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					Goodbye Old,
      Hello New!
             Goodbye Old,
                 Hello New!
• Adjusting to Change
• Developing Skills for Transition to High
  School
The goal of this training is to
provide information to teachers
that will assist them in enhancing
parental involvement during the
transition from middle school to
high school.
Transition
  Levels

         • Preschool – Kindergarten
         • Elementary – Middle School
         • Middle School – High School
         • High School – Post Secondary
Why is it important
for schools to work
to help parents stay
involved during this
transition?
• Parents involved in transition stay involved
  through high school
• Student achievement increases with increased
  duration and intensity of parental involvement
• Students with involved parents have
  –   Higher test scores and grades
  –   Better attendance
  –   More positive attitudes and behavior
  –   Higher graduation rates

  Henderson and Berla 1994
• Parent’s academic level, socioeconomic
  level, and ethnic or racial origin are not
  determining factors for academic success

• Successful students have parents that:
  – Have a positive attitude about education
  – Believe their children can do well academically
  – Convey that belief to their children
               Mandates for
            Parent Involvement
• No Child Left Behind
• IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)
• Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of
  1973(revised)

• Title I
• Arkansas Standards
• ACSIP (Arkansas Consolidated School Improvement
  Plan),
• Act 603 of 2003
High School Transitions

  What do we do to help
students and their parents
transition to high school?
 What Challenges
Will Students Face?


    • Physically –
       – Move to new building
          •New more rigorous academic and
           disciplinary setting
          •More students
          •New principal and teachers
          •New expectations
What Challenges
     Will
Students Face?


 • Socially
   – New social connections
   – Pressures may increase
   – Balance school work and social life
   What Challenges
        Will
   Students Face?

• Academically
  – More choices to make in their curricular
    and extracurricular activities
  – May have different scheduling
  – Harder courses and more homework
  – Organizational and study skills
  – Communicating with the teachers
 What Challenges Will
   Students Face?



• Emotionally
  –Mixed feelings – excited and concerned
  –Dealing with change
  –Establishing independence from the
   family
Components
for successful
 transitions


–Collaboration between Middle School
 and High School teachers

–Transition programs
Components
for successful
 transitions


 –Welcoming environment
 –Establish open communication
 –Provide school information and
  dates
 –Provide curriculum information
How Can Schools Help
Students Transition to
    High School?


 • Develop a partnership with parents
 • Understand and be responsive to
   cultural diversity
 • Provide a warm and welcoming
   atmosphere
 • Establish two-way communication
All kinds of parents become involved in their
  children’s education when the school:

• Welcomes their participation with a warm
  and inviting environment
• Honors their participation
• Connects with parents through a focus on
  their child and the educational
  development of that child
All kinds of parents become involved in their
  children’s education when the school:

• Honors the needs of the parents
• Gains the trust of parents and lets them know
  how they can be involved

Parent involvement programs that are successful
  in engaging diverse families recognize, respect
  and address cultural and class differences.

Henderson and Mapp 2002
High schools can have more involvement
 if they:

• develop strong partnership programs
• include different types of involvement in
  these programs
• directly contact parents and invite them
  to participate in programs

Henderson and Mapp 2002
Parents’ Suggestions for How the School
 Can Improve Parent Involvement:

• Make parents feel more welcomed
• Change the attitudes of school staff so
  that they recognize the advantages of
  teachers and parents working together
• Consider the educational level, language,
  culture, and home situation of parents
• Give teachers time to plan and organize
  parent activities
• Take parents’ interests and needs into
  consideration when planning activities
• Recognize that even if parents cannot be
  present at school, helping their children at
  home is also a valuable contribution
• Provide parents with knowledge about
  how to be involved in a range of
  involvement opportunities

If you address the barriers to involvement,
   parents will be more likely to come.

Henderson and Mapp 2002
How Can Schools Help
 Students Transition
   to High School?



 • Physically
   – Have an orientation night for students and
     parents
   – Give students and parents a tour of the
     school
 How Can Schools
       Help
Students Transition
  to High School?

• Socially
  – Welcoming and friendly environment
  – Plan activities that provide opportunities
    for students to meet and develop positive
    relationships with older students and other
    incoming students
  How Can Schools Help
   Students Transition
     to High School?

• Academically
  – Provide transition programs for students in
    eighth grade and their parents
  – Provide orientation programs
  – Develop programs that combine teacher,
    staff, parent, and student collaboration
  – Provide responsive remediation programs
How Can Schools
 Help Students
   Transition
to High School?

• Emotionally
  – Provide warm, caring atmosphere
  – Provide a safe and secure
    environment
  – Anticipate causes of stress for
    students and parents and develop
    strategies to address the causes
  – Provide supportive advisory group
    activities
      How Can Schools Help
  Students and Parents Transition
         to High School?

• What are some of the causes of stress for new
  students that you see in your school?
• What are some of the causes of stress for
  parents of students?
• What can the school do to address these
  issues?
• What can the school do to involve parents in
  identifying and addressing these issues?
  How Can Parents
    Help Students
      Transition
   to High School?

• Socially
  – Talk about making new friends
  – Talk about peer pressure
  – Talk about conflict
  – Talk about finding balance
How Can Parents
  Help Students
    Transition
 to High School?

• Academically
  – Attend orientation programs
  – Learn about school routines and timetables
  – Help develop good study habits
  – Help with organizational skills
  – Help set priorities
  – Keep in touch with teachers
How Can Parents
 Help Students
   Transition
to High School?

 • Physically
   – Participate in the orientation programs
   – Organize travel arrangements to and
     from school
   – Discuss back-up travel arrangements
   How Can Parents
Help Students Transition
    to High School?


• Emotionally
    •Be interested and enthusiastic about
     high school
    •Be encouraging
    •Listen to expectations and experiences
    •Discuss changes they will experience
    •Keep communication open
How Can Parents Help
   Themselves?

     • Take good care of
       themselves
     • Keep up their health
     • Find ways to handle stress
     • Keep a positive attitude
     • Build a support network
     • Keep a sense of humor
Remember the
 good old days
 when the
 messes they
 made were
 disposable?

				
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