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Matheson organ on way to RBH

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					                                                                                           GRADUATES' ISSUE 

                                                                                           Monash University's teaching now spaRS two decades. The
                                                                                        University's gr~u8t8 bQdy today is larQ8 and widely dispersed ­
                                                                                        not the homogeneous group of 1964 which received Monaah', first
                                                                                        degrees.
                                                                                           But the graduate of '64 shares with the graduate of 79 some
                                                                                        aspects of "the Monash experience": study in the same subject
                                                                                        areas, in the same buildings and, most importantlv. under some of
                                                                                        the same members of siaff.
                                                                                           In 8 bid to revive memories of that experience (for better or
                                                                                        worse!) and to keep graduates informed on Monash's activities, this
                                                                                        issue   of   Repcwt..- -   the 'a.t for 1979 -   is being mailltd to all
                                                                                        graduates.•a the November issue ha. been for the lut two V.arl:.
                                                                                           A special V••r in Revtew Hetton .bm on pege 9.



~~--------~--~                                                                                                             Morning Glory
                                                                                                                        Melbourne meteorologists have been on an expedition to
                                                                                                                     the Gulf of Carpentaria "in pursuit" of tropN:81 Australia', un·
                                                                                                                      ique. spectacular ctoud form.the Morning Glory. They believe
                                                                                                                      they now know about its ortgin and structure. Story and pic­
                                                                                                                      tures page 3.




                                                                                                                             Human rights
                                                                                                                      l MONIIh lawyer, " ._,..... C, G. -~E1
                                                                                                                        _ H. recently           • month vloiting S
                                                                                                                      u-lity, heart of AfT*"- culton. in South Africa. P_
                                                                                                                      _ W....    man.., _ I... human rights in South Africe -
                                                                                                                      Ind ... country'. jututw. SIOfy otarto.- 7.




                                                                                                                              ARGC grants
                                                                                                                         Monash University will receive $1 .215.799 in research
                                                                                                                      funds from the Australian Research Grants Committee in
                                                                                                                       1980. This is an impressive 25 per cent increase over the
                                                                                                                       1979 figure of $971 .896. A full list of the grants to 138 pro­
                                                                                                                      iects starts on page 14.




                                                                                                                           Next triennium
                                                                                                                         Mona... CoUnc~ recently _oved ... UrWeroIty'l _
                                                                                                                      m _ ...... ~ Council for ... 1982·84 trien­
                                                                                                                      nium. The _ _ _ _ to _          ... _                     M_
                                                                                                                      ~1O"iIt ...               eo.- _ond_1r8inIng
                                                                                                                      l!J..ll!!!I!!!!I!i!!!!IU'.IJI!!!!Ii!~IU .n\
                                                                                                                                                            .            on _    18.




                                                                                                                         Monash authors
                                                                                                                         Two new books by members of the English department
                                                                                                                      focus on Australian drama and the world of two authors of
                                                                                                                      beloved children's books. Reviews of After ' 'The 0011" and
                                                                                                                      Savan Uttle Billabongs appear in a books section on pages
                                                                                                                      18 and 19.




      Matheson organ on way to RBH 
                                                    Senior lecturer in Zoology and Direc­                  until recently organist at St. Peter's,
  The organ being built for Robert Blackwood Hall by                                  tor of Robert Blackwood Hall, Dr Ian                     Eastern Hill, has been the consultant
German builder Jurgen Ahrend il ftni8hed and il being                                 HilCOCk, and 'senior lecturer in Music                   OIl the organ project.
shipped to Melbourne thil month. 	                                                    at the Victorian College of the Arlo, Mr                    Professor of Civil Engineering,
                                                                                      John O'Oonnell, visited Ahrend's                         ProCessor Noel Murray, visited the
 The organ will commemorate the             and donors. Special music events          worksbop in September.                                   workshop while in Germany earlier in
work of Monash University's flfSt Vice­     featuring the organ will be held during                                                            the year.
Chancellor, Sir Louis Math....n. A          the opening week.                                                                                     Mr O'Donnell calls the finished in·
total of $321,000 W88 raised by public 	                                              Installation                                             strument "a masterpiece".
subscription in 1976 to fund the pro·         Two Monash academics and a                                                                          He points out that an organ's sound
ject. 	                                     leading Melbourne organist have seen     Dr Hiscock went to rmalise contrac­                       relies 88 much on the room it is part of
 The Governor·General, Sir Zelman           the organ in Ahrend's workshop in Leertural matters with Ahrend, di""uss                           .. on the instrument itself but eays
CoweD, will inaugurate the organ at a       in the north·west of the Federal 	 transport and work out technical                                that, even in the workahop, it produced
ceremony on the evening of Tuesday,         Republic of Germany. All sPeak in 	 details to allow site worka in RBH, in                         "a very thrilling, uciting sound"..
April 22, before an invited. audience in­   superlatives about ita appearance and preparation for the organ's in8talla· 

cluding Sir Louis and Lady Matheson         sound.                                tion, to be carried out. Mr O'Donnell,                                            • Continued nexl page 

    APRIL INAUGURATION 
                                                                                                                      Republic and other .countries. Inter
                                                                                                                                              Natione.' sponsorship CollOM the ef­
                                                                                                                                              forts of the Consul-General of the
                                                                                                                                              Federal Republic of Germany in
                                                                                                                                              Melbourne, Dr F. J. Kroneck.

   FOR MATHESON ORGAN 
                                                                                                                          The organ i. scheduled to arrive in
                                                                                                                                              Melbourne mid-December.
                                                                                                                                                 Ahrend and hi. foreman, Herman
                                                                                                                                              Schmidt, and their wives are due to ar­
• From page 1.                               tablished reputation for acoustics and                                                           rive in Melbourne in the last week of
                                             comfort.                                                                                         December and will start work on reas­
   Mr O'Donnell say. the organ ­                 Profe..or Murray calls the organ a                                                           sembling and in.talling the organ early
which he calls Melbourne'. first major       work of great craftsmanship.                                                                     in January. Thi. work i. expected to
concert hall organ - i. being viewed as         As an engineer. he says, he was in­                                                           take about four weeks .
a significant 'landmark in organ             t rigued by the u.e of traditional             • The Matheson organ , " 'no frills, no fun', •
                                                                                                                                                 Ahrend and hi. wife will then .tay in
building this century.                       methods and 'materials in ita construc­                                                          Melbourne a while longer for final tun­
   He say. that Abrend bas a reputa­         tion.                                         "artisans" have spent 12 months                    ing and voicing of the organ.
tion as one of the world's master                He .ays that Abrend, who has              building the Matheson organ.                          Robert Blackwood Hall will remain
builders and restorers.                      worked on the restoration of centuries­         It bas heen diaasaembled and packed              cloaed until the end of February.
   With 43 .tops, tbe Monash iD8tru­         old organ. throughout Europe, bas ob­         into crates which are being .hipped in                Preparations for the organ's in­
ment is the largest organ Ahrend has         vioualy acquired a clooe understanding        a container from Bremen to                          auguration are in the hands of a .pecial
built and, coincidentally, ie his work       of traditional building metbods.              Melbourne.                                          Chancellor'. committae whicb bas an
no. 100 (including restorations and new          " He has examined the use of                Responsibility for its transport door             executive group and a muaic group
constructiollll) in 25 years of bu.in....    materials and observed bow they bave          to door, from the Leer workshop to                  working on details of tbe flrBt recital
Ahrend i. 50 next year.                      behaved over centuries and applied            RBH, is being taken by Inter Nationes,              and other opening week events.
   Mr O'Donnell says the .tamp of tbe        this knowledge to his own construc­           a body funded by the West German                      Further details of this program will
Matheson organ is simplicity.                tions," he says.                              Government which promotes cultural                 be published in Reporter early next
   He say.: "The concept of the                 J urgen Ahrend and hi. team of .ix         exchanges between the Federal                      year.
mechanism i. absolute simplicity and
the player feel. thie. A very impressive
feature, too, is the finely responsive ac­
tion of the illlltrument."
   He says that Ahrend ie renowned for
                                                   Summer School set to go 

                                                While Monash meteorolociata look               Inspired, perhaps, by work with
hie reed stops.                              for the Morning Glory over the Gull            spaghetti, the ladi.. have heen taking
   "These are particularly colorful and      of Carpentaria (story oppoelte) an             macrame tuition at a special Thursday
individual on this organ, n he says.         engineer hal fOUDd glory in the                evening cl888.
   Dr Hiacock reinforces Mr O'Don­           mornln, cloeer to home and applied                An exhibition of their work will be
nell's description.                          hi. arti.tic ability to capturing It OD         held in the .howcase in the first floor
   " It is a magnificent looking in­         paper.                                          foyer of the Union during November.
strument," he says. "What impreseea            " Morning Glory" is the title of a
me is that its beauty owes 80 much to        painting by fmal year Mechanical                  Since detail. of the Summer School
simplicity. It ie devoid of friUs and        Engineering student, Cbeah Ail< PIn,            were announced last month the Clubs
                                                                                             and Societies Office has heen receiving
fUBS. This is particularly evident with      who held an exhibition of his Chinese           about 50 to 60 inquiries a day.
the console and keyboard."                   and oil painting. in the Monash Arts
   He say. the quality of workmanship        and Crafts Centre gallery last month.             But de.pite the .trong intere.t                          • ChNh Alk Pin
 throughout the organ i. another oui­           Cheah will tutor in Chinese painting         places are still available in claases.
standing feature.                            at the 1979-80 Summer School. Clasaes             Thi. year 74 courses are being of­               Enrolments are now open for
   Dr Hiscock de.cribe. the timber           will be held in late January and early         fered, all taught by skilled people in            Mona.h students and .taff and
 used in the organ as "a beautifully         February.                                      their field. A wide range of pursuits             members of the general public.
 grained pale oak which .hould blend            Other Monash people who have been           will be available in the following .ec­             A Summer School brochure is
 perfectly into the Hall".                   finding relaxation in the arts and crafts      tions: arts and crafts, language, music,          available from the Club. and Societies
   He describes the organ a. a great         include a group of ladies from the             dance and drama, photography,                     Office on the first floor of the Union
 resource for RBH which has an ea­           Union catering department.                     poetry, sport and practical.                      (ext. 3144/3180).



       A Who's Who of helping groups 

     The Vice-Chancellor's house was the venue                                                                              Would like to see more members - particularly 

  for a Hbrainstorming Be8lion" with a difference 
                                                                         from among graduates! 

  last month. 
                                                                                                             Contact: Mrs Joan Kinop, 509 7570. 

     Participants were representatives - all women 
                                                                        Monash Ex Committae 

  - of a number of groupe that over the years have 
                                                                           A group of 22 people who have all served on the 

  bestowed great benefits on the University, but 
                                                                          Monash Parents' Committae and still meet oc­

  whose efforts have often gone unrecognised. 
                                                                             casionally for luncheollll, dinners etc. Also help
     The meeting was convened by Mrs Rena                                                                                   with office jobs in administration. In past two years 

  Martin, the Vice-Chancellor's wife. 
                                                                                     they have raised $500 for the Library. 

     She said: "I thought it wa. time for us all to get 
                                                                   President: Mr. Joan Mari.., 439 7391. 

  together and talk about our work. 
                                                                                       Mona.h Medical Mother.' Awdllary 

     "There's a great deal we can leam from each 
                                                                             This group exi.ts primarily to raise fund. ($4400 

  other's experiences, and there are many ways in 
                                                                         last year) to provide amenities for medical .tu­ 

  which we can co-ordinate our efforts, without 
                                                                           dents, mainly in their clinical years off-campus, as 

  encroaching on each other's areas." 
                                                                                     well 88 equipment for the teaching hoepital., and
     Mrs Martin said there seemed to be five major                                       .....                              to help solve problems that beset students (and
  problema or areas of interest common to all groups:          • Mrt Rena Martin (left) and Mrs Brend8 HoIlow.y with        their parents) at times during a long (six-year) and
  1. 	A falling-off in numbers of voluntaers.               representatives of volunteer groups.                            often difficult course. 

