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                                       IF&WINSIDER                                                        02/09/10

                                       We are stewards of Maine’s fish and wildlife, preserving and protecting
                                       our natural resources, quality of life and economic foundation.

                                       284 State St., 41 SHS Augusta, ME 04333    207-287-8000

Maine Wildlife Park earns
Governor’s tourism award
Gray destination honored for commitment to growth

     The Maine Wildlife Park in Gray,
owned and operated by the Maine

Department of Inland Fisheries and
Wildlife, received the “Commitment
to Tourism Growth” Award from Gov.
John E. Baldacci on Monday evening

during the 2010 Governor’s Confer-
ence on Tourism.
     This award recognizes an out-

standing company, organization or
person that not only strives to grow
its business, but works with others        destination of residents and visitors
within the industry to grow tourism        who want to see and learn more
in Maine through leadership roles in       about the wildlife that lives among us
regional and statewide tourism initia-     in Maine,” according to Commissioner               APPLYING
tives, facilitation of tourism networks    Roland “Danny” Martin. “I whole-                FOR LOTTERY
and development, and contributions         heartedly congratulate Lisa, Curtis
to the local economy.                      and everyone at the park on their re-
                                                                                               IS EASY!
     The Maine Wildlife Park is man-       ceipt of this tremendous honor. Your          WAITING TO HEAR
aged by IF&W Natural Sciences Edu-         commitment to Maine’s outdoors is               IF YOUR NAME
cator Lisa Kane, who also schedules        demonstrated by your desire to share
or teaches education programs at           and promote it to all through activi-
                                                                                         IS DRAWN IS NOT.
the park. MWP Superintendant Curtis        ties at the Maine Wildlife Park. This
Johnson handles day-to-day opera-
tions, including the care of more than
                                           award is well deserved.”
                                                Despite the rainy weather last
                                                                                      TRY ANYWAY!
25 different species of native wildlife.   summer, the Maine Wildlife Park
The park has four full-time employ-        played host to more than 102,200                  www.
ees, up to 12 seasonal employees,          visitors, up 9 percent from 2008,             mefishwildlife
and more than 100 volunteers.
     “Over the last several years,
                                           and revenues were up 24 percent.
                                           According to Kane, the Maine Wildlife             .com
through the tireless efforts of Lisa,      Park is self-sufficient, with all per-
Curtis and the entire park staff and       sonal services and capital expenses
volunteers, the Maine Wildlife Park
                                                                                         SEE STORY ON PAGE 3
has grown to become the must-go-to                Continued on Page 2
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                            2

           Maine Wildlife Park earns Governor’s
         ‘Commitment to Tourism Growth’ Award
      Continued from Page 1

covered by its dedicated funding
     The Maine Wildlife Park works
with many Gray businesses to pro-
mote the town and the park as a
destination. Among the partners in
promoting the area are the Maine
Office of Tourism, Maine Tourism
Association, Portland Convention and
Visitors Bureau, Gray-New Gloucester
Business Association, and Gems of
Route 26, a consortium of five busi-
nesses along the Route 26 corridor
from Gray to South Paris.
     “We do as much business locally
as possible, supporting Gray-area
grocery, lumber, automotive, printing,
hardware and computer stores, as
well as restaurants, contractors and
other businesses,” according to Kane.
     The Maine Wildlife Park is a 200-
acre haven on Route 26 in Gray, 3.5
miles from Maine Turnpike Exit 63. It
is open from mid-April to Veterans’
Day, and visitors are guaranteed
to see a moose! Also visit www. A schedule of     Gov. John E. Baldacci (left) and Maine Office of Tourism Executive Director
educational programs for the upcom-      Pat Eltman (right) present Maine Wildlife Park Superintendant Curtis Johnson
ing season will be posted soon.          and MWP Manager Lisa Kane with a “Commitment to Tourism Growth” award.

                                                                        become a fan on

                                                         search Maine             Wildlife Park
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                               3

Applications available online; deadlines set
     AUGUSTA – It’s time to enter the                                             marked or hand-delivered to MDIF&W
2010 Moose Permit Lottery!                                                        in Augusta by 5 p.m. on April 1.
     For the last couple of years, the                                                 The April 1 deadline for paper ap-
Maine Department of Inland Fisheries                                              plications provides adequate time for
and Wildlife has encouraged hunters                                               department employees to process the
to apply online for the lottery through                                           paperwork before the lottery.
its website,                                                   This year, 3,140 permits will be
It’s an easy and convenient way to                                                allocated in the state’s 28 Wildlife
submit an application!                                                            Management Districts (WMDs). Sea-
     The deadline for online applica-                                             son dates are:
tions is 11:59 p.m. on May 14, 2010.                                                   • September 27-October 2:
     MDIF&W no longer prints or mails                                                      WMDs 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 19
paper applications for the moose lot-                                                  • October 11-16: WMDs 1-14,
tery. If an interested hunter is unable                                                    17, 18, 19, 27, 28
to apply using the online licensing               at the address below. Depart-        • Nov. 1-6: WMDs 2, 3, 6, 11
system, the Department suggests:                  ment personnel will mail a           • Nov. 1-27: WMDs 15, 16, 23,
     • Printing out a paper applica-              paper application that can               26
          tion from IF&W’s website at             be filled out and mailed with        A “Maine Residents Only Day” is
, fill            your payment to IF&W. The       set for October 30, in WMDs 15, 16,
          it out, and mail it with your           address is:                     23, 26. Maine hunters need a lottery-
          payment to the Department;        Moose Permit Application Request      drawn permit to hunt these districts
     • Coming to IF&W’s main office        Maine Department of Inland Fisheries   on that day.
          to fill out a paper applica-                  and Wildlife                   For complete 2010 Moose Lottery
          tion. The address is 284 State          41 SHS, 284 State St.           rules, please visit www.mefishwildlife.
          Street in Augusta;                    Augusta, ME 04333-0041            com. Please call 287-8000 or e-mail
     • Sending a stamped self-                                                    us at if you
          addressed envelope to IF&W          Paper applications must be post-    have any questions.



IF&WINSIDER                                                                                       4

                                                                               THIS ONE’S
                                                                                STILL THE
        FREE FISHING                                                              ONE!
      Go FishiNG With soMeoNe you love
      & briNG AloNG A FrieNd With kids!
       it’s Free to Fish oN Feb. 13 ANd 14

     Want to try your hand at ice fishing to see if you’ll like it? Want to
get your kids on the ice to experience the joy of hooking a fish?
     Valentine’s weekend is the time to do it as the Maine Department
of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife promotes Family Fishing Days.
     On Saturday, Feb. 13, and Sunday, Feb. 14, people can fish for free
on Maine’s waterways. This free fishing event is open to any person
except those whose license has been revoked or suspended. All fishing                               2010
regulations apply.                                                               Continued on Page 6
     Fishing, whether on open water or on ice, is one of the most popu-
lar activities in Maine, drawing thousands upon thousands of residents
and out-of-state visitors to the state’s nearly 6,000 lakes and ponds

and almost 32,000 miles of rivers and streams.
     This weekend is the first of two free fishing weekends offered this

                                                                                 L AWBOOKS
year. The second is June 5 and 6, the weekend after Memorial Day.
     “Family Fishing Days provides adults a chance to give children the
same enjoyment they had as a youngster, and for free,” said Commis-
sioner Roland “Danny” Martin. “If they find they love it, we hope that              In an effort
children and adults will be encouraged to buy a fishing license and               to save money,
spend more time on Maine’s waterways throughout the year.”
     Want to continue the fishing experience throughout the year? Fish-             all lawbooks
ing licenses are available for purchase on IF&W’s Web site,                will be printed, at any of the more than 285 MOSES licensing agents
statewide, or at town offices and other locations.
                                                                                 every two years.
     Numerous fishing license options are available. The most popular is
an annual license. Residents also can purchase a one-day license. For          KEEP yOurS!
non-residents, one-day, three-day, seven-day and 15-day licenses are
                                                                                     ice Fishing and
available for purchase.
                                                                                Open Water Fishing law-
     They also are available at our Augusta office at 284 State St.
     For a complete list of fishing regulations, including limits and sizes,    books will be combined
visit and click on “fishing.”                           into one book that will be
                                                                                    available April 1.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                  5

