Fusees and Torpedoes Storing Fusees and Torpedoes by mikeholy


									4.12 Fusees and Torpedoes

4.12.1 Storing Fusees and Torpedoes

   Store them in approved metal containers in motor vehicles and other designated

   Store them in flagging kits or racks in engines and cabooses.

   Do not leave them on floors, seats, or walkways.

   Keep them away from high temperatures, open flames, combustibles, and
   locations where they may become wet.

   Store them, when possible, where unauthorized persons cannot obtain them.

4.12.2 Disposing of Damaged Fusees and Torpedoes

   Do not use fusees and torpedoes that have been soaked in water, oil, etc., or
   otherwise damaged. Dispose of them appropriately. Do not misuse or play with
   fusees and torpedoes.

4.12.3 Lighting and Handling a Burning Fusee

   To light and handle a burning fusee:

   1. Grasp the fusee near its base.
   2. Remove the plastic top or pull the tape over the top to expose the scratch
   surface on the end of the cap.
   3. Twist the cap off the fusee head.
   4. Hold the fusee in one hand and the cap with the exposed scratch surface in the
   5. Holding the cap still, strike the igniter button on the fusee against the scratch
   surface of the cap. Strike away from the body.

Caution: When igniting a fusee, turn your face away and expect hot sparks to
   spray in all directions.

   After the fusee ignites, continue to hold it at arm’s length with the burning end
   away from your body for at least 5 seconds, but no more than 10 seconds. This
   time allows the igniter to burn down inside the fusee.
   If you hold the fusee for longer than 5 seconds, be careful to prevent the hot,
   melting slag from falling on you.

   Do not drop the fusee too soon, or the igniter may go out and the fusee will not
   remain lighted

4.12.4 Placing Fusees

   Do not place a fusee where the fire may spread to platforms, bridges,
   buildings, or combustible surfaces of road crossings.

   Be careful when placing a fusee near trees, brush, or grass along the right-of-

4.12.5 Giving Signals with Fusees

   When giving hand signals with the fusee:

   Point the burning end down and away from yourself and others. Never hold the
   fusee near the flame. Avoid breathing the vapors and gases produced by the
   burning fusee. Do not look directly at the flame.

4.12.6 Extinguishing Fusees

   To extinguish the fusee before it burns out:

   Gently strike the burning end over the edge of a rail or over a heavy metal object.
   Strike three or four times to separate the burning compound from the rest of the

   Caution: Do not touch the burning melting material on the fusee.

   Extinguish the fusee by burying the burning end in sand or dirt. Fusees may
   continue to burn if you put them in water.

4.13 Water Above Rail

   Do not operate trains and engines over tracks submerged in water until the track
   has been inspected and verified as safe. Operate engines at 5 MPH or less when
   water is above the top of the rail. If water is more than 3 inches above the top of
   the rail, a department supervisor must authorize the movement.

   If any defect or condition that might cause an accident is discovered on tracks,
   bridges, or culverts, or if any crew member believes that the train or engine has
   passed over a dangerous defect, the crew member must immediately notify the
   supervisor and provide protection if necessary.

4.14 Maintaining Control of Train or Engine

   Crew members must consider train or engine speed, grade conditions, and air
   gauge indications to determine that the train or engine is being handled safely
   and is under control. If necessary, take immediate action to bring the train or
   engine under control.

5.0 Switching

5.1 Switching Safely and Efficiently
    While switching, employees must work safely and efficiently and avoid damage
    to contents of cars, equipment, structures, or other property.
   Do not leave cars or engines standing where they will foul equipment on
   adjacent tracks or cause injury to employees riding on side of a car or
   engine, or cause damage to other cars or engines.

5.2 Communication Between Crews Switching

   To avoid injury or damage where engines may be working at both ends of a track
   or tracks, crews switching must have a clear understanding of movements to be

5.3 Additional Switching Precautions

   The following equipment must not be unnecessarily switched or couplings made
   so as to damage the equipment or load:
   Passenger or outfit cars
   Intermodal or TOFC cars
   Multi-level loads
   Cars containing livestock
   Open top loads subject to shifting

   The following equipment must not be cut off in motion or struck by any car
   moving under its own momentum:

   Passenger cars
   Outfit cars
   High-value loads
   Loaded-depressed-center flat cars

5.4 Precautions for Coupling or Moving Cars or Engines
    Before coupling to or moving cars or engines, verify that the cars or engines are
    properly secured and can be coupled and moved safely. Make coupling at a
    speed of not more than 4 MPH. Stretch the slack to ensure that all couplings are

5.5 Testing Hand Brakes

   Employees must know how to operate the type of brakes they are using. When
   hand brakes must control or prevent car movement, test the brakes to ensure that
   they are operating properly before using them.

