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									In this issue                                                       17 April 2009
Policy News
(this includes every news item we post)                             DISCLAIMER: THE WEEKLY NEWSLETTER
                                                                    WILL BE SHORTLY RELAUNCHED WITH A
New at ECDPM
(new ECDPM publications, news and activities)                       NEW FORMAT AND STRUCTURE. DURING
                                                                    THE NEXT FOUR WEEKS YOU MIGHT BE
Governance
New in the Governance Team                                          OCCASIONALLY EXPERIENCING SOME
ACP Governance Initiatives                                          PROBLEMS WITH THE FORMAT AND
Development Partners and Governance
Africa-EU Dialogue on Governance                                    DOCUMENT LINKS DUE TO THE
Civil Society Organisations                                         FINALISATION OF THE NEW DESIGN.
Local Governance and Decentralisation
                                                                    WE THANK YOU FOR YOUR
Trade                                                               UNDERSTANDING.
New in the Economic Trade Cooperation Team
Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) Negotiations
Aid for Trade / EPA Development Support
Monitoring EPA Implementation
General Trade Issues                                                Dear Reader

Development Policy
New in the DPIR team                                                This is the Weekly Update.
International External Assistance
EU External Assistance
International Development and Aid Effectiveness                     The public information provided in this weekly e-
EU Development Effectiveness                                        alert is available via daily updated RSS feeds
Financing for Development
EU Coordination, Complementarity and Coherence (3Cs) and            which can be found on the ECDPM websites
Division of Labour                                                  News and Events page www.ecdpm.org/news.
Migration and Development
Climate Change and Development
Food Security / Agriculture                                         All the best,
International relations
EU Institutional Change                                             Melissa
EU Common Foreign and Security Policy – The EU’s Role in
the World                                                           mj@ecdpm.org
Conflict, Peace-building, Security and Development
(for all conflict and peace related items that are not explicitly
CFSP related)
EU Enlargement - Neighborhood Policy
Political Dialogue – ACP-EU
Joint Africa-EU Strategy
African Union / NEPAD

Knowledge Management and Communication
Capacity Development
Knowledge Management
Research for Development
Monitoring, evaluation and learning in international cooperation
Communication for Development
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



                                                    implementation of JAES are contained in the 24th
New at ECDPM                                        issue of the Europafrica bulletin.
                                                    http://europafrica.net/2009/04/06/europafrica-
ECDPM’s Andrew Sherriff is quoted in an             bulletin-issue-24-2nd-april-2009-march-issue-
                                                    2
article on coherence of EU policies
towards Africa by the Nairobi Business              Intra-ACP cooperation 10th EDF.. 04.09.
Daily Africa newspaper on 13 April 2009.            The European Commission and the ACP
The article cites that analysts had said though     Committee of Ambassadors have reached
Europe had mooted ambitious support                 agreement on the intra-ACP Strategy paper
initiatives with Africa such as the Joint Africa-   and multiannual indicative programme for the
EU Strategy (JAES) and the Cotonou                  period 2008-2013.. The documents contain
Partnership Agreement, their implementation         references to the AU and Joint Africa-EU
remained disjointedness, thus leaving               Strategy and related issues.
                                                    http://europafrica.net/2009/04/01/intra-acp-
intended beneficiaries reeling with suspicion
                                                    cooperation-10th-edf-2008-2013-reference-
and a feeling of lack of progress. “To date,
                                                    to-the-joint-africa-eu-strategy
despite diplomatic pledges, there has not
been a lot of evidence of any systematic            Regionally Owned Funds Mechanisms for
attempt to achieve coherence in practice,”          delivery of EU Aid for Trade in ACP
Andrew Sherriff of the European Centre for          regions.
Development Policy Management said. The             ECDPM. April 2009
intention of this plethora of initiatives has       The creation of regionally owned funds to
however attracted its fair share of criticism       support integration processes and regional
amid concerns that Europe could                     Aid for Trade agendas is currently being
inadvertently use them as a vehicle “to             discussed in all ACP regions. Similarly on the
                                                    European side, the European Commission
confuse and short change” Africa. “The
                                                    and EU member states are exploring the
history of interaction between Africa and           potential of such funds as one of the delivery
Europe is a long one. It is riddled with both       mechanisms to implement their AfT
success and significant failures,” Mr Sherriff      commitments. Intentions to make use of
told a forum in Nairobi to discuss the impact       regional funds have been expressed in the
of the JAES initiative. He said because of          context of the ACP-EU negotiations on
wider and far-reaching implications of some         Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) as
of the components of the JAES such as               well as in the joint EU Aid for Trade Strategy.
political pacts, there was need for in-depth        Progress differs across regions, but overall
                                                    there seem to be a lot of open questions
consultations to avoid fall-outs or stagnation.
                                                    on the purpose of such regionally owned
„This does not mean that common ground              mechanisms and on how to operationalise
must be found on all issue but rather that a        these in practice. This paper aims to inform
robust dialogue promotes understanding and          the ongoing discussions by providing an
respect between Europe and Africa,” said the        overview of key issues in setting up regionally
official.                                           owned funds and summarizing the state of
http://www.bdafrica.com/index.php?option=co         play in the different ACP regions.
m_content&task=view&id=14003&Itemid=581             http://www.ecdpm.org/dp90
3
                                                    Addressing contentious issues in the
Europafrica Bulletin. 02.04.09                      interim EPAs. 03.09
The European Parliament recently adopted            ECDPM Discussion Paper 89 discusses nine
the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES), and            contentious issues that ACP countries that
called for completion of its institutional          could undermine the completion of the EPAs
architecture to enhance transparency, ownership     with the EU. The paper analyses areas where
and democratic legitimacy. Details of this and      there is potential for greater flexibilitywith a
other recent developments relating to the           view to breaking the deadlock.
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



http://www.ecdpm.org/Web_ECDPM/Web/Co              The staff and international stakeholders are
ntent/Navigation.nsf/index2?readform&http://       raising alarm at increasingly fraudulent
www.ecdpm.org/Web_ECDPM/Web/Content/               practices currently dogging the APRM
Content.nsf/0/6133074B85C2B9FAC125757              Secretariat in South Africa.
C0048FC1B?OpenDocument
                                                   http://africanewsonline.blogspot.com/2009/03
                                                   /aprm-south-african-secretariat-in_30.html
The Cariforum-EU Economic Partnership
Agreement. The Development Component.
                                                   NEPAD in the Context of Responsiveness
                                                   and Accountability.
                                                   UNDP Oslo Governance Centre. 2009.
                                                   Authors: Naidu,S. The paper discusses the
                                                   Peer Review Mechanism (PRM) which is the
                                                   principal means by which African
                                                   governments can be held accountable for
                                                   their poverty reduction initiatives as well as
http://www.ecdpm.org/Web_ECDPM/Web/Co              their actions generally. The author says that
ntent/Navigation.nsf/index2?readform&http://       while the PRM has the potential of becoming
www.ecdpm.org/Web_ECDPM/Web/Content/               a barometer for evaluating progress by
Content.nsf/7732def81dddfa7ac1256c240034           African states towards improving governance
fe65/39c02d35b1d89a6bc125758b003c3e6a              capabilities, accountability to the poor,
?OpenDocument#                                     and transparency in their transactions, in
                                                   practice, the mechanism is facing serious
                                                   operational challenges.
GOVERNANCE                                         http://www.undp.org/oslocentre/PAR_Ber
                                                   gen_2002/nepad.pdf

ACP Governance Initiatives
                                                   Development Partners and Governance
The APRM Secretariat response to recent
criticisms in the press.                           Gouvernance du développement durable
Africa News Online. 14 April 2009                  Programme Séminaire 2009
http://africanewsonline.blogspot.com/2009/04       http://www.google.be/url?q=http://www.iddri.o
/aprm-debate-secretariat-responds.html             rg/Activites/Ateliers/09_SeminaireGouvernan
                                                   ceDD_Programme.pdf&ei=7b_lSYidJYXC-
                                                   AbwrMGECQ&sa=X&oi=spellmeleon_result&
APRM Secretariat troubles. A Special
                                                   resnum=1&ct=result&usg=AFQjCNGU_TmWi
Report.                                            0yZO9pnSntr--IZTJD3VA
Africa News Online. 30 March 2009.
Exactly a month ago, the author wrote an           European Report on Development
article on the APRM warning of the dangers         Workshop. Florence. 16-17 April
that some members of the Panel of Eminent          On “Transforming Political Structures:
Persons and even Heads of State had                Security, Institutions and Regional
exposed it to. At that time, The author warned     Integration Mechanisms”
that Africa had reason to worry that the once      http://erd.eui.eu/?page_id=1037
much talked about APRM was fast losing its
                                                   34 percent of Tanzania 2009/10 budget
glamour. Its architects were busy mutilating it.   from external sources via direct budget
http://africanewsonline.blogspot.com/2009/03       support, loans and grants.
/aprm-south-african-secretariat-in.html            Reuters. 08.04.09
                                                   Donors will give Tanzania about $470 million
APRM Secretariat in Turmoil.                       for its 2009/10 (July-June) budget and the
Africa News Online. 29 March 2009.                 World Bank will give another $220 million to
                                                   help counter the global economic slump
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE    In view of the risks inherent in budget support
5370JQ20090408?feedType=RSS&feedNam              and after considering the first empirical
e=topNews                                        results, experts from the Konrad-Adenauer-
                                                 Stiftung, a Christian-Democrat think tank in
High Level Task Force On Human Rights            Germany, make a series of suggestions for
Turns Eye To Health And IP. 3 April 2009         improvement. They think Germany‟s Federal
The World Health Organization global             Government should more strongly influence
strategy on health and intellectual property     the international development debate. Goals
includes powerful and potentially paradigm-      like democracy, the rule of law and fighting
shifting elements, but it also has notable       poverty cannot take a back seat because of
shortcomings for human rights, says a new        fiduciary challenges or simplistic notions of
document prepared for the United Nations         efficiency. Focusing on just a few partners
group responsible for the right to               could further contribute to underscoring the
development.                                     responsibility of individual actors.
http://www.ip-                                   http://www.inwent.org/ez/articles/092491/inde
watch.org/weblog/2009/04/03/high-level-task-     x.en.shtml
force-on-human-rights-turns-eye-to-health-
and-ip/
                                                 Civil Society
International community must push for
the fulfillment of commitments already in        Lancement en Afrique de l’Ouest des prix
place to develop Africa.                         «changemakers » pour les innovateurs
SAIIA. 2 April 2009.                             dans l’agriculture et l’éducation.
And, more critically, they must clean up         Ouestaf.com. 08.04.09
government and governance. By George             L‟ONG internationale Ashoka - qui soutient le
Katito                                           projet Ouestafnews - vient de lancer
http://www.saiia.org.za/index.php?option=co      officiellement en Afrique de l‟ouest deux
m_content&view=article&id=1002:gathering-        compétitions initiées dans le cadre d'un
crumbs-from-the-g20s-                            programme mondial pour distinguer des «
table&catid=62:governance-a-aprm-                acteurs de changement » dans les domaines
opinion&Itemid=159                               de l‟éducation et de l‟agriculture, selon des
                                                 responsables de l‟ONG à
EU Budget support. A double-edged                Dakar.Voir aussi:
sword.                                           http://www.ashoka.org/ethttp://www.changem
Development and Cooperation                      akers.net/
International Journal. 04.09
The EC favours budget support as an              http://www.ouestaf.com/Lancement-en-
innovative aid modality. The approach can        Afrique-de-l-Ouest-des-prix-changemakers-
certainly boost endogenous development, but      pour-les-innovateurs-dans-l-agriculture-et-l-
there are concerns that it may become a new      education_a2400.html
way of imposing donor conditionalities.
Nicaragua is facing suspension of EC aid,        ECOWAS training workshop for Gambian
because the EC questions the legitimacy of       Non-State Actors and Civil Society on the
recent municipal elections. But it is doubtful   regional indicative programme.
that blocking aid will strengthen democracy.     1 April 2009.
By Cecilia Alemany and Mónica                    http://allafrica.com/stories/200904100591.htm
Mongabure                                        l
http://www.inwent.org/ez/articles/092490/inde
x.en.shtml                                       Keeping a Low Profile. What Determines
                                                 the Allocation of Aid by Non-
Budget Support. Eleven                           Governmental Organizations? 04.09
recommendations.                                 This paper by the Open Forum for CSO
Development and Cooperation                      Development Effectiveness aims to provide a
International Journal. 04.09                     comprehensive cross-country analysis of the
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



driving forces of NGO aid, based on data from 60     includes very relevant publications) are also
of the largest NGOs based in OECD countries."        included.
http://www.cso-effectiveness.org/Keeping-a-          http://www.acplgp.net/content/download/3667
Low-Profile-What,195.html                            /48677/file/Newsletter%2014_%20March%20
                                                     09_en.doc
Working Paper: New Private and State
Donors 04.09
This working paper by the Austrian Development
Research Institute (ÖFSE) looks at the discourse
on the 'New Donors' in development cooperation       TRADE
and assesses the impact of these new private and
state actors on the global aid and governance
system.
                                                     Economic Partnership Agreements
http://euforic.blogspot.com/2009/04/ofse-on-
                                                     (EPAs)
new-private-and-state-donors.html

Journal Article: Lessons from selected               Comments sought in on-line EPA debate
development policies and practices. 04.09            on the European Parliament’s election
This article in Development and Practice             website.
journal draws on field research and related          http://www.europarl.europa.eu/elections2009/
analysis, to address three often-overlooked          welcome/headlines.htm?language=EN&ref=2
aspects of development: culture and                  0090326STO52725&secondRef=0
governance, inclusive development, and
market-based approaches.                             European Report on Development
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~c           Workshop.
ontent=a910279102~db=all~jumptype=rss                Florence. 16-17 April 2009
                                                     On “Transforming Political Structures:
                                                     Security, Institutions and Regional Integration
                                                     Mechanisms”. The agenda, background
Local Governance and Decentralisation                document entitled “State Building for Peace A
                                                     new paradigm for international engagement
The Secret to Successful Aid is to                   in post-conflict fragile states” as well as a
immerse yourself in local community, put             literature review on institution building are
local people in charge. Aid Watch, William           available.
Easterly’s Blog. 10 April 2009                       http://erd.eui.eu/?page_id=1037
Be a Searcher and not a Planner. This kind of
aid project is based on a lot of personal, face      COMESA Trade and Customs Committee
to face interaction, developing trust and a          Meeting. 20-24 April 2009. In Lusaka.
shared vision, so it is small scale, it has to let   Objective is to review of progress made
things proceed at their own pace, it can‟t           towards the Customs union launch.
meet rigid pre-set output targets, it could          Assessment of member states
never be judged by a rigorous “randomized            implementation of projects and programmes.
controlled trial” methodology. In short, it          http://events.comesa.int/index.php?option=co
involves the kind of tacit knowledge and             m_eventlist&view=details&id=72%3Ameeting
individual adaptation that could never               -of-trade-a-customs-
be converted into a routinized project               committee&Itemid=2&lang=en
implemented by the official aid bureaucracies.
It breaks all the rules, and it works.               Joint COMESA-EAC-SADC Ministers
http://blogs.nyu.edu/fas/dri/aidwatch/2009/04/       Meeting.
the_secret_to_successful_aid.html                    27-28 April. 2009
                                                     Technical and Ministerial Meetings. Objective
ACP Local Government Platform                        is to endorse the FTA MOU, review progress
Newsletter. March 2009.                              on implementation of Tripartite Summit
Includes calls for EU proposals and tips on          decisions.
how to write a good project proposal. Events         http://events.comesa.int/index.php?option=co
and suggested further reading (which
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                     17 April 2009



m_eventlist&view=details&id=74%3Ajoint-          improve its infrastructure and industrial
comesa-eac-sadc-                                 capacity before it can sign the EPAs. “We
ministers&Itemid=2&lang=en                       have got a lot of bottlenecks which makes it
                                                 impossible for us to compete with Europe in
African Integration Ministers Conference.        trade. We have to address our supply-side
7- 8 May 2008.                                   constraints first and we need their (EU)
 Projet d'ordre du jour annoté de la Réunion     assistance to do that,” said Mussa. However,
des Ministres annoté (en/fr) on the au website   statements from Brussels have indicated
http://www.africa-                               clearly that the EU is not ready to do that.
union.org/root/ua/Conferences/2009/mai/EA/       “The European Commission would continue
07-                                              assisting developing countries under the
08mai/A%20Ag%20Min%20Yaou%20eng%2                existing European Development Fund – EDF
0Draft%20Agenda.doc                              agreements with respective countries.
                                                 Mandindi, says at the last meeting between
EC High Level meeting on Enforcement of          ESA and the EU which took place in Lusaka
intellectual property rights on 13 May           – Zambia last week, the EU had started
2009. Website                                    showing some flexibility on prospects of
http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/iprenforce   helping Malawi address some of its structural
ment/index_en.htm                                problems.
                                                 http://www.dailytimes.bppmw.com/article.asp
ESA EPA Council Meeting to be held on 4          ?ArticleID=12817
June 2009.
In Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe                      Dialogue ACP sur les questions légales et
http://events.comesa.int/index.php?option=co     systémiques dans les APE en Afrique de
m_eventlist&view=details&id=85&lang=en           l'Ouest.
                                                 Note de présentation. 14-16 avril 2009.
COMESA launching customs union on 7              Organisé par ENDA Tiers-Monde et ICTSD.
June 2009                                        Hôtel des Almadies, Dakar, Sénégal
Common Market for Eastern and Southern           http://www.mediaterre.org/international/actu,2
Africa                                           0090412002140.html
http://allafrica.com/stories/200904100723.htm
l                                                Tanzania objects to issues in the EAC
                                                 Common Market Protocol. East African
Dates for 40th Pacific Islands Forum             Business Week, Kampala. 14 April 2009.
confirmed for 4-7 August 2009.                   Tanzania has once again blocked a smooth
Forum Secretariat                                ride to a single East Africa by raising
http://www.forumsec.org/pages.cfm/newsroo        objections to some issues of the East African
m/press-statements/2009/dates-40th-pacific-      Community (EAC) Common Market Protocol.
islands-forum-confirmed.html                     Member states have agreed on all provisions
                                                 in the draft protocol, except the ideas of a
The 18th ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary              national identity document, access to and use
Assembly will be held in Luanda 28               of land, as well as permanent residence.
November-3 December 2009.                        According to a press statement issued by the
Afrique en Ligne                                 EAC Secretariat, Tanzania is the only
http://www.afriquejet.com/news/africa-           member who views things differently while
news/acp-eu-meeting-for-luanda-in-               Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda push
november-2009041225401.html                      for a similar position.
                                                 http://www.tralac.org/cgi-
Malawi wants EU aid commitments before           bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
signing EPA. The Daily Times Malawi. 15          se_id=1694&news_id=64649&cat_id=1026
April 2009
Trade and Industry Minister Henry Mussa told     Anxiety as COMESA Customs Union
Business Times this week that Malawi wants       readies to open. The Financial Gazette,
the EU to commit itself on helping Malawi        Harare 14 April 2009.
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                          17 April 2009



