Theodore R. Alter

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					                                      Theodore R. Alter

Address
      204 Armsby Building
      Penn State University
      University Park, PA 16802
      Telephone: (814) 863-8640
      Fax: (814) 865-3746

Education
      Ph.D. Michigan State University, Resource Economics and Policy, 1976
        M.S.    Michigan State University, Resource Economics and Policy, 1973
        B.A.    University of Rochester, Economics – With Distinction, 1968

Specialties
Agricultural economics and policy, development economics, public sector economics, public finance,
community and regional economics, community and rural development, rural policy, institutional and
behavioral economics, resource and environmental economics, leadership and organizational change, and the
scholarship of engagement in higher education

Professional Employment
Co-Director, Center for Economic and Community Development, Department of Agricultural
Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State University, 2008-present

Professor of Agricultural, Environmental and Regional Economics, Penn State University,
1989-present
Associate Vice President for Outreach, Director of Penn State Cooperative Extension, and Associate
Dean, College of Agricultural Sciences, Penn State University, 1997-2004
Interim Dean, College of Agricultural Sciences, Penn State University, 1996-1997
Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, 1994–1996.
Regional Director, Southeast Region, Penn State Cooperative Extension, 1989–1994
Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, Penn State University, 1982–1989
Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics, Penn State University, 1976–1982

Teaching Experience
Agribusiness economics and management, state and local government finance, local government financial
management, land and water resource policy, resource economics, cost-benefit analysis, and institutional and
behavioral economics

Outreach Teaching Experience
Local government finance policy and tax reform, property tax assessment and administration, local
government budgeting and financial management, fiscal capacity analysis (multi-year budgeting) for
local governments, public service assessment and finance, public issues education, and leadership
and organizational development

Research Interests
Agribusiness economics, development economics, community and regional economics, comparative
rural development policy, resource economics, state and local government finance, institutional and
behavioral economics, public scholarship in higher education, and leadership and organizational
change
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                                   Theodore R. Alter

Research Experience
Social capital in community development, information technology and rural economic development,
comparative rural development policy, property tax capitalization in property values, impacts of state
and local tax reform, fiscal impacts of public school enrollment change, land policy implementation,
use-value assessment of farm and open space lands, and engagement and public scholarship in
higher education

Selected Professional Experience
Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship, 2007-present
Member, Board of Directors, Center for Rural Pennsylvania, 2007-present
Member, Governor’s Advisory Council on Rural Affairs, 2007 - present

Outreach Representative, Public Scholarship Advisory Group, The Pennsylvania State University,
2007

Research Associate, Legislative Office for Research Liaison, Pennsylvania House of
Representatives. 2006-present

Member, Editorial Board and book editor, Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement,
2006-present

Member, National Outreach Scholarship Conference Planning Committee, 2005-present

Chair, Board of Directors, National Extension Diversity Center, 2005-2006

Member, Board of Directors, The Rodale Institute, 2004 – 2007

Member, Board of Directors, Pennsylvania Rural Partners, 2004 – present

Represent Penn State Vice President for Outreach on CIC Committee on Outreach and Engagement,
2004-present

Member, Forestry Task Force Advisory Committee of the Joint Legislative Air and Water Pollution
Control and Conservation Committee, Pennsylvania General Assembly, June 1999–present

Member, Pennsylvania Agricultural Law Resource and Reference Center Board, 1998-2005

Member, Agricultural Experiment Station National Committee on Organization and Policy (ESCOP)
Strategic Planning Committee, November 1998-November 2001

Member, Extension National Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP), November 1997-
November 2001

Member, Pennsylvania Rural Development Council, 1996-present

Director, Pennsylvania Food System Professions Education Initiative, 1996-2002

Adviser and Analyst, Rural Public Management Project, Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD), Paris, France, 1987–1989




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                                   Theodore R. Alter

Honors and Awards
Visionary Leadership Award, Alpha Omicron Chapter, Epsilon Sigma Phi, The National Honorary
Extension Fraternity, 2003

Sloan Consortium Team Award for Excellence in Online Faculty Satisfaction for the “UniSCOPE
Learning Community,” 2002

USDA Recognition, Group Honor Award for Excellence, Multi-state Project Northeastern-501
CSREES, For effectively limiting the spread of the invasive and devastating plum pox virus in U.S.
stone fruits by building an inclusive team of University, State, Federal and agricultural industry
personnel

National Extension Leadership Development (NELD) Program, 1991-1992

American Agricultural Economics Association Distinguished Extension Program Award, 1985

National Defense Education Act Fellow, 1972–73
Recent Grants Received

Strengthening Citizen-Centered Civic Engagement through Public Deliberation: An Initiative of
Land-Grant Universities and the Cooperative Extension System (co-principal investigator), funded
by The Charles F. Kettering Foundation, $250,000, 12/01/08-12/01/13

Bridging the Digital Divide (principal investigator), funded by USDA-NRI, $484,213, 9/1/08-
8/31/12

Collaboration as Fuel for Economic Growth: Rural Economic Development through Strategic
Organizational Change (co-principal investigator), funded by USDA-NRI, $400,000, 9/1/06-8/31/09.

Financing Strategies for the Pennsylvania Geospatial Map Initiative (principal investigator), funded
by College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, Penn State University, $103,728, 7/1/06-6/30/08.

Rural Policy for Pennsylvania (principal investigator), funded by The Brookings Institution,
$10,000, 7/1/06-6/30/07

Social Capital and Rural Economic Development (co-principal investigator), funded by USDA-NRI,
$440,100, 9/1/05-8/31/06.

Community Services Information System Project (principal investigator), funded by the
Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission, $1,214,968, 7/1/04-6/30/09.

Hands-On Financial Risk Management for Latino Producers and Farm Works (co-principal
investigator), funded by Ag Risk Management Education – USDA, $150,000, 9/1/03-8/31/06.

Mellon Community Bridge Project (principal investigator), funded by Mellon Bank Foundation,
$1,000,000, 1/1/2000- 12/31/2009.

Keystone 21: Pennsylvania Food System Professionals Education Project (principal investigator),
funded by W. K. Kellogg Foundation, $1,500,000, 7/1/1996-12/31/2002.

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                                    Theodore R. Alter

I. PUBLICATIONS

 A. Articles Published in Refereed Journals and Experiment Station Bulletins

  01. Peters, S. J., T. R. Alter, and N. Schwartzbach. 2008. “Unsettling a Settled Discourse:
      Faculty Views of the Meaning and Significance of the Land-Grant Mission.” Journal of
      Higher Education Outreach & Engagement 12 (2): 33-66.
  02.
  03. Shingler, J., T.R. Alter, M. Van Loon, and J. Bridger. “The Importance of Subjective
      Data for Public Agency Performance Evaluation.” Public Administration Review. 68(6):
      1101-1112 .
  04.
      Alter, T. R. and J. C. Bridger. 2008. “An interactional approach to place-based
      development." Community Development: Journal of the Community Development
      Society, 39 (1): 99-111.

        Alter, T.R., J. Bridger, S. Sager, K.Schafft, and W. Shuffstall. 2007. “Getting Connected:
        Broadband Services a Key to a Vibrant Rural America” Rural Realities. 2 (1): 1-10.
                Also published in The Rural Sociologist, Volume 27 (2), 2007, pp. 24-33.

        Shuffstall, W.C., S.S. Sager, J.C. Bridger, and T.R. Alter. 2007. “Third Generation
        Community Network Projects.” Journal of Extension. August 2007. http://www.joe.org

        Bridger, J.C. and T.R. Alter. 2006. “The Engaged University, Community Development,
        and Public Scholarship.” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement 11(1):
        163-178.
  05.
  06. Bridger, J.C. and T.R. Alter. 2006. “Place, Social Capital, and Community
      Development.” Community Development: Journal of the Community Development
      Society, 37(1): 5-18.

        Schafft, K.A., T.R.Alter, and J.C. Bridger. 2006. “Bringing the Community Along: A
        Case Study of a School District’s Information Technology Rural Development
        Initiative”. The Journal of Research in Rural Education, 21(8): 1-10.

        Kiernan, N.E. and T.R. Alter. 2004. “Can a Web Site Be Used as a Vehicle for
        Organizational Learning About Evaluation.” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and
        Engagement, 10(1): 121-134.

        Alter, T., J. Bridger, and J. Travis. 2004. “Robust Research and Rapid Response: The
        Plum Pox Virus Story.” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 9(1):
        131-140.

        Adamek, M., T. Alter, J. Bridger, J. Ferrick, and K. Shapiro. 2004. “Real-Time, Real-Life
        Journeys Toward Institutional Engagement.” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and
        Engagement, 9(1): 53-71.

        Gurgevich, E.A., Hyman, D., and Alter, T.R. 2003. “Creation of UniSCOPE: A Model

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                                Theodore R. Alter

    For Rewarding All Forms of Scholarship.” Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks,
    7(2): 1-7.

    Peters, S. J., N. R. Jordan, T. R. Alter, and J. C. Bridger. 2003. “The Craft of Public
    Scholarship in Land-Grant Education: Lessons and Insights from Practice.” Journal of
    Higher Education Outreach and Engagement 8(1): 75-86.

    Ryan, J. H., T. R. Alter, and T. D. Huston. 2002. “Strengthening Outreach and
    Cooperative Extension.” The Journal of the University Continuing Education Association
    66: 121-141.

    Hyman, D., E. Gurgevich, T. R. Alter, J. Ayers, E. Cash, D. Fahnline, D. Gold, R.
    Herrmann, P. Jurs, D. Roth, J. Swisher, M.S. Whittington, and H. Wright. Fall 2001,
    Winter 2002. “Beyond Boyer: The UniSCOPE Model of Scholarship in the 21st Century.”
    Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement 7(1&2): 41-65.

    Alter, T. R. and P. A. Book. 2001. “The Engaged University: Reorganizing to Serve the
    Public Good.” Metropolitan Universities: An International Forum,12(3):30-40.

    Favero, P. (University of Maryland) and T. R. Alter. 1986. “Defining Your Niche:
    Strategies for Local Government Programs.” Journal of Extension 24(3):23–25.

    Krantz, D. P., R. D. Weaver, and T. R. Alter. 1982. “Residential Property Tax
    Capitalization: Consistent Estimates Using Micro-Level Data.” Land Economics
    58(4):488–96.

    Alter, T. R., D. E. Moore, T. E. Fuller (U.S. Department of Agriculture), N. B. Gingrich,
    and P. H. B. Norton. 1982. “Important Issues for Pennsylvania Borough Governments.”
    Municipal Management: A Journal 4(3):99–105.

    Alter, T. R. and D. E. Moore. 1980. “Fiscal Trends and Enrollment Change in Rural
    School Disricts.” Journal of the Northeastern Agricultural Economics Council 9(2):102
    107.

    Alter, T. R., N. B. Gingrich, and T. E. Fuller (U.S. Department of Agriculture). 1980.
    “Pennsylvania County Government: Views from Within.” Municipal Management: A
    Journal 3(1):32–38.

    Alter, T. R. and D. E. Moore. 1979. “The Fiscal Implications of Changing School
    Enrollments.” Journal of the Northeastern Agricultural Economics Council. 8(2):177–89.

    Barlowe, Raleigh (Michigan State University) and Theodore R. Alter. 1976. Use-Value
    Assessment of Farm and Open Space Lands. 35 pp. Research Report 308, Michigan
    Agricultural Experiment Station, East Lansing, Michigan.


