along a path felt very thirsty. Reaching a well he descended into
it, drank his fill and came up. Then he saw a dog with its tongue hanging out,
trying to lick up mud to quench its thirst. The man saw that the dog was feeling the
same thirst as he had felt so he went down into the well again and filled his shoe
with water and gave the dog a drink. God forgave his sins for this action." The
Prophet (pbuh) was asked: 'Messenger of God, are we rewarded for kindness
towards animals?' He said, 'There is a reward for kindness to every living thing.'

What are the 'Five Pillars' of Islam?
They are the frameworks of the Muslim life: faith, prayer, concern for the needy,
self-purification, and the pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.



Do Islam and Christianity have different origins?
No. Together with Judaism, they go back to the prophet and patriarch Abraham,
and their three prophets are directly descended from his sons - Muhammad (pbup)
from the eldest, Ishmael, and Moses and Jesus (pbuh) from Isaac. Abraham
established the settlement, which today is the city of Makkah, and built the Ka'ba
towards which all Muslims turn when they pray.

Prophet hood in Islam
Prophet hood is not unknown to heavenly revealed religions, such as Judaism and
Christianity. In Islam, however, it has a special status and significance. According
to Islam, Allah created man for a noble purpose: to worship Him and lead a
virtuous life based on His teachings and guidance. How would man know his role
and purpose of his existence unless he received clear and practical instructions of
what Allah wants him to do? Here comes the need for prophet hood. Thus Allah
had chosen from every nation a prophet or more to covey His Message to people.

One might ask: How were the prophets‟ chosen and who were entitled to this great
honor?

Prophet hood is Allah's blessing and favor that He may bestow on whom He wills.
However, from surveying the various messengers throughout history, three features
of a prophet may be recognized:

1. He is the best in his community morally and intellectually. This is necessary
because a prophet's life serves as a model for his followers. His personality should


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attract people to accept his message rather than drive them away by his imperfect
character. After receiving the message he is infallible. That is, he would not
commit any sin. He might make some minor mistakes, which are usually corrected
by revelation.

2. He is supported by miracles to prove that he is not an impostor. Those miracles
are granted by the power and permission of God and are usually in the field in
which his people excel and are recognized as superiors. We might illustrate this by
quoting the major miracles of the three prophets of the major world religions:
Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Moses' contemporaries were excellent in magic.
So his major miracle was to defeat the best magicians of Egypt of his days. Jesus'
contemporaries were recognized as skillful physicians. Therefore, his miracles
were to raise the dead and cure the incurable diseases. The Arabs, the
contemporaries of the Prophet Mohammed, were known for their eloquence and
magnificent poetry. So Prophet Muhammad's major miracle was the Quran, the
equivalent of which the whole legion of the Arab poets and orators could not
produce despite the repeated challenge from the Quran itself. Again Muhammad's
miracle has something special about it. All previous miracles were limited by time
and place, i.e., they were shown to specific people at a specific time. Not so the
miracle of Muhammad, the Quran. It is a universal and everlasting miracle.
Previous generations witnessed it and future generations will witness its
miraculous nature in terms of its style, content and spiritual uplifting. These still
can be tested and will thereby prove the divine origin of the Quran.

3. Every prophet states clearly that what he receives is not of his own but from God
for the well being of mankind. He also confirms what was revealed before him
and what may be revealed after him. A prophet does this to show that he is simply
conveying the message, which is entrusted to him by the One True God of all
people in all ages. So the message is one in essence and for the same purpose.
Therefore, it should not deviate from what was revealed before him or what might
come after him.

Prophets are necessary for conveying God's instructions and guidance to mankind.
We have no way of knowing why we were created. What will happen to us after
death? Is there any life after death? Are we accountable for our actions? In other
words, is there any reward or punishment for our deeds in this life? These and so
many other questions about God, angels, paradise, hell, etc. cannot be answered
without revelation from the Creator and Knower of the unseen. Those answers
must be authentic and must be brought by individuals whom we trust and respect.



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That is why, messengers are the select of their societies in terms of moral conduct
and intellectual ability.

Hence, Muslims do not accept the slanderous Biblical stories about some of the
great prophets. For example, Lot is reported to have committed fornication while
drunk, with his daughters; or David sent one his leaders to death to marry his wife.
Prophets to Muslims are greater than what these stories indicate. These stories
cannot be true from the Islamic point of view.

The prophets are also miraculously supported by God and instructed by Him to
affirm the continuity of the message. The content of the prophets' message to
mankind can be summarized as follows:

a) Clear concept about God: His attributes, His creation, what should and should
not be ascribed to Him.

b) Clear idea about the unseen world, the angels, jinn (spirits), Paradise and Hell.

c) Why has God created us? What does He want from us and what is the reward or
 punishment for obeying or disobeying Him?

d) How to run our societies according to His will? That is, clear instructions and
laws           that, when applied correctly and honestly, will result in a happy and
ideal society.

It is clear from the above discussion that there is no substitute for prophets. Even
today with the advancement of science, the only authentic source of information
about the supernatural world is revelation. Guidance can be obtained neither from
science nor from mystic experience. The first is too materialistic and too limited;
the second is too subjective and frequently too misleading.

Now one might ask:
How many prophets has God sent to humanity? We do not know for sure. Some
Muslim scholars have suggested 240 thousand prophets. We are only sure of that
is clearly mentioned in the Quran, that is, God has sent a messenger (or more) to
every nation. That is because it is one of God's principles that He will never call a
people to account unless He has made clear to them what to do and what not to do.
The Quran mentions the names of 25 prophets and indicates that there have been
others who were not mentioned to the Prophet Mohammed. These 25 include
Noah, the man of the Ark, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. These five
are the greatest among God's messengers. They are called 'the resolute' prophets.

                                                                                       14
An outstanding aspect of the Islamic belief in prophet hood is that Muslims believe
in and respect all the messengers of God with no exceptions. Since all the prophets
came from the same One God, for the same purpose - to lead mankind to God -
belief in them all is essential and logical; accepting some and rejecting others has
to be based on misconceptions of the prophets' role or racial bias. The Muslims are
the only people in the world who consider the belief in all the prophets of God an
article of faith. Thus the Jews reject Jesus Christ and Muhammad; the Christians
reject Muhammad and in reality reject Moses because they do not abide by his
laws. The Muslims accept them all as messengers of God who brought guidance to
mankind. However, the revelation, which those prophets brought from God, has
been tampered with in one-way or the other. The Quran enjoins the belief in all the
messengers of God on the Muslims.

"Say (O Muslims): we believe in Allah and that which is revealed to us and
that which was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael, and Isaac and Jacob, and their
children, and that which Moses and Jesus received and that the prophets received
from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them and unto Him we
have surrendered." (2:136)

The Quran continues in the following verses to instruct the Muslims that this is the
true and impartial belief. If other nations believe in the same, they are following
their own whims and biases and God will take care of them. Thus we read:

"And if they believe in what you believe, then they are rightly guided. But if they
turn away, then they are in disunity, and Allah will suffice you against them. He is
the Hearer, the Knower. This is God's religion and Who is better than God in
religion?" (2:137-38)

There are, at least, two important points related to prophet hood that need to be
clarified. These points concern the roles of Jesus and Muhammad as prophets who
are usually misunderstood.

The Quranic account of Jesus emphatically rejects the concept of his 'Divinity' and
'Divine Son ship' and presents him as one of the great prophets of God. The Quran
makes it clear that the birth of Jesus without a father does not make him Son of
God and mentions in this respect Adam who was created by God without a father
and mother:

"Truly the likeness of Jesus, in God's sight, is as Adam's likeness; He created him
of dust, then said He unto him, 'Be', and he was." (3:59)


                                                                                   15
Like other prophets Jesus also performed miracles. For example, he raised the
dead and cured the blind and lepers, but while showing these miracles he always
made it clear that it was all from God. Actually the misconceptions about the
personality and mission of Jesus found a way among his followers because the
Divine message that he preached was not recorded during his presence in the
world, rather it was recorded after a lapse of about hundred years. According to
the Quran he was sent to the children of Israel; he confirmed the validity of the
Torah, which was revealed to Moses, and he also brought the glad tidings of a final
messenger after him.

"And when Jesus son of Mary said, 'Children of Israel, I am indeed the Messenger
to you, confirming the Torah that is before me, and giving good tidings of a
Messenger who shall come after me, whose name shall be the PRAISED ONE.
(61:6) (The capitalized portion is the translation of Ahmad, which is Prophet
Muhammad‟s name.)

However, the majority of the Jews rejected his ministry. They plotted against his
life and in their opinion crucified him. But the Quran refutes this opinion and says
that they neither killed him nor crucified him, rather he was raised up to God.
There is a verse in the Quran, which implies that Jesus will come back and all the
Christians and Jews believe in him before he dies. This is also supported by
authentic sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

The last prophet of God, Muhammad, was born in Arabia in the sixth century C.E.
Up to the age of forty, people of Makkah knew him only as a man of excellent
character and cultured manners and called him AL-AMEEN (the trustworthy). He
also did not know that he was soon to make a prophet and receiver of revelation
from God. He called the idolaters of Makkah to worship the only one God and
accept him as His prophet. The revelation that he received was preserved in his
life-time in the memory of his companions and was also recorded in pieces of palm
leaves, leather etc...

Thus the Quran that is found today is the same that was revealed to him; not a
syllable of it has been altered as God Himself has guaranteed its preservation. This
Quran claims to be the book of guidance for the whole humanity for all times, and
mentions Muhammad as the last Prophet of God.

The last Messenger;




                                                                                  16
 Like other prophets, had these exemplary attributes, which are why they people
called him, both before and after being called to prophet hood, "the truthful and
honest one". He was sent for all people and the Holy Qur'an was revealed through
him to teach the Islamic religion, which was conveyed to mankind to guide them
on the right path.

      Quranic verses about The Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammad,          47:2

             o   Admonished, 33:37, 66:1, 75:16-19, 80:1-10
             o   As judge for followers, 4:65
             o   Dares not alter the Qur'an nor act contrarily, 10:15
             o   Divorce, 33:52
             o   Exemptions from "regular" marriage laws, 33:51
             o   Like of a pretty woman, 33:52
             o   Marriage
                      kinship allowances in, 33:50
                      restrictions, 33:52
             o   Mystical ascension, 53:6-18
             o   Not a madman, 7:184, 52:29, 68:2, 81:22
             o   Only a prophet, 3:144, 6:50, 7:188
             o   Prayed for non-believing Uncle (enjoined not to), 9:113
             o   Reacted against something lawful, 66:1
             o   "Seal" of the prophets, 33:40
             o   Summons from, 24:63
             o   Taking leave of, 24:62
             o   Unlettered prophet, 7:157, 7:158, 62:2
             o   Visiting wives, 3:51
             o   Widowed wives not allowed to remarry, 33:53




What was the mission of Prophet Muhammad                             .

His sole mission was to deliver the Quran (The message of Islam)

"Your ONLY mission (O Muhammad) is to deliver (Quran), while it is we who
will call them to account." 13:40

"You (O Muhammed) have no duty EXCEPT delivering (Quran)." 42:48 "

You shall strive for the cause of ALLAH as you should strive for His cause. He
has chosen you and has placed no hardship on you in practicing your religion - the


                                                                                  17
religion of your father Abraham. He is the one who named you "Submitters"
originally. Thus, the messenger shall serve as a witness among you, and you shall
serve as witnesses among the people. Therefore, you shall observe the Contact
Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and hold fast to GOD; He is
your Lord, the best Lord and the best Supporter." 22:78


"The messenger has no function EXCEPT delivering (Quran)..." 5:99

In Sura 73, few weeks after the revelation of the Quran, 73:20 is telling the
Muslims to observe the SALAT and Zakat. Does it make sense that God would
issue a commandment to observe something not already known.???

