BEFORE LEAVING THE HOUSE FOR HAJJ by wuxiangyu

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									RITES AND RITUALS OF THE HAJJ
related by Sheikh Abdel-Khaliq Al-Naqeeb
Imam, Masjid Omar, Paterson NJ

Compiled and translated by: Upper Westchester Muslim Society

Last update: Nov 2005


BEFORE LEAVING THE HOUSE FOR HAJJ
   1. Write your will. You can make it simple by just listing all of your assets without
      mentioning any amounts. Include bank accounts (names and numbers), 401K, life
      insurance, stocks, etc. along with your liabilities (debts you owe). At the end you
      would state that you want your debt paid off whatever is left should be distributed
      according to Islamic shari’a. You should have it notarized and keep it in a safe
      place that your children, relatives, or lawyer knows about.

   2. Clear any disputes with your relatives and friends. Wish farewell to them and ask
      them to forgive any wrong you may have done to them.

   3. On the day you are traveling, before you leave the house: Make wudu and pray two
      rakaat (surah 109 al-Kafiroon in the first rakaa and surah 112 al-Ikhlas in the
      second rakaa). Then ask Allah (swt) to make your trip for „Umrah and Hajj easy
      for you.

   4. Things to take with you: small sized Quran, small bag for Mina, inexpensive
      rubber slippers, and other personal items. Sisters should take good walking shoes
      like sneakers. Medicines you should take (in addition to your immunizations):
      stomach and diarrhea, cold and flu, muscle and joint pain, cream or lotion for
      chafed or cracked skin (especially feet). You may consider asking your doctor for
      antibiotics such as Zithromax (Z-Pak).

   5. As you are leaving your house make the following du’a for your family:

          I am leaving you to Allah (swt) who will not leave you or misguide
          you but will protect you.
          Astawdi ‘ukumullah alladhi la tadee’u wadai’uh
      Make a lot of du’a during your trip, including du’a of the traveler.
ARRIVING IN MADINAH
 1. After you put your luggage in your room in the hotel: Take a shower, wear your
    best clothes, put on the best perfume you have (for men only), and go to the
    Prophet‟s Mosque, Masjid al-Nabawi. Go in the mosque like you do with other
    mosques (i.e., with your right foot) and say the usual du’a for entering a masjid:

        O Allah, open for me the gates of your mercy and forgiveness
        Allahumma iftah-li abwaaba rahmatika wal maghfira
    Try to pray at least once in the Rawdah (it is the area where the original mosque
    existed, distinguished by different colored pillars). The Rawdah area will be very
    crowded – the best time to reach it is often a couple of hours before Fajr prayer.
    Recite Quran and pray as much as you can in Masjid al-Nabawi (fard and sunnah),
    as one prayer there is worth 1000 prayers anywhere else (excepting Masjid
    al-Haram).
 2. When you are ready to leave, move to the honored room to visit the Prophet‟s
    (saaw) grave. When you see the door to the grave, read surah al-Fatiha, and then
    make the following greeting for the prophet:

        Peace be on you, O Messenger of Allah; Peace be on you, O Prophet
        of Allah; Peace be on you, O beloved of Allah
        I bear witness that you delivered the message of Allah you gave
        your nation the advice.
        Assalamu 'alaika ya rasoolallah; Assalamu 'alaika ya nabiyallah;
        Assalamu 'alaika ya habiballah;
        Ash-hadu annaka ballaghtar rasala wa nasahtal ummah
    Then move over to the right to Abu Bakr‟s grave and say:

        Peace be on you, O Abu Bakr the caliph after the messenger of
        Allah.
        Assalamu ‘alaika ya Abu Bakr, ya caliphat ar-rasoolallah
    Then move again to the right to Umar‟s grave and say:

        Peace be on you, O Umar ibn al-Khattab, chief of the believers
        Assalamu ‘alaika ya Umar ibn al-Khattab, ya Amir Al Mu’mineen
 3. Visit the historic sites of Medina (e.g., the mountain of Uhud, Jannatul Baqi
    graveyard, Masjid Quba, and Masjid Qiblatain)

    Note that the Prophet (saaw) said that two rakaat in Masjid Quba will equal Umrah.
    When you enter the Baqi graveyard, say
        Peace be on you Muslim and believers, with God‟s will we will
        follow you and we ask Allah‟s forgiveness for us and you
        Assalamu alaikum ahl ad-diyyari min al-mu’mineena wal
        muslimeena wa inna insha Allah bikum lalahiqoon. As alullaaha
        lana walakum-ul ‘afiyah
 4. Attend the workshops at the hotel for the Hajj rituals.

