Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework - Greenwich Council

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					Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                      April 2002




CONTENTS
1.0     Introduction
2.0     The Development Framework
3.0     The Purpose
4.0     Location
5.0     Policy Context
6.0     The Region and the Thames Gateway Area
7.0     The Framework Area
8.0     Current Position in the Framework Area
9.0     The Concept
10.0    Objectives for Future Development
11.0    Key Issues
12.0    Transportation
13.0    Design
14.0    Economy
15.0    Social and Education
16.0    Affordable Housing
17.0    Environment
18.0    Integration of Port Operations/Safeguarded Wharves
19.0    Interim Uses
20.0    The Five Character Areas
21.0    Conclusion


APPENDIX ONE:           REVIEW OF EXISTING POLICIES
APPENDIX TWO:           CHARACTERISTICS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                              2002




INTRODUCTION

1.0     Introduction

1.1     This document is the product of combining two documents
        released for consultation in March 2001 entitled;

        Greenwich Peninsula Planning Statement
        East Greenwich Riverside Draft Development Framework

1.2     Following consultation with local people, local businesses and
        statutory agencies this new document has been prepared as
        Supplementary Planning Guidance to the London Borough of
        Greenwich Unitary Development Plan 1994. This Framework will
        be embodied in the emerging revised version of the UDP and be
        consistent with the policies contained therein.

1.3     Its purpose is to set the context for the future development of the
        entire Framework Area. The area covered is shown on map 1
        (after page 8).

1.4     The Framework Area includes one of the most important
        development sites in the UK (EP Masterplan Area –Map 1).
        Already featuring the Millennium Dome, the North Greenwich
        Transport Interchange and the Millennium Village (under
        construction), it will also include up to 150 acres of land
        (including some of the Northern Riverside site – Map 1) for further
        development. The likely scale of development will mean that
        Greenwich Peninsula will have a major impact at Borough, sub-
        regional, regional and national level. It will play a hugely
        significant role in the redevelopment and regeneration of the
        Thames Gateway Area and help to consolidate London’s role as
        a world city.

2.0     The Development Framework

2.1     This Development Framework sets out the parameters for the
        future development of the Framework Area. It is in itself a vision
        statement and sets out the long-term plans for the area in a
        manner that seeks to manage the process of change over the
        next fifteen to twenty years. It seeks to integrate new and
        emerging proposals with the existing communities, employers
        and regeneration programmes.

2.2     This Framework sets out a concept, the strategic objectives and
        the Council’s intent to manage change in the Framework area. It
        highlights the context for this change and seeks to address the


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        way in which area and site-specific policies can be integrated to
        provide   synergy   between       existing   communities,    new
        developments and regeneration programmes.

2.3     The concept and the vision for the Framework Area are
        developed in sections 9.0 and 10.0 respectively.



3.0     The Purpose

3.1     The purpose of the Development Framework is to;

        1.   Highlight the Strategic Intent for the area.
        2.   Promote Investor Confidence by giving clear guidance.
        3.   Allow Flexibility for changes over time.
        4.   Promote Environmental Sustainability.
        5.   Address Community needs.
        6.   Guide Future Development.
        7.   Address issues relating to the quality of life.

4.0     Location

4.1     The area under consideration for the Development Framework
        extends from Park Row in Greenwich Town Centre in the West,
        the North Kent Railway Line in the South, Horn Lane and New
        Horn Lane in the East and is bounded by the River Thames in the
        North. The full extent of the area is set out on Map 1. This area
        includes most of Greenwich Peninsula and a large residential
        community in East Greenwich.

5.0     Policy Context

5.1     In the context of existing policy, the Development Framework will
        sit with the Unitary Development Plan (UDP) as adopted but will
        need to have regard and be consistent with the Review of the
        UDP that was placed on First Deposit on the 25th February 2002.
        This in turn will fit within the context of the Mayor’s strategies on
        spatial development – “The London Plan” - economic
        development and transport.

6.0     The Region and the Thames Gateway Area
        The South East region is the most densely populated, highly
        congested, economically active, development pressured region
        within the Country. These regional factors are all exemplified in
        the Capital. London remains the focus of the region although
        competition from the rest of the South East as a potential


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        location for services and industries is increasing particularly as a
        result of substantial infrastructure investment.

6.1     Regional Planning Guidance for the South East (RPG9) was
        published by the Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport
        and the Regions in March 2001. The focus of RPG9 is on enabling
        urban renaissance, promoting regeneration and renewal,
        concentrating development in urban areas, promoting a
        prosperous and multi-purpose countryside and promoting wider
        choices in travel options, thereby reducing reliance on the
        private car. RPG9 also provides the wider spatial framework for
        Thames Gateway, which is a regional and national priority for
        regeneration.

6.2     The Thames Gateway Planning Framework (RPG9a - 1995) is
        supplementary guidance to RPG9 and identifies Thames
        Gateway as a major potential focus for growth and
        development. Within London, Thames Gateway encompasses
        an area on either side of the River Thames extending eastward
        from Deptford and the Royal Docks but also extending up the
        Lea Valley to Stratford.

        Objectives for the Gateway include:

        a.     Improving economic performance within Europe.
        b.     Maximising opportunities for new economic activity,
               created by improved transport connections to Europe.
        c.     To reinforce and strengthen existing economic and
               community strengths.
        d.     Encouraging sustainable patterns of development, making
               full use of the infrastructure, vacant and under used sites.
        e.     Safeguarding and enhancing environmental assets.

7.0    The Framework Area.

        Since the English Partnerships Masterplan including the
        Millennium Exhibition was approved in May 1998, the Framework
        Area has come under renewed scrutiny. The Urban Task Force
        Report of 1999, and the subsequent Urban White Paper of 2000
        both focused upon the importance of maximising development
        on brownfield sites. Subsequent Central Government Planning
        Policy has added further weight to this approach. Furthermore,
        the Mayor's initial proposals for the Spatial Development
        Strategy, "Towards a London Plan" proposes support for higher
        density development in areas with the appropriate transport
        infrastructure. Notwithstanding this emerging policy context,
        London is already seeing a number of planning applications or


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        proposals for major developments based around transport
        interchanges such as at Paddington Basin, the Elephant and
        Castle and London Bridge.

7.1     Greenwich Council and the Greenwich Development Agency
        together with their public sector partners in the Department of
        Transport, Local Government and the Regions, Government
        Office for London, Greater London Authority, London
        Development Agency, Transport for London and English
        Partnerships are committed to working together. The Partners will
        bring forward the implementation of the physical renewal and
        regeneration of the Framework Area building on recent
        developments, infrastructure improvements and the profile
        established by the Millennium celebrations. The Partners will work
        together to carry forward the regeneration strategies for the
        Borough and the wider Thames Gateway area.

7.2     The Public Sector partners will have a clear role and function that
        will best utilise their inherent strengths. They have come together
        to form the Greenwich Peninsula Partnership, which will act as a
        forum for the public sector partners to meet. It is envisaged that
        the Partnership will use its influence to:

       •    Act as an interface between key Framework Area
            stakeholders such as the community, local businesses,
            landowners, developers, investors, and outside agencies,
            providing a point of reference in respect of Framework Area
            issues.
       •    Enable decisions and progress in times of political change.
       •    Lobby appropriate bodies and organisations.
       •    Broker relationships with and between appropriate bodies
            and organisations.
       •    Offer a flexibility of approach, tailor making solutions and
            proposals to meet local circumstances.
       •    Help integrate the Framework Area at all levels both socially
            and physically.
       •    Respond to strategic issues.

8.0     Current position in the Framework Area

8.1     It is clear that the whole of the Greenwich Waterfront is
        continuing to benefit from the regeneration initiatives established
        and implemented over the last decade. The Framework Area
        offers a major opportunity to continue this process




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8.2     The availability of under-utilised and vacant brownfield land in
        the Waterfront will assist in meeting the aims of sustainable urban
        renaissance.

        There are key instigators of change for the Framework Area;

        •   Infrastructure new & improved;

            ! Major improvements in accessibility resulting from the
              Jubilee Line and Docklands Light Railway Extensions;

            ! The routing of CrossRail to serve the Greenwich Peninsula
              and beyond;

            ! Proposed Blackwall-Silvertown Crossing;

            ! Waterfront Transit.

        •   English Partnerships continued re-development of the
            Greenwich Peninsula, around the North Greenwich Transport
            Interchange and the future use of the Dome.

        •   Continued development of the Millennium Village;

        •   Improvements to Greenwich Town Centre as a centre for
            tourism, higher education and commerce;

        •   A growing perception of Greenwich as an attractive place to
            live;

        •   Investment and growth of key local businesses;

        •   Increased development of Thames Gateway, Canary Wharf,
            the Isle of Dogs and the Royal Docks.

8.3     The Framework Area is subject to the development momentum
        that has helped to shape the majority of the surrounding area
        and the recent history of inner London riverside. Much is new and
        innovative, but there are also lessons to be learnt from those that
        have gone before, not least from the Isle of Dogs. These include
        the importance of: 1) Retaining the statutory role of the local
        Council with regard to development; 2) providing high quality
        transportation infrastructure to the development from the outset;
        3) properly integrating and considering the needs of the existing
        local community in the development.




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8.4     The interest regarding the future use of the Dome confirms and
        enhances the case for major new development focused around
        the North Greenwich Transport Interchange on the Peninsula. Its
        proximity to Canary Wharf and the City of London, the size of
        available sites, and the superior accessibility offered by the JLE
        makes this area one of the most significant regeneration areas in
        London.

8.5     Although development trends have seen the decline of
        traditional industries along the inner London waterfront,
        Greenwich marks the beginning of industry in Thames Gateway.
        Industrial activity remains and is changing to meet new
        demands. Major investment in sites, people and research and
        development is presenting a picture of relative stability for
        employment in the industrial area on the West side of the
        Peninsula. The Framework supports the retention of industry.