  2. The burden of fund-raising falling on the same                            Photo: Rtck Crompton
                        Contacts: Mrs 'J oyce Bundy, 596 1487; Mrs Ellie 

      people each year.                                     over the years have yielded more than $60,000 of                Ferguaon, 2'17 3483. 

  3. The special problema of ofI-campua groups such         which $20,000 has gone into the libraries.                      Krongold P ......nta and FrIends
      as the Medical Mothers' Auxiliary.                    Organises many activities during the year, in­                     This group ie run by parents of exceptional
  4. Financial cOlllltraints - particularly the in­         cluding a Paddy'. Market which this year raised                 children - either handicapped or exceptionally
      creasing coat of catering.                            $2000.                                                           bright - asaociated with the Dinah and Henry
  5. The need to focua new eyes on old problema.            President: Mrs Wllma AtIdna, 99 2574.                           Krongold Centre for Exceptional Children. Their
      Mrs Martin said there was a clear need for the        Monash Women'. Society                                           principal concern ie the problem. cauaed in the
  varioua groups to make their activities more widely          Originally very active in making new members of              area of special education by lack of government
  known. For instance, there were now more than             .taff feel at home. The ruah of newcomers bas sub-              finance .
  22,000 Monash graduatae in the community, but             • ided in recent years, but the Society still works in           Contact: Mrs Helen Loyall, 836 8884.
  only a handful ever turned up for functions. There        the interests of present .taff members and meets                 Monash Graduates Aaooclatlon
  might be a better responae if'lhese events were bet­      regularly.                                                         An entirely voluntary body, MGA is open to all
  ter promoted.                                             Pre.ident: Mro Mar,aret Kri.hnapillai,                           graduatae of Monash but currently is experiencing
      Here is a brief profile of the voluntaer groups,      544 7124. 	                                                      difficulty in attracting member.. Run. a
  their principal interests, and the people to contact:     Frlenda of the Monuh Lihrary                                     Graduates Regieter Scheme involved in com­
      Monuh UDiv.....lty Parenta' Group                     Current membership 80. Holds frequent meetings                   munity service work. (See article page 11.)
      Principally a fund-raising group, its activities      and lectures to raise funa. for the varioua libraries.           President: Glenia Davey, 489 7382.

 November 1979                                                                            2	                                                                       MONASH REPORTER
   Light dawns on Morning Glory 

   A team of meteorolopta from
Monash and Melbourne UDivenities
and the CSIRO hal juot returned
from an expedition to BurketoWll,
near the Gulf of Carpentaria in
Queensland, which .oucht to un­
ravel the mysterie. of tropical
Australia's unique, .pectacular
squall cloud form, the Mornin,
Glory.
   The :\1orning Glory was first
described in meteorological literature
in the 1930s but because of the
remoteness of the location in which it
appears - the southern and east
coasts of the Gulf of Carpentaria - lit·
tle detailed scientific observation of it
has been carried out.
   Senior lecturer with the geophysical
fluid dynamics group in the Monash
Mathematics department, Dr R. K.                The team observed four Morning
Smith, co-leader of the recent expedi­       Glories during the two weeks. The days
tion with Mr Re, Clarke of the               on which they appeared were marked
Melbourne . University Meteorology           by an intensive information gathering
department, says that data gathered          exercise, including photographing and
on the trip has thrown light on the          filming.
origin and structure of the Morning             Data on wind speed and structure
Glory about which there has previously       ahead of and behind the Glory was
only been conjecture. Part of the data       taken by tracking helium pilot bal·
collecting exercise involved flying in 8     loons with special theodolites. In addi·
light aircraft in to the squall cloud ­      tion, normal temperature, pressure
 believed to be the first time this has      and humidity measurements were
 been done.                                  taken at the surface.
    The Morning Glory is so called              And, members of the team flew
 because of its magnificent appearance       through the Morning Glory in a light
 at sunrise.                                 aircraft during which measurements of
    It is a long cylindrical band of cloud   temperatur·e and humidity structure
 which appears to stretch from horizon       were recorded.
 to horizon and, in fact, may be
 hundreds of kilometres long.                    Dr Smith says the Morning Glory is,
    The cloud appears on the eastern         in structure, a density current - the
                                             air behind the squall is colder than the          Abo",. 11ft: An in-'d.,.', vi_ of the Morning Glory (from the plene). R'ebt: A seri_ of ~r.II.llQu.11 cloud form. roll
 skyline and moves on rapidly, rolling                                                         over Buriletown. Abo".: Member. of tn••• ~Ition : from left (stlndlng): Reg Clerke. Richard HIggw. Jom!t"'n
 like a wave only backwards, and bring­      air which precedes it.                            Goodfield. K.ren McAndrlww. Rov-r Merrichw. "Dee' Smith: (front): Terry Long, o.r.k Reid. Petef W.ttlr.on
 ing with it a s)Jdden wind squall but no        He says that the cloud was much               end EIs,. Cllrt.:•.

 rain. The Morning Glory may manifest        deeper tran he had anticipated - it               coast of Cape York the day before. It                        hazard to small craft on the Gulf such
 itself in one band or a series of them      could reach from close to the ground to           crosses the Dividing Range aided by                          as the prawn trawlers which operate
 which pass one after the other at a dis·    a height of 1300m - and a good deal of            the prevailing easterly winds and ar·                        from Karumba. north-east of
 tance of a few kilometres.                  turbulence was associated with it.                rives on the west coast late in the even­                    Burketown.
                                                A feature of the air movement as­              ing as a land breeze. It propagates west                        Similar cloud formations to the
                                             sociated with it was a downdraught                breaking up in the early morning when                        Morning Glory have been observed
Dramatic arrival                             behind and an updraught at front: the             local sea breeze circulation sets in on                      elsewhere in tropical regions, par·
                                             air moved along in backward somer­                the southern part of the Gulf.                               ticularly in the confined waters of gulfs
   The cloud's arrival is dramatic as        sault fashion.                                       Dr Smith likens the phenomenon's                          or straits, but they are usually 8S·
there is usually an absence of other             On one morning, Dr Smith says, the            pool of cold air spreading out over land                     sociated with thunderstorms and more
cloud.                                        Morning Glory arrived in fog condi­              to the cold fronts which southern                            violent wind squalls.
   Glories occur throughout the year         tions. It sucked the fog up in to it like a       Australia experiences and the cold                              Contributions to the funding of the
but predominate between September            vacuum cleaner.                                   gusty winds which arrive just before a                       expedition were made by the
and ~ovember when they can occur on              He says that the present theory on            thunderstorm.                                                Australian branch of the Royal
an average of four days in 10. They           the origin of the Morning Glory is that             The Morning Glory, he says, is not                        Meteorological Society and the Ian
usually pass over Burketown just after        it starts as a sea breeze on the east            destructive on land but can be a                             Potter Foundation.
dawn and dissipate by early to mid·
morning.
   On the two-week trip with Dr Smith
were, from Monash, Mr T. Long,
geophysical fluid dynamics technician,
                                                Monash medical department aids 

Karen McAndrew t fourth year
honours student in applied
mathematics, and Peter Watterson
and Jonathan Goodfield, both third
                                                 pre-pregnancy counselling 'first' 

year science students. From the                 Monash's department of                            The service will consist of initial in­
CSIRO were Mr Derek Reid, of the Obotetrics and GynaocolOlY at the                                                                                          possible effects on the foetus and their
                                                                                               terviews with a doctor and community                         own health.
Division of Atmospheric Physics at Queen Victoria Medical Centre I.                            health nurse with, if necessary, follow­
Aspendale and Mr Richard Haller, a allilting the Richmond Community                                                                                         • Women who may wish to know the
                                                                                               up house visits by the nurse.                                effects of medications they are taking,
keen amateur meteorologist who acted Health Centre in providing a new                             Among the women who may be in·
as photographer. Mr Roger Merridew health counoelUng and educational                                                                                        alcohol, smoking or overeating.
                                                                                               terested in seeking advice, the Rich­                          The Richmond Centre hopes that its
flew the light aircraft, a twin-engined program for women who are plan.                        mond Centre lists the following:
Beechcraft Travel Air.                        ning to become pregnant.                                                                                      new Service will make a contribution
   :'vir Clarke, senior research associate      This free service is the flf8t of its          • Women who have had a bad ex·                               similar to the antenatal care service es­
in the :\1eteorology department at type in Australia. It will be staffed by                    perience in a previous pregnancy or                          tablished in Melbourne nearly 65 yellr8
Melbourne University and, until a team of doctors and nurses.                                  labour who may wish to disCover the                          ago.
recently, officer in charge of the              The aim of the Pre-Pregnancy                   cause of the problem and how it might                          "Since that time improvement in
Australian :-<umerical Meteorology Counselling Service will be to asaist                       be overcome.                                                 neonatal health and reduction in the
Research Centre, and his wife, ElBje, women to improve their health before                      • Women who are older than average                          number of stillbirthl has been out·
worked in association with the pregnancy and proVide them with in­                              childbearing age who may wish to find                       standing. Maternal mortality is almoot
Burketown group maintaining a line of formation about pregnancy and child­                      out about any risks involved.                               non-existent," a Centre information
recording instruments across Cape birth which, it is hoped, will ultimately                     • Women with medical probleml luch                          sheet says.
 York Peninsula. MrClarkeisapioneer , contribute towards producing                              as diabetea, hypertension, asthma or                          The service can be contacted on
in the study of the Morning Glory.         '. healthier children.                               epilepay who may wish to know the                           429 1811.
 MONASH REPORTER                                                                           3                                                                                                     November 1979
                                                                 -


                   Plotting Australia's future 

          The next ten years 

  "The Next 10 Yeara for BUline.. in                     tractable stagflation accentuated by unreeolved
Austrolia" I. the title ofa Mona.h Univenity"­           energy problems.
Australian Institute of Manlllement oemiDar to             "At the same time the rapid cbanges in demand,
be held at Mona.h early in March next year.              technology, international trade and government
                                                         policies, all characteriJltic of the 19700, will con­
  The intensive one day seminar will draw on the         tinue apace with lOme important effects on
combined resources of Monash staff and lOme out­         Australian manufacturing.
side experts. They will attempt to preoent an in­           "On the other band, BOme factors regarding
tegrated view of the practical effect on manage­         world expansion will accelerate mining and energy
ment in the private and public sectors of major im­      related projects in Australia.
pending economic, technological and eocial                  "The efl2cts of the energy crilIiJI on busin_ and
changes.                                                 an analysiJI of the nature of a major boom in energy
  The seminar is being organised by senior lecturer      and mining production - with likely major
in Economics, Dr Allan Feu l and senior lecturer         developments including the $3OOOm. North-W..t
in Administrative Studi.., Mr Peter Bowden. Mr           Shelf project, the $2OOOm. Rundle oil shale project,
Bowden is a former director of the Stenford              major steaming coal developments, a number of
Research Institute in Australia.                         uranium projects and a m888ive expansion of the
  Dr Fels and Mr Bowden say that the seminar iJI         aluminium processing industry - will then be ex­
not an exercise in futurology but will focus on          amined in greater depth in a following ....ion ...
medium-term changes which can be foreseen with              The organisers say other ....Ions will deal with
a re880nable degree of certainty and whicb, in           the likely cbanges in marketing, Industrial rela­
many caseo, are already being felt. The resulting        tions, management methods and the public­
opportunities and difficulties for management will       private sectors interface.
be higblighted.                                             They say that one aim of the seminar will be to
   The seminar will cover a broad range of subjects.     attract businessmen to the campus to allow an ex­
   They say: "The first 8e88ion. on the economic en­     change of views with academics.
vironment in the 19808, will include an analysis of         For further information on the oeminar and
the impact of the likely slowdown in world
economic growth brought about by seemingly in­
                                                         enrolments contact Dr Fels on exts. 2331 or 2307
                                                         or Mr Bowden on ext. 2469.
                                                                                                                                                                     ctuI,..
                                                                                                                                               Dr Allan Fela. DfPniMrl
                                                                                                                                               I focus on medium-term
                                                                                                                                               Australia.




