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LOCAL EMERGENCY SHELTER STRATEGY

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LOCAL EMERGENCY SHELTER STRATEGY Powered By Docstoc
					 LOCAL EMERGENCY SHELTER STRATEGY
              (LESS)

               Los Angeles County

Emergency Housing and Assistance Program Round 16
                 March 14, 2011


              Application Deadline:
         Monday, April 11, 2011 at 4:00 PM




                      Page 1 of 8
                                                         NEEDS

According to an estimate from the 2009 Homeless Count conducted by the Los Angeles Homeless Services
Authority (LAHSA), there are approximately 48,053 people who are homeless in Los Angeles County on any
given night. According to 2010 Housing Inventory data submitted by Glendale, Long Beach, Los Angeles
and Pasadena to the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), there are only 14,944
emergency shelter and transitional housing beds in the County.
According to the Tale of Two Cities report published by the United Way of Greater Los Angeles in 2010, over
15% of Los Angeles County residents live in poverty, earning less than $22,000 a year for a family of four.
According to the report, 57% of renters are paying more than 30% of their income in rent and an income of
over $100,000 is necessary to afford the median price home in Los Angeles County.
GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION:
Los Angeles County comprises over 4,000 square miles. Homelessness is prevalent throughout Los Angeles
County, but presents a different face in different communities and neighborhoods. While homeless persons
are located in every area of the County, the largest population is found in SPA 4 (Central City) and SPA 6
(South Los Angeles).

            HOMELESS POPULATION & SHELTER BEDS IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY
            Service Planning Area (SPA)                       Number of Homeless1                    Number of Beds2
    SPA 1 (Lancaster and Antelope Valley)                                 2,419                               438
    SPA 2 (San Fernando Valley)                                           3,618                              1631
    SPA 3 (San Gabriel Valley)                                            3,924                              1080
    SPA 4 (Central City, Downtown)                                       11,093                              5298
    SPA 5 (West Los Angeles)                                              5,538                              1687
    SPA 6 (South Los Angeles)                                             8,514                              1768
    SPA 7 (East Los Angeles)                                              4,517                              1205
    SPA 8 (South Bay)                                                     7,863                              1827
    Unknown SPA                                                            567                                10
    TOTAL                                                                48,053                             14,944




POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS:
The following information outlines the nature and extent of various homeless subpopulation groups in Los
Angeles County. The 2009 Homeless Count3 conducted by LAHSA estimated that:


1
  This number includes the homeless population in Glendale, Long Beach, and Pasadena. These cities have their own Continuum
of Care and conduct their own homeless counts.
2
  This number includes beds in Glendale, Long Beach and Pasadena but does not include shelter beds available during the Winter
Shelter season (November 1 – March 15).
3
  The 2009 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Count report may be accessed online at: http://www.lahsa.org/docs/HC09/Homeless-
Count-2009-Report.pdf


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Subpopulation
 60% of all homeless are single adult males
 32% are single adult females
 2% are unaccompanied youth (under 18)
 11% are families

Ethnicity:
 47% identified themselves as Black
 21% identified themselves as White
 29% identified themselves as Hispanic or Latino
 2% identified themselves as American Indian or Alaskan Native
 1% identified themselves as Asian or Pacific Islander

CURRENT AND FUTURE TRENDS:

On May 20, 2009, President Obama signed the Homeless Emergency and Rapid Transition to Housing
(HEARTH) Act of 2009. The HEARTH Act amends and reauthorizes the McKinney-Vento Homeless
Assistance Act with substantial changes, including changes to HUD’s definition of homelessness and chronic
homelessness, more resources for homelessness prevention activities and an increased focus on program
performance. The HEARTH Act requires communities to implement strategies to help people quickly move
out of homelessness and into housing, and ensure housing stability. Communities must also track and report
their homeless assistance system’s progress toward these outcomes. Performing well on these outcomes
requires communities to realign their systems to focus on housing-based solutions and strengthen their
capacity to collect data and information across programs and improve overall system performance. More
information on the HEARTH Act and pending regulations that will affect service providers assisting the
homeless can be accessed here: http://www.hudhre.info/hearth/.

