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					                                The Philippine Clean Cities Project:
                      Promoting Waste Minimization Through Local Government
                                           Burton Hamner1 and Anthony SF Chiu2

    Keywords: Cleaner Production, Public Private Partnership, Local Government Unit, Multi-sector
                                           involvement

                                                     ABSTRACT

The Pacific Northwest Economic Region (PNWER) has partnered with the League of Cities of the
Philippines (LCP) to demonstrate that local governments can successfully reduce resource use and
waste generation in their own operations and in businesses and communities by applying the
principles of Cleaner Production. The project design has proven to be remarkably cost-effective
and should serve as a model for other municipal associations concerned about sustainable resource
use and waste management.

           -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Introduction

Solid waste management has long been a major concern for cities around the world. In some
regions, the available disposal facilities have reached their capacity and local governments are
faced with difficult decisions. The City of Seattle was faced with closure of its major landfill and a
serious need to control waste volumes. The City responded by aggressively promoting waste
separation and recycling by residents and businesses. This generated large quantities of recovered
materials. However, this was not matched by an increase in the processing technologies and
markets for these materials and the City quickly found itself with stockpiles of paper, plastics, and
other materials for which no commercially feasible processing technologies or markets existed.

Realizing that other cities in the state would soon face similar problems, in 1988 the Clean
Washington Center (CWC) was established. Over the next ten years, the CWC became a national
Recycling Center of Excellence and produced over 300 technical reports on recycling technologies
and market development. From 1997 onward, the CWC’s remaining projects and its knowledge
base were merged into the Pacific Northwest Economic Region.

In 1998, PNWER received a grant from the US-Asia Environmental Partnership (US-AEP) to bring
the CWC’s recycling expertise to the Philippines. PNWER found that the private sector was
relatively uninterested in recycling technologies, because they have relatively low costs for waste
disposal and little governmental incentive to pursue recycling. However PNWER made contacts
with the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) and found great interest in recycling and waste
minimization. The LCP represents over 100 cities in the Philippines, including almost all the
largest cities and provincial capitals.



1
    Lead author. President, CleanerProduction.com. bhamner@cleanerproduction.com
2
    Consultant, CDG EMCBP Project. ac@tri-isys.com


                                                                                                                   1
Solid Waste Management Challenges in the Philippine Cities

Solid waste management is a major cost for Philippine cities. The mayors who met with PNWER
estimated that they spend between 10 and 20 percent of their budgets on waste management. This
estimate is supported by sources such as the World Bank, which estimates that the urban areas of
Asia now spend about US$25 billion on solid waste management per year; this figure will increase
to about US$47 billion in 2025. [1]

Cities in developing countries typically produce about 0.5 – 1 kg. of solid waste per day per capita.
Management costs for collection, transfer and disposal range between $20 and $60 per ton, with
collection being about 70% of the total costs. Using the low-end estimates of these ranges (0.5
kg/day @ $20/ton), a city of 100,000 people might expect to spend about $365,000 per year on
solid waste management. However this is no doubt an underestimate since it multiplies two low-
end values and also does not include the cost of acquiring land for disposal, which is both
expensive and highly political due to local community resistance to new garbage dumps. It may be
more realistic to estimate that solid waste management costs cities in developing countries about $5
per capita per year. Thus a city of a million people would spend at least several million dollars per
year on solid waste management, even allowing for some economies of scale. This corresponds to
findings by the World Bank and other agencies. While some cities are able to recover some of the
costs through waste fees, a large portion of the population in cities in developing countries are
slum-dwellers who cannot be charged for waste collection. Even with some cost recovery, solid
waste management costs cities a very large amount of money. And unlike municipal costs for
education and infrastructure, costs for waste management do not have a tangible return on
investment.

In the Philippines, PNWER found that the mayors who are the members of the LCP are extremely
aware and concerned about these facts. The politics of waste management are also a major concern
because many landfills are reaching capacity, and the mayors must negotiate, often at peril to their
elected positions, with neighboring communities for new landfill sites. Thus the LCP members
were very interested in any solutions that could reduce the volume of waste being generated by
their cities.

Fortunately, the Philippines has seen some notable successes with waste minimization. The US
Agency for International Development, the World Bank, and other donors have sponsored large
and small projects to demonstrate the concepts of Cleaner Production (CP) to industry and
government. CP is the term used by the United Nations around the world for practices that prevent
pollution at the source through increased efficiency, product changes and better management
methods. In the Philippines and elsewhere, thousands of companies have found that they can
reduce water and energy use and waste generation, typically by 20-30%, with little or no capital
investment, by applying CP methods.

PNWER and the LCP therefore organized a training program on CP for LCP member cities. It was
conducted by a prominent CP expert and included concepts such as process analysis, cost of waste
measurement and environmental accounting, the CP hierarchy of waste solutions (source reduction,
waste reduction, recycling and finally disposal), green teams, and more. A dozen cities sent senior
representatives to the two-day training event in Manila. This was the first time these



2
representatives had learned of CP and its potential for reducing municipal waste management costs
and the training was eagerly received.

The Clean Cities Project

Following the training program, the city representatives and the LCP secretariat decided to initiate
a program with PNWER to promote CP to member cities. The Clean Cities project was established
to help a group of pilot cities learn about and implement CP practices with the objective of
reducing waste management costs, improving efficiency and productivity, and creating social
benefits from having cleaner and greener cities. Twelve cities decided to participate in the pilot
project.

          City Name             Population
 1.  Angeles City                 300,000
 2.  Antipolo                    1,300,000
 3.  Bais                          68,000
 4.  Dagupan                      130,000
 5.  Iloilo                       363,000
 6.  La Carlota                    56,000
 7.  Mandaue                      300,000
 8.  Naga City                    130,000
 9.  Island Garden City of         83,000
     Samal
 10. San Fernando                 102,000
 11. Tagaytay                      32,000
 12. Toledo                       130,000

The importance of Cleaner Production to the cities can be estimated using the World Bank
parameters described above. With about 3 million people in the twelve cities, the cost of solid
waste management to the cities can be conservatively estimated as follows:

3,000,000 people
x 0.5 kg solid waste/day/per capita
= 1500 tons per day, or 547, 500 tons per year
= $10,950,000 per year @ $20/ton

Following the experience of Cleaner Production world wide, it is quite reasonable to expect that
solid waste volumes could be reduced by at least 10% by promoting and implementing CP
methods, not including new investment. Such a reduction could well save the twelve participating
cities over a million dollars per year in total, counting only the avoided waste management costs.
Since CP is based on improving efficiency and productivity, there would also be revenue gains
from increased profitability and tax collection in the cities, and political benefits from this positive
and non-regulatory approach.