B. Books, Parts of Books, and Conference Proceedings


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                            Theodore R. Alter

1. Books and Parts of Books

Alter, T.R., B.L. Schramm, and H.L. Moore. 2008. “Rural Development in the United
States Farm Bill. Forthcoming 2008.

Shuffstall, W.C., T.R. Alter, J.C. Bridger, S.S. Sager, and E.R. Kerkeslager. 2008.
“Connecting Communities: Third Generation Community Network Projects.” Chapter
14 in Shark, A.R. and S. Toporkoff, (eds.). Beyond e-Government and e-Democracy: A
Global Vision. Washington, D.C: Public Technology Institute & ITEMS International.

Peters, S.J., D.J. O’Connell, T.R. Alter, and A.L.H. Jack (editors). Eds. 2006. Catalyzing
Change: Profiles of Cornell Cooperative Extension Educators from Greene, Tompkins,
and Erie Counties, New York. Auburn, NY: Finger Lakes Press Inc.

Peters, S.J., N.R. Jordan, M. Adamek, and T.R Alter (editors). 2005. Engaging Campus
and Community: The Practice of Public Scholarship in the State and Land-Grant
University System. Dayton, OH: Kettering Foundation Press.

Alter, T.R., 2005. “Achieving the Promise of Public Scholarship.” Chapter 12 in Peters,
S.J., N.R. Jordan, M. Adamek and T.R. Alter, (eds). Engaging Campus and Community:
The Practice of Public Scholarship in the State and Land-Grant University System.
Dayton, OH: Kettering Foundation Press.

Alter, T. R., P. van Dijk, and C. Huillet. 1990. Partnerships for Rural Development. [Les
Partenaires pour le Developpement Rurale.] Paris: Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development.

Alter, T. R., P. van Dijk, and C. Huillet. 1988. New Trends in Rural Policymaking.
[Formulation de la Politique Rurale: Nouvelles Tendances; Nuevas Tendancias En Politica
Rural.] Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Alter, T. R. 1988. Institutions and Agricultural Economics in the Twenty-first Century: A
Discussion. In Agriculture and Rural Areas Approaching the Twenty-first Century:
Challenges for Agricultural Economics, ed. R. J. Hildreth, K. L. Lipton, K. C. Clayton, and
C. C. O’Connor, 335–339. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.

2. Conference Proceedings

Alter, T. R. and H. Cole, Jr., 2002. The Future of Agriculture in the Mid
Atlantic Region. Conference Proceedings for the State Horticulture Association of
Pennsylvania Annual Meeting, Hershey, PA.
http://www.shaponline.org/html/convention_index.html

Alter, T. R. July Leadership Strategies for Organizational Change –Linking
Individual and Organizational Learning. Conference Proceedings for the Association of
Leadership Educators Conference, San Diego, California.
http://aces.uiuc.edu/~ALE/99%20proceedings/AlterFinal.pdf

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                            Theodore R. Alter

Ruane, D. J., J. Phelan, T. R. Alter, and B. Crewdson. 1999. A Study of the Incentives and
Barriers to the Development of New and Alternative Enterprises on Farms in Two States
of the United States. 8 pp. Conference Proceedings for the Association for International
Agricultural and Extension Education, Trinidad/Tobago.

Alter, T. R. and R. W. Long (editors). 1991. National Perceptions and Political
Significance of Rural Areas. University Park, PA: Department of Agricultural Economics
and Rural Sociology, College of Agriculture, Penn State University.

Alter, T. R. Rural Communities. In Challenges for Extension Economists in the 1990s,
edited by G. F. Patrick, pp. 89–91. Proceedings of the American Agricultural Economics
Association (AAEA) Extension Conference, University of British Columbia, Vancouver,
British Columbia, Canada, August 1990.

Alter, T. R. 1988. “New Directions and Challenges for Modeling Community
Infrastructure Analysis.” In Local Infrastructure Investment in Rural America, ed. T. G.
Johnson, B. J. Deaton, and E. Segarra, 117–120. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Alter, T. R. 1988 Identifying the Financial Stress of Rural Business and Governmental
Units and Methods for Assisting Them: Discussion. In Maintaining the Cutting Edge,
edited by C. L. Mitchell and K. B. Anderson, pp. 303–309. Proceedings of the American
Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA) Extension Workshop, 31 July–1 August
1987. Stillwater, OK: Oklahoma State University.

Alter, T. R. 1987. Increasing Our Effectiveness as Public Policy Educators. pp. 236–240.
Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies–1987. Oak Brook, Illinois: The
Farm Foundation.

Allee, D. J., T. R. Alter, and G. L. Thorpe. 1987. Where Do We Go From Here? pp. 181
89. Rural People and Places: A Symposium on Typologies. University Park, PA: Northeast
Regional Center for Rural Development.

Ellis, I. and T. R. Alter. 1986. Policies to Facilitate Career Reorientation. pp. 122–125.
Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies–1986. Oak Brook, Illinois:
The Farm Foundation.

Alter, T. R. 1986. Infrastructure and Rural Development. pp. 21–23. Financing the Public
Capital Stock: A Challenge At All Levels of Government. Chicago: Government Finance
Research Center, Government Finance Officers Association.

Alter, T. R. 1986. Communicating with Government Officials and Community Leaders.
Round Table Discussion: Applying Capital Finance Techniques to Economic Development
in Small Rural Communities. pp. 61–75. Financing the Public Capital Stock: A Challenge
at All Levels of Government. Chicago: Government Finance research Center, Government
Finance Officers Association.

Alter, T. R. 1986. “Government, Agriculture, and Rural Life.” pp. 84–92. Invited
presentation at Future of Pennsylvania Agriculture: Proceedings of a Conference.
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                               Theodore R. Alter

    University Park, PA: College of Agriculture, Penn State University and The Penn State
    Agricultural Advisory Council.

    Alter, T. R. 1985. Local Government Officials—Important Community Development
    Clientele: Reaction. pp. 50–52. Proceedings, Community Resource Development Leaders
    Workshop: Community Issues and Opportunities. Pullman, WA: Washington State
    University.

    Alter, T. R. 1984. Local Government Finance in Pennsylvania: Policy and Management
    Education. pp. 161–65. Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies–1984.
    Oak Brook, Illinois: The Farm Foundation.

    Alter, T. R. 1984. Local Government Finance/Financial Management Extension Programs
    in Pennsylvania. 2 pp. Proceedings, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia
    Community Development Conference. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative
    Extension.

    Alter, T. R. 1984. Local Government Tax Reform in Pennsylvania. pp. 82–85. Local
    Government Finance Policy and Financial Management: Extension and Research Perspectives
    for the 1980s. Ithaca, NY: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    Alter, T. R. 1980. Educating for Public Policy. pp. 13–14. Housing and Society–Special
    Issues: Proceedings of the 1980 Annual Conference, The Journal of the American
    Association of Housing Educators.

    Alter, T. R. and G. L. Thorpe (Indiana University of Pennsylvania). 1978. Designing
    Information Systems for Local Government. pp. 136–44. Proceedings of the Conference on
    Contemporary Responses to Community Needs. University Park: The Pennsylvania
    Community Development Society.

    Alter, T. R. 1977. Techniques for Preserving Agricultural Land: Discussion. p. 100.
    Proceedings of the Symposium on Emerging Technology and Processes in Community
    Development. University Park: The Pennsylvania Community Development Society.

C. Articles Published in Nonrefereed Journals

    Sager, S. S., T. R. Alter and W.C. Shuffstall. 2007. “The Role of the State in Broadband
    Policy for Rural Areas: A Comparative Analysis of Canada and the United States.” RTC
    Online Journal 2006-2007 www.ruraltelecon.org

   Alter, T.R., T. Bacastow, and T. Carey. 2007. Financing Spatial Data Infrastructure:
   Lessons Learned from the PAMAP Experience. Geospatial Solutions.
   http://www.geospatialsolutions.com/geospatialsolutionsarticle/articleDetail.jsp?id=40182.
     Also appeared on the GIS & Mapping site: http://gismap.geospatial-
           online.com/gssgismap/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=402185
     Also appeared on the Government & Military site: http://govm.geospatial-
           online.com/gssgovm/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=402184.


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                               Theodore R. Alter

    Alter, T. R. 1986. Municipal Challenge: Financing Public Facilities. Pennsylvanian
    25(2):10–12.

    Alter, T. R. 1985. Funding Municipal Services: Alternative Revenue Sources.
    Pennsylvanian 24(8):16–17.

    Alter, T. R. 1985. Local Government Dollars and Sense. Extension Review 56(1):7.

    Alter, T. R., T. W. Ilvento, and D. E. Moore. 1983. More Urban Than Rural Loss in
    Public School Enrollments. Science in Agriculture 30(3):13.

    Krantz, D. P. and T. R. Alter. 1982. Property Taxes Affect Agricultural and Residential
    Property Values. Science in Agriculture 29(3):12.

    Moore, D.E. and T. R. Alter. 1981. Rural School Enrollment Up and Costs Similar to
    Urban. Science in Agriculture 28(3):12.

    Alter, T. R., D. E. Moore, and Ann Ishler. 1981. Income Tax Favored for School Funding.
    Science in Agriculture 28(2):10.

    Alter, T. R. 1980. Increased Expenditures and Changing Enrollments Face School
    Districts. Science in Agriculture 27(2):3.


    Alter, T. R. 1980. Analyzing Municipal Fiscal Capacity. Pennsylvania Township News
    33(12):21–24.

    Alter, T. R. 1979. Farmer’s School Tax Lower With Personal Income Tax. Science in
    Agriculture 27(1):10.

D. Articles Published in In-house Publications

   Alter, T.R. 2007. “Develop Your Leadership Map!” RULEings. University Park, PA: The
   Pennsylvania Rural Leadership Program.

    Alter, T. R. and D. E. Moore. November 1980. Enrollment and Fiscal Change in Rural
    Pennsylvania Schools. Farm Economics. 4 pp.

    Alter T. R. 1980. Analyzing Municipal Fiscal Capacity. Rural Development 5(1):4.

    Alter, T. R. August 1979. Pennsylvania’s Property Tax: Issues and Alternatives. Farm
    Economics 4 pp.

    Moore, D. E. and T. R. Alter. 1979. Population Change and Community Services: The
    Case of Public Schools. Staff Paper No. 28. Department of Agricultural Economics and
    Rural Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University.

    Alter, T. R. and G. L. Thorpe (Indiana University of Pennsylvania). 1979. Generating
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                               Theodore R. Alter

    Information for Community Decisions. Rural Development 4(2):4.

    Alter, T. R. and D. E. Moore. June 1979. Changing School Enrollments: A Fiscal
    Dilemma? Farm Economics. 4 pp.

    Johnstone, W. F. (ed.). April 1978. Current Issues in Public Policy Facing Farmers and Rural
    Residents of Pennsylvania. Farm Economics. 4 pp. Alter was a contributing author.

    Alter, T. R. June 1977. Land Use and Taxation. Farm Economics. 4 pp.

E. Final Research Reports to Sponsor

    Alter, T.R., B. Schramm, J. Bridger, and S. Sager. Financing Geospatial Data
    Infrastructures. June 2008. Prepared for the PAMAP project, College of Earth and
    Mineral Sciences, and Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
    June 2008.

   Alter, T.R. and J. Bridger, and S. Sager. The Economics and Funding of PAMAP. July
   2007. Prepared for the PAMAP project, College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, and
   Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. July 2007.

    Alter, T.R., J.C. Bridger, J. Findeis, T. Kelsey, A. Luloff, D. McLaughlin, and W.C.
    Shuffstall. 2007. Strengthening Rural Pennsylvania: An Integrated Approach to a
    Prosperous Commonwealth. Washington, D.C.: The Bookings Institution.

