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					         -   P. Subbarayudu
         -   B.E. Sampath Kumar
         -   B. Ashok Kumar



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Noble Thoughts for the Right way of Life




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Noble Thoughts for the Right way of Life
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                                    DEDICATED TO
              His Holiness Sri Rama Chandraji Maharaj
                                      Shahjahanpur.




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                                           PREFACE
ViprasCraft - “Works of the Inspired” (formerly known as ‗BurrasCraft‘)
has been initially launched as a hobby blog/website, just like many other
millions of blogs that are flooding the internet today, but our objective has
always been to provide genuine information and valuable insights for the
readers, to leave our readers in a comparatively better state, which is
nothing but contributing to this world like adding a water drop to an ocean.
Many people lead their lives without proper guidance and support when
they really need them. The current generation needs Leadership which
includes the element of spirituality along with their technical/business
aptitude to have the right balance between the productivity (results) and
the wellbeing (ability to produce results).
The personality needed for leadership is not just about the physical form
or the appearance, but personality has five dimensions to it – 1. Physical,
2. Mental/Emotional, 3. Intellectual, 4. Spiritual and 5. Energy dimensions.
ViprasCraft, as a website has taken up this responsibility of providing the
best content to this world on these personal development aspects that
covers all these dimensions.
In that direction, our editorial team, initially consisting of technical
personnel, had approached Sri P. Subbarayudu, our well-wisher and Sri.
B.E. Sampath kumar, my father - both being the Abhyasis of Sri
RamaChandraji Maharaj Seva Trust, Kadapa - to get their support to our
cause by contributing to this website using their spiritual wisdom, intellect
and their experience of life.
Due to their amazing support and inspiration, we had posted on this
website a series of articles, which explain about the spirituality in the
realistic and simplest way possible. The spiritual wisdom naturally brings
to the fore the intellect of the person besides creating the emotional
balance. It also emphasizes the need of meditation as a daily practice. In
this way, the three important dimensions (Spiritual, Intellectual &
Mental/Emotional dimensions) needed for developing a leadership
personality are easily achieved. The other two dimensions – physical and
energy – are also heavily influenced by these three dimensions.


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Our objective of releasing this booklet is mainly to bring our website to the
reach of the common people (non-techies) who can‘t spend their time to
read the content on the computers. Whatever books we read either for
worldly material gains and wealth generation, or for spiritual
enlightenment, some great people have remarked,
“One idea from one book can change your life.”
If this book can bring a small but a permanent change in the people‘s
ideas and perceptions, or in the way people lead their life, or if it can
answer a few long standing questions to the spiritual seekers, the
objective of this book is very well achieved.
Please do share with us your comments, compliments or constructive
criticism which could further inspire us to bring out few more books like
this one.
                                                - Ashok Kumar
                                                 ViprasCraft.com




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                                       FOREWORD


   SRI T.V.SRINIVASA RAO                           Kadapa, 28-May-11
   Advocate, & Preceptor,                          6/5 Rama Rao Street
   Ramchandraji Maharaj Seva Trust                 Co-operative colony,
                                                   Kadapa, 516001.


         The presentation of the book ―Noble Thoughts for the right way of
life‖ brought out by the three authors in a systematic way with a reasoned
treatment is very much relevant for the present day where we see many
persons or things conflicting with the preconceived notions of the
reasonable or possible - we have fast foods but slow digestion. It is easier
to fly over to distant lands than cross the road near our houses. There is a
lot of complexity these days in our lives including the religion, which is
liked by many of us but not the simplicity involved in the real spirituality.
‗Shri Ram Chandraji Maharaj‘ of Shajahanpur to whom the authors of
‗Noble Thoughts‘ have referred in the book under the caption ‗The Real
Goal of Human Life‘, that for every one ton of knowledge we gain, we
must have at least one gram of wisdom. It is true that we have abundant
knowledge but not of much wisdom since wisdom, like knowledge cannot
be sought in schools or colleges or in the market but can only be acquired
in association with wise persons i.e., ‗Satpurusha Sangathyam‘.

        The various topics selected, and discussed in this book, especially
for those who are interested in the subjects like religion, philosophy,
spirituality, Meditation, bliss, etc., will have added advantage with the
noble thoughts for the right way of life presented in every topic. It is a
known fact that mere information technology (knowledge/intellectual)
cannot serve any intended purpose unless supplemented or aided by
transformation technology to have a real enlightenment (wisdom/real
understanding).



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        The first named writer Mr. P.Subbarayudu is a recently retired
Superintendent in R & B Dept, while the second named writer Mr.
Sampath Kumar is a recently retired Superintendent in the District Court,
Kadapa. The third writer Mr. Ashok Kumar is a young Mechanical
Engineer and the son of the second named writer. All these three are
sincere devotees and abhyasis of Sahaj Marg System of Rajyoga as
propounded by Shri Ram Chandraji Maharaj, whom the devotees (among
whom I am also one) call Him Babuji Maharaj. Incidentally I may also say
that Mr. P.Subbarayudu is also a preceptor who has been permitted to
impart training under this system. The full details of this system had been
fully dealt with in this book under the ‗Real Goal of Human Life‘ (Caption
No.19). These three writers are to be congratulated for having brought
forth in detail this excellent piece of work and I recommend to all to read
this and benefit themselves and especially a real seeker who is interested
to achieve the goal of life can avail the services of the system.

                                                  - T.V.SRINIVASA RAO.




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                                           OUTLOOK


   Dr. K.GOPINATH, M.B.B.S.                                      Kadapa,
   Sri Seshu Clinic, Sankarapuram, Kadapa                     28-May-11



―Sahaj Marg‖ keeps us in spiritual path by opening up the ‗Eye of Wisdom‘
and by ‗unveiling the curtain‘. This is one of the famous devotional lyrics
written and composed by Sri. Tyagaraja Swamy. He was in a temple to
worship the idols of God. But, the curtain was intervening in between.
Then, he offered his prayers spontaneously by writing and composing this
lyric. If you look in to the philosophical meaning of this song we can
understand what Tyagaraja Swamy really meant.

He wanted ‗God‘ to uncover the curtain that is within him. This curtain is
preventing him from perceiving the inner eternal soul or energy whatever
you call. This curtain is made of six vices ‗Arishadvarga‘ they are Kama,
Krodha, Lobha, Moha , Mada and Matsarya. These layers or sheaths are
to be cut through by Spiritual Knowledge. Knowledge should be
strengthened by wisdom. Then this becomes ‗Discretion Power‘

This ‗Discriminating Power‘ only has the ability to dislodge these layers
and to perceive the Bliss of Almighty. Knowledge can only be achieved by
‗Satgurus‘ or holy Saints. We have to approach a real guru for our
spiritual elevation.

Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi used to say ‗Know thyself‘. A lot of
philosophical thought is there in it. You have to develop the art of looking
inwardly. Your capabilities should be utilized to know the existence of
inner eternal ‗Atma‘ which is prevalent everywhere. This realization makes
you enjoy the bliss constantly.

The knowledge becomes fruitful only through prayer and practice. The
object of prayer is not to change the mind of God but the purpose of
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prayer is to allow God to change your mind. Allow him to reform you and
to mend you. Then you will know the art of looking inside. Try to put in
practice what the knowledge (Guru) has taught you. Simply knowing is not
useful. You will succeed in spiritual life only when you start practicing it.

Religion has evolved in search of knowing the existence of ‗God‘. Many
religions with their own theories and beliefs have cropped up in the
process. Most of the followers of almost all the religions are stopping at
the ‗belief‘ that the God‘s existence is there. Unfortunately they are limiting
the existence of God to one place or one shape or one form or one
time.The belief they have should be justified by the ‗Discretion Power‘
(Knowledge with wisdom) this discretion not only confirms the existence of
God but also it sensitizes the individual to perceive the prevalence of God
everywhere in all the animate and inanimate objects. Religion should
evoke the way for spiritual living.

The physical body is governed by Mind, intellect, will and ego. Intellect
should dominate and guide the other three to lead a spiritual life. The
physical body in turn is influenced again by food we take and the thought
we entertain. Association(A), Behaviour(B) and Character(C) should be
always good to maintain good health, both physical and moral.

Nishkama Karma (Doing duty without concern over the outcome) should
be practiced to maintain undisturbed state of mind.

Keeping all such factors in view Sri Ramachandraji Maharaj has evolved a
system called ‗Sahaj Marg‘ which is very simple and very natural to
practice. By following Sahaj Marg one can easily enjoy the Eternal Bliss in
his life time.

The subject discussed and referred to is the essence of the 19 Pearls
(articles) being presented in the booklet ‗Noble Thoughts‘ written by Sri P.
Subbarayudu, Sri B.E. Sampath kumar and Sri B. Ashok Kumar. They
have done wonderful work to take us to the reality through these articles.



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I hope that their sincere enthusiastic and constructive effort to take each
reader of this booklet ‗Noble Thoughts‘ to the ‗Spiritual Pond‘ will become
fruitful and I feel that every such reader will drink the pure, precious and
holy spiritual water from the pond and thus prepare himself to receive the
‘Discretion Power‘ from the master which enables him enjoy the ‗Bliss‘
which is the ultimate goal of ‗Sahaj Marg‘.

I convey my sincere thanks to them (authors of this booklet) for having
given me the opportunity to share my feelings with them.

Thanks to one and all.

- Dr. K.Gopinath




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                                           OPINION


   Dr. Y. HARERAMA MURTHY,                                    Kadapa
   M.A(Lit).,M.A(Philosophy),                                 28-May-11
   P.G.D.T.E(CIEFL).,Ph.D.



These are the days of deteriorating and diminishing and vanishing human
values. This book titled ―Noble Thoughts for the right way of Life‖ by Sri
P.Subbarayudu, Sri B.E. Sampath Kumar and Sri B. Ashok Kumar has just
relevance in reviewing the present predicament and suggesting positive
modes of living to regain the past glory to some extent at least.

Decades ago in the Indian Express Daily there was a caption called ‗Food
For Thought‘ and most of the proverbial statements from this book may
serve that purpose, I think. I, for one, am pleased with the noble thoughts
of the authors which are a collection of experimental morals like sign
boards in the traffic islands in the cross roads.

Non-Violence, Vegetarianism, Purity of body and mind and finally spirit are
elaborated graphically with standard quotations from the BhagavadGita.
The topics at the transcendental level like the Cycle of Births and Deaths,
Reality and Bliss, Penance, Spirituality, The Real Way of Life, The Real
Goal of Human Life are elaborately elucidated by the authors.

Some of the following sentences make you, I suppose, think and rethink in
a spiritual way. These are thought-provoking sentences, I believe,

―All other virtues include in non-violence itself.‖

―To err is human by eating meat, not eating meat is Divine.‖

Regarding the cycle of Births, Death and Rebirth, ―Our real date of birth is
the day of Srushti (Creation) and our date of real death is the day of
Mahapralaya (the doomsday)‖

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―Necessities and Luxuries - According to Ramachandraji simplicity is a
sacred thought.‖

―Avoid undue attachment to things in Life.‖

To the beginners or learners of spirituality a reading of this book and
studying will be of great significance, I feel.

                                                - Dr. Y. HARERAMA MURTHY.




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                                  Table of Contents



1.    RELIGION                                                14
2.    PURPOSE OF RELIGION                                     17
3.    AHIMSA (NON VIOLENCE)                                   19
4.    VEGETARIANISM – NEED & IMPORTANCE                       21
5.    PURITY                                                  33
6.    'RAJA DHANDANA' AND 'YAMA DHANDANA'                     36
7.    BHAGAVAD GITA - AN INSIGHT                              40
8.    CYCLE OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS                              46
9.    IS DEATH A MISERY?                                      49
10. SIMPLICITY                                                51
11. REALITY AND BLISS                                         54
12. PENANCE                                                   56
13. SPIRITUALITY                                              59
14. GOD'S LOVE                                                63
15. DUTY                                                      66
16. TAPATRAYAM                                                69
17. SATYA TATVAM (TRUTHFULNESS)                               71
18. THE REAL WAY OF LIFE                                      73
19. REAL GOAL OF HUMAN LIFE                                   75




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                                    1.     RELIGION
                                                  P. Subbarayudu
                                                  B.E. Sampath Kumar

All the humans are religious. Whether they know about it or not, they
belong to a religion by birth. A few may become atheists on their way of
life due to some circumstances around them. That means they lost belief
in the existence of God. So in one way, religion can be defined as belief
in God and the activities that are connected with the worship of the deity.

        But there are some religions which have got no concern about the
existence of God, for example Buddhism, Charvakam etc. So it can be
said that atheists may not believe in any faiths concerning the religion.
Therefore, religion means a cause, principle or a system of beliefs held
with faith and strong feelings. In general people believe that this is a
method that establishes mutual trust between the Divine and the Human.
In other words it can be believed that this is the method of establishing a
link between man and God.
         Every religion has been started by a great personality viz.,
Buddha, Jesus, Prophet Mohammad, etc. In other words every religion
is started in the name of a great personality. Hindus claim that Hinduism is
not a religion, but it is a way of life, let it be because again in Hinduism,
there were so many Gurus, some really genuine and mostly the mediocre
ones who made a mess of the real spirituality. These mediocre gurus have
created their self-centered style of religious rules that have certainly
misguided the people and created more or less the same problematic
situations like those that were created in the other religions. The purpose
of invention of a religion is to bring the people to a righteous way to make
them live in harmony, with piousness and with good character for which
the founder has formulated certain rules and regulations. These rules and
regulations differ from one another because religions are formulated by
the great personalities (founders of the religions) based on the
circumstances in which they lived in i.e., place and time.
A suitable formality at one place may not be suitable for the other
place and in the same way a rule made at a fixed time may not be
suitable for the changed time.

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        By observation, it is clearly known that the religious formalities are
right at a particular time and place where they were born. No doubt, most
of these religions in their influential areas have been effective for a very
long time. But now the faraway places of the world have become nearer.
The distance between the people has become short by the development
of conveyance and communication skills and thereby all the popular
religions have also covered the entire world. So unlike in the olden days,
the new religions began to influence the lands dominated by the native
religions. Now because of the differences in the religious formalities, a
kind of clash started between religions. People simply forgot the purpose
for which the rules were formulated in their religions and started struggling
with the other religions on the differences, which were contradicting their
beliefs or practices.
         The strong and solidified beliefs having no touch with reasonability
have brought wars between the groups and even between the nations.
Crusades of the yesteryears and Jihadi terrorism of today are the best
examples for it. While there were the religious fights between different
societies and countries in the West and the Middle East (Muslims, Jews
and Christians), there was a lot of infighting within India in the same
Hinduism, though not a religion. Now the so-called religion, the method
of linking man with man and man with God, has now become a cause of
bloodshed. Thus, the purpose is totally defeated. Once upon a time, the
religion was a good medicine and it acted like nectar to cure the disease of
‗imbalance‘ in humans. Now the same medicine (Religion) has become an
expired one and turned into poison to kill the humans.
Mahatma Rama Chandraji of Shahajanpur (founder of Sri Rama
Chandra Mission) has remarked,
―All the religions have become outdated and the people are just clapping
hands in the name of religion and doing nothing. The real spirit is lost and
only formalities remain in its place. Rituals and outward formalities are
being observed with great austerity leaving the essence of it outside.
Outward forms and rituals are only things that remain open to view, which
are followed with extreme orthodoxy and tenacity without even the least
touch of reality. Our faith in reality has thus diminished to the point of
extinction. It is rather twisted into forms and rituals alone. Gradually it
degenerates into bigotry of prejudice which has unfortunately become the
permanent feature of the present day religion. Our blind faith in formalities
keeps us in the dark regarding the reality and unconsciously we develop
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within us a feeling of hatred against those who believe in other forms and
rituals.‖
         People are very proud of their religion but most of them know
very little about it. Moreover, they are very strong in following the outdated
outward formalities. There is a tale to explain it. The tale goes like this:
        A stanch believer in Veeravaishnava (one who believes that Lord
Vishnu is the highest) has been passing through a forest. In the middle of
the forest, a tiger chases him. He got frightened on seeing it, ran in the
forest, and found a temple of Lord Shiva. He can escape from danger by
entering into that temple and by shutting the doors. But he does not want
to go into the temple because it is a Shiva temple i.e., a temple of people
having opposite beliefs of his sect. Instead of safeguarding his life, he
preferred to become a prey to the tiger. Such was his strong belief in his
sect. Is this right? No, Certainly not. A man with minimum common sense
will never say that it is right.
         So one should know the real purpose of the religion and feel
better to follow it for the benefit of him and to the whole humanity. Having
faith in his own religion is good but having hatred towards other
religions is definitely bad. Keeping this in mind one should lead a
secular life. That is the real Secularism. While practicing the religion if the
people think that Religion is for the Soul and not for the Society, there
will not be any problems.
        As discussed earlier religion is based on the thoughts of great
personalities. But one should know that it is the first step to go up to the
expectations of the great personalities to reach the final destination of
human life (union with God, the Realization). One has to cross the limits
of religion to enter into the field of spirituality where the differences are
simply dissolved. The Masters (Great Personalities) want to see us in a
better position. Their expectations are to bring us to an evolved condition,
so that we too can become the Masters in our lives but not the slaves of
wishes, outward superstitions and fanaticism. Hence crossing the limits
of religion is necessary for everyone, to know about the Reality.




