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									   DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY, ABRAKA
            OLEH CAMPUS




FACULTY OF ENGINEERING




                         HANDBOOK
                         2007/2008

                                     1
DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY,
        ABRAKA

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

      HANDBOOK




                          2
                                                     CHAPTER 1

                                           FACULTY OF ENGINEERING


1.       Introduction
Engineering is concerned with the application of scientific and engineering knowledge gained through study to
practical problems of human society so as to improve the overall quality of life and living of a people. Thus, the
ultimate goal of engineering education is the development of competent and responsible men who will provide the
creative leadership necessary for the full realization of the potentials of engineering as a social force. Since
engineering is “the professional art of applying science to the optimum conversion of natural resources to the benefit
of man”, the engineer must study the science and their applications, the material and energy resources and their
conversion, and man and his needs. The practice of engineering is a lifetime career, and in a profession where rapid
change is the accepted thing, learning must be continuous. The first stage of professional preparation in the college
years should provide education for social responsibility, for intelligent living, and for technical competence.

1.1        Engineer’s Education for Social Responsibilities
The Engineer is a powerful agent for social change. His ideas and his works change the course of civilization and
create new patterns of human values. Society demands higher standards of living and expects the engineer to exploit
his scientific knowledge and technical skill in improving productivity, increasing comfort, lengthening life, and
facilitating communication and transportation. At the same time, society insists that the engineer preserves the social
and human values basic to our varied cultures. Furthermore, it is now clear that in many fields technological
innovation is limited by social and political factors. In preparation for his decision-making role, the engineer must be
trained to understand and appreciate man and his social institutions; such as in social sciences of management,
economics, history, anthropology, the Truth as it is, etc.
To achieve the national, and specifically the Delta State goals and objectives of industrialization and self reliance,
Engineering and Technology Education (ETE) should also include element of philosophy, sociology, psychology and
the political sciences.

1.2       Definition of Engineering
Over the years and ages, engineering practice has left behind many types of pollution and harmful effects to the whole
ecosystem and the environment. It is now more than ever before to add that in all engineering practices and
technological development in the production of goods and services, we shall no more harm the environment or it is
better said that harmful effects must be reduced to the barest minimum. Thus the graduate engineer has to be conscious
of this aspect of his enormous responsibility; for he who causes an effect bears the full responsibility of the effects of
what he has caused. Though he performs his duties best in all technical sciences through the use of his intellect, he
must not forget that he is nevertheless, a spirit being in the Great School, the Universe. He must therefore more
importantly develop his spirit to control, guide and use all that appertains to the body for the good life and living on
earth.
          There are many definitions for the engineer and the Engineering profession. The basic essential
characteristics of engineering are;
(i)    Engineering is a profession
(ii) Engineering is an art rather than being a science
(iii) Engineering is based on the application of science.
(iv) Engineering is concerned with optimum efficiency, economic, and safety
(v)     Engineering involves the utilization of natural resources
(vi) Engineering has its ultimate purpose the benefit and welfare of man.
       These six elements may now be incorporated into a sentence and give the following definition:
       Engineering is the professional art of applying science to the optimum conversion of natural resources to
       the benefit and welfare of man, and for today, without causing harm to environment.




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1.3      Faculty Office and Departments

Introduction
The Faculty of Engineering started in 6/12/2006 (2006/2007 session) at the Oleh campus. There will be a Dean as the
Head of the Faculty responsible to the Vice Chancellor. There will also be the Faculty Board which is a Committee of
Senate and the chairman of the Faculty Board is the Vice Chancellor when he is in attendance; other-wise all Faculty
Board meetings are chaired by the Dean, or in his absence, the person he has appointed to act in his place.
1.4 Departments of the Faculty
The Faculty will be broken into the following departments.
     i)        Chemical Engineering
     ii)       Civil Engineering
     iii)      Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering
     iv)       Mechanical, Metallurgical and Production Engineering
     v)        Petroleum and Gas Engineering
     vi)       Ceramics and Glass Engineering
Each department will be headed by the Head of department to be appointed by the vice chancellor on the
recommendation of the Dean of the Faculty. The Vice Chancellor for reasons known to him is not bound to honour the
recommendation of the Dean.
          The Head of the Department is responsible through the Dean to the Vice Chancellor and is the Chief
Examiner for the Department.
          There will be a Faculty Library and Faculty Librarian responsible through the Dean to the University
Librarian.
          There will be a Faculty workshop to be headed by a Chief Technologist (or Workshop Manager), who shall
be responsible to the Dean. Most workshop training of students such as the well established Students‟ Work
Experience Programme will take place in the Faculty workshop. Other experiences such students‟ project and other
skills acquisition effort will be in the Faculty workshop. Hence the workshop should be well equipped.
          Each Department will have its own laboratories facilities, structures, equipment and measuring instruments. It
will be the responsibility of the University to provide all that is required for the best education and training of
engineering and technological students.

1.5      Organization of Academic Programmes
The Bachelor of Engineering Degree (B.Eng) programme in the Faculty of Engineering, Delta State University, is
organized into departments as listed in chapter 3. The programme will be a five year duration with four intervening
industrial training periods. The departments and the Bachelors of Engineering degrees offered are as follows.
a)       Department of Chemical Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng) (Chemical Engineering)
b)       Department of Civil Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng) Civil Engineering
c)       Department of Electrical/Electronics and Computer Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng)
         Electrical/Electronics and Computer Engineering
d)       Department & Mechanical/Metallurgical and Production Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng)
         Mechanical/Metallurgical and Production Engineering
e)       Department of Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng) Petroleum and Gas
         Engineering
f)       Department of Ceramics and Glass Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng) Ceramics and Glass
         Engineering.




                                                                                                                      4
1.6       Location and Organization of Courses
All courses for the Bachelor of Engineering Degree Programmes are based in the various Departments. Courses for all
the first year, that is, 100 level year are common and are given by the Faculty of Science; whilst all courses for the
second year, that is 200 level year, are common to all the Departments, and are given by the relevant Departments. The
courses are concerned with
     i)        Giving Lectures to students
     ii)       Laboratory courses at each level of the pragrammes up to mainly 400 – level with one semester spent
               industry.
     iii)      Students supervised projects in the final year.
     iv)       And students are also placed in supervised industrial training programmes in various industries during
               each of the long vacations except at 100 – level during which period they undergo workshop training in
               the Faculty workshop.




                                                                                                                    5
                                                    CHAPTER 2

2.       General Philosophy And Objectives Of Engineering
The basic philosophy of the Bachelor of Engineering Degree in Engineering is in accordance with general philosophy
of the Faculty of Engineering which is that of the total development of man in engineering, in order to produce
graduates with good and internationally acceptable academic standard and of real value to industry and to the nation at
large. The programme stresses the importance of analysis, criticism and acquisition of knowledge in addition to
seeking to imbibe in the graduate the culture of formulation, design and solution to problems involved in making and
organizing a culture, which emphasizes the design, construction and supervision of work as well as services and day to
day management of affairs.
         The intrinsic philosophy of the programme is based on the science and art of designing and making with
economy and elegance, building, bridges framework, and other structures so that they can safely resist the forces to
which they may be subjected. The emphasis is on design, build/construct and maintain, and allowing for economy,
safety and aesthetics with full exploitation of applicable technology,
         The programme is designed to take cognizance of and to be in harmony with
(a)      The Faculty of Engineering, Delta State University general philosophy and objectives on which the Faculty
         was established;
(b)      The Philosophy and objective of the National University Commission (NUC) Minimum Standard of July
         1989 (and recently reviewed in 2005) pertaining to Engineering and Technology;
(c)      The Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN) requisites for this area;
(d)      Other Regulatory Bodies requisite such as the Nigeria Society of Engineers;
(e)      The Nigeria‟s National Policy of Education;
(f)      The Energy Commission of Nigeria
(g)      The Federal Ministry of Science and Technology and finally;
(h)      Those philosophy and objectives intrinsic and unique to achieving high academic and professional
         development / goals in all fields of technical sciences for the country.

2.1     Aims and Objectives

2.2.1   Aims
        The Primary aims of the courses are:
1.      To provide much needed manpower and expertise in manufacturing and the power supply industries and for
        the users; that is, in areas such as building industries, aircraft industries, docks and hardcore mining
        industries, oil and gas industries and off-shore structures, timber engineering steel structures etc in pursuance
        of the above.
2.      To present topics of importance to diverse engineers in a unified form of study.
3.      To offer specialized topics also as optional subjects in the final year. These may be drawn from specialized
        fields depending on the available expertise.
4.      To investigate various problems at Masters and Ph.D Research and Development Projects.

2.2.2   Objectives
        The objectives of the courses are:
1.      To develop the necessary skills of creative ability, attitudes, and expertise consistent with engineering design,
        engineering communication and construction of Engineering works and projects.
2.      To adapt and adopt exogenous technology in order to enhance construction techniques and the proper study
        and use of local materials.
3.      To inculcate operation and maintenance culture in the use of engineering systems, structural artifacts and
        machines
4.      To inculcate a responsible attitude towards demands made by the practice of engineering and risk
        implications to design and construction.
5.      The five year course includes important periods spent outside DELSU under Delta State University Industrial
        Training Scheme (DSUITS) with industries and practicing engineers so as to enhance students professional
        development. This is to bring to focus the essence and importance of academic studies in practical
        realizations.
6.      Throughout the course and particularly in the final year, challenging projects are tackled by each student in
        the various fields of study. The interdisciplinary field of Engineering Technology in the production of goods
        (or products) and rendering of services must now be given adequate priority in the service of the nation.



                                                                                                                       6
7.       The programmes allow deeper study of engineering materials and therefore the various technologies for
         refining, producing and using them for various purposes
2.2.3    Admission Requirements; B.Eng
               1.       For the five year B.Eng degree programme, candidates should possess at credit level passes in
                        the SSCE or GCE O Level in five subjects (in not more than two sittings or attempts) including
                        English Language, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
               2.       For admission to the four year degree programme, candidates must possess
                          (i.)      G.C.E „A‟ Level passes in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry or equivalent and in
                                    addition have matriculation requirements as in (1) above
                          (ii.)     OND/HND at Upper Credit level and with credit level passes plus a minimum
                                    matriculation requirement
                          (iii.)    The NBTE advanced level passes must be in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry
                                    and not in craft courses as some think.
               3.       All admissions into (1) and (2) above are through the joint admission and matriculation Board
                        (JAMB) stipulations and any other screening the University may additionally consider.
All transfers to the Faculty from any source and to any level shall earn average GPA of at least 3.00.
2.2.4    Time table contact hours, etc
2.2.5    Time Tabling
(i)      Courses Outline
         The Faculty will run and indeed the University runs a course unit system courses. Courses are evaluated in
         terms of credits. A credit is normally defined as a series of lectures - tutorials of one hour per week lasting a
         full semester or a three hour practical per week or an equivalent amount of study or any combination of these,
         assigned a credit. The minimum number of credits for a course is normally 1.
(ii)     Courses Arrangement
         Courses are arranged in levels representing the years for the degree programmes respectively. Thus for the
         undergraduate programmes, there are 100 to 500 levels representing 1 st year (100 – level) degree programmes
         to 5th year (500 – level) degree programmes. The courses at 600 to 900 are reserved for post graduate and post
         degree diploma courses.
2.2.6    Courses Codes
         A course number is normally prefixed by character code indicating the Department offering the course to the
         students. Thus, PHY101 means a course in physics given to 100 level students in the first semester. These
         character codes together with the courses number completely define the courses and these constitute a
         shorthand form that appears in the time table.
2.2.7    Time Table Officers
         There is (or will be a) Faculty time table officer normally appointed by the Faculty Board who draws up the
         Faculty time – table after consultation and clearance from the Dean to whom he is responsible. Using the
         Faculty Time Table as a basis, the various departmental Time Table officers may draw up the departmental
         Time Tables for other courses to reflect all courses not reflected in the Faculty Board Time Table.
         The time tables also include space utilization for all the courses. Accordingly, there is close coordination
         among all the time table officers to optimally utilize the Faculty University space available for giving
         lectures; as well as avoid clashes.
         The Time Table officers (TTO) also prepare the examinations time tables. In the same way they have to avoid
         examination clashes.
2.2.8    Lectures
         These are arranged in one hour or two – hour duration depending on how they are scheduled in the respective
         time tables. They take place from 8am to 12noon and from 1pm to 6pm when necessary
2.2.9    Contact Hours
         Contact hours (between students and relevant staff in the Faculty of Engineering) is from 8am to 6pm, per
         working day with a possible break of one hour.
         Laboratory programmes are usually of 3hrs duration and are held from about 1pm to 4pm, or in some cases
         3pm to 6pm.
3.0      Work Week
         The work is usually from Monday to Friday. However, because of limited space during the work week, part
         time programmes and the ever increasing number of students, some departments may arrange tutorials and
         even lectures for Saturdays. Even part time laboratory courses may be given on Saturdays.




                                                                                                                        7
3.1   Tutorials
      These are part of the lecturing process. At tutorials classes student work examples or the teacher works some
      examples to illustrate the principles of the taught courses. During tutorials, students are guided to deeper
      understanding of the taught courses.

3.2   Private Studies
      Private studies are at the discretion of the students. The library is the best place for private studies.
      Sometimes, and indeed very often the class rooms & lecture theatre are used in most evenings from 7pm–12
      midnight during the work week for private studies. Through private studies, the student learns more the
      principles of the taught courses.

3.3   Academic Progression & Probation
      In an academic year a student is usually allowed to register for and take a minimum of 42 credits and a
      maximum of 50 credits. Without prejudice to the above, a graduating student, that is, a student who has less
      than 30 credits to graduate, may register for only the number of credits he requires to graduate. This
      constitutes the relevant Work Load.
      Currently any students who accumulates 21 credits and above in a session is allowed to proceed to the next
      higher level but must clear his deficiencies in terms of core and mandatory courses or the number of credits
      he/she must accumulate at any one level before he graduates.
      A student who accumulates 10-20 credits in the session should either seek inter-Faculty transfer (when such
      exists) or remain in the Faculty on probation (at some level). Students who fail to accumulate a total of 10
      credits at the end of the second semester examinations will be asked to withdraw from the University.
      However, any student who had previously transferred from another Faculty or gone on probation and still
      fails to obtain a total of 15 credits after sessional examinations shall withdraw from the Faculty and the
      University. And a student with less than 1.00 CGPA shall be asked to withdraw from the programme.

      In the case of 400 –level one semester course, the minimum number of courses shall be 21 credits. Students
      who transferred to the Faculty or had previously enjoyed an earlier probation and did not accumulate up to 15
      credits will be asked to with draw from the University.

3.4   Graduation Requirements
      To qualify for the award of an honours degree, a student shall normally spend not less than 5 years (for JME
      admissions) or 4 years for 4 – year degree programme for those who entered through direct entry. He shall
      pass all prescribed courses in the set examinations

3.5   Examinations
                All courses are assessed using examinations, continuous assessments and laboratories practical work
      at the end of each semester. Delta State University industrial training scheme (DELSUITS), laboratory
      courses, workshop practice courses seminar courses and projects are however on the basis of written reports
      and or oral defence. They shall be passed before a degree is awarded, and where necessary scored and credits
      earned are awarded
                The Degree classification is as detailed below.
      Class of Degrees;           Grade Point Average (GPA)
      First class honours                  4.50 - 5.00
      Second class honours                 3.50 - 4.49
      Upper division                       3.50 - 4.49
      Lower division                       2.40 - 3.49
      Third class honours                  1.50 - 2.39
      Pass                                 1.00 - 1.49




                                                                                                                 8
3.6   Students Results
      Student shall be given their results in alphabetic grades and grade point which represent the grades of marks
      scored.
      Percentage Score     Letter Grade                Grade Point
      70 – 100%                  A                           5
      60 – 69%                   B                           4
      50 – 59%                   C                           3
      45 – 49%                   D                           2
      40 – 44%                   E                           1
      0 – 39%                    F                           0

3.7   Calculation of the Grade Point Average (GPA) for Each Level
      A Grade Point average (GPA) is calculated by weighting it with the number of credits attached to each
      course. The student final grade is calculated from the sum of the weighted Grade Point Average (GPA) for
      each level of the courses as follows;
      Let CMi be the coursemark or (Grade Point) in the ith course and CWi the credit weighting of that course.
      Then the grade point average GPA (OR % Average) is given as follows:-
                                                   Sum (i =1 toN) CMi (OR % Mark) X CWi
      (%) Average, OR, (Grade Point Average) =
                                                              Sum (i =1toN) CWi
      Obtain corresponding GPA per level from section 3.7 above.

3.8   RATINGS OF LEVELS
      The rating, R of each level shall be as detailed in the table:-
                                                    Rating      R

      Levels            5-Year             4-Year             3-Year         2-Year
                        Degree             Degree             Degree         Degree
      100      R1       0.05               0.00               0.00           0.00
      200      R2       0.10               0.15               0.20           0.00
      300      R3       0.15               0.15               0.20           0.00
      400      R4       0.20               0.20               0.20           0.35
      500      R5       0.50               0.50               0.60           0.65
      Total    1.00     1.00               1.00               1.00           1.00


3.9   Final Weighted Grade (FWG)
      The students‟ Final Weighted Grade is calculated by use of the formula given below:-
      No. of Years      Final Weighted Grade (FWG)
      5-Year Degree Programme
      R1 x GPA1 + R2 x GPA2 + R3 x
      GPA3 + R4 x GPA4 + R5 x GPA5

      4-Year Degree Programme
      R2 x GPA2 + R3 x GPA3+
      R4 x GPA4 + R5 x GPA5

      3-Year Degree Programme
      R3 x GPA3 + R4 x GPA4 + R5 x GPA5

      The above method (Section 3.7 to 3.9) is replaceable by the General University Formula whenever this
      becomes necessary
      Provided that no student who has spent more than seven sessions (without intervening illness) to complete the
      degree shall be awarded a First Class Honours.




                                                                                                                 9
4.0   Title Of Degree
      The major disciplines in which the degrees will be awarded are indicated as below.
      B. Eng. (Chemical Engineering) for the degree in Chemical Engineering
      B. Eng. (Civil and Environmental Engineering) for the degree in Civil and Environmental Engineering
      B. Eng. (Electrical / Electronics and Computer Engineering) for the degree in Electrical/Electronics and
      Computer Engineering
      B.Eng. (Mechanical/Metallurgical and Production Engineering) for the degree in Mechanical/Metallurgical
      and Production Engineering
      B. Eng. (Petroleum and Gas Engineering) for the degree in Petroleum and Gas Engineering
      B.Eng. (Ceramics and Glass Engineering) for the degree in Ceramics and Glass Engineering.

4.1   Some other Categories of Students
      The following are other categories into which a student‟s status may be classified at the end of the session
      which are not dependent on the total number of credits earned or failed:
1.    Voluntary Withdrawal: A student who has applied for voluntary withdrawal or failed to register for the
      session is deemed to have voluntarily withdrawn. A student that applied for voluntary withdrawal enjoys it
      only for the approved period by senate unless such application is renewed and approved.
2.    Disciplinary/Misconduct Cases: The results of any student with pending disciplinary or examination
      misconduct cases are usually withheld until the determination of the case.
3.    Medical Cases: A student with a genuine medical case may apply to repeat courses or examinations missed
      with proper documentation.
4.    Special Cases: Any case which does not fall into the above cases is regarded as a special case
4.2   Notes:
(a)   Any medical case must be reported to the Head of Department in writing at least 24 hours before the
      examination.
(b)   A student who registered for a course but fails to take the examination without an approved reason is deemed
      to have failed the course.
      Sections 4.1 and 4.2 are subject to overall University‟s regulation where these exist.

4.3   Processing of Academic Transcripts
      Applications for transcripts are usually made to the University through the Examination and Records Office.
      Such applications are then processed through the Faculty. The results in the transcripts are authenticated in
      the respective Departments and then forwarded to the Dean‟s Office for final transmission to the
      Examinations and Records Office. Applicants are not allowed to handle their transcripts during the
      processing, but transcripts should be forwarded directly to the organization demanding for it.

4.4   Industrial Training
      The Faculty of Engineering, right from its establishment always believed that the students should be trained
      to use their hands and their heads in tandem. The University of Delta State Industrial Training Scheme
      (DSUITS) will therefore be an integral part of the Bachelor of Engineering training programme. A student
      cannot graduate from the Faculty unless he has passed all the required industrial training credits. This
      industrial training should aim at becoming a model for the training of young engineers in Nigeria
      The full undergraduate industrial training scheme of the Faculty starts with a six weeks training (known as
      Pre – Degree DSUITS) in the Faculty of engineering Workshop after the first year. The students then undergo
      three(3) months industrial training at the end of their second and third years, respectively. During the second
      semester of the 400 – level and the following long holidays the student serves as an intern in industry for six
      months to complete his industrial training programme.




                                                                                                                  10
COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

  S/NO                   COMMITTEES
  1.                     Standing Committee
  2.                     Appointments and Promotions (Academic)
  3.                     Appointments and Promotions (Non-Academic)
  4.                     Admissions Committee
  5.                     Faculty Research and Publication Committee
  6.                     Consultancy Committee
  7.                     Welfare Committee
  8.                     Student Disciplinary Committee
  9.                     Computer Services Committee
  10.                    Postgraduate Committee
  11.                    A.I.T Management Committee
  12.                    Screening Committee




                                                                      11
       DEAN’S OFFICE STAFF LIST

S/N   NAME                       RANK/               QUALIFICATION/              SPECIFICATION
                                 DESIGNATION         DATE OBTAINED
1     Prof. P.A. Kuale           Dean/Professor      Ph.D (Sheffield) - 1968     Electrical Power &
                                                                                 Machines
2     Mrs Peace A. Ubido         S.A.R/Faculty       MILR- 2004 (Abraka)         Theatre Arts
                                 Officer             B.A. Hons – 1993 (Uniben)
3     Mr Freeborn O. Aganbi      Admin. Officer      MBA 2003 (Abraka)           Bus. Admin.
                                                     B.Sc(Ed) 1994 (Abraka)      Bus. Education
4     Miss Josephine Ighorodhe   Executive Officer   NCE – 2006                  Social Studies
                                 (Dean‟s Office)
5     Mr Cletus Ekaba            Executive Officer   B.Sc (Ed) – in view         Bus. Education
                                 (Dean‟s Office)     NCE – 2004
6     Miss Doris Idoghor         Executive Officer   OND – 2006                  Mass Comm.
                                 (Faculty Office)
7     Mrs Patience Ogbo          Secretary/          HND – 2001                  Marketing
                                 Comp. Operator      OND (Sec. Stud). – 1999     Sec. Studies
                                 (Dean‟s Office)
8     Mr Genesis Eririoma        Comp. Operator      Diploma (Comp. Op.) –       Computer
                                 (Dean‟s Office)     2004                        Operations/
                                                     SSCE – 2003, 2006           Maintenance &
                                                                                 Repairs
9     Miss Elo Ogoro             Messenger/          FSLC – 1991
                                 Cleaner
10    Mr Uwomano F. Ikpama       Messenger/          SSCE - 2001
                                 Cleaner
11    Miss Charity Etoroma       Messenger/          JSC – 1995
                                 Cleaner




                                                                                                  12
           CHAPTER 3




  FACULTY OF ENGINEERING




COMMON COURSES FOR 100, 200
LEVELS AND ALL OTHER LEVELS
       IN THE FACULTY




                           13
  100 LEVEL COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE COURSE TITLE                                                L      T       P COURSE
            CODE                                                                             CREDIT

             CHM 101     General Chemistry I                                   2   1       -         3
             CHM 102     Organic Chemistry I                                       1                 3
    I        MTH 101     Algebra & Trigonometry                                2   1       -         3
             MTH 102     Calculus/ Real Analyses                                   1                 3
             PHY 101     Mechanics, Thermal Physics/Properties of Matter       2   1       -         3
             PHY 102     Vibration, Waves & Optics                             -   1       -         2
             GST 101     Use of English and Library                            2   -       -         4
             GST 102     Philosophy and Logic                                  2   -       -         2
                         Total Credit                                                                23

             CHM 111     General Chemistry I                                   2       1   -         3
             CHM 112     Organic Chemistry II                                  2       1   -         3
             MTH 111     Vector Geometry/Statistics                            2       1   -         3
             MTH 112     Differential Equation & Dynamics                      2       1   -         2
   II        PHY 111     Experimental Physics                                  -       -   6         2
             PHY 112     Electromagnetism & Modern Physics                     3       1   -         4
             ELA 112     Basic Engineering Workshop Practice                   2       -   -         2
             GST 111     Nigerian People & Culture                             2       -   -         2
             GST 112     History & Philosophy of Science                       2       -   -         2
                         Total Credits                                                               23
 Note: L – Lecture Hours/Week            T – Tutorials Hour/Week           P – Practicals Hour/Week

  200 LEVEL COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE COURSE TITLE                                          L    T       P       COURSE
            CODE                                                                           CREDIT

             EMA 281     Engineering Mathematics I                     3   1       -           2 or 3
             ECP 281     Engineering Computer Programming I            2   -       3             2
             MEE 261     Engineering Mechanics I                       2   1       -             3
             CVE 221     Strength of Materials I                       2   1       -             3
             MEE 222     Engineering Drawing I                         2   -       3             3
    I        EEE 221     Electrical Engineering I                      2   1       -             3
             ENS 221     Engineering and Society/Engineering           2   -       -             2
                         Entrepreneurship I
             ELA 201     Laboratory Practicals/Workshop Practice           -       6             2
             CHE 261     Physical Chemistry I (Chem. Students only)    2   -       -             2
             MEE 241     Fluid Mechanics I                            2    1       -             2
             PRE 221     Manufacturing Technology I                   2    1       -             2
             CVE 243     Geoinformatics Systems (optional)            2    1       -             2
                                                Total Credit                                    22




                                                                                                          14
             EMA 272      Engineering Mathematics II                     3    1        -      2
             MEE 212      Engineering Mechanics II                       2    1        -      2
             CVE 212      Basic Survey                                   2    -        -      2
             MEE 252      Engineering Drawing II                         2    -        3      3
   II        CHE 222      Materials Science                              2    1        -      2
             EEE 232      Electrical Engineering II                      2    1        -      3
             PRE 212      Manufacturing Technology II                    2    1        -      2
             PRE 214      Engineering Entrepreneurship                   2    1        -      2
             ELA 212      Laboratory Practicals/Workshop Practice        2    -        6      2
             CHE 212      Engineering Thermodynamics I/Phy.Chem II       2    1        -      2
             &
             MEE 231
             CPE 232      Engineering Computer Programming II            -     -       -      2
             ENS 212      Engineer in Society/Engineering                -     -       -      2
                          Entrepreneurship II
                          Total Credits                                                      24
Note: L – Lecture Hours/ Week              T – Tutorial Hour/Week             P- Practical Hour/Week


COMMON COURSES CODES AND TITLES FOR OTHER LEVELS
LEVEL SEMESTER COURSE COURSE TITLE                   L                         T       P   COURSE
                CODE                                                                       CREDITS
          I     EMA 381  Engineering Mathematics III 2                             1   -      3
 300     II     EMA 372  Engineering Mathematics IV  3                             1   -      4
 400      I     EMA 481  Engineering Mathematics V   2                             1   -      3
          I     PRE 581  Engineering Management I    2                             1   -      3
 500     II     PRE 582  Engineering Management II   2                             1   -      3
         II     ENS 521  Engineering Law             2                             2   -      2

COURSE CONTENT FOR 100 LEVEL
CHM 101: GENERAL CHEMISTRY 1                                           3 CREDITS
Relationship of Chemistry to other science. Atoms, subatomic particulars. Isotopes, molecules. Avagadro‟s number.
Mole concept. Dalton‟s theory. Modern concepts of atomic theory. The laws of chemical combination. Relative atomic
masses. Nuclear binding energy. Fission and Fussion.
The states of matters
    1. Gasses: Gas laws. The general gas equation
    2. Liquids and solid – introduction to lattice structure – isomorphism. Giant molecules
    Introduction to the Periodic Table. Hydrogen and hydrides. Chemical of Groups 0.I,II elements. Acid-base
    properties of oxides.

CHM 102: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 1                         3 CREDITS
   A. General Principles of Organic Chemistry
    i. Introduction: Definition of Organic Chemistry. Classification of Organic compounds. Homologous series.
       Functional groups
   ii. General procedure for isolation and purification of organic compounds
  iii. Determination of structure of organic compounds. Elemental analysis percentage composition, empirical and
       molecular formula, structural formula.
  iv. Isomerism. Structural isomerism and stereo isomerism.
   v. Electronic theory in organic chemistry, Atomic models, quantum numbers, atomic orbital. Hybridization
       leading to formation of carbon, carbon single, double and triple bonds. Hydrogen bonding, electronegativity,
       dipole moment, polarization, bond energy. Inductive and resonance effects.
   B. Non-polar Functional Group Chemistry
   i. Alkanes: Structure and physical properties. Substitution action including mechanism




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    ii.   Alknes: Structure and physical properties. Reaction: addition (of H 2 X2 HX, H20, 03), etc Oxidation
          polymerization. Stereoisomerism- definition, geometrical and optical isomers, conditions for optical
          isomerism
   iii.   Alkynes, structure. Acidity of acetylenic hydrogen. Reaction: addition of H 2, X2 HX, H2, H2, 0, etc. Test for
          Alknes.
   iv.    Benzenes. Structure and aromaticity of benzene, Introduction to eletrophilic substitution reactions
   C.
     i. . Nomenclature: Common (trivial) names, IUPAC names of classes of compound
    ii. introduction to petrochemistry. Origin of petroleum, importance, fractional distillation of crude oil,
        components properties and uses. Octane number, cracking.
   iii. Coal tar chemistry, origin, production, important components and uses
    C. Practical Organic Chemistry
        Experiment in basic techniques in organic chemistry determination of melting points and boiling points,
        filtration, distillation, fractional distillation, recrystalistion. Test for functional groups: organic preparations.

MTH 101: ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY                              3 CREDITS
Real number system: simple definition of integers, rational and irrational numbers. The principal of mathematical
induction. Real sequences and series; elementary notions of convergence of geometric, arithmetic and other simple
series. Theory of quadratic equations. Simple inequalities: absolute value and the triangle inequality. Identities: partial
fractions.

Sets and subsets, union, intersection, complements, properties of some binary operations of sets; distributive, closure,
associative, cumulative laws with examples, relations in a set; equivalence relation. Properties of set functions and
inverse set functions, permutation and combinations.

Binomial theorem for integer n-o index: Circular measure, trigonometric functions of angels of any magnitude.
Addition and factors formulae. Complex numbers; algebra of complex numbers, the argand diagram, De Moivre‟s
theorem, n-throat of unity.


MTH 102: CALCULUS/REAL ANALYSIS                                 3 CREDITS
Elementary functions of a single real variable and their graphs, limits and the idea of continuity. Graphs of simple
functions: polynomial, rational, trigonometric, etc, rate of change tangent and normal to a curve. Differentiation: As
limit of rate of change of elementary functions, product quotient, function of function rules. Implicit differentiation,
differentiation of trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions and of exponential functions. Logarithmic and
parametric differentiation. Use of binomial expansion for any index. Stationary values of simple functions: maxima,
minima and points of inflexion; integration by substitution and by parts. Definite integral: Volume of revolution, area
of surface of evolution. Suitability: A, B, C1, C2, D.


PHY 101: MECHANICS, THERMAL/PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER 3 CREDITS
(a) Mechanics: Scalar and Vectors: Addition and resolution of vectors. Rectilinear motion and Newton‟s law of
motion. Inertial mass and gravitational mass; free fall; projectile motion; deflection forces and circular motion.
Newton‟s law of gravitation; satellites, escape velocity. Gravitational potential; potential; potential well; special case
of circular motion.
Momentum and the conservation of a momentum. Work, power and energy units. Potential energy for a gravitational
field and elastic bodies; kinetic energy, conservation of energy; energy stored in a rotating body. Kinetic energy in
elastic and inelastic collisions.
(b) Thermal physics and properties of matter: Temperature, heat, work; heat capacities; second law, carno cycle;
thermodynamic ideal gas temperature scale. Thermal conductivity; radiation; black body and energy spectrum, stefan‟s
law.
Kinetic model of a gas: equation of state, concept of diffusion, mean free path, molecular speeds, Avagadro‟s number,
behaviour of real gases. A model for a solid: interparticle forces in solids, liquids and gases; physical properties of
solids.

Crystalline structure: Close packing, orderly arrangements, elastic deformation of an ordered structure; interference
patterns and crystals.



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Model for Matter: Surface energy and tension, plastic deformation; thermal and electrical properties of matters.
Pre-requisite: O-level or WASC.

PHY 102: VIBRATIONS, WAVES AND OPTICS                         3 CREDITS
Periodic motion of an oscillator: Velocity and acceleration of a sinusoidal oscillator, equation of motion of a simple
harmonic oscillator: damped oscillations; forces oscillations; resonance; propagation of longitudinal and transverse
vibrations.

Wave behavoiur; Reflection of waves, stationary waves, propagation of straight and circular pulses; fiber optics,
diffraction, refractions, dispersion, interference, coherence, polarization.

Wave and light: Mirrors, lenses, formation of images, thin lenses in contact, microscope, telescope; chromatic and
spherical aberrations and their reduction, Dispersion by prism; relation between colour and wavelength; spectra.

GST 101: USE OF ENGLISH AND LIBRARY                             4 CREDITS
Effective communication and writing English, Study Skills, Language skills, Writing of essays, Introduction to Lexis,
Sentence construction, Outlines and paragraphs. Collection and organisation of materials and logical presentation of
papers. Use of the library, phonetics, public speaking and oral communication.

GST 102: PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC                        2 CREDITS
A brief survey of the scope notions, branches and problems of philosophy. Symbolic Logic, Special symbols in
symbol Logic, Conjunction, affirmation, negation, disjunction, equivalence and conditional statements. Laws of
thought. The method of deductions using rule of inferene and biconditionals, Quantification theory.