    Alter, T.R., J. Shingler, J.C. Bridger, and M. Van Loon. 2006. The Pennsylvania Public
    Utilities Commission Bureau of Consumer Services Case Handling Quality Improvement
    Study: Final Report. Consumer Services Information System Project, Penn State
    University.

    Flynn, C. (University of Massachusetts) et al. 1987. Financial and Demographic
    Characteristics of Urban and Rural Local Governments in Four Northeast States. 75 pp.
    Amherst, Massachusetts: Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University
    of Massachusetts. Report to the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development. Alter
    was a contributing researcher and author.

    McDowell, G. R. (University or Massachusetts), T. R. Alter, and B. A. Weber (Oregon
    State University). 1986. Community and Rural Development. pp. 76–79. Five-Year Plan
    for the Food and Agricultural Sciences: A Report to the Secretary of Agriculture.
    Washington, D.C.: Joint Council on Food and Agricultural Sciences.

    Alter, T. R. 1979. Alternatives to the Property Tax for Financing Pennsylvania’s Public
    Schools. 234 pp. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania Agricultural
    Experiment Station, College of Agriculture, Penn State University. Report to the
    Pennsylvania Farmers Association and the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.

    Alter, T. R. 1976. Land Policy Implementation. 137 pp. East Lansing, Michigan: The
    Design and Management of Rural Ecosystems Project, Michigan State University, College
                                                                                           10
                                Theodore R. Alter

    of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Michigan State University. Report to the
    National Science Foundation Program on Research Applied to National Needs.

 F. Final Extension Reports to Sponsor

    United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative State Research Education and
    Extension Service, Agricultural Risk Management Education Competitive Grants
    Program. 2006. Hands-On Risk Management for Latino Producers and Farm Workers.

    Pennsylvania Food System Professions Education Project. 2002. Keystone 21:
    Embracing new partners and passion for food systems education in Pennsylvania. Part of
    the W.K. Kellogg Foundation’s National Food Systems Professions Education Initiative.
    University Park, PA: Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences. Alter was project
    director and co-author of this report.

    Urban Programs Study Group. 1989. College of Agriculture Programming in Urban and
    Metropolitan Areas. University Park, PA: Penn State College of Agriculture. Alter
    was study group chair and study director.

    Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) Task Force on Local
    Government Education. 1986. Local Government Education: An Opportunity for
    Cooperative Extension. Tabloid, 8 pp. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative
    Extension. Alter was tabloid coordinator and editor.

    Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) Task Force on Local
    Government Education. 1986. Local Government Education: Challenge and Opportunity
    For Cooperative Extension. 19 pp. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.
    Alter was the primary author and editor of this report.


G. Publications in Progress

    Alter, T. R. and J. C. Bridger (eds). Rural Policy in the United States. Edited volume of
    provocative essays on emerging themes and issues

    Alter, T. R. and J. C. Bridger. "Comparative Rural Policy in the US and the EU." Essay
    in Alter and Bridger, Rural Policy in the United States.

    Alter, T. R. and J. Stokes. "Local Tax Policy and Agricultural Land Preservation In
    Pennsylvania." To be submitted to Agricultural Economics Review.

    Bridger, J. C. and T. R. Alter. "Place in Rural Community Development." Essay in Alter
    and Bridger, Rural Policy in the United States.

    Bridger, J.C. and T.R. Alter. Public Scholarship and Rural Sociology. Rural Sociological
    Society Annual Meeting, Manchester, NH, 31 July, 2008.

    Peters, S.J, T.R. Alter, D.J. O’Connell, and A.L.H. Jack. “It’s not Just Providing
    Information: Perspective on the Purposes and Significance of Extension Work.” To be
    submitted to the Journal of Extension.
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                                 Theodore R. Alter


    Peters, S. J. and T. R. Alter. "The Scholar as Civic Educator: Reconstructing Civic
    Professionalism in the American System of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities." To
    be submitted to a higher education journal.

    Rodgers, M. R. and T. R. Alter. "Applying Change Theory to Practice." To be submitted
    to the Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Extension.

    Sager, S.S. and T.R. Alter. “The Role of the State in Broadband Policy for Rural Areas:
    A Comparative Analysis of Canada and the United States.” To be submitted to a
    telecommunications policy journal.

    Shingler, J, T.R. Alter, and Mukhopudhyay, A.H. and J.L. Findeis. “A Comparison of
    Two Measures of Income Adequacy for Utility Consumers in Pennsylvania: The Federal
    Poverty Measure Versus the Self-Sufficiency Standard.” To be submitted to a public
    policy journal.

    Shuffstall, W. C., J. C. Bridger, and T. R. Alter. "Information Technology and Rural
    Development." To be submitted to Community Development.

H. Book Reviews

    Alter, T.R. 2006. Review of “Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World Is
    Possible.” Rural Sociology, 71(2): 358-361.

    Alter, T. R. January 1990. Review of Rural Land Use Planning in Developed Nations,
    edited by Paul J. Cloke. Land Use Policy 7(1):92–93.

    Alter, T. R. 1986. Review of Government Structure and Local Public Finance by D. L.
    Chicoine and N. Walzer. Journal of the Community Development Society 17(1):111–13.

    Alter, T. R. 1985. Review of The Public Money Manager’s Handbook, edited by Nathaniel B.
    Guild. Journal of the Community Development Society 16(1):121–22.

    Alter, T. R. 1982. Review of Financing State and Local Governments in the 1980s: Issues
    and Trends, edited by N. Walzer and D. L. Chicoine. Journal of the Community
    Development Society of America 13(2):127–29.

I. Cooperative Extension Bulletins, Circulars, and Other Materials

  1. Bulletins (peer reviewed)

    Alter, T. R., D. K. McLaughlin, and N. E. Melniker. 1984. Analyzing Local Government
    Fiscal Capacity. 21 pp. Second edition. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative
    Extension.

    Norton, P. H. B., T. R. Alter, N. B. Gingrich, D. E. Moore, and T. E. Fuller (U. S.
    Department of Agriculture).1981. Pennsylvania Borough Government: Officials’ Views of

                                                                                           12
                                    Theodore R. Alter

      Important Issues. 32 pp. Extension Studies 88. University Park, PA: Penn State
      Cooperative Extension.

      Alter T. R. and N. E. Melniker. 1981. Analyzing Local Government Fiscal Capacity. 20
      pp. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

      Norton, P. H. B., N. B. Gingrich, T. R. Alter, and T. E. Fuller (U.S. Department of
      Agriculture). 1979. Pennsylvania County Government as Seen by County Commissioners.
      47 pp. Extension Studies 83. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

     2. Circulars (peer reviewed)

      McLaughlin, D.K., T. R. Alter, and P. T. Skelding. 1986. Property Taxation in
      Pennsylvania. Community Affairs 14. Second edition. University Park, PA: Penn State
      Cooperative Extension.

      Alter, T. R. 1985. Local Government Finance. Community Affairs 11. 8 pp. Third edition.
      University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

      McLaughlin, D. K., T. R. Alter, and P. T. Skelding. 1984. Real Property Assessment in
      Pennsylvania. Community Affairs 15. 8 pp. Second edition. University Park, PA: Penn
      State Cooperative Extension.

      McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1983. Local Government Budgeting. Community
      Affairs 16. 8 pp. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

      McLaughlin, D. K., T. R. Alter, and P. T. Skelding. 1983. Real Property Assessment in
      Pennsylvania. Community Affairs 15. 8 pp. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative
      Extension.

      McLaughlin, D. K., T. R. Alter, and P. T. Skelding. 1983. Property Taxation in
      Pennsylvania. Community Affairs 14. 12 pp. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative
      Extension.

      Alter, T. R. 1983. Local Government Finance. Community Affairs 11. 8 pp. Second
      edition. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

      Alter, T. R. and G. L. Thorpe (Indiana University of Pennsylvania). 1978. Information and
      Local Government Decision-Making. Community Affairs 13. 4 pp. University Park, PA:
      Penn State Cooperative Extension.

      Alter, T. R. 1978. Land Use and Taxation. Community Affairs 12. 4 pp. University Park,
      PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

      Alter, T. R. 1978. Local Government Finance. Community Affairs 11. 4 pp. University
      Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

3.     Special Reports
                                                                                              13
                            Theodore R. Alter


 Alter, T. R., W. R. Gillis, J. R. Grace, and J. P. Macialek. 1986. Pennsylvania
 Community Development and Natural Resource Extension Programming: Future Visions
 and Strategies. 25 pp. Report to Associate Dean, Penn State Cooperative Extension.
 University Park, PA: Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn
 State Cooperative Extension.

 Shortle, J. S., N. B. Gingrich, T. R. Alter, and D. J. Epp. 1986. Evaluation of the
 Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture’s Act 319 Cropland Use Valuation Procedures.
 13 pp. Report to Director, Office of Planning and Research, Pennsylvania Department of
 Agriculture. University Park, PA: Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural
 Sociology, Penn State University.

 Alter, T. R. 1980. Seasonal Home Analysis: Forest County, Pennsylvania. 8 pp. Report to
 Chief Assessor, Assessment Office, Forest County, Pennsylvania. University Park, PA:
 Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative
 Extension.

 Alter, T. R. 1978. The Tocks Island Lake Project: Its Impact on Agriculture—Preliminary
 Report. 28 pp. Report to County Commissioners, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
 University Park, PA: Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn
 State Cooperative Extension.

4. Newspaper and Newsletter Articles

 Alter, T.R. Editor, 2007-present. Economic & Community Development Update (e-
 newsletter). http://www.economicdevelopment.psu.edu/ECDUpdate.html Penn State
 Cooperative Extension.

 Alter, T. R. May 1984. Planning Municipal Capital Expenditures. Local Government
 Forum.Huntingdon, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Alter, T. R. February 1984. Budgeting For More Than One Year. Local Government
 Forum. Huntingdon, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Alter, T. R. 1982. Local Government Fiscal Management News Article Series. “Local
 Income Tax May Be Option,” “Property Tax - The Assessment System,” “Federal Fiscal
 Changes Important for Local Governments,” and “Getting Involved in Local Government
 Budgeting.” Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State
 Cooperative Extension. Articles used to support mass media presentations by
 extension staff in Venango County, Pennsylvania.

 Alter, T. R. 1981. Fiscal Federalism News Article Series: “Federal Grant Changes
 Important for Municipal Fiscal Management,” and “Turning Revenues Back to States and
 Localities.” Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State
 Cooperative Extension. Articles published in Fayette and Washington County,
 Pennsylvania, newspapers.

                                                                                     14
                            Theodore R. Alter

 Alter, T. R. 1980, 1981, 1982. Property Tax News Article Series: “Property Tax
 Workshops Scheduled,” “Property Tax Alternatives Studied,” and “Is the Property Tax
 Here to Stay?" Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State
 Cooperative Extension. Articles adapted for Clinton, Juniata, Mifflin, Wayne, and
 Wyoming Counties in Pennsylvania and published in county newspapers.

 Alter, T. R. 1977. Land Use News Article Series: “Changing Rights in Land,” “Rationale
 for Land Use Policies,” “The Taking Issue,” and “Taxation and Land Use.” Department of
 Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension. Articles
 used to support mass media presentations by county community development
 extension staff in Pennsylvania.

5. Workshop Instructional Materials

 Alter, T. R. 1983. Public Policy Education. 5 pp. Department of Agricultural Economics
 and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Alter, T. R. 1983. Local Government Finance Facts. 6 pp. Department of Agricultural
 Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Krantz, D. P. and T. R. Alter. 1981. Analyzing Local Government Fiscal Capacity
 Glossary. 4 pp. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State
 Cooperative Extension.

