Marsden Family Documents by fdh56iuoui

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									Marsden Family Documents
Photocopied from the collection of Robert Edward Marsden (the great-great grandson of
Rev. Samuel Marsden as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP).
The transcripts were taken from microfilm reel AJCP M383 held by the State Library of
Victoria (Melbourne, Australia) by Carole Wilkinson.

Key Documents:
Will of Jane Catherine Marsden
Will of Thomas Marsden (Jane's husband and cousin)
Journal of voyage on the Nimrod from Plymouth to NSW 1827. Believed to be written by
Thomas Marsden.
Many personal letters giving family details, including letters from Rev Samuel Marsden to
his daughter Jane.

Note from transcriber:
My interest is mainly in the family of Thomas Marsden, therefore I have generally only
transcribed items connected to this branch of the family. I would be happy to transcribe
any of the other documents listed. Should anyone be interested in them please contact me
I. Biographical Notes etc. of Marsden Family (Manuscript) (1 Packet)
Envelope containing copies of baptism and marriage certificates of Samuel Marsden,
baptism certificate of Jane Catherine, Marsden, and 2 letters concerning S.M’s baptism
certificate from the vicars of Rawden and Calverley. PP 1-8
4 leaves of notes about Samuel Marsden's life contributed by Jane(?) Marsden. 3 of the
leaves in Anna Marsden’s handwriting. PP 9-22
Envelope containing notes of S.M.'s life (by S.E. Marsden ?) and 2 typescript copies. PP
Proposed memorial (window) to late Rev. S. Marsden at Farsley. PP 29-32
Extract from the Digest of Records (S.P.G.) 1701-1892. 1893. PP 388-9. S.M.'s work in
connection with Norfolk Island. PP 33-34
Envelope containing statement of birth and death of Sydney Thomas Marsden and
Catherine Elizabeth Marsden, taken from a family bible. PP 35-36
Envelope containing postcard to S. E. Marsden giving date of death of John Marsden. Also
2 letters (1) J. W. Walker to Mrs. Wigglesworth 18 Sept.1906, and (2) J. W. Walker to S. E.
Marsden 15 Oct. 1906, giving baptism dates for Marsdens of Wakefield PP 37-47
Notebook containing transcript of letters, &c. concerned with S.M.'s life. Transcribed by
Anna Marsden (?). Also at back-of note-book is a transcript of a letter dated 20 May 1827,
giving his wife's relationship to Sir Cloudesly Shovel, in whose estate she apparently had a
claim PP 48-61
Notes about S.M. headed: Simeon's memoir. 3P. Contains extract from a letter by S.M. to
Rev. J. Pratt, giving dates for events in his early career. Copy. PP 62-64
Envelope containing:
     Extracts from the Act Book of the Diocese of Canterbury, 4 March and 24 May 1793.
     S.M's, appointment to N.S.W. A. G. Peskett to S.E. Marsden. Magdalene College,
     Cambridge. 26 .June,1898, containing, copy from the College register of entry of
     admission (in Latin) for S. M. Also English translation of this entry.
     E. Salisbury to S. E. Marsden. Public Record Office. 7 July 1898. S.M.’s appointment
     to N.S.W in Home Office Records. Also copy from the Records Church Book, Vol. 10,
     p427. PP 65-71
Envelope containing:
     W. H. Suttor to S. E. Marsden. Potts Point. 19 Feb.1894. Enquiry about letter (which
     W.H.S. quotes) concerning S. M. from the Archbishop of Canterbury to Nepean,
     dated Lambeth House, 8 June 1873 PP 72-82
     W. H. Suttor to S.E.M. dated Potts Point, 22 Feb.1894. Post card giving name of
     Archbishop of Canterbury. Also a transcript by Anna Marsden (?) of both letters.
     Harry W. Lee to S.E.M. Westminster. 9 Jun.1898 (copy,) Notice of Extracts enclosed
     from the Canterbury Act Book. Also copy of the extracts. The whole copies by Anna
     Marsden (?) (or by Anna Marion Marsden (Mrs. PERCY) See letter from R. E.
     Marsden to A. T. Campbell, 11 Jan. 1957. (N. Z. House file PR/B6/3/26/25).
     W. J. Gunther to Miss Hassall. 5 Dec. 1906. Thomas Marsden’s date of marriage.
Samuel Marsden
    S.M. to J. Terry. Parramatta. 26 Oct.1810 (copy). Comments on the Boyd massacre
    PP 1-4
    S.M. to A. Terry. Parramatta. 7 Oct.1812 (copy). Describes his plans .for his
    forthcoming visit to New Zealand. . Mentions Maori chief's staying with him. PP 5-7
    S.M. to A. Terry, Parramatta. 25,Jun.1813(copy). Contains description of New
    Zealand. PP 8-11
    S.M. to George Jackson Frankland, Parramatta. 13 Jun.1825, S.M.’s signature cut
    out. Theological. PP12-15
    S.M. to Mrs. Frankland. Parramatta. 26 Dec.1824 Pastoral letter. PP 16-19
    30 Nov. 1825. Illness of Captain Frankland. PP 20-21
    Sydney. 2 Dec. 1825. S.M.’s signature cut out. Reporting Mr. Frankland’s death. PP
    Parramatta, 2 May 1826.·Pastoral, concerning Mrs. F.’s forthcoming visit to England.
    PP 28-31
    S.M. to Jane Marsden. Parramatta. 13 June 1826 Personal. Advising Jane on her
    reading. PP 32-35
    5 Sept. 1826 Personal. Exhortative. PP 36-39
    Undated (Jan 1897?) Regarding illness of Jane's husband Thomas. PP 40-42
    31 (?) Jan. 1837. Damaged. Personal. Written on the eve of a visit to New Zealand
    PP 43-46
    S.M. to B. Scott (Mrs. M.'s Cousin).Parramatta. 8 June 1827. Damaged. Concerning
    Sir Cloudesly Shovel’s property PP 47-50
Charles Simeon Marsden (son to S.M.)
    C.S.M. to Jane Marsden, ,St,. Mary’s, Mamre. 10 Feb. 18?? family news.
    Incomplete? PP 51-54
    C.S.M. to Jane Marsden, St. Mary's Mamre. 11 Dec. 1851 Incomplete. Personal PP
    C.S.M. to Jane Marsden. Shrivenham, 17 Mar. 1862, Hull property. Opening of a
    railway line near his home. Family news. PP 57-60
    C.S.M. to S. E. Marsden ?) Undated, (ca.1863?). Hull property. Family News. PP 61-
    C.S.M. to S. E. Marsden. Shrivenham. 20 May.1863. Hull property. PP 65-68
    C.S.M. to S. E. Marsden. Shrivenham. 20 July 1863. Forwarding of purchase money.
    PP 69-71
    C.S.M. to S. E. Marsden. Shrivenham. 20 April 1864. Purchase money received. PP
John Marsden (Solicitor of Wakefield, nephew to S.M.)
     J.M. to Jane Marsden. 18 letters concerning the property at Hull, and giving some
     family news, dated as follows: -
     1 undated (last 2 pages only extant) (PP 76-77); (unfinished) 16 May 1842 (PP 78-
     81); 1 June 1844 (PP 82-83); 25 Oct.1844 (PP;84-87); 29 Nov. 1844 (PP 88-90); 6
     May 1845 (PP 91-94); 20 Feb.1846 (PP 95-98); 9 Jan. 1847 (PP 99-101); 7 Jan.1850
     (PP 102-103); 9 Jan.1851 (PP 104-105); 24 Jan.1852 (PP 106-109); 28 Jan 1856
     (PP 110-111); 13 Jan 1857 (PP 112-113); 13 Jan.1859 (PP 114-115); 19 Jan 1860
     (PP 116-119); 24 Jan 1861 (PP 120-121); 27 Jan.1862 (PP 122-125); 15 Jan 1864
     (PP 126).
     J.M. to S·.E. Marsden. Wakefield. 21 May 1862. Questions concerning the sale of C.
     S. Marsden's property at Hull. PP 127-l30

John Henry Challis (executor for Thomas Marsden’s estate)
     J.H.C. to Jane Marsden.·Sydney:
          30 Aug. 1839. Mrs. M’s properties. PP 131-134
          3 Oct. 1846. Mrs. M’s properties. PP 135-136
          1 Oct. 1847; Mrs. M's properties and S. E. Marsden's future career. PP 137-140
          11 Dec.1848. Incomplete. Properties, S.E.M.'s career and family news. PP 141-
     J.H.C. to Messrs. R. T: & G. Want. London. 5 March 1858 (copy). Release of £1000
     for Mrs. Marsden. PP 145-146

Miscellaneous Letters
Unsigned letter to Mr ?, Walnut Hills, near Cincinatti (copy). 24 Dec.18??. About a legacy
left to the writer's daughter by Thomas . Marsden. PP 147
E. E. Hope to her aunt, Jane Marsden. PP 9-l2 only. Undated. Mentions Charley’s death
from drowning. PP 148-151
G. Robley . to S. E. Marsden. 29 Nov. 18??. Concerning-a portrait for Dr. Hocken.
Envelope also includes postcards of old St. John's Church, 'Parramatta; Farsley Church; 6
of Robley' s Maori sketches on postcards. PP 152-161
Anne Marsden to Jane Marsden. Parramatta. 7 May 1819. Personal. PP 162-165
B. Scott to Jane Marsden. Hull. 14 June 1825. Family News PP 166-169
S. Brown to Jane Marsden. Macquarie Plains. 29 Jan 1828. Personal. PP 170-l73
B. Scott to Jane Marsden. Hull. 23 Apr. 1832. Mention of Jane’s recent marriage. Family
news. PP 174-177
Jack Marsden to Thomas Marsden. PP 1-2 only. Wakefield 24 Feb. 1833. Family News.
PP 178-179
Jane Marsden to Thomas Marsden. Undated.(ca.1835?.). Unfinished. Monies paid. to
each of S. M.' s children. PP 180-182
J. S. Hatter(?) to Thomas Marsden. Wakefield. 24 Apr.1837. Personal, Thomas’s illness.
PP 183-186
S. Brown to Jane Marsden, Brownlea. 21 Oct. 1837. Personal News. PP 187-190
P. W. Flower to Jane Marsden. Sydney: 29 Apr. 1839. Business. PP 191-194
J. Terry to Jane Marsden. Hull. 24 Dec.1841.·About Mrs. Scott’s property. PP 195-196
W. Dealtry to Jane Marsden, Clapham. 15 Jan 1842. Arranging a visit. PP 197-199
Harriett A. Woolley to Jane Marsden. Darling Point 3 Feb. 1843. Personal. PP 200-203
H. H. Bobart ·to Jane Marsden; Parramatta. 4 Sep.1845. Mutilated. About Sir Cloudesly
Shovel's estate. Also a copy of this letter headed: Sir. Cloudesly Shovel’s Estate. PP 204-
David Chambers to Mrs. (Jane?) Marsden. Lewisham. 1 May 1846. Power of Attorney. PP
W. Dealtry to ? Winchester. 3 Aug. 1847. Reply to enquiry about Mrs. Eliza Marsden. PP
J. Terry to John Marsden. Hull 10 May 1856. Payment of monies to Jane Marsden. PP
J. Terry to John Marsden. Hull. 13 May 1856. Proposed visit to Jane Marsden at Hereford.
PP 219-220
(Thomas Hassall) to S. E. Marsden (?). Denbigh. 20 Apr.1863. First 4 pp. only. Family
news and the Vicissitudes of the clerical life. PP 221-224
Elizabeth Marsden (Mrs. C. S. Marsden) to S. E. Marsden. Shrivenham. 19 Feb. 1869. On
the death of her husband. PP 225-228
J. K. Bowden to William Byrnes. Sydney. 3 Oct.1876. About property of Jane Marsden. PP
(End of Packet 2 and last)

Envelope containing papers on Bell River Land Deed. Thos. Smith and others to John
Betts. Bill of Sale (for sheep) Dated 1 Mar. 1839. PP 1- 4
T. Smith, J .H. Challis and R. Smith to John Betts. Lease of lands at Bathurst. Dated 28
March, 1840. Also Counterpart. PP 5- 9
S. E. Marsden to E. McL. Marsden. Conveyance. Dated 18 June 1901. PP 10-13
S. E. Marsden to R. S. Betts. Lease and Counterpart Dated 25 Apr. 1901. PP 14-21
E. McL. Marsden. Dr. to McIntosh & Co. Oct-Nov. 1902 PP 22-24
Papers concerning -land on Molong Creek. 1901-2 PP 25-28

Note containing amount of T. Marsden's property and Bett's cattle money. PP 29
Note showing credit and debit between 1851 and 1854. PP 30
Thomas Tynan to Rev. S. Marsden. Copy of conveyance of a farm or grant of land. Dated
8 June 1802. PP 31-33
John Betts to Thos. Smith and others. Mortgage in fee Dated 28 March 1840. PP 34-39
Thomas Marsden of Sydney. Will Dated 22 August 1842 Also copy Probate copy of the
will. PP 40-52
Frlstan, Mrs. Catherine (mother of Mrs. S. Marsden) Costs on obtaining letters of
administration. 1843(damaged). PP 53-57
Invoice for sale of consoles. 18 Oct.1844. PP 58
Invoice to Mrs. Marsden for solicitor's expenses regarding Mrs. Fristan. 21 October 1844.
PP 59-66
Expenses of Betty Scott for Rev. John Scott. 1834-1844. PP 67-69
Betty Scott deceased:
Copy of extract of wills etc. PP 70-73 Costs. 18 Oct. 1844. PP·74-75 Charges. 1835-
1844. PP 76-83
Marsden, Mrs. Elizabeth. Costs on obtaining letters of administration of the effects of Mrs.
Marsden.18 Oct. 1844. PP 84-85
Marsden, Jane. In account current with Wm. Rutledge & Co. Belfast. 1 Jun. 1853. PP 86-
88 .
Marsden, Jane. In account current with Wm. Rutledge & Co. 1860. PP 89
Marsden, Jane. Probate of the will and codicil of Jane Catherine Marsden. Dated 25th
March 1886. PP 90-93

Marsden, Charles Simeon. Balance Sheets: Charles S. Marsden-Esq. In account with
Charles Samuel Clarke, Estate Agent, Hull. There are 10 sheets covering the following
years: 1851, 1852 (incl. letter from John Marsden to Jane Marsden, Wakefield, 10 Jan.
1853), 1855, 1856, 1857 (incl. copy of letter Charles S. Clarke to John Marsden, Hull, 16
Jan.1857), 1858,1859, 1860, 1861, 1862. PP 94-106
Marsden, Anna Invoice from Clarke &: Sons. (Bristol) Jan. 1894. PP 107
(End of Packet 3 and last)

The parting charge. Poem. Manuscript. Same hand as diary ascribed to J. Marsden, noted
under PERSONAL EFFECTS. written-on paper watermarked 1826. PP 1-2
The husband's complaint. The wife' s answer. Doggerel verse. Manuscript. (By Samuel
Marsden). PP 3-6
Our first settlement, 1814. 17p. ,Typescript. A study of Marsden in New Zealand. PP 7-23

Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, 2 Feb. 1799. Hibernian Journal, vol.1 no. 89, 18-20
Nov.1771, Leeds Mercury, 9 Sep.1820. First page: only. (No obvious connection with
Marsden). Sydney Morning Herald.27 Nov. 1911. pp 5-6. Historic Paramatta

Crompton, William Morgan, 1811-1886.
     1. Obituary notice from the Taranaki Herald.
     2. Pencil sketch (6” x 18¾”) of Egmont and Foothills including cottages and a pa. PP
Marsden family. Letter to a Norwich paper from J. Lawson-Sisson giving his recollections
of. the family. (In envelope with cutting of obit. notice of J. M. ). PP 4-6
Marsden, Jane Catherine. The late Mrs. Marsden. Special services at Barnabas,
Milltown.·(Bathurst Free Press 1885). PP 7-8
Marsden, John. Obituary notice. (In envelope with cutting on Marsden family. See back
PP 6
Rhodes, Cecil. Mr. Rhodes’ London ancestry. (Daily Telegraph 29 Mar. 1902.) PP 9-10
Weindorfer, Gustav. Late Mr. Weindorfer. “Hermit of Cradle Mountain”. A memoir. (Article
by Marjorie Irvine-Smith contributed to the Herald, .Melbourne). PP11
Winnington-Ingram, Arthur Foley, Bishop of London. A visit to New Zealand, Bishop of
London's impressions. PP 12
Marsden, Samuel
1. Illus. of the Rev. E. Hulme-Moir presenting Capt. A. H. Davey of the Awatea with a
picture of the ship which took Rev. Samuel Marsden to New Zealand. PP 13
2. Link with Tahiti. The Hassalls of Cobitty. By Eric Ramsden. (Mrs. Thomas Hassall was
M’s eldest daughter, Anne). PP14
3. Samuel Marsden. A New Zealand poem. By Dora Wilcox. PP15
4. Samuel Marsden. His New Zealand journals. By Eric Ramsden. 2-copies. PP 16
5. Wilberforce. Marsden letters discovered. By Eric Ramsden, Pt.2. PP 17
6. Cutting recording present to King of cloak made from Australian wool. PP 18
7. A Maori reformer. (Ruatara; Marsden's Duaterra), By F. C. R. PP 19
Cross at Oihi
1. Illus. of gathering at the Marsden cross, Oihi, to celebrate centenary of the introduction
of Christianity into New Zealand. (Auckland Weekly News). PP 20
2. The Marsden Cross unveiled by the Governor. (N. Z. Herald. 13 Mar.1907). PP 21
3. The altar erected at the Cross (erected for Marsden Centenary Service). PP 22
4. Illus. of the Marsden Cross near Kerikeri. Auckland Weekly News, 1911). PP 23
5. Notice of unveiling of the Cross extracted from the Church Gazette, Auckland. PP 24
1. Marsden's way. (Sydney Morning Herald. 21 May·1938):
     a. His adventures in New Zealand. By J. Hursthouse.
     b. Marsden Sunday. Special services.
     c. Cairns unveiled to Blaxland and Marsden. PP 25
2. The Christian message. By Elsie K. Morton. (N.Z. Herald 26 Dec.1914). Marsden
centenary year. PP 26
3. Marsden centenary. Town Hall meeting. (N:Z. Herald 16 Dec.1914). PP 27
4. A pilgrimage to Marsden's tomb. C.M.S. centenary. Illus. and account. PP 28-29
1. Marsden's birthday. New memorial at Farsley. By Eric Ramsden. PP 30
2. Account of M's contributions to early wool trade, and proposed memorial at Farsley.
(Nottingham Guardian 1 July 1911). PP 31
3. Rev. Samuel Marsden. The first missionary to New Zealand. (Account of the unveiling of
the memorial at Farsley. PP 32
1. A hundred years ago. New Year's time in Parramatta in 1799. PP 33-34
2. Tin of sovereigns. Contractor's lucky find (at St. John’s Parsonage, Parramatta). PP 35
3. Marsden’s Maori memorial. Illus. of tablet of marble placed in St. John's Church,
Parramatta in 1856 by Rev. Richard Taylor. PP 36
4. Sydney Morning Herald. Parramatta Supplement 28 Oct.1938
     a. pp 9-10. p.9. Tribulation in the Cradle of Christianity
     b. Great in all he (i.e. Marsden)did except his love letters.
     c. Feud with Marsden. PP 37-39
1. Historic rectory at Windsor: a link with Samuel Marsden. (Sydney Morning Herald 19
July 1938). PP 40
2., Link with Marsden. Tablet unveiled in St. Matthew's Church, Windsor. PP 41
3. Illus. of Miss Eliza. Betts, granddaughter of S.M., standing beside her collection of
Marsden family portraits. PP 42
4. Marsden's Windsor.· Granddaughter's gallery. By Eric Ramsden. (Sydney Morning
Herald 26.Nov.1932). PP43
5. Illus. of the old rectory at Windsor. PP 44
1. Memorial cairns. Blaxland and Marsden. - Ceremony at St. Mary's. (11 May 1938). PP
2. Mamre, St. Mary's. Erected by Marsden. By Frank Walker. Includes illus. of the
homestead. PP 46
B.H.A. sermon preached in the chapel of St. Augustine's College by the Warden on
Sunday, October 25, 1857 after the arrival of the intelligence of the death of' the Rev.
Charles Marsden Betts, S.A.C. curate of Goulbourn, N.S.W. Canterbury, St. Augustine's
College Press,1857. (12.pp). Item 1
Betts, Mary (nee Marsden) Mrs. John Betts. Lines writ on the 100th anniversary of the
birthday of the Rev. Samuel Marsden, Sydney, Joseph Cook & Co. printers, 1871. Item2
Church of the colonies, no. 5.. The church in Australia, pt. 1. Two journals of visitations to
the northern and southern portions of his diocese by the Lord Bishop of Australia,1843.·3rd
ed. London,' Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 1846. 48pp. Item 3
Church of the colonies, no. 6. The church in Australia, pt. 2. Two journals of missionary
tours in the districts of Maneroo and Moreton Bay, New South Wales, in 1843. 3rd ed.
London, Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 1946 48pp. Item 4
Church Missionary Society. Missionary papers, no.111, 1816. Has Marsden's account· of
his first Sunday in New Zealand. Item 5
Church of England in New Zealand, Diocese or Auckland. The story of the Maori, mission.
(London) Burt and Sons, printers, 1905? 4pp. Item 6
St. Augustine’s College, Canterbury. Occasional papers, no. 25 . 31st, October 1857.
12pp. Has biographical notes about the Rev. C. M. Betts. Item 7
Unveiling of the Marsden Cross at Oihi, Russell, Bay or Islands, on Tuesday, March 12th,
1907 by His Excellency the Governor. Order ,of Proceedings. Auckland, Printed at Star
Office. 4 pp. Item 8
Walsh, Archdeacon. Proposed Marsden Cross. Extract from the New Zealand Herald, 14
October 1905. 4 pp. Item 9