                          Adjusting to 'computer shock' 

   The rapid rate of introduction of computer.,              HHowever, serious problems may lie ahead for us            According to one ..timate 20,000 typiJIt position
particularly minlcomputen and microproceuon,              in the I9BOs because it iJI in that part of the service    had been eliminated in Sydney as a result of the in
presented major problems of adjWltment for                sector of our economy which includes banking, in­          troduction of word procesaora, he said.
society, Dr Frank Larkin. told a recent sym­              surance, communications, retail and wholesale                 The Federal Government was expected to spen
 posium, organised by the Royal Australian                trade, education and health services, that computer­       about $30 miUion on word proc088018 in the nex
Chemical Institute.                                       based technology, especially microproc088OrB and           three years and private enterpriJle to spend abou
   Dr Larkins, a senior lecturer in the Monash            word prOC0880rB, iJllikely to bave the greatest impact     $70 million.
department of Chemistry, was speaking on the im­          on employment, n he said.                                     "It is clear that we are potentially facinK a majo
pact of microprocessor technology on education and           "It seems improbable tbat without major govern­         crilIiJI in the 19800," he said. "It iJI the young and th
society.                                                  ment-led initiatives any other sector will act as a        female labour force which will carry the major sh
   Advances in technology had been offundamentel          buffer against unemployment in the service sector."        of the burden of computeriJletion in the tertiary ...
importance for recent discoveries in medical science,        Dr Larkins said young people bad bad to beer "a         tor." 	                                     .
he said, and the quality of life had been enhanced        much greater share of the adverse consequences of             The ACTU in its submi8Sion to the Committee 0
through communications technology. But the poten­         technological change than any other group in the           Inquiry into Technological Change in Australia, ba
tially serious adverse effects of the new technology      community."                                                estimated that Australia could lose 1.8 to 2 millio
could not be overlooked.                                     There was a serious lack of stetiJltical information    jobs in the 19BOs, he said.
                                                          on the growth of computer-based technology in                 Dr Larkins said the Federal Government
Main issues                                               Australia, he said, but there was ample evidence of        response to the impending .criais had been limited
  Dr Larkins said current concern centred around          job replacement as a result of its introduction.              The time had come for governments, both Feder
four main issues:                                            The introduction of computers into public ad­           and State, to show more initiative in job creatio
                                                          ministration had resulted in significantiy lower           programs and to take decisions designed to r
  • 	 The replacement of people by machines.              recruitment levels by the Public Service Board, he         establish 8 strong manufacturing sector in Australi
  • 	 The deskilling and degrading aspects of many        said.                                                      he said.
      jobs that remained.                                    The numbers of computers in use in the Public
  • 	 Centralisation of information with subeequent       Service had increased from 30 to 460 in the 10 years       Government's role
      control of deciJIion making and the invasion of     to 1977, and recruitment levela had decreased by as           Australians were an inventive, creative people,
      privacy.                                            much as 9,000 a year in recent years.                      said, but we failed as a nation in the lack of appli"
  • The compromiJIing of our indepeodence and our            "The computeriJled Public Service record system         tion of underlying research to industry. Research
      economic and strategic security as a nation         is estimated to have eliminated about 700 jobs             the private ...tor was diJIproportionately low con
      because of increased dependence on foreign          directly and a further 800 jobs indirectly," he said.      pared with other developed countries, an
      technology.                                             Between 1976 and 1977 the intake of echoolleavers      Australian management on the whole was very col
   ThiJI concern stemmed from two major facts - the       into the Australian banking system had been                servative and unwilling to risk capital on innovati
current rate of introduction of the new technology        reduced by 40.3 per cent, he said. This reduction was      technologies.
(not the new technology itself) and the present struc­    due almost entirely to the introduction of com­               "If privaie industry iJI not prepared to invest in ~
ture of our work-force.                                   puters.                                                    manufacturing sector and in an Australian comput
   Throughout the century there had been a steady             "When an automatic teller system and electronic        industry governments will have to assume 8 grea1
transformation of the Australian work-force from the      fund transfers are introduced employment levela will       role in the business sector," he said.
rural sector to the manufacturing sector and then to       be further reduced," he said.                                Dr Larkins said technological development co
the tertiary sector in response to technological              Dr Larkins said a 1978 report on the French crisiJI,   not be prevented but its introduction should not
change, he said.                                          known as the Nora report, bad steted tbat about 30         indiscriminate.
   The significant decline in employment levels in         per cent of all employ_ in French banks would                National planning on the rate of change was
tbe manufacturing sector in the 19700 bad been com­        become redundant within 10 yean as computerisa­           sential to maintein human self-esteem and
penaated for by growth in the service sector, he said.     tion increased.                                           quality of life.
And in the past decade the tertiary sector bad effec­         The replacement of people by computer-based               "The real COBt to BOCiety, not just to the comp
tively acted as a buffer against even higher levels of     technology was also wid..pread in the Australian in­      introducing new technologies, must be evaluate;
unemployment.                                             surance industry, he said.                                 he said.
 November 1919                                                                       4                                                                         November 1!!
                                                                                                                                                               "
             Alternatives to .Middle East oil 

  With the p.....poet of reduced availability of oU           The major mechanism of conetraint on uee of oil,           engined cars, the uee of alternative fuels such 81
from the Middle Ealt, the US faced InCl'8!lIIq             be said, was likely to be its increasing coot.                ethanol, produced from crops, and methanol, from
problems of economic receillon, civil dll­                    "In view of the huge investments and long lead             natural gas, improvement of transport systems, and
obedienco In the faco of rationing, and a weaken­          times required to produce Bynthetic liquid fuel., it          more effective use of motor C81'8 - car pooling, for
Ing of Its stratellic polltlon, ProfOllOr· Lance           must be expected that the price of oil will continue          example.               ~
Endersbee told a recent meeting of the Mwrlclpal           to rise," he said.                                               Australia's long term supplies of coal were 888ured
Association.                                                  "The United States hao passed its peak in                  and prospects for coal to oil conversion were good, he
  Professor Enderobee, Dean of the Monaoh faculty          domestic oil lind gas production and will be in­              said, but coal to oil plants were expeneive to build
of Engineering, wao speaking on the transport fuel         creasingly dependent on importe.                              and tbe time lag between their planning and opera­
                                                              "The high prospective US demand for oil importe            tion was considerable, and 80 was their environmen­
dilemma.                                                   is a matter of profound concern for all the otber oil         tal impact.                                        .
  From the end of the Second World War to the
OPEC oil embargo in 1973, he said, the consumption         importero, particularly with prospects of limited oil            Two such plants, to provide 10 per cent to 15 per
of oil around the world had increased six-fold.            supplies in world trade.                                      cent of our oil needs, would cost about $8,000 million
  This had made poasible a pattern of economic                "The increaoing dependence of the US on im­                at present day prices, but would not be producing oil
growth that came to be regarded ao normal, but had         ported oil muot erode, to lOme degree, that country's         before 1990 or poasibly 1994. Oil shales plants,
since been shown to be highly senoitive to the in­         strategic credibility."                                       however, could be on line much earlier, but these
creasing cost of oil.                                         Ultimately, liquid fuels produced from coal, tar           were also very expensive.
   Oil prices had risen from $2 per barrel in October,     sands and oil sbales, alcobols and other organic fuels           Electric vebicles offered a mesne of reducing
                                                           would provide a greater proportion of the world'.             dependence on imported oil, and aleo of reducing air
1973, to $21-40 (spot) announced in October
by Kuwait, and further price increases and 8               liquid fuel needs, be said. In Australia, the develop­        pollution in central city areao, be said. But there
                                                           ment of oil shales was the moot promising. But                were definite limits to their development using
tightening of oupply could be expected in tbe obort
                                                           because of the time lags involved these varioue alter­        present-day lead-acid batteries.
term.                                                      natives were not likely to make a significant con­
   Professor Enderobee, who bad talks with Depart­                                                                          Major development wao likely to come only witb
ment of Energy officialo during a recent visit to the      tribution until the next century.                             the development of more advanced typee of bat­
US, said the US, which used twice u much energy                                                                          teries.
                                                           Conservation                                                     "It is to be anticipated tbat tbe major motor car
per head as European countries and had to import
50 per cent of its oil, was particularly vulnerable to        "Conservation of oil and more economic \lie of             manufacturers will be including electric cars witbin
this situation.                                            liquid fuels is tbe only immediate reoponee available         their normal production range within the next five
   America's imported oil came largely from Middle         while time is gained to develop, fund and conetruct           years," he said.
Baat countries, many of wbich bad a history of             the liquid fuel plants to extend and Bupplement the              ''The timing will depend on progreso in battery
political instability, but shared a common bond in         present 8upplies," he said.                                   development in relation to the changing coot of
their Islamic faith.                                                                                                     motor spirit."
                                                             Professor Enderobee eaid responeibility for energy
                                                           matters in Auotralia reoided largely witb Stata               Growth
Concessiona                                                governments, which, with the eIception of
                                                           Queeneland, 'were already active in promoting oil               Professor Enderobee eaid thet apart from oil
  From the strategic point of view, be eaid, it muet                                                                     Australia was energy ricb. And many industries
be expected that the OPEC countriee may use tbe oil'       conservation and were co-operating with the Federal
                                                           government in its proposed Coneervation of Energy             eround the world, especially energy inteneive in­
weapon to demand conc_ione on behalf of tbe                                                                              dustries: were looking to Auotralia 81 a location for
Palestine Liberation Organisation.                         Program.
                                                                                                                         future growth.
                                                             A major exploration program "81 underway on the
   "Is tbe US predictable in its responee to sucb a        North West Shelf of Weotern Australia, wbere two                 "There is a strong international interest in
situation, especially with a Presidential election in      drilling ships, cooting $120,000 a day each, were drill­      Australian energy resources," he said. "Other na·
prospect?" he aoked.                                       ing for oil through 1500 metres of water, he said.            tions are seeking to sell their technology for our
  From the economic point of view, he said, it mUlt          A number of conservation meaoures bad already               minerals."
be expected that further incre...... in the price of oil   been introduced.                                                 Australia wao handicapped by a sbortage of
will increase inflationary preoaureo in the United                                                                       technicians and engineers, he said, and this situa­
States and deepen the preeent _ion.                          These included:                                             tion wao worsening. In 1983, he oaid, Australia would
  "Most oil is bought with US dollaro," he eaid.             • 	 World parity pricing of Australian oil to               be graduating 30 per cent fewer engineers than in
                                                                refineries.                                              1978.
  "We have recently seen the steep decline in the
value of the US dollar, a staggering increase in the          • Proposed cbangeo in the octane rating of petrol.            This trend would have to be reversed and the moot
price of gold, and a further otrengtbening of certain         • A review of vehicle exhaust emi88ion standards.          intelligent students attracted to the profesoion
European currencies. Th.... changes are all related           • Adoption by 	the motor car industry of agreed            if industry was to operate at a modern level of
                                                                 fuel economy goalo - engine modificatione               technology and competitive international cost
to oil oupply."                                                  which would produce a 30 per cent improve­             .Ievelo.
   Professor Enderobee eaid the immediate CODcern                ment in 5 years.
in the energy oituation 1\181 tbe need for our Western       • 	 Encouragement of the use of LPG.                          "We must not oppose technological change," he
societies to adjuot to a conetant or olowly declining        Other conservation meaoures which could be in­              said. "We must recognise the opportunities it
supply of oil in place of a steadily increasing supply.    troduced, he said, were the increased use of diesel           creates,"