 Krantz, D. P. and T. R. Alter. 1981. Budgeting Procedures Glossary. 4 pp. Department of
 Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Krantz, D. P. and T. R. Alter. 1981. Budgeting Approach Examples. 2 pp. Department of
 Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Krantz, D. P. and T. R. Alter. 1981. Municipal Budget Calendar Example–General
 Purpose and Revenue Sharing Budgets. 3 pp. Department of Agricultural Economics and
 Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Alter, T. R. 1981. Budgeting Procedures Program Outline. 2 pp. Department of
 Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

 Alter, T. R. and D. P. Krantz. 1981. Analyzing Local Government Fiscal Capacity
 Program Outline. 2 pp. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn
 State Cooperative Extension.

 Krantz, D. P. and T. R. Alter. 1980. Options for Generating Real Property Tax Revenue.
 4 pp. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State
 Cooperative Extension.

 Alter, T. R. 1980. Earned Income Tax Fact Sheet. 7 pp. Department of Agricultural
 Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

                                                                                       15
                               Theodore R. Alter

   Krantz, D. P. and T. R. Alter. 1980. Proposed Local Government Budgeting Programs. 4 pp.
   Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative
   Extension.

   Alter, T. R. 1980. Property Tax Exemptions in Pennsylvania. 1 page. Department of
   Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

   Alter, T. R. 1980. Local Government Finance Extension Programming. 10 pp. Department
   of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

   Thorpe, G. L. (Indiana University of Pennsylvania) and T. R. Alter. 1978. Municipal
   Information System (MUNMIS) Code Book: Municipal Financial Data 1969–73. 18 pp.
   Center for Community Affairs, Indiana University of Pennsylvania and Penn State
   Cooperative Extension.

   Alter, T. R. and P. H. B. Norton. 1978. Highlights of the State and Local Fiscal Assistance
   Act of 1972 as Amended. 3 pp. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural
   Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

   Alter, T. R. 1977. Framework for Local Government Finance. 1 page. Department of
   Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

   Alter, T. R. 1977. Pennsylvania Local Government Financial Statistics: 1975. 7 pp.
   Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative
   Extension.

   Alter, T. R. 1977. Anti-recession Fiscal Assistance to State and Local Governments:
   Program Highlights. 2 pp. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology,
   Penn State Cooperative Extension.

   Alter, T. R. 1977. Highlights of the 1976 Revenue Sharing Amendments. 4 pp.
   Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative
   Extension.

   Alter, T. R. 1977. Assessing the Effectiveness of Government Programs. 2 pp. Department
   of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension.

   Alter, T. R. Local Government Financial Statistics: Selected Pennsylvania Local
   Governments, School Districts, and State Summaries. Department of Agricultural
   Economics and Rural Sociology, Penn State Cooperative Extension. Prepared as needed for
   programming purposes.

6. Extension Teaching Manuals (peer reviewed)

   McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Budgeting–Teaching Packet. 100 pp. University
   Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

   McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Budgeting–Participant’s Notebook. 57 pp.
                                                                                          16
                                Theodore R. Alter

    University Park: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Financial Control and the Budget–Teaching
    Packet. 76 pp. University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Financial Control and the Budget–Participant’s
    Packet. 47 pp. University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Cash Flow Analysis–Teaching Packet. 82 pp.
    University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Cash Flow Analysis–Participant’s Notebook. 74
    pp. University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Fiscal Capacity Analysis–Teaching Packet. 114
    pp. University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Fiscal Capacity Analysis–Participant’s Notebook.
    83 pp. University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Auditing–Teaching Packet. 50 pp. University
    Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Auditing–Participant’s Notebook. 27 pp.
    University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    Alter, T. R. and D. K. McLaughlin. 1989. Local Government Finance Policy–Teaching Packet.
    134 pp. University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

    Alter, T. R. and D. K. McLaughlin. 1989. Local Government Finance Policy
    Participant’s Notebook. 84 pp. University Park, PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural
    Development.

    McLaughlin, D. K. and T. R. Alter. 1989. Instructor’s Manual. 36 pp. University Park,
    PA: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.

II. PAPERS PRESENTED AT TECHNICAL AND PROFESSIONAL MEETINGS

    Sager, S. S., T.R. Alter, and W.C. Shuffstall. Broadband Policy for Rural Areas and the
    Role of the State: A Comparative Analysis. Presented at the Middle Atlantic and New
    England Council for Canadian Studies (MANECCS) and Southern Association for
    Canadian Studies (SACS) Joint Conference on Canadian Studies, October 2-5, 2008,
    Washington, DC.

    Sager, S. S., T.R. Alter, and W.C. Shuffstall. A Comparative Analysis of the Role of the
    State in Broadband Policy for Rural Areas. Presented at the International
    Telecommunications Society 19th European Regional
    Conference, September 17-20, 2008, Rome, Italy.
                                                                                               17
                           Theodore R. Alter


Alter, T.R., J.C. Bridger, S.S. Sager, and W.C. Shuffstall. Integrating
Telecommunications and Rural Policy. The Rural Telecommunications Conference,
Springfield, IL, 17 October, 2007.

Alter, T.R., J.C. Bridger, S.S. Sager, and W.C. Shuffstall. Business Class Broadband.
Rural Telecommunications Conference, Springfield, IL, 15 October, 2007.

Alter, T.R. “The Economics of Geospacial Infrastructures” Geospatial Policy
Symposium. Harrisburg, PA, 4 October 2007.

Alter, T.R. and J.C. Bridger. Financing PAMAP: Strategies and Options. Pennsylvania
GIS Conference. Harrisburg, PA, 17 May 2007.

Alter, T.R. Continuing Educators as Civic Professionals. Selected presentation at the
2007 University Continuing Education Association Annual Conference “Best Practices
Forum,” Vancouver, 13 April 2007.

Alter, T.R. and J. C. Bridger. Continuing Educators as Civic Professionals. Selected
presentation at the 2007 UCEA Annual Conference Best Practices Forum Vancouver,
British Columbia, 13 April 2007.

Alter T.R., C. Dellasaga, J. Haider, and L. Yappa. Penn State Faculty Showcase. The
Scholarship of Outreach: Writing, Publishing, Disseminating. National Outreach
Scholarship Conference. The University of Wisconsin- Madison. 8 October 2007.

Peters, S.J, D. O'Connell, T.R. Alter, and A.L. Jack. Catalyzing Change: Using
Narrative to Theorize the Nature and Significance of Cornell Cooperative Extension's
Public Purposes and Work. Invited seminar at the Cornell Cooperative Extension New
Educator Conference. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 3 April 2007.

Peters, S.J, D. O'Connell, T.R. Alter, and A.L. Jack. Catalyzing Change: Using
Narrative to Theorize the Nature and Significance of Cornell Cooperative Extension's
Public Purposes and Work. Invited seminar at the Scholars and Educators in Public Life
Distinguished Lecture Series. Department of Education, Cornell University, Ithaca, New
York, 3 April 2007.

Sager, S.S., Alter, T.R. and W.C. Shuffstall. Providing Broadband to Rural Areas: What
Lessons Can Pennsylvania and the United States Learn From Our Northern Neighbors?
Selected presentation at the Pennsylvania - Canadian Studies Consortium, Indiana, PA.,
24 March 2007.

Alter, T.R. The Practice of Public Scholarship in Land-Grant Universities, Invited
Seminar Presentation, Agricultural and Extension Education (AEE) 515 - Engagement
through Outreach Scholarship in Higher in Education, 28 February 2007.

Alter, T.R. On-line Learning: Lessons from Experience, Invited Panel Presentation,
Pennsylvania State University, College of Agricultural Sciences On-Line Learning
                                                                                        18
                            Theodore R. Alter

Seminar Series, 26 February 2007.

Peters, S.J. and T.R. Alter. Unsettling a Settled Discourse: The Significance of Personal
Motivations and Commitments and Institutional Mission in Land-Grant Faculty
Narrative of Public Engagement. Invited symposium presentation at the 2006
Association for the Study of Higher Education Conference, Anaheim, CA, 4 November
2006.

Kiernan, N.E. and T.R. Alter. Can A Website be used for Organizational Learning about
Evaluation. Invited presentation at the 2006 American Evaluation Association
Conference “The Consequences of Evaluation,” Portland, Oregon, 2 November 2006.

Sager, S.S., T.R. Alter, and W. Shuffstall. The Role of the State in Broadband Policy for
Rural Areas: A Comparative Analysis of Canada and the United States. Selected
presentation for 2006 Rural Telecommunications Congress “Broadband and Emerging
Rural Economies”, Little Rock, Arkansas, 23 October 2006.

Alter, T.R. Reflections on Extension Scholarship. Invited presentation at the Academy
of Scholarship Extension Conference, University of Illinois Extension, Urbana-
Champaign, Illinois, 15 March 2006.

Alter, T.R. Communicating and Reporting Your Scholarship. Invited presentation at the
Academy of Scholarship Extension Conference, University of Illinois Extension, Urbana-
Champaign, Illinois, 14 March 2006.

Shuffstall, W.C., T.R. Alter, and Sheila S. Sager. Pennsylvania Digital Divide. Invited
presentation for the Pennsylvania Rural Development Council, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania,
10 March 2006.

Weaver. R.D. and T.R. Alter. Enhancing the Viability of Small and Medium-Sized Firms
Through Strategic Organizational Change. Selected presentation for the economic
development conference, Creating Pennsylvania’s Future, Penn State University, 5-6
December 2005.

Bridger, J.C., T.R. Alter, D. Behring, and J. Boateng. “Internationalizing Extension and
Agricultural Science at Penn State.” Poster presentation at 2005 National Outreach
Scholarship Conference, Transformation Through Engagement, The University of
Georgia, October 2005.

Schafft, K.A., T.R.Alter, and J.C. Bridger. Bringing the Community Along: A Case Study
of a School District’s Information Technology Rural Development Initiative. Selected
paper for the 68th Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, Tampa, FL, August
2005.

Alter, T.R. Extension in the University System. Invited presentation for Penn State
University College of Agricultural Sciences Cochran Fellowship Program, Penn State
University, University Park, PA, August 2005.

                                                                                        19
                            Theodore R. Alter

Shuffstall, W., J.C. Bridger, and T.R. Alter. “Information Technology and Rural
Development: Lessons from Pennsylvania.” Selected presentation for Building Our
Future Together, National Association of Community Development Extension
Professionals Conference, Las Vagas, Nevada, February 2005.

Alter, T.R. Extension in the University System. Invited presentation for Penn State
University College of Agricultural Sciences Cochran Fellowship Program, Penn State
University, University Park, PA, 2004.

Bridger, J.C. and T. Alter. The Engaged University, Community Development, an Public
Scholarship. Selected presentation at the 2004 Meeting of the Community Development
Society, Cleveland, Ohio, July, 2004.

Bridger, J.C., T.R. Alter, S Sager, J. Schement, W. Shuffstall, M. Tate. “Sustainable
Rural Community Development in the Information Age. Invited presentation at the
Fourth Goddard Forum: Developing Sustainable Communities, Harrisburg,
Pennsylvania, May, 2004.

Peters, S.J., and T.R. Alter. The Scholar as Civic Educator: Reconstructing Civic
Professionalism in the American System of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities.
Selected presentation at the International Conference on Civic Education Research, New
Orleans, Louisiana, November, 2003.