CHM 111: GENERAL CHEMISTRY II                          3 CREDITS
Acids, Bases and Salts. Quantitative and qualitative analysis. Theory of volumetric analysis – operations and methods.
Calculations: mole, morality. Behaviour of electrolytes. Water. Colligative properties. Ostwald‟s dilution law.
Arhenuis, Bronsted-Lowry, Lewsis concepts and applications. Buffers. Introduction to reaction rates. Equilibria and
equilibrium constants. Solubility products. Common ion effects precipitation reactions.

CHM 112: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II                         3 CREDITS
A.      Polar Function Group Chemistry
     i. Hydroxyl group – Alcohol phenols. Classification. Acidity-comparison. Important methods of preparation.
         Reaction: with metals, bases, alkyl halides. Oxidation, dehydration. Tests for alcohols and phenols,
         importance.
    ii. Carbonyl group – Aldehydes and ketones structure: Physical properties. Important methods of preparation.
         Reactions: tollen‟s reagent. Fehling‟s solution, Benedict‟s solution. Iodoform reactions; with HCN NaHSO3;
         alcohols including mechanisms, with ammonia, hydrazine‟s and their derivatives, including mechanisms;
         aldol construction. Tests for aldehydes and Ketones. Importance.
   iii. Carboxylic group: Monocarboxylic acids. Structure. Physical properties. Acidity and resonance. Important
         methods of preparation, from alcohols, aromatic hydrocarbons, through Grignard‟s reagent. Reaction with
         bases. Conversion to esters, amides, halides and anhydrides. Tests for carboxylic acid annd Importance.
   iv. Carboxylic acid derivatives: Anhydrides acid halides esters and amides. Changes of reactivity when OH of
         acids is replaced by – Oocor-X-OR, -NR. Reaction with water, alcohols, ammonia and amines. LiACH 4,
         NaBH4, Test for esters.
    v. Amino group- Amines. Structure. Physical properties. Important methods of preparation. Reaction with
         acids, basicity and salt formation; Alkylation, acylation, with nitrous acids. Heinseberg method of
         separation. Tests for amines. Importance.
B. Miscellaneous Topics
     i. Fats and oils. Definition, importance. Saponification. Soaps and detergents. Modes of cleaning action.
         Reaction of soap with hard water. Mineral acids. Drying oils. Mode of action. Use in paints and varnishes.
    ii. Amino acids, Proteins: Definition, classification essential amino acids, special properties and reactions,
         isoelectric point, tests. Importance.
   iii. Carbohydrate. Definition, classification, importance, nomenclature, structure and reactions of glucose.
         Mutoration tests




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   iv.    Natural products. Main classes (other than lipids carbohydrates and proteins); Steriods, terpeniods, alkaloids,
          prostaglansdens definition, importance, examples.


MTH 111: VECTORS, GEOMETRY AND STATISTICS                             3 CREDITS
    i. Vectors and Coordinates: Types of vectors: points, line and relatives vectors. Geometrical representation of
       vectors in 1-3 dimensions. Addition of vectors and multiplication by a scalar, components of vectors in 1,3
       dimensions; direction cosines. Linear independence of vectors. Point of division of a line. Scalar and vectors
       products of two vectors. Simple applications. Two-dimensional coordinates geometry; straight lines, angle
       between two lines, distance between points. Equation of circle, tangent and normal to a circle. Properties of
       parabola, eclipse hyperbola. Straight lines and planes in space; direction cosines; angle between line and
       between lines and planes; distance of a point from a plane; distance between two skew lines.
   ii. Statistics: Introduction of statistics. Diagrammatic representation of descriptive data. Measures of location
       and dispersion for ungrouped data. Grouped distribution measures of location and dispersion for group data.
       Problems of grouping. Association graphs. Introduction to probability; sample space and events, addition
       law, use of permutation and combination in evaluating probability. Binomial distribution. Linear correlation:
       scatter diagram, product-moment and rant correlation. Linear regression.
  iii. Suitability: A, B, C1, C2, D.

MTH 112: DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION AND DYNAMICS                          3 CREDITS
  1. Differential Equations: Formation of differential equation of 1st degree and 1st order of the type. Variables,
      separable, exact, homogeneous and linear, differential equations of the second order with constant
      coefficients of the form.
  2. Dynamics: Resume of simple kinematics of a particle. Differentiation and integration of vectors w.r.t a scalar
      variable. Application to radial and transverse, normal and tangential components of velocity and acceleration
      of a particle moving in a plane force. Momentum and laws of motion; law of conservation of linear
      momentum. Motion under gravity, projective. Simple cases of resisted vertical motion. Motion in a circle
      (horizontal and vertical). Law of conservation of angular momentum. Application of law of conservation of
      energy. Work, power and energy. Description of simple harmonic motion (SHM). SHM of a particle attached
      to an elastic string. Description of simple harmonic motion (SHM). SHM of a particle attached to an elastic
      string or spring. The simple pendulum. Impulse and change in momentum. Direct impact of two smooth
      sphere, and of a sphere on a smooth plane.
  3. Rigid body motion: moments of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. Motion of a rigid body in
      plane with one point fixed, the compound pendulum. Reactions at the pivot. Pure rolling motion of a rigid
      body along a straight line.

PHY 111: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS 2 CREDITS
Students are expected to carry out a minimum of 12 major experiments covering the main aspects of the course taken
in the year. Pre-requisite O-level or WASC.


PHY 112: ELECTROMAGNETISM AND MODERN PHYSICS                                            3 CREDITS
 (A)      Electromagnetism             2 credits
Electric field: Strength, flux and the inverse square law; electrostatic force between two charged particles; flux model
for the electric field. Energy stored in an electric field, electrical potential due to dipole.

Steady direct current: Simple circuits; potential difference, resistance, power, electromotive force, Kirchoffs laws;
potential divider, slide-wire potentiometer, bridge circuits, combing resistances.

Capacitors: Capacitance, combination of dielectrics, energy stored, charging/discharging. Electromagnetic effects:
electromagnetic forces, electric motors, moving coil galvanometer, ammeter, voltmeter, electromagnetic induction,
dynamo.

Alternating currents: Simple A.C. circuits, transformers, motors and alternating currents.

Magnetic field: The field at the center of a current-carrying flat coil, of a current carrying flat coil, of a current
carrying flat coil, of a carrying solenoid, outside a long solenoid, flux model and magnetic field;



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Electromagnetic induction: Induction in a magnetic field; magnitude and direction of induced e.m.f, energy stored in a
magnetic field; self –inductance.

Electricity and matter: Current flow in an electrolyte, Millikan experiment; conduction of electricity through gasses at
low pressure, cathode rays, photoelectricity.

(B) Modern Physics       1 credit
Structure of atom: Atomic theory, X-rays, Plack Quantum theory: Wave-particle nature of matter: scattering
experiment of Geigar and Marsuen, Rutherfod atom model; Bohr‟s atom model

Structure of nucleus: Compositon of nucleus, artificial transmutation of an element, natural transmutation of an
element., discovery of neutron, particle emission, isotopes, and particles emission; gamma radiation.
Prerequisite: O- Level or WASC.

ELA 112: BASIC ENGINEERING WORKSHOP PRACTICE                         2 CREDITS
Introduction to workshop measurement and tools. Safety precautions.
Carpentry workshop machine and tools, cutting, shaping and fishing of wood products, foundry workshop; moulding,
metal cutting and shaping.

GST 111: NIGERIAN PEOPLES AND CULTURE                             2 CREDITS
Study of Nigeria history and culture in pre-colonial times. Nigerian perception of his world. Culture areas of Nigeria
and their characteristics. Evolution of Nigeria as a political unit. Concepts of functional education; National economy;
Balance of trade, Economic self-reliance, Social justice, individual and national development, Norms and values,
Moral Obligations of the citizens, Environmental sanitation, and pollution problems.

GST 112: HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE                            2 CREDITS
Man- his origin and nature; man and his cosmic environment, science and technology in the society and service of
man; renewable and non-renewable resources – man and his resources. Environmental effects of chemicals, plastics,
textiles, wastes and other materials. Chemical and radio active chemical hazards, Introduction to the various areas of
science and technology.


COURSE CONTENT FOR 200 LEVEL

EMA 281: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS I 2 CREDITS
  1. Complex Analysis: Roots of a complex number. Addition formulae for any number of angles. To express
         sinθ in series of sines or cosines of multiple angles. Exponential function of complex variables. Circular
         functions of complex variable. Hyperbolic functions. Real and imaginary parts of a circular and hyperbolic
         functions. Logarithmic functions of a complex variable. Real number; sequence and series; their convergence
         and divergence.
    2.   vector: Force moments and angular velocity. Vector differentiation and integration.
    3.   linear Algebra: Linear spaces, algebra of determinants and matrices
    4.   Calculus: Differentiations and applications. The mean value theorem and it application. Extension of mean
         value theorem. Taylor and Maclaurin formulae, Leibnitz‟s theorem. (Application to the solution of
         differential equation with variable co-efficents), de L‟ Hospital‟s. partial derivatives of functions of two and
         more variables.

ECP 281: ENGINEERING COMPUTER PROGRAMMING                                     2 CREDITS
(i)  Introduction – Types of computer and components, their uses – industrial, scientific.
       Computer logic – Software and hardware.
       Introduction to computer languages –Fontran, Basic, Cobol, Mat Lab etc.
       Application for Fontran and Basic to simple problems: Flow Charts.
       Practical Exercises in the use of computers.




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MEE 261: ENGINEERING MECHANICS I                    3 CREDITS
Composition and Resolution of forces - Analytical and Graphical methods. Moment of a force. Position of the
Resultant Force by moments.
Applications of moment; Levers – Simple and Compound Levers; moment of Inertia – Theorem of parallel Axes –
Rectangular & Circular sections; Principles of Friction; Applications of Friction – Ladder friction, wedge friction;
principles of lifting machines – simple & compound machines, mechanical advantage, maximum efficiency of a lifting
machine.


CVE 221: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS I                                    3 CREDITS
Force systems composition and resolution of forces, moment, couple, resultants of coplanar and three dimension
forces systems, graphical methods in statics. Mechanical isolation of bodies, free body diagrams condition, conditions
for equilibrium of coplanar and three dimension force systems.
Elasticity: Concept of uniaxial stress and strain. Typical stress-curve in tensile testing, Hooke‟s law, modulus of
Elasticity, proportional limit, elastic limit, yield point, ultimate strength, etc. Safe working stress, factors of safety.

Stress and strain in axially loaded bar, in bars of varying cross section and in bar due to its own weight. Poisson‟s
ratio,. Shears stress and stain. Complementary shear stress. Strain energy in simple tensile and shear stress. Composite
bars. Temperature stresses. Presstressing, stresses due to misfit. Hoop and axial stresses in pressure vessels. Stresses in
thin rotating rings, stresses in beams.

Bending of Beans: Calculation of reaction in statically determinate beams. Shearing force and bending moment
diagrams. Relation between load, shear force and bending moment. Theory of bending, second moment of area,
bending stresses in beams.

Torsion: Elastic torsion of circular shafts, shafts of varying diameter, shafts with varying torque, compound shafts.

MEE 222: ENGINEERING DRAWING I                                  3 CREDITS
Introduction. Geometrical Constructions. Principles of tangency. Construction of slopes. Tapers and Gradient.
Fundamentals of descriptive geometry and projection Drawing. Central, Parallel. Azonometric and Orthography
Projections. Projections of points lines. Plane figures and simple objects. True lengths. Orthographic projections of
simple geometrical solids. Cylinder, Cone, Pyramid, Prism, Sphere, Hemisphere. Topus I and II, Ring. Drawing of
three orthographic projections in first angle from the isometric views of a detail. Non-circular curves. Construction of
an ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, ginusoid, spiral of Archimedes, involute, cycloid, epiry doid, hypocycloid.

EEE 221: ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING I                     3 CREDITS
Units. Basic circuit elements and their behaviour in DC circuits. Basic circuit laws and theorems. Introduction to A.C.
circuits. Resonance, power and power factor. 3-phase circuits. Transformers. Basic distribution system. Introduction to
DC and AC machines.

ENS 221: ENGINEERING AND SOCIETY/ENTREPRENEURSHIP I                                         2 CREDITS
    i. Philosophy of science
        History of engineering and technology
   ii. The role of engineering in nation building
  iii. Invited lectures from professionals
  iv. Definition of Entrepreneurship. Ventures and Jobs Creation

ELA 201: LABORATORY/WORKSHOP PRACTICE                      2 CREDITS
       Fitting and Shaping Exercise, welding & mechanical exercises

CHE 261: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I (chemical engineering students only)                   2 CREDITS
Gases: Behavoiur of Gases. Ideal of Gas Law of Partial Pressures, Gas densities and molecular weights, Equation of
state for Real gases, Liquifaction of gases.

First Law of Thermodynamics: Forms of Energy Conservation of energy. Initial and final states, temperature, internal
energy of gases, heat capacities of gases, Isothermal Gas expansion, Adiabatic, Expansion, Enthalpy, Latent Heat
effects.



                                                                                                                        20
Thermochemistry: Standard states, Calorimetry, Thermochemical Equations, Hess‟ Law, Heat of Reaction, Heats of
solution. Thermochemistry of Ionic solutions, Bond energies.

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Spontaneity, Reversible and Irreversible processes, Gibbs Free Energy and Entropy.
Hellholz Equation.

Kinetic Theory of Gases: Postulates of Kinetic Theory, Conformation of Kinetic molecular Theory, the Distribution of
Molecular Speeds-Maxwell-Boltzmann Laws.

MEE 241: FLUID MECHANICS I                                  CREDITS
Fundamental notions and Definitions: Continuum property, density, pressure, specific volume, surface tension, viscous
compressibility, etc.

Fluid Statics; Hydrostatic forces on submerged surfaces incompressible fluid, pressure variation in static fluids,
floatation, stability considerations of floating bodies.

Dynamics of Fluid Flow: Systems and control volume approach to the basic and subsidiary laws for continuous media
leading to the development of conservation equations of mass and momentum. Euler‟s equation. Bernoulli‟s equation.

PRE 221: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY I                                     2 CREDITS
Elementary Introduction to types and organisation of engineering workshop, covering jobbing, batch, mass production.
Engineering materials, their uses and properties. Heat treatment of metals and alloys.

Carpentry: Hand-tools, material, types of joint and fastenings: Bolt, rivet, welding, brazing, soldering, measurement
and marking: for uniformity, circulatory concentricity, etc. Standard measuring tools used in workshops: welding,
brazing and soldering: principle, classification power source.

CVE 243: GEOINFORMATICS SYSTEMS (Optional)                             1 CREDIT
This Course is designed to acquaint students with the basic information system in Civil Engineering. Emphasis would
be placed on the development of Geographic Data collection procedure. Information systems for land use planning,
land resource evaluation and regional planning, remote sensing and computer in Civil Engineering.


EMA 272: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS II                            3 CREDITS
  1. Further Integrations: Reduction formulae
  2. Differentiation Equations
           (a) General Review. Exact differential equations. Simple applications in geometry, mechanics, chemical
                reactions and heat flow
           (b) Second order linear differential equations with constant coefficients. Further D-operator method.
                Solution of second order. Differential equations by method of change of variables. Introduction of
                partial differential equations (separation of variables).
  3. Mechanical and Electrical Oscillations: Oscillations of damped and undamped mechanical systems. Electric
      circuit theory. Resonance
  4. Numerical Methods: Introduction to numerical computation, Solution of non-linear equations. Solution of
      simultaneous linear equations- both direct and iterative schemes. Finite difference operators. Introduction to
      linear programming (Graphical solution)

MEE 212: ENGINEERING MECHANICS II                             3 CREDITS
Position, reference frames and coordinates. Types of coordinates. Scalar and vector functions, function differentiation.
Derivatives of vectors and moving references, frames, velocities and acceleration relative motion.

CVE 212: BASIC SURVEY (Civil only)                 2 CREDITS
Introduction, application of surveying in various aspects of Engineering and construction, plane and geodetic
surveying, types of surveying, Chain surveying-range and measuring lines, offset measurements, obstacles in chin
surveying, compass surveying, whole circle and reduced bearings, local attraction, magnetic declination, adjustments
to observed bearing. Leveling techniques, reduction of levels heights of collimation method, rise and fall method,



                                                                                                                     21
longitude and profile leveling, cross sections. Theodolites and their uses, measurement of horizontal and vertical
angles. Design and execution of low order transverses, adjustment of transverses. Bowditch and transit rule.

Practical work includes chain surveying exercises, compass transverses and plotting, running lines of levels,
longitudinal and cross sectioning, measurement of horizontal and vertical angles using Theodolite.

MEE 252: ENGINEERING DRAWING II                              3 CREDITS
First and third angle orthographic projections of complex objects, axonometric projection and their basic types
igometry. Construction of anboid, prism, pyramid, circle, long cylinder in isometry. Construction of isometric views
from three and two orthographic projection of an object. Freehand Drawing Development of surface curves of
intersection. Interpenetration solids. Basic mechanical engineering drawing. Basic civil engineering drawings
including topographical, geological, structural and architectural. Basic wiring drawings. Electronic components
circuits.

CHE 222: MATERIAL SCIENCE                           3 CREDITS
A topic Structure: Review of atomic structure and bonding in materials. Atomic and molecular structure, molecular,
crystals and amorphous structure. The metallic state, Defects in crystals, Electronic structures and processes
(conductors, semi-conductors and insulators).

Alloy Theory: A simplified introduction to alloy theory illustrated by the Pb-Sn and Fe-C system. Application to
industrially important alloys.

Engineering Properties of Materials: Engineering properties of materials and their control through changes in structure
(Hot and Cold-working of metals, heat-treatment of steel, annealing, etc). failure of metals (Creep, fracture and
fatigue). Corrosion and corrosion control.

Non-Metallic Materials: Non-metallic materials and their properties (glass, natural and synthetic rubber, plastics,
ceramics and wood).

EEE 232 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING II                                3 CREDITS
Physics of Devices: Atomic structure, material classification, electron omission, gas discharge devices,
seminconductors materials, p-n junction diode and transistor. Transistor amplifier: D.C. and a.c analysis of transistor
amplifier circuits. Transistor switching characteristics. Rectification and d.c power supplies. Electrical measurement:
voltmeter, ammeter, ohmmeter, wattmeters, energy meters, measurement of three phase power.

PRE 212: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY II                       2 CREDITS
   (1) Properties, Testing and Inspection of metals
   (2) Types of Rivets and screws and their various uses
   (3) Safety in workshops and general principles of working, bench work and fitting; hand tools, instruments
   (4) Quality control
   (5) Metallic and Non-metallic coatings
   (6) Pipes and Pipes Fittings.

ELA 212: LABORATORY PRACTICALS/WORKSHOP PRACTICE                                                   2 CREDITS
Workshop setting: Types of workshop equipments; Workshop materials; Use of instruments            and tools; Safety in
workshops and general principles of working.
Carpentry; Hand tools, materials and their uses. Types of joint and fastenings; Bolt, rivet,      welding, brazing &
soldering. Standard measuring tools used in workshops: welding, brazing and soldering             principle and their
applications.

CHE 212: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II                              2 CREDITS
One-Component Systems: Vapour Pressure, Measurement of Vapour Pressure, Dependence of Vapour Pressure on
Temperature, Press-Temperature for Water, Clausius – Claperson Equation.

Solutions: Composition of Solutions, Vapour Pressure and non-ideal solution, Raoult‟s Law, Solubility of Gases –
Henry‟s Law, Solubility and supersaturated solutions.




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Colligative Properties: Boiling Point, Vapour Pressure Lowering, Elevation, Freezing Point, Depression Osmotic
Pressure, Molecular weight determination of colligative properties.

Phase Equilibra: Phase rule, Phase Diagrams, Cooling Curve and Fractional Distillation.

MEE 231: THERMODYNAMICS I                                                          2 CREDITS
Systems, stages, property, interactions, equilibrium, cycle, point and path functions temperature, etc.
Thermodynamics Properties of Pure Substances: Perfect gas, specific and latent heats, equation state. Phase of pure
substances-solids, liquids and gases. Phase equilibra and changes in critical points, properties of vapours, use of
thermodynamics tables.
Heat and Work Transfer: First law of thermodynamics, general energy equation and Bernoulli‟s equation. Engine
cycles, air-standard cycle, Otto-cycle, simple gas turbine cycle, Carnot cycle, heat pump, etc. Second law of
thermodynamics, entropy and irreversibility.


CPE 232: ENGINEERING COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II                                    2 CREDITS
Further Computer Programming: using Q-Basic, Symbols, Keywords, Datatypes; Visual Programming, using Visual
Basic for solving engineering problems, filing system directory, file paths & location, word processing principles of
operation, applications and exercises. Spreadsheet; principles, application & demonstration and hands-on exercises.
Database management principles and operations, applications and demonstrations and hands on exercises. Mini-
project to test proficiency in the use of software packages.

ENS 212: ENGINEER AND SOCIETY/ENGINEERING ENTREPRENEURSHIP II                                       2 CREDITS
The Engineer and the physical systems they create in relations to markets and economic systems; the concept of the
management of technologies as the tool for wealth creation, the entrepreneur: creating and starting a venture: creativity
& initiative & innovative ideas of entrepreneurs. The entrepreneur and the advancement of new technologies arising
from creative drives.


COURSE CONTENT FOR COMMON COURSES AT OTHER LEVELS

EMA 381 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III                             3 CREDITS
2. Linear Algebra: n-dimension vectors, addition and scalar multiplication. Linear dependence and independence of
   set vectors. Matrices; operations of addition, scalar multiplication and product; determinants and their properties;
   substance and rank; inverse of a matrix. Theory of a system of linear equations, linear transformation and
   matrices, Eigenvalues and oigenvectors of a matrices, eigenvalues of Hermitian, skey Hermitian and unitary
   matrices; bilinear quadratic forms.
3. Analytic geometry: plane polar coordinates, coordinate transformation. Solid geometry and spheres and quadric
   surface. Sphere polar and cylindrical polar coordinates
4. functions of several variables: Mean value theorem for function of several variables, maxima and minim,
   differentiation under the sign integration, Jacobians.
5. Numerical Analysis: Numerical differentiation and quadrature formulae. Analytic and numerical solution of
   ordinary differential equations. Curve fitting and least squares. Further on linear programming (simplex method).

EMA 372: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS IV                             3 CREDITS
1. Fourier Series: Periodic functions. Euler formula for coefficients in Fourier sine/cosine series of a function. Even
   and odd functions and their fourier series. Half range expansion. Theoretical basis of fourier series. Application to
   the solution of partial differential equations.
2. Gamma, Beta and probability function (emphasis rather on the applications)
3. Differential Equation: Equations of the form y”-f(x;y‟). linear second order equations reducible to linear equation
   with constant coefficients. Series solution of differential equation. Legendre‟s differential equation and legendre
   polymials. Bessel‟s differential equation and Bessel‟s functions of first kind; their properties and introduction to
   applications.
4. Vector Field Theory. Scalar and vectors fields; directional derivative; gradient of a scalar field; divergence and
   curl of a vector field; del operator. Line , surface and volume integrals. Divergence theorem of Gases and Stoke‟s
   theorem. Green‟s theorem. Line integrals independent of path and irrational vector fields.




                                                                                                                     23
EMA 481: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS                               4 CREDITS
1. Complex Variables: Complex functions of a real variable. Elementary functions of a complex variable.
    Differentiation of complex variables. Cauchy-Riemann equations. Analytic and Harmonic functions. Integration
    of complex variables. Cauchy‟s theorem, poles and residues. Simple examples of expansion in Taylor and Laurent
    series. Conformal mappings.
2. Integral Transforms: Laplace and Fourier transforms. Application to boundary value problems in mathematical
    physics.
3. Introduction to Non-linear Differential Equations:
    Stability of linear systems and the phase portraits
    (b) Long time behaviour of the solution of non-linear differential equations deduced from related linear systems.
4. Calculus of Variations: Lagrange‟s equation and applications. Hamilton‟s principles and Gerodesic problems
    (formal proofs of the related theorems will not be required). Iso-perimetric problems.
(a) Probability: Probability laws, conditional probability and dependence of events. Discrete and continuous
    probability distribution. The probability functions; the density function and the distribution function. Expected
    values; moments, standard distributions, binomial, Poison normal.
(b) Statistics: Regression and Correlations: The method of least squares; linear and curvilliar regression. Correlation,
    total, partial and multiple. Large sampling Theory: Sampling distribution of mean, proportion, difference of means
    and proportion. Confidence interval for mean, proportion, difference of two means and proportions.
5. Test of Hypotheses: Types I and II errors. Power of a test. Large sample-test concerning the mean, proportion,
    difference of two mean and proportions.
6. Quality control.

PRE 581: ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT I                              3 CREDITS
The Management Environment – Formation of a company, sources of finance, money and credit. Insurance.
National policies, GNP growth rate and prediction. Balance of payment. Letal liabilities under company law, legal and
contractual obligations to employees and the public, contractual obligations.

Organizational Management – Principles of organisation, span of control. Elements of organisation. Type. Principles
of management. School of thought. Management by objectives.

Financial Management – Accounting methods. Financial statement. Elements of costing. Cost planning and control.
Budget and budgetary control. Cost reduction programmes. Depreciation accounting, valuation of assets.

Personal Management – Selection, recruitment and training. Job evaluation. Merit rating. Incentive schemes. Trade
unions and collective bargaining.

Industrial Psychology- Individual and Group behaviour. The learning process. Motivation and morale. Influence of
the industrial Environment.

The Human Capital as a Resources: Knowledge, information & creativity .



PRE 582: ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT II (For Non- Production Engineering Students) 3 CREDITS
Resources Management
Materials management. Purchasing methods. Contracts. Stores and Inventory Control. Resources Utilisation. Time
value of money. Interest formulae. Rate of return. Methods of economic evaluation. Selection between alternatives.

Planning Decision- Making Forecasting, planning, scheduling. Production control. Gantt chart. C.P.M. and PERT.

Optimisation. Linear programming as an aid to decision-,making. Elementary treatment of decision-making policies
under risk and uncertainties.

Transport and Materials Handling Selection of transport media for finished goods. Raw materials and equipment.
Facility layout and location. Work study and production processes.

Basic principles of work study. Principles of motion economy. Engonomics in the design of equipment and processes.



                                                                                                                     24
The Human Resources: Man as key in the new information society, the skills of the new information society,
corporation‟s competitive edge.

ENS 521: ENGINEERING LAW                                                                   2 CREDITS
Failure modes associated with product environment
Interaction between the legal profession, legislative bodies, standard and the design engineers, using a case study
approach is design application.
 Litigation involving designs, standard, and laws application to specific surveyed. The influence of patent application
procedures. Professional contracts as applied in engineering. Trade mark selected and protection.

ENS 336: ENGINEERING ENTREPRENEURSHIP                                           2 CREDITS
Introduction to entrepreneurship and new venture creation
 - Introduction to module, learning objectives and assessment
 - What is entrepreneurship?
 - Entrepreneurship – myths and realities
 - The role of the entrepreneur
Entrepreneurship in theory and practice
 - How are new ventures created?
 - Stevenson‟s model
 - Entrepreneurial resources
 - The business plan
 - Case Study – R&R
The Opportunity
 - Sources of opportunity
 - Identification
 - Researching the opportunity
 - Assessment
 - Protecting your IP
 The entrepreneurial team
 - What teams are important
 - Individual and team performance
 - Putting together a winning team
Entrepreneurial Finance
 - Determining your capital requirements
 - Financing strategy
 - Managing cash flow
Raising financial capital
 - Venture capital and informal equity
 - Debt finance
 - Other financial instruments
Marketing and the new venture
 - Product, Price, Place, Promotion, People
 - Cash study
Innovation
 - R&D Management
 - Determinants of innovation
 - The innovation process in new venture
 - Cash study
New venture workshop
 - Syndicate groups present their business ideas to class and receive constructive feedback from tutors and peers
Group and harvest
 - Theories of firm growth
 - Organic vs. M&A
 - Organic growth strategies
 - Resources implications
 - The Harvest



                                                                                                                     25
Management of Technology (MOT)
- Technology Definition and its management as an interdisciplinary field; MOT on the production of goods and
     services
Introduction to Entrepreneurship Studies
Some of the ventures to be focused upon include the following:
       1.     Soap/Detergent, Tooth brushes and Toothpaste making
       2.     Photography
       3.     Brick, nails, screws making
       4.     Dyeing/Textile blocks paste making
       5.     Rope making
       6.     Plumbing
       7.     Vulcanizing
       8.     Brewing
       9.     Glassware
       10.    Paper production
       11.    Water
       12.    Food processing/packaging/preservation
       13.    Metal working/Fabrication – Steel and aluminium door and windows
       14.    Training industry
       15.    Vegetable oil/and Salt extraction
       16.    Fisheries/Aquaculture: fish and fingerlings production
       17.    Refrigeration/Air conditioning
       18.    Plastic making
       19.    Farming (crop)
       20.    Domestic Electrical wiring
       21.    Radio/TV repairs & Computers
       22.    Carving
       23.    Weaving
       24.    Brick laying/making
       25.    Bakery
       26.    Tailoring
       27.    Iron welding
       28.    Building drawing
       29.    Carpentry
       30.    Leather tanning
       31.    Interior decoration
       32.    Printing
       33.    Animal husbandry (Poultry: Geese, Turkey, Piggery, Sheep, Goat, Rabbits keeping. Grass cutter rearing
              etc)
       34.    Metal Craft – Blacksmith, tinsmith etc
       35.    Sanitary wares
       36.    Vehicles maintenance/Mechanic/Auto mechanic/Painter
       37.    Bookkeeping




                                                                                                                26
         CHAPTER 4




DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL
     ENGINEERING




                         27
INTRODUCTION
Chemical Engineers design and develop new processes and processing facilities for the production
of chemicals in large quantities. Such chemicals include acids, dyes, synthetics, alkalis, plastics,
polymers, insecticides, fungicides, and many comparable products for domestic and industrial
uses. The production process may involve chemical reactions of raw materials, such as oxidation
and hydrogenation, chlorination, nitration, and reduction. Output products also include fuels,
medicines, plasmas, and textiles.

Areas of Specialization and Research Activity
The following are the areas of specialization offered by the department. These areas correspond to
those in which research activities are channeled in the department:
                          1. Unit Area
                          2. Chemical reaction Engineering
                          3. Chemical Process Development.

PHILOSOPHY
The Philosophy of the Bachelor of Engineering Degree Programme in Chemical Engineering is in
accord with general philosophy of the Faculty of engineering which is concerned with the total
development of man in Engineering and his place and functions in society. The knowledge of
Chemistry in addition to other basic sciences is what distinguishes the chemical engineer from
others in the engineering family.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The principal aim and objective of Chemical Engineering department is the production of
engineers who are not only capable of meeting the challenges in the Chemical Industry but also
capable of being job-creators instead of job-seekers. It therefore emphasis a sound knowledge of
engineering principles coupled with a high practical and innovative ability to shoulder a broad
spectrum of engineering responsibilities. To this end, the courses offered in the department are
designed to provide the educational training and skills necessary for understanding, planning,
designing, operating and maintaining the various processes and operations involved in the modern
chemical and petroleum industry.

In addition to the teaching programmes, the department encourages research and development
work by the students and academic staff. This area is taken very seriously by this department in
view of our present economic problems and lack of maintenance of numerous sophisticated
machines from overseas dumped into this country. Students are therefore encouraged to develop
indigenous chemical processes which are appropriate for our specific needs and environment and
which utilise our natural materials (resources). They are likewise encouraged to design, assemble
and construct the equipment needed for their research projects.

Emphasis is also placed on the construction of pilot plant and mini-pilot plant scale equipment in
order to afford students the opportunity to work with units which approximate those used in the
industry.




