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THE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA

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THE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Powered By Docstoc
					THE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA
  Families of Instruments
  in Modern Day Orchestra

•Strings
•Brass
•Woodwinds
•Percussion
     Musical Periods of History

•   Renaissance   (1450-1600)
•   Baroque       (1600-1750)
•   Classical     (1750-1820)
•   Romantic      (1820-1910)
•   Modern        (1910-present)
      The Renaissance Orchestra
             1450-1600
 Renaissance means
  “rebirth” (music for
  everyday people)
 Printed music for the first
  time
 No arranged orchestra-
  used whatever instruments
  were around. This was
  called a “consort” or
  playing “in concert”
 Giovanni Gabrieli was
  renaissance composer
Listen to Music of the
     Renaissance
The Baroque Orchestra
     1600-1750
            Music getting more showy
             and complicated
            Music written for voice
             was most popular
            Orchestra is developing
             further and has mostly
             strings
            No conductor- musical
             leadership came mostly
             from keyboard “basso
             continuo”
            J. S. Bach was famous
             Baroque composer
Listen to Baroque Orchestra
             The Classical Orchestra
                  1750-1820
 Size of the orchestra continued to
  grow
 Composers began to write for
  specific instruments and
  combined instruments for
  different sounds
 The first violinist led music from
  his chair or music director used
  rolled up piece of white paper
 Music was well-planned and
  precise
 Beethoven wrote 9 symphonies
  during this time
Listen to the Classical Orchestra
The Romantic Orchestra
      1820-1910
            Music expressed
             emotions and love of
             country (Nationalistic)
            The conductor became
             part of the orchestra
            The orchestra is much
             larger with newer
             instruments
            Berlioz and Dvorak were
             composers of Romantic
             music
Listen to Romantic Orchestra
           Music
The Modern Day Orchestra
     1910- present
             Time of freedom and
              experimentation with the
              orchestra
             Very large group with
              established 4 families of
              instruments
             Percussion section largely
              expanded
             Use of special instruments
              and special effects due to
              technology
             Conductor has much more
              responsibility and
              visibility
             Aaron Copland and John
              Williams well-known
              composers.
Listen to Modern Day Orchestra

				
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