8.6     The redevelopment of key sites along the riverfront and within
        the Framework Area presents major opportunities to strengthen
        the community provision within Greenwich.

8.7    The well defined residential community of the East Greenwich
       area has borne witness to recent changes yet remains stable.
       Pressures in this area are likely to result in;

        •   Increasing pressures on the affordability of the housing stock
            for local people;
        •   Changing demands for community services, amenities,
            particularly in relation to healthcare, open space, leisure,
            recreation, and retail provision.

8.8     The Framework Area contains some of London’s highest profile
        development opportunities and development pressure is strong
        enough to support ambitious future plans.

8.9    The Council will require the retention of the Dome. It is a unique
       icon building, extraordinary in scale and innovation. It is the
       largest single covered space in the world. The Council seeks a
       use of great distinction. It will insist on the highest quality and land
       use at the leading edge of development. The Council will require
       continuing public access to the Dome, riverside walk and related
       areas around the Dome. The Council will also require the
       retention of the Greenwich Pavilion, although it would consider
       proposals for relocating it on a suitable alternative site on the
       Peninsula .




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8.10   It is not considered that it is necessary to designate the area
       around the Dome as a Conservation Area at this stage.




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9.0     The Concept

9.1     The purpose of the Framework is to set the parameters for the
        future development of the Framework Area. It builds on its
        distinctive qualities of diversity, character and unique river
        environment to project an outstanding place to live, work and
        visit. It seeks to create a new urban quarter that responds to, and
        is integrated with, the surrounding area while at the same time
        being a response to the current planning agenda (see 7.0).

        The concept is to create and develop:

        •   A framework to manage changes over time for the whole
            Framework Area.
        •   A climate for the growth of vital cultural identity as distinct
            from a sanitised area of unrelated and isolated new
            development.
        •   A mix of uses and amenities that support the growing
            community in the area.
        •   An appropriate development density to sustain local shops,
            employment, leisure, education, recreation, meeting spaces,
            places of worship, and other community services.
        •   Robust and adaptable public spaces to meet the needs of
            future generations.
        •   A range of services within easy walking distance
        •   High levels of public transport accessibility.
        •   Integration of housing type and tenure to provide for the full
            range of households and incomes and not simply higher
            income levels.
        •   Strong urban design frameworks, which can produce a clear
            sense of place and create maximum opportunities for social
            interaction.
        •   A high level of community involvement in the planning and
            development process and in the ongoing management of
            community amenities.
        •   Significant benefits secured from regeneration programmes.
        •   Enhanced local purchasing, local labour and spend in the
            Borough.

9.2     The Framework Area can be divided into five notional character
        zones;

9.3     English Partnerships Masterplan (including the Dome)
        (Shown in purple on Map 1)

       300 acres of brownfield land, mainly owned by English
       Partnerships. It has been subject to major redevelopment


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       including the Dome, the North Greenwich Transport Interchange,
       the Millennium Village, a new foodstore, two non-food retail
       superstores, a Post Office depot, an hotel, a multiplex cinema,
       two new parks, a new yacht club and the Riverside Walk and
       Cycleway. Future use of the Dome has yet to be determined.
       There remain substantial development opportunities on the land
       to the South of the Dome.




9.4     Northern Riverside (including the Victoria Deep Water Terminal)
        (Shown in yellow on Map 1)

        Dominated by the aggregates industry this area from Drawdock
        Road to Victoria Deep Water Terminal is increasingly influenced
        by the proximity to North Greenwich Station and the Dome.
        Aside from Victoria Deep Water Terminal, it contains one other
        safeguarded wharf at Blackwall (Delta) Wharf.

9.5     Industrial Zone
        (Shown in grey on Map 1)

        Major industrial uses including Hays Chemicals, Amylum and
        Alcatel predominate in this area.

9.6     Riverside Sites
        (Shown in red on Map 1)

        These comprise Lovell's, Granite and Piper's Wharves and sites
        adjacent to the northern end of Banning Street. Of the wharves,
        Lovell's and Granite are safeguarded, although their current uses
        are not river related.

9.7     Southern Neighbourhoods
        (Shown in light red on Map 1)

       Predominately residential character with some employment
       adjacent to the river. This area is the location for the majority of
       the established community facilities.

9.8    Notwithstanding the existence of these five character zones, the
       Council will expect a consistent and coherent approach to
       development across the Framework Area. It will provide a
       context for issues specific to one or other of the zones that
       require an individual approach.



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10.0    Objectives for Future Development - The Vision

10.1    In bringing forward the next stage of regeneration it is important
        to ensure that the resources and management infrastructure are
        in place to help manage the process of change in order to
        secure from the new developments the maximum benefits, both
        physical and social, to the people of Greenwich and the wider
        Thames Gateway Area.

10.2   In developing a fully integrated mixed community that reflects
       the make up of society, regard will be given to generating the
       support services that are to be incorporated into developments –
       education, health, leisure, community and other facilities that all
       sections of the population access to.

10.3    Utilising the proximity of the North Greenwich Transport
        Interchange, it should be possible to create mixed-use area
        based on sustainable principles. Such development will be
        expected to accord with regeneration and sustainable
        development objectives. These are: -

        •   Comprehensive approach to the development of the
            Framework Area.
        •   Integrated approach to masterplanning and development
        •   An identity that will reflect that of the existing communities but
            which will evolve over time as successive phases of
            development occur.
        •   A special quality and character that is unique to Greenwich.
        •   An appropriate level of density
        •   Mix of uses to create and sustain vibrancy for Greenwich
            residents, workers and visitors alike.
        •   Generate new employment
        •   Provide the training and skills development required by the
            new employment.
        •   Innovation in design, planning, construction and operation.
        •   A high quality built environment and public realm.
        •   Environmental sustainability to make use of latest technology
            to preserve resources and minimise the impact on the natural
            environment, during both construction and operation of new
            development.
        •   Enhanced access to the riverside and enhancement of the
            footpath and cycleway.
        •   Successful integration with neighbouring areas making a
            positive contribution to the redevelopment of Greenwich and
            the Thames Gateway Area.




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10.4    The redevelopment of Framework Area represents the next major
        staging post in the regeneration of the Thames Gateway and will
        need to be integrated physically and socially, with the
        surrounding communities and businesses.

10.5    Above all, the opportunity exists to create a specific and
        identifiable urban structure to give the Framework Area a special
        quality and character that builds on the existing neighbourhoods
        qualities of diversity, character and the unique river environment.

10.6   It is vital to continue the innovative, high quality work begun with
       the development of the Jubilee Line Extension at North
       Greenwich, the Millennium Dome, the Millennium Village,
       Sainsbury's and the high quality Public Open Space. The goal is
       to create a prestigious urban district much sought after as a
       place to live, meet, work, enjoy and to visit that provides for all
       sections of society.

10.7   The type of development that will be sought will be a high
       quality, mixed use that complements the eventual long-term use
       of the Dome and responds to the needs of the people of
       Greenwich. The scale and type of development will need to be
       assessed against the current and potential transportation
       networks serving the area and the community infrastructure
       required to support a new urban district. The Council will require
       appropriate contributions towards the provision of extra
       transportation services and community infrastructure that may
       be required by new development.

10.8    The future of the Millennium Dome is the key to the future of the
        Framework Area and until a decision is taken by Central
        Government on this issue a degree of uncertainty will surround
        the whole project. Nevertheless, it is clear that whatever the
        outcome of the deliberations on the Dome, a mixed-use future is
        likely to be proposed for the Framework Area.

10.9    The Framework Area requires a complementary development to
        its surroundings. Drawing on successful urban development from
        Europe and around the World will give vision to the development
        of the Framework Area. This will not be at the expense of the
        local context. Greenwich has a unique and distinctive character.
        Development of the Framework Area should draw inspiration
        from successful contemporary developments in other major cities
        that are recognised as being careful responses to their
        surrounding context.




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10.10 The Framework Area will need to build on the successes of these
      centres and tailor solutions to be unique to Greenwich,
      innovative and high quality.

10.11 Development in the Framework Area should;

        •   Create a mix of uses.
        •   Be of high quality architecture and urban design.
        •   Complement the Dome as the visual icon for regeneration,
        •   Not benefit only the privileged few,
        •   Provide excellent ground level environment minimising the
            adverse effect of the micro-climate,
        •   Promote public access to buildings on the ground floors at
            least.
        •   Improve the permeability of the area.
        •   Have regard to public transport accessibility.
        •   Provide housing that is not simply a dormitory to the functions
            of Canary Wharf.
        •   Provide family accommodation with liveable spaces.
        •   Provide education facilities commensurate with the
            established need of the area.
        •   Provide affordable and sub market housing that is fully
            integrated with the private dwellings.
        •   Generate significant levels of employment.
        •   Provide jobs and homes that local people want to and can
            access.
        •   Provides all the necessary services and amenities for a self-
            sustaining community.
        •   Preserve or enhance the character and appearance of the
            conservation areas or the setting of the listed buildings.

10.12 There should be no presumption that the Council will agree to
      the development of tall buildings. Modern towers will require
      robust analysis if they are to be acceptable to the Council and
      will have to be part of a truly mixed community. The Council’s
      priority is to create a diverse and liveable community.

10.13 The Council is seeking to create a quarter of Greenwich, a
      quarter where people of a full range of age groups, ethnicity
      and ability live, work and play together - in short a community.
      There is a need to establish an urban environment that all people
      will live in, a genuine mixed urban development encouraging a
      diverse multi-national population.

10.14 The Council will be seeking to maximise the benefits to the
      community from the redevelopment of the Framework Area. The



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       Council will be making extensive and comprehensive use of
       Section 106 legal agreements in order to secure these benefits.




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11.0 Key Issues

       The creation of an urban district will require careful consideration
       of the following key issues by developers in the Framework Area.

12.0    Transportation

12.1    The North Greenwich Transport Interchange on the Peninsula
        and the DLR at Greenwich Town Centre have changed travel
        patterns within Greenwich. It is an essential form of movement for
        travel to work and services for a large proportion of the
        Greenwich population. They have also made Greenwich far
        more accessible from elsewhere.