"...And observe the SALAT and ZAKAT, and lend God a loan of righteousness.
Whatever you advance for your souls, you will find at God better and multiplied
manyfold..." 73:20

It was to restore the worship of the One True God, the creator and sustainer of the
universe, as taught by Prophet Ibrahim and all Prophets of God, and to demonstrate
and complete the laws of moral, ethical, legal, and social conduct and all other
matters of significance for the humanity at large.

Muhammad (s) was a man and a messenger of Allah (The One God). He is the last
of the prophets [Qur'an 33:40] sent by Allah to guide man to the right path; Adam
was the first Prophet. The Qur‟an mentions twenty-five Prophets by name and
provides a great insight of their mission, struggle and their communities. The
Qur‟an exonerates prophets from charges leveled against them in previous
Scriptures. The Qur‟an also mentions four previously revealed Scriptures: Suhoof
(Pages) of Ibrahim (Abraham), Taurat ('Torah') as revealed to Prophet Moses,
Zuboor ('Psalms') as revealed to Prophet David, and Injeel ('Evangel') as revealed
to Prophet Jesus.

About the Ka'ba?
 Ka'bah is the first house of worship built on earth for the worship of Allah; the
One True God.The Ka'ba is the place of worship, which God commanded
Abraham and Ishmael to build over four thousand years ago. The building was
constructed of stone on what manyh believe was the original site of a sanctuary
established by Adam. God commanded Abraham to summon all mankind to visit



                                                                                     18
this place, and when pilgrims go there today they say 'At Thy service, O Lord', in
response to Abraham's summons.

Prophet Muhammad          declared that “Allah made Makkah holy, the day He
created heavens and earth, and it is the holy of holies until the Resurrection Day. It
is not lawful for anyone who believes in Allah and the last day to shed blood
therein, nor to cut down trees therein. It was not lawful to anyone before me and it
will not be lawful to anyone after me”

Quranic Verses regarding Kabah, 2:125-127, 2:191, 2:217, 5:95, 5:97, 8:34, 9:7, 48:25,
48:27, 106:3

             o   Creation of, 2:125
             o   Enter it with shaved heads or short hair, 48:27

The unique message that guarantee human rights
Freedom of conscience is laid down by the Quran itself: 'There is no compulsion in
religion'.(2:256)

The life and property of all citizens in an Islamic state are considered sacred
whether a person is Muslim or not.

Racism is incomprehensible to Muslims, for the Quran speaks of human equality in
the following terms:

O mankind! We created you from a single soul, male and female, and made you
into nations and tribes, so that you may come to know one another. Truly, the most
honored of you in God's sight is the greatest of you in piety. God is All-Knowing,
All-Aware.(49:13)

  Constituents of Deen-e-Islam and Islamic Shariah of the
last Prophets
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), like other prophets, had exemplary attributes, which
is why they people called him, both before and after being called to prophet hood,
"the truthful and honest one". He was sent for all people and the Holy Qur'an was
revealed through him to teach the Islamic religion, which was conveyed to
mankind to guide them on the right path.

     The Basic Constituents of Deen-e-Islam are;


                                                                                         19
        a.Tawheed b. Resalat c. Akhrat

6. The Messengers of Allah and their Shariahs
The word messenger (resul) and all its derivatives are used 513 times in the Quran.
The names of the messengers sent by God are also mentioned: like Moses,
Abraham, Aaron...And the total number of the messenger names used in the Quran
is also 513 (Including the repetitions). The total of the repetition of these words is
1026 (513X2) and this is another miracle of the Quran. Can a man use 1026
repetitions to create such a mathematical symmetry by using both the words
equally, 513 times each? And the piecemeal decent of the Quran according to
circumstances must be taken into consideration. It is crystal clear that even if the
entire mankind and all the jinns came together, they could not produce anything
like the Quran. It Says, “If all the humans and the jinns came together in order to
produce a Quran like this, they would surely fail, no matter how much assistance
they lent one another.”
                          ( 17. The Children of Israel, 88)

Since the word “messenger” (Rasul) is used 513 times, the names of these
messengers are also used 513 times.

We are going to see the importance of 19 in the next section, but still 513 is
27X19. Here both 19 and 27 are important because the number of the messenger‟s
names mentioned in the Quran is 27.


How many prophets have been sent to mankind?
Prophets were raised and sent to the whole of mankind in different lands and at
different times. One version of a hadith puts the number of prophets sent to
mankind as 124,000 (Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 5, 169); another puts the number at
224,000. Both of these versions, however, should be critically evaluated according
to the science of Hadith. Besides, whether the number was 124 or 224 thousand is
not important. What is essential is that no land, people or period was neglected;
prophets were sent to all. The Qur‟an says:

There never was a people without a Warner having lived among them‟ (35:24)

We would never visit our wrath (chastise any community) until We had sent a
Messenger to give warning‟ (17:15)


                                                                                    20
    The Names of the Messengers mentioned in holy Quran
It is another miracle that our prophet‟s name is mentioned as the 19th messenger in
the Quran. (Together with the prophets Job and Jonah)

                             Name of the
       Number                                   Number of occurrence
                             messenger
           1                    Moses                     136
           2                  Abraham                      69
           3                     Noah                      43
           4                      Lot                      27
           5                    Joseph                     27
           6                    Adam                       25
           7                     Jesus                     25
           8                    Aaron                      20
           9                     Isaac                     17
          10                   Solomon                     17
          11                    Jacob                      16
          12                    David                      16
          13                    Ismail                     12
          14                    Shuaib                     11
          15                    Saaleh                      9
          16                     Hood                       7
          17                  Zachariah                     7
          18                     John                       5
          19                 Muhammad                       4
          20                      Job                       4
          21                    Jonah                       4
          22                     Elias                      3
          23                     Idris                      2
          24                    Zalkifl                     2



                                                                                 21
          25                      Elisha                      2
          26                    Luqmaan                       2
          27                      Ezra                        1
           -                         -                   513(27*19)

It was easier to count the format of the words in the previous tables. But since this
table has some debatable points, we will try to explain these in a more detailed
way. (We tried not to include any controversial subjects in our book. But although
this table has some ambiguities, it is helpful to distinguish who is the real
messenger between the three names; Luqmaan, Ezra, Zul-Qarnain. We included
the name Aarun in the expression “Aarun‟s sister” which is in the sura Mary, to
our table since that refers to Mary and gives the information that they both come
from the same family. That is why we thought this expression mentions Aarun and
we added this word to our counting. We did not include the name “Ahmed” which
is used for our prophet since we thought it is used to describe a characteristic
(praise, praised) of him rather than his name. Throughout the Quran, the Prophet is
called by the name “Muhammad”, not “Ahmed”. And likewise, the name used for
prophet Jonah, “zan noon”, is also presents his character, not his name. That is why
we did not include that name also.

The names, Luqmaan, Ezra, Zul-Quarnain, which are mentioned in the Quran,
have also controversial points about whether they are prophets or not. We added to
our list Luqmaan that is used twice and Ezra which is used once, but did not
include Zul-Quarnain which is used three times in the Quran. It can be said that
this list is prepared arbitrarily. But it must be noted that all the derivatives of the
word “messenger” are used 513 times and the total names of the prophets used in
the Quran is also 513. The use of the names of messengers is not 300, 400, 450, or
550, 600, 800. The total number of the names of messengers mentioned in the
Quran cannot be changed decreasing or increasing by 10. The maximum number
that can be changed in controversial subjects is 6 or 7. Although this table may be
judged arbitrary at first, it is not so, since the number of the use of names (513) and
number‟s coefficient (27) compel us to make a selection.

Here we come face to face with another mathematical miracle of the Quran:
problem solving. For example; the question whether Lukmaan, Zul-Quarnain, and
Ezra are prophets or not, is one such a problem. We will try to solve this problem
with the mathematical characteristics of the Quran. The frequency of the
messenger names and the frequency of the derivatives of word “messenger” are
very close. So we can expect to solve this problem with the help of mathematics.

                                                                                     22
And we have the number 27 which can be accepted as a coefficient. We tried to
solve this problem in the previous table. But we are ready to accept other
alternative explanations and criticisms. God knows best. The Quran is a sufficient
miracle for believers.

51- Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book,
being read to them? It is indeed a grace and reminder for people who believe.
                                    29. The Female Spider, 51.

Brief History of Prophethood:

 The human race began from the first prophet Hazrat Adam. He conveyed and communicated the
religion to his descendents to teach them the righteousness and motives of their lives. Those of the
descendents who were good trod the right path shown to them. Those who were bad abandoned their
father‟s teachings and gradually drifted away from the right path into devious ways. They began to
worship the objects like stars, animals, fire and other idle objects. In this way ignorance gave rise to
many forms of polytheism and idolatry, and scores of religion were formulated. At that age Hazrat
Adam‟s progeny had spread fairly over the globe and formed various races and nations. Each nation
made a different religion for itself, each with formalities and rituals of its own. Lord of the creator was
altogether forgotten. People forgot the way of life
which Allah revealed to them and their great progenitor had taught them. Every kind of evil customs
grew and all sorts of nations of ignorance spread among them. They began to err in the discerning right
form wrong.
 At this stage Allah started raising prophets among those people who preached them to Islam. Each one
reminded his people of the lesson they had forgotten. They taught them not to associate other deities
with Allah. Taught them the better way of living in accordance with Allah‟s pleasure and gave them life
giving laws to be followed and enforced in their society. The prophets were raised in all countries, in
every land and people. They all possessed the same religion Islam but the method of teaching varied in
accordance with the heed and stage of the culture of the people among whom they were raised. But all
Prophets taught mankind on Allah‟s behalf only.
   Man‟s attitude towards Allah‟s prophets had been strange. First he maltreated the prophets and
refused to accept their guidance. Prophets were assassinated, faced the indifference, but continued to
preach the whole of their lives. In the midst of harassing opposition, derision of indignity to which they
were perpetually subjected, all apostles of Allah however did not cease the preaching. Large number of
people accepted their message and reverted to the true religion. The persistence in deviation and mal
practices took a well-defined form. Though during the lives of their prophets, people praised their
teachings, yet after their death they introduced their old distorted notions into their religions and altered
the prophets‟ teachings. They adopted quiet novel methods of worshipping Allah. Some even took the
worship of their Prophets. They made them incarnations of Allah. It was travesty of man‟s reason and
his mockery.

   They inter mixed the religion, baseless and false anecdotes and manmade laws; they changed the
ideology of prophets after the lapse of centuries. It became the hotch- potch of the real and the fictitious
and the teachings of the Holy prophets were lost in a conglomeration of fictions and perversities so
much so that it became impossible to distinguish between the grain and chaff. Despite these corruptions


                                                                                                   23
of the followers the work of prophets has not been altogether in vain. In the beginning prophets used to
appear among different nations and groups of people and their teachings were specially meant for their
own people because the nations were situated separately and so cut off from each other that they were
bound up in the geographical limits of its own territories and facilities for mutual communication were
non- existent. All nations had different forms to their moral distortions and aberrations of faith.
  It was therefore necessary that different prophets be raised to preach the truth to them and win them
over to Allah‟s ways: to gradually eradicate evils and aberrations; to root out the ways and modes of
ignorance and to teach them to practice the noblest principles of simple, pious and righteous life to train
them and bring them up in the arts and crafts of life. Allah says in the Holy Qur‟an (Surah Ar-Ra‟ad Ch
13: V. 7):

“And to every people there is a guide.”