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                      2.         PURPOSE OF RELIGION
                                               B. Ashok Kumar

Religion is not a part time job or an activity that can be scheduled.
Religion should be our moral or a character building asset and must be
our way of life, otherwise, if we simply put a special time for praying and
do the rubbish the remaining time, it is not a religion. It will be a drama
which is only colorful for the time it is played. And if we go to our extreme
limits like forceful conversions of other people, or extremism, then religion
becomes political.
        Religion must only be spiritual. Spiritual refers to something
which exists with our spirit i.e., with our soul. So any person from an
enduring religion who tries to understand his own religion in the best way
will know about his soul and later there is no need for him to spread his
religion through any external activities involving Conversions by force or
Conversions by Money etc. His presence itself makes others understand
how great such a person is.
        And whatever such kind of a person speaks or preaches will be
perfect and the listeners will follow the same without any doubt.
        In the same way did Lord Jesus, and his followers were not forced
by him to follow his concepts. They have liked his good deeds and due to
his divinity, they became his followers.
        There are similar and quite a good number of examples also with
Hinduism which actually is not a religion formed after one personality. It is
a culture, which evolved at the Vedic times and is still an enduring culture.
        And the divine personalities who were born in this world and who
will be born in future when the need arises are all like Gurus to the
mankind. ‗Guru‘ in Sanskrit means the person who ends the ‗Darkness of
Ignorance‘ from the minds of his followers or disciples. So in Hinduism
there is a verse explaining the importance of the real Guru as
"Guru Brahma Gurur Vishnu Gurur Devo Maheswarah, Guru saakshaath
Parambrahma Tasmai sri Guravenamah"
which means ―Guru is like the Creator of this Universe, the Ruler of this
Universe, and the Destroyer of this Universe and he is none other than the
Supreme God himself. So I bow to my Guru‖.
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        So all the Gurus after whom the religions have formed are all those
great people who are the examples of the Supreme God coming on to
this earth in the human form. So we all must try to understand what they
have taught us and how they lived with simplicity and with Divinity.
        Today if we forget all this and fight for religion or quarrel about
which religion is the greatest of all, we are insulting our Gurus (if our
religion has a Guru). So we must follow religion thinking that Religion is
mainly for the Soul and not for the Society. Then there will be Peace
and Love all over the world along with the Religious tolerance.




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                     3.        AHIMSA (NON VIOLENCE)
                                                P. Subbarayudu
                                                B.E. Sampath Kumar
Ahimsa (Non-violence) is the highest virtue. It is accepted by each and
every religion and sect in some form or the other. But is there anyone who
follows non-violence 100%? The answer will be no in all the cases,
because taking vegetarian food is also not out of violence. The
vegetables like leafy plants, roots, fruits and also grains and pulses all are
with life and eating them also is violence. So in the ‗Mahabharata‘ (an
Indian epic) in ‗Aranyaparva‘ non-violence is defined as follows:
"There is no one on the surface of earth without committing violence.
But one should keep away from violence to the extent possible.
So keeping away from violence to the extent possible is itself called non-
violence."
       To all the living beings eating is a must to survive. So eating for
survival is not violence. But living for only eating is not acceptable as
non-violence. Hence, one should only eat to live and not live to eat.
        So doing minimum harm to the co-living beings for survival is to be
observed by all the human beings. People in Polar Regions and in deserts
may have to depend on meat for survival as they can‘t find vegetation
suitable for food. However in the countries like India one can comfortably
live with vegetarian food safely, happily and healthily.
       Nowadays the science has also declared that vegetarian food is
the best for humans and the human digestive system is fit for vegetarian
food and not for meat. The scientific fact that has been discovered is that
the human digestive system is more similar to that of the herbivorous
animals than the carnivorous animals.
       Therefore what is decided is to live in least violence. That means
almost in non-violence.
Definition & Types of Violence
       Again in ‗Anusasaneekaparva‘ of Mahabharata, it is said that not
only killing animals is violence, but also thinking bad about others,


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hurting others by words and manhandling are also categorized as
`violence‘.
        So violence is of four types and we should be more careful towards
them. In another instance that is in ‗Santhiparva of Mahabharata‘, it is said
that non-violence is like a foot print of an elephant, in which all the other
foot prints disappear.
        That means all other virtues include in non-violence itself. Having
kindness towards all the living beings is the greatest virtue to be adopted
by the humans because everything is created by God and there by all the
creatures are His progeny and so the relation between all the living beings
is nothing but brotherhood. On account of this brotherhood all the living
beings have the equal right to enjoy the God‘s creation i.e., the Nature.
        ‗Vasavi Devi‘, the Goddess of ‗Vysya‘ (merchant) community has
proved herself an embodiment of non-violence. The King called
Vishnuvardhana forced her to marry him, otherwise he would declare war
against her country. She consoled her father and brother not to resort to
war and she along with her followers entered fire and sacrificed herself to
avoid war and violence. This story may be a point of inspiration to
Mahatma Gandhi to fight with the weapon of non-violence against the
British Rule in India.
         Gautama Buddha has propagated non-violence in his preachings.
He forcefully stopped killing animals in some of the Yagas (sacred fires).
He used to tell those who wanted sacrifices that if they felt it sacred to kill
animals, they could kill Him instead of those poor animals. He has spread
love and non-violence through his preachings in the world. The greatest
Indian epic ‗Mahabharata‘ also stood against killing animals in Yagas. In
Anusasaneekaparva, ‗Bhishma pitamaha‘ clarifies to King ‗Yudhistira‘ (the
eldest of Pandavas), his grandson, ―Following non-violence is better and
greater than performing ‗Aswamedha Yaga‘, where there is violence of
killing the horse used for this Yaga‖. He added that killing and ordering or
helping for killing are the greatest sins.
      So the humble and sincere advice is to follow non-violence and
proceed on the way of realization of Supreme God (the Ultimate.




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      4.        VEGETARIANISM – NEED & IMPORTANCE
                                               B. Ashok Kumar

         Vegetarianism is the closest practice to follow non-violence and
that will lead to Human compassion towards animals, besides contributing
to a person‘s tranquility to a certain extent. Instead, meat consumption is
violence towards animals and it contributes to uncontrollable passions that
become the root cause of people‘s selfish behavior to a certain extent.
        To call a spade a spade, we sometimes need courage and
determination to face the criticism, especially if you are addressing
something to a group oppose in which the majority of people oppose the
concept. Speaking about Vegetarianism, Humans love towards animals,
Spirituality will generally draw more criticism than appreciation, because
the majority of the people in this world support the meat eating
habits citing health reasons, religious reasons, cultural reasons or some
other.
       In this article, the term ‗Brahmin‘ is used where felt needed, and we
humbly request you to understand it in the true spirit, that it is by the deeds
and not by the caste alone, that people are to be called ‗Brahmins‘.
         A true Brahmin is the person who is in the path of devotion to attain
Brahma (the Supreme God). Anyone can become a Brahmin - either
knowingly or unknowingly - once they follow the vegetarianism, by pious
deeds to serve the other people, by having devotion on God, by having
the will to attain the Supreme God.
        The western world generally emphasizes about certain things from
the religion only when they scientifically discover something, which
validates the things mentioned in the religious books. Till then they don't
fully believe in the legitimacy of the things preached by the religion. This
approach is particularly good to either accept or reject certain things,
which could remain as myths forever if they are not scientifically proven or
validated. Therefore there can be contradictions between religion and
science. Any good religion with its inherent endurance shall update itself
over time to get rid of these contradictions, otherwise science and religion
fall apart from each other.
       Fortunately, when it comes to Hinduism and ancient Indian culture,
the science and the religion/culture are inseparable, the spiritual intellect
was often linked to the scientific approach. There had been so many
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rituals and traditions envisaged for daily practice, which had the underlying
scientific wisdom of the time. And again, there had been many Gurus or
spiritual leaders in India, who by their spiritual prowess, have periodically
reformed the Hindu culture by eliminating the unwanted aberrations that
have crept in during the course of time.
         The scientific approach in Hindus‘ rituals and routines (Vedic or
Brahmanic practices) is evident from many scientific discoveries that are
happening today. Some of the finest examples are the practice of Yoga,
Meditation and following a Vegetarian diet, which are now widely being
practised and publicized by the Western world as they now have the
scientific quantitative analysis and in depth knowledge about these
practices and the health benefits associated with them. But the same are
being practised by the Indians for so many centuries.
         „Survival of the fittest‟ as famously stated by ‗Darwin‘ holds good
even for the cultures and religions. That was the reason why the
civilizations flourished in India since times immemorial or at least since
5000 BC as per recorded history.
        The intention here is not to comment about any religion or any
culture or any country in particular or about their food habits, but only to
discuss the various paradigms we have, to understand the co-existence of
humans with other living beings like animals, trees, plants and any other
creature on this earth.
         Biologically man is an animal but treats the other fellow animals as
inferior objects. They are not objects like cars or bikes or other machines
to bear the brunt of the human wants or desires, but are living beings
which feel just like the humans do. And we hurt the feelings of animals too,
by the way we behave with them.
What if some other far more superior species of animals 'super-humans'
existed on this earth and treated the humans like how we are treating the
animals, because they like human flesh???
       They would be speaking a different language incomprehensible to
the humans like those of animals today. They might be using more
sophisticated and advanced technologies than those used by humans
today.
         Why should we speak about human rights alone when we destroy
the living rights of the animals?
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        If you believe in the sentence, "Eating meat makes you healthy", it
is basically a modern myth or a common misinterpretation because if you
read the book "The Higher Taste " by ISKCON (International Society for
Krishna Consciousness), which besides providing the various vegetarian
recipes, emphasizes the need of vegetarianism and the physical and
spiritual advantages associated with it. You find that in this book, there are
numerous references to the American or Canadian Health research
centers, Cancer research organizations, UNO's statistics and many,
explaining the problems linked to the meat eating and the economical
impact of meat eating leading to world's poverty, etc. Those are quite
interesting for anyone at least to have a glance at it.
Vegetarianism as the food habit is not at all a hindrance to gain
health and intelligence
         "Without eating meat, fish, seafood, how can you be healthy? How
can you get all the necessary balanced diet?" are the general questions
asked by most of the Westerners especially to the Indian vegetarians,
when they come to know that there exist the people who don't eat meat,
fish, eggs, etc., but only eat food based on green leaves, vegetables and
fruits, pulses and grains, some being lacto-vegetarians and some others
being pure vegans.
        Not specifically referring to India's problems today, most of which
have arisen in the recent decades due to the lost real Indian Vedic culture,
India, being culturally and spiritually sophisticated since its ancient past,
has such a tradition that today, though there is a majority of population
who occasionally eat meat, seafood, fish etc, the same people, abstain
from eating meat during some auspicious days of the year.
        This is the indirect evidence that all those meat eating Hindus
consider it as a sin somewhere deep in their minds though they eat meat
often, but refrain from doing it at least on auspicious days like Durga
Navarathri, Diwali, Krishnashtami, etc. And many more people observe the
abstinence from eating meat during some days of the week as a matter of
habit or due to their vows to a particular deity. However in some other
religions and tribal cults, people eat more meat especially during their
festivals.
        Taking into account the ratio of 'meat content to vegetarian food' of
different countries (both developed & developing countries), India has the
figure which shows that the per capita meat consumption is very less
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compared to the developed countries of the West. One may raise the
issue of India's poverty and try to correlate the same for the low per capita
meat consumption. This may be partly correct but is not the complete
answer. Indian culture plays an important role for many Indians' choice to
remain vegetarian for most part of their time.
        Without sound health, you don't have a sound body and sound
mind. Without a sound mind, you can‘t be happy and can‘t lead or perform
things in life.
        ―Do you think today that most of the Indians today are unhealthy
and non-performing, because they don't eat so much meat in comparison
to the other developed countries, and so are not intelligent?‖
        All of us know the answer to this question. A large number of
Indians are employed in almost all the developed countries in their world
famous companies, these countries need the Indians to work for their
companies. Why? Because they are hard working and intelligent. That
means they are physically fit and so mentally fit. And many of them are
Brahmins (referred here only to drive the point that there are people who
never eat meat). If they are physically fit, that means they are healthy and
are eating the right food.
       So eating meat makes no difference to the performance of the
people.
       Another fact is that there are some sects of Brahmins who
remained lacto-vegetarians for centuries together and even today we find
a lot of them practising the lacto-vegetarianism. In the current Indian
scenario average Brahmins are not so rich, but are generally intelligent
and will raise to higher positions in the society or in their respective fields
because of the intellect, spiritual knowledge and the emotional control they
possess over the way they lead their lives. This is partly attributed to
vegetarianism, and mostly to Vedic tradition, again according to which
vegetarianism is a part of a Brahmin's daily practices.
         This proves the fact that 'meat eating' is not at all related to the
gaining of health or of the intelligence. In fact improvement of health and
intelligence is directly related to vegetarianism and is inversely related to
meat consumption.
       The Indian Vedic Mathematics was developed during the Vedic
times and the ancient Indians invented Zero and the decimal numerals
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system when America hasn‘t existed and when the Europeans were
nomadic dwellers who were eating raw flesh as uncivilized people.
        The eminent scientist Albert Einstein had, in one of his statements,
complimented the Indians about their contributions to Mathematics. Max
Muller had developed a great interest in Indian literature, and he was a
patron of Sanskrit literature and his studies included the Vedas along with
the other Indian Epics. The Great personalities like Swamy Vivekananda
had mesmerized the western scholars by his intelligence, wisdom and
public speaking capabilities which made Swamy Vivekananda, a modern
face of Hinduism.
          Poverty, Corruption, large population, environment pollution are
some of the causes or challenges that are faced by India today due to
which there are some dreadful diseases still affecting the people and are
causing devastating effects on people's health and hygiene. This is not at
all attributable to vegetarianism as a food habit.
        Another problem is that some Indians who are getting rich today
tend to lose Indian culture by simply copying the western culture,
consuming meat and alcohol to show off their elevated status, assuming
that as the 'real development'.
        Real Development is not the materialistic development alone but it
includes the intellectual, spiritual development as well. However all of
these problems can be controlled but these should not become the
deciding factors while discussing the benefits of 'Vegetarianism' and the ill-
effects of meat consumption.