The Common Market for Eastern and                    plans to establish a free trade area early this
Southern Africa (COMESA) will become the             week.
third Customs Union in Africa on June 7,             http://www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_articl
2009. However, Zimbabwean exporters, who             e=14816
have been calling for tariff protection against
low-cost imports from South Africa and other         EAC trade bloc warned against signing
regional economies, argue that the date              EPA blindly.
means a tough test of competitiveness, and           9 April 2009
many of them may go under.                           East African Community (EAC) member
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                           states should not sign the Economic
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau             Partnership Agreement (Epa) three months to
se_id=1694&news_id=64648&cat_id=1026                 come unless shortcomings are addressed,
                                                     local civil society organisations (CSOs) have
ECOWAS EPA Development Programme                     warned.
to be finalised 18 April for hoped for June          http://www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_articl
joint EPA signing. Fraternite-Info.Com. 14           e=14810
April 2009.
Démarré en 2008, le Paped a mené plusieurs           EAC trade up 20 percent.
activités et prend fin le 18 avril 2009 afin qu‟il   New Vision Online, Kampala. 9 April 2009.
serve de document de base pour la signature          Trade within the East African Community
ou non en juin prochain des Ape.                     (EAC) has grown by 20% since the Customs
http://www.fraternite-                               Union was launched in 2005, EAC Director
info.com/spip.php?article3706                        General Ambassador Julius Onen has said.
                                                     The Customs Union was the first step in
                                                     the integration process of East Africa.
Intra-COMESA trade has expanded from                 http://www.tralac.org/cgi-
US$3.1 billion in 2000 to US$9.0 billion in          bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
2007. 13 April 2009                                  se_id=1694&news_id=64527&cat_id=1026
Because of the removal of tariffs among
member States under the Free Trade Area              Statement at the Conclusion of an IMF
(FTA) agreement. ?Its only logical for               Mission to Cameroon.
COMESA to move to a Customs Union? ?                 9 April 2009.
Ngwenya COMESA Secretary General said                Cameroon is at a crossroads. Recent
http://www.comesa.int/lang-                          macroeconomic stability achievements
en/component/content/article/34-general-             provide a solid foundation, economic growth
news/105-its-only-logical-for-comesa-to-             has remained too low to reduce poverty. The
move-to-a-customs-union-ngwenya                      authorities are committed to maintain the
                                                     stability achieved, and to tackle structural
AU VP says regional integration important            impediments to growth, although they realize
to create a larger market.                           that the global crisis will make this task more
Zambia Daily Mail. 13 April 2009.                    challenging. Decisive actions are also needed
By Nancy Mwape                                       to improve governance, the weak business
http://www.daily-                                    environment, and the still limited role of the
mail.co.zm/media/news/viewnews.cgi?catego            financial sector in the development of the
ry=5&id=1239604243                                   economy, and the agricultural sector in
                                                     particular.
26 African states sign free trade area               http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2009/pr
agreement.                                           09121.htm
10 April 2009.
Twenty six African countries seeking to              A new impetus for the Strategy for the
merge their economies into a single trading          Sustainable Development of European
bloc that controls a combined wealth of $            Aquaculture Impact Assessment. Impact
624m and a market of 527m people moved to            Assessment. EC proposal. 8 April 2009
a definitive stage after their leaders approved      http://eur-
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=      South African products more expensive
SEC:2009:0453:FIN:EN:PDF                         globally and local exporters less competitive,
                                                 the latest survey on the state of logistics said
A new impetus for the Strategy for the           on Friday. According to Abrie de Swardt of
Sustainable Development of European              Imperial Logistics who conducted the survey,
Aquaculture. Impact Assessment                   these costs, which increased to R317 billion
Summary. EC proposal. 8 April 2009               or 15.9% of GDP in 2007, made South Africa
http://eur-                                      uncompetitive in terms of exports. When the
lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=      logistics survey was introduced in 2003,
SEC:2009:0454:FIN:EN:PDF                         logistics costs stood at R194 billion or 15.4%
                                                 of GDP. Logistics costs, standing at nearly
SADC remains mum on IEPAs                        16% of gross domestic product (GDP), have
IPS. 8 April 2009                                made South African products more expensive
Countries in southern Africa remain mum on       globally and local exporters less competitive,
the interim economic partnership agreement       the latest survey on the state of logistics said
(EPA), despite a letter from European            on Friday. According to Abrie de Swardt,
Commission (EC) Trade Commissioner               these costs, which increased to R317 billion
Catherine Ashton urging them to sign. “We        or 15.9% of GDP in 2007, made South Africa
need now to agree on a way forward in order      uncompetitive in terms of exports. When the
to sign the interim EPA, notify the WTO          logistics survey was introduced in 2003,
(World Trade Organisation) and move on with      logistics costs stood at R194 billion or 15.4%
the negotiations of the final EPA. Time is not   of GDP.
on our side”, Ashton wrote in a letter dated     http://www.tralac.org/cgi-
March 20 to all trade ministers in the           bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
Southern Africa Development Community            se_id=1694&news_id=64348&cat_id=1026
(SADC) EPA grouping. The commissioner‟s
plea has thus far been met with a deafening      COMESA's e-alert reports on the 6 April
silence from southern African capitals.          2009 North-South Corridor meeting.
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                       http://about.comesa.int/attachments/080_e-
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau         COMESA_newsletter_199.pdf
se_id=1694&news_id=64440&cat_id=1026
                                                 UEMOA. Les effets de la crise sur la zone
East African Community Common Market             CFA au menu d'une réunion ministérielle.
set for 2010.                                    Ouestafnews. 06.04.09
New Vision Online, Kampala. 8 April 2009.        Une réunion ministérielle de l‟Union
Ugandan Trade and Tourism Minister               économique et monétaire ouest africaine
Kahinda Otafiire has said. Speaking at a         (UEMOA) prévue ce 17 avril au Burkina Faso
meeting of permanent secretaries from the        va, entre autres, « aborder la question
five member states at the Imperial Royale        relative à la zone franc face aux effets de la
Hotel in Kampala on Sunday, Otafiire urged       contagion de la crise internationale », selon
all EAC members to prepare for its               un haut responsable burkinabé. La réunion
implementation. The meeting marked the last      prévoit d‟ébaucher
in a round of negotiations on the EAC            des « esquisses de solutions » pour
Common Market Protocol.                          permettre aux pays de supporter les contres-
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                       coups de la crise, a indiqué
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau         le secrétaire général du ministère Burkinabé
se_id=1694&news_id=64441&cat_id=1                de l‟Economie et des Finances Daniel
                                                 Bambara cité par le quotidien burkinabé
Logistics costs made South African               Sidwaya.« Des stratégies seront dégagées
products more expensive globally and             pour permettre aux pays d'affronter la crise
local exporters less competitive.                avec sérénité », a expliqué le ministre
Business Day, South Africa. 7 April 2009.        ajoutant que « ce sera aussi une occasion de
Logistics costs, standing at nearly 16% of       voir comment la France peut soutenir cet
gross domestic product (GDP), have made          élan en vue d'asseoir une croissance
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



accélérée, soutenue ».                           m/press-statements/2009/strengthening-
http://www.ouestaf.com/UEMOA-les-effets-         customs-services-through-regional-
de-la-crise-sur-la-zone-CFA-au-menu-d-une-       approaches.html
reunion-ministerielle_a2401.html
                                                 Report of the Pacific meeting on
COMESA Ministers of Agriculture Meeting.         strengthening customs services through
4 April 2009. The Link below notifies of the     regional approaches. 2 April 2009
meeting, but no further information on the       http://www.forumsec.org/pages.cfm/newsroo
outcome of the meeting is available at this      m/press-statements/2009/strengthening-
time                                             customs-services-through-regional-
http://events.comesa.int/index.php?option=co     approaches.html
m_eventlist&view=details&id=90%3A6th-
ministers-of-agriculture-meeting-                ECOWAS-EU sensitisation workshop on
2222&Itemid=2&lang=en                            the regional integration process in West
                                                 Africa. 1 April 2009
South Africa calls for closer cooperation        The forum brought together officials from the
between ECOWAS and SADC.                         department of state for Trade, Industry and
Daily Triumph. 3 April 2009.                     Employment, civil society organisations, the
South African High Commissioner to Nigeria       ECOWAS national unit, regional networks,
Kingsley Mamabolo has called for closer          among others, and it aims at strengthening
cooperation between the Economic                 the capacities of non-state actors NSAs) and
Community of West African States                 civil society organisations to enable them play
(ECOWAS) and the Southern African                effective and relevant role in the ECOWAS
Development Community (SADC).                    regional integration process initiated by the
“ECOWAS and SADC should cooperate more           ECOWAS trade union. A call for proposal is
because this is essential to development in      the main procedure for awarding a grant,
Africa”, Mamabolo said. Integration of the       which aims at no commercial action which is
various regional blocs on the continent such     proposed to the contracting authority
as ECOWAS and SADC as proposed by the            ECOWAS Commission by a potential
African Union (AU) will have a positive impact   beneficiary (a non-state actor or a group of
on Africans, he said. Head of the European       non-state actors) responsible for
Union (EU) delegation in Nigeria Belen           implementing the operation and retains
Calvo-Uyarra described the interconnection       ownership of its results.
of facilities among ECOWAS member states         http://allafrica.com/stories/200904061219.htm
as vital to trade and development. She           l
reaffirmed the EU?s commitment to
supporting regional integration in Africa.       Pacific lessons from the Economic
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                       Partnership Agreement. 01.04.09
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau         By Pacific Institute of Public Policy Port Vila,
se_id=1694&news_id=64160&cat_id=1026             Vanuatu
                                                 http://www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_articl
Report of South African analysts meeting         e=14751
to examine South Africa-SACU
agricultural trade with Brazil, Argentina.       Bien que la crise mondiale fragilise les
30 March-3 April 2009. Tralac                    pays pauvres. L'Europe veut accélérer les
http://www.givengain.com/cgi-                    Ape.
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau         Lequotidien.sn, 01.04.09
se_id=1694&news_id=63390&cat_id=1059             http://www.lequotidien.sn/index.php?option=c
                                                 om_content&task=view&id=5874&Itemid=10
The Joint Press Statement of the Pacific
meeting on strengthening customs                 ECOWAS training workshop for Gambian
services through regional approaches.            Non-State Actors and Civil Society on the
2 April 2009                                     regional indicative programme.
http://www.forumsec.org/pages.cfm/newsroo        1 April 2009.
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                          17 April 2009



http://allafrica.com/stories/200904100591.htm        The G20 Summit in London is only one
l                                                    marker of efforts to act on the global crisis.
                                                     The UN General Assembly has also
UEMOA Inter-parliamentary committee                  developed an important process,starting with
meeting.                                             a Thematic Discussion at the end of March,
UEMOA Secretariat. 20 March-1 April 2009.            and culminating with a Summit-level session
http://www.uemoa.int/BullInfo/Bull235.pdf            on the crisis in early June. This Issue of the
                                                     South Bulletin focuses on proposals for
Communiqué final du Comité                           international financial and economic reform,
Interparlementaire de l'UEMOA. 20 mars               in the light of the evolving economic crisis.It
au 1er avril 2009.                                   contains an editorial on this issue, an article
http://www.uemoa.int/actualite/2009/CIP/23so         on the global reforms the South needs, a
mmet/communique_final.pdf                            proposal for a new reserve currency system
                                                     by China's Central Bank Governor, a report
EC review of relations with the ACP in the           on the South's policy responses to the crisis
food-and-agriculture sector. 04.09                   and extracts of a South Centre statement on
A series of information notes produced by the        why the EPAs need to be reviewed and
EC provide an overview of EU food and                reformed in light of the crisis.
agricultural imports from and exports to the         http://www.southcentre.org/index.php?option
ACP as well as the sectoral distribution of EU       =com_content&task=view&id=989&Itemid=1
food and agricultural exports to different ACP
regional markets.                                    Lobby faults EPA deal on fisheries.
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/external/dev/a       Business Daily Africa. 31.03.09
cp/intro_en.htm                                      The fisheries component of the interim
                                                     Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA)
Info exchange sur le commerce des                    which East African Community (EAC)
produits agricoles en Afrique de l'Ouest.            countries and the EU showed commitment to
Le recherche des personnes ressources                in late 2007 is flawed and could lead to
faisant un travail de veille sur le commerce         massive losses to the developing nations, a
des produits agricoles en Afrique de l'Ouest         new report has shown.
et du centre. Nous travaillons avec inter-           http://www.bdafrica.com/index.php?option=co
réseaux sur un outil "sedna" (                       m_content&task=view&id=13752&Itemid=581
http://forum.tmp37.haisoft.net/veille/spip.php?      3
page=sedna&age=31 ) qui devrait nous
permettre d'alimenter les rubriques actualités       BBC interview with EU Trade
de nos sites respectifs par un fil rss. C'est        Commissioner. 31.03.09
d'ailleurs, ce que j'ai déjà installé sur la         In a HARDtalk interview broadcast on the eve of
rubrique actualités du site du hub rural.Cet         the G20 meeting in London, BBC’s Zeinab Badawi
outil "sedna"est lui même alimenté en                talked to the European Union's Trade
                                                     Commissioner, Baroness Ashton on trade and
utilisant "delicious" (que tu connais peut être:     globalization.
delicious.com), il suffit de "tagger" les articles   http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/hardta
que nous souhaitons retenir, puis de poster          lk/7975031.stm
un commentaire et des mots clefs. Notre
compte delicious étant lié à l'outil "sedna", la     EU-IGAD Ministerial Troika meeting
mise à jour se fait automatiquement.                 Communique. 31.03.09
http://forum.tmp37.haisoft.net/veille/spip.php?      The third ministerial Troika meeting between
page=sedna&age=31                                    the Intergovernmental Authority on
                                                     Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa and
Global Economic Reforms in the Interest
                                                     the European Union (EU) was held in
of the South needed.
                                                     Brussels on 31March 2009. Discussions
South Centre South Bulletin. April 2009
                                                     focused on the role of regional cooperation
This issue focuses on proposals for
                                                     and integration in achieving peace and
international financial and economic reform,
                                                     sustainable development in Member States.
in the light of the evolving economic crisis.
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_       EU Trade Commissioner welcomes
Data/docs/pressData/en/er/107067.pdf             European Parliament assent on EPAs.
                                                 25 March 2009.
East African Community study on cross-           http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142693.
border informal trade, to determine its          htm
extent in the region.
Tralac. 31 March 2009                            Economic crisis forces a rethink on FTAs.
The EAC secretarial tender committee,            South Centre. Martin Khor.
through an international tender, has sought      The Star, Malaysia. 23.03.09
consultancy services for the study. Analysts     He explained at the 5th Ordinary Session of
have said that informal cross-border trade       AU Conference of Ministers of Trade on 19
occurs largely through unofficial routes         March 2009 in Addis Ababa, that the current
established around formal ones at border         economic crisis should cause at least five
townships and on the deep seas.                  areas to be reviewed in the EPA talks:-trade
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                       balance-financial vulnerability-capacity to
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau         fight the recession-development policies
se_id=1694&news_id=63865&cat_id=1026             focused on domestic/regional markets-
                                                 greater regional integration and infra-African
Pacific-ANZ trade negotiations extended.         trade
PACNEWS. 31 March 2009                           http://www.acp-eu-
The Australian Trade Minister Simon Crean        trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu
and Parliamentary Secretary for Aid Bob          age=en&library_detail_id=4991
McMullan will tour the Pacific this week to
meet with national counterparts to discuss a     Economic Partnership Agreements. EU
possible free trade agreement with Australia     Trade Commissioner remarks to the
and New Zealand. Here, Maureen Penjueli          European Parliament.
and Wesley Morgan explain why such a deal        23 March. 2009
might come with many costs for the region.       http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142688.
http://www.pina.com.fj/?p=pacnews&m=read         htm
&o=186081875349d19f2dcfeb54965cd2
                                                 Economic Partnership Agreements
Report from UEMOA Council of Ministers           Update.
meeting.                                         European Commission. 23 March 2009.
UEMOA Secretariat. 27 March 2009.                http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142691.
http://www.uemoa.int/BullInfo/Bull234.pdf        htm

EU and West African EPA negotiators              Former PIFS Trade Director critically
meet in Abuja. Results.                          analyses the Pacific Plan for development.
EC Press Release, 24-27.03.09.                   PIFS. 21 March 2009.
EPA Flash News, 1 April 2009                     By Dr Roman Grynberg was, until earlier this
http://www.acp-eu-                               month, Director of Economic Governance at
trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu   the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. It is
age=en&library_detail_id=4987                    worth considering what particular combination
                                                 of factors has lead the Pacific Plan to result in
What a PACER plus trade agreement                almost nothing despite the promises of five
might mean for the Pacific, from those in        years ago. When the Pacific Plan was
favour and those against. 26 March 2009.         originally formulated it was about pooling
                                                 resources. To provide services regionally
In recent weeks debate has been raging over
the pros and cons of a free trade agreement      would in the long term remove the need for
                                                 technical assistance to the poor under-
between the Pacific Islands and Australia and
                                                 resources national service providers.
New Zealand.
http://mpegmedia.abc.net.au/ra/podcast/pacb      http://www.samoaobserver.ws/index.php?vie
                                                 w=article&id=6300%3Athe-pacific-
eat/pacbeat_onthemat_20090326.mp3
                                                 plan&option=com_content&Itemid=82
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



                                                  Round have the potential to significantly alter
Draft EU reply on ACP proposal for an             the region's trade policy landscape, but few
ACP-EU Heads of States, Governments               are willing to predict precisely how.
Level Consultations on EPAs. 10 March             http://www.saiia.org.za/index.php?option=co
2009                                              m_content&view=article&id=1003:trade-
http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s   reform-in-southern-africa-vision-
t08/st08161.en09.pdf                              2014&catid=3:books&Itemid=137