“It is clearly mentioned in the Holy Qur‟an that Allah has sent a folk and messenger to every nation in
this world to give them a clear understanding of the divine guidance and the logic behind it in their own
languages so that they could get it in an easy way. This is because “it is
one of Allah‟s principles that He will never call people to account unless he has made clear to them what
to do and what not to do.”2

  With the passage of time nations became closer and closer to one another and their differences became
less and less and it became possible under those circumstances that one and the same faith envisaging a
comprehensive and all- embracing way of life catering to the moral, spiritual, social, cultural, political,
economic and all other needs of man and embodying both secular and religious elements be sent by
Allah for the entire mankind. More than two thousand years ago mankind attained a level that it all
seemed to crave for a universal religion. A number of religions were introduced by various prophets.
The Qur‟an mentions the names of nearly 25 prophets and indicates that there have been others who
were not mentioned to prophet Muhammad (SAW). These 25 include:
     Hazrat Adam, Hazrat Nooh, Hazrat Ibrahim, Hazrat Yousaf, Hazrat Shees, Hazrat Yusha, Hazrat
Ishaq, Hazrat Ismail, Hazrat Yaqub, Hazrat Dawood, Hazrat Sulaiman, Hazrat Ayyub, Hazrat Musa,
Hazrat Haroon, Hazrat Yahya, Hazrat Esa, Hazrat Ilyas, Hazrat Yunous, Hazrat loot, Hazrat Idrees,
Hazrat Zul‟ kifl, Hazrat Salih, Hazrat Shuaib, Hazrat Hud and Hazrat
Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and 26th one include “Ahmad”. Among these only five are the greatest among
Allah‟s messengers which are Hazrat Nooh, Hazrat Ibrahim, Hazrat Musa, Hazrat Esa and Hazrat
Muhammad (S.A.W). They are called the “RESOLUTE PROPHETS”.
    All these religions were averted by the others and due to lack of complete and true religion in
existence people began to propagate among the nations, the prevalent, the defective or unsatisfying they
may be. At that crucial stage of human civilization when the mind of man itself was carving for a
religion created for everyone living in the world, a prophet was raised in Arabia for the whole world and
for all nations. The religion was Islam but in the full-fledged system conveying all aspects of individual
and material life of a man. He was made prophet for the entire human race and the whole world and was
deputed to propagate his mission to the whole world. He was Hazrat Muhammad (SAW).

Properties and traits of prophets:

 Prophethood is Allah‟s blessing and favor that He may bestow on whom he wills. The prophet like a
mystic does not journey to Allah aside from a broad highway on a solitary path of his own but he is to



                                                                                                 24
bring forth his fellow men from darkness to light. The prophetic personality reacts against the wrong
traditional faith and becomes the centre of a new association whether larger or smaller than the existing
ones. The features of a prophet may be recognized as follow:




The Constituents of Islamic Sharyah
Following are the Islamic Shariah contains;

     Fundamental Doctrine of Imaan(System of Faith in Islam)
     Pillars of Islam (Ritual system of Islam)
     Life Affairs /Moamlat (Personal/ Private, public, National and
International affairs)
     State Affairs (Education, Eco, sex and Marriage, Political, Human Rights,
Military and War doctrine, foreign affairs ect)

      Ethics (Social behavior in Islam)
      Judicial system of Islam



Fundamental Doctrine of Faith (Imaan)
There is no god worthy of worship except God and Muhammad is His messenger.
This declaration of faith is called the Shahada, a simple formula that all the
faithful pronounce. In Arabic, the first part is la ilaha illa'Llah - 'there is no god
except God'; ilaha (god) can refer to anything which we may be tempted to put in
place of God - wealth, power, and the like. Then comes illa'Llah: 'except God', the
source of all Creation. The second part of the Shahada is Muhammadun
rasulu'Llah: 'Muhammad is the messenger of God.' A message of guidance has
come through a man like ourselves.
The follower of this belief is thus a Muslim - a Muslim‟s other beliefs are: God‟s
angels, previously revealed Books of God, all the prophets, from Adam to Jesus
(peace be on them both), the Day of Judgement and indeed the Decree of God.




                                                                                                25
There are six articles of faith in Islam:
    Belief in Allah
    Belief in Angles
    Belief in the Books (Scriptures) of Allah

    Belief in the Prophets of Allah,
    Belief in the Day of Judgment and
    Belief in the Divine Laws

 Umar ibn Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, relates: We were sitting in the
company of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, when
suddenly a man arrived. He was wearing clean, white clothes and his hair was jet
black. He did not look as though he were a traveler and he was not known to any
of us. He sat down close to the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him, his knees touching the knees of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him. He said: O Muhammad, tell me something about faith. The
Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, replied: "Faith is that
you should believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books and His Prophets; that you
should believe in the Day of Judgment and that you should believe in the Divine
Laws relating to good and evil." (Tirmidhi) Ali ibn Talib, may Allah be pleased
with him, relates that he Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,
said: "The faith is that one recognizes God at heart, accepts Him verbally and acts
on His commandments." (Ibni Majah)
a. Belief in Allah what it is? Concept of Tawheed (oneness of Allah) in Islam
(112:1-4) (3:64)

See holy Quran 2:177

Hadith of six pillars of Imaan - Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1, Kitabul Imaan, Chapter 2,
Hadith 6


                    Definition of Tauhid - (Islamic Monotheism)
Tauhîd (Islamic Monotheism) has the following aspects:

In existence (self) ,Ebadah ,Aafaal ,Sifaat , In attributes and by Ignoring the any demands of
attributes



                                                                                           26
(A) Oneness of the Lordship of Allah; Tauhîd-ar-Rubûbiya: To believe that there is only one
Lord for all the universe, its Creator, Organizer, Planner, Sustainer, and the Giver of security,
etc., and that is Allah.

(B) Oneness of the worship of Allah; Tauhîd-al-Ulûhiya: To believe that none has the right to be
worshipped [e.g. praying, invoking, asking for help (from the unseen), swearing, slaughtering
sacrifices, giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage, etc.] but Allah.

(C) Oneness of the Names and the Qualities of Allah: Tauhîd-al-Asmâ was-Sifât: To believe that:

(i) We must not name or qualify Allah except with what He or His Messenger SAW has named
or qualified Him;

(ii) None can be named or qualified with the Names or Qualifications of Allah; e.g. Al-Karîm;

(iii) We must confirm all of Allah's Qualifications which Allah has stated in His Book (the
Qur'ân) or mentioned through His Messenger (Muhammad SAW ) without changing them or
ignoring them completely or twisting the meanings or giving resemblance to any of the created
things [e.g. Allah is present over His Throne as mentioned in the Qur'ân (V. 20:5):-

"The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne," over the seventh heaven;
and He only comes down over the first (nearest) heaven to us on the day of 'Arafât (Hajj, i.e. the
9th of Dhul-Hijja), and also during the last third part of the night as mentioned by the Prophet
SAW , but He is with us by His Knowledge only, not by His Personal-Self (Bi-Dhâtihi).

Also Allah said:

"There is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer" (V.42:11).

This holy Verse confirms the quality of hearing and the quality of sight for Allah without
resemblance to others, and likewise He SWT also said:

"To one whom I have created with Both My Hands," (V.38:75);

and He also said:

"The Hand of Allah is over their hands." (V.48:10).

This confirms two Hands for Allah, but there is no similarity for them. This is the Faith of all
true believers, and was the Faith of all the Prophets of Allah, from Nûh (Noah), Ibrâhim
(Abraham), Mûsa (Moses) and 'Iesa (Christ) till the last of the Prophets, Muhammad SAW. [It is
not like as some people think that Allah is present everywhere - here, there and even inside the
breasts of men].




                                                                                                    27
These three aspects of Tauhîd are included in the meaning of Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the
right to be worshipped but Allah).

It is also essential to follow Allah's Messenger, Muhammad SAW : Wajûb al-Ittebâ' and it is a
part of Tauhîd-al-Ulûhiya.

This is included in the meaning, "I testify that Muhammad SAW is Allah's Messenger," and this
means, "None has the right to be followed after Allah's Book (the Qur'ân), but Allah's Messenger
SAW".

Allah said:

"And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad SAW ) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he
forbids you, abstain (from it)." (V.59:7)

And also Allah said:

"Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind), 'If you (really) love Allah then follow me [i.e. accept
Islâmic Monotheism, follow the Qur'ân and the Sunnah (legal ways of the Prophet SAW)], Allah
will love you and forgive you of your sins.' " (V.3:31)


SHAHADA CONFESSION OF A MUSLIM

                         Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh, Muhammad-ur- Rasûl-Allâh
                         (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah,
                        and Muhammad SAW is the Messenger of Allah).

I have noticed that most of the mankind, who embrace Islam, do not understand the reality of the
meaning of the first fundamental principle of Islam, i.e. Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh, Muhammad-ur-Rasûl-
Allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad SAW is the Messenger of
Allah). So I consider it essential to explain something of the meanings of this great sentence (i.e
principle) in some detail:

Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh, Muhammad-ur- Rasûl-Allâh

"None has the right to be worshipped but Allah... and Muhammad SAW is the Messenger of
Allah" has three aspects: A,B and C.

A. It is that, you have to pledge a covenant with (Allah), the Creator of the heavens and earth, the
Ruler of all that exists, the Lord of Majesty and Highness, on four points (or conditions):

Point I: A confession with your heart that the Creator (of everything) is Allah, it is that you have
to say: "I testify that the Creator of all the universe including the stars, the planets, the sun, the
moon, the heavens, the earth with all its known and unknown forms of life, is Allah. He is the
Organizer and Planner of all its affairs. It is He Who gives life and death, and He (i.e. Allah


                                                                                                   28
Alone) is the Sustainer, and the Giver of security, etc." And this is called (your confession for
the) "Oneness of the Lordship of Allah," - Tauhid-ar-Rubûbiya.

Point II: A confession with your heart that you have to say: "I testify that none has the right to
be worshipped but Allah Alone." The word "Worship" (i.e. 'Ibadah) carries a great number of
meanings in the Arabic language: It conveys that all kinds of worship are meant for Allah [and
none else, whether it be an angel, Messenger, Prophet 'Iesa (Jesus) - son of Maryam (Mary),
'Uzair (Ezra), Muhammad, saint, idol, the sun, the moon and all other kinds of false deities]. So
pray to none but Allah, invoke none but Allah, ask for help from none (unseen) but Allah, swear
by none but Allah, offer an animal as sacrifice to none but Allah,...etc, and that means, all that
Allah and His Messenger SAW order you to do, (in His Book, the Qur'ân and in the Sunna (legal
ways of Prophet Muhammad SAW ) you must do, and all that Allah and His Messenger SAW
forbid you, you must not do. And this is called (your confession for the) "Oneness of the worship
of Allah," - Tauhid-al-Uluhiya. And that you (mankind) worship none but Allah.

Point III: A confession with your heart that you have to say: "O Allah! I testify that all the best
of names and the most perfect qualities with which You have named or qualified Yourself in
Your Book (i.e. the Qur'ân) or as Your Prophet Muhammad SAW has named or qualified You,
with his statement, I confirm that all those (names and qualifications) are for You without
changing their meanings or neglecting them completely or giving resemblance to others." As
Allah said:

"There is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." (V. 42:11).

This holy Verse confirms the quality of hearing and the quality of sight for Allah without
resemblance to others, and likewise He also said:

"To one whom I have created with Both My Hands," (V.38:75)

and He also said:

"The Hand of Allah is over their hands." (V.48:10)

This confirms two Hands for Allah, but there is no similarity for them. Similarly Allah said:

"The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne." (V.20:5).

So He rose over the Throne really in a manner that suits His Majesty. And Allah is over His
Throne over the seventh heaven, as the slave-girl pointed towards the heavens, when Allah's
Messenger (Muhammad SAW ) asked her as to where Allah is. He only comes down over the
first (nearest) heaven to us on the day of 'Arafât (Hajj, i.e. the 9th of Dhul-Hijja), and also during
the last third part of the night as mentioned by the Prophet SAW , but He is with us by His
Knowledge only, not by His Personal-Self (Bi-Dhâtihi). It is not like that, as some people say
that Allah is present everywhere - here, there, and even inside the breasts of men. He sees and
hears all that we do or utter, etc. And this is called (your confession for the) "Oneness of the
Names and Qualities of Allah" - Tauhîd-al-Asma was-Sifat and this is the right Faith, the Faith


                                                                                                    29
which was followed by the Messengers of Allah [from Nûh (Noah), Ibrâhim (Abraham), Mûsa
(Moses), Da'ud (David), Sulaimân (Solomon), 'Iesa (Jesus) to Muhammad alai-hiss-salaam and
the Companions of Prophet Muhammad SAW ] and the righteous followers of these Messengers
alai-hiss-salaam .