5.6 Securing Cars or Engines

   Do not depend on air brakes to hold a train, engine, or cars in place when left
   unattended. Apply a sufficient number of hand brakes to prevent movement. If
   hand brakes are not adequate, block the wheels. When the engine is coupled to a
   train or cars standing on a grade, do not release the hand brakes until the air
   brake system is fully charged. When cars are moved from any track, apply
   enough hand brakes to prevent any remaining cars from moving.

5.7 Kicking of Dropping Cars

   Kicking or dropping cars is permitted only when it will not endanger employees,
   equipment, or contents of cars.

   Before dropping cars, crew members must fully understand the intended
   movement. They must verify that the track is sufficiently clear and that switches
   and hand brakes are in working order. If possible, the engine must run on a
   straight track. Cars must not be dropped over spring switches or dual control

5.8 Coupling or Moving Cars on Tracks Where Cars are Being Loaded or

   Before coupling to or moving cars on tracks where cars are being loaded or
   unloaded, crew members must be sure that all of the following have been
   removed or cleared:
   Persons in, on, or about cars
   Tank car couplings and connections
   Loading or unloading spouts and similar appliances or connections
   Vehicles, Other obstructions

5.9 Movement Into Spur Tracks

   When moving into spur tracks that dead end into bumper or building:

   Stop the movement approximately 50 feet before the coupling is made. Have an
   employee on the ground direct the coupling. Ensure couplers are fully
   compressed and stretched to ensure that knuckles are locked before making
   shove into track.

   When shoving cars into a spur track, control movement to prevent damage at the
   end of the track, and do the following:

   Stop movement 100 feet from the end of the track.
   Apply hand brakes, when necessary, to control slack.
   Have a crew member precede any further movement when it can be done safely.
   Move only on the crew member’s signal.

5.10 Handling Cars Ahead of Engine

   When cars or engines are shoved and conditions require, a crew member must
   take an easily seen position on the leading car or engine, or be ahead of the
   movement, to provide protection. Cars or engines must not be shoved to block
   other tracks until it is safe to do so.

   When shoving, you must know that track ahead is clear for the entire distance to
   be traveled, or have view of or communication with an employee positioned so
   as to see the end of equipment and the track ahead of the equipment for the entire
   distance to be traveled. The purpose of this procedure is to assure the movement
   is or can be stopped short of other equipment, derails, improperly lined switches,
   bumpers, or other obstructions. Employees must not “shove blind”.

   Explanation: If you are controlling a shoving movement without being on the
   leading end of the movement, without a clear view of the leading end of
   equipment and the track ahead of the movement for the entire distance to be
   traveled, or do not have a view of or communication with an employee
   positioned so as to see the end of equipment and the track ahead of the equipment
   for the entire distance to be traveled, you are “shoving blind”.

   It is permissible to control a shoving movement without an employee on the
   leading end of equipment, provided employee controlling the movement can see
   the end of equipment and the track ahead of the equipment for the entire distance
   to be traveled or employee controlling the movement has view of or
   communication with an employee in position to see the end of equipment and the
   track ahead of the movement for the entire distance to be traveled.

5.11 Cars Shoved, Kicked, or Dropped
    When cars are shoved, kicked, or dropped over road crossing at grade, a crew
    member must be on the ground at the crossing to warn traffic until the crossing is
    occupied. Make any movement over the crossing only on the crew member’s
    Such warning is not required when:
        • Crossing gates are in the fully lowered position.
        • It is clearly seen that no traffic is approaching or stopped at the crossing.

5.12 Movement Through Gates or Doorways

   Before moving engines or cars through gates, doorways, or similar openings,
   stop to ensure that the gates, doorways, or openings are completely open and
   secure. When overhead or side clearances are close, make sure movement is

5.13 Charging Necessary Air Brakes

   Do not handle cars without charging the air brake system, unless the cars can be
   handled safely and stopped within the required distance. If necessary, couple the
   air hoses and charge the brake systems on a sufficient number of cars to control

5.14 Movement at Restricted, Yard, or Plant Speed

   When a train or engine is required to move at restricted speed, movement must
   be made at a speed that allows stopping within half the range of vision short of:

   Railroad car
   Men or equipment fouling the track
   Stop signal
   Derail or switch lined improperly

   The crew must keep a lookout for broken rail and not exceed 10 MPH.

