Classical Society

Document Sample
Classical Society Powered By Docstoc
					                        Classical Society
                American Academy in Rome
December 2005⊃ Department of Art and Art History⊃ Oakland University, Rochester MI
President: Barbara Barletta                                                                 Editor: Susan Wood

The Academy and Rome, Fall, 2005
By Ross Holloway, Honorary Professor in Charge, School of Classical Studies, fall 2005

Rome, the eternal, never stands still.    In early     by hoots and cat calls. I’m with him (for more on
October I was walking through the Forum and            the subject see Orizzonti IV, 2004). The sculpture
came on Prof. Andrea Carandini hard at work on a       could have had a practical use in the sewer…as a
small excavation in the street between the Aedes       heavy mop dragged through the sewer to assist in
Vestae and the Regia. The aura of great Roman          cleaning it, but this possibility begs the question of
archaeologists of past times and the present,          how an imperial image came to be relegated to the
beginning with Giacomo Boni, is never far away         sewer in the first place.
from this spot. Our own Frank Brown, excavator          (Continued page 3)
of the Regia, has surely become a lar compitalis (et
providentialis) of the place and Russell T. Scott
                                                         In This Issue:
(Darby around the Academy) is bringing to
publication substantial monographs on both               The Academy and Rome, Fall, 2005
buildings, with observations on soundings in the         By Ross Holloway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
street in which Prof. Carandini will have much to        Greetings from the new director of the American
ponder along with his own stratigraphy.                  Academy
                                                         By Carmen Vircillo Franklin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Not far away, across the remains of medieval and         Letter from the CSAAR Scholarship Winner
later Rome brought to light in the recent                By Benjamin St. John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
excavations in the Forum of Trajan, there is even        Letter from the Mary Sollman Scholarship Winner
                                                         By Annemarie Catania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
more recent news, the discovery of an over-life-
                                                         News from the Library
size marble head of the Emperor Constantine in the       By Christina Huemer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
main sewer under the Forum              In making        The Nolli Map of 1784, Allan Ceen and the Studium
announcement of the find the mayor of Rome,              Urbis
Walter Veltroni, remarked that the sculpture was         By Norma Goldman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
not in the sewer by chance but had been put there        Righetto
deliberately. Damnatio memoriae or even crimen           By Katherine Geffcken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
maiestatis, if Constantine were alive when the head      Reopening the Aurelia Cistern
was decapitated from the statue it once adorned          By Katherine Geffcken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
and flushed? Walter Veltroni goes for the second         Constitution of the CSAAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
                                                         American Academy Summer Programs . . . . . . . . . . . .17
explanation, recalling Constantine’s unhappy
return to Rome in 326 when, according to
Zozimus, he had to retreat from the city followed

CSAAR Officers                                   AMERICAN ACADEMY IN ROME
President:                                     2005 CLASSICAL SUMMER SCHOOL
Barbara Barletta                        The American Academy in Rome announces its
School of Art and Art History           annual Summer School, 19 June to 28 July 2006. The
P.O. Box 115801                         Classical Summer School is designed to provide its
University of Florida                   participants with a well-founded understanding of the
Gainesville, Florida, 32611             growth and development of the ancient city of Rome                        and its immediate environs from the earliest times to the
                                        age of Constantine through a careful study of material
Vice President:                         remains and literary sources. Daily visits to sites and
William Turpin                          museums will be preceded and accompanied by lectures
Swarthmore College                      intended to offer an introduction to the material and
                                        place it within its context. Besides frequent excursions
President Emeritus:                     within Rome, the group will take field trips to major
Thomas McGinn                           sites such as Palestrina, Gabii, the Alban Hills, Ostia,          Cerveteri, Tarquinia, and Veii. The 2006 Classical
                                        Summer School director is Myles McDonnell. Teachers
Secretary:                              interested in receiving graduate credit for the Classical
Susann Lusnia                           Summer School should contact Professor McDonnell
Dept. of Classical Studies              for further information. Tuition fees for such credit
210 Jones Hall                          would be in addition to tuition and other fees paid to the
Tulane University New Orleans, LA       Summer School.
70118-5698                              Eligibility: Open to high school teachers and graduate                      students of Latin, ancient history and Classics.
                                        Tuition for the Classical Summer School is $1,400.
Treasurer:                              Tuition plus fees, room and board will total
David Kubiak                            approximately $4000, excluding round-trip airfare and
Dept.of Classics, Wabash College        personal expenses.
Crawfordsville, Ind.                    Scholarships: A number of awards from regional and
47933                                   state classical associations and the Classical Society of
e-mail               the American Academy in Rome are available. Award
                                        amounts may range from $50 to over $4,800. Awards
Newsletter Editor:                      from the Fulbright Commision are also available.
Susan Wood                              Application deadlines for scholarships range from Fall
Oakland University                      2005 to Spring 2006. You are advised to consult
Rochester, MI 48309-4401                carefully the listing in the application packet and
e-mail                 personally contact the associations as early as possible.
                                        Applicants for all scholarships MUST ALSO submit
Executive Committee:                    complete Classical Summer School applications to the
Margaret Brucia                         program director.
115 Greenlawn Road                       Application guidelines and further information are
Huntington, NY, 11743                   available through the Academy’s website at
                              , or by contacting the Programs
Norma Goldman                           Department, American Academy in Rome, 7 East 60th
Wayne State University                  Street, New York, NY 10022-1001, tel. 212-751-7200,
Detroit, MI 48202                       e-mail
                                        Deadline: All applications must be mailed by March
Gerhard Koeppel                         15, 2006, to Professor Myles McDonnell, American
University of North Carolina            Academy in Rome, 7 East 60th Street, New York, NY
Chapel Hill, NC 27514                   10022,, telephone 603-646-3394.