Alter, T.R. and J. Travis. “Robust Research and Rapid Response.” Selected presentation
at the Outreach Scholarship Conference 2003: Excellence Through Engagement.
Madison, Wisconsin, October, 2003.

Alter, T.R., J. Ferrick and M. Adamek. “Building Engaged Institutions: Real-Life Stories
of a Seven Year Nationwide Journey Toward Institutional Change.” Selected presentation
at the Outreach Scholarship Conference 2003: Excellence Through Engagement,
Madison, Wisconsin, October, 2003.

Alter, T.R. Scholarship of Extension. Selected presentation at Scholarship of Extension
Seminar, Galaxy Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, September, 2003.

Bridger, J,C. and T.R. Alter. The Engaged University, Public Scholarship, and
Community Development. Selected presentation at the Scholarship of Extension Seminar,
Galaxy Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, September, 2003.

Alter, T.R. “Engagement: Connecting the University and the Community.” Invited
keynote presentation at the Bridging the Gap with the Community Conference, Faculty of
Social Sciences, University of West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston, Jamaica,
September, 2003.

Alter, T. R. and J. C. Bridger. Global Perspectives: Internationalizing Extension.
5 pp. Invited presentation at the Internationalizing Extension Conference, East Lansing,
MI, March, 2003. http://www.msue.msu.edu/intext/Internationalizingextension.htm

Alter, T. R., D. Behring; G. D. Hanson, J. C. Bridger. Internationalizing FINPACK.

                                                                                        20
                            Theodore R. Alter

6 pp. Selected presentation at the Internationalizing Extension Conference, East Lansing,
MI, March, 2003. http://www.msue.msu.edu/intext/finpack.htm

Rodgers, M. R. and T. R. Alter. “Applying Change Theory to Practice.” 6 pp. Selected
presentation at the 2002 Outreach Scholarship Conference: Catalyst for Change,
Worthington, Ohio, October 2002.

Alter, T. R., Peters, S. J. and Jordan N. R. “The Craft of Public Scholarship in Land-Grant
Education: Lessons and Insights from Practice.” 8pp. Selected presentation at the 2002
Outreach Scholarship Conference: Catalyst for Change, Worthington, Ohio, October
2002.

Alter, T. R. The Role of Social Capital in Information Technology Development. 14
slides. Selected presentation at the National Community Resources and Economic
Development Conference, Orlando, FL, February 24-27, 2002.

Alter, T. R. Community and Economic Development, Engagement, and the Land-Grant
Ideal. 18 slides. Selected presentation at the National Community Resources and
Economic Development Conference, Orlando, FL, February 24-27, 2002.

Alter, T. R. Digital Technology & the Future of Rural Pennsylvania. 10 slides. Invited
presentation at the Rural Policy Forum sponsored by the Pennsylvania Rural Development
Council, State College, PA, June 2001.

Alter, T. R. and Book, P.A. The Engaged University: Reorganizing to Serve the Public
Good Rural Communities. 15pp. Invited presentation at the International Conference on
the University as Citizen: Engaging Universities & Communities, University of South
Florida, Tampa Florida, February 2001.

Alter, T. R. and Gurgevich, E.A. The Engaged University and Extension. 22pp. Invited
presentation at the American Society for Horticultural Sciences, 97th Annual Conference
& Exposition, Orlando, Florida, July 2000.

Alter, T. R. Leadership Strategies for Organizational Change – Linking Individual and
Organizational Learning. 28pp. Invited keynote presentation at the Association of
Leadership Educators Conference, San Diego, California, July 1999.

Smith, S., T. R. Alter, D. Hyman, and L. Gamm. Issues in Comparative Rural Policy
Analysis. 7 pp. Invited workshop presentation at the 1988 Community Development
Society of America Annual Meeting, Davenport, Iowa, 27 July 1988.

Alter, T. R. Public-Private Partnerships for Delivering Local Public Services. 16 pp. Paris:
Technical Cooperation Service, (CT-PUMA/2.3/88.5.6), Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development–1988. Invited presentation at Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development meeting of national experts on rural public management in
Athens and Preveza, Greece, 1988.



                                                                                        21
                           Theodore R. Alter

Alter, T. R. Identifying the Financial Stress of Rural Business and Governmental Units
and Methods for Assisting Them: Discussion. In Maintaining the Cutting Edge, edited by
C. L. Mitchell and K. B. Anderson, pp. 303–309. 1987. Stillwater, OK: Oklahoma State
University (1988). Invited discussion at the AAEA sponsored workshop on excellence in
extension programming.

Alter, T. R. Increasing Our Effectiveness as Public Policy Educators. pp. 236–240.
Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies–1987. Oak Brook, Illinois: The
Farm Foundation (1987). Invited presentation at the 1987 National Public Policy Education
Conference.

Allee, D. J., T. R. Alter, and G. L. Thorpe. Where Do We Go From Here? pp. 181-89.
Rural People and Places: A Symposium on Typologies. University Park, PA: Northeast
Regional Center for Rural Development (1987). Invited presentation; Alter was a co-
presenter.

Ellis, I. and T. R. Alter. Policies to Facilitate Career Reorientation. pp. 122–125.
Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies–1986. Oak Brook, Illinois:
The Farm Foundation (1986). Invited presentation at the 1986 National Public Policy
Education Conference; Alter was a co-presenter.

Alter, T. R. Local Government Officials—Important Community Development Clientele:
Reaction. pp. 50–52. Proceedings, Community Resource Development Leaders Workshop:
Community Issues and Opportunities. Pullman, WA: Washington State University (1985).
Invited presentation.

Alter, T. R. Changes in Agricultural and Rural Institutions. Challenges for Agricultural
Economics. 7 pp. Invited presentation at the national conference on Agricultural and Rural
Areas Approaching the 21st Century: Challenges for Agricultural Economics, Ames, Iowa,
August 1985.

Alter, T. R. Infrastructure and Rural Development. pp. 21–23. Financing the Public
Capital Stock: A Challenge At All Levels of Government. Chicago: Government Finance
Research Center, Government Finance Officers Association (1986). Invited presentation
at the 1985 Government Finance Officers Association Annual Conference.

Alter, T. R. Communicating with Government Officials and Community Leaders. Round
Table Discussion: Applying Capital Finance Techniques to Economic Development in
Small Rural Communities. pp. 61–75. Financing the Public Capital Stock: A Challenge at
All Levels of Government. Chicago: Government Finance research Center, Government
Finance Officers Association (1986). Invited discussion at the 1985 Government Finance
Officers Association Annual Conference; Alter was a contributing discussant.

Alter, T. R. Local Government Finance in Pennsylvania: Policy and Management
Education. pp. 161–65. Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies–1984.
Oak Brook, Illinois: The Farm Foundation (1984). Invited presentation at the 1984 National
Public Policy Education Conference.

                                                                                       22
                               Theodore R. Alter

    Alter, T. R. Local Government Finance/Financial Management Extension Programs in
    Pennsylvania. 2 pp. Proceedings, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia Community
    Development Conference. University Park, PA: Penn State Cooperative Extension (1984).
    Invited presentation.

    Alter, T. R. Local Government Tax Reform in Pennsylvania. pp. 82–85. Local Government
    Finance Policy and Financial Management: Extension and Research Perspectives for the 1980s.
    Ithaca, NY: Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development (1984). Invited presentation.

    Alter, T. R. Managing Local Governments in Times of Fiscal Retrenchment. 11 pp.
    Contributed paper presentation at the 1983 Community Development Society Annual
    Meeting, University of Guelph; Guelph, Ontario, Canada, August 1983.

    Alter, T. R. Educating for Public Policy. pp. 13–14. Housing and Society–Special Issues:
    Proceedings of the 1980 Annual Conference, The Journal of the American Association of
    Housing Educators (1980). Invited presentation at the 1980 Annual Conference of The
    American Association of Housing Educators.

    Alter, T. R. Substituting a State Income Tax for Pennsylvania’s School Property Tax. pp.
    100–11. Shaping the ’80s. University Park: The Pennsylvania Community Development
    Society (1979). Contributed paper presentation at the Pennsylvania Community
    Development Society 1979 Annual Conference.

    Alter, T. R. and G. L. Thorpe (Indiana University of Pennsylvania). Designing Information
    Systems for Local Government. pp. 136–44. Proceedings of the Conference on
    Contemporary Responses to Community Needs. University Park: The Pennsylvania
    Community Development Society (1978). Contributed paper presentation at the 1978
    Pennsylvania Community Development Society Annual Conference.

    Alter, T. R. Techniques for Preserving Agricultural Land: Discussion. p. 100. Proceedings of
    the Symposium on Emerging Technology and Processes in Community Development.
    University Park: The Pennsylvania Community Development Society (1977). Invited
    discussion at the 1977 Pennsylvania Community Development Society Annual Conference.


III. CONFERENCES, SEMINARS, WORKSHOPS, AND SPEAKING ENGAGEMENTS

    Brasier, K., T.R. Alter, and L.E. Garkovich. From Facilitation to Stirring the Pot:
    Extension Rural Sociologists and Public Activism. Rural Sociological Society Annual
    Meeting, Manchester, NH, 30 July, 2008.

    Bridger, J.C. and T.R. Alter. Public Scholarship and Rural Sociology. Rural Sociological
    Society Annual Meeting, Manchester, NH, 31 July, 2008.

    Alter, T.R., J.C. Bridger, S.S. Sager, and W.C. Shuffstall. Integrating
    Telecommunications and Rural Policy. Rural Telecon Conference, Springfield, IL, 17
    October, 2007.


                                                                                          23
                           Theodore R. Alter

Alter, T.R., J.C. Bridger, S. Sager, and W.C. Shuffstall. Business Class Broadband. Rural
Telecon Conference, Springfield, IL, 15 October, 2007.

Alter, T.R., “Industry Cluster Economics and Governance” in Agricultural Business
Management (AGBM) 496- Managing Business in Today’s Global Economy: European
Perspectives. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, College of
Agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 15 students, Copenhagen,
Denmark, Summer 2007.

Alter, T.R., T. Kelsey, and B. Shuffstall. Brookings II: What Does it Mean for
Pennsylvania? Penn State University, University Park, PA, 14 June 2007.

Alter, T.R. and Jeff Bridger. Financing PAMAP: Strategies and Options. Pennsylvania
GIS Conference. Camp Hill, PA, 17 May 2007.

Alter, T.R., W.C. Shuffstall, and M. Fortunato. Strengthening Rural Pennsylvania- An
Integrated Approach to a Prosperous Commonwealth. Kutztown, PA, 7 May, 2007.

Alter, T.R., W.C. Shuffstall, and M. Fortunato. Strengthening Rural Pennsylvania- An
Integrated Approach to a Prosperous Commonwealth. Waynesburg, PA, 23 April 2007.

Alter, T.R. The Practice of Public Scholarship in Land-Grant Universities. Invited
seminar for graduate level course, AEE 515, Agricultural and Extension Education,
College of Agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, February 2006.

Alter, T.R. The Practice of Public Scholarship in Land-Grant Universities. Invited
seminar for graduate level course, AEE 515, Agricultural and Extension Education,
College of Agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, February 2005.

Peters, S.J. and T.R. Alter. Changing the Conversation about Higher Education’s Public
Mission and Work. Invited seminar for The Center for the Study of Higher Education,
Penn State University, University Park, PA, April 2006.

Peters, S.J. and T.R. Alter. Changing the Conversation about Higher Education’s Public
Mission and Work. Invited seminar for The National Center the Study of Engagement,
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, April 2006.

