The 2011 Import and Export Market for Waste and Scrap of Alloy Steel in Europe

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					 The 2011 Import and Export
Market for Waste and Scrap of
    Alloy Steel in Europe




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)




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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                                         Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     METHODOLOGY                                                                    7
    1.1    Our Approach                                                              7
2     EUROPE’S SHARE OF THE WORLD MARKET                                            12
    2.1    Exports from Europe as Share of the World Export Market                  12
    2.2    Imports in Europe as Share of the World Import Market                    14
3     EXPORTS FROM EUROPE                                                           18
    3.1    Executive Summary                                                        18
    3.2    Albania                                                                  20
    3.3    Austria                                                                  20
    3.4    Belarus                                                                  21
    3.5    Belgium                                                                  21
    3.6    Bosnia and Herzegovina                                                   22
    3.7    Bulgaria                                                                 22
    3.8    Croatia                                                                  22
    3.9    Cyprus                                                                   23
    3.10   Czech Republic                                                           23
    3.11   Denmark                                                                  24
    3.12   Estonia                                                                  24
    3.13   Finland                                                                  25
    3.14   France                                                                   26
    3.15   Georgia                                                                  26
    3.16   Germany                                                                  27
    3.17   Greece                                                                   28
    3.18   Hungary                                                                  28
    3.19   Iceland                                                                  28
    3.20   Ireland                                                                  29
    3.21   Italy                                                                    29
    3.22   Kazakhstan                                                               30
    3.23   Latvia                                                                   30
    3.24   Lithuania                                                                31
    3.25   Luxembourg                                                               31
    3.26   Macedonia                                                                32
    3.27   Malta                                                                    32
    3.28   Moldova                                                                  32
    3.29   Norway                                                                   33
    3.30   Poland                                                                   33
    3.31   Portugal                                                                 33
    3.32   Romania                                                                  34
    3.33   Russia                                                                   35
    3.34   Serbia and Montenegro                                                    35
    3.35   Slovakia                                                                 36
    3.36   Slovenia                                                                 36
    3.37   Spain                                                                    37
    3.38   Sweden                                                                   37
    3.39   Switzerland                                                              38
    3.40   the Faroe Islands                                                        38
    3.41   the Netherlands                                                          39
    3.42   the United Kingdom                                                       40
    3.43   Ukraine                                                                  41


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                                                           Contents        vi

4     IMPORTS INTO EUROPE                                             42
    4.1    Executive Summary                                          42
    4.2    Austria                                                    45
    4.3    Belarus                                                    46
    4.4    Belgium                                                    47
    4.5    Bosnia and Herzegovina                                     48
    4.6    Bulgaria                                                   48
    4.7    Croatia                                                    48
    4.8    Denmark                                                    49
    4.9    Estonia                                                    49
    4.10   Finland                                                    50
    4.11   France                                                     51
    4.12   Germany                                                    52
    4.13   Greece                                                     53
    4.14   Hungary                                                    53
    4.15   Ireland                                                    54
    4.16   Italy                                                      55
    4.17   Latvia                                                     56
    4.18   Lithuania                                                  56
    4.19   Luxembourg                                                 56
    4.20   Macedonia                                                  57
    4.21   Norway                                                     57
    4.22   Poland                                                     58
    4.23   Romania                                                    58
    4.24   Russia                                                     58
    4.25   Slovenia                                                   59
    4.26   Spain                                                      60
    4.27   Sweden                                                     61
    4.28   Switzerland                                                61
    4.29   the Netherlands                                            62
    4.30   the United Kingdom                                         63
    4.31   Ukraine                                                    64
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS          65
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  65
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  66




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                                                    Waste and Scrap of Alloy Steel in Europe      7



1      METHODOLOGY
1.1         OUR APPROACH
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners approaching the market in Europe face a
number of questions. Which countries are supplying waste and scrap of alloy steel to Europe?
What is the dollar value of these imports? How much do the imports of waste and scrap of alloy
steel vary from one country to another in Europe? Do exporters serving the market in Europe
have similar market shares across the importing countries? On the supply side, Europe also sells
to the international market of waste and scrap of alloy steel. Which countries in Europe supply
the most exports of waste and scrap of alloy steel? Which countries are buying their exports?
What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for waste and scrap of alloy steel in
Europe. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local
view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics that appear several years after
the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to
estimate the market for waste and scrap of alloy steel for those countries serving Europe via
exports or supplying from Europe via imports. We do so for the current year based on a variety
of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Europe fits into the world market for
imported and exported waste and scrap of alloy steel. The total level of imports and exports on a
worldwide basis, and those for Europe in particular, is based on a model which aggregates across
over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country
represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of competitive
countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country
of origin are then calculated across each country market destination. These shares lead to a
volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to regional and world
totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of both the value of each
market and the shares that countries in Europe are likely to receive this year. From these figures,
rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize markets within Europe. In this way, all
the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can be combined with internal information for
strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports for Europe, Chapter 3
details the exports of waste and scrap of alloy steel, but for each individual country in Europe.
Chapter 4 does the same, but for imports of waste and scrap of alloy steel for all countries in
Europe. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading partner
are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present the complete picture for imports and exports
of waste and scrap of alloy steel to and from Europe to and from all other countries in the world.


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                                                     Waste and Scrap of Alloy Steel in Europe       8

Of the 150 countries considered, if a country is not reported here it is therefore estimated to have
only a negligible level of trade in waste and scrap of alloy steel (i.e. their market shares are close
or equal to zero percent). "Waste and Scrap of Alloy Steel" as a category is defined in this report
following the definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry
using the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code
that defined "waste and scrap of alloy steel" is 2822 . For more information on this definition,
please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=282 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.

Related Reports. This report was created for the market for waste and scrap of alloy steel.
Closely related reports published by ICON Group include the following:

   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Alumina (Aluminum Oxide) Excluding Artificial Corundum
       Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Alumina (Aluminum Oxide) Excluding
       Artificial Corundum
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Aluminum Ores and Concentrates Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Aluminum Ores and Concentrates
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Aluminum Waste and Scrap Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Aluminum Waste and Scrap
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Cement Copper (Precipitated Copper) Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Cement Copper (Precipitated Copper)
   • 
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners approaching the market in Europe face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying waste and scrap of alloy steel to Europe? What is the dollar value of these imports? How much do the imports of waste and scrap of alloy steel vary from one country to another in Europe? Do exporters serving the market in Europe have similar market shares across the importing countries? On the supply side, Europe also sells to the international market of waste and scrap of alloy steel. Which countries in Europe supply the most exports of waste and scrap of alloy steel? Which countries are buying their exports? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for waste and scrap of alloy steel in Europe. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics that appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for waste and scrap of alloy steel for those countries serving Europe via exports or supplying from Europe via imports. We do so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Europe fits into the world market for imported and exported waste and scrap of alloy steel. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Europe in particular, is based on a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dyn
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