VIII PERSONAL EFFECTS (x = not microfilmed. Only items 11 and15 microfilmed)
Samuel Marsden
     x Canoe~ carved prow and stern. Presented to S.M. Item 1
     x Communion set' of silver (3 pieces) in leather case Item 2
     x Feather box, Maori carved. Item 3
     x Lloyd, Richard. Memoir of: the Rev. Thomas Lloyd, London. Printed for C.J.G. and
     F. Rivington, 1830. 396pp. Inscription pasted onto flyleaf: Rev. Mr. Marsden,
     Chaplain, Botany Bay from an unknown well wisher, London. Item 4
     x Magnifying glass. Item 5
     x Spectacles. Item 6
     x Watch, with tortoise-shell back. Item 7
     x Woollen cloth, woven from wool brought back to Yorkshire by S. M. from New
     South Wales. Item 8
     x Water colour of second Parsonage, Parramatta - artist unknown. Separate negative
     to be done. Item 9
     x Crayon Drawing of Samuel Marsden - artist unknown. Returned to R. E. Marsden.
     Item 10
Jane Marsden
     Autograph book. Inscription on flyleaf: Jane Marsden from her affectionate husband,
     Thomas Marsden, Jany 1st,1835. Item 11
     x Birthday scripture text book. London, F. Warne, (1866). Title-page and preface
     only. Inscription on fly-leaf: Jane C. ,Marsden in remembrance of St , Peter's Day,
     June 29th, 1869 from her affectionate son, S. E. Bathurst. Item 12
     x Fly-leaf and frontispiece (Rev. Henry Venn) from a book. Inscription on flyleaf: Mrs.
     and Miss Marsden with the affectionate remembrances of E. Venn and I. Venn,
     Aylestone Hill, Nov. 1858. Item 13
     x Luther, Martin. A commentary on St. Paul’s Epistle to the ,Galatians;. London,
     Printed for Mathews and Leigh, 1810. 551p., Inscription on fly-leaf: Jane Catherine
     Marsden, the gift or her dear father, May 5, 1827. Item 14
(J. Marsden)
     Diary (of J. Marsden?) of a voyage on the Nimrod from England (to Australia)..
     Entries from 14 June to 19 August 1827. Item 15
Anna Marsden
     x Notebooks and diaries belonging to Anna Marsden dated 1844. (2 notebooks
     recording a trip to the continent): One undated notebook (but later than the first two)
     recording a trip to Italy: 6 Jun. 1853. Contains accounts of two trips to the continent,
     and recipes; 1869, Diary; 1870, Diary. Item 16
Samuel Edward Marsden
     x Scrapbook. Includes 3 postcards or Maori sketches, two of which were done by G.
     Robley. Item 17
Eliza Pitt
     x Sampler by Miss Eliza Pitt, aged 6 years, 1819. Returned to R. E. Marsden. Item18

[Note: x = not microfilmed, Items 9, 16, 26, 27 have been photographed and prints are
being obtained for Australia]
Marsden, Samuel.
     Revd. Saml. Marsden of Magdalen College, Cambridge, Minister at New South
     Wales. Engraving by G. Terry. 5½” x 4¼”. 2 copies. (2nd copy not filmed =
     photograph of engraving). Item 1 & 1a
     x Another copy. 4” x 3”. Returned to R. E .Marsden. Item2
     x Enlarged and photographed. 8” x 5”. Item 3
     Photograph of Engraving. 5½” x 4”. Item 4
Marsden, Elizabeth (Wife of S.M.)
     Mrs. Eliza Marsden. Engraving by G. Terry. 6½” x 4¼”. Item 5
     x Another copy. 4” x 3”. Returned to R E. Marsden. Item 6
Marsden Jane Catherine (Daughter to Samuel)
     x Photograph. 3½” x 2¼” . Item 7
     x Photograph 3½” x 2¼”. Item 8
     x Photograph of painting. 7¾” x 6”. Also negative. Item 9
     Tinted Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. In leather book frame. Item 10
Marsden, Anna (Daughter to Jane)
     x As a child. Miniature. 2¾” x 2¼”. Returned to R. E. Marsden. Item 11
     x Painting by J. Fisher. 1852. 6½” x 5½”. Returned to R. E. Marsden. Item 12
     Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. Item 13
Marsden, Samuel Edward, Bishop of Bathurst (son to Jane)
     x As a boy.· Painting. 3” x 2” Returned to R. E. Marsden Item 14 .
     x As a young man. Painting by J. Fisher, 6½” x 5½”(Returned to R. E. Marsden). Item
     x With Anna. Photograph of' painting.7¾” x 6” 12 copies. Also negative. Item 16
     [Prints from C.N.L. & M.L. Negative to Alexander Turnbull Library]
     In robes. Photograph. 4½” x 3¼”. Item 17
     In robes. Seated. Photograph. 5¾” x 4”. Item 18
     Seated. Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. Item 19
     Seated at table. Photograph. 3¾” x 2¼”. Item 20
Marsden, Mrs. Samuel Edward
     Photograph. 3½” x 2½”. Item 21
Marsden, Edward McLaren (son to Samuel Edward)
     Aged 15 January 1886. Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. Item 22
     x Photograph. 5” x 3”. Returned to R. E. Marsden. Item 23
Marsden, Anna Marion, Mrs. Percy (daughter to Samuel Edward)
     x As a young girl. Tinted Photograph. 3½”·x 2½”. Item 24
     As a girl in her teens. Photograph. 3½” x 2½”. Item 25
Marsden, Robert Edward (son to Edward McLaren)
     x Seated. Photograph. 8” x 6”. 11 copies. Also negative. Item 26
     x Standing. Photograph. 8” x 6”. 3 copies. Also negative. Item 27
     [26.7. Photographs. Prints for C.W.L. & M.L. Negatives to Alexander Turnbull Library]
Marsden, Samuel (son to Robert Edward)
     x Photograph. 6” x 4½”. (Returned to R. E. Marsden.). Item 28
Barker, Dr., Bishop or Sydney (Godfather to Edward McLaren Marsden)
     Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. Item 29
Barker, Mrs. (2nd wife of Bishop Barker)
    Photograph. 3½” x 2½”. Item 30
Smith, Marian (Mrs. Percival Smith) (Sister of Mrs. S. E. Marsden) .
     Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. Item 31
Smith, Percival.
     Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. Item 32
Family Groups
     Awaiting. reply from R.E.M. identifying figures. Mar. 57
     x With 5 figures. Photograph. 3½” x 2¼”. Item 33
     x With 12 figures. Photograph. 2¼” x 3½”. Item 34
Avonbank, Bathurst (Home of Jane Marsden) .
     With 3 figures, including Jane and Anna. Photograph. 2½” x 4¼”. Item 35
     With 4 figures, including Jane and Anna. Photograph. 2½” x 4¼”. Item 36
     With 5 figures. Photograph. 2½” x 4¼”. Item 37
Bishopscourt, Bathurst
     Photograph. 3¾” x 6¼”. Item 38
     With Bishop M., Mrs. M. and Katie. Photograph. 2¼” x 4”. (Gloucestershire). Item 39
Longhope Vicarage church and school-room; south and west view with May Hill.
     x Pencil sketch. 3”·x 4½”. (Of no New Zealand or Australian interest). Item 40
Oihi and neighbourhood, Bay of Islands.
     3 photographs, each 6” x 8¼”. Items 41-43
Russell, Bay of Islands'
    Photograph. 6” x ·8¼”. Item 44

1 sermon lacking first and last pages. Item 1
1 Kings 13 v.30. Item 2
Psalms 1-6 v. 8-11, dated 23 July 1815. Item 3
         26 v .1-2. Item 4
         42 .v. 5. Item 5·
         51 v. 5. Item 6
         106 v. 10-12. Item 7
         143 v. 2. Item 8
Proverbs 14 v. 14. Item 9
Isaiah   26 v. 3-4. Item 10
         26 v. 12. Item 11
         49 v. 6. Item 12
Jeremiah 13 v,15-17. Item 13
Haggai·2 v. 7. Item 14
Matthew 11 v. 28. Item 15
         27 v.62-6. Item 16
John     11 v. 25-6. Item 17
         15 v.15. Item 18
         19 v. 38-42. Item 19
Acts 2 v. 37-9. Item 20
Romans 3 v.10-20. Item 21
1 Corinthians 10 v.12. Item 22
Ephesians 6 v.10. Item 23
Colossians 2 v.6-7. Item 24
Hebrews 4 v.1. Item 5
1 Peter 4 v.19. Item 26
[Note: Another sermon (on 2 Timothy 1 v.12) has been sent by Rev. R.S.M. to Marsden
School, Wellington]

Amongst the papers of S. E. Marsden, Bishop of Bathurst, there is a notebook with letters
inserted. One or these letters (undated, probably 1869?) is from G. A. Selwyn, Bishop of
Lichfield, to S.E.M. Selwyn speaks of himself as the “spiritual grandson” of Samuel
Marsden, Selwyn was one or the Bishops present at S.E.M'S consecration, and one of
S.E.M's.- sons was named Selwyn. (Anna Marsden to S.E.M., Bathurst. 18 February1885).
(2 pp.)
Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382

Transcribed from the AJCP microfilm reel M382 entitled Family Papers held by the
State Library of Victoria.
Transcribed by Carole Wilkinson 2010. Carole’s comments in blue

I. Biographical Notes etc of Marsden Family
(1 packet)
Baptism certificate of Jane Catherine Marsden

Jan 26 1809
Jane Catherine D of Samuel & Elizabeth Marsden.
Born 7th Dec 1808
The above is a True Copy of the Parish Register of the Holy Trinity, in the Town of
Examined this Seventh day of June 1898
By me A H Huntley
Curate of the said Parish

Envelope containing statement of birth and death of Sydney Thomas Marsden and Catherine
Elizabeth Marsden, taken from a family bible.

1. Sydney Thomas - died December 14 1835
2. Catherine Elizabeth - died May 29th 1837

1. Sydney Thomas - born Oct 19 1835
2. Catherine Elizabeth - born Jany 17

Envelope containing postcard to S E Marsden giving date of death of John
Marsden [Thomas’s brother in Wakefield]. Also two letters 1. J W Walker to
Mrs Wigglesworth 18 Sep 1906, and 2. J W Walker to S E Marsden15 Oct 1906,
giving baptism dates for Marsdens of Wakefield.

[I have been unable to connect the William and Hannah Marsden mentioned in the
letter to the family.]


Boyne Hill House,
Chapel Thorpe,

18th September 1906

Dear Mrs Wigglesworth,
In the parish church register occurs the following.
Mary dau William and Hannah Marsden born 15th July 1805 baptised June 20 1807
John son of William and Hannah Marsden born May 3rd baptised June 20 1807
I think the later will be what you require although the surname is spelled differently.
No Marsden names in either 1806-7 or 8.

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Frequently surnames were wrongly spelt by the parish clerk. In this case two children
were baptised on the same day, evidently soon after the birth of John and when Mary
was nearly two years old.
Mrs Jackson will know if she had an aunt called Mary. Though possibly she may have
died young before Mrs Jackson knew of her.
With kind regards
Very faithfully yours
J W Walker

I 45-47

Boyne Hill House, Chapelthorpe, Wakefield
15 October 1906

My Dear Bishop,
I am very sorry to be unable to carry your matter further, but searching the parish
church register has not bought anything satisfactory to light. I have suggested to Mrs
Wigglesworth that she should look at the register of baptisms for some four or five
years on each side of 1807 and see if any baptisms are recorded. The check would
help her.
I have also suggested that she should get her eldest brother, who is, I believe in the
probate office to search for the wills of her grandfather and great grand father and see
if these will throw light on the matter.
I find that a William Marsden lived at Thornhill House, Alice House Lane a good
house between 1751 and 1758 as a tenant of the governors of the Charities, but
whether an ancestor or not I do not know.
I am sorry to be of so little use
Very faithfully yours
J W Walker

Notebook containing transcript of letters etc concerned with SM’s life.
Transcribed by Anna Marsden(?). Also at back of notebook is a transcript of a
letter by SM, dated 20 May 1827, giving his wife’s relationship to Sir Cloudesley
Shovel, in whose estate she apparently had a claim.

Not transcribed

Notes about SM headed: Simeon’s memoir. 3 pages. Contains extract from a
letter by SM to Rev. J Pratt, giving dates for events in his early career.

Not transcribed

Not transcribed

Not transcribed

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
II.Correspondence (2 packets)
Packet 1

Samuel Marsden

Not transcribed

to Jane Marsden

June 13 1826
Addressed to Miss Jane Marsden, at Mrs Streets, Bathurst

My Dear Jane,
I was very happy to learn that you had all got up safe and well and also to hear that
you were now with Mrs Street. I have no doubt but you will be very comfortable with
Mrs S while you remain at their home. I think it probable I shall come up in the
Spring, and see what you are all doing. You will attend to your Studies and make what
Improvement you can while you have so good an opportunity. We are all very well at
Home. Your mother and Sisters are going to keep Charles’s birth day at the Farm with
him on Wednesday next. We have no particular news at the present time.
With respect to your reading, I should recommend you to read no novels of any kind. I
have never seen one but what is mired up more or less with poison. They will always
tend to taint the mind, and spoil the relish for good books. If we get a taste for trifles,
we shall hanker after them. Read the best authors on divinity, on history, and all other
useful knowledge but none of those who write nonsense. Let the Bible be your most
valuable study. There you will learn the best knowledge. This is a Treasure that can
never be exhausted while we live. There all our social relative and religious duties are
perfectly defined. while we follow the divine rules laid down for the whole of our
conduct in the Bible we shall never ever. The Son of God is perfect converting the
Treasure up all the divine promises in your mind as much as possible that you may
always have them ready when you want them.
Our blessed Lord alway vanquished Satan by an appeal to the Scriptures and which
the Jews contended with him, and despised him, he always referred them to the Bible
as a proof that he was the true Messiah. There is no book so precious as the Bible. We
want it every day, nay every hour, every moment. [this page damaged] With ...
knowledge of our Bible we .... happy in all situations of life ..... sickness and in health,
in .... and adversity, in Life and in ...may you ........this blessed book is the sincere ....
my Dear Jane
Your affectionate ....
Saml Marsden

PS Give my Christian regards to Mr and Mrs Street. I write these few line at the
Committee table in Sydney in great haste.