Alter, T.R. Social Capital and Rural Development. Invited seminar for post-graduate
level course, RDEV P009, Rural Enterprise Development, School of Biology and
Environmental Science, University College Dublin, October 2005.

Alter, T.R. Economics of Agriculture and the Environment in the United States. Invited
seminar for the agribusiness faculty, School of Agriculture, Food Science, and Veterinary
Medicine, University College Dublin, October 2005.

Alter, T.R. Rural Development Policy in the United States and the European Union—A
Comparative Perspective. Invited seminar for post-graduate level course, RDEV P001,

                                                                                       24
                           Theodore R. Alter

Sociology of Development, School of Biology and Environmental Science, University
College Dublin, November 2005.

Alter, T.R. Linking Research, Teaching, and Public Scholarship: The Role of
Universities—A U.S. Perspective. Invited university public lecture at University College
Dublin, November 2005.

Alter, T.R. Economic Incentives for Protecting the Environment in the United States.
Invited lecture for undergraduate senior-level course, Economics of the Environment and
Natural Resources, Economics 311, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, November
2005.

Alter, T.R. “Outreach Scholarship.” Invited presentation at the Central Pennsylvania
Outreach Conference: Together Everyone Achieves More, Clinton County, Pennsylvania,
September, 2003.

Alter, T. R. “Transforming Cooperative Extension for the 21st Century.” Invited
presentation at the 2002 Outreach Scholarship Conference: Catalyst for Change,
Worthington, Ohio, October 2002.

Alter, T. R. What Makes a Good Leader? Invited presentation at the Pennsylvania
Farm Bureau Conference, University Park, PA, February 2001.

Alter, T. R. and Gurgevich, E. A. “The Engaged Institution & Cooperative Extension.”
Invited presentation at the Join Council of Extension Professionals Regional Leadership
Workshop, University Park, PA, February 2001.

Alter, T. R. “Bridging the Digital Divide.” Invited presentation at Healthy Communities
Summit sponsored by the Institute for Healthy Communities an affiliate of the Health
Alliance of Pennsylvania, Hershey, Pennsylvania, November 2001.

Hyman, D.W., Gurgevich, E.A., and Alter, T. R “UniSCOPE: A Multidimensional Model
for Documenting, Recognizing, and Rewarding the Full Range of University
Scholarship.” Invited presentation at Outreach Scholarship 2001: Learning, Discovery,
and Engagement, State College, Pennsylvania, October 2001.

Alter, T. R. “Digital Technology and The Future of Rural Pennsylvania.” Invited
presentation for the Rural Policy Forum sponsored by the Pennsylvania Rural
Development Council, State College, Pennsylvania, June 2001.

Alter, T. R. Transformational Leadership. Invited presentation at Networking
Conference of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation Food Systems Professions Education Project,
Denver, Colorado, July 1994.

Alter, T. R. Rural Development in the 1990s. Invited presentation at the Networking
Conference of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation Rural America Cluster Evaluation Project,
New Orleans, Louisiana, May 1992.

                                                                                      25
                            Theodore R. Alter

Alter, T. R. Rural Development in the 1990s. Invited presentation for the Rural
Development Ad Hoc Committee, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek Michigan,
December 1991.

Alter, T. R. Local Services and Resources. Invited presentation at the Extension National
Priority Initiative Meeting on Revitalizing Rural America, Tucson, Arizona, March 1988.

Alter, T. R. Decentralization and Local Governance: Current Political and Management
Issues in the United States. Invited seminar for professional staff of the
Technical Cooperation Service, Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD), Paris, France, February 1988.

Alter, T. R. Capital Improvements Programming. Invited workshop presentation at the
Pennsylvania Planning Association Annual Conference, October 1987.

Alter, T. R. “Local Government Education in Pennsylvania: Program Opportunities and
Barriers.” Invited presentation at the national conference on The Land Grant University and
Local Government: Examining a Growing Relationship, Chicago, Illinois, October 1987.

Alter, T. R. Local Government Finance: Symposium on Development and
Implementation of Award Winning Extension Programs. Invited presentation at 1986
Annual Meeting of the American Agricultural Economics Association.

Alter, T. R. “Government, Agriculture, and Rural Life.” pp. 84–92. Invited presentation at
Future of Pennsylvania Agriculture: Proceedings of a Conference. University Park, PA:
College of Agriculture, Penn State University and The Penn State Agricultural Advisory
Council (1986). Presentation at the Future of Pennsylvania Agriculture Conference, March
1986.

Alter, T. R. Economics of Business Privilege and Mercantile Taxation. Invited
presentation for the Pennsylvania Business Privilege and Mercantile Tax Collectors
Association Annual Meeting, State College, Pennsylvania, 1983.

Alter, T. R. Local Tax Reform in Pennsylvania. Invited presentation at the Lehigh
County Agri-Business Breakfast, Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1983.

Alter, T. R. Innovative Approaches for Local Community Service Delivery. Invited
presentation at workshop on Innovative Ways to Finance Local Services and Cut Costs.
Northeast Rural Development Exchange, White Haven, Pennsylvania, 1983.

Alter, T. R. Planners and Local Fiscal Management. Invited presentation at workshop on
Planning Local Services in a Period of Fiscal Stress. Pennsylvania Planning Association
Community Planning Workshop, sponsored by Pennsylvania Planning Association, Penn
State Cooperative Extension, Penn State Planners Association, and the Pennsylvania
Department of Community Affairs. University Park, Pennsylvania, 1982.

Alter, T. R. Analyzing local government future fiscal capacity. Invited presentation at the
Pennsylvania State Association of Township Supervisors Annual Convention, Pittsburgh,
                                                                                        26
                            Theodore R. Alter

Pennsylvania, 1981.

Alter, T. R. “Local Government Tax and Expenditure Limitations.” Invited presentation at
workshop on The Tax Revolt: What It Means to Community Planning, Pennsylvania
Planning Association Annual Conference, 1980.

Alter, T. R. Tax Burden Impacts of Replacing the Real Property Tax with the Local Earned
Income Tax. Invited presentation for the Rental Housing Committee, Centre Region Council
of Governments, 1980.

Alter, T. R. Local Government Finance Extension Programming. Invited presentation at
the Pennsylvania County Commissioners’ Symposium sponsored by the Penn State
Cooperative Extension, University Park, Pennsylvania, 1980.

Alter, T. R. Rural Land and Government. Invited presentation at the Strout Realty
Training Conference for Pennsylvania, State College, Pennsylvania, 1980.

Alter, T. R. Is the Property Tax Here to Stay? Invited presentation at Pennsylvania
Assessors Association Mid Year Meeting, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, 1980.

Alter, T. R. Planning and the Real Property Tax. Invited presentation for Pennsylvania
Planning Association Community Planning Workshops, 1979.

Alter, T. R. “Property Tax Alternatives.” Invited presentation at the Symposium on
Property Tax Reform: Problems and Issues, Northeast Agricultural Economics Council
1979 annual meeting.

Alter, T. R. “Economics of Impact Taxation.” Invited presentation for panel session on Impacts
of Development: Should Special Taxes Pay for Them? Pennsylvania Planning Association
Annual Conference, 1979.

Alter, T. R. Use of Income Taxation by Pennsylvania School Districts. Invited
presentation for Local Nonproperty Tax Committee, National Tax Association–Tax
Institute of America, Annual Meeting, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1979.

Alter, T. R. Alternatives to the Property Tax for Financing Pennsylvania’s Public
Schools. Invited presentation for Logan Grange of Pleasant Gap, Pleasant Gap,
Pennsylvania, 1978.

Alter, T. R. Alternatives to the Property Tax for Financing Pennsylvania’s Public
Schools. Invited presentation for Pennsylvania State Grange, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania,
1978.

Alter, T. R. The Fiscal Impacts of Industrial Development on Nonmetropolitan Local
Governments. Invited presentation at workshop on Planning and Land Use Aspects of
Industrial Development, sponsored by the Maryland Department of State Planning,
Western Maryland Region Regional Office, Cumberland, Maryland, 1977.

                                                                                         27
                           Theodore R. Alter

Alter, T. R. Thinking About Government Finance. Invited presentation at Controversial
Issues Workshop, Penn State Extension Annual Conference, University Park,
Pennsylvania, 1976.




                                                                                        28
                                   Theodore R. Alter

IV.    FUNDED RESEARCH PROJECTS, GRANTS, AND CONTRACTS

A. Completed
                 TITLE                                SPONSOR                  DURATION




Financing Strategies for the             Earth and Environmental Systems       2006-2007
Pennsylvania Geospatial Map Initiative   Institute, College of Earth and
(principal investigator)                 Mineral Sciences, Penn State
                                         University ($51,864)

Hands On Financial Management for        Ag Risk Management Education,         2003-2006
Latino Farmers and Farm Managers         USDA ($150,000)
(co-principal investigators)


Keystone 21: Pennsylvania Food           W.K. Kellogg Foundation: Food          1996–2002
System Professions Education Project     Systems Professions Education
(principal investigator)                 Initiative ($1,500,000)

Comparative Political Significance and   Cooperative Agreement:                1988–1990
National Perceptions of Rural Areas      Economic Research Service, U.S.
(co-principal investigator)              Department of Agriculture
                                         ($16,000); Penn State University
                                         ($15,179)

Comparative Analysis of Urban and        Northeast Regional Center for         1985–1986
Rural Sector Local Government            Rural Development ($8,000)
Finance (contributing researcher)

Alternatives to Property Taxation for    Pennsylvania Farmers Association      1977–1979
Financing Pennsylvania’s Public          ($8,075); Pennsylvania
Schools (principal investigator)         Department of Agriculture
                                         ($26,000)

Penn State College of Agriculture        Penn State Cooperative Extension    1987–1989
Urban Programs (director and principal   ($9,500)
investigator)

Changing Enrollments and Fiscal          Penn State Institute for Research   January–June
Implications: An Exploratory Study of on Land and Water                      1979
Rural and Urban School Districts in      Resources($1,500)
Pennsylvania (co-principal investigator)




                                                                                            29
                                     Theodore R. Alter

B. In progress
                 TITLE                               SPONSOR                DURATION


Financing Strategies for the             Earth and Environmental Systems
Pennsylvania Geospatial Map Initiative   Institute, College of Earth and    2007-2008
(principal investigator)                 Mineral Sciences, Penn State
                                         University ($51,864)

Collaboration as Fuel for Economic       U.S. Department of Agriculture
Growth: Rural Economic Development       National Research Initiative       2006-2009
through Strategic Organizational         ($400,000)
Change (co-principal investigator)

Social Capital and Rural Economic       U.S. Department of Agriculture
Development (co-principal investigator) National Research Initiative        2005-2009
                                        ($440,100)

Consumer Services Information System Pennsylvania Public Utility
Project (principal investigator)     Commission ($1,214,968)                2004-2009


Mellon Community Bridge Project          Mellon Bank Foundation             2000-2009
(principal investigator)                 ($1,000,000)

C. Hatch and Regional Projects
              TITLE                                  SPONSOR                DURATION

Collaborative Strategies in Global       Penn State Agricultural           2006- Present
Value Chains (participant)               Experiment Station

Rural Communities, Rural Labor           Penn State Agricultural           2006- Present
Markets, and Public Policy (participant) Experiment Station

The Potential for Community Economic Penn State Agricultural                 1986–89
Development and Its Impact on Rural  Experiment Station
Residents (contributing researcher)

Finance Equity in Rural and Urban        Penn State Agricultural             1981–85
School Districts of Pennsylvania (co-    Experiment Station
principal investigator)