   A Wildlife biologist’s deer season
         By Chuck Hulsey
      Regional Wildlife Biologist

     Though the calendar from early
October to early December shows
that there are 60 days in-between, I
swear it feels like there are only half
that many. Time really flies by.
     This part of the year starts with
setting up and running five moose
hunting registration stations in the
region. It ends with summarizing of
all the biological data and samples
collected through the week following
the close of firearms on deer.
     “Our” deer season starts a week
before the hunter’s begins. We begin
by making sure we have all our sam-
pling supplies as well as making sure
that our cooperators are ready to
go. Many meat cutters who handle          regional Wildlife Biologist Chuck Hulsey inspects a deer during last fall’s
deer, as well as taxidermists, are the    hunting season.
source of 75 percent of the deer we
check in order to get an accurate bio-    used by regional wildlife biologists in    harvested deer. We do this concur-
logical breakdown of the harvest.         making regulatory proposals for the        rent to meat locker and taxidermist
     We have an objective to physi-       2010 deer hunting season.                  visits. However, while we want to
cally see 15 percent of the deer               Since 2002, we also have been         check all deer brought to a butcher
harvested to determine the break-         sampling about 800 hunter-harvested        as part of our biological sampling, our
down of the harvest by sex and age.       deer statewide for the presence of         CWD sampling is stratified (targeted)
Age is determined by observation of       Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). This        by blocks of towns within a Wildlife
pre-molars and molar teeth and how        is a fatal disease of the nervous sys-     Management District (WMD), and
those teeth are replaced (by age) as      tem of members of the deer family.         more heavily for those towns with ei-
well as the amount of wear.               Confined mostly to free-ranging and        ther a commercial deer farm or where
     For any yearling bucks we en-        captive/farmed deer or elk in states       substantial winter feeding of deer is
counter, we also measure the antler       west of the Mississippi River, in recent   carried out by the public.
beam diameter as an indicator for         years CWD has been detected in New              Getting CWD samples from towns
carrying capacity of the habitat as       York and West Virginia. As a result of     with a high deer harvest, or a lower
they were sub-dominant individuals        our monitoring efforts, to date there      deer harvest but with a cooperating
during the previous winter. In other      is no evidence that CWD is present in      meat cutter, is relatively easy. Un-
words, an older dominant buck might       any wild white-tailed deer or moose        fortunately, a lower deer harvest or
handle and hide hardships that are        in Maine, or any captive farm deer         multi-sample towns in areas with no
affecting younger and smaller animals     (red, sika, fallow) or elk in Maine.       meat cutters presents quite a chal-
within the population.                         Sampling for CWD involves col-        lenge. Between myself, assistant
     And when the opportunity arises      lecting lymph nodes from the back          regional wildlife biologist Bob Cordes,
we collect weights as well. These         of the throat as well as the end of
data and winter severity data will be     the spinal cord inside the skull of the           Continued on Page 6
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                                          6

            A Wildlife Biologist’s Deer Season
      Continued from Page 5                no longer have land lines.                                     moose biologist invest a great deal of
                                                I’d say we are successful in con-                         time and effort towards deer season.
and contractor Eldon McLean, we            tacting about one in five hunters who                          Over a six week period we drove a
were able to collect about half our        register a deer.                                               lot of miles and worked with a lot of
CWD samples through meat cutters                In several towns fewer than 10                            people in western Maine in order to
and taxidermists. The remainder had        deer were registered, and some are                             collect important biological data and
to be collected through what we all        always by non-residents. The good                              samples concerning Maine’s deer
call “the search method”.                  news is that nearly every hunter lets                          population.
     This was our toughest year by         us collect samples from their deer if                               If you drove the number of miles
far. We did not collect our final CWD      we contact them in time. Further,                              that Bob, Eldon and I combined
sample until the Wednesday follow-         changes in the Big Game registra-                              drove, just in western Maine you
ing the close of firearms season. Last     tion books have included new space                             could drive from Portland, Maine to
year we finished the Monday follow-        for cell phone and internet hunter-                            Anchorage, Alaska and back, with
ing the firearms season with only          contact information to aid biologists                          several hundred miles to spare. I’m
one-half a contractor. Prior to that       starting next year.                                            hopeful that having a hunter’s cel-
we’d finish CWD sampling at the end             We still have our deer data to                            lular and internet contact information
of the third week of the season.           sort and organize before “our” deer                            included in future game registration
     Since sampling effort has re-         season concludes. All the regional                             records will reduce our cost and in-
mained fairly constant, the longer         wildlife biologists as well as our deer/                       crease efficiency in future years.
time required to get those samples is
probably a reflection of the lower ex-
pected harvest. That, in turn, is most
directly related to fewer deer on the
landscape owing to a couple severe
winters in a row.                               Why a Loon Plate?
     Though less of a factor, I believe
hunter effort has been lower in recent
years compared to the past couple of
decades. How many hunters are out
there and how much time do those
hunters hunt are also factors affect-
ing how many deer we intercept at
the meat cutters. Several non-resi-
dent hunters I spent time with while
collecting a CWD sample from their            Get a Loon Plate                                  Why Contribute?
deer noted far fewer hunters than              Go to                         You’ll help fund important   Oh, and by the
years past.                                    or the Bureau of Motor                            wildlife conservation        way— you’ll also
     The search method involves                                                                  and improvements to
                                               Vehicles to get a Conservation
                                                                                                 Maine’s parks and lands.     grace your car
visiting a Game Registration Station          “Loon” Plate today, and you’ll                                                  or truck with the
and looking for a deer registered in           help Maine’s natural                              Maine is eligible for        nicest looking
                                               environment.                                      significant Federal          license plate
the past few days, by a resident, in a
                                                                                                 Matching Funds to            anywhere.
town needing a CWD sample. That               Coming Soon!                                       support conservation.
part is easy. The increasingly difficult
part of the process is contacting the                                                            You’ll qualify for
                                                                                                 an annual tax
hunter. Though a hunter must pro-                                  M
                                                                          T   OF CON
                                                                                                 deduction of $14.
vide their address as part of the reg-



istration process, finding that person
listed in a phone book is a challenge.
Because of cell phones many people
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                     7

                                                                                        Photo by Travis Barrett
              iF&W Deer and Moose Biologist Lee Kantar talks with a hunter at an Orrington tagging
              station during last fall’s hunting season.

    ‘everything’s Compounded’
   Numerous factors affecting Maine’s deer herd
        By Travis Barrett               the last couple of winters were. Your       ity, coyote predation and the loss of
     IF&W Public Relations Rep          uncle tells you that his friend said        over-winter habitat – are working in
                                        it was because there aren’t enough          tandem.
     I already know what you’re going   winter deer yards.                                “Let’s take the most extreme ex-
to tell me.                                  Problem is none of the theories is     ample – let’s say we had a completely
     You hunted all season last fall    entirely right. Yet, none of them are       mild winter with absolutely no snow-
and never saw a single deer. Not a      entirely wrong, either.                     fall at all and no deer yards,” said Lee
single member of your family filled          It’s just that it’s impossible – and   Kantar, Maine’s lead deer biologist
their tag during November. Your         unfair – to look at any of those rea-       with the Department of Inland Fisher-
uncle’s friend said it was the worst    sons as the sole contributing factor        ies and Wildlife. “Would we be talking
he’d seen in 30 years at hunting        to a smaller deer herd in 2009. In          about the effect of coyotes then?
camp up north.                          fact, you can’t even look at any of               “Coyotes are only able to (easily)
     You think it’s because of the      them as significant on their own. The       kill deer when there’s a lot of snow,
bursting coyote population. Your        three major factors which hurt the
father said it had to do with how bad   deer harvest – recent winter sever-                Continued on Page 8
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                 8