Spiritual or Religious reasons
         Here is the important question for those who love to eat meat –
"Why the same Supreme God, who created both the humans and the
animals (besides creating everything else in this universe), made the
human body in such a way that if you scientifically evaluate the biological
similarities between the man and all the types of vertebral animals, the
human body is falling under the herbivorous category and not under the
carnivorous category?"
        Again in this context of biological similarities, we are only referring
to the book "The Higher Taste" by ISKCON as it contains this information
which is not only speaking about practices of Vedic culture of ancient India
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Noble Thoughts for the Right way of Life

but also about the scientific facts established and rediscovered by the
Western world itself.
        Some religions say that God has created all the animals for man so
that he can eat them. If it is not forbidden in their religious books, they
need not exclude anything from their meal. Some religions only abstain
from eating the meat of some animals like pigs or cows or both. But 'meat
eating' is 'meat eating' and there is no spiritual progress if you abstain
from one particular animal's meat.
         Having said this, it is to be understood that nobody can be 100%
non-violent. This is because eating vegetarian diet also accounts to some
violence of killing the plants and harming the trees. For this, the Vedic
civilization has an explanation that for the sake of existence, if you
consume the vegetarian diet or meat, it can‘t be considered as ‗Violence‘
because the living beings have their right to live, and to live, they must eat
something.
        The Vedic civilization further explains that there is a hierarchy
among all the living beings and based on the hierarchy of a particular
species, you accumulate sin when you kill the living beings. By
comparison, adopting a vegetarian diet makes you accumulate less sin
while consuming meat by harming/killing animals which are of higher
biological order, makes you accumulate more sin.
        As a conclusion, you can offer food to the God prior to your
consumption to gently appeal to the Ultimate that you are consuming the
food for the sake of living. With such a noble austerity, the food offered to
God becomes ‗Prasada‘ (sacred food). No real Brahmin, who follows the
Vedic culture, can offer meat to the God and eat it later as ‗Prasada‘.
       In some countries due to the environment, it is not possible to have
the vegetation suitable for consumption. In such inevitable situations,
people have no other choice than to go for meat consumption.
         The truth is that the Supreme God has created animals and other
creatures in this world for the man to recognize the value of human life
and to discover the distinction between the humans and the rest of the
living creatures. So the man can start his discovery for getting answers to
his questions which ultimately provides the spiritual progression and
Salvation. Using animals is different from eating animals.


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Cultural/Historical reasons are no excuses for not having a
vegetarian diet
        Cultural or Historical reasons are no excuses for not having a
vegetarian diet. It is an uncivilized act to say bluntly, because though
many people know that you can make your balanced diet with vegetarian
diet alone, people tend to eat meat only for the pleasure, rather than the
real health concerns. Of course health really gets better with increased
vegetarian food than the meat or animal based foods.

       Whether we believe it or not, the humans started separating
themselves from the animals, prior to which the humans were similar to
the animals in their life style. Such human evolution had happened in
various parts of this world irrelevant to one another, and we know it from
our history that there were great civilizations like the Mohenjo-Daro,
Harappa, Indus valley civilizations in Indian sub-continent whereas there
were Mayan Civilization, Egyptian Civilization, Roman Civilization in
Europe and other parts of the world.

         If many civilizations exist at a time, then the most ancient
civilization will generally have more wisdom compared to the others,
because the evolution of humans and the development can only happen
by the experience over hundreds or thousands of years. It is where Vedic
civilization has its endurance and it makes a difference for the Indians, as
Vedic civilization is still the underlying theme in various forms of traditional
Indian wisdom.

       When the Vedic civilization was at its peak, the other civilizations of
the world were not even known to others, or had not been started. During
those times only the ancient Indians have realised the importance of
vegetarianism as a prerequisite to achieve the spiritual progress. Yoga,
Meditation, various rituals and routines were all put in place by the ancient
sages for the welfare of the mankind.

        Some religions or cultures have adopted meat eating as a food
habit like those cultures, which were derived from tribes, those which
inhabited the countries in the Polar Regions or in the deserts.

       Primarily, this might be due to the fact, that either in the deserts or
in the Polar Regions, the vegetation is very low. Therefore the religions
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which were developed by these cultures recognize animals as living
objects and assume that God has given the animals for man to eat them.
In the beginning of the most primary civilizations, as is explained in the
theory of evolution, man was originated from the animals and he was
eating other animals as his food. Then he discovered fire, learnt to cook
food, later he learnt also to make farming, cultivation of crops, etc.

        Considering that all the above cultural and/or historical reasons are
true regarding the food habits of the people belonging to different cultures
and countries, we have some more points to think about.

       Now the world has become small, in terms of the availability of
items and goods which may not be necessarily produced in one particular
place. Today you get those things in your vicinity which your ancestors
might not have seen in their lifetime. The exports and imports of various
goods among the countries of the world allow any person today to choose
vegetarianism as their mode of life. This choice can be made either to
have the health related advantages of being vegetarian or for spiritual
progress like intellect and wisdom or for any other goal.

         Let us have a look at what the great people from different
civilizations have told about vegetarianism:

"The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the
way its animals are treated." – Mahatma Gandhi.

"The animals of the world exist for their own reasons. They were not made
for humans any more than black people were made for white, or women
created for men." - Alice Walker

"Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances for survival
on Earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet." -- Albert Einstein.

―If slaughter houses were made of glasses, everyone would be a
vegetarian‖ - George Bernard Shaw.

       According to ancient India's wisdom again, God has created
animals and other creatures in this world for the man to recognize himself
and to know the distinction of the man from the rest of the living creatures,
to understand the cycle of life and death, to understand how great and
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gifted a human being is. So the man starts to think about the difference
between his qualities and those of the animals, he can question himself
about why there are all humans on this earth, why the God's creation is
made in this way, why some animals are depending on some other
animals for food, while some other animals are only depending on plants
or vegetation, why man has the ability to think, why the animals remained
the same for ages, and why man alone got civilized, etc. Finally this leads
to spirituality and paves the way for Salvation through Spiritual
enlightenment.
Switching to Vegetarianism
       If Humans become Spiritual, develop compassion and love
towards Animals, they switch over to vegetarianism.
         We don't intend to hurt any of your feelings, but as it was rightly
said by ISKCON, "You are what you eat!" This is also correct, because
your food is mainly responsible for your behavior whether you are
intelligent or cunning or lazy or anything else.
        Everything we eat contributes in one way or the other to one of our
qualities. If you eat food derived from the plants, you would be peaceful,
sharp, healthy and with good behavior. If you eat more meat and less
vegetarian, you would become lazy, more prone to illnesses and ill-
mannered in your behavior. This can be noted, in fact, by any one of us
observing our surrounding people whose food habits are known to us.
        Many great people in this world were vegetarians or have eaten
most of their time vegetarian food items. You can even make a Google
search on the internet for finding them apart from the information provided
at the end of this article.
Why Cow and Bull are important to Hindus and no other animals?
        Keeping aside what other religions explain about the meat
consumption, the meat lovers among the Hindus must think once. Why
Cow and Bull alone are important to Hindus and no other animals? We
feel the Cow as our mother, because it gives milk, Bull as our father,
because it works hard so that we eat food.
        You can't kill your own animals if you grow them personally,
because you start loving them too. If you ask a person who wants to eat
meat, to go by himself to catch an animal, then kill it using his own hands
(like how lions or tigers kill) then eat that meat, no good person will do that
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because the person will observe the pain taken by the animal in providing
you the meat. Whereas the cruel wild animals like tigers or lions can‘t stop
their activity because they have to live on the other animals, they can‘t live
otherwise.
         But when it comes to eating, many people think that those who
killed the animals get sin, and we are not killing them to eat. But what I
understood from many people through my interaction is that very few
people understand that those who are eating meat are indirectly
responsible for the killing of animals by some others.
        Using animals is different from eating animals. Still, if you think
that eating meat is human, yes, "To err is Human!" But realizing things
and not doing those things like eating meat for the sake of pleasure, if not
for any other reason, is divine – so in one phrase – not eating meat is
divine.
Heavy meat consumption in developed countries is one of the
reasons for World's poverty
       As per some research done by UNO, one of the many reasons for
poverty in this world is due to the heavy meat consumption in the
developed countries. As going into the details is not in the scope of
discussion in this article, we just describe some of the facts to be
understood so that people start thinking on their own or may try to do
research seriously over these ideas.
        A simple calculation about the advantage of being vegetarian to
solve the global hunger problem:
        A piece of land, used for feeding 10 cows or goats, can also be
used for growing grains. Let us assume that these 10 cows or goats when
brutally slaughtered can feed some 300 humans, but the quantity of grain
grown on the same amount of land can feed 600 humans, or at least more
than 500. If all these lands, used for feeding the animals raised for
slaughter, are instead used for agriculture the global hunger problem
would be solved.
       When we talk about compassion, it's usually towards other human
beings — family, friends, near and dear, or some strangers or some poor
people in some corner of the world who are suffering.
      We talk about understanding their suffering, raising funds, donating
the money and goods for voluntary organizations or charities, etc.
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       But Hindus/Brahmins are some people who believe in compassion
towards all the living beings. Besides these, all those who have pets in
their homes can completely understand what the compassion towards
animals mean!
        One can‘t kill his own dog or a cat for pleasure. You care about
your pets just like your children. Then why can‘t you extend that empathy,
compassion and kindness to all other animals, including animals raised
and killed for food, clothing, or other such uses.
          Most people don‘t think about what effort is put by themselves or
others to bring a plate of food in front of them. Ancient Indians following
the Vedic civilization generally say, ―Anna daata Sukhibhava‖ which
literally means, ―The donor of food shall remain happy.‖
        They show that respect before consuming their vegetarian food,
because they think about the people and the process behind preparation
of the food. The people are farmers and the processes involve plowing the
land, sowing seeds, spraying manure, watering the crop, safeguarding the
crop, and harvesting the crop, then storing the grains, cooking and
serving.
       A true Brahmin will offer his food to God and humbly request the
Supreme Lord to sanctify the food and convert it as Prasada, so that the
Samskara (result of the Karma (deeds)) associated with the food should
not bind him.
       Being a ‗Non-Vegetarian‘ or a non-Brahmin, when you eat meat,
you should also think about the people and the processes with which a
piece of meat is brought in front of you. These processes involve raising
the animals, slaughtering them, processing the meat (nowadays with a lot
of chemicals), packaging, shipping, chopping, cooking and finally serving.
        If we could see first-hand the conditions that these animals live in,
how they're treated, what they're fed and shot up with, we might feel
differently. It's not just the killing of an animal that causes suffering
(although often it's done in very inhumane ways), but their living conditions
from birth to death.
       And then finally, there are people out there in this world especially
from India, where Hindus or Brahmins who want to proudly say that "I am
a strict vegetarian since my birth. I am compassionate to


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animals. Vegetarians are the genuine and complete lovers in this
world."
Some suggested links for your further reading:
   Famous vegetarians (http://www.ivu.org/people/writers/scientists.html)
   IVU.Org Promoting Vegetarianism (http://www.ivu.org)
   http://zenhabits.net/2007/08/how-to-become-a-vegetarian-the-easy-way
   People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) (http://www.peta.org)
   Teach children to be kind to animals
    (http://www.charityguide.org/volunteer/fewhours/kind-to-animals.htm)




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                                      5.   PURITY
                                              P. Subbarayudu
                                              B.E. Sampath Kumar

       People generally like purity of atmosphere, environment and even
bodily purity so that they may live a comfortable life. Internal purity will
automatically bring external purity. A man with internal purity will act
righteously in all his activities. Nobody likes impurity. That is why some
people maintain purity for others sake to have good relationship with them.
Whatever it may be, keeping oneself pure and clean is beneficial both to
self and to others. It keeps diseases away and gives long life too. This is
true and known to each and every body.
         But there is one more field (aspect) where we have to maintain
purity. That is the field of thinking. That is quite internal. Having pure
thought is a godly quality. No doubt it is an inborn quality in human beings.
It will come from nowhere. It is already there within. Only thing we have to
do is to maintain it as it is. But what we do is, we spoil it with wrong
conceptions. For example if our neighbor or relative gets wonderful gains
from his business, immediately we develop jealousy towards him for no
reason. Yes for no reason, because there is absolutely no loss to us in any
way. Thereby we spoil our inner purity and develop internal enmity.
Instead of becoming like this we might have congratulated our neighbor or
relative for his success. That might have led to good friendship which is
always helpful. Yes a man in profits will definitely be helpful. If not what is
there? There is no loss to us. But one benefit is there. That is how our
inner purity can be maintained.
        Our undue wants, over expectations, greediness, discontentment,
and unwanted compassions with others-- all these things will spoil our
thoughts and lead to internal impurity. Now-a-days Doctors are also telling
that discomfort in thought brings cancer, heart attacks and insanity for
which there is no proper cure. Knowing this fact, the people of rich
countries are resorting to meditation to make their thoughts regularized
and be in calm and pure condition. This is regarding our personal health
and for comfortable life.
         But there is one more great danger from this internal impurity
which our eminent saints are proclaiming that people are spoiling the
astral region from their wrong thoughts and conceptions and that is the
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Noble Thoughts for the Right way of Life

reason for all these natural calamities. Religious fanaticism is also
contributing its share to it. All these put together the world is being thrown
into fire making it uncomfortable to the coming generations. No right
precautions are being taken to avoid this danger. Now-a-days impurity has
been settled in each and every profession. Viz., Doctors, Lawyers,
Engineers, Govt. employees, business people etc.
        For example most of the Doctors are collecting huge amount
towards hospital expenses from their patients irrespective of their
economic status whether they are poor or rich and instructing the patients
to have investigations from their selected laboratories which have some
sort of understanding with them. Physician samples which are meant for
free distribution among the patients are being sold in Medical Shops
relating to some private hospitals. Are the Doctors are not aware of it?
        Most of the clients have displeasure with their Lawyers towards
payment of their fees and expenses. Some Lawyers are defending the
accused after coming to know that they(accused) have committed crimes
by violating their professional ethics. Number of complaints are being
registered against the Lawyers for their misconduct in the concerned Bar
Councils.
         It is annoying to note that most of the govt. servants are corrupt.
Business people are creating artificial scarcity of commodities for their
gains. To the extent possible, most of the Engineers acting as approving
authorities appointed by the Government, along with the contractors try to
cheat their clients who have no technical knowhow, for example in
construction works and in irrigation projects. Being Indians, we must be
ashamed to note that our country occupied 87th position in the ranking of
least corrupt countries in surveys conducted by some Organizations.
       Now a days you can see more impurity has been spread in politics.
Instead of thinking about the welfare of the people, most of the politicians
became more selfish and became money making machines. They have
earned crores of rupees but they have no satisfaction. Their craving for
money has no end. In this pursuit they have left behind all ethical values. It
has almost become a Satan kingdom having no protection to the common
man. To protect their position they resort to any kind of violence. They do
not feel shy even to provoke communal clashes disturbing the harmony
among the people. Because of their ill-earned money their children have
also become spoilt . All this is due to greediness and insecurity in their
thoughts. Unlimited earnings and savings are only with the humans. This
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quality is not there in other living beings. Saving is good to some extent,
but after some limit it hurts others. It does not allow others to live. We are
spoiling the atmosphere and at the same time, we are leaving our children
in the spoiled atmosphere. We must judge ourselves that how much
impurity has been spread in our minds when compared to our fore fathers,
who sacrificed their lives and property for our country. Thus we are
becoming more responsible for our children‘s irregularities and we must
think that how much impurity our children may inherit from us? The
remedy for this evil is to make man content by regulating his thoughts, by
making him to believe in God and His judgment and to make him believe
that, a pure thought is the greatest service to the Universe. This helps for
even one‘s spiritual advancement.
        Sri Ramachandraji Maharaj‘s Sahaj Marg system is one of the
best systems to regulate the human thinking and keeps one in purity
always. There is a separate method in Sahajmarg system for self-
cleaning and keeping one‘s self always pure. For details, please refer to
the article ‗Real Goal Of Human Life‘ in this book in the following pages.