Point IV: A confession with your heart that you have to say: "O Allah! I testify that Muhammad
SAW is Your Messenger." That means that none has the right to be followed after Allah, but the
Prophet Muhammad SAW as he is the last of His Messengers. As Allah said:

"Muhammad (SAW) is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah
and the last (end) of the Prophets and Allah is Ever All-Aware of everything." (V.33:40).

"And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad SAW ) gives you, take it and whatsoever he
forbids you, abstain from it,"(V.59:7).

And Allah said:

"Say (O Muhammad to mankind): 'If you (really) love Allah, then follow me.' " (V.3:31)

As for others than Muhammad SAW, their statements are to be taken or rejected as to whether
these are in accordance with Allah's Book (i.e. the Qur'ân) or with the Sunna (legal ways, orders,
acts of worship, statements, etc.) of the Prophet SAW or not. As the Divine Inspiration has
stopped after the death of Prophet Muhammad SAW and it will not resume except at the time of
the Descent of 'Iesa (Jesus) - son of Maryam (Mary) and he (i.e. Jesus) will rule with justice
according to the Islamic laws, during the last days of the world as it has been mentioned in the
authentic Hadîth (i.e. narration of Prophet Muhammad SAW). (Sahih-Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadîth
No. 425).

B. It is essential to utter: Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh, Muhammad-ur-Rasûl Allâh (none has the right to be
worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad SAW is the Messenger of Allah.) As it has come in the
statement of the Prophet Muhammad SAW to his uncle Abû Tâlib at the time of the latter's
death: "O uncle, if you utter it (Lâ ilâh ill-Allah, Muhammad-ur-Rasûl Allah, none has the right
to be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad SAW is the Messenger of Allah), then I shall be
able to argue on your behalf before Allah, on the Day of Resurrection." Similarly, when Abû
Dhar Al-Ghiffari embraced Islam, he went to Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (i.e. the Ka'ba) and he
proclaimed it loudly in front of the Quraish infidels until he was beaten severely.

C. It is essential that the limbs and all the other parts and organs of one's body testify to it, and
this is very important as regards its meaning (i.e., the meaning of Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh Muhammad
Rasul Allah - none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad SAW is the
Messenger of Allah). So whoever has confessed this (with his Lord), he shall not commit sins
like robbing, killing, stealing, illegal sexual intercourse, eating pig meat, drinking alcoholic
beverages, taking undue advantage of orphan's property, cheating in trade, bribery and earning
money through illegal means, telling lies, backbiting etc., or otherwise the limbs and all the other
parts and organs of his body will testify against him that he was a liar in his words which he
pledged to Allah. In case he commits the above sins, he should know that it is a sin that obliges


                                                                                                  30
him to repent to Allah, and ask His Forgiveness, as (his) body parts (i.e. skin, private parts,
hands, tongue, ears, etc.)will testify to the above mentioned crimes (i.e. actions) against his self
on the Day of Resurrection.

And with the confession of this great sentence (i.e. principle) a person enters in the fold of (i.e.
embraces) the Islamic religion accordingly, it is essential for him to believe in all the Messengers
of Allah and not to differentiate between them. As it is mentioned in His Book, Allah said:

"Do then those who disbelieve think that they can take My slaves [i.e. the angels; Allah's
Messengers; 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), etc.] as Auliyâ' (lords, gods, protectors etc.)
besides Me? Verily, We have prepared Hell as an entertainment for the disbelievers (in the
Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism).

Say (O Muhammad SAW): 'Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of (their) deeds?'

Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life, while they thought they were acquiring good
by their deeds!

"Those are they who deny the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of
their Lord and the Meeting with Him (in the Hereafter). So their works are in vain, and on the
Day of Resurrection, We shall not give them any weight.

"That shall be their recompense, Hell; because they disbelieved and took My Ayât (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.) And My Messengers by way of jest and mockery.

"Verily! Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous
deeds, shall have the Gardens of Al-Firdaus (Paradise) for their entertainment.

"Wherein they shall dwell (forever). No desire will they have to be removed therefrom.

"Say (O Muhammad SAW to mankind): If the sea were ink for (writing) the Words of my Lord,
surely the sea would be exhausted, before the Words of my Lord would be exhausted even if we
brought (another sea) like it for its aid.

"Say (O Muhammad SAW ): I am only a man like you, it has been inspired to me that your Ilâh
(God) is One Ilâh (God, i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him
work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (V. 18:102-110).

This introduction is necessary for anyone who wishes to embrace Islam. After this confession he
( or she) should take a bath (i.e. Ghusl) and then offer a two Rak'at prayer, and act upon the five
principles of Islam, as narrated by lbn 'Umar Rahiallahu'anhu in the Book, Sahih Al-Bukhari,
Vol.1 Hadîth No.7:-

Narrated lbn 'Umar Rahiallahu'anhu : Allah's Messenger SAW said: Islam is based on the
following five (principles):




                                                                                                   31
1. To testify Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh wa anna Muhammad-ur-Rasul-Allâh (none has the right to be
worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger).

2. Perform Iqâmat As-Salât[].

3. To pay Zakât[].

4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. pilgrimage to Makka).

5. To observe Saum (fast) during the month of Ramadân.

[And must believe in the six articles of Faith, i.e. to believe in:

(1) Allah, (2) His angels, (3) His Messengers, (4) His revealed Books, (5) the Day of
Resurrection, and (6) Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments i.e. whatever Allah has ordained must
come to pass)]

IMPORTANT NOTE:-

The acceptance of the righteous deeds is stipulated with the following two basic conditions,
which must be fulfilled:

(1) The intentions while doing such deeds must be totally for Allah's sake only without any show
off or gaining praise or fame, etc.

(2) Such a deed must be performed in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways, orders, acts of
worship. statements, etc.) of Allah's Messenger Muhammad bin 'Abdullah, the last (end) of all
the Prophets and the Messengers alai-hiss-salaam.



Effects     of Tauhid - (Islamic monotheism) on human life
       Self respect
       Modesty and humility
       Breath of vision
       Constancy & bravery
       Optimism & contentment
       Piety & temperance
       Affects on society


       Angels in Islam The word “angel” associates in many people the “devil” itself. All
        derivatives of these two interrelated words are used in the Quran 88 times each. It is
        interesting to note that the most frequent form of these two words “eþ-þeytan” and “el-
        melaike” are used, 68 times each in the Quran. Two examples for these words:



                                                                                                32
Devil is certainly your enemy 35. Originator, 6

12- Thus, your Lord inspired the Angels.
                     8. Spoils of War, 12

Angels are creation of Allah (SWT), which are normally unseen and has been
created from light. They do not have their own free will and always obey the
commandments of Almighty Allah. Different angels have been appointed by
Almighty Allah for different activity e.g. Arch Angel Gabriel (Jibreel) was
appointed to bring the Revelation of Allah (SWT) to the prophets.


    . Messengers /prophet hood

        1. Prophets sent to every nation
a) The Glorious Qur‟an mentions in Surah Fatir, Chapter 35, and Verse 24
“…And there never was a people, without a warner having lived among them (in
the past)”.[Al-Qur‟an 35:24]
b) A similar message is repeated in Surah, Chapter 13, Verse 7
“…and to every people a guide”.[Al-Qur‟an 13:7]
2. Stories only of some prophets narrated in the Qur‟an
   a) Allah (SWT) says in Surah Nisa, Chapter 4, Verse 164
       “Of some messengers We have already told thee the story; of others we have
                                         not.”
       [Al-Qur‟an 4:164]
b) A similar message is repeated in Surah Ghafir, Chapter 40, Verse 78
“We did aforetime send messengers before thee: of them there are some whose
story We have related to thee, and some whose story We have not related to
thee...”
[Al-Qur‟an 40:78]

3. 25 Prophets of God are mentioned by name in the Qur‟an
By name, only 25 Prophets of God are mentioned in the Qur‟an e.g. Adam, Noah,
Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad (pbuh)
4. More than 1,24,000 prophets of God
According to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), there were more than 1,24,000 prophets
sent to this world.
5. All previous prophets sent only for their people
All the prophets that came before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) were only sent for
their own people and were to be followed only for a particular period of time.


                                                                               33
Surah Ali Imran, Chapter 3, Verse 49
“And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel,…”
                                                           [Al-Qur‟an 3:49]
6. Muhammad (pbuh), the last messenger of God
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the last and final messenger of Almighty God. It is
mentioned in
Surah Ahzab, Chapter 33, Verse 40
“Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of
Allah, and the seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.”
                                                                [Al-Qur‟an 33:40]
7. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), sent for whole Humankind
Since Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the last and final messenger, he was not sent
only for the Muslims or the Arabs, but he was sent for the whole of humankind.
a. It is mentioned in
Surah Anbiya, Chapter 21, Verse 107
“We sent thee not, but as a mercy for all creatures.”
                                                 [Al-Qur‟an 21:107]
b. A similar message is repeated in
Surah Saba, Chapter 34, Verse 28
“We have not sent thee but as a universal (Messenger) to men, giving them glad
tidings, and warning them (against sin), but most men understand not.”
                                                    [Al-Qur‟an 34:28]
c. It is mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book of Salaah, Chapter 56, Hadith no. 429
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah: Allah‟s Messenger said,
“Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all
mankind.”

Messengers sent to every nation (35:24) (13:7)
25 prophets mentioned by name in the Qur‟an
Stories of only some prophets mentioned in the Qur‟an (4:164) (40:78)
Several hundreds of messengers sent to the world according to Hadith
All previous messengers were only sent for their people and nation and their
complete message was meant for that period of time
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) last and final messenger (33:40)

The Significance of resalat
1.    The meaning of rasool & nabi
2.    The purpose & importance of risalat
3.    How wahi is communicated

                                                                               34
4.    All prophets were prophets of islam
5.    Traits of prophets
            Humanity
            Endowment
            Teaching
            ismat
            Obedience is mendatory
6.    Obedience tp prhpet is obidience to allah
7.    Salient features of prophethood of hazrat muhammd(saw)
            prophethood for all mankind
            Previous shariat abrogated
            Religion perfected
            Perfect integrity of quran
            Prophet‟s sunahs safegaurded
            Universality of prophet teaching
            Comprehensiveness of seerat
            Finality of prophethood
            Completeness of sharia
            Everlasting till the day of judgment
            Includes following
1.                        Concepts (revelation based)
2.                        Complete ritual system (ibadah)
3.                        Complete guidance on human affairs
4.                        Comprehensive judicial system
5.                        Perfect ethical system
6.                        Tasawuf-ehsan

 Prophets sent to every nation
a) The Glorious Qur‟an mentions in Surah Fatir, Chapter 35, and Verse 24
“…And there never was a people, without a warner having lived among them (in
the past)”.[Al-Qur‟an 35:24]
b) A similar message is repeated in Surah, Chapter 13, Verse 7
“…and to every people a guide”.[Al-Qur‟an 13:7]
2. Stories only of some prophets narrated in the Qur‟an
   a) Allah (SWT) says in Surah Nisa, Chapter 4, Verse 164
       “Of some messengers We have already told thee the story; of others we have
                                       not.”
       [Al-Qur‟an 4:164]
c) A similar message is repeated in Surah Ghafir, Chapter 40, Verse 78

                                                                              35
“We did aforetime send messengers before thee: of them there are some whose
story We have related to thee, and some whose story We have not related to
thee...”
[Al-Qur‟an 40:78]