Visite de la Commissaire de l'Union
européenne chargée de la santé au
ministère de l'intégration                        Aid for Trade / EPA Development
africaine.                                        Support
Abidjan.net. 7 mars 2009
APE sont une opportunité pour permettre à la      International Summit. Outlook Africa.
Côte d‟Ivoire d?attirer les investissements et    Investing in Africa's growth and health.
tirer parti du processus d‟intégration            29-30.04.09
régionale. Il a donc souhaité que les             Co-organisers: Friends of Europe, Total, the
européens appuient les efforts faits par notre    World Bank and Gallup
pays pour que les structures dont nous            http://europafrica.net/2009/04/01/friends-of-
disposons, notamment en matière de                europe-event-outlook-africa-investing-in-
normes, profitent davantage                       africa%e2%80%99s-growth-and-health/
aux autres pays de la sous région.
http://news.abidjan.net/article/index.asp?n=3     ECOWAS Trade & Investment Conference
22508                                             and Exhibition to be held on 4-5 June 2009
                                                  http://bizclim.ning.com/events/ecowas-
Aprodev, CIDSE, Caritas Monthly EU News           investor-conference
newsletter.
March 2009                                        Second EAC investment conference in
It includes relevant articles in relation to EU   Nairobi, Kenya 24-27 June 2009
and European NGO activities around aid,           http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/02/2
trade and governance.                             nd-eac-investment-conference-in-nairobi-
http://www.caritas-                               kenya-24-27-june-2009
europa.org/module/FileLib/News2Feb-
March09Final.pdf                                  Regional Integration Will Liberate Africa
                                                  From Poverty. Ugandan President Yoweri
Africa Commission Newsletter.                     Museveni. allAfrica.com. 15 April 2009
March 2009.                                       President Yoweri Museveni recently attended
Read about the global financial crisis and its    the North-South Corridor Conference
impact on employment in Africa. This issue        organised under the COMESA-EAC-SADC
also contains a detailed description of the       Tripartite Framework in Lusaka, Zambia.
Commission's initiative on sustainable            Below is the speech he gave.
energy.                                           http://allafrica.com/stories/200904160143.htm
http://www.africacommission.um.dk/en/servic       l
emenu/News/NewsletterFromTheAfricaCom
                                                  The Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
mission.htm
                                                  seeks proposals on aid for trade and
                                                  establishment of the Pacific Trade and
Trade Reform in Southern Africa. Vision           Development Facility. 15 April 2009
2014.                                             http://www.pipso.org/pipso-
SAIIA. 2009                                       forum.php?PHPSESSID=3725631d11d4d2f7
Most agree that external influences in the        a2092f3aecea215b&topic=60.0
form of economic partnership agreement
(EPA) negotiations with the EU and the World      African Development Bank Presents
Trade Organisation's floundering Doha             Initiative on Trade Finance. 14 April 2009.
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



The AfDB has recently formulated a                 (LDCs), to better integrate into the rules-
comprehensive crisis response strategy,            basedworld trading system and to use trade
including a trade finance initiative to support    more effectively in promoting the overarching
trade flows and the provision of trade finance.    objective of eradicating poverty. The present
The AfDB is also looking to collaborate on         report is the second monitoring exercise
this front with other International Financial      since the adoption of this strategy.
Institutions in order to join forces with a view   http://www.acp-eu-
to maximizing impact at a time when joint          trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu
action towards leveraging the impact is vital,     age=en&library_detail_id=4996
especially given the severity of the crisis.
http://www.afdb.org/en/news-                       North-South Corridor Conference.
events/article/afdb-presents-initiative-on-        Increasing Trade and Competitiveness in
trade-finance-4483/                                Africa.
                                                   8 April 2009
Regional Heads Discuss Major                       http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/09/za
Infrastructure Initiative to Enhance               mbia-north-south-corridor-conference-
Trading Opportunities in East and                  increasing-trade-and-competitiveness-in-
Southern Africa. 13 April 2009.                    africa/
http://www.comesa.int/lang-
en/component/content/article/34-general-           From London to Lusaka. Getting trade
news/106-regional-heads-of-state-discuss-          moving.
major-infrastructure-initiative-to-enhance-        International Trade Centre. 8 April 2009
trading-opportunities-in-the-east-and-             Last week in London, the Group of 20 vowed
southern-africa                                    to get trade moving again. This week in
                                                   Lusaka, Africans have the opportunity to put
African Development Bank Initiative on             this into practice, and help small businesses
Trade Finance.                                     become regional and global players in
African Development Bank. 10 April 2009            trade. The article includes links to the actual
http://www.afdb.org/en/news-                       study and ITC's Aid for Trade website
events/article/african-development-bank-           http://www.tralac.org/cgi-
initiative-on-trade-finance-4469/                  bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
                                                   se_id=1694&news_id=64442&cat_id=1026
EPA forum for businesses to take place in
Kingston.                                          SADC countries hold out on EPAs.
9 April 2009.                                      07.04.09
As the global marketplace becomes more             Despite a letter from European
anaemic, the Caribbean Council will next           Commission(EC) trade commissioner
month host a forum aimed at improving              urging them to sign, Southern African
private businesses' understanding of how the       countries that have initialed interim EPAs are
Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)               reluctant to move ahead.
will be implemented.                               http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=46
http://www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_articl   417
e=14806
                                                   Report on ESA-SADC-EAC conference on
Aid for Trade Monitoring Report 2009.              north-south corridor development.
European Commission, 8 April 2009                  Xinhua.com. 7 April 2009
EC staff working paper accompanying the EC         http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/90
Communication on 'Supporting developing            855/6631322.html
countries in coping with the crisis'. On 15
October 2007, the EU adopted a joint Aid for       African Development Bank Pledges
Trade Strategy. A joint Community and              US$600 Million for North-South Corridor
EU Member States initiative, the Strategy          Activities.
aims at supporting all developing countries,       African Development Bank. 7 April 2009.
particularly the Least Developed Countries         The African Development Bank (AfDB) Group
                    Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



has pledged to invest US$600 million in the          trade policy, the World Trade Organisation
activities of the North-South corridor in the        highlights the EU's efforts to help integrate
short-to-medium term. The announcement               developing countries into the international
was made by the AfDB President, Donald               trading system. The report also recognises
Kaberuka, on April 6, 2009, during a keynote         the progress made over the last two years in
address at the Tripartite North-South Corridor       consolidating EU's Internal Market, and notes
Pilot Aid for Trade Programme                        the benefits of EU's reformed Common
Conference, held in Lusaka, Zambia.                  Agricultural Policy.
http://www.afdb.org/en/news-                         http://www.acp-eu-
events/article/afdb-pledges-us-600-million-          trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu
for-north-south-corridor-activities-4460/            age=en&library_detail_id=4992

ACP criticises planned EU tariff cut.                EPAs: time to focus on the delivery of
BBC, 07.04.09                                        development. 6 April 2009.
The ACP is to lose both much of its vital existing   In this blog entry, the Overseas Development
tariff preference on bananas and much of the         Institute‟s Mareike Meyn argues that the
funds originally promised to make possible the
                                                     existing EPAs are unlikely to change
adjustments necessary for them to cope with the
consequences.                                        substantially and that the focus should now
http://www.acp.int/en/bananas/acp_bananas_           be on getting parties to deliver what they
                                                     promised:
PR_09.html
                                                     http://blogs.odi.org.uk/blogs/main/archive/200
ITC Concept note to North-South Corridor             9/04/06/economic_partnership_agreements_
Aid for Trade Meeting 6-7 April 2009.                epa_european_union_eu.aspx
http://www.intracen.org/docman/MRKM13508
.pdf                                                 European Commission pledges
                                                     EUR115million for trade project in Eastern
Aid for Trade and EPAs. EU Trade                     and Southern Africa. 6 April 2009.
Commissioner in Zambia. 5-7 April 2009               http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142758.
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142731.        htm
htm
                                                     UK commits £100m to North South
The G20 deal. Good for world, not so good            Corridor to transform regional
for Africa.                                          infrastructure and increase trade
Kevin Watkins, The GEG Blog. 06.04.09                across Africa. 6 April 2009.
http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/bl           The announcement came as Presidents from
og/2009/04/the-g20-deal-%e2%80%93-good-              Kenya, Uganda, South Africa and Zambia,
for-world-not-so-good-for-africa/                    representatives from the region's economic
                                                     communities and top players from the EU,
COMESA's e-alert reports on the 6 April              World Bank and African Development Bank
2009 North-South Corridor meeting.                   gathered in Lusaka, Zambia, to launch the
http://about.comesa.int/attachments/080_e-           highly innovative North South Corridor, which
COMESA_newsletter_199.pdf                            will improve key trade routes across eight
                                                     African countries.
EC pledges EUR 115 million for trade                 http://www.whitehallpages.net/modules.php?
project in Eastern and Southern Africa. EC           op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=1
Press Release, 06.04.09                              85709&newlang=eng&topic=159&catid=0
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
o?reference=IP/09/547&format=HTML&aged               Aid for Trade. WTO head says Africa's
=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                        North-South Corridor perfect example of
                                                     Aid for Trade in action.
WTO praises EU stance on multilateral                WTO. 6 April 2009
trade and support for developing                     Director-General Pascal Lamy, on 6 April
countries. 06.04.09                                  2009 in Lusaka, Zambia, hailed Africa?s
In its 9th review of the European Union's            North-South Corridor Pilot Aid for Trade as
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



an example of “how to put together all the          new "Better Training for Safer Food in
elements necessary for trade to flow, creating      Africa. 2 April 2009
the conditions necessary for the private            Through BTSF-Africa, over the next two
sector to diversify from exporting a narrow         years, 10million Euros will be used to fund
range of raw material and add                       capacity building activities. The initiative is
more value.”                                        meant to improve agricultural systems,
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news09_e          integration and competitiveness of the
/aid_06apr09_e.htm                                  agro-food sector. The initiative was launched
                                                    during a high-level conference taking place in
EU-Africa Food Safety initiative launched.          the Ethiopian capital city. Through BTSF-
03.04.09                                            Africa, over the next two years, €10million will
The "Better Training for Safer Food in Africa       be used to fund capacity building
(BTSF-Africa) initiative was launched during a      activities. Launched in 2005, the programme
high-level conference in Addis Ababa. The           BTSF has provided training to both European
initiative will disburse €10million over the next   and third country officials who are
two years to fund capacity building activities.     responsible for checking that EU rules related
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d        to food and feed, animal health and welfare
o?reference=IP/09/537&format=HTML&aged              and plant health are properly applied.
=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                       http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
                                                    o?reference=IP/09/537&format=HTML&aged
Aid for Trade. EC Press Release. 03.04.09           =0&language=EN
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
o?reference=MEMO/09/150&format=HTML&                EU Food Safety Commissioner meets
aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                   Kenyan authorities to discuss standards
                                                    for exports to the EU.
EC Fact sheet on Aid for Trade. 3 April             COLEACP. 2 April 2009.
2009                                                EU Commissioner for Health, Food and Feed
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142730.       Safety and Animal Health and Welfare - Mrs
htm                                                 Androulla Vassiliou - meets Kenyan
                                                    beneficiaries of the EU-funded PIP
New financial boost for businesses in               Programme and HORTICAP project. This
developing countries from the UK                    provides her with a unique chance to
Government. 2 April 2009,                           appreciate how the challenge of meeting EU
African Press Organization.                         food safety regulations has
World leaders working to stabilise financial        been turned into an opportunity for African
markets and help families and businesses            agriculture.
across the world to get through the recession.      http://www.coleacp.org/en/pip/13238-pip-leg-
UK Government to take practical action to           commissioner%E2%80%99s-visit-kenya-
support firms across the globe, helping             brussels-2nd-april-2009
stimulate trade in developing countries and
ensuring sustainable growth. This will be           World Bank says EU preferential deals do
done through the World Bank‟s new initiative        not help Caribbean trade performance.
called the Global Trade Liquidity Programme         Bilaterals.Org. 03.04.09
(GTLP) set up to support small and medium           http://www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_articl
businesses by helping address the trade             e=14767
finance shortage in developing countries
through international banks.                        Farms to Markets Newsletter.
http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/02/n          UNIDO. 04.09
ew-financial-boost-for-businesses-in-               Follow-up to the successful Conference on
developing-countries-from-the-uk-                   Sharing Innovative Agribusiness Solutions,
government/                                         November 2008, Cairo, Egypt
                                                    http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=6519&tx_t
Better Training for Safer Food in Africa.           tnews%5Btt_news%5D=345&tx_ttnews%5Bb
African Union Commission and EC launch              ackPid%5D=6&cHash=9bccfd6c61
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                           17 April 2009



                                                   EC Commissioners keen to help small
UNIDO Annual Report 2008                           businesses grasp trade opportunities.
http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=6519&tx_t        EC Press Release. 25 March 2009.
tnews%5Btt_news%5D=341&tx_ttnews%5Bb               In the current financial downturn European
ackPid%5D=6&cHash=26bfbf812a                       small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs)
                                                   need to be able to do business abroad and
Lobby faults EPA deal on fisheries.                benefit from the opportunities that trade offers
Business Daily Africa. 31.03.09                    to them. There are more than 23 million
The fisheries component of the interim             SMEs, representing 99% of EU companies,
Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA)              but only 3% of them export outside the EU.
which East African Community (EAC)                 How can this be changed and what can the
countries and the EU showed commitment to          Commission do to support SMEs wanting to
in late 2007 is flawed and could lead to           do business abroad? How can existing tools
massive losses to the developing nations, a        be improved and which new initiatives should
new report has shown.                              be launched? More than 150 representatives
http://www.bdafrica.com/index.php?option=co        of SME organisations, the European
m_content&task=view&id=13752&Itemid=581            Parliament, the Member States, and other
3                                                  SME stakeholders will debate this issue
                                                   today at a High Level Stakeholder
                                                   Conference organised by Vice-President
Africa Commission workshop discusses
                                                   Günter Verheugen and Commissioner
job creation, sustainable growth.
                                                   Catherine Ashton.
30-31 March 2009.
                                                   http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
To discuss the Commission‟s five concrete
                                                   o?reference=IP/09/482&format=HTML&aged
initiatives for job creation and sustainable
                                                   =0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
growth in Africa. Better post-primary
education and research, new benchmarks for
                                                   Your Europe, your business opportunity.
African competitiveness, increased access to
                                                   New EC website with EC and EU Member
sustainable energy, support to young
                                                   States information. 25 March 2009
entrepreneurs, and finance for small and
                                                   Multilingual practical information and online
medium sized enterprises.
                                                   government services for companies looking
These five concrete initiatives are on the
                                                   for business in another EU country. Provided
table during the up-coming Africa
                                                   jointly by the European Commission and
Commission workshop, staged in
Dar es Salaam on 30-31 March.                      national authorities.
                                                   http://ec.europa.eu/youreurope/business
http://www.africacommission.um.dk/en/servic
emenu/News/HEPresidentKikweteToOpenW
                                                   Kenyan training local consultants to
orkshop.htm
                                                   update expertise with new EU standards
                                                   requirements. 23 March 2009
West Africa. Don't Conclude Regional EPA
                                                   The PIP is organising two „training of trainers‟
in June 2009. Gapto. 30.03.09
                                                   sessions in Kenya during March and April
Members of the Ghana Agricultural
                                                   2009.The first will provide training to local
Producers and Traders Organisation
                                                   experts on up-and-coming issues facing the
(GAPTO) have called on the governments of
                                                   horticultural export sector. It will take place in
the Economic Commission of West African
                                                   Thika at the AICAD (African Institute for
States (ECOWAS) not to conclude the
                                                   Capacity Development) Training Centre on
Regional Economic Partnership Agreement
                                                   Jomo Kenyatta University Campus from 30th
(EPA) with European Union (EU) in June, this
                                                   March to 3rd April. A total of 17 consultants
year.
                                                   will receive training on environmental
http://www.bilaterals.org/article.php3?id_articl   management, integrated pest management
e=14741                                            strategies, and ethical production; themes
                                                   that have now been incorporated into the PIP
                                                   programme. A second session will follow at
                                                   AICAD from 6th-18thApril. This has been
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



organised for 15 consultants that are new to       The IMF and the Bank are organising a Civil
the PIP, and it will cover introductory            Society Forum to take place from 23rd to 26th
topics including food safety, traceability, safe   of april within the premises of the World
use of pesticides and crop protection, as well     Bank. Besides, civil society groups are
as the new topics.
                                                   organising a number of public events and
http://www.coleacp.org/en/pip/13165-pip-
training-local-consultants-and-bringing-acp-       strategy sessions in Washington during the
expertise-date-with-new-european-requireme         week of 20th to 26th April
                                                   http://www.eurodad.org/whatsnew/articles.as
http://www.coleacp.org/en/pip/13165-pip-           px?id=3592
training-local-consultants-and-bringing-acp-
expertise-date-with-new-european-requireme         EC DG Trade meeting with civil society to
                                                   discuss Trade and Climate Change on 13
Global Review on Aid for Trade 2009.               May 2009
Issues and state of implementation in              15:00 ? 17:30. Location: Centre Albert
Africa. Does Supply Meet Demand?                   Borschette room AB-0B, Rue Froissart 36,
UNECA, 03.09                                       1049 Bruxelles. Closing date for registration:
http://www.acp-eu-                                 12/05/2009 at 12:00. The purpose of the
trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu     meeting is to get civil society's views and
age=en&library_detail_id=4979                      input on the link between trade and climate
                                                   change and on how trade instruments can
New International Trade Centre.                    contribute to tackling climate change
Aid for Trade website                              objectives.
http://www.intracen.org/aidfortrade/               http://trade.ec.europa.eu/civilsoc/meetdetails.
                                                   cfm?meet=11292
Business Support on Your Doorstep via
Enterprise Europe Network EC.                      European Report on Development
Welcome to the Enterprise Europe Network,          Conference.
your gateway to competitiveness and                Accra. 21-23 May 2009
innovation. Wherever you are in Europe, you        Conference on “Financial markets, adverse
can get access to all the information you          shocks and coping strategies in fragile
need to develop your business and find the         countries”
right business partners.                           http://erd.eui.eu/?page_id=837
http://www.enterprise-europe-
network.ec.europa.eu/index_en.htm                  EC DG Trade annual two day dialogue
                                                   seminar with civil society to be held on 26-
                                                   27 May 2009.
General Trade Issues                               The EU and Civil Society: Working together
                                                   for fair and open trade. Trade, sustainable
                                                   development and the global economic crisis.
Intellectual property. ACTA. Stakeholders
                                                   Location: The International Auditorium,
Consultation Meeting. 21.04.09
                                                   International Trade Union House, Boulevard
Directorate General for Trade of the
                                                   du Roi Albert II No. 5/2, 1210 Brussels,
European Commission is organising a
                                                   Belgium.
meeting to inform and consult interested
                                                   http://trade.ec.europa.eu/civilsoc/meetdetails.
parties about the negotiation of a plurilateral
                                                   cfm?meet=11296
Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA).
http://ec.europa.eu/trade/issues/sectoral/intell
                                                   UN to host summit on financial crisis from
_property/acta_meeting_en.htm
                                                   1-3 June 2009.
                                                   UN News Centre. 9 April 2009.
World Bank, IMF Board meetings taking              The United Nations (UN) will be hosting a
place from 25 to 26 April 2009 in                  global summit in June this year in order to
Washington, DC.                                    assess the impact of the
                                                   world economic crisis on development, it was
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                          17 April 2009



