Let’s Find Out Why It’s What Makes the Sun Hurt our Skin? • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation – Invisible rays that come from the sun • UV radiation causes – Sunburns – Wrinkles – Skin cancer Skin Cancer Risk Factors • Fair skin • Light-colored eyes • Blonde or red hair • Burn easily • Grew up in the south • Work outdoors Facts • More than 1 million new cases of skin cancer will be diagnosed in the United States this year. • Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are the two most common forms of skin cancer, but are easily treated if detected early. • Current estimates are that 1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime. Facts • Melanoma is the most common form of cancer for young adults 25-29 years old and the second most common form of cancer for adolescents and young adults 15-29 years old. • Melanoma is increasing faster in females 15-29 years old than males in the same age group. In females 15-29 years old, the torso is the most common location for developing melanoma which may be due to deliberate sun tanning. • Melanoma in individuals 10-39 years old is highly curable with five-year survival rates exceeding 90 percent. Facts • It is estimated that there will be about 116,500 new cases of melanoma in 2008 — 54,020 noninvasive (in situ) and 62,480 invasive (34,950 men and 27,530 women). • One American dies of melanoma almost every hour (every 62 minutes). In 2008, 8,420 deaths will be attributed to melanoma — 5,400 men and 3,020 women. • The World Health Organization estimates that as many as 65,161 people a year worldwide die from too much sun, mostly from malignant skin cancer. Types of Skin Cancer • Basal Cell Carcinoma – Growth with rolled edges – Pearly/shiny appearance • Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Sore that bleeds and won’t heal – Rough patch of skin Types of Skin Cancer • Malignant Melanoma – Asymmetry – if you draw a line through this hole the two halves will not match – Borders – edges may be scalloped or notched – Color – shades of brown, black or even red, white or blue – Diameter – usually larger than the size of an eraser – Evolving – a new mole that have symptoms such as bleeding, itching or crusting. What are the ABCD’s? • 4 simple things to look for in your moles –Asymmetry –Borders –Color change –Diameter Asymmetry • One side of your mole doesn’t match the other Borders • Your mole has jagged or irregular borders Color Change • Your mole changes color or is different colors Diameter • Your mole is bigger than a pencil eraser Is This Cancerous Or Not? Cancerous - Yes Why? - Its Asymmetrical Cancerous - Yes Why? - Its Larger than ¼ inch Cancerous - No Why? - Borders are Even Cancerous - No Why? - Its Smaller than ¼ inch Cancerous - Yes Why? - Two or more shades Cancerous - No Why? - One Shade Cancerous - Yes Why? - Borders are uneven Cancerous - NO Why? - Symmetrical How Do I Know What My Moles Look Like? • Ask your doctor to make a ―mole map‖ or make your own. – Draw two figures (one from the front and one from the back) – Use a long mirror to examine your body and chart all of your moles on the figures – Make notes about how each mole looks – Take this chart to the doctor with you An Example of a Mole Map Group of Light Dark Red: 4mm Brown: 1-2mm Groups of Small Freckles Groups of Small Freckles Dark Brown: 6mm Light Brown: 2mm What If I See a Change? • Contact your doctor or dermatologist • BE PERSISTENT • Remember skin cancer is curable if it is detected early! Prevention • Watch the Clock • Use Sun Block • Clothing • Hats • Sun Glasses • Avoid Tanning Beds Watch The Clock • The sun’s rays are the strongest between 10:00 am and 3:00 pm • Some people call this the heat of the day Use Sun block! • Sun block—or sunscreen protects your skin from UV rays • Look for a product with an SPF of at least 30 for the best protection • Apply 30 minutes before you go out into the sun • Reapply every 2 hours Slip on a Shirt • Long-sleeved shirts are the best choice for sun protection • Dark colors block more UV radiation than light colors do Added Protection for Clothing Slap on a hat • Hats are an easy way to protect your skin from the sun • Hats with at least a 3‖ brim all the way around are best Sun Glasses • Sunglasses that provided 99 to 100% UVA and UVB protection will greatly reduce sun exposure that can lead to cataracts and other eye damage. Tanning Beds • Individuals 30 and under who use tanning beds regularly (10 times or more per year) are at greater risk of developing melanoma • 55% greater risk of developing skin cancer in your lifetime • Penetrating damage from UV-A Rays Sun-LessTanning • Safe alternative to a skin damaging tan • Available in lotion or gel form • Temporary color which can be re- applied Test Your Sun Sense Test Your Sun Sense… Question 1 True or False Skin Cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. True Test Your Sun Sense… Question 2 True or False The development of a new mole or a change in an existing one may be a sign of skin cancer. True Test Your Sun Sense… Question 3 True or False People with dark skin cannot get skin cancer. False Test Your Sun Sense… Question 4 True or False You cannot die from skin cancer. False Test Your Sun Sense… Question 5 True or False You have an increased risk of malignant melanoma if your grandparents, parents or siblings have had melanoma. True Test Your Sun Sense… Question 6 True or False If you stay out of the sun, you will never get skin cancer. False Test Your Sun Sense… Question 7 True or False Malignant melanoma, a serious type of skin cancer, cannot be cured. False Test Your Sun Sense… Question 8 True or False Melanoma can occur anywhere in your body. True Test Your Sun Sense… Question 9 True or False Redheads and blondes are more likely to get skin cancer. True Test Your Sun Sense… Question 10 True or False Sunscreen applied once a day is enough if you are planning to stay outdoors for more than 2 hours. False Test Your Sun Sense… Question 11 True or False Tanning beds use is a safe way to get a tan. False Test Your Sun Sense… Question 12 True or False Skin cancer is a disease that only happens to old people, not teenagers. False Test Your Sun Sense… Question 13 True or False Sunless tanning products are a safe way to get a tan. True Resources • Texas AgriLife Extension Service – Texas A&M System • American Academy of Dermatology • American Cancer Society • Melanoma Education Foundation Any questions?