Hand Operation of Switches
5.15 Position of Switches

   The employee handling the switch or derail is responsible for the position of the
   switch or derail in use. The employee must not allow movement to foul an
   adjacent track until the hand-operated switch or derail is properly lined.
   Employees handling switches and derails must make sure:

   1. The switches and derails are properly lined for the intended route.
   2. The points fit properly and the target, if so equipped, corresponds with the
   switch’s position.
   3. When the operating lever is equipped with a latch, they do not step on the
   latch to release the lever except when throwing the switch
   4. After locking a switch or derail, they test the lock to ensure it is secured.

5.16 Switches Equipped With Locks, Hooks, or Latches

   When not is use, switches must be locked, hooked, or latched if so equipped.
   Before making movements in either direction over these switches, make sure the
   switch is latched or secured by placing the lock or hook in the hasp. However,
   when making train movements in facing point direction, lock the switches
   equipped with a lock. Replace any missing or defective switch locks. If they
   cannot be replaced, report the condition at once to the supervisor in charge, and
   spike the switch if possible.

5.17 Switches in Sidings

   The normal position of switches connecting any track, except the main track, to a
   siding is lined and locked or secured for movement on the siding.

5.18 Crossover Switches

   The normal position of crossover switches is for other than crossover movement.
   The switches must be left lined in normal position, except when they are in use
   for crossover movement.

   Both switches of a crossover must be opened before a crossover movement starts,
   and the movement must be complete before either switch is returned to normal

5.19 Scale Track Switches

   When scales are not in use, line switches for dead rails where provided.

5.20 Conflicting Movements Approaching Switch

   When conflicting movement is closely approaching a switch, the track must not
   be fouled or the switch operated.

   Crossover switches must not be unlocked or lined for crossover movement when
   another movement is approaching or passing over either switch.

5.21 Switches Run Through

   Do not run through switches. If a switch is run through, it is unsafe and must be
   protected by spiking the switch, unless a competent employee takes charge.

   An engine or car that partially runs through a switch must continue movement
   over the switch. The engine or car must not change direction over a damaged
   switch until it has been spiked or repaired.

5.22 Damaged or Defective Switches

   Report a switch that is damaged or defective to the supervisor in charge. Spike
   the switch unless the trackman or other competent employee takes charge. If the
   switch cannot be made safe, provide protection at once.

5.23 Derail Location and Position

   Employees in train, engine, and yard service must know the location of all fixed

   Do not make a movement over a derail in derailing position.

   Except when derails are placed in non-derailing position to permit movement,
   make sure they are always in derailing position regardless of whether cars are on
   the track they are protecting. Lock all derails equipped with a lock.

5.24 Walking on or Near Tracks

     Do not stand or sit on, walk fouling of or walk between rails of a track unless
     required by assigned duties.

     When standing, walking, or working between or near tracks, keep a careful
     lookout in all directions for trains, locomotives, cars or other moving
     equipment and expect movement at any time, on any track, in either direction.
     Do not rely on hearing the approach of a train or equipment.

     Foreman or others in charge of employees working on or about the tracks must
     require the employees to be alert and watchful and to keep out of danger.

5.25 Step Over Rail

     Step over rails, frogs, switches, guardrails, etc. when walking near or crossing
     tracks. Walk straight across tracks when possible.

5.26 Moving Equipment

      • When getting off moving equipment, do not step between the rails, on tie
         ends or immediately ahead of switches. When getting off, make sure you
         are clear of the engine or car.
      • Get on or off the leading end of moving cars, except you may get on or off
         the trailing end of the last car of the cut.
      • Do not get on or off equipment at the instant it couples to other equipment.
      • Do not step or jump from one moving freight car to another moving or
         standing car.

5.26.1 Stepping from One Car to Another

      Stepping from one car to another is permitted only if equipment is standing,
      and you are assured equipment will not move.

5.26.2 Moving Cars

      Do not cross under, over, through or ride between moving cars.