3. 25 Prophets of God are mentioned by name in the Qur‟an
By name, only 25 Prophets of God are mentioned in the Qur‟an e.g. Adam, Noah,
Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad (pbuh)
4. More than 1,24,000 prophets of God
According to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), there were more than 1,24,000 prophets
sent to this world.
5. All previous prophets sent only for their people
All the prophets that came before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) were only sent for
their own people and were to be followed only for a particular period of time.
Surah Ali Imran, Chapter 3, Verse 49
“And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel,…”
                                                           [Al-Qur‟an 3:49]
6. Muhammad (pbuh), the last messenger of God
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the last and final messenger of Almighty God. It is
mentioned in
Surah Ahzab, Chapter 33, Verse 40
“Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of
Allah, and the seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.”
                                                                [Al-Qur‟an 33:40]
7. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), sent for whole Humankind
Since Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the last and final messenger, he was not sent
only for the Muslims or the Arabs, but he was sent for the whole of humankind.
d. It is mentioned in
Surah Anbiya, Chapter 21, Verse 107
“We sent thee not, but as a mercy for all creatures.”
                                                 [Al-Qur‟an 21:107]
e. A similar message is repeated in
Surah Saba, Chapter 34, Verse 28
“We have not sent thee but as a universal (Messenger) to men, giving them glad
tidings, and warning them (against sin), but most men understand not.”
                                                    [Al-Qur‟an 34:28]
f. It is mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book of Salaah, Chapter 56, Hadith no. 429
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah: Allah‟s Messenger said,



                                                                              36
“Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all
mankind.”
Messengers sent to every nation (35:24) (13:7)
25 prophets mentioned by name in the Qur‟an
Stories of only some prophets mentioned in the Qur‟an (4:164) (40:78)
Several hundreds of messengers sent to the world according to Hadith
All previous messengers were only sent for their people and nation and their
complete message was meant for that period of time
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) last and final messenger (33:40)

    Belief in the Day of Judgment /akhrat
  Life after death-hereafter The Quran speaks of two lives: the one in this “world”
(Dunya), which is finite, and the other in the “hereafter” (Ahiret), which is infinite.
The relation between these words in the Quran is very clear. These two words,
which are used sometimes together in a verse and sometimes separately, are
mentioned 115 times each. There are two examples below:

185- The life of this world is no more than an illusion.
                                   3. The Family of Imran, 185

103 - This should be a sign for those who fear the torment of the Hereafter…
11. Hud 103

             Meaning and significance
              Life after death
              Deeds and retributions
              Final justice to be dispensed
              Question of ultimate justice
              The affects of this belief on mans life
              Psychology of belief
              Love for virtue
              Bravery & heroism
             Believer is not afraid to die
             Patience & perseverance
             Spending in the way of Allah
             Sense of responsibility hope for the best reward




                                                                                    37
How do Muslims view death?
Like Jews and Christians, Muslims believe that the present life is only a trial
preparation for the next realm of existence. Basic articles of faith include: the Day
of Judgement, resurrection, Heaven and Hell. When a Muslim dies, he or she is
washed, usually by a family member, wrapped in a clean white cloth, and buried
with a simple prayer preferably the same day. Muslims consider this one of the
final services they can do for their relatives, and an opportunity to remember their
own brief existence here on earth. The Prophet (pbuh) taught that three things can
continue to help a person even after death; charity which he had given, knowledge
which he had taught and prayers on their behalf by a righteous child.

1.      Meaning and significance
2.      Life after death
3.      Deeds and retributions
4.      Final justice to be dispensed
5.      Question of ultimate justice
6.      The affects of this belief on mans life
7.      Psychology of belief
8.      Love for virtue
9.      Bravery & heroism
10.    Believer is not afraid to die
11.    Patience & preservence
12.    Spending in the way of allah
13.    Sense of responsibility
Hope for the best reward

1. Its mentioned in the Qur‟an Surah Baqarah, Chapter 2, Verse 28
“How can ye reject the faith in Allah? Seeing that ye were without life, And He
gave you life; Then will He cause you to die, And will again bring you to life; And
again to Him Will ye return”.
In Islam a human being comes into this world only once and after he dies, he is
again resurrected on the day of judgment and depending upon the deeds he has
done he will either dwell in heaven i.e. Paradise or in hell.
2. This life is the test for the here after
Its mentioned in the Qur‟an Surah Al Mulk, Chapter 67, Verse 2
“He who created Death and Life, that He May try which of you is best in deed; and
He is the exalted in Might, oft forgiving.



                                                                                   38
This life that we lead in this world is a test for the here after. If we follow the
commandment of the creator Almighty Allah and we pass the test, We shall enter
Paradise i.e. Eternal Bliss. If you do not follow the commandments of our creator
and fail the test then we shall be put into Hell.
     Full Recompense on the Day of Judgement
Its mentioned in the Qur‟an Surah Ali Imran, Chapter 3, Verse 185
“Every soul shall have a taste of death And only on the Day of Judgement shall
you be paid your full recompense. Only he who is saved far from the fire and
admitted to the Garden will have attained the object (of life). For the life of this
world is but goods and chattels of deception”.
     Paradise – Al-Jannah
Al-Jannah i.e. Paradise is a place of Perpetual bliss;
 in Arabic it literally means the Garden. The Qur‟an describes the Jannah in great
detail, such as Paradise, underneath which rivers run. It contains rivers of milk
unchanging in flavor and rivers of honey purified. In it is fruit of every kind. No
fatigue shall be fell neither shall they hear idle talk. There shall be no cause of sin
except Peace and Peace.
             Hell – Jahannam
Hell is a place of torment where the people undergo suffering most often described
as fire, a fire whose fuel is men and stones.

2. Its mentioned in the Qur‟an Surah Baqarah, Chapter 2, Verse 28
“How can ye reject the faith in Allah? Seeing that ye were without life, And He
gave you life; Then will He cause you to die, And will again bring you to life; And
again to Him Will ye return”.
In Islam a human being comes into this world only once and after he dies, he is
again resurrected on the day of judgment and depending upon the deeds he has
done he will either dwell in heaven i.e. Paradise or in hell.
2. This life is the test for the here after
Its mentioned in the Qur‟an Surah Al Mulk, Chapter 67, Verse 2
“He who created Death and Life, that He May try which of you is best in deed; and
He is the exalted in Might, oft forgiving.
This life that we lead in this world is a test for the here after. If we follow the
commandment of the creator Almighty Allah and we pass the test, We shall enter
Paradise i.e. Eternal Bliss. If you do not follow the commandments of our creator
and fail the test then we shall be put into Hell.
1. Full Recompense on the Day of Judgement
Its mentioned in the Qur‟an Surah Ali Imran, Chapter 3, Verse 185



                                                                                    39
“Every soul shall have a taste of death And only on the Day of Judgement shall
you be paid your full recompense. Only he who is saved far from the fire and
admitted to the Garden will have attained the object (of life). For the life of this
world is but goods and chattels of deception”.
2. Paradise – Al-Jannah
Al-Jannah i.e. Paradise is a place of Perpetual bliss;
 in Arabic it literally means the Garden. The Qur‟an describes the Jannah in great
detail, such as Paradise, underneath which rivers run. It contains rivers of milk
unchanging in flavor and rivers of honey purified. In it is fruit of every kind. No
fatigue shall be fell neither shall they hear idle talk. There shall be no cause of sin
except Peace and Peace.
3. Hell – Jahannam
Hell is a place of torment where the people undergo suffering most often described
as fire, a fire whose fuel is men and stones.


f. Destiny
1. Concept of Destiny – Qadr in Islam
Qadr is the concept of Destiny. Certain aspects of human life is predestined by our
creator Almighty Allah for e.g. where and when will a person be born. The
Surround and condition in which he will be born, how long will he live and where
will he die.
2. Logical concept for differences in different Individuals.
In Hinduism the differences in two individual at birth e.g. one child is healthy
while the other is handicapped, one child is born in a rich family and the other in a
poor family is based on past karma i.e. actions of the previous life. There is no
scientific or logical proof of the cycle of Rebirths. The Islamic concept for these
differences in different Individual is given in Surah Mulk, Chapter 67, Verse 2
“He who created Death and life, that He may try which of you is best in deed; And
He is the Exalted In Might; oft-forgiving”.
This life that we live is the test for the hereafter.
3. Present Conditions in Islam is a test
There are several Verses in the Qur‟an which clearly specify that Our Creator
Almighty Allah tests us in several different ways
a. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an.
Surah Baqarah, Chapter 2, Verse 214
“Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of Bliss) without such (trials) as
came to those who passed away before you?



                                                                                    40
They encountered suffering and adversity, And were so shaken in Spirit that even
the messenger and those of faith who were with him cried. “When (will come) the
help of Allah” Ah! Verily, the help of Allah is (always) near!”
b. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an
Surah Ankabut, Chapter 29, Verse 2
 “Do men think that they will be left a lone on saying, “we believe”, And that they
will not be tested?”
c. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an
Surah Anbiya, Chapter 21, Verse 35
“Every Soul shall have a taste of death. And we test you by evil and by good by
way of trial to us must ye return.”
d. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an
Surah Baqarah, Chapter 2, Verse 155
“Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods
or lives or the fruits (of your tail), but give Glad tidings to those who patiently
persevere.”
e. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an
Surah Anfal, Chapter 8, Verse 28
“And know ye that your possession and your progeny are but a trial; And it is
Allah with whom lies your highest reward

4. Present Conditions in Islam is a test
There are several Verses in the Qur‟an which clearly specify that Our Creator
Almighty Allah tests us in several different ways
f. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an.
Surah Baqarah, Chapter 2, Verse 214
“Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of Bliss) without such (trials) as
came to those who passed away before you?
They encountered suffering and adversity, And were so shaken in Spirit that even
the messenger and those of faith who were with him cried. “When (will come) the
help of Allah” Ah! Verily, the help of Allah is (always) near!”
g. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an
Surah Ankabut, Chapter 29, Verse 2
 “Do men think that they will be left a lone on saying, “we believe”, And that they
will not be tested?”
h. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an
Surah Anbiya, Chapter 21, Verse 35
“Every Soul shall have a taste of death. And we test you by evil and by good by
way of trial to us must ye return.”
i. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an

                                                                                41
Surah Baqarah, Chapter 2, Verse 155
“Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods
or lives or the fruits (of your tail), but give Glad tidings to those who patiently
persevere.”
j. It is mentioned in the Qur‟an
Surah Anfal, Chapter 8, Verse 28
“And know ye that your possession and your progeny are but a trial; And it is
Allah with whom lies your highest reward
5The Five Pillars Of Islam
A Muslim has five main duties to perform, namely
Bearing witness to the Unity of God and Muhammad (peace and blessings on him)
as His Messenger, Observing the prescribed prayer,Payment of Zakat Keeping the
fasts of Ramadhan And performing the pilgrimage to Mecca.