Judith Lynn Sebesta                     For CSAAR scholarships, submit final applications and
Dept. of Classics                       letters to Dr. Anne Laidlaw, 415 Wingate Road,
U. Of South Dakota                      Baltimore, MD, 21210-2828, phone 410-366-2948, by
Vermillion, SD, 57069                   March 1, 2006.

There is more to the Oppian than remains of the             revealed an intact sarcophagus. Its cover has a
Golden House of Nero.        Important work is in           small opening creating a cataract through which
progress on the Imperial Baths, and other                   strips of cloth could have been lowered to touch
structures.      In October, Eugenio La Rocca               the saintly remains within. It appears more than
introduced an evening with eleven contributions on          likely that the remains venerated as those of the
this project at the German Archaeological Institute.        Apostle in the fourth century A.D. will indeed be
                                                            brought to light. The sarcophagus is not in the
For virtual archaeology Rome is also the place this         position that it would have occupied in the
fall. There was a major exhibition in the Mercati           Constantinian basilica because the building was
di Traiano, “Immaginare Roma Antica” with a                 thoroughly remade after his time, but it has
“Who’s Who” list of organizers and sponsors.                evidently occupied its current position since the
All this on the lower level while the part of the           time of Theodosius the Great.
building facing Via 4 Novembre is under
restoration.                                                Under our new director, Carmela Vircillo Franklin,
                                                            the Academy is setting a brisk pace of activity. In
Thanks to one of the three co-directors of the              the Classical School alone there have been “Walks
excavator, Gianni Ponti, I had the opportunity to           and Talks” over the Aventine, along the Aurelian
see the results the work being carried out in the           Walls between the Porta Ostiensis and the Porta
Villa of Maxentius on the Via Appia. The team,              Appia led by Hendrik Dey, and in the Campus
drawn from Kalamazoo College, represented by                Martius “Theater District”, while Archer Martin,
co-director Prof. Anne Haeckl, and the University           Archaeological Supervisor, led a visit to the
of Colorado at Boulder, represented by co-director          remains of the Acqua Traiana under the McKim,
Prof. Diane Conlin, and operating under the                 Mead and White building and the cisterns below
auspices of the Soprintendenza dei Beni Culturali           the Villa Aurelia. Also at the Academy David
of the Comune di Roma, has begun its                        Petrain gave us a fascinating introduction to the
investigations in the Aula Regia and adjacent parts         inscriptions that decorate the walls of the cortile. I
of the Villa. These structures were the heart of the        have been in Sicily with an Academy group and
establishment but, of course, much less well                we are looking forward to Paestum and Tarquinia.
known than the circus or the Tomb of Maxentius’             The fall lecture season will be highlighted by talks
son Romulus, which fronts on the Via Appia.                 by Prof. Natalie Kampen (Barnard College) and
Soon the majestic apse vault of the Aula Regia will         Prof. Gianluca Tagliamonte.          Prof. Carolyn
no longer rise like an isolated pinnacle from the           Bruzelius, FAAR and Director of the Academy
groves surrounding it and the study of the                  from 1994 to 1998, is returning to present a
intricacies of this imperial palace of the age of the       lecture on the church architecture of the mendicant
Tetrarchs can begin in earnest.                             friars. And with lectures and conferences at the
                                                            German Archaeological Institute, the British
But of all archaeological work in Rome filled with          School and the French School, as well as events
a sense of anticipation perhaps the most fascinating        sponsored by the International Association for
is the investigations being carried out at the              Classical Archaeology, there is plenty to do of a
basilica of S. Paolo Fuori le Mura                by        late afternoon and evening. Prof. Ann Vasaly of
archaeologists from the Vatican Museums under               Boston University comes aboard as Professor in
the direction of Dr. Giorgio Filippi. Below the             Charge in the spring, and I am sure she will have
high altar of the basilica and the stone with the           an interesting report to make in the next issue.⊃
inscription “Paulo Apostolo Mart” this work has