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   6.        'RAJA DHANDANA' AND 'YAMA DHANDANA'
                                                P. Subbarayudu
                                                B.E. Sampath Kumar

         Almost all the religions on the surface of earth believe in Heaven
and Hell. Good and pious people will go to heaven and the bad and
wicked will go to the hell after completion of their spell of life on this earth.
They get rewards and comforts in heaven and punishments in hell
according to the individual acts (Karma) on the earth during their life time.
This is the concept of the people of the main religions, 'Heaven-Hell'
concept. But there is another concept prevailing in the humanity
(especially among Indians) and that proclaims that the living beings are
not born on the earth accidentally. They are born for the purpose of
undergoing the effects (results) of good and bad deeds of the past and
present lives. They consider the earth (this world) as the field of
enjoyment in the shape of pleasures and pains. God gives a chance of this
life on the earth only to undergo the pleasures and pains according to their
past deeds and thereby they become clean and pure. And it is believed
that the purity and piousness observed on this earth qualifies to reach the
Ultimate (God) which is beyond heaven and hell. This is 'Karma-Phala'
concept.
        In observing the above two concepts one may think that one
among the two might be right. It will generally be difficult to accept both at
a time. If we say the 2nd one (Karma Phala concept) is right, then the
existence of heaven and hell are meaningless. But there is heaven and
hell too. On deep pondering over the matter the wise men came to the
conclusion that the existence of heaven and hell are meaningful.
        Look at the children. They go in the morning to the school and
return in the evening. But after a refresh, they are again sent to some
other place for study in the name of tuition. Why so? Because it is felt that
the study in school is insufficient to get through the examinations of the
course which they are pursuing. In the same way the hell and heaven are
needed. To those who cannot complete their process of undergoing the
effects of vices and virtues, a hell or heaven like tuition (intensive study) is
required to complete the course and to pass on to the next spiritual state.
This is one kind of explanation.


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        Keeping this concept in view, let us go to the epics to search in
depth for a sentence in support of it. In Mahabharata chapter 12 in
Santhiparva we come across a sub-story in which two saintly brothers
lived on the banks of the river 'Bahuda'. The younger brother 'Likhita' went
to the place of his elder brother 'Sankha', where he found an orchard with
a number of trees full of fruits. He was hungry and attracted on glancing at
the orchard. He picked up some and ate. After a while his brother came
and remarked about his misdeed of eating the fruits which do not belong
to him and that too without prior permission. Likhita cut a sorry figure and
asked his brother what to do to get rid of this act of theft? Sankha
suggested to go to their king Sudhyumna and be punished by him
according to the rules in force. He obeyed his brother and received the
punishment of cutting off his both the hands from the king. After
undergoing the punishment he again visited his brother and stood before
him. His brother announced that ‗Oh Likhita, my brother now you are free
from Yama Dhandana (Punishment from the ruler of Hell) which is more
severe than Raja Dhandana the punishment imposed by the King.
Though the latter story is unconcerned, let it be completed to suffice the
curiosity. Afterwards Likhita on his brother‘s advice goes to the river
nearby and by taking a dip in it he gets back his two hands as before and
there ends this tale.
        By this story it is clear that the Hell is in existence to punish the
individuals who escaped from the punishment of the ruler of the place
where he lives.
        In the Indian epic Ramayana in 4th Chapter ‗Kishkinda Kaanda'
there is a sentence supporting the above concept. Lord Rama hiding
behind a tree shoots 'Vali' by his bow and arrow, while Vali was fighting
with his brother 'Sugreeva'. Vali fell down and finds fault with Rama who
came near him. He argues that he is not right to attack him indirectly
hiding behind a tree, that too when he is engaged otherwise (i.e.,) in war
with Sugreeva. He also reminds that he belongs to monkey kingdom and
no king will hunt the monkeys. In reply to Vali Lord Rama says that he has
punished him on behalf of king Bharath (brother of Rama) who is presently
ruling the country) for his number of misdeeds (sins). He has developed
unnecessary enmity with his brother without even trying to know the truth
and teased him like anything. He with his might taken over all the
properties including the wife of his brother forgetting the least etiquette.
Rama after putting forth all the sins committed by Vali says that he has
given punishment (Rajadandana) in this earth itself to save him from the
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punishment of the hell (Yamadhandana). At last Vali confesses his sins
and extends his thanks to Rama for giving the right punishment on the
surface of earth itself and thereby stopping the more severe punishments
of the Hell. Accordingly Vali after leaving the body enters the brighter
worlds (uttam lokas) directly without passing through Hell and Heaven.
       In this context a view on the present day attitudes is needed. Now
a days many people‘s goal of life is to earn money. For which they are
adopting dishonest and illegal methods. Even number of high
professionals and business people are also on the same way. Though
they are liable for Rajadhandana(punishment on the earth) they are
escaping the said punishment by their intelligent behaviour, tactics and
with the help of political leaders. But they are forgetting that
Yamadandana(punishment in the Hell) is reserved for them.
         Some people with their might, money, power, political background
and status, take the law into their hands, commit crimes, suppress the
facts and escape from punishment (Rajadhandana) and feel that they are
above all. They also help their supporters, kith and kin in escaping the
punishments. Some other people help the above sinners with their false
evidence. There are some others who keep themselves silent to the
atrocities and even accidents happened before their eyes forgetting their
minimum responsibilities. All these types of people, the sinners, the
supporters and the silent spectators will be subjected to the manifold
punishment in the Hell (Yamadhandana). They may think that they are
brave, intelligent and wise. But in fact they are greater fools because they
invite more severe punishment of the Hell in place of simple worldly
punishment. In one way the prisoners are fortunate, because they become
clean and pure by undergoing their punishments in jail for the crimes
committed by them and thereby avoiding the Hell. Some may think that
how punishment will be imposed in the Hell when the physical body after
death will be buried or burnt, on the earth itself. For this our scriptures say
that a Special body called Yatana Sareera ( body for receiving
punishments) will be provided to the soul in the hell for implementing
punishments.
        On observation of Indian epics, we find another greatness of this
earth viz., it is a place where one can take up penance (tapam) and qualify
for the brighter worlds. The Hell and the Heaven are the places where one
can undergo punishments and pleasures respectively.. After undergoing
these pleasures or sufferings one has to be born again on the earth to
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gain real qualification to enter into the kingdom of the Lord. The Gods and
Goddesses of the Heaven are also bound to be born on the earth to take
up penance with the help of Master(Guru) for their evolution. There is no
chance in Hell or Heaven to take up penance i.e., Tapa for evolving
spiritually and to go to the state of mergence with the Ultimate. Earth is the
only fittest place for this. One can mould the life in such a way that it gains
no effects of vices and virtues, good and bad. This can be achieved by
performing everything in the sense of duty taking no credit of anything on
him. Having balanced condition with no attachment and detachment
towards the happenings in the life is the best. Better to think that all the
happenings are according to the will of God and the only thing remaining
is to adjust oneself to the will of God. Leading this kind of life having
continued dependence on God(Ultimate) is itself a great penance and by
which one can achieve the real goal of life. Because of this selfless real
life, one need not go to Hell or Heaven or to take rebirth on earth. Such a
pure person merges in the Ultimate at last.




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                7.        BHAGAVAD GITA - AN INSIGHT
                                                P. Subbarayudu
                                                B.E. Sampath Kumar

      BhagavadGita (In Sanskrit, Bhagavath means 'of the Supreme
God' and the Gita means the Song or poem) is the essence of
Upanishads. In Bhagavadgita in the form of questions and answers,
many of the worldly based principles were answered.
         Arjuna, the warrior-turned-disciple and the cousin of Lord Sri
Krishna, has put a question to Lord Krishna about the societal principles in
the first chapter of Bhagavadgita. Let us have a look at this question and
have our thoughts and discussion on it.
Arjuna in a sorrowful mood asked Lord Krishna,
        "Krishna! There will be enormous loss of human life with this battle.
Particularly the youth will be charred in the fire of the battle. Consequently
their women will become orphans and they need to depend on other men
to have their children and make their families and future generations. As a
result, there will be the 'Varna Sankaram' (adulteration of their
community).
        This Varna Sankaram (literally means adulteration of the dynasty)
is a hell like situation. The Loka (world) becomes sinful. Therefore I don't
want to fight this battle."
       This is the short summary of Arjuna's perplexed mindset at that
time. This was explained from 40 to the 45th slokas (verses) of the first
chapter in Bhagavadgita.
||Verse|| "|Adharmaabhibhavaat Krishna! Pradushyanthi kulasthreeyaha|
Sthreeshu Dushtaasu vaarshneya! Jaayathe Varnasankaraha" – A.41
||Verse|| "|Uthsannakula Dharmanaam Manushyanaam Janardhana|
Narakeniyatham vaaso Bhavateethyanushushruma|" – A.44
       The above two verses clarify the same question. But for this clear
question, it appears that Lord Sri Krishna has not given any direct answer
anywhere in Bhagavadgita but Lord Krishna has commented on Arjuna's
statement by these following verses.


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||Verse|| "|Kuthasthvaa kashmalamidham Vishame samupasthitham|
Anaaryajushtamasargyama Keerthikaram Arjuna|" – S.02
||Verse|| "|Asochyananvashochasthvyam Pragnyavaadaanscha baashase
| Gathaasoona gathaasoonscha naanu sochanthi pandithaaha| - S.11
       As per the above said verses, Lord Sri Krishna has commented on
Arjuna's statements, further he added saying, "At this odd time, why do
you have this bondage. This is not something which is the very best, not a
heavenly thing, and not graceful thing. You are unnecessarily worrying
about something for which you should not be worried at all. Moreover you
are speaking as if you are a scholar. The scholars or intellectuals do not
worry about the mortals."
       Though Lord Krishna has answered              Arjuna's questions as
mentioned above, the way the question of Arjuna is simply understood by
this world is not similar to that in understanding the answer given by Lord
Krishna.
        For understanding the answer of Lord Krishna, it is apparent that
we need to make an introspection into our minds. In this direction to
explain this point better to our readers, we had glimpses on many thoughts
that ran in our minds while doing our brainstorming. All of those are being
presented to you in this article.
        If we look at our daily examples in life, especially in the agriculture
and in the cattle-growing, we have witnessed revolutionary changes in the
recent times due to the improvement in science and technology. By
employing the means of adulteration (adopting 'Sankaram' as mentioned
above) on the seeds and the plants, we have got more yields or results
from the farming. Similarly among the cattle too, those which are hybrid
varieties are stronger than the conventional cattle. They dominate the
conventional cattle in terms of milk production.
         We have also been            observing the fact that those who get married
with their closest blood               relatives, will have weaker children and
scientifically the doctors             too advise the younger generations for
establishing alliances with           far-off families or with those who don't have
prior blood relationships.
        If we look in this way, probably Lord Krishna wanted this 'Varna
Sankaram' to happen to have stronger future generations and so he
insisted Arjuna to be prepared for the battle.
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       Another point to just have a glance at is that the 5 Pandavas
(Yudhishtira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula & Sahadeva) were mightier and
stronger and it appears that it was because they were born to their mother
Kunti because of different Gods like Yama (the God of Death), Vaayu (the
Wind God), Indra (the king of Gods) and Aswini (Gods named as Aswini).
        But if we think beyond this point, we may feel that this may not be
the right way of thinking. Pandavas are derived from the divine effects of
mantras. So they are flawless.
        As per Arjuna's justification, as per the societal principles
(Saanghika Dharma) of those ages, the Varna Sankaram was not
accepted in the society. So it was a serious blunder during those times. It
was and is an established fact that the violation of the Societal principles
(law of the society) is an offence or sin for any race or nation at any point
of time.
       But to apply the societal principles of the old ages for the current
generations, and to compare the existing laws of the land to those of the
old ages and to blame them, is not a desirable thing. Therefore abiding by
the time dependent societal principles is the proper responsibility of any
human being.
       In this case, then why Lord Krishna has urged Arjuna for the battle.
This question has remained unanswered so far. At this juncture, we have
another thought that has arisen in our minds.
       Let us suppose that one man has become cruel, has grown wild
and has murdered, say, some 10 people. And in the court of law, this
criminal was introduced with all possible evidences affirming his crime.
Now the only thing left out is the delivery of the judgment by the judges.
Exactly during this time, the criminal's sick wife, blind daughter,
handicapped son entered the scene and they beg pardon of the judges on
behalf of the criminal to waive out the punishment like - death penalty.
They claim that they will starve to death for no mistake of theirs if their sole
bread-earner gets punished and killed.
          Now what shall the judge do?
       If the criminal is released, he may commit more crimes in future. Or
by looking at his example the other criminals may take the opportunity to
commit crimes with an escape plan similar to this criminal.


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      If the criminal is punished, then unfairly the dependents of the
deceased will suffer and may starve to death too.
       But the right judge will definitely finalize the punishment to the
criminal as per the law. He would think about the dependents of the
deceased later. If possible he would provide an alternate means of living
to the criminal's dependents or he could inform the relevant authority to
take care of these dependents.
        Coming back to the point of Lord Krishna and Arjuna's
conversations, the judgments should be similar. As the Kaurava kings
(foes of Pandava kings) had become scoundrels, ill-mannered and were
violating the societal principles and responsibilities, and had spoiled all the
diplomatic efforts of Lord Krishna by their behaviors, they had become
punishable. Therefore to reinstate the Dharma (the good Principles) and to
protect the general public, that was the time to scorch all the might of the
kings in the Yagna of battle. So sidelining the issue of Varna Sankara as
highlighted by Arjuna, Lord Krishna has prioritized the proceedings of the
battle to get his job done as the God who punishes the evil to protect the
good people. Thereafter he crowned 'Dharmaraj (Yudhishtira)' as the King
for a prosperous rule of the kingdom.
       By this, it was understood that there is no second thought to the
decision made by the Paramatma (the Supreme Lord) and his decision is
beyond doubt.
        Coming back to the point of Varna Sankara, let us consider the
basics of Bhagavadgita for evaluating our thoughts. In Bhagavadgita, the
Lord Krishna while explaining about the four kinds of people, he explains
in the verses,
||Verse|| "|Chaaturvarnyam mayaa srushtam gunakarma
vibhagasaha| Tasya kartaaramasi maam viddhvakaraara mavyam|"
       That means, "There are four categories of people which based on
the Guna (the behaviors) of the people are created by Me naturally. As I
am beyond the Karta (the doer) and the Kartruthvam (the things being
done), immortal and infinite, all the natural consequences are nothing but
My own creation." It is now learnt that God is Automatic and Man is
dogmatic.
       According to Arjuna's way of thinking, Varna Sankaram is a
circumstance after the battle, but as per Lord Krishna, the same Varna
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Sankaram was an event that happened well before the battle. Why
because, the kings have become egoistic, obstinate, abysmal and
unlawful, they lost their qualities to be responsibility oriented towards
people's welfare, possessing Rajoguna (controlled passion directed in the
right way which is a quality needed for the kings to be stronger), instead
they got diminished due to their Tamoguna (uncontrolled passion which
leads to self-destruction) and were out of control. In this way they have
already become polluted (negatively adulterated) in terms of their Gunas
(the behaviors), that means, the Varna Sankaram had already happened.
       So by treating them as punishable criminals the Lord has punished
them through the proceedings of the Mahabharata war.
       In this scenario, the Varna Sankara issue as imagined by Arjuna
was different from that of the Lord Krishna. This particular Varna Sankara
issue was a problem that could be rectified very easily.
         In the 'Ashrama Vaasa Parva' chapter of the epic Mahabharata,
there happened a surprising incident. Sage Vyasa has organized to bring
back all the deceased warriors in the Kurukshetra battle field, from the
waters of the Ganges river. All of those who came out of the river waters
spent their time happily with their near and dear for a day. The blind
Dritharashtra (the father of Kaurava princes) was given proper sight to see
all his sons, his wife Gandhari too has removed the cloth around her eyes
(which she did in devotion to her husband all through her life). Kunti, the
mother of Pandavas, and her sons and their families have celebrated that
day. All the people on both sides have enjoyed their time without any
restrictions or hesitation.
       The next day the time has come for all those warriors who arose
from the waters to go back into the same tides of the Ganges waters.
Then sage Vyasa has made an arrangement and he informed all the
widowed women that if they wanted to go along with their husbands they
could drown into those waters. Then all the women have finally greeted
Dritharashtra, Gandhari, Kunti and Yudhishtira and have drowned into
those waters liberating their souls from their human bodies. They were all
decorated as if they were divine beings and looking at those passing away
in such a way, all the people who watched the event were immensely
surprised and their minds were filled with happiness.
        In this way, all those women who were widowed due to the death
of their husbands in the war have all gone to the Heaven with their
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husbands. There was no question of Varna Sankaram as was previewed
by Arjuna. Later, the rule of Yudhishtira was all new, energetic, people
oriented and was based on right principles. The Lord Sri Krishna has
attained the results of his avatar (incarnation) in an easy way. And the
Lord answered Arjuna's questions, not by the words, but by the deeds of
his capabilities in prioritizing the events.