                                                                                                      3
Clean Cities Project Structure

PNWER provided additional training to the city representatives in group workshops. However it
was apparent to all that they would need to have additional training in their own cities. To meet
this need, PNWER and LCP developed a novel approach that has proved to be very cost-effective.
With funding from USAID via PNWER, the LCP hired two experienced city managers from two of
the participating cities. They were hired on six-month contracts and paid the equivalent of their
city salaries. Effectively, the cities loaned their staff to the project at cost. The sponsoring mayors
supported this largely because they realized that, at the end of the project, their returning staff
would be experts in CP for cities and would become assets in their own communities. This enabled
the project to be staffed at a very low cost compared to other development projects staffed by
professional consultants hired at market rates.

To assist the cities, the two trainers were assigned to northern and southern regions of the country.
They each traveled to six cities on a circuit, returning every few months to conduct another
workshop and help the city progress. This “circuit rider” concept has been very effective at
maintaining the momentum of the project and for helping the cities learn from each other. The cost
of in-country travel was covered by the PNWER funds and in fact amounted to about half of the
funding. The trainers quickly became familiar with the challenges and opportunities faced by the
cities and were able to identify and share common solutions.

An important development was the decision of the participating cities to practice Cleaner
Production concepts on themselves, before promoting CP to local companies and communities.
They agreed to initiate CP projects at their City Halls, focusing on water and energy conservation,
paper minimization, waste segregation, composting of food waste and other topics. They also
recognized the importance of the city as a purchaser of goods and services. In many of the cities,
the local government is the largest individual buyer of goods and services. As such it has potential
to create market demand for improved environmental performance, which will thereby stimulate an
entrepreneurial response from companies eager to do business with the city.

To further encourage the city representatives, PNWER organized an international Workshop on
Pollution Prevention for Sustainable Cities, held in Seattle, Washington in May 2001. This
workshop was attended by a dozen Philippine project representatives and also by another 30
participants from 7 other countries. They heard from local experts and program staff about
successful methods for recycling and conservation and had many opportunities to see effective
projects in action. The participants reported that it was very helpful for them to see the kinds of
results that they could eventually expect and they were highly motivated to emulate the successes
in their own cities.

Project Results to Date

The appendix contains the fact sheets showing summary results from each city. In all of them the
CP projects at City Hall resulted in measurable savings in water, energy, paper use and waste
generation. For example in more details, the Tagaytay City Hall reduced its daily solid waste
volume by 25% by relatively simple methods of waste separation. In Iloilo City, the number of



4
daily bags of garbage from City Hall was reduced from eleven to two. In Dagupan City the
procurement of office supplies was reduced by 30% over a 4-month period, thus saving on
purchasing costs. Their water and electric bills were reduced from 10 – 15%. Naga City reduced
office supply purchases by 10% and saved millions of pesos per year by reducing air conditioning
by two hours every day throughout all government offices by simply turning it on later in the
morning, turning it off at lunch, and turning off earlier in the evening.




                      La Carlota: TOTAL solid waste 37%, = 15
                       tons/day!
                      Tagatay City Hall: Solid waste 25%
                      Iloilo City Hall: Solid waste 88%
                      Bais City Hall: Water 10%, electricity 15%,
                       solid waste 20%
                      Dagupan: Office procurement 30%; water and
                       energy 10-15%
                      Antipolo City Hall: Electricity 10%

                      Bais City: Involved five neighborhoods and 300
                       vendors
                      Dagupan City: CP Project includes reps from 28
                       out of 31 neighborhoods
                      Iloilo: Involved 160 out of 180 neighborhoods in
                       42 km2 area
                      EVERY city CP program is led by the Mayor
                      Project Budget: 13 Cities, 2 full time trainers:
                       $30k/year! $15k just for travel.



These quick and obvious results have helped the Mayors to embrace CP practices and endorse the
project. In fact, this may be the most important project result so far. In all the cities, the Mayors
joined in the initial workshops to learn about the potential for CP and to endorse its importance to
the community. This is a critically important outcome because, especially in the smaller cities, the
Mayor has great influence and authority. In the Philippines, businesses must have an annually-
renewed Mayor’s Operating Permit for their business. This is primarily to aid in tax collection, but
in fact the Mayors have the discretion to withdraw the permit to operate if they feel it is necessary.
Of course they hardly ever do so, but business owners are quite aware of this power and therefore



                                                                                                    5
are very responsive to the Mayors’ requests that they join in CP training and try applying the
concepts to their own operations. Other leading city officials also joined in the workshops. As a
result the cities have very strong top-level support for CP, and they are convinced that it works
because they have made it happen in their own operations at City Hall.

The participation in the workshops has been excellent, due to this top-level support. Invitations to
the workshops came from the City Hall, and leading business owners and managers and other
community leaders attended. Some of the workshops were for mixed government and industry
audiences; others were just for government or for industry. In all cases they resulted in a great deal
of brainstorming and problem solving. As CP experience around the world has demonstrated,
many solutions for CP can be found when the attention of managers is directly focused on the
problems. Also, the sharing of information about common problems and solutions inspired many
participants to recognize their own opportunities for the first time.

While data is still being collected on the reductions of wastes from communities and business as a
result of the project, it is clear that it has inspired the private sector and communities to begin
reducing and conserving resources. In some of the cities, the top polluting companies were
identified and invited into the program, and they signed agreements with the city to initiate CP
programs in their companies. In other cities the focus has been on local communities or barangays
and on household separation of wastes. In all cases, the identification of priorities and
opportunities was done voluntarily and cooperatively, which has produced strong support for the
project throughout the communities.

Next Steps

The participating cities have initiated a wide range of projects, as outlined in the attached
summaries. More data on results is being collected, since measurement is a vital part of CP and has
been continually emphasized throughout the project. With the experience of applying CP
successfully to their own operations, the local governments now have the confidence and expertise
to promote it further to businesses and the community.

The LCP has decided to establish a permanent office of environmental management to continue
supporting the Clean Cities project. The next major challenge will be expanding the number of
participating cities. The circuit-rider concept for staffing has proved to be very successful and cost-
effective so far, but adding more cities requires adding more staff for the training circuit. The LCP
is considering a range of options for funding these additional staff, including subscription fees from
participating cities, corporate sponsorship and foreign donor support. The US-Asia Environmental
Partnership regards the project as a success and is planning to provide further financial support.
Most importantly, a number of other cities have observed the results to date and have asked to join
in the program.

Lessons Learned

The Clean Cities Project has revealed several lessons that are very important for organizations
seeking to promote environmentally sustainable businesses and communities:




6
Local governments are the best paying customer for Cleaner Production concepts. Experience has
shown that industry itself is not interested in CP because waste is not a major concern of most
managers, and they are unconcerned about environmental agencies or donor programs trying to
promote CP. But local governments are intensely interested in reducing waste volumes because it
is a major budget and political issue for them. They can apply CP to their own operations, and
most importantly, become effective promoters of it. While a local company might ignore a
national environmental agency’s efforts, it is much more likely to pay attention when the Mayor
invites them to learn about CP, because the Mayor and the local government have real power to
affect the business.