12.2 However, major areas of public transport deficiency remain. They
    are:
      • The limited cross river services;
      • Links between the North and the South of the Borough and;
      • Links to and from Thamesmead.

12.3   Furthermore, there are serious concerns that at the morning and
       evening peak hour the Jubilee Line is at, or near its current
       capacity to carry passengers. Given the scale of development
       that is taking place or that is proposed, close to or at other JLE
       stations particularly at Canary Wharf on the Isle of Dogs, it is clear
       that further major improvements to the public transport
       infrastructure serving East London will be required in order to
       serve these new developments and their surrounding areas.

12.4    Local accessibility to public transport facilities and services (and
        the range of destinations served) remains poor in some parts of
        the Area.    North-south public transport movements in the
        Borough are particularly problematical, mainly due to lack of
        provision and road congestion. Following a Council request,
        London Buses is considering new bus routes between the North
        Greenwich Transport Interchange and Eltham, via Kidbrooke.
        Pedestrian access across the Framework Area is difficult in
        places.

12.5    The key roads within the area are subject to very high traffic
        flows. In addition, parts of the highway network are being used
        by unsuitable traffic, heavy lorries through residential streets for
        example. This is resulting in a deterioration of the environment,
        amenity, and severance and safety problems for residents and
        non-motorised road users. The Council, TFL and EP are currently
        undertaking a study into the capacity of the roads on and
        surrounding Greenwich Peninsula. The results of this study will play


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        a key role in determining the final form and scale of
        development on Greenwich Peninsula.

12.6    Access for commercial vehicles to the strategic road network
        from industrial areas is currently problematical. Solutions to these
        access problems will need to be sought possibly through the
        design and construction of the proposed Blackwall-Silvertown
        Crossing and through discussions with Transport for London at the
        strategic level and key businesses locally.

12.7    High traffic levels are resulting in delays to bus services, which
        impacts on their reliability and consequent attractiveness to the
        public as an alternative to private car. Limited provision of bus
        priority measures and bus lanes also restricts the attractiveness
        and efficiency of public transport. Junction and other highway
        improvements will need to be targeted at supporting buses.

12.8   The Council will support and pursue means of supplementing
       public transport provision in the Framework Area and the wider
       Thames Gateway Area. These will include securing appropriate
       contributions from developers through Section 106 Agreements.

12.9    Such improvements will include:

       •    Increase the capacity of the JLE by increasing the frequency
            of and length of the trains.
       •    Improve the overland rail services to and in the Borough
            including a new rail crossing of the Thames at Woolwich.
       •    The provision of the Greenwich Waterfront Transit System from
            Greenwich Town Centre via East Greenwich to the Dome
            and then onwards to Woolwich, Thamesmead and Abbey
            Wood.
       •    Provision of high quality, fast links between the South of the
            Borough and the North Greenwich Transport Interchange
       •    Increase in the routes and frequency of buses throughout the
            Borough
       •    Integration and co-ordination of all modes of public transport
            at transport interchanges
       •    The provision of CrossRail to serve the Greenwich Peninsula
            and beyond
       •    Increased passenger use of the river, specifically the re-use of
            the QEII Pier for passenger services

        Parking Standards

12.10 In areas of high public transport accessibility, the level of parking
      permitted will be substantially lower than as set out in the


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       Council's Interim Local Implementation Plan (to be included in
       the draft revised UDP). Reduced parking standards will play a
       major part in reducing private transport use in the Framework
       Area. The other key component of this strategy is to promote
       improvements in public transport, cycling and pedestrian
       facilities. Developers will be expected to contribute towards such
       improvements.

        River Crossings

12.11 In dealing with major applications regard will need to be given
      to the proposals for a Blackwall-Silvertown Crossing linking the
      Peninsula with Silvertown. The opening of the Jubilee Line
      Extension has enhanced cross-river transport but the river
      nevertheless remains a barrier to movement and distorts travel
      patterns. The Mayor’s Office is currently considering proposals for
      three further crossings, one of which is the Blackwall-Silvertown
      Crossing. This will be a road bridge or tunnel between North
      Greenwich and Silvertown. A bridge would create a high degree
      of severance across the Peninsula, whereas a tunnel would not.
      Should the crossing proceed the Council will require a tunnel as
      opposed to a bridge.

12.12 Currently the Mayor’s Transport Strategy lists the Blackwall-
      Silvertown Crossing as the third priority behind the DLR/heavy rail
      crossing at Woolwich and the Thames Gateway Bridge at
      Thamesmead. However, the scale of new development in the
      Framework Area       may ensure that the Blackwall-Silvertown
      Crossing is brought forward. The Council may seek developer
      contributions towards this project where appropriate, through
      Section 106 Agreements.

13.0    Design

13.1    The design, style and quality of development in the Framework
        Area will be crucial to its success. It will need to respond to the
        wider context of the River Thames, the Isle of Dogs, the World
        Heritage Site and its architectural showcase buildings, the Royal
        Arsenal, and the Royal Docks, whilst developing a style that is
        unique to Greenwich

13.2    More locally, it will need to address the showcase buildings and
        developments on the Peninsula such as the Dome and the
        Millennium Village.




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13.3    The Framework Area offers a wealth of history, traditions and
        culture and its redevelopment must respect and interpret these
        values in a contemporary manner.

13.4   Inspiration should be sought from the many examples of
       successful urban waterfronts, for example in Seattle, San
       Francisco, Baltimore and Boston in the USA, as well as the Victoria
       and Alfred Waterfront in South Africa, Darling Harbour in Sydney
       and Barcelona and Bilbao in Europe. All these schemes have
       developed a holistic approach through partnership working.

13.5   The Council will seek to promote design of the highest standard
       that is unique to Greenwich. It will expect new development to:

         •    Promote urban design principles from the outset. Secure
              excellent and appropriate urban design and architecture
              for all new developments.
         •    Restore and reuse redundant buildings and structures and
              make imaginative use of derelict or under utilised sites.
         •    Promote design that respects the historic developments of
              the area.
         •    Preserve or enhance the character and appearance of the
              conservation areas.
         •    Make improvements where necessary, to existing sites,
              buildings, spaces and streets.
         •    Ensure that quality materials and construction techniques
              are used in all new developments.
         •    Create a sense of identity for the area to reflect the
              maritime heritage of the area;
         •    Encourage development to face the River in order to
              achieve an interesting riverside character, while avoiding
              any built encroachment into the River;
         •    Ensure the height and appearance of new developments
              are in scale and keeping with the general character of the
              surrounding area and similar land uses;
         •    Encourage the incorporation of open spaces and public
              areas within development schemes and enhance the
              quality of green spaces;
         •    Retain and enhance listed buildings in the area and ensure
              appropriate development around them;
         •    Recognise the importance of the area as a gateway into
              Greenwich Town Centre and the Maritime Greenwich World
              Heritage site;
         •    Improve the streetscape environment particularly the main
              routes through the Framework Area including the A102,
              Woolwich Road, Trafalgar Road, Blackwall Lane and the
              Riverside Walk;


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                              2002




            •   Preserve and provide views of and across the River.

        Environmentally Sustainable Development Standards

13.6    The Council will require the sustainability targets set for the
        Greenwich Millennium Village to be exceeded in all future
        development (all uses, not just housing) in the Framework Area.
        These shall include major reductions when compared with
        conventional building methods in the following:

        •   Primary energy consumption (including heat loss)
        •   Embodied energy
        •   Water consumption
        •   Project duration
        •   Construction waste
        •   Private car usage
        •   Operational waste

13.7    In terms of innovation the Council will expect new development
        to include the following:

      • Efficient construction systems (standardisation, off site
    manufacture)
      • Active and passive solar gain
      • Flexible buildings
      • Combined Heat and Power
      • Greywater Recycling
      • Use of sustainable materials
      • Information Technology Infrastructure and Provision
      • Sustainable Transport Strategy
      • Management Trust (maintain and manage the delivery of
         sustainable initiatives).

13.8   The Building Research Establishment provides quantifiable
       benchmarks for achieving high standards of environmental
       sustainability in all types of development. These and other
       recognised assessment methods will be used to inform the
       delivery of the required levels of environmental sustainability in
       new developments within the Framework Area.

14.0    Economy

14.1   Development within the Framework Area will provide major
       opportunities to create new employment as well as protecting
       and expanding existing businesses.




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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                  2002




14.2   A sustainable community implies a mix of uses and therefore,
       employment and commercial opportunities close to where
       people live. The location of the Framework Area within the wider
       London context, its public transport links current and proposed,
       and the amount of developable land available means that the
       commercial and employment opportunities are significant, both
       in terms of their scale and variety.

14.3   The Council will seek to attract major new employment uses in
       industries that demonstrate potential for long term, sustainable
       growth. Industry and employment in the London Borough of
       Greenwich suffered a major decline in the late 1980's and early
       1990's and the jobs and businesses lost have not been replaced.
       The Framework Area provides the opportunity to more than
       replace those losses.

14.4   Within the context of attracting long term, sustainable industries,
       a variety of job opportunities will be sought that will suit all sectors
       of the community and their differing lifestyle needs (i.e. jobs at all
       levels, full time, part time, flexible hours etc).

14.5    The Council will seek to:

       •    Generate economic stability to sustain urban regeneration in
            the long-term including phasing of development and
            investment,
       •    Enhance economic activity through supporting existing
            business, encouraging growth and attracting suitable new
            employers.
       •    Promote major new employment uses at key locations such
            as the Dome and the proposed Central Business District
            adjacent to the North Greenwich Transport Interchange.
       •    Seek to increase the range, amount and types of
            employment opportunities.
       •    Ensure training provision matches those employment
            opportunities.
       •    Be especially aware of the training needs of young people.
       •    Link employment to improved skills and training.
       •    Promote opportunities for residents to share the benefits of
            regeneration and take advantage of new job opportunities.
        •   Create a diverse range of employment opportunities and
            training provision to enable local people to access local jobs
            at a wide range of levels,
        •   Generate an optimum level of services to sustain the new
            economy,




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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                  2002




        •    Promote Information Communication Technology, research
             and development alongside business and financial services.
             Promote tourism, including business tourism, and heritage.
        •    Promote the use of the river for commercial, transport and
            leisure purposes.
        •    Generate an economy that is sustained both during the day
             and in the evening seven days a week.