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              8.        CYCLE OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS
                                              P. Subbarayudu
                                              B.E. Sampath Kumar

        The Hindu Philosophy and the Vedic school of thought firmly
believe in ‗Punarjanma‘ (Rebirth). The most glorious epic to Hindus, the
‗Bhagavadgita‘ proclaims that death is inevitable and after death rebirth is
inevitable too, in this sentence -
―Jaatasya hi druvo mruthyuhu, Dhruvan janma mruthasyacha ….‖
        There is a cycle called ‗Life and Death‘ cycle. There is freedom for
a soul from this cycle only when it attains 'Moksha' (Salvation). So about
this inevitable process of births and deaths one should not worry. It is
simply like going to bed at night and falling asleep and waking up again in
the morning. That means death is simply going to rest and birth is getting
up after rest. In between the conscious time is our life. Leaving this mortal
frame (body) during the death and getting another body during the rebirth,
is simply changing the worn out dress day after day. This is one way of
understanding our life, and life and death cycle.
       This world is like an office, into which some may come by getting
appointment and some will go by completing the service (retirement) or by
retrenchment. People come and go according to their turn but the office
runs continuously until its closure. The Hindu philosophy thus explained
above is similar regarding the births and deaths in this world.
         If we ponder over on this issue, we understand that these births
and deaths are not real births and deaths. They are only the intermediate
happenings. In fact our entity started with the start of the 'Srushti'
(Creation) itself. We are continuing from there duly changing bodies, one
after the other. At times we are even taking births with the bodies of
animals, birds, insects and even plants and trees. However our entity and
identification is preceeding life after life. Therefore, our real date of birth is
the day of Srushti(Creation) and our date of real death is the day of
'Maha Pralaya' (the Great Total destruction or dissolution).
       Regarding creation and destruction there are different and number
of concepts in different schools of thought. Mahatma Ramachandraji
Maharaj, the founder of ‗Sahaj Marg‘ (the Natural Path of Realization)
says that if a power is not put to use for a very long time there is the
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danger that it may become frozen and become waste (useless). For
example, a fully charged battery if not put to use, will lose its charge
eventually without doing any useful work, and become completely
discharged. If we think that God is a power (according to our school of
thought) and that power is not put to use for hundreds of years together
there is every danger that the God (power) may lose His power. However
this is just an analogy to understand about God in a materialistic way.
         Therefore God has exhibited Himself in the form of this Creation,
which includes the whole universe - the Galaxies, our World, the Nature,
the Plant and Animal kingdoms, including all the matter and all the
elements known to us. That is a movement, a stir that happened in the
Absolute (God). On account of this stir the particles got released from
God and gradually the creation had taken place. Due to the actions and
reactions, so many things have taken their shape. Our mind, the thinking
faculty, also has its share from the Absolute Power (God) while coming out
at the time of Stir (creation).
        So by our thinking and counter thinking i.e., by the clash in
thoughts and performing the actions, we have developed so many
‗Samskaras‘ (effects of our actions both good and bad, forming a sheath)
that are covering our original entity ‗Atma‘ (the soul) and these sheaths
became more and more, and have got solidified day by day due to our
own actions and reactions. In this process we have fallen into the running
wheel of births and deaths undergoing the effects of our own actions and
reactions in different bodies and in different lives to experience the ‗Karma
Phala‘ (the net results of our actions – both good and bad), and this goes
on until we clear all the accumulated Samskaras and not accumulating
new Samskaras in any particular birth.
       In the Maha Bhagavatam, the epic of Hindus, there is a story of
Bharata, a king. He in his final part of his life went to the forest for
penance. But he died thinking about a baby deer, which was brought up
by him. According to his thinking at the time of death, he took the birth of a
deer. After that life, as a deer he was again born in a priestly class family
and found a solution for his life, and escaped from the cycle of birth and
death. He has also preached the same to the society.
       The solution is putting a full stop to the further births and deaths
and travelling back to the source from where we came into existence as
separate entities. That means we have to find a solution to prevent
present and past (number of) births and deaths. For this the only way is to
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develop attachment with source (God) and lead a non-attachment life with
this perishing world. By this we will reach a point where we stay safely
without getting further births and deaths and merge ourselves in the
source (God) at the time of total dissolution because everything that came
from the source has to turn back and merge with it one day. Until then we
have to stay as liberated souls with the holy thought having no solid or
gross body. Even with the body also, one can live such a life called
‗Jeevanmukta‘ (One who has crossed Life and Death cycle). Such men
are capable of guiding others directly. That is because; they have a human
form appearing before the needy in the world (Guru). This should be our
goal of life.
         So the fact is that we have come into this world at the time of
creation and we will end our entity in the source at the time of total
dissolution of this Universe. We lived a very long time and will live for a
very long time too. During this very long life span we continued our entity
(identity) with one or other body.
         In this process only we have now taken a human form which is the
best of all living beings. We have the thinking faculty mind, which is a
special feature of the humans and is a magnificent thing in the humans. By
which we have to find a solution for this long and restless life. Because of
this thinking power only we came to these farther distances and with this
thinking only we have to make our return journey. Thinking with a hold
over the Divinity is a travel towards the source and attachment with the
outward world is a travel away from the source.




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                         9.        IS DEATH A MISERY?
                                              P. Subbarayudu
                                              B.E. Sampath Kumar

       The end of life is death. Spiritualists say that there is life after
death. Lord Sri Krishna in his Gita says that the soul still exists even after
death and the air, water, even fire cannot destroy the soul.
“Soul is the thing that the weapon can‟t destroy, the fire can‟t burn, the
water can‟t wet and the wind can‟t blow away.”
        It exists till it merges with the ultimate at the time of total
dissolution. By this, it is understood that death is not at all the end. It is just
a fall of outermost sheath called Annamayakosa (the body), which is a
solid one around the soul. This fall of outer sheath is only due to its wear
and tear, or otherwise this can be understood as a pause for rest, brought
by Nature. When we subject this body to overwork mentally or physically,
we get sleep, which is nothing but a pause that is brought up
automatically. Death can also be understood in the same line. After rest
one has to wake up and continue the work left out, which is still at his
disposal.
        So after death i.e., after rest or after changing the outer sheath,
one has to undergo the effect of remaining Samskaras which are all of his
own, and thereby standing at his lot. If we neglect to undergo the effect of
Samskaras before the Mahapralaya (total dissolution), one has to rotate in
the cycle of Births and Deaths and on the date of Mahapralaya final death
is certain (merge with the Ultimate) by drowning in water or burning in fire
or crushing in earth quakes etc., with great pain and suffering. If we are
cognizant of this fact then the point of death becomes a very important
stage of our life. If somehow one makes the point of death as the end of all
Samskaras, both of past and present, one need not come back from
eternal peace (rest), because there is no work or duty to do. Therefore the
only remaining thing is to merge with the Ultimate very easily - like butter
kept under the Sunrays or a ripened cucumber getting detached from the
creeper - at the time of total dissolution and till then the soul rests in
eternal peace comfortably. This is what every soul wants and for which so
many spiritual practices are prescribed by preachers of various religions.
Whatever it may be, what we understand is that we have to make this
point of death in this life assuming it as the final one, leaving aside for the
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time being the mergence with the Ultimate. This is the minimum desire
one should have as his goal. Otherwise this life goes waste. The other
things of life are of only secondary importance and more over they come
and go automatically whether attention is paid or not. However paying
attention on worldly things will cause bondages.
       At the time of death, one gets a reel of pictures relating to his past
happenings at which he has acted rightly or wrongly i.e., with selfish
motives or as selfless service, now for which the mind responds.
Therefore what we want is, we should not be in a condition of repentance
at the time of death for the faults committed during the course of life.
However we should meet our end (death) with full satisfaction about our
deeds of life. For that one should make his own preparations well before
we reach the point of death.
        No sufferings and joys come without reason and cause. So
desiring for peaceful death is also of no avail. Instead of desiring for it, one
should make his will so strong so that he may face all the effects of
Samskaras (past and present) patiently. By this we get rid of all the
coverings of the soul and fly out freely making sure that we need not come
back (take rebirth) to this material world once again because there is
nothing to undergo or to do in this world. Any resistance from our side to
this process of undergoing the effects of Samskaras will lead to bondage
which drags us to the cycle of births and deaths once again.
       So we have to lead a life in life as said by Sri Ramachandraji
Maharaj of Shajahanpur by following the ten commandments of
Sahajmarg System, to free ourselves from all the bondages within the
span of this life itself and fly freely towards the Ultimate, averting the fall
permanently.




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                                  10.      SIMPLICITY
                                                   P. Subbarayudu
                                                   B.E. Sampath Kumar

        Simplicity reveals the real state of a man. To live in tune with
Nature is simplicity. It is not as easy as we think so. Man has gathered
'un-naturality' (artificiality) around him in the name of day-by-day
evolution. Some articles which we treat them this year as unnecessary
and luxurious have become necessities for the next year. Costly dresses
like professional suiting, ornaments, TVs, Internet, Car etc., which we
looked as luxuries in the yesteryears, have now became necessary
things. Now it became difficult to decide which is luxury and which is the
simple need. . The economic status of a man may decide which the luxury
is, and which the simple need is.
        Man has strayed away a long distance from simplicity. We are now
in a stage of comparative simplicity. We know the result of leading
luxurious life crossing our earning capacity. We will be drowned in debts.
We feel self-reproach when once leading a luxurious life has fallen down
to lead a pathetic life afterwards. This stage makes the life miserable.
Therefore one must be in a position to lead his life according to his
economic status, save some money and utilize it for social services.
Though our elders, well-wishers, environmentalists, our government and
other charity organizations are rightfully advising the public about
simplicity and adopting a lifestyle with the minimalist attitude along with a
mindset for serving the needy people, many people are least bothered
about such noble things and instead they are spending huge amounts
exceeding their financial capacity, just for the sake of vanity in marriages,
birthday parties etc., thereby drowning themselves in huge debts. In many
cases, especially in the middle-class families, the people who spend a lot
for the sake of pride may not be doing such things whole heartedly but
they are trying to copy others and are trying to meet others' expectations
in an unhealthy and comparative lifestyle.
          Rich people may not come across such problems or phases in
their life, but it is not desirable for them too, to spend huge amounts for the
said purposes only for grandeur, pomp and glory. Some virtuous rich
people are simply performing the above functions and allotting their saved
money for orphanage homes or to some charities. Some of them are
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enjoying the said functions along with the orphans and thereby they are
feeling self-satisfaction. It is better if all the rich people in this world follow
the above said example.
        Revered Masters in this world, from all the good religions, have
given their advice in this respect. There are so many such masters
(Gurus) who lived in India and have guided the masses. Prophets like Sri
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Sri Swamy Vivekananda, Sri
RamaChandraji Maharaj are the examples. Sri RamaChandraji is the
most recent Guru among the above mentioned masters, who has
simplified the 'Ashtanga Yoga' of the sage Patanjali into Sahaj Marg
system for the benefit of the common man. He also formulated ten tenets
of Sahaj Marg, in which 'Simplicity' is one.
       Everybody must feel that the wealth they possess today is the gift
of God and he should feel himself as a trustee to such wealth and utilize
the said money for the noble causes. This idea having crept in mind, the
people will tend to do virtuous deeds and will be against pomp and glory.
         One of the wise men said that wealth is like a pit in the sand of a
river. If the water in it is removed, fresh good water will ooze
continuously. Likewise the wealth also increases. Elders say that
Goddess Lakshmi will not stay with the people who spend money for
luxuries and for vices. In this regard we should also keep one thing in our
mind that if a person, who won't use his wealth even for his basic
necessities like sufficient food, clothing etc., may be remarked as
'Miser'. So one must properly utilize his wealth.
        Mahatma Ramachandraji has said that possessing things is not
bad, but having undue attachment with those things is bad. The true sense
of His saying is one must lead his life simply in touch with Spirituality, even
when he is having wealth or not. Simplicity is a sacred thought. We
cannot call a man as simple by his dress. This is an essential inherent
state of real man.
        A saint called 'Ajagara' told 'Prahlada' that he does not mind if he
wears a leather or silk cloth, whether he goes by a chariot or by walk it is
immaterial to him, to have sandal paste or the dust on his body, it is the
same to him. He also did not mind to sleep on cushion bed or on rock. He
treats scolding and respect as one. He eats sweets and bitters with equal
happiness. He neither feels happy nor sorrow for riches and poverty. He


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won't blame or praise others for his benefits. He lives with contentment
without becoming the slave for his wishes. He remains stoic.
      To lead such a kind of simple life is the real life. To have such
happy life with contentment, one should better follow Sahaj Marg, the
method formulated by Mahatma Sri Ramachandraji Maharaj of
Shajahanpur.