                    ‘everything’s Compounded’
           Numerous factors affecting Maine’s deer herd
      Continued from Page 7                                                         pening to the deer herd. Combining
                                                                                    all of the above mentioned factors –
even healthy adults.”                                                               winter severity, predation and loss of
     Deer, in fact, are faster than                                                 over-winter habitat – with the man-
coyotes, able to elude their preda-                                                 agement goals paints a clear picture
tors when the ground isn’t covered in                                               of our herd, far clearer than some in
three feet of snow.                                                                 the public realize.
     And if there were enough winter                                                     In 2007, Kantar and other biolo-
yards for the deer, they could – in            Travis Barrett writes a blog         gists predicted that the total deer
many cases – curtail predation and                about what’s going on             harvest for the autumn hunting
even winter severity.                           in the Maine Department             seasons would be 24,628 deer and
     “But everything’s compounded by                                                hunters killed 24,652. He was off by a
                                                    of Inland Fisheries
the hard winter,” Kantar said.                                                      total of 24 deer.
     Everything. Every vehicle colli-                  and Wildlife.                     “Hunter behavior is the big
sion, every coyote kill, every diseased           ViEW iT. rEAD iT.                 unknown,” Kantar said of being “off”
whitetail that succumbs to weakness.               BOOKMArK iT.                     on the numbers, referencing hunt-
     With milder winters, we’d hardly                                               ers’ individual decisions on everything
be talking about typical loss here and                                              from passing up shooting does when
there.                                                                              they have any-deer permits to limiting
     But as Kantar points out, we                                                   their travel due to high gas prices.
were just hit with “a one-two knock-       Group for the 15-year period from             The year before, his first as the
out punch, the third- and ninth-worst      2000-2015.                               state’s lead deer biologist, Kantar was
winters” on recent record. While                Deer population goals are now       off by just 525 deer from a total of
those deer herds in the 1970s were         set in many central and southern         nearly 25,000 deer – or, two percent.
whacked with 54 percent of the             Maine districts at around 15-20 deer     In each of those years, 2006 and
northern part of the state still covered   per square mile, varying slightly from   2007, Kantar estimated a number un-
in large, mature softwood forests          one management district to the next.     der the actual kill – instead of offer-
providing cover, today’s landscape         Hunters, obviously, won’t see as         ing up some trumped-up, pie-in-the-
shows a 40 percent loss of those           many deer as they did just a decade      sky number of false hope. In his first
same forests. Our last two winters         ago when there were nearly another       three seasons with Maine’s deer herd
weren’t just bad, they were bad un-        10 whitetails per square mile, but       under his watch, Kantar has never
der present-day circumstances, which       they will see healthier deer.            been off by more than 9 percent.
isn’t especially good for deer.                 Additionally, fewer deer mean            Going back through the last 10
     The state’s management goals          fewer vehicle collisions and less of a   years, biologists have only missed
have changed, too.                         threat from Lyme disease, which has      projecting the total hunter kill by
     From 1985-1999, Maine outlined        been documented to spread rapidly        more than 15 percent once (in 2003),
its goals for the whitetail deer popu-     with population densities above 20       and in seven of the last 10 years
lation – and those goals were clear.       deer per square mile.                    they actually predicted fewer deer
People wanted the deer herd to grow,            As Kantar said to me last month,    would be killed than were actually
plain and simple.                          if people really want to lobby for       harvested.
     But as that herd grew as high as      changes in the deer populations               So, yes, there are fewer deer out
30 deer or more per square mile in         where they live, then they should be     there – but it’s not as easy as saying
Wildlife Management Districts across       lobbying to change the management        it was because of a big snowfall or an
central and southern Maine, IF&W           goals as they currently exist.           increase in the coyote population.
was given another set of marching               It’s not that IF&W, and Kantar           It takes a lot of adding to come
orders from the Big Game Working           specifically, don’t know what is hap-    up with the right solution.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                9

    Residents encouraged to make donation
  to Endangered and Nongame Wildlife Fund
      “Chickadee Check-Off ” on state tax forms a great option
     While filling out their 2009 tax                                             from a variety of sources. In addi-
forms, Maine residents are encour-                                                tion to state wildlife grants, a recent
aged to make a donation to the                                                    federal program based on Maine’s
state’s Endangered and Nongame                                                    Wildlife Action Plan, a large portion of
Wildlife Fund by marking the “Chicka-                                             the funds also comes from the sale of
dee Check-Off” box.                                                               hunting licenses and permits.
     “Chickadee Check-Off” is                                                          Other sources of money include
located on Schedule CP 2009, a                                                    “Section 6” funds from the U.S. Fish
separate form that is included in                                                 and Wildlife Service for the recovery
the 1040-ME short form booklet                                                    of threatened and endangered spe-
and 1040ME long form booklet.                                                     cies, the Oil Spill Conveyance Fund,
     Residents’ donations are greatly                                             contributions to the Nongame and
needed to fund nongame wildlife                                                   Endangered Wildlife Fund (“Chicka-
programs that have been experienc-                                                dee Check-off”), and purchases of
ing a decline in revenues, according                                              Conservation License (Loon) Plates.
to Richard Dressler, supervisor of                                                Some of these funds are used as
MDIFW’s Wildlife Resource Assess-                                                 match to obtain federal funds.
ment Section.                            Dressler said.                                (The Wildlife Action Plan can
     “Stable funding to address these         All money donated, whether          be viewed at
wildlife programs is desperately         through the Chickadee Check-off,         wildlife/groups_programs/comprehen-
needed,” according to Dressler. “Con-    conservation license plate sales,        sive_strategy/index.htm.)
tributions to the Chickadee Check-Off,   grants or direct gifts, are deposited         Some people are unaware of
Maine Outdoor Heritage funds, and        into the Maine Endangered and            the contribution hunters and trap-
the purchase of conservation regis-      Nongame Wildlife Fund -- a special,      pers make toward the conservation
tration license plates (loon plates)     interest-bearing account from which      of rare, threatened, and endangered
provide the core ‘state’ funding for     money can only be spent for the con-     wildlife. Also, you may be surprised
Maine’s endangered and nongame           servation of Maine’s nongame wildlife,   to know that many of the financial
species programs. However, the many      which includes rare, threatened or       supporters of the endangered spe-
conservation needs exceed the funds      endangered species.                      cies program are also sportsmen who
being contributed … and contributions         Funding for wildlife management     are committed to the conservation of
continue to decline. We must reverse     comes from many different sources.       all Maine’s wildlife. Wildlife belongs
this trend to protect species that are   Most of the Department’s work with       to all of the people of the state and
a vital part of Maine’s outdoors.”       game animals and furbearers, many        sportsmen’s dollars can’t be expected
     Contributions to the Chicka-        of the salaries, and most of the         to do it all.
dee Check-off have declined from         administrative costs of the Wild-             Given our limited financial re-
$129,122 contributed by 29,200           life Division, are funded by hunting     sources, Maine can be proud of the
Maine givers in 1984 to $34,929 con-     license revenues, which are matched      accomplishments made for nongame
tributed by 2,757 givers in 2008. The    by federal Pittman-Robertson Funds       and endangered wildlife in the last 20
average donation has increased from      (based on an 11 percent excise tax       years. We thank those of you who
$4.57 to $12.67.                         on sporting arms, ammunition and         buy a Loon Plate, participate in the
     “If 30,000 Maine people contrib-    archery equipment, and a 10 percent      Chickadee Check-off, or purchase a
uted $5 each, the total contribution     excise tax on handguns).
would exceed the 1984 amount,”                Funding for other species comes           Continued on Page 10
 IF&WINSIDER                                                                                               10

                                                                                   season topic of
                                                                                   press conference
                                                                                        For the second consecutive year,
                                                                                   Gov. John E. Baldacci spoke at the
                                                                                   Maine Department of Inland Fisheries
                                                                                   and Wildlife-Maine Snowmobile Asso-
                                                                                   ciation annual press conference that
                                                                                   kicks off the season. Gov. Baldacci
                                                                                   highlighted the economic impact of
                                                                                   the sport on Maine while emphasiz-
                                                                                   ing safety on the trails. Commission-
                                                                                   er Roland “Danny” Martin, MWS Col.
                                                                                   Joel Wilkinson (both pictured), and
                                                                                   MSA executive director Bob Meyers
                                                                                   discussed the season with the media.
                                                                                   A snowmobile safety public service
                                                                                   announcement, which features Gerry
                                                                                   James, the father of a sledder who
                                                                                   died last season, was unveiled at the
                                                                                   press conference. It is airing on state
                                                                                   TV stations. “If it can happen to my
                                                                                   son, it can happen to anyone,” Mr.
                                                                                   James says in the psa.