Our local communities and governments have also come to recognize the great cost of not moving homeless
people into housing. According to a study by Daniel Flaming, Michael Matsunaga and Patrick Burns, Where
We Sleep: The Costs of Housing and Homelessness in Los Angeles (Economic Roundtable, November
2009), “The typical public cost for residents in [permanent] supportive housing is $605 a month. The typical
public cost for similar homeless persons is $2,897, five-times greater than their counterparts that are
[permanently] housed. The Local Board has supported the creation of “Home For Good”—a partnership
between United Way of Greater Los Angeles and the L.A. Chamber of Commerce outlining several strategies
that focus on housing 12,000 chronically homeless individuals and 6,000 newly homeless veterans by 2016.




                                               Page 3 of 8
                                              RESOURCES

SHELTER AND TRANSITIONAL HOUSING RESOURCES:

Los Angeles County has emergency shelters and transitional housing programs throughout the region with a
total capacity to serve approximately 14,944 individuals on a nightly basis. The emergency and transitional
shelter capacity is supplemented during the winter months with an additional 2,000 beds, with funds from the
City of LA, County of LA, and the Emergency Food & Shelter Local Board. Emergency shelters, transitional
housing providers, and supportive service providers are located throughout Los Angeles County. As is
evident, the need (as reflected in the number of homeless people) far exceeds the shelter and service
resources—only 1 in 3 people in Los Angeles County have their immediate shelter needs met. While some of
the homeless who are turned away from shelters are vouchered into motels, many stay in overcrowded,
temporary housing, or on the streets, in cars and in encampments. Shelters are facing increasing need,
combined with declining resources, and increased competition for these scarce resources.

PROGRAMS AND FINANCIAL RESOURCES:

The Los Angeles Continuum of Care represents one of the nation’s largest homeless assistance systems and
incorporates a year-round planning process to ensure that services to the homeless are addressed at the local
level. The Local Board coordinates and participates with this annual planning process to ensure a streamlined
homeless assistance system for the region.

In the past decade, several programs have been developed to address the growing crisis of the lack of housing
and homelessness within Los Angeles County. Some of these programs provide funding for homeless
programs in Los Angeles County:

       The Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority (LAHSA) is a joint powers authority of the City
        and County of Los Angeles and is responsible for allocating funds from the City, County, HUD and
        other sources. LAHSA funds shelter, rental assistance, winter shelter and other social service
        programs in Los Angeles County. In 2010, LAHSA secured $81,616,149 for the Continuum of Care,
        the majority of which was used to renew existing program grants.

       The Emergency Food and Shelter Program allocates federal funds to shelter and food providers
        in Los Angeles County. Last year, $8.2 million was allocated to non-profits that operated emergency
        shelters, voucher programs, food pantries, soup kitchens, food banks, and a countywide rental and
        utility assistance program.

       Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) and Community Services Block Grant
        (CSBG) funds are a critical support for service providers. These block grants are utilized to fund
        emergency shelter, food, and other social services. The County and City of Los Angeles distribute
        CDBG and CSBG grants to over 200 agencies.

       The Emergency Shelter Grants Program (ESG) funds, administered locally through LAHSA, can
        be used for the renovation of homeless facilities, provision of essential services (i.e., prevention,
        counseling, case management), operational expenses, and non-staff operation costs.

       During 2009-2010, United Way of Greater Los Angeles allocated approximately $6 million to meet
        basic needs of LA County residents.

       In its most recent fiscal year, Shelter Partnership distributed more than $12 million of new goods to
        Los Angeles County service providers to assist them in providing quality services to homeless clients.


                                                 Page 4 of 8
   In addition to public funding sources, there is some private foundation support for homeless
    shelters and services, such as the California Community Foundation, the Ralph M. Parsons
    Foundation, and the Weingart Foundation.

