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Codeine the basics The History What is codeine? •Group of drugs •narcotic pain medicines Narcotics Morphine and codeine natural narcotic compounds that are contained in opium Used in prescription medications to help reduce severe pain Leads to dependence, loss of appetite, and drowsiness Street Names Streets Names Chemical Names Empirin compound with Methylmorphine codeine Tylenol with codeine Codeine in cough medicine Brontex Capital and Codeine Cheracol with Codeine Syrup Common Brand Robitussin A-C Syrup Names Often combined with other Tussi-Organidin-S NR acetaminophen, aspirin, and other cold and cough medicines Guituss AC Syrup HaNew Riversin AC Schedule Ratings Taken by itself: Schedule II In combination with aspirin or acetaminophen: Schedule III - V, depending on formula The Purpose Forms of Use Tablet Capsule Liquid by mouth Common Uses of Codeine Found in many cough medicines Can be used to reduce coughing Will treat cause but not speed recovery Can be given to assist with severe pain Codeine Addiction Highly addictive Prolonged use (2-3 weeks) Activates body reward system Promise of reward intense craving addiction Activates physiological and psychological addiction Effects of Codeine Physiological Effects Induces an "opioid analgesia” – or painkiller Alters perception of pain at spinal cord and brain Stimulating because they block inhibitory neurotransmitters Alters nervous system functioning Psychological Effects Strong psychological After taking, person may effects have trouble relaxing or sleeping Treats pain by altering the way that body senses pain Codeine abusers will just "not feel good" Reduces coughing by psychologically as the decreasing activity in part brain readjusts to of the brain that causes producing its own coughing endorphins Stops production of Opiate induced euphoria endorphins Possible Side Effects Dizziness Constipation Lightheadedness Stomach Pain Drowsiness Difficulty urinating Mood changed *Some symptoms can be very serious, so if experienced, Nausea call doctor immediately Vomiting Questions? Works Cited ”Codeine.” Drugs Information Online. 2009. 25 Oct. 2009. <http://www.drugs.com/codeine.html>. “Codeine Addictions, Effects and Treatments.” Addiction Search. 2009. 25 Oct. 2009 <http://www.addictionsearch.com/treatment_articles/article/codeine- addiction-effects-and-treatment_46.html>. “Codeine.” Medline Plus. 2009. 25 Oct. 2009. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682065.html> “Medications and Drugs.” Medicine Net. 2009. 25 Oct 2009. <http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=44745> “Codeine Facts.” The Vaults of Erowid. 2009. 25 Oct. 2009. <http://www.erowid.org/pharms/codeine/codeine_faq.shtml>.
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