Greetings from the New Director of the American
By Carmen Vircillo Franklin

I am writing this at the very end of August in a still       that students turned in at the end of their
rather lazy Rome, empty of its inhabitants, but              experience. Many singled out the site visits as the
throughout the McKim, Mead and White building I              high point of their experience, as we would expect.
can hear the buzz of activity, as we get ready, with         The intensity and brisk pace of the program were
acceleration this year, for the arrival of the new           also noted, and appreciated by most participants.
Fellows. The Academy closed, as usual, on August             And the teaching by the staff and guest lecturers
15th, to get ready for the cleaning and repairing that       received great reviews. The only complaints – and
needs to take place before we reopen again for the           they were very few – concerned non-academic
new academic year. Our calendar will change now,             matters. I hope that this positive experience will
for we will begin not in the middle of September,            ensure that the participants in this past Summer
as in the past, but on the first Monday (September           School will all become active members of the
5th, this year), to accommodate families with                Classical Society, and hence remain connected to
school-age children. Beginning next summer, we               the Academy and continue to participate in our
will close for the entire month of August, which             programs.
will give us the usual four or five weeks to get
ready. Our scholars this year will be supervised by          Indeed, I want to invite all members of the
R. Ross Holloway (in the fall) and Ann Vasaly (in            Classical Society to visit the Academy when in
the spring), who will be the Professors-in-Charge            Rome, to attend a lecture, concert or other event
of the School of Classical Studies. Ann will be              (consult the website for information), to use our
known to many of you for she directed the                    Library, and to share a meal with us. I also want to
Classical Summer School.                                     encourage members of the Classical Society to
                                                             apply to be a Visiting Scholar and spend a longer
Soon after I arrived in Rome on August 1st to take           time here among us. Do stay in touch, and to that
up my new duties as Director of the American                 end please make sure that the AAR has your full
Academy, I had the opportunity of meeting with               contact information, including email address,
Myles McDonnell and reviewing with him this                  which is now becoming our principal means of
year’s Summer School. Myles expressed great                  communicating with all our alumni. We hope to
satisfaction with the students and the work that was         launch a short monthly e-newsletter from Rome in
accomplished, and with the help that was provided            January and we want to make sure that it reaches
by our Fellow David Petrain (Samuel H. Kress                 as many of you as possible. I look forward to
Foundation/Frank Brown/Helen M. Woodruff                     seeing many of you at the AIA/APA meetings in
Fellowship of the Archaeological Institute of                Montreal in January, and to reporting on what I
America Pre-Doctoral Rome Prize Fellowship),                 hope will be an excellent fall, and my first one as
who acted as his assistant. And I was particularly           Director at the AAR.⊃
pleased to read the highly favourable evaluations

Letter from the Classical Society Scholarship Winner
By Benjamin St. John

Whenever people hear that I lived in Rome for six           history and engineering/architecture, which were
weeks this summer, the first, profound question is          subjects amply treated, but we also gained
“how was it?” To which my immediate, equally                experience with art history, urban planning,
profound answer is “hot. Very hot.” I am not                literature, and archaeology, not to mention
being facetious here. A fierce, omnipresent sun is          navigating Italian bureaucracy and society.
the thread which runs through the entire narrative          (Apparently, my graduate work in navigating the
of our time with the AARCSS. It does not in any             bureaucracy of an American university was only
way overshadow the experiences we had there; in             bachelor’s level stuff, if that).
fact it highlights them. That is quite enough of that
metaphor, but it is apt: many of my memories have           More personally, as I alluded to earlier, I have a
taken on an epic quality--struggles taking place in         great trove of memories from the trip: sitting and
dusty plains with strong demarcations of light and          reading in the beautiful Academy library;
shadow. Because often it was a struggle just to             exploring the vast remains of Ostia; threading our
keep moving, much less thinking, after being in             way through vaulted passageways and alongside
that sun all day. This renders all the more                 enormous temple bases underneath the streets of
impressive the endurance and dedication of our              Rome; trying to hunt down a reasonably priced
valiant leaders Myles McDonnell and David                   Peroni; Matt’s and Lee’s explications of and
Petrain, the various contributors and guest                 speculations on, respectively, the prevalence of
lecturers, and the participants themselves. I was           certain vaulting types and the uses of chambers in
often amazed at the ability of Myles and David to           temple pediments; and everyone’s favorite,
forge ahead, even at the end of the day, without            Myles’s fierce battle of wits with a tourist at the
complaint. I surely was not so strong (I somehow            Arch of Titus (that was actually less of a battle
acquired a reputation for being the guy who would           than a complete rout, with Myles swiftly
open any door, explore any hole, flashlight at the          victorious). I also had a crash course in betting—
ready; and while I do possess a certain                     who would be the last person to the bus, the
adventurousness and curiosity, as often as not a            over/under on how long it would take for someone
hidden underground crypt offered a wonderful                to say opus reticulatum—not for money, of course,
opportunity to get out of the sun).                         only for bragging rights.

The CSS, however, was only incidentally a test of           But I have so far neglected la città eterna, Rome
stamina. The primary purpose was for us to learn            itself. Hot, sweaty, crowded, beautiful Rome.
about Rome, and this we did. I know that I learned          Although it has had its down times, no one who
more in a shorter space of time than at almost any          visits this city could ever doubt that it was once the
other time in my life. Being able to physically             center of the world. The first time I visited Rome,
contextualize my knowledge of Rome, its history             two years before this program, I felt instantly at
and people, and to increase that knowledge to an            home. I was eager to return, and the Classical
extraordinary degree is an invaluable experience,           Summer School was my first chance.                The
and not only personally. I have just begun                  wonderful thing about the AARCSS is that, in spite
teaching Latin, and I have barely tapped the                of its name, we spent a minimum of time in the
potential resources I acquired during the CSS in            Academy itself. Rome and its environs became
terms of photos, anecdotes, and information. The            our classroom. If I may speak for the students and
information itself was of such a widely varied              teachers in the program, it was an amazing
nature that it seemed, when it was over, that I had         experience to learn—or sometimes relearn—about
just completed a full roster of classes in at least 5       Rome in situ. Not only to see the bustling urban
different subject areas. My interests tend toward           center that the Campus Martius has become, or to
witness the way neighboring cities like Tarquinia          ancient times—that I believe would be nearly
and Veii have shrunk from their former glory, but          impossible in any other context. This is something
to trace the ruins of the tabernae and insulae where       that I will never forget. So, if I may once more
the majority of the population went about their            speak for all the program participants: to Myles,
everyday lives. We attained a sort of historically         David, all the guest speakers, the Academy itself,
situated familiarity with the city and the region—a        and to each other, vobis multas gratias agimus.⊃
sense of what it was really like to live in Italy in