    Note: If you go directly to Mecca first for your ‘Umrah, you will put your Ihram on
    before reaching Jeddah (take a full ghusl before leaving). Make your intention for
    ‘Umrah and complete the rites of ‘Umrah as described below.
    Also you will give your passport to the travel agents for safekeeping upon exiting
    customs at the airport when you arrive in Saudi Arabia.

FORMS OF HAJJ
    There are three forms of Hajj: i) At-Tamattu’ ii) Al-Qiraan iii) Al-Ifraad
    At-Tamattu’: The pilgrim performs their ‘Umrah, removes their Ihram, and then
    reenters Ihram on 8th Dhul-Hijjah for the Hajj.
    Al-Qiraan: The pilgrim performs ‘Umrah and Hajj with the same Ihram, without
    removing it in between. When entering the state of Ihram, the pilgrim makes the
    intention for both Hajj and ‘Umrah combined. A pilgrim may also wear Ihram first
    for ‘Umrah, and then make intention for Hajj before the Tawaaf for Hajj.
    Al-Ifraad: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only and makes the intention for Hajj
    only.
    The sacrifice is required for those performing At-Tamattu’ and Al-Qiraan. It is not
    required for Al-Ifraad.
    The best of the three forms is At-Tamattu’. It is the form that the Prophet (saaw)
    encouraged his followers to perform. Even if a pilgrim makes intentions to perform
    Qiraan or Ifraad he is allowed to change his intentions to Tamattu’; he can do this
    even after he has performed Tawaaf and Sa’yi.
    When the Prophet (saaw) performed Tawaaf and Sa’yi during the year of the
    Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who hadn‟t brought
    sacrificial animals to change their intentions for Hajj to intentions for ‘Umrah, cut
    their hair, and disengage from Ihram until Hajj. He (saaw) said, “If I hadn‟t
    brought the sacrificial animal, I‟d have done what I‟ve ordered you to do.”

LEAVING MADINAH and GOING TO MECCA
 1. The day you are leaving Madinah and going to Mecca, take a shower (ghusl for
    Ihram) which is sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women
    and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. Use plain unscented soap. It is also
    recommended to shave the pubic and underarm hair, clip the fingernails, etc. Wear
   the Ihram garments (do not put on any perfume). Make your intention for ‘Umrah
   (or according to the type of Hajj you will perform). A Pilgrim, other than those
   menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays 2 rakaat (recite surah 109
   al-Kafiroon in the first rakaa and surah 112 al-Ikhlas in the second rakaa).
   When finished with the prayer you should start the Talbiyah by saying:

       Here I am at your service, O Allah, here I am. Here I am, you have
       no partner, here I am. Truly, all praise and favor and dominion are
       yours. You have no partner.
       Labbayk Allahumma labbayk, labbayk la shareeka laka labbayk.
       Innal-hamdah wan-ni’mata laka wal mulk. Laa shareeka lak.
   A man raises his voice when saying this and a woman says it so that only one
   besides her may hear her. One in Ihram should say the Talbiyah as often as
   possible.
2. If you are going to Mecca by plane, the pilot will inform you of when to make the
   intention for ‘Umrah/Hajj. If you go by bus, the bus will stop at a designated
   mosque at Abyar Ali, the wells of Ali, where you can pray and make your intention
   for ‘Umrah or Hajj or both. If you go by plane, you will go to Jeddah, then by bus
   from the airport to Mecca (around 1.5 – 2 hours). On the bus you should recite the
   Talbiyah and avoid forbidden acts during Ihram. See above for the Talbiyah in
   Arabic and English. NOTE: Do not eat anything from the road – take your own
   water, snacks, etc. in your handbag (you should only eat and drink sealed items).

3. When you see the houses outside Mecca you should start saying in Arabic:

        Allahumma mah ijjaal lee feeha qararan wa urzukhni feeha rizqan
       halalan ya rabb-al-alameen

       Oh Allah, take care of me and provide for me in this city
   And when you see the Masjid al-Haram:
       Allahumma zid hadha albayta mahabatan wa taazeeman wa
       takreeman wa birran, Allahumma anta assalam wa minka assalam
       wa hayena bessalam

       Oh Allah glorify this house (the Kabaa). Oh Allah you are peace
       and peace is from you and greet us with peace
4. When you reach your hotel You may also consider putting some of your money in
   the hotel safe. Make wudu if needed (e.g., if you slept or lost your wudu‟) then go
   to the Haram.