5.27 Close Clearances

5.27.1 Avoiding Fouling Hazards

      Do not leave cars or engines standing where they will foul equipment on
      adjacent tracks or cause injury to others riding on the side of a car or engine.
      When machines, tools, material or other equipment is fouling adjacent tracks
      notify immediate supervisor. Supervisor must arrange to restrict movement
      on the affected track(s) until the work is completed and the fouling hazard is

5.27.2 Maintain Lookout

      Keep a careful lookout in both directions for trains, engines or cars on
      adjacent tracks. Look for other close clearances when duties require any part
      of the body to be extended beyond the side of a moving or standing engine or

5.27.3 Impaired Clearances

   Do not ride on the side of a car or engine that is next to a structure. Do not
   position yourself or knowingly allow others to position themselves between a
   structure and moving car(s) or engine(s) when clearance is minimal and debris,
   such as snow, ice, water, grain, mud, etc., prevents clear observation of the track

6.0 Job Safety Briefing

   Employees must attend or conduct a job safety briefing before beginning work or
   when work or job conditions change. The briefing will include a discussion of
   the general procedure plan, existing or potential hazards, and ways to eliminate
   or protect against hazards. Outside parties or contractors involved in the work or
   who are in the work area also must be included in the job safety briefing.

6.1 Rights and Responsibilities

   We have the right and responsibility to perform our work safely. Our training,
   skills, work experience, and personal judgment provide the foundation for
   making safe decisions about work practices.

6.1.1 Sufficient Time

   Take sufficient time to perform job tasks safely.

6.1.2 Authorized and Trained

   Perform job tasks only when authorized and trained to perform them.

6.1.3 Alert and Attentive

   Assure that you are alert and attentive when performing duties.

6.1.4 Co-Workers Warned

   Warn co-workers of all unsafe practices and/or conditions.

6.1.5 Safety Rules, Practices, Policies, Regulations, and Codes

   Comply with all safety rules and practices, policies, regulations, and codes.

6.1.6 Warning Signs

   Place and comply with verbal warnings, warning signs, posted instructions, and
   placards marking restricted areas or potential hazards.

6.1.7 Two or More People

   Do not perform a task alone than can only safely be performed by two or more

6.1.8 Reporting

   Make reports of accidents immediately to the proper manager.

6.1.9 Horseplay

   Conduct yourself in a way that supports a safe work environment-free of
   horseplay, practical jokes, and harassment.

6.1.10 Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing

   Be familiar with and wear personal protective equipment and clothing as required
   by your jobs. Any changes made in the recommended use or design must be
   approved by the manufacturer.

6.1.11 Finger Rings

   Do not wear finger rings unless you are working in an office or office-like area.

6.2 Tools and Equipment

6.2.1 Inspect

   Inspect tools and equipment for defects before and during use, repairing or
   removing from service those that fail inspection. Promptly tag and report to your
   supervisor or person in charge any defect. If necessary, guard the hazard.

6.2.2 Use as Intended

   Use tools and equipment for the purpose intended.

6.2.3 Manufacturer Specifications

   Read and follow manufacturer’s specifications when using tools and equipment.

6.2.4 Manufacturer Approval

   Secure manufacturer approval for any changes made in the recommended use or
   design before using.

6.2.5 On or Off Moving Equipment

   Do not get on or off moving flat cars except in an emergency to avoid injury.

6.2.6 Three-Point Contact

   Maintain three-point contact when getting on or off vehicles, equipment, and
   machinery, and when ascending or descending ladders or platforms.

6.2.7 Safe Lifting Practices

   Always use safe lifting practices when lifting, carrying, or performing tasks that
   might cause back strain. Do not use excessive force or strain yourself to
   accomplish tasks.

6.2.8 Passengers

   Transport passengers only in vehicles equipped to transport passengers.

6.2.9 Seat Belts

   Wear seat belts while operating or riding in equipment or vehicles that are
   equipped with them.

6.3 Work Environment

6.3.1 Housekeeping

   Keep work locations, vehicles, and the inside and outside of buildings clean and
   orderly at all times.

6.3.2 Inspect

   Inspect your work locations and vehicles for any condition that might cause
   injury, property damage, or interference with service. If you find such a
   condition, take necessary action to protect against the hazard, or discontinue
   activities in the area or with the vehicle. Promptly tag (where appropriate) and
   report any defect or hazard to your supervisor or person in charge.

6.3.3 Footing

   Be alert to all walkway conditions, and adjust your actions to accommodate
   weather, time of day, and grade.

6.3.4 Confined Spaces

   Consider all confined spaces hazardous unless proven otherwise. Only
   authorized and trained individuals may enter confined spaces.

6.3.5 Movement of Equipment

   Expect the movement of trains, or other movable equipment at any time, on any
   track, and in either direction.

7.0 Work Environment

7.1 First Aid Kits

   First aid kit, type, locations, and use must comply with government regulations
   and company requirements. All workplace locations, including vehicles, must
   include appropriate first aid kits.

7.2 Emergency Showers/Eyewash

   Emergency showers and eyewash units must be provided where the potential
   exists for skin and/or eye contact with a chemical capable of causing injury.
   Each emergency shower unit and eye wash station must be well identified,
   readily accessible, and in good working order.