14.6    The Council will seek commitment to, and appropriate financial
        contributions towards Greenwich Local Labour and Business
        (GLLaB) from developers through Section 106 Agreements.
        GLLaB provides training for local people and businesses in order
        to enable them to compete for work during the construction and
        operation of new developments. It will also act as an interface
        with other similar schemes in adjoining boroughs to ensure that
        such opportunities arising from major developments, are
        available across the Thames Gateway Area.

15.0    Social and Education

15.1   In order for the redevelopment of the Framework Area to be a
       success it will have to succeed on a social level. The overarching
       social objective will to be to create somewhere that is inclusive
       and facilitates social interaction, both formal and informal,
       between people from all backgrounds. Therefore, development
       that promotes exclusivity or mono-culturalism will not be
       permitted.

15.2   New development in the Framework Area must be inclusive,
       permeable and fully accessible to all. It must provide housing
       and jobs for every section of society, as well as leisure, retail and
       community facilities that are of broad appeal. It must be “barrier
       free”, in that the design, management and operation of new
       development in both the private and public realm must be fully
       accessible to those with physical disabilities including the visually
       impaired. Prospective developers should contact the Council’s
       Access Officer at the beginning of the design process for details
       of how barrier free development will be achieved.

15.3   The design and provision of the public realm will be key in this
       respect and must provide high quality and safe spaces for
       recreation that facilitate informal social interaction. This does not
       only apply to the provision of major parks and open spaces, but
       also to smaller, local facilities right down to the level of the street.

15.4   Therefore, through the redevelopment and regeneration of the
       area, the Council will seek to:


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                  2002




        •   Develop a mix of tenure, size and type of property to
            accommodate a balanced community;
        •   Enhance community facilities and education provision for all
            sectors of the community including a new secondary school
            to serve the area;
        •   Increase existing and provide new opportunities to
            participate in and access recreational activities/ facilities;
        •   Increase the provision of, and access to, educational
            opportunities;
        •   Increase access to, and provision of, health, social and
            welfare facilities;
        •   Enhance and improve the provision of community facilities for
            local residents, organisations and faith groups;
        •   Improve the safety of people living and working in the area,
            either through the use of equipment and/or design measures
            in new and existing buildings, estates and pedestrian routes;
        •   Discuss with the community, the range of priorities that may
            be sought from developments within the area;
        •   Promote the development of small workshops and associated
            housing and live / work properties that would enhance the
            diversity of the community.
        •   Ensure that account is taken of the cultural diversity of the
            local community;
        •   Promote design that facilitates social interaction;
        •   Promote management company(s) to maintain common
            areas and help to develop social interaction and a sense of
            community across tenures.

16      Affordable Housing

16.1    One of the Council’s key policies is to ensure that there is
        sufficient land available in the Borough to allow for the
        completion of the estimated 14,700 new homes required to be
        built in the period up to 2016. It is also necessary to ensure the
        development of balanced and mixed communities to meet the
        needs of households with a range of dwellings by type, size and
        affordability. It is therefore the Council’s intention to ensure that
        an appropriate proportion of dwellings are provided up to 2016
        for those on low and lower incomes.

16.2    The Council has commissioned a new Housing Needs Study and
        the results are expected by the summer of 2002. Based upon the
        report for the Mayor of London, ‘The Report of the Mayor’s
        Housing Commission 2000’ the initial proposals for the Spatial
        Development Strategy (London Plan), a target of 50% of new
        housing to be affordable including 35% for social renting and 15%


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                2002




        for intermediate housing for people on moderate incomes, is to
        be set for London. However the more recent report ‘Affordable
        Housing in London’ (Three Dragons Research Project)
        commissioned by the Greater London Authority has concluded
        that for boroughs such as Greenwich a 35% target is more
        realistic. Sites like the Greenwich Peninsula are vital in making a
        significant contribution to this housing provision

16.3    The Council’s current target of 30% is very close to the Mayor’s
        target but there is a real prospect that this figure will be
        increased as a result of the Housing Needs Study. In this case the
        targets will be revised in the Second Deposit Edition of the Unitary
        Development Plan, later this year.


16.4    The Council will therefore, be seeking affordable housing as part
        of new development in the Framework Area. There is a clear
        need for affordable housing for rent, shared equity, key worker
        (for rent and shared equity) and for sub-market housing. Within
        this provision there will need to be affordable housing for people
        confined to a wheelchair and their families and special needs
        schemes that focus on:

       •   support for people with learning disabilities;
       •   mental health illness;
       •   support for people with physical disabilities and;
       •   improved elderly provision, both housing with care schemes
           and nursing homes.

17.0    Environment

17.1   The environment will be at the heart of redevelopment within the
       Framework Area. The goal is to create an area that is developed
       and managed according to environmentally sustainable
       principles. It should provide an environment of the highest quality
       to live in, work in and visit. However, there are several barriers to
       achieving this goal that must be overcome.

17.2    The developable land in the Framework Area has been subject
        to a variety of previous uses, some of which have been
        responsible for heavy contamination of the sites. The land in the
        EP Masterplan Area has undergone comprehensive remediation
        that has rendered it safe for re-use. Other sites in the Framework
        Area will have to be remediated to a level appropriate to their
        contamination and intended after use before they can be
        redeveloped.



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17.3    The A102 runs through the Framework Area from South to North
        before leading into the Blackwall Tunnel at the North of the
        Peninsula. It has a major impact on the environmental quality of
        the Framework Area. It creates a physical barrier to movement
        from east to west, particularly for pedestrians and cyclists and it
        attracts large volumes of traffic at peak times resulting in noise
        and congestion that spreads to the surrounding roads.
        Furthermore, the Peninsula suffers from poor air quality of which
        the single largest contributor is the traffic from the A102. Clearly
        the A102 presents a major challenge to providing a high quality
        environment in the Framework Area. Radical and imaginative
        proposals will be required to address this issue.

17.4   The development of the East side of the Peninsula has provided
       for excellent public access to the river. The riverside walk, the
       design of the ecological terracing, the Queen Elizabeth 11 Pier
       and the Greenwich Yacht Club have all contributed to
       promoting use of or enjoyment of the river as an amenity.
       Furthermore, the ecological terracing and the 'greening' of
       Ordnance Pier have helped to protect and enhance a variety of
       species of wildlife that are associated with the river. Although,
       access to the river in the rest of the Framework Area has
       improved in recent years, particularly with the completion of the
       riverside walk and cycleway between Greenwich Town Centre
       and the Dome, the environment is not of a quality equivalent to
       that found on the East side of the Peninsula. Therefore, significant
       improvements are required to the river environment that
       promote access to and enjoyment of the river and which protect
       and enhance its wildlife and ecology.

17.5   In order to improve the environment the following measures will
       need to be incorporated into subsequent proposals:

        •   Recycling of land and buildings where possible,
        •   Consideration of the river environment and the interface with
            the land.
        •   Development to the highest standards of environmental
            sustainability.
        •   Promotion of the highest standards of environmental
            sustainability in the operation of the development.
        •   Creation of a high quality public realm throughout the district.
        •   Where appropriate, improvement to the quality of the existing
            public realm,
        •   Encouragement of appropriate landscape planting in
            developments and on approach routes.
        •   Consideration of wildlife and its habitats when redeveloping
            sites.


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                2002




        •   Maximisation of the riverside as an attractive, safe and
            interesting place to be drawn to and along.
        •   Preserved and enhanced River environment
        •   Enhancement of the river environment by promoting the
            ecology and wildlife of the river.
        •   Replacement, repair and enhancement of the river walls
            where required in consultation with the Environment Agency.
        •   Generally, development, including the provision of the
            Thames Path should be undertaken landward of the existing
            flood defence and incorporated within a landscaped buffer
            zone of at least 16 metres between the built development
            and the river edge.
        •   Use of natural colonisation, rather than planting, to enhance
            the existing riverside ecology;
        •   Assessment in full to ensure that the impact of vehicle
            emissions would not worsen local air quality.
        •   Industrial developments, which will result in emissions to air,
            assessed in full to ensure that the emissions will not cause a
            standard or guideline to be exceeded or an existing excess to
            be worsened.
        •   Reduced emissions from road traffic from existing industries
            and businesses, through the adoption and implementation of
            green transport plans to further encourage the use of public
            transport, cycling and walking, by staff, customers and visitors.

17.6   The Environment Agency booklets ‘Partnership in Planning –
       Riverbank design guidance for the Tidal Thames’ and
       ‘Sustainable urban drainage systems – an introduction’, should
       be considered where appropriate, in the development of
       proposals for the Framework Area.

        Notifiable establishments and pipelines

17.7   Under the terms of the Planning (Hazardous Substances) Act 1990
       and the Planning (Control of Major-Accident Hazards)
       Regulations 1999, the Framework Area contains three notifiable
       establishments (Royal Volpak (a chemical storage and
       distribution company, formally E & E Plc) Bugsby’s Way, SE10,
       Hays Chemicals, (chemical storage) Tunnel Avenue, SE10 and
       BG Transco gas holder, Blackwall Lane, SE10) and four notifiable
       pipelines.

17.8   The notifiable establishments and pipelines have consultation
       zones around them that are set by the Health and Safety
       Executive (HSE). Under DLTR Circular 04/2000, the Local Planning
       Authority is required to consult with the HSE on any planning
       application that falls within a consultation zone.