  Monash next year will introduce a                                                                                                     branches of engineering, are developed
restructured course in electrical and
computer systems engineering aimed
at correcting an imbalance in present
                                                  Computer education 
                                                                  in second year into subjects in com·
                                                                                                                                        puter engineering and computer
                                                                                                                                        programming, in addition to electrical
computer courses.
  It will treat computero as total
systems, consisting of both hardware
                                                    for the eighties 
                                                                  circuits, electronics, energy convenion
                                                                                                                                        and other relevant engineering aub­
                                                                                                                                        jects.
and software, and will be taught joint­                                                                                                   "This emphasis on 'hardware-plus·
ly by staff in the departments of           ming and software, but al80 hardware            area, but also in their chosen areas of     software' continues throughout the
Electrical Engineering and Computer         and its interdependence with software           specialisation in electrical engineering.   course which, in later years, includes
Science and the Monash Computer             that is so essential for the sucCOBOful           "The job market for graduates is ex­      courses on communications, energy
Centre.                                     installation, maintenance and efficient         pected to be very wide and varied           conversion, power systems, control
                                            utilisation of all computer systems,            because of the introduction of com­         systems, and computer applications in
Systems aspects                             ranging from mainframe size to                  puter technology in many areas," he         science, industry and government."
                                            microprocessors."                               said.
  Announcing the new course, As­              The course, the first of its kind to be         "Current trends indicate that there       All-round skills
sociate Professor W.A. Brown, of            offered in Victoria, is recognised by the       will be an increasing demand for such
Electrical Engineering, oaid that most      Institution of Engineero (Auotralia)            combined skills in electrical engineer­       Associate Professor Brown oaid that
computer science courses concentrated       and leading profesoional bodies                 ing and computer systems in energy          the aim of the course wao to educate
on software.                                overseas.                                       systems, telecommunications,                professional engineers with all-round
                                              Associate Professor Brown said that,          manufacturing industry I medical            engineering and computer skillo bued
  "In addition to the traditional           by including in equal amounts courses                                                       solidly on applied science.
electrical engineering subjects, our                                                        electronics and scientific equipment
                                            on both the working and design of               design.                                       This was in contrast with the many
course will emphasioe the systemo           hardware and software, students
aspects of computers," he said..                                                              "The new course will include a            sub·professional courses that aimed
                                            would gain a deeper insight and overall         variety of subject choices.                 only at training technicians with
  "These include not only program·          competence, not only in the computer              "First year subjects, common to all       specific skills.
MONASH REPORTER                                                                         5                                                                        November 1979
                                                                                                        ·Tips on finding 

                                                                                                         a summer job 

                                                                                                  Facing a thicket of headlines dally           opportunities in their place of work.
                                                                                               about unemployment, student. may                    She says the weeks leading up to
                                                                                               be Inclined to think they have ..                Christmas should be the best time for
                                                                                               much chance of picking up a vaca·                finding work. This is the period in
                                                                                               tlon job this summer a. a politician             which hotels, restaurants and stores
                                                                                               has of picking up the recipe for                 are likely to be putting on temporary
                                                                                               economic recovery.                               staff.
                                                                                                                                                   January, she warns, is traditionally
                                                                                                  But the situation is not quite 80             a quieter month with many factories
                                                                                               bleak according to Monash's student              closing down for holidays. In February
                                                                                               employment officer, Julie Miller,                prospects usually look brighter.
                                                                                               Julie says there will be short·term jobs
                                                                                               available but they will require in· '            Seek work first
                                                                                               itiative and persistence to secure.
                                                                                                  Julie is currently canvassing local             Julie says: "My advice to students
                                                                                               firms about vacation job possibilities.          who intend to have a holiday and also
                                                                                               A II 100,000 Pairs of Hands" campaign            seek work during summer is to do the

        TOR Jllpllnese sRellken 
                                                              is about to be launched as a joint effort
                                                                                               by student employment officers at
                                                                                               Melbourne tertiary institutions to
                                                                                                                                                latter first, straight after exams, and
                                                                                                                                                then have January off."
                                                                                                                                                   She says that students who want to
Monash student. won two of the three           The topic of Leonie's speech in the finals      stimulate job opportunities for stu·             work for the whole period should look
  tections at the Japanele Speech                 was the problems of J apaneae                dents during the long vacation.                  to enterprises open over the festive
  Contest national finals held in                 housewives in the Australian com·                                                             season - milk bars, deliveries or
  Canberra recently.                              munity.                                                                                       businesses in resort areas, for example.
                                               Leonie says she became aware of the                 Posted on board                                 But she advises that it is better to
Second year Arts/Law student, Leonie              problems Japanese women, mostly the
   Muldoon, won the open section and                                                                  This year information on vacation         take jobs as they become available ­
                                                  wives of businessmen here for a limited
   third year Arts/Law student, Penny             time, face when she was involved in              jobs will be posted on the board outside     even if it means four or more over the
   Ward. won the senior section. The third        teaching them English.                           the Careers and Appointments Office          vacation - than hold out for the
   section was for juniors.                    She found that many would start classes             on the first floor of the Union twice        elusive one that will last the whole
Leoni e and Penny, students in the                enthusiastically on arrival but drop out·        daily at 12 noon and 3 p.m. The notices      period.
   Japanese department, received return           afte r a short while reverting to life in        will carry a brief outline of the job.          Julie has a few tips for students suc­
   trips to J apan as their prize. Both will      Melbourne's "Little Tokyo" with very             Students will need to present their ill      cessful in securing a job:
   travel there early in December. Leonie         little contact with Australians. They            card at the office to get full details.      • They should, if requested, be
   will spend a month in Japan and Penny          did 80 because they found relations with                                                      prepared to join a union. In some in­
   seven months, adding the period she            Australians awkward.                                But Julie says that checking the          dustries, she says, unions have stepped
   would be spending there as part of her      Penny spoke on the William Ricketts Sanc­           board at Monash daily is only one path
                                                  tuary in the Dandenongs. She says she
                                                                                                                                                up their activities and require
   fourth year studies to her holiday.                                                             students can take in finding jobs. She       membership, mostly on a pro rata
                                                  visited the Sanctuary earlier this year
Part of their visit will include a home stay                                                       suggests they contact employment of·         basis, of temporary workers.
                                                  with a group of Japanese. She had been
   and conducted tours in several cities of       impressed with its tranquility which
                                                                                                   ficers at factories, go door-to-door to      • They should check their employ.
   points of interest, government depart­         had reminded her of Japanese gardens             shops and hotels, visit their local CES      ment status - whether they are on
   ments and businesses, with 8 possible                                                           office, ask neighbors, friends and fami·
   interview on NHK TV.
                                                  in style.                                                                                     casual or permanent staff. Differen
                                               This is not the first year Monash students          Iy. At each stop they should leave their     entitlements apply to different
Both students have been to Japan before,          have fared well in the national finals. In       name and number where they can be
   Leonie as an exchange student for a year
                                                                                                                                                categories. Any queries about their
                                                   1974 Jamie Fennessy, a fourth year               contacted if there is any likelihood of a
   and Penny on an exchange program                                                                                                             wage should be referred to the Wages
                                                  Arts student, won the open section; in           job cropping up.
   during the Christmas holidays.                 1976 Robyn Spence, another fourth
                                                                                                                                                Inquiries Board.
The Japanese Speech Contest is organised          year Arts student, won it; and last year            Julie asks that students who obtain          Julie would like to hear from anyone
   annually by the Japanese Emba88Y in            second . year Medicine student, Peta             jobs be mindful of other students, too,      with job offers for students. She can be
   Australia. It is in its 10th year.             Dennington, won it.                               and notify her office of any other job       contacted on ext. 31SO/1/2.




             Basic science needs to be appreciated: V( 

  WhIle many in the community ap­              tiers of science on which technological             could be made.                                 Prof088Or Martin said tbat tbe twin
preciated the educational role of a            advances are based.                                    "The stage was now set for an exer­       goals of a medical school were to main·
university Its research role w••                  "Clearly there is now a deep interest            cise in applied science, a masterpiece       tain the highest pooaible atandarda o
perhaps 1e88 well underltood,                  in the problem of measuring the                     of superbly organised and executed ap­       medical care within the framework o
Monash'. Vie&-ChanceUor, Prof..­               relative cost and effectiven... of all                                                           existing knowledge and, througb well
                                                                                                   plied science subsequently achieved          directed research activity, to seek
sor Ray Martin, said recently.                 things that are done in the diagnosis               with relative speed under the brilliant
   Professor Martin said that I... well        and management of disease and in·                                                                greater undentanding of yet·to-be­
                                                                                                   leadership of Jonas Salk."                   solved health problem •.
appreciated, too, was the difference           evitably there is a tendency to overlook
between two forms of investigation in          the role of basic science in the preven­              Professor Martin said tbat surprise
                                                                                                   and uncertainty were elements which              "There is no doubt tbat the level o
the sciences: basic science, which by          tion of disease."                                                                                 succ... achieved in attaining these
tradition was the responsibility of un·           Professor Martin used tbe develop·               distinguished basic science from ap­
                                                                                                   plied science.                                goals will depend on the extent to
iversities and their associated research       ment of a vaccine against                                                                         which the universities, tbe teaching
centres, and applied science which was         poliomyelitis - "one of the                                                                       hospitols and tbe researcb centree as
largely concerned with the application         remarkable achievements of recent                   Ideas pooled                                  sociated with both sets of institution
of new knowledge to human problems             times" - to illustrate the role of basic                                                          are able to amalgamate their resource
and which flourished in many settinge          research "in alleviating the ill. to                                                              and co-ordinate their activities, n h
including universities.                        which man is heir".                                   " Moreover the whole scientific
                                                                                                   enterprise must be arranged 80 that           said.
   Professor Martin was addr...ing the            "It was necessary first to acquire
 uOth annual general meeting of Prince         basic information about this disease                imaginative ideas originating in dif­            Adequate funding was vital in pur
Henry's Hospital. Prinee Henry'e is af·        and to identify the infectious agent                ferent minds can be pooled," he said.         suing the goal. but there were othe
filiated with Monash's Medical School          which caused it, both examples of                      "It is a fundamental responsibility        resources available as well.
as a teaching hospital.                        painstaking basic research," he said.               of a University to provide the                   Professor Martin said: "These in
   He said: "There is a striking dif·             "Further quite brilliant baeic                   stimulating environment in which the          clude capacities for originality, in
ferenee between the pace of basic              research showed tbat there were three,              sudden unaccountable aggregation of           itiative and determination in peopl
science and the technological advances         and only three, antigenic types of polio            random notions and intuitions,                who are firmly committed to improv
that stem from it. Under these circum­         virus and that these could be grown                 known in science 88 serendipity, can          ing the health of the AWltraiian com
stances it is natural enough to f011et or      abundantly in tissue culture cella.                 best emerge from trained minda, and           munity. We are fortunate indeed i
even discount the sustained elTort                "Once this information was                       coalesce into tbat sort of creative           having 80 many dedicated people wit
needed and the long time required to           available, and only then, was it ab·                achievement which is of immense               these qualities in the University and i
 acquire the new knowledge at tbe fron·        oolutely certain that a polio vaccine               benefit to mankind."                          this teaching hospital."
 November 1979                                                                                 6                                                                     MONASH REPORTER
 r
  A GIFT OF MUSIC
 FOR
                                                          .                                                         YOUNG EARS 

                                                                                                                A talented group of young musicians - members of the National
                                                                                                            Music Camp Students Association of Victoria -              has been par·
                                                                                                            ticipating in programs in the Krongold Centre for Exceptional Child,en.
                                                                                                            at Monash. for HYeral years.
                                                                                                                Photographed by Graham Harris. the group on a recent visit shared
                                                                                                            their musical gifts and skills with "very able" children in an enrichment
                                                                                                            program. The group has also brought joy to children with learning
                                                                                                            and development disabilities in the Centre.
                                                                                                                The orchestral group is formed by Tim Scon. Jonathan Carter,
                                                                                                            Jenny Hall. Prus Davis, Ian Christensen. Bruca Iken. Simon Pam­
                                                                                                            ment.    Sarah     Cuming      and    David    Pya    (conductor).