5. When you enter the Haram you have to remember which door you came in from so
   you can go out from the same door (if you go out from a different door you may get
   lost). It is the sunnah to enter from the gate called As-Salam. Enter with your right
   foot and say:
        Allah, please open to me the doors to your mercy and forgiveness
        Allahumma iftah-li abwaaba rahmatika wal maghfira
    When you see the Kaaba say Bismillah Allahu Akbar 3 times then start making
    your du‟a.

‘UMRAH and HAJJ RITUALS
 1. Enter into Ihram. See the detailed notes in Step 1 in the previous section. Avoid
    forbidden acts during Ihram. The standard forbidden acts are: cutting the nails,
    shaving, cutting, or pulling one‟s hair, killing or hunting animals, cutting trees or
    pulling leaves, applying perfume, and any sexual activities with spouse. Also avoid
    brushing or combing hair as some hair may fall out as a result.

 2. Performing the „UMRAH

    A. Make Tawaaf around the Kaaba (seven times). Start Tawaaf from the line
       indicated on the floor (it is from the black stone going across and there is a
       green beam that you also could see on your right opposite to the black stone).
       When you are ready to start say:

            nawaytu al Tawaaf lil ‘Umrah

            I am making intention for ‘Umrah Tawaaf
        When you start, point to the black stone and say: Bismillah, Allahu Akbar.
        Always try to look at the Kabaa while making Tawaaf. For the men, when you
        are doing Tawaaf, you have to show your right shoulder (right shoulder should
        not be covered during Tawaaf). For men and women you should go fast
        (jogging during the first 3 Tawaaf around the Kabaa) this is called Al-Raml.
        While performing Tawaaf make du’a and ask Allah for forgiveness. You can
        read du’a from a book, or repeat after your group leader, or any other group
        leader. Make sure that before you finish each Tawaaf and before you get to the
        black stone (at the Yemeni corner), say:
            Rabbbana aatina fid-duniya hasana-tan, wa fil-akhira-ti
            hasana-tan, wa-qinaa adhaab an-naar

            Our Lord, give us good in this world, and good in the hereafter,
            and protect us from the punishment of the fire
    B. After you finish the Tawaaf (seven times around Kabaa), pray two rakaat
       behind Maqaam Ibrahim. Recite surah 109 al-Kafiroon in the first rakaa and
       surah 112 al-Ikhlas in the second rakaa.

    C. Then drink from Zam Zam and put Zam Zam water on your head and body.
       You should say the following du‟a while drinking Zam Zam:
       Allahumma ahyena muslimeen wa Tawaafina muslimeen wa
       alhekhna be al saleheen; Ghaira khazaya wala maftuneen,
       Allahumma as-aluka ‘ilman naafean wa rizqan waaseean wa
       amalan mutakabalan wa shifan min kulli daa-in be rahmatika
       ya arham ar-rahimeen, rabbana inna haadha lee atashi yaum
       al qiyama

       O Allah make us Muslims while we are alive and also when we
       die and have us join those good Muslims, I ask you for good
       deeds and for your bounties and I ask you to heal me from any
       disease and ask you for your mercy, please have this water that I
       am drinking now take care of my thirst on the day of judgment
D. After you finish from Zam Zam go to make the Sa’yi between Safa and Marwah
   The Sa‟yi is seven rounds – each time between Safa and Marwah is counted as
   one, and between Marwah and Safa is another one. When you get to Safa and
   Marwah you recite from surah 2:158:

       Verily Al Safa and Al Marwah are among the shrines of Allah
       Innas-Safaa wal Marwata min sha’aairillah
   You start from Safa. Before you start you say:
       nawaytu al Sa’yi bayna al Safa wal Marwah fa takabalha minni
       wa yassirhali
       I am making intention for Sa’yi between Safa and Marwah so accept it from
       me and make it easy on me
   You go on Safa and look towards the Kabaa and raise your hand/arm and say
   Allahu Akbar 3 times. Then start walking towards Marwah and repeat the
   following du’a 3 times:
       Laa ilaaha ill-allahu wah-dahu la shareeka lah; Lahul mulku
       wa lahul-hamd; yuh-yee wa yumeetu, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli
       shayy’in qadeer; Laa ilaaha ill-allahu wah-dahu. Sadaqa
       wa’dahu wa nasara ‘abdahu wa hazamal-ahzaaba wah-dahu