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                2002




17.9   Whilst notifiable establishments and pipelines are subject to
       stringent controls under existing health and safety legislation, it
       may be appropriate to control the kinds of development in their
       vicinity. The HSE will advise the Local Planning Authority as to the
       suitability of development proposals that fall within consultation
       zones.

17.10 Details of the location of the notifiable establishments and
      pipelines and their consultation zones are available from the
      Council’s Development Planning department.

18.0    Integration of port operations/Safeguarded Wharves

18.1   The redevelopment of the Framework Area presents the
       opportunity to promote uses of the river for commercial, transport
       and leisure purposes. The Council will seek to promote port
       operations appropriate to a 21stCentury City, which contribute to
       the sustainable development of the Port of London and Thames
       Gateway.

18.2   Within this context there is the important issue of the future of the
       safeguarded wharves in the Framework Area.

        A Balanced Approach

18.3    It is clear that low levels of employment associated with
        aggregate operations will be exceeded many times over by
        commercial redevelopment, bringing with it an expanded
        employment base meeting local needs.

18.4    The movement of goods by river reduces the number of lorries on
        the roads and so contributes to improvements in environmental
        quality. At a strategic and local policy level, it remains an
        objective to maintain and, if practicable, increase the amount of
        freight being handled by river and minimise the adverse impacts
        of the alternatives, particularly where this is road haulage.
        However, the capacity for river transport must also be seen in the
        light of the capacity of the local road network that serves these
        sites.

18.5    To enable a balanced approach to regeneration the following
        will need to be considered;

        • a realistic assessment of the commercial prospects for river
          freight; over the medium-term;



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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                              2002




        • the ‘blighting’ effects of safeguarding, where wharves pass
          out of use and then remain vacant and derelict, this includes
          both the direct impacts on neighbours and any adverse
          impacts on regeneration;
        • the intentions and likely actions of landowners, particularly
          where high value alternative uses might be pursued;
        • the extent to which riverside sites can help meet the needs for
          other uses;
        • whether safeguarding will preclude desirable alternative use
          of the riverside;
        • current government guidance and emerging policy
          documents, notably the London Plan and London Borough of
          Greenwich UDP.

        Responsibility for safeguarding policy was transferred from the
        Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the regions to
        the Mayor of London in June 2000. The Mayor’s approach clearly
        identifies wharves as a scarce resource that should only be
        released for redevelopment if they are not viable or capable of
        being viable for cargo handling use.

        Greenwich Council is assisting the Greater London Authority
        (GLA) in its review, on behalf of the Mayor for London, of the
        safeguarding of wharves in Greenwich in order to monitor their
        contribution to the movement of freight by river.

18.6    Victoria Deep Water Terminal is viewed as particularly important
        and should be retained for its deep-water accessibility. Where a
        wharf is no longer deemed viable or capable of being made
        viable for modern efficient port use, its re-use will be considered
        providing it can satisfy the Council, and the Mayor that it can be
        demonstrated that significant regeneration and sustainability
        aims can be met. Subject to the GLA review, the Mayor
        considers that the viability of a wharf is dependent upon :

        •   The wharf’s size shape, orientation, navigation access, road
            access, rail access (where possible), planning history,
            environmental impact and surrounding land use context.

        •   The geographical location of the wharf, in terms of proximity
            and connections to existing and potential market areas.

        •   The existing and potential contribution that the wharf can
            make towards reducing road based freight movements.

        •   Existing and potential relationships between the wharf and
            other cargo-handling sites or land uses.


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                               2002




        •   The location and availability of capacity at comparable
            alternative wharves, having regard to current and projected
            wharf capacity and market demands.


        •   In the case of non-operational sites the likely timescale within
            which a viable cargo-handling operation can be attracted
            to the site, having regard to the short term land use policy,
            and long term trade forecasts, and national and regional
            planning and transport policy.

18.7    The Mayor will carefully consider proposals made to redevelop a
        safeguarded wharf that is proven to be viable or capable of
        being made viable for cargo handling uses. The only exceptional
        circumstance where this would be acceptable would be in the
        case of a strategic proposal of essential benefit for London,
        which cannot be planned for or delivered on any other site in
        Greater London.

18.8    If a wharf is no longer viable, redevelopment proposals will be
        expected to incorporate other sustainable transport uses first,
        including water based passenger transport and leisure and
        recreation facilities , before non – river related uses that do not
        require a riverside location.

19.0    Interim Uses

19.1    Given the long-term nature of development in the Framework
        Area and the requirement for phasing, there are likely to be sites
        or parts of sites that will remain undeveloped for some time. In
        such cases the Council would support the establishment of
        suitable interim uses that would successfully bring a site back into
        an appropriate use.




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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                  2002




20.0    The Five Character Areas (see Map 1 - after page 8)

        EP Masterplan Area (including the Dome)

20.1   The development of this area is intrinsically linked to the future
       use of the Dome, which the Council considers must be retained,
       and the available and potential capacity of the public transport
       networks serving the Peninsula. The Central Business District (CBD)
       should be a mixed-use core around the North Greenwich
       Transport Interchange. It will primarily be of commercial
       character. While uses in this particular location uses will need to
       complement any subsequent use of the Dome, there may be
       potential for commercial leisure within the CBD. Proposals should
       offer a balanced mix of functions. Excessive specialisation should
       be avoided as tending to lead to high levels of activity during
       the day or certain weeks of the year but to lack of activity at
       other times.

20.2    English Partnerships is embarking on a process to revise the
        Masterplan for the East of Greenwich Peninsula to allow for more
        efficient use of the site and infrastructure. It has been joined in
        this process by the owners of a major site on the North West of
        the Peninsula adjoining the EP site with a view to producing a
        joint Masterplan for both land holdings including the Millennium
        Dome. The Council is seeking a coherent approach to the
        development of both sides of the Peninsula and the land
        adjacent to the North Greenwich Transport Interchange,
        including Blackwall (Delta) Wharf and Tunnel Avenue Trading
        Estate. Although Blackwall Wharf and the Tunnel Avenue Trading
        Estate fall within the Northern Riverside (as shown on Map 1), they
        are intrinsically linked to the northern part of the Peninsula and
        Central Business District and are important for their part in
        providing new employment opportunities.

20.3    In considering the future of the Peninsula the most significant
        change in terms of land uses from that originally identified in both
        the British Gas and the EP Masterplans, is likely to be in respect of
        the future use of the Dome and the balance of uses within the
        structure. Regardless of the nature of the use of the Dome the
        site will continue to be an attraction for visitors. The opportunity is
        now presented to create an exciting new part of Greenwich and
        Thames Gateway that will be vibrant and will successfully
        combine all the elements for a new urban district based on
        transport accessibility. The range of activities and the quality of
        the design and architecture of the area will also draw people to
        the Framework Area and with the North Greenwich Transport
        Interchange as the hub, the area is highly accessible, particularly


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                 2002




        by public transport. However, the capacity of the JLE to carry
        24,000 passengers per hour is being tested by the new
        developments along the network, for example at Canary Wharf,
        London Bridge and Stratford. The capacity of the transportation
        networks including the capacity of the JLE will play a major role
        in determining the eventual form of the Framework Area
        development. The Council will support and pursue means of
        supplementing public transport provision in the Framework Area,
        including seeking developer contributions through Section 106
        Agreements.

 20.4 The intention is for the boundaries of the land uses arising from
      the existing Masterplan to be flexible to create a greater mix of
      uses. The aim is to create a complex urban zone with a variety of
      different but compatible uses. These will include leisure, retail,
      residential, education (including secondary school) and
      employment uses including offices and high technology. The
      Dome will be accessible to the public and will remain a place
      that people wish to visit. It is also likely that uses specifically
      aimed at visitors will be part of the eventual development of the
      whole area of the northern Peninsula. The vision for the
      Framework Area has focused on creating a new part of
      Greenwich that offers access to a range of uses and access to
      jobs. A wide range of services, including ancillary retail, leisure
      and community uses is vital. It will not be the dominant feature of
      the area, but housing including affordable housing, will be
      important to provide vitality in an area that will remain active for
      large parts of the day and night.

       Northern Riverside (including Victoria Deep Water Terminal)

20.5    Victoria Deep Water Terminal (VDWT) is adjacent to the A102
        and has a deep water berth allowing the unloading of larger
        vessels at all states of the tide. This area should be developed to
        provide a highly efficient and modern facility capable of
        handling a range of cargoes.

20.6    Taking account of the Port of London Authority (PLA) criteria, a
        strong case can be made for a significant increase of the
        capacity at VDWT. It is an ideal location to serve a number of
        port uses, however, it is recognised that the current and medium-
        term demand is for aggregates.

20.7    In addition, there are few facilities for other river related uses and
        the Council would promote the re-use of river facilities including
        slipways. It is proposed that Bay Wharf is included as an area for
        river related uses such as a boatyard.


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                              2002




20.9    Implementing this strategy will bring forward the regeneration
        and sustainability debate surrounding the safeguarded Blackwall
        (Delta) Wharf. This site lies close to North Greenwich Transport
        Interchange and as such will continue to experience great
        demand for a higher value use other than aggregate storage
        and processing.

20.10 Blackwall Wharf and Tunnel Avenue Trading Estate are likely to
      be integrated with the joint Masterplan produced by English
      Partnerships. As such these sites will be an important part of the
      area’s regeneration and should support new employment
      opportunities.

        Industrial Zone

20.11 The zone contains industries including manufacturing and
      primary processing such as aggregates and chemicals. These
      industries are well established, internationally recognised
      companies with much invested in the area. The Council will
      safeguard these important employment uses.

20.12 New uses, which would broaden the economic base of the area,
      will need to be sensitive to these historic uses. The success of
      existing users should be used as a catalyst for change and
      provision must be made for the expansion of their activities
      where appropriate. The Council will aim to:

        •       Ensure that the redevelopment proposals do not stifle the
                provision for the expansion of existing land users.

        •       Ensure that, where possible, river related uses are
                preserved on those sites best able to meet the needs of a
                modern efficient city port.