Cleaner Production creates many different benefits for local governments at very low costs. These
include reduced costs for solid waste disposal, and also reduced costs for water and energy
supplies. Because it is based on principles of better operations management, CP also improves
efficiency and productivity and can improve the local economy, thus increasing local revenues.
Finally, it is a highly participatory and partnership-based concept and is politically positive. A
number of participating Mayors in the project have said they see this as a “legacy” project that will
leave their positive mark on their cities. To obtain these benefits does not take capital investment;
rather it takes commitment and coordination and voluntary action. Thus it is unusually cost-
effective.

Many communities can participate at very low cost. The project has a budget of about $60,000 to
support 12 participating cities for a full year, with an expectation of eventually saving them over a
million dollars per year in avoided waste management costs alone. Compared to many other efforts
to reduce waste and pollution, this is extraordinarily cost-effective. The secret has been the use of
city staff on loan to the project, which keeps labor costs very low. Working through a municipal
association allows many cities to participate and share experiences. In the future, the cities might
rotate the circuit-rider assignments among their staff, thus greatly increasing their own staff
capacities while building the overall capacity of the project.



Reference:

[1] Hoornweg, D. and L. Thomas. “What A Waste: Solid Waste Management in Asia.” Urban
and Local Government Working Paper Series #1, Washington, DC, 1999.
[2]    Bartone, C.R. "Financial Management of Urban Solid Waste Services: Lessons from a
Decade of World Bank Lending", World Bank Partnership in Municipal Solid Waste Management
workshop, Cairo, Egypt, April 2000.




                                                                                                   7
ANGELES CITY                                                                Project Champions
Angeles City now known as the “entertainment                          City Mayor:
city” of Central Luzon lies in the western part and                   Hon. Carmelo F. Lazatin
16 kilometers away from the provincial capital of
Pampanga.                                                             Project Implementers:
                                                                          1. Mayor Carmelo Lazatin
Angeles City was the formerly the home of the largest American
Military Base in Asia. The City was severely affected by the US
                                                                          2. Department Heads
base’s immediate pull out after the great eruption of Mt. Pinatubo        3. AC Clean and Green
in 1991. Angeles City is now rising from the ashes by regaining its           Council
economic status and surpassing feats independently of the US bases,
a feat before accomplished by any city or province in the
                                                                          4. Lingap Pandan
Philippines.                                                              5. Pandan barangay officials
                                                                          6. Residents of Barangay
Angeles City joined the CCC Project in 2002 and expected that the
CCC Project will provide necessary technical and financial
                                                                              Pandan especially the
assistance to the local government.                                           women
                                                                      Angeles city is located in the
CCC and priority issues of the city                                   western part of the province and
 Energy Conservation (City Halls / Barangays)
                                                                      16 kilometers away from the
 Recycling
                                                                      provincial capital of Pampanga. It
 Solid Waste Management
                                                                      is bordered on the north and
 Advocacy on Environmental Ordinances / Laws
                                                                      northeast by the towns of
                                                                      Mabalacat and Magalang,
 “Economy of Garbage” (Pera sa Basura)
                                                                      respectively.
 Public-private partnership: cooperation of the
  Metro Angeles Chamber of Commerce & Inc.
  (MACCI), Furniture Group, Friendship Wash & Dry, Zenith Insurance Comp., TIPCO,
  Weavers Craft (AWECA Group of Companies), and MECCA

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:

ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM
 Assessed current energy consumption to establish baseline data
 Consultative meetings with NGO’s for guidelines on energy efficiency
 Cost-sharing scheme with barangay and budget cut down
 Site visits and exchange programs for barangay
 Taped TV and radio programs for information campaigns.
 Formal Launch of CCC reaching around 60 individuals including city councilors
 Encourage schools to adopt Waste management and Conservation Programs




8
SPONSORED ENVIRONMENT-RELATED BILL                      Angeles City has a total land area
  Allocation of budget for drainage system             of 6,432.82 hectares divided among
  Creation of new slaughterhouse that meets            its 33 barangays, with a population
   the requirements of the National Inspection          of 300,000. Similar to any town in
   Commission                                           Central Luzon, Angeles City has
                                                        two pronounced seasons: dry from
TO ESTABLISH MATERIALS RECYCLING FACILITY               November to April and wet the rest
 ENCOURAGE SETTING               UP    OF   Material   of the year. In summer, it is very
  recycling facilities                                  hot due to humidity coming from
                                                        Mt. Pinatubo. During the rainy
                                                        season, residents are advised to take
FUTURE PLANS                                            precautionary measures from lahar
   Cut down on the City hall’s energy                  flows and floods that affect the
    consumption                                         lower portion of the City.
   Provide livelihood resources especially for
    women (“Pera Sa Basura”) in the Barangays
   Maintain / Improve status as Regional Clean
    & Green Champion                                    For more info, contact:
                                                        Hon. Vicky Vega
                                                        Councilor, City of Angeles
                                                        Tel: (045) 893-1316
                                                        Fax: (045) 323-4105
                                                        E-mail: Arthurcabigting@yahoo.com




                                                                                                9
ANTIPOLO CITY                                                   Project Champions

                                                         City Mayor:
The municipality of Antipolo was officially              Hon. Angelito Gatbalayan
transformed into a component city in February 1998.
                                                         Project Implementers:
Agriculture used to be the main livelihood here.             1. City government
Emerging entrepreneurs eventually spiced up the              2. Department heads
economic diversity of Antipolo. The City has                 3. Private companies
preserved many of its green areas and has gained                around the city
popularity for its wide, low-lying valleys and rolling
hills.
                                                         Antipolo City has a population
CCC and Priority issues of the City                      of 1,312,480. The City has a
*None identified*                                        land area of 130,383 hectares.

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:
                                                         Antipolo City with a concerted
                                                         effort of the different sectors
ADOPTED “BASURA MO, PAMASKO KO” PROGRAM                  and organizations was able to
 Orientation training of the employees                  fulfill its listed programs and
 Partnership of women (Green Ladies Association)        activities. Great impact was
  and youth associations                                 manifested as a significant 10%
 Established livelihood projects using waste            savings on electricity of the city
  materials                                              hall and recovered 27 kilos of
                                                         waste paper for reuse.
REQUIREMENT FOR COMPANIES TO SIGN A PLEDGE ON            In addition, a pledge was signed
ENVIRONMENTAL MANANGEMENT (SOLID WASTE AND               in order to ensure cooperation
AIR EMISSIONS)                                           of companies from different
 Identified 16 polluting industries to aim at           industries for environmental
   minimizing waste                                      management. This is significant
                                                         in identifying the 16 industry
SETTING UP OF ECOLOGY CENTER FOR 16                      pollutants in the city.
BARANGGAYS                                               The help gathered from the
 Orientations and seminars for barangays, covered       Korean donor in setting up
   31 out 38 barangays                                   ecology centers was likewise
 Budget allocation                                      substantial in realizing the
 Received grants from a Korean donor for a              environmental responsibility of
   composting machine.                                   the City.