II.1. 37-39
Parramatta Sep 4th 1826

My Dear Jane,
I was glad to learn so good account of you from Mrs Street and that you made such
application to your Studies. The present is now time for improvement and for laying in
a stock of useful knowledge. This will be your seed time. Hereafter you will reap the
harvest, as a reward for your present labour. Many learn when young and foolish,
what they have in future life to unlearn and often with much difficulty. If the
Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
knowledge we acquire is all good, the mind will feed upon it and delight in it at all
times. Of all knowledge the knowledge of the Bible is the most precious. We want the
Bible every day. Every day we have our temptations. Satan and sin and the world will
every day annoy us. The Christian can do nothing without his Bible. We must take the
shield of faith which is the Word of God by which alone we can quench the fiery darts
of the Devil. The promises of God are both great and precious to all those that believe.
We should commit the word of God to memory--treasure it up in our mind, have it
always at Hand to repel any Attack of our spiritual Enemy. O how I love thy Law said
the Psalmist, all the day long is my study in it. How precious are thy thoughts unto me,
O God. How great is the sum of them.
Timothy knew the Scriptures from a child. The knowledge of them is able to make us
wise unto Salvation. They are necessary for old and young, for sickness and health, in
life and death. No book is equal to the Bible for Simplicity, beauty?, fine language and
entertainment. We have there the lives and deaths of the best of men and women for
our example, and by following their steps we may hope for their happy end. I
recommended to you before to read no novels, or trash of any kind. They will corrupt
the Taste and spoil the relish for what is good. It is much more easy to get a taste for
bad reading than for good. I have written to you and Mrs Street in great haste late at
night when I could not see to mend my pen. You will perhaps not be able to make out
what I have scrawled. However you must both excuse the Errors as I cannot look them
I remain
Your affectionate father
Saml Marsden

Miss Jane Marsden

II.1. 40-1

Parramatta, Saturday Morning [nd]
My Dear Jane,
I am very sorry to hear so distressing news of Thomas. I have suffered much
uneasiness of mind about him during the last 6 months and have offered up ardent
prayers to the father of mercies on his behalf that he would be graciously pleased to
restore him to his former health, or if he should remove him from Time that he would
prepare him for his kingdom of rest above where there is no more Sin, nor sorrow, nor
crying. I feel also for your afflictions, but I hope you will have the strength to bear
them and that your afflictions of mind may be sensible for your eternal Good. May the
divine blessing attend upon you in both life and death. I would write more but I am too
much troubled in mind. Give my love to Thomas and tell him I feel and pray for him.
I remain
Your affectionate father
Saml Marsden

II.1. 43-46
Parramatta Jan 9th 1837
Dear Jane,
I was very happy to hear from Charles today that Thomas is better. It will give me
much pleasure to find that he is recovering. We must all die one after another for this
is our appointed lot. At the same time we generally feel a wish to live a little longer.
David felt this when he said, spare me a little that I may recover my strength before I
go hence and am no more seen. I hope Thomas will be able to commit all his time and
Eternity into the hands of an all wise and merciful God. When the time came near for
our blessed Saviour to suffer death, he lifted up his prayers to God with strong crying

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
and tears that the bitter crop might pass from him, but this prayer would not be
answered he was to taste death for us. That same Saviour knows our fears and pains
and suffering, and can and will have Compassion on us in all our Affliction whether of
body or mind. Let then your respects be made unto him who careth for you. we can
never trust him too much, nor love him too ardently. We all know that we must die,
and the sooner the Christian leaves this sinful world, the better it will be for him; for it
is for better to be with Christ than in this ? world. Cast then your burden upon the
Lord, and he will sustain you. I shall not cease to pray for you and I desire to leave
you in the Lords Hands, who knows what is best for us all.
I hope my Dear Jane will bow to the divine will, and cast your burden upon the Lord.
Vain is the help of man, but God can, and will make all things work together for good
to them that fear him. This is the Divine Promise and the Scriptures cannot be broken.
May the God of Abraham be your strength and stay; and you Comfort both in life and
Sam and Anna are both well and happy. We were to sail tomorrow. I am going to
Sydney this morning and intend to return in the Evening.
I remain
Your affectionate ....
Sam Marsden
PS Tell Thomas I shall not let the farm? he mentions in his note until I return from N.
Zealand when I hope to find you all in a better ?
I was very glad to learn Thomas was better, and hope he will continue so. We were to
have sailed on the 1st but we leave Parramatta tomorrow Feby. 2nd

Addressed to Mrs Thomas Marsden, at Mr ???, Penrith

II.1. 47-50
to B Scott (Mrs Marsden’s cousin)

Parramatta, 8 June 1827. (Damaged). Concerning Sir Cloudesley Shovel’s property

Parramatta 8th Jun 1827

Dear Cousin,
I think it necessary to write to you on the following subject. A Lieut Cooling of the
Royal Navy left a note at my house when I was from home containing the following
“Mr Biggen of Kensington near London requested Lieut Cooling to inform the Revd
Mr Marsden of Parramatta that Mrs Marsden had the most positive right to a property
at Islington called Cloudesly Shovels Terrace containing a number of genteel houses”-
How far this information may be correct I cannot say. I have written to Mr C J? Coates
Secretary to the C M Society to make some enquiry about it and also to John
McArthur Esq Barrister at law as well as to Mr Biggen. Mrs Marsden can recollect
very little about Sir Cloudesly Shovel more than that he was her mothers great uncle.
but she does not know whether the relationship was from her grandfather or
grandmother side. I have referred Mr ? Coales to you as you may perhaps know more
of this subject than Mrs M. as you are much older. I will thank you to make some
Enquires about it and inform me if it should be necessary.
I am happy to say we are all pretty well at present. Jane is as tall as you .... and a very
fine young woman
[next section damaged]
The increase of convicts from England Ireland and some from India is great every
year. THe inhabitants from the increase of children also becomes every year much

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
more numerous. I am ?? marrying many I christened, and some I believe whose
mothers I christened. I have enjoyed my health well, and am able to ?? such labour
now. I hope my sister and all the family are well. Give our affectionate love to them
all. I write this in great haste as I expect ....
[the rest of the letter damaged]

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Charles Simeon Marsden (son of SM)
[Charles’ writing is very difficult to read]

to Jane

II.1. 51-54
Shrivenham St[h] Creek St Mary’s 10 Feb (no year)
My Very Dear Sister,
Your letter of March first recd. & the order for £15.16 in Byines & May thanks for the
trouble you have taken in my affairs with respect to the deeds they cannot be found. I
did not intend to ?? and the house Martin to know how much they would sell for as I
was about buying the assets
I cannot get Mr Campbell to wind up my affairs he is so taken up with the Council
I hope Saml recd my letter it was ?? the ship was lost & only part of the mail bags
saved. I am much pleased with Samls present it puts me in mind of those who are dear
to me. every night I wind it up.
I hope you have not given up all thoughts of living in Australia again. I ? not say how
delighted I should be to see you once more. Thos. H spent the day with last week. they
are all well at Denbigh. I expect Ann will spend a day with us shortly....
The weather has been very hot ............every thing packed up. There has been many
deaths from sun stroke. poor Mary feels poor Charles’ death very much & Sarah.
.........I fear she may not long survive her dear brother.
Martha and family are well and the Bobarts. I have not seen Elizth? for two years
......... Mason is living at his farm about a mile from here, he sends? his love and
regards to you & his ???

II.1. 55, 56
Shrivenham, St Creek Mamre
11th Dec 1851

My Dearest Sister,
I hasten to reply to your letter containing an order on your ?? for 20£ which ? by the
I answered your letter also Samls. I trust in this they have arrived.
We are just soon in the midst of our harvest & from the heat of the weather I can only
put by the next ?? to say we are all well & blessed with a good crop but in this you
have heard of the rich deposits of gold .... from the very part of the country I have
been luxuriating for weeks such as ?? & ?? near Bogie? my own [by our?] ..... Mr
Flower. I myself have been over the same ground. Thousands of people are there now.
some doing well, others nothing.

II.1. 57-60
Shrivenham 17th March 62

My Dearest Sister,
I seems so long since I have has a line from you that I thank ?? instead ....... from my
kind nephew Saml and ?? my two last letters to sail have miscarried .... that you ...
him I had bought the assets on my Estate and ? have a Power of Attorney to ?? the
property as ?? to ?? the money ...... safe.... to ?? for my dear wife the ......... myself
with the exception of about a hundred pounds to pay what we owe for without a ?? ??
independent of the farm we cannot live? labour so very high .......... to go on a
mortgage about £60 in case he ??? and take the property immediately which I trust he
won’t do?

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
We have had some very hot weather causing sudden deaths from sun stroke. the
railway to .......... progressing & the ...........
I saw in the papers that George H?? has arrived at Melbourne & was not expected to
live. his father has gone down to see him. the mail ship for ?? has not arrived. It is
supposed that has foundered. Thank Saml for the papers .......... I should be glad .......
happy to say ....

aff Brother Charles

to nephew, Samuel Edward

II.1. 61-64

My dear nephew,
Your letter enclosing a bill for £13.9.8 I have recd with many thanks. I should have
answered your letter but the mail had left before I recd yours. When I requested you to
sell the Hull property I was told by two parties who ?? worth 12 to£1700 so that if it
should not fetch more than 200£ I beg you will withdraw the sale of it.
You will be pleased to hear your Aunt Bobart is better .......
and I think she has many friends.
James Hassal was here last Sunday & preached at our Church. they are all well. I
propose ? going to spend a few days at Denbigh.
...... a most refreshing rain the country looks well & every thing cheap & plentiful. ??
give my fondest love to your Mama & say how much I should like to hear from her &
....... believe me my dear nephew, your affct uncle
C S Marsden

II.1. 65-68
a. Shrivenham 20th May 1863

My dear Nephew,
I beg you will receipt my sincere thanks for the very ? present ...... mail which ?? of
great use to me, but I beg you will not inconvenience yourself on my ?? for I must
insist ......... your kind present, sometimes the letter answer after the mails have sailed,
so pray do not think I neglect anyway your letters.
I mentioned in my last I did not wish the property to be sold unless it fetch something
handsome as I was under the impression from what I had heard from ........... the
property it wold realise a good sum. I have not recd the Deed you mention ?? to have
been forwarded by last mail.
Pray give our kind love to your Mama & Anna, & yourself and believe me
My dear nephew
Your affect Uncle
C S Marsden

II.1. 69-71
Shrivenham 21st July 1863

My Dear Nephew,
the deeds & ?? duly signed & executed on Saturday last ?? forwarded by this mail & I
have authorised Mr Lyons to get a loan of £56. I will thank you to forward the acct for
the purchase money ?? to me, to the care of C B Lyons solicitors ?? Parramatta &
thanking you most sincerely for the trouble ?? I have given you ...............................
believe me
your ever? affectionate

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
C S Marsden

II.1. 72-74
20 Apr 1864

My Dear Samuel,
I have duly recd you letter enclosing a draft on the Cen Banking Coy for two hundred
and fifty pounds ten shillings and eight pence on ?? sale of my Hull property and I beg
to return you my sincere thanks for all the trouble you have had on my acct & my
thanks for ?? papers.
Aunt Martha has just written to say she has a parcel for your Aunt Elizt brought out by
Miss Campbell & she desires her love to your Mama to say she will write by next
mail. We have had nothing but heavy rains the last few months the country has been
flooded generally & the poor farmers have suffered severely & the squatters have lost
thousands of sheep and cattle. the Betts & Hassels? are all well. ?? your Aunt Ann has
had another fit but is pretty well again .
With our united love to your Mama & sister & self, believe me my dear nephew
your affct Uncle
C S Marsden

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
John Marsden, solicitor of Wakefield (brother of Thomas)

letters to Jane

II.1. 76, 77
[Undated fragment which could refer to the death of his brother William in 1845]

...Wm’s death.
All others here in whom you take an interest are well & going on much as you left
And now my dear sister do let us hear from you more frequently & tell us all about
Saml & Anna.
You will be obliged to write by first post to acknowledge receipt of the enclosed Draft
for £72.14.11 for your Brother’s Rents.
My good wife & young ones unite with me in kindest regards & best wishes to
yourself & Saml & Anna.
Believe me
My dear Sister
Yours most affectionately
John Marsden

II.1. 78-81
16th May 1842 [5 years after Thomas’s death]

My Dear Sister,
Before I came to town I had deemed it prudent to write in direct terms to Mr J M
Knights to ask lieu to resign the trust under the Power of Attorney from N S Wales
and informing him in case of his not doing it I should take measures to prevent his
acting, as I could neither consent to act along with him or to entrust your interest to his
keeping. You will be enabled to judge how far I was justified in pursuing such a
course, when I tell you that I was yesterday waited upon by a gentleman from
Edinburgh who had cause purposely to make Enquires respecting Mr Knight. He said
that Mr K had been residing with his wife and 2 children at Taits Hotel Edinburgh for
6 months & had not paid one shilling & that he had told Mr Tait that he had
considerable funds coming to him under a Power of Attorney sent out from Australia,
out of which he would pay his Demand & that the completion of this business was
with me(?). He further stated that Mr K was doing nothing.
You will think it fortunate that a Check(?) has been interposed.
It strikes me that Mr Knight will not resign but that you have the power to revoke the
Power of Attorney and take out Administration in your own name and I think you had
better at once do this. Perhaps you had better call on Messers Jennings & Cox of
Data’s Commons the Proctors who have been employed in the business and ask them
if the course I suggest is not practicable & advisable.
I have a pile of correspondence papers already in the business which would repay you
for the ? I will ?? send them up. The ....

II.1.82, 83
Wakefield, June 1st 1844

My Dear Sister,
The conditional Sale of the Property at Hull was merely a speculative suggestion of
my own calculated to relieve Mr Terry of Trouble & Responsibility. I have not named
the subject to Mr T nor shall I. If you wish & think that your brother would wish also,
I will take charge of the property and settle all accounts with Mr Terry, and arrange
the indemnity to Mr Moxon for the money due on this missing note. Some

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
acknowledgement should be made to Mr Terry for his services, but we cannot in
delicacy offer it in money. What think you? I should hope to hear from you before you
leave England; and if you should have to go to London perhaps you would be so good
as forward me the authority from your brother relative to the property at Hull. I have
not any certificate ? to your father and mother’s burial.
My good wife joins me in kind regards,
Yours affectionately
John Marsden

Wakefield Oct 25 1844

My Dear Sister,
Whilst I congratulate you on having brought to a conclusion the very tiresome
business connected with the administration, I cannot help regretting that the expenses
should have been so serious as I learn from Mr Terry’s letter received this morning
they have been. No doubt the business was most complicated and has been most
troublesome. I enclose you Mr Robinson’s account which I have looked over and I am
bound to say that it seems fair and reasonable.
You can either remit the amount direct to Mr Robinson or through Mr Terry or myself.
I purpose going to Hull on Saturday the 2nd Nov and settling all matters with Mr
Terry as I think it is due to him that we shall be relieved from further trouble. He has
some money in hand received for Rents which I suppose will be payable to your
brother. I am most willing to do all in my power to forward your brother’s wishes or
interest. You know his sentiments. Do you think he would wish me to superintend the
property at Hull for him, or he would prefer a resident person to do this? Pray inform
Mr Terry in his letter to me says “there is a small bill which perhaps Mrs Marsden
may think it right to pay. It does not amount to above 6 or 7 £. It is for the funeral of
Mr or Mrs Knight I do not know which. It is due to Mr Witty who is a relative of the
Fristans and so connected with the Revd Marsden. I have not mentioned this to Mrs M
but I intended to have done so had I seen her.”
What say you about this?
Our ?? wrote me once or twice for an account of my Charges - The fact is my Dear
Sister - that making money out of you was one of the most distant ideas in my head.
Probably as many other parties join in the expense & as my partner has a right to ? of
the time I have been occupied......

II.1. 88, 89
Wakefield Nov 29 1844
My Dear Sister,
I have this morning received from Mr Terry the enclosed Draft for £100.6.7 being the
amount he has received for Mrs Moron’s missing note. You will oblige me by
acknowledging the receipt by return of post. The draft you should immediately pay to
your banker.
Mr Terry is getting in some facts for the repair of the house at Hull.
I expect in a few days to hear from him with a statement of the balance when you shall
hear from
My dear sister
Yours affectionately
John Marsden

II.1. 91-94
Wakefield May 6 1845
My Dear Sister,

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
I was truly sorry to learn by my dear niece’s letter --which arrived during my absence
in London that you had been so seriously indisposed. I sincerely trust you are now
rapidly recovering.
I have ordered payment to Messrs Sapte Banbury Murfratt ? of £59.6.0 to your Credit.
I enclose you Mr Terry’s account & also our own.
You will be easily able to select the items belonging to your Brother.
As I informed you previously I have employed a Mr Clark to collect the rents of the
Property at Hull and I shall wish to know how I am to pay them for your Brother’s
I shall be going to London again about the 15th for a week or 10 days. I hope to
prevail on my wife to accompany me. We shall be sorry not to have the pleasure of
seeing you. I was much pleased with the correctness and neatness of my little niece’s
epistle. I suppose she is now much grown. I shall be delighted when an opportunity
offers that we can see you all. I must not forget also particularly to enquire after my
promising Nephew.
Pray give my kindest love to both, and accept the best wishes for renewed health and
every blessing of
Your affectionate brother
John Marsden

II.1. 95-98
Wakefield Feb 20? 1846
My Dear Sister,
I was much pleased to receive your kind note of the 16th.
I have ordered payment to your credit with Messers Sapter Banbury No of £18.5.4
the balance of the enclosed account of rents received for your brother Charles.
The loss of poor William is severely felt by all of us especially by me, who had been
for some years his confidant and advisor.
My sister Mary receives every sympathy from us. I shall act to her as a brother right.
She is now in London winding up his affairs. She is coming down here and intends
commencing a school along with one of her sisters. I am anxious for her success and
indeed I have not much fear on that head.
I am delighted to hear that you purpose paying us a visit, but why don’t you say when?
You know you have a welcome. You must not complain that my good wife does not
overwhelm you with epistelary correspondence. Her eyes are too weak to permit her
either to write or use her needle. She is nevertheless sincere in her affection for you &
will rejoice at your arrival.
You don’t mention my nephew Saml. Where is he? Henry is now in my office, quite a
man of business.
My good wife joins me in kindest love to you, Anna & Saml.
Believe me,
My dear sister,
affectionately yours
John Marsden

II.1. 99
Wakefield Jan 9 1847
My Dear Sister,
I beg to enclose you a copy of Mr Clarke’s account & letter relative to your Brother’s
property at Hull and also a Bankers Draft for £18.13.9 the balance, the receipt of
which you will oblige me by acknowledging.
Your very kind note to my poor wife pleased us both much. We were exceedingly
sorry to hear that you had been an invalid. I trust you are now ....

II.1. 102, 103
[refers to death of his son Henry]

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382

Wakefield Jan 7 1850
My Dear Sister,
This morning’s post has brought me the enclosed account & draft for £15.6.1 which
please acknowledge.
We are yet greatly out of spirits and at intervals, we always shall be. Poor Henry.
What a loss!
In health, except slight colds we are all well. I am quite void of news. With kindest
regards believe me
yours very sincerely
John Marsden

II.1.104, 105
Wakefield Jan 9 1851

My Dear Sister,
I enclose you a Banker’s draft for £20.14.12 received this morning from Mr Clarke of
Hull for your brother’s rents, which please acknowledge.
We are in trouble about our dear John who is very ill from inflammation of the
bowels. We hope he has this morning a turn for the better, and that, by Gods blessing,
he may be spared to us. With kindest regards to Saml & Anna
believe me
my dear sister
your very affection...
John Marsden

II.1. 106-109
Denby Grange Wakefield Jan 24 1852
My Dear Sister,
Oddly enough, as I was about to answer my classical(?) nephew’s grave Epistle, I
received Mr Clarke’s Accounts of your Brother’s property with the enclosed draft for
£21.1.9, which please acknowledge.
I am much pleased with my hopeful Nephew’s attention in keeping together the family
links, which each year are lessened?
We are indeed “at home” here, if a comfortable house, a nice garden, woods & green
fields can make us so.
It will soon be three years since you were with us & some two or three years more
since you took a fancy to cool yourself in the snow (Swan?) at Masham.
Another visit is due from you, and ?? days and singing birds are coming. Do my dear
sister make a pilgrimage north, and bring the “bairns”.
You shall have a welcome & home--produced milk, butter & eggs.
All my party here unite with us in kindest love to you & yours
believe me
my dear sister
John Marsden

II.1. 110, 111
Wakefield Jan 28 1856
My Dear Sister,
I beg to enclose Mr Clarke’s account & bankers draught for £15.17.1 the balance,
which please acknowledge.
You will have to write your name on the back of the Draught.
Sincerely trusting that you & Sam & Anna are well & with kindest regards believe me
yours very affectionately
John Marsden

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382

II.1.112, 113
Wakefield Jan 13 1857?
My Dear Sister,
I beg to enclose a Bankers Draft for £15.18.5 recd. from Mr Clarke for your brother
Charles’ rents, please acknowledge receipt.
I am just off by rail. Love to all.
Yours affectionately
John Marsden

II.1. 114, 115
West Riding of Yorkshire, Solicitors Office, Wakefield
Jan 13 1859

My Dear Sister,
I enclose you Mr Clarke’s statement of account connected with your brother Charles’
property and a Bankers’ draft for £16.9.1 the balance, which please acknowledge.
All are well at Walton and unite with me in kindest regards to yourself & my hopeful
nephew & niece.
George has been with us for his Xmas holidays but left for London this morning.
Believe me
Very sincerely yours
John Marsden

II.1. 116-118
West Riding of Yorkshire, Solicitors Office, Wakefield
Jan 19 1860

My Dear Sister,
I enclose you Mr Clarke’s Cheque for your Brothers rents, which please acknowledge.
Poor Mrs Atkinson died last week at an advanced age.
All my people I am thankful to say are well. Emily has got a daughter, George will be
21 next Monday. He is in London with a Conveyancer.
My time is so occupied that I am not able to perform the office of collector of News,
and therefore cannot relate any street ? interest you. The Missis and the young ones
unite with me in kindest regards to you & Sam & Anna
Believe me
My dear sister
Very affectionately yours
John Marsden

II.1.120, 121
West Riding of Yorkshire, Solicitors Office, Wakefield
Jan 24 1861

My Dear Sister,
I enclose Mr Clarke’s account connected with your brother’s property & a cheque for
£18.3.6 the balance, which please acknowledge in due course.
I am sorry to say that George, who is now my partner, is very ill from inflammation of
the bowels. All others pretty well
My kind regards to Anna & Sam
Yours always
Very affectionately
John Marsden

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382

II.1.122, 123, 124, 125
West Riding of Yorkshire, Solicitors Office, Wakefield
Jan 27 1863
My Dear Sister,
I have the pleasure to enclose you Mr Clarke’s Cheque for £13.2.3 & his account, by
which you will perceive --as in his letter he has explained more-- that the small
amount he has omitted is owing to the Painters & joiners bills.
Please acknowledge the rect of the cheque.
My good wife has not been well for some time & suffers much from pain in the head.
George has been seriously ill several times. All others, I am thankful to say, continue
in good health.
I observed my Nephew’s name in a list of Clergy present at the installation of the
Duke of Devonshire. This has been the only notification I have had for many months
that any of you are in a state of existence.
I did indulge the hope that when your wanderings had eased, and you were quietly
settled down at Evesham [Worcs.], you or my hopeful niece or aspiring Nephew wod.
occasionally think me worthy of a postage stamp. Tell Anna I won’t act as old Father
unless she shews that she does not entirely forget me.
With kindest love to her and the Revd.
Believe me
Yours affectionately
John Marsden

Wakefield Jan 15 1864
My dear Sister,
I have the pleasure to enclose you Mr Clarke’s last account connected with your
brother Charles’ property at Hull, and a cheque for £25.7.4 the balance, the receipt of
which you will oblige me by acknowledging by first post.
I am sorry to say I am confined to the house by a severe cold, but I am thankful to say
that all others are well & unite with me in kindest regards to yourself & the young
Yours sincerely
John Marsden

II.1. 127-130
Wakefield May 21 1867?