        •      Take account of sensitive interfaces with neighbouring
               uses, particularly residential and to be aware of the impact
               of those proposed neighbouring uses on the industrial zone;

        •      Seek to reduce, where possible, the impermeability of the
               industrial zone by promoting access to the riverside walk.

        •      Promote a cleaner environment by encouraging high
               operating standards, by controlling hours of operation
               where necessary, by promoting sustainable transport
               options for raw materials and products and green travel



                                                                     32
Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                              2002




                plans for employees, and by continuing to control routes
                taken by HGVs to minimise impact on residential areas;

        •      Seek to alleviate the problems associated with commuter
               traffic traversing the area.

        •      Continue to work in partnership with business and others to
               promote an enhanced image of riverside industry. A key
               element of this will be encouraging the refurbishment or, in
               limited cases, removal of redundant structures and seeking
               opportunities to contribute to the sustained life of the
               Thames, its wildlife, ecology and its history.

        •      Continue to work in partnership with business and others to
               enhance the environs around the industrial zone through
               the use of landscaping, lighting and public art, to soften
               the visual, noise and air pollution of these processes.

20.13 The majority of employment opportunities are to be found within
      Alcatel, Amylum and Hays Chemicals. These firms, whilst
      employing significant numbers of people, have found it difficult
      to recruit local people with the required skills levels and so could
      benefit from a co-ordinated approach to recruitment and
      training.

20.14 An economic strategy will be established to encourage the
      partnership between business, community and Council, focusing
      on the firms within the zone industrial area. This Strategy will
      include:

        •       Continuing to encourage the promotion of local
                employment opportunities and local purchasing of goods
                and services.

        •       Improving the economic base and skill levels of Greenwich
                residents through appropriate training schemes and
                educational partnerships.

        •       Promoting the implementation of Green Plans to reduce to
                a minimum the impact of all industry and associated traffic
                movements on the local community and visitors.

        •       Promoting the investment in new plant and machinery to
                meet higher environmental standards.

       •       Encouraging firms to present a modern, clean and efficient
               face of industry in inner London.


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                               2002




20.15 Within the industrial zone there are few opportunities for new
      large-scale commercial development. Working with the existing
      employers, it should be possible to build an economic strategy to
      support the growth of these industries, the creation of
      employment for local people and training to meet the future
      needs of these industries. Attracting new, complementary
      employment will also be an aspiration, as will links with the
      University of Greenwich and the northern Peninsula area
      including the Dome.

20.16 The central industrial zone of the area, including Alcatel, Amylum
      and Hays Chemicals, provides important employment
      opportunities for Greenwich. New development should;

        •   Promote employment, especially B2/B8 uses;

        •   Promote higher employment densities;

        •   Provide new and enhanced access to the riverside walkway;

        •   Wherever possible, make use of riverside wharves for transport
            of raw materials and/or products and people;

        •   Promote better access routes to adjoining areas and uses;

        •   Take account of sensitive interfaces with neighbouring uses by
            promoting appropriate uses and;

        •   Promote green transport plans to reduce the dependency on
            the private car and road haulage.

20.17 The area from Bay Wharf to the southern boundary of Alcatel is
      to remain as part of the industrial zone, but greater emphasis will
      be put on the use of the river for the transhipment of raw
      materials and products, where practicable. Any industrial
      redevelopment will be require to consider how the river can be
      used as an alternative to road haulage and private car use.

20.18 Equally, there is a stronger case for the alternative use of wharves
      outside the Aggregate Zone, Bay Wharf and VDWT, to give a
      greater contribution to regeneration and the environment.

20.19 The development of the Blackwall-Silvertown Tunnel would
      further increase
      accessibility to the Peninsula.



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       Riverside Sites

20.20 Riverside sites have been supporting limited numbers of
      employees and due to their designation as safeguarded
      wharves, are close to being no longer viable. As with community,
      leisure and retail use, employment within residential areas can be
      desirable. It provides activity frontages during the day, providing
      these are compatible with surrounding residential uses, parking
      standards and acceptable numbers of vehicle movements.
      However, any proposal to de-designate the safeguarded
      wharves will be subject to the criteria set out by the Mayor of
      London and listed in 18.5 to 18.8 above.

20.21 Of the riverside sites in this section only Pipers Wharf, used as a
      boatyard, is active for river uses but it is not safeguarded. Granite
      and Lovell’s Wharf are not being used for river related uses but
      are safeguarded. Various constraints mean that the other sites
      are either under-used or vacant and present a poor image of
      the area. This raises the potential for alternative development.

20.22 The wharves are safeguarded but are coming under increasing
      development pressure for housing, leisure, and hotels.
      Strategically this area is well placed for mixed-use employment
      led development, including an element of residential use, that
      extends the tourism and leisure offer of Greenwich Town Centre
      and the Old Royal Naval College.

20.23 The Council is seeking a coherent and comprehensive approach
      to the potential redevelopment of the riverside sites including;

        Lovell’s Wharf
        Granite Wharf
        Piper’s Wharf
        Sites adjacent to northern end of Banning Street.

20.24 Many of the issues highlighted in this document require a
      congruent approach and therefore these sites should be
      considered as a whole.

20.25 Currently both Lovell’s and Granite Wharves are safeguarded
      despite the redevelopment pressure. This issue is key to the future
      of these sites and landowners and developers will need to
      contribute to the debate on their future. Proximity to
      neighbourhoods, and residential street patterns, which severely
      restrict access, makes Lovell’s and Granite wharves less desirable
      for continued port operations than either VDWT or the
      Aggregates Zone.


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20.26 There is potential to create stronger ties with the functioning of
      the EP Masterplan area, Greenwich Town Centre and the Naval
      College sites. The scale and type of development will not only
      depend upon the safeguarding but also the proximity of existing
      public transport and future improvements, notably the
      Waterfront Transit.

20.27 Access to these sites is restrictive and any redevelopment would
      require greater access. Pedestrian and cycle linkages should be
      provided along an enhanced river frontage and from
      Christchurch Way to the riverside. Redevelopment schemes will
      require secure cycle parking.

20.28 The boatyard at Pipers Wharf is one of very few on the river and
      as such is a valuable resource. The Council will consider
      redevelopment of this site if a new alternative facility can be
      found within the Greenwich Waterfront.

20.29 There is a need for a buffer between the industry, particularly
      Alcatel, and any residential uses. The area south of Alcatel
      between Christchurch Way and the river should be
      predominantly a buffer zone and could include employment
      such as light industry, workshops, studio, small office space, open
      space or community uses.

20.30 The area of naturally sloping foreshore between Pipers Wharf and
      Enderby’s Wharf will be protected. The Council considers it
      appropriate that this area is explored for its potential to provide
      an ecological and education resource. The Council will seek links
      with the Environment Agency, Greenwich University and local
      schools for this purpose. An example of a successful scheme can
      be found within the Ecology Park at the Millennium Village.

20.31 Development will be expected to address the river in its form and
      function and provide activity and animation particularly if
      redevelopment of Granite and Lovell’s wharves become
      possible.

20.32 The Riverside sites should be assessed for their ability to contribute
      to the life and activity of the river and the riverscape. This should
      be reflected in the function and design of any buildings
      adjacent to the River. The Council will require an urban design
      assessment of the sites adjacent to the riverside.

       Southern Neighbourhood



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20.33 Trafalgar Road is at the heart of the southern district but currently
      does not provide the range and quality of shops and services
      needed to serve an integrated community. Increasing the
      residential density and employment in the area will help provide
      a sustaining population and will be an integral part of the options
      for new development. A new focus will be created around the
      junction of Blackwall Lane and Trafalgar Road by introducing
      new development opportunities at the Greenwich District
      Hospital (GDH) and Blackwall Lane. Provision of affordable
      housing within schemes will be required in these areas.
      Rationalising traffic will be a bigger challenge but an integrated
      set of measures will assist the area in giving priority to pedestrians,
      cyclists and public transport rather than through private traffic.

20.34 The area is characterised by narrow residential streets on both
      sides of Trafalgar Road. There are significant opportunity sites
      including the Greenwich District Hospital, Annandale and Maze
      Hill Schools, the area around Hoskins Street, and Blackwall Lane
      Regeneration area.

20.35 Additional traffic and environmental improvements along
      Trafalgar Road and Blackwall Lane, associated with the
      redevelopment potential of the GDH could provide a new focus
      for the centre of the southern neighbourhood.

20.36 Improve urban living in southern neighbourhood by:

        •   Enhancing retail and leisure facilities by seeking a viable long-
            term role for the East Greenwich shopping district, studying its
            needs and potential.

        •   Guiding investment in the area,

        •   Enhancing community facilities,

        •   Promoting an improved public realm along Trafalgar and
            Woolwich Roads,

       •    Creating a new focus for East Greenwich at the junction of
            Trafalgar Road and Blackwall Lane and at the
            Forum@Greenwich.

        •   Where possible controlling the adverse impacts of traffic both
            on the main roads and in residential streets and at junctions,

        •   Promoting improved public transport, especially promoting
            higher priority for buses and waterfront transit,


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        •   Maximising the benefits of regeneration for this part of the
            Greenwich Waterfront.

        Supporting Greenwich Town Centre and West Greenwich

20.37 The ability to utilise and interpret the rich heritage of the area is
      demonstrated in the tourism package offered by the Town
      Centre and the developing arts and cultural presence in West
      Greenwich. Tourism services represent on-going opportunities for
      the southern area of East Greenwich closest to the Town Centre
      and World Heritage Site. The objectives are to:

        •       Encourage a mix-use redevelopment package.

        •       Encourage new technology based uses and activities into
                the area.



        •       Ensure that development proposals complement the
                World Heritage Sites ability to attract visitors.

20.38 Clearly this residential area is part of a larger community and the
      retailing and commercial functions of Trafalgar Road serve a
      greater population than that covered by the study area. Future
      uses will need to serve a wide area.

