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					Autonomy to Colleges

       Dr. N. Prabhu Dev
        Vice-Chancellor
      Bangalore University
“Autonomous”
   „Auto‟ = Self; „Nomos‟ = Law
   Having a self governance
   Functioning independently without control by
    others
   Existing/developing Independently of other
   Obliged to account for one‟s acts
   ……..
   If the bigger message is understood, the
    discussion would be more focused
India has 421 Universities and
20,918 colleges

   20918




                  421

     Colleges       Univ.
Distribution of Autonomous colleges
across States (Total in India 300)

 Uttarakha, 1
 Raj, 1
 Nag, 1
 Guj, 1
  Pond, 2
  WB, 3
   UP, 5
   Jhar, 5
   HP, 5
      Chat, 10
          Mah, 14
                 Oris, 28
                    MP, 31
                       Kar, 38
                             AP, 47
                                      TN, 108
    Autonomous Colleges in Univ.
    in Karnataka


       7                      Bangalore, 10
                     10
                              Gulbarga, 3
                              Karnataka, 2
                              Kuvempu, 3
6                             Mangalore, 7
                          3   Mysore, 6
                     2
           7     3            VTU, 7
      Ratio of Affiliated Colleges to
      Autonomous Colleges
700
       10
600

500
                   2
400

300    632
             3     473
200
                                     6           7
             230          3     7
100                                          158
                         124   126   150                0              0
                                                       65             65         0
 0                                                                              15
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Spirit Behind Autonomy
   Colleges with potential needs more
    autonomy
   Teachers need more academic freedom
   State holders should be provided with
    more responsibility
   Education Commission (1964-66)
    recommends autonomy
The Need
   Due to the increase in number of
    affiliated colleges, the Universities are
    burdened with examination work
Core features of autonomy
   Decentralized management culture
   Delegation of responsibility with
    accountability
   Willing and honest participation of stake
    holders and management
   Creative and innovative ambience
   Sufficient financial resources
   Capacity to mobilize resources
Regulation of Autonomous
Colleges

Central Govt (MHRD)          UGC




                          State Govt.




                          University




                      Autonomous College
Governance of Autonomous
Colleges

                       Governance of
                        Autonomous
                          Colleges




Governing   Academic     Board of       Finance
                                                   Exam Cell
Body         Council      Studies      Committee
In favor of Full Autonomy
   In matters of curriculum, examination and
    evaluation, finances as well as management of
    teaching and non-teaching staff. Freedom brings
    responsibility
   Neither students nor the cause of quality education
    is served by standardization through a large
    university with unmanageable number of affiliated
    colleges
   In competitive education/job market, each college
    has a reputation to protect. Reputation is a more
    reliable tool than standardization, to sustain the
    quality of education
   Academic autonomy has always been
    regarded as a fundamental necessity for
    institutions of higher education. The
    conspicuous absence of academic
    freedom and institutional autonomy in
    the case of colleges in India has been
    the greatest dysfunctional factor
    responsible for the decline of standards
   The rigidity of affiliating system also deprives
    the good teachers of the opportunity to take
    initiatives for creative, imaginative and more
    fruitful action. The existing bureaucratic and
    centralized structure of university has to be
    radically altered to avoid delays, to evade
    attempts at rigid uniformities, to create
    elastic and dynamic system and to promote
    innovation and reform. Therefore, in
    advocating Autonomy to deserving affiliated
    colleges……………….
UGC guidelines for Autonomous Colleges during
eleventh plan period (2007-2012)


   Objectives
   Freedom of Autonomous colleges
   Relationship with the parent University, the
    State Government and other educational
    institutions
   Modes of conferring Autonomous status to
    chosen colleges
   What is covered when autonomy is
    conferred
UGC guidelines for Autonomous Colleges during
eleventh plan period (2007-2012)


   Target Group and Eligibility Target Group
   Criteria for identification of institutions for
    grant of autonomy
   Preparation prior to applying for autonomy
    (Faculty preparation, Departmental
    preparation, Common programmes to be
    adopted, Institutional preparation)
   Procedure for applying
UGC guidelines for Autonomous Colleges during
eleventh plan period (2007-2012)


   Procedure for approval by the UGC
   Nature of Assistance and procedure
    for release of Autonomy Grants
Award of Degrees through parent
University
   The parent university will award degrees to
    the students evaluated and recommended by
    autonomous colleges
   The degree certificates will be in a common
    format devised by university
   The name of the college will be mentioned in
    the degree certificate, if so desired
   Autonomous colleges that have completed
    three terms can confer the degree under their
    own title with the seal of the university
Relationship with the parent university, the
state government and other educational
institutions

   Autonomous colleges are free to make use of the
    expertise of university departments and other
    institutions to frame their curricula, devise methods
    of teaching, examination and evaluation
   They can recruit their teachers according to existing
    procedures (for private and govt. colleges)
   The parent universities will accept the methodologies
    of teaching, examination, evaluation and the course
    curriculum of its autonomous colleges
   It will also help the colleges to develop their
    academic programmes, improves the faculty and to
    provide necessary guidance by participating in the
    deliberations of the different bodies of the colleges
The role of the parent Universities
   To bring more autonomous colleges under its fold
   To promote academic freedom in autonomous colleges by
    encouraging introduction of innovative academic programs
   To facilitate new courses of study, subject to the required
    minimum number of hours of instruction, content and
    standards;
   To permit them to issue their own provisional/Immigration and
    other certificates
   To ensure that degrees/diplomas/certificates issued indicate the
    name of the college
   To depute various nominees of the university to serve in various
    committees of the autonomous colleges and get the feedback
    on their functioning
   To create separate wings wherever necessary to facilitate the
    smooth working of the autonomous colleges
Other Resources
   Education Commission recommendations of college
    autonomy (1964-66)
   The National Policy on Education formulations of
    objectives for autonomous colleges (1986-92)
   Report of Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE)
    committee on Autonomy of HEIs (2005)
   National Knowledge commission Note on higher
    education, 29th November, 2006
   UGC document on XI plan profile of higher education
    in India
   Other Scholarly articles related to autonomy colleges

				
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