The 2011 Import and Export Market for Unimpregnated Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and Cross-Ties in Latin America

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The 2011 Import and Export Market for Unimpregnated Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and Cross-Ties in Latin America Powered By Docstoc
					   The 2011 Import and Export
   Market for Unimpregnated
   Wood Railway and Tramway
    Sleepers and Cross-Ties in
          Latin America




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)


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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                                               Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     METHODOLOGY                                                                          6
    1.1   Our Approach                                                                     6
2     LATIN AMERICA’S SHARE OF THE WORLD MARKET                                           10
    2.1   Exports from Latin America as Share of the World Export Market                  10
    2.2   Imports in Latin America as Share of the World Import Market                    12
3     EXPORTS FROM LATIN AMERICA                                                          16
    3.1   Executive Summary                                                               16
    3.2   Argentina                                                                       17
    3.3   Bolivia                                                                         18
    3.4   Chile                                                                           18
    3.5   Paraguay                                                                        18
    3.6   Peru                                                                            18
4     IMPORTS INTO LATIN AMERICA                                                          19
    4.1   Executive Summary                                                               19
    4.2   Brazil                                                                          20
    4.3   Colombia                                                                        21
    4.4   Mexico                                                                          21
    4.5   Uruguay                                                                         21
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS                              22
    5.1   Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                                       22
    5.2   ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                                       23




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          Unimpregnated Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and Cross-Ties in Latin America        6



1      METHODOLOGY
1.1         OUR APPROACH
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners approaching the market in Latin America
face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying unimpregnated wood railway and
tramway sleepers and cross-ties to Latin America? What is the dollar value of these imports?
How much do the imports of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties
vary from one country to another in Latin America? Do exporters serving the market in Latin
America have similar market shares across the importing countries? On the supply side, Latin
America also sells to the international market of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway
sleepers and cross-ties. Which countries in Latin America supply the most exports of
unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties? Which countries are buying
their exports? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for unimpregnated wood railway and
tramway sleepers and cross-ties in Latin America. With the globalization of this market,
managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-
of-date statistics that appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based
on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for unimpregnated wood railway and
tramway sleepers and cross-ties for those countries serving Latin America via exports or
supplying from Latin America via imports. We do so for the current year based on a variety of
key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Latin America fits into the world
market for imported and exported unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-
ties. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Latin America in
particular, is based on a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and
projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world
market. This market is served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both
demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across
each country market destination. These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for
each country and are aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain
maximum likelihood estimates of both the value of each market and the shares that countries in
Latin America are likely to receive this year. From these figures, rankings are calculated to allow
managers to prioritize markets within Latin America. In this way, all the figures provided in this
report are forecasts that can be combined with internal information for strategic planning
purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports for Latin America,
Chapter 3 details the exports of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-


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          Unimpregnated Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and Cross-Ties in Latin America           7

ties, but for each individual country in Latin America. Chapter 4 does the same, but for imports
of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties for all countries in Latin
America. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading
partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present the complete picture for imports and
exports of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties to and from Latin
America to and from all other countries in the world. Of the 150 countries considered, if a
country is not reported here it is therefore estimated to have only a negligible level of trade in
unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties (i.e. their market shares are
close or equal to zero percent). "Unimpregnated Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and
Cross-Ties" as a category is defined in this report following the definition given by the United
Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard International Trade
Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "unimpregnated wood
railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties" is 24811 . For more information on this definition,
please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=248 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.

Related Reports. This report was created for the market for unimpregnated wood railway and
tramway sleepers and cross-ties. Closely related reports published by ICON Group include the
following:

   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Coniferous Wood Chips and Particles Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Coniferous Wood Chips and Particles
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Crushed, Granulated, or Ground Waste Cork Export
       Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Crushed, Granulated, or Ground Waste
       Cork
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Debacked or Roughly Squared Natural Cork Including
       Sharp-Edged Blanks for Corks and Stoppers Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Debacked or Roughly Squared Natural
       Cork Including Sharp-Edged Blanks for Corks and Stoppers


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         Unimpregnated Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and Cross-Ties in Latin America      8

   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Fuel Wood and Wood Charcoal Excluding Wood Waste
       Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Fuel Wood and Wood Charcoal
       Excluding Wood Waste
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Logs, Billets, Twigs, and Faggots of Fuel Wood Excluding
       Wood Waste Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Logs, Billets, Twigs, and Faggots of Fuel
       Wood Excluding Wood Waste
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Non-Coniferous Wood Chips and Particles Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Non-Coniferous Wood Chips and
       Particles
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Raw and Waste Natural Cork Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Raw and Waste Natural Cork
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Raw or Simply Prepared Natural Cork Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Raw or Simply Prepared Natural Cork
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Rough or Roughly Squared Wood Treated with Paint,
       Stains, or Other Preservatives Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Rough or Roughly Squared Wood
       Treated with Paint, Stains, or Other Preservatives
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Sawdust, Wood Waste, and Wood Scrap Export Supplies
   •   The 2011 World Market Forecasts for Imported Sawdust, Wood Waste, and Wood Scrap
   •   The 2011 World Forecasts of Sawn, Chipped, Sliced, or 
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners approaching the market in Latin America face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties to Latin America? What is the dollar value of these imports? How much do the imports of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties vary from one country to another in Latin America? Do exporters serving the market in Latin America have similar market shares across the importing countries? On the supply side, Latin America also sells to the international market of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties. Which countries in Latin America supply the most exports of unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties? Which countries are buying their exports? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties in Latin America. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics that appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties for those countries serving Latin America via exports or supplying from Latin America via imports. We do so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Latin America fits into the world market for imported and exported unimpregnated wood railway and tramway sleepers and cross-ties. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Latin America in particu
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