announced on Tuesday after the General             economies. Yet hardly any additional
Assembly agreed on the arrangements for            development finance for low-income
the conference. “In the midst of the most          countries has been committed. A fiscal
serious economic downturn since the Great          stimulus for low income countries of just 3% -
Depression, we now have the opportunity and
                                                   5% of their GDP would amount to $25 - 41
the responsibility to search for solutions that
take into account the interests of all nations,    billion per year.
the rich and the poor, the large and the           http://www.eurodad.org/whatsnew/articles.as
small”, Assembly President Miguel                  px?id=3587
D‟Escoto stated after the 192-member body
adopted a resolution on the summit, to be          EU strategy on tackling the crisis in poor
held from 1-3 June 2009.                           countries offers no new money says
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                         European NGO Network CONCORD. 15
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau           April 2009
se_id=1694&news_id=64525&cat_id=1026
                                                   http://www.concordeurope.org/Files/media/int
The World Economic Forum on Africa will            ernetdocumentsENG/5_Press/1_Press_relea
be held in Cape Town, South Africa, from           ses/00pressreleases2009/AW-reaction-EU-
10 to 12 June 2009                                 Development-Package-release-FINAL.doc
With the support of the Government of South
Africa. Over 700 of the most prominent             False Economy. A Surprising Economic
leaders from Africa and other parts of the         History of the World. By Alan Beattie
world will gather to deliberate under the          False Economy is a book about how
theme “Implications of the Global Economic         economic triumphs and disasters have
Crisis for Africa”. Faced with the prospect of a   shaped the world – and why it‟s so hard to
prolonged economic slowdown, global
                                                   change the course of history once decisions
leaders are assessing the health and future
of their respective economies. The birth of a      have been made
new era is calling for an overhaul of              http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/e0fc8320-24ac-
governance and financial systems and a             11de-9a01-00144feabdc0.html
return to responsible and accountable
leadership                                         ACP countries are fighting to keep their
http://www.weforum.org/en/events/WorldEcon         bananas competitive in Europe. BBC. 15
omicForumonAfrica2009/index.htm                    April 2009
                                                   African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP)
Reaching the bottom billion through
                                                   countries are stepping up their lobbying
corporate supply and distribution chains.
Business Fights Poverty meeting.                   against planned cuts in Europe's banana
21 April 2009.                                     import duties. Some banana producing
17.30-19.00 (UK time). The event will also be      countries in Africa say if Europe goes ahead
broadcast live on the internet.                    with its current schedule, it would worsen
http://businessfightspoverty.ning.com/events/      their socio-economic problems. And some
putting-market-access-into                         have already dropped out of the banana
                                                   industry as a direct result of the tariffs cuts.
Crisis response funding for impoverished           http://www.bbc.co.uk/caribbean/news/story/2
countries. Fresh and unconditional money           009/04/090413_bananapolitics.shtml
required. Eurodad. 15 April 2009
The world‟s poor are going to be hard hit by a     On 15 April 2009 European Parliament
crisis for which they are not responsible. The     political groups will join EESC members
World Bank estimates low income countries          and to discuss proposals for the
will face a financing gap of hundreds of           challenges facing the European Union.
billions of dollars this year. Hundreds of         The EESC's Programme for Europe:
                                                   Proposals of Civil Society is a strategic
billions have been found to boost Northern
                                                   document offering concrete proposals for the
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



challenges facing the European Union. It was     The philosopher John Gray is riding high as
adopted during the Committee's latest            one of the few thinkers to have predicted the
plenary session on 24 March 2009 and             current economic chaos. Here, he tells
suggests a blueprint for building a              Deborah Orr how we got into this mess – and
knowledge-based and communications
                                                 how we might get out of it
society, strengthening Europe's industrial
basis, reducing CO 2 emissions and               http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/poli
reshaping the structures of European             tics/philosopher-john-gray-were-not-facing-
governance. Will discuss issues relating to      our-problems-weve-got-prozac-politics-
economic recovery, fundamental rights and        1666033.html
the European social model, sustainable
development and European governance.             African Development Bank Holds
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d     Workshop on Financial Crisis.
o?reference=CES/09/41&format=HTML&age            10 April 2009.
d=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                   In continuation of its efforts to devise ways of
                                                 mitigating the prevailing financial crisis, the
WTO Director General says Doha                   Chief Economist‟s Complex of the African
Development Agenda is the best stimulus          Development Bank (AfDB) group will host a
package. 14 April 1009                           workshop on Friday, 10 April 2009 in
Director-General Pascal Lamy, in presenting      Tunis, to explore ways of helping the
                                                 institution‟s member countries deal with crisis.
his second report on recent trade
                                                 Organised on the theme:
developments associated with the financial       Financial Crisis - Strategies for Mitigating its
crisis to an informal meeting of the Trade       Impact in Africa, participants will consider
Policy Review Body on 14 April 2009, said        how national governments, regional
that the best contribution to reviving           organisations and the international
economic growth is to conclude the Doha          development community can help develop
Development Agenda (DDA), which is one of        strategies that minimize the impact of the
the most appropriate collective stimulus         crisis while building internal capacities of
packages. He also said that “completing the      African economies to withstand external
                                                 shocks.
DDA is the surest way we have of
                                                 http://www.afdb.org/en/news-
safeguarding our individual trade interests      events/article/afdb-holds-workshop-on-
and the multilateral trading system against      financial-crisis-4464/
the threat of an outbreak of protectionism”.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news09_e       China and the global economic crisis.
/trdev_14apr09_e.htm                             ECIPE. 09.04.09
                                                 By Guy de Jonquières. What to expect from
African fish stocks under threat. As the         China in the current economic crisis “Will the
situation in Europe gets more restrictive,       crisis change China‟s role in the international
many skippers are now taking the boats           economy” In this Policy Brief, Guy de
                                                 Jonquières analyses the main trends
south. BBC. 14 April 2009
                                                 in China‟s economic policy-making and
Charles Clover is author of End of the Line, a   positioning in the international policy arena.
book about fish and the fishing industry. He     He argues that China still has an uncertain
told World Business News about the               commitment to economic rebalancing, which
supertrawlers now operating off the coast of     might lead to frictions with its partners.
Africa.                                          Despite its new political assertiveness, it
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/business/2     remains ambivalent on exerting international
009/04/090409_fish_businesss.shtml               leadership. Yet as China‟s economic and
                                                 financial importance continues to expand and
Philosopher John Gray says we're not             world leaders seek global stability,
                                                 deeper engagement between Beijing and
facing our problems, we've got Prozac
                                                 other power centres will remain
politics. The Independent. 11 April 2009
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



indispensable.                                     Africa Can. 08.04.09
http://www.ecipe.org/china-and-the-global-         By Michele Zini. A while ago we reported on
economic-crisis                                    the impact of the financial crisis on South
                                                   Africa. Following the global trend, the last few
ECIPE on the disappointing picture of EU           months have seen the figures gradually
trade not revealed in the WTO report.              getting grimmer, with the real economy
EV.9 April 2009.                                   taking the biggest toll.
By Valentin Zahrnt                                 http://africacan.worldbank.org/update-on-the-
http://www.europeanvoice.com/article/2009/0        impact-of-the-financial-crisis-on-south-africa
4/the-disappointing-picture-of-eu-
trade/64589.aspx                                   A very good summary of the current
                                                   position of each EU Member State in the
Intellectual property. Summary of key              global economic crisis.
elements under discussion in the on-               FT. 08.04.09
going ACTA negotiations.                           Eastern Eggshells, By Stefan Wagstyl. There
08.04.09                                           is still plenty to worry about, not least the
http://ec.europa.eu/trade/issues/sectoral/intell   possible knock-on effects on western Europe
_property/pr080409_en.htm                          and its banks, which dominate banking in
                                                   most CEE countries. Dominique Strauss-
EC Communication on EU support to                  Kahn, the IMF managing director, told the
developing countries in coping with the            Financial Times in an interview last week:
global economic crisis.                            “The risk of spillovers or contagion in central
8 April 2009.                                      and eastern Europe exists ... One issue is
This EC press release looks at how Europe          what might happen in these countries.
can support developing countries in coping         Another is the possible impact on other
with the crisis. First, by keeping aid promises.   countries whose banks have a big exposure
Second by frontloading and refocusing              to central and Eastern Europe. We are not
existing commitments on the most                   saying something is going to happen but it
vulnerable. The Commission is frontloading         could, so the situation needs to be
?3 billion or 72% of its foreseen budget           watched carefully.”
support to ACP nations thereby ensuring that       http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/bc12cda2-246c-
social spending is not forsaken when most          11de-9a01-00144feabdc0.html
needed. An ad hoc "FLEX" instrument will
act counter-cyclically to compensate those         EC role in financial and economic crisis.
developing countries worst hit by falling          Frequently asked questions.
export revenues as world trade contracts. It       EC Press Release. 8 April 2009.
will be on stream before the end of 2009,          State aid. Latest Scoreboard. The EC
directing at least €500 million to allow           Communication "Supporting developing
developing countries to continue social safety     countries in coping with the crisis" is
net spending. This is in addition to the €1        accompanied by four Commission staff
billion "food facility" adopted                    working documents as well as a "Citizens´
prior to the G20, €800 million of which will be    summary".
made available this year. Overall, frontloading    http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
by the European Commission should bring            o?reference=MEMO/09/160&format=HTML&
forward €4.3 billion resources to 2009.            aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
Finally, the EU has taken the lead in making
existing aid more effective.                       Anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures
http://www.acp-eu-                                 either in force, under current
trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu     investigation, terminated or expired.
age=en&library_detail_id=4995                      EC. 8 April 2009
                                                   http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/113191.
Impact of the Financial Crisis on South            htm
Africa. Figures getting grimmer, real
economy taking biggest toll.                       Summary of key elements under
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



discussion in the on-going ACTA                     htm
negotiations. EC. 8 April 2009
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142761.       WTO Trade Policy Review of the European
htm                                                 Communities.
                                                    6 April 2009
EC President and Development                        http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142759.
Commissioner on Supporting developing               htm
countries in coping with the
global economic crisis. 8 April 2009                If benefits of free trade are evident, why is
Joint press conference with Commissioner            Africa so resistant.
Louis Michel                                        Business Daily, Nairobi. 6 April 2009.
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d        Leaders of the G20 heard pleas in London
o?reference=SPEECH/09/177&format=HTML               last week to reverse growing protectionism
&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                  and to open their markets unconditionally to
                                                    the poorest countries. More promises were
G20 Readout                                         made to provide aid for Africa, but the
Bruegel. 06.04.09                                   continent ?could get bigger and faster gains
In this post, Nicolas Véron looks at the            by allowing regional free trade between
London summit which took place on 2 April           neighbours?, writes Michael Cook, former UK
2009, and compares what was achieved with           High Commissioner to Uganda. “If the
what could realistically be expected. This lead     benefits of free trade are as evident as the
him to a fairly positive assessment.                World Bank and others maintain, why is
http://www.bruegel.org/Public/Publication_det       Africa so resistant to what it demands so
ail.php?ID=1169&publicationID=14891                 stridently of the developed
                                                    world?” he asks.
The Ruses of the crisis.                            http://www.tralac.org/cgi-
Bruegel. 06.04.09                                   bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
Jean Pisani-Ferry believes that while the G20       se_id=1694&news_id=64257&cat_id=1026
countries did not agree to change their
individual policies, they did rally round what is   Laying the Foundations of a European
starting to look like a global policy. He looks     Foreign Economic Policy. Towards a
at the creation of Special Drawing Rights           European Foreign Economic Policy.
(SDRs); the significant increase in the             6 April 2009
resources of the international financial            EC Economic Policy Commissioner for
institutions; decisions and shortcomings            Economic and Monetary PolicyDG ECFIN
regarding governance of the IMF and Wolrd           Seminar "Towards a European Foreign
Bank and finally regulation. For the author,        Economic PolicyBrussels, 6 April 2009
the contours of economic and financial              http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
governance at a global level have been              o?reference=SPEECH/09/175&format=HTML
defined during the summit.                          &aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
http://www.bruegel.org/Public/Publication_det
ail.php?ID=1169&publicationID=14894                 Africa’s recovery lies in market reforms.
                                                    Njinkeu, Dominique, Business Daily,
WTO praises EU stance on multilateral               Nairobi. 3 April 2009
trade and support for developing                    According to Dominique Njinkeu, Executive
countries. 6 April 2009                             Director of International Lawyers and
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142732.       Economists Against Poverty, the global
htm                                                 economic downturn will affect African
                                                    economies in various international trade-
Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement.                related channels. “Trade is already shrinking,
Summary of Key Elements Under                       growth declining, and unemployment rising.
Discussion.                                         The associated losses for SSA [sub-Saharan
EC Press Release. 6 April 2009.                     African] countries are forecasted at over $50
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142745.       billion in 2008-2009?, he writes. “Unless
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



appropriate solutions are identified and swiftly   Eurodad analysis of G20 communique.
implemented, the crisis risks undermining the      Some progress on governance and
achievements of three decades of policy            finance, but a long way to go. 02.04.09
reform, thus further reducing the possibility of   The G20 has done better than many G8 and
achieving the Millennium Development               similar meetings in the past. But they have
Goals”, he argues.                                 not sufficiently tackled the symptoms, let
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                         alone the causes of the crisis.
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau           http://www.eurodad.org/whatsnew/articles.as
se_id=1694&news_id=64161&cat_id=1026               px?id=3539

International community must push for              The G20's Trade Agenda. A Step Forward,
the fulfillment of commitments already in          But Not Far Enough.
place to develop Africa.                           Carolyn Deere, The GEG Blog. 02.04.09
SAIIA. 2 April 2009.                               http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/bl
And, more critically, they must clean up           og/2009/04/the-g20s-trade-agenda-a-step-
government and governance. By George               forward-but-not-far-enough/
Katito
http://www.saiia.org.za/index.php?option=co        Table comparing EC Proposal and EU
m_content&view=article&id=1002:gathering-          Member States positions on a Regulation
crumbs-from-the-g20s-                              establishing the European Globalisation
table&catid=62:governance-a-aprm-                  Adjustment Fund. 2 April 2009
opinion&Itemid=159
                                                   A table outlining the Commission's original
                                                   proposal in the first column, the text of the
European Parliament resolution on EU
Ecolabel. 02.04.09                                 Presidency compromise proposal as set out
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ecolabel/inde      in doc. 7476/09 in the second column and the
x_en.htm                                           text as it resulted from the Trialogue meeting
                                                   on 2 April in the third column. Amendments to
EC discusses social dimension of global            Cion´s proposal are marked in bold and
economis crisis with G8 Labour Ministers.          amendments to the Presidency compromise
2 April 2009                                       text as they resulted from the Trialogue
And their counterparts from emerging               meeting are marked in bold and italics.
economies in Rome. The 2009 G8 Social              http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s
Summit is taking place in Rome, Italy from
                                                   t08/st08382.en09.pdf
29-31 March and its discussions will feed into
the G20 meeting of world leaders in London
                                                   The London G20 Summit Communique.
on 2 April.
                                                   Global plan for recovery and reform.
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
                                                   02.04.09
o?reference=IP/09/498&format=HTML&aged
                                                   Agreement to tackle the global financial crisis
=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
                                                   with measures worth $1.1 trillion.
                                                   For a background note contextualising the
African policy think tanks call on leaders
                                                   communique see:
of the G20 to prevent short-term inward-
                                                   http://www.londonsummit.gov.uk/resources/e
looking policies.                                  n/PDF/london-summit-outcomes-020409.
Tralac. 2 April 2009.
                                                   For G20 Presidency press conference on
And promote integration of developing              results see:
countries into the global trade regime.The
                                                   http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/business/
Initiative for Public Policy
                                                   2009/g20/7980027.stm
Analysis and IMANI Centre for Policy and           http://www.londonsummit.gov.uk/resources/e
Education, (IMANI Ghana)                           n/news/15766232/communique-020409
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau           Commonwealth Meeting on how Small
se_id=1694&news_id=64059&cat_id=1026               States and LDCs can successfully re-
                                                   engage in WTO trade round. 30.03-
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



01.04.09                                           also address the effects on developing
Envoys from Commonwealth countries, trade          countries. And this is not a matter of charity;
experts and policy makers map out ways on          large scale instability and the devastation
how Small States and least developed               caused by severe poverty will have disruptive
countries (LDCs) can successfully re-engage        effects far beyond the borders of distant poor
in the Doha trade round when the talks             nations.
resume.                                            http://www.givengain.com/cgi-
http://allafrica.com/stories/200903301533.htm      bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
l                                                  se_id=1694&news_id=63998&cat_id=1059

The World In Crisis. Economies and                 Rebuilding global trade. Proposals for a
Policies for Global Transformation                 fairer, more sustainable future. April 2009
conference for NGOs. 1 April 2009                  Short essays on trade and global economic
Discussed for three days in Prague the root        governanc. Edited by Carolyn Deere Birkbeck
causes, impacts and responses to the
                                                   and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz
financial crises, economic meltdown, climate
change, mismanagement of natural resource          http://www.google.be/url?sa=U&start=1&q=ht
use, increasing inequity and volatile food and     tp://ictsd.net/downloads/2009/03/g20-
oil prices from the systemic perspective of the    web.pdf&ei=3bTlSayIMYGP-
world‟s poor and vulnerable.                       AbZ2JiSCQ&usg=AFQjCNGNb9hKX6UhfqkL
http://blog.socialwatch.org/transforming-the-      Rv6elgAkPc_F0A
world-in-crisis/
                                                   Growth matters. Inequality hurts. What do
Ugandan export proceeds drop as crisis             policymakers and national governments
deepens.                                           need to be aware of to encourage growth
Tralac. 1 April 2009.
                                                   as well as make it pro-poor? IDS. April
Uganda‟s total exports dropped in January
2009 compared to the same period last year,        2009.
according to data released by the Bank of          Articles in this issue: Financial structure
Uganda. Exports fell year-on-year by               matters for economic growth; Economic
US$31.1 million to US$193.3 million in the         institutions matter, but they are not the full
first month of this year. The latest figures       story; Assessing the impact of poverty
indicate that Uganda, as a key player in the       reduction policies and programmes; Politics,
global coffee market, is suffering in the global   state governance and manufacturing in West
recession as demand for commodities has            Bengal; Macro-economic policies may
slowed and prices have fallen.                     worsen inequalities between groups.
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-
                                                   http://www.id21.org/society/clusters/propoor.h
bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
se_id=1694&news_id=63974&cat_id=1026               tml