7.3 Protection for Openings

   Keep covers on drop pits, manholes, or similar openings. When necessary to
   remove the covers, use the proper barricades or guard rails to protect the opening.
   Do not step or jump across pits, manholes, or similar openings.

7.4 Clearances and Obstructions

7.4.1 Limited Clearances

   If you enter an area with a limited clearance and cannot clearly observe the track
   condition because of debris, snow, ice, water, grain, mud, etc., do not ride on the
   side of the car or engine exterior. Do not position yourself between or adjacent
   to the structure or moving car or engine.

7.4.2 Overhead and Side Obstructions

   Avoid contact with overhead obstruction, side obstruction, and high-voltage
   wires on or near the right-of-way. Be careful around these hazards to avoid

7.4.3 Communication/Signal Wires

   Watch closely for broken or sagging communication and signal wires, power
   lines, and guy wires. Do not touch broken or sagging wires; report them to the
   proper authority and protect others from them. Only qualified personnel may
   repair wires and power lines.

7.5 Confined Space

   Consider all confined spaces hazardous unless proven otherwise. All employees
   and subcontractors must have a permit before entering a permit-required space.
   Refer to the confined space policy for additional information and requirements.

   The following are key requirements:

   1. Proper training of all employees involved in confined space operations.
   2. Completed confined space identification forms for each confined space.
   3. Confined spaces identified by signs, tags, labels, or administrative means.
   4. A confined space entry permit form completed prior to initial entries to each
   confined space.
   5. Monitoring performed prior to initial entry and as required by the confined
   space policy.
   6. Emergency rescue provisions addressed.

8.0 Machine Operation

   Only authorized persons will operate engines, cranes, hoists, vehicles, machines,
   or any shop machinery. Unauthorized persons must not be on these machines or
   distract the employees operating them.

8.1 Protecting Hoses/Cables

   Do not operate mobile equipment over hoses or electrical cables unless they are
   properly bridged.

8.2 Working Surfaces

   Working surfaces must be free of coolants, lubricants, petroleum products, or
   other slippery material when these surfaces are on and around vehicles,
   machines, or equipment employees are operating.

   When safe to do so, remove vehicles, machines, or equipment from service and
   to a location for immediate repair or cleaning.

9.0 Office Safety

9.1 Office Equipment Arrangement

   Arrange office equipment to keep aisles and emergency exits clear.

9.2 Filing Cabinets and Desks

   Arrange contents of filing cabinets to balance the cabinet. Distribute contents
   through the cabinet rather than in the top drawer. Arrange the material neatly
   and keep cabinet and desk drawers closed while unattended. Do not use top of
   cabinets for storage.

9.3 Chairs

   Do not scoot across floors or stand on chairs with casters. Keep all chair legs on
   the floor.

10.0 Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing (PPE)

General Requirements

10.1 Personal Safety Equipment Requirements

   All employees must wear the following equipment as described below while on

   Hard hats
   Safety glasses with permanently attached sideshields.

   Hearing protection (ear plugs/ear muffs) when personnel enter designated
   hearing protection areas, while performing designated jobs/activities, and in
   situations where the noise requires you to raise your voice during normal
   conversation at a distance of three feet.
   Safety toe boots, lace-up, over the ankle.
   Hand protection when there is a risk of absorption of harmful substances,
   punctures, severe abrasions, laceration or cuts, chemical or thermal burns, high
   voltage, vibration, temperature extremes, or infectious biological agents.

   Enhanced visibility workwear when working at derailment sites or grade
   crossings. Enhanced visibility workwear shall be lime green, yellow, or orange
   and be reflective. The following items meet these requirements: radio waist
   belt/harness, radio belt, radio vest, striping, welding jacket, hard cap/hat with
   reflective stripe and logo and hard cap/hat with high visibility cover. At
   intermodal facilities, an enhanced visibility tear-away vest or some other
   enhanced visibility upper body item must be worn.

10.2 Exceptions

   Personal safety equipment is not required in offices or automobiles.

10.3 Other

   Employees will not be permitted to work without the required personal protective
   equipment. Additional personal protective equipment such as faceshields, fall
   protection, welding jackets, etc., may be required by supervisors and/or as good
   safety practice warrants.

10.4 Approved Equipment

   Be familiar with and wear personal protective equipment and clothing as required
   by your job. Replace and discard any PPE that no longer provides adequate

10.5 Altered Equipment

   Any changes made in recommended use or design of PPE must be approved by
   the manufacturer.