     A visit to human rights 'storm centre' 

                                                                                                                                         Inhabitants have no right to move.
  Mo.....b proteBOor otLaw, Protea­
oor C. G. WeeramaDUy, baa recently          'Ir." Ihough it is Dre                                                                       Without special permisaion citizeDl of
                                                                                                                                         Soweto have no right to have viaitors of
returned from a month a. a vilitiq
prot_r .at Stellenboecb Univer­
                                           mlnulu 10 midnighl                                                                            other racial groups, negating the
Ilty, Soutb AfrIca.                        til... ,... """" ways                                                                         ability of the professional man, say. to
                                                                                                                                         freely return hoopitality."
   Professor Weeramantry is a Sri
Lankan. He practised at the Bar in Sri     In whlth Ih. world                                                                               Professor Weeramantry says that
                                                                                                                                         South Africa's Pass laws created an
Lanka f<r 17 years before being ap­
pointed that country's youngest
                                              tommunlly            filii   1Itt'                                                         "altogether iniquitous system causing
                                                                                                                                         anxiety and tension to every black
Suprsme Court judge ever. Since com­                                                                                                     citizen and coDluming miliioDl of dol­
ing to Monash in 1972 in bis writings                                                                                                    lars of public money".
and discu..ions he has forcefully pur­                                                                                                      Under the laws citizens must carry
sued the issue of human rights                                                                                                           passes which contain information on
throughout the world. In no uncertain                                                                                                    their birth, employment and residence.
terms he argued his case on the oppres­                                                                                                  The passes must be produced on the
sion of Third World peoples in his
book, Equality and Freedom,                     - Professor Weeramantry                                                                  demand of a police officer.
                                                                                                                                            "Last year a quarter of a million
published in 1976.
                                           • The reality of underprivilege of              with which the legal system has               blacks were prosecuted under the Pass
   Stellenboach is a white university at                                                   worked out the scheme of seperation."         laws," Professor Weeramantry 8ays.
the heart of Mrikaner culture. It has      black South Mricans is "far worse than
                                           could be imagined from a distance".                He talks of the impact of legislation         "The laws sanction midnight raids
produced all of South Mrica's Prime                                                        such as the Group Areas law, the Pass         into black households 10 that docu­
Ministers except one (the present one).    • There are signs of change in South                                                          ments can be checked to make sure the
                                           Africa but, in his opinion, the Govern­         laws, the Mixed Marriages Act and the
   When Stellenboech's Law Faculty                                                         "homelands" policy in general.                inhabitants are legally in the black set·
invited Professor Weeramantry to            ment is not moving fast enough.                                                              tlements permitted in the vicinity of
                                                                                              He says: "The fate of Capetown's
visit (he has a special expertise: Sri     • If settlement on a change in the              District Six provides just one example.       big towns."
Lanka, South Mrica and Rhodesia are        structure of society is not reached by          District Six is a large area in which, for
the only countries in the world which      discussion and negotiation the                  many generations, people of all races          Breakdowns
have Roman Dutch law as the basis of        bloodshed that will occur will be "on          lived side by side.
their legal systems) he made two           too terrible a scale to contemplate".                                                             Such settlements provide a pool of
                                                                                              "In the 1950s the Government
stipulations of the University                                                             decided to separate the groups and             labour. The men who live in them work
authorities:                               • Although it may be "five minutes to
                                           midnight" the world community and               move them to allocated areas. It               50 weeks a year and are unable to bring
   One, in teaching Jurisprudence he       individuals should exert themselves             enacted the Group Areas legislation.           their wives and children with them
could range over what areas he deemed      more in pressing for peaceful negotia­          Upon expiry of notices of eviction the         from home areas.
necessary,including human rights, ex­      tion rather than adopting an attitude           whole inhabitable area was bulldozed.             "The policy leads to breakdowns of
pressing his views with complete           of resignation; One way of doing this              "The flattened area remains. The            marriages and families with the forc­
freedom.                                   would be to lend support to the signifi-.       visible impact is something which              ible separation of husband from wife
   Two, he would not visit with            cant white minority in South Mrica              words can't describe. The area stands          and parents from children."
"honorary white" status as he believed     working toward cbange but presently             as testimony to the heavy hand with
it was customary to confer in such         ootracised with the label "white South          which apartheid was enforced."                    Professor Weeramantry says that the
cases.                                     African" and unaided by outaiders.                 Professor Weeramantry describes             key feature of "Grand Apartheid", the
                                                                                           Soweto, one more example, 88 a totally         homelands policy, is a convenient legal
   He was a..ured that both conditions                                                                                                    means of ridding white areas of mil­
 would be accepted and he is satisfied     Moved freely                                    deprived environment offering
                                                                                           dehumanised living conditions to               lions of blacks born there. Under the
 that the authorities honored their                                                                                                       policy, "independent" homelands are
 word.                                       Professor Weeramantry says that he            about one and a half million people.
                                           was able to move freely throughout                 He sayS! "The entire town, which is         created to which black groups are
   Professor Weeramantry says that the     South Africa, acl'088 racial boundaries,        in fact tbe largest in South Mrica, has        repatriated.
reception he received from tbe faculty     and gained first hand knowledge of tbe          scarcely any lighting on the roads
and students at Stellenboach and other                                                                                                       "What in fact happens is that when
                                           contrast between the living standards           which are dirt and have no names or            the homeland achieves its
South Mrican universities and from         of the privileged and the un­                   numbers; occasionally sewers are
the Bench and the Bar was warm and                                                                                                        'independence' its black citizens lOBe
                                           derprivileged. He visitad black urban           overflowing; and accommodation is of           their South Mrican citizenabip.1f fully
cordial.                                   areas such as Soweto and Alexandra.             varying standards from what could be           achieved it will mean tbat about 20
   In an intarview with Reporter about       "The reality was far worse than               termed 'houses' to just makeshift              million blacks are confmed to 12 per
his Soutb Mrican experience, ProfMSOr      could be imagined from a distance," he          shelter.                                       cent of tbe land area."
Weeramantry makes tbe following            says. "It is only by seeing th_ places             "No one has tbe right to own bia own
points:                                    that one appreciates the cleverness             house 10 there is no pride of ownership.                                • Continued overleaf
MONASH AEPOATER                                                                        7                                                                              November 1979
B.Ed. summer term to 
 G.rmlln lIook donlllion 

meet teacher needs 

   Monasb'o Education faculty will          • Childhood and Educational
a,ain conduct a .ummer teachln,                Thought.
program in ita Bachelor of Educa·           • Educational Administration.
tion COUl'8e durin, January.                • Curriculum Evaluation.
   The 1980 summer school for new and       • Science Education.
continuing B. Ed. students is the third        Dr Spaull says that a feature of
the faculty bas offered. The school will    overseas summer schools, the visiting
run from January 3 to February 1 with       lecturer, will be introduced at the 1980
final papers to be submitted by             Monash school. Prof..lOr D. C. Pbll·
February 29 and results published on        lips, of Philosophy at Stanford Univer­
March 24.                                   sity, and Dr R. G. Oobome, ofScienee
   The school's convener, Dr Andrew         Education at Waikato University, New
Spaull, says that the summer program        Zealand, will visit.
is modelled on North American univer·          Dr Spaul1 explains tbe advantages of
sity summer schools which were              tbe summer term: "There is a 'hidden
designed to meet the needs of the           curriculum' to be considered: a near­
teaching profession.                        empty library, on-campus accom­
   He says the Monash program in the        modation, air-conditioned classrooms,
last two years has proved popular with      regular staff-student contact, tbe
students who have difficulty attending      Union's summer program including
cl88Bes during normal term time -           arts and crafts cl_es, and specials
country teachers and administrators         like our Australia Day lecture,
burdened by their ochool year               'Nationalism and the Scbools', to be
                                            followed by a lamingtono and beer                  "A well selected and extremely useful collection," is how Monash University
workload. for example - and those                                                              Librarian. Mr Brian Southwell. describes books donated to the Library ·
who want accelerated progress through       luncheon."
                                               For further information contaot                 recently by the German Democratic Republic. Mr Southwell is pictured with a
their degree.
                                            tbe Sub·Dean on e:.t. 2829, the                    selection of the books. About 100 books. representing classical and eontem·
   Four subjects will be offered in daily
                                            faculty _retary on ext. 2843 or Dr                 porary East German writing, were donated by the Ambassador of the G DR. Dr
classes. Students may take up to two.
                                            Spaull on ext. 2838.                               Gerhard Undner.
The subjects cover.




South Africa 
 how the world can act
• From page 7                                their just place and of governing South          assist by doing business with it             thoae working for cbange.
                                             Africa as a Christian country.                   secretly. "                                     Wben asked wbether his visit to
   Professor Weeramantry says the              "He said that Soutb Africa must                                                             South Africa could be ueed by tbe
policy of separation means each racial       change or perish, whicb no other Prime             Pressure in carefully selected,            South African Government for
group is ignorant of tbe feelings and        Minister before him haa said."                   specific areas can be of value, be I8YS.     propaganda value, Profeosor
needs of otber groups.                         Professor Weeramantry says a key               He cites tbe bans on sporting teams          Weeramantry says: "My invitation
   "Moat whites do not see the reality       change which bas been talked about is            selected on a racial basis and American      came from the University, not tbe
of, say, Soweto because they cannot go       repeal or modification of the Mixed              trade union bans directed against tbe        Government, and was a reflection of
there without police permi88ion.             Marriages Act and the Immorality Act             indentured labour system.                    the liberalism in tbe law faculties in
   "At every point in society at which       which prohibit marriage and sexual                  Profe880r Weeramantry does not see        tbe country.
people might meet, such as in educa­         intercourse between blacks and whites.           merit, however, in cultural bans ­              "As I have said, there are many
tion or housing, they are separated.           He says:uH marriage and seJ: are               bans on exporting to Soutb Africa            South African whites opposed to the
   "A whole generation is growing up in     permitted acrooo tbe color line little            literature, films, tbeatre and the like.     system and making tborougb criticism
each group not knowing what is going        else in tbe way of segregation can be                                                          of i t who need support. Legal
on in the otber groups.                     defended."                                           "It is necessary to eJ:pose the average   academics are some of the outetanding
   "Take the case of universities in the       He says that talk of cbange has met            South African to different ways of           members of this group.Profellor Tony
Capetown area. There are tbree -            hard line resistance from some                    thinking rather than deny him this           Matthew., Prof..lOr John Dugard,
Stellenbosch, the University of             Afrikaners, but approval from liberal             outlet and furtber promote tbe isolated      and Prof.._ Barend von Niekerk,
Capetown and the University of the          whites. Black and colored groups                  Laager mentality," he says.                  all of whom 1 met, have written very
Western Cape. Each is for people of         have tended to dismiss the Prime                     "While it is still possible there         critical works on tbe Soutb African
different origins. Each student body is     Minister's statements a8 a cosmetic               should be an interchange of ideas and        legal and constitutional system and
in a world of its own.                      job not intended to bring any real                free discussion between the outside          have helped greatly to mobilise opinion
   "There is no dialogue, no way of         structural change.                                world and South Africa."                     against its iniquities.
communicat ing the needs of other              Professor Weeramantry says: "My                                                                "I believe I was able to _iot in this
groups, 80 that people are as isolated as   feeling is that the government is not             Individual's role                            process.
if they were living on different con­       moving fast enough.                                                                               "I viewed going to Stellenboecb as a
tinents."                                      "The patience of blacks is fast runn­            He says the individual has a role to       unique opportunity to reacb througb to
   Profe88or Weeramantry says that he       ing out. Every day people who will                play, too.                                   potential leaders. Even if I made an
was greatly struck by the devotion and      negotiate are moving into the camp of                                                          impact on a small percentage of tbe
concern shown by a significant              those who will not.                                 "If the person is in a trade union he      students I feel it was wortbwhile, but I
minority of the white community doing          "If the situation io not settled by dio­       can campaign for union rights for            am confident a significant number
"sterling work" to alleviate the disad­     cussion and negotiation the bloodshed             blacks, who are deprived of trade            have been influenced. Tbe Afrikaner
vantage and to alter repressive laws.       that will fol1ow will be on too terrible a        union representation; if he is a             society is rigidly patriarchal so a
   "They do this often at great personal    scale to contemplate."                            shareholder he can object to apartheid       student may not go bome and argue an
risk, inconvenience and expense,                                                              practices in any South African involve­      opposing case with his fatber but tbat
courting banning orders and imprison­       Peaceful negotiation                              ment of the companies he has invested        does not mean he is not tbinking for
ment.                                                                                         in; if he is a Cburchgoer he migbt ask       himself."
   "I have met ladies who were                He says that the world community                whether his Church bas Soutb African            Profe88or Weeramantry says that he
prepared to stand in front of govern­       and individuals have a role to play in            investments or question membera of           made the visit also becauae tbe argu­
ment bulldozers about to obliterate         pressing for change by peaceful                   the Dutch Reformed Cburcb on their           ment had been used against people
urgently needed houaing.                    negotiation even tbough there is only a           use of scriptural justification for          who had not been to South Africa tbat
   " It is a great pity tbat tbese white    "slender chance" of it happening.                 apartheid beliefs.                           the reality was not as bad as was often
people are boycotted by tbe inter­           "Even though it is five minutes to                 I I As Amnesty International has           portrayed.
national community which 08tracises         midnigbt tbere are many ways in                   demonstrated, tbe preseure of the in­           HI am now in a position to refute that
tbem along witb al1 otber white South       which the world community can act."               dividualletter ueed on a ma..ive scale       argument," he says. "Furthermore,
AfricanS. They need strengtb and en­                                                          can make even govemmente sit up and          anyone interested in buman rigbts
couragement."                                  He says a blanke~ condemnation of                                                           adds a new dimension to his knowledge
                                            all things Soutb African is probably              take notice. It can certainly produce
   Profe880r Weeramantry sayo tbat tbe                                                        this effect on key individuale."             if he sees this storm centre of the con­
 South African government has binted        not the answer.                                                                                cept in its reality.
 at change.                                   "Trade boycotts are practically un­                He suggests that people migbt con­           "At the end of my visit one of tbe
    uThe Prime Minister, in a series of     workable because many countriea, in­              sider, too, making a trip to Soutb           outstanding black leade.. in Soweto
 speeches, has talked of giving to com­     cluding tbe great powe.., are prepared            Africa, not as tourists, but to explore      told me:'1 am deligbted that you bave
 ponent elements of the population          openly to condemn South Africa but                how tbey might be of 888istance to           come'."
November 1979                                                                             8                                                                    MONASH REPORTER
                                                                                                                                    A four-page feature
              The Year 
                                                                                                       highlighting some of the
                                                                                                                           stories from 1979 issues of
              in Review 
                                                                                          Monash Review, Reporter and Sound