Tralac analyses of what Africa needs to do         Far from Preventing it, a WTO Agreement
in the global economic crisis. 1 April 2009.       on Agriculture Could Drive the World
Many African nations are facing a                  Straight to Protectionism!
catastrophic loss of export revenue, rising        World Organization For Agriculture. April
food prices, declining aid flows and a drop in     2009
remittances (worth more than aid in recent         http://www.momagri.org/UK/Focus-on-
years). Political stability could be at stake;     issues/Far-from-Preventing-it-a-WTO-
which holds risks for developed countries too      Agreement-on-Agriculture-Could-Drive-the-
as the trafficking of drugs and of people,         World-Straight-to-Protectionism-_465.html
piracy, and conflict will increase. There is
more that can be done. African leaders             South Centre South Bulletin. Global
should do their utmost to keep our needs on        Economic Reforms in the Interest of the
the international agenda. This is a global         South needed. April 2009
crisis and it requires responses which must        Inside this issue: What the South Wants in a
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                      17 April 2009



Reformed International Financial and              basic crisis caused other crisis as the Food
Economic Architecture; China‟s View on            Crisis, the stagflation/Economic Crisis, the
Reforming the International Monetary              Currency Crisis, the Governmental Crisis and
System; Need for Africa to Re-think               the Geopolitical Crisis.
the EPAs in Light of the Economic Crisis;
                                                  http://www.google.be/url?sa=U&start=1&q=ht
Developing Countries' Response to the
Global Economic Crisis; 1,500 Latin               tp://www.planck.org/downloads/Global-
American and Caribbean Economists Call For        Future-Analysis-Situation-
UN to Take the Lead to Address Global             2008.pdf&ei=3drlSeK4D9TG-
Economic; Will the Financial Crisis Widen the     QbilrX_CA&usg=AFQjCNFbt7iAB0RnLf-
North-South Gap in IP?                            n3pRs4lQtXhTcVQ
http://www.southcentre.org/index.php?option
=com_content&task=view&id=989&Itemid=1            Trade barriers up, global study says.
                                                  Washington Times. April 2009
International governance. Is the G20 the          Grail Research tracked global trade barriers
right forum?
                                                  http://washingtontimes.com/news/2009/apr/1
Bruegel. 04.09
Jean Pisani-Ferry puts forward the idea that      1/trade-barriers-up-global-study-says/
the G20 is a significantly less suitable forum
for discussion of regulatory matters than of      Developing Countries in the WTO Legal
macroeconomic issues and their implications       System.
for the institutions of global governance.        Joel P Trachtman, Chartal Thomas. April
While it is sensible to involve developing and    2009
emerging countries in the reform of financial     With contributions from some of the leading
regulation, they are unlikely to play a leading   experts in international trade, law, and
role. On macroeconomic matters and as             economics, Joel P. Trachtman and Chantal
regards institutional reform, however, no         Thomas have compiled a comprehensive
meaningful discussion can take place without      volume that looks at the positioning of
them.                                             developing countries within the WTO system.
http://www.bruegel.org/Public/Publication_det     http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/019538
ail.php?ID=1169&publicationID=14823               3613/ref=pe_3421_15094731_snp_dp

Reshaping the global economy.                     Prosperity without Growth? Economics.
Bruegel. 04.09                                    UK Sustainable Development
Despite greater regional integration and the      Commission. April 2009.
emergence of new economic powers, the             The Commission twelve steps towards a
global economy lacks resilience. This policy      sustainable economy and argues for a
brief discusses the international community       redefinition of "prosperity" in line with
could build a stronger and more legitimate        evidence about what contributes to people‟s
globalised governance out of the current          wellbeing. SDC intends to generate
economic crisis.                                  discussion and debate
http://www.bruegel.org/Public/Publication_det     on the challenges on the issues that
ail.php?ID=1169&publicationID=14825               Prosperity without Growth? raises.
                                                  http://www.sd-
Global Future Analysis. Planck. April 2009        commission.org.uk/pages/redefining-
Describes the causes and impact (effects and      prosperity.html
dangers) of eight global crises that currently
occur/grow in the same short period of time       G20 Summit. The Reality Behind the Hype,
                                                  Martin Khor. April 2009
(only five years) in times where (and also
                                                  Last was projected by the organisers and the
because) population and purchase power            Western leaders as having agreed to a
(=wealth) steady grow to higher levels. The       US$1,100 billion trillion package of measures
Credit Crisis, the Energy Crisis, the Water       to boost the sagging world economy, and
Crisis, the Mineral Crisis and the by these 4     especially to help developing countries. The
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



trillion figure was what caught the headlines.   bin/giga.cgi?cmd=cause_dir_news_item&cau
But as serious analysis shows, this figure       se_id=1694&news_id=63867&cat_id=1026
purporting to be new money was more hype
than reality?                                    EC Agriculture Commissioner on
http://www.normangirvan.info/wp-                 Developments in the CAP since 2004.
content/uploads/2009/04/reality-behind-the-      EC. 31 March 2009.
hype-of-the-g20-summit.pdf                       Session of Agriculture Committee of the
                                                 European Parliament
OECD Ministers call for Regional                 http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
Responses to Global Crisis. 31.03.09             o?reference=SPEECH/09/164&format=HTML
Ministers responsible for regional               &aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
development met at OECD to discuss the
serious impact of the financial                  Trade mark protection in the EU gets
crisis on urban and rural regions and suggest    much cheaper and easier to obtain.
ways to stimulate the economy.                   EC Press Release. 31 March 2009.
http://www.oecd.org/document/41/0,3343,en_       EC and EU Member States have decided to
2649_34487_42475049_1_1_1_1,00.html              lower further the fees payable to the
                                                 Community agency responsible for granting
Specific EC DG Trade contracts under             EU-wide trade mark rights, OHIM (Office for
framework contracts 2008 above €133,000.         the Harmonization in the Internal Market,
31 March 2009.                                   located in Alicante, Spain), and to simplify the
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142721.    registration procedure. This measure, which
htm                                              follows an initial reduction in 2005
                                                 (IP/05/1289), will make trade mark protection
Contracts awarded by EC DG Trade in              much cheaper and easier to obtain for
2008 with a value between €25,000 and            businesses operating in the EU single
€60,000.                                         market, saving them some ?60 million a year.
31 March 2009                                    It will come into force on 1 May 2009.
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142722.    http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
htm                                              o?reference=IP/09/506&format=HTML&aged
                                                 =0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
Contracts awarded by EC DG Trade in
2008 with a value above €60,000.                 Special report on competiveness
31 March 2009                                    divergence within the euro area.
Contracts awarded by DG Trade in 2008 with       EC Press Release. 31 March 2009.
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142723.    The present QREA provides a
htm                                              comprehensive review of developments in
                                                 price competitiveness since the
African investors eyeing South-South             launch of the euro. Competitiveness
trade to help combat global economic             imbalances have built up within the euro
crisis.                                          area, increasing the exposure
IPS. 31 March 2009.                              of some Member States to the financial
South-South trade still offers huge              turmoil. While the economic crisis is projected
opportunities despite the challenges facing      to lead to some adjustment in external
Africa and other developing regions in the       imbalances, re-balancing competitiveness
southern hemisphere as they deal with the        within the euro area requires a better use of
global economic crisis. There is room for        fiscal policies, more flexible product and
growth beyond the current levels, says           labour markets, including increased
President of the African Export-Import Bank      competition in the services sector, to increase
(Afreximbank) Jean-Louis Ekra.                   productivity and lower prices to the benefit of
The Bank is a multilateral organisation that     employment.
finances and promotes trade with African         http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
countries.                                       o?reference=IP/09/504&format=HTML&aged
http://www.tralac.org/cgi-                       =0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009




The ACTA Timeline (or Everything You                Summary and analysis of UN Experts
Need To Know About ACTA But Your                    report on international financial system
Government Won't Tell You.                          reform. 30.03.09
Michael Geist. 31 Mach 2009.                        From Poverty to Power, Duncan Green Blog.
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/content/view/3786        http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=211
/125/
                                                    Investors Eyeing South-South Trade to
Launch of biggest ever consultation of              Help End Crisis. IPS 30.03.09
regions and cities on boosting growth and           By Stephanie Nieuwoudt. Despite the
jobs. EU Committee of the Regions.                  challenges that the global economic crisis
31 March 2009.                                      poses to Africa and other
Europe's regions and cities will play their part    developing regions in the southern
in shaping the next generation of the EU's          hemisphere, South-South trade still offers
growth and jobs strategy following a major          huge opportunities as there is
consultation launched by CoR President Luc          room for growth beyond the current levels.
Van den Brande and Czech regional                   http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=46
development minister Cyril Svoboda in               312
Prague on Friday. Launching the consultation
at the European Summit of Regions and               EC launches European Observatory on
Cities in the Czech capital, President Van den      Counterfeiting and Piracy. 30 March 2009.
Brande said that the size and scale of              European Observatory on Counterfeiting and
the consultation would help give greater            Piracy. By enhancing cooperation across the
impact to the CoR's suggestions on the future       EU, the Observatory will be at the forefront in
direction of the Lisbon strategy.                   the fight against fake goods or illegal
http://www.cor.europa.eu/pages/Presentation         downloading and other infringements of
Template.aspx?view=detail&id=0fee7033-              intellectual property rights. A wide range of
042f-4fc3-aa3e-d52c8305b80a                         stakeholders representing business, public
                                                    administrations, enforcement and civil society
OECD Ministers call for Regional                    are expected to attend the event.
Responses to Global Crisis. 31.03.09                http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
Ministers responsible for regional                  o?reference=IP/09/497&format=HTML&aged
development met at OECD to discuss the              =0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
serious impact of the financial crisis on urban
and rural regions and suggest ways to               Raw Materials. Europe Value-Added
stimulate the economy.                              Approach.
http://www.oecd.org/document/41/0,3343,en_          European Commissioner for Development
2649_34487_42475049_1_1_1_1,00.html                 and Humanitarian Aid. 27 March 2009.
                                                    At European Business Summit
EU Market Access Newsletter. 31.03.09               http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142720.       o?reference=SPEECH/09/166&format=HTML
htm                                                 &aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en

Investors Eyeing South-South Trade to               Opening remarks by Catherine Ashton at
Help End Crisis.                                    the "SMEs and doing business abroad"
IPS, 30.03.09                                       conference.
By Stephanie Nieuwoudt. Despite the                 26 March 2009.
challenges that the global economic crisis          http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142702.
poses to Africa and other developing regions        htm
in the southern hemisphere, South-South
trade still offers huge opportunities as there is   EESC urges prompt and decisive action
room for growth beyond the current levels.          for economic recovery the economic
http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=46           crisis.
312                                                 EC Press Release. 26 March 2009.
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



The document supports the Union's                 complying with the cap. All five - France,
economic recovery efforts to date, but calls      Greece, Ireland, Spain and the UK - already
for the Recovery Plan to be beefed up and         posted deficits above the 3% limit last year.
implemented swiftly. At this time of crisis,      Ireland is asked to bring its budget deficit
EESC members argued, the recovery                 into line by 2013. France and Spain by 2012.
package must boost demand and lay the             Greece should take steps to get its deficit
foundations for future growth, while protecting   back under control in 2010. And the deadline
the most vulnerable members of the labour         for the UK would be 2013-14.
market.                                           http://ec.europa.eu/news/economy/090324_1
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d      _en.htm
o?reference=CES/09/38&format=HTML&age
d=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                    UN Commission of Experts report on
                                                  reforms of the international monetary and
EC Commissioner for Competition Policy            financial system. 19.03.09
on European Models for Economic                   http://www.un.org/ga/president/63/letters/reco
Recovery. 26 March 2009                           mmendationExperts200309.pdf
Address at Atlantic Council. Washington D.
C.                                                Global Review on Aid for Trade 2009.
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d      Issues and state of implementation in
o?reference=SPEECH/09/149&format=HTML             Africa. Does Supply Meet Demand?
&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                UNECA. 03.09
                                                  http://www.acp-eu-
European NGOs put pressure on G20 to              trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu
limit effect of the crisis on developing          age=en&library_detail_id=4979
countries. 26 March
2009                                              A Development Charter for the G-20.
EU President meets heads of European              ODI Background paper. March 2009
Development NGOs. For the first time, Chief       The words and numbers in the G-20
Executive Officers of over one hundred            communiqué look good, but it is action that
European Development NGOs of                      counts and on which world leaders will be
Development met the President of the              judged. Simon Maxwell's blog concludes a
European Commission, to urge him to put           week of media coverage and activity around
pressure on European Union Member States          the ODI Development Charter for the G-20:
and on the G20 to take practical decisions on     http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/details.asp?i
tackling the impact of the financial and          d=3169&title=development-charter-g-
environmental crises in developing countries.     20&utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=e
http://www.concordeurope.org/Files/media/int      mail&utm_campaign=20090406
ernetdocumentsENG/5_Press/1_Press_relea
ses/00pressreleases2009/BArroso-NGO-26-
                                                  Taking Stock of the Credit Crunch.
3-2009-EN-2nd.pdf
                                                  Implications for development finance and
Five countries exceeding EU deficit limits.       global governance. OECD Dev Centre.
EC. 24 March 2009.                                March 2009.
Commissioner for economic and monetary            http://www.google.be/url?sa=U&start=1&q=ht
affairs Joaquin Almunia. The eurozone is          tp://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/8/40/42485542.p
expected to shrink 1.9% this year (1.8% for       df&ei=C6blScSzN8W2-
the EU as a whole). Commission calls on EU        AagpZ2FCQ&usg=AFQjCNGvsZJD5FwpnqF
members to rein in budget deficits. With the      P9hN5yNWk9idXKA
economic crisis eating away at public
finances, budget deficits in five countries are
                                                  Africa Commission Newsletter.
expected to exceed the 3% of gross domestic
                                                  March 2009.
product allowed by the EU. Concerned about
                                                  Read about the global financial crisis and its
the effect on the stability of the eurozone,
                                                  impact on employment in Africa. This issue
the commission is proposing deadlines for
                                                  also contains a detailed description of the
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



Commission's initiative on sustainable
energy.                                              Commit4Africa. A new on-line, searchable
http://www.africacommission.um.dk/en/servic          database of commitments made by heads
emenu/News/NewsletterFromTheAfricaCom                of state and government representatives
mission.htm                                          under the auspices of international
                                                     institutions and groupings.
How can trade be made fairer and more                These commitments have been extracted
equitable?. id21. March 2009                         directly from the original declarations and
The Global Economic Prospects 2009 report            coded to enable searching by multiple
from the World Bank predicts that over the           criteria. Summaries of all the commitments
                                                     made in a declaration can be generated, and
coming year exports from developing
                                                     original documentation can be quickly
countries will drop as world trade will contract     accessed. Commit4Africa is an active
by 2.1 percent. Research, however, highlights        inventory and is updated on a regular basis.
several concerns with current global trading         Users are invited and encouraged to
system. How can trade be made fairer and             contribute to this process by participating in
more equitable? Articles in this issue:              the Discussion Forum, making the database
Openness to trade helps small island states          a relevant and comprehensive tool to hold
attract foreign investment; Open trading             leaders and organisations to account for the
arrangements offer a way forward for global          promises they have made.
                                                     http://www.commit4africa.org/
trade; Trade openness increases inequality in
middle-income developing countries; Making
                                                     African experts assess progress made
free trade work for women in Southern Africa.        towards attaining the millennium
http://www.id21.org/society/clusters/tradeope        development goals.
n.html                                               African Press Organization., 08-09.04.09
                                                     http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/07/af
New EU Regulation on imports from third              rican-experts-assess-progress-made-
countries into the EU.                               towards-attaining-the-millennium-
EU Legal text. 26 February 2009.                     development-goals/
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/html/142728.
htm                                                  Ask EU DG Development Director live
                                                     questions on quantity and quality of EU
Politics and trade. Lessons from past                support to developing countries in
globalizations.                                      economic crisis. 08.04.09.
Bruegel. By Kevin O’Rourke. 13.02.09                 What is it about? - How much money is in
It is easy to forget that the current round of       there?At 16:30
globalisation is barely two decades old. The         http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/02/pr
last round, in the late-nineteenth century,          ess-videoconference-european-commission-
ended in catastrophe. No one can predict             crisis-eu-support-developing-countries/
how the cards will fall this time, but politics is
making a come-back and will inevitably play a        African experts meet to review 2009 report
bigger role in shaping our future than               on assessing progress towards attaining
commonly assumed before autumn 2008.                 the MDGs.
http://www.bruegel.org/Public/Publication_det        8 April 2009
ail.php?ID=1169&publicationID=10864                  http://www.africa-
                                                     union.org/root/UA/Actualites/2009/mars/PR%
                                                     20MDG%20MEETING%20with%20logo%209
                                                     %2004%2009.doc.
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
                                                     The G20 deal. Good for world, not so good
                                                     for Africa.
International External Assistance                    Kevin Watkins, The GEG Blog. 06.04.09
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                      17 April 2009



http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/bl       Among topics of discussion will be
og/2009/04/the-g20-deal-%e2%80%93-good-          implications of the global financial crisis and
for-world-not-so-good-for-africa/                the need to step up efforts to enhance the
                                                 effectiveness of regional aid. The meeting will
G20 aid pledges must be more than just           also discuss the Pacific's progress towards
hot air.                                         achieving the Millennium Development Goals
FT. 05.04.09                                     and priorities under the Pacific Plan.
Most donor countries reneging on ODA             http://www.forumsec.org/pages.cfm/newsroo
promises. This caution is not a counsel of       m/press-statements/2009/improving-
despair. It is a recognition that the worth of   development-effectiveness.html
the G20 will be proved not in the pressure of
a communiqué drafting room in London but in      Online debate. Where are the Africans
decisions taken in months to come in the         with something different to say on aid?
parliaments and congresses, finance and          Chris Blattman Blog, 01.04.09
trade ministries, presidential offices and       http://chrisblattman.blogspot.com/2009/04/jeff
prime ministerial studies of the world.          -sachs-and-john-mcarthur-now.html
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/f5c52598-2225-
11de-8380-00144feabdc0.html                      Keeping a Low Profile. What Determines
                                                 the Allocation of Aid by Non-
                                                 Governmental Organizations?
The G20?s Trade Agenda. A Step Forward,          04.09
But Not Far Enough.
                                                 Open Forum for CSO Development
Carolyn Deere, The GEG Blog. 02.04.09
                                                 Effectiveness
http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/bl       http://www.cso-effectiveness.org/Keeping-a-
og/2009/04/the-g20s-trade-agenda-a-step-         Low-Profile-What,195.html
forward-but-not-far-enough/
                                                 Irish NGOs say aid cuts will cost
African hails G20 progress. FT. 02.04.09         thousands of lives. Cochas. 04.09
G20 agreed Africa proposal for IMF to sell       http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/euforichighligh
part of its gold reserves to finance a 37bn      ts/~3/wP1CCKZhuGw/Irish_NGOs_say_aid_
rescue package for low-income countries.         cuts_will_cost_thousands_of_lives.pdf
Poor countries should also benefit from a
$250bn increase in the IMF‟s special             African Union Report on Assessing
drawing rights, the fund‟s reserve currency,     Progress towards attaining the MDGs.
about 7 per cent of which could accrue to        April 2009
Africa.                                          http://www.africa-
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/30716b96-1fd0-         union.org/root/UA/Conferences/2009/avril/
11de-a1df-00144feabdc0.html                      EA/08-
                                                 09avril/MDGs%20aide%20memoire%20Ex
International community must push for            perts%20meeting%20Final%2003%2004%2
the fulfillment of commitments already in        009.doc
place to develop Africa.
SAIIA. 2 April 2009.                             2009 Italian ODA. Italian Aid at glance.
And, more critically, they must clean up         ActionAid. 30.03.09
government and governance. By George             According to the Italian Financial Perspective
Katito                                           2008/2011, the level of ODA decreased in
http://www.saiia.org.za/index.php?option=co      real terms in 2008. Taking into account the
m_content&view=article&id=1002:gathering-        commitments made in the past, this is a gap
crumbs-from-the-g20s-                            estimated at 3 billion dollars for 2008.
table&catid=62:governance-a-aprm-                http://actionaiditaly.blogspot.com/2009/03/20
opinion&Itemid=159                               09-italian-oda.html