Check off ‘Chickadee Check-off ’ on state tax forms
     Continued from Page 9                Advisory Committee identified several             tax revenues generated by
                                          possible sources of funding – here                watercraft and recreational
Maine Outdoor Heritage Fund lot-          are a few of those ideas to consider:             vehicle gas sales.
tery ticket. Your voluntary support           • That the Constitution of               • That every 4 years hunt-
and generosity deserves a special                 Maine be amended to require               ing and fishing license fees
“thank you.” We are all working hard              that at least 1/8 of one per-             should be reviewed by the
to keep Maine a special place. Take               cent of the State Sales Tax be            Legislature and adjusted as
pride in your accomplishments - and               dedicated to fish and wildlife            appropriate to reflect the
please, as you fill out your tax return           conservation programs to                  cost of providing hunting and
this year or register your car, join              be distributed to the various             fishing-related services.
with us again in conserving Maine’s               state agencies that adminis-         • That the Maine Income Tax
wildlife diversity!                               ter those programs.                       return be revised to restore
     Our most pressing need is a              • That the share of state gas                 the Chickadee Check-off to
stable and adequate source of fund-               tax revenues distributed to               the main part of the tax form.
ing for all of our programs. The As-              state agencies for operation         What do you think about these
sociation of Fish & Wildlife Agencies             of boating, ATV and snow-        ideas? Your support to establish a
evaluating the Department and the                 mobile and related programs      stable funding source to continue the
Wildlife Division recognized this need            should be at least equal         work of the Wildlife Division is ap-
in a report. In 2001, the Citizens’               to the portion of the gas        preciated.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                 11

Technology allows biologists to track trends
        By Donald Katnik                 simplifying is necessary depends on        and MapQuest. It is used by power
     IF&W Habitat Group Leader           the storage and processing capacities      companies to respond to outages,
                                         of the computers and the software          school districts to improve bus route
     Like many agencies, Maine           currently available. As a result, many     efficiency, and fast food franchises
Department of Inland Fisheries and       computer databases even just 10            to strategically locate new stores. In
Wildlife is digging through old hand-    years old hold only a fraction of the      the wildlife world, GIS is enabling us
written field forms, maps, and other     information contained on the original      to extract detailed location informa-
documents hunting for “new” infor-       field data forms, paper maps, and          tion from old field forms and put it
mation.                                  other documents. Our modern data-          together with other natural resource
     How we think about data has         bases could hold much, much more.          data to map critical habitat areas
changed significantly over the last            It is not just about the volume of   across the entire state of Maine.
decade. New technologies allow us to     information, although that alone is             The Habitat Group at MDIFW is
store, handle, and use vast amounts      valuable, but also about being able        building a consolidated database to
of detailed information compared to      to put different types of information      hold all of our information on En-
just a few years ago (consider how       together in ways we never could            dangered, Threatened, and Special
a tiny MP3 player can now hold and       before, enabling us to make better,        Concern species, including detailed
play your entire CD collection).         more sophisticated decisions.              locations. We are scanning paper
     Scientists try to collect as much         Geographic Information System        documents into Adobe PDF files to
information as possible. Sometimes       (GIS) software has revolutionized          create a digital library that is linked to
we do not know which data will be        how we think about spatial infor-          the ETSC database, allowing a biolo-
most valuable and unexpected things      mation. It was developed by the            gist anywhere in the state to view the
may be observed during a site visit.     military, along with Global Position-      original field form just by clicking a
While you are there, it makes sense      ing System (GPS) units, as tools to        button.
to record as much as you can.            manage the location and movements               This process is ongoing. As new
     Distilling those detailed field     of both assets and targets across a        information is collected each year, the
observations into discrete rows and      battlefield or within an entire geopo-     database will grow.
columns in a database, however,          litical region. “Smart” bombs employ            This effort requires a new kind
requires high-grading the most usable    GIS and GPS to deliver payloads with       of wildlife biologist equally versed in
information. Complicated data are        sub-meter accuracy.                        species ecology and emerging tech-
generalized into manageable catego-            This technology has diffused         nologies with the end result of having
ries.                                    into the private sector and supports       better information to make better
     How much high-grading and           popular software like GoogleEarth          decisions about the future of Maine.

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BirD GrOuP

Mid-winter waterfowl survey results mixed
     Maine Department of Inland Fish-
eries and Wildlife earlier this month
conducted its annual mid-winter
waterfowl survey and recorded num-
bers identical or lower than 10-year-
average figures.
     The mid-winter waterfowl survey
is conducted at the same time each
winter in every state in the Atlantic
Flyway. MDIFW wildlife biologists
Brad Allen and Kelsey Sullivan and
U.S. Geological Survey biologist Dan
McAuley flew with U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service pilot John Bidwell for
nearly 40 hours to conduct the low-
level survey between Jan. 4-16.
     This year, the team counted           Male and female eiders are viewed
slightly more than 56,000 ducks and        by biologists during the mid-winter
geese, a figure significantly lower        waterfowl survey. A u.S. Fish and
than the lastest 10-year average           Wildlife plane was used for the sur-
count of 69,000.                           vey.
     According to Brad Allen, leader of
MDIFW’s bird group, this year’s count      recorded this year were for the sea
likely was low because of the rela-        ducks, according to Allen. Fewer
tively mild, ice-free coastal conditions   than 1,000 scoters were encountered
encountered during the survey. In          during the survey. Long-tailed duck
years when the survey is preceded by       numbers also were low at 1,253.
cold, harsh weather conditions, wa-             Common eider numbers were
terfowl become concentrated along          the lowest ever recorded during this
the coast and are more likely to be        year’s survey. The survey team tal-
counted. In years when the weather         lied fewer than 15,000 eiders, well        Harlequin ducks: 24
is mild, waterfowl are either along the    below the latest 10-year average of        Canada geese: 3,286.
coast or are dispersed in freshwater       26,500 for this species.
sites near the coast that remain ice            Other numbers recorded for             While Maine’s numbers were low
free. These inland areas are not           waterfowl in Maine in early January    this year, the overall status of winter
searched by the survey team.               were as follows:                       populations cannot be determined
     Despite the mild conditions, a             Mallards: 2,778                   until Maine’s data are pooled with the
relatively good number of black ducks           Scaup: 232                        other state’s numbers from Maine
were recorded at 16,388 birds. This             Goldeneyes 7,549                  to Florida. Collectively, these data
figure is nearly identical to the latest        Buffleheads: 6,561                provide a relative index to the abun-
10-year average for this species.               Mergansers: 2,613                 dance of all waterfowl species and
     The most disappointing numbers             Ruddy ducks: 107                  their distribution within the flyway.

         a fresh look.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                13

Recovering Maine’s
New England Cottontail Population

        By Wally Jakubas                 New England cottontail is the estab-      little while to find the best arrange-
       Mammal Group Leader               lishment of 18 core management            ment of cover and food that they
                                         areas throughout the rabbit’s former      need to live. While they are looking
    Maine’s only native cottontail       range in York, Cumberland, Andro-         for a suitable site to live, they will be
rabbit, the New England cottontail,      scoggin, and Sagadahoc Counties.          moving through unfamiliar areas --
was listed as endangered in Maine        This goal was set by a Public Working     not an ideal situation for a rabbit who
in 2006. Unlike the snowshoe hare,       Group after reviewing the New Eng-        is trying to avoid the foxes, bobcats,
which is fairly abundant throughout      land Cottontail species assessment.       coyotes, house cats, dogs, owls, and
the state, New England cottontails            Because cottontails no longer        hawks of the world.
are limited to a small number of ar-     occur in many areas of their former             To improve the rabbits’ chances
eas in York and Cumberland counties      range, it will be necessary to move       of surviving in a new area, wildlife bi-
in southern Maine.                       rabbits from occupied areas of the        ologists can do several things. Often
    The primary reason that New          state into unoccupied sites to achieve    biologists will conduct a soft release.
England cottontail became endan-         this goal. Moving these rabbits will      That is, rabbits will be released and
gered in Maine was loss of habitat.      pose some unique challenges for           temporarily held in a large pen in the
These rabbits need dense brushy          Department biologists. When ani-          habitat that they will ultimately be re-
habitat for cover from predators.        mals are moved into a new area their      leased. This gives the rabbits an op-
This type of habitat is becoming in-     chances of survival are not great.        portunity to become familiar with the
creasingly rare in southern Maine, as    Animals that are new to an area may       new area, and hopefully lessens the
the region’s abandoned fields mature     not have had a chance to discover         chance that they will leave the area
into forests or is developed for hous-   the best hiding places or trails to       in the search of familiar habitat once
ing or businesses.                       escape a predator by the time they        they are released. New England cot-
    One of the biggest management        have their first encounter with a pred-
challenges our Department faces with     ator. Similarly, it may take a rabbit a          Continued on Page 14
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                14
BirD GrOuP