                               A time to sit down and think 

                Many tim•• in the past y••r, I have been reminded                                                                              to plan their solutions, and to re-establish the proper
             of • remark attributed to Lord Rutherford: "We hive                                                                               place of universities in the educational structure. then we
             no money and no apparatus. so let UI sit down and                                                                                 will have gained much from the exPerience.
             think , .."
                No one is suggesting that we have quite reeched the
                                                                              By the                                                               And if 1979 has been a year of sOmewhat restless in­
                                                                                                                                               trospection land much external scrutiny). it has also been
             desperate stage Rutherford was describing. but we have
             certainly had cause to do a great deal of sitting down and
                                                                              Vice­                                                            one of considerable achievement and I believe we can go
                                                                                                                                               fofWard into the 80s with rellOMble confidence ­
             thinking ,                                                       Chancellor,                                                      although I need hardly add the reservatjon th.t we shall
                It has been a year when the financia' biurhas begun to                                                                         be hoping for some more realistic and forward-looking
             be felt in many quarters, and we have had to start devis­        Professor                                                        assessment. at governmental level. of the need for a
             ing strategies to meet a whole new range of problems                                                                               more flexible and imaginative funding policy.
             brought about by the "steady state",                             Roy Martin                                                           In the following pages. the Reporter publishes a
                In staffing. (or instance. we have now to try to balance                                                                        digest of articles that have appeared in various University
             the reasonable expectations of stiff - both existing and                                                                           publications throughout the year.
             prospective -        in terms of new appointments. job          imum benefit from the funds available and still honour                I believe it presents a picture of a university that has
             security. adequate remuneration and congenial condi­            our obligations to our students anti to the community              retained its vitality. enthusiasm and zest for knowledge
             tions, against the ever-tightening squeeze on funds.            generally.                                                         and innovation - in spite of the financial difficulties im­
                In teaching and, particularly. in research. we have had         But if. in the face of these growing preuures. we have          posed upon it - and. given the necessary support. will
             to seek new orders of priority 80 that we may gain max-         learned to recognise the nature of the problems we face.           continue to justify the reputation it has already bu ilt.




    /
        /               Cell sorter aids                                                                               Rings of confidence 

I
                       cancer detection                                                                            For Dr Andrew Prentice it
                                                                                                                 was no surprise that the US
                                                                                                                                                                done panty in coIlebOTation with a Ph.D.
                                                                                                                                                                student at Monash. Kerry Hourigan.
                                                                                                                 National Aeronautics and                          In what US space scientists claim is the
               Reseerchers l in Monash                         Called a Fluorescence Activated Cell
                                                                                                                 Space Administration Voyager                   most surprising result of the Voyager 1
            Unlvarslty's department of                      Sorter -     FACS-l1. and made by the                                                               probe. the faint Ntellite belt w.s found at a
                                                            Becton Dickinson Electronics Laboratories            1 probe detected a rl ng of
            Pathology and Immunology,                       of California . the machine uses a laser             rocks orbiting the planet                      distance of two Jovi.n radii ... while Or
            Alfred Hospital, now have a                                                                                                                         Prentice predicted it would be four Jovian
                                                            beam and sophisticated electronic ap­                Jupiter.                                       radii from the planet's centre.
            laser-activated cell sorting                    paratus to count and analyse cells in
            machine - the most modern                       various categories . by size , and                      The prediction that Jupiter was encircled      In Dr Prantice's theory the planets were
                                                            fluorescence colour and intensity. These             by a rocky satellite belt was made two         formed trom gas rings spun off the original
            of its type in the world ­                                                                           years ago by Dr PrentJc.. a senior lecturer    gas cloud. By incorporating supersonic gas
                                                            qualities induce a charge on selected cells
            which they believe will open                    to permit them to be physicafiy sorted and           in Mathematics .t Monash.                      movements into the computer program. it
            up new avenues for disease                      collected in separate containers.                       This prediction. and others. followed Dr    can be shown how the primordial g.s cloud
            management and cancer                                                                                Prentice 's work on developing a theory        shed its angular momentum through the
                                                               The FACS- l1 has the capacity to sort                                                            detachment of the rings.
            detection.                                                                                           about the beginNngs of our solar system ­
                                                            5000 cells a second and presents any
                                                                                                                 how supersonic movements of gas in a              The beauty of the theory. he adds. is ap­
               It will assist with the speedier cross­      desired analysis almost instantaneously by
                                                                                                                 primordial gas cloud allowed the planets to    parent in that the planets. and in turn their
            matching of donors and potential recipients     way of graph. digital readout and printout.
                                                                                                                 spin off into separate entities.               satellites. formed co·genetically with the
            for organ transplants.                          and also by information storage in casset­
                                                            tes for later study.                                                                                parent body. accounting for the chemistry
                                                                                                                    Dr Prentice based his theory partly on
               The resea rchers plan to use the machine 
                                                                                                       of each system almost perfectly.
                                                                                                                 the ideas of the great French mathemati ­
            to study subtle changes in the fluorescence 

                                                                                                                 cian Laplace. whose theory had been large­        " The fact that the inner satellites and
            of lymphoid cells. the body's main defences 

            against disease. when they are exposed to 

            disease agents. as for example cancerous 

                                                            ECOPS sets up                                        ly debunked by modern scientists (until Or
                                                                                                                 Prentice. that is). Dr Prentice was con­
                                                                                                                                                                rings of Jupiter are rocky. like the inner
                                                                                                                                                                ~anets of the solar system. is merely a
                                                                                                                 vinced that modern astronomical findings       reflection that it was far hotter during the
            cells. 

               The department has already built up an 

                                                            Centre of                                            vindicated Laplace.                            final stages of the cloud's contraction."
                                                                                                                    He then set about developing a new             Dr Prentice is confident that future apace
            international reputation for its pioneering 

            work on the fluorescent tagging of an­
                                                            Policy Studies                                       theory which he supported by detailed
                                                                                                                 computer calculations.· This research was
                                                                                                                                                                probes will bear out his predictions for
                                                                                                                                                                other planets in the solar system.
            tibodies.
                                                              Monash University ha. established a
               According to the department's chairman.      Centre of Policy. Studies in the faculty of
            Professor Richy N.irn. the research team
            has found experimental evidence to show
                                                            Economics and Politics to study key
                                                            political and economic is.ues facing
                                                                                                                     Four honorary graduates 

            that subtle changes in white blood cells        Australia .
            stained with fluorescent dyes. can indicate                                                            Monash adm itted four people to its          co-author of the Syme·Townsend Report
                                                              Director of the new centre is Dr Mic:heel          honorary graduates rank in 1979.               which mapped the future org.nisation of
            that they have come in contact with dis­
                                                            Porter. who resigned as professor of
            ease agents. or in the case of an organ                                                                The four had distinguished themselves in     health services in Victoria.
                                                            Economics at Monash last month to take
            transplant. " foreign" cells.                                                                        quite separate fields -         medicine.        Sir Jam.. FofTnt. distinguished lawyer
                                                            up the post. 

                                                                                                                 mineralogv. law and religion.                  and comp.ny chairman. received an
               Details of this research were presented 

                                                               Dr Porter says the Centre will have only             Among them was former Anglican              honorary Doctor of Laws degree. Sir James
            to an international symposium on fluores­
                                                            a small staff. which will act as a nucleus. It       Archbishop of Melbourne and Primate of         was a member of Mon.sh University Coun­
            cent tracing in Vienna last year.
                                                            will draw most of its resources from the             Australia. the Most Reverend Sir Frank         cil for 10 yee" from 1961.
               The machine with which they will extend      "considerable expertise available both in­           Woods. who received an honorary Doctor            Ruth eou_lI. one of the first women
            their research on fluorescent lymphocytes       side and outside the University".                    of Laws degree.
            is a marvel of modern technology.                                                                                                                   mineral collectors in Victoria. received an
                                                              The Centre will focus on key policy is­              Sir L..nce Townaend. who h.s had an          honorary M...... of Science degree. Mu
               Its purchase was made possible by the        sues such as energy. tax reform and                  impressive career in obltetric. and            Coulsell. a retired teacher. waa I foundation
            generosity of ten private benefactors who       Australia's response to " various inter­             gynaecology and a. Dean of Medicine at         member of tho Minerological Soaety of
            donated a total of 5150.000 for its             national economic and political distur­              Malbourne Univerlity. received an honor.ry     Victoria .nd haa been • generOUI donor to
            purchase and installation.                      bances".                                             Doctor of Laws degree also. Sir Lance w ••     museums and educational inetitutiona.