Improving development effectiveness in           EC welcomes rise in EU development aid
the Pacific. Forum Secretariat. 02.04.09         in difficult economic times but warns that
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



efforts must be stepped-up. 30.03.09              of the European Report on Development,
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d      aiming to work alongside the well established
o?reference=IP/09/502&format=HTML&aged            World Bank and UN development reports.
=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                     The title of the first report will be
                                                  "Development in a context of fragility: Focus
Aid still at 1993 level despite increase.         on Africa". Researchers who would like to
Oxfam International. 30.03.09                     contribute to the consultation on the report
Commitments to combat poverty still not met,      can join the discussion at a number of
aid dwarfed by bank bailouts. The 10%             conferences during the coming months.
increase in foreign aid to $120 billion is        http://www.research4development.info/news.
welcome but still nowhere near enough to          asp?ArticleID=50398
meet the needs of poor countries in the face
of global economic meltdown, said                 EU strategy on tackling the crisis in poor
international agency Oxfam International said     countries offers no new money says
today. At just 0.3% of national income, aid is    European NGO Network CONCORD. 15
at the same level it was in 1993.                 April 2009
http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressrele
                                                  http://www.concordeurope.org/Files/media/int
ase/2009-03-30/aid-still-1993-level-despite-
increase                                          ernetdocumentsENG/5_Press/1_Press_relea
                                                  ses/00pressreleases2009/AW-reaction-EU-
AidWatch campaign says OECD aid report            Development-Package-release-FINAL.doc
gives no grounds for celebration. 30.03.09
Whereas aid rose slightly in 2008, this year      Eurodad analyses the EU report on
EU countries are cutting their budget just as     development finance. 14 April 2009.
the financial crisis begins to bite into          A useful, if limited, accountability exercise. It
developing countries resources.                   shows that much more needs to be done to
http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/euforichighligh    implement existing European commitments
ts/~3/_jOZfsb4WKY/NGOs-reaction-to-               on development finance, and to go further
OECD-press-release-31.03.2009.pdf
                                                  now that the financial and economic crisis is
                                                  severely affecting developing countries and
                                                  may push a further 100 million people into
                                                  poverty in 2009.
EU External Assistance
                                                  http://www.eurodad.org/whatsnew/articles.as
                                                  px?id=3583
Agenda of the ACP-EC Development
                                                  Streamlining financial rules and
Finance Cooperation Committee. 20 April
                                                  accelerating budget implementation to
2009.
                                                  help economic recovery. EC
http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s
                                                  Communication. 8 April 2009.
t02/st02107.en09.pdf
                                                  Perhaps a similar initiative could be taken to
The 18th ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary               also speed up payments to developing
Assembly will be held in Luanda 28                countries.
November-3 December                               http://eur-
2009.                                             lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=
http://www.afriquejet.com/news/africa-            SEC:2009:0477:FIN:EN:PDF
news/acp-eu-meeting-for-luanda-in-
november-2009041225401.html                       Irish Aid funding falls by one fifth. Irish
                                                  Times. 8 April 2009
Contributions invited to consultation on          Severe cuts to the overseas aid budget mean
the European Report on Development
                                                  the Government has reneged on its
The voices of European development
researchers are set to have a new platform        commitments to the developing world out of
from this year. September will see the launch     political expediency, aid agencies said today.
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



Responding angrily to the latest cut of €100       coming out of this package on how to
million announced in yesterday‟s budget,           support developing countries in dealing with
Dóchas, an umbrella group representing 40          climate change, on stopping tax evasion or
organisations in the sector, insisted that lives   on coping with the effects of trade policies,"
                                                   said Alexandre Polack, ActionAid head of
would be lost and the Government‟s
                                                   European Policy and Campaigns. The
reputation damaged as a result.                    European Confederation of Development
http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breakin        NGOs, CONCORD, said the strategy "falls far
g/2009/0408/breaking46.htm                         short of what is needed".
                                                   http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
EC Communication on EU support to                  o?reference=IP/09/550&format=HTML&aged
developing countries in coping with the            =0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
global economic crisis.
8 April 2009.                                      34 percent of Tanzania 2009/10 budget
This EC press release looks at how Europe          from external sources via direct budget
can support developing countries in coping         support, loans and grants.
with the crisis. First, by keeping aid promises.   Reuters. 08.04.09
Second by frontloading and refocusing              Donors will give Tanzania about $470 million
existing commitments on the most                   for its 2009/10 (July-June) budget and the
vulnerable. The Commission is frontloading         World Bank will give another $220 million to
€3 billion or 72% of its foreseen budget           help counter the global economic slump
support to ACP nations thereby ensuring that       http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE
social spending is not forsaken when most          5370JQ20090408?feedType=RSS&feedNam
needed. An ad hoc "FLEX" instrument will act       e=topNews
counter-cyclically to compensate those
developing countries worst hit by falling          The latest issue of the CONCORD Flash.
export revenues as world                           1 April 2009.
trade contracts. It will be on stream before the   Reports the February news from the
end of 2009, directing at least €500 million to    European NGO Confederation for Relief and
allow developing countries to continue social      Development.
safety net spending. This is in addition to the    http://trialog-information-
€1 billion "food facility" adopted prior to the    service.blogspot.com/2009/04/latest-concord-
G20, ?800 million of which will be made            flash.html
available this year. Overall, frontloading by
the European Commission should bring               Changes in ODA due to global financial
forward €4.3 billion resources to 2009.            downturn. Focus on New Member States
Finally, the EU has taken the lead in making       NGDO platforms.
existing aid more effective                        Trialogue. March 2009.
http://www.acp-eu-                                 http://trialog-information-
trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu     service.blogspot.com/2009/04/report-
age=en&library_detail_id=4995                      changes-in-oda-due-to-global.html

EC first to act on G20 with strategy to            Revision of the ACP-EU Partnership
support developing countries.
                                                   Agreement EU negotiation directives. 13
EC Press Release. 08.04.09
A range of actions which the EU can take           February 2009.
now to help developing countries weather the       The partially declassified version of the
ongoing economic crisis. Though some of the        above-mentioned document.
measures were welcomed by NGOs, aid                http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s
agencies said they fell short of what is           t06/st06389-ex01.en09.pdf
needed, and did little to solve the problems
poor countries faced as a result of EU
policies such as hefty subsidies for its farm      International Development
exports. "We have not seen any useful ideas
                                                   Effectiveness
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                           17 April 2009



                                                   What is an authentic African? To feed into
History vindicates the science of                  the aid effectiveness debate. Chris
muddling through. FT. 14 April 2009                Blattman's Blog. 6 April 2009.
The root method required comprehensive             To get at my meaning, a better word than
evaluation of options in the light of defined      "authentic" is probably "original". Surely a
objectives. The branch method involved             lifetime working, living and politicking in Africa
building out, step-by-step and by small            affords African intellectuals a perspective
degrees, from the current situation. The “root     different than that of their Western
method” is similar to what Karl Popper called      counterparts? It would be nice to hear more
“utopian social engineering” while the “branch     of those voices and views. And he provides
method” was what Popper called “piecemeal          examples.
democratic reform.” See William Easterly in        http://chrisblattman.blogspot.com/2009/04/wh
his blog                                           at-is-authentic-african.html
http://blogs.nyu.edu/fas/dri/aidwatch/2009/04/
the_50th_anniversary_of_the_an.html where          EU Council agrees to hold EU-ACP EPA
he says "In foreign aid, Lindblom‟s work           Summit. And on CPA Revision and
influenced me a lot in formulating a distinction   migration and development issues.
                                                   06.04.09
between “planners” (who want to
                                                   http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_
comprehensively change everything at once)         Data/docs/pressData/en/jha/107164.pdf
and “searchers” (who look for incremental
improvements one step at a time). The “root        NGOs should let aid recipients decide how
method” has always been more politically           money is spent.
popular in aid circles than the “branch            guardian.co.uk. 06.04.09
method”, even though we rich people follow         NGOs need to spend less time and money
the branch method in policymaking in our           telling people how to behave and more on
own societies."                                    what people actually want.
                                                   http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/katineblog/
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/adab4a7c-2927-
                                                   2009/apr/06/community-involvement
11de-bc5e-00144feabdc0.html
                                                   Budget Support. Eleven
Africa is making progress, but the pace is         recommendations. Inwent. Development
still slow, says the 2009 MDGs Report.             and CooperationInternational
9 April 2009.                                      Journal. 04.09
The 2009 Report on Assessing Progress              In view of the risks inherent in budget support
towards Attaining the Millennium                   and after considering the first empirical
Development Goals (MDGs) in Africa‟s region        results, experts from the Konrad-Adenauer-
acknowledges progress on a few goals,              Stiftung, a Christian-Democrat think tank in
including labour productivity, primary             Germany, make a series of suggestions for
education enrolment and gender parity.             improvement. They think Germany‟s Federal
http://www.uneca.org/eca_resources/Press_          Government should more strongly influence
Releases/2009_pressreleases/pressrelease1          the international development debate. Goals
709.htm                                            like democracy, the rule of law and fighting
                                                   poverty cannot take a back seat because of
The G20 deal. Good for world, not so good          fiduciary challenges or simplistic notions of
for Africa.                                        efficiency. Focusing on just a few partners
The GEG Blog. 06.04.09                             could further contribute to underscoring the
Kevin Watkins                                      responsibility of individual actors.
http://www.globaleconomicgovernance.org/bl         http://www.inwent.org/ez/articles/092491/inde
og/2009/04/the-g20-deal-%e2%80%93-good-            x.en.shtml
for-world-not-so-good-for-africa/
                                                   EU Budget support. A double-edged
                                                   sword.
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



Development and Cooperation                       development”.
International Journal. 04.09                      http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/03/31/n
The EC favours budget support as an               ew-report-identifies-dfid-as-
innovative aid modality. The approach can         %e2%80%9cdevelopment-world-
certainly boost endogenous development, but       leader%e2%80%9d/
there are concerns that it may become a new
way of imposing donor conditionalities.           Aid, Rents and the Politics of the Budget
Nicaragua is facing suspension of EC aid,         Process.
because the EC questions the legitimacy of        IDS. 2008.
recent municipal elections. But it is doubtful    By Andrés Mejía Acosta and Paolo de
that blocking aid will strengthen democracy.      Renzio. This paper analyses the impact of
By Cecilia Alemany and Mónica Mongabure           political institutions and budget procedures
http://www.inwent.org/ez/articles/092490/inde     on budget governance in aid- and resource-
x.en.shtml                                        dependent countries.
                                                  http://www.ntd.co.uk/idsbookshop/details.asp
Global Future Analysis. Planck. April 2009        ?id=1055
Describes the causes and impact (effects and
dangers) of eight global crises that currently
occur/grow in the same short period of time       Financing for Development
(only five years) in times where (and also
because) population and purchase power            International Summit. Outlook Africa.
(=wealth) steady grow to higher levels. The       Investing in Africa's growth and health.
Credit Crisis, the Energy Crisis, the Water       29-30.04.09
Crisis, the Mineral Crisis and the by these 4     Co-organisers: Friends of Europe, Total, the
basic crisis caused other crisis as the Food      World Bank and Gallup
                                                  http://europafrica.net/2009/04/01/friends-of-
Crisis, the stagflation/Economic Crisis, the
                                                  europe-event-outlook-africa-investing-in-
Currency Crisis, the Governmental Crisis and      africa%e2%80%99s-growth-and-health/
the Geopolitical Crisis.
http://www.google.be/url?sa=U&start=1&q=ht        Four more countries commit to OECD tax
tp://www.planck.org/downloads/Global-             standards.
Future-Analysis-Situation-                        OECD report. 07.04.09
2008.pdf&ei=3drlSeK4D9TG-                         The progress report issued by the OECD on
QbilrX_CA&usg=AFQjCNFbt7iAB0RnLf-                 2 April, following the G20 London Summit,
n3pRs4lQtXhTcVQ                                   shows progress in the implementation of the
                                                  standard on exchange of information for tax
ECD Ministers call for Regional                   purposes. The OECD will now work in
Responses to Global Crisis. 31.03.09              the framework of its Committee on Fiscal
Ministers responsible for regional                Affairs and the Global Forum with all
development met at OECD to discuss the            jurisdictions concerned on the
serious impact of the financial crisis on urban   implementation of these commitments,
and rural regions and suggest ways to             speeding up the process of concluding and
stimulate the economy.                            negotiating tax information exchange
http://www.oecd.org/document/41/0,3343,en_        agreements, achieving a swift and effective
2649_34487_42475049_1_1_1_1,00.html               implementation, reviewing our Global Forum,
                                                  and engaging developing countries.
New report identifies DFID as                     http://www.oecd.org/document/0/0,3343,en_2
“development world leader”.                       649_34487_42521280_1_1_1_1,00.html
African Press Organizatio. 31.03.09
The Capability Review of the Department for       G20 aid pledges must be more than just
International Development identifies the          hot air.
department as a top-performing government         FT. 05.04.09
department and “a world leader in the field of    Most donor countries reneging on ODA
                     Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



promises. This caution is not a counsel of
despair. It is a recognition that the worth of     Gouvernance du développement durable
the G20 will be proved not in the pressure of      Programme Séminaire 2009
a communiqué drafting room in London but in        http://www.google.be/url?q=http://www.iddri.o
decisions taken in months to come in the           rg/Activites/Ateliers/09_SeminaireGouvernan
parliaments and congresses, finance and
                                                   ceDD_Programme.pdf&ei=7b_lSYidJYXC-
trade ministries, presidential offices and
prime ministerial studies of the world.            AbwrMGECQ&sa=X&oi=spellmeleon_result&
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/f5c52598-2225-           resnum=1&ct=result&usg=AFQjCNGU_TmWi
11de-8380-00144feabdc0.html                        0yZO9pnSntr--IZTJD3VA