Letter from the Mary A. Sollman Scholarship Winner
By Annemarie Catania

As a participant in this year’s Classical Summer           On site visits outside the city, we absorbed aspects
School experiencing Rome for the first time, I             of Roman construction techniques and site
came to know the city and its surroundings in ways         selection that photographs could never convey. On
I could not have anticipated when I boarded my             the steps of the Temple of Fortuna in Palestrina,
flight on June 18th. At that point, my knowledge           our sore feet and gasping breath taught us the scale
of Rome’s ancient sites was a patchwork of                 of the extraordinary accomplishments of Roman
impressions from books, maps and slide lectures            architects. Looking out over the sea at the Temple
seen over the course of graduate school. My hopes          of Jupiter Anxur in Terracina, we could understand
for navigating the modern city lay in a tourist map,       why such a place was reserved for the worship of a
a printed e-mail of train and bus directions, and a        god. If constant first-hand exposure to celebrated
few guidebook pages photocopied by an                      sites, buildings and sculpture was not already
enthusiastic aunt. Over the next six weeks,                enough to astound us, the beautiful views at sites
repeated trips to the Roman forum, multiple coach          such as these inspired a repeated sense of awe at
bus rides to sites in and around the city, countless       being where we were, seeing what we were seeing.
trips on crowded city buses, and many a rapid
march at Myles McDonnell’s New Yorker’s pace               One aspect of Roman existence I could only come
changed these circumstances dramatically.                  to understand through personal experience was
                                                           why Romans left the city for their villas in the
The change in my perspective on the forum itself           summer. The forum seemed to be the hottest place
reflects the growth of my understanding of Roman           in the city. Perhaps the unpleasantness of dealing
topography in general. Entering the forum near the         with masses of modern tourists doesn’t come close
Temple of Antoninus and Faustina that first muggy          to the realities of the ancient forum, but it’s still
morning, I felt awe just to be in the presence of          pretty clear how one could suddenly find oneself
remains I had only read about. Because Myles               seized by a desire to escape the sweaty crowds.
organized our visits to correspond with historical         Stopping by the waterfall at the site of what could
developments, the main subject of our first visit          have been Horace’s villa, and swimming at the
was the earliest evidence of Palatine settlements.         beach in Sperlonga after visiting Tiberius’s villa
The main effect of our time there, however, was            reinforced the sense that being outside the city was
becoming better oriented to the space. As we               definitely the way to cool off.
considered the development of the forum in stages
over the coming weeks, our frequent visits                 Lovely as they were, day trips on an air-
provided constant review. We related what we               conditioned bus couldn’t teach us about the city
were seeing to what had come before,                       itself. In the first week or so, as Rome’s winding
acknowledging that we were not considering the             streets befuddled me as I blindly followed the
structures that did not yet “exist” in the                 group, focusing on taking in historical information
chronological scheme. We were able to observe              rather than paying attention to where I was. The
for ourselves Rome’s continual evolution through           turning point for my sense of direction was a day
time.                                                      that the group spent focusing on the Theater of
Pompey. James Packer delivered a lecture in                By the time I had to identify the major sites of the
which he showed how the structure of the ancient           forum and of Rome in the high empire for a test at
theater formed the foundation of the current               the end of the program, countless trips through the
neighborhood, with photographs, maps, and a                city had brought the pieces of information that had
computer-generated image of the theater that               formed my previous knowledge of the make-up of
morphed from a model of its ancient form into the          Rome together in a coherent whole. The following
shapes of the current city neighborhood that               day, we visited the room-sized model of imperial
occupies the site. That afternoon, we walked the           Rome at the Museo della Civilta Romana in EUR.
perimeter of the orchestra by following the modern         I saw that although there were still buildings and
streets, and explored the foundations of the theater       structures I needed to learn about, I had gained a
in the basement of one of the restaurants currently        sense of the development of Rome through time,
standing on the site. Realizing both intellectually        and understood its layout better than I ever could
and physically how Rome’s ancient structures               have without experiencing it myself. ⊃
shaped the city’s later growth began to help me
navigate the modern city.