                                                                                                 28
ACADEMIC STAFF


S/N           NAME            RANK/         QUALIFICATION
                           DESIGNATION
                                        MNSE,       MNSChE,
1     MRS.T.E. AKHIHIERO   LECTURER II/ MAIChE.
                           COORDINATOR B.SC.,PGD(Chem),
                                        PGD(Ed),      M.ENG,
                                        Ph.D ( in-view ).Benin

2     MR. B.E. EBOIBI      LECTURER II     B.ENG., M.SC.
                                           MNSChE, MAIChE,
                                           Ph.D ( in-view) Lagos
3     MR JULIUS FAKROGHA   LECTURER II     B.ENG,
                                           M.Tech(RUST)
                                           Ph.D ( in-view) ABU

      ENGR K.M.            LECTURER I      DIP, B.ENG (Chem),
      OGHENEJOBOH                          M.ENG (Benin),
                                           Ph.D ( in-view) RUST
5     MR KINGSLEY O.       LECTURER II     M.SC, B.ENG
      ADIOTOMRE


TECHNICAL STAFF


S/N           NAME          RANK/DESIGNATION            QUALIFICATION

      AKINTOYE GLADYS      TECH. I                   ATC (Paint Tech.)
1                                                    HND (Sc. Lab.
                                                     Tech.)(Chem. Opt.)
                                                     OND (Sc. Lab. Tech.)
      PATRICK UMUKORO      TECH. II                  B.ENG, HND
2


ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF

S/N           NAME          RANK/DESIGNATION            QUALIFICATION


1

2



                                                                            29
300 LEVEL CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COURSES CODES AND TITLES

SEMESTER          COURSE         COURSE TITLE                                        L       T        P   COURSE
                  CODE                                                                                    CREDIT
                  EMA 381        Engineering Mathematics                             2       1        -       3
                  CHE 341        Industrial Process Calculation                      2       1        -       3
                  CHE 321        Chemical Reaction Kinetics                          2       1        -       3
                  CHE 322        Transport Phenomena I                               2       1        -       3
                  CHE 361        Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics                 2       1        -       3
                  CHE 381        Separation Process I                                2       1        -       3
       I          CHE 342        Particulate Technology                              2       1        -       3

                  CHE 301        Chemical Engineering Laboratory                     -       -        6        2
                                 Total Credit                                                                 23
                  EMA 312        Engineering Mathematics                             3       1        -        3
                  CHE 352        Heat Transfer                                       2       1        -        3
                  CHE 332        Process Instrumentation                             1       1        -        2
                  CHE 372        Mass Transfer                                       2       1        -        3
                  CHE 335        Technical Report Writing                            1       1        -        2
       II         CHE 392        Biochemical Engineering                             2       1        -        3
                  EEE 336        Engineering Entrepreneurship                        1       1        -        2
                  CHE 312        Chemical Engineering Laboratory                     -       -        6        2
                                 Total Credit                                                                 20

NOTE: L- Lecture Hours/Week T-Tutorial Hour/Week           P – Practical Hour/Week

400 LEVEL CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE

SEMESTER         COURSE         COURSE TITLE                             L     T         P       COURSE
                 CODE                                                                            CREDIT
                 CHE 412        Petroleum Refinery Processes             2     1         -       3
                 CHE 422        Chemical Engineering Analysis            2     1         -       3
                 CHE 423        Process Design I                         1     1         -       2
                 CHE 442        Reservoir Engineering                    1     1         -       2
                 CHE 441        Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics      2     1         -       3
                                II
       I         CHE 461        Chemical Reaction Engineering I          2     1         -       3
                 CHE 481        Polymer Engineering                      2     1         -       3
                                                                         1     1         -       3
                 CHE 401        Chemical Engineering Laboratory          -     -         6       2
                                Total Credits                                                    24

       II                              SIX MONTHS DSUITS                                     Must be passed



NOTE: L- Lecture Hours/Week T-Tutorial Hour/Week           P – Practical Hour/Week




                                                                                                                   30
  500 LEVEL CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE

SEMESTER          COURSE        COURSE TITLE                                      L     T   P   COURSE
                  CODE                                                                          CREDIT
                  PRE 581       Engineering Economics & Administration I          2     1   -     3
                  CHE 521       Process Dynamics and Control                      1     1   -     2

                  CHE 523       Process Design II                                 1     1   -      2
                  CHE 541       Chemical ProcessTechnology                        1     1   -      2
                  CHE 561       Chemical Reaction Engineering II                  2     1   -      3
                  CHE 500       Project                                           -     -   9      3
                                           ELECTIVE COURSES
                  CHE 583       Corrosion & Protection                            2     1   -       2
                  CHE 562       Environmental Pollution and Control               2     1   -       2
                                Total Credits                                                      17
                  PRE 572       Engineering Economics & Administration II         2     1   -       3
                  CHE 512       Process Optimization                              1     1   -       2
                  CHE 532       Chemical Process Design III                       1     1   -       2

      II

                  CHE 500       Project                                           -     -   9      3
                                          ELECTIVE COURSES
                  CHE 573       Chem. Tech. of Polymer II                         2     1   -       3
                  CHE 592       Chem. Tech. of Metals                             2     1   -       3
                                Total Credits                                                      13

  NOTE: L- Lecture Hours/Week T-Tutorial Hour/Week            P – Practical Hour/Week

  COURSE CONTENT FOR 300 LEVEL

  CHE 341: INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS.                                                        3 CREDITS
  Introduction to Chemical Plant Units: Movement and storage of materials; Heat transfer equipment, mass transfer
  equipment, simultaneous heat and mass transfer equipment, physical processes equipment. The chemical Equation and
  Stoichiometry; Limiting reactant, excess reactant, conversion, selectivity and yield. Material Balances; Conservation laws,
  calculations for steady-state system involving inerts, recycle, by pass and pure. Energy balances; forms of energy and overall
  energy balance for a chemical system. Heat capacities. Calculations of enthalpy changes; heat of fusion, vaporization,
  reaction, formation and combination, heats of solution and mixing. Combined material and energy balances. Enthalpy
  concentration charts, construction.

  CHE 321: CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS.                                                             3 CREDITS
  Introduction, classification of reactions, variables affecting the rate of reaction, definition of reaction rate. Kinetics of
  homogeneous reactions, elementary and non-elementary reactions, Kinetic models for homogeneous reactions, rate
  expressions from postulated mechanism, Arrhanius equation, activation energy, frequency factor, interpretation of batch
  reaction Kinetic data, constant volume batch reactor, integral and differential methods of analysis, reversible, irreversible,
  parallel, series, autocatalytic reactions, variable volume batch reactor.
  Single ideal reactors, ideal batch reactors continuous stirred tank reactor, plug flow reactor, space time, space velocity,
  holding time, mean residence time, size comparison of single-reactors, mixed versus plug flow reactors for first and second
  order reactions, optimum rector size.
  Multiple reactor systems, plug flow reactors in series and /or in parallel, cascade of mixed reactor, reactors of different types
  of series, recycle reactor, autocatalytic reactions in various types of reactors.



                                                                                                                               31
CHE 361: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYMICS I                                                          3 CREDITS
Definition and introductory concepts, work, heat, energy system, surrounding, process, intensive, and extensive properties,
reversibility. The first law, internal energy, formulation of the second law, the first law for a closed system, the first law for a
steady state of flow process. Equation of state of pure fluids, virile equation of state, ideal gas equation state, cubic equations
of state, the law of corresponding states, generalized correlations, thermodynamic relationships for an ideal gas undergoing
isometric, insobaric, isothermal, adiabatic, and polytropic processes. The second law.
Power cycles, the steam power cycle, refrigeration, air-conditioning liquefaction processes, internal combustion engines.
Thermodynamics of flow processes, conservation of mass and energy, mechanical energy, mechanical energy balance,
Bernoulli equation, glow in pipes, sonic velocity, metering and throttling processes, nozzles, compressors, ejectors,
thermodynamics analysis of processes calculation of ideal work, loss work,

CHE 381: SEPARATION PROCESS .                                                          3 CREDITS
General Introduction: Physical properties and data of importance to separation processes; phase equilibria, operating lines for
various separation processes, plate and stage efficiencies; principles underlying separation processes; separation equipment,
batch, stage-wise and continuous differential contacting equipment; applications, hydrodynamic limitations and
performance data. Analytical and graphical methods for determining number of equilibrium stages: McCable – Theiele,
Ponchon- Savarit, Stripping factor, etc. Minimum reflux, total efficiencies to determine number of actual stages.
Applications: Binary distillation, batch and continuous, extractive and azeotropic distillation, steam distillation, distillation of
multi-component mixtures. Solvent extraction and leaching isothermal gas absorption, absorption and ion exchange.
Chromatography.

CHE 322: Transport Phenomena                                                                         3 CREDITS
Fluids and the continuum assumption. Incompressible and compressible fluids. Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids.
Perfect and non-ideal gases, steady and unsteady flows. Laminar and turbulent flows. Properties of fluids statics and pressure
measurement. Fluid dynamics, macroscopic continuity (mass). Waive-stroke and Euler (momentum), and Bernoulli
(energy) equations. Flow of incompressible fluids in conducts. Heat-losses caused by boundary resistances and other pipe
fittings.
Flow in non-circular ducts and open channels; Fundamentals of the flow of compressible fluids, Flow measurement,
Introduction to Boundary layer theory. Flow around immersed bodies. Fluid dynamics of Non-Newtonian fluids.
Dimension analysis similarity and modeling.


CHE 342: PARTICULATE TECHNOLOGY                                                                     3 CREDITS
Comminution and particle size analysis, agglomeration. Dynamics of a rigid body, solid-fluids separations: gravity
sedimentations, thickening, classification of solids, flow through porous media; filtration, gas cleaning, fluidized and spouted
bed phenomena. Two phase flow: solid handling, gas-liquid columns. Formation of drops and bubbles. Fluid mechanics of
deformable bodies, mixing of solids, mixing of solids and fluids. Phase dispersion (emulsification) and separation (de-
emulsification).

CHE 301: C HEMICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY                                                               2 CREDITS


CHE 392: BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING                                                                     3 CREDITS



                                                                                                                                32
Introduction to Microbiology and biochemistry. Chemicals of life. Kinetics of enzyme – catalyzed reactions. Applied
enzyme catalysis. Metabolic stoichiometry and energetics. Molecular Genetics and control systems. Kinetics of
substrate utilization. Product yield and biomass production in cell cultures. Transport phenomena in microbial system.
Aerobic and Anaerobic composting process

CHE 332: PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION
                                                                                                 2CREDITS
Transfer functions, Block algebra, Feed forward and fee back control. Frequency response analysis, Proportional, Integral,
and Derivative control actions. PID controller. Control system design. Stability, Root locus. Control tuning, the control valve.
Introduction to multi-variable control.

CHE 352: Heat Transfer                                                                     3 CREDITS
Heat transfer by conduction in solids.
Heat transfer by convection in fluids without phase change.
Heat transfer to fluids with phase change.
Heat Exchange Equipment.
Radiation Heat Transfer.

CHE 372 : Mass Transfer                                                                         3 CREDITS
General Introduction: Fick‟s Law: Diffusion in gas phase: equimolecular counter diffusion, diffusion through a stationary
gas, Maxwell‟s law of diffusion, and diffusivities of various vapours. Diffusion in liquid phase; mass transfer by convention,
transient mass transfer; mass transfer in a turbulent fluid. Mass transfer across phase boundary. Whiteman two-film theory;
Higbe‟s penetration theory, Dankwert‟s random surface renewal. Film penetration , mass transfer coefficients; counter-
current; mass transfer, mass transfer correlations, boundary layer for mass transfer; humidification and water cooling.

CHE 314: TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING                                                            2CREDITS
Examine and appreciate the importance of well produced reports
Identify the actions and features that can lead to a good technical report writing
Organise your points and structure your arguments when writing reports
Write clear and readable reports
Package your reports.



CHE 312: LABORATORY/WORKSHOP PRACTICE
Laboratories courses will be arranged to reflect courses taught content. When necessary, the local environment products will
be used especially when there is need to re-establish their chemical characteristics.


COURSE CONTENT FOR 400 LEVEL

CHE 421: PETROLEUM REFINERY PROCESSES                                                 3 CREDITS
 Refinery Flow Sheet: Overall refinery operations, terminology, storage, interrelationship of processes.
Feed Stocks: Chemistry, properties and types of crude oils, effects of properties on refinery operation. Products: Product
state, motor fuels, heating oils, petrochemical feedstocks, specifications.
Crude Oil Processing: Desalting, atmospheric and vacuum distillation processing for motor fuels yield: catalytic cracking,
hydrocracking, polymerization, processes for improving motor fuel performance; isomerization, alkylation, hydrogenation.
Blending for product specification: Octane, cetane, flash point, viscosity blending. Water and air pollution control: sulfur
removal and recovery, oil and solids removal from waste water biological and absorption methods.
Refinery Economics: Capital and operating costs, equipment justification, return on investment.


                                                                                                                            33
CHE 422: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING ANALYSIS I                                                 3 CREDITS
Formation of mathematical statement of Chemical Engineering. Problems; component mass balance, momentum and
energy balance in unsteady-state operations. Steady-state operations such as solvent extraction in N states. Stirred-tank
reactors, heat exchanger, fins, etc. effect of initial conditions and boundary conditions.
Ordinary Differential Equations. Power series: Taylor series, method of frobenuis. Bassel‟s equations and Bassel functions.
Numerical solutions.
Treatment of Engineering Data: Graphical and numerical integration, maxima and minima. Evaluation of indeterminate
fractions
Probability. Interpretation of Engineering Data: Variance and distribution of random errors. Propagation of errors. Design of
experiments. The Laplace Transform. The Inverse Transform. Convolution. Solution of Partial Differential Equations by
Laplace Transform. Inversion by the method of Resident. Applications of Automatic Control Theory in Chemical
Engineering, etc. Matrices. Complex Algebra.
Partial Differential Equation: Formation from Chemical Engineering problems. Initial and
boundary conditions, methods                        of solution of partial differential equations. Particular,
complementary and complete solutions of partial differential equations. Separation of variables
and orthogonal functions. The Laplace transform method. Illustration from heat conducted,
diffusion of matter and fluid flow problem in chemical engineering. Finite differences and
relaxation methods: Linear finite difference equations, convergence and stability of initial value
problem, implicit of explicit formulations. Digital computer applications. Linear Programming.
The simplex method; graphical methods; computer programme for the simplex method of linear
programming

CHE 423: PROCESS DESIGN I                                                              2 CREDITS
Introduction to factors relating to design, construction, and operation of chemical plants, process flow sheet, block diagrams,
mass balances, systems with recycles, and systems with inerts, heat balances, specification and selection of equipment,
materials specification, utilities, process water, process air, electricity, steam, cost engineering.

CHE 461: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS II                                                   3 CREDITS
Thermodynamic properties of homogeneous mixtures, property relationships to systems of varying compositions, partial
molar properties, solution thermodynamics, ideal solutions, fugacity, Henry‟s Law, Lewis-Randall rule; Gibbs-Duhen
equation, activity, activity coefficient fugacity of mixtures, excess properties.
Phase eqilibria, criteria for phase equilibria, the phase rule, vapour-liquid equilibria or miscible systems at low to moderate
pressures, pressure-temperature composition diagrams, bubble point, dew point and flash calculations. Heat effects, heat
effects accompanying phase changes of pure substances, Clappyton equation, Antoine equation, heat of reaction, heat of
evaporation, heat of combustion, heat of effects of industrial processes, heat effects of mixing processes, enthalpy-
concentration diagrams. Chemical reaction equilibria, criteria for chemical reaction equilibria, equilibrium constant, effects of
temperature on equilibrium constant, equilibrium conversions and compositions for gas phase and liquid-phase reactions.

CHE 481: CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING I                                     2 CREDITS
Optimization of output and yield from ideal reactors, optimum product distribution, design for
multiple reactions. Temperature and pressure effects, optimum temperature progression, adiabatic
operation, non-adiabatic operation, energy balance line, stability of reactors. Non-ideal flow,
residence time distributions, conversion directly from experimental information, models for non-
ideal flow in reactor, dispersion model, tanks-in-series model. Heterogeneous reacting systems,
solid catalyzed reactions, rate controlling steps, rate expressions from postulated mechanisms for


                                                                                                                             34
solid catalytic reactions, effectiveness factor, fluidized bed reactors. Non-catalytic heterogeneous
reacting systems.

CHE 441: POLYMER ENGINEERING                                                               3 CREDITS
Introduction to polymer and their characteristics. Source of monomers, structure and physical properties of polymers:
rheology, solubility and molecular weights. Plasticity and Elasticity, Radiology, Polymerization, Polymer Tehnology. The
William Landel Ferry Equation. Polymerization reactions and manufacturing methods. Ziegler Natta catalysis. Processing
and technology of polymers. Introduction to solvent extraction and chromatography.

CHE 401: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY
Laboratories arranged to reflect the courses content. Also local chemical products will be tested and their chemical properties
re-established.

COURSE CONTENT FOR 500 LEVEL

CHE 521: PROCESS DYNAMICS, & CONTROL                                                          3 CREDITS
Introduction to the dynamics behaviour of processes and process plant control. Laplace transforms and transfer functions.
Forcing functions, e.g steps and unit impulse inputs, and sinusoids. Linear, open and closed-loop systems. Stability and
frequency-response analyses.
Measurement and signal transmission for pressure, temperature, flow rate and level.

Analogue Computation: Passive analogue computers, active analogue computers. Basic amplifier for addition, basic
amplifier for integration. Multiplication by a constant. Multiplication by a variable function generation. Application of
differential equations to process control systems and simulation
.
CHE 523: PROCESS DESIGN II                                                                       3 CREDITS
 Case studies, chemical engineering process design; example draw from actual industrial processes of various types, e.g.
manufacture of synthesis gas from Nigerian natural gas, mechanical synthesis from synthesis gas, manufacture of
formaldehyde by air-oxidation of mechanical, etc.
.
CHE 541: CHEMICAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY                                                                 3CREDITS
The Chemical Industry in Nigeria: size, rate of growth and productivity. Company structure of the
more important ones. Comparison with chemical industries in other countries.
Industrial Water Supply and Waste-Water Treatment: Sources of water, test on water and wastewater. Clarification,
softening, de-ionization and desalination. Treatment of water-water. Industrial inorganic chemicals. Raw materials, technical
and economic principles of processes and routes to products. Flow diagrams, selection from sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid,
ammonia, nitric acid and fertilizers, salt, chlorine and sodium hydroxide; aluminum, iron and steel; tin, cement and glass.
Hydrogen and carbon manoxide: synthesis gas oxo process, water gas, sources of hydrogen and its possible future uses.
Industrial Organic Chemicals: Raw materials, technical and economic principles of processes and routes to product. Flow
diagrams. Selection from oils and fats; soaps and detergents, sugar, paints and varnishes; plastics, wood and pulp and paper.
Environmental Pollution: Air, water and land.
Evaluation of Process: Basic considerations, economic feasibility, technical feasibility and other
considerations.
Chemical patents and trademarks: legal requirements, patent structure and language, etc.

Research and Development (R & D): Function of R & D, process improvement; process development, etc.



                                                                                                                           35
CHE 561 CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING II                                                      3 CREDITS
Solid reactions, rate expression from postulated mechanism for solid catalyzed reactions, effectiveness factors, pore
diffusion, film diffusion, Kinetic measurements for solid catalyzed reactions, experimental reactions, from ideal behaviour;
fluid particle, non-catalytic reactions, progressive conversion model, unreacted core (shrinkage core), model, determination
of the rate controlling step, fluidized bed reactors, fluid-fluid reactions, slurry reactors.
Introduction to applied catalysis, homogeneous, homogeneous and enzymatic catalysis. Heterogeneous catalysis, physical
adsorption, chemisorption, selectivity, catalyst preparation, criteria and test of catalytic performance. Characterization of the
physico-chemical properties, properties of catalysts, texture of solid catalysts, acidity of solid catalysts. Fundamental of
reaction rate theory, and their relationship with catalysts. Deactivation of catalysts, Kinetics and mechanism of some
important industrial catalytic processes .
CHE 562: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND CONTROL (Elective)                                            2CREDITS
Principal pollutant and their sources; municipal, industrial. Air pollution, technological sources of
air pollution, principal pollutant emitted from combustion chambers; particulates, non-
combustibles, unburned particles, particles formed during combustion gases, organic pollutants.
Combustion noise. Dust.

CHE 500:           PROJECT

CHE 512: PROCESS OPTIMIZATION                                                                       2 CREDITS
Optimization: Introduction to optimization in the chemical processes industries; classification theory of maximum and
minima; optimum seating methods, e.g methods of steepers ascent and simplex method; dynamic programming and its
application to sta-wise processes. Linear programming.
Optimization: Analytical procedures; the method of steepest ascent; dynamic programming; Lagrange multiplier method,
Kuln-Tucker conditions for problems with inequality constrains; application to pipelines and refineries.

CHE 532: CHEMICAL PROCESS DESIGN III                                                            3 CREDITS
Design Problem: Students are divided into groups of three each and each group is assigned a chemical engineering process
of design problem. They are allowed two months to complete and submit the design. The design problem is intended to be a
test of the ability of the students to attempt to solve a practical problem in the same way as might be expected if they were
working in industry.

CHE 592: CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OF POLYMERS
            CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OF METALS                                                      3 CREDITS
Polymerization reactions and manufacturing methods. Ziegler Natta Catalysis
Processing and technology of polymers
Modelling and simulation of polymerization reactors.
Chemistry and Technology of Metals Finishing
Introduction to Metals Finishing: metal surface preparation, electrolytic deposition of metals. Distribution of deposit:
throwing power, covering power. The Chemistry of Plant solution: copper plating, nickel plating, chromium plating, tin
plating, zinc plating, silver plating.
Hydrogen adsorption: factors affecting it, mechanism of hydrogen adsorption. Brightness: determination, factors influencing
it. Mechanical properties of electrodeposites: internal stress, hardness, brittleness, adhesion, porosity.
Corrosion testing of metallic coatings.

CHE 500: PROJECT



                                                                                                                             36
LIST OF LABORATORIES
(b)  Separation Process
     Distillation
     Absorption
     Extraction
(c)  Transport Phenomenon
     Fluid Flow
     Heat Transfer
     Mass Transfer
(d)  Reaction Engineering control
     Kinetics
     Reactor System
     Process Control Systems

LIST OF MAJOR EQUIPMENT (TO BE PURCHASE)

Flow Measuring Apparatus
Dryer
Filteration System (Filter Press)
Sedimentation System/Fluid
Particles System
Distillation System
Fluid Circuit System
Free and Forced Convection System
Thermal Conduction System
Heat Exchange System
Milling (Communication) System
Multi-purpose Flow Equipment
Evaporation System
Stirred Tank Reactor
Chemical Reactor System
Demonstration Control System
Viscometer
Oven
PH-Meter
Balances
Centrifuges
Freezer/Refrigerators




                                           37
       CHAPTER 5




   DEPARTMENT OF
CIVIL/ENVIRONMENTAL
    ENGINEERING




                      38
INTRODUCTION
Civil Engineers design highways, bridges, tunnels, large buildings, dams, canals and waterways, water-supply systems
(wells, pipelines, storage facilities), sanitary and sewage treatment and disposal systems, airports and transportation
systems, and related projects. Civil engineers are also involved in city planning and management activities (street
planning, zoning, industrial site development, and management activities tenance functions). Civil Engineering is
somewhat broader than most engineering fields and is often subdivided into more specialized areas, such as city
management, construction engineering, highway engineering, hydraulic engineering, sanitary engineering, structural
engineering, and transportation engineering.
Depending on the field of specialty within civil engineering, knowledge of surveying, geology, structures, hydraulics,
sanitation, air and water pollution control, soil mechanics, and or environmental requirements is necessary.

PHILOSOPHY
The basic philosophy of the Bachelor of Engineering Degree programmes in Civil Engineering is in accordance with
general philosophy of the Faculty of Engineering which is that of total development of man in Engineering for the
welfare of Mankind.

In order to produce graduate with a good and internationally acceptable academic standard and to be of real value to
industry and the nation at large, the programmes stress the importance of analysis, criticism and acquisition of
knowledge in addition to seeking to imbue in the graduate the culture of formulation and solution of problems
involved in making and organizing a culture which emphasizes the design, construction and supervision of works and
services and day-to-day management of affairs.

The programmes are designed to make cognizance of and be in harmony with:
(e)   The Faculty of Engineering, Delta State University general philosophy and objectives on which the Faculty as
      established.
(f)   The philosophy and objectives of the National University Commission (NUC) “ Minimum Standard” of July,
      1989, pertaining to Engineering and Technology. (or as may be review from time-to-time)
(g)    The Council for the regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN) requisites for this area.
(h)   Other Regulating Bodies‟ requisites such as the Nigerian Society of Engineers, and the
(i)   The Nigeria‟s national policy on education, and finally.
(j)   Those philosophies and objectives intrinsic and unique to achieving high academics and professional
      development in Civil Engineering and Technology in this country.

OBJECTIVES
The Bachelor of Engineering Degree courses in Civil Engineering are primarily designed to turn out engineers who
will be capable of serving in the context of Nigeria problems.

To achieve this objective, the following features were incorporated in the B. Eng. Civil Engineering programmes:
    1. Attention to design problems with a bias towards local application.
    2. Ensuring understanding of the broad base of Engineering and the need for interaction between engineering
        and other professional
    3. Ensuring that the students is capable of deep study by giving them close specialization in his final year with a
        project which the student works alone, or in a group under supervision by an academic staff.
    4. Ensuring in in-depth study in a particular area of Civil Engineering through option courses of electives
        where the Lecturer is allowed to aim at a standard between t he Bachelor of Engineering degree and Master of
        Engineering degree, i.e somewhat above the fist degree general courses




                                                                                                                    39
STAFF LIST

ACADEMIC STAFF
S/N NAME                    RANK/          QUALIFICATION/   SPECIALIZATION
                            DESIGNATION    DATE OBTAINED
1   Engr. B.O. Enamuotor    Lecturer II/   Ph.D – in view
                            Coordinator    COREN (2004)     Civil and
                                           NSE (2001)       Environmental
                                           M.Eng (2000)
                                           B.Eng (1992)
2   Mr I. I. Mokwenye       Lecturer II    Ph.D – in view
                                           NES – 2005       Civil and Water
                                           M.Eng – 2005     Engineering
                                           B.Eng – 1999
3   Engr. Agori             Lecturer II



TECHNICAL STAFF
S/N NAME                    RANK/           QUALIFICATION/ SPECIALIZATION
                            DESIGNATION DATE OBTAINED
1   Mr Rufus Ejiro Iwemah   Technologist II HND – 2006     Civil and
                                            ND - 2003      Environmental
2   Mr Lucky Osiwime        Technologist II HND – 2007     Civil
    Umukoro                                 ND – 2004


ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
S/N NAME                    RANK/       QUALIFICATION/ SPECIALIZATION
                            DESIGNATION DATE OBTAINED
1




                                                                              40
300 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE COURSE TITLE                             L   T   P   COURSE
            CODE                                                     CREDIT
            EMA 381  Engineering Mathematics III         2   1   -      3
            MEE 361  Fluid Mechanics                     1   1   -      2
            PRE 321  Manufacturing Technology            2   -   -      2
     I      CVE 321  Strength of Materials II            2   1   -      3
            CVE 323  Elements of Architecture/Civil      2   -   3      3
                     Drawing
            CVE 327  Civil Engineering Materials         2   1   -     3
            CVE 341  Engineering Geology I               2   -   -     2
            CVE 343  Soil Mechanics                      2   -   -     2
            ELA 301  Laboratory/Workshop Practice        -   -   6     2
                     Total Credits                                    22
            EMA 372  Engineering Mathematics IV          3   1   -     4
            EEE 336  Engineering Entrepreneurship        1   1   -     2
     II     CVE 314  Structural Mechanics I              2   1   -     3
            CVE 313  Design of Concrete Structures I     2   -   3     3
            CVE 342  Engineering Geology II              2   -   -     2
            CVE 352  Building Technology                 2   1   -     3
            CVE 353  Engineering       Surveying     &   2   1   -     3
                     Photogrammetry
            ELA 311  Laboratory/Workshop Practice        -   -   6      2
                     Total Credits                                     22

                             Total = 48

400 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE COURSE TITLE                             L   T   P   COURSE
            CODE                                                     CREDIT
            EMA 481  Engineering Mathematics V           2   1   -      3
            CVE 421  Structural Mechanics II             2   -   -      3
            CVE 423  Design of Steel Structures I        2   -   -      3
     I      CVE 441  Highway Transportation              2   1   -      3
                     Engineering
            CVE 431  Hydraulics and Hydrology            2   1   -     3
            CVE 461  Engineering Surveying &             1   1   -     3
                     Photogrammetry II
            CVE 483  Civil Engineering Practice          2   -   -     2
            ELA 401  Laboratory Practice                 -   -   6     2
                     Total Credits                                     22
    II                  SIX MONTHS DSUITS




                                                                              41
500 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE                COURSE TITLE                       L T     P   COURSE
              CODE                                                            CREDIT
             PRE 581 Engineering Mgt. And Economics               2 1     -     3
             CVE 523 Prestressed Design of Concrete               1 -     3     2
                     Structures
             CVE 541 Water Resources and Environ Mgt.             3 1     -       4
     I       CVE 542 Highway and Transportation Eng. II           2 1     -       3
             CVE 543 Geotechnical/Foundation                      2 1     -       3
                     Engineering
             CVE 501 Project                                      -   -   9       3
                     * OPTIONAL COURSES
             CVE 545  Advanced Structural Engineering I           2 1     -      3
             CVE 547 Water Resources and Environ. Eng             2 1     -      3
             CVE 546  Highway and Transport Engineering           2 1     -      3
                     Total Credits                                               21
                PRE 572      Construction/Project Mgt.            3   -   6       3
                CVE 512      Structural Mechanics III             2   1   -       3
                CVE 514      Design of Concrete Structures III    1   1   -       2
                CVE 532      Engineering Hydrology                2   1   -       3
     II         CVE 533      Geotechnical/Foundation              3   -   -       3
                             Engineering
                 CVE 511 Project                                  -   -   9       3
                                  * OPTIONAL COURSES
                 CVE 516 Advanced Structural Engineering II       2   1   -       3
                 CVE 551 Water Resources and Environ. Eng.        2   1   -       3
                 CVE 536 Highway and Transportation Eng.          2   1   -       3
                 CVE 556 Special Topics in                        2   1   -       3
                             Geotechnical/Foundation Eng.
                 CVE 576 Building Technology                      2 1     -      3
                             Total Credits                                       20
* Only one of the Optional Courses can be taken.


COURSE CONTENT FOR 300 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING

CVE 321: STRENGTH OF MATERIAL II                        3 CREDITS
 i. Advance topics in Bending moment and shear force in beams.
 ii. Theory of bending of beams. Deflections of beams, unsymmetrical bending and shear center, applications.
      Strain energy.
 iii. Biaxial and triaxial state of stress. Transformation of stresses. Morh‟s circle. Failure theories.
 iv. Springs.
 v. Creep fatigue, fraction and stress concentration.

CVE 323: ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE/CIVIL DRAWING                              3 CREDITS
    i. Principles of graphic communication – lettering, anthropometric
   ii. Draughting techniques and architectural representation.
  iii. Element design & Civil Engineering drawing; plans, views, sections e.t.c.

CVE 327: CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS                      3 CREDITS
 (i) Concrete Technology: Types of cements, aggregates, properties, concrete mix: design, properties and their
      determination.
 (ii) Steel Technology: Production, fabrication and properties: corrosion and its prevention. Tests on steel and
      quality control.




                                                                                                             42
  (iii) Timber Technology: Types of wood, properties, defects, stress grading,. Preservation and fire protection.
        Timber products.
  (iv) Rubber, plastics, asphalt, tar, glass, lime, bricks, etc. Applications to buildings. Roads and Bridge.


CVE 341: ENGINEERING GEOLOGY I                       3 CREDITS
 i. Introduction: Definition, scope and subdivision of geology. Aspects of geology and their relevance of Civil
      Engineering. Brief discussion on the origin and evolution of the planets, the earth and its relations to the sun,
      and other planets.
 ii. Structure and Composition of the Earth: The core, the mantle and the crust. Composition of the various layers.
      Radioactivity and magnetism of some rocks and minerals.
 iii. Geology Processes:
          (a) Exogenic processes (weathering and erosion)
          (b) Endogenic processes (Magna – its origin, crystallization, differential and solidification into rocks-earth
               quakes. Volcanoes, rifting and continental drifts).
 iv. Geotectonic Processes:
       Folding, faulting jointing and rifting.
       Isostasy, changes in eustatic sea levels, causes and effect.
       Transgression and regression.
       Tectonic and sedimentation.

CVE 343: SOIL MECHANICS                        2 CREDITS
Introduction. Formation of Soils. Soil Air-water Relationship. Soil classification. Mineralogy of Soils. Soil structures.
1.       Compacting and Soil Stabilization: Laboratory and field methods of compaction. Standard compaction, the
         modified AASHO and the West African Standards in particular. Moisture content and dry density
         relationship; mechanical stabilization; cement stabilization, lime stabilization and bitumen stabilization.
2.       Flow of Water in Soils: Seepage and permeability, theoretical and graphical moment when involving
         sketching of flow and equippotentials lines. Constant head falling head perimeter tests.
3.       Stresses in Soils: Total and effective stress, pore pressure. Moduli of elasticity, Poisson‟s ratio. Introduction
         of pavered system from Bousineq‟s theory, Westergeard theory.
4.       Site Investigation: Case for site investigation, visual inspection and sub-surface exploration. Methods of
         sampling, fields tests. Soil types. Soil profiles and laboratory identification tests. soil surveys.
5.       Laboratory and course work.

ELA 301: LABORATORY/WORKSHOP PRACTICE                           2 CREDITS

CVE 314: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS I                         3 CREDITS
 (i) Analysis of determinate structures, beams, trusses; structure theorems.
 (ii) Influence lines for statically determinate structure: beams, trusses and arches.
 (iii) Graphical methods: Application to simple determinate trusses: Williot Mohr diagram.
 (iv) Deflection of statically determinate structure: unit load, moment area method.
 (v) Strain energy methods.
 (vi) Introduction to statically indeterminate structures.

CVE 313: DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURE I                               3 CREDITS
 (i) Fundamentals of design process, materials selection, building regulations and codes of practice.
 (ii) Design philosophy, elastic design: limit state design
 (iii) Design of structural elements in reinforced concrete.

CVE 342: ENGINEERING GEOLOGY II                       3 CREDITS
1. Stratigraphy
    Historical geology and stratigraphy ( the age of the earth, geologic aged)
    Geology time scale, measuring geological time
    Fossil records (Keys to the past, the records left on rocks by fossils)
    Importance of fossils, type of fossil unconformities
2. Introduction to the Geology of Nigeria
    The basement complex


                                                                                                                      43
      The cretaceous and younger sedimentary rocks
      Major soil types and their distribution
3.   Mineral Resources of the Earth
      Definition and physical properties of minerals
      Mineral types: fossil fuels, organic minerals, non-metallic minerals and rocks, metallic minerals.
      Minerals resources of Nigeria with particular emphasis on discussion on petroleum as to its origin, physical
       state of the hydrocarbons, migration, accumulation and exploitation.
      Minerals in the economy of Nigeria.

CVE 352: BUILDING TECHNOLOGY                                                           3 CREDITS
1.    Principles of modern building: strength and stability. Framed and load bearing construction. Site mobilization
      and setting out of the building. Basic methods of building construction: wood, mansonry, steel and concrete.
2.    Building elements – materials and method of construction – foundation. Floor systems, framing systems,
      openings – windows. Doors vents etc. staircase, cladding systems and partitions, roofing system insulation –
      (vapour, sound and heat).
3.    System building – pre-fabrication systems, pre- and post- stressing. Etc. Advanced building systems.
4.    Structure and organization of construction schedules. Cost planning and control. Pre- and post- tender
      planning. Network analysis and arrow diagram.

