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					What Would Buffy Do? Notes on Dusting
Edward Cullen

July 01, 2009

By McIntosh
Source: Women in Media & News: Voices

[This article first appeared on Women In Media & News, kindly comment on & link to their

I usually try to stay away from the forces of darkness, but last week I killed a famous vampire - and
let me tell you, it was fun! Actually, I didn't stake him myself — I used new media tools to allow one
of the strongest female television characters of our generation to do it. OK, let me back up a
minute. Last week, at the Open Video Conference at NYU Law School, I debuted my feminist mash-
up video, Buffy vs Edward . It's an example of transformative storytelling which reinterprets the
movie Twilight by re-cutting and combining it with the TV series Buffy The Vampire Slayer.
Five months in the making, Buffy vs Edward is essentially an answer to the question "What W   ould
Buffy Do?" My re-imagined story was specifically constructed as a response to Edward, and what his
behavior represents in our larger social context for both men and women. More than just a
showdown between The Slayer and the Sparkly Vampire, it's also a humorous visualization of the
metaphorical battle between two opposing visions of gender roles in the 21ist century.

The response online has been swift, enthusiastic and overwhelming. Apparently I touched a nerve.
Seems a lot of people thought it was about time the Slayer did something about Edward Cullen from
the Twilight series (who, in case you are not familiar, is a vampire that glitters like diamonds in the
sunlight to attract prey — sorta like a stalky My Little Pony with fangs). In the 14 days since I posted
the remix online it has been viewed more than 1 million times (on Y    outube &, and has been
translated by volunteers into 18 languages, including Slovenian, T   agalog and Bahasa Indonesian via
the website

On the whole, the reaction to the video has been tremendously positive — even in such outlets as
Perez Hilton's blog, on Entertainment Weekly's Pop W       atch., a popular blog on
celebrity, sex and fashion for women, headlined their post: "Buffy Shuts Down Edward Cullen In The
Best Clip Ever." And just yesterday, the top of the front page of the Los Angeles Times' online
entertainment section links to their TV blog's post about the mashup (they interviewed me and
sought responses from viewers):

The remix has been posted on hundreds of websites and blogs, and is still circulating through
Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. It has sparked a wide-ranging and timely online conversation
about how obsessive and predatory male behavior passes for romance in too much of our pop
culture. Some of my favorite debates about the mashup have appeared on,,, and there are also long discussions on many
Twilight fan blogs, such as I've been pleasantly surprised to find that the
exchange on YouTube - where I often dread reading obnoxious comments on videos about gender
- has also been exciting and constructive. Statements such as the following, from commenter
LillSenorita, have been common:

             "Yes! That is a hundred times more likely reaction from any girl! Seen from this
             view, it really takes the "SPARKLING*ROMANTIC*AWW" from stalking."

Perhaps most exciting is that young girls, who have so few positive role models in media, are finding
that the mashup speaks to them, too. Twilight fan Dawi Zarni, age 10, told me:

             "It's really good, I liked the girl power it showed. I've watched it like 10 times and
             showed it to my friends. It's the best thing I have ever seen on the internet!"
Since publishing the video, everyone from fellow Y ubers to Los Angeles Times reporters have
been asking me why I decided to created this remix. It all started six months ago when my partner,
Anita (also a media literacy advocate) and I watched the enormously popular movie T   wilight, based
on the book of the same name by Stephenie Meyer. Coincidentally, we had recently finished re-
watching the final season of Buffy The Vampire Slayer, our favorite television show ever. As huge
Buffy fans we couldn't help but compare the two stories. W were troubled by how the main
characters in Twilight seemed to embody antiquated, sexist gender stereotypes. T     eenage
protagonist Bella Swan is written as passive, co-dependant and perpetually the damsel in distress.
Edward Cullen, her love interest, is written as over-protective, domineering and possessive.

Over the course of the film Edward is in turns patronizing, condescending and just downright creepy   .
He spies on Bella, he stalks her (for "her own good"), he sneaks into her room to watch her sleep
(without her consent) and even confesses to a deep, overpowering desire to kill her. W marveled at
how the film attempted to present this behavior as sweet and deeply romantic - and how the larger
pop culture discussion continued that framing for millions of young Twilight fans. At several points
during the film Anita and I found ourselves asking each other: "What W  ould Buffy Do?"

Each answer we came up with conjured increasingly hilarious and satisfying mental pictures of a very
different narrative. Imagine if Edward Cullen met The Slayer at Sunnydale High: what kind of story
would unfold if their responses were consistent with their personas, and with the value systems of
the movie and TV show they represent? (Even as I type this I can imagine Buffy rolling her eyes at
my idea of transplanting Edward into her universe, scolding me with this line from episode #96:
"Please don't be suggesting what I'd have to kill you for suggesting!")