                                                         For more info, contact:
FUTURE PLANS                                             Mr. Benito Balbalosa
*None identified*                                        Tel: (02) 250-19-04
                                                         E-mail: jascitycoop@yahoo.com




10
BAIS CITY
                                                                                      Project Champions
Bais is a Visayan word for an elongated, eel-like fish. But
like most places in the country, whose names were the                          City Mayor:
result of a language barrier, this particular aquatic                          Hon. Hector Villanueva
species succeeded in attaining epic prominence by a
stroke of luck.                                                                Project Implementors:
                                                                                1. Mayor Villanueva
The City has a total land area of 31,690 hectares, 9,000                        2. Dr. Alfredo Maturan
hectares of which is used for sugarcane farming. More                           3. Radyo Natin FM (radio station)
than 100,000 tons of sugar are produced annually by two                         4. Sugar Mill industries: Central
sugar mills in Bais. This makes sugar farming the primary                           Azoucarera de Bais (CAB),
source of livelihood among Baisanons. Aquaculture ranks                             United Robina Sugar Milling
in second in the north and south bases. The City                                    Corp. (URSMCO)
maintains a population of 68,115 and has 35 barangays.                          5. Mr. Johannes Paul – German
                                                                                    Development Service (GDS)
                                                                                6. Engr. Eric Laxina – City
CCC and Priority Issues of the City
                                                                                    Planning & Development
Bais has been very active in the CCC project, having the city mayor himself         Office (CPDO)
participating in the CCC workshops. Bais City joined the Clean Cities Center    7. Ms. Cindy Cabio
(CCC) project to develop its strategies for environmental improvement and       8. Mr. Amos Caliguid
to get support for its other plans:
                                                                                9. Ms. Lilibeth Cadiz
a) Reduce or prevent pollution by local industries.
   Training local experts within the city helps industry practice cleaner production in
   analyzing their operations and finding ways to lessen resource usage and waste
   generation profitably.

b) Recycle solid wastes or by-products and treat liquid wastes from local industries and
   communities. This can be done through technical analysis of waste sources, types,
   quantity and appropriate technologies.

c) Develop new eco-business that turns wastes into commercial by-products. This green
   market can be supported by economic and market analysis and joint ventures with
   technology providers.

The City has made a list of its priority issues:

   Enhancing strategy of treating sugarcane waste
   Enhancing solid waste management system especially in the sugar mills industry
   Utilizing organic residues from agricultural and sugar industry
   Determining environmental factors and conducting awareness campaigns
   Developing water resource management




                                                                                                           11
CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE                             With a strong initial endorsement
                                                                 from the Mayor, the project
WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                                         helped the city hall save its
 Entrepreneurship and education                                 resources, i.e. 10% savings on
 Waste Management orientation seminar                           water, 15% savings on electricity,
 Promoting 3 R’s Awareness Program (Recycle, Reuse,             and an at source reducting. Urban
  Recover)                                                       solid waste was reduced by 20%
 Strategic plan for 2001-2006 (integrated environment           through citywide solid waste
  and waste management plan)                                     management efforts.
 Two barangay material recovery centers established
                                                                 IEC on the CCC project reached
SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE BEING IMPLEMENTED                          out to five barangays and public
      Orientation seminar conducted targeting CAB,              markets, including 15 city officers
    URSMCO, representatives from medium & light                  and 300 vendors. IEC on solid
    industry, NGOs                                               waste management, on the other
  5 year plan developed                                         hand, reached out to 4000
                                                                 individuals from the households,
CONSULTANCY FOR PRODUCTION AND SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN THE SUGAR   city offices and public markets.
MILL INDUSTRY
 Orientation held with the German Development
  Service                                                        The City of Bais also looked into
                                                                 the possibility of using its
 Identified problem of air pollution coming from smoke
                                                                 indigenous resources, e.g.
  stacks in sugar cane manufacturing areas
                                                                 agricultural wastes converted to
 15% savings on the generation of mutress, a waste
                                                                 organic fertilizer or used as clay
  product that can be used as fertilizer; large
                                                                 lining for the landfill.
  productions come from two major sugar mills
                                                        For more info, contact:
INNOVATION OF SANITARY LANDFILL/ IMPROVEMENT OF
                                                        Dr. Alfredo Maturan
PUBLIC MARKET
                                                        Tel: (035) 541-5496
 Consultation with DOST and MGB on the feasibility of
                                                        Fax: (035) 541-5001
   using indigenous resources, e.g. clay lining for the
   sanitary landfill
 Executive Order issued by the city mayor
 The CCC organized a Technical Working Group to monitor implementation and
   progress

FUTURE PLANS
 Develop of domestic wastewater management system
 Ban open pit burning of residential waste and incinerating commercial waste
 Reduce of soil erosion through integrated wastewater management
 Improve the surface water and freshwater bodies affected by precipitation or
  overland flow




12
DAGUPAN CITY                                                                       Project Champions

The province occupies the northern portion of the                            City Mayor:
central plains of Luzon with its eastern and western                         Hon. Alipio Fernandez Jr.
pieces forming peninsulas that extend out into the
China Sea. Dagupan City is the transportation hub of                         Project Implementers:
                                                                             34 department heads, division head of
Pangasinan from Manila.                                                      city government and 17 managers of
                                                                             food establishment
Dagupan is rich in marine resources particularly in aquaculture, with
trade and commerce as the major economic activities. It is also the
center for education and health services. The city has a diverse cultural
heritage being the melting pot of people from northern Luzon.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City
                                                                             Dagupan City consists of 31
   Solid waste management and waste reduction                               barangays and a population of
   Sanitary landfill                                                        130,260.
   River dredging and grove re-vegetation
   Vehicle volume reduction
   Sewerage and waste management facility

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:                                       Dagupan City became a significant
                                                                            model and a case study for
WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                                                    neighboring communities and other
 Paper use efficiency                                                      city halls due to its advocacy on
 Waste      minimization and                          segregation          energy conservation and its
  implemented                                                               program on waste management.
 Continuing IEC
 Recycling                                                                 The city hall monitored 20%
                                                                            reduction in waste and 30%
                                                                            reduction on procurement of office
                                                                            supplies from September to
                                                                            December.

                                                                            The Mayor organized a multi-
                                                                            sectoral participation to form a
                                                                            Solid Waste Management
                                                                            Technical Working Group
                                                                            representing 28 barangays out of
                                                                            the total 31. Adopting the Award
                                                                            Program contributed well in the
                                                                            realization of the CCC program in
                                                                            Dagupan City.