   California voters passed Proposition 63 (Mental Health Services Act - MHSA) in the November
    2004 General Election. On January 19, 2005, Proposition 63 was signed into law and renamed the
    Mental Health Services Act (MHSA). Each County Department of Mental Health (DMH) must
    develop plans for new kinds of mental health services. These include Community Services &
    Support (CSS) programs, which provide an array of 24/7 services (such as Full Service Partnerships
    and Field-Capable Clinical Services) to children, adults and older adults whose needs are not
    currently met through other funding sources. LA County DMH has also released a Request for
    Services for MHSA Innovation programs, which will use integrated mobile teams to conduct
    outreach in streets and shelters to help homeless people with mental illness gain access to permanent
    housing options. The MHSA Innovation mobile teams will also provide ongoing services to clients
    once they have been placed in permanent housing to make sure that they retain housing.

   On April 4, 2006, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors approved the County Homeless
    Prevention Initiative (HPI). The HPI consists of two categories of funding: (1) $15.4 milion in
    funding for ongoing programs; and, (2) $80 millon in one-time funding to develop innovative
    programs. Both funding categories are to focus on reducing or preventing homelessness. As part of
    this effort, 32 one-time and ongoing programs have been funded. While most of the funds were
    one-time, a few programs have received ongoing funds.

   The GR Housing Subsidy and Case Management Pilot Project was one of the 32 HPI projects
    mentioned above. The Pilot Project showed that GR recipients who received a partial housing
    subsidy and case management were able to remain housed longer than those who didn’t receive a
    housing subsidy. Based on the learnings from the Pilot Project as well as substantive research on the
    public costs incurred by homeless GR recipients, the County revamped their entire mechanism of
    delivering assistance to clients eligible for GR. At any given time, up to 1000 GR clients who are
    eligible for SSI or who are employable will receive $500 in housing subsidies as well as assistance with
    applying for SSI and access to wraparound mental health services.

   The Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Rehousing Program (HPRP) is funded by President
    Obama’s Recovery Act and provides funding for three years (ending 2012). The City of LA received
    $29 million, the County of LA received $12 million and 18 other Cities received HPRP funds as well.
    In addition, three Cities received funds from the State of California HPRP allocation. HPRP
    provides temporary financial assistance and services to people who are homeless or at risk of
    homelessness. As of December 31, 2010, the City of LA had enrolled 2,031 households into the
    program. As of December 7, 2010, the County of LA had enrolled 808 households.

   The HUD-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (VASH) program combines rental assistance for
    homeless veterans with case management and clinical services provided by the Department of
    Veteran's Affairs (VA). In collaboration with the Public Housing Authority, these vouchers are
    provided to participating veterans at VA medical centers and community-based outreach clinics. In
    the Los Angeles region, since 2008, the City of LA Housing Authority has received 1145 VASH
    vouchers, the County’s Housing Authority has received 505 VASH vouchers and Long Beach
    received 275 VASH vouchers.

   The Business Leader's Task Force on Homelessness, which is a joint effort of United Way of Greater
    Los Angeles and the Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce, has issued a report called “Home


                                            Page 5 of 8
    for Good: The Action Plan to End Chronic and Veteran Homelessness by 2016” that outlines
    several strategies through which Los Angeles County can house 12,000 chronically homeless
    individuals (including 1,400 chronically homeless veterans) and 6,000 newly homeless veterans by
    2016. The County Board of Supervisors responded by directing the CEO to instruct the
    Departments of Health Services, Mental Health, Public Health, Public Social Services and the
    Community Development Commission to review the Home For Good Action Plan and prioritize
    recommendations to be implemented. As further incentive to achieve the goals laid out in the plan,
    the Conrad Hilton Foundation awarded $13 million to several organizations, including $750,000 each
    to four organizations, Skid Row Housing Trust, St. Joseph Center, Step Up on Second and Mental
    Health America to move people from the streets to permanent housing.

   100,000 Homes Campaign builds on the successes of the 100,000 Lives campaign and seeks to
    motivate local communities around the nation to find permanent housing for 100,000 chronically
    homeless individuals by 2013. Spearheaded by Common Ground, the campaign encourages
    communities to utilize a vulnerability index to identify the homeless people most likely to die on the
    streets and prioritize them for permanent supportive housing. The campaign has 67 participating
    communities from around the country. The campaign disseminates best practices used by these
    communities to house their homeless and states that as of January 14, 2011, these participating
    communities have housed 7,203 people nationwide.

