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Codeine Narcotics

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					Codeine
 the basics
The History
What is codeine?
•Group of drugs
   •narcotic pain medicines
Narcotics
 Morphine and codeine
   natural narcotic compounds that are
    contained in opium
  Used in prescription medications to help
    reduce severe pain
  Leads to dependence, loss of appetite, and
    drowsiness
Street Names

Streets Names                 Chemical Names

 Empirin compound with        Methylmorphine
  codeine

 Tylenol with codeine

 Codeine in cough medicine
                                     Brontex

                                     Capital and Codeine

                                     Cheracol with Codeine
                                      Syrup
Common Brand
                                     Robitussin A-C Syrup
Names
Often combined with other            Tussi-Organidin-S NR
acetaminophen, aspirin, and other
cold and cough medicines             Guituss AC Syrup

                                     HaNew Riversin AC
Schedule Ratings


 Taken by itself: Schedule II

 In combination with aspirin
   or acetaminophen:
   Schedule III - V, depending
   on formula
The Purpose
Forms of Use


 Tablet

 Capsule

 Liquid by mouth
Common Uses of Codeine

                 Found in many cough
                  medicines

                 Can be used to reduce
                  coughing

                 Will treat cause but not
                  speed recovery

                 Can be given to assist with
                  severe pain
Codeine Addiction

 Highly addictive

 Prolonged use (2-3 weeks)

 Activates body reward
  system

 Promise of reward 
  intense craving 
  addiction
 Activates physiological and
  psychological addiction
Effects of Codeine
Physiological Effects

 Induces an "opioid
  analgesia” – or painkiller

 Alters perception of pain at
  spinal cord and brain

 Stimulating because they
  block inhibitory
  neurotransmitters

 Alters nervous system
  functioning
Psychological Effects

 Strong psychological           After taking, person may
  effects                         have trouble relaxing or
                                  sleeping
 Treats pain by altering the
  way that body senses pain      Codeine abusers will just
                                  "not feel good"
 Reduces coughing by             psychologically as the
  decreasing activity in part     brain readjusts to
  of the brain that causes        producing its own
  coughing                        endorphins
 Stops production of            Opiate induced euphoria
  endorphins
Possible Side Effects

 Dizziness          Constipation

 Lightheadedness    Stomach Pain

 Drowsiness         Difficulty urinating

 Mood changed      *Some symptoms can be very
                      serious, so if experienced,
 Nausea              call doctor immediately
 Vomiting
Questions?
Works Cited
 ”Codeine.” Drugs Information Online. 2009. 25 Oct. 2009.
   <http://www.drugs.com/codeine.html>.

 “Codeine Addictions, Effects and Treatments.” Addiction Search. 2009. 25 Oct.
   2009 <http://www.addictionsearch.com/treatment_articles/article/codeine-
   addiction-effects-and-treatment_46.html>.

 “Codeine.” Medline Plus. 2009. 25 Oct. 2009.
   <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682065.html>

 “Medications and Drugs.” Medicine Net. 2009. 25 Oct 2009.
   <http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=44745>

 “Codeine Facts.” The Vaults of Erowid. 2009. 25 Oct. 2009.
   <http://www.erowid.org/pharms/codeine/codeine_faq.shtml>.

				
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