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Integrated Pest Management IPM

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									           Integrated Pest Management
                       IPM

             THREE MAIN POINTS :
1. There are many benefits to reducing pesticide
   use: environment, regulation, market, your
   health
2. All Green Gardening practices help to make the
    landscape healthier and more resistant to pest
    problems.
3. IPM has five fields of control: habitat
    modification, management practices, physical,
    biological, chemical

                                                     1
                  What is a Pesticide?


Any material that attracts, repels or
kills any pest
  Insecticide:
  Herbicide:
  Fungicide:
  Rodenticide:
  Mitacide:
  Molluskacide:
  Disinfectant:
ALL pesticides are designed to kill
Only chemicals are pesticides
It is against the law for a pesticide to say
it is ‘Safe’
                                               2
             What is a Pest?


LIVING organism




INTERFERES




With HUMAN OBJECTIVES

                               3
                What is IPM?
     Integrated Pest Management

Solves pest problems with the least risk
to humans and the environment.
Uses information about the pest and
landscape to prevent and solve problems
Prevents pest problems by changing the
landscape so the pest cannot survive
Is more than just low-hazard pesticides
Uses many approaches



                                           4
                               IPM

All Green Gardening practices help to make
the landscape healthier and more resistant to
pest problems


The best pest management program is a
healthy plant:
  Plants under stress are more susceptible to pest problems.


  Consider when you are over-stressed and under-rested.
  Are you more likely to get sick?


                                                               5
                Benefits to Reducing
                   Pesticide Use
Environment
  Pesticides frequently move off-site:
  Pesticides are found in urban storm water tests and are
  shown to pollute water bodies.
  Most common pesticides remain in the environment for
  months, some can remain for years.

Regulation
  California law says you must have a pesticide applicators
  license to apply pesticides as part of your job.
  California law says every pesticide application must be
  reported to the Agricultural Commissioner every month
                                                              6
               Benefits to Reducing
                  Pesticide Use

Market
  More clients are willing to pay to manage landscapes
  without pesticides
  Pesticides are expensive
  Require extra reporting, inspections, paperwork
  Your clients may want to talk about IPM,

Health
  Pesticides are poisons, and many cause human cancer and
  birth defects.
  The pesticide applicator is the one most at risk of being
                                                              7
  poisoned.
       Green Gardening practices make
          the landscape healthier, more
                resistant to pests.

Soil Management
Fertilizing
Right Plant, Right Place
Pruning
Composting and Mulching
Irrigation



                                      8
          Five Fields of IPM Action

Habitat Modification
Management Practices (‘Cultural’ Controls)
Physical Controls
Biological Controls
Reduced-Risk Chemical Control




                                             9
           Five Fields of IPM Action
        IPM Field 1. Habitat Modification


Primary Habitat Needs
  Air
  Food
  Shelter (soil)
  Water
Examples:
  Mulching to exclude light, preventing seeds from germinating
  Crack-sealing hardscapes to prevent seeds from accessing soil
  Sealing holes in buildings to prevent rats /cockroaches from
  shelter
  Fixing leaking irrigation heads to prevent weeds from water
                                                                 10
       Five Fields of IPM Action

    IPM Field 2. Management Practices
       (also called Cultural Controls)
Sanitation
Irrigation
Mowing
Soil Care
Pruning
Fertilizing
Plant Selection/ Plant Replacement

                                         11
           Five Fields of IPM Action

        IPM Field 3. Physical Controls
Traps


Lures


Barriers


Physical Removal

                                         12
            Five Fields of IPM Action

       IPM Field 4. Biological Controls
Benefits
  Smart
  Cheap
  Easy: Effective
  Clients like it:
Predators and parasites



                                          13
          Five Fields of IPM Action

      IPM Field 4. Biological Controls
Beneficial Insects Are Already In The Garden
  Attracting Beneficial Insects
  Benefit of low pest populations
  High value, low work
Buying and Releasing Beneficial Insects




                                           14
             Five Fields of IPM Action

        IPM Field 5: Chemical Controls


What are considerations when selecting a
pesticide?
  Impact on human health
  ‘Soft’ on beneficials
  Won’t pollute the environment
  ‘Target Specific



                                           15
       Questions to Ask with Every
              Pest Problem:


How can I
 Modify the habitat?
 Change management practices?
 Physically remove or exclude the pest?
 Encourage biological controls?
 Use chemicals legally, safely, and with the least
 harm?

                                                     16
17
                 Example #1




A client has a large collection of roses,
and one variety always gets mildew. Your
client doesn’t want you to use pesticides,
but she really loves her roses.
                                        18
                Example #2




On a job, you discover the top surfaces
of the leaves of an orange tree are grey
and black, and there are lots of ants on
the trunk.                             19
                 Review and Questions
                   Three Main Points
1. There are many benefits to reducing pesticide use: Environment,
     regulation, market, your health
2. All Green Gardening practices help to make the landscape
      healthier and more resistant to pest problems.
3. IPM has five fields of control: habitat modification, management
     practices, physical, biological, chemical
 What is a ‘Pest?
 What is ‘IPM’?
 Name the 5 fields of IPM (questions you ask
 yourself).
 How can you attract beneficial insects to your
 landscapes?
                                                                      20
                     Homework:

1. Observe a plant with persistent pest
   problems.
2. Identify potential causes of stress.
3. Determine if pest problem is limited to
   single or few plants.
4. Describe actions to reduce stress and to
   make plants stronger.
5. Describe non-pesticide pest management
   actions to solve problem.

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