10.6 Approved Equipment for Environmental Health Protection

   Use personal protective equipment furnished or approved by the company to
   protect against exposure to chemicals from dust, mist, fumes, aerosols, gases, or

   Some situations and the PPE protection required to protect against chemical
   exposure include:

   Risk of excessive exposure to lead, asbestos, creosote, and paint mist: wear
   whole body coveralls.

   Hand exposure to specific chemicals: Wear gloves designed to protect
   specifically against those chemicals.

10.7 Head Protection

   Where required, wear a safety hat or cap furnished or approved by the company.

10.8 Respirator Selection and Use

   Use only company-approved respirators and cartridges. Check with your
   supervisor for tasks requiring the wearing of respirators.

10.9 Respiratory Program

   The company respirator program must be followed. Key elements are:

   Voluntary wearing of respirators.

   Mandatory annual training and fit testing for each specific make/model of
   respirator that will be worn.

   Clean-shaven when wearing respirators with face-to-face seal.

   Pre-use inspection and sanitary storage of respirators.

   Written Respirator Programs that are location-specific.

10.10 Eye Protection

   Wear safety glasses with permanently attached sideshields on duty, except when
   working in offices or automobiles.

10.10.1 Dark Lenses

   Except when welding or operating a torch, do not wear dark lens goggles or
   glasses at night or when working inside buildings/shops.

   Photogrey or transition lenses are not to be worn by personnel operating mobile
   equipment from outdoor to indoor locations, or by personnel who perform
   similar tasks requiring critical activity or fast reaction to visual stimuli.

10.11 Hearing Protection

   Employees exposed to noise levels may request and will be given hearing

   When hearing protection is not mandatory, employees are encouraged to wear
   hearing protection if necessary for safety and personal comfort.

   Employees identified to participate in HCP are required to attend an annual
   training session.

10.12 Proper Clothing

   When working in other than an office environment, wear long pants and waist-
   length shirts with sleeves at all times. Clothing must not interfere with vision,
   hearing, or use of hands and feet.

10.12.1 Jewelry

   Do not wear jewelry, wrist watches, finger rings, long watch or key chains, key
   rings, or other suspended jewelry when they present a hazard around machinery
   or electrical lines and equipment.

10.13 Hair Length

   If you have long hair that could that could obscure vision or become entangled
   in machinery, you must wear a satisfactory net or head covering to protect
   yourself and others from injury..

10.14 Appropriate Footwear

   For employees required to wear safety toe boots, the following criteria apply:

   Leather or leather-like upper.

   Sturdy non-leather sole that will resist puncture.

   3/8” – ¾” defined instep (no slant)

   Rounded toe.

   Above ankle (5” height as measured from inside boot).

   ANSJZ41 –75 pound impact and compression class toe.

   Chemical resistant

   Laced up safety shoes.

11.0 Fire Prevention, Response, and Hazards

11.1 Precautions

   Become familiar with fire protection rules and instructions. If a condition
   appears hazardous, notify the proper authority or correct the condition if you can
   do so without placing yourself at risk.

   Keep exit aisles, emergency exits, and fire doors clear. Keep areas around
   buildings, structures, and equipment free of fire hazards.

11.2 Emergency Procedures

   In case of smoke or fire, notify all individuals who may be affected, supervisor
   and appropriate emergency responders.

11.3 Fire Extinguishers and Protection Devices

   Know the location of fire extinguishers in your work area.

11.3.1 Extinguisher Inspection and Mounting

   Inspect extinguishers monthly and have a qualified person conduct an annual
   maintenance check.. Ensure that extinguishers are identified and readily
   accessible. Report any out-of-date, discharged, or defective fire extinguishers to
   proper authority.

12.0 Chemical Safety

12.1 Environmental Safety

   Minimize spills of oil or other material.

   Avoid the discharge of contaminants to sewers, waterways, or the ground.

   Dispose of ties, spent materials, and other wastes at approved locations
   appropriate for that waste.

   Treat all unidentified material as hazardous until identified. Do not transport
   unidentified material.

12.2 Use of Cemicals

12.2 Hazard Communication Program

   Whenever you use any and all chemicals, follow the Hazard Communication
   Program. Key provisions are:

   Written hazard communication program (location specific)

   Mandatory labeling of chemical containers with at least contents and hazard

   Required training in hazards of chemicals and precautionary measures.

   Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) or equivalent made available to chemical

   Chemical lists developed and maintained for each location.