            November 1979                                                                                    9                                                                         MONASH REPORTER
                                                                                  A Monash graduata won tha Caltax
              Top scholarships 

                                                                                                                                                          Hamish's interest is in population ecology. Fo
                                                                               Woman Graduata of tha Yaar award in                                      Ph.D. he is looking at the relationship between para
                                                                                                                                                        and fish. examining such aspects as the control para
                                                                               Victoria and two Monash graduatas                                        have over the life span and reproductive capacity o
                                                                               won prastigious "1861" science                                              Ken Dvall intends tlking up his 1851 schotarsh

                                        for three                              re.earch scholarships this year.
                                                                                  Wendy With was named Caltex Woman Graduate
                                                                                                                                                        two vears at Oxford University working in the de
                                                                                                                                                        ment of Theoretical Chemistry.
                                                                                                                                                            Ken completed his Bachelor of Science degree
                                                                               early this year and will now undertake Ph.D. studies at                  first class honours in chemistry in 1975. For the

                                             Monash                            Cambridge University.
                                                                                  The 18515 went to Hamish McCallum and ken
                                                                                Dye1l.
                                                                                                                                                        three years he has been worlUng towards his Ph.
                                                                                                                                                        Monash.
                                                                                                                                                           Ken's work has been on 8 "formidable raH
                                                                                  Wendy staned her Bachelor of Science degree at                        problem:' in the words of   8 senior staff member o


                                      graduates                                Monash in 1916 after a distinguished caree.r at
                                                                               Bentleigh East Primary School and Mckinnon Htgh. She
                                                                               was named Dux at each school.
                                                                                                                                                        Chemistry department.
                                                                                                                                                           ken explains: "1 have been looking at mode
                                                                                                                                                        atomic structure and attempting to describe the pr
                                                                                  In the three years of her B.Sc. course she gained high                which takes place when an electron is removed fro
                                                                               distinctions in every subject she tackled, came first in 10              stom."
                                                                               of them and second in the eleventh.                                         He has been examining the non-relativistic mod
                                                                                  All of this in spite of the fact that in both second and              date and intends now looking at relativistic effect
                                                                               third years she took overweight courses - in third year                     Only nme of the scholarships Ken and Hamish
                                                                               by 60 per cent.                                                          awarded are offered to "overseas" postgraduate
                                                                                  In 191B, while studying fourth year computer science                  dents each yea, by the Royal Commission for the E
                                                                               Wendy worked as a tutor in both the Applied                              tion of 1851 in London.
                                                                               Mathematics and Computer Science departments,                               The awards are open to students in univers
                                                                                  Hamish McCallum completed a B.Sc. with first class                    throughout the British Commonwealth and in what
                                                                               honours in zoology last year and has now gone to                         British Dominions at the time of the great scientif
                                                                               London where he is studying for a Ph.D. at Imperial Col-                 hibition in the Crystal Palace _ Ireland, Pakistan
L.______~~~~~~~~~~~:!~~~~~~~~~--_:~~I:.g~.:.~--~~=:----r-~~~-------------:========~S~o~u~th~A~'~rica. 


  NASA aid 

  for infant 

   research 

   NASA and Stanford Univer­
sity. California, are supporting
Monash University's Resaarch
Centre of Early Human                             • Dr John MelOMY (Ieh), Of AdriMl WelUr (centre) end Mr M.tcoIm Wlldneon -   to con·
                                                  duct pilot study.                                                                                             A Monash Earth Sciences student
Development in a study which
                                                  foetal lambs to monitor the development of            terest in the project is in the physiological        is 8 member of a team which has
couid throw light on the                                                                                                                                     made Australia'S most exciting re­
                                                  brain, respiratory and cardiac functions in           problems arising from weightlessness.
causes of sudden death in in­                     the foetus. particularly during the vital                                                                  cent dinosaur finds - and the first in
fa!lcv·                                           periods just before and aftef birth.                     "The most effectively weightless en.              Victoria for 75 years.
    About 4000 babies die in Australia in            NASA will provide the research animals             vironment we have on Earth is in the                      The finds include bones of animals never
the first year of life. most of them within the   and also facilities and research assistant8 at        womb, in the amniotic fluid." he says. "It is         before known to have existed in this
first month.                                      their bio-medical reiearch laboratories at            not completely weightless, but it's a micro­          country.
    In many cases, they die of hypoxia (lack      Moffett Field in California.                          gravitational environment."                               Master student, Tim Flannery,
of oxygenl. In some cases a child suddenly           Nearby Stanford University will provide               NASA is particularly interested in the             together with colleagues Rob Glanie and
stops breathing, or an apparently healthy         the tiny. highly-sophisticated radio­                 physiological changes that occur in the               John Long. made the initial discoveries at
infant is found dead in his cot with nothing      telemetry packages which will be implanted            changeover from a prenatal (weightless)               Eagles Nest. near Inverloch. Expeditions in
to indicate the cause of death. This is usual­    in the foetal lambs.                                  environment to the environment at birth               the coastal area nearby. particularly
ly referred to as "Cot Death".                       Dr John Maloney, director of the                   when the newly-born infant is subjected for           between Kilcunda and Inverloch, in the last
    The causes of hypoxia, sudden stoppage        Monash Centre of Early Human Develop­                 the first time to the force of gravity.               year have yielded about 60 bones or
of breathing and ~'Cot Death" are unknown,        ment. will leave for Moffett Field this month                                                               bone fragments. mostly dating back 100 to
                                                                                                           The tiny radio transmitters. which will be
as are many other causes of sudden death          with Or Adrian Walker. senior research                implanted benaath the skin of the foetus
                                                                                                                                                              125 million years.
in infancy.                                       scientist at the Centre. and Mr Mak:olm                                                                         The bones have been identified by Ralph
                                                                                                        about two-thirds the way through gesta­
    In an attempt to throw light on these         Wilkinson. a computer expert, to conduct                                                                    Molnar. curator of mammals at the
                                                                                                        tion, will beam information by radio waves
problems, the US-Monash team will plant a         the three-month pilot study.                                                                                Queensland Museum. and Tom Rich.
                                                                                                        from the foetus to an F.M. receiver linked to
tiny radio transmitter beneath the skin of           Or Maloney says NASA's immediate in-                                                                     curator of vertebrate fossils at the National
                                                                                                        recording instruments and a computer.
                                                                                                                                                              Museum of Victoria.
                                                                                                                                                                  Tim says that one of the most exciting

   Research to improve alumina efficiency 
                                                                                                                   discoveries has been a footbone of an Al­
                                                                                                                                                               losaurus, an awesome camivoi'ous animal
                                                                                                                                                              some 12 metres long. No other Allosaurus
                                                                                                                                                              fossil has been identified in Australia.
   Two research projects being carried               The development of the highly efficient            structed a prototype drying plant with a                   Other animals identified include less
out in Monash Universlty's department             dryer is the work of Professor Owen Pot­              capacity of up to six tonnes of brown coal            startling forms such as an Hypsilophodon­
of Chemical Engineering have produced             ter, the chairman of the department, and a            or eight tonnes of alumina hydrate a day.             tid (a smaller dinosaur about two metres
findings which could have a major im­             group of researcbers within the depart­                   The development of processes for ef­               longl. a larger herbivorous Ornithopod. lung
pact on energy and waite dllpolal                 ment.                                                 ficient handling of red mud hes been the               fish and a turtle of a smailer form than is
problems associated with the production              Professor Potter says the principal factor         aim of the research project being carried              found today.
of alumina.                                       preventing energy economy in drying units             out by Or David Boger and Dr Peter                         The area in which the finds have been
    One of the projects - the development         has been the difficulty in recovering heat            Uhlherr and former Ph.D. student. Guil­                made is not a new fossil locstion. It is the
of a highly efficient dryer - also has the        energy from the mixture of water vapour               lermo Sarmiento. The research student                  site of Victoria's first, and. until this year,
potential for marked cost savings in the          and non-condensable gases which flow                  being supported by the Alcoa scholarship is             only dinosaur bone find -        by a State
production of oil from brown coal.                from conventional dryers.                             Nuven Quoc Ozuy.                                       Government geologist. Ferguson, in 1903.
   The othe'r project revolves around the            The dryer developed by the team incor­                 The researchers say: "We found that by                 The area, although now part of Victoria'S
more efficient handling of 'red mud' - a          porates multiple use of superheated steam             vigorously shearing or mixing the red mud              coastline, was a freshwater deposit when
waste product formed when alumina is              in what are called 'fluidised beds'. By this          we could break its viscosity down from                 dinosaurs inhabited it.
made.                                             process, gas is passed through the material           around 10,000 poise (poise are a unit of                   Tim explains that at that time Australia
   Alumina is the base material from which        to be dried so that gas bubbles separate              viscosity) to about 50 poise, at which point           was joined to the Antarctic land mass. The
aluminium is electrolytically refined.            and slightly expand the material. giving it           it has a toothpaste-like consistency. and is            fossil site was once in a valley - part of a
   The research initiatives are being funded      much the same properties as a fluid.                  easily pumpable."                                       huge trough between what was to become
by aluminium groups. Comalco has sup­                This makes for maximum heat transfer                   The researchers add that more worX                  two separate continents. The drift of
plied alumina hydrate for the drying tests        within the material and also a rapid mixing           needs to be done on the chemistry of the                Australia from Antarctica is believed to
while Alcoa is supporting a research stu­         of the material.                                      shearing and settling processes, which are              have begun 50 to 55 million years ago.
dent investigating red mud waste problems.           ProfeS$Or Potter's team has already con-           extremely complex,

November 1979                                                                                      10                                                                             MONASH REPORTER
                           Monash Graduates' Association 

         Mo...oh gradu_ have • wide """'" 01 attltud..                  nor doe. there l8em to be 8 great demand for such ac­
                                                                        tivities.
                                                                                                                                         member of the Australian University Graduates'
      to the University. 111_ v.ry from _ I ....thy .. .                                                                                 Conference.
      through 8 gene,.' 1"terM! In the University . . . to •                Instead. the Association believu it should foater an in­        This Conference meets each year and enables its
      desire to mIIlntal" clOH tIM end invotvement with                 terest and concern by its members in universities in             members to share ideas and experienc., on a wide range
       MoneMl.                                                          general and Monash in particular.                                of issues of interest to graduates and universities
         The University itM" should and does try to encourage               In addition to the distribution of Reporter. the Auocia­     throughout Australia.
       and maintain 8 link with rts graduate members. At pT.            lion should promote interaction between graduate. and               Resolutions and subm issions from the Conference are
       sent. it does this by forwarding. once a year. a copy of         the University. either directly. or through graduate             forwarded to the relevant bodiet such al the Australian
       Monash Reponer to each graduate whose address is                 representation on University bodies and organisations.           Vice·ChanceUors· Committee. university councils. State
       Mown.                                                              Graduate representation on the University Council. the         and Federal Governments. and education inquiries and
          However. so",, graduates want to have .a greater              Cantre for Continuing Education and tha Ca,ee,s and Ap­          commissions.
       knowledge and appreciation of U "ivarsity activities.            pointments Service Bre examp'" of such ere.1 where                  There is at present considerable tension and conflict of
       problems. attitude. and directions than can be provided          gradultes are contributing in this way. both II graduat••        opinion as to the proper function of universities.
       by 8 once·8-Y8ar communication.                                  of the University. and as members of the community.                 There is a need for universities to be independent ­
          For this. reason. the Monash Graduates' Association                                                                            but they must also be responsive to the needs of society.
                                                                           The Association believe. that this invotvement in
       decided to use most of the income derived from                                                                                       Where do you stand on _            ......1
                                                                                                                                                                               1
                                                                        Unive""ty activities could be extended to include
       membership subscriptions to pay     'Of
                                             the regular distribu­
                                                                        graduate membership of a wide range of bodie.. in·                  We believe that the Asaociation het a vital role to play
       tion of Reporter to itl members. By this means. ' it was
                                                                        eluding. say. faculty boards. ttaOOing commiHMS and              in the life of the university and in the interaction between
       hoped that members would be beneT able to keep
                                                                        various ad hoc committees.                                       the university and the community.
       abreast of current academtc. cultural. organisational and
       social developments at Monash.                                      Such graduate representativ.. would be ex· offic;o                If you stllre this belief. then you as a graduate and
          What _      should the AuocIetion be doing1                   members of the CommiH" of the Auocietion. with full              member now of the wider community have a respon·
          The prlHnt committe. believes that the Association            speaking and voting rights. Thil would permit In in.             sibility to contribute your expertise. experience and view·
       shoukt not aim to become 8 .•club."                              terchange of views with members of the Association.              point.
          Indeed• •• present. the Aasociation has little to offer its      Togemer with other university graduate auociationa               We look to you for your active participation in and
       widely-scattered members in terms of social activities;          and convocations. Monash Graduates' Association is a           . membership of the Monash Graduates' Aasociation.