News from the Library
By Christina Huemer

Exciting news! After many years of planning, the           If you are contemplating a visit to Rome, you
renovation of the Library of the American                  should be aware that the Library will need to close
Academy in Rome is now scheduled to go ahead,              during the renovation period. The Academy
beginning in August 2006 and extending through             Trustees approved a plan that will close the Library
the 2006-07 academic year.                                 completely for the period of one academic year,
                                                           rather than drag out the work (and inconvenience)
This project, which will improve the use of space          over a much longer period. Thus the restoration
within the present boundaries of the Library, will         project will begin in August 2006 (after the
provide for the growth of the collections through          summer courses are finished) and will be
2033 and will bring the facility up to the new             completed in time for the opening of the next
European Union code. The historic reading rooms            academic year in September 2007. During that
on the ground floor will not be changed, but the           time the Library will be closed to the public, but
woodwork will be restored and refinished. On the           will offer limited services to the Academy
basement level, compact shelving will be installed         community in residence.
in some areas, while a new reading room will be
created in the cryptoporticus. More seats for              The Library staff will relocate to another part of
readers will be provided throughout the Library.           the Academy and will devote their efforts to
New preservation-friendly folio shelving will be           helping Fellows, Residents and Visiting Artists and
constructed to protect large volumes and make              Scholars to meet their research needs through other
them easier to consult. Other highlights include a         libraries or online sources. New books and
new reference desk, an upgraded Music Collection           periodicals will continue to be acquired and
with listening stations, a soundproof study room           processed. But as most of the collection will be
for collaborative work, and improved work areas            unavailable and        reading      space will     be
for staff. As an added benefit, which long-time            severely limited, nonresident readers should use
readers will appreciate, we plan to integrate the          other libraries first before contacting us. No regular
subject collections into a single sequence of call         reader's cards will be issued in 2006/07. Only rare
numbers, beginning with classical literature in the        books and older periodicals will be available (by
Arthur Ross Reading Room and continuing to                 appointment only). The Photographic Archive will
modern art history near the new reading room in            be open as usual. We are also making plans to
the restored cryptoporticus.                               serve the 2007 summer courses on a limited basis.
We regret the inconvenience to long-term Library             example, will be named for Frank E. Brown,
readers, but we are confident that the                       former Director of the Academy and distinguished
improvements will benefit all members of the                 archaeologist; contributions to this effort are
Academy community for years to come.                         welcome. To learn more or to make a gift, contact
                                                             Elizabeth Kogen at 212-751-7200, ext. 27, or
When the Library reopens in September 2007, it      .
will bear the names of scholars and artists who
have made outstanding intellectual and creative              Our goal is to preserve the Library that our readers
contributions to the Academy over the years. We              know and love--a place of discovery and of
invite you to participate to this effort by naming a         contemplation--while providing badly-needed
room, an alcove, a carrel, or a chair for yourself or        space for growing collections and advances in
for someone who has been an inspiration to you               technology. With your help, the Library will
and your work. We would especially like the                  continue to be the heart of the American Academy
Library to reflect the history of intellectual life at        in Rome.⊃
the Academy. The new group study room, for

                        The American Academy in Rome Library, east-west section

The Nolli Map of 1784, Allan Ceen, and the Studium
By Norma Goldman

In 1748, Giambattista Nolli produced a detailed             on the left wall as one enters, a full scale
map of        Rome in       Pianta Grande di                reproduction of the Nolli map and on the right,
Roma,arbitrarily cut into 12 sections to make a             studies of other map projects above filing cases.
single composite overview of the whole city. This           At the end of the room is the busy, well-organized
unique map, accurate in details of streets,                 desk of Allan Ceen piled with projects. Currently
vineyards, palaces, temples, gardens, public                Dr. Ceen is completing notes on the 1,320 sites of
buildings, and stairways also contains drawings of          Nolli’s index, giving the architect and date for
architectural fragments, clouds, scrolls, statues,          buildings where known, changes of names, and
and cupids engaged in the cartographer’s work to            noting the demolitions that have occurred since
plot geographical details. The whole is framed              Nolli’s time. When I was privileged to visit the
with a decorative border of a vine-wrapped                  Studium in the fall of 2005, Allan Ceen was
molding separated by animal heads to indicate the           working on the project which has since been
rioni of Rome. It is a work of art as well as a work        completed and is being put on the University of
of cartography.                                             Oregon Nolli website.

In 1984, Allan Ceen, Professor of History of                I had come to show Allan Ceen the Table of
Architecture at Pennsylvania State University               Contents of a book that Katherine Geffcken and I
Rome Program, published his introductory essay in           are editing, THE JANUS VIEW, essays on the
a republication of the Nolli map conceived and              Janiculum. Several of these essays had appeared
executed by Joseph H. Aronson, with other                   as articles in previous issues of the Newsletters of
ancillary materials, making it available to libraries       the CSAAR. We hope to explain to all who come
and laymen for consultation and reproduction.               to the American Academy the terra sancta of the
Previously, the precious Nolli map was available            area, why the streets bear the names of the
only in Rare Book Rooms or Map Libraries where              Garibaldini, where the French broke through the
one could only consult it using white gloves.               wall behind the Casa Rustica in the Academy back
Xeroxing was of course impossible. Photography              garden in 1849, how the Academy acquired the
was discouraged. With the republication of the              Villa Aurelia, where the Trajanic aqueduct line
Nolli map by the Aronson Press in Highmount,                runs under the Academy cortile, when the Acqua
NY, it is now possible to access the beautiful              Paola was built, and when the casinos and gardens
original with its modern amplifications. This is the        of the Villa Doria Pamphilj and Villa Sciarra were
first full scale reproduction of the Nolli map (the         added to the landscape. Allan Ceen protested that
Dansi map of 1932 was only 2/3 in size, and                 we did not have a chapter on the Bosco Parrasio in
printing methods have improved considerably                 Arcadia, and proceeded to tell me all about it,
since that time).                                           producing a fine drawing of the Bosco by an
                                                            Academy fellow from 1929. I asked Allan Ceen to
In 2000, Allan Ceen opened the STUDIUM                      write up for our forthcoming book what he had just
URBIS as a resource for creative ideas and sound            told me, and within a week I received the chapter
design and scholarship regarding the history of             all done to specifications in length and style. We
architecture and urban planning in Italy. This              are so honored to have this fine scholar as one of
STUDIUM is located in pianterreno quarters on               our authors for the JANUS book.
Via Montoro 24, near the Campo dei Fiori in
downtown Rome. The main workroom contains,
The STUDIUM URBIS contains an extensive                    the presentation of papers were throughout the
collection of resource materials for reference:            city: Palazzo della Cancelleria, John Cabot
drawings, cartographic materials, architectural            University, American Academy in Rome, with an
views, and maps from all ages. For the following           evening reception at the Campidoglio Palazzo dei
years after its inception in 2000, the Studium             Conservatori.
sponsored a series of exhibitions all organized and
curated by Dr. Ceen, climaxed in 2003, by an               Dr. Ceen teaches a course in “Roman Cartography
historic Exhibition and catalogue text: Roma               as imago Urbis” at Penn State University in Rome.
Nolliana providing visual materials to complement          He conducts numerous educational walking tours
the papers of an equally historic conference               of Rome and Siena. He was a contributing author
“Giambattista Nolli, Imago Urbis and Rome.” The            to Piranesi, Rome Recorded, an expert on how
conference was composed of lectures by experts in          Piranesi, though a critic of Nolli, made extensive
architecture, art, and cartography, including a            use of the map-maker’s material. Dr. Ceen
paper on “How the Modern Republication of the              coordinates the workshop for Studium Urbis with
Nolli Plan Came to Be,” by J. H. Aronson, the              its lectures and seminars, and of course directs
artist-publisher at Highmount, NY. The scholars            exhibitions at the SU gallery. His most recent
and architects from many universities in the USA           exhibition and catalogue in 2004 was “Roma
and Italy had come to share their insights and             Cancellata,” an exhibition with accompanying
expertise with each other and with the world. The          catalogue of Roman public areas inaccessible to
sites for                                                  the public. He is a genial host and a warm human