Delivery of Rural Community Services     Penn State Agricultural             1976–81
(contributing researcher)                Experiment Station




                                                                                           30
                                       Theodore R. Alter

     D. Proposals Not Funded
                    TITLE                                SPONSOR                 DATE

     Bridging the Digital Divide:            U.S. Department of Agriculture       2005
     Telecommunications and Rural            National Research Initiative
     Economic Development                    ($484,217)

     Sustaining Small Farms in the           U.S. Department of Agriculture       2004
     Philadelphia Food Shed                  National Research Initiative
                                             ($486,741)

     Strengthening Rural Microenterprise     U.S. Department of State’s           2004
     Teaching and Outreach At the            Educational Partnerships Program
     University of the West Indies and The   ($149,460)
     Pennsylvania State University


     Developing the e-readiness Assessment U.S. Department of Agriculture         2004
     Tool for Rural Communities            National Research Initiative
                                           ($473,070)

     Building the Production Management      USDA Outreach and Assistance         2004
     Skills of Latino Farmers and Farm       for Socially Disadvantaged
     Workers                                 Farmers and Ranchers
                                             Competitive Grants Program
                                             ($279,998)

IV. GRADUATE THESIS ADVISING
        A. Graduate Program Committees           M.S.            Ph.D.          TOTAL

        Agricultural Economics                       6                1            7

        Community Development                       4                 –            4

        Communications                              –                 2            2

        Economics                                   –                 2            2

        Higher Education                            –                 1            1

        Rural Sociology                              1                5            6

        Total                                       11               11           22


     B. Graduate Theses Supervised
              NAME          THESIS TITLE                         DEGREE          DATE

                                                                                         31
                                 Theodore R. Alter

    Marsha Tate*         Alliance Atlantic               Ph.D.                  2007
                         Communications: The             Communication
                         Emergence of a Canadian
                         Contender in the North American
                         Media Milieu

    David R. Wollover    Real Property Tax Equity in                            1988
                         Pennsylvania: A Comparison of      M.S.Agricultural
                         Farm and Nonfarm Tax Burdens       Economics

    Aaron Harp           User Charges in Pennsylvania       M.S.Agricultural    1987
                         Local Government                   Economics

    Diane P. Krantz      Property Tax Capitalization in     M.S.Agricultural    1980
                         Residential Properties for         Economics
                         Selected Metropolitan Areas in
                         Pennsylvania

    Wendy L. Rome        Property Tax Capitalization in     M.S.Agricultural    1980
                         Pennsylvania Agriculture:          Economics
                         Implications of School Finance
                         Reform

*Alter is co-supervisor with Dr. Jorge Schement, Distinguished Professor of Communication

C. Graduate Committee Memberships
   NAME               DEGREE                                 COMPLETION DATE

   Kyle Cecil            Ph.D. , Education Administration            2009
                         & Policy, University of Illinois

   Judy Chambers         M.S., Community & Economic                  2008
                         Development (thesis supervisor)

   Ivonne Espada-        M.S., Community & Economic                  2008
   Simeon                Development (thesis supervisor)

   Michael Fortunato     M.S., Community & Economic                  2008
                         Development (thesis supervisor)

   Kevin O’Donovan       Ph.D., Agribusiness, University             2008
                         College Dublin

   Sheila Sager          Ph.D., Communications                       2009




                                                                                            32
                                Theodore R. Alter


  Seth Thomas            MS, Community & Economic                    2006
                         Development



VI. NEW COURSES AND COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PROGRAMS DEVELOPED

  A. Undergraduate Courses
           1. Title:                    Land and Water Policy

                Description:            Public decision making and policy issues in land and
                                        water resource management; cost-benefit analysis.

                Audience:               Juniors, seniors, and first-year M.S. students.

                Offered:                1978 to 1980.

  B. Graduate Courses
           1.   Title:               Institutional Economics: Principles and Perspectives

                 Description:        Theories in institutional economics and their application to
                                     current social and economic issues

                 Audience:           Advanced M.S. and Ph.D. students in agricultural
                                     economics and rural sociology.

                 Offered:            1978, 1979, 1984, and 1988.

        2.   Title:              Community and Economic Development and Leadership

             Description:        Understanding principles and strategies of community and
                                 economic development

             Audience:           Advanced M.S. and Ph.D. students in community and
                                 economic development.

             Offered:            2007


  C. Cooperative Extension Programs
           1. Title:             Education on Public Issues

                Description:        Philosophies, principles, and practices for conducting
                                    extension education programs on current and emerging
                                    policy issues.



                                                                                            33
                    Theodore R. Alter

     Audience:         County extension staff, university extension specialists, and
                       extension administrators.

     Offered:          1988 to present.


2.   Title:            Community Service Provision Alternatives

     Description:      Current issues and needs in local community service
                       provision and alternative financial, managerial, and
                       institutional (e.g., public/private and intergovernmental
                       partnerships) approaches for addressing these issues and
                       needs.

     Audience:         Interested citizens and local government officials.

     Offered:          1983 to 1986.


3.   Title:            Local Government Budgeting

     Description:      Development and use of annual operating budgets and
                       multi-year budgets for managing local government financial
                       resources.


     Audience:         Elected and appointed local government officials and
                       interested citizens.

     Offered:          1982 to 1986.


4.   Title:            Emerging Trends in Fiscal Federalism

     Description:      Emerging trends and issues in fiscal federalism, and their
                       implications for local government fiscal management.

     Audience:         Elected and appointed local government officials and
                       interested citizens.

     Offered:          1981 to 1986.


5.   Title:            Real Property Tax Assessment and Administration




                                                                              34
                    Theodore R. Alter

     Description:        The legal basis of real property taxation in Pennsylvania,
                         key steps in real property tax administration, real property
                         appraisal and assessment procedures, and policy issues in
                         assessment reform and real property taxation.

     Audience:           State and local government officials and interested citizens.

     Offered:            1978 to present.


6.   Title:             Local Government Tax Reform

     Description:       Local government tax structure in Pennsylvania, local tax
                        policy issues, legislative proposals to alter the local tax
                        structure, concepts and frameworks for local tax policy
                        analysis, and social and economic effects of alternative local
                        tax policies.

     Audience:          State and local government officials and interested citizens.

     Offered:           1978 to present.


     Title:         The Federal Budgetary Process

     Description:        Revenue and expenditure components of the federal budget,
                         legislative and executive branch budgetary processes,
                         suggestions for changing the federal budgetary process, and
                         current policy issues affecting the federal budget.

     Audience:           Community leaders enrolled in Penn State Cooperative
                         Extension’s public affairs leadership program.

     Offered:            1977 and 1978.


8.   Title:              Assessing Local Government Program Effectiveness

     Description:        Basic techniques for analyzing proposed programs and
                         evaluating on-going programs.

     Audience:           Elected and appointed local government officials and
                         interested citizens.

     Offered:            1977.




                                                                                35
                                   Theodore R. Alter

                    Title:              Understanding Local Government Finance Policy

                    Description:        Frameworks for analyzing local government revenue and
                                        expenditure policy; analysis of current policies and
                                        proposals.

                    Audience:           Newly elected and appointed local government officials
                                        and interested citizens.

                    Offered:            1977 to present.

VII.   GRANTS AND CONTRACTS FOR TEACHING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS

          TITLE                    SOURCE                  ADMINISTRATOR              DURATION

  Local Government           Northeast Regional        Northeast Regional Center         1986
  Finance Extension          Center for Rural          for Rural
  Programming for the        Development ($3,400)      Development/Penn State
  Northeast—Regional                                   Cooperative Extension
  Dissemination
  Workshop (project co-
  leader)

  Local Government           Northeast Regional        Northeast Regional Center       1984–90
  Finance Extension          Center for Rural          for Rural
  Programming for the        Development($65,000)      Development/Penn State
  Northeast (project co-                               Cooperative Extension
  leader)


       Alter has been the project co-leader, along with D. K. McLaughlin, in preparing and
       administering both of these contracts.

       The primary objective of the Local Government Finance Extension Programming for the
       Northeast project is to develop and disseminate educational materials that extension faculty
       can use in their teaching of local government finance policy and financial management
       topics for elected and appointed local government officials and other interested citizens.
       The materials being developed are organized into a fully integrated instructional package
       that includes a teaching packet and participant’s notebook for each of several important
       local government finance and financial management topics.

       The Extension Teaching Manuals section under Publications (see page 10) lists the
       educational materials being prepared under this contract. Alter and McLaughlin share,
       as co-equals, responsibility for conceptualizing and preparing these materials.


VIII. SERVICE TO GOVERNMENT AND THE PROFESSION


                                                                                                36
                              Theodore R. Alter

A. Service to Government

   Member, Board of Directors, Center for Rural Pennsylvania, 2007-2008

   Project Director, Consumer Services Information Systems project, funded by the
     Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission at $626,365 for three years, January 2003-
     present. The purpose of the is project is to provide an information system and data
     analysis to the Public Utility Commission to be used in setting regulatory policy, to
     work on tracking and evaluating statewide low-income weatherization program, and to
     provide statewide date on statewide consumer attitude toward regulation.

   Member, Forestry Task Force Advisory Committee of the Joint Legislative Air and Water
   Pollution Control and Conservation Committee, June 1999 - present

   Member, Pennsylvania Farm Show Commission, 1996-2004

   Member, Pennsylvania State Conservation Commission, 1996-2004

   Member, Pennsylvania Rural Development Council, 1996-present

   Analyst and advisor, Rural Public Management Project, Technical Cooperation Service,
   Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris, France 1987–
   89.
        The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),
        headquartered in Paris, France, has roots in the Marshall Plan of post World War II.
        The OECD is devoted to helping achieve the highest sustainable economic growth
        and employment and a rising standard of living in its member countries, while
        maintaining financial stability, and thus contributing to the sound economic
        development of the world economy. The OECD conducts research, disseminates
        research-based information, and sponsors international meetings of national
        ministers, diplomats, and experts as a means of focusing attention and stimulating
        action on important social, economic, and political issues. OECD member countries
        include the northern, western, and southern European countries, including
        Yugoslavia which has special status; Canada and the United States; and Australia,
        Japan, and New Zealand.

   Expert Panel Member, Joint Council on Food and Agricultural Sciences, 1985–86. Alter
   assisted in preparation of the Community and Rural Development narrative for the Joint
   Council’s 1986 Five-Year Plan.
         The Joint Council on Food and Agricultural Sciences was established in 1977 to
         arrange and coordinate public and private research, extension, and higher education
         activities in the food and agricultural sciences. Representatives from the private
         sector, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and other federal government agencies,
         and the land-grant university system serve on the Joint Council.

   Chair, Local Government Education National Task Force, appointed by the Extension
   Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) and the ECOP Subcommittee on
   Community Resource Development and Public Affairs, 1983–1985.
                                                                                          37
                            Theodore R. Alter

     The Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) is the national-level
     policy development and planning body for the Cooperative Extension System. The
     ECOP Subcommittee on Community Resource Development and Public Affairs is one
     of ECOP’s standing committees.

B. Service to the Profession

Reviewer, rural development selected papers, American Agricultural Economics
Association, 2005 and 2006 annual meetings.

Invited member, research proposal review panel, Center for Rural Pennsylvania’s 2007
Grant Program

Editorial Board for Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, Member
2006

Chair, Board of Directors, National Extension Diversity Center, 2005-2006.