12.3 Ventilation

   Provide mechanical ventilation when applying solvents, paints, other chemicals,
   or welding torch cutting or burning in enclosed areas where excessive airborne
   contaminants may concentrate. Use sufficient ventilation to reduce contaminant
   concentrations below Permissible Exposure Limits.

12.4 Chemical Spills

   Avoid contact with materials at accident sites, and stay upwind of the site until
   the materials are identified and safe handling procedures are determined. Do not
   attempt to clean up chemical spills unless trained to do so.

   If you discover an oil or hazardous material spill from any source that risks
   contaminating the ground, air or a waterway, immediately notify manager or
   other appropriate authority, and report:

   1. Spill location

   2. Material and amount spilled

   3. Distance to the nearest public waters

   4. Other important information

12.5 Skin Cleaning

   Do not clean any part of your body with gasoline, solvents, or oily rags. Use
   only hand creams and soaps for cleaning hands, arms, face, and other parts of the

12.6 Containment and Spill Prevention

   When using a pump or gravity flow valve to dispense lubricant, petroleum, soap,
   solvents, and similar products from upright or horizontal drums or containers, use
   the following methods to control spills:

   1. Place an absorbent mat or dike on top of the dispensing drum or container.

   2. Place the drum or container on or in absorbent material, a dike, or a
   containment pallet.

   3. Place drip pans or containment devices under the drums or valves.

13.0 Operation of Motor Vehicles

13.1 General Driver Requirements

   Every company driver must:

   1. Know and obey local, state, and federal laws and regulations for operating
   vehicles, both on and off company property.

   2. Carry a required driver’s license.

   3. Use headlights when windshield wipers are on.

   4. Ensure that necessary emergency equipment, tools, and a fire extinguisher are
   in the vehicle and are in good condition.

   5. Complete a vehicle log and inspection form, if applicable.

   6. Notify their supervisor and stop operating vehicles if their license or permit is
   suspended, revoked, or restricted.

13.2 Seat Belts

   All occupants in vehicles must use seat belts. “Vehicles’ include company
   vehicles, privately owned vehicles used on company business, and rented, leased,
   or hired vehicles.

13.3 Passengers

   Drivers must not transport unauthorized persons in a company vehicle except in
   an emergency.

   Notify the driver before boarding any vehicle. Never get on or off of a moving
   vehicle except in an emergency.

13.4 Maintenance/ Inspections

   Drivers assigned to vehicles, and their managers or foremen, are equally
   responsible for maintenance, cleanliness, and inspections to ensure that the
   equipment operates properly and safely and complies with federal motor carrier
   safety regulations.

   Any defects found during inspections that might prevent the vehicle from
   operating safely must be corrected before the vehicle is driven.

13.4.1 Daily Inspections

   Daily, drivers must inspect:

   1. Vehicle tires
   2. Brakes
   3. Steering
   4. Passenger doors
   5. Fluid levels
   6. Emergency equipment

13.4.2 Initial and Weekly Inspections
When first receiving the assigned vehicle and every week thereafter, the driver must
    inspect vehicle accessories such as:
    1. Seat belts
    2. Wipers
    3. Horn
    4. Mirrors
    5. Dash gauges and instruments
    6. Speedometer
    7. Heater and fans
    8. Lights, including turn signals and emergency flashers

13.5 Good Housekeeping

   Vehicle cabs or driver compartments must be kept clean. Do not keep loose
   items on the dash or rear window shelf. Secure objects that could shift during

13.6 Backing

   Position vehicle to avoid backup movement.

   Before backing vehicles or trailers, inspect areas to the rear to ensure that no
   persons or obstructions are in the path.

   When a driver is backing, a second individual, when available, must be near the
   back of the vehicle and guide the movement. When backing, drivers in vehicles
   not equipped with back-up alarms must sound the horn three short blasts.
   (Automobiles and small trucks are exempt) A driver who loses sight of the guide
   must stop immediately.

13.7 Parking

   When parking vehicles:

   1. Place standard transmission in low gear.
   2. Place automatic transmission in PARK.
   3. Stop the motor.
   4. If leaving the parked vehicle unattended, remove the ignition key, close the
   windows, and lock the doors.
   5. If parking on a grade, set the emergency brake and take other precautions to
   prevent the vehicle from rolling unexpectedly.

13.7.1 Fouling Tracks or Roadways

   Except when necessary to perform duties, do not park vehicles or trailers where
   they foul tracks or roadways. If they do foul tracks or roadways, never leave
   them unattended without the proper protection.