Studium Urbis: Rome Research Center in Architecture and
Urban Planning
Via Montoro 24 00186 Rome, Italy

                                    Allan Ceen in the Studium Urbis

By Katherine Geffcken

On Via Carini in early summer 2005, I                       Made of sturdy bronze, it may be able to withstand
encountered Vincent Drago, a retired American               the disgusting attacks of vandals who have been
Latin teacher and member of the Summer School               slowly destroying the stone heads of Garibaldini in
in 1972 and 1982. Vince, who now lives in Rome,             the park. The bronze boy moves forward on his
asked me if I had noticed the new statue in the             right foot, his right hand clenched and his left hand
Janiculum park, dedicated to a boy named                    raised in exhortation or greeting. Between his feet
Righetto. Naturally, I went the next day to find it.        crouches a dog beside a horn, and behind the boy’s
There it was, centrally located along a path and            left foot is the peaked hat sometimes associated
dominating the space around it.                             with Garibaldini. On the side of the base, an
                                                            inscription states that the statue is a copy of
                                                            L’Audace by the sculptor Giovanni Strazza (1851).

                                                            On the front of the base, the inscription reads: A
                                                            RIGHETTO/       GIOVANE        TRASTEVERINA/
                                                            SIMBOLO DEI RAGAZZI/ CADUTI IN DIFESA
                                                            DELLA GLORIOSA/ REPUBBLICA ROMANA
                                                            DEL 1849. Then below, LA REGIONE LAZIO/
                                                            POSE/ 9 FEBBRAIO 2005/ ASSOCIAZIONE
                                                            CULTURALE/ “GLI AMICI DI RIGHETTO”/
                                                            COMUNE DI ROMA.

                                                            Who was this young Righetto from Trastevere?
                                                            Vince told me that he had tried in several ways to
                                                            find out something about “Gli Amici di Righetto,”
                                                            but so far without success. I then looked at lists of
                                                            the dead at Rome in 1849, which include both
                                                            military and civilian casualties. No Righetto. But
                                                            I did see the notation “Mario Righi of Rome.” No
                                                            military unit or rank was given. It seems possible
                                                            then that Righetto was “little Righi,” young Mario

                                                            The Garibaldino Nino Costa described the
                                                            dangerous activities of Roman boys in summer
                                                            1849. He watched one boy, covered even in the
                                                            heat with an overcoat – as if to protect himself
                                                            from French shells – moving around quietly
                                                            waiting for cannonballs to fall. Working like a
                                                            beetle, he dug them out of the soil and rolled them
                                                            down into a pile. The Roman defenders, short on
                                                            ammunition, paid the boys for these shells. Costa
 Statue of Righetto, Janiculum Park, Rome, 2005
                                                            saw this young Roman attacked by French fire. He
        Photograph by Katherine Geffcken
                                                            also saw three boys blown into bits as they fought
                                                            over a shell “like dogs over a bone.” The shell had
just fallen in Piazza S. Francesco as Ripa, and it        Bibliography:
exploded as they scrapped over it. Unfortunately,
Costa does not name these boys, but Righetto must         Giovanni (Nino) Costa, from Quel che Vidi e Quel
have been one such young Roman. If anyone                 Che Intesi, in Scrittori Garibaldini, ed. Gaetano
knows anything about Righetto, write to me! ⊃             Trombatore (Torino, 1979) I, 27.

                     Statue of Righetto with inscribed base, Janiculum park, 2005

Reopening the Aurelia Cistern
By Katherine Geffcken

The group from the American Academy, assembled for the tour of the Aurelia cistern, August 2005. Left
 to right:Lexi Eberspacher, Associate for AAR Programs; Denise Gavio, Assistant Librarian; and Pina
                           Pasquantonio, Assistant Director for Operations.