 As narrated by Ibn=e= Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, relates that the
Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: "Islam is based on
five articles:

    Declaration of Faith (Shadah)
A Muslim expresses his/her faith (Iman) in the following words:

See Ref; Sahih bukhari, vol. 1, book of imaan, chapter 1, hadith 8
To testify that „ash-hadu-al-lailaha illallah wa anna muhammadar rasulullah‟

“ Ash-hadu anla ilaha illal-Lahu Wahdahu la Sharika Lahu wa-ash-hadu anna
Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu”
  The English translation of the Shahadah is as follows:
I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, the One, without
any partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His
Messenger. The declaration of faith consists of two distinct parts, i.e., the
absolute belief in the Unity of Allah (God) and the belief in the Holy Prophet
Muhammad as a mortal human being and the Messenger of Allah. Islam's
fundamental belief is the Unity of God. All other beliefs hang on this belief.
Therefore the acknowledgement and 'bearing witness' of this is the key to the
Muslim faith. Unless this is observed one cannot be a Muslim. A Muslim accepts
Allah as the only God, and only Master, Lord and Ruler with no partner sharing in
any way His Being, Powers and Attributes. He is One; He is Unique; He is not the
father of any one, nor He has or had any father. He is Almighty and Self-


                                                                                42
Sustaining. He is there forever, and will be there forever. A Muslim believes in
Allah as the Ruler and must not disobey Him. In fact everything that exists in the
universe obeys Him. He is the Fashioner of all the Universes that may exist. The
belief in the Prophet Muhammad (on whom be peace) as the servant and
Messenger of Allah completes one‟s faith. The Holy Prophet was the greatest of all
the Prophets of Allah, yet he was only a human being with no share in Divinity.
This is a very important belief that keeps Muslims from associating partners with
Allah. This part of the Declaration of Faith where reinforces the first part of Allah
being the only Supreme Being with no partners also establishes the absolute
authority of the Holy Prophet as the Messenger of Allah, who must be obeyed as
well in all the matters of faith. The Holy Prophet is the last prophet who brought us
the last Book (the Holy Quran) to be followed. He lived among his people for a
long time and his life is documented in utmost detail. He lead his followers by
example. The way he lived his life and admonished his followers to live their lives
is called Sunnah of the Holy Prophet. The second part of the Declaration of Faith
makes obeying and following the advice of the Prophet Muhammad equally
important to the belief in absolute Unity of Allah. This declaration make one to
completely submit to the Will of Allah and that is why one who declares this belief
is called a Muslim - one who completely submits to the will of Allah.

Salat (prayer)

What is prayer & its importance? God created man to worship Him and salat is
the most excellent kind of worship. Recite that which has been revealed to thee of
the Book, and observe Prayer. Surely, Prayer restrains one from indecency and
manifest evil, and remembrance of Allah indeed is the greatest virtue. And Allah
knows what you do." (29:46)
Salat is one of the five pillars of Islam, it is a most important constituent of the
faith. It is prayer of a very high level. The Holy Quran repeatedly enjoins the
offering of salat and indeed declares it to be a fundamental trait of a believer. The
benefits of salat are countless. The Holy Quran says:

"And enjoin Prayer on thy people, and be constant therein. We ask thee not for
provision; it is We that provide for thee. And the end is for the righteous".



Salat strengthens man's spiritual faculties. It is the best way to form a relationship
with one's Creator. It purifies one's spirit, and through it, constant remembrance of
Allah delivers one of the self that incites to evil.

                                                                                   43
Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, relates that he heard the Holy
Prophet, peace and blessings be on him, say:

Tell me if one of you had a stream running at his door and he should take a bath in
it five times every day would any dirt be left upon him? He was answered: No dirt
would be left on him. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings be on him) observed:
This is the case of the five prayers. Allah wipes out all faults in consequence of
them." (Bukhari)
Merits / salat is obligatory for all believers
Salat, the obligatory Muslim prayer, is said at appointed time fixed in relation to
the sun's position. The time of Fajr, the morning prayer begins at dawn and ends
just before sunrise. The time of Zuhr, the midday prayer, begins after the sun has
crossed the zenith point and has begun to decline. The Asr prayer is said when the
sun has further advanced in decline, in the late afternoon. The time of the Maghrib
prayer begins immediately after sunset. It lasts till dusk. The Isha prayer can be
said after dusk has finally disappeared, giving way to darkness of the night.
Fajr Zuhr Asr Maghrib Isha'
Jabir, may Allah be pleased with him, relates that he heard the Holy Prophet,
peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, say:
giving up prayer is tantamount to disbelief and associating partners with Allah."
(Muslim)
             Quranic order. As for the punishment of not observing the salat, all
matters of reward and punishment rest solely with Allah.
             Requirements/conditions for its establishing
             Cleanliness & purity.
             Punctuality.
             Regularity.
             Lining up for prayers.
             Peace & tranquility.
             Establishing congregational prayer.
             Distinctive & leisurely recital.
             Zeal & dedication.
             Humility & submission.
             Avoiding display.
             Complete resignation.




                                                                                44
   Quranic order -Prayers /Salaah
Not merely prayers but programming (5:90) (2:188)
Prayers restrains you from unjust and shameful deeds (29:45)
Five times salaah for healthy souls Idol worship is prohibited

Muslims do not worship Kaaba while offering salaah /Salat is the name for the
obligatory prayers, which are performed five times a day, and are a direct link
between the worshipper and God. There is no hierarchical authority in Islam, and
no priests, so a learned person who knows the Quran, chosen by the congregation,
leads the prayers. These five prayers contain verses from the Quran, and are said
in Arabic, the language of the Revelation, but personal supplication can be offered
in                     one's                     own                     language.

Prayers are said at dawn, noon,mid-afternoon, sunset and nightfall, and thus
determine the rhythm of the entire day. Although it is preferable to worship
together in a mosque, a Muslim may pray almost anywhere, such as in fields,
offices, factories and universities. Visitors to the Muslim world are struck by the
centrality of prayers in daily life.

The five daily prayers, or Salat, are obligatory, a direct link to God alone. There
are set times for each prayer: Fajr is the dawn prayer; Zuhr is the midday or noon
prayer; Asr is the late afternoon prayer; Maghrib is the sunset prayer; and Isha is
the nighttime prayer. A muslim must perform ghusl or wudu before performing the
prescribed prayer, or the prayer is invalid. These five prayers contain verses from
the Qur'an, and are said in Arabic. Personal supplication can be offered in one's
own language. It is preferrable to pray in a mosque, but this is often not possible.
A Muslim can pray anywhere, such as at the office, at school, in a friend's home, in
a field, etc. These prayers are a central part of a Muslim's daily life.

Fasting
 Every year in the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from first light until
sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. Those who are sick,
elderly, or on a journey, and women who are pregnant or nursing are permitted to
break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year. If they are
physically unable to do this, they must feed a needy person for every day missed.
Children begin to fast (and to observe the prayer) from puberty, although many
start earlier.

Although the fast is most beneficial to the health, it is regarded principally as a

                                                                                      45
method of self-purification. By cutting oneself off from worldly comforts, even for a
short time, a fasting person gains true sympathy with those who go hungry as well
as growth in one's spiritual life.

Fasting is not only a benefit to one's physical well being, it is also a method of self-
control, self-purification. Muslims are obligated to fast during the Holy Month of
Ramadan. Fasting occurs between dawn and sundown, for a period of
approximately 30 days. During these hours, one must abstain from food, drink and
all sexual relations. Those who are sick, elderly, traveling, pregnant or nursing are
exempt from fasting during this period. They can make up the number of days they
missed later in the year. If a person is physically unable to make up the fast, they
must feed a needy person for every day of fasting they missed. Children begin to
fast (and observe daily prayers) from puberty, however many do start earlier than
this. By cutting oneself off from worldly comforts, even for a short time, a fasting
person gains true sympathy with those who go hungry, as well as growth in one's
spiritual life.

"O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed to those
before you that you may learn self-restraint" (Quran 2:182)

            What are the Means & importance of fasting
            Physical, moral & social benifits
            Fasting during the month of ramadan
            The month of ramadan
            The fast-the exempted people
            Fidya for fast
            Achevement-taqwa
            Self control
            Nearness of allah
 Fasting Along with salat, another important form of worship is fasting. It is
obligatory for each Muslim, apart from some exemptions, to fast in the month of
Ramadhan. During the hours of fasting, food and drink and conjugal relations
between husband and wife are forbidden. It is enjoined that during fasting one
should pay attention to remembrance of God and study the Holy Quran in
abundance. One should try to curtail one's worldly pastimes as much as possible
during Ramadhan, and to be particularly inclined towards charity and alms giving.
  Human life is dependent on food and drink and the continuation of the human
race depends on the marital relationship. While fasting one refrain from them
both, as if bearing witness to God that for His pleasure man gives up the factors
(temporarily) upon which his very existence depends. The various other benefits of

                                                                                     46
fasting are that man gets to exercise sacrificing physical comfort and to endure
hunger and thirst. Fasting creates a sense of equality between the rich and the
poor. By developing an appreciation of hunger and thirst, it makes the well-off
think of the needs of the poor and impresses a feeling of compassion in their
hearts. It makes them appreciate, through the practicality of it, the state a human
being endures when hungry and thirsty. Ramadhan is a most effective and excellent
means of spiritual development for mankind.
Description –
Abstain from food and drink from dawn to sunset for one lunar month in ramazan
(2:183) Learn self-restraint. If you control your hunger you can control almost of
all your desires
Discourages smoking, alcoholism and other addictions
Medical benefits, increases absorption of intestine
Decreases cholesterol level


Zakaat
One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to God, and
human beings in trust therefore hold that wealth. The word zakat means both
'purification' and 'growth'. Our possessions are purified by setting aside a
proportion for those in need, and, like the pruning of plants, this cutting back
balances and encourages new growth.

Each Muslim calculates his or her own zakat individually. For most purposes this
involves the payment each year of two and a half percent of one's capital.

A pious person may also give as much as he or she pleases as sadaqa, and does so
preferably in secret. Although this word can be translated as 'voluntary charity' it
has a wider meaning. The Prophet (pbuh) said 'even meeting your brother with a
cheerful face is charity.'

The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'Charity is a necessity for every Muslim.' He was asked;
'What if a person has nothing?' The Prophet (pbuh) replied: 'He should work with
his own hands for his benefit and then give something out of such earnings in
charity.' The Companions asked: 'What if he is not able to work?' The Prophet
(pbuh) said: 'He should help the poor and needy persons.' The Companions further
asked 'What if he cannot do even that?' The Prophet (pbuh) said 'He should urge
others to do good.' The Companions said 'What if he lacks that also?' The Prophet
(pbuh) said 'He should check himself from doing evil. That is also charity


                                                                                  47
Zakaat, the religious tax that is known as alms, or the poor-due tax. One of the
most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to Allah, therefore
wealth is held by us in trust. The word "Zakat" means both purification and
growth. Our possessions are purified for those in need, and, like the pruning of
plants, this cutting back balances and encourages new growth. Each Muslim
calculates his or her own zakat individually. For most purposes this involves the
payment each year of 2 1/2% of one's capital. A pious person may also give as
much as he or she pleases, and this is preferrably done in secret.

Zakat akat (Alms giving) is a part of devotion enjoined upon Muslims by the Holy
Quran. It is a means where the well off pays a set amount of their wealth. Zakat
means to purify oneself. It is obligatory on Muslims to pay a little percentage of
their accumulated wealth towards Zakat, which is used for the benefit of the needy
and the poor. Zakat is not levied on one's property that is in personal use, rather
on the assets which have a means of increasing and which are surplus to one's
needs. It is a means of social justice and order. It teaches sympathy of the highest
order.

Meaning purification and growth
Description 2.5% charity of the saving above nisab every lunar year (9:60)
If every human being gives zakat, not a single human being will die of hunger
Wealth does not circulate only among the wealthy and rich

           One of the five pillars of islam/ zakat is the right of poor
           Definition of zakat
           Virtues of zakat
           Benefits of giving zakat
           Punishment for not giving zakat
           Economic benefit
           Social benefits /institution of zakat
           For whome zakat is obligatory -nisaab & rate of zakat - nisaab time
           Types of wealth on which zakat is obligatory
           When zakat is farz on a creditor
           Zakat on merchendise
           Method of distributing zakat
           To whome zakat can be given
           Entitlement of zakat
           Giving zakat toa wring person



                                                                                    48
Pilgrimage (hajj)
The Pilgrimage to Hajj, in the city of Mecca, is obligatory for all Muslims who are
physically and financially able to do so, at least once in their lifetime.
Approximately 2 million people travel to Mekkah each year, from all over the
world. They wear special clothing, simple white garments, which strip away
distinctions

The annual pilgrimage to Makkah - the Hajj - is an obligation only for those who
are physically and financially able to perform it. Nevertheless, about two million
people go to Makkah each year from every corner of the globe providing a unique
opportunity for those of different nations to meet one another. Although Makkah is
always filled with visitors, the annual Hajj begins in the twelfth month of the
Islamic calendar year (which is lunar, not solar, so that Hajj and Ramadan fall
somes in summer, sometimes in winter). Pilgrims wear special clothes: simple
garmets which strip away distinctions of class and culture, so that all stand equal
before God.