[written in a different hand, presumably dictated by John]

My Dear Nephew,
I have been making some progress towards the Sale of Mr Chas. Marsden’s property
in Hull, and with the aid of a Solr. there, have found the deeds.
I don’t think the Power of Attorney will suffice: but that need not cause delay; as I
think a purchaser will prefer to send out his Conveyance for execution by Mr C. M.
Before offering the Property for Sale I require information on the following points.
1. When and where were the Revd Saml Marsden and Elizabeth ? married?
2. When and where was Mr Chas S Marsden born and where baptised.?
3. Who can speak to his identity of being the eldest son of the Revd. Saml. Marsden
   and Elizabeth his wife? Was he not the only son? Perhaps your mother can if she be
   older. Is that so, and by how many years!

The property appears to have been settled in 1803 by Thomas Scott and Betty --To
such uses as they jointly should appoint. In default of appointment to them for life.

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Remainder as Mrs Scott should appoint, with an ultimate remainder- in default of
appointment to her, To the use and behoof of Elizabeth the wife of the Revd. Samuel
Marsden, then residing in New South Wales, her heirs and assigns for ever.
4. Did Thomas Scott and Betty his Wife make any appointment in pursuance of this
5. Or did Betty Scott make any such appointment
6. Did she make a will; and, if so, can a copy be obtained? She made a memorandum
   on the deed of 1803 as copied below.
7. When and where did Betty Scott die, and where buried?
8. Did Mrs Samuel Marsden enter into receipt of the Rents of the Property
   immediately after Mrs Scott’s death?
9. Did she make any disposition of the Property by deed or Will?
10.      When and where did she die and where buried?
11.      The same as to the Revd. Samuel Marsden.
12.      Did Mr Chas. S Marsden enter into Receipt of the Rents on his Mother’s
   death and has he received them ever since?

On Receipt of your reply to this letter I propose to have the Property valued and then-
assuming we can make out a fair marketable title- to try to effect a Sale by Private
Contract and if not by Public Auction.

[In John’s own hand] I trust you are all better for your journey to (?). With Kindest
regards to your mother Anna and the Revd Saml E Marsden.

John Marsden
Copy Memorandum
This is to certify to the Rev Mr Scott and to Wm. Moron Esq. the trustees of my will
that it is my desire that Elizabeth Knight withome I recide may have the entire
management of my funeral as I have ordered her so to act & she best knowns my mind
and it also my desire that no one thing of mine be sold neither furniture or clothes
wrote with my own hand Febry 5th 1820 in the first weeks of the Reign
of George the 4th.
Betty Scott.

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
John Henry Challis (executor for Thomas Marsden’s estate)
letters to Jane

II.1. 131-3
Sydney 30th August 1839
My Dear Mrs Marsden,
Your favor of 20th instant with the enclosure reached me on the 28th. I am at a loss
how to express my gratitude for the kind feeling which has induced you to present me
with so flattering a mark of your approval for the little I have accomplished during the
time that your interests and those of your dear little children have been more
immediately under my management.
I do not feel that what I have done has merited or required such an acknowledgement,
my connection with Mr Marsden was long, intimate and accompanied throughout both
on his part and on yours with marked and considerate kindness at a time when
kindness was indeed notable because I was known to but a few who were inclined to
manifest any particular interest in my welfare. Surely then you and the fatherless(?)
have more than an ordinary claim upon my best exertions and I can assure you that
now and always they are at your disposal.
I shall apply your present in the purchase of plate which will be an unceasing
memento of the kindness of the donor. Need I say that the kind manner in which you
have spoken of my conduct as Mr Marsden’s trustee and the confidence you repose in
it would have been ample remuneration unaccompanied by any pecuniary
Mr Betts handed me your note of Tuesday and I fully hoped he would have been the
bearer of this as he promised to spend last evening at my Cot but after seeing Mrs
Taylor on aboard the Achilles he determined to go home & he did so without calling.
The notes to Miss Flower and Mrs Campbell were duly forwarded.
I have set the matter right with David Jones TE? The Cab?? was for Mrs Charles
Marsden. You will not be troubled with any more claiming letters from that quarter.
If Mr Crawford does not send for your proxy I do not think that he can object that you
can be at the trouble of communicating with him on the subject after his unhandsome
conduct to the gardener. But as you promised to vote for him, Mr Mcarthur ought not
to press for your vote in favour of Donaldson. I dare say the party to whom you
promised the proxy for Mr Campbell will call for it at the eleventh hour. If not you
have pledged your vote in his favour, thus you cannot without violating your promise
give your proxy to Donaldson under any circumstances.
When I called at Newlands last Sunday I intended to inform you that Norton will
communicate with the Government who will defend the cause against Sir Maurice
O’Connell. If O’Connell succeeds the cause against Anderson and Drinkwater, I
understand that ?? good for many times the amount of what your Cottage cost. I fully
anticipate that we shall have to fall back on Drinkwater and Paul whether Sir Maurice
succeeds or not as there seems no chance of the Title of the Cottage being made good.
I wish very much that Sir Maurice’s action was over for I should much rather recover
the purchase money from the former holders of the property than await the Law’s
In a former note which I did not answer because I expected to see you last Sunday,
you mentioned that you left the question of the sale of the bank notes open to my
advice. I would suggest that if sold it should be to pay off Howison, leaving the
expected proceeds of your father’s property to redeem the Bonds and Mortgage.
Shares are now selling at a high premium and they are expected to fall after the
present excitement in the share market has had time to subside. If you decide upon
selling them I will be delighted to do the needful which can be effected by means of
an advertisement and will not occupy much time. By selling them I shall save you
some £15-£20 Commission and I will be seen to get their fullest value.
When mentioning Mr Campbell just now, I forgot to say that Flower who takes a great
interest in Donaldson’s behalf has not been silent about the Gardeners being taken

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
away from you so shabbily. I think that Campbell loses much credit in the Transaction
- and it has been much talked of.
Your Dog Collar I have sent up by Punt? last night. It was left with me to be engraved.
My sister desires her kindest regards - we have been planning a day or twos trip for
her to Parramatta whenever you are disengaged. I almost fear these frequent calls upon
your hospitality become intrusions.
Dear Mrs Marsden
Yours most faithfully
E H Challis

Mrs Thomas Marsden, Newlands, Parramatta

II.1. 135
Sydney 3rd October 1840
My Dear Mrs Marsden,
I have much pleasure in inclosing you a Bill of Exchange the Commercial Bank or the
London Joint Stock bank £500 @ 30d/s. I know not how to make amends for the long
delay which has taken place in my correspondence with you but I have at last come to
the conclusion of giving the care of all my private accounts to the Clerk who will keep
them up and save me the labor of the account keeping which I find my health is quite
unequal to. You may now rely on hearing from me at least once every three months
and I will get copies of all our Accounts forwarded to you as soon as I have a little
more energy to go into them which I trust will not be very long. We have got tenants
for the land at Bathurst but you must not expect any great returns. They are as follows:
         Andrew? Kerr for Both 1200 acres at S? Hill £60
         John Smith for Your? 1200 acres at Molong? 21
         Wm. Lea for 300 acres at Molong               52

Hunt has Woodlands now @ £75 His time is up next February and I don’t expect to
keep him any longer. I fear the next tenant will not give as high a rent as houses are
almost valueless at Parramatta. The Cottage is let to Bell at £20 a year. out of 2 years
rent I have already expended £20 and am now to lay out another £10 in repairs. The
1000 acres at Windsor is now let to Alcorn for three years, the rent to be paid in
fencing the land and will cost £150. I have been informed that he has fenced it and has
made other improvements which will render the property a most desirable one when
his lease expires a twelvemonth hence.
I will visit and look over the property before he gives it up. Your sheep at Molong
were managed by Mr Jas Smith but the expenses were so unsatisfactory to Robert
Smith that he determined upon culling them and so they were accordingly sold at 6/6 a
head. The cost of managing them and a few cattle belonging to the Exors. was so great
that it gave rise to an arbitration which went against us. The particulars of the returns
of your sheep shall be forwarded when your accts are made up.
Mr Broughton paid the last balance of his rent £58.15.6 in August. I have received
from Mr Campbell £900 belonging to you from your father’s estate which I have paid
to your Credit with the Exors. Also £27.12 from Rector T Hassell. Your cattle are still
at Whittys. I have had endless disputes with him which have ended in a regular
disturbance, and but for the impossibility of moving them during the winter which has
been very wet to the southward, they would have been sent to Rutledge at Port Fairy
long since. We intend to remove them after shearing and we hope they realize you
good prices as cattle have risen very much of late.
Betts mortgage remains in Status Quo. You are I suppose aware that poor Mrs Betts
has to struggle at times to obtain the common necessaries for housekeeping. To press
them under these circumstances would be worse than useless.
Robertsons mortgage has been unproductive and the time has now arrived when the
property can be sold without involving any great sacrifice. There are 2800 acres of

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
land with many improvements and it cannot be worth much less than the £1500 lent
upon it. Had it been sold when he began to get behind hand, I don’t think it would
have realised 2/6 an acre or £350. Mr Norton has instructions to foreclose the
mortgage. The Commercial Bank is again paying good dividends which last half year
was at the rate of 10 percent per annum. In calculating your next year’s income you
may rely that it will not be less than £400 clear and I hope much more if I succeed
with Robertson, but looking forward to the interest which will arise from landed
securities you will not realise more than 6 or 7 percent per annum as it must be an
object with the executors to get better securities which always yield a less rate of
I heard with much interest that Horace Flower’s account of Samuel and Anna. He says
that Sam is a fine stout looking schoolboy. May I ask if it is your wish to educate him
in one of the learned professions and if you have any idea of sending him to Oxford or
Cambridge. My sister hopes to be most kindly remembered to you and the children
and in the hope of soon hearing from you. Believe me my dear Mrs Marsden.
Yours very faithfully,
J H Challis

II.1. 137-140
Sydney 1 Oct 1847
My Dear Mrs Marsden,
I have to acknowledge and thank you for two letters, the last dated 27th April. I am
happy in congratulating you on the improvement of your health which I hope has been
long since restored and continues so. I now have the pleasure of inclosing you a draft
from the Union Bank for £200 which is all the money I have at present available from
the Estate. In case of need however you can avail yourself of the assistance of my
worthy partner in negotiating your drafts with the Executors from time to time.
I have often thought about Samuel’s future career and am very glad that he continues
to keep in good health and that he is so promising a child. I am glad that you have
entertained the wish of making him a merchant and advice that if you continue in this
mind I will not fail to introduce him either into our present firm or some other and he
shall never want for support or assistance as long as they can be of service to him and
if he turns out a steady young man the articles of partnership expire in June 1849 and I
intended at that time to retire from business that I might enjoy some years of
relaxation and amusement in Europe. I must not conceal from you that I have been
most successful far beyond anything that I could have anticipated and nothing would
give me more pleasure than to give Sam such a start in life as would put him in the
way of making his fortune as a merchant. give you some idea of what may be done in
this way through my own instrumentality.
I must inform you that I have now given up the idea of retiring from business in 1849
& by this ship Mr Salting and myself have transmitted proposals to Mr Flower for a
record of our partnership for a further term of seven years which if he accepts I shall
be in a position to instruct Sam in business and if I cannot make a partner of him here
to assist him in establishing a mercantile house in his own account in which he would
have my best assistance and support and if you like this prospect and educate him with
this in view I will hold myself bound to take charge of him here when he is old enough
to begin in the Counting House and I promise you that life and health being spared do
all that I have here promoted. When I asked, in my last letter, if you wished to send
him to the university, it was not with the view in the event of your answering
affirmatively, of proposing that you should allow me to have the gratification of
sending him at my expense. Had the value of colonial property remained at anything
like what it was when Mr Marsden died and if we had not lost so much through Mr
Betts inability to make good the purchase money for the stock and the rent of the land
at Molong. The income which you would have incurred from your husband’s property
would have enabled you to educate Sam for one of the learned professions without
difficulty, but as things have turned out so differently I had long determined upon

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
making you the offer and I now do so assuring you in that if you prefer giving him a
university education to bringing him up as a merchant I hold myself prepared to
advance the sum of five hundred and fifty pounds per annum for four years which I
am informed will suffice with economy on his part to graduate at Cambridge. If I
might presume to offer you opinion of my own with regard to Saml. future
I would prefer seeing him become a merchant as I think that the pursuit offers greater
facilities for attainment of independence than any of the learned professions unless
indeed his talents and acquirements are very first rate and I think that the counting
house is much preferable to sheep farming.
I hope my dear Mrs Marsden you will let me know your decision as soon as you can
make up your mind and that if you prefer my offer for the university you will not
allow any feeling of delicacy induce you to accept the other.
In reply to your queries about the landed property at Windsor, it is mortgaged to the ??
for £1000. It’s value at the present depressed rate is certainly less.
I have the title deeds to the cottage at Parramatta. As a source of income it is almost
unprofitable being always out of repair. The balance of last years rent after paying for
repairs is £5 and Bell was here a day or two since to say that he must quit unless more
repairs which will swallow up another year’s rent. Hunt has left Newlands but his rent
continues up till 30 Decr. Mr Elliott the police magistrate now occupies the house and
I dare say will continue when Hunt’s time is up but at a less rent probably about £60.
The depreciation of house property at Parramatta is enormous and I don’t see any
chance of its recovering for many years. I have been under the impression that you had
taken home with you a copy of Mr Marsden’s will as I remember having one made for
you. This would show you exactly how the interests [damaged] the will and under all
circumstances. I will get another copy made and forward it with the duplicate of this
I am not at all certain of what will be the fate of our offer to Mr Flower for a new
partnership which I now mention in order to guard you from appearing to know from
me that each a step is in agitation. There has been a wish on his part and that of his
family that Horace should be admitted into our firm but Mr Salting and myself have
not agreed to it and I fear that this will occasion great disappointment. It will therefore
by necessary that nothing is known from me as to this matter. I hope that you will not
allow it to be supposed that you know anything about it if it is ever spoken of in your
I have this moment been called upon to go on board one of our whalers where there is
some disturbance among the crew just at the point for sailing. I am therefore obliged
to close my letter abruptly. I conveyed your kind message to my sister who begs me
to give her kind regards to you and the children in which I most cordially unite.
Believe me Mrs Marsden.
Yours very faithfully
E H Challis

II.1. 141-144
Per Sir Edward Pasit?
Sydney 14th December 1848
My Dear Mrs Marsden,
I have now the pleasure of acknowledging with my best thanks your favor of the 15th
of May which made nearly a six months passage in the West Indian a very slow ship. I
rejoice to hear such good accounts of Samuel. With such a disposition he cannot fail
sooner or later of becoming a prosperous man whatever career may be opened to him.
I have not forgotten dear little Anna neither though I suppose she must no longer be
called little. You must have had some anxiety with regard to Sams future settlement in
life, but if he has health and strength to take his part in the great struggle I think you
ought to be hopeful. I have always felt some reluctance in recommending you to let
him be a merchant, but as you say he has an aptitude for that pursuit I think that there
is no calling which holds out brighter prospects for him. All professions seem to be