   The Vets to Home Project 60 is a collaboration of the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA), the
    Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health and non-profit organizations such as Santa
    Monica-based OPCC. The VA has set aside 60 VASH Section 8 housing vouchers for Project 60.
    The goal is to get the 60 most chronically homeless and exposed veterans on the Westside of Los
    Angeles into permanent housing within 2 years.

   People Assisting the Homeless (PATH), under contract to the Los Angeles Homeless Services
    Authority (LASHA), will operate “Vehicles to Homes,” which will provide services and help find
    permanent housing for people who have been living in cars and campers, particularly in Venice. The
    program will identify vehicle residents in Venice who need and want help, and will provide them with
    social services and a safe place to sleep in their vehicles while finding permanent housing. The
    program is modeled after similar “safe parking” programs in Santa Barbara and Eugene, Oregon but
    the Los Angeles version goes a step further by trying to place vehicle dwellers into permanent
    housing.




                                           Page 6 of 8
                                              GOALS

TYPE OF HOUSING:
The Local Board’s goal is to fund providers that are targeting high barrier households and can
demonstrate the successful placement of clients in permanent supportive housing or permanent
housing. Funds may also be used to fund emergency and transitional housing programs that are
seeking to implement a plan to place high barriers clients into permanent supportive housing or
permanent housing. Expanding supportive services to assist in targeting high barrier households
and/or improve household placement is also eligible for funding. Rental assistance, eviction
prevention, and winter shelter programs are other areas where the Local Board seeks to distribute
funding.
COORDINATION WITH THE CONTINUUM OF CARE PLANNING PROCESS:
The planning body for the Local Continuum of Care is the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority
(LAHSA). LAHSA sits on the Local Board and the EHAP Planning Committee. The continual
exchange of information between LAHSA and the Local Board ensures that the LESS reflects the
same needs as the Local Continuum of Care.
POPULATION TO BE SERVED:
The Local Board recognizes that many homeless sub-populations have extensive and diverse needs.
Given the extent of the need for all population groups and the recognition that all population groups
are under-served, the Local Board has determined that 76% of the allocation will be utilized for
emergency shelter and transitional housing operations, with priority given to those applicants who
are currently targeting (or will target) high-barrier households and can demonstrate successful
placement of clients (individuals and families) into permanent housing or hope to implement a plan
to improve housing placement rates.
In order to address the needs of individuals and families at-risk of homelessness as a result of
eviction, 9.5% of the county allocation will be used to provide expansion to the eviction prevention
and rental assistance program. Priority will be given to those applicants that are currently funded
through EFSP funds or who have demonstrated a successful rental assistance program.
12.5% of the county allocation will be used to fund the use of winter shelter facilities during the
cold/wet weather months.
The DLB will use the remaining 2% of the regional allocation to defray its administrative expenses.

GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS:
In order to ensure that the funds are distributed to shelters operating in all parts of Los Angeles
County, the Local Board has determined that the majority of the funding will be distributed among
eight Service Planning Areas (SPAs) of the county. The distribution of grants will take into
consideration the need (or the number of homeless persons in each SPA) versus the capacity (or the
number of shelter beds in each SPA), as well as a fair distribution of grant awards across all SPAs.
The number of grants available in each SPA is as follows:

        Service Planning Area (SPA)                                    Grants
        SPA 1 (Lancaster and Antelope Valleys)                            1
        SPA 2 (San Fernando Valley)                                       3
        SPA 3 (San Gabriel Valley)                                        2
        SPA 4 (Central City, Downtown)                                    6
        SPA 5(West Los Angeles)                                           3
        SPA 6 (South Los Angeles)                                         3
        SPA 7 (East Los Angeles)                                          2


                                           Page 7 of 8
        SPA 8 (South Bay)                                             3
        Countywide                                                    2

BROAD DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS:
Given the number of service providers and the limited availability of funds, the Local Board has
reaffirmed its goal of distributing the funds to as many eligible shelter providers as possible.




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