ENERGY/ WATER CONSERVATION ENCOURAGED IN                                    For more info, contact:
OFFICES AND SCHOOLS                                                         Mr. Reginaldo Ubando
 Assessment conducted to develop baseline data                             Tel: (075) 523-6785
                                                                            Fax: (075) 522-2754
                                                                            E-mail: mayoral@mozcom.com
                                                                                                                     13
 Continuing IEC
 Internal Control Unit strengthened
 Shift to environmentally sustainable products with streetlights being changed

BACKYARD AND CLEAN PROGRAM
 Sanitary Landfill
 Special training on composting for 3 barangays
 Award Program adopted


FUTURE PLANS

 Address the problem on sewerage and waste water treatment facilities
 Preserve natural resources such as fishponds, rivers, and mangrove system and
  sustainable aquifers
 Address the general traffic problem and the increasing volume of vehicles clogging
  city routes




14
ILOILO CITY                                                                           Project Champions
Iloilo province is the jewel of the South Orient and the origin of the local
Ilonggo’s folk, wisdom, and tradition. Iloilo City has so much to give for       City Mayor:
its people to see and appreciate. Iloilo is primarily an agricultural city.      Hon. Geronimo Treñas
The supply of rice is not only limited to the region but is also distributed
to various regions in the Philippines. Even then, Iloilo’s economy posesses
widespread reach in the commercial and industrial sectors. It is blessed         Implementers / Partners
with rich natural and aquatic resources, extending its market share both
locally and internationally. Iloilo is known as a supplier of fish for Japan’s
                                                                                 1.    City Solid Waste
canning industry.                                                                   Manager
                                                                                 2.    City Environmental
                                                                                    Management System Team
CCC and Priority Issues of the City                                              3.    Chairman and members
                                                                                    of Environment
Iloilo City sees the CCC project as a helpful medium for its CommitteeIts constituents
                                                                projects.
anticipate assistance in facilitating resource mobilization as well as technical assistance
in conducting capacity building activities like workshops, study tours and action learning
exercises on the environment.

The City prioritizes solid and liquid waste management issues:

A. SOLID WASTE
 Poor IEC and advocacy initiatives on proper solid waste management, which in turn
   aggravates the amount of city garbage estimated at 228.45 tons per day
 Insufficient supply of properly designed equipment, facilities and other
   infrastructure to support for area-based and city wide SWM

B. DRAINAGE, SEWERAGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
 Worsening flood conditions particularly in Jaro, Mandurriao and La Paz due to the
   constricted waterways and increased silting
 Inadequacy of structural arrangements and development programs




                                                                                                           15
CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE                                      The CCC project reached out
WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                                                  to 160 of 180 barangays last
  Develop an action plan                                                 September 2001. More
  Encourage recycling particularly in households and among employees     seminars are lined up for year
ESWM PROGRAM
                                                                          2002. The 180 barangays
  Orientation for the barangays                                          cover the city land area of
  Training and seminar for pilot barangays, scheduled at 3 barangays     41.94 sq. km. and a total
   per district. There are 21 pilot barangays in the 7 districts of the   population of 365,820.
   city.

                                                                          The training seminars also
                                                                          provided the city hall
FUTURE PLANS
                                                                          employees with the tools on
                                                                          resource conservation. City
The City wants to decrease its per capital waste
                                                                          hall garbage significantly took
generation by at least 30% in 2006 and by 70% at the
                                                                          a drop from 11 garbage bags
end of 2010. Maximizing the existing Calajunan
                                                                          per day to only 2 bags per day.
dumpsite and extending its life to at least 10 years and
preserving the city’s structures and sites is also among
                                                                          Through the CCC project, the
its future plans.                                                         City Hall regained its positive
                                                                          image of being a clean city as
                                                                          reported by the media.


                                                                          For more info, contact:
                                                                          Ma. Cristina Octavio
                                                                          21 Democracia St.
                                                                          Jaro, Iloilo City
                                                                          Tel: (033) 337-3159
                                                                          Fax: (033) 335-0432




16
LA CARLOTA CITY
                                                                          Project Champions:
La Carlota City is situated at the southern Part of Negros
Occidental. Bacolod City borders it on the north and is also         City Mayor:
connected on the east by the Cities of San Carlos and Canlaon,       Hon. Luis Jalandoni III
Guimaras Strait on the west, municipalities of Valladolid and
Pulupandan on the southwest, and on the northwest by the City        CCC Implementors:
of Bago. La Carlota is primarily an agricultural city, inhabited     1. Mayor Luis Jalandoni III
mostly by people coming from different places in the island of       2. SP Members
Panay. The City has an ample source of manpower in commerce          3. Kabataang Barangay
and industry, agriculture, and information technology. The               (Youth Council)
City’s economy is centered on the sugar industry while               4. Department Heads
medium-sized commercial establishments are concentrated in           5. SK Officers
the urban center.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City

Through the CCC Project, the City government of La Carlota
                                                                     La Carlota has a land area of 137.29
expected to learn effective strategies on waste minimization.        square kilometers and has a population
Through this, they could realize economic rewards by reducing        of 56,408.
the usage of office supplies. From a macro perspective, La
Carlota aims to become an environmentally sound local
government unit by implementing a pollution prevention
program.

(a) Inefficient dispersion of office supplies
(b) Outmoded office equipment and machineries
(c) Poor state of public health and sanitation
(d) Inefficient management of domestic waste
(e) Aimed at the control and prevention of air and water pollution




                                                                                                17
        CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE          The City showed a drop in actual
                                                      energy consumption of streetlights and
WASTE MINIMIZATION AND POLLUTION PREVENTION           in the city hall of about 33% from PhP
WITHIN CITY HALL AND BARANGAYS                        113,947 to PhP 77,000 since the CCC
                                                      Project started.
 Issuance of Executive Order to effect waste
  minimization                                        Upon implementation of a pollution
 Orientation and training workshop                   prevention program, the City was able
 Ecological balance                                  to recycle 37.5% of its total waste.
 Waste segregation and waste management              This prevents 15 tons of waste going
 Pollution preventive methods, especially using      to the controlled dumpsite.
  the preventive maintenance in the City Hall
  facilities                                          Through the channel of the barangays,
 Waste minimization program                          especially the Youth Council in the
                                                      pilot barangays, the pollution
                                                      prevention program disseminated to
                                                      the general public the importance of
FUTURE PLANS                                          pollution prevention. Three pilot
                                                      barangays were initially selected to
The major objective of the City government of La      explain with the methodologies of
Carlota is the total completion of the landfill,      pollution prevention.
where more than a half is already completed. Motor
tricycles will be eliminated, these being the major   For more info, contact:
pollutants in the urban area.                         Mr. Jose Diamante
                                                      Tel: (034) 460-2451
                                                      Fax: (034) 460-2672
                                                      E-mail: jld_assessor@yahoo.com




18
                                                             Project Champions
MANDAUE CITY
                                                        City Mayor:
Considered the Industrial capital of Cebu Province,     Hon. Thadeo Ouano
Mandaue is the province’s smallest city with only
32.96 square kilometers in total land area but with a   Project Implementers:
relatively large population than the province’s other   *None identified*
cities. The national government has categorized
Mandaue as a highly urbanized city with economic
stability and growth.

CCC and Priority issues of the City

*No data gathered*


CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:


WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
 Memorandum Order issued by the City Mayor designating a Recycling Officer per
  building in the city hall
 Trainings for department heads were held
 Total Quality and Environmental Management action plan was developed and
  implemented
 Zoning permit was issued to encourage recyclers to re-locate
 Segregation bins were donated by shipping company to use as garbage containers for
  the City hall and the barangays
 Recyclers and junk shops were linked to sources/suppliers
 Energy efficiency was promoted
 New strategy for handling special waste was developed
 The City identified 16 polluting industries


ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
 Anti-Littering and anti vandalism strongly enforced
 Core groups of Environmental Management System working with USAEP
 Close monitoring of fuel consumption by LGU vehicles
 Medical Waste Thermal Plant to open in 2002

MANDAUE ENVIRONMENT CODE PASSED
 Other environment laws being enforced




                                                                                  19
ENVIRONMENTAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM                   Mandaue City has a total population of
FOR BARANGGAY LEVEL                                      300,000 and the place is strategically located
                                                         near almost all of the country’s major tourist
                                                         spots, including exotic white sandy beaches
 Nightly IEC at barangays and household                 and islets famous for scuba diving.
 4 model barangays selected and trained
                                                         For more info, contact:
ENVIRONMENT PROGRAM TO CLUSTER FAMILIES                  Mr. Serafin Blanco
 Assigned one Environmental Officer per cluster         Tel: (032) 345-2035
 Environment Officer to coordinate various              Fax: (032) 346-0784
  programs and projects within these clusters            Email: mandaue@cvis.net.ph
 Benchmarking (values per project and while
  project is being implemented)

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM WITH INDUSTRIES ALONG
BUTUAN RIVER
 Negotiating common wastewater treatment plant

FUTURE PLANS
*None identified*




20
                                                                               Project Champions
NAGA CITY                                                            City Mayor:
                                                                     Hon. Sulpicio S. Roco Jr.
Naga is said to have been named after the Bicolano                   Project Implementors
word naga for narra trees or, as some believed, for                  1.     Mayor Sulpicio Roco
wild ducks that were then both in abundance. Naga                    2.     Mr. Simeon Adan – Chairman,
City, in the province of Camarines Sur is                                Sangguniang Panlungsod
surrounded by rich agricultural plains, forest                       3.     Naga City Solid Waste Mgt.
reserves, and fishing products.                                          Board

Knowledge to be gained through the CCC was
greatly anticipated by the citizens of Naga City.                    The City wants to make progress through
                                                                     their tourism project, to increase more
CCC and priority issues of the city                                  opportunities that will engage to
 Putting up a controlled dumpsite                                   livelihood program, peace and order and
 Environmental project: “Naga Cares”                                technology transfer (unique quality of
 Issues in housing                                                  life).
 Anti-drug campaign                                                 The land area of the city is about 84.48
 Anti-smoke belching campaign                                       sq km, has 27 barangays and a population
                                                                     of 130,000.

CCC PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES DONE                                     22 members of the Solid Waste
                                                                     Management Board benefited the ESWM
ISSUED AN EXECUTIVE ORDER FOR WASTE MINIMIZATION AND WASTE
SEGREGATION                                                          program including government offices
 Incentive scheme for City employees (e.g.                          and NGOs: DTI, DENR, CENRO.
  holiday package, scholarship and trips)                            DECS, PNP, DILG, City Planning
                                                                     Development Office (CPDO), City
COUNCIL RESOLUTION PASSED MANDATING CITY                             Engineer’s Office, some day care centers,
EMPLOYEES TO PRACTICE ESWM                                           Knights of Rizal, and Ladies in Green
 IEC for city hall employees and junk dealers                       Foundation, Inc.
                                                                     Naga City saved 8-10% on office
ENERGY AND WATER CONSERVATION BEING                                  supplies consumption through recycling
PROMOTED                                                             and waste segregation. Waste products
 Electric meter being installed per department                      were reduced by 20% by selling plastics,
   to monitor energy consumption                                     cartons and other recyclables to Manila.
                                                                     Presently only 10 tons of trash are
                                                                     brought to Manila every week. The City
FUTURE PLANS                                                         saved 15% of waste, lessening eyesore
                                                                     areas and reducing occurrence of
                                                                     diseases (e.g. colds, diphtheria,
Continuously implement the projects. In the future, the City plans
to implement its “4 S” program: Sell Naga, Serve Naga, Share Naga    pulmonary diseases).
and Store Naga.
                                                                     For more info, contact:
                                                                     Ms. Erlinda Bayle
                                                                     Division Chief Socio – Cultural Mgt.
                                                                     J. Miranda Avenue, Concepcion
                                                                     Pekenya, Naga City
                                                                     Tel: (054) 473-0775
                                                                     Fax: (054) 811-1286
                                                                     E-mail: lin-bayle@yahoo.com       21
ISLAND GARDEN CITY OF SAMAL
                                                                    Project Champions
The Island Garden City of Samal (IgaCoS) is a newly
created City. Despite its youth the City has risen to       City Mayor:
prominence, even shortly before it was converted into       Hon. Rogelio P. Antalan
a city in March 1998, Its conversion owes it much to
the City’s natural endowments and vast eco-tourism          Implementers of CCC:
potentials. In fact, it has been identified as one of the    1.   Mayor Rogelio Antalan
two islands in the Philippines groomed to become the         2.   Tourism Council
tourism hubs of the future, as laid out in the Medium        3.   Multi-sectoral
Term Philippine Tourism Master Plan (MTPDP).                    Committee

CCC and Priority issues of the city
 Water Systems
 Coastal Resources Management
 Housing Concern
 Revitalizing of Flora and Fauna
 Eco-Tourism as Develop Paradigm

CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE


ISSUE OF EXECUTIVE ORDER ON ESWM
 CCC Orientation for Vice-Mayor, Councilors, and Department Heads in August 2001
 Green building using SWOT Analysis
 Analysis / Framework
 Efficiency Advocacy
 Business Incubation (seek buyers of wastes or by-products)
 IEC – radio jingles, stickers, billboards
 Distribution of book containing environmental messages authored by the City Mayor

GREENING OF CITY
 Shift to sanitary landfill
 Regular tree planting
 Conducted Inter-LGU study supported by CIDA

`CLEANER PRODUCTION PROGRAM
 IEC – Cleanliness and Waste Reduction
 Four barangays out of 46 initially selected as pilot areas. Now expanded to 10 pilots
   under redemption cut
 Segregation of waste in schools




22
CLEANER PRODUCTION PROGRAM IN TOURISM                     The Island Garden City of Samal
INDUSTRY                                                  has a total land area of 288.44
 IEC                                                     square kilometers. The total
 Tourism Council established. 17 members from            population is 82,609.
   various sectors – (representative sits as ex-officio
   member of SWM Council); emphasize dialogue
                                                          For more info, contact:
   not command and control approaches
                                                          Mr. Cleto Bravo Gales Jr.
 CCC Orientation for tourism sector (resorts,
                                                          Tel: (082) 562-7037
   restaurants, and transportation) last August           Fax: (082) 227-0964
 Coordinated waste collection along the coastline
                                                          Email: cbgir@eudoramail.com

FUTURE PLANS

The people of the Island Garden City of Samal shall work for:
 Sustainable development to market Samal Island as a garden city and a retirement
   haven known for natural healing;
 Moral and citizenship-building renewal for all sectors towards becoming a City of
   Character;
 Global COOPetitiveness (competitive, yet cooperative) for its human resources;
 Good governance towards building a bankable bureaucracy;
 Optimum stakeholders’ participation towards becoming an inclusive City;
 Cultural reawakening and heritage enhancement;
 Eco-Tourism towards becoming the Eco-Adventure Capital of Southern Philippines;
 Information technology towards becoming the IT Resort Hub of the South and venue
   for premier institutions of learning; and,
 Growth with equity




                                                                                            23
SAN FERNANDO CITY                                                  Project Champions
The City of San Fernando is the melting pot of many           City Mayor: Hon. Mary Jane
cultures. Founded in 1759, the city is originally called      Ortega
Pindangan after the fish named “pindang.” It became
the capital town of the province of La Union in March 2,      Project Implementors:
1850.                                                          1.     Mayor Ortega
                                                               2.     Mr. Valmas Valdez
San Fernando City is a complete city with a nurtured           3.     Environment Council
ecosystem and tourist spots (eg. botanical gardens,            4.     NGO’s – Inner Wheel
historical structures) not only in the province of La Union       Club; Homeowners
but also in the Northern Luzon. The City has sufficient           Namamal Village
facilities including a local airport & seaport and schools        Neighborhood Association,
including a state university. This makes San Fernando a           Inc.
center of trade and commerce, tourism, education and           5.     City Environment &
agriculture. Among its 59 barangays, San Fernando has             Natural Resources Officer
21 urban barangays, 14 coastal barangays, and the rest            (CENRO)
are rural barangays.


CCC and Priority issues of San Fernando City

San Fernando City is one of the 12 pioneer city participants who joined the Clean Cities
Center (CCC) project. The city expressed full cooperation in learning environmental
management, pollution abatement, and waste minimization. San Fernando is one of the
model cities in the Philippines, with its city Mayor committed to share experiences with
other member city participants.

San Fernando listed four areas of priority issues, namely: Energy and Resource
Management, Water Pollution, Traffic Congestion and Noise Pollution, Urban
Overcrowding and Resource Depletion. The CCC project used the Cleaner Production
(CP) system strategy to tackle the concerns on energy, resource, and pollution issues.
Significant outcomes are evident from introducing this systems approach in the city hall,
various sub-city components or barangays, schools, public markets, and the selected
industry of the city.

The City has taken serious actions and planning for a cleaner and greener city, including
a major move to phase out 2-stroke engine tricycles (contributing to air pollution equal
to that of one car), promotion of anti-smoke belching ordinances, coastal management,
urban management, zoning ordinances, land use plans, and resource conservation
schemes within the City Hall itself.

The local government of San Fernando has also established partnerships with the private
sector, particularly the restaurant industry. Already 17 establishments are being eyed,
two of which are Oasis Country Resort and Greenwich Pizza. Further partnerships are


24
seen with industrial firms including Celtech, an
                                                      The CCC Project in San Fernando benefited
agri-industrial company and also those in the         many constituents through its programs in
warehousing industry.                                 the city hall, barangays, public markets, and
                                                      selected industries. Specifically, five city
                                                      officers are set to become trainers while two
CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:                 more are coming from the advisory councils.

                                                      A total of 24 urban barangays and 35 rural
                                                      barangays were introduced to the ESWM.
CITY WIDE Solid Waste Management (SWM)                Residential subdivisions, comprised of
 Established Committee on Ecological SWM             102,559 people also learned of EWSM
                                                      through succeeding awareness seminars.
 Conducted city-wide IEC on SWM among its
   communities and several commercial                 The proposed model controlled dumpsite
   establishments                                     project in San Fernando City has attracted
                                                      more than 10,000 visitors who did ocular
 Conducted Clean and Green contest among             inspection and learned of proper waste
  schools                                             management, both for the site itself and from
                                                      other cities’ experiences in waste
 ECC for the SWM program to be endorsed by the       management.
  DENR
                                                      For more info, contact:
INDUSTRY                                              Mr. Valmar Valdez
 Established SWM Board for the city                  5200 City Hall Compound City
 Develop action plan on pollution prevention         of San Fernando,
   activities                                         La Union, Philippines
 Conducted seminars and trainings on Cleaner         Tel.: (072) 242-5601
   Production                                         Fax: (072) 888-2003
 Introduction of Polluter’s Pay Program (PPP)
   among selected industries


PREPARATION OF CITY ENVIRONMENT CODE
 Information gathering and data encoding on
  coastal management, forestry, population
  dynamics, pollution, existing landfill & eco-
  tourism
 Legal studies – review of related and existing
  codes, ordinances, laws, policies
 Revisions and finalization

                                               ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM AND OFFICE
SUPPLY REDUCTION SCHEMES
 Use of lighting fixtures
 Maintenance program of city hall facilities
 Reduced usage of office supplies (around 10% reduction)

   UPGRADING DISPOSAL FACILITY FROM CONTROLLED DUMPSITE TO SANITARY LANDFILL
                                                              Finance issues
                                                          Waste segregation



                                                                                                      25
                                                     FUTURE PLANS FOR 2002-2003

The City aims to adapt an integrated environmental management plan, focusing on five
concerns, namely SWM, eco-tourism, coastal management, pollution prevention, and
advocacy. This plan is envisioned to reach every industry and community in the city.




26
TAGAYTAY CITY                                                      Project Champions
                                                          City Mayor
Tagaytay City is 40.24 square kilometers and is           Hon. Francis Tolentino
situated on a highly elevated area. It is strategically
bounded by the towns of Amadeo, Mendez – Nunez            Implementers/Partners
and Alfonso (Cavite Province), Talisay and Taal           1. Vice Mayor as TWG
(Batangas Province), and the Taal Lake. Taal Volcano         Chair
is known as the smallest active volcano in the world      2. Technical Working Group
and famed to be the “volcano within a lake,” the          3. City Department Heads
lake being Taal Lake. Tagaytay has a relatively low       4. Barangay officers
temperature averaging at 22.70C, low humidity at          5. DOST-ITDI Cleaner
78% average, and abundant rainfall. With its cool and        Production Technology
invigorating climate, the city attracts visitors year-       Center
round making local tourism boom.

Tagaytay City is a suburban area yet people carry out a traditional way of life
characteristic of old practices. The local economies come from agriculture, agri-
tourism, and skilled labor.


CCC and Priority Issues of the City


The City expects to increase new technologies and strategies in Environmental
Management, Pollution Prevention and Resource Conservation by addressing the
following concerns:

   Land use plan program
   Garbage collection fee imposed
   Environmental policies on segregation, disposal and cleanliness
   Greening the city




                                                                                       27
CCC PROGRAMS AND THE ACTIVITIES DONE:              Tagaytay City Hall with 600 staff now
                                                   produces 25% less waste due to recycling.
                                                   Improved traffic flow through the city hall
LAUNCHING THE CCC                                  shuttle bus services reduced carbon emission.
 Creation of Technical Working Group headed       PhP5,000 per month was saved, accounting
   by the Vice Mayor                               for 3% reduced paper use.
 IEC for specific groups in the barangays (e.g.
   nutrition scholars, health workers,             IEC on the CCC Project made a
   development council), schools (teachers),       strong impact on the community.
   and a religious group                           The event attracted specific
 Multiplier effects through training the          groups like barangay nutrition
   trainers, such as nutrition scholars to train   scholars, health workers,
   other classes and teachers to their students.   development council members
                                                   and a religious group. The city
WASTE MANAGEMENT                                   has 35 barangays with a 45,287
 Segregation and recycling                        population. CEOs and managers
                                                   coming from 25 major tourism
ENERGY AND RESOURCE CONSERVATION                   establishments (restaurants &
 Provide shuttle bus for city hall employees,     hotels) attended the workshops on
   benefting a Total of 180 employees and 200      Cleaner Production.
   high school students
                                                   For more info, contact:
ECO – TOURISM PROGRAM                              Emma Pello or Carlos Suñiga
 Orientation and training workshops on            CPDO, City Hall,
                                                   City Centrum,
   cleaner production assessment in selected
                                                   Tagaytay City
   industries serving the tourism.
                                                   Tel: (046) 413-1679
                                                   Fax: (046) 860-0593
                                                   E-mail: emilmapello@lycos.com
FUTURE PLANS

Future focus will be on eco-tourism
establishment through internalization of the
Cleaner Production strategies. Waste management will be targeted through an
integrated resource recovery and disposal approach.      Waste minimization
becomes the key to the city’s focus on waste management.




28
TOLEDO CITY                                                                    Project Champions
More than a century ago, Toledo was established as                        City Mayor:
a municipality called “Hinulawan” which derived its                       Hon. Arlene Espinosa
name from the Hinulawan River running across the
municipality. One of the earliest covered histories                      Project Implementors:
of Toledo through the “estadismo” of Fr. Joaquin                          1.    Mayor Arlene
de Zuñiga reported that Toledo already had a                                 Espinosa
settled community of a little over 500 inhabitants                        2.    Vice Mayor
as early as 1800. Cureently, Toledo has a total land                      3.    Technical Working
area of 24,425.7 hectares, with an average                                   Group
population density of 620 persons per square                              4.    Committee on Health
kilometer.                                                                   and Sanitation
                                                                          5.    City Engineer
Toledo City is rich in mineral reserves making                            6.    Barangay Captains
mining a primary industry. Atlas Consolidated                             7.    Market
Mining and Development Corporation (ACMDC) is                                Administrators
one major company located 15 km from the city                             8.    City Environmental
proper. The city also produces agricultural and fish                         Inspectors
products that are distributed commercially. There                                airstrips in Toledo
                                                                       are two School officials
                                                                          9.
City, one located at Don Andres Soriano while the                      other is at Barangay Sangi.
Both are owned and operated by ACMDC.

CCC and Priority Issues of the City

Toledo City anticipated learning from the CCC Project and acquiring additional knowledge on waste
reduction technologies, legislative strategies, and sharing experiences with other local government units.


The City experienced many challenges in its locality, and the CCC participation is
expected to help them solve part of the city’s priority issues:

   Local ordinances are insufficiently implemented vis a vis the city’s
    environmental management objectives;
   The city needs a consistent and deliberate educational campaign and
    implementation programs on waste reduction;
   The city lacks financial, logistical, and technical support for a consistent
    implementation of waste management program;
   Vague laws need to be consistently enforced; and
   The city needs coordination among LGU, NGO’s, and the private sector to
    successfully implement programs




                                                                                                             29
CCC PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES DONE:                                                   The CCC program targeted 38
                                                                                    delegates from different local and
ENERGY CONSERVATION AND WASTE MINIMIZATION                                          national offices to participate in
 Orientation on Resource Conservation                                              the Waste Management Training.
 Anti-littering Ordinance                                                          The training reached out to 7
                                                                                    barangays and the number is
IMPLEMENTING ESWM                                                                   continuously increasing. There
 Waste Management Orientation                                                      are about 50,000 people residing
 Sanitary and Beautification Contest                                               in the Poblacion area and in other
 Action plan started January 2002                                                  neighboring barangays of
                                                                                    Toledo.
IMPROVING DUMPSITE
 Relocation of a controlled dumpsite from the
   mined out area by ACMDC                                                          The City also used recycled
 Proposed use of pyrolysis technology in waste                                     materials for its construction
   reduction plant                                                                  work, e.g. motorpool used old
 Project site approved by DENR                                                     galvanized steel sheets.
 Approved by the Sangguniang Panlunsod (City
                                                                                    Local residents volunteered to
   Council).
                                                                                    help clean schools and barangays
                                                                                    in support of the ecological solid
ADOPTED ESWM FOR PUBLIC MARKET
                                                                                    waste management program.
 Market remodeling with ESWM system
                                                                                    City is exploring private
                                                                                    consultation on proposed
FUTURE PLANS
                                                                                    controlled dumpsite and waste
The City’s objective is to include the following in its sustainable environmental
                                                                                    reduction plant using pyrolysis
management master plan: Viable controlled dumpsite, waste minimization              technology.
equipment and technology in all barangay levels, improvement of citywide
garbage collection and disposal, inclusion/re-evaluation of recycled materials
with commercial value, formulation of additional ordinances for the protection
                                                                                    For more info, contact:
of the coastline and forest areas.                                                  Mr Avelino Zambo Jr.
                                                                                    Tel: (032) 322-5625
                                                                                    Fax: (032) 322-5122
                                                                                    E-mail: junzambo@lycos.com




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