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                          11.       REALITY AND BLISS
                                            P. Subbarayudu
                                            B.E. Sampath Kumar

        The essence of the 'Infinite' (understood and termed as the
Supreme God by the wise men), that is 'Reality' is within us. It is with us
since the beginning of our individual entity because of a stir in the
'Ultimate' the process of creation started. Everything emerged from the
Ultimate and a tinge of its essence in the shape of energy has crept into
the creation. We too have our share as we are also the part and parcel of
the creation.
        But during the process we gathered and added up number of
sheaths (coverings or layers) in the shape of Samskaras (the
outcome/effects/results of good and bad thoughts and deeds) one over the
other. And now they have become so solidified that they do not allow us
even to peep into the Reality. Thus the state of Reality has become an
unbelievable thing to us.
        On adopting spiritual life we travel back unfolding the coverings
(dissolving the layers) around the original entity (soul), that means
undergoing the effects of past and present deeds with acceptance and
with the guidance of the Master (Guru - spiritual mentor). During the
return journey i.e., following spiritual practice we come across so many
experiences touching the inner core of the heart. On the way one steps
into a sphere called Reality where all the feelings and its effects are
brushed off. A condition developed, which is rid of absurd emotions.
Neither is there distraction in mind nor single-pointedness (focus),
neither any longing for union nor for separation, the thought seems to
have dissolved in itself. Neither is there any worry nor sorrow nor
happiness nor ecstasy. This may be expressed as a dumb state beyond
expression. A state of tasteless taste. A state where peace and tranquility
are unwanted.
         Hence in this state of Reality one may feel a dry, drab and a barren
sensation having no interest in anything. This kind of disinterest may
slowdown the march towards infinity. A stand still condition or a bit fall
from the high condition may happen, hindering the progress. At this stage
a little dose of bliss will be showered on the soul so that it may not feel
bored. This bliss produces a wonderful freshness and the journey restarts
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to the destiny. Hence the cleaning process prescribed in Sahaj Marg
system helps a lot to brush off the sluggishness and to give a push
towards the goal.
         Bliss (Anand) as said by our renowned sages is a thing granted for
making the aspirant active and to proceed on the path. The Real Thing
(Satpadartha) is tasteless, dry, drab and barren and nobody appreciates it,
though it is essential. On development of such stages in aspirants, bliss is
showered on them, so as to keep them on the track preventing the middle
dropouts. Truly speaking Bliss is not the thing beneficial for spiritual
progress. There is a danger too with the bliss. One may take it as the final
thing of their pursuit and becomes stagnated duly enjoying it thinking as if
it is the final goal. Hence the help of Master (by way of Yogic transmission
- Pranahuthi) is needed to get a push from these buffers. The real Masters
make use of this bliss as a stimulant only when its need is felt as a must.
        So after crossing all the stages duly getting spiritual experiences,
the soul enters the sphere of Reality and gets the bliss required to
proceed to the final stage of human approach. This state is otherwise
called as "Almost union with the Ultimate". The total union or mergence
with the Ultimate is however impossible. All the souls evolved should stay
at this point and dissolve into the Ultimate at the time of 'Total
Dissolution' (Maha Pralaya). Till that time they have to stay at this point.
           On account of their stay at this point, the great souls (Avatars
meaning Incarnations) like Sri. Rama, Sri. Krishna etc., are still helping
their disciples (Bhaktas). Otherwise they might have totally merged into
the Ultimate losing their personal identity and thereby of no avail to the
disciples.
       Total dissolution means merging of everything in the Ultimate
leaving nothing in the universe. That is the end of the whole creation. Then
the question of existence of any being, entity or identity does not arise.
The only thing that remains will be 'Nothing' (Soonyam) and from that
'Nothing' the new creation starts again.
         So we should always aim at Nothing (into which everything ends)
which is otherwise known as the Ultimate God. Possibility or impossibility
is not the question. Leave it to 'that' and 'that' itself. Our aim should always
be the Highest.



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                                    12.    PENANCE
                                             P. Subbarayudu
                                             B.E. Sampath Kumar

        If you see in Indian epics, people have taken up penance by going
to forests for meditation and for pleasing their beloved deity. Especially
kings resorted to forests and taken up penance to get children or to get
some powerful boons such as deathless life, victories etc., At the point of
their success in penance the deity appears before them and grants boons
according to their desires. How can it be possible? Let us think over and
see what our Spiritual Masters wrote about it.
       Generally one craves for something and concentrates on heart/
nose end/ spine end or on a point on forehead in between the eyes
(bhrukuti) thinking that his deity will appear duly pleased by his penance.
This thought of energy by concentration on a point will bring the form of
deity before him and grant boons proposed by him. This happens by
enfoldment of Kundalini Shakti (power knots in the spine cord) and power
gets unleashed.
       In this process only, Ravana the villain of Ramayana saw his
proposed form of four headed Brahma and got tremendous boons from
which he performed innumerable violent deeds. But some pious ones like
Druva got the boons in a similar way but he has not misused them. So
people used to take up penance to gain power but their usage is
according to their will and pleasure only.
        By this it is understand that doing penance and getting the vision of
God (deity) is not final and the end. There is life after it whether good or
bad, right or wrong. So in this we find no salvation. The problem of life still
remained unsolved. This is happening only because we are not having
right goal or target before us. Appearance of God is by mere strong
supposition. If a person travels on the sea for months together and
becomes home sick, he begins to think of his people and native places
strongly. At that time he sees villages and people before him on the sea
which is not true. In the same way the people in penance see their own
contemplated Gods before them. But getting power is due to the opening
of Kundalini (power knots in the spine) by one pointed strong
concentration. Seeing God in the form of our own liking is not right. But we
should be prepared to experience God as He is. God cannot be seen, but
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can only be experienced. God speaks in the language of feelings raised in
the inner most core of our heart.
        Even after getting the vision of the deity, the demon Ravana was
punished by Lord Sri Ram for his wrong actions. Dhruva got a great boon
of shining in the sky as a star. But he cut a sorry figure for not having a
right goal in his mind to pose before the Lord when he appeared. He
became dissatisfied for not asking realization (or) mergence with the Lord,
when the opportunity came.
        Penance is a must to get the beloved one. What is that? That is
nothing but God, the embodiment of pure love. In olden days the society
was good. People were happy and comfortable with their kith and kin in
the society. Whatever needed for common life was available. So if they
want to get anything more, they resorted to forests for penance because
forests are the only fit places for penance. In forests, there was no
protection from wild animals, from winds, from fire, from chill etc., thereby
they selected forests to have penance in solitude .
        Now let us come to our present day life. We should have a goal of
life. What is that? And how do we take up the penance for achieving that.
The time and space is endless. Our life in them is very minute, so
somehow or the other we should complete our life cautiously and have to
go back to our source (i.e.) from where our entity started, that is nothing
but God. We have to merge in the Ultimate escaping from the numerous
unwanted birth and deaths. For that we have to take up penance and
leave attachments with this world. We have to please the God by thinking
of him and him alone having no other wants. Regarding other pains and
pleasures, they come and go. The real man never cares for them.
        At this time and according to the changed present conditions of the
world, we need not go to forests for penance. Especially for family holders
house itself is enough for penance. Mahatma Ramachandraji says like
this. Please observe:
         ―It is good to be put to worries. The home is the training center for
submission and endurance. To put up patiently with the day-to-day events
of life is the highest form of penance and sacrifice. So instead of anger
and resentment, one must cultivate in himself a meek temperament. For
others aloofness, solitude and dissociation might be the means for
cultivating contentment, endurance and freedom from the entanglement of
life, whereas for us, to put up with the taints and rebukes of the family,
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friends and society is the greatest form of penance and sacrifice. In fact to
put up coolly with miseries and troubles contributes much to our
betterment, hence they are valuable assets to our progress. It is only by
their wrong use that we spoil their effect and thus get deprived of their best
advantages.‖
      So, for the household man, the way shown by Sri Ramachandraji
Maharaj is the best for the Realization of God.




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                                13.        SPIRITUALITY
                                                P. Subbarayudu
                                                B.E. Sampath Kumar

       Spirituality is a way of life, which leads to Reality and transforms a
man into a Real man. It reveals the ultimate truth which science cannot.
        Science can bring forth certain facts in a laboratory through
experiments, but there are numerous facts which cannot be proved in the
laboratory. Spirituality deals with all such facts. It is a way to reach the
Ultimate (God). It is a method through which the secrets of the Nature are
unveiled. The Indian sages and saints have explained the spirituality in a
fourfold method, which is as follows:
1. Viveka - which means the ‗power of discrimination‘. One should
   develop the discriminating power within himself so that he can judge
   which is good and which is bad, which is true and which is false, which
   is eternal and which is mundane, which is to be done and which is not
   to be done. With this discriminating ability one has to lead one‘s life.
2. Vyragya - which means ‗Renunciation‘. Detachment with false and
   unwanted worldly things i.e., becoming free from undue worldly
   attachments (Maya).
The above two are generally referred to as practices (Sadhanas), but Sri
Ramachandraji Maharaj says that they are not the practices but the
result of the spiritual progress about which the information is given in the
latter part of this article.
3. Shat Sampatthi - which means six attainments (wealth) they are:
           1. Shama - It is proper molding of the mind by means of right
              actions, right thinking & wisdom and not allowing the mind to
              externalize.
           2. Dama - It is having self control over the senses (indriyas) and
              not allowing them to go as they like.
           3. Uparati - It is having no attachment and detachment. It is but
              engaged in a higher thinking i.e. about the Ultimate (God)
              thereby keeping one self astray from the lower ones.


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           4. Titiksha - It is having forbearance of all misery without even a
              thought of resisting or driving it out, besides without even
              having any painful feeling in the mind or any remorse i.e.
              having full and doubtless satisfaction.
           5. Shraddha - It is having full faith on the method, Guide (Guru)
              and the Destination (God).
           6. Samadhana - It is self settlement with the will of Master (God)
              and constant practice to have a grip over the divinity.
4. Mumukshutva - which means the intense desire to be free, i.e.
   continuous craving to merge in the Ultimate (God).
     As observed from the above four kinds of practices, it is understood
     that the activity of mind and thinking plays an important role, hence it is
     felt that one should have an idea on the tendencies of mind.
     So let us know what the tendencies of mind are. They are as follows:
           1. Kshipta – It is a disturbed state of mind due to hunger, thirst,
              sorrow and longing uncontrolled tendency for desires, wealth,
              fame etc.
           2. Moodha – It is a dull, sluggish, inactive condition of the mind.
           3. Vikshepa – It is a state of mind where bad and irrelevant ideas
              crop up.
           4. Ekagravrithi – It is a state of mind where it is fixed on one
              thing.
           5. Nirodha – It is a calm peaceful mind free from disturbances.
So to get the good results one has to tame and train the mind to come to
the above said fifth state of ‗Nirodha‘, for which ‗Ashtanga Yoga’, an
eight fold method is prescribed. The founder of this yoga was an ancient
sage by name Patanjali who lived nearly seventy generations prior to king
Dasaradha, the father of Lord Rama.
This eight fold method of Ashtanga Yoga is like this:
           1. Yama - Self Restraint.
           2. Niyama - Observance of Rules.
           3. Asana - Posture prescribed by the Masters.

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           4. Pranayama - Control of Breath.
           5. Pratyahara - Diversion of the senses to the highest.
           6. Dharana - Process of focusing the attention to one specific
              point or idea taken up for meditation.
           7. Dhyana - Thinking over with continued attention.
           8. Samadhi – Absorbed state in the thought with or without
              conscious knowledge of it.


         Sri Ramachandraji Maharaj has taken up the same system in the
name of Sahaj Marg (The Natural Path of Realisation) duly making certain
changes. His system starts with Dhyana (The 7th one which means
Meditation) and proceed to Samadhi, leaving the above first six folds. He
says that nowadays the whole life time is not enough to take up all the
eight folds in the sequential manner. So according to the changed times
and the present life span of the men, he has adjusted the system to suit
the lifestyle of the people today.
        He advises to start the meditation on heart (At a place where heart
beat is heard) thinking that there is a Divine Luminance in it. In one way
this state can be taken as Dharana because this supposition of divine
luminance in the heart is nothing but wearing or bearing an idea taken up
for meditation. So by mere supposition, the step of Dharana is over and
the part of Dhyana (Meditation) starts and it leads gradually to Samadhi,
the absorbed condition.
        In His system Sri Ramachandraji Maharaj draws a divine current
(power) from the source (God, the Omnipotent) and supplies it to the heart
of aspirants (who are meditating under his guidance.) This He called
Pranahuthi (The Yogic Transmission). By this transmission of Pranahuthi
more time is saved and the goal is achieved well within the life span and
that too in a short time. For the benefit of humanity, Sri Ramachandraji
appointed number of devotees in the name of Preceptors to take up the
process of transmission.
       By this transmission linked meditation the Abhyasi crosses a
number of spiritual phases and evolves. In this process of evolution,
Abhyasi in his Samadhi state first comes to an absorbed stage having
less concern with his surroundings, then he comes to the second stage in

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which he acts with semi consciousness i.e., he responds to the
surroundings unconsciously. And thereon he enters into the third stage
where he is fully cognizant and active in his worldly dealings but at the
same time he continues with the thought of the divine at the heart i.e., he
gains the grip over the divinity all the time and flies towards his destiny,
the mergence with the highest like the bird with its two wings stretched,
one representing the spiritual and the other the worldly dealings each not
becoming obstacle to the other. In this process the benefit of left over six
folds of astangayoga have also been covered by the transmission of
Pranahuthi.
       One thing one should not forget in this process is the faith and
dependence on the Master. Dependency leads to deserving and
'surrender to master' is the key to success.




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                                 14.       GOD'S LOVE
                                               P. Subbarayudu
                                               B.E. Sampath Kumar

         One should maintain an attachment with God. This may differ from
person to person. One may think about Him as his Lover, Relative,
Master, Guide or even as a Foe who frightens him. However he never
shows any inequality or any unevenness towards the people who like him
or does not like him. In His view, all are His children and He will show no
partiality among them. Liking and disliking are no concerns in His view.
        However we may feel that God punishes some people and grants
boons to some others. This is not correct and it is only our ignorant
perception. The Hindu Srimad Bhagavath Gita confirms it in several
instances. The nature of God is to save all from down fall and to keep
them on the right path to reach Him. For this, the treatment of God
depends upon our own behavior or attitude. If our behavior is smooth, the
treatment will also be smooth. If it is harsh, the same is the treatment. So
love for love and enmity for enmity. It is automatic. In other words, we can
say God is automatic and acts very transparently. Therefore we are very
much responsible for the receipt of treatment (good or bad) from God
through Nature which is prevailing around us which includes every living
being and non living things.
        This concept of getting ‗Results‘ based on our attitude, behavior,
thoughts and deeds, is otherwise called Karma Phala Siddhanta (Deeds
and Results Theory), which is well explained in the Bhagavad-Gita. Those
who excel in their life doing their assigned duties properly, following the
right principles, will always strive to do good to the fellow beings because
those are the pioneers in understanding this Karma Phala Siddhanta and
they can be considered as ‗Karma Yogis‘.
        In the Mahabhagavata at the first instance itself it is said that
‗Saving (ruling) the Disciples is a great art and the Lord (God) is the expert
in that art‘. At times a situation may come, where both the rivals have to be
supported, because both are right and are dependent on God. In such
cases, a divine solution will emerge and God proves Himself as God
leaving us bewildered in amazement. Let us recollect such an instance,
the history of Great king ‗Maha Bali‘ in Chapter 8 of Telugu edition (Script)
of the Maha Bhagavatam.
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       Bali, the Asura king of Lower Worlds (‗Asuras‘ meaning ‗Demons‘)
conquered the higher worlds and has driven Indra, the king Devatas of
heaven ( ‗Devatas‘ meaning gods) to forests. Years together, he was in
troubles. ‗Adithi‘, the mother of Indra prayed Lord Vishnu (the Supreme
God) to save his son from his difficulties. Lord Vishnu was pleased with
the prayers of Adithi and promised her to make her son the King of
Heaven once again by ousting Bali from that place.
          Well, the Supreme Lord has given a word and it should take place.
But, how? King Bali was not a cruel person like the other Asura Kings. He
was not at fault to receive the punishment from the Lord. Moreover he is
the devotee of Lord Vishnu. God cannot show partiality and punish Bali for
the sake of other devotee. Really to our rational human mind, it is a
difficult situation to deal with.
        To solve this problem Lord Vishnu has taken birth as a son of
Adithi, and in this ‗avatar‘ (incarnation) he was known as ‗Vamana‘. He
was a dwarf boy and at the right time, he reached the ‗Yagnasala‘ (place
of worship through Fire) of king Bali and extended his blessings as a
priestly class boy. On seeing the glittering eyes and intelligent words being
spoken by the boy, King Bali got              impressed and enquired the
whereabouts of the boy. After getting the satisfactory replies, King Bali
asked, what for he came and what did he want?
        Vamana replied that he wanted only three feet of land for him and
that too he wanted to measure with his little foot only. King Bali laughed at
him and said, ―You are still a boy and does not know how to wish. You are
not requesting before an ordinary king, you are standing before the ruler of
the three worlds. Come on, ask for more according to my dignity.‖
         The boy replied, ―Yes my dear ruler, you are no doubt a great king
but I want only three feet land. My need is limited, please grant that much.
I will be satisfied‖.
       King Bali decided to give three feet land as desired by the boy.
While he was performing his traditional ritual of offering the land by
pouring water from the ‗Kamandalam‘ (a kettle), the spiritual master of
King Bali, ‗Sukracharya‘, with his intuitional powers studied the situation
and found that the dwarf boy ‗Vamana‘ was none other than Lord Vishnu,
who is going to occupy all the three worlds with his three feet
measurement. Immediately he revealed all the facts about Lord Vishnu‘s