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
completely overstocked with young beginners and there seems to be no end to the
supply of young clergymen, lawyers and doctors all of whom except the clergy have
to struggle through years and years before they can establish themselves, while a
young clergyman of the established church may get his incumbency of £100 to £150
p annum out in these colonies but he may continue all his life without further
advancement. If Sam qualifies himself for being a merchant I think this colony affords
him an ample field to become rich and rather independant in a few years and he could
then turn his attention to sheep farming if he got tired of the desk with the advantage
of ??ing capital and of having obtained colonist experience. I think that the stimulus
which the Australian Colonies are now likely to receive from the emigration
movement in the mother country will make it worth any man’s while to follow up
business in Sydney, provided he duly qualifies himself and has the necessary
I have noted your remarks regarding what Mr Flower has said to you about the
difficulty of a young man’s getting on as a merchant without establishing a good
connexion in England. He experienced the great assistance of such a connexion in his
early career and I have no doubt of his being deeply impressed with a sense of its
value. I believe that if he continues in business I could find means to afford a house in
which Samuel was engaged with considerable support quite sufficient indeed to
benefit Sam without interfering with his own operations, but in any case if Sam likes
the idea and will qualify himself with a thorough and good education, I think I may
venture to promise you and him that he may have a good chance of establishing
himself as a merchant in Sydney without at first setting out with what my worthy
partner esteems a desideratum namely the support for some London house. What I
would propose at present for Sam if he likes the idea is to educate himself well and
this he would ?? on at the London university or Kings College. After he has been two
years at such an establishment he might spend twelve months in some wholesale
London establishment and then return to the Colony where I will be to finish his
education either in my firm or in some other respectable mercantile place of business
where he would learn his profession and he will [be] taken care of. Of course this is
but a vague outline and the details would have to be modified during the next two of
three years according to the circumstances and if you approve of the plan and
commence upon it I will cooperate with you to the best of my ability. I herewith have
the pleasure of inclosing you a draft of the London Joint Stock Bank to d/s £150 which
you will please to receive for the purpose of Sam’s education unconnected with any
accounts between us and should he have entered one of the old universities to qualify
for a learned profession, I shall I hope by and bye hear of it and remit further funds to
carry him on there. I also inclose another bill on the London Joint Stock Bank in your
favor £450 which you will please take an account of the estate. The Legacy of Mrs
Bickett? I had completely overlooked but I will send it by next ship most likely the
Kelso, which being a fast sailer will in all probability be home as soon as this vessel.
Mr Flower informs me that your contribution to the Bank of Australia fund is £700 to
£750. I think that this is an unreasonably large amount for you to pay unless it would
have the effect of clearing you from all further demands. In fact you can scarcely
afford to part with so much. It is my intention to make you a remittence towards this
payment by the Kelso, but it will not exceed £500 which is all I can possibly realize at
present. I will write a short letter with the remittence stating what I have now said but
I fear that it will be too late. My present tenant at Newlands is Mr Elliott the police
magistrate who pays only £60 p annum. Mr Bell has the Cottage @ £20 but the rent
generally goes in repairs. The only money that comes in from Betts Mortgage is £60 a
year the rent that Andrew Kerr pays for Summer Hill. I get £20 a year for your
property at Molong and I think £50 more for the land belonging to the Estate. The
mortgage on Robertsons property is quite unproductive at present and I could not get
£500 for the estate consisting of about 3000 acres on the best part of the Hunter on
which is lent £1500. This is a sacrifice I am not inclined to make as the land is worth
all it is mortgaged for in ordinary times and I am not without hopes that emigration

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
will bring small capitalists to the colony in the next year or two which will cause a
considerable rise in the value of landed properties which at present are unsaleable
except at about one tenth of their original cost.
I wish I could tell you some good news about the various members of your family. I
never see John Betts or Mrs John. Your brother Charles is very badly off. I have
occasionally made him small loans of money when he has been in sad straits, but he
appears quite down in the world and I fear he does not know how to manage. Poor
Sydney Marsden your brother-in-law came down from from Morton? Bay some four
months ago nearly dead and penniless. I heard of him by mere account as he did not
send to me. He was not able to walk and the captain of a coaster came to me as I am a
large subscriber to the Sydney Infirmary for an admission for him which led to inquiry
by which I discerned who it was. I have provided him with lodgings in town and see
him occasionally but I have just doubt whether he will ever
[end of letter missing]

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
to Messers RT and Geo Want

II.1. 145-6
London 5th March 1858

Messrs R T and Geo Want
Dear Sirs,
These lines will be accompanied by a release from me as Exor of the late Mr Thomas
Marsden to Mrs Jane Catherine Marsden for £1000 secured on property of hers at the
South Creek near Windsor and mortgaged to Thos Smith, Robert Smith and myself,
Exors under the will of Mr Thomas Marsden aforesaid. The principal and interest
having been satisfied, Mrs Marsden asked me for a release and I have given her the
the best one that I could here in England. What I request you to do is to search the
records o f the supreme court and you will find the memorial of the Mortgage about
1838/1842 from which you can supply the rates in this document. also find when Mrs
Smith late of Glenesk Sydney and Robert Smith late of Bathurst departed this life, and
insert the proper dates in the deed.
You can charge your costs in this matter to my account
Dear Sirs
Your faithful servt
signed by J H Challis


Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382

Miscellaneous Letters

Copy of unsigned letter to Mr ?? of Walnut Hills, Cincinnati re a legacy left to the
writer’s daughter by Thomas Marsden. In Thomas’s will a legacy of 100 was left to
God daughter Helen Beckett the daughter of William and Mary Beckett of

Walnut Hills Dec 24th
I am in receipt of a letter from Mrs Marsden widow of the late Thos Marsden, dated
7th of November last asking if the Legacy left to my daughter by her late husband had
been paid. It has not. I have written several times to Mr John Marsden Solicitor of
Wakefield. and he stated he knew nothing of it, and advised me to apply to you. Mrs
M also stated in her letter, that you would be in London this month and that I had
better write to you naming the legacy. I shall be obliged by your sending an answer as
soon as convenient and letting me know if there is any prospect of its being paid in
the meantime.
I remain else?

Walnut Hills
Near Cincinnati
North America

From E E Hope to her Aunt Jane
II.2. 149-151
pages 9-12 only
a fortnight ago George Hifler? was in it when the Engine and three or four carriages
went off the line smash down some ten or twelve feet and George ?? it was wonderful
that they all escaped any thing more serious than bruises and one broken bone.
I hope you will write in answer to this I do not suppose I could tell you any thing new
about dear Charley. Mary Couper? went to see the body when it was brought home to
his little Cottage in Goulbourn.
His face was calm and a sweet smile played upon it. he did not look as if he had
struggled in the water at all, was it not strange that he should venture to swim across
and quire? the approach bank and then fall in again. Susie? and ?? will feel his death
very much seeing so much of him in England.
I cannot remember at all what I wrote in my last letter. Whether I described our place
to you but I think i did. Marianne and her three little ones are quite well. She has a
very nice house but it is not all furnished yet. it is in a beautiful situation but you must
come and see us. I suppose you would think us very rough after the luxuries and
refinements of England.
If ever you see Miss Flower please give her my love. I used as a girl to be so fond of
her and think her quite perfection she used to suffer so much.
Aunt Bobuil? has not written lately nor have I heard of Uncle Charles.
James was quite surprised at this place particularly with Ballarat?. It is such a huge
strange looking place. The Dr is not talking of visiting England at present but it would
not ?? if he took it into his head all at once. My greatest pleasure would be to see you
when I did get there.
With love to yourself Sam & Anna. I remain dearest Aunt your affec niece E E Hope

I saw Mr Quick yesterday Miss Smith has gone to England to be married to some old
gentleman and his ?? niece is married in Sydney.

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
From Ann Marsden to Jane

II.2. 162-165
Parramatta May 7th 1809 [Jane would have been 15]

My Dear Sister Jane,
My mother was going to send the carriage to meet you this evening but as Mrs Biley is
so kind has to invite you to stay a few days longer and Mrs Bishop thinks she is
getting better she certainly can have no objection to your staying. You are not to cut
the collar but you can stich the bottom part and sew it on to the shirt. I hope they will
be done.
We are glad to hear Mrs Bishop is better and that she likes Sydney so will tell Lydia
we shall all be very glad to see her again particularly Elizabeth and myself. We want
her to take our shoes down to be cleaned in the morning xo xo Mary is still at Mrs
Palmers. All unite with me in remembrances to Mrs Bishop and love to yourself.
believe me
My dear Jane
our very affect. sister
A Marsden

Give our kind regards to Mrs Biley
Martha is much obliged to you for your kind letter. She had Betsy and Mary the ?? to
spend the day with her. Yesterday we had Plumb Pudding and roast kid (that Charles
made her a present of) for dinner.

from B Scott to Jane [Aunt on the Fristan side I think]

II.2. 166

Hull ?? Court ?? Gent Street
June 14th 1825

My Dear Jane Marsden,
you cannot think how pleasd yr Aunt Scott was to receive a Letter from you. John also
had a few Lines from Miss E Marsden which he intends to answer he is grown a fine
young man I love him much he is so attentive to me indeed all the Children are fond of
me and so glad to see when when I have been absant for a few days or weeks. I only
returned from Beverley this day fortnight.I have had long stay with Mrs Brown and
Miss Mosey. I went to see them the 12th of Jany last but was calld away to go to
Cothingham. I got there the Evening before he died but he was over far gone for him
to know me. Mrs Moxon is a great Mourner for him. I staid 12 days with them but net
with a Misfortune there and was so Ill that I was obliged to come home. one of the
servts had left a round table in the middle of the Room and I was going in the dark and
I fell over it with my brest bone upon the edge of the table. I was so much hurt that I
have never been well since but I returnd back to Beverley and the Week before I left
them I got the Mellencholy News of the death of my dear friend Mrs Fearn and she as
left Eleven Children the youngest only not one year and half old. she had been in a
low way ever sinve she got her Bed of the last Child. she was quite in dispare thought
God had case her of and was allways Crying. 3 week ago she told them she wishd to
lay in bed a little longer for she was poorly so they carryd her breakfast to her and left
her. She had been tempted Many times in many ways to destroy herself but always
prevented, but sad to say she was left over long so Hung herself with a small bit of
string up to the Curtain rod. She had lockt herself in her room and when Mr Fearn

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
found the door fast he call of the person who had care of her and the broke down the
pannel of the door then he cut her down him self but she was dead and cold. the
Doctors was call in and the bled her the neck and arm but she was gone. I was desired
to come to her funeral but the shock was so great to me I was not able to go to Hull of
a week after Mr Fearn and me had a sorrowfull meeting. the whole town was
concerned for her. she was a charitable active woman. The Jury brought it in Lunacy.
the week after old Mr Denton aged ?? one of the elder brethren of the Trinity House
did the same. he had become overly religious amongst the Methodist at 81 and had
spoke at the Love Feasts. he was not out of his senses the night before the fore nd of
this week Mrs Gell the second daughter of Mr Alder corn merchant of this Town
Hung herself. she lives at York and is Mother of a family the eldest daughter about 2
years ago also lived in York she went into a low way. she drownd herself in the ..........
Hung himself its very dreadful how we ought to watch and pray against temptation
Suicide as got to a Most alarming height we have had great many in Hull this last year.
I did send you word of the death of Mrs Henry Escreet Miss Rebecca Stanton that
was. she as been dead 9 weeks died in a consumption. she had a blessed happy .... she
had one of the best of Husbands and as many comforts as anyone

[page missing]

I think Mr D never had so good a Curate. we dined together as we oft do at my good
friends Mr Hastwick last Saturday and he informd me that the ??d Mr Bromby had
just recd a Letter from his Grace of York to say they had his concent to build a Church
at the Pottery or Humber bank so I hope we shall have a new Church in our Hamlet
but Mrs Terry nor me may live to see it for she I am sorry to say is very languid and
unwell. Mr Terry and Bell are building a long row of handsome houses to be called
Bellvour? Terrace. they reach from Mr Terrys the end of our street to where
Bramstone Mill stood which is pulld down and 3 handsome houses stand in its place. I
wish Captn Foremans ship may come to Hull as I did not see Mrs F I was from home
when she was here. Your cousin Martha and husband have gone to live in Barnsely
and Mr Michalwhate as put them a ?? to take care of his farm and she has a cow or
two. I hope you will get my letters by Mr John Gleadon. he has gone to reside at Van
Diemens Land. God bless you my dear Jane yr Godmother of[t] thinks of you and how
I used to nurse you. Mr Buckland is going to take his Dr degrees. he as got
Upingham? School. Old Mrs B is just gone to us. I am with love to you all yr most
affectionate Aunt B Scott

Miss Jane Marsden
Revd Mr Marsden

from S Brown to Jane

II.2. 170-3
Macquarie Plains
Jany 29th 1828
My Dear Jane,
As you kindly promised when you were last in Bathurst that you would get any little
trifle for me that I might be in want of I take the liberty of enclosing an ....................
and if you will do me the favour to purchase the ?? at your convenience I shall
consider myself very much indebted to you. having no money left here I enclose an
Order both ragged & dirty on ?? & Brown for four? pounds sterling which I hope you
will be enabled to get cash without much trouble.

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
I hope my dear Jane this will find you quite well and your good Mamma perfectly
recovered from her late accidence which I hear has terminated successfully. It must
have caused you a terrible fright!
You were a very naughty girl for not giving me a call on the day you took your ??
from Woodlands. I was standing at the window when you passed the fence with the
full expectation that you would have ?? up as I was ?? arrived it could not have made
you ten minutes later on your journey to Mommel? Plains. You certainly were a most
?? little creature particularly as you knew I would not have the pleasure of seeing you
the next time you visited Bathurst. Captain Brown was in the paddock at the moment
of you passing but did not see you for which I was very sorry.
You will I am sure congratulate me on having
secured an Order from the government for 1921 acres of land. my good husband left
me yesterday for the purpose of looking at a ?? of ground that have been
recommended to us as an eligible grant. it will not be within twenty miles of the
settlement but that cannot be helped and we shall in all probability move almost
immediately after my Confinement, which event I expect to happen the beginning of
April. My Little Girl runs? about any where she is poorly just now from the effects of
teething. I spent yesterday at Woodlands Mrs Street was quite well & her little boy is
proving what Mrs MacKenzie calls a tremendous ??. in fact my Margaret is a mere
Skeleton beside him. ...... his back ...............Service? he ??ed himself I hope from Mrs
Bassatt with their little ones ...... well to ...... I .........requests. Accept yourself my dear
Jane my warm love and ........ to remain yours affectionately

Miss Jane Marsden

from B Scott to Jane

II.2. 174-7
April 23 1832 St James Court
St james Street
Mrs Marsden Junr
My dear Goddaughter I did not wish to let this opportunity by Mr Wm Hebblewhite
slip to congratulate you and yr Husband of yr being united. Mrs Saml Marsden when
she was last at Hull gave us a hint of it being expected. I desire to send you both my
blessing and may the Lord pour down upon you boath his spiritual comforts and best
of all blessings. This poor transotary World as very little to bestow. I am making a
great effort to scribble these few lines I am writing as I sit up in bed. This is our feast
day Easter Monday but we never encourage it. it lasts 3 days but the people as little to
spend such numbers being out of work. Hull never was so badly of. I have kept my
bed and room ever since the 4th of Jany & as been expected dieing week after week so
weak and so faint I could scarce be kept alive. I am a wonder to all my friends who as
all been so kind as to come and see me. poor Mrs Knight several times when I was so
faint did not leave my room for fear I shoud be gone before got up to me again. I have
never had a Doct or appothecary and have never had one days health of 7 years the 12
of last April & in that time I have lost many kind friends both at Beverley & Hull yet
the Lord as spared unworthy me. I lost 3 old acquaintance last month Mrs Stillingfleet
Mrs Knight our Revd Wm Knights mother. He is our Minister at St James she calld to
see me on Wednesday said her son was coming to see me which he did and prayd with
me she was took Ill on the Friday & was dead at 4 oclock in the afternoon of Monday.
she died so happy she was a most amiable Lady. also my intimate friend Mrs Wood
we dined together at Mr Hustwicks on the new year and she was several times there
after. she took cold & only lay a week. Mr Wimble died 3 weeks ago and ? yr Father I

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
heard of the Death of Revd Mr James Dean of Cothingham. he was only one hour and
a half from being took to his death it was inflammation in his windpipe but he as been
long on the decline. he was a most worthy man. His loss will be felt. I was very
friendly with them. I all ways visited them when I whent to Cottingham. I dont dout
his happiness.
I am sorry to say Ann Knight is very poorly as got a bad Cough and pain in her Chest?
& stomach. she and Jane keps a School she as some nice Girls and they take in work.
Mrs Knight was 3 weeks at Beverley before Xmas Miss Mosey sent for her to be with
her aunt Mrs Brown she was not expected to live. she is one year older than me and I
am 79 last Xmas day. but she is better but like me so infirm it was a great mercy to me
that Mrs K only retd home on Monday evening as I took to my bed on Wednesday
eveg for I cannot do without she is such a good nurse & I have had good support. the
only a little at a time but I eat better now & with a rellish I can take no suppings but
broath. my chief dinners are a bit of pork bacon sausage or a bit of minced veal. I
cannot get bread down without a bit of savory. 2 or 3 of my friends as sent me potted
beef & veal. I eat for the most part biscuits allwas got at one shop. my little good bits
and good nursing as done me more good than Drs. I had a tried Physician above, I
wishd only to depend on him for Life or Death he as wonderfully supported me. I
surprised a many people yesterday being Easter Sunday our Revd Wm Knight gave
the sacrament at St Jame a very little way from us. I said to mr Aunt with thy help &
thy stick if we go out at our garden door I will try to get there. so she got me my
Coffee & the Lord strengthen me he had not been long at his sermon when we whent
in. I was no worse when I got into the pew but after a wile recoverd my breathing and
praise the Lord I did not Cough, I had a strong desire to go (where there is will there is
way). we have got a nice young man a Surgeon one month older than you. I was
taking Tea with Mrs Bell his mother when they came for me. yr Mother was Ill of you
& you was born then. he lives close to the Church so he watched me coming out of the
Church and into the house to dine & behaved with such kindness and attention and
after Tea Mrs Bell & Mrs K led me home. met Miss Terry she said you ought to have
pd me the first visit. I think she a built herself a neat Cottage joins our yard on end.
she as got an Infant School all the weak & a Sunday school also. Mrs Terrys house is
shut up to let. Mr John Terry now lives in Albion. Miss Terry is part with him & part
at her own Cottage near the School. my dear good friend and neighbour Old Mrs Terry
as now been dead tward? a year. Her loss will never be made up in this
neighbourhood. a sad accidence as just happened. A poor Boy 12 years Old was stood
by one of the swings the children ride in just at our garden door, when at full swing it
broke down & struck the boy on his side. broke his ribs & back & so injured him Miss
Terry very humainly took him into her House but tho she sent for Dr Bell directly, he
died in about a hour. a sad feast to him we have a great noise all over the Town a
republican fellow calld Acklam which a been at many place stiring up the poor and
disaffect he as now been some months. the market people will pay no tools no tithes
nor tax it as made sad work. he sends out a port Folio ever week wherein he abuses the
Corporation & all the Clergy. he is now putting up for the Church warden
 at the Holy Trinity Church. he is canvasing about with drums & music and hundreds
of the town the whole Nation is in a very unsettled state all in aggitation bout the
Reform bill say to yr Dear Father & Mother yr Aunt Scott thinks him and all his
family are best of & quiet at NSW. Ireland is all on a tumult. great fears as been about
the cholera Morbus it as gone to many place but not yet raged so as was feard. I have
had no fears. I had rather fall into the hand of God rather than into the cruel hands of
the people. Yr father must pray for us. we have had a fast day which the Unitarians &
disaffected rediculed & made a jest of. we live in a sade Age. Revd Dr Wilson is
going out to be the Bishop of Calcutta?. Many are sorry to part with him. if I am spard
I think of going to my country cottage for a few weeks at Great Coate.... I can breathe
better but I cannot walk but a few yds? when I am the best it raises pain & I cannot
take mo... give my love to Revd Mr and Mrs Marsden. I cannot write to them & this
letter is perhaps the last I shall ever be able to write. give my dear Love to Mrs

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Hassall. tel her my heart is oft with her & her little family. my love to Mr H & to Mr
& Mrs Betts and to Mr & Mrs Charles Marsden. Also to Miss Marsden perhaps she
dont intend to marry and Martha. they must one of them stay with Mamma for
company. yr Uncle and aunt K sends their Love to you as does the rest of the family.
the young man who takes this letter is the son of Mr Benjm Hebblewhite woollen
draper in silver street. they was for several years neighbours to me in cent pr Cent??
street Wm was born her his best friend told yr aunt that his father and friends had not
used him well so he was determined to go abroad but I think he as not been quite so
steady poor Lad. I wish he may do well. I must conclude for I have laid down I was so
Fattigued may the Lord prosper you. I trust I shall meet you all in Heaven as it not
likely I shall see any of you in this World I am with prayers & with every good wish.
yr affectionate Godmother
B Scott
Aprl 24th 1832 St James Court St James Street
We have got new Christned our Street since the Church was built.