20.39 The Greenwich Power Station is operational and used as a
      generator for the London Underground. The Council, in
      conjunction with the owners and operators, will seek the re-use of
      redundant parts of the building providing these uses do not
      compromise the effective functioning of the Power Station.

20.40 The Power Station coalbunker, the jetty and other structures no
      longer have an industrial purpose and contribute to the poor
      image of the area. Their renovation, or alternative use, could
      contribute to the visual amenity and historic interest of the area.

20.41 Although there are a number of existing linkages to the riverside,
      there is potential to make environmental improvements and
      create vibrancy along these routes. Open space along the rivers
      edge, access to the river and facilitates for tourist and residents
      alike should be proposed.

        Development of Key Sites



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20.42 There is a number of sites within the area where redevelopment
      will have a significant impact on the locality. In addition to the
      development requirements already set out, further guidance is
      offered.

        Greenwich District Hospital and Blackwall Lane

20.43 East Greenwich has seen a continuing shift from shops to retail
      services such as insurance and solicitors offices and food and
      drink outlets. It functions as a linear neighbourhood centre that is
      stable and meets those local needs. Further opportunities should
      be sought to improve the pedestrian environment, promote
      refurbishment of key buildings and maintain a stable mix of shops
      and other services for the local community including education
      provision.

20.44 The aim is to reinforce the urban centre of Trafalgar Road and
      Blackwall Lane through the redevelopment of the Greenwich
      District Hospital (GDH) site and Blackwall Lane and promote town
      centre strategy / management.

20.45 The GDH site is a major opportunity. The redevelopment of the
      site has the potential to reinforce community services,
      employment, and cohesion of the southern neighbourhoods.

20.46 The GDH site could accommodate a number of uses.

20.47 Priority will be given to the use of part of the site for community
      purposes. The whole site could be used for a single employer
      such as a large company. In terms of location the site is well
      placed to provide educational facilities as part of the
      community uses.

20.48 In the event of the site not being required primarily for
      community purposes a mixed-use scheme would be appropriate
      if it conforms to the policies in this document, providing that:

       •        The Vanburgh Health Clinic is retained on site.

       •       Activity appropriate to a town centre location is
               generated on the Woolwich Road frontage and the
               Vanburgh Hill frontage, in particular close to the
               intersection of the two roads.

       •       The site is permeable to pedestrians and cyclists with motor
               vehicles kept to the perimeter of the site or in underground
               parking areas.


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       •       The public realm is made a focus of the scheme. The
               public realm should be enhanced along primary frontages.

       •       Residential would be acceptable as part of a mixed use
               scheme which would include retailing along the Woolwich
               Road frontage.

       •       The site should include employment generation uses (B1)
               beyond that generated from the retail units (A1) since it
               has been important as a source of employment in the
               local area.

       •       Residential would be appropriate at the rear of the site
               adjacent to existing residential. Any housing would have to
               provide for families and be mixed tenure, including an
               element of key worker housing.

       •        Leisure use (D2) would be acceptable as part of the mix.

        Blackwall Lane Regeneration Area

20.49 A mix use scheme including residential, retail and/or office/
      workshop and community facilities would be acceptable.




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21.0    CONCLUSION

21.1    Greenwich is acknowledged to be a place with a unique history
        and character. The citizens of Greenwich have inherited a
        legacy of tradition, innovation and architectural quality unique in
        London. The expanse of the Framework Area with its extensive
        river frontage provides the opportunity to carry forward to future
        generations the distinctive qualities associated with Greenwich.

21.2    The vision is to create a 21st century development, which will be
        sustainable from the point of view of the environment and the
        type of uses necessary to support an animated urban quarter. It
        will display the latest design concepts and set the standard for
        new urban development. The Council aims to build upon
        Greenwich's unique architectural quality of international
        importance. In order to achieve this the future development will
        need to address and respond to the issues and concerns raised
        in this document.

21.3   This document sets a framework within which the redevelopment
       of the Framework Area can be brought forward. It sets out a
       series of prerequisites that will need to be fulfilled before future
       development can take place. However, given the timeframe in
       which the redevelopment of the Framework Area is likely to take
       place, and the speed of change of new technologies and the
       economy, it is likely that the requirements of the Council as set
       out in this document will evolve to reflect the process of change.
       Those seeking to use this document as a guide to future
       development in the Framework Area should bear this likelihood in
       mind.




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Appendix 1

REVIEW OF EXISTING POLICIES

1.0     Mayor and Assembly

1.1     In May 2000 the Mayor was elected and the Greater London
        Authority (GLA) was established. The Mayor will be preparing a
        number of strategic plans for London on issues such as economic
        development, transport, Biodiversity and land use. Borough's
        UDPs and Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) will have to
        be in general conformity with the Mayor’s Spatial Development
        Strategy known as the London Plan, that will replace RPG3.

1.2     The Mayor's vision, as set out in the London Plan, is to develop
        London as an exemplar sustainable world city. This must be
        based on three balanced and interlocking elements:

        •   strong and diverse economic growth;
        •   social inclusion to allow all Londoners to share in London's
            future success; and
        •   fundamental improvements in environmental management
            and use of resources.

1.3     The    London Plan states that London should accept the
        processes of economic growth, re-centralisation, and population
        increase and create an adequate infrastructure for the city to
        achieve sustainable development. This growth will help to pay for
        the many improvements in services and transport that London
        needs. In order to deal with these factors the London Plan
        includes six Challenges for London, which are set out below;

        Challenge 1: economic and demographic growth
        Challenge 2: creating a prosperous city
        Challenge 3: increasing the supply of housing
        Challenge 4: ensuring an accessible city
        Challenge 5: promoting a green city
        Challenge 6: creating a city for people

1.4     The London Plan will set a strategic development focus on East
        London and envisages the Greenwich Peninsula as a
        ‘development magnet’. Furthermore the London Plan
        emphasises the need to set a realistic and market sensitive
        framework for the development of the Framework Area, the ‘arc
        of opportunity’ in Newham and Canary Wharf.




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1.5     Phase 2 of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, new road and rail links
        are major factors in attracting investment and development to
        Thames Gateway. These new highly accessible areas will focus
        activity in London towards the East. The London Plan recognises
        that Thames Gateway will provide much of the capacity for new
        jobs and new housing.

1.6    The Housing Commission proposes that a higher proportion of
       new houses should be designated as affordable housing. The
       target London-wide should be 50 per cent, comprising 35 per
       cent for social renting aimed at households on low incomes and
       15 per cent for new intermediate housing aimed at households
       on moderate incomes. However, the more recent report
       ‘Affordable Housing in London’ (Three Dragons Research Project)
       commissioned by the Greater London Authority has concluded
       that for boroughs such as Greenwich a 35% target is more
       realistic.

1.7     The London Plan also seeks an holistic approach for policies for
        the river and London’s other navigable waterways by defining
        these as a special ‘Blue Ribbon’ network;

1.8     To enhance the use and value of the river and canals by
        increasing public access and safety, and encouraging the use of
        London’s waterways for leisure and transportation (of people
        and freight).

        To ensure that any new development contributes to the
        character of the river and canalside and achieves a high quality
        of urban design, especially improving public access to the
        riverside.

        To review the protection given to boatyards and application of
        the safeguarding process for wharves.

        Protecting wildlife and natural habitats

        To protect and enhance the significant wildlife habitats of the
        Thames and London’s other waterways and ensure that
        disturbance to wildlife is minimised with increasing use and public
        access.

2.0     Regional Guidance

2.1     Strategic Planning Guidance For The River Thames (RPG3B/9B -
        1997) deals specifically with issues relating to the tidal Thames
        and establishes the Thames Policy Area between Hampton and


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                              2002




        Crayford Ness. It thus encompasses the whole of Greenwich's
        waterfront and requires high standards of design and
        development and that due consideration be given to heritage
        and views for all schemes fronting the River. The Guidance also
        seeks to safeguard a number of named wharves on the River,
        nine of which are located in the Borough.

2.2     RPG3b/9b Strategic Planning Guidance for the River Thames
        describes the River as ‘London's greatest but most under-utilised
        resource'. It states that developments within the Thames Policy
        Area should achieve high standards of design and positively
        contribute to their waterfront location, conserve and enhance
        Waterfront ecology and open spaces, and make best use of the
        potential of the Thames for transport and recreation.

2.3     Major proposals should be accompanied by a Design statement
        following the format set out in RPG3b/9b paragraph 3.24.
3.0     Implementation Strategies

3.1     The social, economic and environmental issues facing the
        Borough are addressed through a variety of strategies, plans and
        initiatives. The Greenwich Strategy will be the overarching plan
        for all these strategies, plans and initiatives which the Council
        and partners will contribute to at many levels, jointly and through
        individual services.

3.2     Strategies adopted or in preparation by the Council include:

        Unitary Development Plan;
        Air Quality Plan;
        Anti Poverty Strategy;
        Best Value Local Performance Plan;
        Best Value Service Improvement Corporate Strategy;
        Biodiversity Action Plan;
        Community Safety Strategy;
        Cultural Plan;
        Economic Development Plan;
        Education Development Plan;
        European Strategy;
        Healthy Greenwich;
        Housing Investment Programme/Housing Strategy;
        Interim Local Implementation Plan;
        Local Agenda 21;
        Social Inclusion & Justice;
        Sports Development Strategy;
        Taking Leisure Forward;
        Tourism Strategy;


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        Voluntary Sector Strategy; and
        Women's Equality Agenda.

4.0     Waterfront Transit

4.1     Waterfront Transit is a public transport system characterised by
        high levels of route segregation and priority, guidance, clean fuel
        systems, quality vehicles and stops and level access/boarding
        with step free/gap free platform stops. The network will run west
        to east along the whole Waterfront from Greenwich serving
        North Greenwich Jubilee Line Station, Woolwich and
        Thamesmead to Abbey Wood. The system could be a tram or
        some form of guided bus or trolley bus and would incorporate
        the existing guided bus way from Horn Lane to North Greenwich
        Transport Interchange.

