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High School Literary Criticism

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					   High School
Literary Criticism
   Presentation
     Ms. April Geltch
    Teacher Librarian
    February 26, 2009
       Purpose of Literary Criticism:
           Poetry & Literature
   To form judgments and opinions about a
    work of literature being studied
   To discover literary conventions & writer’s
    purpose for creating the work
   To uncover universal themes from the
    writing (ie. love, death, discrimination, etc.)
   IT IS NOT A SUMMARY OF THE WORK!
               Literary Criticism:
                  Schools of Thought
   There are various approaches for
    interpreting literature
       Author’s Background-How does the work reflect
        the writer’s life?
       Historical Background-How does the work
        address issue of the time period?
       Comparison of Works-How does one piece of
        literature compare to another?
               Literary Criticism:
                 Schools of Thought #2
   Critical & Theoretical Approaches-Literary scholars
    apply different beliefs, philosophies, and mind sets
    when evaluating literature
   Some Examples:
      Feminism

      Marxism

      Psychoanalytic Theory

      Others Approaches Listed at
       http://www.kristisiegel.com/theory.htm
Literary Analysis Paper-Research Strategy #1
          Define a Topic or Thesis
  Thesis = Position on the subject
  Thesis = Stated belief which others may disagree

  Thesis = A topic that can be discussed within the
   page limits of a research paper
                 Suggestions
  Answer to a writing prompt-if provided
  Use literary schools of thought as a guide for
   formulating a thesis
    Literary Analysis Paper-Research Strategy #2
        Find a Variety of Reliable Resources
   Utilize these types of resources to prove your points:
        Actual literary work
        Author biography
        Literary criticism guides on author and/or work (ie.
         Bloom’s Modern Critical Views)
        Literary reference guides-Time period & subject
        Library databases like EBSCO and GALE
        Online resources provided by teacher and/or with edu, org
         domains
    Literary Analysis Paper-Research Strategy #3
            Writing the Research Paper
   Follow through with process of writing (ie.
    brainstorm, rough draft, revision, final draft)
   Include thesis in introduction
   Site evidence from resources (mentioned in
    previous slide) to back up your points
   Discuss literary elements when useful
    Literary Analysis Paper-Research Strategy #3
         Writing the Research Paper Part 2
   Use proper grammar & spelling
   Include word & sentence variety
   Use APA or MLA citation when citing
    evidence & creating a bibliography
         Literary Analysis Websites
   Internet Public Library Literary
    Criticism http://www.ipl.org/div/litcrit/

   Introduction to Modern Literary Theory
    http://www.kristisiegel.com/theory.htm

   Mrs. Dean Pratt- Literary Criticism for High
    School Students
    http://www.fccps.k12.va.us/gm/faculty/dean/gmd
    ean.htm
Literary Analysis Websites Continued
   Skylar Hamilton Burris- Literary Criticism: An
    Overview of Approaches
    http://www.literatureclassics.com/ancientpaths/litcri
    t.html
   Teaching Literature
    http://www.teachingliterature.org/teachingliterature/
    criticism.htm
   Washington Country Free Library Research
    http://www.washcolibrary.org/research/viewtopic.as
    p?id=11