CVE 353: ENGINEERING SURVEYING & PHOTOGRAMMETRY I                                      3 CREDITS
Introduction- Traversing instruments for traversing, theololite traverses, computation and adjustment of ordinary
traverse. Bowditch and transit methods, reduced bearings and whole circle bearings. Uses of hand calculators and
computers writing of basic programmes for traverse and levels.

Application of traverse to setting out of tunnels, pipelines, etc. Technometry methods for inclined line of sights.
Substance heightening; study of self-reducing tachometers and electronic distance leisuring equipment.

Trigonometric heightening –reciprocal and simultaneous reciprocal observations.

Introduction to photogrammetry and remote sensing. Practical work: chain surveying exercises; compass traverse,
running liens of levels and elementary sectioning and theodolite task.

ELA 311: LABORATORY/WORKSHOP PRACTICE

COURSE CONTENT FOR 400 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING
CVE 421: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS II                             2 CREDITS
   (i)     Indeterminate structural analysis; energy and virtual work methods, slope deflection and moment
           distribution methods.
   (ii)    Elastic stability.
   (iii)   Simple plastic theory of bending, collapse loads.
   (iv)    Stress-grading of timber: visual, mechanical and electronic stress grading of timber.

CVE 423: DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES II                       2 CREDITS
   (i)    Limit state philosophy and design in steel; elastic and elastic moment design.
   (ii)   Design structural elements in steel and connections and joints.
   (iii)  Limit state philosophy and design in timber elastic methods and design in timber.
   (iv)   Laboratory tests on structural elements in concrete, timber and steel.

CVE 441: HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING                                    3 CREDITS
   (i)    History of Road Development: Early development – Treasaquet, Metca, f, Teldord and Macadam
          construction; modern development. Importance of Highway Engineering in relation to socio-economic
          development.
   (ii)   Soil Engineering (Aspect of Highways): Soil tests and bore-hole analysis; Compaction and effective
          compaction equipment. Soil stabilization and various soil stabilization processes.
   (iii)  Highway Geometrics: Factors controlling alignments, geometric plan elements-sight distance, design
          speeds; horizontal alignment; simple circular and transition curves, horizontal curves super-elevation and
          pavements widening; vertical alignment-gradient limits, curve types, summit curves and valley curves;



                                                                                                                 44
             co-ordination of horizontal and vertical alignment –highway cross-section elements, cross slopes and
             shoulders.
    (iv)     Pavements structure and Design: Pavement types, pavement layers and their functions; highway flexible
             pavements-factors affecting design, CBR method for flexible pavements.
    (v)      Laboratory: It is presumed that the needed laboratory test will be covered by requirements stipulated in
             the courses of civil engineering materials and soil mechanics.

CVE 431: HYDRAULICS AND HYDROLOGY                            3 CREDITS
Dimensional Analysis, Similitude and Hydraulic Models. Laminar Flow. Turbulent Flow: Stream function, velocity
potential and application to flow nets. Steady Flow in Closed Conduits. Unsteady Flow in Closed Conduit: Pumps.
Turbines. Introduction to Hydrology.

CVE 461: ENGINEERING SURVEYING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRY I 3 CREDITS
   1.    Further works contours and contouring. Various methods of contouring – direct and indirect, contour
         Interpolation, uses of contour plans and maps.
   2.    Areas and Volumes: Longitudinal and cross-sectional profiling, formation levels of new roads, cut and fills
         and various other sections. Determination of areas by approximate methods, area by double merioin-
         distance method. Volume of earthwork- the prismodal method, Edo- Area rule and the prismoid correction.
   3.    Setting out and Monitoring of Engineering Works: Techniques for various works, baselines, sewers and
         drains. Highway-horizontal curves, vertical transition curves. Setting of building lines and vertical
         alignment of buildings. Setting of dams and bridges. Monitoring of ground and structures.
   4.    Elementary Topographical Survey: Introduction to photogrammetry-aerial and round taken photographs,
         vertical and near vertical photographs and the appropriate geometric relationship, causes of distortions, uses
         of aerial photographs for production of plans- by Arundel method and by the use of photogrammetric
         equipment. Heighting from aerial photographs – application to contouring and profiling. Introduction to
         remote sensing. Equipment, image transmission from space, digital imagery. Compilation of topographic
         maps and plans from data acquired by the lands and SPOT satellites. Uses of photogrammetry and remote
         sensing to the engineers. Digital terrain modeling and applications.
   5.    Practical Work Includes: More detailed theodolite reversing and minor triangulations, planes tabling
         exercises for detail survey and setting out of works; longitudinal and cross-section profiling; concept of
         parallax-use of parallax bar for height measurements; setting out of horizontal curves and building curves;
         plotting from aerial photographs and heigting and contouring

CVE 483: CIVIL ENGINEERING PRACTICE                         2 CREDITS
   1.    Civil Engineering works standard and measurements.
   2.    Contracts and sub-contracting.
   3.    Works construction and supervision.
   4.    Job planning and control – programme charts – bar charts, critical path methods, etc.
   5.    Construction machinery and equipment.
   6.    Application/case study – dams, foundations, bridges, highways, industrial buildings, sewage works.

    ELA 401: LABORATORY PRACTICE


COURSE CONTENT FOR 500 LEVEL CIVIL ENGINEERING

CVE 523: PRESTRESSED DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES                                        2 CREDITS
1. Composite Design and construction in steel and reinforced concrete.
2. Design of structural foundation.
3. Modern structural form, tall buildings, lift shafts and shear walls, system building
4. Design projects.

CVE 541: WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING                                    4 CREDITS
Introduction to open channel flow; Uniform flow, Steady Gradually Varied Flow, Hydraulic jump, Control structures,
Design of municipal storm drains.




                                                                                                                    45
Introduction to multiple purpose reservoir design for food control water supply, irrigation, recreation, navigation and
erosion control.

Unsteady open channel flow, Environmental Engineering Water supply. Waste Water, Air Pollution, Noise Pollution.
Design of septic tanks, soakaway and sewerless toilets. Solid wastes: sources, the composition and effects, methods of
analysis.

CVE 542 HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING II                                              3 CREDITS
Highway Planning and Traffic Surveys: Locating and Physical surveys and general highway network; vehicle and
driver characteristics; speed studies, delay studies, origin and destination studies and traffic composition studies .

Pavement structure and Design: Highway and airport pavements; corps for engineers method, Asphalt Institute method
for flexible highway pavements; CBP method extended to airport pavement design, Portland Cement Association
method for rigid airport pavements.

Traffic Management: Accident studies, traffic control devices-traffic signals, markings and operation arrangements of
traffic signals, design of traffic signals.

CVE 543: GEOTECHNICAL/FOUNDATION ENGINEERING                                      3 CREDITS
Stress in Soils: Total and effective atress; Pore water pressure and pore pressure coefficients A and B; Seepage
pressure; liquefaction, quick and sand boiling; Introduction of stress distribution in layered system from Boussinesq
theory and Westergaard theory, for various configuration. The 2:1 methods of stress distribution .

Elastic settlement of structures on clay. One-dimensional consolidation; the cedometer test, determination of pre-
consolidation pressure, primary and secondary consolidation. Analysis of total and time rate of settlement.

Shear Strength of Soils: General strength consideration, state of stress at a point and Mohr stress circle. Mohr
Colulomb theory of failure; shear tests; vane shear test, direct shear test, triaxial test; shear strength of saturated clays,
shear strength of compacted unsaturated clays, sensitivity of soils, residual parameters.


CVE 501: PROJECT

CVE 545: ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING I (OPTIONAL)                                          3 CREDITS
(i) Analysis of Plates and Shells, frame, column and plate instability.
(ii) Design, optimization, structural dynamics, structural safety.
(iii) Beam on elastic foundation, pilled structures.

CVE 547: WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (OPTION)
               3 CREDITS
   1. Quantity: Population forecasting and per capital consumption, water equipments for domestic, public,
      commercial, industrial and agricultural purposes.
   2. Collection: Rainwater from roofs, determination of storage capacity for small individual supplies; surface
      water from reservoirs, rivers. Intake structures; groundwater; transmission conduits.
   3. Treatment: Flow diagrams for the treatment of surface and ground water, preliminary treatment, screening
      coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation. Slow sand, rapid sand, and pressure filters. Disinfection; water
      softening, iron and manganese removal; chemical for water treatment.
   4. Distribution: Storage tanks an service reservoirs. Mains pipelines and distribution network. Valves, meters
      and
   5. Laboratory and course work.

CVE 546: HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING (OPTIONAL)                                         3 CREDITS
   1. Highway planning: Role and importance of transportation, modes of transportation; special characteristics of
      road transportation, vis-à-vis others; Highway planning – road pattern, planning surveys, master plan.
   2. Traffic and transportation engineering: Scope of traffic engineering; traffic characteristics; traffic studies;
      traffic operation, intersections; parking facilities-highway planning, transportation planning.




                                                                                                                          46
    3.   Construction Materials: Flexible and rigid pavements materials; semi-rigid pavement materials; stabilized
         soil; Newer materials.
    4.   Laboratory: The laboratory work may involve, depending on the nature of project chosen, some specialized
         traffic studies on a given area.

CVE 512: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS III                             2 CREDITS
   1. Plastic methods of structural analysis.
   2. Matrix methods of structural analysis.
   3. Elastic instability.
   4. Continuum of plane strain, elastic flat plates and torsion, solution by series, finite difference, finite element,
      yield line analysis and strip methods of slabs.
   5. Application of the theory of elasticity to engineering problems.
   6. Application of the theory of elasticity to engineering problems. Beams having initial curvature, stresses and
      deformations in loaded rings, buckling and local yield, stress concentrations.
   7. laboratory test of structural elements.

CVE 514: DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES III                              2 CREDITS
   1. Philosophy, methods and system and prestressing.
   2. Serviceability limit state design of structural elements: cable curve fitting; losses of prestress; shear, bond and
      deflection; cable extension; anchorages.
   3. Ultimate limit state design of structural elements – strength in flexure and shear.
   4. Composite construction.

CVE 532: ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY                                3 CREDITS
   1. Grounds hydrology: types of geology formations; physical properties of aquifers. Darcy law and hydraulic
      conductivity. Steady aquifers flows and estimation of hydraulic conductivity. Unsteady flow and estimation
      of the storage coefficient. Groundwater exploration, well construction and pumping. Unsaturated flow.
   2. Surface water hydrology: surface runoff and factors that affect surface runoff; catchment characteristics:
      hydrography analysis: unit hydrograph and applications.
   3. Reservoir and river routing: Routing equation application to flood routing over reservoirs and rivers.
   4. Hydrological forecasting: the need for forecasting : a frequency analysis.
   5. Laboratory and course work.

CVE 533: GEOTECHNICAL/FOUNDATION ENGINEERING                                     3 CREDITS
   1. Bearing Capacity: Ultimate, safe and allowable bearing capacities. Bearing capacity factors; case of shallow
      an deep foundations, factor of safety, shape effects; footings under eccentric and inclined loads.
   2. Foundation: Type and choice of foundations: footings, rafts and pipe. Use and general characteristics of pipes,
      pile in sand, piles in clay. Negative skin friction; pile groups, bearing capacity and settlement of pile groups;
      efficiency of pile groups.
   3. Earth Pressure: Pressure equilibrium. Active, passive and at-reset pressures, earth pressure coefficients,
      computation of earth pressure using the Rankline and the Coulomb wedge theories, and Cukhan‟s method.
      Earth pressure on retaining walls. Types and analysis of retaining wall. The use of bracings as lateral support
      in open cuts, anchored bulkheads, free earth support method of analysis.
   4. Slope Stability: Types and mechanics of slope failures. Theoretical and graphical solutions of slope stability
      problems. Effect of tension cracks on slope stability. Ordinary methods of slices.

CVE 512: PROJECT

PRE 572: CONSTRUCTION/PROJECT MANAGEMENT                                                 3 CREDITS
Introduction to estimating cost, time and materials, Resources. Management, Materials management, Interest
formulae, Rate of return, Method of economic evaluation, selection between alternatives. Planning and Decision
making forecasting planning, scheduling construction control Gantt chart, CPM, and PERT. Earth moving –
equipment selection, capabilities, concrete production. Transport and Materials handling; selection of transport media
for construction materials and equipment, faculty layout and location.




                                                                                                                      47
CVE 516: ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING II (OPTIONAL)                               3 CREDITS
   1. Feasibility study and planning of building and Civil Engineering works and construction. Structural appraisal
      of Buildings.
   2. Design and detailing of major structural engineering works – specifications.

CVE 551: WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (OPTIONAL)
                 3 CREDITS
Wastewater, Solid Waste, Air Pollution and Control.

CVE 536: HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING (OPTIONAL)                                        3 CREDITS
Pavement Design, Construction and Maintenance, Special Aspects, Laboratory.

CVE 556: SPECIAL TOPICS IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING (OPTIONAL)                                    3 CREDITS
The behavour of rocks and soils in building and engineering construction, foundations, dams, tunnels and flood control
works.

Shore – line engineering, earthquake problems and field investigation. Construction of embankment over soft ground.
Use of mats (geotextiles and facies). Vertical sand drains, surcharging and stage construction.

CVE 576: BUILDING TECHNOLOGY (OPTIONAL)                                3 CREDITS
   1. Principles of use of materials: concrete, mortars, timber, sheet claddings for walls.
   2. Joints and jointing compounds; lining and finishes.
   3. Building Economics: Cost planning and control, planning economy. Construction economy – running costs
      and maintenance costs.

CVE 511: PROJECT                                                       3 CREDITS




                                                                                                                   48
    LIST OF LABORATORY/ WORKSHOP AREAS
          (a) Structural Engineering
              (k)     Civil Engineering Materials Laboratory
              (ii)    Structures Laboratory
                      Routine Testing
                      Models and Prototype Testing
              (iii)   Studio/Design Office.

                    (b) Geotechnial Engineering:
                        (i) Field soil survey and testing (including sub-soil investigation and drilling).
                        (ii) Laboratory Soil/ Rock Testing
                    (c) Geodetic Engineering and Photogrammetry:
                        (i) Laboratory Equipment Stores
                        (ii) Photogrammetry & Remote sensing Laboratory
                    (d) Water Resources & Environmental Engineering
                        (i) Hydraulic Laboratory
                        (ii) Hydrology Laboratory
                        (iii) Environmental Health Laboratory
                    (e) Highway & Transportation Engineering
                        (i) Highway Materials Testing Laboratory
                        (ii) Pavement Laboratory

LIST OF MAJOR EQUIPMENT
  (a) STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY
      (i)   Universal Testing Machine with accessories for Tension, Compression, Transverse 180 0 cold Bend,
            Double Sheer, Punching and Brunerl Hardness Tests. Capacity – 1000Kn, Transverse Beam – 500 KN.
      (ii) Proto-type Test Facilities for testing of proto-type in structural elements, i.e Beams, Frames, Trusses,
            etc. Accessories for the purpose include 1000KN, 250 KN load rings, Electronics load cells. Faculty
            Workshop facilities, Demec High Accuracy Gauges, Hydraulic Jack, etc.
      (iii) Compression Testing Machine and Transverse Flexural Testing Frame: Suitable for standard
            compression, flexural tensile tests and split cylinder tests on standard concrete and wood specimens to
            BS 1881 and CP 112 respectively. Shear rig can be manufactured and attached to this machine for testing
            shear strength of wood and glued wood joins. Capacity of the machine is 2500 KN.
      (iv) Routine Testing and Demonstration Equipment: This includes Hamsfied Extensometers, arc frames,
            suspension bridge frame and pin-jointed work.
      (v)   Concrete Batching and Making Equipment:
            (a)    Multi-flow mixers 112 DM3 (4ft3) and 56 DM (2ft3) capacities 200-240
            (b)    Test BS Sieves of various sizes.
            (c)    Semi-Automatic scale 25kg capacity
            (d)    Automatic scale 500kg capacity
            (e)    Standard moulds of various sizes and tamping rods
            (f)    Vibrating table.
      (vi) Concrete Quality and Workability Equipment:
            (a)    Slum cone apparatus to BS 1881 ASTM C143
            (b)    Compacting factor apparatus to BS 1881. (2 sizes)
            (c)    Vibro Consistometer to BS 1881
            (d)    Vicat Appratus
            (e)    Air Entainment meter

      (b)           WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY
               i.    Laminar / Turbulent pipe flow apparatus
              ii.    Radia flow pump
            iii.     Radia flow turbine
             iv.     Surges in pipes apparatus
              v.     Surge tower
             vi.     Water Hammer apparatus
            vii.     Evaporating dish



                                                                                                                49
                Steam bath or infared lamp
                Drying oven
                Dissiccator
                Analytical balance
                Reagents – Sodium hydroxide, IN, Distilled
                Water, phosphate buffer solution, magnesium
                Surface solution, calcium chloride solution, ferric chloride solution, acid and alkali solution, etc.

        viii. (a) Incubators
              (b) Colory counter (Quebec)
              (c) PH Meters
              (d) Pippetters and cylinders
              (e) Petric dishes
              (f) Sample bottles
              (g) Burner
           i. Laboratory flow channel
          ii. Fibre glass
         iii. Thermometers
         iv. Funnels
          v. Test tubes

    (c) GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING/HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
    LABORATORY:
       i. Triaxial testing machine complete with transducers, cells and accessories.
      ii. Motorised direct/residual shear box machine complete with load rings, set of weight and accessories.
     iii. CBR Testing machine complete with moulds, load ring gauge and accessories.
     iv.  Consolidation apparatus complete with cells, gauges and set of weights.
      v.  Laboratory vane test apparatus complete with set of springs and motorizing attachment.
     vi.  Large capacity floor mounting electric ovens 40 0C to 160C.
    vii.  Hotplates with simmerstat haet control unit 220-240 V, 2000 W.
   viii.  Mettler top-loading balance with optical scale 100g, Reliability 0.01g, capacity 1.3kg.
     ix.  Graduated twine beam scale complete with two stainless steel pans 0 to 200g x 10g.
      x.  Smi-automatic balance, 25 kg capacity complete with scoop and set of counter weights.
     xi.  Augographic unconfined compression apparatus complete with platens springs.
    xii.  Unconfined compression apparatus complete with platens and strain gauge mounting assembly and dial
          gauge.
   xiii.  Automatic sieve shaker for up to 200mm diameters sieve.
   xiv.   BS sieve 212mm and 200mm diameters
    xv.   Simple hand boring sampling augers complete with accessories.
   xvi.   Portable drilling unit with two-stroke petrol engine and two pairs of handles complete with extension rods.
  xvii.   Atterberg limits determination apparatus complete with liquid limit device and accessories.
 xviii.   High-speed stirrer complete with cup and baffler.
   xix.   Constant temperature bath complete with dydrometer jars, watt heater, thermostat, etc.
    xx.   CBR Marshall tester complete with breaking head stability mould and flow meter dial gauge.
   xxi.   Compaction pedestal complete with hammer and mould body.
  xxii.   Constant head permeability apparatus complete with cells and accessories.
 xxiii.   Standard proctor compaction mould, 100CM 3 capacity complete with rammers and accessories.
  xxiv.   Geonor swelling test apparatus complete with cells and accessories.
   xxv.   Riffle boxes complete with three rigid metal containers.
  xxvi.   Wax melting pot with thermostatic control up to 1500 0C range.
 xxvii.   Hand-operated extruder – screw type sample extruder for 38mm dia. Complete with building sample tube
          supports.
xxviii.   Procto/core cutter extruder comprising of a frame and a 15-KN hydraulic jack.
  xxix.   Universal extruder complete with enclosed self-priming hydraulic pump and ram, accessories and mould
          adaptors.
   xxx.   Bench-moulding mixer with three – speed gear box complete with stainless steel bowl 7.5 dm3 capacity.
  xxxi.   Long stem soil hydrometer graduate 0.995 to 1.030g/ml.



                                                                                                                        50
  xxxii.    Sieving extractor complete with clamps and clamming ring for use with sieves dia.
 xxxiii.    Minor centrifuge complete with 8-place angle head, 8 x 50 ml metal buckets.
 xxxiv.     Ductilometer for testing 4 specimens complete with briquette moulds and base.
  xxxv.     Flash and fire –points apparatus gas heated.

(d) GEODETIC ENGINEERING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRY LABORATORY:
     i. Theodolites
    ii. Levels
  iii.  Compasses
   iv.  Umbrellas
    v.  Protractors
   vi.  Steel tapes
  vii.  Engineer‟s chains
 viii.  Levelling staffs
   ix.  Ranging roads
    x.  Surveyor‟ scales
   xi.  Various graph papers
  xii.  French curves
 xiii.  Log tables
 xiv.   Planimeters
  xv.   Plumb bobs
 xvi.   Arrows
xvii.   Field books

WORKSHOP FACILITIES
Students should be subjected to the following workshop facilities:
     i. Lathe machine
    ii. Milling machine
   iii. Bench work (for metals and capentry)
   iv. Welding, Auto Servicing, Minor Sheet metal work.




                                                                                                51
          CHAPTER 6




     DEPARTMENT OF
 ELECTRICAL/ ELECTRONICS
AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING




                           52
1.0 INTRODUCTION
Electrical and electronic engineers are responsible for the design and development of systems that create, transfer and
utilize energy. This includes electrical power systems, computer systems, communication systems, electronic systems
(radar, navigation, fire control and missile guidance, signal processing equipment, etc), electro-optical devices;
instrumentation, appliances, and small electrical/electronic components. As is the case in civil engineering, this field is
often subdivided into more specialized areas, such as electrical engineering, electronic engineering, communications
engineering, power engineering and computer engineering. Knowledge of electricity, electronic theory (e.g. analog
and digital techniques, transistors, semiconmagnetic wave theory, and related subjects is required.

2.0 DEGREE PROGRAMME
The department offers a degree programme leadidng to the award of the Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng) in
Electrical/Electronics and Computer Engineering.

3.0 PHILOSOPHY
The Philosophy of the Department is geared towards the in-depth acquisition of the knowledge and skills of all aspects
of electrical, electronics and computer engineering; the industrial knowledge with high academic standard and
adequate practical background for self actualization as well as being of immediate value to industry and the
community in general.

4.0 OBJECTIVE
The main objectives of the Department Undergraduate Degree programme are as follows:
    1. To train engineers to meet the commercial, industrial, educational and technological, electrical and computer
         manpower needs of Nigeria.
    2. To produce technocrats who can keep up with the rapid pace of change in the electrical and computer industry
         world – wide.
    3. To train engineers who can provide the technical support base for the fast growing population of computers,
         computes owners and users in Nigeria.
    4. To provide Nigeria with engineers who can design, produce, maintain and serve computer components,
         peripherals and systems.
    5. To produce engineers who can operate and maintain (O&M) power generation, transmission, distribute and
         commercialization in the power supply and utilization industry.
Each student must complete a project work in final year. Projects normally reflect relevance towards the technological
needs of the Country.

5.0 STAFF LIST

ACADEMIC STAFF
S/N STAFF NAME AND QUALIFICATION                              POSITION                        SPECIALIZATION
1     Prof. P.A. Kuale, B.Eng, Ph.D, FNSE, COREN              Professor                       Power and Machines

2     S.O. Otuagoma B.Eng, M.Eng                              Lecturer I                      Power and Machines

3     Engr. M.A. Otomi, B.Sc, M.Eng, MNSE, COREN              Lecturer II                     Control

4     Engr. E.N. Umayah, B.Eng, M.Eng                         Lecturer II                     Electronic/Telecom.

5     Engr. G. I. Efenedo, B.Eng, M.Eng                       Lecturer II                     Electronics




                                                                                                                       53
TECHNICAL STAFF
S/N STAFF NAME AND QUALIFICATION    POSITION          SPECIALIZATION
1   Mr Happy Chidi Onyeoru, B.Eng   Technologist II   Power/Computer

2   Miss M.E. Odudu, B.Sc           Technologist II   Computer/Physics

3   Miss O.O. Afieroho, ND, HND     Technologist II   Telecom/Electronics
                                                      Physics Electronics
4   Mr Oyubu Akpovi Oyubu           Technologist II
                                                      Technology


ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
S/N STAFF NAME AND QUALIFICATION    POSITION          SPECIALIZATION
1

2

3




                                                                            54
300 LEVEL ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS/COMPUTER ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE              COURSE TITLE           L T P COURSE
             CODE                                         CREDIT
            EMA 381 Engineering Mathematics III     2 1 -   3
            PRE 321 Manufacturing Technology II     2 - -   3
            EEE 321 Electrical Theory I             2 1 -   3
            EEE 323 Electrical and Electronic       2 1 -   3
     I              Measurement
            EEE 324 Modern Physics and Electrical   2 1 -   3
                    Materials
            EEE 341 Basic Power & Machines          2 1 -   3
            EEE 361 Basic Computer Engineering      2 - -   3
            ELA 301 Laboratory/Workshop Practice    -   6   2
                    Total Credits                           22
            EMA 372 Engineering Mathematics IV      3 1 -   4
            EEE 312 Electrical Theory II            2 1 -   2
            EEE 314 Electromagnetic Theory          2 1 -   3
     II     EEE 332 Electrical Machines I           2 1 -   3
            EEE 336 Engineering Entrepreneurship    1 1 -   2
            EEE 372 Electronic Devices and Circuits 2 1 -   3
            EEE 376 Logic Design & Digital Circuits 2 1 -   3
            ELA 312 Laboratory/Workshop Practice    - - 6   2
                    Total Credits                           23


400 LEVELS ELECTRICAL / ELECTRONICS/COMPUTER ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE COURSE TITLE                          L T P COURSE
            CODE                                            CREDIT
            EMA 481 Engineering Mathematics V         2 1 -    3
            EEE 441 Electrical Machines II            2 1 -    3
            OR      OR
     I      CPE 443 Computers Programming Languages
            EEE 444 Energy Generation, Distribution & 2 1 -    3
                    Utilization
            EEE 461 Control Theory                    2 1 -    3
            EEE 462 Instrumentation                   2 1 -    3
            EEE 463 Electronic Circuits I             2 1 -    3
            EEE 464 Telecommunication Principles I    2 1 -    3
            ELA 401 Laboratory                        - - 6    2
                    Total Credits                             23
   II              SIX MONTHS DSUITS


500 LEVEL ELECTRICAL / ELECTRONICS/COMPUTER ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE COURSE TITLE                        L T P COURSE
            CODE                                          CREDIT
            PRE 581 Engineering Management I        3 - -    3
            CPE 581 Digital Computer Network        2 1 -    3
            EEE 543 Power System I                  2 1 -    3
     I      EEE 544 Electronic Circuits II          2 1 -    3
            EEE 545 Telecommunication Principles II 2 1 -    3
            EEE 561 Reliability and Maintenance     3 - -    3
            EEE 500 Project & Thesis                - - 9    3
                    Total Credits                           21



                                                                            55
                PRE 572       Engineering Management II                    2    1    -        3
                EEE 552       Control Engineering                          2    1    -        3
                EEE 536       Power Systems II                             3    1    -        3
                EEE 538       Electric Drives & Power Electronic           2    1    -        3
                EEE 572       Computer Engineering                         2    1    -        3
     II         EEE 574       Telecommunication System                     2    1    -        3
                EEE 578       Solid State Electronic Devices               2    1    -        3
                EEE 571       Professional Knowledge in Elect. Eng.        -    -    -        -
                EEE 512       Project & Thesis                             -    -    9        3
                              OPTIONAL COURSES
                EEE 512       Network Synthesis                            2    1    -        3
                EEE 516       Electrical Service Design                    2    1    -        3
                EEE 534       Power System Design                          2    1    -        3
                EEE 532       Special Topics in Electrical Machines        2    1    -        3
                EEE 534       Electrical Machine Design                    2    1    -        3
                EEE 536       Power Systems II                             2    1    -        3
                EEE 572       Digital Systems Engineering                  2    1    -        3
                EEE 576       Microwave Engineering                        2    1    -        3
                              Total Credits                                                   24



COURSE CONTENT FOR 300 LEVEL ELECTRICAL / ELECTRONICS/COMPUTER ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT

EEE 321: ELECTRICAL THEORY I                  2 CREDITS
Electric Fields: Fundamental concepts, energy storage. Magnetic fields: fundamental laws, fields calculations, energy
storage. Magnetic circuits: simple calculation of magnetic circuits, B-H curves and core losses. Inductance: self and
mutual inductance, coupled circuits, Transient and steady state response of circuits: RL, RC, RLC circuits, free and
forced oscillation. Network analysis: network theorems. Mesh and nodel analysis. One and two-port network: driving
point functions, circuit parameters, interconnection and termination, transformation.

EEE 323: ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS MEASUREMENT                                         3 CREDITS
Electron dynamics, cathode ray tube, application of the oscilloscope in measurement. a..c and dc indicating
instruments and their dynamics behavour. DC and AC bridges and poteniometers. Sensors for transducers. Electronics
instrument system: analogue instruments, digital instruments, analogue-to-digital and digital-to-analogue conversion
technique.

EEE 324: MODERN PHYSICS AND ELECTRICAL MATERIALS (Special Course)                                      3 CREDITS
Quanta, black body radiation, wave – particle duality; atomic physics: Bohr‟s Atom, Schroendinger‟s equation,
particles in a one-dimension box, spin, pauli principle; solids state and molecular Physics: Kinetic theory, Bonds and
Bands, atomic vibration, conduction in materials, properties of semiconductors, semiconductor devices, Dielectric
properties, polarizabililty, Application of insulating materials, magnetic susceptibility, dia-Para-, and ferro-magnetism,
ferrites, Additional topic may be selected from Nuclear Physics, elementary particle physics and relative Mechanics.

EEE 341: BASIC POWER AND MACHINES                               3 CREDITS
Machines: Generation of voltages. Motional emf‟s and transformer emf;. Elements of DC generator; elementary
synchronous generator. Elementary three-phase voltages. Transformers; construction, operation; phasor diagrams and
equivalent circuits, determination of parameters from tests. Auto transformers. Three-phase transformers connections,
groupings, tertiary windings. Instrument transformer: current transformers, potential transformer.

EEE 361: BASIC COMPUTER ENGINEERING                        3 CREDITS
Microcomputer construction and manufacture. Minicomputer architecture, advantages and limitations. Types of
memory elements, ROM, PROM, EPROM, main and secondary memories. Storage primitives; bits, bytes, word,
registers, accumulators. Programming in high-level programming language examples, the objective is to familiarize




                                                                                                                      56
the student with techniques in logical reasoning and problem solving, programme construction, editing, compilation
and execution.

ELA 301: LABORATORY/WORKSHOP PRACTICE

EEE 312: ELECTRICAL THEORY II                           3 CREDITS
Laplace transform methods in circuit analysis; transfer functions, pole-zero analysis, graphical representation. Basic
state variable approach. Filters: rectifier filters. L-C filters, K- & M- derived filters, frequency response. Network
graphs and topology: basic concepts, application to non-planar networks. Waveforms and harmonic: Fourier analysis,
approximate harmonic analysis, circuits with nonsinnusoidal excitation. Symmetrical components; basic concepts and
simple application.


EEE 314: ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY                                                  3 CREDITS
Review of electromagnetic laws in integral form, Gauss‟s Law, Ampere‟s and Faraday‟s Law; Electrostatic fields due
to distribution of charge, magnetic field in and around current carrying conductors, time-varying magnetic and electric
fields; conduction and displacement current; Maxwell‟s equation (in rectangular co-ordinates and vector-calculus
notion): Derivation of Maxwell‟s equation; electromagnetic potential and waves; Poynting vector; Boundary
conditions; wave propagation in good conductors; skin effect; plane waves in unbounded dielectric media,
Fundamentals of transmission lines, wave-guides and antennae.

EEE 332: ELECTRICAL MACHINES I                         3 CREDITS
Electromechanical energy conversion: Basic principles and survey of physical phenomena and definition. Energy in
single excited and multiply excited magnetic systems. Magnetically coupled circuits, reluctance torque in rotating
machines. Armature windings of electrical machines: Conductors, turns coils, coil-span, single and double layer
windings. D.C. armature winding (lap and wave) connection. Principles of action of commutator and brush locations,
types of A.C. windings, e.m.f. of windings, distribution factors and coil-span factor, different harmonics. Basic
rotating machines principles: elementary concepts, m.m.f. of distributed windings, rotating magnetic fields, torque
voltage for different types of flux densities and fluxes. Transformer: Review of phasor diagram of a single phase
transformer on load, efficiency and voltage regulation, testing methods, frequency response, harmonic vibration and
noise, transient, auto-transformer, three phase transformer, 3 Δ to 2 Δ, six phase and single phase conversion, tertiary
windings, parallel operation, tap changing, protection of transformers and connections.