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
[Letter from John Marsden to his brother Thomas]
II.2. 178-9
Wakefield 24th Feby 1833
My Dear Brother Thos, After an absence of 5 years & 3 months it is but natural that
you should expect and hope to hear from us every opportunity. I therefore take up my
Pen with the Intention of drawing out for your perusal a pretty accurate Sketch of all
Matters here in which I know your are at all interested. Many a time and oft do I look
back to the Events of our boyish days and trace our Progress of varied pleasures and
fancied pains from the time of our operating on the flowing Locks of the little Dol to
the time of our parting in 1827. Our excursions & Exploits, our “Hobbles” & Dangers
appear alternately before me. Amid them all I recognize you as the Brother and
perhaps too often the Brother sharing too largely the Censure for our joint wrong-
doings. When we parted our boyish Cares and boyish Pastimes seemed to part from
us. A few short fleeting Weeks made me a Husband. A few short fleeting months
conveyed you from your Native Land to a land far distant, where Scene and
Circumstance must have alike felt knew, but where thank God, kind friends
outstretched their hands and where at length you have found a home. Your
quondam fretful Brother Jack is now the sire of three lovely children, 2 Boys and a
Girl. Our second boy I have honoured by naming after you and I promise you he
portends to be as “tiresome”. Poor Overend seems destined for a while to be
Misfortunes Sport. On of his poor children has died. Another has got its Thigh broken
& a third is left a Cripple by the Meazles and he, altho most industrious & steady, is
able to earn but a small Pittance towards their support. My Father & Mother are
exceedingly kind to him.
Your reckless Brother Ned is on the point of being tamed. The 12th of March is to see
him tied to his long woo’d ?? Miss Wilson. Sidney & Wm. are still at Fathers. This
latter named youth was putting his affairs in order for a Trip to Sydney when an
Explosion of Gunpowder put a stop for a Time to his roving disposition and a Cause
much more powerful, as I fancy, now detains him here. He is up to his ears in Love
with a Miss Slack the Daughter of one of our Methodist preacher.
[Rest of letter missing]

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Jane Marsden to husband Thomas

II.2. 180-1
[written in another hand at the top] ca 1838? by Jane Marsden]

My Dear Thomas,
I am just going to enclose a few lines to go by the letters from the Bank to give you
some account of the Money. I am happy to say that I have got a great deal of it. I paid
two hundred and twenty pounds into the ?? Bank yesterday, I find they charge
something at each of the Banks for their trouble, but this I think is better than sending
it to a private party as you might have to ?? sometime.
Paid into the ?? Bank
Recd Thos Hassall                         60
Recd H Roberts                    60
C Marsden Esq                             60
Mr John Betts                             60
Mr Josiah Betts                           30
Self?                                     60
Cox & Jennings ??                         58.11.6
Cassis? & ??                              26.11.6
Paid from Mrs Josiah Betts                34 about that

Cox & Jennings account extends over eight years. I will send the bills any when I can.
It is unfortunate that it has been such a troublesome cause which broke? the progress
........... I have another hundred left but how ?? got Robinsons at Halls Hills and 2
cottages? where all are ??. I hope to ?? fifteen or 20 pounds more to send you which I
will give orders upon very ?? for [unfinished]

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
J S Hatter to Thomas Marsden

II.2. 183-186
Wakefield April 24th 1837

My Dear Old Friend,
A letter has just arrived from Henry Atkinson stating that your health is in a very
precarious state - indeed the Account he gives has ??ed in all of us considerable alarm.
I had for some time fears that all was not right for this is the 3rd or 4th letter I have
written to you without receiving any reply. What is the matter?
Atkinsons ?? is very vague as to the particulars of your disorder but it is such as to
lead to the belief of considerable danger. - do my dear fellow write if you can - or if
not able - let Mrs Marsden or some other send some account of you. - I feel very
uneasy and suffer? great apprehension about you which will not be ??ed untill I hear
from you.
You are my oldest and dearest friend and ?? indeed would be the ?? if it must be the ??
of you - for I had more and more ??ed the idea of our meeting again and of the ?? I
dont ........he shall part you so easily .....Affliction it has pleased the Almighty to lay
on you endeavour ...... assignation -- he chastens? us for our good -- for whom the
Lord loveth? he chasteneth -- submit lovingly therefore to his divine will -- for he
does all things Your career ?? has been an onward course of uninterrupted prosperity.
You cannot ? much complain how his check from the hand that has destined all these
good things upon you. I trust that he may lay his hands lightly upon you and earnestly
pray that he will be pleased again to restore my dear friend to ?? ?? his ?? --
Whilst I am writing I may as well give what news I can. It is generally of a lugubrious
character --anything but cheering --
I gave an account of the deplorable state of poor Mr Bath? affairs --these have at
length led to the final ???. our friend Henry Hallilay he was a partner in Ba??s firm
and is now a Bankrupt -- his effects will all be sold. I send a catalogue of the sale. --
and he and his wife and 4 children be almost destitute.
Another dark spot has now appeared. ?? have stopped payment 3 days ago -- they have
made an assignment-- the present great Commericial ?? throughout the Kingdom has
had a ?? effect on ?? they had a very heavy stock which by the fall in prices of wool
(3s per ?? and so unsaleable at that price)..............of their shop. -- it is said that they
will pay 15/- in the pound --- for our poor friend is this a sad blow. He has been
staying in the south at Torbay all the winter. ......... unable to hear the case at
Yorkshire. He has been strongly th---ed with Consumption. --
Trade is at a stand throughout the Coast failure occurring all over -- the mills standing
and the poor out of employ -- and this so suddenly after our great cry of prosperity.

Make my kind regards to your amiable partner. The well ?? ?? to you for great
blessing. -- and kiss my little goddaughter for me. I hope she got my little present

Did you get my previous letters and my little box sent a year ago with your tailors

Once Mor? I ?? you to quiet the anxiety and let me know how you are. I could very
much wish you ?? ?? to send me a short statement of your case.
and the treatment adopted. -- I ?? ?? to do this. I think he could take? no objection --

I must confess that altho a professor is less ??? I feel thankful I have nothing to ??
with trade. It seems to me a species of gambling ......................

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382

Believe me affectionately ??
J S Hatter?

S Brown to Jane Marsden

II.2. 187-190
Bromlea? Octr 24th/37
I have been waiting ?? of addressing you my dear Mrs Marsden could WIlliam ?? to
Sydney wishing him to give you a call that he may bring me word how you and your
dear children are & where you are now residing. I am particularly anxious to hear
from you. I trust you & Samuel reached Parramatta safely after the ?ing ?? that
Captain ?? gave me to understand you had......... expectation of for some little time I ??
?? my dear friend I had ?? to the contrary. I hope

P W Flower (Thomas’ business partner) to Jane Marsden

II.2. 191-3
Sydney April 29th 1839
My Dear Mrs Marsden
I am this morning in receipt of your note of Saturday _ believe me that it is equally
and as sincerely my wish that the affairs of my late partnership should be brought to a
close and shared? out? in their true light as it possibly can be your own -- Mr Challis is
now almost solely engaged upon them nor do I apprehend it can be long before a final
balance is struck, it is difficult in such matter to name an exact time, but I shall be
much deceived if this is not complete before the end of June -- while upon this subject
I cannot but observe that it ever has been and is to me matter of extreme regret --
amounting I think to culpability even on the part of the Executors -- that no person
should have been placed to assist and relieve Mr Challis. It was in reality the more
necessary thing to have been done.
As regards your income from the Executors, I should say (as a temporary ??) then you
might from the commencement of the present year, then you may safely estimate it
due down to the extent of £700 a year -- I will mention this in like manner to the
executors. The amount that I have paid over on this account has been in all £2,400,
and I expect to pay another £1000 next month. These are a considerable amount of the
partnership accounts yet unclaimed and the P? premises yet available. The Bank
however have paid their? purchase £1200 and I have a?? with the Executors the
purchase of what is now the ??? of £1,200 payable next April. This leaves the present
occupied premises value 1,800 @ £1700 disposal.
I am happy in this opportunity of assisting you that from respect to the Memory of him
whose loss I deplore equally with yourself that independent of friendly feelings which
I most cordially
I shall ever feel it my ??den duty to assist or cooperate with you in any manner in
which you may command my services.
With best respects I am, my dear Mrs Marsden,
very truly yours,
PW Flower

J Terry to Jane Marsden

II.2. 195-196
Hull Dec 24th 1841
My Dear Madam,

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
I am glad to hear -- by your letter of 20th inst. that Mr John Marsden is joined in the
firm of attorney with Mr Saml Knight. I do not know Mr M but from his situation
there is but little doubt that he is a respectable man and that every thing relating to Mrs
Scotts property will be settled as it should be. I confess I should not have liked the
settlement to have been solely with Mr S Knight. I at present see no necessity for you
?? at the trouble of coming down into Yorkshire, indeed any thing what you might
have to do would probably as ?? done in London. should I see any reason to alter my
opinion I will write to you. I am my dear madam
Your servant?
John Terry

W Dealtry to Jane Marsden

II.2. 196
[addressed to]
Mrs Thos Marsden
21 Brixton Street

II.2. 197-9
Clapham Jan 15 1942
Dr Dealty is much gratified and obliged by Mrs Marsden’s kind and friendly note. He
had the pleasure to be the early friend of both her parents and will be very happy to
renew that friendship with any of their children. It was Dr Dealty’s intention to wait
on Mrs Marsden to day, if possible: necessary engagements have prevented him and
he greatly desires ?? he can do so in the early part of next week. He will ?? in at home
(or within call of home) on Monday & Tuesday & Wednesday and should Mrs
Marsden favor him with a visit he will be most happy to see her. Should Dr D not be
in the house, he hopes that Mrs Marsden will send up her card to Mrs Dealty.
Would Tuesday or Weds ?? ?? at 1 or 2 or 3 o’clock? Dr D will endeavour to be at
home on those days & at those hours.

Harrriett A Woolley to Jane Marsden

II.2. 200-202
Darling Point February 3rd /48
My greatly esteemed friend
I am very much pleased that you still have me in mind and sincerely regret that your
very kind letter should have remained this long but illness only has been the cause.
You may perhaps have heard of this sad illness that I have been afflicted with. I had th
Rheumatic fever which confined me to my bed and room for 14 weeks. My
confinement occurred about the middle of the time and very well I went through that,
but alas three days after the complaint returned with ten fold violence and for 3 days
and nights no one around me supposed I could recover, but my dear Mrs Marsden I
imagine my ??k was not done and I am once more in the midst of my family, though
an altered woman indeed for at times my limbs quite fail me and I am unable ever
since my attack to use my hands for anything requiring the least strength. The dear
baby was born October 25th 1842 ? have named her as the dear infant we were so
hastily? called upon to post with which you may remember was Louisa, but as she was
born on the birthday of my dear Mamma? whose name was Oliver we have added that
to it and call her Louisa Oliver. from various circumstances she was 3 months old
before she was christened and as you can imagine a great mixture of feeling did
possess me for ?? ?? and did remember you and your Anna joining us in Sydney. now

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
shall you be angry when I tell you that I took it upon myself to name you as one God
mamma. I really have been thus unceremonious, for I really have as you know a great
love for you and for the love of my child have given her a good God mamma. Mr M
Wooley and Mrs Tom? were the two other responsible parties. Our dear child is very
?? requiring ?? ?? I am thankful to say I am able to nourish her, but
to ?? me the Drs ordered her to be fed though it is impossible to continue it. it
produced dysentry in an alarming ?? we have been sadly anxious about her. for the
first two months we had scarcely any hope of her being spared to us. I sincerely hope
you and your dear children are well. remember me to them. do they remember us at
all? Your sincerely expressed letter really quite delighted Michael and me, though I
was unable to read it, he did so aloud to me. I have seen Miss Chalis frequently but no
notice .......... about her step-Mother’s death ............. I am inclined to think ..... she
finds it dull in Sydney. She and her Brother still reside in Bathurst Street and the latter
is as you know a partner in the House of Flower Salting etc. I hear Mrs PW Flower
suffered much in parting from her friend Mrs McLaren. Mrs Salting is her neighbour
now having taken the house Mr Flower was in. Your family I see but little of for you
may remember my visits were through you. I have not been to Parramatta since I first
wrote to you

II.2. 200 [written sideways across the page]
Old ?? I should enjoy a good hard ?? with you. how are unruly Members would go; I
hope you will write me again and it is possible there is a letter from you on its way
out, if so the greater pleasure for me, but believe me not to encourage the feeling of
being offended for I am sure you have so many to write to who would be disappointed
not to be receiving a letter, and who I am sure have a greater claim than I have. I am
very glad the children have been well and that you have recovered from your illness ,
I mean lameness. All mistakes and badly formed letters etc you must pardon for my
hands are so weak that at times I am unable to guide or even hold a pen. Twice a week
I have hot sea baths. Since I wrote to you, our city has been quite busy. Mrs John
Hoskings Mayoress, and a few days after after the election of Mr John H, her Brother
died, since which she has had 2 or 3 serious mishaps, she looks very ill indeed. We
have made a dining room of that which was our bedroom. I was moved during my
illness into what now our back parlour on account of the cold. I am a sad cripple now.

II.2.201 [written sideways across the page]
One proof of it, the morning of his death he dressed as usual and sat in the dining
room and on the sofa he suddenly expired, but so ??ly that it was with difficulty that
his family discovered that his spirit had fled. I do not visit Mrs Smith but she is
generally spoken of in the highest terms. I fancy her to be as amiable Christian lovable
soul as my friend Mrs Thomas Marsden. Michael desires to be very kindly
remembered to you and your well remembered children, he begs me to add how often
we speak of you, he hears there are numerous buildings on the property about where
you lived, but of this your family have no doubt told you. Report says that Miss
Havens (not? the beauty we find) is going to be married to Mr Troughton? but I am by
no means sure, but of this, whoever she marries will in my opinion, have a very good
Wife. She is still at Mrs Hunt’s. Mrs Thomas Woolley expects to be confined in about
a fortnight. She is very well, and dear Tom and the children. all at home seem to to
have been delighted with her.

II.2. 202 [written sideways across the page]
There have been .... many serious failures since you left. in your House, where I have
spent many pleasant days with you, still live Mr Hunt and his family. They call it
“Newlands”. You remember poor Mr A Saunders do you not? He has failed and has
left the Colony and if only half what he reports is true he must have suffered much
from privations. she ?? at Liverpool with her father for some time when he wrote to
know whether she would go or not and she sailed about 6 months after him. I have a

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
letter from her occasionally. I fear he is not what he ought to be. Your friends the
Britneys? I hear of sometimes Mrs B quite blind and he at times is so bad that friends
around him think he must sink __We go on in much the same old fashioned way. Our
Neighbour Mrs Thomas? Smith is a widow, poor Mr S looked dreadfully [before?] he
died but never thought himself near his grave ...... as others did and us

II.2. 203
Our dear children are all gone to bed, Harriett is by no means strong indeed I fear her
much, she grows to fast for her strength, and the Dr who lived here on my account for
three months says we must be very careful of her indeed. She and Mary desire kind
love to Samuel and Anna.
And now my much esteemed friend I must conclude my epistle and only regret it is
not more acceptable, but knowing the heart of my friend to her I trust to pardon all
imperfections in the letter from her very sincerely attached
Harriett A Woolley

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
II.2. 204-206 [Is this from H H Bobart??]

Parsonage Parramatta
September 4th 1845
My Dear Jane,
[first few lines blacked out]
of Sir Cloudesly Shovel, accordingly at the suggestion of the firm of Hold and
Chambers we have sent a power of Attorney to Mr David Chambers now living near
London, and Mr George Stokes of Cheltenham, a friend of Thomas Hassell’s, to see
after, recover and report upon the said estate.
Under these circumstances I thought it necessary to refer Mr Chambers to you for
advice in the matter, and lest you should be ignorant of the grounds of our claims I
shall subjoin a copy of our documents with the traditional reports in the family. 1st
Mrs Marsden is a distant relation of Sir Cloudesly Shovel, who was lost on the rocks
of Scilly, on the 22nd October 1707. I have understood that Mrs Marsden’s
Grandmother was niece to Sir Cloudesly. She was about three years old when Sir
Cloudesly was lost. She married Mr Jeremiah Fristan, who was an officer of the
customs at Wells in Norfolk and died 20th Sept 1732 aged 28 years, I believe at Wells.
She left one only son Thomas Fristan, he married Catherine Tweed? of Hull. Mrs
Marsden’s Grandfather, Jeremiah Fristan died 18th September 1750, aged 52 years in
Wells. Her father died 18th June aged 52 at Hull, leaving one only daughter.
Mrs Marsden who was born in Hull 12 July 1772 and christened 20 August same year.
We were married in Hull High Church 17th April 1793 by the late Dr Thomas Clarke
vicar. Mrs Marsden was taught from her infancy to expect considerable property from
the estate of Sir Cloudesly Shovel and which has long been in dispute. More than
twenty years ago application was made to
[several lines blacked out, text supplied from p.207 which is a copy of this document]
Mrs Marsden for some certificates relative to the subject, which were transmitted to
Mrs Elizabeth Scott of Hull, who is first cousin of Mrs Marsden and can give more
information than either myself or Mrs Marsden being now 75 years old and acquainted
with circumstances I am ignorant of. We have heard nothing more since the
certificates were sent until the present time.
Parramatta 20 May 1827
Signed S Marsden

Mr Bigger of Kensingtion near London requested Lieutenant Cooling to inform the
Revd. Mr Marsden of Parramatta that Mrs Marsden had the most positive right to a
property at Islington called Cloudesly Terrace consisting of a number of genteel
houses. Mr Berry is a very clever man in making out pedigree and most likely to be
heard of at the Herald’s office. Mr Bigger’s address is Phelsemere Place Kensington
husband to Mrs Salter’s sister Daniel Salter. 25 Earls Terrrace Kensingtion, where
Lieut. Cooling can be heard of.
I remember a lady from England in 1833 called upon my Mother about two years
before her death and informed her of an advertisement which appeared 3? yeas before
in a London paper stating that if the daughter of Catherine and Thomas Fristan would
apply at the Chancery Office, she would receive many thousand pounds cash besides
property as a suit had been declared in her favour.
signed Mary Betts

These are the documents which we possess at Parramatta. And I would remind you
that Sir Cloudesly Shovel’s ring, tooth box, ruffles? and picture of his coat of Arms
are in the possession of the family. The family traditions here are Jeremiah Fristan
married twice and his daughter Martha by the second wife was married to one
Simpson, who lived at Mendlesome Suffolk. This Simpson your mother regarded as
the enemy. Your mother was taken by her mother when very young to see the property
at Islington and was then charged by her to remember that it hers. From these

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
documents, if correct, you stand a good chance of recovering the estate. And from
your Mothers statements it appears to belong to the girls and not to Charles. This and
other matters you will be able to settle by the assistance of Mr David Chambers, or
others. Should you require any one to to declare that your mother was the only
daughter of Thomas and Catherine Fristan Dr Dealtry could be the person. I know you
will lose nothing through want of enquiry. Let me urge you not to be discouraged,
persecute the matter. Should you succeed let my brother know, who will managed our
share of the property. His address is T H Bobart, Ashby de la Zouch Leicestershire.
His is a steady man at business. Elizabeth sends her love and bids me say that she has
[rest of page cut off]

II.2. 207-9 is a copy of the previous three pages

David Chambers to Mrs Marsden [assumed to be Jane]
II.2. 211-213
Manor House Lewisham
1st May 1846
I have lately received from W Bobart a letter (of which I enclose you a copy)
accompanying a power of Attorney to enable me to act in the matter referred to should
I upon enquiry ascertain that any favorable result was probable.
Before I set about any investigation I am anxious to obtain from you any information
which will assist me and give me some clue to the property & its present possessors.
The power of Atty I have received is signed my Mr & Mrs Hassall, Mr & Mrs Bobart,
Mr & Mrs J Betts & Mr & Mrs Allan Betts.
Hoping to hear from you in a few days
I remain Madam
Your Obedt Ser
David Chambers
Be so good to return the enclosed paper.