African hails G20 progress. FT. 02.04.09           The Evolution of European Development
G20 agreed Africa proposal for IMF to sell         Cooperation. Taking the Change Agenda
part of its gold reserves to finance a 37bn        Forward. Overseas Development Institute
rescue package for low-income countries.           Conference. 29 April 2009. (ODI)
Poor countries should also benefit from a          09:30 - 12:30. Venue: London. This is a
$250bn increase in the IMF‟s special               momentous year for EU development
drawing rights, the fund‟s reserve currency,
                                                   cooperation. In 2009, against the backdrop of
about 7 per cent of which could accrue to
Africa.                                            the financial crisis, the EU faces major
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/30716b96-1fd0-           changes and choices – the result of elections
11de-a1df-00144feabdc0.html                        to the European Parliament, the appointment
                                                   of a new European Commission, the potential
The End of ODA. Death and Rebirth of a             final ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and the
Global Public Policy.                              results of the fundamental budget review. As
Center for Global Development. 25.03.09            a regional organisation with a world-wide
In this paper, Jean-Michel Severino and            presence, the world‟s largest single market,
Olivier Ray describe shifts in the objectives of
                                                   the world‟s largest aid donor and the main
overseas development assistance (ODA)
                                                   trading partner of most developing countries,
over time and conclude that it is time to put
the concept itself to bed in favor of what they    the EU is an essential pillar of development.
propose should be called “Global Policy            But how do we maximise the impact of EU
Finance.”                                          development cooperation and how can it
http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/det      respond to the challenges and opportunities
ail/1421419                                        of a global financial crisis that threatens to put
                                                   50 million people back into extreme poverty
                                                   by the end of the year.
EU Development Effectiveness                       http://www.odi.org.uk/events/details.asp?id=4
                                                   88&title=evolution-european-development-
Contributions invited to consultation on           cooperation-taking-change-agenda-forward
the European Report on Development
The voices of European development                 Belgian government, DGCD, Development
researchers are set to have a new platform         Cooperation Assises 2009 Brussels 5 to 6
from this year. September                          May 2009.
will see the launch of the European Report on      https://assises.regware.be/
Development, aiming to work alongside the
well established World Bank and UN                 Europe Third World (ETW) is an
development reports. The title of the first
                                                   association composed of civil servants
report will be "Development in a context of
fragility: Focus on Africa". Researchers who       from the European institutions which co-
would like to contribute to the consultation on    finance projects in developing countries.
the report can join the discussion at a number     The financial contributions of its 600
of conferences during the coming months.           members allow ETW to (co)finance projects
http://erd.eui.eu/                                 in the poorest countries, in areas such as
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                          17 April 2009



food production, small-scale production of          http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s
goods, training, microcredit, improvements to       t08/st08695-ad03.en09.pdf
living conditions (infrastructure, water,
electricity, transport, etc.). Projects try to      EC Working Paper on Aid Effectiveness
involve local beneficiaries as much as              after Accra.Where does the EU stand and
possible. ETW co-finances projects which are        What more do we need to do? 8 April 2009
then taken on, controlled and followed-up by        Commission Staff Working Paper
NGOs which are active on the field.                 accompanying the Communication from the
http://www.europethirdworld.eu/                     Commission to the European Parliament, the
                                                    Council, the European Economic and Social
EC Communication on EU support to                   Committee and the Committee of the Regions
developing countries in coping with the             - Supporting developing countries in coping
global economic crisis.                             with the crisis - Aid Effectiveness after Accra -
8 April 2009.                                       Where does the EU stand and What more do
This EC press release looks at how Europe
                                                    we need to do?
can support developing countries in coping
with the crisis. First, by keeping aid promises.    http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s
Second by frontloading and refocusing               t08/st08695-ad02.en09.pdf
existing commitments on the most
vulnerable. The Commission is frontloading          EC Communication on Supporting
?3 billion or 72% of its foreseen budget            developing countries in coping with the
support to ACP nations thereby ensuring that        crisis. 8 April 2009
social spending is not forsaken when most           Communication from the Commission to the
needed. An ad hoc "FLEX" instrument will            European Parliament, the Council, the
act counter-cyclically to compensate those          European Economic and Social Committee
developing countries worst hit by falling
                                                    and the Committee of the Regions -
export revenues as world trade contracts. It
will be on stream before the end of 2009,           Supporting developing countries in coping
directing at least €500 million to allow            with the crisis
developing countries to continue social safety      http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s
net spending. This is in addition to the €1         t08/st08695.en09.pdf
billion "food facility" adopted prior to the G20,
€800 million of which will be made available        EC first to act on G20 with strategy to
this year. Overall, frontloading by the             support developing countries.
European Commission should bring forward            EC Press Release. 08.04.09
€4.3 billion resources to 2009. Finally, the EU     A range of actions which the EU can take
has taken the lead in making                        now to help developing countries weather the
existing aid more effective                         ongoing economic crisis. Though some of the
http://www.acp-eu-                                  measures were welcomed by NGOs, aid
trade.org/library/library_detail.php?doc_langu      agencies said they fell short of what is
age=en&library_detail_id=4995                       needed, and did little to solve the problems
                                                    poor countries faced as a result of EU
EC Communication on Millennium                      policies such as hefty subsidies for its farm
Development Goals, Impact of the                    exports. "We have not seen any useful ideas
Financial Crisis on Developing Countries.           coming out of this package on how to
                                                    support developing countries in dealing with
8 April 2009
                                                    climate change, on stopping tax evasion or
http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/09/s     on coping with the effects of trade policies,"
t08/st08695-ad04.en09.pdf                           said Alexandre Polack, ActionAid head of
                                                    European Policy and Campaigns. The
EC Annual progress report 2009 on                   European Confederation of Development
financing for development. 8 April 2009             NGOs, CONCORD, said the strategy "falls far
                                                    short of what is needed".
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                    17 April 2009



http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d      es/capability-review-09.asp
o?reference=IP/09/550&format=HTML&aged
=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                     Aprodev, CIDSE, Caritas Montly EU News
                                                  newsletter. March 2009
The latest issue of the CONCORD Flash.            http://www.caritas-
1 April 2009.                                     europa.org/module/FileLib/News2Feb-
Reports the February news from the
                                                  March09Final.pdf
European NGO Confederation for Relief and
Development.
http://trialog-information-                       EU Coordination, Complementarity and
service.blogspot.com/2009/04/latest-concord-
                                                  Coherence (3Cs) and Division of
flash.html
                                                  Labour
Prosperity without Growth?
UK Sustainable Development                        EC Development Commissioner proposes
Commission. April 2009.                           to introduce Policy Coherence for
The Commission proposes twelve steps              Development training for
towards a sustainable economy and argues          Commissioners.
for a redefinition of "prosperity" in line with   EU Coherence. 8 April 2009.
evidence about what contributes to people‟s       http://www.eucoherence.org/renderer.do/clea
wellbeing. The Commission intends to              rState/false/menuId/313375/returnPage/2273
generate discussion and debate                    04/itemId/578440/instanceId/313389/pageId/
on the challenges on the issues that              313375/
Prosperity without Growth? raises.
http://www.sd-                                    European Commission and World Bank
commission.org.uk/pages/redefining-               Group sign new agreement on trust funds.
prosperity.html                                   EC Press Release. 20 March 2009
                                                  President José Manuel Barroso and
                                                  President Robert Zoellick signed a new
EC Staff Working Document on internal
                                                  Framework Agreement today (20 March) in
quality support group                             Brussels, enabling the Commission to co-
Progress Report on second-generation              finance trust funds set up by the World Bank
Country Strategy Papers 2007-8-2013. 30           Group.
March 2009                                        http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
http://eur-                                       o?reference=MEMO/09/124&format=HTML&
lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=       aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
SEC:2009:0431:FIN:FR:PDF

New report identifies UK DFID as                  Migration and Development
development world leader.
DFID. 24.03.09                                    EU Council agrees to hold EU-ACP EPA
DFID's Capability Review, published today,        Summit. And on CPA Revision and
identifies the department as a top-performing     migration and development issues.
government department and "a world leader         06.04.09
in the field of development". The report states   http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_
that DFID has "impressive leadership" and a       Data/docs/pressData/en/jha/107164.pdf
"clear vision", with the ability to "facilitate
fresh thinking" on more effective models of
international aid delivery. The report also       Climate Change and Development
highlights some clear and immediate
challenges for supporting developing              EC DG Trade meeting with civil society to
countries and maintaining public support          discuss Trade and Climate Change on 13
during the global economic downturn.              May 2009
http://www.dfid.gov.uk/news/files/pressreleas     15:00 ? 17:30. Location: Centre Albert
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



Borschette room AB-0B, Rue Froissart 36,          http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
1049 BruxellesCLOSING                             o?reference=IP/09/520&format=HTML&aged
DATE FOR REGISTRATION: 12/05/2009 at              =0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
12:00. The purpose of the meeting is to get
civil society's views and input on the link       EC White Paper outlining actions needed
between trade and climate change and on           to strengthen EU resilience in coping with
how trade instruments can contribute to           a changing climate.
tackling climate change objectives.               EC Press release. 1 April 2009.
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/civilsoc/meetdetails.   Recent findings indicate that the impacts of
cfm?meet=11292                                    climate change will be swifter and more
                                                  severe than indicated by the
Climate change. Keys to a concerted               Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
policy shift.                                     in their 2007 report. Europe will not escape
European Policy Summit. 23 June 2009.             these effects and must therefore prepare to
http://www.friendsofeurope.org/Events/tabid/4     cope with them. The impact of climate
52/EventType/EventView/EventId/388/Climat         change will have varying regional
echangeKeystoaconcertedpolicyshift.aspx           implications meaning that most adaptation
                                                  measures will need to be taken nationally and
EC seminar on climate change. The Road            regionally. The framework presented by the
to Copenhagen.                                    Commission sets out a two-phase strategic
6 April 2009                                      approach to adapting to the impacts
Speech by Member of the European                  of climate change in the EU which
Commission, responsible for Environment           complements actions taken by Member
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d      States through an integrated and
o?reference=SPEECH/09/176&format=HTML             coordinated approach.
&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
                                                  o?reference=IP/09/519&format=HTML&aged
EU Council adopts climate-energy                  =0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
legislative package. 06.04.09
Containing measures to fight climate change       Questions and Answers on the EC White
and promote renewable energy. This                Paper on climate change adaptation.
package is designed to achieve the EU's           EC Press Release. 1 April 2009
overall environmental target of a 20 %            http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
reduction in greenhouse gases and a 20 %          o?reference=MEMO/09/145&format=HTML&
share of renewable energy in the EU's total       aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
energy consumption by 2020.
http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_        Is climate change now fast outstripping
Data/docs/pressData/en/misc/107136.pdf            climate policy? Europe's World. Spring
                                                  2009
EC and Industry agree swift                       If it‟s true that the latest scientific evidence
implementation of public private                  shows the EU?s climate goals are woefully
partnerships in Research and Innovation.          inadequate, should there be an EU policy re-
1 April 2009.                                     think, or is that politically unrealistic?
On the eve of the G20, where the different        http://www.europesworld.org/NewEnglish/Ho
plans for economic recovery will be               me/Article/tabid/191/ArticleType/ArticleView/A
discussed, EU Commissioner                        rticleID/21370/language/en-
for Science and Research Janez Potocnik,          US/Isclimatechangenowfastoutstrippingclimat
today agreed with high-level representatives      epolicy.aspx
of the automotive, construction and
manufacturing sectors that smart investments      EC proposal for EU Directives on energy
in clean technologies should be made within       labelling of household appliances.
a public private partnership framework. They      25 March 2009
recognized the importance of coordination of      Televisions, washing machines and
such investments at EU level.                     dishwashers.
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d      glocalisation.
o?reference=MEMO/09/144&format=HTML&              17 April 2009.
aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                 Brussels. Wageningen International.
                                                  Glocalization refers to the simultaneous
EU should increase use of wood to tackle          interaction whereby the global affects local
climate change urges EESC.                        circumstances, and local events have global
EESC Press Release. 25 March 2009.                impacts. This process of Glocalization has
During its plenary session on 24 and 25           been deeply visible in international food
March 2009, the European Economic and             trade. Agriculture both affects and is affected
Social Committee (EESC) adopted an                by global warming with the latter having a
exploratory opinion, which underlines the         universal public good trait. Local concerns
importance of forests in the fight against        about environmental sustainability influence
climate change. The opinion highlights the        food consumption patterns, which in turn
important role of forests and wood-based          affect global market access, level of
products as a cost-effective measure to           international food trade, and related
tackle climate change and proposes that the       income. Local food production and
EU expands considerably its use of                processing have global impact on climate
sustainably produced wood. The Committee          change and on currently local food output
also urges the EU to take the lead in             level is affected by climate change. Hence,
sustainable forest management worldwide.          having an effective and efficient food supply
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d      chain in terms of food safety, food security,
o?reference=CES/09/36&format=HTML&age             and sustainable ecosystem is paramount to
d=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                    the “smooth” functioning of international food
                                                  trade as well as addressing vulnerabilities
Climate change. How to report the story of        and exploit opportunities adequately.
the century.                                      http://www.cdic.wur.nl/UK/newsagenda/agen
James Fahn, Earth Journalism Network.             da/Glocalization_in_Food_Trade.htm
23 March 2009
Research for Development. Reporting on            G8 warns of hunger threat to stability.
climate change. It discusses how to research      FT. 06.04.09
the science of climate change; the need to        By Javier Blas. The world faces a permanent
communicate the uncertainty; how to sell the      food crisis and global instability unless
story and make it both appealing and              countries act now to feed a surging
accurate; and how to give a local focus to this   population by doubling agricultural output, a
global issue.                                     report drafted for ministers of the Group of
http://www.research4development.info/news.        Eight nations has warned.
asp?ArticleID=50390                               http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/164de0fa-22e1-
                                                  11de-9c99-00144feabdc0.html
Reports from Bonn Climate Change Talks.
UNFCCC. 03.09                                     Le droit à l’alimentation débattu à
http://unfccc.int/meetings/intersessional/bonn    l’Assemblée Gén. des NU. 06.04.09
_09/items/4753.php                                L‟Assemblée Générale des Nations Unies a
                                                  tenu un dialogue interactif sur le droit à
NGO analysis of EU Council conclusions            l‟alimentation ce lundi 6 avril, dans le
on post 2012 Climate Change agreement.            contexte de la crise alimentaire mondiale.
EU News. Aprodev, CIDSE, Caritas.                 http://www.srfood.org/index.php/fr/component
http://www.caritas-                               /content/article/1-latest-news/116-the-right-to-
europa.org/module/FileLib/News2Feb-               food-debated-at-the-un-general-assembly
March09Final.pdf
                                                  Interactive thematic dialogue of the U.N.
                                                  General Assembly on the global food
Food Security / Agriculture                       crisis and the right to food.
                                                  United Nations General Assembly.
International food crisis meeting on              Concept note. 6 April 2009
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                          17 April 2009



http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/      Cooperation. 30.03.09
SNAA-7QU2ZP?OpenDocument                           Gunilla Carlsson. Environmental effects and
                                                   climate change hit the poorest people
Interactive Thematic Dialogue of the UN            hardest, as they have the greatest difficulty
General Assembly on the Global Food                adapting to change - The Minister articulates
Crisis and the Right to Food                       how Sweden and EU are working to support
6 April 2009                                       the most vulnerable in the world.
Statements, documents, presentations and           http://www.egovmonitor.com/node/24344
webcasts from the conference
http://secint50.un.org/ga/president/63/interacti   UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to
ve/globalfoodcrisis.shtml                          Food, new website.
                                                   The Office of the UN Special Rapporteur on
Souveraineté Alimentaire. Bulletin de              the Right to Food has launched a to track
veille.                                            developments in the large number of areas
2 avril 2009                                       that impact on the right to food: international
African voice on food security.                    trade and the role of agribusinesses, food aid
http://www.inter-                                  and development cooperation, access to land
reseaux.org/IMG/pdf/bdvsa6.pdf                     and the rights of land users, access to inputs
                                                   for agriculture and intellectual property rights,
EC Agriculture Commissioner on                     legislative frameworks implementing the right
Developments in the CAP since 2004.                to food, the impact of climate change on the
EC. 31 March 2009.                                 right to food.
Session of Agriculture Committee of the            http://www.srfood.org/index.php/fr
European Parliament
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d       New Food and Agriculture Organisation
o?reference=SPEECH/09/164&format=HTML              food price database launched.
&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                 FAO. 19 March 2009.
                                                   Interactive internet tool covers 55 countries -
                                                   shows food prices locally have yet to fall
EU Food Facility. Overview of                      http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/10693/i
Programming. 30.03.09                              code/
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
o?reference=MEMO/09/138&format=HTML&
aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                  INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

EU ?1 billion Food Facility for developing
countries. EC adopts overall plan and first        EU Common Foreign and Security
implementation decision. 30.03.09                  Policy – The EU’s Role in the World
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
o?reference=IP/09/490&format=HTML&aged
                                                   Regional Governance in a Global Context.
=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
                                                   EC conference. 11-12 May 2009
                                                   The conference will bring together
FAO says aid needs to be directed back to          representatives from countries such as Brazil,
agriculture.                                       Russia and China, as well as regional
Reuters. 30.03.09                                  groupings such as Mercosur, UEMOA and
Food security still a problem as hunger rises.     the African Union that are seeking to achieve
http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE      similar goals. A key issue for both the
52T0D120090330?feedType=RSS&feedNam                national and the supra national level is the
e=topNews&pageNumber=1&virtualBrandCh              organisation of systems of governance
annel=0                                            capable of implementing regional
                                                   development policies. As well as examining
Sweden Investing over a billion in climate-        the EU's experience in this field the
proof development assistance.                      conference will look at ways of sharing
Minister for International Development
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                          17 April 2009



experience in cross border co-operation            multilateralism. 14 April 2009
and the role of European regions in fostering      Reforms of multilateral institutions to make
direct partnerships with regions in the rest of    them stronger and more effective are vital.
the world.                                         The EU is determined to play our part in
http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/conferenc      contributing to a more constructive climate in
es/globalreggov/index_en.htm                       the UN, and encouraging open and postive
                                                   debate. We must focus on solutions – not
Europe and China Strategic Dialogue                problems. We will continue to engage with
International Conference.                          partners from all over the world, to better
Friends of Europe. 19 May 2009                     understand their concerns, and see how we
This conference forms part of a series of          can advance together. Reform is not a
Strategic Dialogues on the political, economic     prerogative of one or another group – it is
and security relationships that Europe is          necessary for all. We believe the economic
building internationally. The event will           crisis offers us an opportunity to re-tune the
examine how policymakers in Brussels and           institution and make it fit for the 21st century.
Beijing see the new global order and what          As the American writer, Charles R. Swindoll
obstacles remain in the way of EU-China            put it, “We are faced with a series of great
links comparable to those across the Atlantic      opportunities brilliantly disguised as
between Europe and the US. The event is            impossible situations”. The UN can count on
organised in collaboration with the                the EU‟s support to turn the just quoted
Security & Defence Agenda (SDA), the               “impossible” situations into indeed great
European Commission Directorate General            opportunities, and so strengthening it for its
for External Relations, the China Institute of     vital role in today‟s interconnected world.
International Studies (CIIS), the Financial        http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
Times, and with the support of Publicis            o?reference=SPEECH/09/179&format=HTML
Consultants, and will alternate yearly             &aged=...
between venues in Brussels and Beijing.
http://www.friendsofeurope.org/Events/tabid/4      European Report on Development
52/EventType/EventView/EventId/389/Europe          Workshop.
andChina.aspx                                      Florence. 16-17 April 2009
                                                   On “Transforming Political Structures:
Making the difference. Strengthening               Security, Institutions and Regional Integration
capacities to respond to crises and                Mechanisms”
security threats.                                  http://erd.eui.eu/?page_id=1037
EC Conference. 3-4 June 2009.
Brussels. The conference is intended to            On 15 April 2009 European Parliament
generate ideas on how to strengthen the            political groups will join EESC members
European Union‟s capacity                          to discuss proposals for the challenges
to respond to short term crises and long term      facing the European Union.
threats. The conference will also look at          The EESC's Programme for Europe:
lessons learned from the most important            Proposals of Civil Society is a strategic
contemporary crises and how an improved            document offering concrete proposals for the
cooperation between all crisis responders in       challenges facing the European Union. It was
Europe can improve our results and make the        adopted during the Committee's latest
difference. A report of the conference             plenary session on 24 March 2009 and
proceedings will be issued and you are             suggests a blueprint for building a
invited to submit contributions for inclusion in   knowledge-based and communications
this compendium. The conference will take          society, strengthening Europe's industrial
place in Charlemagne Building, Rue de la Loi       basis, reducing CO 2 emissions and
170, Brussels.                                     reshaping the structures of European
http://www.making-the-difference.eu/               governance. Will discuss issues relating to
                                                   economic recovery, fundamental rights and
European Commissioner for External                 the European social model, sustainable
Relations calls for effective                      development and European governance.
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                        17 April 2009