Winter black duck banding program initiated
           By Brad Allen                  management decisions.                     population was declining.
          Bird Group Leader                   A high priority research need is to        Department waterfowl biolo-
                                          implement a five-year pilot project to    gist Kelsey Sullivan, working with
     The Department’s Bird Group,         assess the potential of a two-period      biologists Rob Lambert and Steve
based in Bangor, was recently award-      (pre- and post hunting season) band-      Aguis and numerous landowners
ed a grant from the Black Duck Joint      ing program to estimate current black     with coastal property where black
Venture (BDJV), a partnership-based       duck seasonal survival and harvest        ducks concentrate during the winter,
conservation program under the            rates.                                    have begun placing bait for ducks in
North American Waterfowl Manage-              Department efforts to capture         Brunswick, Verona Island, Lamoine,
ment Plan, to begin a winter black        and band black ducks during the           Somesville, and Machias.
duck capture and banding project          winter will contribute to this Atlantic        In addition to banding black
along the Maine coast.                    Flyway-wide effort.                       ducks, we will be assisting a federal
     The BDJV funds research that             This project will in fact repeat a    avian disease biologist by providing
addresses any priority aspect of black    Department winter waterfowl band-         blood samples from a small per-
duck ecology and management.              ing program that began in 1976 and        centage of captured ducks. These
     Two important roles of an ef-        continued into the early 1980s in         samples will be screened for viruses
fective waterfowl banding program         Frenchman’s and Machias Bays. This        and diseases that potentially affect
are to provide information for un-        effort was also developed to deter-       black ducks in Maine.
derstanding waterfowl population          mine flyway–wide black duck survival           Trapping began in mid-January.
dynamics and evaluating harvest           rates at a time when the black duck

Restoring Maine’s New England cottontail population
     Continued from Page 13               New England cottontail, there is still    it may be difficult to remove 15 to 30
                                          a good chance that a rabbit may not       rabbits from one or more locations in
tontails do not dig their own burrows     survive through the breeding season.      Maine, without jeopardizing the local
but depend on the burrows of other        Rabbits after all are pretty low on the   populations from which the rabbits
animals, such as woodchucks. To           food chain, and just about everything     are being taken from. Consequently,
ensure that an adequate number of         likes to eat them. On habitat patches     Department biologists are looking
burrows exist for cottontails that are    less than 6 acres in size, which is the   at various ways to propagate New
released into a new area, biologists      common size of habitat patches in         England cottontail. To date, the De-
can construct artificial burrows using    Maine that cottontails live in, 70%       partment has considered cooperating
plastic corrugated drainage pipes in      of the cottontails may not survive        with the State of New Hampshire on
combination with wooden boxes and         the winter. Although Department           a captive breeding facility or releasing
brush piles to provide a network of       biologists will be releasing rabbits      the rabbits on a coastal island that
burrows for the rabbits. These bur-       in habitats patches greater than 25       has excellent habitat and few preda-
rows may provide important cover          acres in size, to improve the rab-        tors. A final plan for propagating
to escape harsh winter conditions,        bits’ chances of survival, they may       New England cottontail has not been
hide from predators, or for females to    need to release 15 to 30 rabbits at       made; however, biologists in Bangor
have their young. Biologists may also     time to ensure that the translocation     are actively working on a solution.
choose to trap the primary predators      attempt will be successful. A suc-        Ideally, the Department would like
at the release site to give the rabbits   cessful translocation attempt would       to take full advantage of the rabbits’
a better chance of surviving and ac-      be one where enough rabbits survive       breeding potential and release them
climating to the new area.                to breed and persist in their new en-     into a relatively safe area where their
     Even if biologists take consider-    vironment. Given that New England         offspring could be captured and used
able effort to prepare an area for        cottontail are endangered in Maine,       for future translocation efforts.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                 15

Projects-partnerships paying off for wildlife
          By Mark Caron                   vegetation. Apple trees, high-bush              This winter, Region F and the
      Regional Wildlife Biologist         cranberry and other mature trees          Department’s Land Division began a
                                          were left in the fields for the benefit   habitat management project that will
     The Page Farm Unit is within the     of wildlife. The fields will then be      benefit both ruffed grouse and wood-
6,838-acre Mattawamkeag River Sys-        seeded to a conservation mix and          cock. The Department is partnering
tem Wildlife Management Area. The         will be maintained by periodic mow-       with the Wildlife Management Insti-
WMA also includes the Mattagodus          ing. This project will create wild        tute (WMI) on a project focused on
and Mattawamkeag River Units and          turkey brood habitat in the area and      benefiting the woodcock. The project
is associated with the Mattawamkeag       will likely enhance poult survival and    will provide habitat conditions for
River and Mattagodus Stream.              development, as well as benefiting        all life stages of woodcock. Sixteen
     The Page Farm Unit encompasses       other wildlife species such as grass-     feeding strips 100 feet wide will be
1,206 acres and is a mix of fields, re-   land birds and woodcock.                  created on a five-year cutting cycle
verting fields, and early successional         Concurrent with the NWTF effort,     and 25-year rotation.
forest.                                   Region F entered into an agreement              Field maintenance and reclama-
     In 2005, Region F and the Penob-     with the Natural Resource Conserva-       tion efforts as part of the NWTF and
scot Valley Chapter of the National       tion Service (NRCS) utilizing their       NRCS projects will dovetail nicely with
Wild Turkey Federation (NWTF) de-         Wildlife Habitat Improvement Pro-         the WMI effort. In addition, 69 acres
veloped a NWTF Superfund Project.         gram (WHIP). This five-year agree-        of early successional woodland will be
This effort focused on reclaiming 12      ment focused on a variety of wildlife     managed for the benefit of grouse,
acres of reverting fields for the ben-    habitat improvement practices includ-     woodcock and other wildlife species.
efit of the wild turkey. A wide variety   ing mowing of fields, tree planting       Five-acre clearcut blocks will be cre-
of other wildlife species also would      and pruning, and road improvements.       ated with 10-year cutting cycles and
benefit from this project. The 12              To date, an additional 10 acres      a 40-year rotation.
acres of field have been chopped to       of field habitat has been maintained,           Without the opportunity to part-
remove woody vegetation including         several soft and hard mast trees have     ner with such diverse groups as the
alders and dogwood, and fields have       been planted, pruning of several          NWTF, NRCS and the WMI, much of
been herbicided.                          apple trees scattered about the old       the work that has been and will be
     Work continued last year to          farm site has commenced, and road         conducted on the Page Farm Unit
remove the remainder of woody             improvements have begun.                  would never have occurred.