       None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, and He has
       not partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty, and to Him
       belongs all praise, and He has power over all things. None has
       the right to be worshipped but Allah alone. He fulfilled His
       promise, aided His servant and defeated the disbelievers.
   You can then say any du’a and ask Allah for forgiveness. When you get to
   Marwah repeat all the du’a mentioned above. NOTE: You have to go fast (i.e.,
   jogging) between the 2 green lights on the wall on your right.
E. After you finish the Sa’yi, shave or trim hair and remove Ihram if you will stay
   in Mecca for a few days before Hajj. If you are going to Mina to start Hajj
   YOU DO NOT TAKE THE IHRAM OFF.
3. Going to Mina

   Before noon on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah (the day of at-Tarwiyah) those performing
   Hajj at-Tamattu’ enter into Ihram – take a shower (with plain unscented soap),
   shave the hair under the arms, clip nails, etc. (do not wear any perfume) and wear
   the Ihram garments. Those performing Hajj Qiraan will be in the same Ihram as
   for the ‘Umrah.
   Make intention for Hajj by saying:
      nawaytu al Ihram bil Hajj fa takaballahu minee wa yassirhali

      I am making my intention for Hajj, so Allah accept it from me and
      make it easy on me
   Then pray 2 rakaat sunnah for Ihram for the Hajj (Recite surah 109 al-Kafiroon in
   the first rakaa and surah 112 al-Ikhlas in the second rakaa) and go to Mina.
   Remain in Mina during the Tarwiyah Day (8th of Dhul-Hijjah) and perform the five
   prayers starting from Dhuhr prayer and ending with Fajr prayer on the day of Arafat.
   Note: you will pray Dhuhr, Asr, and Isha 2 rakaat each without combining any two
   prayers (each prayer to be done separately).
   NOTE: You need a small bag with you in Mina (your luggage will remain in the
   hotel or storage and you will not have access to it). You will need your medicine
   and other necessary personal items in that small bag.
4. Going To Arafat

   Leave for Arafat on the morning of the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah and stay until sunset.
   Stay in any part of Arafat (not necessarily on the mountain only). Glorify Allah,
   repeat supplication, repent to Allah and ask for forgiveness. Combine Dhuhr and
   Asr prayers at the Dhuhr time (shortened to 2 rakaat each). One of the du’a you
   can make is:
      Allahumma ajjalni mimman tobahy bihee al yaum malaaikatak
      innaka ala kulli shayy’in qadeer

      O Allah, have me as one of those who you are mentioning today to
      your Angels; it is only you that is capable over every thing
5. Going To Muzdalifah

   Leave for Muzdalifah soon after sunset of the 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah. Note that
   everyone will be going to Muzdalifah at the same time and it is very crowded. Be
   patient and make zhikr and du’a. Perform Maghrib and Isha prayers combined
   (Isha is shortened to two rakaat) in Muzdalifah at the Isha time. Stay overnight and
   collect 50-70 pebbles (depending on how many days you will remain in Mina) and
   perform the Fajr prayer. Note: Some scholars say that if there are old people,
   pregnant women, or sick people in your group it is permissible to leave Muzdalifah
   after midnight instead of waiting until Fajr when it will be very crowded.
6. Return To Mina

   Shortly before sunrise on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, leave Muzdalifah for Mina. Go to
   Jamarat Al-Aqabah (the biggest Jamarah) and stone it with seven pebbles, make
   takbeer every time you stone (Bismillah Allahu Akbar). Slaughter your sacrificial
   animal and shave/cut your hair. Remove your Ihram garments. Some restrictions
   are lifted. Then go to Mecca for Tawaaf Al-Ifada.
7. Tawaaf Al-Ifadha

   On the 10th of Dhul-Hijja (or after) Go to Mecca and make Tawaaf Al-Ifada. Make
   Sa’yi between Safa and Marwah and drink from Zam Zam. After Tawaaf al-Ifada,
   all restrictions of Ihram are lifted.
8. Return To Mina

   The 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah: Spend the Tashreeq days in Mina. After
   dhawal (mid day) of each day, stone the three Jamarat starting from the small and
   ending with Al-Aqabah (7 pebbles each Jamarah for a total of 21 pebbles each day).
   You may leave early on the 12th after stoning the Jamarat.
9. Farewell Tawaaf (Tawaaf al Wada)

   After the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah go to Mecca and make Tawaaf. Perform two rakaat of
   Tawaaf. Let the Tawaaf be the last thing you do in Mecca (i.e., if you are staying in
   Mecca a few days, do it at the end of your stay before leaving Mecca and returning
   home).



We ask Allah to accept from all of us our Hajj, our striving, and our
good deeds.

								
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