In sharp contrast to Bella's story, Buffy's narrative is one in which gender equity is sexy - and
powerful, complex and independent women are the norm. So successful is this normalization of
female strength on the show that in the few alternative reality episodes that find Buffy magically
weakened, we see her lack of power as utterly absurd. Imagine Buffy being helpless, ridiculous! The
very thought is played for laughs. Throughout Buffy's seven seasons, males that display the type of
behavior Edward does are ridiculed or portrayed as dangerous (or both). Buffy is not without its own
controversies (especially around race and LGBT issues), but the writers did often succeed in actively
and brilliantly subverting expected sexist Hollywood themes.

At first I wasn't sure if it was possible to take footage from the movie and television show and splice
them together in a convincing way I had made remixes of popular culture before but never tried to
re-construct an alternative narrative. But I knew I had to try when I realized that the stalking scene in
Twilight was extremely similar to a scene in episode #13 of Buffy.

In both sequences a female protagonist walks alone at night and is followed by shadowy figure(s),
while dramatic music amps up the suspense. The similarities end there. Both scenes have radically
different outcomes and narrative lessons. In Bella's case, she is confronted by a group of
aggressive, drunken frat boys, and actually starts to defend herself - until she's interrupted from the
act of self-protection when the writers have Edward swoop in and save her in the nick of time. T      urns
out Edward has also been stalking her (supposedly in case she might need his help). In contrast,
Buffy stops in the dark ally and, annoyed, confronts her pursuer - who turns out to be her own
vampire love interest, Angel—and who, you guessed it, is following her in case she might need his
help. Buffy's having none of it, delivering her brilliantly pointed line (which I use in the remix): "You
know, being stalked isn't really a big turn on for girls." She tells Angel she doesn't trust him and that
                                                                                      . o
she can take care of herself, leaving him standing rejected and alone in the ally T the show's credit,
it's not ultimately a message of tough female individualism; Buffy does learn that working together
with her friends and allies (many of them also strong female characters, alongside resourceful and
supportive men) she can overcome any challenge, including saving the world—a lot.

As an aspiring feminist guy, I wanted to speak out about issues of sexism and gender oppression in
media but I wanted to do so carefully and intentionally That's why I chose to focus my critique on
Edward's patriarchal behavior in Twilight rather than on Bella's actions. I didn't feel it was my place
to lecture her on desire (even in remix form), especially since her character is already
disempowered by the original screenplay to the point of absurdity So I built each scene around
Edward, and then looked for appropriate responses from Buffy Sorting through seven seasons worth
Edward, and then looked for appropriate responses from Buffy Sorting through seven seasons worth
of witty dialog and dramatic footage from Buffy was a lot of fun, and telling the tale through her and
her friends' perspective allows us to understand the messages underlying the mythology of the film
and the TV show in a new way - and to enjoy the process. I should note that I am not the first to
make this critique of the Twilight series, nor did I invent the process of re-imagining pop culture
stories. I was inspired by women who have been creating fan fiction as self-conscious creative
communities since before I was born. I was heavily influenced by fannish vidding as well as by
feminist critiques of popular culture, especially those of bell hooks, whose writings have helped
opened my eyes on issues of race, gender and love.

Although my remix is not a "vid" - a fannish music video made by pairing clips from a TV show or film
with a song that creates an argument or illustrates a theme - it was inspired by vidders such as
Francesca Coppa and Laura Shapiro, who have both taught me much about the art form. I was also
inspired by political remix videos such as Jackie Reem Salloum's amazing "Planet of the Arabs,"
which she describes as "A trailer-esque montage spectacle of Hollywood's relentless vilification and
dehumanization of Arabs and Muslims." At their best, mash-up videos can serve as a form of critical
media literacy, exposing myths and messages embedded in media typically masked by glossy
Hollywood productions.

In the end the only reasonable response was to have Buffy stake Edward - not because she didn't
find him sexy, not because he was too sensitive or too eager to share his feelings - but simply
because he was possessive, manipulative, and stalkery Lastly, interspersed among the avalanche
of positive feedback are a small handful of responses from people dismayed at the death of the
beloved Edward Cullen. Often these notes express concern that my mash-up is a condemnation of
the fans of Twilight or of the actor Robert Pattinson, who plays Edward. I would like to say that the
video is not intended as a stab at the fans. Rather, it's an argument against the specific way in which
romance and gender roles are constructed in the Twilight series. Ultimately, Buffy's triumph over
Edward is only one small part of much larger story: the story of our collective journey towards a world
of gender equity and empowerment.

[View and compare the original stalking sequences for yourself on]

Jonathan McIntosh is a video remix artist, a photographer, a new media teacher and a social
justice activist. His work can be seen on his website, He is also a co-editor
for the blog

From: Z Net - The Spirit Of Resistance Lives

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