From W Dealtry recipient unknown

II.2. 214-15
Winchester? Aug 3 1847
I am sorry that I can throw no light whatever on the subject of your Inquiries.
When I knew (the late Mrs Marsden) Miss Fristan she was living on ?? with Mrs Scott
whom I understood to be her Aunt or Cousin: but her Father or Mother I am not
conscious that I ever saw, nor had I the slightest knowledge of them.
Mrs Scott must have been dead for many years. I am very sorry that I really can give
no Information which can be of the slightest use to Mrs C Marsden.
I am
Your obedt Ser
W Dealty

J Terry to John Marsden

II.2. 216-18
Hull 10th May 1856
My Dear Sir

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
I have been for sometime intending to call upon you in my way to Bolton? an I
intended to have paid my friends there a visit before I went to London. This I find I
shall not be able to do. My object was to have consulted you as to the best way of
disposing of the money in the savings bank belonging to my friends in Sydney. I had
sometime ago a letter from Mrs Marsden who ? the address of the Executors of the
Revd S Marsden. ? Mr Scott and I have written out to Sydney. it struck me the best
way could be to pay the money to Mrs Marsden in her ?? us ( Mrs ?? and myself) a
letter engaging to pay the money to the proper parties in N. S. Wales which I have not
doubt she would do on your recommendation.
I intend leaving Hull for London on Wednesday making a few days stay at Cambridge
and I then should remain about 10 das in London. If Mrs M should be in London and
you approve of the plan I propose I would make a point of calling upon her and
settling the matter. the amount is now about £200. my address in London will be at the
New Humm? in Covent Garden. are you likely to be in London yourself?
believe me
My ??
Your servant
John Terry

Perhaps you will have the goodness to drop me a line ?
John Marsden Esq

II.2. 219-20
Hull 13th May 1856
15 Albion Street
My Dear Sir
I am sorry to hear from your letter received this morning the state in which my last
found you. I intended to have left Hull early tomorrow for Cambridge and London but
I am unfortunately detained being unwell and not in travelling order. I hope however
to leave on Monday and as I intend spending a short time in Monmouthshire before I
return I trouble you with ? to to enquire whether Mrs T Marsden is likely to remain in
Hereford for a month. if as I can easily return by the Chester railway and stop in
Hereford where I have a friend residing for an hour or two which me an opportunity of
seeing Mrs Marsden. I think I mentioned to you that my address in London is at the
New Hum?
Hoping this will find you convalescent believe me
Yours sincerely
John Terry

? Thomas Hassall to S E Marsden

II.2. 221-25
Denbigh Nt Camden
20 April 63
My Dear Nephew,
Yours of 23 Dec 62 came duly to hand. I wrote to you to you about 20 Jany enclosing
my likeness which I hope reached you safely in return for yours which we very much
Your Aunt Elizabeth came to Denbigh and staid a few weeks with Henry and her
daughters. I hope the former may get a situation under Govt? Genl? but there are so
many applications and that by competent persons it makes it difficult to obtain one
that would suit him. We were very much pleased with what we saw of him when here.
I hope we may have a good Bishop. I mean one who knows and loves his Bible and
regards the word of God rather than the traditions and commandments of men sent

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
to Goulburne. Between ourselves I do not know more than one who I should like to
see a Bishop. The reason why some of us who have born “the burden and heat of the
day” is not promoted is simply the want of fund.
I believe and have heard from what I believe to be good authority that had there been
the means I should have had promotion offered to me. not that I wish it. I am
contented and only wish I had a Curate to assist me for hte two parishes are large. But
there certainly is nothing to induce a Clergyman to come out but the love of perishing
souls after 42 years service my Salary is £250--£60 house rent and £50 per horse??.
Had I a parsonage I could have let Denbigh for 100 to £150 per annum. One year the
Govt took away the amount for foreage? per horse and the contractor received
upwards of Eighty pounds so they rescinded the order and put me again on the £50. I
should be glad if in God providence you came out to us. I doubt not you would be well
received and made a blessing
Elizabeth Marsden (wife of C S Marsden) to S E Marsden

II.2. 225 missing

II.2. 226-28 one or two Chapters after Tea to him and repeated her hymns and he was very
fond of reading the papers you so kindly sent him and I often thought you prayed over
them in your study I must thank you for the magazines you have sent me. the children
like them very much. I must now thank you for your kind present of £5 which will be
a great help to me I have also written to your Aunt Mary Betts who has mot yet
repaired the house, to see if it is convenient to her, to let me have the £6 you spoke of,
also to Lizzy Hassall, but have not yet received an answer I think instead of creating a
Tablet to your dear Uncles memory, if he had his choice I am sure he would rather you
helped me to pay his debts, which were partly the cause of his lamented death and
were almost the last distinguishable words he said.
If your Aunt Mary and Lizzy H send me any of the amount you name, I will spend it
all on his debts any sum would be acceptable to me at present, as farming is at such a
low state. I have still the Undertakers Bill to pay. Mason? who has been very attentive
to me since his fathers death begs to be kindly remembered to you. Will you give my
kindest love to your Mother and Sisters and tell the former from me how much I miss
her beloved brother, who was always kind and studied? my happiness during my last
illness. he was my kind nurse day and night for five weeks. I am so lonely without
him, but I know ? has said, “I must take up my load? daily or I am not worthy of him”.
I ask you to add to your kindness by praying that this affliction may be sanctified to us
all. With sincere thanks for your kindness during his lifetime believe me.
My Dear Nephew
Your greatly obliged
Elizabeth Marsden

J K Bowden (Solicitor) to William Byrnes re Jane’s property

II.2. 229-32
Allen Bowden & Allen Solicitors
124 Elizabeth Street
3 Oct 1876
The Honourable Wm Byrnes

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Dear Sir
I have only just received your letter of the 28th Sep. You must not let Mrs Marsden
have more than a fair share of your watchful care. Although I have reckoned the time
from the 1st February. I paid as you rightly say £20 in February per the Trustees ? 1st
of May that you notified Mrs Marsden acceptance of my offer of purchase, and I have
your receipt dated the 4th of May for £25 to 1st August and £4 for the years ??. If I
had not offered to pay the latter and you would not have asked me for it. I have spent
over £100 on the place since May, and it is not fair to suggest that I should talk my
chance of Mrs Campbells claim or give up the purchase.
You are wrong in your view as to Mrs Campbells dower It is clear law that dower is
not a blot on a title between a purchaser and a seller. But the purchaser is entitled to
have a sufficient part of the purchase money to pay the dower. Instead of taking up
such a position I put the matter forward as delicately as I could. the claim per £33 a
year and 6 years arrears might come tomorrow or it might never come at all. It is Mrs
Marsdens liability -- not mine. and I am entitled to the property clear of it. I hope in
further consideration you will come to the conclusion that I have asked as little as
possible ? that I should be held ?less if the claim does come
I remain Dear Sir
Yours truly

PS As to the amount of the dower it would be reduced by the amount of the Mortgage
from Campbell to Lawson £1000, that deed uses property drawn and excluded the
dower but the deed of Conveyance from P L Campbell to Mrs Marsden dated 1st
February 1839 was carelessly drawn and let the dower attach -- So careless were the
parties acting for Mrs Marsden that this deed from Campbell to herself has never yet
been registered and at any time during the last 30 years or upwards her title might
have been discharged by registration of a ? ? by Campbell. I am puzzled now to know
what to do about the registration, the deed ought to be registered, but if it were it
would shew to any one who had legal knowledge enough to ?? its effect, that a
mistake had been made, and Mrs Campbells dower let in. If no one sees it after so
long a time no question will probably arise because it will be ??, as it has been in
doubt all along, that the dower had been properly provided against. On the whole I am
cautious? to let the deed remain unregistered or the lesser ?

+ I did ask for it by letter as a fair and reasonable refund for Mrs M

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
III Legal Documents, Accounts etc (3 packets)
Packet 2
pp. 47-52
Will of Thomas Marsden

This is the Last Will and Testament of me Thomas Marsden of Sydney in the Colony of New South Wales
Merchant In the first place I give devise and bequeath all and singular the household Furniture Books linen
wearing and other apparel plate China Glass Wines liqueur and other Goods and effects of the like sort
which I shall be possessed of at the time of my decease unto my dear Wife her executors administrators and
assigns absolutely to and for her own proper use and benefit and disposal. I give and bequeath unto my God
daughter Helen Beckett the daughter of William and Mary Beckett of Wakefield in the County of York in
Great Britain the Sum of One Hundred pounds. To my Clerk Mr John Henry Challis the Sum of one hundred
pounds. To Thomas Must of Sydney the Sum of Twenty Five pounds and which said three several legacies I
direct to be paid by my Executors hereinafter named within twelve months after my decease. And for the
purpose of paying the said several legacies and others the purposes herein after mentioned I do will and
direct that my Executors shall as soon as may be after my decease wind up the Business now carried on by
me and Philip William Flower now residing in England under the firm of Marsden and Flower according to
and in pursuance of our Articles of Partnership And I direct my said Executors to call in and compel
payment of all such parts of my personal estate and effects as shall consist of money out upon Security at
Interest or otherwise And also to collect and get in all Book and other debts which shall be owing to me at
the time of my decease in such manner as they shall think fit And I do hereby authorise and empower them
my said Executors and the Survivor of them his Executors and Administrators to compromise and compound
or submit to arbitration any debt Sum or Sums of money which may be owing or appear to be owing to me at
the time of my decease and give and allow reasonable time by way of indulgence for the payment of the
same or any part thereof. And in the mean time to take and accept such security or assurance for the payment
of the same as they or he in their or his discretion shall think fit And the Receipt or Receipts of them or him
for all monies paid on Securities given under or by virtue of this my Will shall in all cases be a sufficient and
effectual discharge and discharges for such Sum of Sums of Money as shall therein respectively be
acknowledged to have been received or given and the person or persons paying any such debt or debts or
Sum of Sums of Money his her or their heirs executors and administrators shall not be obliged to see to the
application thereof or be in any manner answerable or accountable for the loss misapplication or non
application thereof. And it is my Will and desire and I do hereby declare and direct that they my said
Executors and the Survivor of them and the Executors or Administrators of such Survivor shall stand and be
possessed of the Monies to arise or be got in by the means aforesaid or otherwise under or by virtue of this
my Will In trust in the first place to satisfy and discharge all such debts as shall be due and owing by me to
any person or persons whomsoever by specialty simple contract of otherwise howsoever at the time of my
decease or which shall afterwards accrue or become due and trust for such of the said debts as shall or in his
or their opinion ought to carry interest. And in the next place to pay satisfy and discharge my funeral
expenses and the several legacies and bequest given and bequeathed by this my will and after payment and
satisfaction thereof In trust to stand possessed of and interested in the Residue of my said Estates and Effects
for the interests and purposes hereinafter mentioned and declared I give devise and bequeath unto my said
Executors and the Survivor of them and the heirs executors and administrators of such Survivor All my
Estate and Interest of and in all that Messuage or tenement and premises situate in Pitt Street in the said
Town of Sydney upon trust as as soon as conveniently may be after my decease to sell and dispose of the
same either by public sale or private contract as they my said trustees or trustee shall think best and also to
make execute and perfect all necessary or proper deeds writings conveyances and assurances for the purpose
of vesting the same in any purchaser or purchasers thereof or in such person or persons and for such uses and
intents and purposes as such purchaser or purchasers shall direct in support and I hereby declare and direct
that the Receipt or Receipts of the said Trustee or Trustees or of the Acting or only trustees or Trustee of this
my Will for the time being shall be a good valid and sufficient discharge and discharges to the purchaser or
purchasers of the said messuage Land and premises or of any part thereof for all Monies thereby expressed to
be received And that no purchasers after paying his her or their purchase Money to the said trustees or
trustee shall be answerable for the Application or non application of the same of any part thereof And I do
hereby further will and direct that they my said trustees and Executors and the Survivor of them and the

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Executors and Administrators of such Survivor do and shall at all times and from time to time stand
possessed of and interested in the Money to arise by every or any such sale or Sales And also of and in the
Rest and Residue of my personal Estate after payment of my debts and legacies and the charges and
expenses of executing the trusts of this my Will In trust to lay out and invest the same upon Real or other
Securities at Interest or in the purchase of shares in any of the Banks of Sydney in the Names of them my
said trustees and Executors for the time being And do and shall alter change and vary the same as and when
they shall think fit And do and shall stand possessed of and interested in the said Securities or Bank Shares
upon the Trusts and for the ends interests and purposes and with and under and subject to the several powers
provisions and declarations hereinafter declared or expressed concerning the same that is to say In trust to
pay apply and dispose of the interest dividends and other annual proceeds thereof and of the Rents issues and
annual proceeds thereof and of the Rents issues and annual proceeds of my said Estates hereby directed to be
sold until such sale and investment shall be made unto such person or persons and for such ends interests and
purposes or my said dear wife shall at any time or times and from time to time by any note under her hand
direct or appoint the same or any part thereof And in default of any such direction or appointment and as to
so much of the said interest Rents issues and proceeds respectively of which none shall be made In trust to
pay the same into the proper hands of my said dear wife or her assigns or otherwise permit and authorize her
and them to receive take and retain the same without account or control to and for the use benefit and support
of herself and the maintenance support and education of such of my dear children as are living at the time of
my death or shall be Born in due time thereafter such payment unto or receipt by my said Wife to be and
continue until some one of my Children being a Son shall have attained the age of twenty one years or being
a daughter shall have attained that age or be married with the consent of my said wife and the receipt and
receipts of my said wife shall until such period be a good and effectual discharge and good and effectual
discharges for all and every dividends interest proceeds and payments aforesaid And from and immediately
after any of my said Children (if there shall be more than one) being a Son shall have attained the age of
twenty one years or have died before that Age leaving issue or being a daughter shall have attainted that age
or be married with such consent as aforesaid. Then In trust to stand possessed of the said securities dividends
Rents issues and proceeds in trust to pay and apply Five hundred pounds part of such dividends Rents and
issues and proceeds unto my said dear wife or her assigns or otherwise permit and empower her and them to
receive the same for and during the term of her natural life for her sole separate use and benefit I give and
bequeath to my daughter Anna Maria Marsden the Sum of Three thousand pounds to be paid to her upon her
attaining the age of Twenty one years or day of marriage (which shall first happen) with such consent as
aforesaid And subject to the payments and charges aforesaid I give devise and bequeath to my son Samuel
Edward Marsden his heirs Executors and Administrators all my Real and personal Estate of what nature or
kind soever. But in case of the death of my said Son under the Age of twenty one years and without leaving
lawful issue him surviving or in the Event of said daughter dying under the age of twenty one years and
without having been married with such consent as aforesaid then I give devise and bequeath the share or
proportion of such child so dying before his or her portion share or Interest shall become payable under the
trusts hereinbefore declared by this my will unto the Survivor of such Children his or her heirs executors or
administrators And in the event of all my said Children dying before his or her share or portion shall become
payable as aforesaid Then I direct my said Trustees and executors to stand possessed of the whole of the said
property Real or personal In trust to pay the whole of the interest dividends Rents issues and proceeds
thereof unto my said dear wife for her life for her sole use and benefit and I declare that her Receipt shall be
a good and effectual discharge to my said trustees and Executors for the same And in the event of all my said
children dying before his or their interest in my said property so devised and bequeathed shall become
payable then subject to the devises and bequest hereinbefore made in favour of my said dear wife during her
life I give and devise all my Real and personal property of what nature or kind soever to be equally divided
between and amongst all and every the child or children of my Brother Samuel Marsden of Windsor in the
said colony Dealer share and share alike as tenants in common Provided further that in the event of my said
dear wife’s dying before my said son shall have attained the age of twenty one years or before my said
daughter shall have attained that age or have married with such consent as aforesaid then I direct that my
trustees and Executors and the Survivor or Survivors of them his heirs executors or administrators do and
shall from time to time during the minority of all or either of my said Children to pay and apply the Rents
issues and profits thereof wither of my said children to pay and apply the Rents issues and profits thereof for
and towards his her or their maintenance and education use and benefit at the discretion of them my said
trustees and Executors And I hereby further will and direct that my said trustees and Executors shall not be
answerable or accountable for or charged or chargeable with more of the said Estates or Effects or the

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
monies arising therefrom than he or they shall actually receive nor the one of my said trustees and executors
for the other of them but only for his own acts deeds or defaults And I further declare that it shall be lawful
for my said Trustees and Executors and each of them and the Survivor of them his heirs executors and
administrators by and out of my said Estates and Effects or the monies to arise there from to deduct and
reimburse himself and themselves all costs charges and expenses he or they shall or may expend or be put
unto in or about the execution of the trusts of this my will or in anywise relating thereto And lastly I hereby
constitute and appoint Robert Smith Esquire of Campbells River Thomas Smith Esquire Sydney and the
aforesaid John Henry Challis Executors and Trustees of this my last Will and Testament In Witness whereof
I have to the first four sheets hereof set my hand and to this fifth and last sheet hereof set my hand and Seal
the Sixth day of June in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty six.
T Marsden

Signed Sealed published and declared by the said Thomas Marsden the Testator as and for his last will and
Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have
hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses the words “Sydney the sum of” in the eleventh line from the top
and the world “answerable” in the third line from the bottom of the first sheet having been first interlined

Samuel Marsden
N Cruikshank
W O Hughes

Proved in the Supreme Court New South Wales the 15th day of February AD 1836

The Will hereunto annexed is submitted to Mr Donnelly for the purpose of obtaining
his opinion whether the Executors of the late Thomas Marsden have power to sell that
portion of the Testators real and personal property devised and bequeathed to
Testator’s son Samuel Edward and further if the Executors cannot sell the real and
personal property devised ad bequeathed to Samuel Edward if they have power to sell
either and which.
Sydney 11th August 1842

Saml Edwd 11 years old
Suffd personal este to pay debts and legacies
Exors sold to client the whole of the sheep & cattle and granted a Lease 4 Sections of
Land for 16 yrs at £160
Client wishes to sell the same.
1st Wheh the sale of Sheep & Cattle by the Exors was valid
2nd Have the Exors power to grant the Lease and if not
3rd Whethr Client can compel the Executors to accept a surrer
4th Wher the Trustees have poaer with Client to cancel the Lease

1 I am of opinion that the Exors had power to sell the Sheep and Cattle
2 But there is no power for the Exors to lease any portion of the Testors real Estate
3 I do not think that the Lessee has any power to compel the Exors to accept a
surrender of the Estate
4 I am of the opinion that the Exors & Lessee together may cancel the lease.