4.2     The scheme, which is one of four new Intermediate Mode
        schemes proposed in London, is included in the Mayor's Transport
        Strategy (2001). Consultation has been carried out on each of
        the intermediate mode proposals in 2001 with a view to
        completing planning, determining funding/financing, and
        starting the construction of a preferred scheme or schemes at
        the latest by 2004 with the aim of opening by the end of 2007.

5.0     EP Masterplan Area (including the Dome)

5.1     Background

5.2     By 1987 Gas production on the Peninsula had ceased and British
        Gas declared the site as being surplus to requirements. In
        September 1988 Greenwich Council published a planning brief
        for consultation proposing a mixed-use scheme for a site of 296
        acres. By November 1988 British Gas had selected British Urban
        Developments as their partner from a competition of over 40
        entries. The company formed was Port Greenwich Ltd a wholly
        owned subsidiary of British Gas.

5.3     The draft Waterfront Strategy and Planning Brief, prepared by the
        London Borough of Greenwich guided the planning of the
        development of the eastern side of the Peninsula.

5.4     Llewelyn-Davies Consultants submitted the Masterplan for 296
        acres in October 1990 and subsequent revisions led to a further
        submission in 1991.

5.5     The Council and its partners in the Greenwich Waterfront
        Development Partnership, together with other agencies such as


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework                                 2002




        London First and London Planning Advisory Committee,
        successfully lobbied for the Millennium Exhibition to be held on
        the Greenwich Peninsula. This was based on the importance of
        the site’s development in the overall regeneration of the
        Waterfront, and as a key element in the Council’s integrated
        regeneration strategy. English Partnerships then gave
        consideration to the redevelopment of the remainder of the 296
        acres and the disposition of uses as drawn by Richard Rogers
        Partnership was given approval in 1998.

5.6     The regeneration and development objectives as set out in 1998
        are still applicable;

        •   To promote long term and sustainable regeneration for this
            part of Greenwich;
        •   To establish a high quality mixed use urban environment
            which will accommodate a range of household incomes,
            commercial and employment uses, and retail and leisure
            activities;
        •   To establish a clear but flexible infrastructure and open space
            system for the Framework Area which will be capable of
            responding to market conditions over the expected
            development timescale;
        •   To establish sustainable mixed use densities which are able to
            exploit the planned high quality public transport links to the
            Framework Area;
        •   To co-ordinate the long term Masterplan and the
            configuration of its infrastructure and open spaces so as to
            maximise the legacy investment provided by the Millennium
            Exhibition.

5.7     Following the granting of outline planning permission to British
        Gas for the Port Greenwich development in 1996, relating to the
        mixed use development of 296 acres, EP submitted a disposition
        of uses in respect of the earlier outline consent. This related to the
        eastern side of the Peninsula and took account of the Millennium
        Exhibition and associated development. The main differences
        from the earlier submission related to an increased area of public
        open space and the deletion of the commercial leisure
        attraction, which was effectively replaced by the Millennium
        Exhibition.

5.8     The EP Masterplan proposed the following land uses and
        floorspace allocations;

        •   Residential accommodation totalling 2,900 units;



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        •   New school, health centre, 14,500 sq.m. of local convenience
            shops, and additional local community facilities;
        •   A total of 55 acres of public open space;
        •   A mixed use core of activity around the Jubilee Station
            referred to as a Central Business District (CBD);
        •   Commercial leisure and entertainment on some 16 hectares
            of land;
        •   Employment uses;
        •   Food and non-food retail;
        •   A medium-sized hotel.

6.0     Achievements

6.1     Clearly many of these elements have and are being achieved;

        •   Development of major infrastructure to serve future
            regeneration.
            The Jubilee Line Extension (JLE), transit route, transport
            interchange, new riverside walk, new pier, new roads, new
            footbridge and new pedestrian and cycle routes.

        •   Development of Open Space,
            55 acres of new parkland and new riverside walk.

        •   Residential development
            Greenwich Millennium Village received its first residents at the
            end of 2000. In total there will be 1377 units.

        •   New Holiday Inn Express hotel with 162 beds.

        •   Development of significant elements of food and non-food
            retailing.
            The Sainsbury’s store and associated non-food retailing
            comprise 16,250sq.m.

        •   New school and health centre as part of the Millennium
            Village.

        •   Multiplex cinema with 14 screens.

        •   Development of a new yacht club with associated facilities.

        •   Relocation of an industrial estate to a new site in the locality.

7.0     Unitary Development Plan




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7.1     The Unitary Development Plan (UDP) was adopted in November
        1994 and is the key land use document for the Borough. The
        eastern Greenwich Peninsula is designated as a mixed-use site in
        accordance with the planning brief and the resolution to grant
        planning permission in October 1992.

7.2     The UDP is currently under review and the First Deposit Draft was
        published in February 2002. Once adopted, it will become the
        statutory development plan for the whole of the Borough setting
        out policies for the period to 2011. The role of the UDP is to set out
        clearly the land use implications for Greenwich. Government
        guidance is that UDP’s should not contain policies for matters
        other than land use and should not duplicate provisions in other
        legislation.

8.0     Greenwich Integrated Regeneration Strategy

8.1     The Council’s vision for Greenwich is set out in the Integrated
        Regeneration Strategy. The vision is for:

        a) a transformed, sustainable environment of special quality;
        b) a diverse and balanced population;
        c) a major international destination for tourists;
        d) prosperous commercial and industrial communities;
        e) an area of unique accessibility;
        f) a clear local identity and a strong sense of civic and local
           pride;
        g) a safe and secure community;
        h) a full range of quality housing; and
        i) strong and committed partnerships for regeneration.


9.0     Greenwich Waterfront Strategy

9.1     The Greenwich Waterfront Strategy stimulated debate and
        involvement, encouraging a shared vision for the future and
        helped establish new forms of partnership. The strategy relates to
        the riverside from Deptford to Thamesmead. It identifies key
        areas along the riverside and Greenwich Peninsula is the largest
        site.




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APPENDIX TWO

Characteristics of Sustainable Development

1.0     Definition

1.1     Development of low environmental impact, which positively
        contributes to the areas ability to sustain its social, environmental
        and economic structure.

2.0     Site Layout

2.1     New development will be expected to make full use of the site’s
        characteristics;

        Existing vegetation,
        Micro-climate,
        Orientation,
        Existing buildings and structures,
        Site context.

3.0     Transport and Movement

3.1     Layout and visual impact to give priority to pedestrians, cyclists
        and public transport ahead of private vehicles.

3.2     Achieve a high degree of permeability throughout the area that
        allows easy accessibility to local facilities, including schools, local
        shops, community centres, recreation facilities etc.

3.3     Road design to keep speeds to a minimum in residential areas.
        Designed for a speed limit of 20mph, particularly at pedestrian
        and cycle crossings.

3.4     For pedestrian routes, the avoidance of steep gradients, the
        provision of convenient crossings, the provision of seating and
        clear sign-posting and lighting.

3.5     Direct, safe routes for cyclists and the provision of prominent
        secure cycle parking.

4.0     Landscaping

4.1     Existing areas of ecological value and natural features should
        form the key elements of landscape structure. Green spaces to
        be carefully integrated with development and the interface
        between the two also carefully managed. An ecological


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        approach to the protection of natural resources              and
        management of green spaces should be adopted.

4.2     Landscape features and open spaces associated with the
        development should be considered as an integral part of the
        design process.

4.3  Clear distinction between the hierarchy of public and private
spaces.

4.4     Landscaping areas designed where possible and appropriate to
        enable infiltration of surface water from the development.

4.5     Landscaping should be used in such a way as to minimise
        opportunities for crime.

4.6     Species appropriate to the riverside location.

4.7     Developers will be expected to make provision for the long-term
        maintenance of site landscaping, buildings and public areas.

5.0     Maximising Solar Gain

5.1     Layout designed to maximise both passive and active solar gain
        whilst avoiding summer overheating. Careful consideration to
        building orientation and layout.

5.2   Consideration to be given to the use of renewable energy
sources.

5.3     Consideration given to the impact of trees, buildings, walls and
        fences on over-shadowing and on crime prevention.

6.0     Minimising Heat Loss

6.1     Layout to achieve a sheltered micro-climate.

7.0     Biodiversity

7.1     Where possible the opportunity should be taken to enhance the
        wildlife and habitat resources of the River and its environs.

8.0     Building and Infrastructure Design

8.1     Buildings to be flexibly designed such that they are adaptable for
        future uses or the requirements of other occupiers to maximise



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        the longevity of the building. Provision for home working to be
        incorporated.

8.2     Use of the river for the transportation of raw materials in
        construction and operation where possible.

8.3     New buildings to contain a significant proportion of renewable
        materials and recycled materials.

8.4     Energy efficient design and management specifications to be
        adapted to control heating, lighting and ventilation in particular
        and reduce heat loss.

8.5     Grey water recycling systems to be utilised where appropriate to
        reduce water consumption. Water efficient plumbing should also
        be favoured.

8.6     Buildings to be designed to take account of the needs of those
        with reduced mobility, sensory impairment, parents and babies
        or toddlers.

9.0     Energy Efficiency

9.1     High level of specification in relation to energy efficiency in
        buildings must be achieved.

10.0    Waste management

10.1    At all times during construction, waste materials, water and
        energy should be kept to a minimum. Developers will be
        expected to enter into Construction Charters.

11.0    Designing Out Crime

11.1    Layout to be designed to ensure that walkways, parking areas,
        public spaces are overlooked / supervised.

11.2 Designs to take account of potential crime and eradicate where
possible.



       For further information regarding the content of this document
       please refer to:

       Steve Merryfield
       Development Planning Manager


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Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework    2002




       Directorate of Strategic Planning
       London Borough of Greenwich
       Peggy Middleton House
       50, Woolwich New Road
       Woolwich
       London SE18 6HQ

       Tel: 0208 921 5217
       Fax: 0208 921 5442




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