EEE 336: ENGINEERING ENTREPRENEURSHIP                                            3 CREDITS
Introduction to entrepreneurship and new venture creation
 - Introduction to module, learning objectives and assessment
 - What is entrepreneurship?
 - Entrepreneurship – myths and realities
 - The role of the entrepreneur
Entrepreneurship in theory and practice
 - How are new ventures created?
 - Stevenson‟s model
 - Entrepreneurial resources
 - The business plan
 - Case Study – R&R
The Opportunity
 - Sources of opportunity
 - Identification
 - Researching the opportunity
 - Assessment
 - Protecting your IP
 The entrepreneurial team
 - What teams are important
 - Individual and team performance
 - Putting together a winning team
Entrepreneurial Finance
 - Determining your capital requirements



                                                                                                                     57
 - Financing strategy
 - Managing cash flow
Raising financial capital
 - Venture capital and informal equity
 - Debt finance
 - Other financial instruments
Marketing and the new venture
 - Product, Price, Place, Promotion, People
 - Cash study
Innovation
 - R&D Management
 - Determinants of innovation
 - The innovation process in new venture
 - Cash study
New venture workshop
 - Syndicate groups present their business ideas to class and receive constructive feedback from tutors and peers
Group and harvest
 - Theories of firm growth
 - Organic vs. M&A
 - Organic growth strategies
 - Resources implications
 - The Harvest
Management of Technology (MOT)
 - Technology Definition and its management as an interdisciplinary field; MOT on the production of goods and
      services
 Introduction to Entrepreneurship Studies
 Some of the ventures to be focused upon include the following:
        1. Soap/Detergent, Tooth brushes and Toothpaste making
        2. Photography
        3. Brick, nails, screws making
        4. Dyeing/Textile blocks paste making
        5. Rope making
        6. Plumbing
        7. Vulcanizing
        8. Brewing
        9. Glassware
        10. Paper production
        11. Water
        12. Food processing/packaging/preservation
        13. Metal working/Fabrication – Steel and aluminium door and windows
        14. Training industry
        15. Vegetable oil/and Salt extraction
        16. Fisheries/Aquaculture: fish and fingerlings production
        17. Refrigeration/Air conditioning
        18. Plastic making
        19. Farming (crop)
        20. Domestic Electrical wiring
        21. Radio/TV repairs & Computers
        22. Carving
        23. Weaving
        24. Brick laying/making
        25. Bakery
        26. Tailoring
        27. Iron welding
        28. Building drawing
        29. Carpentry
        30. Leather tanning



                                                                                                              58
       31. Interior decoration
       32. Printing
       33. Animal husbandry (Poultry: Geese, Turkey, Piggery, Sheep, Goat, Rabbits keeping. Grass cutter rearing
              etc)
       34. Metal Craft – Blacksmith, tinsmith etc
       35. Sanitary wares
       36. Vehicles maintenance/Mechanic/Auto mechanic/Painter
       37. Bookkeeping

EEE 372: ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS                              3 CREDITS
Conduction in materials, materials classification. Basic treatment of the p-n junction, BJT‟s and FET‟s I-V
characteristics and switching properties. Vacuum tubes. Simple linear and diode wave shaping. DC Biasing. Small
signal models at low and high frequencies. Temperature effects. Analysis of single stage amplifiers.

EEE 376: LOGICAL DESIGN AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS                                     3 CREDITS
Digital Representation of information and Binary Arithmetic. Positional number systems, Binary coding of
alphanumeric characters in the computer, simple error detecting and correcting codes (paritybits, Hamming codes),
Arithmetic in various radic system, Binary arithmetic in the combination logic. Boolean Algebra; switching functions;
canonical form; N and Nar design; “don‟t cares” , minimization of single output switching functions; Introductory
minimization of multiple output switching output switching functions; simple combination circuits design; Encoder,
decoder, multiplexer, serial and parallel half and full-adders, etc. Hazards in combination circuits and other design
problems such as fan-in, fan-out, attenuation, etc. Notion of feedback, state and delay in logic circuits; Basic
difference between the synchronous sequential circuits; illustration of the sue of state transition equations, diagrams,
table etc, in sequential logic by their use in defining the operation of synchronized of clock flip flops (such as r.s.
J.K.T. etc, flop-flops). Edge triggered and Master-slave flip-flops.


ELA 312: LABORATORY/WORKSHOP PRACTICE

EEE 327: ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING III (Service Course)                            3 CREDITS
Electromagnetic Theory: Ampere‟s and Faraday‟s laws, inductances. Network Analysis: Kirchoff‟s laws. 3-pahse
circuits, star and delta connections. Measurements: S.I. units D.C and indicating instruments. D.C and A.C. Bridges
Frequency and Phase measurements. Energy conversion: Electromechanical energy conversion and devices;
Transformers; three phase induction motors. Electronics: Atomic structure, conduction mechanism; p-n junction diode
and transistor; Amplifier circuits; DC and A.C. analysis; impedance matching; Feedback fundamentals, oscillatory
circuits; Rectification and D.C. power supplies.

EEE 318: ELECTROMECHANICAL DEVICES & MACHINES                                   3 CREDITS
Electrical Power and Machines: main parts of a power system, busbar: layouts, distribution systems, overhead lines,
parallel operation of alternators: synchronizing. D.C, induction and synchronous motors; starting and speed control
methods, choice of motors for industrial drives. Networks and electronics: Transient response of RLC circuits. Control
theory and feedback system. Amplifiers and oscillators. Analog computation, Digital techniques. Logic theory and
simple logic system.


COURSE CONTENT FOR 400 LEVEL ELECTRICAL /ELECTRONICS/COMPUTER ENGINEERING

EEE 441: ELECTRICAL MACHINES II                       3 CREDITS
Synchronous Machines: Theory of the cylindrical motor machine, synchronous reactance and voltage regulation by
different methods, parallel operation and operation on finite bushars. Power transformer: Parallel operation,
switching, grouping, cooling protection. Basic machine design: Introduction to machines design. Design of
transformers. Design of rotating machines. Electrical and magnetic loading.
OR
CPE 443: COMPUTERS AND PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES (OR EEE 431)




                                                                                                                    59
EEE 433: ENERGY GENERATION DISTRIBUTION & UTILIZATION                                      3 CREDITS
Generation: power plants and their layout parallel operation of alternators. Voltage and frequency control. Supply
economics, tariffs. Power factor improvement. Distribution: Voltage drops in distribution systems. Conductor design
for feeders and distribution. Substation layout. Neutral earthing. Utlization: Energy utilization lighting, heating,
welding, electrolytic and electrometallurgical processes. Lighting design, for buildings dielectric heating. Arc furnace.
Resistance and arc welding. Extraction and refining of metals.

EEE 461: CONTROL THEORY                                                 3 CREDITS
Introduction: Concept of feedback control, Mathematical models of a physical system. Review of laplace transforms,
derivation of system transfer functions. Block Diagrams Reduction Techniques: Block diagram algebra. Signal flow
graphs. Mason‟s rule. Analysis and design in S-Plane: Steady state and transient response due to step and ramp input.
Time response specifications. Effect of external load torques on steady state performance. Use of P + I. P + D lag, lead
and tacho compensator for improvement of overall response. Negative velocity and positive acceleration feedback.
Error rate ramping. Stability Rouths stability criterion. Frequency Response Methods: analysis of system using polar
plots. Bode plots, M.N. circles and Nichol‟s chart. Nygyist compensation. Design of systems with lead, lag and lead-
lag compensators in frequency domain. System identification from experimental data. Analogue computing: Basic
computing elements. Solution of linear ordinary differential equations. Magnitude scaling – Equal coefficient rule.
Simulation of simple transfer functions.

D.C Bias design; analysis and Design of single stage and multiple stage amplifiers at low and high frequencies,
dealington pair, cascoe amplifier, Boostrapping. Negative feedback concepts and design of feedback amplifiers.

EEE 462: INSTRUMENTATION                               3 CREDITS
Errors in measurements: Classification and functional analysis, performance of instruments systems, calibration.
Control system components; Amplifier, sensing devices, pumps and controllers, error detectors and output elements.
Instrumentation methods: Measurement and recording of time, frequency8 temperature, pressure, etc, transducers,
bridge and potentiometer methods, syncros, Hall effect, photovoltaic and moving iron transducers. Instrument
transformers, pulse transformers, energy meters and metering, information storage techniques. Electronic
instrumentation, digital techniques, Analogue/digital signal processing: survey of modern instrumentation components.
Nonlinear computing elements.

EEE 463: ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS I                          3 CREDITS
D.C Bias design; analysis and Design of single stage and multiple stage amplifiers at low and high frequencies,
daalington pair, cascoe amplifier, Boostrapping. Negative feedback concepts and design of feedback amplifiers. The
differential amplifier and basic analysis of the operation amplifier. Computer aided electronic circuit design.

EEE 464: TELECOMMUNICATION PRINCIPLES I                              3 CREDITS
Transmission lines, rectangular wave guide junction and resonators; Radiation atennas. Electromagnetic propagation
in the troposphere and ionosphere. Microwave filters.


ELA 401: LABORATORY PRACTICE

COURSE CONTENTS FOR 500 ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING

EEE 543: POWER SYSTEMS I                      3 CREDITS
Representation of Power System. Per-Unit Systems and methods. System impedance and reactance diagrams.
Reduction of system diagrams. Flault studies: Calculation of short-circuit KVA for symmetrical and unsymmetrical
faults. Phase shifts of PPS and NPS current in star-data transformers. ZPS diagrams of generator-transformer units.
Flaults on power system. Switch – gear: Circuit breakers versus switches. Types of circuit breakers (self-blast, oil,
air-blast, SF6 etc). Current zero interrupting theory. Resistance and capacitant switching. Protection: Types of relays
(Bucholz‟s, non-directional, directional induction distance, differential etc). Protection circuits using static relays.
Saturable reactors. Protection of for generators, transformer units, Busbar protection and feeder protection schemes.
Impedance protection (distance). Carrier protection. Protection by means of digital computers. Voltage surges in a
system with insulated neutral. Protection against surges. Neutral earthing methods.




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EEE 544: ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS II                       3 CREDITS
The push-pull and power amplifiers. Digital logic circuits (RTL, DTL, TTL etc), switching characteristics. OP-AM
applications; actives filter, comparators, analogue computing etc. Oscilator circuits; Switching circuits: Multivibrators
and flip-flops. Power electronics: Stabilized power supplies, power control.

EEE 545: TELECOMMUNICATION PRINCIPLES II                               3 CREDITS
Time and frequency analysis of telecommunication signals; fourier series and fouriers transforms. Gaussian noise and
its statistical representation: signal to noise ratio, noise factor and noise figure definition and measurements.
Introduction to telecommunication systems: Modulation and demodulation principles for A.M. and F.M., simple
modulators and demodulators, pulse modulation principles. Information theory and cooling: Shannon and Hartley
laws.

EEE 561: RELIABILITY AND MAINTENANCE                           3 CREDITS
Introduction to reliability and maintainability of electronic components and systems. Application of reliability and
maintainability to electrical and electronic components. Test characteristics of electrical and electronic components.
Types of faults. Designing for high reliability packing. Mounting and ventilation of electrical and electronic
components and systems protection from humidity and dust.

CPE 561: DIGITAL COMPUTER NETWORKS                       3 CREDITS
Communication within computer systems, addressing and data bases. CPU – memory – I/O device communications,
protocols and synchronization structure of computer networks – staring, and various network configuration,
decentralized networks etc.

EEE 500: PROJECT AND THESIS

EEE 552: CONTROL ENGINEERING                        3 CREDITS
Review of basic control theory. Analysis and design using root locus. System optimization using error criteria. Non-
linear systems. Describing function and phase plane methods. Multivariable system. Advance analogue and hybrid
computing.

EEE 536: POWER SYSTEMS II                    3 CREDITS
Power system operations: control of voltage and frequency. Automatic voltage regulation, control of line power (real
and reactive). Power network solution: Review of node-voltage and loop-current methods. Node elimination by star-
delta transformation and by matrix partitioning. Power network analysis: Fault analysis by computer methods. Load
flow studies by matric invasion, glauss-seidel, Newton-raphson and hybrid methods. Simple application of tearing,.
Power systems stability: steady-state and transient stability. Equal-area criterion. The swing equation and its solution.
Methods of improving stability.

EEE 538: ELECTRIC DRIVES AND POWER ELECTRONICS                                      3 CREDITS
Electric Drives:
Individual, group and collective drives; review of starting and running characteristics of electric motors, thermal
rating, duty cycle, heating and cooling time constant of motors; dynamic performance and Mechanics of motor-load
systems; load fluctuation and load equalization; speed control and speed-time relation of motors; electric breaking;
energy consumption; selection of motors for specific services.
Power Electronics:
Basic characteristics, specification and rating of thyristors, phase control; thristol modules and trigger pulse circuits;
current limiting device, cincretes and inverters, choppers and cyclo-converters; speed control of d.c and a.c motors
using thryristors, frequency control of inverters and converters. Control schemes for electric Drives.

Practical feedback control loops and their effects on stability; displacement, velocity, power factors and reactive power
control sensors; Gain requirements and accuracy, loop transfer functions; logic circuits and static switching control
applications. Timing and counting circuits.

EEE 572: COMPUTERS ENGINEERING                             3 CREDITS
Combinational and synchronous sequential circuits. An overview of computer architecture and organisation. Micro-
processors: micro-programming, instruction execution, machine and assembly language programming ( emphasis in
this course will be on machine and assembly language programming on an example micro-processor, basic ideas of



                                                                                                                      61
programming of and data structures will be illustrated through programming assignments), micro-processor
application; Impact of IC technology.

EEE 574: TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS                             3 CREDITS
Introduction to the following telecommunication systems; telephone, telegraph, Radio and television, radar, sonar and
Laser. A detailed study of telephone and television systems will be done. Introduction to optical communication.

EEE 578: SOLID STATE ELECTRONICS AND DEVICES                                     3 CREDITS
Introduction to the concepts of quantum mechanics. The solid state. Bonds and bands in solids. Intrinsic and extrinsic
semiconductors, carrier statistics. Semiconductor devices; over half the course will be used to develop the physical
principles of operation of the p-n junction and MOS capacitor including operating principles and circuit models of the
MOS field effect transistor and bipolar transistor. Other solid state devices: MESTETS, the thyristor, photoelectronic
devices, etc. Monolithic and film IC fabrication techniques.

EEE 590: PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
                   NO CREDITS
Topics will include code of Practice in electrical engineering, Student experiences during industrial training, general
topic in electrical engineering design, etc. Students will also actively participate in organized departmental seminar
programmes.

EEE 512: PROJECT AND THESIS

EEE 512: NETWORK SYNTHESIS (OPTIONAL)                          3 CREDITS
 Review of linear network analysis. Passive synthesis; properties of positive Real functions; synthesis of LC driving-
point impedances: RC and RL network one-port and two-port real functions; synthesis of RLc network one-port and
two-port realizations. Two-terminal pair synthesis of ladder development; series and parallel realizations, lossless and
transformerless synthesis. Approximation problems; use of butterworth and Tschebycheff function etc; application to
passive filter design. Active network synthesis. Properties of active network functions, sensitivity consideration.
Gyrators, control sources, negative immitance concertors. Introduction to active filters.

EEE 518: ELECTRICAL SERVICE DESIGN (OPTIONAL COURSE)                                      3 CREDITS
Lighting installation, power installation. Energy supply and distribution. Choice of cables and conductor, writing
systems and accessories choice of outdoor low voltage cables. Cable protection in low voltage applications, low
voltage equipment. Earthing and testing of electrical installation. Earth resistance measurement. illumination. Power
supply regulations: national and international. Design concepts of electrical services and the corresponding electrical
drawings.

EEE 534: POWER SYSTEM DESIGN                          3 CREDITS
Overall planning of power systems and design: Power systems equipment, selection and application. Sub-station
Designs: general requirements, electrical layout and specifications; overheads lines design: wiring designs: preparation
of Bills of Quantities. Computer Aided Design of power systems.

EEE 532: SPECIAL TOPICS IN ELECTRICAL MACHINES (OPTIONAL COURSE)                                 3 CREDITS
Cross field machines: Metadyne and amplidyne, application in feedback systems. Synchronous machines: load
diagrams, operating charts, synchronous control of generators, starting of synchronous motors. Two reaction theory,
sudden three-phase short-circuit, Park‟s transformation and the mathematical theory, application to transient stability
studies, excitation systems. Computer aided design machines: Basic principles, optimization by interaction.
Generalized Machine Theory: Transformation and connection. Energy conversion process, torque, equation of motion.

EEE 572: DIGITAL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING                         3 CREDITS
Descrete signals; Nyquist sampling theories. Flat topped and natural sampling. Advantages of digital signals and
analogue signals. Quantization of analogue signals. Quantization error, Error correction.

Digital signal processing; fourier transform, Digital fourier-transform. Fast fourier transform algorithm – transform.




                                                                                                                     62
Pulse and digital modulation systems; Digital signals Transmission Systems: coding systems, error detection and
correction codes. Digital carrier systems; Frequency shift keying; phase shift keyings; teleprinters and telegraph
circuits; radio telegraph transmitters.

EEE 534: ELECTRICAL MACHINES DESIGN (OPTIONAL COURSE)                                   3 CREDITS
Materials conduction, insulating and magnetic materials in electrical machines. Magnetic circuit of rotating machines:
Ampere turn calculations for dc, induction and synchronous machines. Design of transformers: core and shell types,
output equation and specific loading, design of core, yoke windings and cooling systems, reactance calculations.
Design of dc machines: Main dimensions, pole, filed winding, armature winding, commutator, Design of induction
and synchronous machines: main dimension, stator and rotor. Design of methods for machines; loses, cooling
methods, temperature rise, standing ratings.

EEE 576: MICROWAVE ENGINEERING                                 3 CREDITS
Introduction to scattering matrix. Microwave circuits and device theory including microwave generation and
amplification, junctions and resonators. Atennas and radiating systems. Television and Radar systems.

EEE 534: ELECTRICAL MACHINES DESIGN                   3 CREDITS
Generalized Machine Theory. The Output equation. Lamination Technology, Slots sizes and their design coils
Winding Technology.

300 LEVEL COMPUTER ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER     COURSE                   COURSE TITLE                                  L    T    P     COURSE
              CODE                                                                                  CREDIT
            EMA 381  Engineering Mathematics                                        2    1    -        3
            EEE 321  Electrical Theory I                                            2    1    -        3
            EEE 323  Electrical / Electronics Measurement                           2    1    -        3
            EEE 344  Electromagnetic Theory I                                       2    1    -        3
     I      EEE 341  Basic Electric Power & Machines                                2    1    -        3
            CPE 361  Logic Design & Switching Theory I                              2    1    -        3
            EEE 324  Modern Physics and Electrical Materials                        2    1    -        3
            CPE 301  Laboratory Practicals                                          -    -    6        2
                     Total Credits                                                                    23
            EEE 312  Electrical Theory II                                           2    1    -        3
            CPE 353  Computer Architecture & Organisation I                         2    1    -        3
     II     EEE 336  Engineering Entrepreneurship                                   2    1    -        3
            CPE 372  Digital Electronics Circuits                                   2    1    -        3
            CPE 376  Logic Design & Switching Theory II                             2    1    -        3
            CPE 378  Micro-processors & Micro-computers                             2    1    -        3
            CPE 379  Numerical Computation I                                        2    1    -        3
            CPE 312  Laboratory Practicals                                          -    -    6        2
                     Total Credits                                                                    23




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400 LEVEL COMPUTER ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER     COURSE              COURSE TITLE                             L   T    P    COURSE
              CODE                                                                      CREDIT
            EEE 461  Control Theory                                       2    1   -      3
            CPE 464  Communication Principles I                           1    1   -      2
            CPE 427  Assembly Language Programming                        1    1   -      2
            CPE 443  Commercial Prog. Languages                           1    1   -      2
     I      EEE 588  Solid State Electronics                              2    1   -      3
            CPE 485  Computer Architecture & Organisation II              2    1   -      3
            CPE 487  Electronics Materials Technology                     2    1   -      3
            CPE 481  Digital Computer Technology                          2    1   -      3
            CPE 401  Computer Laboratory                                  -    -   6      2
                              Total Credits                                                 23
     II                       SIX MONTHS DSUITS


500 LEVEL COMPUTER ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
             COURSE                     COURSE TITLE                                   L    T    P    COURSE
SEMESTER      CODE                                                                                    CREDIT
            EEE 561  Reliability and Maintenance                                       2    1    -      3

      I        CPE 561        Digital Computer Network                                 2    1    -       3
               CPE 546        Computer Storage System Technology                       2    1    -       3
               CPE 563        Computer Graphics                                        2    1    -       3
               PRE 581        Economics & Management I                                 2    1    -       3
               CPE 583        Information Theory I                                     2    1    -       3
               CPE 501        Project                                                  -    -    6       2
                              Total Credits                                                              21
               PRE 572        Economics & Management II                                2    1    -       3
               EEE 552        Control Engineering                                      2    1    -       3
     II        CPE 512        Digital Signal Processing                                2    1    -       3
               CPE 552        System Programming                                       2    1    -       3
               CPE 532        Micro-programming                                        2    1    -       3
               CPE 534        Low – level & High-level Languages                       2    1    -       3
               CPE 512        Project                                                  -    -    9       3
                              OPTIONAL COURSES
               EEE 574        Telecommunication Systems                                2    1    -       3
               CPE 578        Solid State Electronics                                  2    1    -       3
               CPE 556        Artificial Intelligence                                  2    1    -       3
               CPE 554        Data Communication                                       2    1    -       3
               CPE 558        CAD & CAM                                                2    1    -       3
               CPE 578        Integrated Circuits Technology                           2    1    -       3
               CPE 576        Micro-computer Technology                                2    1    -       3
               CPE 577        Software Engineering                                     2    1    -       3
                              Total Credits                                                              21

COURSE CONTENT FOR 300 LEVEL COMPUTER ENGINEERING

CPE 361: LOGIC DESIGN AND SWITCHING THEORY                          3 CREDITS
Digital representation of information and Binary Arithmetic: Positional number systems, Binary coding of
alphanumeric characters in the computer, simple error detecting and correction codes (parity bits, Hamming code),
Arithmetic in various radix systems, Binary arithmetic in the digital computer, floating point and complement
arithmetic.




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Constructional logic: Boolean algebra; Switching function, truth table, Karnagh maps, etc, properties of switching
functions; canonical terms; NAND and NOR gate design: “Don‟t care”, minimization of single output switching
functions; simple combinational circuit design; encoder, decoder, multiplen, serial and parallel half and full-addins,
etc. Hazards in combinational circuits and other design problems, such as fan-in fan-out, attenuation, etc.

CPE 365: COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANISATION                                           3 CREDITS
A brief review of the history of computers will be given. Analysis and design of controllers, processor instruction sets,
and memory systems will be taught. Register level design will be used as the basic for conversion of algorithms into
functional units. Implementation of controllers for functional units, and instruction wet will be covered using four
design techniques. The techniques are state table designs, delay element design, sequence, counter design, and micro-
1programmed controller design.
Text: Computer Organisation and Architecture, HAYES.

CPE 372: DIGITAL ELECTRONICS CIRCUIT                                      3 CREDITS
- Number Systems and Codes
- Logic Gates
- Simplification of Logic expressions using Boolean Algebra
- Simplification of Logic expressions using Karnaugh Method
- Design combination circuit
- Flip-Flops
- Application of Flip-Flops in the design of counters, registers and timers
- Switching and Waves shipping circuit
- Introduction to ADC and DAC
- Design of Logic Gates (Diode, DTL, TTL, ECL etc)

CPE 376: LOGIC DESIGN AND SWITCHING THEORY II                             3 CREDITS
Introduction to sequential logic notion of feedback, state and delay in logic circuits, basic difference between the
synchronous and asynchronous sequential circuits; illustration of the use of state transition equations, diagrams, tables,
etc in sequential Idogic by their use in defining the operation of synchronized or clocker flip-flops (such as RS, YK, T,
and D-flip-flaps). Analysis and synthesis of sequential circuits. Equivalents states and simplication of state tables.
Sate machines and analysis and design. State diagrams, state flip flops, input and out put logic, state assignments,
redundant states. Sequential counters and mainly synchronous systems. State machine realization with multipkners,
ROMS and RAMS. Introduction to computer structure: register transfers, hardware programming methods, Von
Neumann machine, and memory systems. Standard logic function with MSS circuits; seven segment display driver.
Parity generator/checking encoders, comparators.

CPE 378: MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCOMPUTERS                                     3 CREDITS
 This course will present an overview of currently available micro-processors and microcomputers. Topic include I/O
methods and I/O devices (programmeable I/O, priority/vectored interrupts, DMA), compressors and A/D‟s and D/A‟s.
development of microprocessor systems (memory allocation, I/O allocation, software development, debugging and
system integration).

CPE 379: NUMERICAL COMPUTATION I                                3 CREDITS
Number systems and errors: Representation of integers; floating point arithmetic, error propagation. Solution of non-
linear equation; Newton-Raphson‟s method, iterative methods, Bairstow‟s method, Aitken‟s A2 technique. Matrices
and systems of linear equations: Gausien elimination, trangularization method, interpolation and approximation.
Differentiation and Integration. Solution of Differential equations. Boundary-value problems in ordinary Differential
Equations.

Solution of non-linear Equations, Newton-Raphson methods, iterative method, algebraic Eigen value problem: the
characteristics polynomial, the power method, gives and Householder methods, Interpolation: Aitken‟s language and
Hemite interpolation, formulae, difference schemes. Approximation: Chebyole polynomials, rational functions and
continued functions, numerical integration and differentiation. Newton-Cotes formulae, gauses‟s integration formula.

Numerical solution of differential equation. The eulers Method, Ringe-Kutta methods, prediction correction methods.
Hyperbolic parabolic elliptic equations, error estimation and conversion of the methods. Laplace transformation.




                                                                                                                      65
CPE 312: LABORATORY PRACTICALS                                 2 CREDITS


COURSE CONTENT FOR 400 LEVEL COMPUTER ENGINEERING

CPE 464: COMMUNICATION PRINCIPLES                                              2 CREDITS
Amplitude modulation; double sideband, single sideband and vestigial sideband modulation schemes; simple
modulators, power and bandwidth performance. Angle modulation; frequency modulation, phase modulation,
bandwidth requirements, clippers and limiters. Amplitude modulated signal reception; discrimination, frequency
tracking loop, phase locked loop and noise performance. Commercial radio systems. Transmission media; attenuation
in open space, air, cable and fibre channels; construction of cables and fibres, sampling theorem, pulse amplitude
modulation, multiplexing, quantization systems and pulse code modulation, delta modulation, courses and correction
of errors in PCM and DM.

CPE 427: ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING                                3 CREDITS
Intel microprocessor/Motorola microprocessor assembly language Programming: Programming model, address modes,
instruction set, assembler directives, hand-assembling, cross assembler, Modular Programming, Device drivers and
input/output programming.

CPE 485: COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANISATION II                                         3 CREDITS
Introduction to design techniques for the synthesis of digital computers. Principles of computer structure and design as
applied to major computer functions: Topics include design methodology, processor and C.P.U design, memory
organization, communications, I/O and multiple CPU systems; Introduction to parallel processing.

EEE 461: CONTROL THEORY                      3 CREDITS
Mathematics models of physical systems, feedback control, transfer functions, Block diagram reduction techniques,
Analysis and design in S-plane, stability analysis, frequency response methods-polar plots, Bode plots, Nyquist plots
and analysis, compensation methods, analogue computing.

CPE 443: COMMERCIAL PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES                                     3 CREDITS
Compiler-oriented languages e.g COBOL and interpreter oriented languages, e.g RPG- Input – definitions, Record
and file organisation, processing and shore minimization output report layout, coding, fixed flow, debugging, data
validation, file maintenance back-up and protection.

CPE 477: ELECTRONIC MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY                           3 CREDITS
Crystal growing – epithelial, oxidation, diffusion, lapping, photolithographic, metallization and encapsulation
techniques elements.

CPE 481: DIGITAL COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY                                              3 CREDITS
basic Computer organization; machine representation of instructions and data including the alphanumeric and logic
data. Number systems representation. Binary arithmetic. Code conversion. Gates; logic operations, gating functions;
Boolean algebra, truth tables, maps, De-Morgan‟s theorem. Analysis of logic networks, gating decoding registers,
serial/parallel operations, sequence and Data flow controls; error detection, Introduction to knowledge-based systems
(AI&ANN).

CPE 401: COMPUTER LABORATORY




                                                                                                                     66
COURSE CONTENT FOR 500 LEVEL COMPUTER ENGINEERING

CPE 563: COMPUTER GRAPHICS                          3 CREDITS
Analogue and digital computers. Mathematical algorithm for coordinate geometry. Display files and pages. Two-three
dimension graphics. Perspective drawings. Vectors and raster graphics and application to shading, animation.
Analysis in computer graphics – hardware, software and application of software graphic packages.

CPE 561: DIGITAL COMPUTER NETWORKS                       3 CREDITS
Communication within computer systems, addressing and data bases. CPU – memory – I/O device communications,
protocols and synchronization structure of computer networks – staring, and various network configuration,
decentralized networks etc.

CPE 501: PROJECT

CPE 512: DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING                                3 CREDITS
Discrete Signals and Z-transform, digital Fourier Transform, Fast Fourier Transform. The approximation problem in
network theory. Synthesis of low-pass filters. Spectral transforms and their application in synthesis of high-pass and
band pass filters. Digital filtering, digital transfer function aliasing, one-dimensional recursive and non-recursive
filters; computer techniques in filter synthesis, Realization of filters in hardware and software. Basic image processing
concepts.

CPE 552: SYSTEM PROGRAMMING                           3 CREDITS
General machine structure, PC and instruction registers, stuck, instruction formats and types, addressing techniques,
symbol tables functions of the passes of a 2-pass assembler, macros, loaders compiler design.

CPE 532: MICROPROGRAMMING                             3 CREDITS
Definition and basic concepts; hard wired versus microprogrammed control unit. Wilke‟s original design; parallelism
in micro-instruction formats; horizontal, vertical and partially encoded microinstructions. Micro instruction address
specification; micro operation timing; microprogrammed control unorganisation. Minimizing micro instruction size;
microprogrammed computer. Application of microprogramming.

CPE 534: LOW LEVEL AND HIGH LEVEL LANGUAGES                           3 CREDITS
Types – Assembly language programming, use of system and support softwares including JCL, Assemblers,
Compillers, Linkers, Loaders, Editors and Libraries, Language Theory.

CPE 554: DATA COMMUNICATION                           3 CREDITS
Components of data communication systems – terminals, moderns, channels, telephone, microwave, satellites, fibre
optics. Mode of transmission, character coding, line configuration and networks distributed networks.

CPE 556: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE                                  3 CREDITS
Logic programming and its application to artificial intelligence-programming in prolog, Robotics, mechanization of
first order logic and derivation of logical influences and its applications to expert systems.

CPE 558: CAD & CAM                                3 CREDITS
Principles of CAD & CAM
Computers as CAD & CAM tools;
Uses in Designs and Manufacturing
Case Studies, Software and Optimization/Design/Manufacturing Processes.

CPE 576: MICRO COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY                        3 CREDITS
Functional Components – I/O devices, memory, software and instruction execution of a microcomputer, 8-bit and 16-
bit microprocessors, micro computer interfacing memory mapping – DMA, Design, Construction, Programming and
testing of microprocessor control/system.




                                                                                                                     67
CPE 577: SOFTWARE ENGINEERING                    3 CREDITS
Programming methodologies, Principles of software management, software maintenance, documentations, and
presentation, software-life cycle and economics.

CPE 578: INTEGRATED CIRCUIT TECHNOLOGY                                  3 CREDITS
Small, medium, large and very large scale integrated circuits, application, wafer integration component desities. Inter
connection in computer systems.




                                                                                                                    68
 LIST OF LABORATORIES TO BE BUILT
 Applied Electricity Laboratory
 Electrical Power and Machines
 Measurements Laboratory (Including Standard Laboratory)
 Electronics and Telecommunications Laboratory
 Control and Computer Engineering Laboratory

   LIST OF MAJOR EQUIPMENT AND EXPERIMENTS:
   (a) EQUIPMENT
i.      For Applied Electricity, Circuit Theory and Electronics Circuits: A set of laboratory test and measurements
        equipment, it‟s large enough quantity to enable a reasonable number of experiments to go on at the same time,
        bearing in mind the number of students. The same type of measuring equipment and components can be used for
        the various experiments. The following are essential:
              Power supplies (d.c and a.c various voltage, and current ranges).
              Signal generators (low frequency, KHZ high frequency, MHZ ranges).
              Function generators (sine, square-wave, saw-tooth).
              Oscilloscopes (single-beam, double-beam, 5MHZ, 10MHZ, 20MHZ frequency ranges).
              Wide range of meters, voltmeters, multimeters DC and Ac bridges.
              Frequency counters
              Large collection of circuit components (resistors, capacitors, inductors, transistors, IC‟s logic modules,
               operational amplifiers, etc).
              Decade resistances boxes, potentiometers, decade capacitance and inductance boxes.
   ii. AUTOMATIC CONTROL EXPERIMENTS:
              Hybrid AC/DC servomechanism system. Nuematic control teaching system, Electro-hydraulic ser system.
              Process control system
              (A number of control system equipment are in ready-made complete units such as those listed above
               available from Feedback Instruments (Ltd), U.K; and similar organisations. They are designed to illustrate
               a number of principles on control theory and systems).
 iii. Electric machines experiments:
        A complete motor-generator set and switchgear equipment available from Siemens, designed to suit most of the
        experiments necessary for motors and generators. The equipment are of industrial types. For simpler and basic
        experiments, Feedback Instruments (Ltd) and J.J Lioyd Instruments (Ltd) manufacture Laboratory type sets. If
        such ready-made equipment could not be purchased, then it is essential that a large number of individual items be
        purchased such that students could make their own circuits and devices.

 The following is a list from which selections could be made:
      Shunt-wound d.c machines
      3-phase squirrel-cage motor
      Starters, field rheostats, resistors
     List of Laboratory Equipment for Installation in Various Laboratories
      3-phase starter, load resistor unit, 3-phase load resistor unit
      capacitor, load.
      3 –phase slip-ring motors
      3-phase salient-pole synchronous machines
      Sing-phase transformer
      3-phase transformer
      Eddy-current brake
      Switchgear and measuring equipment such as moving-iron meters.
      Wattmeters, current transformers, CRT, frequency meters, stroboscopes.
      Phase-sequence indicator, connecting cable, etc.

 iv   DIGITAL ELECTRONICS, COMPUTER AND COMMUNICATIONS EXPERIMENTS:
         Most of the equipment required for experiments in these areas consist mainly of circuit components, logic
         modules and test and measuring equipment. What is required is to acquire a large number of such
         components, IC‟s and modules, and students wire up or connect to breadboards necessary circuits for the
         experiments at hand. However, Feedback Instruments have a variety of digital, microprocessor process
         control and computing training systems with relevant and detailed manuals of experiments to satisfy the



                                                                                                                      69
       students‟ needs. There are other similar bodies also in the market. A few microcomputers and the peripherals
       are required, for programming and for experiments.
 v. STUDENTS GROUP AT LABORATORY CLASS:
       Ideally, there should be only two students to a laboratory bench. The number should, in any case, not be more
       than four.


 vi. LIST OF LABORATORIES
        One laboratory for Applied Electricity, to cater for the needs of the Faculty students at large. This is where
        basic measurement, testing, equipment familiarization and safety precautions are first encountered in
        Electricity Engineering. One laboratory for Electrical Machines. Two other laboratories which can be shared
        for the light current experiments on Circuit Theory, Electronics Circuits Measurements and Instrumentation,
        basic Communication and Control Theory experiments. One laboratory for the computer engineering, which
        should be equipped with well-controlled environmental conditioning (temperature, humidity and dust), and
        highly stabilized voltage supply, to house the microcomputers and sensitive electronic components.
        It is desirable to have a separate laboratory for the final year students as projects laboratory.
vii. WORKSHOP FACILITIES:
        There should be departmental store for equipment and components storage; other smaller stores could be
        attached to the various laboratories. There should be a well-equipped electrical/electronics workshop.