http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d         American and Caribbean Economists Call
o?reference=CES/09/41&format=HTML&age                For UN to Take the Lead to Address Global
d=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                       Economic; Will the Financial Crisis Widen the
                                                     North-South Gap in IP?
Laying the Foundations of a European                 http://www.southcentre.org/index.php?option
Foreign Economic Policy. Towards a                   =com_content&task=view&id=989&Itemid=1
European Foreign Economic Policy.
6 April 2009                                         In some ways, the European Defence
EC Economic Policy Commissioner for                  Agency is stronger than NATO.
Economic and Monetary Policy DG ECFIN                Europe's World. Spring 2009.
Seminar "Towards a European Foreign                  The fledgeling EDA is not yet five years old,
Economic Policy. Brussels, 6 April 2009              whereas NATO is 60. But Vlasta Parkanová,
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d         Defence Minister of the Czech Republic,
o?reference=SPEECH/09/175&format=HTML                points out to the areas where the agency is
&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en                   achieving things the alliance never could,
                                                     and calls for greater synergies between the
How to save the market economy in                    two.
Europe.                                              http://www.europesworld.org/NewEnglish/Ho
FT. 05.04.09                                         me/Article/tabid/191/ArticleType/ArticleView/A
Europe must seize the chance to get the best         rticleID/21340/language/en-
out of competing economic models and firm            US/InsomewaystheEuropeanDefenceAgencyi
up market integration by moderating tax              sstrongerthanNATO.aspx
competition, writes Mario Monti -
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/4e78b1f0-220d-             French President seeks peace role in
11de-8380-00144feabdc0.html                          Africa.
                                                     FT. 25.03.09
What the French revolution can teach                 By Ben Hall and Barney Jopson
America.                                             http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/602aa7b2-1963-
FT. 02.04.09                                         11de-9d34-0000779fd2ac.html
Lessons Mr Obama can learn from the
French king‟s failure to manage dissent. He          Global Afghan war exposes flaws in Nato
must not fall prey to populism. His goal is to       unity. Quentin Peel. FT. 07.04.09
save the economy, not punish the bankers. At         Europe knows the war in Afghanistan is the
the same time, he must not be seen to                ultimate test for the relevance of the Nato
have too much sympathy for the world of              alliance.
finance and its excesses or to cut himself off       http://www.ft.com/world/global-economy
from the suffering of his people. If he fails, the
corporate laws of today will face the same           Operating in insecure environments.
fate as the ancien régime rights of yesterday.       House of Commons. 03.09
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/ea9c0da6-1fa7-             http://www.parliament.the-stationery-
11de-a1df-00144feabdc0.html                          office.com/pa/cm200809/cmselect/cmpubacc/
                                                     334/33402.htm
South Centre South Bulletin. Global
Economic Reforms in the Interest of the              Policy Brief: concepts of peacebuilding
South needed.                                        and state building - how compatible are
April 2009                                           they?
Inside this issue: What the South Wants in a         German Development Institute. 03.09
Reformed International Financial and                 http://www.die-gdi.de/CMS-
Economic Architecture;                               Homepage/openwebcms3.nsf/(ynDK_content
China‟s View on Reforming the International          ByKey)/ANES-
Monetary System; Need for Africa to Re-think         7QFEXK?Open&nav=expand:Publikationen%
the EPAs in Light of the Economic Crisis;            5CManuskripte%20%25F6ffentlich;active:Pub
Developing Countries' Response to the                likationen%5CManuskripte%20%25F6ffentlic
Global Economic Crisis; 1,500 Latin                  h%5CANES-7QFEXK
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                         17 April 2009



                                                  LSE and UGhent. 04.09
Concepts and Dilemmas of State Building           Finds that measures to trace minerals to
in Fragile Situations. From fragility to          ensure they are not funding violence,
resilience.                                       although well-intentioned, would likely do
OECD. 2008.                                       more harm than good. The study
http://www.google.be/url?sa=U&start=1&q=ht        recommended an active engagement with
tp://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/59/51/41100930.        mineral traders that would allow the sector to
pdf&ei=gPLRSYqPBIOv-Abt-                          come under government regulation, boosting
sHUBA&usg=AFQjCNF8LzuzOQwTaAE_tpIz                tax revenues to cash-strapped Congo's state
qXR-y6kyNQ                                        coffers. It warned that punitive measures,
                                                  such as trade sanctions, risked driving the
                                                  trade further underground while doing little to
                                                  curb violence.Congo's copper, cobalt and
                                                  diamond industries are already suffering from
Conflict, Peace-building, Security and
                                                  the impact of the global economic downturn,
Development                                       which has seen dozens of mining
                                                  companies close up shop and lay off workers
European Report on Development                    amid a drop in world demand for mineral
Conference. Accra. 21-23 May 2009                 exports. Around 300,000 informal miners
Conference on “Financial markets, adverse         have already been left jobless by the
shocks and coping strategies in fragile           economic downturn in southern mineral-rich
countries”                                        Katanga province alone, according to
http://erd.eui.eu/?page_id=837                    provincial authorities.
                                                  http://www.resourceglobal.co.uk/index.php?o
Developments and Challenges in the                ption=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid
Operationalization of the African Standby         =70&Itemid=41
Force. An Insider's Perspective.
8 April 2009                                      Conflict management in Africa. Who
Summary Report: ISS/APSTA Seminar,                cares?
Addis Ababa                                       ISPI Policy Brief. 04.09
http://www.issafrica.org/dynamic/administratio    Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale
n/file_manager/file_links/080409ASFSEMRE          http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/euforichighligh
P.PDF?link_id=5391&slink_id=7555&link_typ
                                                  ts/~3/dYeXU0WO7Ho/PB_117_2009.pdf
e=12&slink_type=13&tmpl_id=3
                                                  Peacekeepers-for-Hire? Not so Fast,
RD Congo. La situation est aussi grave
                                                  Critics Warn.
que l’année dernière.
                                                  IPS. 30.03.09
Oxfam. 7 April 2009
                                                  By Haider Rizvi. Is the U.N. willing to emulate
« La violence en RD Congo a disparu du
                                                  the U.S. model of engaging private defence
radar médiatique. Pourtant, la situation sur le
                                                  and security firms in dealing with issues of
terrain aujourd‟hui est malheureusement
                                                  war and peace?
aussi préoccupante qu‟à la fin de l?‟ dernière,
                                                  http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=46
même s‟il n‟y a plus de caméras
                                                  319
présentes pour en rendre compte. La guerre
est loin d‟être terminée pour les civils
                                                  International Conference on Great Lakes
congolais. N‟attendons pas 200 000 déplacés
                                                  Region, A regional approach on security,
de plus pour réagir ! » conclut Nicolas
                                                  stability and development.
Vercken.
                                                  ICGLR Memorandum for the Czech
http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/07/rd
                                                  Presidency of the EU. 31.03.09. EurAc, the
-congo-la-situation-est-aussi-grave-que-
                                                  network of European NGOs for Central
l%E2%80%99annee-derniere/
                                                  Africa.
                                                  http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/
The Regional Trade in Minerals from
                                                  FJTC-7QNGPC?OpenDocument
Eastern DR Congo.
                   Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



The EU and the Haitian peacebuilding
process.                                           20th Anniversary of the Fall of the Iron
FRIDE. 11.03.09                                    Curtain. A look back and a look forward.
By Julia Schünemann. In spite of some              EC Vice-President. 7 April 2009
generally acknowledged progress regarding          http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
the overall security climate in Haiti, stability   o?reference=SPEECH/09/178&format=HTML
and peace remain precarious. The peace             &aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
dividend has still not translated into real
livelihood improvement for the vast majority       US President urges EU to welcome
of Haitians who suffer severe levels of            Turkey.
deprivation in terms of human development          FT. 05.04.09
and human security. On the basis of a              And grant Turkey full admission to the EU as
comprehensive security concept, this paper         a way to build stronger ties to the Muslim
by Julia Schünemann, explores the EU's             world.
response to Haiti's situation of fragility and     http://www.ft.com/world/europe/brussels
suggests that the role of a security-informed
development actor is the most apparent             EU Enlargement Five Years on. A Balance
opportunity for the EU to contribute to the        Sheet and What Next. EU Commissioner
larger ongoing peacebuilding process in the        for Enlargement. 31.03.09
country.                                           http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
http://www.fride.org/publication-                  o?reference=SPEECH/09/158&format=HTML
newsletter/580/the-eu-and-the-haitian-             &aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
peacebuilding-process
                                                   EU Commissioner for Enlargement on
Peacekeeping in Africa.                            tackling economic downturn through EU-
Institute for Security Studies. 2009               Turkey partnership.
http://www.issafrica.org/index.php?link_id=3&      26 March 2009.
slink_id=7536&link_type=12&slink_type=12&t         European Business summit. EC Press
mpl_id=3                                           release
                                                   http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.d
                                                   o?reference=SPEECH/09/148&format=HTML
EU Enlargement - Neighborhood Policy               &aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en

Moldova crisis tests EU influence. FT. 15          EC Staff working document on EU
April 2009.                                        enlargement strategy and challenges. 20
The post-election crisis in Moldova is the         March 2009.
latest test of the European Union‟s capacity       http://eur-
to promote stability and prosperity in a clutch    lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=
of former Soviet republics situated between        SEC:2008:2698:FIN:EN:PDF
the EU‟s eastern border and Russia.
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/5281e858-29e1-
11de-9e56-00144feabdc0.html                        Joint Africa-EU Strategy

Turkish President lashes out at European           Europafrica Bulletin. 2 April 2009
critics.                                           http://europafrica.net/2007/04/06/europafrica-
FT. 08.04.09                                       bulletin-issue-24-2nd-april-2009-march-issue/
European criticism of Turkey‟s increasingly
assertive foreign policy is dangerous and          With African and European ministers
could hamper co-operation on some of the           meeting on 28 April 2009 to assess
biggest threats to western security, Turkish       progress of Joint Africa EU Strategy.
President Abdullah Gul has warned.                 Pambazuka. 9 April 2009
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/f5ad32ca-2429-           By Carmen Silvestre. She emphasises the
11de-9a01-00144feabdc0.html                        importance of the meeting for both African
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                          17 April 2009



and European civil society. Setting out the        African Union Chairman outlines African
background to the JAES and Human Rights            vision to 15 April 2009 AU Executive
Dialogue and civil society's participation,        Council meeting.
Silvestre argues that the meeting represents       More than 60 AU ministers and delegates
a key opportunity for groups from both
                                                   gathered for a one-day meeting in the Libyan
continents to discover areas of common
ground and find ways of influencing official       capital to hear Col Gaddafi outline in detail for
strategies and policy.                             the first time how his plan would work. He
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/com           proposed: • The current AU Executive
ment/55574                                         Council appoint a head secretary to be in
                                                   charge of the continent's foreign affairs • The
Le partenariat stratégique Afrique-Union           AU's economic development programme, the
européenne présenté aux parlementaires             New Partnership for Africa's Development
européens. ADDIS ABEBA, Ethiopie, 9                (Nepad), would oversee foreign trade • The
avril 2009                                         head of the AU's Peace and Security Council
http://www.africa-
                                                   would run the continent's defence matters
union.org/root/ua/actualites/2009/avr/pr%20%
20eu%20-%20auc%20%20parlemantaires-                http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8000761.stm
%206%20avril%20-
%20eng%208%2004%2009.doc                           African Ministers to Discuss
                                                   Transformation of AU Commission.
Africa-EU Strategic Partnership. Inter-            allAfrica.com. 15 April 2009
Parliamentarian Union meeting.                     http://allafrica.com/stories/200904140305.htm
Joint Press Communique. 6 April 2009               l
http://www.africa-
union.org/root/au/Conferences/2009/april/pr/       Studies on integration of NEPAD
CP%20CONJOINT%20AUC%20-                            framework into the African Union
%20EU%20-%20J.%20%20PING%20-                       structures completed by the end
%20EU%20PARLEMANTAIRES-                            of April 2009.
%206%20AVRIL%20-%20FRENCH%20-                      Addis Ababa, 27 March 2009 - The newly
%20FINAL.pdf                                       appointed Chief Executive Officer of the New
                                                   Partnership for Africa‟s Development
                                                   (NEPAD) has revealed.
                                                   http://www.uneca.org/eca_resources/news/20
African Union / NEPAD
                                                   09/090327nepad.html
The World Economic Forum on Africa will
be held in Cape Town, South Africa, from           African experts assess progress made
10 to 12 June 2009                                 towards attaining the millennium
With the support of the Government of South        development goals.
Africa. Over 700 of the most prominent             08-09.04.09
leaders from Africa and other parts of the         African Press Organization.
world will gather to deliberate under the          http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/07/af
theme “Implications of the Global Economic         rican-experts-assess-progress-made-
Crisis for Africa”. Faced with the prospect of a   towards-attaining-the-millennium-
prolonged economic slowdown, global                development-goals/
leaders are assessing the health and future
of their respective economies. The birth of a      African Union Commission Validation
new era is calling for an overhaul of              workshop for 2009 report on assessing
governance and financial systems and a             progress towards attaining the MDGs.
return to responsible and accountable              appablog. 07-08.04.09
leadership                                         http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/02/af
http://www.weforum.org/en/events/WorldEcon         rican-union-commission-validation-workshop-
omicForumonAfrica2009/index.htm                    for-the-2009-report-on-assessing-progress-
                                                   towards-attaining-the-millennium-
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                      17 April 2009



development-goals/                               http://www.capacity.org/en/content/view/full/5
                                                 163
African hails G20 progress. FT. 02.04.09
G20 agreed Africa proposal for IMF to sell
part of its gold reserves to finance a ?37bn     Knowledge Management
rescue package for low-income countries.
Poor countries should also benefit from a        The European Association of
$250bn increase in the IMF‟s special             Development Research and Training
drawing rights, the fund‟s reserve currency,     Institutes will hold its annual meeting on
about 7 per cent of which could accrue to        23-24 April in Madrid.
Africa.                                          In the presence of more than 30
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/30716b96-1fd0-         representatives from renowned research
11de-a1df-00144feabdc0.html                      centres throughout Europe, the results of
                                                 reflection, action and research in the field of
Mauritius Proposes to hold the July AU           development and cooperation will be
Summit.                                          presented from a Spanish perspective to a
europafrica. April 2009                          European audience. The day is designed to
http://europafrica.net/2009/04/10/mauritius-     contribute to the following goals: - Comparing
proposes-to-hold-the-july-au-summit/             development and international cooperation
                                                 agendas from the European and Spanish
NEPAD in the Context of Responsiveness           perspectives, looking to enrich views and
and Accountability.                              bearing in mind the future Spanish
UNDP Oslo Governance Centre. 2009.               presidency of the EU. - Establishing links
Authors: Naidu,S. The paper discusses the        between Spanish and European centres and
Peer Review Mechanism (PRM) which is the         researchers and promoting their fundamental
principal means by which African                 institutional participation in the EADI network
governments can be held accountable for          in Spain. - Contrasting ways in which
their poverty reduction initiatives as well as   development studies are organised and
their actions generally. The author says that    research into development and the training of
while the PRM has the potential of becoming      human resources are strategically financed to
a barometer for evaluating progress by           ensure quality aid in various European
African states towards improving governance      countries.
capabilities, accountability to the poor,        http://www.fride.org/event/53/eadi-annual-
and transparency in their transactions, in       meeting
practice, the mechanism is facing serious
operational challenges.                          European Institute of Innovation and
http://www.google.be/url?sa=U&start=1&q=ht       Technology call for proposals for its first
tp://www.undp.org/oslocentre/PAR_Bergen_2        Knowledge and Innovation Communities
002/nepad.pdf&ei=S5vkSb2aOcXF-                   (KICs). 2 April 2009.
QaSoIiBCQ&usg=AFQjCNEpNyttDjEkjyWJU              KICs are highly integrated public-private
3SQp0cz84HLjg                                    partnerships between higher education,
                                                 research, business and entrepreneurial
                                                 actors and will be the operational engine of
                                                 the EIT. They will be innovative webs of
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND                         excellence, responding to key societal
COMMUNICATION                                    challenges such as sustainable energy,
                                                 climate change mitigation and adaptation,
                                                 and the future information and
                                                 communication society. KICs will drive
Capacity Development
                                                 effective new interactions between partners
                                                 in terms of ideas, technology, culture,
The latest version of Capacity.org on            business and design models. They will create
Capacity development for water and               new
sanitation. April 2009.                          business for existing industry, including
                  Weekly Compass Extended Version                                       17 April 2009



SMEs, and for new endeavours alike. A             Liste des médias et des organisations
strong component of KICs' innovation              accrédités Direction Général pour le
strategies will be to educate and develop         Développement de la Commission
entrepreneurial people working across             Européenne,
traditional borders, sectors and disciplines.     http://appablog.wordpress.com/2009/04/06/cri
Launching the call for proposals for the KICs     se-europe-conference-de-presse-crise-
consists of a major step forward for the EIT.     l%E2%80%99europe-aide-les-pays-en-voie-
The call will be open until 27 August and the     de-developpement/
first two or three KICs selected by the end of
2009.
http://eit.europa.eu/press/news-                  Research for Development
archive/single-view/article/call-for-kics-
launched.html                                     ODI live internet debate on Knowledge to
                                                  policy. Making the most of development
Knowledge and Innovation Communities              research. 29 April from 17:30-19:00
(KICs) Selection Criteria Published.              The event will focus on evaluating research
March 2009.                                       communication for policy influence . It will be
While the official publication of the call for    streamed live over the internet (accessible
proposals is expected in April, the EIT           over the ODI website) should you care to
Governing Board already wants to provide          participate but are unable to attend
interested parties with timely and                physically.
comprehensive information on the main             http://www.odi.org.uk/events/details.asp?id=4
requirements that applicants are expected to      78&title=knowledge-policy-making-most-
fulfil in their KIC proposals. "We are aware of   development-research
timing constraints. This is why we
want to be as transparent as possible and
provide potential applicants with clear
guidance on what the EIT expects from a
KIC" says EIT Chairman Dr. Martin
Schuurmans. The detailed call for proposals
is expected to be published in the Official
Journal of the European Union in early April
and will equally be available
through the EIT website. The EIT
presentation will provide background
information on the concepts referred
to in the selection criteria.
http://p59046.typo3server.info/press/news-
archive/single-view/article/kic-selection-
criteria-published.html

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