13.8 Work Under Vehicles or Trailers

   Do not sit or lie underneath vehicles or trailers

14.0 Ladders, Platforms, Scaffolds, and Aerial Baskets

14.1 Inspection

   Before using a ladder, scaffold, platform, or elevated board, inspect it to make
   sure it is securely placed and capable of supporting a load. Do not use cross-
   grained or knotty lumber in any part of the device.

   Before using ladders, inspect them for broken, cracked, or missing steps, rungs,
   or cleats, or broken side rails. Never use a defective ladder. Tag and mark it for
   repair or replacement. Do not paint wooden ladders or splice side rails.

14.2 Storage

   Store ladders (except vehicle-carried ladders) where they will not be exposed to
   the weather.

14.3 Stage Boards

   When using stage boards not securely fastened to the supports, do not let them
   extend more than 6 inches beyond the last support. Use stage boards equipped
   with end stops or drop pins to keep them in place on the supports.

14.4 Safety Feet

   Use only portable straight ladders equipped with grippers, cleats, or non-slip
   safety shoes suitable to the surface the ladder is placed on.

14.5 Ladder and Scaffold Placement
    Place a straight ladder so that the distance from the base of the ladder to the
    vertical plane of the support is approximately ¼ the ladder length between the
    supports and ladder base. When setting ladders or portable scaffolds:
    1. Extend the ladder side rails at least 3 feet above the top landing, eaves, gutter,
    and roof line.
    2. Place the legs on firm footing and secure them against movement.

   3. Do not place ladder legs on boxes, barrels, or blocks for additional height.

   4. If the ladder could move, secure it in position.

   5. Do not use ladders in a horizontal position as runways or scaffolds.

   6. Secure ladders used near a door, aisle, pathway, or roadway, or have another
   worker guard the ladder base. When using a ladder within the swing of a door,
   secure the door or have employee guard the ladder base.

14.6 Ladders for Electrical Work

   Do not use metal ladders or scaffolds while working on energized electrical
   circuits. Use approved fiberglass or other type of approved non-conductive

14.7 Instructions for Climbing

   When climbing:

   1. Always face ladders or scaffolding.
   2. Maintain three-point contact while ascending or descending.
   3. Do not stand higher than the third rung from the top.
   4. Have only one employee on a ladder at a time.
   5. Do not jump from a ladder, scaffold, platform, or other elevated position or
   slide down a ladder.
   6. Do not move laterally from one ladder to another.
   7. Never overreach or attempt to “walk” a ladder.
   8. Keep the center of your body within the outside rails of the ladder.

14.7.1 Climbing with Tools or Materials

   Do not climb ladders with tools or materials in your hands; use a hand line.
   Position tools or materials on a scaffold or platform where they will not fall or be
   knocked off.

   When people must walk underneath overhead work, take precautions to prevent
   the tools or equipment from falling.

14.8 Performing Work

   Do not work under a ladder.

14.9 Extension Ladders

   Use only approved extension ladders, and use them as follows:

   1. Properly assemble them.
   2. Carefully raise them so that the top of the ladder overlaps the support by 3 feet
   3. Make sure guides and hooks are properly engaged.
   4. Do not stand higher than the third rung from the top.
   5. Do not splice short ladders together to make a longer one.

14.10 Stepladders

   Follow these instructions when using stepladders:

   1. Only use a fully open stepladder with spreaders properly set.
   2. Do not use stepladders taller than 10 feet unless another employee holds and
   steadies the ladder.
   3. Do not stand on the two highest steps.

14.11 Construction Scaffolding

   Use only scaffolds and suspended platforms constructed and maintained
   according to departmental instructions.

   Do not stand on the handrails of any scaffold or platform to gain additional

14.11.1 Sectional Metal Scaffolds

   Erect sectional metal scaffolding according to manufacturer’s instructions and
   adequately braced. Maintain outriggers in good working condition and protect
   from damage.

14.12 Non-Powered Mobile Scaffolding

   When using non-powered mobile scaffolding:

   1. Do not ride rolling scaffolds.
   2. Secure or remove all material and equipment from the platform before
   moving the scaffold.
   3. Apply caster or wheel brakes at all times when a scaffold is not being moved.
   4. Do not try to move the scaffold without help.
   5. Watch out for holes in the floor and for overhead obstructions.
   6. Follow manufacturer’s guidelines for adjusting screws.

14.13 Aerial Baskets

   When working out of aerial baskets or boom-type buckets:

   1. Wear a full restraint system with an approved lanyard at all times, and attach
   the harness to the proper securement ring on the boom.
   2. Check overhead and pathway for obstructions
   3. Do not allow the elevated aerial basket or bucket to rest on or against any




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