 (b)         EXPERIMENT
        i.    Practical Content of Programmes:
             It is essential to emphasize that stipulated basic and core courses should be accompanied by laboratory
             practicals to adequately illustrate the fundamental principles. At 200 level, at least 3 hours per week should be
             devoted to the Applied Electricity aspect of the prgroamme. At 300 and 400 levels, at least 9 hours per week
             should be spent in the Electrical Engineering laboratories by each student. For the final year, students should
             devote a reasonable amount of time (12 to 15 hours per week) to projects which should be mainly of design,
             construction and testing types.
       ii.    Suggested Experiments:
                  (1) Applied Electricity
                      Series and parallel circuits
                      Line circuits theory (Thevenin‟s and Norton‟s theorems)
                      Kirchoff‟s voltage and current laws
                      Internal resistance of voltage souorces
                      Maximum power transfer
                      Inductance and inductive circuits
                      R.L.C. Circuits and resonance
                      Junction diode characteristics
                      Power supply: rectification, smoothing, stabilization.
                      Simple generators and motors.
                  (2) Circuit Theory
                      T-and P1-Network: Star-Delta transformation.
                      Transient response in R-C circuits
                      DC and AC bridges
                      Filters: Low pass, High Pass, Bandpass, Active filters
                      Transmission line characteristics.
                  (3) Electronics Circuits: Analogue and Digital:
                      Zener diode characteristics and use of Zener diode as reference sources.
                      Transistor characteristics (junction and FET transistors)
                      Transistor as an amplifier (single- and two-stage amplifiers)
                      Feedback amplifier
                      Operational amplifier
                      Oscillator circuits
                      Basic logic circuits
                      Digital combinational logic circuits: (verification of Boolean Algebra theorems)
                      Wave shaping circuits (monostable and stable multivibrators)
                      Memory circuits and counters



                                                                                                                          70
(4) Measurements and Instrumentation:
    Electrical components:
    Resistor          -         tolerance, power rating, colour coding, preferred value types.
                      -         variables resistors and potentiometers.
    Capacitors        -         Types and composition: electrolytic capacitors
                                Safety in the use of capacitors in high voltage circuits.
    Inductors         -         Circuit inductance: high impendance coils and chokes.
    Transducers       -         Piezoelectric, photoelectric, thermo-electric,
                                magneto-electric variable impendance,          thermo     couples,     strain
                                gauges variable inductance (LVDT).
    Cathode Ray - Constructional details, principle of operation, application in oscilloscope voltage,
                                current, frequency, and phase measurements.
    Ammeters and -              Multimeters and shunts, power meter (KWH meter) Voltmeters
    Circuit control and protection Devices: Isolators, contactors, circuit breakers, fuses and their ratings.

(5) Control Experiments:
    Operational        -         Uses as adder/subtractor, scaler, integrater and differentiator amplifier
    Serve amplifier, servometer / tachogenerator: motor speed characteristics.
    Open-loop position control system
    Closed loop position control system
    Frequency response and stability of closed-loop control system.
    Analogue, hybrid and numerical control of servo-mechanism.
(6) Mechanical Laboratory Experiments
    Transfer load characterristcs
    Open an short circuit tests on transformers
    DC series – and compound-wound motors
    DC- Generator, compound –wound
    AC- 3 phase, squired cage and induction motor
    AC- 3 phase synchronous motor
    Delta – connected reactive load on alternator
    Circle diagram for a 3-phase induction motor
    Synchronoisation of a 3-phase alternator
    4-pole single phase induction motor
(7) Digital Electronics, Computer and Communications Engineering:
    Logic modules
    Logic circuits, shift registers, shift counters,
    Ring counters
    Single-latch and clocked flip-flops
    DK flip flops
    Synchronous and Asynchronous counters
    Up-Down counters
    Codes and code converters
    D/A and A/D converters
    Microcomputer interface techniques
    Modulators and Demodulators (MODEM) and their uses in communication circuits
    Multiplexing techniques
    PAM and PCN circuits
    Analogue and digital telephony systems.




                                                                                                         71
           CHAPTER 7




      DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL, METALLURGICAL
AND PRODUCTION ENGINEERING
          (MMP)




                         72
1.0 INTRODUCTION
Mechanical engineers design and develop systems; which primarily convert energy to useful mechanical forms. This
may include both power-generating machines and machines that transform or consume this power in the completion of
their particular function. Mechanical engineers deals with such items as engines; turbines; motors; control
mechanisms; transportation system (automobiles, trains, space vehicles etc); refrigeration and air-conditioning
systems; propulsion systems (Steam, gas, nuclear); and Cryogenic system. The field requires a basic knowledge of
mechanics, heart transfer, fluids and flows, friction and wear, lubrication, power generation, and combustion.

Areas of Specialization:
1. Mechanical Machine Design
2. Thermodynamics/Heat Transfer
3. Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
4. Computer-Aided design in Mechanical engineering systems.
5. Metallurgical & Production Engineering

1.2 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
The Mechanical Engineering finds professional career opportunities in almost all areas of government, industry and
the society in Nigeria because of the broadness and versatility of his discipline. In fact, there is hardly any industry or
organisation where an engineer is employed and a Mechanical Engineer would not be needed whereas the reverse is
often found. Thus Mechanical Engineers work in places varying from Hospitals to Steel Companies. Mechanical
Engineers form the bulk of the Engineers in both the upstream and downstream sub-sectors of the Oil industry. Typical
sectors and employers of Mechanical Engineers include:

Construction, Steel, Machine Tool, Government, Finance, Government Parastatals, Research Institutes, Oil, Brewing,
Petro-Chemical, Manufacture, Marketing, etc.

There are also great self-employment opportunities for Mechanical Engineers in Nigeria in such areas as vehicles
repairs, plant maintenance and servicing, air conditioning and refrigeration design, installation, repairs and servicing,
fabrication, marketing, consulting, etc.

1.3 DEPARTMENTAL PHILOSOPHY ‘MECHANICAL’
The Philosophy of the Mechanical, Metallurgical and Production Engineering Department Faculty of Engineering
DELSU is the training and production of technically qualified and socially conscious Mechanical/Production
Engineers in area of CAD/CAM that would be able to apply technology advances in manufacturing technology;
product development; maintenance and engineering management in response to the entire Deltans‟ demand for
engineering education and subsequent need of Mechanical/Production engineers in the hydrocarbon industry and
renewable energy industries which its activity is very high within the catchment‟s area.

1.4 OBJECTIVES
The Department of MMP Engineering has three main objectives:
     1. To train creative and innovative mechanical engineers for:
             (a) Industry.
             (b) Post Graduate Work/Research/Teaching.
             (c) Self employment.
     2. Conduct research that would contribute to the advancement of knowledge in general and the development of
         engineering and technology in Nigeria in particular.
     3. Provide relevant and appropriate services to the University and immediate surrounding communities, and the
         country at large.
Consequent upon these, the Department adheres strictly to the Faculties pioneering engineering practive programme
called the Delta State University Industrial Training Scheme (DSUITS) while laying emphasis on the fundamentals
and physics of engineering in the early years of the programme.




                                                                                                                       73
         1.5 DEGREE PROGRAMME
         The Department offers the general undergraduate Bachelor‟s Degree Programme with honours in Mechanical
         Engineering (B.Hons.). The Department will offer the Master of Engineering (M.Eng.) and Master of Philosophy
         (M.Phil) Degrees in Mechanical Engineering only in the area of Design and Thermal Power on a regular basis.
         Masters Degree Programmes in the other areas of Applied Mechanics and Thermofluids are offered only by special
         arrangement. Master‟s Degree candidates with interest in Metallurgy will be admitted into the Design option. Doctor
         of Philosophy (Ph.D) Degrees in all the four broad division of the department are offered.

         1.6 TEACHING AND RESEARCH FACILITIES
         The Department has Applied Mechanics, Thermodynamics (including refrigeration and air-conditioning), Fluid
         Mechanics, Metallurgy, Sound and Vibration and Workshop Facilities which it maintains for the purpose of teaching
         and research at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Some of the equipment which will be available in the
         Laboratories include Universal Vibration Apparatus, Torsional Vibration apparatus, Universla Testing Machine,
         Universal Spring Testing Machine, Airflow/Fan Test Apparatus, Two stage Compressor, Sub-Sonic Wind Tunnel,
         Engine Test Bed, Stream Plant and Metal Processing Centre.

         LIST OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
         ACADEMIC STAFF
S/N   NAME               RANK/DESIGNATI QUALIFICATION/D                          SPECIALIZATION          POST
                         ON,         SALARY ATE OBTAINED                                                 QUALIFICATIONS
                         SCALE, DATE OF                                                                  WORK
                         1ST APPOINTMENT                                                                 EXPERIENCE
1     Mr. G.O. Odu       Lecturer II        B.Eng (1998) M.Sc                    Production              10 years
                                            (2004)                               Engineering         &
                                                                                 Machine Design
2     Mr F.E. Ukrakpor          Lecturer II             B.Eng, (1991), M.Eng     Thermo Fluid            18 years
                                                        (2003)
3     Mr P.U. Osame             Lecturer II             B.Eng (1999), PG Cert    Fluid    Mech.    &     9 year
                                                        (Aberdeen)       2002,   Production
                                                        M.Eng (2004)             Engineering
4     Engr P.E. Obuh            Lecturer II             B.Eng (1997)             Production & Design     11 years
                                                        M.Eng (2006) (Ilorin)
5     Mr J.O. Ejenobo           Lecturer II             B. Eng (1987)            Metallurgy              21 years
                                                        M. Eng (1993)
6     Mr S.C. Ikpeseni          Lecturer II             B. Eng (1999)            Metallurgy              9 years
                                                        M. Eng (2008)


         TECHNICAL STAFF
S/N   NAME               RANK/DESIGNATI                 QUALIFICATION/           SPECIALIZATION          POST
                         ON, SALARY                     DATE OBTAINED                                    QUALIFICATIONS
                         SCALE, DATE OF                                                                  WORK
                         1ST APPOINTMENT                                                                 EXPERIENCE
1     Jonah Ekwa         Tech. II                       HND – 2005               Mech. Eng.
                                                        OND – 2001
2     Oweh Samuel Oghale        Tech. II                HND – 2005               Mech. Eng.
                                                        OND – 1999
3     Emasa Ogheneochuko        Tech. I                 HND – 1997               Phy/Prod.
      Robert                                            ND – 1994
4     Ochuko Ogboru             Tech. II (AMTC          HND – 2005               Mech. Eng
                                Workshop)               ND – 2000




                                                                                                                         74
         ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
S/N   NAME               RANK/DESIGNATI      QUALIFICATION/          SPECIALIZATION   POST
                         ON, SALARY          DATE OBTAINED                            QUALIFICATIONS
                         SCALE, DATE OF                                               WORK
                         1ST APPOINTMENT                                              EXPERIENCE
1     Miss Roseline Abu  Typist II           SSCE (1994)             Social Studies   14 years
                                             Computer Cert. (1997)
                                             Dip. in Comp. (2000)
                                             NABTEB (2002)
2



        N.B.

        MECHANICAL SUB-COMMITTEE
        1. P.U. Osame         Administrative/200L Adviser
        2. G.O. Odu           Technology Planning & Development Adviser
        3. F.E. Ukrakpor      Welfare/SWEP Adviser




                                                                                                75
300 LEVEL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER    COURSE                 COURSE TITLE                   L   T   P   COURSE
             CODE                                                             CREDIT
           EMA 381   Engineering Mathematics III                  2   1   -      3
           CVE 321   Strength of Materials II                     2   1   -      3
           EEE 327   Electrical Engineering III                   2   1   -      2
           PRE 321   Manufacturing Technology II/CAM              1   1   -      2
     I     MEE 361   Mechanics of Machines I                      2   -   -      3
           MEE 321   Machine Drawings                             2   -   3      3
           MEE 341   Fluid Mechanics                              2   1   -      2
           ELA 301   Laboratory Practical and Workshop Practice   -   -   6      2
                     Total Credits                                              21
           EMA 372   Engineering Mathematics IV                   3   1   -      4
           EEE 332   Electromechanical Devices & Machines II      1   1   -      2
           PRE 314   Manufacturing Technology III/CAM             1   1   -      2
     II    MEE 312   Mechanics of Machines II                     2   1   -      3
           MEE 352   Machine Design/CAD                           2   1   -      3
           MEE 332   Thermodynamics II                            1   1   -      2
           MEE 372   Analytical Mechanics                         1   1   -      2
           EEE 336   Engineering Entrepreneurship                 2   1   -      3
           ELA 312   Laboratory Practical & Workshop Practice     -   -   6      2
                     Total Credits                                              23



400 LEVEL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER    COURSE                COURSE TITLE                    L T     P   COURSE
             CODE                                                             CREDIT
           EMA 481   Engineering Mathematics IV/Eng. Maths        2   1   -      3
           MEE 404   Metallurgy I                                 2   1   -      2
           MEE 461   Mechanical Vibrations                        2   1   -      3
     I     MEE 421   Machine Design/CAD II                        2   1   -      3
           MEE 403   Applied Stress Analysis                      2   1   -      2
           MEE 425   Thermodynamics                               2   1   -      2
           MEE 441   Fluid Mechanics III                          2   1   -      3
           MEE 407   Heat Transfer I                              1   1   -      2
           ELA 401   Laboratory Practical & Workshop Practice     -   -   6      2
                     Total Credits                                              22
     II              SIX MONTHS DSUITS




                                                                                       76
500 LEVEL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER    COURSE                  COURSE TITLE                                   L    T   P     COURSE
             CODE                                                                                 CREDIT
           ENS 521   Engineering Law                                               2    1    -      2
           PRE 581   Engineering Economics and Management I                        2    1   -       3
           MEE 521   Design of Machine Elements                                    2    1   -       3
     I     MEE 542   Thermal Power Engineering I                                   1    1    -      2
           MEE 582   Heat Transfer II                                              1    1    -      2
           MEE 504   Metallurgy II                                                 2    1   -       3
           MEE 501   Project & Thesis                                              -    -   9       3
                     OPTIONAL COURSES
           MEE 585   Building Services Engineering                                 2    1   -          3
           MEE 561   Stress Analysis I                                             2    1   -          3
           PRE 582   Project Planning and Control                                  2    1   -          3
           MEE 541   Fluid Mechanics III                                           2    1   -          3
           MEE 583   Metallurgy III
                     Total Credits                                                                    21
           PRE 572   Engineering Economics and Management II                       2    1   -          3
           MEE 552   Advance Machine Design                                        2    1   -          3
           MEE 531   Automatic Control System                                      2    1   -          3
           MEE 532   Thermal Power Engineering II                                  1    1    -         2
           MEE 512   Corrosion and Corrosion Control                               2    1   -          3
           MEE 572   Refrigeration and Air-conditioning                            1    1    -         2
           MEE 573   Metallurgy II                                                 2    1   -          3
           MEE 573   Metallurgy IV                                                 2    1   -          3
           MEE 512   Project                                                       -    -   9          3
                     OPTIONAL COURSES
           PRE 532   Production and Inventory Design                               2    1   -          3
           MEE 553   Fluid Machinery Fluid Mechanics V                             2    1   -          3
           MEE 552   Advanced Strength of Materials                                2    1   -          3
           MEE 542   Materials Failure and Prevention                              2    1   -          3
                     (Metallurgy III)
           CVE 592   Building Services Engineering II                              2    1   -          3
                     Total Credits                                                                    22


COURSE CONTENT FOR 300 LEVEL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

CVE 321: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS II                              3 CREDITS
Shears, stresses and stain in beams, horizontal shear force in wide flange beams. Shear center. Bending of beams of
varying cross-section. Beams of uniform strength. Bending of compound and composite beams. Simple reinforced
concrete beams. Strain energy inbending unsymmetrical bending. Defection of Beams: Differential equation of elastic
line. Double integration, area-moment and superstition methods. Introduction to energy methods. Deflection due to
shear.

Biaxial Stresses: Stresses on an oblique plane. Two dimensional transformation equations. Concepts of principal
stresses and principal planes. Mohr‟s circle. Principal strains, relation between elastic constants. Application to this
walled pressure vessels.

Theories of Failure: Maximum principal stress, maximum shear stress and other theories of failure. Strings: Open coil
and close helical springs. Lead springs.




                                                                                                                     77
PRE 321: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY II                       2 CREDITS
Fabrication methods; Casting and pattern design; Forging and extrusion; Welding methods; Use of drilling, boring,
grinding and other materials.

Blacksmith: Hand tools and working principles. Joints and fastenings: Bolts, rivet, welding, brazing, soldering,
measurement and marking for uniformity, circulatory, concentricity, etc.

MEE 361: MECHANICS OF MACHINES I                              3 CREDITS
Basic principles of Kinetics and motion. Mechanisms or linkage, displacement, motion and instantaneous center.
Relative velocities and accelerations in mechanisms. Rolling and sliding contact. Cams. Gear and gearing. Gear trains.

MEE 321: MACHINE DRAWINGS                          3 CREDITS
Section and conventions. Auxiliary views. Pictorial drawings. Conventions. Practices and standards. Drawing of
machine elements. Working drawings. Pipe drawing. Fasteners, welding drawings. Building drawing.

MEE 341: FLUID MECHANICS II                                      3 CREDITS
Viscous Flow Theory: Mechanism of viscosity; Equation of motion for viscous Newtonian fluids; Navier-Stokes
equation for laminar flows; simplified forms and some exact solution; Laminar velocity distribution. Elementary
channel flow, introduction to turbulence. Some applications of viscous flow theory – the viscometer, hydrodynamic
lubrication. Ideal Flow Theory: Introduction to the concepts of circulation, irrotationality, velocity potential and stream
functions. Inviscid equations in general forms: boundary conditions for inviscid flows. Poisson‟s and Laplace‟s
equations and their elementary solutions, elementary flows and the principle of superstition. Lift and drag on
cylinders; D‟ Alenbert‟s paradox. Kuta-Joukoweski condition. Introduction on aerofoil theory. Power Systems:
Mechanical power systems, their application and operations. Drive requirements for mechanical equipments; pumps,
fans, machine tools cranes and heitraction. Thermodynamics. Thermal and hydraulic power system, their principles
and operation principles of air conditioning and refrigeration. Introduction to heat transfer. Heat exchangers.

PRE 314: MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY III/CAM                                     2 CREDITS
Introduction to economy applied in workshop processes, costs and time factors. Forging and machining. Application
of Lathe machine in boring, screw cutting. V-threads simple and double square threads including acme threads.
Milling of flat surfaces-gear cutting demonstration. Analysis of different cutting fluids, mounting on the milling
machines.

MEE 312: MECHANICS OF MACHINES II                          3 CREDITS
Forces Analysis of Mechanisms (Static and Dynamic). Dynamically equivalent systems. Balancing of rotating and
reciprocating masses. Turning moment diagrams and flywheels. Governors. Friction in Machines.

MEE 332: MACHINE DESIGN/CAD                           3 CREDITS
Characteristics of Modern materials, Factors affecting the selection of materials. The subject Machine Design
(Definition and general Procedure in design)
Interchangeability, Fits, Limits and Tolerances, Limits and fits used in Engineering. Working stresses and selection of
factors of safety. Simple stresses in Machine parts. Variable stresses in Machine parts. Torsional and Bending stresses
in Machine parts.

Riveted joint, failures in riveted joints and efficiency of riveted joints. Shafts: Types of shafts subjected to torque only,
bending moment only, combined torsion and bending and shafts subjected to axial load in addition to combined
torsion and bending.

Key and coupling, types of Keys. Shafts coupling, types of shaft couplings.

MEE 352: THERMODYNAMICS II                                2 CREDITS
Thermodynamics Properties of Pure Substance: Properties of ideal and real gases, Kinetic theory of gasses. Mixtures:
mixtures of perfect gases, mixture of gas and saturated vapour psychrometry applications. Power Transfer System:
Introduction to vapour power cycles, Ranking cycle with reheat. Second Law Topics: Gibbs and Hellmboibs free
energies. Irreversibility and availability, principle of maximum work, thermodynamics potentials.




                                                                                                                         78
MEE 372: ANALYTICAL MECHANICS                        3 CREDITS
Virtual Work: Work forces, couple and virtual work. Equilibrium of a particle, rigid body and System of Rigid bodies;
Potential Energy and Stability:- Elastic and gravitational potential energy equation. Stability and equilibrium; Co-
ordinate Systems:- Transformation equation and reduced transformation equation;
Degree of Freedom: Degree of constraints, equation of constraints and superfluous co-ordinate;
Generalised Co-ordinates: Generalised forces. Determination of the generalized forced by virtual work and by
potential energy.

COURSE CONTENT FOR 400 LEVEL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

MEE 461: MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS                              3 CREDITS
Basic concepts in vibration, free vibration, Damped free vibration. Harmonically forced vibration of 2-degree of
freedom systems. Multi-degree of freedom vibrating systems. Vibration of lumped parameter systems.

MEE 421: MACHINE DESIGN/CAD II                                 3 CREDITS
Philosophy of Design, Design flow charts, design selection charts, design components, design specifications – basis,
justification. Detail design (quantitative and qualitative). Engineering materials in design. Stress and deflection
analysis. Design against failure, power screws. Detachable fasteners. Shafting design.

Power transmission shafting. Belts, ropes and pulley, design of pulleys, creep, slip and power transmitted by belts.
Flywheel, fluctuation of speed and energy. Construction of flywheel. Springs: Deflection of Springs. Design of
springs, clutches and brakes. Types of brakes and design of brakes. Bearings: Classification of bearing, selection of
bearings, lubrication of ball and roller bearing. Gear: Classification of gears; Lewis equation. Design of spur gear,
design of arms, Bevel gears: Design of shaft for level gear.

MEE 403: APPLIED STRESS ANALYSIS                       3 CREDITS
(1) Stress on inclined plane for simple tension and compression
(2) Molar circle analysis of stress
(3) Tension and Compression in two perpendicular directions
(4) Principal stresses and strains
(5) Strain in the case of tension or compression in perpendicular direction
(6) Pure shear and its Modulus
(7) Shear and Principal stresses in bending.


MEE 441: FLUID MECHANICS III                         3 CREDITS
One-dimensional compressible flow. Concept of flow compressibility. Isentropic flow relationships. Static,
stagnation and reservoir condition. Isentropic flow through nozzles and diffusers. Subsonic and supersonic flows –
some practical examples. Shock waves, static and moving waves. Relationships between flow properties behind and in
front of stationery and moving normal shocks. Flows through constant area ducts without friction and heat transfer,
with friction only and with both friction and heat transfer. Boundary layer theory. Boundary layer equations for
laminar flows. Turbulent boundary layers. Transition to turbulence and flow separation. Introduction to turbulence.
Prandl‟s mixing length theory. Laminar and turbulent velocity distributions. Pipe and duct flows and pipe network.
Turbulent pipe flows and empirical relations. Moody diagrams. Pipe network. Surge tank. Head loss – major and
minor losses in pipe flows. Pressure drops and velocity relations in gas ducts. Losses in joint and bends of gas ducts.
Turbo machinery. Theory of turbo machines. Head – momentum. Torque – momentum relations. Dimensional
analysis and similarity considerations. Cavitations.
Boundary layer theory: boundary thickness, simplified boundary layer equations for laminar flows. Turbulent
boundary layers, transition to turbulence and flow separation. Introduction to turbulence, Prandtl‟s mixing length the
theory, laminar

MEE 407: HEAT TRANSFER I                                       2 CREDITS
Heat Transfer. Modes of heat transfer, conduction heat transfer. Steady state one-dimensional conduction equation for
plane wall, circular cylindrical and spherical bodies, pipe lagging. Heat-electricity analogue. Fluid –solid – fluid
systems: Convection transfer, types of convection heat transfer – forced, free, dimensionless groups, thermal boundary
layer, its development. Mathematical treatment, graphical numerical solutions, dimensional analysis.




                                                                                                                    79
COURSE CONTENT FOR 500 LEVEL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

PRE 581: PROJECT PLANNING AND CONTROL (Optional)                                3 CREDITS
Stages in industrial project development; feasibility study, project proposal, detailed design, implementation and
commissioning. Computer and manual techniques in planning, scheduling and control of project , CPM and PERT.
Calculation based on time data. Scheduling to minimize cost and resource usage.

MEE 542: DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS                             3 CREDITS
Bolts, brake, clutches and coupling gears, spring, rope, belt and chain drives hoist. Weloment design. Surface finish,
friction and bearings, Pressure cylinders. Motor selection. Vibration and design.

MEE 541: THERMAL POWER ENGINEERING I                                  2 CREDITS
Carnot Cycle, ranking cycle, regenerative cycle, binary vapour cycles, special turbines, the working fluid Direct
Energy Conversion: Thermonic, thermoelectric and magnetohydrodynamic converters, fuel celss. Other energy
sources, energy management, energy storage. Statistical Mechanics: elementary treatment of kinetic theory of gases.

MEE 561: FLUID MECHANICS III (Optional)                      3 CREDITS
Fluids of power transmission, basic fluid power components – pump, relief valve, non-return valve, fixed and variable
area restrictors, pressure compensated pump, motors, actuators hydraulic stiffness of a pneumatic system, aeration,
applications of automatic control, systems, dynamics, actuator systems pressure and speed control, hydraulic and
pneumatic servomechanisms, fluidics – Coanda eggect; logic thepry and Boolean algebra, fluid amplifiers, block and
signal flow diagrams. Advantages and disadvantages of non-moving part devices. Auxiliary equipment, circuit design
and applications. Unsteady Flow: oscillatory flows in manometers oscillator of two reservoirs; inertial pressure in
pipelines opening and closing of valves; propagation of elastic waves, water hammer, surge tank and vavitations,
further topics on boundary layer theory and one-dimensional gas dynamics.

MEE 561: STRESS ANALYSIS I (Optional)                       3 CREDITS
Concept of a general dimensional state of stress. Equilibrium equations, stress transformation equations. Principal
stresses. Maximums shears stress. Mean deviator and octahedral stresses.

MEE 582: HEAT TRANSFER II                    2 CREDITS
Natural and forced convection, radiation, combined heat transfer, heat transfer with change of phase, solar energy.
Extended surfaces, heat exchangers, selection criteria.

MEE 504: METALLURGY II                                 2 CREDITS
Steels – Cast irons, plain carbon steels, iron-carbon diagram; time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagrams
(austenite, bianite, martensite structure); heat treatment of steels (annealing and tempering processes); surface
hardening of steels, alloy steels. Non-ferrous metals and alloys-copper, aluminum, tin, zinc, gold, lead.

MEE 583: METALLURGY III (Optional)                           3 CREDITS
Ferrous and non-ferrous metals and their alloys (iron, aluminum, copper, etc); processing from their ores production
and quality control. Physical mechanical properties; application and usage; theory of heat treatment and phase
transformation for improved properties (directional and anistrophic; alloy theory and strengthening mechanisms).
Design of alloys with emphasis on steel; polymeric and ceramic materials; production processes; physical and
mechanical properties/behavior; application and usage.

MEE 585: BUILDING SERVICES ENGINEERING I                                3 CREDITS
Types of Building Service: Control of the indoor environment (temperature, humidity, quality and movements of air);
electrical services, plumbing service, fire protection and smoke control, lift and escalator services. Piping and water
storage systems. Fluid flow equations, pumps, pipe fittings and valves, piping system design. Fans and air distribution
system. Fan performance, selection and installation, air flow in ducts and fittings, design of ducts and air distribution
systems.



                                                                                                                      80
MEE 501: PROJECTS



PRE 532: PRODUCTION AND INVENTORY DESIGN (Optional)                           3 CREDITS
Production system design and control tasks, including planning, scheduling and machine loading. Work flow control.
Material requirement planning and control, computer application, inventory systems design, production forecasting,
production programme development, manpower requirement planning and control, line-balancing, sequencing and
expediting. Applications of linear programming, CPM and PERT.


CVE 592: BUILDING SERVICE ENGINEERING II (Optional)                           3 CREDITS
Building Energy Systems: Components of building energy systems (boilers, pumps, chillers, cooling, heating, etc).
Design of building energy systems, control operation and maintenance of energy systems. Fire Service Systems: Cause
of fires in buildings, fire detectors and alarms, fire and smoke control, equipment codes and regulations for fire
fighting installation in buildings. Aluminum and Acoustics: Lighting sources and their Lighting design and
applications, basic principles of sound control for HVAC system.

MEE 512: CORROSION AND CORROSION CONTROL                                 3 CREDITS
Corrosion in general. Definition of corrosion, classification of corrosion. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of corrosion.
Theory of high temperature corrosion and the oxidation of metals, thermodynamics of high temperature corrosion.
Film formation. Piling Bedworth ratio, equation of oxidation.

Effect of internal and external factors on HTC, Internal and external factors. Presentation of HTC. Corrosion in natural
environment. Atmospheric corrosion, underground corrosion in saline waters e.g Ocean and Seas.

Corrosion of the basic constructional materials; Corrosion of iron and its alloys, Copper and it alloys, Aluminum and
its alloys, Magnesium and its alloys, Nickel and its alloys and corrosion of Zinc and Cadmium.
Prevention of corrosion; Inhibitors and anti-corrosion paints. Electrochemical prevention; Preservation of metallic
materials; Corrosion test.

MEE 552: ADVANCED MACHINE DESIGN                                         3 CREDITS
Application of engineering principles to the synthesis and analysis of complete mechanics; Conceptional designs of
fulfilled economics environmental and functional requirements. Introduction to optimization and reliability,
consideration in machine analysis, individual projects and write a report at the end.

MEE 531: AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM                            3 CREDITS
Differential equations of first and second order systems laplace transforms and inverses. Block Diagrams, transfer
functions and signal flow graphs feedback control systems and steady state error. Transient Response and system
stability by Routh Hurwitz Criterion.

Nyquist and Bode plate; Root Locus Techniques; Design considerations; State variable representation for continuous
and discrete flow systems. Introduction to controllability, observability and computer control.

MEE 532: THERMAL POWER ENGINEERING II                             2 CREDITS
Axial – flow turbines, radial-flow turbines, axial-flow compressors, redial-flow compressors. Jet Propulsion Engines:
Features and principles, energy transfers, design of jet nozzles.

MEE 553: FLUID MACHINERY & FLUID MECHANICS V)                                       3 CREDITS
Aerofoil and Airscrew Theory: Introduction to flight, conformal mapping and transformation, the basic of aerofoil
theory, aerofoil in two dimensions, relation between lift and circulation generation of lift and drag, airscrew
momentum and bald element theory, aerofoil characteristics and wing section nomenclature. Hydraulic Turbines:
Dimensional analysis and similitude, performance characteristics, conditions for efficient operation, unit and specific
speeds, draft tubes design, manufacture and installation techniques, hydrodynamics couplings. Similarly
considerations, components and design and construction, performance characteristics, reciprocating and centrifugal
types, theoretical and actual discharge head curves, configurations, scale effects, selection charts.



                                                                                                                     81
MEE 552: ADVANCED STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Optional)                                  3 CREDITS
Torsion of non-circular sections. ST. Venant‟s stress function. Rotating Disks: strain-displacement relations in polar
coordinates. Stresses in rotating disks, disks of variable thickness, disk of uniform strength.

Beams of Elastic Foundation: Bending of beams on elastic foundation. Equation of elastic line. Zimmermann-Wikler
hypothesis. Beams of infinite length. Semi-infinite and finite beams. Problems of railroad tracks. Grid beams. Circular
plates. Bending of thin circular plate and rotationally symmetric thin shells. Plasticity: elementary theory of plasticity,
yield criterion, stress-strain relations, elastic-plastic deformations. Conditions for plastic collapse, incremental
collapse, elastic shake down and high-strain fatigue.


MEE 573: METALLURGY IV (Optional)                                                 3 CREDITS
Solidification and Foundry Technology
Processes of freezing: Nucleation and growth of solid phase: Plannar and dendritic growth freezing of alloys:
constitutional supercooling. Solidification of 2-phase alloy: structure of cast alloy; effect of cast structure on
properties; segregation in ingots. Casting techniques and finishing operations; defects in casting.

MEE 572: REFRIGERATION AND AIR-CONDITIONING                                      2 CREDITS
Refrigeration. Properties and characteristics of refrigerants, multi-pressure vapour. Compression Refrigeration
Systems. Absorption refrigeration. Air conditioning. Fundamental properties of moist air. The psychrometry of air
conditioning. Processes estimation of the cooling load. The analysis of various HVAC systems and equipment.

MEE 542: MATERIALS FAILURE AND PREVENTION (METALLURGY III (Optional) 3 CREDITS
Testing for failure including N.D.T and metallulography; etallic corrosion and prevention; fracture mechanisms; creep
and creep mechanisms. Fatigue and fatigue mechanisms; ductile fracture mechanism; brittle fracture mechanisms;
failure of components; fractography, design considerations to overcome fracture/future applications of N.D.T.

MEE 512: PROJECT




                                                                                                                       82
PRODUCTION ENGINEERING

1.0 INTRODUCTION
Production Engineering is a unit in the Department of Mechanical, Metallurgical and Production Engineering. The
objective of this department is to produce professionals in the area of engineering namely Manufacturing Engineering
and Industrial Engineering.

