Goodbye Old, Hello New! Goodbye Old, Hello New! • Adjusting to Change • Developing Skills for Transition to High School The goal of this training is to provide information to teachers that will assist them in enhancing parental involvement during the transition from middle school to high school. Transition Levels • Preschool – Kindergarten • Elementary – Middle School • Middle School – High School • High School – Post Secondary Why is it important for schools to work to help parents stay involved during this transition? • Parents involved in transition stay involved through high school • Student achievement increases with increased duration and intensity of parental involvement • Students with involved parents have – Higher test scores and grades – Better attendance – More positive attitudes and behavior – Higher graduation rates Henderson and Berla 1994 • Parent’s academic level, socioeconomic level, and ethnic or racial origin are not determining factors for academic success • Successful students have parents that: – Have a positive attitude about education – Believe their children can do well academically – Convey that belief to their children Mandates for Parent Involvement • No Child Left Behind • IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973(revised) • Title I • Arkansas Standards • ACSIP (Arkansas Consolidated School Improvement Plan), • Act 603 of 2003 High School Transitions What do we do to help students and their parents transition to high school? What Challenges Will Students Face? • Physically – – Move to new building •New more rigorous academic and disciplinary setting •More students •New principal and teachers •New expectations What Challenges Will Students Face? • Socially – New social connections – Pressures may increase – Balance school work and social life What Challenges Will Students Face? • Academically – More choices to make in their curricular and extracurricular activities – May have different scheduling – Harder courses and more homework – Organizational and study skills – Communicating with the teachers What Challenges Will Students Face? • Emotionally –Mixed feelings – excited and concerned –Dealing with change –Establishing independence from the family Components for successful transitions –Collaboration between Middle School and High School teachers –Transition programs Components for successful transitions –Welcoming environment –Establish open communication –Provide school information and dates –Provide curriculum information How Can Schools Help Students Transition to High School? • Develop a partnership with parents • Understand and be responsive to cultural diversity • Provide a warm and welcoming atmosphere • Establish two-way communication All kinds of parents become involved in their children’s education when the school: • Welcomes their participation with a warm and inviting environment • Honors their participation • Connects with parents through a focus on their child and the educational development of that child All kinds of parents become involved in their children’s education when the school: • Honors the needs of the parents • Gains the trust of parents and lets them know how they can be involved Parent involvement programs that are successful in engaging diverse families recognize, respect and address cultural and class differences. Henderson and Mapp 2002 High schools can have more involvement if they: • develop strong partnership programs • include different types of involvement in these programs • directly contact parents and invite them to participate in programs Henderson and Mapp 2002 Parents’ Suggestions for How the School Can Improve Parent Involvement: • Make parents feel more welcomed • Change the attitudes of school staff so that they recognize the advantages of teachers and parents working together • Consider the educational level, language, culture, and home situation of parents • Give teachers time to plan and organize parent activities • Take parents’ interests and needs into consideration when planning activities • Recognize that even if parents cannot be present at school, helping their children at home is also a valuable contribution • Provide parents with knowledge about how to be involved in a range of involvement opportunities If you address the barriers to involvement, parents will be more likely to come. Henderson and Mapp 2002 How Can Schools Help Students Transition to High School? • Physically – Have an orientation night for students and parents – Give students and parents a tour of the school How Can Schools Help Students Transition to High School? • Socially – Welcoming and friendly environment – Plan activities that provide opportunities for students to meet and develop positive relationships with older students and other incoming students How Can Schools Help Students Transition to High School? • Academically – Provide transition programs for students in eighth grade and their parents – Provide orientation programs – Develop programs that combine teacher, staff, parent, and student collaboration – Provide responsive remediation programs How Can Schools Help Students Transition to High School? • Emotionally – Provide warm, caring atmosphere – Provide a safe and secure environment – Anticipate causes of stress for students and parents and develop strategies to address the causes – Provide supportive advisory group activities How Can Schools Help Students and Parents Transition to High School? • What are some of the causes of stress for new students that you see in your school? • What are some of the causes of stress for parents of students? • What can the school do to address these issues? • What can the school do to involve parents in identifying and addressing these issues? How Can Parents Help Students Transition to High School? • Socially – Talk about making new friends – Talk about peer pressure – Talk about conflict – Talk about finding balance How Can Parents Help Students Transition to High School? • Academically – Attend orientation programs – Learn about school routines and timetables – Help develop good study habits – Help with organizational skills – Help set priorities – Keep in touch with teachers How Can Parents Help Students Transition to High School? • Physically – Participate in the orientation programs – Organize travel arrangements to and from school – Discuss back-up travel arrangements How Can Parents Help Students Transition to High School? • Emotionally •Be interested and enthusiastic about high school •Be encouraging •Listen to expectations and experiences •Discuss changes they will experience •Keep communication open How Can Parents Help Themselves? • Take good care of themselves • Keep up their health • Find ways to handle stress • Keep a positive attitude • Build a support network • Keep a sense of humor Remember the good old days when the messes they made were disposable?