Augt 22 1842
1 Wentworth Place                Ross Donnelly

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
pp. 90-93

Probate of the will and codicil of Jane Catherine Marsden dated 25th March

To all to whom these letters testimonial shall come. We Sir James Martin, Knight,
Chief Justice, and Peter Fawcett Esquire, Sir William Montague Manning, Knight,
William Charles Windeyer Esquire and Sir Joseph George Long Innes, Knight, ?
Judges of the Supreme Court of New South Wales to which Court all matters
Ecclesiastical concerning the granting of Probates of Wills and Letters of
Administration within the Colony of New South Wales are by Law committed Send
Greeting. We hereby make known to you that on searching the Registry of the said
Court at Sydney in New South Wales aforesaid in the Archives thereof there kept. We
have found that on the sixth day of August in the year of our Lord One thousand eight
hundred and eighty five at Sydney aforesaid before the said Court The last Will and
Testament with a Codicil thereto of Jane Catherine Marsden late of Bathurst in the
said Colony Widow deceased having whilst living and at the time of her death goods
and chattels and credits in New South Wales aforesaid was proved and registered and
Administration of all and singular the said goods chattels credits and effects of the said
deceased was by the said Court there then granted to The Right Reverend Samuel
Edward Marsden, Doctor of Divinity, Bishop of Bathurst, son of the said deceased and
sole Executor named in and appointed by the said Will. He having been first duly
sworn that he will well and truly administer the estate of the said deceased and pay ll
her lawful debts and the legacies contained in the Will and Codicil of the siad
deceased so far as the said goods chattels credits and effects of the said deceased
together with a just and true account of his administration into the Registry of the said
Court when he shall be lawfully called thereunto which said will follows in these

This is the Last Will and Testament of me Jane Catherine Marsden of the City of
Bathurst widow. I appoint my son The Right Reverend Samuel Edward Marsden
Doctor of Divinity Bishop of Bathurst Trustee and Executor of this my will. I give and
devise to my daughter Anna Maria Marsden All That my Cottage in the City of
Bathurst wherein I now dwell together with the Lands thereunto belonging known as
Avonbank and which said lands and hereditaments I purchased at various times from
David Jones Domingo and Francis Gressier Henry Butler and William Mears and are
comprised in divers deeds of Conveyance to me from the Said David Jones Domingo
and Francis Gressier Henry Butler and William Mears. Also ninety acres a
thereabouts of land on the Parramatta River in the Country of Cumberland in the said
Colony and known as the Brush Farm. I also give and bequeath to my said daughter
absolutely the sum of Three thousand pounds and all my household furniture aplate
books pictures jewellery carriage harness and all other chattels in and about my
dwelling house aforesaid. I give and bequeath to my son The Right Reverend Samuel
Edward Marsden, Doctor of Divinity, Bishop of Bathurst aforesaid the sum of One
thousand pounds. Also Two thousand pounds due to me on mortgage of a certain
messuage and lands on the Parramatta River aforesaid known as Newlands. And I
declare that in the event of the said last mentioned sum of Two thousand pounds being
paid by the Mortgagor the same shall be paid to my said son out of my personal Estate
and in the event of the messuage and lands coming into my possession as absolute
owner thereof whether by forecloseure or conveyance to me by the Mortgagor the
same shall be taken as an equivalent for the said mortgage debt or sum of Two
thousand pounds and shall be vested in my said son his heirs and assigns absolutely. I
give and bequeath to my grandsons and granddaughters Edward McLaren Marsden,
Beatrice Catherine Marsden, Anna Marion Percy Marsden and Selwyn Samuel
Marsden the sum of Fifty pounds each. I give to the Trustees of the Fund for erecting

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
an Episcopal Residence for the See of Bathurst in the said Colony the sum of Fifty
pounds. Also to the Trustees of the Bathurst Church Society Endowment Fund the
sum of Fifty Pounds. And as to all the residue of my real and personal estates and
effects whatsoever and wheresoever I declare that two equal parts or shares thereof
shall be for my said daughter absolutely and the remaining third part or share thereof
for the absolute use and behest of my said son I declare that in the event of my said
son dying in my lifetime leaving issue living at the time of my decease such issue shall
be entitled [Jane C Marsden Witness George Pinnock, Henry Price] to all Lands and
hereditaments and moneys hereby devised and bequeathed to him in equal shares as
tenants in common per stirpes and not per capita. I declare that it shall be lawful for
my Trustees or Trustee for the time being during the minority of any such issue of my
said son as aforesaid to let or sell any real estates to which such issue may be entitled
under this my will and such lease as aforesaid to be for any term not exceeding Seven
years in possession and not in remainder or expectancy and for the best rent that can
reasonably be obtained and to contain a power enabling the Lessor to re-enter in case
of default in payment of rent and other usual and proper covenants provisoes
conditions and agreement And in case of sale as aforesaid the proceeds arising from
such sale shall be invested by my Trustee or Trustees for the time being in such good
securities as to him or them shall seem fit with power from time to time at his or their
direction to vary the investments thereof for others of a like nature and shall stand
possessed of the said moneys and the investments thereof and of all other moneys to
which such issue shall or may be entitled at the time of my decease and the investment
thereof upon trust to pay the interest dividends and annual income thereof or such part
thereof as he or they shall deem expedient in or towards the maintenance education
and support of such issue respectively until such respective issue being males or a
male shall attain the age of Twenty one years or being females or a female shall attain
that age or marry and the unapplied income (if any) shall be accumulated and invested
as aforesaid and applied in augmentation of the share or respective shares out of which
they shall have arisen. And I declare that the shares of all such issue as aforesaid being
females shall be to their respective separate use apart from husbands. I declare that if
the Trustee hereby appointed as hereinafter mentioned shall die or desire to be
discharged from or decline or become incapable to act in the trusts aforesaid Then and
in every such case it shall be lawful for the retiring or continuing Trustee or Trustees
or if there be no such Trustee for the executors or administrators executor or
administrator of the last surviving Trustee by any writing under his or their hand or
hands to appoint and Trustee or Trustees in the stead of the Trustee or Trustees or as
aforesaid dying or desiring to be discharged or declining or becoming incapable and
upon every such appointment the trust property shall be vested in such new Trustee or
Trustees solely or (as the case may be) jointly with the continuing Trustee or Trustees
as fully and effectually as if he or they had been originally appointed a Trustee or
Trustees by this my will. I declare that the receipts in writing of my Trustee or
Trustees for the time being shall be effectual discharges for all moneys in such
receipts acknowledged to be received and that no person paying [Jane C Marsden.
Witness George Pinnock Henry Price] the said moneys shall be concerned to see to the
application thereof I declare that no Trustee of my will shall be liable for the acts or
defaults of a Co-trustee or for involuntary losses but each for his own willful acts and
defaults only And that every Trustee of my will may out of my Trust Estate reimburse
himself his reasonable costs in and about the execution of the ? thereof. Lastly I
revoke all former wills by me heretofore mede and declare this to be my last will In
witness whereof I have here unto set my hand this ninth day of July One thousand
eight hundred and eighty ________Jane C. Marsden_________signed by the said
Testatrix Jane Catherine Marsden as and for her last Will and Testament (the
interlineations between the sixth and seventh lines from the bottom of the first page
and the thirteenth and fourteenth lines from the bottom of the second page having been
first made) in the presence of us present at the same time who at her request in her
sight and presence and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
attesting witnesses George Pinnock Solr. Bathurst________Henry Price Solr.

This is a Codicil to the last Will of me Jane Catherine Marsden of Bathurst in the
Colony of New South Wales widow which said will bears date the ninth day of July
One thousand eight hundred and eighty. As to my land at Molong Creek in the District
of Molong in the Colony of New South Wales containing One thousand two hundred
and eighty acres (more or less) and which was granted to me by the Crown. I declare
that the same shall be for my son the Right Reverend Samuel Edward Marsden D. D.
and my daughter Anna Maria Marsden as to one undivided part or share thereof for
the absolute use and behoof of my said son and as to the other undivided half part or
share thereof for the absolute use and behoof of my said daughter. And in all other
respects save as aforesaid I confirm my said Will In witness wereof I the said Jane
Catherine Marsden have hereunto set my hand this twenty third day of November One
thousand eight hundred and eighty one ______Jane C. Marsden_____________
SIgned by the said testator Jane Catherine Marsden as and for a Codicil to her last will
and testament in the presence of us present at the same time who at her request in her
sight and presence and in the presence of each other have subscribed out names as
attesting witnesses______George Pinnock Solr. Bathurst____ Jno. H
In faith and testimony whereof we the said Chief Justice and Puisne Judges have
caused these our Letters Testimonial to issue forth and be corroborated by affixing
thereto the Seal of the said Supreme Court of New South Wales which we use in this
Given at Sydney in the Colony of New South Wales aforesaid this fifteenth day of
December in the year of out Lord One thousand eight hundred and eighty five
M Garrett
Ecclesiastical Clerk of the Supreme Court of New South Wales

VIII Personal Effects
Item 15
[Diary of a passenger aboard the Nimrod sailing from London to Sydney in 1827. The
Contents says it was written by J Marsden, but there is nothing on the document to say
this. The shipping record at Mitchell Library records that there was a J Marsden on
board. However, from biographical detail in the diary (“Employ’d myself writing to
my dear Father, and to my late respected employer Mr Jno Flower also to Richd
Bates”), I believe this was written by Thomas Marsden.
Unfortunately the diary stops well short of the end of the voyage. It actually looks like
the last pages have been torn out. Perhaps Thomas didn’t want anyone to read what
happened on the rest of the voyage!]

Thursday June 14th
Enterd on board the Nimrod at Blackwall got under weigh at 6pm. Wind N.E. sailed to
Purfleet got no sleep the men made such a noise
Fri 15 Saild to Gravesend & anchord. Mrs Harvey, Mr Biddeck & Mr Barwise came
          on board also the Sea Pilot & Merino Sheep.
Sat 16 Got under weigh at 6 am Wind N.E. saild to Margate & anchored, felt very
          giddy all day, but better at night.
Sun 17 A dead calm, breezes sprung up at 12 am. S.W. saild to the downs ancd off
          Deal. Mr Philips came on Bd

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Mon 18 Stayed off Deal & took in Beef & Mutton etc. felt myself squeamish all day
         but kept up my spirits tolerably well.
Tues 19 Saild out but driven back. could not get round the S Foreland felt sickly all
Wed 20 Saild from the Downs again but such Strong adverse winds that I was so ill
         that I was obliged to lie in bed all day.
Thurs 21 Winds still worse. got to Beachy Head & obliged to put back. very sick
Fri 22 Anchd again in the Downs at 7 at night. Mrs Lamb safely delivd a fine boy at
         ll Oclock at Nt.
Sat 23 Weighd & saild at 1 pm from the Downs in Company with about 150 sail but
         we soon outsaild all.
Sun 24 A beautifull day with light breezes had Brighton in sight for 6 hours. had a ??
         to go on shore to see one of my old friends there.
Mon 25 Lost sight of Land until 2 pm then we were of the Isle of Wight set lines for
         fish but caught none.
Tues 26 Came in Sight of the Isle of Alderney? at 11 am sent letters by a Brigham
Wed 27 In sight of Dartmouth at 3 pm a very pretty ?? Town lying between two hills.
Thurs 28 A very strong gale & heavy Sea all the passengers sick. very sick myself. in
         bed all day and found no relief.
Frid 29 The sea much calmer but found we were driven back very considerably. got
         up at 11 am a little better of my sickness. the Sarah Shaunton from Don to
         New York passed us at 5 pm.
Sat 30 A heavy sea with S.W. winds off Plymouth at 11 am saw the Eddystone at
         night a most brilliant light.
Sun 1st
July    Sea very heavy indeed. I was sick in the Morng off Falm[outh] at noon. tried
         to make it but could not. Capt Lambs Sheep died.
Mon 2 Sea still heavy made the Lizard at 2 pm took a farewell to old England but cast
         a longing look behind.
Tues 3 Sea a little calmer. came off Hushant about 12 miles on the French Coast.
Wed 4 Got round Hushant. a good breeze sails 8 miles pr hour.
Thurs 5 A heavy Sea with variable Wind in the Bay of Biscay.
Fri 6 Sea very heavy saild before the wind 9 miles pr hour. ?? a Gale at Midnight.
July    About 20 miles off Cape ??
Sat 7 A very heavy Sea indeed. the wind blew a complete hurricane. a Sea struck
         the ship at 2 am and upset the coops over my cabin which frightened me
         very much. the Ships bows were under water & lost her topsail & split her
         mainsail & lost 3 bales of hay. the man at the helm lost his confidence which
         made it worse.
Sun 8 The sea very heavy but the wind very much abated. Mr Lamb & Mrs Harvey
         joined us at dinner the first time after confinement & sickness. I read my
         Bible in the Morning.
Mon 9 The sea very calm with a light breeze the ship very steady. stopt on deck
         smoking Segars until 12 am a very beautiful moonlight night.
Tues 10A light breeze. Sea very steady? stopt on deck singing etc untill nearly 12 at
Wed 11 I saw a large fish which I took to be a Shark, but it proved to be a Grampus a
         Species of Whale.
Thurs 12 Employ’d myself writing to my dear Father, and to my late respected
         employer Mr Jno Flower also to Richd Bates.
Fri 13 The breeze freshened looked out anxiously for land all day. saw Porto Santo
         one of the Madeira Isles at 2 pm

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Sat 14 Anchored in Funchall ?? at 11 am went in shore with Capt Harvey etc in the
        Gig was much pleased with Madeira it has the appearance of an iregular
        barren chain of mountains about 5 miles out at sea, but as we approach
        nearer it is a beautifull Island, Funchall lying in the valley. the houses all
        White, every inch of ground is cultivated & planted with Vines and almost
        every other choice Fruit Trees, Oranges, Lemons, Citrons Figs etc in
        abundance. the land rises every way from the Sea. the tops of the Mountains
        are lost in the clouds, the white houses interspersed in the vineyards form a
        scenery beyond language to express. Funchall the capital is a dirty place. the
        streets are narrow & very ill paved. no carriage or vehicle with wheels to be
        seen. Ladies are carried in Palanquins. Luggage etc are driven by Oxen on
        sledges. the houses are built one above another so that they have a free
        current of air. the Fruit Market is very good & well supplied & cheap. The
        public walk is very pleasant well shaded with beautifull trees with seats &
        dropping wells here & there. the Men dress very lightly & the Women very
        heavy most of them in large cloth cloaks. we put up at Putrons British Hotel.
        the first in the place but such a dirty house & the beds swarming with
        company. it is not worth the name of a Pot house, our provision was good
        but charged hight.
Sun 15 Lookd over the convent of Monks of the order of Fransides. it was going fast
        to ruin and decay. went with Capt & Mrs Lamb to look ?? ?? Garden. found
        it the most beautifullon I ever saw. the choicest Fruits & rarest flowers &
        shrubs growing in a state of nature. it is well watered by Fountains supplied
        by means of reservoirs that contain the waters from the Mountains. we eat of
        the different fruits but the Mulberries were delicious. some of them as lon as
        my fingers. went at night to one of the catholic Churches. it was all
        illuminated both in & out, the ladies came & knelt down a considerable
        times & prayed to ??? then squatted down in the Turkish Manner for a time
        then crossed themselves & bowed to the Image of St Mary & went up to her
        & kissd her Garment, the men did the same but some did not kneel so long
        as others. the shops were all open & business going on as other days.
Mon 16 Went with Capt & Mrs Lamb to the convent of Nuns. there were some of them
        very fine & handsome ones & others as old and ugly. we bot? preservd
        Citrons & Lemons very superior at 18 pr lb. went all over the Town & in to
        the Shops. there are only 3 or 4 good ones & they are not better than Pigstys.
        there is nothing with a shape of busines to be seen. there are a great many
        idle men in the streets. most of them Portuguese very dirty & noisy for they
        are quarrelling in the day & seranading in the night. Singing or rather
        howling, playing the Guitar & Castinets the night thro the streets are not
        swept but a channel 2 feet wide and one deep is in the middle, water is let off
        at night which runs from the Mountains & the town is ?? on the side of a Hill
        so there is not one level street in it so the water carries all the dirt into the
        sea. the people throw dirty water and other nuisances in to the streets without
        any notice & there are no lights so a person must take care where he goes.
Tues 17There was what is called a host performed by the catholics. it consisted of a
        numourous quantity of Monks & Priests walking bareheaded in procession
        carrying large lighted candles, then 4 others carrying on their shoulders the
        image of V Mary & the infant Jesus as large as life, then followed by music
        & the people. went on board at 4 pm but could not sail as the washerwoman
        had not brot our clothes off.

Wed 18 Weighd anchor at 6 am. I ??? out had 100 fathoms of cable out very bad to
Thurs 19 Got into the N. E. trades with a fine breeze.

Rev Samuel Marsden Documents AJCP reel M382
Fri 20 Saw a number of fg Fish.
Sat 21 Capt Lambs calf died.
Sun 22 A Flying Fish jumped in to the long boat caught it.
[in margin] dined in the Tropics 1st time.
Mon 23 Descrid a sail to Leeward. she proved to be a Portuguese but could not make
         her name
Tues 24Set lines for Sharks but caught none. Sheep died from the heat of the Sun.
Wed 25 Lost the N. E. Trades.
Thurs 26 Saw a great many porpoises.
F27S28 So calm & very flat that our partridge lost overboard --- were almost melted.
Sun 29 Very heavy rain indeed in the Morng. caught 120 Gallons water for Stock.
Mon 30 very squally with heavy rains.
Tues 31The winds very heavy indeed with torrents of rain. the sea running very high.
Wed The wind so very strong that we were almost on our beam ends with treble
Augt 1st reefed topsails.
Thurs 2 Captn Lambs Cow died. she was a very fine one.
Fri 3 The Sea more calm & wind more moderate.
Sat 4 Looked over the cargo to see if anything had got wet.
Sun 5 had prayers & a Sermon from 4 Chap St Jas 13 & 14. Verses very appropos.
Mon 6 descried a Sail to Windwd she hoisted French colours but could not learn her
Tues 7 Very heavy Sea I was very sick in consequence.
Wed 8
Thurs 9 Golding got drunk and would have thrown himself overbd but was caught by
         Capt Lamb. was confined in irons.
Fri 10
Sat 11 rainy weather & light winds
Sun 12 Had no prayers at ? I was surprisd. The Kings birthday drank his health in a
Mon 13 Saw a great many Sea swallows commonly called Marthenpareys
Tues 14Caught a Flying Fish in the Ships Chains.
Wed 15 Crossd the Line abt 10 am. escaped a Ducking paid forfeit.
Thurs 16 Saw a large tropic bird hovering about the Ship.
Fri 17 A Booby about fird at him
Sat 18 & hit him with Buck shot
Sun 19 Saw a large Shark under our Larboard bows.


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