The rites of the Hajj, which are of Abrahamic origin, include circling the Ka'ba
seven times, and going seven times between the mountains of Safa and Marwa as
did Hagar dujring her search for water. Then the pilgrims stand together on the
wide plain of Arafa and join in prayers for God's forgiveness, in what is often
thought of as a preview of the Last Judgement.

In previous centuries the Hajj was an arduous undertaking. Today, however, Saudi
Arabia provides millions of people with water, modern transport, and the most up-
to-date health facilities.

The close of the Hajj is marked by a festival, the Eid al-Adha, which is celebrated
with prayers and the exchange of gifts in Muslim communities everywhere. This,
and the Eid al-Fitr, a feast-day commemorating the end of Ramadan, is th e main
festivals of the Muslim calendar

Hajj - pilgrimage;

            What is hajj & importance of hajj

                                                                                  49
            A symbolic journey
            Hajj is obligatory for all believers
            Quranic order.
            Requirements & condition of establishing the hajj
            A means of cleanliness & purification
            Financial & phisical worship
            Hajj at holy kaba & plain of arafat
            Symbolic stining of satan
            Realization of life time ambition
            Collective benefits
1.                    Renewal of faith
2.                    Commitment to the cause of islam
3.                    Endures hardship
4.                    Source of seeking forgivness from allah
5.                    Islamic brethrenhood
6.                    Sense of equality
7.                    Promotion of commerce & trade
            Types of hajj
1.                  Qiraan
2.                  Tamattu
3.                  Ifraad
Timing and Methods of hajj

Hajj is the fifth Pillar of Islam and another form of worship. It is an annual
pilgrimage to the holy sites in Mecca, which each adult Muslim, who can afford it,
has to perform once in lifetime. Apart from the financial aspect, the ability to
afford the pilgrimage also means that one is able to travel and perform the Hajj in
peace. Muslims perform Hajj in order to visit for themselves the holy sites where
their faith started. More importantly it is a pilgrimage to the Ka'aba, which we
believe is the first place of worship ever built on this earth, Muslims thus refer to it
as House of God. The ceremony of Hajj is also symbolic of the Unity of God; all
Muslims gather from four corners of the earth in one spot at an appointed time and
worship God. There are no difficulties to perform Hajj apart from the obvious
financial commitment in order to travel to Mecca. That is the reason why, strictly
speaking, Hajj is only obligatory to those who have fulfilled all their worldly needs
and have no pressing commitments left and indeed can afford the passage to
Mecca. It is a Muslim belief that God is everywhere and He answers those who
truly seek Him. In this respect indeed going to a particular place to seek the
pleasure and nearness to God is not the issue. However, it is the physical presence


                                                                                      50
of being in the holiest of the holy places for the Muslim faith and indeed the
congregational worship with millions of other fellow Muslims that leaves an
indelible mark on the spiritual life of a person. It is a most supreme form of
worship and is most desirable to God. During Hajj, the person who intends to
perform it is required to travel to Mecca during the prescribed days and observe
all the rites and ceremonies. During Hajj Muslims from all corners of the world
gather in Mecca and perform the rites of Hajj and thus strengthen the bond of
Muslim unity.
Description –
 Pilgrimage at least once in life time if you can afford it
Universal brotherhood - 2.5 million people from all over the world gather, wear 2
pieces unsewn preferably white cloth - can‟t differentiate

 The Hajj is performed from 8th to 12th zilhajj as per Islamic calendar year.
The month of Dhu al Qadah was almost at an end, to be followed by Dhul Hijjah
the month of Hajj (pilgrimage). Until that time, Nabi                      had not
performed the Hajj, The ritual (arkan) of Hajj had to be established in its entirety
so       that        Muslims         might         learn         to        followit.

       Rasuallah                was in 63rd year of his age when rasulallah
                announced that he                himself will be leading his first and
                        th
last hajj in the year 10 Hijra. People came in great numbers that 120000 to
140000 faithful servants of Rasulallah attended it                .

As soon as the people knew of Rasulullah's               intention and heard his
call to march with him for Hajj, the whole Peninsula reverberated with the call,
and thousands and thousands of people from all corners poured into Madinah.
From every town and village. From every mountain and valley, from every plain
and desert across the wide Peninsula the people arrived to perform the
Hajj. Around Madinah tents were set up to accommodate the new visitors,
numbering 100,000 or more, who rose up in response to the call of their
Nabi

There was feverish activity in Madinah. But above all, every Muslim longed to see
Rasulullah               , People jostled and clamored to touch him or part of his
garment for blessings. The scene of respect, love and tenderness and the reverence
of the Sahaba            towards their beloved Nabi                could never
have been witnessed in any kingdom of the world.



                                                                                    51
 On the twenty fifth of Dhul Qadah of the year 10 A.H. (23rd February 632 A.D.)
Rasulullah                set forth towards Makkah accompanied by all his wives
each riding her own carriage. He was followed by a great multitude, numbering
114,000.

   They reached Dhu al Hulayfah at the end of the day and there they spent the
night. On the following morning, Rasulullah                 put on his Ehram
(sacred state) and the Muslims followed his example. Rasulullah turned to Allah
with all his heart and mind praying, "At your service O Allah! At your service! You
have no associates! At your service, O Allah! Praise be to Allah! Thank be to
Allah! At your service' O Allah! You have no associates, O Allah! At your service
O Allah". All the Muslims repeated these words after him. Deserts, valleys and
mountains reverberated with this prayer. The sky itself reverberated with the call
of all those pious, believing and worshipping souls.

   Thus the procession continued on its way to Makkah, its thousands and
hundreds of thousands filling the air with the sound of his prayer.The procession
reached Makkah on the fourth of Dhul al Hijjah. Upon arrival,
Rasulullah               followed by theSahaba                hastened to the
Ka'bah.

 When Rasulallah                  entered Makkah with great serenity and dignity
and made seven circuits around the Ka‟aaba.
     On the eight day of Dhul al Hijjah Rasulullah               went to Mina and
spent the day and night in that locality. There he             performed all
Salaah incumbents during that period. The following day,Rasulullah
recited his Fajr Salaat and, at sunrise, proceeded on his camel al Qaswa, to the
Mount of Arafat, followed by all the pilgrims. As he               ascended the
mountain, he                was surrounded by thousands of his Sahaba
reciting the talbiyah and the takbir.

  As he ascended the mountain, he was surrounded by thousands of his Sahaba
            reciting the talbiyah and the takbir. Nabi                  asked some of
the Sahaba               to put up a tent for him on the east side of the mountain as a
spot called Namirah.

Then Rasulallah                 reached the valley of Namrah at sunrise on 9th of
Zullhajjah in the 10th Hijjrah. On one side of this Valley is situated Arafaat, and on


                                                                                    52
the other side is Muzdalfa. After the sunset Rasuallah                 started from
here to reach Arafaat.
All the plain was filled with people to its full capacity and every one was busy in
adoration, and dedication of Allah Azzawjal and was saying there is no one else
worth worship except Allah Azzawjal. The Love and respect of Allah Azzawjal and
Rasulallah                 could be sensed in that crowed, the atmosphere was
tremendous.
Rasuallah                 rode on his she camel Qasawa and delivered the famous
Fare Well Sermon as his address of Hajja-tull-Widaa‟ this is the fundamental of
human rights 1,400 years old yet up to date and more effective than the ones of
UNO Allhamudulillah


  It was there that he, while sitting on his camel, delivered his sermon in a loud
voice to his people. Hazrat Rabi'ah ibn Umayyah ibn Khalaf                 repeated
the sermon after him sentence by sentence.

    As soon as the Prophet              had accomplished delivering the speech,
the following Qur‟ânic verse was revealed to him             :

"This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you,
and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." [5:3]
  Upon hearing this verse „Umar               cried. "What makes you cry?" He
was asked. His answer was: "Nothing succeeds perfection but imperfection."

      In the end, Rasulullah              completed his Sermon with the words,
"Asalam-o-Alaikum". This Sermon left a deep impression on the hearts of the
people present there. Some Islamic historians have written that on that day one
hundred forty thousand Muslims were gathered in Jabal-Al-Rahmah and were
listening to Rasulullah             .

     While he                   addressed them, they repeated his words. When
Rasulullah                  asked them if he had discharged his duty fully they
replied in unison and when one hundred forty thousand Muslims answered
Rasulullah                  in one voice, it seemed as if the Desert Mountains were
trembling. The people who heard Rasulullah's                       address that day,
could not forget it till their last breath, as if the words of the address had been
absorbed into their very being.



                                                                                       53
In the Year 10 A.H. the power of the kuffar and oppositions of the non-Muslims states had
virtually disappeared. The mission of Rasulullah                  had been completed.
Rasulullah                 understood that Allah was pleased with his humble work and gaining
the impression of his approaching end,

Jihad;
What does Islam say about war?
Like Christianity, Islam permits fighting in self-defence, in defence of religion, or
on the part of those who have been expelled forcibly from their homes. It lays down
strict rules of combat which include prohibitions against harming civilians and
against destroying crops, trees and livestock. As Muslims see it, injustice would be
triumphant in the world if good men were not prepared to risk their lives in a
righteous cause. The Quran says:

Fight in the cause of God against those who fight you, but do not transgress limits.
God does not love trangressors.(2:190)

If they seek peace, then seek you peace. And trust in God for He is the One that
heareth and knoweth all things.(8:61)

War, therefore, is the last resort, and is subject to the rigorous conditions laid
down by the sacred law. The term jihad literally means 'struggle', and Muslims
believe that there are two kinds of jihad. The other 'jihad' is the inner struggle,
which everyone wages against egotistic desires, for the sake of attaining inner
peace.

What about food?
Although much simpler than the dietary law followed by Jews and the early
Christians, the code which Muslims observe forbids the consumption of pig meat
or any kind of intoxicating drink. The Prophet (pbuh) taught that 'your body has
rights over you', and the consumption of wholesome food and the leading of a
healthy lifestyle are seen as religious obligations.

The Prophet (pbuh) said: 'Ask God for certainty (of faith) and well being; for after
certainty, no one is given any gift better than health




                                                                                           54
Finality of prophet hood
The Holy Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam said in his sermon of
Hajja-tul-Widaa.


"O people! listen to my words, for I do not know whether we shall ever meet again
in this place and perform Hajj after this year. O people! Allah says:- 'O people!
We created you from one male and one female and made you into tribes and
nations, that you may know each other (not that you may despise each other).
Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most
righteous of you.' There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab and for a
non-Arab over an Arab, nor for the white over the black nor for the black over the
white except through Taqwaa (God-fearing)."


Further more he said:
"O people! there is no prophet after me and no new Ummah (would be formed)
after you."
Then he said:
"Behold, worship your Lord; offer prayers five times a day; observe fast in the
month of Ramadhaan; pay the Zakaat of your wealth happily; and perform
pilgrimage to the House of your Lord and obey your rulers and you will enter the
Paradise of your Lord.
Let him that is present, convey it to the one who is absent. For many people to
whom the message is conveyed may be more mindful of it than the audience."

Then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam asked,
"And you will be asked about me (in the Hereafter), What will you say?"
The Sahaabah radhiyallahu auhum replied,
"We bear witness that you have conveyed the trust (of religion) and proclaimed the
mission (Apostle-ship) and looked after our welfare."
Thereupon, Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam lifted his fore finger
towards the sky and then pointing towards the people, he said:
"O Allah!Bear witness unto it. O Allah! Bear witness unto it."