One day in early August, Cristina Puglisi                     specified time we assembled at the Aurelia gate –
(Assistant Director for Academy Properties)                   almost everyone on the staff including new
announced that after considerable deliberation it             Director Carmela Franklin, and all Fellows,
had been decided to reopen and enter the ancient              visiting scholars and artists who were still in Rome
cistern below the eastern end of the Villa Aurelia.           then. We then traipsed through the villa grounds to
Apparently, the cistern, which is marked on                   a terrace above Via Garibaldi and below the
Rodolfo Lanciani’s Forma Urbis, had not been                  eastern wing of the Aurelia. The obscure entrance
visited for more than fifty years. The staff knew of          seemed to enter the side of the hill, and then after a
its existence, but little more. The first explorations        few feet, we were in a larger, vaulted space, and
by Ms. Puglisi, Giovanni Cimoroni (head of                    again, after a turn down to the right, we entered
Academy maintenance) and archaeologist Archer                 large vaulted spaces supported by piers. In one of
Martin brought back intriguing reports.            For        the lower areas ran a brick wall, parallel with Via
instance, they found heaps of shoes on the floor of           Garibaldi outside. It seems logical to connect this
the cistern. Naturally, everyone’s imagination                brick wall with the Aurelian Wall stretching down
went to work: had someone, for instance, during               the hillside above us and to conclude that the
World War Ii been in the black market shoe                    cistern predated the brick wall. Altogether, the
business?!                                                    cistern is huge, with high vaults far above our
Within a few days, an invitation was posted for an
all-Academy visit to the cistern, and at the
So how do we learn more? Archer Martin stated                boys over the years have found their way into a
that he would try to find an archaeologist interested        space in this area, quite possibly the northern of
in mapping and surveying the reservoir and in                Lanciani’s two cisterns. And one wonders if the
dating it. It will be important to know if Lanciani          Italian defenders in the war of 1849 used these
is correct in associating this piscina hortorum, as          cisterns. Just to the north of the Aurelian Wall,
he labels it on his map, with the gardens of Geta,           military maps from 1849 show an Italian trench,
thus indicating a Severan date. In fact, Lanciani            very close to this spot. ⊃
shows a second cistern immediately to the north,
which may have a hidden entrance from the
Janiculum park. According to neighborhood lore,

                               Exploring the Aurelia cistern, August, 2005.

The Constitution of the Classical Society, American
Academy in Rome
Article One                                                   parliamentary duties as set forth in Robert's Rules
The Classical Society of the American Academy in              of Order, Revised, shall make every effort to visit
Rome is the constituent body of the School of                 Rome at least once while in office, there to call
Classical Studies of the American Academy in                  upon the officers of the Classical School and the
Rome. It is the duty of the Society to work for the           Academy and to familiarize himself or herself with
general good of the School of Classical Studies,              the work of the Fellows of the Classical School,
and, through it, the American Academy in Rome.                and of the Academy, in order to render the efforts
                                                              of the officers in fostering the Society's activities
Article Two                                                   as effective as possible. The duties of the
The Society's membership is composed of those                 Secretary and Treasurer shall in general be those
elected to Fellowship in the School of Classical              set forth in Robert's Rules of Order, Revised.
Studies, of those accepted as members of the
Summer School and of the other courses and                    Should an office fall vacant, the President shall
programs of the School of Classical Studies, and of           appoint a member of the Society to serve until the
all others, who either by interest or office desire to        next election. Should the office of President fall
foster the activities of the School of Classical              vacant, the Vice President shall serve the
Studies, and, through it, the American Academy in             remainder of the term. Should both offices fall
Rome.                                                         vacant, the Secretary shall assume the duties and
                                                              responsibilities of the presidency, appointing
Article Three                                                 others to serve as Vice President and Secretary.
The Annual Meeting of the Society shall take place            Should all offices be vacant, the Professor in
on the occasion of the joint annual meetings of the           Charge of the School of Classical Studies shall
American Philological Association and the                     appoint a member of the Society to serve as
Archeological Institute of America. Should the                President.
annual meetings of the American Philological
Association and the Archeological Institute of                Article Five
America not be held at the same time and place,               At the Annual Meeting of the Society the chair of
the President will determine at which of the                  the Nominating Committee shall be elected by a
meetings the Society's Annual Meeting will take               majority of those present and voting. If no
place.                                                        nominations are brought forward from the floor,
                                                              the President shall appoint the chair of the
Article Four                                                  Nominating Committee. The chair shall appoint
The officers of the Society shall be President, Vice          the members of the Committee, which shall present
President, Secretary and Treasurer. The term of               its candidates to the Secretary no later than six
each office shall be two years. President and Vice            months after the election or appointment of the
President shall be elected in one year, Secretary             chair.
and Treasurer in the following year. In order to
provide continuity in the governance of the Society           Elections shall take place at the Annual Meeting.
it is anticipated that the Vice President will                At least thirty days before the date of that meeting
succeed to the presidency after completing his or             the Secretary shall distribute ballots by mail, with
her term. The President, in addition to his or her            notice of the time and place of the Annual
                                                              Meeting. These ballots shall be returned to the
                                                              Secretary not less than seven days before the
Annual Meeting, or else presented in person to the         encouraging the active participation of the
Secretary at the meeting. Further nominations              membership in the affairs of the Society. It shall
from the floor shall be entertained, and a majority        meet at the discretion of the chair, or of one-half of
of the votes cast shall decide the results.                the Committee.