                                                                                         Duane Brunell, Safety Perfor-
                                                                                    mance Analysis Manager at the
                                                                                    Maine Department of Transporta-
                                                                                    tion, and richard Bostwick, Environ-
                                                                                    mental Specialist at DOT, present
                                                                                    statistics concerning moose/deer
                                                                                    and vehicle collisions to the iF&W
                                                                                    Advisory Council on Feb. 9. iF&W
                                                                                    and DOT continually work together
                                                                                    to find ways to mitigate and pre-
                                                                                    vent large animal-vehicle collisions.
                                                                                    (Photo by Mark Stadler)
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                    16

    Dwinal Pond WMA supports largest known
       population of endangered butterfly
          By Mark Caron                                                                 evaluate changes over time in rela-
      Regional Wildlife Biologist                                                       tion to management activities, to de-
                                                                                        velop a plan to manage existing host
      The Clayton’s copper butterfly                                                    plant stands to improve habitat and
(Lycaena dorcas claytoni) is a small                                                    monitor the response of both the host
orange-brown butterfly with a wing-                                                     plant and butterfly, and to develop a
span of about one inch. The butterfly                                                   habitat management plan to increase
is an isolated subspecies of the more                                                   the host plant availability throughout
widely distributed Dorcas copper.                                                       the WMA, and monitor plant and but-
The butterfly is known to only nine                                                     terfly response.
locations in Maine, and two in neigh-                                                         Specific goals included in the
boring New Brunswick. Of the nine                                                       Dwinal Pond WMA Management
sites in Maine, seven are found within                                                  Plan (2006) include; to maintain a
Region F. Clayton’s copper was listed                                                   secure population of Clayton’s copper
as State Endangered in 1997. Justifi-                                                   through long-term management of
cation for the listing included; limited                                                it’s habitat. This can be accomplished
number, size and distribution of its                                                    by improving existing stands of
population; limited availability of its                                                 cinquefoil, and to create and maintain
habitat; and near-endemic status in                                                     new upland stands of the host plant.
Maine.                                                           Photo by Beth Swartz   Specific actions include managing
      Clayton’s copper is found only       Clayton’s copper butterfly                   encroachment of woody vegetation in
in association with its obligate host                                                   cinquefoil stands by removing trees
plant, shrubby cinquefoil. This shrub      populations. Therefore, what affects         and competing woody shrubs.
occupies open wetlands with calcium        the cinquefoil also affects the butter-            Encroachment of northern white
rich soils, but also wet meadows           fly. Potential threats to the cinquefoil     cedar at Dwinal Pond WMA is the big-
and transitional old-field habitats.       stands can include; the flooding of          gest threat to these cinquefoil stands
It’s yellow flowers bloom in mid-late      wetlands that could destroy the host         located in wetlands. Maintaining
summer, and are also the butterfly’s       plant. Conversely, water drawdowns           upland sites in an early successional
primary source of nectar.                  can dry wetlands sufficiently to allow       stage will provide open habitat condi-
      Clayton’s copper take one year       trees or shrubs to invade cinque-            tions for the cinquefoil. Adhering to
to complete its life cycle. Eggs are       foil stands. Forest succession that          forestry Best Management Practices
laid on the underside of the cinquefoil    would shade out the shade-intolerant         (BMPs) in and adjacent to wetlands
leaves in August. The leaves with          cinquefoil is also a concern.                or stands of cinquefoil will also elimi-
eggs attached drop to the ground in             The Dwinal Pond Wildlife Man-           nate any potential impacts.
autumn and the eggs overwinter. Lar-       agement Area (WMA), located                        Inland Fisheries & Wildlife is
vae hatch in spring and crawl back up      in portions of Winn and Lee, is a            currently working along side the
to feed on the new leaves. The larvae      2,210-acre WMA, and supports the             University of Maine’s Wildlife Depart-
go through five instars (molts) be-        largest known population of Clay-            ment with several Graduate Studies
fore it turns to pupa. Adult butterflies   ton’s copper. Studies to assess and          focusing on various aspects of the
emerge when the cinquefoil is bloom-       monitor the butterfly’s population and       butterfly. Studies at the WMA include
ing, again during mid-late summer.         habitat characteristics at Dwinal be-        genetics and population work as-
      There are very few cinquefoil        gan in 2000. Survey work focused on          sociated with the butterfly, and also
stands known that are large enough         monitoring the butterfly and cinquefoil      hydrology studies focusing on the
to support viable Clayton’s copper         populations to detect, measure, and          shrubby cinquefoil.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                              17

Figuring out what to do about beavers
         By Arlen Lovewell
   Asst. Regional Wildlife Biologist

     Forests in northern Maine have
seen dramatic changes over the past
few decades. Vast areas of young
regenerating forests predominate cre-
ating ideal habitat for beaver. This,
coupled with very low trapping pres-
sure, has enabled beaver populations
to increase dramatically throughout
Maine’s forested lands.
     These high beaver populations
have consequently created a sig-
nificant number of nuisance beaver
complaints. The major issues involve
plugged road culverts and flooded
     In mid-September, Huber Land
Management Co. hosted a workshop
for LURC staff and MDIFW wildlife bi-
ologists to visit and discuss nuisance
beaver sites at roadside culverts.        iF&W staff recently attended a workshop on how to prevent beaver damage
This meeting provided an opportunity      to road culverts. With new designs in road and culvert construction, efforts to
to view not only on-site damage but       stop beaver damage to roads and habitat are being reviewed and upgraded.
also discuss possible management
solutions to resolve nuisance beaver      the same culvert. Sites repeatedly       clogs of debris are large enough to
complaints.                               plugged by beaver can result in road     create new side channels in streams,
     New changes in road culvert          damage, expensive repair costs, and      changing the natural character of the
design, culvert placement, and            repeated payments to animal dam-         existing stream bank. Some road cul-
streambed site modifications are          age control agents for lethal beaver     verts are flushed 3-4 times in a single
now possible management options           removal. This is becoming increas-       summer season resulting in continu-
to resolving plugged culverts and         ingly costly and unacceptable to         ous negative impacts to the stream
flooded roadways. This workshop           landowners, particularly when the        environment.
was a great opportunity for all parties   same culverts are repeatedly plugged         Many landowners and MDIFW
involved in beaver damage issues to       by beaver.                               wildlife biologists realize that remov-
meet and collaborate on the best ap-           Repeated removal of woody           ing nuisance beaver at road culverts
proach to resolving numerous beaver       debris and mud from road culverts        is only a short-term solution to
complaints.                               also is causing downstream bank          resolving nuisance beaver complaints.
     Presently, the solution to resolv-   and streambed damage. Clearing           Over the last several years more
ing these damage complaints is by re-     plugged beaver culverts often results    research and collaboration among
moving the beaver by both lethal and      in a major flush of water and debris     land managers, engineers and wildlife
non-lethal control methods. Although      downstream of the nuisance beaver        biologists have resulted in numer-
effective, these removal methods          sites. This large amount of debris       ous culvert designs and alterations
have major drawbacks as they pres-        (sticks, mud, etc.) often clogs down-    directed at preventing beaver from
ent a short-term solution and do not      stream resulting in stream erosion
prevent future beaver damage at           and scouring. Occasionally, these               Continued on Page 18
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                              18

Figuring out what to do about beavers
     Continued from Page 17

plugging road culverts. Many of
these recent culvert designs are not
new but slight modifications to exist-
ing culverts that result in increased
effectiveness in deterring nuisance
beaver. In most cases, the key to
making any preventative nuisance
beaver control device work effectively
is to fit the beaver control device
with the appropriate road culvert
site. It’s unlikely that one nuisance
control device or technique will work
in every nuisance beaver situation,
and it will take some time and experi-
ence gained by both land managers
and wildlife biologists to understand
when and how to install water control
devices in a manner that prevents
plugged culverts and beaver damage.       Fencing to deter beavers is one option, but generally is not normal practice for
     Many of the so-called culvert add-   road culvert installation and may require streambed modifications.
ons, beaver deceivers, or wire fences
will require some site modification to    the appropriate environmental review           Continually removing beaver
the existing streambed. Generally,        agency, and may require a permit.         from nuisance sites is not an effec-
all these preventive measures require     Both landowners and MDIFW wildlife        tive management program, and very
deep water to effectively deter beaver    biologists are discussing these culvert   expensive. Landowners, LURC, and
from plugging the culvert pipe or         site modifications with DEP and           DEP are increasingly receptive to
fence. This may require digging the       LURC staff with the goal of develop-      discussing alternative management
streambed down 3-5 feet underneath        ing beaver control device installation    approaches and MDIFW wildlife biolo-
and adjacent to the beaver control        standards that will allow landowners      gists will be taking the lead to find
pipe. This is not normal practice for     to install without stream alteration      management alternatives and de-
road culvert installation and therefore   permits. Hopefully by collaboration       vices for preventing beaver damage.
may not follow the existing LURC or       between landowners, LURC and DEP          Hopefully over the next few years we
DEP rules.                                staff, and MDIFW a simple notification    can add beaver deceivers or culvert
     At this time any site modifica-      or permit process can be developed        add-ons and other culvert devices to
tion for installing a beaver control      that will meet everyone’s needs and       our toolbox for resolving nuisance
device should be coordinated with         this program can move forward.            beaver complaints.