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birth as the Dwarf boy ‗Vamana‘ and asked the King not to give anything
to that cunning boy.
          King Bali, after hearing his master Sukracharya, simply said that
he has given a word and he cannot step back. His master repeatedly
advised the King that he is going to meet the great danger and in such
conditions one can lie to protect himself. He also said that lying is not a sin
when there is danger of losing life, property and character, and in saving
pious men and holy cows and in the matter of women and in marriages.
Therefore this is such an instance and he can say no to that boy.
        In spite of such advice and some sort of threatening from his
master (he is violating his master‘s orders), King Bali stood strongly on his
word and said that he would fulfill his given word even when his wealth
vanishes, his kith and kin die or leave him, let the power diminish and let
him be imprisoned and sent to Hell. He also said that even if the boy may
be Lord Vishnu, or Brahma, the creator or Lord Siva, the destroyer, he is
not worried and so saying he gave the required three feet land to that boy
and asked him to measure as he likes. The boy enlarged his body
expanding and occupying the whole world with his one foot and the upper
worlds with his second foot and asked BALI for place to his third foot. Bali
understood the situation and calmly showed his head to Vamana to place
his third foot. Vamana (Lord Vishnu) immediately kept his foot on Bali‘s
head and pushed him down to ‗Rasaatala‘ the lower world. Then Lord
Vishnu gave the Heaven to Indra and fulfilled his promise given to Adithi.
       Now one may think, ―But, what about Maha Bali? Is it not injustice
done to him?‖ The reply is ‗No‘. Lord (God) will not do so. So then, what
happened next? Let us see further.
       On entering Rasaatala by the push of Lord Vishnu‘s foot, he was
provided with a great palace. His kith and kin were allowed to live with him
happily there. Lord Vishnu granted a boon to King Bali that he would be
the King of Heaven in future and till then Lord Vishnu became the servant
of King Bali at the seventh threshold of Bali‘s palace safeguarding him day
and night with his weapon mace. So the Lord made King Bali as his own
master.
       What an irony! Now King Bali is the master and Lord Vishnu is his
servant. See Indra got his lost power, but King Bali got mastery over the
Lord. Which is great?
          This is the way how the Lord treats his disciples without partiality.
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                                           15.   DUTY
                                                  P. Subbarayudu
                                                  B.E. Sampath Kumar

       Srimath BhagavadGita is a universally accepted Holy Book and
the best of all other spiritual books for Hindus. It has discussed ‗Karma’
(Duty) in detail. Lord Krishna says that one should perform one‘s duty
without having any expectations on its profits. He named such duty as
`Nishkama Karma‘ meaning, the ‘Desireless duty’, which gives a
comfortable peaceful life. However some atheists have taken it very lightly,
misinterpreted it and have laughed at it quoting some examples that no
farmer will indulge in agriculture unmindful of a profitable crop or no one
does business without thinking of his profits.
        To the materialistic world of this age, all these claims of the
atheists may seem appropriate, but there is more to life than to just think
about logic, science, passions or money.
        While reading the Holy Scriptures we should consult our heart but
not our intellect. Then only we will get its true meaning. Desireless duty is
always a true attitude. A man who performs his duty for duty‘s sake will get
no discontentment. If you do a thing with some expectations and in case
you will not get the result or get it below your expectations, it is sure that
you will be disappointed. This disappointment is directly proportional to
what you expected. Hundred percent desires less duty may not be
possible. However we can adopt it to the extent possible and get more and
more results. All Divine preaching goes on these lines only. Less desire
leads to more comfort is the principle underlined in it.
       In performing duties, there will generally be three types of people.
Number one Uttama Purusha (the Best), Second is Madhyama Purusha
(the Mediocre) and the third Adhama Purusha (the Worst).
        The Adhama (the Worst) category person does not start a work at
all. He expects so many obstacles even before he starts the work that he
does not start it at all, thinking that it is a waste.
       The Madhyama (the Mediocre) category person starts the work
and drops it in the middle when a simple obstruction appears on the way.


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        But the Uttama (the Best) category person will complete his duty
and finishes the work taken up, even though he comes across a number
of impediments. He will never leave his duty and isn‘t afraid of any
obstacles. Such a person will achieve victory and he becomes the Great
Man, the Hero in this world.
        Consider this example – A nail is to be driven into a wall and a
calendar is to be hung. The Adhama (worst) might not start the work at all
saying that the wall is strong and the nail is soft. The Madhyama
(mediocre) tries to do the work but when it becomes difficult i.e., when the
nail becomes twisted and the hammer in use is not proper, he stops the
work and goes away thinking that it is not in his capacity. But the Uttama
(the best) will start the work with preoccupied thought of completing the
work without any doubt. If the nail is bent and difficult to drive the nail into
the wall, he will bring a jumper and strong hammer, drives the nail into the
wall, and hangs the Calendar on it.
        In this context, Sage ‗Vemana‘ said, “One should think well before
starting a work. That is all. Afterwards there should be no question of
dropping it. The thought of middle drops should not creep into the mind. In
case it happens so, it is nothing but equal to death”.
        In Hindu scriptures, there is a mythological tale, where the Devils
and the Gods once churned the ‗Ksheera Saagaram‘ (Milky Sea) for the
sake of ‗Amrita‘ (nectar). They got the poison first, the fire next, followed
by ‗Kama Dhenu‘ (the boon granting cow), ‗Kalpa Vriksha‘ (the boon
granting tree) and the diamonds and the precious stones etc. But they
have not dropped their endeavor. They continued till the nectar came,
bearing all the difficulties and not being attracted by the boons which were
the intermediate results. Such should be the attitude of a duty minded
person and such a person should only be called Uttama Purusha (the best
category among men).
        The strict duty minded persons would always get much
appreciation from their masters. There is a tale regarding this. The King
‗Aurangajeb‘ always liked a servant very much and this has raised a kind
of jealousy among others. Noticing this, the King called his servants to his
court and asked them to cut into pieces a valuable diamond lamp stand
kept in the hall. Nobody dared to do so. Moreover they reminded the value
of that lamp stand to the King and prayed him not to resort to damage it.
However when the King ordered his beloved servant to damage the stand,
he simply obeyed the order and smashed the stand into pieces with his
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sword. That was his undoubted belief on his master. He always thinks that
whatever his master says is right and his duty is to obey the order of his
master. By witnessing this, all other servants recognized his greatness
and stopped thinking bad against him afterwards.
         Finally, let us consider a story of a duty minded saint, who, while
going along a bank of a river, saw a scorpion drowning in water.
Immediately he saved it and left it outside the water. However the scorpion
bites the saint and accidentally fell again in the water. The saint without
caring the severe pain once again saved the scorpion from the water. A
person witnessing all these asked the saint why he saved the scorpion
repeatedly when it hurt him with ingratitude. The saint simply replied that it
had done its work and he did his duty. By this it is understood that great
people do not stop performing their duty in any circumstances. The loss or
profit is least concerned to them. In their view, duty is duty and is the
other way of serving God—work is worship.
        The same concepts are of course rediscovered by the leadership
gurus of the West like Mr. Stephen Covey who in his book, ―The 7 Habits
of Highly Effective People‖ has mentioned as ‗Principle Centered Thinking‘
for taking decisions and performing actions, and by Mr. Robin Sharma in
his books, ‗The Monk who sold his Ferrari‘, ‗The Greatness Guide‘, etc.




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                                16.        TAPATRAYAM
                                                P. Subbarayudu
                                                B.E. Sampath Kumar

      Tapatraya in Sanskrit, means 'The 3 Cravings (Anxieties)' of
the Human Life.
       Trying for a thing or for a purpose with undue longing and anxiety
is generally called as Tapatraya (Craving). This is the common man‘s
view. But spiritually this has got a different meaning, a meaning in true
sense.
        These three kinds of cravings termed as Tapatraya are - 1. Aadhi
Bhouthika (Physical), 2. Aadhi Dyvika (Mental), and 3. Adhyatmika
(Spiritual). The explanation of these three may differ from one school of
thought to the other. But let us think according to our view.
       The first one, Aadhi Bhouthika (physical) type of craving deals
with our physical body. That is the grossest sheath covering the soul. It
craves for and is sufficed by giving some food timely or by satisfying other
desires related to the senses.
         The second one Aadhi Dyvika (mental) craving deals with our
mind which is also a subtle sheath covering the soul. It also craves for and
is sufficed by supplying arts like music, dance, literature etc.
       The third one Aadhyatmika (spiritual or of soul) craving deals
with casual body and it also craves for and is sufficed by meditation,
prayer etc.
        Now to some extent we understood, what is Tapatraya i.e., the
three cravings. But we should be very cautious to suffice these cravings,
because the method of sufficing of these body, mind and soul cravings
should not become an impediment on the way to reach our real goal of
life. Our real goal of life is union with the God (the Ultimate) and that is
our final state of achievement.
       So for our first craving Aadhi Bhouthika i.e., to suffice thirst and
hunger we have to give only food come from Non-violence i.e., vegetarian
food. By taking soft (without spices) vegetarian food only pure and pious
thoughts will arise in the mind which leads us to the real goal. Otherwise if
we take strong spicy vegetarian or non-vegetarian food, they will take us
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away from the right route and aggravate the vices like Kama
(Desires/Passions), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (Greed), Moha (Bondage),
Mada (Ego) and Matsarya (Jealousy), thereby our life becomes a failure
to reach the real goal of life. The details of both virtuous and non-virtuous
food and their action on our mind are well explained in Srimad
BhagavadGita in the Chapters 7-8-9-10.
       The second one Aadhi Dyvika (mind) craving should be sufficed by
only smooth, pleasant music, dance, literature etc., which gives soothing
to the mind. Dirty sexy literature, sound polluting noisy music and vulgar
dramas should be avoided because they make disturbances in the mind
and thereby we go astray from the divine thoughts and that leads to Hell.
         The last one Adyatmika (soul) craving is also to be cautiously
sufficed by meditation, worship, sacrifices, etc, which make our heart
tender, sensible, calm and smooth. Our aim in performing all those things
should be for the realization of God only. Performing sacrifices involving
killing of animals, doing worships to please the demonicl spirits, aspiring
abnormal powers for attaining worldly, glittering and attractive articles, and
gaining undue name and fame of vanity is to be avoided altogether
because they throw us into the cycle of births and deaths. So it becomes
our foremost duty to go and surrender to the real Master of Divinity and
get shelter and be safeguarded duly satisfying the tapatraya (three
cravings) in a virtuous way.
      Sri Ramachandraji of Shajahanpur is one of the real Masters
and following his system `Sahaj Marg’ is the best to suffice our
Tapatraya.




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            17.       SATYA TATVAM (TRUTHFULNESS)
                                                P. Subbarayudu
                                                B.E. Sampath Kumar

        Satya Tatvam in Sanskrit, means Truthfulness or Honesty.
'Telling what is heard and what is seen as it is' is called 'truthfulness'. One
who tells the facts without any hypocrisy or cunningness in mind is called
a man of truthfulness. Leading this kind of life is not an easy thing.The
Mahabharata, the Indian epic tells about this truthfulness as follows:
        “Even if you compare with thousand performances of religious
sacrifices, Truth proves its greatness more than them. The pious dipping
and worshiping in all sacred rivers and making pilgrimages are also not
equal to truth. Truth is the highest virtue”.
       Only speaking the truth is not a limit to a truthful person. Not
crossing or acting against what he himself said is real truthfulness. In
Indian epics, we find the king ‗Harischandra‘ having such a truthful
personality. He stood very firm to fulfil his words given to Viswamithra
Maharishi. He sold away his wife, his child and he himself became a
watchman to a burial ground to safeguard his word given to Viswamithra.
Mahatma Gandhi also got inspired by Harischandra and has adopted the
same truthful nature throughout his life.
       There was a ruler of three worlds called Maha Bali. He also proved
himself as a truthful person. He has also stood by his word and gifted
everything including his kingdom consisting all the three worlds and was
thrown to the Underworld (Suthala). He knows it well in advance about his
downfall. But he has not stepped back in fulfilling his promise given to
Sage Vamana. Even after everything is lost, he says that he cares not for
wealth, kingdom, even death and Hell, but he cares for truthfulness.
Such a truthful king he was and hence his name and glory are being
remembered even today.
       We are generally accustomed to tell lies even for simple things.
While going out of home, if anybody in our home asks, ―Where are you
going?‖ we simply reply that ―No where! I will be back soon‖. When you
return home and knock the door, someone in your home may ask you,
―Where have you been?‖, also to this question we may simply say, ―No


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where! I was just here around‖. These two answers are no doubt lies, but
of no serious nature.
        You might have uttered those lies in the sense that they are
unimportant. Such lies may be taken as silly things and can be ignored.
But better if we take care of them also. In some exceptional cases telling
truth may harm others. In such cases it is felt that not telling truth is in no
way wrong. Once a robber chases a traveler to loot and kill him for money.
The traveler hides in a hut of a sage. When the robber asks the sage
about the traveler, he says that nobody came in that way. This is no doubt
a lie, but by that a life has been saved. So this kind of telling lies (untruth)
is no sin.
         There is a tale in a book meant for Children, which speaks about
the danger of telling untruth. Once a boy shepherd cried loudly, ―Tiger!
Tiger is attacking! Save me, save me‖. The farmers in the nearby fields
ran up to help this boy and found no tiger. The shepherd laughed at them
and said that he called the farmers for fun. The same episode ran twice or
thrice. A few days after, a tiger really attacked the boy and his sheep. The
boy cried for help, but no one turned up, thinking that the mischievous boy
is a liar. There the chapter of that boy ended with his doom. This is a well
known old story, but its essence is ever new.
       So we should know the real value of truthfulness and act
accordingly.
       Entering the real world of Spirituality, like joining and becoming an
Abhyasi (Trainee) of genuine spiritual organizations like 'Sahaj Marg' one
can find one‘s way to live a truthful life and to reach the destination (the
Ultimate).