             The verse revealed after the sermon of Hajja-tul-Widaa

As soon as the sermon had finished, Allah Sub‟haanahu wa Ta‟aala revealed the
following verse:


                                                                                 55
This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you,
and have chosen for you Islaam as religion.

               The door of prophethood is closed

The sermon and the verse of the Holy Qur'aan is clearly informing us that the door
of prophethood is closed and the religion of Allah Sub‟haanahu wa Ta‟aala -
Islaam - has been completed. There is no need of any increase or decrease in this
sacred religion, and it will reign till the Day of Judgement. And with the coming of
the Holy Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam the chain of prophethood
or revelation has reached its finality. No one can either be a prophet after him or
receive any kind of revelation or any inspiration that could be considered to be a
source of law in Islaam.

   The belief of "The finality of prophethood"-- an integral part faith (Imaan)

This belief is called "The finality of prophethood" and it is a fundamental doctrine
of Islaam. The whole Muslim Ummah, from the time of the Holy Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wasallam to this day, has held this belief as an integral part of its faith
(Imaan). And according to the law of Islaam, a person who thinks that the
prophethood has not been terminated upon the Holy Prophet sallallahu alayhi
wasallam and the door of prophethood has not been sealed and closed, is an
apostate, kaafir and a renegade.

                   The Finality of Prophethood in the Qur'aan

Scores of Qur'aanic verses, and hundreds of Ahaadeeth of the Holy Prophet
Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam can be cited in support of this belief, i.e.
the "Finality of prophethood". To reproduce here all the Qur'aanic verses and the
Ahaadeeth supporting this belief would take us too far afield. However, a verse
from the Holy Qur'aan is being quoted here which clarifies this belief of Muslims.
Thereafter, quoting the interpretation of the term Khaatamun Nabiyyeen given by
the Qadianis and the interpretation given by the Muslims, I will bring forth
evidence to prove that the commentary and the interpretation presented by the
Muslims is supported by Qur'aan and Ahaadeeth, and other sources of
interpretations of Qur'aan, thus leaving no doubt concerning the finality of
prophethood.

"Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is not the father of any of your men, but
(he is) the apostle of Allah and the seal of the prophets: and Allah has full
knowledge of all things." (Soorah 33, verse 40).

                                                                                  56
In this verse the following points are to take note of:

1.     The Holy Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam has been decribed
as the "Seal of the prophets" or the "Last of the prophets", and not the holder or
the possessor of the seal. The holder of the seal in the sense of "prophet-maker" is
non else but Almighty Allah.
2.     The Holy Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam is described as
the "Seal of Prophets" i.e. all categories of prophets - legislative or non legislative,
"Zilli" or "Buroozi".
3.     A seal is affixed at the end of a message, decree or enlistment so that there
should be no further addition to it.

This verse from the holy Qur'aan is the most clear evidence for the belief of
"Khatm-e-Nubuwwat" (finality of prophethood). The well known Mufassir
Allaamah Haafiz Ibne Katheer rahmatullahi alayhi writes in his book:
"This verse is a clear evidence for this belief that there is no prophet after the Holy
Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam".

                                                              Tafseer Ibne Katheer, P.
                                      50Volume

The Islamic Interpretation of the Term "Khaatamun Nabiyyeen"

The Muslims present the meaning of the verse in exactly the same way as it was
understood by those people (i.e. the Sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum, Taabi'een,
Muhadditheen and the learned scholars of Islam) who have transmitted this verse
to us along with the entire Qur'aan. The term "Khaatamun Nabiyyeen" means "the
final prophet", "the seal of the prophets", and "the last prophet". This verse
declares that with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam,
prophethood has come to an end; and no true prophet of any category will be born
ever again.

Muslim calendar.

After several years, the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers were able to return to
Makkah, where they forgave their enemies and established Islam definitively.
Before the Prophet (pbuh) died at the age of 63, the greater part of Arabia was
Muslim, and within a century of his death Islam had spread to Spain in the West
and as far East as China.

ON THER AFFAIRS OF LIFE LIKE

                                                                                     57
Social Reformer Head of the State

 Supreme Commander, Chief Justice,

Statesman and Administrator, Educator

Upholder of dignity of labour and perfect man




How did the spread of Islam affect the world?
Among the reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread of Islam was the
simplicity of its doctrine - Islam calls for faith in only One God worthy of
worship. It also repeatedly instructs man to use his powers of intelligence and
observation.

Within a few years, great civilizations and universities were flourishing,for
according to the Prophet (pbuh), 'seeking knowledge is an obligation for every
Muslim man and woman'. The synthesis of Eastern and WEstern ideas and of
new thought with old, brought about great advances in medicine,
mathematics, physics, astronomy, geography, architecture, art, literature, and
history. Many crucial systems such as algebra, the Arabic numerals,a nd also
the conceptof the zero (vital to the advancement of mathematics), were
transmitted to medieval Europe from Islam. Sophisticated instruments, which
were to make possible the European voyages of discovery, were developed,
including the astrolabe, the quadrant and good navigational maps.

Several revelations of Allah (13:38)
By name four are mentioned
Qur’an is the last and final revelation
All previous revelation meant for particular group of people and for a
particular group of people and for a particular period of time
Qur’an revealed for whole humankind (14:52) (2:185) (39:41)
What do Muslims think about Jesus?
Muslims respect and revere Jesus (pbuh) and await his Second Coming. They
consider him one of the greatest of God's messengers to mankind. A Muslim


                                                                              58
never refers to him simply as 'Jesus', but always adds the phrase 'upon him be
peace'. The Quran confirms his virgin birth (a chapter of the Quran is titled
'Mary'), and Mary is considered the purest woman in all creation. The Quran
describes the Annunciation as follows:

'Behold!' the Angel said, 'God has chosen you,and purified you, and chosen you
above the women of all nations. O Mary, God gives you good news of a word
from Him, whose name shall be the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, honored in this
world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near to God. He shall speak
to the people from his cradle and in maturity, and shall be of the righteous.'

She said: 'O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me?'
He said: "Even so; God creates what He will. When He decrees a thing, He says
to it, "Be!" and it is.'(Quran, 3:42-7)

Jesus (pbuh) was born miraculously throught he same power which had
brought Adam (pbuh) into being without a father:

Truly, the likeness of Jesus with God is as the likeness of Adam. He created him
of dust, and then said to him, 'Be!', and he was.(3:59)

During his prophetic mission Jesus (pbuh) performed many miracles. The
Quran tells us that he said:

I have come to you with a sign from your Lord: I make for you out of clay, as it
were, the figure of a bird,and breathe into it and it becomes a bird by God's
leave. And I heal the blind, and the lepers,and I raise the dead by God's
leave.(3:49)

Neither Muhammad (pbuh) or Jesus (pbuh) came to change the basic doctrine
of the belief in One God, brought by earlier prophets, but to confirm and
renew it. In the Quran Jesus (pbuh) is reported as saying that he came:

To attest the law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what
was forbidden you; I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear God
and obey Me.(3:50)

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:

Whoever believes there is no god but God, alone and without partner, that

                                                                               59
Muhammad (pbuh) is His messenger, that Jesus (pbuh) is the servant and
messenger of God, His word breathed into Mary and a spirit emanating from
Him, and that Paradise and Hell are true, shall be received by God into
Heaven.(Hadith from Bukhari)

Why is the family so important to Muslims?
The family is the foundation of Islamic society. The peace and security offered
by a stable family unit is greatly valued,and seen as essential for the spiritual
growth of its members. A harmonious social order is created by the existence
of extended families; children are treasured, and rarely leave home until the
time they marry.

.




                         Conclusion
“Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur’an, as a guide to
mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgement (between right and
wrong).”

                                            [Al-Qur‟an 2:185]

      Abstaining from prohibited food is submitting your will to Allah (SWT)
e.g. Alcohol (5:90) –

     Prohibition of gambling in Qur’an (5:90) –

Prohibition of Interest in the Qur’an (3:130) (4:161) (30:39) (2:275) (2:276)
(2:278)

     Dressing modestly (24:31) + six criteria’s in hijab –




                                                                               60
  Islam believes that each person is born pure. The Holy Quran tells us that God
has given human beings a choice between good and evil and to seek God‟s
pleasure through faith, prayer and charity. Islam believes that God created mankind
in His image and by imbuing the attributes of God on a human level mankind can
attain His nearness. Islam‟s main message is to worship God and to treat all God‟s
creation with kindness and compassion. Rights of parents in old age, orphans and
the needy are clearly stated. Women‟s rights were safeguarded 1,400 years ago
when the rest of the world was in total darkness about emancipation. Islamic
teachings encompass every imaginable situation and its rules and principles are
truly universal and have stood the test of time. In Islam virtue does not connote
forsaking the bounties of nature that are lawful. On the contrary one is encouraged
to lead a healthy, active life with the qualities of kindness, chastity, honesty,
mercy, courage patience and politeness. In short, Islam has a perfect and complete
code for the guidance of individuals and communities alike. As the entire message
of Islam is derived from the Holy Quran and indeed the Sunnah and Hadith (the
traditions and practices of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings on him) it is
immutable in the face of change in time and place. It may appear rigid to the casual
eye, in actual fact it is most certainly an adaptable way of life regardless of human
changes. Islam teaches that the path to spiritual development is open to all. Any
individual who searches the One Creator can seek nearness to God through sincere
and earnest worship; it is central to establishing a relationship with the Almighty.
This positive message for humanity fills hearts with hope and courage. At present
there are 1.5 billion Muslims worldwide and they form the majority in more than
50 countries of the world. Today Islam is the fastest growing faith in the world - its
beautiful message is reaching millions in the far corner of the earth.

      Islam is innocent of this institution of the caliphate as Muslims commonly
understand it. Religion has nothing to do with one form of government rather than
another and there is nothing in Islam which forbids Muslims to destroy their old
political system and build a new one on the basis of the newest conceptions of the
human spirit and the experience of nations."14

Islam, according to him, is a spiritual community, whose disciplinary and religious
precepts are binding only on individual conscience and have nothing to do with
power and politics. Thus Din (religion) and Siyasia (politics) are world apart. The
blending of religion and politics in the history of Islam, according to Raziq does
not follow from the teachings of Islam, which aims at personal salvation and
operates within the confines of individual morality. This is why the extension of
religion to political domain in the guise of the theory of caliphate is taken by him
to be the innovations of the jurists and theologians.


                                                                                   61
The real fact is, Ali Abdul Raziq says, as evidencd a by modern and ancient
history and as proved by reason, that the preservation of religion and the
maintenance of religious rites does not depend on that particular form of
government which the Fuqaha' (legists) call Caliphate or on the rulers whom they
call Caliphs. We do not need this kind of Caliphate for looking after our temporal
and spiritual affairs. Far from being a source of strength, the historical Caliphate
was actually a source of weakness and it gave rise to many evils. When the
Caliphate was centred in Baghdad, the religious condition of the people living
under the Baghdad Caliphate was no better than that of the Muslims who lived in
the territories outside the Caliphate nor were the people living under the Caliphate
materially better off than the who lived outside it.15

http://www.islambyquestions.net/Prophets/meaning.html

http://www.unh.edu/msa/iiie03.html

http://www.islambyquestions.net/Prophets/index.html

http://www.islaam.org/Finality/

(Tafseer Ibne Katheer, P. 501, Volume 3)

Microsoft ENCARTA Research Library (2005)

Holy Quran (Soorah 33, verse 40)

1. Muslim, Jihad, 101; Bukhari, Anbiya‟, 54.

2. Bukhari, Bad‟u l-Wahy, 6.

3. I. Hanbal, 5.323.

4. Tirmidhi, Qiyamah, 60; I. Hanbal, 1.200.

5. Hindi, Kanz al-„Ummal, 3.344.

6. Bukhari, Adab, 69; Muslim, Birr, 105; Abu Dawud, Adab, 80.

7. Bukhari, Maghazi, 79; Muslim, Tawba, 53.

8. Abu Dawud, Adab, 82.




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