Article Six                                                3.    The Finance Committee shall raise funds for
Amendments to the Constitution or By Laws of the           the activities of the Society and advise the officers
Society must be proposed to the membership in              and Executive Committee on financial and
writing three months in advance of the Annual              budgetary matters. It shall meet at the discretion of
Meeting and must be approved by a two-thirds               the chair, or one-half of the Committee.
majority of the active membership.
                                                           4.   The Scholarship Committee shall make
BY LAWS OF THE CLASSICAL SOCIETY                           known by appropriate means the existence of those
OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY IN ROME                            scholarships sponsored by the Society, responding
                                                           to applicants and distributing applications. It shall
1.    The standing committee of the Society shall          judge the applicants and notify the scholarship
be the Executive Committee, the Membership                 winners.
Committee, the Scholarship Committee, and the
Finance Committee. The Executive Committee                 5.    Chairs of the standing committees shall
shall consist of present officers of the Society as        submit written annual reports to the President no
well as former officers for two terms past. The            later than one month in advance of the Annual
first meeting of the Executive Committee shall             Meeting.
take place as soon as possible after the Annual
Meeting. The President shall serve as chair of the         6.   The Newsletter of the Society shall be
Executive Committee, the Treasurer as chair of the         published at least once a year; the President shall
Finance Committee. Chairs of the Membership                appoint the editor after consultation with the
and Scholarship Committees shall be appointed by           Executive Committee.
the Executive Committee. Chairs of Membership,
Scholarship, and Finance Committees shall appoint          7.    Membership dues shall be paid by calendar
members of their committees to the number and              year.
with the duties that they consider appropriate.
                                                           8.    Amendments to the By Laws shall be made
2.   The Membership Committee shall assist the             in accordance with the provisions of Article Six of
Treasurer in maintaining the rolls of active               the Constitution.⊃
members, expanding the membership, and

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar:

This six week program is designed for teachers of          2006 application deadline
American undergraduate students. Qualified                 March 1, 2006
independent scholars and those employed by
museums, libraries, historical societies and other         2006 Directors
organizations may be eligible. Participants work           Richard Talbert RAAR'91, Professor of History at
with leading scholars on a given topic in the              University of North Carolina & Michael Maas,
humanities with the goal of furthering their               FAAR'81, Professor of History at Rice University
teaching and scholarship.
2006 topic                                                 About 15 people. For more information please
Trajan's Column: Narratives of War, Civilization,          contact Richard Talbert at
and Commemorative in the Roman Empire.                     or

2006 dates
June 26 - July 28, 2006

The Howard Comfort, FAAR ’29, Summer Program in Roman Pottery

The Summer Program in Roman Pottery Studies is             Academy in Rome and an eminent scholar of
a four-week program designed to present the basics         Roman pottery.
of Roman pottery studies and thus to fill a gap in
archaeological training. Pottery is the most               2006 dates
common discovery on archaeological sites in the            June 19 - July 17, 2006
Mediterranean on land and in shallow waters and
also in the deep sea, which is opening up to               2006 application deadline
archaeological research. It usually offers the most        March 15, 2006
important evidence for dating and socio-economic
matters, such as trade relations and consumption           2006 Director Archer Martin/Archaeology
patterns of food. As knowledge of pottery can be           Supervisor, American Academy in Rome Adjunct
gained only through direct contact with ceramic            Professor, Università Suor Orsola Benincasa
assemblages.                                               (Napoli)

The program is offered in 2006 as the first year of        Participants
a three-year pilot series, honoring the memory of          About 5 people. For more information please
Howard Comfort, a Fellow of the American                   contact or
Summer Program in Archaeology

For the fourteenth year, the American Academy in           2006 Director
Rome will sponsor the Summer Program in                    Professor Nicola Terrenato of the University of
                                                           North Carolina.
Archaeology. Intended for graduate students, it
provides an overview of archaeological problems            Application deadline: March 15, 2006.
and methods for students in all fields of classical
studies. The 2006 program is made possible with            Provisional schedule: See web site,
support from the Concordia Foundation.           
Dates                                                      .pdf
June 5 - June 25, 2006

                            Insert Medusa Mythology exam advertisement here

                             The President of the American Academy in Rome
                                      and the Officers of the CSAAR
                                            invite you to attend

      The Annual AAR Advisory Council Meeting, January , 2006, 4:30-5:45
                  and the CSAAR business meeting, 5:45-6:00
                                  at the annual meetings of the AIA/APA
                            Hyatt-Regency Hotel, Montreal, Alfred – Rouleau C,
                                               followed by a
         Reception sponsored by the AAR and Society of Fellows, 6:30 p.m.

                          Λ!!                                               !!7
Dear CSAAR member: Please check your label to see if your payments are up-to-
date. If your label does not have a “2005,” please mail in your payment to the treasurer,
David Kubiak (address below). We are ready for your 2006 dues as of this letter.
Please also consider at this time making a contribution to the scholarship fund, which
enables deserving young scholars to enrich their knowledge of Classical antiquity
through the CSAAR summer program, and to the library, one of the great scholarly
resources of Rome, and one always in need of your assistance.

Ε   -------------------------------------
Please clip this coupon and send it with your check to the Treasurer of the CSAAR: David Kubiak,
Dept.of Classics, Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Ind., 47933. Do NOT send dues to newsletter
editor at Oakland University.
Please indicate below if you would like to participate in the work of the CSAAR as an officer or committee
                                                                                     CSAAR DUES FOR 2006
Name_____________________________                                       Is the label address correct?_______
                                                                                          Dues ($20) _______
                                                                                    Scholarship Fund_______
                                                                                        Library Fund _______
e-mail ___________________________
Interest____________________________                                                            TOTAL:_____

Please note: Students and retired persons may send any amount and be considered in full membership.
Please make checks out to the Classical Society of the American Academy in Rome.

Would you like to be a Friend of CSAAR?
Pantheon: $50 ___ Colosseum: $75___ Circus Maximus $100___

Classical Society
American Academy in Rome Newsletter
Oakland University
2200 North Squirrel Road
Department of Art and Art History
307 Wilson Hall
Rochester, MI 48309-4401

Shared By: