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International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011

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					International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011 – draft

ISCED 2011 level 0:

    Main criteria
    Educational properties of the
                                                  Institutional context                                          Typical target age of the programme                            Programme duration/intensity
    programme
                                                  ISCED level 0 programmes are usually school-based or           Although many ISCED level 0 programmes target
    ISCED level 0 programmes provide                                                                                                                                            ISCED recommends the following minimum
                                                  centre-based. ISCED level 0 also includes programmes in        children from the age of three, educational programmes
    children with an organized and purposeful                                                                                                                                   duration and intensity to improve
                                                  community-based and home-based centres that are designed       for younger children are also included in ISCED level 0,
    set of learning opportunities. Programmes                                                                                                                                   crossnational comparability: ISCED level 0
                                                  for a group of children, but excludes purely family-based      provided they fulfil the other main classification criteria.
    providing only childcare (supervision,                                                                                                                                      programmes must account for at least the
                                                  arrangements that may be purposeful but are not organized in   The upper age limit depends in each case on the
    nutrition and health) are not covered by                                                                                                                                    equivalent of 2 hours per day and 100 days
                                                  a ‘programme’ (i.e. informal education of children by their    theoretical age of entry into ISCED level 1, i.e. primary
    ISCED.                                                                                                                                                                      a year.
                                                  parents, other relatives or friends).                          education
0   Subsidiary criteria

    Staff qualifications                          Existence of a regulatory framework                            Not necessarily part of compulsory education

    Where appropriate, the requirement of
                                                                                                                 In education systems that have compulsory schooling,
    pedagogical qualifications for educators is   Where relevant, the existence of a reference or regulatory
                                                                                                                 non-compulsory educational programmes fulfilling the
    a good proxy criterion for an educational     framework issued or recognized by public authorities (e.g. a
                                                                                                                 criteria above are classified as ISCED level 0. However,
    programme in those education systems in       Ministry of Education) is a good proxy criterion for an
                                                                                                                 the beginning of compulsory education is not a sufficient
    which such a requirement exists. It serves    educational programme. This would include guidelines,
                                                                                                                 criterion to distinguish ISCED level 0 programmes from
    to distinguish early childhood education      standards or instructions that describe the learning
                                                                                                                 ISCED level 1 programmes since some or all of the
    from child care for which no explicitly       opportunities provided to young children.
                                                                                                                 former may be compulsory in some education systems.
    pedagogically trained staff is required.

Complementary dimensons
Target age group
 --> 1 (0.1)
Early childhood development: Programmes
typically targeting children younger
than age three;
 --> 2 (0.2)
Pre-primary education: Programmes typically
targeting children from age three
until the age of entry into ISCED level 1.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1
ISCED 2011 level 1:

    Main criteria
    Systematic instruction in basic skills and knowledge                         Typical entrance age and duration                                     Instruction organized by one main class teacher

    The boundary between ISCED level 0 and ISCED level 1 coincides               The typical entry age for ISCED level 1 ranges from age five to       Typically, one main teacher is in charge of a group of children
    with the transition point in an education system where systematic            seven. Programmes at this level typically last six years, although    and facilitates the learning process, often organized around
    instruction in reading, writing and mathematics begins. Although             their duration ranges between four and seven years. Primary           units, projects or broad learning areas with an integrated
    some ISCED level 0 programmes may already provide some                       education typically lasts until age ten to twelve. For the            approach (particularly in the early years of primary
1   introduction in reading, writing and mathematics, these                      classification of educational programmes at this stage of education   education). Teachers at ISCED level 1 are typically trained in
    programmes do not yet give children sound basic skills in these              that are longer than seven years,                                     pedagogical approaches for core subjects. In contrast, in
    areas, therefore not sufficiently fulfilling the criteria to classify them                                                                         ISCED level 2 programmes, there may be more than one
    in ISCED level 1. The transition from pre-primary to primary                                                                                       teacher instructing specific subject areas, often with more in-
    education is typically marked by entry into the nationally                                                                                         depth training in particular subjects.
    designated primary, elementary or basic education institutions or
    programmes.



Subsidiary criteria
Part of compulsory education

The beginning of primary education often coincides with the beginning
of compulsory education, except for education systems where some or
all of pre-primary education is already compulsory. Therefore, where
compulsory education is legislated, it starts with ISCED level 1 or
before. In some education systems, the end of ISCED level 1 coincides
with the end of compulsory education.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2
ISCED 2011 level 2:
    Main criteria

                                                                                                                                                                                      Cumulative duration since the beginning of ISCED
    Transition to more subject-oriented instruction                   Entry requirements
                                                                                                                                                                                      level 1
    The boundary between ISCED level 1 and ISCED level 2              This level requires completion of ISCED level 1 or the ability to study ISCED level 2 content                   ISCED level 2 ends after eight to ten years of education
    coincides with the transition point in education systems from     through a combination of prior education or life and work experience. A certificate for the                     from the start of ISCED level 1, with nine years being
    which subject-oriented instruction is emphasized.                 successful completion of ISCED level 1 or a specific level of achievement may be required for                   the most widespread cumulative duration. At the end of
                                                                      entering some or all ISCED level 2 programmes.                                                                  ISCED level 2, pupils are typically age fourteen to
                                                                                                                                                                                      sixteen (most often age fifteen).
2
    Subsidiary criteria
    Typical entry age                                                 Instruction by subject teachers and teacher qualifications                                                      Relationship with compulsory education
    Generally, lower secondary education (ISCED level 2) begins       The type of teacher qualifications may be different at ISCED level 2 compared to ISCED level                    In many education systems with compulsory education
    after four to seven years of ISCED level 1 education, with six    1. Teachers at ISCED level 2 are often qualified in one or more specific subjects, as well as in                legislation, the end of lower secondary education
    years being most common. Pupils enter this level typically        pedagogy. In addition, the organization of instruction can differ from ISCED level 1 as there                   coincides with the end of compulsory (general)
    between age ten and thirteen (age twelve in most education        are often several teachers for one class, who teach in their respective field or fields of                      education.
    systems).                                                         specialization.

Complementary dimensons

Programme orientation                                                 Level completion and access to higher ISCED level programmes

                                                                      --> 0 (2.1.0)
                                                                      No completion of ISCED level 2 applies to two kinds of programmes:
  --> 1 (2.1)                                                          - Short vocational programmes with a duration of less than two years at ISCED level 2 or that end after less
General education                                                     than eight years of education since the beginning of ISCED level 1. These do not give access to ISCED
                                                                      level 3 and are thus terminal. Completion of such programmes does not count as completion of ISCED level
(General education represents educational programmes that are
                                                                      2.
designed to develop learners’ general knowledge, capabilities and      - Programmes that are the first in a sequence of two programmes where access to ISCED level 3 is granted
literacy and numeracy skills, often to prepare participants for       by completion of the second programme only. These are classified in this subcategory independent of their
further education at the same or a higher level. These                duration. Such programmes almost always have a general orientation.
programmes are typically school-based.)                               --> 2 (2.1.2)
                                                                      Completion of ISCED level 2 with access to higher level programmes: any programmes that give direct
                                                                      access to ISCED level 3.
                                                                      Level completion and access to higher ISCED level programmes
                                                                      --> 0 (2.2.0)
                                                                      No completion of ISCED level 2 applies to two kinds of programmes:
 --> 2 (2.2)                                                           - Short vocational programmes with a duration of less than two years at ISCED level 2 or that end after less
Vocational education                                                  than eight years of education since the beginning of ISCED level 1. These do not give access to ISCED
(Vocational education is defined as programmes that are mainly        level 3 and are thus terminal. Completion of such programmes does not count as completion of ISCED level
designed for learners to acquire the practical skills, know-how and   2.
                                                                       - Programmes that are the first in a sequence of two programmes where access to ISCED level 3 is granted
understanding necessary for employment in a particular
                                                                      by completion of the second programme only. These are classified in this subcategory independent of their
occupation or trade or class of occupations or trades. Vocational     duration. Such programmes almost always have a general orientation.
educational programmes may be school- and/or work-based.              --> 1 (2.2.1)
Successful completion of such programmes leads to labour-             Completion of ISCED level 2 without access to higher level programmes:
market relevant vocational qualifications recognized by the           vocational programmes with a duration of two or more years at this level that end at least eight years after
competent national authorities.)                                      the beginning of ISCED level 1 and do not give access to ISCED level 3. These programmes are
                                                                      considered terminal. Completion of such programmes qualifies for completion of ISCED level 2.
                                                                      --> 2 (2.2.2)
                                                                      Completion of ISCED level 2 with access to higher level programmes: any programmes that give direct
                                                                      access to ISCED level 3.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3
ISCED 2011 level 3:
3   Main criteria                                                                                                                                                  Subsidiary criteria
                                                                                                                                                                   More differentiated programmes,
    Final stage of general and vocational                                                                        Cumulative duration since the beginning
                                                   Entry requirements                                                                                              with an increased range of options            Teacher qualifications
    secondary education                                                                                          of ISCED level 1
                                                                                                                                                                   and streams
   General ISCED level 3 programmes form           ISCED level 3 requires the completion of lower                ISCED level 3 programmes usually end              The transition from ISCED level 2 to          Standards for teacher
   the final stage of general secondary            secondary education (ISCED level 2) or the ability            twelve or thirteen years after the beginning of   ISCED level 3 coincides with the              qualifications may be
   education and their completion allows           to handle ISCED level 3 content through a                     ISCED level 1 (or around age eighteen), with      transition point in education systems at      different at ISCED level
   direct access to tertiary education. General    combination of prior education and life and work              twelve years being the most widespread            which programmes offer students more          3 compared to ISCED
   secondary education programmes that do          experience. A specific ISCED level 2 certificate or           cumulative duration. However, exit from           varied, specialised and in-depth              level 2. In addition to
   not give direct access to tertiary education    a specific level of achievement may be required for           upper secondary education may range               instruction in specific subjects or fields.   pedagogical training,
   should be classified as ISCED level 2.          entering some or all ISCED level 3 programmes.                across education systems from eleven to           Typically, programmes are more                teachers are often more
   Vocational ISCED level 3 programmes                                                                           fourteen years of education since the             differentiated, with an increased range       qualified with respect to
   may also give access to tertiary education.                                                                   beginning of ISCED level 1 (or around age         of options and streams available.             the subject matter they
   When identifying transition points between                                                                    seventeen to twenty).                                                                           teach.
   ISCED levels, correspondence between
   general and vocational pathways should
   be ensured.
Complementary dimensons
                                                  Level completion and access to higher ISCED
Programme orientation
                                                  level programmes
                                                  --> 0 (3.1.0)
                                                  No completion of ISCED level 3: short vocational
  --> 1 (3.1)
                                                  programmes with a duration of less than two years at the
General education                                 level or that end less than eleven years after the beginning
(General education represents educational         of ISCED level 1. These do not give access to tertiary
programmes that are designed to develop           education and are thus terminal. Completion of such
learners’ general knowledge, capabilities and     programmes does not count as completion of
literacy and numeracy skills, often to prepare    ISCED level 3.
participants for further education at the same    --> 2 (3.1.2)
or a higher level. These programmes are           Completion of ISCED level 3 with access to higher ISCED
typically school-based.)                          level programmes:
                                                  general or vocational programmes that give direct access to
                                                  tertiary education, i.e. ISCED levels 5, 6 or 7.
                                                  Level completion and access to higher ISCED
                                                  level programmes
                                                  --> 0 (3.2.0)
                                                  No completion of ISCED level 3: short vocational
 --> 2 (3.2)                                      programmes with a duration of less than two years at the
Vocational education                              level or that end less than eleven years after the beginning
                                                  of ISCED level 1. These do not give access to tertiary
(Vocational education is defined as
                                                  education and are thus terminal. Completion of such
programmes that are mainly designed for           programmes does not count as completion of
learners to acquire the practical skills, know-   ISCED level 3.
how and understanding necessary for               --> 1 (3.2.1)
employment in a particular occupation or          Completion of ISCED level 3 without access to higher
trade or class of occupations or trades.          ISCED level programmes:
Vocational educational programmes may be          vocational programmes with a duration of two or more
school- and/or work-based. Successful             years at this level that end at least eleven years after the
completion of such programmes leads to            beginning of ISCED level 1 and do not give access to
                                                  tertiary education. These programmes are terminal.
labour-market relevant vocational                 Completion of such programmes qualifies for completion of
qualifications recognized by the competent        ISCED level 3.
national authorities.)                            --> 2 (3.2.2)
                                                  Completion of ISCED level 3 with access to higher ISCED
                                                  level programmes:
                                                  general or vocational programmes that give direct access to
                                                  tertiary education, i.e. ISCED levels 5, 6 or 7.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4
ISCED 2011 level 4:
    Main criteria
                                                    Complexity of content higher than ISCED level 3
    Orientation                                                                                                 Entry requirements
                                                    and below the level of tertiary education
   ISCED level 4 programmes are not                 ISCED level 4 programmes often serve to broaden             Entry into ISCED level 4 programmes
   considered as tertiary education and are         the knowledge of participants who have completed a          requires the successful completion of
   typically vocational and terminal                programme at ISCED level 3. Programmes are often            ISCED level 3, but not necessarily of an
   programmes that prepare for the labour           not significantly more advanced than programmes at          ISCED level 3 programme that provides
4 market. General programmes at this level          ISCED level 3, but the content is typically more            direct access to tertiary education.
   can exist in some education systems.             specialized or detailed than at the upper-secondary
   However, programmes designed to review           level. Programmes are clearly less advanced than at
   the contents of ISCED level 3 programmes         the tertiary level, and can be provided in a variety of
   – for example, with the aim of preparing         institutional settings, not only those considered as
   students for tertiary education entrance         post-secondary non-tertiary.
   examinations - should not be included at
   this level.
Complementary dimensons
Programme orientation                                Access to higher ISCED level programmes
  --> 1 (4.1)
General education
(General education represents educational
programmes that are designed to develop              --> 2 (4.1.2)
                                                     Programmes granting access to tertiary education or
learners’ general knowledge, capabilities and
                                                     expanding access to tertiary education and in some cases
literacy and numeracy skills, often to prepare       providing credit at the tertiary levels.
participants for further education at the same or
a higher level. These programmes are typically
school-based.)
 --> 2 (4.2)                                         Access to higher ISCED level programmes
Vocational education
(Vocational education is defined as programmes       --> 1 ( 4.2.1)
                                                     Programmes not granting access to tertiary education
that are mainly designed for learners to acquire
                                                     (primarily designed for direct labour market entry);
the practical skills, know-how and understanding
necessary for employment in a particular
occupation or trade or class of occupations or
trades. Vocational educational programmes may
be school- and/or work-based. Successful             --> 2 (4.2.2)
completion of such programmes leads to labour-       Programmes granting access to tertiary education or
                                                     expanding access to tertiary education and in some cases
market relevant vocational qualifications            providing credit at the tertiary levels.
recognized by the competent national
authorities.)




                                                                                                                                                           5
ISCED 2011 level 5:
    Main criteria
    Content of short-cycle tertiary education programmes                        Entry requirements                                        Duration of programme
    ISCED level 5 captures the lowest level of tertiary education. The          These programmes require the successful                   Terminal programmes have a minimum of two years duration and
    content of programmes at this level is more complex than in                 completion of ISCED level 3 or 4 programmes that          are typically shorter than three years. Programmes of less than
    secondary or post-secondary nontertiary education, but less than in         give access to tertiary education (codes 3.1.2 and        two years duration are included in ISCED level 5 only if they are
    ISCED level 6 (bachelor level or equivalent) programmes.                    3.2.2).                                                   part of a sequence of tertiary programmes with a total duration of
                                                                                                                                          at least two years. For education systems where qualifications are
                                                                                                                                          awarded by credit accumulation, a comparable amount of time and
                                                                                                                                          intensity would be required.
    Subsidiary criteria
5   Institutional transition point
    The transition point from non-tertiary to tertiary education institutions
    can help to identify the boundary between upper secondary education
    (ISCED level 3), postsecondary non-tertiary education (ISCED level
    4) and tertiary education. ISCED level 5 programmes are often
    provided by different educational institutions than ISCED level 6, 7
    and 8 programmes.




Complementary dimensons
Programme orientation                                                           Level comletion
                                                                                --> 0 (5.1.0)
  --> 1 (5.1)                                                                   No completion of ISCED level 5: programmes of less than
General education                                                               two years duration are too short to be considered as
(General education represents educational programmes that are designed          completion of ISCED level 5.
to develop learners’ general knowledge, capabilities and literacy and           --> 1 (5.1.1)
numeracy skills, often to prepare participants for further education at the     Completion of ISCED level 5: programmes with duration
same or a higher level. These programmes are typically school-based.)           of two or more years are sufficient to be considered as
                                                                                completion of ISCED level 5.
--> 2 (5.2)                                                                     Level comletion
Vocational education                                                            --> 0 (5.2.0)
(Vocational education is defined as programmes that are mainly designed         No completion of ISCED level 5: programmes of less than
for learners to acquire the practical skills, know-how and understanding        two years duration are too short to be considered as
necessary for employment in a particular occupation or trade or class of        completion of ISCED level 5.
occupations or trades. Vocational educational programmes may be                 --> 1 (5.2.1)
school- and/or work-based. Successful completion of such programmes             Completion of ISCED level 5: programmes with duration
leads to labour-market relevant vocational qualifications recognized by the     of two or more years are sufficient to be considered as
                                                                                completion of ISCED level 5.
competent national authorities.)




                                                                                                                                                                                                               6
ISCED 2011 level 6
    Main criteria
    Theoretically based content                  Entry requirements                                          (Cumulative) duration of programme                       Position in the national degree          No direct access to
                                                                                                                                                                      and qualification structure              ISCED level 8
                                                                                                                                                                                                               programmes
    Programmes at ISCED level 6 are              These programmes require the successful completion of       Programmes at this level typically have duration of      Programmes at this level typically       Programmes
    theoretically based and informed             ISCED level 3 or 4 programmes that give access to           three to four years of full-time study at the tertiary   lead to first degrees and equivalent     classified at this level
    by state-of-the-art research. This           tertiary education (codes 3.1.2, 3.2.2, 4.1.2 and 4.2.2).   level. For systems in which degrees are awarded by       qualifications in tertiary education     do not yet give direct
    level is traditionally offered by            In addition to qualification requirements, entry to         credit accumulation (i.e. accredited bachelor            (although individuals may have           access to ISCED
    universities and other higher                educational programmes at this level may depend on          programmes), a comparable amount of time and             completed an ISCED level 5               level 8.
    education institutions,                      subject choice and/or grades achieved at ISCED level 3.     intensity would be required. If applicable, longer       qualification prior to enrolling in an
    emphasising the liberal arts,                Additionally, it may be required to pass entry              educational programmes may also be included in           ISCED level 6 programme).
    natural and social sciences                  examinations.                                               ISCED level 6 if they are equivalent to programmes       However, programmes leading to a
    (history, philosophy, mathematics,                                                                       already classified at this level in the same education   second degree/qualification may be
    etc.) or preparation for specific                                                                        system and fulfil all other main criteria.               included in ISCED level 6 if they are
    professions (e.g. medicine and                                                                                                                                    equivalent to programmes already
    law).                                                                                                                                                             classified at this level in the same
6                                                                                                                                                                     education system and fulfil all other
                                                                                                                                                                      main criteria.
     Subsidiary criteria
     Staff qualifications
     Where appropriate, the
     requirement of ISCED level 8
     qualifications for some of the
     teaching staff may be a good
     proxy criterion for educational
     programmes at this level in
     education systems where such a
     requirement exists. This serves to
     distinguish practically-oriented
     ISCED level 5 programmes from
     theoretically-oriented ISCED level
     6 programmes.
Complementary dimensons
Programme duration and position
in the national degree and
qualification
structure
 --> 1 (6.1)
Programmes leading to a first
degree/qualification with a cumulative
theoretical duration (at ISCED tertiary level)
of three to four years;

 --> 2 (6.2)
Long programmes leading to a first
degree/qualification with a cumulative
theoretical duration (at ISCED tertiary level)
of more than four years;

 --> 3 (6.3)
Programmes leading to a further
degree/qualification at level 6.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7
ISCED 2011 level 7:
7   Main criteria

                                              Position in the national degree and qualification
    Theoretically based content                                                                                Entry requirements                              (Cumulative) duration of programme
                                              structure
    Programmes at ISCED level 7 are           Programmes at this level typically prepare for a second          Long first degree programmes require the        Second or further degree/qualification programmes at this level typically
    theoretically based and informed          degree/qualification following a first degree from ISCED         successful completion of an ISCED level 3 or    have durations of one to four years of full-time study. Programmes
    by state-of-the-art research.             level 6 programmes. Equivalent qualifications such as            4 programme with access to tertiary education   preparing for a first degree/qualification must have duration of more than
    Therefore this level is traditionally     postgraduate professional qualifications are also                (codes 3.1.2, 3.2.2, 4.1.2 or 4.2.2).           four years in order to be classified at ISCED level 7. For education
    offered by universities and other         classified at ISCED level 7, unless already classified at        Programmes preparing for a second               systems in which degrees are awarded by credit accumulation, a
    higher education institutions,            ISCED level 6.                                                   degree/qualification require the successful     comparable amount of time and intensity would be required. The
    emphasising the liberal arts,             Programmes of more than four years duration preparing            completion of ISCED level 6 programmes.         cumulative duration of studies at the tertiary level thus lasts from four to
    natural and social sciences               for a first degree/qualification are included in this level if   Programmes preparing for further degrees        eight years or even longer.
    (history, philosophy, mathematics,        equivalent to master level programmes in terms of the            require the successful completion of another
    etc.) or preparation for specific         complexity of content. In this case, the                         ISCED level 7 programme.
    professions (e.g. medicine and            degree/qualification awarded gives direct access to
    law).                                     ISCED level 8 or the programme is equivalent to a
                                              second degree/qualification programme already
                                              classified at the ISCED 7 level. Long first tertiary degree
                                              programmes in engineering, medicine or dentistry are
                                              commonly placed in this category.

    Subsidiary criteria
    Direct access to ISCED level 8
    programmes
   Tertiary education programmes
   providing direct access to ISCED
   level 8 are classified at ISCED
   level 7. However, not all ISCED
   level 7 programmes provide
   access to ISCED level 8. Access
   to ISCED level 8 is a sufficient but
   not necessary criterion for
   classification of programmes at
   ISCED level 7.
Complementary dimensons
Position in the national degree and
qualification structure
 --> 1 (7.1)
Programmes leading to first
degrees/qualifications with a duration of
more than four years that do not require
prior tertiary education;
 --> 2 (7.2)
Programmes leading to second
degrees/qualifications following completion
of an ISCED level 6 programme;
 --> 3 (7.3)
Programmes leading to further
degrees/qualifications following completion
of
another ISCED level 7 programme.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8
ISCED 2011 level 8:
    Main criteria                                                                                                                                Subsidiary criteria
                                                                                                                                                 Doctoral degree required for specific
    Written work requirements                   Entry requirements                              (Cumulative) duration of programme
                                                                                                                                                 occupations
    Successful completion of an ISCED level 8 Programmes preparing for a doctoral degree        ISCED level 8 programmes require at least        Achievement of an ISCED level 8
    programme requires the submission of a      require the successful completion of specific   three years of full-time equivalent study,       qualification is often a condition for
    thesis, dissertation or equivalent written  ISCED level 7 programmes for entry.             making a total cumulative duration of at least   entering faculty posts in educational
8   work of publishable quality that is the                                                     seven years of full-time education at the        institutions that offer ISCED level 6, 7
    product of original research and represents                                                 tertiary level. Prior completion of an           and 8 programmes, as well as research
    a significant contribution to knowledge in                                                  advanced research programme at ISCED             posts in government and industry.
    the respective field of study.                                                              level 7 may reduce the time required for an
                                                                                                individual to complete an ISCED level 8
                                                                                                programme. Shorter, non-doctoral advanced
                                                                                                research programmes are classified in
                                                                                                ISCED level 7.




                                                                                                                                                                                            9

				
Jun Wang Jun Wang Dr
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