    We’re On                                                .com
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                19

$1.8 million to fund protection projects
      In its inaugural round of grants,   critically important to our work,” said    that we will be able to conserve more
the Maine Natural Resource Conser-        Andrew Goode of the Atlantic Salmon        of the highest value wetland habitats
vation Program has awarded nearly         Federation. “Our grant allows us to        in Maine,” said David Littell, Com-
$2 million to help 11 public and          finish the construction of a fishway on    missioner of Maine’s Department of
non-profit groups move forward on         Blackman Stream, so sea-run fish can       Environmental Protection. “In some
important resource protection proj-       have access to their historical spawn-     cases, land developers had to find
ects across Maine.                        ing habitat for the first time in over     offsite compensation properties on
     The Maine Natural Resource Con-      200 years.”                                their own; they now have the option
servation Program – which is admin-             The program was created to help      to use this program to compensate
istered by The Nature Conservancy in      offset unavoidable impacts on pro-         the public for the loss of significant
collaboration with the Maine Depart-      tected natural resources by funding        wetland and wildlife values.”
ment of Environmental Protection          the restoration or preservation of sim-         “After all efforts have been made
and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers      ilar resources to maintain ecological      to avoid or minimize those impacts,
– announced awards totaling $1.8          benefits. It provides regulatory flex-     this program provides permit ap-
million to help restore, enhance or       ibility for agencies to approve a fee in   plicants an efficient and workable
preserve wetlands and other impor-        lieu of traditional mitigation options.    alternative while providing a better
tant habitats at 16 project sites from    In Lieu Fees are collected by the          outcome for our wetland habitats,”
South Berwick to Argyle and from          Maine Department of Environmental          said Ruth Ladd, of the U.S. Army
Sebago to Ellsworth.                      Protection and then transferred to the     Corps of Engineers, New England
     “At a time of limited resources,     Natural Resource Conservation Fund         District. “The fees are then used to
this program has awarded crucial          at The Nature Conservancy.                 restore, enhance, preserve or create
funding that will allow us to preserve          “This is an important step for-      aquatic resources and their associ-
a diversity of wetlands, waterfowl and    ward for the conservation of aquatic       ated uplands.”
wading bird habitat, and deer winter-     resources in Maine,” said Alex Mas,             The inaugural grantees are:
ing areas,” said John Pratte of the       who manages the program for The            Atlantic Salmon Federation, the
Maine Department of Inland Fisheries      Nature Conservancy in Maine. “Tra-         Chewonki Foundation, Great Works
and Wildlife.                             ditional mitigation projects can often     Regional Land Trust, Maine Coast
     “The funding also enables our        be scattered, small or poorly located;     Heritage Trust, Maine Coastal Habitat
Department to begin restoration           this program allows us to focus            Foundation, Maine Department of
projects that increase wetland health     wetland preservation and restoration       Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, Sheep-
and function.”                            in priority areas and help to ensure       scot Wellspring Land Alliance, Three
     “As an organization working          their resiliency in the face of climate    Rivers Land Trust, Town of Falmouth,
to restore fish passage in Maine          change and other threats.”                 Trust for Public Land and the Western
streams, this new funding program is            “The real take home message is       Foothills Land Trust.

                                                       BUY IT WHERE YOU’RE
                                                       GOING TO BURN IT!
                                                       Help prevent the importation
                                                       of invasive insects into Maine.
                                                       Do not import firewood. Buy locally.
  IF&WINSIDER                           20

  teenager remains
    missing after
  extensive search
    The Maine Warden Service and
other search and rescue groups
spent six days in January search-
ing for a missing China teen around
China Lake. Blizzard conditions,
freezing temperatures and high
winds impacted efforts, and after six
days the search was suspended.
    Pictures: Wardens go onto
China Lake in an airboat, and Major
Gregory Sanborn is pushed by the
boat’s exhaust.
    With ups and downs in weather
conditions this winter, the Maine
Warden Service has issued numer-
ous warnings about thin ice, and
has responded to several calls for
snowmobiles and vehicles through
thin ice.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                               21

seven from County
arrested on numerous
hunt, fish violations
     The Maine Warden Service in
January arrested or summonsed
seven adults and a juvenile from
Aroostook County on hunting, fishing
or drug charges, the result of a six-
month special investigation into illegal
fishing and hunting activity that was
initiated from a tip to a district game
     Charges have since been dropped
for one individual.
     On Tuesday evening, January 12,
2010, game wardens and supervi-
sors of the Maine Warden Service
served four search warrants and an
arrest warrant in Aroostook County
with the assistance of the Maine Drug
Enforcement Agency. Two individuals
were arrested and six received sum-        Two Game Wardens survey a downed plane near Greenbush in early Janu-
monses.                                    ary. The pilot, from Scotland, died when his plane took on ice and he crashed.
     The Maine Warden Service is           Numerous agencies responded to the scene.
working with the Aroostook County
District Attorney’s Office on this case.   herd in north-                           and trafficking prescription drugs
     In June 2009, the Maine War-          ern Maine,” said                         (Class B, Title 17A). He was taken
den Service received information           Major Gregory                            to Aroostook County Jail in Houlton.
that alleged that Stephen Resdiker,        Sanborn. “After                          Class D violations carry mandatory
30, of Mapleton was committing fish        much-spirited and                        minimum fines, jail terms and manda-
and wildlife law violations. During        emotional debate                         tory license suspensions, if convicted.
an investigation, the Maine Warden         last summer,                                 As the investigation continues,
Service documented more than 90            policy makers                            more charges are likely against Mr.
violations by Mr. Rediker, including       decided that our junior hunters would    Rediker, according to Captain Scott.
the illegal killing of deer and moose.     be prohibited from taking antlerless         During the execution of the
The investigation also revealed that       deer during the special youth hunt       search warrants, Game Wardens
Mr. Rediker had several associates         day last fall in northern and east-      seized firearms, deer meat, fishing
who were participating in the illegal      ern Maine, and yet this small group      equipment, illegal drugs and other
possession of fish and wildlife, result-   appears to have had no such reser-       evidence.
ing in additional search warrants and      vations or concerns on the lasting
suspect interviews.                        impact as a result of their actions.”         ready … Aim…Fire…FrEE! A
     The total number of violations              On Tuesday, Jan. 12, Mr. Re-       moose became caught in guide wire
detected by this group exceeded 125,       diker was arrested for night hunting,    Dec. 23 on the side of Spruce Moun-
according to Maine Warden Service          exceeding the bag limit on deer, and     tain in Woodstock and was unable
Captain Daniel Scott.                      killing a moose in closed season – all   to free itself. Warden Norm Lewis
     “This special investigation was a     Maine Title 12 Class D violations –      responded to the scene, surveyed the
priority for the Maine Warden Service,     and criminal threatening with a dan-
especially given the struggling deer       gerous weapon (Class C, Title 17A),            Continued on Page 22
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                              22

(From left) Warden Joey Gardner, Mr. and Mrs. Webster, Dave Wood, Warden Joe McBrine, Gary Hanscom and robert
Carter pose on the Down East Sunrise Trail. recently, through Warden McBrine’s efforts, the Maine Warden Service
received a $39,790 grant from the Outdoor Heritage Fund to purchase a snowmobile (with a match from Polaris), a
side-by-side trailor and an ATV to use on the trail. Some of the funds will go towards training.