Member, Journal of Extension Editorial Board, January 2003-2004

External reviewer for tenure and promotion decisions

       INSTITUTION                 NATURE OF REVIEW                     DATE

       Penn State University       Promotion to professor               2006

       Ohio State University       Promotion to associate professor     2006

       Cornell University          Tenure and promotion to              2006
                                   assistant professor

       University College Dublin Promotion to associate professor       2005

       University College Dublin Promotion to professor                 2005

       Ohio State University       Promotion to professor               2005

       University of Vermont       Tenure and promotion to              2004
                                   associate professor
       University of California    Academic administrator               2002
       Davis                       promotion
       Iowa State University       Promotion to full professor          2002

       University of Nevada        Tenure                               2002

       University College Dublin Promotion to University                2002
                                 professorship

                                                                                       38
                          Theodore R. Alter

     Cornell University          Research Associate                   2001
                                 reappointment

     Cornell University          Promotion to full professor          1992

     University of               Promotion to extension               1987
     Massachusetts               specialist

     University of Maryland      Tenure and promotion to              1986
                                 associate professor

     University of California,   Tenure and promotion to              1983
     Riverside                   associate professor

     University of Wisconsin     Tenure and promotion to              1980
                                 associate professor

Manuscript reviewer for the following journals: Municipal Management: A Journal,
Journal of the Community Development Society, Northeastern Journal of Agricultural
and Resource Economics, International Regional Science Review, Land Economic,
Journal of Natural Resources and Life Science Education, and Journal of Higher
Education Outreach and Extension.

Consultant to W. K. Kellogg Foundation national Food and Society Initiative, 2001

Member, Kellogg Presidents’ Commission Implementation Committee, 2000-2004.

Member, Experiment Station Committee on Organization and Policy (ESCOP) Planning
Committee, November 1998-November 2001.

Member, Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP), November 1997-
November 2001.

National Extension Leadership Development (NELD) Program Host Institution
Selection Committee, Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP), 1993.

Ad Hoc Committee on Public Policy Education, Strategic Planning Council, Extension
Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP), 1992.

Consultant to W. K. Kellogg Foundation Ad Hoc Committee on Rural Development,
1991.

Diversity Award Review Panel, Extension Subcommittee on Diversity, Extension
Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) Personnel and Organizational
Development Committee, 1991–98.

Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) Program Leadership Committee,
1989–92.
                                                                                    39
                                 Theodore R. Alter


       Consultant to W. K. Kellogg Foundation on opportunities to enhance cross-cultural
       understanding among citizens of the United States and the Soviet Union, 1989.

       Consultant (elected) to National Public Policy Education Committee, 1987–89

       National Public Policy Education Committee liaison to the Extension Committee on
       Organizational Policy (ECOP) Subcommittee on Community Resource Development and
       Public Affairs, 1987–89.

       National Public Policy Education Committee member, 1985–87
             The National Public Policy Education Committee strives to increase
             understanding of the complex public problems and policies important for
             agricultural and rural people through conferences, symposiums, publications, and
             other educational activities. Committee members are elected, and the membership
             includes representatives from land-grant universities in the northeast, south, north
             central, and western regions of the United States as well as from the Extension
             Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Committee activities are supported by
             the 50-state cooperative extension services and the Farm Foundation.

       Northeast Public Policy Education Committee member, 1982–1989: chairman, 1985–86
             As a committee appointed by the Cooperative Extension Directors of the
             northeast states, the Northeast Public Policy Education Committee strives to
             conduct, and encourages others to conduct, extension education programs on
             public policy issues important to agricultural and rural people in the Northeast.

       Co-organizer of the Community Economics Network (CENET), 1980; CENET chair,
       1980–81
            CENET is a national network of social scientists, primarily agricultural
            economists, interested in rural and community development economics and public
            policy for rural areas.

IX.   MEMBERSHIP AND PARTICIPATION IN PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES
      A. American Agricultural Economics Association, member since 1976
            1.     Professional Activities Committee, 1990–present; chair, 1992–93 and
                   1993– 94.
            2.     Committee on Special Publications, 1985–88
            3.     Contributed paper reviewer, 1978 and 1981 annual meetings
      B. Association for Evolutionary Economics, member since 1976
      C. National Tax Association, Tax Institute of America, member 1976–1989
            1.     Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations Committee, 1985–88
            2.     Property Tax Committee, 1981–84
            3.     Local Non-property Tax Committee, 1977–80
      D. Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, member since 1976
            1.     Co-organizer, Symposium on “Property Tax Reform: Problems and Issues,”
                   1979
      E. Pennsylvania Extension Professor’s Association, 1976–1989
            1.     Policy Committee, 1987–88
                                                                                              40
                                Theodore R. Alter

             2.     Treasurer, 1984–85
             3.     Executive Committee, 1984–85
             4.     Membership Committee, 1976–77, 1979–80, and 1983–84
     F.   Graduate School, Penn State University
             1.     Associate member, 1977–1991
             2.     Senior member, 1992–present
     G.   Community Development Society of America, member since 1978
             1.     Plenary Speaker Committee, 1992 annual conference
     H.   Epsilon Sigma Phi, National Honorary Extension Fraternity, member since 1981
             1.     Extension Support and Legislation Committee, 1988; chairman 1988
     I.   Gamma Sigma Delta, The Honor Society of Agriculture, member since 1985
     J.   Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture, member since 1991.
     K.   Association of Leadership Educators, 1998- present.
     L.   American Association for Continuing Higher Education, 2000- present.
     M.   Member, American Economic Association, 2004-present.
     N.   Member, Rural Sociological Society, 2004-present.
     O.   Southern Regional Science Association, 2005- present.
     P.   National Association of Community Development Extension Professionals, 2005
             -present.
     Q.   Member, International Atlantic Economic Society, 2006-present.

X. SERVICE TO THE UNIVERSITY AND THE PUBLIC

 A. Departmental Committees and Service–Department of Agricultural Economics and
    Rural Sociology, Penn State University

     Co-director for the Center for Economic and Community Development

     Chair, Promotion and Tenure Committee, 2006-present

     Faculty Advisor, RULE Program, 2004-present

     Promotion and Tenure Committee, 2005- Present

     Honors and Awards Committee, 1988–89

     Promotion and Tenure Committee, 1985–88

     Department Head’s Advisory Committee (elected), 1981–83 and 1985–87
     Seminar Committee, 1983–85

     Faculty search committees (seven), 1980–87; chairman, two committees

     Research project advisory committees (six), 1980–87

     Travel Guidelines Committee, Community Affairs Extension Section, 1980–86
     Library Committee, 1980–82; chairman, 1981–82

                                                                                         41
                               Theodore R. Alter

    Ad Hoc Committee to review Agricultural Economics course offerings in public policy, 1978
    79

    Agricultural Economics Graduate Committee, 1977–80

    Editorial Committee, 1976–79; chairman, 1977–79

B. Faculty Peer Review

    Peer review of Dr. Rob Weaver’s Agribusiness Management 438-Econimics of
    Managing Global Agriculture and Food Systems, 2007

    Peer review of Dr. Jeffrey Stokes’ Agribusiness Management 407 – Farm Planning and
    Financial Management, 2007

    Peer review of Dr. Martin Shields’ Agricultural Economics and Rural
    Sociology/Community and Economic Development 533, Rural Development Research
    Methods and Topics, 2006

    Peer review of Dr. Martin Shields’ extension in-service course, Economics 101, January
    2005

C. College Committees–College of Agriculture, Penn State University

    International Programs Advisory Committee, 2002-2007.

    Chair, Environmental and Natural Resource Institute (ENRI) Award Committee, 2006

    Buck Research Award Review Committee, 2004.

    Administrative Review Committee, Dept. of Poultry Science, Penn State University, 1995

    Committee on Outreach to Diverse Audiences, 1992–present

    Editorial Advisory Board, Penn State Agriculture, 1991–96; 1998-present

    Management and Use of Rural and Community Resources Task Group, Penn State
        Cooperative Extension, 1986–present; chairman, 1986–1989

    Leadership Development and Public Policy Education Task Group, Penn State
         Cooperative Extension, 1986–1989

    Annual Staff Development Conference Planning Committee, 1985

    Search Committee for Head, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology,
         1984 and 1988



                                                                                         42
                              Theodore R. Alter

   Search Committee for Assistant Director of Extension/State Program Leader for Family
        Living, Penn State Cooperative Extension, 1984

   Advisory Committee for the statewide citizen’s survey: “Pennsylvania: The Citizen’s
        Viewpoint,” 1979–81

   Editorial Advisory Committee for the Rural Development Newsletter, 1979–81

   Faculty Committee in Charge of the Environmental Resource Management Major, 1977–
        83

   Environmental Education Task Group, 1977–83

   State Program Development Committee for Community Development, Penn State
         Cooperative Extension, 1977–83

   Search Committee for Community Development Agent, Clarion and Somerset Counties,
        Penn State Cooperative Extension, 1977

D. University Committees–Penn State University

   Member, National Outreach Scholarship Conference Planning Committee, 2005- present

   Member, Kellogg Presidents’ Commission on Engagement Assessment Working Group,
   March 2000- February 2006

   Represent Penn State Vice President on Outreach at CIC Committee on Outreach and
   Engagement, 2005-2006

   Member, Penn State Dickinson Law School Ag Law Center Board of Directors, 2002-
   2005

   Search Committee for Director, Alumni Programs (Grassroots Advocacy), 2002

   Executive Committee, Children, Youth, and Families Consortium, 2000-2004

   Executive Committee, Environmental Consortium, 2000-2004

   Faculty Steering Committee, Children, Youth, and Families Consortium, 1997-2000

   Executive Committee, Life Sciences Consortium, 1996-97

   Search Committee for the Dean, College of Agricultural Sciences, 1995-96

   Strategic Planning Management Education Study Group, 1985

   Graduate School Thesis Review Committee, 1978–79 and 1983–84

                                                                                         43
                              Theodore R. Alter

E. Other University Service–Penn State University

   Chair, Board of Directors, National Extension Diversity Center, 2005-Present

   Member, Penn State Cooperative Extension’s Change Agent States for Diversity (CASD)
   Initiative

   Represent Penn State Vice President for Outreach on Penn State Faculty Senate
   Committee on Outreach, 2004 – Present

   Director, College of Agriculture Urban Programs Study, Penn State University
   1987–present

   Coordinator, Community Affairs Extension, Department of Agricultural
         Economics and Rural Sociology, 1984–86

   College of Agriculture representative to the Northeast Public Policy Education
   Committee and National Public Policy Education Conference, 1982–1989

   Faculty Associate, Life Science Interest House, 1977–78

F. Service to the Public

   Alter, T.R. and J. Stokes. Conducted analysis and gave Pennsylvania General Assembly
   public hearing testimony on impacts of proposed real property tax policy change on
   agricultural land preservation, at request of chairman, Senate Agriculture and Rural
   Affairs Committee

   Member, Board of Directors, The Rodale Research Institute, 2004-Present

   Member, Board of Directors, Pennsylvania Rural Partners, 2004-Present

   Member, Forestry Task Force Advisory Committee of the Joint Legislative Air and
   Water Pollution Control and Conservation Committee, Pennsylvania General Assembly,
   June 1999 – present

   Member, Pennsylvania Rural Development Council, 1996-present

   Member, Pennsylvania Farm Show Commission, 1996-2004.

   Member, Pennsylvania State Conservation Commission, 1996-2004.

   Board of Directors and Finance Committee Member, Science Park Recreation
   Association, 1981–84

   Board of Directors and Chairman, Finance Committee, State College Area YMCA,
   1979–81. Awarded State College Area YMCA first annual Distinguished Service
   Award for preparing the YMCA’s first comprehensive annual operating budget.
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