What Do You Know? 1. New Zealand is situated in the… a. Indian Ocean b. Pacific Ocean c. Atlantic Ocean 2. New Zealand is separated from Australia by the… a. Tasman Sea b. Black Sea c. Arafura Sea 3. The country consists of… a. 2 large islands b. 3 large islands c. 2 large islands and numerous small islands 4. The first European navigator who visited New Zealand was… a. James Cook b. Abel Tasman c. Mathew Flinders 5. The population of New Zealand is… a. 4 mln people b. 10 mln people c. 240 mln people 6. The official languages of New Zealand are… a. Maori & Hindi b. English & Maori c. English & Hindi 7. The capital of the country is… a. Wellington b. Auckland c. Christcurch 8. The largest New Zealand’s city is… a. Wellington b. Auckland c. Christchurch 9. The largest city in the South Island is… a. Wellington b. Auckland c. Christchurch 10. New Zealand is… a. a republic b. a monarchy c. a federation Watch the presentation & check your answers... New Zealand Australia The Pacific Ocean The Tasman Sea Cook Strait Wellington The North Island The South Island East Polynesia Maori Captain James Cook Abel Tasman Auckland Christchurch Dunedin Hamilton Queenstown Rotorua • New Zealand is situated midway between the Equator and the South Pole in the southern Pacific Ocean. • Its nearest western neighbour is Australia. • New Zealand is separated from Australia by the Tasman Sea. • The area of the country is about 270,000 sq km. • It is a small, quiet and green country, which consists of two large islands – the North Island and the South Island, and numerous small islands. • The two main islands are separated by Cook Strait. Three fourths of New Zealanders live in the warmer North Island. That is where you can find active volcanoes, many rivers and lakes, numerous mineral hot springs and geysers, subtropical forests and sandy beaches. The South Island is larger than the North Island and has the highest mountains. The chief mountain range of the South Island is the Southern Alps. Sometimes people say that the North Island means beaches and the South Island means mountains. New Zealand was settled over 1,000 years ago by voyagers from East Polynesia. These settlers were the ancestors of today’s Maori. Europeans first came in 1642. Dutchman Abel Tasman was the first European navigator to visit the islands. Then between 1769 and 1777 Captain James Cook visited the islands 4 times and claimed the land for the British crown. At the time of Captain James Cook’s visit in 1769, the Maori population was about 250,000 people. Traditional art forms included carvings in wood, stone and bone, storytelling, dances and songs. Maori was declared an official language in 1987. • Although the country is about the same size as Great Britain or Japan, it is not as densely populated. • The population of New Zealand is about 4 million people. • About 14% are Maori, 80% of New Zealanders are white people. • English and Maori are the official languages, although the country is predominantly English- speaking. • Almost all of the Maori speak English. • New Zealand English is pure and clear; it is easily understood everywhere in the world. Most of New Zealanders live in cities and towns. Wellington is the capital of New Zealand. It is the administrative centre and the seat of the government with a population of 200,000 people. Auckland is New Zealand’s largest city. It is a major industrial and commercial centre with a population of over a million people. Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island with the population of over 300,000 people. It is an inland city with an English atmosphere, Oxford-style buildings, many parks and gardens. Dunedin is the second largest city of the South Island with a population of 120,000 people. The city is also called the “Edinburgh of the South”. Hamilton lies on both banks of the Waikato River in the North Island. The population of the city is about 190,000 people. Hamilton Gardens is the most popular tourist attraction every year. Queenstown lies on Lake Wakatipu in the South Island and has a population of about 11,000 people. It is a resort town and a centre for adventure tourism (jet boating, mountain biking, skiing, etc.). Rotorua is a town on Lake Rotorua in the North Island. Its population of about 65,000 people. The town is well known for geothermal activity. New Zealand is an independent state (1947) and a member of the Commonwealth. It is a constitutional monarchy. The British monarch is the head of state, represented by the governor-general. The flag of New Zealand is blue with the flag of the UK, with four red five-pointed stars edged in white centered in the outer half of the flag. The coat-of-arms depicts a woman and a Maori man standing on leaves of fern and looking at each other over a shield with five badges. Shield supports Crown of St. Edward. • Official name: New Zealand • Consists of: two large islands and numerous small islands • Total area: about 270,000 sq km • Population: about 4 million people • Native people: Maori • Official languages: English and Maori • Capital: Wellington • Largest city: Auckland • Main cities: Christchurch, Queenstown, Hamilton, Dunedin, Rotorua • Government: constitutional monarchy Revision Exercises • Answer the questions: 1. Where is New Zealand situated? 2. Which country is its nearest western neighbour? 3. Is the area of New Zealand 270,000 square km? 4. What islands does the country consist of? 5. Who are the Native people of New Zealand? 6. Was James Cook the first European to visit NZ? 7. What are the official languages in the country? 8. Wellington is the capital of New Zealand, isn’t it? 9. Is Christchurch the largest city in the country? 10. Who is the head of New Zealand? • True or false: 1. New Zealand is situated in the Atlantic Ocean. 2. The area of the country is about 270,000 sq km. 3. The two main islands are separated by Tasman Strait. 4. Most of New Zealanders live in the South Island. 5. Europeans first visited New Zealand in 1642. 6. James Cook claimed the land for the British crown. 7. Maori are 80% of the population of the country. 8. Wellington is the largest city of New Zealand. 9. Auckland is the capital of the country. 10. New Zealand is an independent state. 11. The head of NZ is the governor-general. The population Captain James Cook Maori 1642 The area 270,000 Europeans 1642 1769 The population 4,000,00 0 Maori 14 Wellington 200,000 • Tell about New Zealand, using the chart: 1. New Zealand is situated… 2. It is separated from Australia by … 3. The area of the country is… 4. New Zealand consists of… 5. The Native people of the country are… 6. Dutchman Abel Tasman was… 7. The population of New Zealand is… 8. 80% of New Zealanders are… 9. The official languages are… 10. The capital of the country is… 11. … is the largest city. 12. The main cities in New Zealand are… 13. … an independent state. 14. The head of the country is… Can You Do the Quiz Now? 1. New Zealand is situated in the… a. Indian Ocean b. Pacific Ocean c. Atlantic Ocean 2. New Zealand is separated from Australia by the… a. Tasman Sea b. Black Sea c. Arafura Sea 3. The country consists of… a. 2 large islands b. 3 large islands c. 2 large islands and numerous small islands 4. The first European navigator who visited New Zealand was… a. James Cook b. Abel Tasman c. Mathew Flinders 5. The population of New Zealand is… a. 4 mln people b. 10 mln people c. 240 mln people 6. The official languages of New Zealand are… a. Maori & Hindi b. English & Maori c. English & Hindi 7. The capital of the country is… a. Wellington b. Auckland c. Christchurch 8. The largest New Zealand’s city is… a. Wellington b. Auckland c. Cristchurch 9. The largest city in the South Island is… a. Wellington b. Auckland c. Christchurch 10. New Zealand is… a. a republic b. a monarchy c. a federation • Exercise 2, page 97 (to read). • A story about New Zealand. • Look for the information about New Zealand.
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