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                      18.       THE REAL WAY OF LIFE
                                           P. Subbarayudu
                                           B.E. Sampath Kumar

       If you are a follower of Sahaj Marg, you might know very well what
Mahatma Sri Ramachandraji Maharaj says about the Way of Life.
However for the first time readers/visitors, here is the summary of
Babuji's spiritual wisdom.
        The end of 'Religion' is the beginning of 'Spirituality', the end
of 'Spirituality' is the beginning of 'Reality' and the end of 'Reality' is
the 'Real Bliss'. When that too is gone we have reached the
'Destination'.
      That is it. That is Sahaj Marg and Babuji's great and priceless
message summarized for you!
        What we can understand from the above sentences is that one has
to evolve step by step from the stages of Religion, Spirituality, Reality
and Bliss and further on to the real goal of life i.e., mergence with the
Ultimate losing total individuality. For this one need not leave his regular
way of life. Only thing one has to do is to regularize one's way of life.
        Every enduring Religion preaches 'Good' to the humanity. But at
the same time Religion is a total sum of so many formalities and
dogmas which might have been prescribed for the good of humanity. But
many of them have become out dated in the due course of time and
became mere superstitions. Moreover the outward formalities of
Religions differ from each other and thereby lead to enmity between
them. Now the world is passing through this kind of toughness facing
fanaticism, terrorism in the name of religion especially. This shows that
people have taken the religion as the final 'One and only Thing' and they
do not want to go beyond it. If they evolve from the state of Religion and
enter into spirituality, the situation will definitely change.
        At the stage of religion, one gets already framed rules and
regulations and so many formalities to face the difficulties in day to day
life. So one has to refer to the religious scriptures whenever he comes
across the problems of life. In this regard some may become experts by
by-hearting and learning them, they become so-called Gurus, Masters,
Preachers, etc as praised by their followers. They give suggestions to
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others lessening the common man's strain to read and learn thereby
saving their time. This is Religion as is apparent to many in this world. One
has to know that there is much beyond Religion and to crossing it allows
them to enter into Spirituality.
        Spirituality is the practical part. It is not mere reading and
enjoying. It is doing and having. By spiritual practice one will get
discriminating power by which he decides what is wrong and what is right,
and tends to act rightly because of his discriminating abilities. He need not
necessarily run for scriptures to know what is right and how to react to the
worldly happenings. He won't give much importance to the religion. At
every moment his discriminating power will help him to proceed further in
the right way. The question of hatred and clash does not arise to this kind
of people. The society will flourish with their attitude. They will exert their
personal magnetism, though not intentional, and will have positive effect
on their fellowmen.
        The spiritual practice will lead to Reality because their
discrimination always leads to good and they maintain a harmonious and
satisfactory life duly removing the obstacles in their way of life in the
society. The main obstacles in this practice are irregular, inconsistent and
negative thinking. When these are vanished the Reality is at Dawn.
        A man with Reality will be blessed with Bliss (Anand) and in due
course he will become the bliss itself. That means he loses his identity
duly drowned in the bliss. Bliss is an experience where one feels neither
happiness nor sorrow. He becomes beyond both. He lives a life of
contentment in tune with the Nature. The world will recognize him with his
simplicity. These simple, pure, pious and sacred people will merge
themselves into the highest i.e., the Almighty, the Paramathma, the
Bhagavan, with whatever name you call Him.
       Our way of life should go on these lines. For which one has to
cross the limits of Religion at the earliest possible time and proceed to
reach our final destination. There is no other better path than this.




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                  19.       REAL GOAL OF HUMAN LIFE
                                            P. Subbarayudu
                                            B.E. Sampath Kumar

         Our birth of human life is not accidental, causeless and
meaningless. It is according to cause and effect theory. There is a purpose
for birth and living. Hinduism believes in Births and Re-births. The cause
for our birth is our past impressions (Sanskaras). These impressions will
be wiped off only by undergoing them. There is no other go than this. In
this way we have to remove the coverings (impressions) surrounded by
our soul and we have to become free.
         For this purpose only God has given us this good opportunity i.e.
birth. So the real goal of human life is to utilize this God given opportunity.
Our ancient sages have named it as ―Kaivalyam‖ (Union with God) the
final most goal.. As preached by them we should not rest until our goal of
life is achieved. For that they invited afflictions and sorrows for their lot and
they prayed for them too, because the disease of Birth[Bavaroga] is cured
only by taking these bitter pills viz. the troubles and sorrows. However one
has to take up the above method for success, there is no other go except
this..
         But the things going on in our day to day life are in opposite
direction. Generally we think that possessing highest educational
qualifications and thereby acquiring powerful / high income earning jobs,
entering into Politics for fame, wealth, etc. are the goals of life. For that
most of us fall under the influence of six vices viz., Kama
(Desires/Passions), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (Greed), Moha (Bondage),
Mada (Ego) and Matsarya (Jealousy) and thereby caught in the cycle of
births and deaths. Instead of getting free from bondages, we are involving
in more and more bondages and thereby wasting our God given precious
life. This world is like a pond, in which there is mud at the bottom. Inspite
of mud at the bottom it is a pure water pond in which we have to take bath
and make ourselves clean. Instead of doing so, we collect the mud at the
bottom and rub it on our heads. This is mere foolishness. There are some
others who take bath and clean themselves in the pond, but coming out of
it they sprinkle dust on them like elephants. That means they choose the
right way but they do not like to continue on that path and they drop
themselves from the way and go astray.
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         For example usually people read the Epics (Puranas) - reading
mythological stories, repeating verses, hymns, singing devotional songs
and doing bhajans, etc., They worship the great personalities related to
the said epics, offer 'Naivedhyam' (Oblations) and distribute it as
'Prasadam' (Sacred food) to their fellow beings. Some people take
'Deeksha' (Monastic vows) and complete the prescribed period with strict
rules and regulations. Afterwards the same people leave the said rules
and regulations there itself. Most of them praise the ideals, love, devotion,
sacrifice, moral etc., which the great personalities have taught and
adopted in their lives. But they won‘t follow them in their real life thinking
that they are very difficult and possible only to the said great personalities.
They won't realise or correct their mistakes like misuse of official
powers, being partial to their near and dear, dishonest earning,
grabbing others wealth, committing fraud, etc. Instead they justify their
mistakes. For all this, how do they expect God's Grace? The result is
nominal. This way they are wasting the opportunity of rightfully utilizing the
human life. The reason for this is that they have no target or goal fixed in
their life. As they have of no idea on their goal of life, they add more and
more impressions in the shape of coverings to their soul resulting in more
and more births and rebirths. This way they fall in the whirlpool of Births
and Deaths cycle, and become helpless in coming out of it. This is no
doubt a self-created trouble.
         Now the time has ripened to come out of this troublesome
situation. We have travelled a long distance away from the Reality. Let us
stop at least now to turn back and take our return journey. For that we
have to make ourselves fit to face the task. This great task can be tackled
in two ways. No.1 is we must willingly accept the effects of impressions
and undergo them calmly. These impressions may be in the shape of
afflictions, difficulties, diseases and sorrows or otherwise they may be in
the shape of pleasures. One has to bear all these things with the thought
that I am becoming pure by undergoing them patiently. Pleasures are also
the results of past impressions. So one has to undergo them also with
gratitude having no pride in the mind. They should be taken as the boons
from the Lord and enjoy them with due regard to humanity and humility. In
this way they are also to be wiped off. Irrespective of good and bad, likes
and dislikes all impressions have to be wiped off. The second one is not to
allow further formation of impressions, that means old ones have to go
and new ones should not be added. For this the easy and simple way
shown by our elders is to live with the idea of surrender to the Highest. For
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this one has to leave his ― I ness‖ treating the incomes as boon from God
and givings as offerings to God and doing everything as duty for the sake
of God. By proceeding on these lines thinking his involvements as nominal
one has to lead his simple life. In this way only we can escape from the
formation of new impressions[Sanskaras] and thereby we achieve union
with God i.e., the real goal of life KAIVALYAM.
         In this regard Sri Ramachandraji Maharaj has shown the following
examples: While doing a thing, think that you are not doing it for yourself,
but for your Master, or rather think that your Master Himself is doing it for
Himself. While at the breakfast table you must think that your Master is
breaking His fast. When you go to the office, think that your Master is
doing all the work. While returning from the office, suppose you see an
attractive dance on the way, your eyes are caught by the charming
appearance of the dancer. Your thoughts seem to be diverted for a while.
Then also think that your Master and not you, is seeing the dance. You will
at once lose curiosity for it, because your Master‘s power will begin to flow
in to relieve you of the temptation. When you comeback from the office
your children rejoice to see you after so many hours. You enjoy their
merriments too and it is but natural. Your attention is, for a while, diverted
towards them and you feel a bit away from the sacred thought. What you
are to do then is to think that the Master in you is Himself enjoying and
they are the children of God, who are entrusted to your care and whom we
have to provide for and look after as if duty bound, we are then serving His
children and thereby God Himself. We shall thereby get rid of undue
attachment too and shall thus remove one of the greatest obstacles from
our path. If you are chatting with your friend, think that your Master, not
you, is talking to him. While walking think that your Master Himself is
walking. During meditation, if you entertain the idea that not you but your
Master Himself is meditating on His own form, it shall bring about excellent
results. Similarly you can adjust yourself in all your daily routine work. If
you cultivate this feeling and maintain the outlook that your Master is doing
everything in your place, you shall not only be in constant remembrance
all the while, but your action will cause no impression whatsoever and very
soon you will cease making further Sanskaras. A man leading this kind of
life does in no way become an obstacle to others in this world. The life of
such person is beneficial to both himself and the world.
       A Question will arise whether it is possible to live on these lines?
We may think it impossible to live like this without being attracted by the
worldly things, positions of vanity, awards and rewards and praises. We
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also feel it as difficult to withdraw ourselves from the money making run
and severe tug of war. Yes it is agreed, but one will tend to change his
way on understanding the target of real life. Such one will really come
forward to face the task. One with real strong will never fail. Here at this
stage the help of ―Master[guru] is needed. Master‘s help is otherwise
known as God‘s help. Master is God Himself came in the human form to
help us in this task. By following his guidance and moving with Him on His
paved path, the real task of our journey will become smooth.
        God is simple and to attain that God we have to choose and follow
a way which is equally simple and subtle. So Sri Ramachandraji learnt
such a simple and subtle method from his Master ‗Lalaji‘ and spread it for
the benefit of the Universe. Though he too took the method of Pathanjali
Yogic science basically, he modified the method according to the changed
circumstances in the world. Thereby it is made easy and named it as
Sahajmarg which means Natural Path. The first six steps of Pathanjali
Yoga viz., Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Prathyahara and Dharana
have been left and he took up with the 7th step Dhyana and proceeded to
Samadhi. This Sahajmarg System has got its uniqueness. This is a
remodeled and reformed system suited to the present days. In this
system, divine energy is drawn from the source and is introduced into the
heart of the aspirant. Sri Ramachandraji has called it ‗Pranahuthi‘. By this
Pranahuthi transmission we will get automatically the benefit of left over
six steps of yoga and it enables the aspirant to enter into the 7th step
‗Dhyana‘. The benefit of Pranahuthi transmission is not only this, but it also
helps the aspirant from the beginning i.e., from our start of return journey
and it also enables the aspirant to cross the difficult stages of spirituality,
which he cannot overcome by his own effort. It brings the divine
experiences on the way to realisation and at last it takes the aspirant to his
goal. The peace, tranquility and the capacity to undergo impressions will
also develop in the aspirant without praying for them separately. They
develop as by-products while he is on his way to realization. The progress
of an aspirant will mainly depend upon his faith, devotion and love towards
his Master. His progress will be directly proportional to the dependency on
his Master which is otherwise called ‗Saranagathi‘. By this complete
dependence upon the Master will loosen the bondages of the world. The
bondages will be more loosened as he attaches himself more to his
Master.
Sahajmarg Sadhana is prescribed in three ways:

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         The first, is Dhyana (the meditation). One has to propose the all
pervading God exists in the heart at beating point in the shape of Divine
Light. By observing that one has to meditate internally for an hour in the
morning. By meditating on the heart proposing Divine Light existing in it,
the blood circulating from heart is purified with this divine thought and the
same Divinity is supplied to each and every atom of the body and thereby
the animal qualities in man are diminished and the humanly and Divine
qualities will awake. This way the awareness towards the Highest is
developed. In this method we propose the Divine Light as a suggestion
only. We should not give any shape to that Divine Light. We should take
as it is. We should meditate quite naturally without bringing any stress and
strain on the heart. We should sit in a calm and easy posture while
meditating. Further we should not be worried even if the Light is not
found. Simply a faith that the Light exists in the heart is enough.
        The Second is Nirantara Smarana (the Constant Remembrance).
Whatever the experience or the feeling felt at the time of meditation is to
be prolonged after the meditation too in the day to the extent possible.
This we can entertain while we are engaged in day to day dealings. By this
constant remembrance we connect ourselves with the Highest and
maintain the grip over Divinity altogether. One who is in this state cannot
commit any mistakes and thereby the forming of impressions [samskaras]
will be stopped.
         The third is Purification (the Cleaning Process). In the evening one
has to sit as in meditation and he has to think that the complexities, dirt,
solidity and darkness are going away in the shape of vapour from his back
side leaving him in a clean state. This one has to do with physical strength
and throw out the dirt forcefully. This method though looks a bit difficult in
initial stages, it becomes natural and habitual gradually. By this all the
intricacies in our physical body will be evaporated and the spiritual journey
will become smooth and fast.
        In addition to this process, one has to do a prayer as if he is before
God at the bed time. This prayer is simple and placing our real status
before the Highest asking for nothing. The prayer is like this:
          "O Master! You are the real goal of human life.
          We are yet but slaves of wishes putting bar to our
          advancement.


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Noble Thoughts for the Right way of Life

          You are the only God and Power, to bring me up to               that
          state. "
        The prayer offered with extreme meekness placing our inabilities
before the Master never goes unheard. In this prayer we are not praying
for anything. We are of the conclusion that the will of God will happen and
we accept it with full satisfaction, without any negative thought. There is no
other prayer comparative to this.
         For the followers of this system, Sri Ramachandraji has prescribed
10 Maxims. We must follow these maxims on our way of life. Our progress
will be in proportion to these l0 maxims developed in us. So this will serve
as a checklist for us.
          The 10 maxims are as follows:
           1. Rise before dawn. Offer your prayer and puja(meditation) at
              the fixed hours, preferably before sunrise, sitting in one and
              the same pose. Have a separate place and ‗asan‘[seat] for
              worship. Purity of mind and body be specially adhered to.
           2. Begin your puja(meditation) with a prayer for spiritual elevation
              with a heart full of love and devotion.
           3. Fix up your goal which should be complete oneness with God.
              Rest not till the idea is achieved.
           4. Be plain and simple, to be identical with Nature.
           5. Be truthful. Take miseries as divine blessing for your own
              good and be thankful.
           6. Know all people as brethren and treat them as such.
           7. Be not revengeful for the wrongs done by others. Take them
              with gratitude as heavenly gifts.
           8. Be happy to eat in constant divine thoughts whatever you get,
              with due regard to honest and pious earnings.
           9. Mould your living so as to rouse a feeling of love and piety in
              others.
           10. At bed time, feeling the presence of God repent for the wrongs
               committed. Beg forgiveness in a supplicant mood, resolving
               not to allow repetition of the same.

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Noble Thoughts for the Right way of Life

        Qualifications required to join Sahaj Marg: While concluding let us
discuss the qualifications for joining this system of SAHAJMARG. As said
by Sri Ramachandraji there are no prescribed qualifications whatsoever.
Religion/sex/ nationality is not a bar to this system. No educational
qualification is also prescribed. The only qualification is acceptance of this
System. Those who want to realize God are eligible. If we continue in this
System, the qualifications necessary for us in spiritual life will be
developed automatically and the beastly traits will be eliminated and the
qualities of humanity and divinity will be developed naturally. But those
who want to take up this System along with other Systems are not allowed
because taking up so many methods at a time will lead to failure. This is
said only because of this reason. There is no undermining of any other
System. Cent percent belief in this System is the only required
qualification.


                               Please think it over.




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