1.1 PRODUCTION ENGINEERING
Production Engineering is the art and science of transforming materials into usable and saleable end products. It is the
life-line of all industrialized societies, without which no nation could afford many of the amenities that provide quality
of life. The success of any manufacturing organization depends to a very great extent on the education, training,
technological and managerial experiences of the manufacturing engineers whose function is to direct the production
process and to achieve most efficient coordination of effort with due consideration for quality, quantity and cost.

Keeping these in view, the course programme has been designed to discuss in details not only the „how‟ of
manufacturing, but also the „why‟ and under what conditions with emphasis on process optimization.


300 LEVEL PRODUCTION ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER     COURSE                 COURSE TITLE                                   L    T   P     COURSE
              CODE                                                                                CREDIT
            EMA 381   Engineering Mathematics                                      2    1   -        3
            MEE 361   Thermodynamics                                               1    1   -        2
            PRE 321   Manufacturing Production Technology I                        1    1   -        2
            MEE 341   Fluid Mechanics II                                           1    1   -        2
     I      EEE 327   Electrical Engineering III                                   2    1   -        2
            MEE 361   Mechanics of Machines I                                      2    1   -        3
            MEE 322   Machine Drawing & CAD                                        2    -   3        3
            CVE 321   Strength of Materials II                                     1    1   -        2
            ELA 301   Laboratory Practicals & Workshop Practice                    -    -   6        3
                      Total Credits                                                                 21
            EMA 372   Engineering Mathematics                                      2    1    -       3
            EEE 318   Electromechanical Devices & Machines II                      2    1    -       2
            MEE 352   Thermodynamics II                                            1    1    -       2
     II     MEE 312   Mechanics of Machines II                                     2    1    -       3
            EEE 336   Engineering Entrepreneurship                                 1    1    -       2
            PRE 332   Design of Machines and Element of                            2    1    -       3
                      Materials Selection
            PRE 337   Applied Materials Science                                    1    1   -          2
            ELA 302   Laboratory Practicals and Workshop Practice                  -    -   6          2
                      Total Credits                                                                   21




                                                                                                                      83
400 LEVEL PRODUCTION ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER     COURSE                 COURSE TITLE                   L T             P        COURSE
              CODE                                                                          CREDIT
            EMA 481   Engineering Mathematics                      2       1       -          3
            MEE 403   Applied Stress Analysis                      2       1       -          3
            MEE 404   Metallurgy I                                 2       1       -          3
     I      PRE 441   Machine Tool Technology I                    1       1       -          2
            PRE 442   Design of Machine Elements and Material      1       1       -          2
                      Selection II
            PRE 421   Production Technology II                     3       1       -           4
            PRE 445   Metrology                                    2       1       -           3
            PRE 461   Industrial Engineering Analysis              1       1       -           2
            PRE 401   Laboratory Practicals                        -       -       6           2
                      Total Credits                                                           24
     II               SIX MONTHS DSUITS

500 LEVEL PRODUCTION ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER    COURSE                 COURSE TITLE                        L       T       P    COURSE
             CODE                                                                           CREDIT
           ENS 521   Engineering Law                                   1       1        -     2
           PRE 581   Engineering Economics & Management I              2       1       -      3
           PRE 541   Design for Production                             2       1       -      3
     I     PRE 581   Automation & Control I                            1       1        -     2
           PRE 521   Production Management I                           1       1        -     2
           PRE 561   Principles of Operational Research for Ind.       1       1       -      2
                     Prod.
           PRE 542   Machine Tool Technology                           1       1       -       2
           PRE 544   Maintenance & Reliability Engineering             1       1       -       2
           PRE 501   Project                                           -       -       3       3
                     Total Credits                                                            21
           PRE 512   Production Management Inventory Design            2       1       -       3
           PRE 571   Automation & Control II                           2       1       -       3
     II    PRE 531   Tool Design (Including JIGS & FIXTURES)           3       1       -       4
           PRE 592   Plastic Working of Metals                         2       1       -       3
           PRE 552   Industrial Operational Research                   2       1       -       3
           MEE 582   Metallurgy II                                     2       1        -      3
           PRE 510   Project                                           -       -       3       3
                     ELECTIVES
           PRE 548   Management of Technology I                        2       1       -       3
           PRE 558   Management         of      Technology    &        2       1       -       3
                     Entrepreneurship
                     Total Credits                                                            22




                                                                                                     84
300 LEVEL PRODUCTION ENGINEERING COURSE CONTENT

PRE 321: MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY                                       2 CREDITS
Working principles, size and specification, classification, principal parts work holding and driving mechanisms of
shaping, slotting, planning machines; Turret and Capstan lathes, Applications of automatic and semi automatic lathes.
Effect of automation on Production economy. Milling operations and machines: types, cutters, attachments, direct and
simple indexing, grinding machines and wheels: Wheel characteristics, selection, specification, etc. Various methods
of grinding processes, speed and feed applied. Welding of ferrous/non ferrous metals and alloys, cast iron.
Uses of blazing and soldering.
Plastic and Powder metallurgy.
Basic principles of pattern, mould, core making: their materials, allowances, etc, metal melting and casting.

PRE 321: PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY I                                                  3 CREDITS
Working principles, specification, classification, features of construction, working holding, driving mechanisms, tools
and cutters used in shaping, slotting and planning machines. Turret, Capstan and Automatic lathes, operation planning.

PRE 337: APPLIED MATERIAL SCIENCE                                                       2 CREDITS
Machinability of metals: Effects of microstructure; working, Heat treatment and alloy content. Mechanical Testing:
Malleability, Toughness, Ductility, Hardness, Tensile, Compressive, Impact, Creep, Fatigue. Non Destructive Testing:
X-ray, Gamma Ray, Ultrasonic Mechanical shaping of metals: Hot and cold working, e.g. rolling, forging wire
drawing, extrusion, recrystallization, work hardening, Plastics, Asbestos, Ceramics, Composite materials, Powder
Metallurgy, sintering, etc.

PRE 332: DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS AND MATERIALS SELECTION – I                                     3 CREDITS
Design of welded joints and calculation of maximum permissible forces.
Design of rivets and determination of the various stresses. Illustrative examples. Design of screw threads. Conical and
Cylindrical threads. Calculation of permissible forces and stresses. Design of eccentrically headed bolts. Tie bar and its
use. Deformation diagram for nuts and bolts joints. Design of bolts under dynamic and variable load.
Determination of turning moment on nuts. Illustrative examples such as flange coupling, bolting of gear cases. Design
parameters for nuts and bolt transmission. Design of key joints, prismatic, segmented, bevel, tangential cylindrical
keys, etc. design of Cotter and spline joint illustrative examples. Determination of equivalent stresses on sub-
assemblies with initially induced stresses. Illustrative examples. Design of Coupling and Clutches. Classification and
design calculation.

400 LEVEL PRODUCTION ENGINEERING COURSE CONTENT

PRE 421: PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY II                                                4 CREDITS
Principles of Metal Cutting: Mechanics of Chip formation shear angle, velocity ratio, forces of orthogonal cutting,
Shear angle relation, Tool wear, life, material etc. Advanced uses of Milling machine: Mechanics of milling, chip
section, forces, power required in milling.
Broaching: Types of broaches, tool material, heat treatment, grinding fixtures, broaching compare to other machining
processes, pulling head.
Surface finishing operations: Lapping, Honing, Superfinishing, Polishing and surface finish.
Gear Manufacturing methods: Gear generation by Hobbing, Shaping; Bevel gear; Gear finishing and grinding.
Screw thread Production: Rolling, Grinding, Milling, Diehead Inspection.
Press Tool Operations: Non-traditional machining process e.g. ultrasonic, EDM, ECM etc.

PRE 442: DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS AND MATERIALS SELECTION II                                     2 CREDITS
Design of various types of springs. Design calculation for belt transmission kinematic and dynamic consideration of
chain transmission. Design calculations of chain transmission.
Simple Kinematic and design calculations for friction transmission and brake system.
Gear transmission. Geometric and Kinematic design of gears: Undercut of gears. Calculation of contact stress, bending
stress etc.
Illustrative examples: Worm transmission and its classification. Geometric and Kinematic design of Worm
transmission under-cut of worms and worm-gears. Calculation of Contact Stress, bending stress of worm transmission.
Design of shafts. Determination of forces acting on spur gears helical gears bevelgears, worm transmission. Design
calculation. General consideration of speed reduction boxes. Selection electrical drives. Cost evaluation on the effect



                                                                                                                      85
of manufacturing processes on design. Optimum design of machine element, and mechanisms. Choice of
manufacturing processes on assembly and performance. Use of standard Engineering and handbooks and design atlas
Engineering.

PRE 441: MACHINE TOOL TECHNOLOGY I                                                3 CREDITS
Main features of machine tool design: Mechanical transmission. Design of gear boxes. Speed characteristics; speed
range, speed constant (ratio). Determination of the ratio and series of preferred number. Design of simple gear trains
and ray diagrams. Determination of gear ratios for gear blocks and gear teeth number. Slotted link reciprocating
motion. Whithworth quick return mechanisms.
Hydraulic transmission. Simple hydraulic circuit. Pumps and elliptical gear pumps. Variable delivery pumps. Vane
pumps and piston pumps. Design of rigidity. Static and dynamic stiffness. Compliance of sub-assemblies; gear
transmission.
Bearing design, Journal bearings, ball bearings and roller bearings.
Hydrostatic and aerostatic bearings.
Installation of machine tools. Basic consideration, damping and absorption methods.

PRE 445: METROLOGY                                      3 CREDITS
Measurement and marking techniques. Accuracy and types of errors. Standards of measurement. Linear measurement,
and end measurements. Use of block gauges.
Limits, fits and tolerance. Hole-basis and shaft-basis systems. British and international standards (ISO) systems of
limits and fit. Basic simple assemblies illustrating types of fit.
Principles of Inspection. Go and No go gauges. Sampling inspection. Statistical quality control. Principles of automatic
dimensional control.
Geometrical measurements with reference to another surfaces: straightness, flatness, squareness, roundness,
cylindricity, concentricity, parallelism and taper.
Surface roughness, measurements. Alignment tests on machine tools. Length bars and measuring machines.
Comparators: Mechanical Comparators, (dial gauges); mechanical-optical comparators, auto-collimator. Pneumatic
comparators, fluid displacement comparators, etc.
Optical flat and interferometry, Profilometer and tool-makers microscope. Projection microscopes, Angular
measurements. Sinebars, sine tables, sine centres, clinometers. Principles of Optical Instruments for angular
measurements. The microptic auto-collimator, The angle dekkor.

PRE 461: INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING ANALYSIS                                  2 CREDITS
Classification of modern industry. Infra structure. Structure of organization. Profitability. Productivity and its effect on
economic development and the standard of living.
Work study. Method study. Work measurement. Principles of motion economy.
Factory location. Plant and workplace layout. Factory building. Selection and procedures for location, layout, building,
plant and factory machinery.
Materials handling systems
Materials purchase and stock control. Purchase procedures. Inspection. Sampling methods, Store keeping methods.
Store control. Job evaluation. Job specification. Ranking, Merit rating. Production planning, scheduling. Routing,
Follow-up. Gantt charts. Cost control. Record keeping techniques for accurate costing data. Total cost of production or
services. Economics of machining processes and materials utilization. Break even analysis. Selection between
alternative processes. Cost benefit analysis.

PRE 401: LABORATORY PRACTICALS




                                                                                                                        86
PRE 521: PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT I                               2 CREDITS
Principles of Management. Management Process Dynamics. Elements of Managements. Management by objectives.
Management for Results. Time span. Key areas. Balancing of objectives.
Resources Management
Materials Management. Purchasing Methods. Contracts. Stores and Inventory Control. Reserve Utilization. Time value
of money. Interest formulae. Rate of return. Methods of economic evaluation. Selection between alternatives. Dynamic
equipment policy. Principles of break-even and cost benefit analysis. Principles of production. Types of production
processes. Development of Group Technology and Cellular Systems. Types of Automation. Automation Principles.
Principles governing plant layout. Factors. Motion principles. Layout design of buildings and factory floor. Selection
of materials handling systems. Design of conveyor systems.
Survey of manufacturing methods in a range of industries, textiles, timber, food technology, agriculture, etc. works
visit and essay study of some manufacturing industry with an engineering interest such as cement; electronics, rubber
and plastics, etc.
Engineering systems, system equations and solution. Systems membership. Set density. Models and model building.
Taxonomical models. Man-machine interface.

PRE 541: DESIGN FOR PRODUCTION                        3 CREDITS
Introduction. Selection of Production Processes. Design of Assemblies, sub-assemblies and components of production
aspects. Simplification, standardization, interchangeability. Application of limits, Fits, Surface finish, to design for
production and how they affect production cost.
Design of castings avoiding common defects. Design of riser, gating, Cores, Design of mechanized foundry. Casting
die design.
Design of forgings and dies, extrusive wire drawing dies, roll pass, etc. selection of welding processes. Design of
weldments. Heat affected zones and prediction of joint strength. Residual stress and stress relieving. Process layout
design. Operation planning as applied to semi-automatic and automatic lathes. Design of cams for automatic lathes.
Design of limit gauges. Planning of inspection procedures.

PRE 542: MACHINE TOOL TECHNOLOGY II                               3 CREDITS
Trends in the development of machine tools. Design of various types of feed machanisms. Error correction and
compensation. Design of beds, slidways, and columns.
Analysis of cutting forces: turning and drilling processes. Introduction to the determination of stiffness of lathe
machines. Calculation of power consumption of machine tools.
Machine tool spindles and mountings. Design of spindles. Simple treatment of machine tool vibration.
Cutting tool vibration (chatter), different theories. Method of elimination and reduction.
Economics of machining. Relationship governing tool life. Factors in selection of tool life.
Tool wear mechanism: adhesive, abrasive and corrosive wear. Surface fatigue of cutting tool. Analysis of tool wear.
Effect of built-up nose on wear rate.
Measurement of tool wear-various methods.
Principles of machine tool design applied to the design of Centre lathe and drilling machine.

PRE 581: AUTOMATION AND CONTROL I                               3 CREDITS
Introduction
Basic definitions and concepts. Control systems in Production Engineering e.g. NC machine tools, production-
inventory control etc.
Mathematical Tools
Differential equations and their solution by Laplace transform technique. Functions of complex variables. Counchy
Rieman equation. Poles and zeros. Conformal transformations. The principle of the argument. Elementary matrix
Algebra. Determinants, matrix multiplication inversion; solution of linear algebraic equations.
System Representation
Block diagrams and their reduction, signal flow graphs and Mason‟s rules, Transfer function and state-space.
Representations. Some common transfer functions.
Linear Analysis of SISO FBC Systems
Types of system inputs. Transient response and effecet of pole-zero locations. Steady-State response, frequency
response. Polar plots. System characteristics: stability, speed or response, steady-state accuracy. Stability analysis by
Routh-Hurmitz criterion and Nyguist criterion. No minimum phase systems. Steady-state accuracy: static error co-
efficients and steady-state errors. Performance indices. Graphical techniques: The Root Locus, Bode diagrams, Direct




                                                                                                                     87
and Inverse Nyguist Diagrams, Nichols diagrams. Closed-loop frequency response from Hall charts and Nichols
charts.
Compensation of SISO Linear FBC Systems
Lead, lag, and lag-lead series compensation. Design using Nyguist diagrams, Rode diagrams, and Nichols charts.
Feed back compensation e.g. negative rate feedback. Decision using Inverse Nyguist diagrams.
Non-Linear Analysis of SISO FBC Systems
Describing function and phase plane techniques. Stability assessment Limit cycles. Popor‟s criterion. The circle
criterion.

PRE 512: PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT & INVENTORY DESIGN II                                     3 CREDITS
Principle of control, Production Planning. Production Control, Budgetary and cost control. Information processing and
control.
Scheduling Techniques. Sequencing. n-Job/2 – machines and 2 Jobs/n- machines. Project scheduling by CPM and
PERT methods. PERT-COST. Crashing of network.
Quality Control. Types of sampling plan. O-C curves. AQL AOOL, and ASN; more advanced treatment.
Principles of Reliability Engineering. Maintainability
Human Engineering, Principles of communication. Motivation. Ergonomics. McGregor theory. Economics
dimensions.

PRE 531: TOOL DESIGN (Including Jigs and Fixtures)                        4 CREDITS
Problem of tool design. Historical background, Development Selection of tool materials. Design of cutting tools:
Geometry of single and Multiple Point tools. Special purpose tools etc. Design of turning, boring, form turning tools,
chip breakers, throw-away tools etc. Design of drills, milling cutters, gear cutting tools and broaches.
Press tool Design: Calculation of shearing load, tonnage capacity, centre of pressure. Design of punch and die for
blanking, piercing, bending, deep drawing, hydroforming etc. progressive, compound and Combination press tools.
Design of Jigs and Fixtures: Introduction, general design principles and methods of location, clamping indexing. Drill
jig bushes. Examples of drilling jigs. Fixtures for lathe, milling, broaching, grinding and welding. Universal standard
built up jigs, standard components. Fabrication and material. Economic analysis.

PRE 552: INDUSTRIAL OPERATIONS RESEARCH                        3 CREDITS
Queuing problems. Nature and solution of queuing problems. Dynamic programming, Applications to industrial
problems. Simulation techniques. Monte Carlo methods.
Use of computer for system simulation.
Introduction to linear programming.
Numerical Methods in Operations Research.

PRE 571: AUTOMATION AND CONTROL II                             3 CREDITS
General Control System Components
Analogue and digital control systems. Electrical, mechanical, and fluid power transmission. Analogue computation.
Digital computer control systems.
Numerical Control of Machine Tools
Philosophy types (e.g. point-to-point, and contouring), and economics of NC machine tools. Elements of NC machine
tools. Some commercially available NC systems. Programming. Elements of post-processor contours and surfaces.
Special computer languages.
Fluidic Control Systems:
Fluidics components, principles and application to production and handling processes.

PRE 592: PLASTIC WORKING OF METALS                                3 CREDITS
General plastic theory. Strain rate. Plastic potential. Yield criterion. Levy-lode variables. Prender-Ruess assumptions.
Stress and velocity discontinuities. Equilibrium equations. Maximum work principles. Extreme principle. Boundary
conditions, upper and lower bounds.
Theory of plane plastic flow. Heneky‟s theorem. Slip line fields. Plasticity as applied to rolling, extrusion and press
working processes.




                                                                                                                     88
PRE 544: MAINTENANCE & RELIABILITY ENGINEERING 3 CREDITS
Basic concepts of reliability. Density and reliability functions. Meanlife. Failure modes, prediction procedure.
Reliability Design. Allocation of reliability. Principle of redundancy. Reliability tolerance.
Reliability of complex systems. Failure rate and Confidence limits. Sequential reliability tests.
Maintenance systems. Principles of preventive maintenance. Repair policies. Mathematical models related to such
policies. Maintenability of systems. Condition monitoring.

PRE 548: MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY (MOT)                                     2 CREDITS
Definitions of Technology & Management, MOT as an Interdisciplinary Nature for wealth and job creation. The Role
of Technology in Wealth Creation. The management of Technology: The New Paradigms. Acquisition, Transfer and
Development of Technology within a country. Developing countries problems and ways out.

PRE 558: TECHNOLOGY AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP CONCEPTS                          2 CREDITS
Their Roles in Small, Medium & Large/Conglomerate Businesses. The Processes in Technology and
Entrepreneurship. Creativity and Innovations. The Global Competitiveness & Cases Studies. Technology /Business
Strategy & Technology Planning and Related Case Studies.




                                                                                                             89
DEPARTMENT OF METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING

300 LEVEL METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER    COURSE                 COURSE TITLE                L        T   P   COURSE
             CODE                                                               CREDIT
           EMA 381   Engineering Mathematics III               2        1   -     3
           MEE 341   Fluid Mechanics                           2        1   -     3
           EEE 327   Electrical Engineering III                2        1   -     3
           PRE 321   Manufacturing Technology II/CAM           1        1   -     2
     I     CHE 321   Basic     Chemical     Engineering. Chem. 2        1   -     3
                     Metallurgy
           MTE 321   Technology Foundry I                      2        1   -      3
           EEE 361   Basic Computer Engineering                1        1   -      2
           ELA 301   Laboratory/Workshop Practice              -        -   6      2
                                                                                  21
            EMA 372     Engineering Mathematics IV                  3   1   -      4
            MEE 312     Thermodynamics II                           1   1   -      2
            EEE 318     Electromechanical Devices and Machines      2   1   -      3
    II      MTE 312     Fuels Refractories and Furnace Technology   1   1   -      2
            MTE 314     Physical Metallurgy                         1   1   -      2
            MTE 316     Mineral Processing and Technology           2   1   -      3
            MTE 318     Introduction to Deformation Processes       1   1   -      2
            EEE 336     Engineering Entrepreneurship II             2   -   -      2
            ELA 312     Laboratory/Workshop Practice                -   -   4      2
                        Total Credits                                             22


400 LEVEL METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER    COURSE                COURSE TITLE                L T           P   COURSE
             CODE                                                               CREDIT
           EMA 481   Engineering Mathematics                  2 1           -      3
           MTE 421   Extraction Metallurgy II                 1 1           -      2
           MTE 423   Process Metallurgy                       1 1           -      2
     I     MTE 425   Production Metallurgy I                  1 1           -      2
           MTE 427   Foundry Technology II                    2 1           -      3
           MTE 429   Materials & Metallurgical Process Design 2 1           -      3
           MTE 431   Corrosion Engineering I                  1 1           -      2
           EEE 462   Instrumentation                          2 1           -      3
           ELA 401   Materials & Metallurgical Laboratory     - -           6      3
                     Total Credits                                                23
     II              SIX MONTHS DSUITS




                                                                                         90
500 LEVEL METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER    COURSE                 COURSE TITLE                    L                     T    P     COURSE
             CODE                                                                                   CREDIT
           PRE 521  Engineering Law                                1                     1     -       2
           PRE 5    Engineering Management Economics I             2                     1    -        3
           MTE 581  Minerals Processing and Technology             1                     1    -        2
     I     MTE 521  Metallurgical Thermodynamics & Kinetics        1                     1     -       2
           MTE 541  Extraction Metallurgy II                       1                     1     -       2
           MTE 561  Production Metallurgy/Steel Making             1                     1    -        2
           MTE 562  Metallurgical & Materials Process Design I     2                     1     -       3
           MTE 541  Corrosion Engineering II                       1                     1     -       2
           MTE 500  Project                                        -                     -    6        3
                    Total Credits                                                                     21
           PRE 531  Engineering Law                                1                     1    -        2
           PRE 572  Engineering Management Economics II            1                     1    -        2
     II    MTE 529  Physics & Chemistry of Materials               2                     1    -        3
           MTE 559  Economics of Engineering Materials             2                     1    -        3
           MTE 539  Physics of Deformation and Fatique             2                     1    -        3
           MTE 549  Introduction to Microelectronic Technology     2                     1    -        3
           MTE 542  Physics of Deformation and Fracture of Solids  2                     1    -        3
           MTE 551  Heat and Mass Transfer in Material Processing  2                     1    -        3
           MTE 553  Thermal Treatment of Materials                 2                     1    -        3
           MTE 554  Engineering Materials selection; Application & 2                     1     -       3
                    Economics
           MTE 555  Steel Making/Processing                        2                     1    -          3
           MTE 500  Project                                        -                     -    6          3
                    Total Credits                                                                       16


300 LEVEL COURSE CONTENT

MTE 312: FUELS REFRACTORIES & FURNACE TECHNOLOGY                                           2 CREDITS
Fuels; Tyres & Classification, properties and tests; solid and gaseous fuels, Electrical Furnaces; Fuel combustion and
Heat, Heat transfer and thermal efficiency, Furnace Construction, Aerodynamics and Classification.

Refractories; Classification, properties and testing, and Manufacture of Refractories, Refractories types; Silica Bricks,
Alumico-Silicate and Magnesite Chromite, Carbon. Insulating and special refractories.
Instrumentation: temperature measurements, pyrometry and control.

MTE 314: PHYSICAL METALLURGY                                                              2 CREDITS
Relationship between structure and properties of engineering alloys presented and discussed in detail. Alloy systems
covered include steels, stainless steels, aluminum and titanium alloys, and superalloys. Processing history, micro-
structure, and properties of each alloy system illustrated by case studies. Fracture analysis of alloys widely used in
engineering applications emphasized.

MTE 316: MINERAL PROCESSING & TECHNOLOGY                                                 3 CREDITS
Theory and practice of unit operations including; size reduction-crushing and grinding; size separation-screening and
classification; mineral separation-flotation, magnetic and gravity separation. Equipment and circuit design and
selection. Mass balancing. Laboratory procedures: grindability, liberation, magnetic and gravity separation, flotation,
and solid-liquid separation.

MTE 318: INTRODUCTION TO DEFORMATION PROCESS                                                  2 CREDITS
Basic plasticity theory (yield criteria, plastic stress/strain relationships, etc.); friction and lubrication: analysis of
simple formation operations, e.g. rolling of flat products. Workability: concept and measurement; effect of process
variables, material properties and microstructure. Effect of hot and cold processing on microstructure and properties of
technology and equipment; computer-aided design of deformation processing.



                                                                                                                       91
MTE 321: FOUNDRY TECHNOLOGY I                                                      3 CREDITS
What is Foundry, Pattern making, The mould; design and making. Foundry materials, casting types and materials;
patterns: use of computers CAD/CAM system, shrinkage of Castings of Moulding Processes and Materials Design and
Cost Features of Casting methods, Permanent and disposable casting methods.

Moulding Equipment and Mechanization: Sand preparation; core sands & binders, core making methods. Design &
Construction of types of furnaces, electric, gas charcoal types, materials considerations-tempral and control
mechanisms. Casting alloys; ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. Casting, Cleaning and Inspection; Design.


400 LEVEL COURSE CONTENT

MTE 421: EXTRACTION METALLURGY II                                                     2 CREDITS
Raw materials, processes and products of metallurgical operations. Mineral processing: comminution including size
classification, separation of minerals with emphasis of flotation, waste disposal. Extractive metallurgy: roasting,
smelting, refining, hydro-metallurgy, environmental protection.

MTE 423: PROCESS METALLURGY                                                               2 CREDITS

Application of fundamental treatment of integrated metallurgical processes such as the iron blast furnace; basic oxygen
steelmaking; direct reduction and electric furnace steelmaking; stainless steel making by the AOD process; copper
smelting; manganese nodule processing by liquid exchange separation; halide processes; ferroalloy production. Term
report on topics of current interest required.

MTE 425: PRODUCTION METALLURGY I                                                      2 CREDITS
Steel making and casting, Metal Working and Fabrication Technology, Theory of welding, processing variables
involved in joining materials and by welding, brazing and adhesive bonding. Synthesis of elementary physical
phenomena such as transient heat flow, phase transformation, dimensional changes into the complex overall reaction
associated with joining.

MTE 427: FOUNDRY TECHNOLOGY II                                                           3 CREDITS
Plasticity: Plastic working of metals, plastic working techniques, rolling, shaping and shearing operations. Bending,
drawing, bulk forming, coining, stamping, embroidering and embossing of metals; the extrusion method.
Equipment for working metals: man production methods, power presses, press frames, screw and hammer presses,
hydraulic press and rotary formation practice.

MTE 429: MATERIALS & METALLURGICAL PROCESS DESIGN                                          3 CREDITS
Fundamentals of control shape, structure, and properties of materials through processing. Fundamentals of heat flow,
fluid flow, and mass transport applied to processing. Economic and environmental aspects of processing. Examples of
processes considered: thermal treatments, solidification, vapor deposition, electro-deposition, powder processing, fiber
processing, and recycling of materials.

MTE 431: CORROSION ENGINEERING I                                                           2 CREDITS
Electrochemical principles of metal oxidation in aqueous environments, Use of polarization diagrams for corrosion
rate prediction. Characteristics of stress corrosion and related phenomena. High temperature, non-aqueous
degradation; growth kinetics and structure of oxide films. Corrosion prevention in aqueous systems; fundamentals and
applications of cathodic and anodic protection, inhibitors, metallic coatings and industrial priming paints. Use of non-
metallics and their degradation; glasses, cement, plastics. Corrosion as a factor in selection of materials; use of iso-
corrosion charts.

ELA 401: MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL LABORATORY




                                                                                                                     92
500 LEVEL COURSE CONTENT

FIRST SEMESTER

MTE 581: MINERAL PROCESSING AND TECHNOLOGY                                                  2 CREDITS
Basic kinetic modeling; perfect mixers, plug-flow, zero and first-order kinetics, residence time distributions.
Grinding: breakage and selection functions. Overview of the modeling of flotation and gravity separation. Introduction
to control: economic incentives, basic PI control, applications to grinding, breaking and flotation Technologies.

MTE 521: METALLURGICAL THERMODYNAMICS & KINETICS                                         2 CREDITS
Advanced treatment of thermodynamics properties of inorganic materials. Introductory statistical thermodynamics and
surface thermodynamics. Application of laws of thermodynamics to chemical behaviour of elements, compounds, and
solutions. Discussion of heterogeneous equilibra, chemical reactions, and thermodynamics of interfaces and structural
defects.
Unified treatment of Kinetics from phenomenological atomistic viewpoints. Diffusion in metals and non-metals,
including boundary value problems in growth, coarsening, and homogenization; mechanisms, high diffusivity paths,
scaling, and oxidation. Rate law, consecutive and competing reactions, absolute rate theory. Phase changes, including
film deposition, spinodal decomposition, precipitation, and athermal transformations. Frequent introduction of
examples to illustrate principles discussed.

MTE 541: EXTRACTION METALLURGY II                                                       2 CREDITS
Principle non-ferrous base-metal pyrometallurgical extraction processes, relevant thermodynamics, heat and mass
balances, transport phenomena (copper, nickel, lead, zinc, aluminum magnesium). Ores, gangue, fuels, slag, fluxes,
recovery, refining, minor elements, byproducts and the environment. Roasting, drying, smelting, converting,
reverberatory furnaces, flash furnaces, continuous and batch operations, injection practices and oxygen enrichment.
Simulation, modeling, control and optimization.

MTE 561: PRODUCTION METALLURGY AND STEEL MAKING                                         2 CREDITS
The production and refining of liquid iron in the iron blast furnace, the production and refining of liquid steel,
secondary refining operations, continuous casting and thermomechanical processing (hot rolling). Specialty steels and
newly emerging technologies (e.g. thin slab casting, direct ironmaking) are also discussed in terms of
process/environment and productivity. “Downstream” topics will include cold rolling, batch and continuous annealing,
and coating operations.

MTE 562: METALLURGICAL & MATERIALS PROCESS DESIGN I                                       3 CREDITS
Principles of materials processing plants, selection process and equipment, process efficiency calculations. Design of
new metallurgical plants based on knowledge so far acquired.

MTE 541: CORROSION ENGINEERING II                                                      2 CREDITS
Initial emphasis on the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical corrosion of metals and alloys. Description of
metallurgical factors, effect of applied stress (stress corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue) and passivity,
Discussions of methods of corrosion control and prevention including alloy selection, environmental control
(inhibitors), design rules, anodic and cathodic protection, and protective coatings. Treatment of environmental
degradation of non-metals (ceramics, silicate glasses, and concrete) and polymers. Discussion of current materials
degradation problems in marine environments, the petroleum industry, energy conversion and generation systems, and
other areas.

Application of fundamental principles of thermodynamics and kinetics to determination of the mechanisms of the
oxidation and corrosion of materials at elevated temperatures. Relationship of oxidation theory to design of alloys and
of coating materials for protection against oxidation. Discussions of high-temperature oxidation and corrosion
problems that occur in systems for the conversion and utilization of energy, and in petrochemical and metallurgical
industries. Experimental techniques for studying oxidation and corrosion of materials at elevated temperatures.




                                                                                                                    93
SECOND SEMESTER

MTE 553: THERMAL TREATMENT OF MATERIALS                                                3 CREDITS
Advanced treatment of thermodynamic properties of inorganic materials. Introductory statistical thermodynamics and
surface thermodynamics. Application of laws of thermodynamics to chemical behavior of elements, compounds, and
solutions. Discussion of heterogeneous equilibria, chemical reactions, and thermodynamics of interfaces and structural
defects.

MTE 551: HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER IN MATERIALS PROCESSING
Definition of viscosity, simple overall mechanical energy balances, elements of laminar flow and turbulent flow.
Thermal conductivity, steady and unsteady conduction problems, forced and natural convection, heat transfer
coefficient and radiative heat transfer. Definition of binary diffusivity, convection mass transfer, and mass transfer
coefficient. Illustrative examples given throughout, chosen from the materials processing field.

MTE 554: ENGINEERING MATERIALS SELECTION APPLICATION AND ECONOMICS 3 CREDITS
Stress-strain behavior. Elasticity and plasticity of metals, ceramics and polymers. Dislocations theory. Single crystal
and polycrystalline slip. Mechanical twinning. Strengthening mechanisms. Process-property and microstructure-
property relationships. Notch toughness and fracture mechanics. Failure, fracture and damage accumulation. Fatigue.
Creep and creep rupture. Fractography. Design considerations in materials selection. Special attention is given to
selection design and failure problems in various materials systems.

SELECTED ELECTIVE COURSES

MTE 529: PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS                                                 3 CREDITS
Introduction to physics and chemistry of materials, based on electronic structures and chemical bonding of atoms,
molecules, and solids. A broad, interdisciplinary range of topics, including: wave mechanics and atomic structure and
nature of the chemical bond; electronic band structures of insulators, semiconductors, ceramics, metals, and alloys;
dielectric, magnetic, and optical properties of materials; effects of impurities and disorder on electronic structures and
properties; bonding in amorphous materials, electronic structure of polymers; surface electronic structure,
chemisorptions, and corrosion; catalytic materials.