                                                                                      SNOWMOBiLE ACTiViTy
                                                                                        Up to the week ending 2-7-10

                                                                                      Accidents -- Current Week: 19
                                                                                        Accidents -- Total ‘10: 80
                                                                                       With Property Damage Only: 18
                                                                                        With Personal Injury Only: 54
                                                                                             With PD and PI: 7

                                                                                        Fatalities -- Total ‘10: 2
                                                                                      One on trails; one on road (MSP)

Maine Warden Service Cpl. Aaron Cross, Capt. Dan Scott, Sgt. Dan Menard,                   Accidents -- Total
Col. Joel Wilkinson and Warden Eric rudolph took first place in the public             (Same Time Last year): 102
safety category of the Mount Desert island marathon in October with a time
of 3:08:39.                                                                                 Fatalities -- Total
                                                                                        (Same Time Last year): 5
     Continued from Page 21              flying with the flock. The bird is being     Four on trails; one on road (MSP)
situation, and came up with a plan to          Over the Limit: Warden Lefeb-               Oui cases -- ‘10: 10
free the animal. While Dana Edmunds      vre assisted the Lincoln County Sher-             Other snowmobile
and John Lewis, Norm’s son, shined       iff’s Department to execute a search         enforcement cases -- ‘10: 107
a light on the moose. Warden Lewis       warrant earlier this month in Newcas-
pulled out his handgun, took aim         tle. Upon entrance, they noticed the         Search and rescues -- ‘10: 15
and fired. He shot the antler off the    resident cutting up an unregistered
moose, and that freed the animal.        deer. A search produced 145 fish
The moose was not ihurt.                 (143 brook trout and 23 short trout),      Justin Fowlie and Sgt. Bill Chandler
     Turkey on Straight With Ar-         and salmon. The case remains under         went to a home in Orrington, and the
row: Warden Thompson has received        investigation.                             resident there confessed to killing a
numerous calls of a turkey with an ar-         Operation Game Thief Call: A         deer out of season. He was in the
row sticking out of its back in Swan-    call to this stop-poaching hotline was     process of cutting up the deer, a ma-
ville. The bird is feeding well and      right on when Wardens Alan Gillis and      ture buck. Summonses were issued.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                             23

  Service call
  a long-held
honor, tradition
          By Emily Jones
         Public Relations Rep

     Retired Warden Blaine Holding
and his wife, Bonnie, have been in-                                                                   Photos by Emily Jones
volved in the Maine Special Olympics      (From left) Wardens Norm Lewis and Blaine Holding (retired) help a Special
Winter Games for about 20 years.          Olympiad light the torch. Warden Josh Bubier (top) shares a laugh with Nikki.
With their ties to the community in       Wardens who helped out at the Special Olympics pose for a picture.
Carrabasset Valley and at Sugarloaf
Mountain, they are active in the orga-         It became immediately evident      and supporting competitors, assisting
nization and planning of the event.       back then that the warden’s presence    with lighting the Olympic torch at the
     About five years after becoming      at the event had a huge impact on       opening ceremonies, setting up for
involved, Blaine saw an opportunity       the comptetitors.                       the opening and closing ceremonies,
for the Maine Warden Service to                Each year, between eight and 12    serving ice cream at the banquet
provide assistance with the event.        district wardens work at the Special    of champions and even hitting the
Wardens were able to fill a niche at      Olympics and their responsiblities      dance floor for some fun.
the games by utilizing their snowmo-      have expanded to helping set up             The participation from the Maine
biles to pull the competitors and their   the lodge for dinner and greeting       Warden Service has become a tradi-
coaches to the top of the race course     and seating competitors and their       tion at the Maine Special Olympics
saving valuable time and allowing         guests, assisting with skating and      Winter Games and enjoyed by the
more competitors to participate.          snowshoeing events, cheering on         wardens and competitors alike.
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                                24

Event a remembrance to 14 wardens
           By Dan Scott
   Captain, Maine Warden Service

     On Oct. 29, members of the
Maine Warden Service participated in
the 2nd Annual Maine Warden Service
Fallen Officers’ Run.
     Colonel Joel Wilkinson initiated
that idea of a Fallen Officers Run in
2008. The event honors the 14 Maine
Game Wardens who have died in the
line of duty since the Bureau’s begin-
nings in 1880.
     During the event, wardens run
from the Maine Criminal Justice
Academy in Vassalboro to the Fallen
Officer’s Memorial in Augusta. They
carry the Maine Warden Service
Fallen Officers’ flag with them, paus-
ing every mile to add the name of a
fallen officer and offer appropriate                                                                 Photo by Emily Jones
honors. The route covers 13.2 miles,      Maine Warden Service Capt. Dan Scott and Warden Jonathan Parker salute
the equivalent of a half marathon.        Warden Justin Fowlie at one of the mile-markers during the Annual Fallen Of-
     This year, 22 wardens and several    ficers run. At 14 markers, one of the 14 wardens who lost his life in the line of
members of warden service staff           duty is remembered.
participated in order to make this
event a success. We were accompa-             •    Linda Varney – widow of              •   October 8, 1921:
nied by Special Agent Rob Rothe of                 Richard Varney                           Leslie Robinson
the United States Fish and Wildlife           • Dean Varney – son of Richard            •   November 14, 1922:
Service.                                           Varney                                   David F. Brown
      Upon arriving at the Fallen Offi-       • Mr. and Mrs. Lyle Shelley –             •   November 14, 1922:
cer’s Memorial, a brief ceremony was               son and daughter-in-law of               Mertley E. Johnston
held incorporating the Color Guard                 Randall Shelley                      •   September 1, 1927:
and Chaplain Don Williams.                    • Marie Cecchetti – great Niece               Lee Herbert Parker
     Twelve surviving family members               of Lee Harvey Parker                 •   May 13, 1933:
also were present at the ceremony to          • Joan Anderson – great Niece                 Jean Baptiste Jalbert
witness the tribute we paid to their               of Lee Harvey Parker                 •   October. 22, 1935:
relatives. They included:                     The Maine Warden Service                      Robert L. Moore
     • Kelly Bourassa and her two         has lost 14 wardens to line-of-duty           •   June 3, 1946:
         children – daughter and          deaths, the most of any law enforce-              Randall E. Shelley
         grandchildren of Bill Hanra-     ment agency in Maine. They are:               •   August 27, 1956:
         han                                  • November 8, 1886:                           George E. Townsend
     • Jeff Hanrahan and his child                 Lyman O. Hill                        •   July 1, 1968: R. Lyle Frost, Jr.
         – son and grandchild of Bill         • November 8, 1886:                       •   September 27, 1972:
         Hanrahan                                  Charles W. Niles                         Richard E. Varney
     • Michael Parker – great neph-           • July 19, 1921:                          •   November 21, 1992:
         ew of Lee Herbert Parker                  Arthur G. Deag                           William F. Hanrahan
  IF&WINSIDER                                                                                             25

            Maine Girl an ‘American Girl’
          By Libby Carter
    Reprinted from American Girl

     My dad is a police officer (Maine
Game Warden) and his partner,
Czack, lives at our house. But Czack
isn’t a human officer -- he’s a dog.
As my dad’s K-9 partner, Czack helps
with police business, including help-
ing to find people who are lost or
to track down criminals. And I get
to help Czack learn that job! During
training, I’ll find a hiding spot in the
woods, unsually under weeds and
branches, and I’ll wait for Czack to
find me. I have to be really quiet.
When he finds me, Czack will lie
down nearby and bark. Then I give
him a treat and tell him, “Good boy!”
     I also helped my dad train
another K-9 partner, a dog named
Buddy. Not long after we started our
hide-and-seek training with Buddy, he
and my dad helped rescue two girls
who were lost in the woods on a cold
night. Buddy was a hero again after
Hurricane Katrina. He traveled to Lou-
isiana with my dad to locate people
lost after the storm. That shows how
important K-9 partners are.
     Czack is young, but he has al-
ready helped my dad track criminals.
When my dad gets home from work,
it’s my job to take Czack out of the
vehicle and give him water and food.
When my dad’s not looking, Czack
curls up with me on the couch. He’s
a 100-pound pillow! Having Czack in
my family makes me feel safe. He’s         Libby Carter, daughter of Cpl. Wayde Carter, shared her experiences of help-
always watching out for me.                ing to train Czack with American Girl magazine editors, and they loved it!

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