MTE 542: PHYSICS OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF SOLIDS                                       3 CREDITS
Derivation from the theory of elasticity of the properties of dislocations in isotopic and anisotropic crystals. Line
properties of dislocations. Dislocations in particular crystal structures. Interaction of dislocations with point defects,
and climb. Hardening by localized obstacles – yield stress of solution, precipitation, and dispersion hardened alloys.
Work hardening in pure metals and particle hardened alloys.

MTE 539: PHYSICS OF DEFORMATION AND FATIGUE                                                 3 CREDITS
Rate mechanisms in crystal plasticity, kinetics and dynamics of slip, superposition of mechanisms controlling yield
stress. Mechanisms of non-elastic deformation in non-metals, viscoelasticity and plasticity or inorganic and polymeric
glasses, plasticity of crystalline polymers. Macroscopic plasticity in metals and polymers, flow stress of ploycrystals,
macroscopic yield conditions and associated flow rule with application to localization of deformation in rate and
pressure sensitive materials. Criteria of facture in metals and polymers, nucleation and localization of fracture.

MTE 559: ECONOMICS OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS                                             3 CREDITS
Economic aspects of production and utilization of engineering materials considered on level of national economy, the
materials industries, and individual firms. Primary resources for production of materials. Reclamation of secondary
materials. Relation between economic and technical features of production processes, including energy requirements
and pollution effects. Consideration of public policy affecting materials production and consumption. Economic
factors in selection of materials for engineering applications. Competition between materials. Estimation of future
supply and demand. Lectures, discussion, reading, and quantitative problems.

MTE 549: INTRODUCTION TO MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY                                      3 CREDITS
Introduction to some of the basic techniques and processes used in the fabrication of silicon monolithic integrated
circuits. Lectures and laboratory session on the theory and technology of device fabrication and integrated circuit
processing, including wafer cleaning, oxidation, photoengraving, chemical etching, diffusion, thin film deposition, and




                                                                                                                       94
device testing. (This subject is a suitable introduction for students wishing to do project lab work in 3.084 or thesis
work in the microelectronics field.

MTE 555: STEEL MAKING PROCESSING                                                 3 CREDITS
Review of Steel/Iron making methods, classification of Iron & Steel. Ladle Metallurgy, Steel ingot, continuous and
mechanical treatment of steel, effect of alloying elements on Steel properties. Principles of heat treatment of iron and
steel. Iron and Steel casting and methods. Arc furnace production of steel and scrap iron in iron/steel production. Arc
furnaces methods in the making of steel. Iron and Steel applications and corrosion problems and prevention.




                                                                                                                     95
LIST OF LABORATORIES/WORKSHOPS: (To be Built)
    Mechanics of Machines Laboratory
    Strength of Materials
    Thermodynamics
    Fluid Mechanics
    Production Laboratory
    General Workshop
    Drawing and Design Welding Laboratory Foundry and Heat Treatment
    Physical Metallurgy
    Process Metallurgy
    Materials Processing
    Material Testing
    Material Structure and Inspection

LIST OF MAJOR EQUIPMENT/EXPERIENCE
         (a) Mechanics of Machines Laboratory:
             Free oscillation of point and distributed masses (Simple and Compound Pendulum).
             Quick Return Mechanics (whit worth ) SCOTTED LINE SLIDER-CRACK, SCOTH YOKE
             GENEVA STOP.
             Power transmission systems (BELTS, GEARS, SHAFTS AND CLUTCHES).
             Coefficient of friction apparatus (BELT, DRIVE, SLIPPING FRICTION).
             Free and Force vibration of single degree of freedom systems with and without damping.
             Static and Dynamic Balance Systems.
             Power regulation (by flywheel and Governors).
             Demonstration of Coriolis and Centrifugal forces.
             Gyroscopic motion.
             Journal Bearings.
             Vibration and Noise test set up.
         (b) Strength of Materials Laboratory:
             Apparatus for tensile, compression and torsion tests.
             Simple bending apparatus.
             Unsymmetrical bending apparatus.
             Impact tests apparatus.
             Elastic behaviour of thin – and thick-walled pressure vessels.
             Creep and Fatigue.
             Theories of failure.
             Helical springs
             Deflection of curved beams.
             Columns and struts.
             Strain Gauging, photo-elastic behaviour.

           (c) Thermodynamics Laboratory:
               Temperature measurement apparatus.
               Power measurement apparatus (Compressor, Dynamometer etc).
               Pressure measurement apparatus.
               Steam Boiler.
               Equilibrium of mixtures of Air and Steam, Quality of Wet Steam.
               IC Engine apparatus.
               Calorific values of fuels
               Analysis of products of combustion.
               Gas and bomb calorimeters.
               Gas and Steam Turbine apparatuses.
               Heat-Exchange apparatus
               Free and Forced convection Heat and Mass transfer systems.
               Thermal conductivity apparatus.
               Apparatus for the determination of radiative Properties of Materials
               Jet propulsion systems.



                                                                                                96
      Vapour power cycles.
      Positive displacement engines and compressors.
      Refrigeration and Air-conditioning cycles.
(d)   Fluid Mechanics Laboratory:
      Manometry
      Hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surfaces
      Forced vortex apparatus
      Stability of Floating bodies.
      Meter calibration and flow test set up
      Hydraulic Test Benches.
      Nozzle and Orifice flow apparatus.
      Laminar and Turbulent flow in pipes.
      Friction loss in pipes.
      Heat losses in pipe fittings.
      Flow Visualisation apparatus.
      Flow of fluid round bodies.
      Hydraulic power circuitory and measurement units.
      Reciprocating pump system.
      Centrifugal pump system.
      Pelton wheel.
      Resistance to motion of air through banks of finned and unfined tubes.
      Calibration and performance of flow measurement devices.
      Subsonic wind tunnel and accessories.
      Supersonic flow apparatus.
(e)   Metallurgy Laboratory:
      Apparatus for visualization of atomic and crystal structures.
      Cooling curve apparatus.
      Simple metallography.
      Simple heat treatment apparatus.
      Apparatus for creep, hardness and fracture tests.
      X-ray Crystallography, Equipment.
      Electrical Microscopic.
      High power metallurgical microscope with camera unit.
(f)   General Mechanical Workshop:
      Wood processing machines and equipment (for sawing, surface planning, thicknessing, mortising,
      wood turning, etc).
      Tennoning machine.
      Vertical Morticing machine
      Dovetailing machine
      Lathe Machines
      Drilling machines
      Grinding machines
      Folding machines
      Work Tables
      Vice
      Tool Boxes
      Gas and Arc. Welding machines and accessories.
      Casting facilities.
(g)   Drawing and Design Studio:
      Drawing Tables and chairs.
      Drawing boards, T-squares and instruments.
      Automatic drafting machine.
      Drafting Gadgets, stencils, etc.
      Automatic Stencil cutter
      Electron Microscope
      Radiography Test Unit
      Surface Measuring Instruments. Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO)



                                                                                                 97
      CHAPTER 8




  DEPARTMENT OF
PETROLEUM AND GAS
   ENGINEERING




                    98
           1.0 INTRODUCTION
           Petroleum engineers deal basically with the application of engineering principles to the exploration, Location,
           development, and recovery of petroleum resources. This includes the drilling separation and Processing,
           transportation, and storage of crude oil, gases, and related products.

           2.0 PHILOSOPHY
           First and foremost, the philosophy of the Bachelor of Engineering Degree in Petroleum and Gas Engineering includes,
           contribution to knowledge and material development through moral, academic, physical and entrepreneurial training of
           first-rate future leaders in engineering technological and social-economic development of Nigeria.

           3.0 AIMS
           The primary aims of the courses are;
           To provide much needed manpower and expertise in oil and gas industries in pursuance of the above
           To present topics of importance to diverse engineers in a unified form of study
           To offer specialized topics also as optional subjects in the final year. These may be drawn from specialized fields
           depending on the available expertise.
           To investigate various problems at Masters and Ph.D Research and Development Projects.

           3.1 OBJECTIVES
           The objectives of the Department include the thorough training of highly skilled Petroleum engineers, the provision of
           high qualities research and consultancy services for the needs of engineering and technological developments in
           petroleum, chemical and allied industries in Nigeria. The Department will plan and implement teaching and research
           programmes that reflect current best practices within petroleum and chemical industry. The Department will develop
           links with industries, foreign institutions and professional bodies and undertake tasks for mutli-national companies,
           government smaller organizations.

           MISSION
           The following are the department‟s mission:
               1. To produce the most sought after engineers by all employers; Develop Post Graduate Schools and Establish
                    Research Organisations.
               2. To serve as centre for excellence in engineering and technology in Nigeria and in Africa.

           4.0 STAFF LIST

         ACADEMIC STAFF
S/N   NAME OF STAFF                   RANK/DESIGNATION            QUALIFICATION, DATES               SPECIALIZATION
                                                                  OBTAINED AND
                                                                  SPECIALIZATION,
1     Engr.J. Oloro                   Lecturer II                 B.Eng (Chemical)                   Reservoir Engineering
                                                                  1990, PGD (Petroleum) 1999,
                                                                  M.Eng (Industrial) 2003, M.Eng
                                                                  (Petroleum) 2005, NSChE, NSE
2     Mr. P. Akpoturi                 Lecturer I                  B.Eng (Hons) Pet.Eng. (FUTO)       Gas Reservoir Engineering
                                                                  1997; ND Marketing (Fed. Poly.
                                                                  Nkede-Owerri) 1999; M.Eng
                                                                  (Pet. Eng) FUTO (2003); M.Sc
                                                                  (Geo. Reg. Plan) DELSU, 2006
3     Mrs Patricia N. Onwuachi-       Lecturer II                 Ph.D – in view                     Petroleum      and      Gas
      Iheagwara                                                   M.Sc                               Engineering
                                                                  M.Eng – 2004
                                                                  PGD – 2000
                                                                  B.Sc – 1991




                                                                                                                              99
TECHNICAL STAFF
S/N NAME OF STAFF              RANK/DESIGNATION   QUALIFICATION,    SPECIALIZATION
                                                  DATES OBTAINED
                                                  AND
                                                  SPECIALIZATION,
                                                  MEMBERSHIP OF
                                                  PROFESSIONAL
                                                  ASSOCIATION
                                                  AND NUMBER OF
                                                  PUBLICATIONS
1     Mr Felix E. Otitigbe     Tech. II           B.Eng – 1996      Petroleum Engineering

2     Mr Daniel Erobo Akpotu   Tech. II           HND – 2007        Petroleum Engineering
                                                  OND – 2004


ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF

S/N   NAME OF STAFF            RANK/DESIGNATION   QUALIFICATION,    SPECIALIZATION
                                                  DATES OBTAINED
                                                  AND
                                                  SPECIALIZATION,
                                                  MEMBERSHIP OF
                                                  PROFESSIONAL
                                                  ASSOCIATION
                                                  AND NUMBER OF
                                                  PUBLICATIONS
1
2




                                                                                            100
300 LEVEL PETROLEUM ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE                     COURSE TITLE                          L   T   P   COURSE
             CODE                                                                     CREDIT
            EMA 381 Engineering Mathematics                               2   1   -      3
            PGE 361 Industrial Gas Utilization                            2   -   -      2
            PGE 342 Fuel Technology                                       2   1   -      2
     I      CVE 341 Engineering Geology I                                 2   1   -      3
            PGE 341 Gas Engineering Measurement                           2   -   6      2
            PGE 321 Basic Petroleum Engineering                           2   1   -      3
            PGE 322 Rock and Fluids Properties                            2   1   -      3
            PGE 301 Petroleum Engineering Laboratory I                    2   -   6      2
                    Total Credits                                                       20

              EMA 372    Engineering Mathematics                          3   1   -     4
              PGE 352    Energy Law and Policy                            2   1   -     2
              CVE 332    Engineering Geology II                           2   -   -     3
     II       PGE 332    Petroleum Geology                                2   1   -     3
              PGE 351    Reservoir Engineering I                          2   1   -     3
              PGE 312    Drilling Technology I                            2   -   -     3
              PGE 331    Petroleum Engineering Laboratory II              -   1   6     2
              DSUITS     Delta State University Industrial     Training   -   -   6     2
                         Scheme
                         Total Credits                                                  21



400 LEVEL PETROLEUM ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE                    COURSE TITLE                           L   T   P   COURSE
              CODE                                                                    CREDIT
            EMA 481 Engineering Mathematics                               2   1   -      3
            CHE 421 Petroleum Refinery Process                            2   1   -      3
            PGE 421 Drilling Technology II                                2   1   -      3
     I      PGE 441 Reservoir Engineering II                              2   1   -      3
            PGE 442 Well Logging                                          2   1   -      3
            PGE 443 Oil and Gas Production Technology I                   2   1   -      3
            PGE 401 Petroleum Engineering Laboratory III                  -   -   6      2
                    Total Credits                                                       20
     II     DSUITS  Delta State University Industrial Training Scheme
            402




                                                                                               101
500 LEVEL PETROLEUM ENGINEERING COURSE STRUCTURE
SEMESTER COURSE             COURSE TITLE                                       L    T   P    COURSE
             CODE                                                                            CREDIT
                PGE 521       Petroleum Economics I                            2    1    -        3
                PGE 541       Well Test Analysis                               2    -    -        2
                PRE 582       Engineering Economics and Administration I       2    1    -        3
      I
                PGE 561       Oil and Gas Production Technology II             2    1    -        3
                PGE 562       Natural Gas Engineering                          2    1    -        3
                PGE 563       Enhanced Recovery Processes                      2    1    -        3
                PGE 500       Project                                          -    -    9        3
                              ELECTIVES
                PGE 520       Numerical Method                                 2    1    -       2
                PGE 521       Multiple Flow in Pipes                           2    1    -       2
                PGE 522       Industrial Safety and oil Pollution Control      2    1    -       2
                              Total Credits                                                      22
                PGE 522       Petroleum Economics II                           2    1    -       3
                PRE 572       Engineering Economics and Administration II      2    1    -       3
                PGE 552       Natural Gas Processing                           2    1    -       3
     II
                PGE 592       Elements of Reservoir Simulation                 2    1    -       3
                PGE 594       Offshore Technology                              2    1    -       3
                PGE 510       Project                                          -    -    9       3
                              ELECTIVES
                PGE 513       Alternative Hydrocarbon Sources                  2    1    -       2
                PGE 514       Formation Damage Assessment and Control          2    1    -       2
                PGE 515       Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics                   2    1    -       2
                PGE 516       Introduction to Production Optimization          2    1    -       2
                              Total Credits                                                      20


COURSE CONTENT FOR 300 LEVEL PETROLEUM ENGINEERING

PGE 321: BASIC PETROLEUM ENGINEERING                                    3 CREDITS
Overview of energy demand and supply of crude oil and gas. Concept of Geology, importance of Geology in
Exploration; Definition of traps, reservoir formation, etc. Properties and occurrence of Petroleum, Basic Methods of
Drilling-Cable toll and Rotary Drilling Methods and equipment used. Introduction to other drilling methods; Elements
of reservoir Engineering properties of reservoir fluids. Oil and gas production – primary, secondary and tertiary
methods. Oil and gas field processing and gathering.

PGE 341: GAS ENGINEERING MEASUREMENT                                     2 CREDITS
Applications of thermometers pressure gauges, thermocouples, flow meters, and manometers in gas systems.
Construction and operation of simple pipelines using steel and plastic pipes dies and stocks.
Measurement of the thermal efficiency of simple gas furnaces. Comparisons of thermal efficiencies of small gas
electric furnaces operations.

PGE 322: ROCK AND FLUID PROPERTIES                               3 CREDITS
Introduction to petroleum reservoir engineering; Hydrocarbon content of reservoirs, its composition, formation. Water
and its physical properties. Gas behavior, binary and multi-component systems. Physical properties of rocks and fluids
(porosity, permeability of actives and relative permeabilities, specific surface of rocks, compressibilities of rock and
fluids. Fluid saturation, wettability, surface tension, capillary forces, Electric conductivity), chemical, physical and
thermodynamic properties of underground fluids. Viscosities of hydrocarbons; Uses of fluid properties in Reservoir
Engineering; Rock and fluid property correlations.




                                                                                                                   102
PGE 341 GAS ENGINEERING MEASUREMENT ( 2 CREDITS )
Application of thermometers pressure gauges, thermocouples, flow meters, and manometers in gas systems.
Construction and operation of simple pipelines using steel and plastics pipes, dies and stocks, and pipe wrenches.
Measurement of thermal efficiency of simple gas furnaces. Comparisons of thermal efficiencies of small gas electric
furnaces operations.
PGE 342 FUEL TECHNOLOGY ( 2 CRIDETS )
Global energy flows. Energy sources and pattern of usage. The technology of energy use. Combustion of fossil for
heat and power generation – pulverized coal furnaces and fluidized bed. Combustion; Combustion of liquid and
gaseous fuels. Thermodynamics of combustion. Energy – related environmental problems. Thermal and air pollution.
Methods or reduction. Alternative energy sources and energy conservation.
PGE 361 INDUSTRIAL GAS UTILISATION ( 2 CREDITS )
Fundamental technologies and Engineering aspects of industrial gas utilization. Relevant aspects of fluid dynamics,
Heat transfer, Combustion, and acoustics. Technology of industrial gas utilization, including refractory materials,
Burner Fundamental technologies and Engineering aspect of industrial gas utilization. Relevant aspects and furnace
design, Safety, Measurements and control.
Gas utilization the following industries:
Glass, Aluminum, steel, fertilizer , Petrochemicals, cement, proper and pulp, power plants, drying, and air
conditioning. Temperature control of furnaces; waste heat recovery; efficiency of furnaces. Domestic gas utilization.
Effects of gas prices, Characteristics and quality.


PGE 301: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING LABORATORY I                                      2 CREDITS
Determination of porosity, permeability fluid saturations, capillary pressure, viscosity, gravity, density,.Physical
properties of petroleum and its product, viscosity, surface tension,thermodynamic behavior of naturally occurring
hydrocarbon mixture, differential and flash vaporization tests at elevated pressure and temperatures.

PGE 332: PETROLEUM GEOLOGY                              3 CREDITS
Introduction, hypothesis of the origin of petroleum, sources of rocks and organic environments. Migration and
accumulation. Properties of sedimentary rocks (texture, structure, composition). Reservoir traps- (definition,
classification, physical properties, fluid saturation before oil gas trapping. Surface geologic explorations (traces and
shows of occurrence, seeds) as sampling stratigraphy, mineralogy, tactenics and petrology. Geo-physical methods
(gravitymetry, magnetometry, seismic and electro methods). Subsurface geology exploration ( drilling, well logging
geochemical methods). Map Elaboration: structural maps, cross inspection, profiles construction of different types of
maps, use of plani-metor. Elaboration of basic and prognostic profiles of exploration and production wells. Elaboration
of the resources and reserves. Evaluation of the reservoir oil and gas resources in the world. Petroleum geology of
Nigeria.

PGE 351: RESERVOIR ENGINEERING I                        3 CREDITS
Introduction to petroleum reservoir engineering; Fluid flow through porous media, application of Darcy‟s Law.
Sampling for PVT analysis, other methods of determining reservoir fluid properties; evaluation and interpretation.
Estimation of oil and gas in-place, recoverable reserves by different methods; categorization of reserves.
Derivation of materials balance equation, equation and production performance or different types of reservoirs drive,
such as solution gas drive, water drive, gas cap drive etc; water influx calculation, reservoir models, statistics and
interpretation of production rate (production of oil, water and gas, GOR, porosity, permeability).

PGE 352: ENERGY LAW AND POLICY                              2 CREDITS
Examination of the energy regulatory process and current laws and policies affecting energy development and use.
National and international energy policies; roles of OPEC, APAPA, NNPC/NAPIMS, DPR, FEPA. Energy pricing.
Petroleum industry, Unions and the communities. Safety, health and environmental consideration in exploitation and
utilization will be fully addressed.

PGE 312: DRILLING TECHNOLOGY I                           3 CREDITS
Elements of rock mechanics, basic drilling methods; cable tool and rotary drilling methods, advantages and
disadvantages, equipment and drilling techniques sued in cable tool drilling, introduction to other drilling methods;
rotary drilling practices for oils and gas wells: basic rotary rig components; their functions and selection, formation
pressure-formation pressure prediction, fracture gradient prediction; drilling fluid – functions; properties and testing,
types of drilling fluids and additives, drilling hydraulics; drilling cost analysis and control. Well completion and safety



                                                                                                                      103
techniques used in drilling and completion operations, offshore drilling – storage and transportation problems,
prediction of wind, wave and current forces, equipment employed in marine environment.

PGE 331: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING LABORATORY II                                     2 CREDITS
Measurement of drilling fluid properties and well completion fluid properties; cement types, properties and
testing.laboratory observations of reactions between drilling and workover fluids on formation,Rheology,filtration and
relations between drilling functions and measuring drilling mud and completion fluid properties.


COURSE CONTENT FOR 400 LEVEL PETROLEUM ENGINEERING

PGE 421: DRILLING TECHNOLOGY II                               3 CREDITS
Formation damage. Lost circulation, stuck pipe. Fishing operations. Causes, control and prevention; well control –
causes and detection of kicks, well control procedures, Kill calculations. Blow-out (causes, control and prevention
including equipment used).

Properties of cements/additives, primary cementing operations including hole and pipe preparation, equipment
(surface and downhole) used in primary cement in operation, operational techniques and evaluation, squeeze
cementing open-hole and casing plugs, etc. Workover operations, introduction, workover techniques (perforating,
depth center). Squeeze cementing; well stimulation; sand control, directional drilling optimization of drilling
operations; drilling in Niger Delta.



PGE 441: RESERVOIR ENGINEERING II                       3 CREDITS
Oil Field Development. Gas fields development (Volumetric, water drive, gas-condensate reservoir): introduction to
additional and secondary recovery and its divisions, different methods, mobility ratio, basic flooding networks used in
industry, effect of mobility, sweep efficiency etc. Injection rate and pressure in secondary recovery. Water source and
its treatment, water flooding calculations using different methods – spacing row of the wells. Immiscible and miscible
displacement processes; polymer flooding, thermal recovery method. Economics of the oil and gas reservoir.
Evaluation and feasibility studies.

PGE 442: WELL LOGGING                          3 CREDITS
Fundamentals, resistivity of formation water. Mud lud-cake and mud-filtrato resistivity. Formation actor, porosity and
lithology; formation resistivity saturation. Resistivity and fluid distribution, apparent resistivity, the spontaneous
potentials log, conventional resistivity logging, induction logging, laterelag, microlog, microlaterolog. Use and
interpretation of electric log (bed detection and definition correlation, investigation of porosity, investigation of fluid
content, quantitative interpretation. Side wall sampling; radioactivity well logging (basic principles, summary well
logging, neutron well logging, interpretation of radioactivity logs, identification of boreholes acts, interpretation of
radioactivity logs, identification of borehole effects, formation identification, radioactivity well log application
(engineering and production studies, traces, evaluation studies, geological studies, special radioactivity well logs).
Miscellaneous well logs (drill –time log, geologic – sample log hydrocarbon mud log, directional log, diameter logs,
caliper log, temperature log, acoustic-velocity log, collar-located log).

PGE 401: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING LABORATORY III
Rheological measurements: Waxy and non-Waxy crude; flow metering of liquids and gas. Determination of meter
accuracy. Use and operations of various pressure regulators; pressure loss measurement along pipes; Determination of
friction factors; oil field chemical tests.

PGE 443: OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY I                                  3 CREDITS
Completion of oil and Gas Wells: Single and multiple completion opens holes, perforation methods. Interval selection.
Productivity consideration. Well Head and Bottom Hole Equipment: check and starting up of oil and gas wells. Well
surveillance – diagnosis, well-bore damage (drawdown and build-up). Types of valves and pressure
regulators.Separation oil and gas-basic Mechanical equilibrium calculations.

Critical completion conditions – Signing of tubular goods. Forum on tubing and packers (anchored and unanchored
tubing, helical buckling).



                                                                                                                      104
Wire-line operation: Workover techniques –perforating, depth control, squeeze cementing, well treatments (acidizing,
fracturing, sand control). Workover Rigs- tools and equipment; well safety equipment.Types of
separators,(spherical,vertical,horizontal).Factors affecting separator performance(pressure,temperature,stage separation
composition)

Fundamental of Vertical Flow for Multiphase – system (Krislovis Postman anf Carpenter, Gillbert‟s Rose‟s and other
theories). Single and two phase flow through a choke. Flowing oil wells. Types and control of flowing wells.




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COURSE CONTENT FOR 500 LEVEL PETROLEUM ENGINEERING

PGE 521: PETROLEUM ECONOMICS I                                 3 CREDITS
Decision methods and yardsticks. Petroleum evaluations. Introducing uncertainty in evaluation. Return on investment:
interest and inflation. Discounted cash flow; average annual rate of return method, average book rate of return method.
Hoskolds methods.

Application of probability distributions, binomial and normal distribution are occurrences and services requirements.
Multiple kinds of object and economic outcomes.

Mineral deposits and resources. Appraisal of uncertain ventures; statistical appraisal methods for several ventures.
Value of additional information Galmer‟s ruin by successive losses. Decision Trees and Economic models: Analysis of
a probability tree. Comparing alternatives: retaining partial working interest versus overriding royal interest.
Evaluating acceptance of a farm-out. Stochastic decision trees. Forecasting and planning.

PGE 541: WELL TESTING ANALYSIS                              2 CREDITS
Review of fundamental flow equations. Pressure Build-up Analysis: Former method of solution either methods, type
of curve analysis; Fluid property approximations; calculation of average pressure; method of superposition, test
design.

Pressure Drawdown Analysis: (conventional methods: reservoir limits test, type of curves, test design). Multi-rate
Testing: (analysis with pressure and P2, pseudo-pressure method, deliverability testing, reservoir limits test). Fractured
Reservoirs: Flow behaviour; fractured detection; conventional evaluation; type curves. Injection Well Testing: (Fall of
analysis, injectivity test, step rate test). Testing Methods: drill stem testing, interference testing. Pulse testing; pulse
testing, SFT. Other equipment.

PGE 561: OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY II                                   3 CREDITS
Oil storage tanks and gauges,oil and gas gathering systems,transportation of isothermal and non-isothermal
flow,calculation of head loss for the steady flow of a Newton oil (Cheraikin‟s Theory and Ford‟sTheory).Introduction
(gas lift method, Sucker-rod pumping, rodless pumping); Gas Lift – Basic concept (continues flow gas lift, intermittent
gas lift plunger lift). Selection optimum tubing size and design of tubing string fluid rate of oil and minimum gas
requirement; oil flow rate and given gas assumption. Maximum feasible liquid production). Gas-lift valves and the
sizes. Injection gas supply, plunger lift.

Bolton Hole Pump Production: Packer-rod pumps (well hand, surface and sub-surface equipment). Rod ring, rod load,
string design, effective plunger stroke, buckling of tubing. Operating points (Production capacity, volumetric
efficiency, maximum liquid production, minimum polished head. Pumping units; rodless bottom hole pumps
(hydraulic pumps, electric centrifugal pumps and other types). Automatic controls and interpretation of data.
Production economics – optimum economical operation techniques and optimum sizes of production equipment in the
case of flowing production, and artificial lift production. Choice of most economic production methods.

PGE 562: NATURAL GAS ENGINEERING                               3 CREDITS
Composition of natural gas. The natural gas industry; the natural gas well; well head equipment and gathering systems.
Flow of natural gas. Field compression. Static and flowing bottom hole pressure calculations. Distribution of natural
gas; pipeline equation for distribution at high and low pressure. Modification of old transmission lines: looping
paralleling. Storage capacity of pipelines. Gas flow measurement . dyanamic and volumetric meter. Critical flow
proffers. Water-hydrocarbon systems; dehydration and sweetening of natural gas. Gas hydrates. Gas pressure
regulations Underground storage of natural gas.

PGE 563: ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PROCESS                                  3 CREDITS
Principles of displacement: review of rock properties, reservoir fluid properties, phase behaviour, displacement
efficiencies; Gas methods: miscible slug, enriched gas, high pressure lean gas carbon dioxide, nitrogen and other inert;
Chemical methods: Miscellarpolymer, polymer augmented water-flood, permeability alteration, etc.

Thermal methods: steam stimulation, steam drive, in-situ combustion; foam injection; economic factors, cost of
equipment and operation, risks, etc.




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PGE 500: PROJECT

ELECTIVES

PGE 520 : NUMERICAL METHODS                                    2 CREDITS
Review of FORTRAN and MAT LAB programming. Solutions of petroleum engineering problems using computer.
Interpolation with equal and unequal base points. Reading of capillary pressure, relative permeability graphs trial and
error method of computation: phase composition and mole fraction in separation process, internal rate o0f return. The
Newton-raphson method. Numerial integration: carpenter and poettman equations. system of linear equatioins ; direct
and some interactive methods of solution. Solution of ordinary differential equations encountered in fluid flow in
pipes boundary conditions.

PGE 521: MULTIPLE FLOW IN PIPELINES                         2CREDITS
Principles of two-phase flow the general energy equation; evaluation of friction losses. Single-phase flow variables
used in two-phase flow; flow patterns. Horizontal pressure loss prediction methods. Prediction of horizontal flow
patterns. Flow through restrictions.

PGE 522: INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND OIL POLLUTION CONTROL                              2 CREDITS
The operating environment; development of industrial safety, scope and magnitude of the problem; safety variables.
Burning of gases, mechanisms of flame propagation. Fire and explosion, limits of flammability. Toxicity and
toxicology. Labeling and identification of hazardous materials, storage facilities. Industrial fire protects. Causes of oil
pollution; blowout, pipeline and flow line leakages, sour gas production. Sea transport hazard. Need for oil spill
prevention and control; impact on the environment, ecology. Methods of control; mechanical, chemical and biological.
Global pollution problems government regulations and contingency plans.
Clean Nigeria Association (CAN) and other interested bodies.

PGE 532: PETROLEUM ECONOMICS II                                 3 CREDITS
Evaluation of expected discoveries in mature regions. Expected discoveries estimated by area of producing fluids.
Expected discoveries estimated by total exploratory fretage. Bayes strategies and estimated by total of value. Bayes
probability methods. The maximum like hood method. Bayes strategies. Choosing decision rules in petroleum
exploration. Estimating the distribution of sizes of petroleum discoveries. Evaluation of regional maps and drilling
decisions. Cost of error functions. Control of operations: CPM and PEXT Methods. Evaluation of future production by
performance trends; decline curves, theoretical relations. Simulation – the Monte Carlo methods. Evaluation of future
prediction by performance trends: decline curves, theoretical relations. Simulation – the Monte Carlo method.

PGE 552: NATURAL GAS PROCESSING                               3 CREDITS
Phase behaviour of natural gas systems; retrograde phenomena in natural gas mixtures; binary mixtures.
Vapourization – equilibrium constants. Bubble point and dew point determination. Field processing: flash calculation;
stage separation. Water hydrocarbon system; water content, storm distillation, fractional distillation, binary distillation,
multi-component distillation. Absorption and adsorption; removal of H 2S and CO2 from natural gas. Gas plant design,
LPG and LNG systems.

PGE 592: ELEMENTS OF RESERVOIR SIMULATION                              3 CREDITS
Types of reservoir models. History matching and performance prediction. Formation of partial differential equations of
reservoir fluid flow. Initial and boundary conditions. Infinite and bounded reservoirs. Finite different formation of
equations. Numerical models for solution of finite difference approximation. Study will include single and multiphase
flows: one dimensional and two dimensional simulation.


PGE 594: OFFSHORE TECHNOLOGY                          3 CREDITS
Types of offshore drilling rigs: the operational environment – stability and motion, prediction of wind, wave and
current forces, spread mooring systems, dynamic positioning of floating vessels. Offshore drilling rig equipment –
floor equipment, motion compensation and marine riser systems, subsea wellhead, guide base and BOP systems;
drilling operation sequence in offshore environment; offshore well control operations; subsea well completions; subsea
production systems.

PEE 500: PROJECT



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ELECTIVES

PGE 513: ALTERNATIVE HYDROCARBON SOURCES                                2 CREDITS
World energy sources, natural sources, use and properties of fossils and other energy sources. Alternative hydrocarbon
resources in Nigeria. Exploration and mining of such resources. Existing and proposed industrial processes for
conversion of such resources into Engineering materials and energy. Technologies for the use of coal, shale, tar sands
and biomass. Economic assessment of hydrocarbon resources. Environmental advantages/disadvantages of alternative
hydrocarbon resources.



PGE 514: FORMATION DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL                         2 CREDITS
Well diagnostics; Decline diagnosis, crater formation; Types and causes of formation damages; Symptoms of
formation damage; Formation damage control and remedial measures. Stimulation solvent washers; Matrix
acidization.

PGE 515: FUNDAMENTALS OF ROCK MECHANICS                                           2 CREDITS
Fundamentals of rock mechanics, crater formation: Plastic and psuedoplasic characteristics of rocks load rate
mechanism, static and impact loading; tooth penetration as a function of differential pressure on drilling rate.

PGE 516: INTRODUCTION TO PRODUCTION OPTIMIZATION                              2 CREDITS
Principles of well surveillance; Waxy oil Engineering Nodel Analysis; Productivity improvement; New development
in production optimization.




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LIST OF LABORATORIES
(f) Drilling Laboratories
    Mud Laboratories
    Cement Laboratories
(g) Reservoir Engineering Laboratory :
    Fluid Properties
    Flow in Porous Media
    Petrophysics
(h) Petroleum Production Engineering Laboratory
    Flow Measurements
    Fluid Quality.

LIST OF MAJOR EQUIPMENT
Mud preparation system
Mud testing system
Cement preparation system
Fluid particles system – Permeability measurement equipment
Fluid circuit system – porosity measurement equipment
Flow measurement equipment
Fluid resistivity measurement equipment
Relative permeability measurement system
Filtration system
Fluid properties measurement equipment
Viscometers
Oven
PH-Meter
Fluid saturation measurement system
Mud balance
Centrifuges
Pheometer
Porous Media fluid flow systems.




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