                                                                                       Help urged for register scheme 

                                                                      There are many community organl..tlon•• group.              pointing their own administrative group.
                                                                  and inatitutions that depend upon voluntNfI to a••llt               If you are a member of the scheme (or would like to
                                                                  them In their work. Graduatft. by virtue of their
                                                                  education and professional training.
                                                                  special skill. which are highly valued and aought
                                                                                                                       po.....
                                                                                                                      many
                                                                                                                                  join it) give us a little of your time and organisational
                                                                                                                                  ability. A meeting has been planned for Thursday.
                                                                                                                                  November 29. at Monash University. starting at 6 p.m.
                                                                  after.                                                          RSVP Tuesday. November 27. Mrs V. Thomson . ph.
                                                                      The Monash Graduate Register Scheme was founded             541 0811 ext 2002.
                                                                  w ith the purpose of making available to these organill·           (For further details regarding the Graduate Register
                                                                  tions and institutions the names, special skills and in·        Scheme. ph. 489 7382 A.H .I.
                                                                  terests of those graduates who had indicated their w il·                                                  Gleni.. Davey.
                                                                  lingness to participate in the scheme.                                                                 PrMldent. M.O.A.
                                                                      At present the full implementation and effective
~-------_ _ __ __ _ _ _....::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::...-; operation of the scheme is threatened by two major

                    Probably the large5t bird ever to problems.
                                                                                                                                           Anyone for a picnic?
               roam the surface of the earth - it                     Organisations which might have been aided by                   DATE: Sunday. December 9.
               could not fly -            was unique to 'graduates Bre not able to accept the assistance unless                      ARRANGEMENTS: We meet on the shores of Lake
               Australia.                                         the major part of the organisation and planning is done        Wendouree. Ballarat. at 12 noon. On arrival guest' will
                                                                  by the scheme's placement and liaison committee.               be greeted by members of the committee.
                   The extinct bird. remains of which have            And this brings us to the second problem: at present.          WE PROVIDE : A bush band. country sfylevoices and
               been found in the Northern Territory. could        one volunt"r is responsible for contacting. liaising and       dancing.
               have stood more than three metres high             placing graduates over a wide variety of community                 YOU BRING : A picnic lunch. glls... Ind something
               and t ipped the scales at more than half a organisations and institutions.                                        to sit on. If you wish to barbecue your lunch please bring
               tonne. making it more massive than the                 For the scheme to continue your help I. needed.            your own barbecue.
               Malagasay Elephant Bird.                               An alternative administrative approach has been                THE KIDS: Of course. there are special races just for
                   The giant bird. Dromomis stlrto"l. was          propooed wi1erebv • CO<8 group 01 voIun-. orgoniMo            them. In fact. bring everyone you know.
               a member of the Dromornithidae. a family            the co-ordination and placement of graduates for one              COST: $2.50 per heed (children 'reel.
               which ranged in sile down to a form sl ightly       area onty. For example. graduates on the register who             R.S.V.P. By Wednesday. December 6. for tickets and
               larger than the present day emu. In ap·            have indicated an interest and a commitment to assisting       a location map. Send cheques to Mrs V. Thomeon. In·
               pearance members of the group probably              community organisations who provtde legal advice to           formation Office. Monash University. ph. 541 0811 . ext.
               rese mbled the emu.                                 migrants and other groups would be responsible for ap·        2002.
                   But Dr Pat Rich. lecturer in the Earth
               Sciences department at Monash. points out
               that the birds (also known as mihirungs.
               from an Aboriginal reference) were not
               merely giant emus.
                                                                                Roo's bound 

                   The Bureau of National Resources.
               Geology. and Geophysics within the
               Federal Department of National Develop·
               ment has published a 195-page bulletin by
                                                                                 effortless 

                Dr Rich on The Dromomithidae. In it she
               gives a systamatic scientific description of
               the family and describeS for the first time
                six new forms. including three new genera.
                                                                                 exercise? 

                   Dr Rich says that emus and dromor·
                nithids probably came from common
                                                                           Have you ever been struck
                ancestral stock.                                     by the apparently effortless
                    But. she adds: " Even the smallest               ease with which kangaroos
                mihirungs were not as slender as the emu              bound through the bush or
                and most dromornithids were apparently                across the open plain 1                           Dr Proske explains that all animals - man     • Physlologilt Dr Uwe
                mu ch more ponderous birds."                                                                        included - utilise elastic recoil. It operates    Proske comes fece to
                                                                         Now a group of researchers at Monash
                    She says that fossil evidence indicates                                                         through a combination of muscles and              face with a kangaroo in
                                                                     University has found evidence that the                                                           the Jock Marshall
                that the birds existed 20 million years ago                                                         tendons. and. within a certain range of
                                                                     kangaroo's hop may indeed cost relatively                                                        ReHrYe . Dr Proske ..ys
                and as recently as 26.000 years ago but                                                             movements. allows muscles. after being in·
                                                                     little effort. They believe kangaroos use a                                                      kengarool us. a
                these dates are not the definite limits of                                                          itialty primed with energy. to recoil in exact·   remarkable prl;tpertv of
                                                                     remarkable property of muscle -          its
                their existence.                                                                                    Iy the same ways as a pure spring.                mUlcle end t.ndon. cel­
                                                                     elasticity - which helps conserve energy                                                         led ela.tlc r.coll. to can­
                                                                     when they hop at speed.                            Dr Proske has been studying elastic recoil    lerv. energy when they
                • Top: Dr Rich contralts the size of a femur of a         According to one of the members of the    in muscles and tendons in collaboration with      hop at lpeed.
                smaller dromornithid with a similar bone from an     group. Dr Uwe PrOike. a senior lecturer in     Di Warren , a former M.Sc. student at
                emu.                                                                                                Monash and Dr David Morgan. 8 former
                • Bottom: TIm F......". with one of the               Physiology. recoil of elastic structures
                dinosaur finds.                                      enables kangaroos to hop at high speed         senior teaching fellow in the department of
                                                                     with minimal energy expenditure.               Electrical Engineering.

               MONASH REPORTER                                                                           t1                                                                          November 1979
                         Monash: The Year in Review 

                                                                                                     justed adopt... rampaging around the

The end of the 
                                                                                     country. knocking on doors and poaaibly
                                                                                                     disrupting relationships th.t have been es­
                                                                                                     tablished for 20 or 30 ye.r. ... ha says.             Dean takes a 

  search 
                                                                                             "Our research suggeltl thlt this .rgu­
                                                                                                    ment is f.lse. Our reHarch confirms the
                                                                                                    results of similar research in Scotland and
                                                                                                                                                             serve at 

   Should an adopted person                                                                         the United State• • which shows that where
have the right to information                                                                       adults do obtain information about their
                                                                                                    ortgins. In the main they go about finding
                                                                                                                                                              lawyers 

about his natural parenta and                                                                       the parent in a very circumspect w.y.
                                                                                                                                                          The Dean of Law at
the right to seek them out?                                                                            " They show obvious concern about pos­          Monash, Profeslor Gerard
  Or should the circumstances of the                                                                sible repercussions for both the natural and
                                                                                                    adoptive parents.
                                                                                                                                                       Nash, has raised doubta about
adoption remain confidential to protect all
parties from the ponible damage to family                                                                                                              the intellectual capacity of
                                                                                                        " Contact is usually made through an in­
life that might result from contact with the                                                         termediary and in a very careful way so that
                                                                                                                                                       many practising lawyers and
" 'ost" parant7                                                                                      neither party exposes himseU or harself to        law graduates.
    Research by Mr Cliff Picton. 8 senior                                                            too gre8t a risk of being disappointed or up­
lecturer in the Monash department of                                                                 set by the initial encounter."                        Professor Nash told a student seminar
Social Work. and Mrs MI. BINke, 8                                                                                                                      on " The Future of the legal Profession and
                                                                                                                                                                 0'
research assistant. provides what M r Picton
believes to be a strong case for repeal of
the present legislation. which prevents an
adopted person from having access to in­
formation about his natural parents.
                                                        --­                --. 

                                                                      ......        --               Repeal
                                                                                                          The Monash research        involves 70
                                                                                                     m.m~rI of Jig Saw. an auociatton of
                                                                                                     adults adopted in childhood. adoptive
                                                                                                                                                       the Role       legal Education" : '" believe
                                                                                                                                                       that too many of teday's practitioners. of
                                                                                                                                                       those with whom I .tudied law. and too
                                                                                                                                                       many of the graduate. the law SChools are
                                                                                                                                                       producing today are not intellectually
   Thei r research stems from dissatisfaction                                                        parents and natural parents. Jig Saw wa.          Qualified to cope with today's world of law .
with the findings of the Statute Law Revi­         • Mr Cliff Picton and Mr. Mi. Bi..ke.             formed to lobby for the repeal of the pre­        still less with tomorrow's world."
sion Committel which discussed the Ques­                                                             sent restrictive legislation.
tion last year and came down strongly in         to the Attorney-General and the Minister               Mr Picton and Mrs Bieske hav.. SO far in­         Professor Nash made similar criticisms
favour of only qualified access - at the dis­    for Community Welfare Services. refute the          terviewed about 30 Jig Saw mambers and            in an antele in the uw Inatitute Journal.
cretion of a Judge in Chambers.                  arguments on which the Committee's                  have found between 15 and 20 who have
   The Committee rejected a submission           findings were based.                                already located one or both natural parents.         He said that he expected many would
that legislation be made retrospective.             "The burden of the Committee's report               A lthough the research is still at an aarty    contend that lICademic capacity wa. not
arguing that this would be a breach of faith.    seems to be that if you allow people to             stage. Mr Picton says. the trand il claar.        realty the test of a lawyer and that there
   Mr Picton says the findings of the            know the identity of their natural parents          Where contact has been made. in moat              was much legal aid and simila, work which
Monash research. which will be presented         you will have a group of disturbed. malad-          cases it has been of benefit to aU parties.       did not require specialist skill• .


                                                                                                                                                       Competence
 Sowing the seeds of knowledge on 
                                                                                                                       He said: '" would agree that academic
                                                                                                                                                       capacity is not the 80Ie test of the lawyer
                                                                                                                                                       but minimal academic capacity is a prere­
                                                    Her task is to separate and identify the

 ancient tribes 
                                plant material. the most useful form of
                                                 which is seeds. By so doing Dr Gott says
                                                 she is supplying building bricks which the
                                                                                                                                                       quisite without which no one can be a good
                                                                                                                                                       lawyer."
                                                                                                                                                         He continued: " Competence is not. of
Appropriately , the' material                    archaeologist can use in constructing a pic­                                                          course. judged solely on academtc merit.
with which botanist Dr Beth                      ture of the way of life of the Aboriginal ­                                                           There is more to being a lawyer than ab­
                                                 includi ng his use of plants for food.                                                                sorbing technical information or
Gatt chiefly works is seeds.                                                                                                                           manipulating that information.
                                                 medicine. implementJ and other purposes.
   For. from such small and seemingly in­                                                                                                                 " I believe that a graduate Ihould have
                                                    Dr Gatt is working in the Monash Botany
significant beg innings. Dr Gatt hopes to                                                                                                              the academic capacity to diagnose
                                                 department on a grant from the Australian
add to the growth of knowledge about the                                                                                                               problems which clients put before him.
                                                 Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
ancient inhabitants of Victoria - southern                                                                                                             Across a large arIa of the law he should
tribal Aborigi(les.                                 Much of the material she is currently ex­                                                          know and understand the basic principles
   Her work is that of the archaeological        amining comes from western Victoria. The                                                              applicable : and in other areas he should ~
detective. Many of her days are spent            Aborigines of this area shared common                                                                 able to discover the present state of the
before the microscope in the laboratory          features in langu age and lifestyle. Because                                                          law. to find statutory material and case law
pa instak ingty sorti ng through samples         of climatic differences. it was a lifestyle dif­                                                      in completely new fields. to interpret it and
gathered by Victoria Archaeological Survey       ferent from that of the Aborigines of central                                                         apply i t."
                                                                                                                    • Dr Beth Gott
teams from old Aboriginal camp sites.            and north Australia.                                                                                     The basic principles should be contained
                                                                                                                                                       in the graduate's head and not in his notes.
                                                                                                     sive or pro-social behaviour of screen

           Children interpret 

                                                                                                                                                           " He should also know how to com­
                                                                                                     models and similar behaviour in the child         municate with people. how to deal with
                                                                                                     afterwards.                                       fa cts . and how to apply the law to the
                                                                                                        The Monash team is seeking to establish        problems of individuals as revealed by

            TV their way 
                                                                           a body of data from' which conclusions can
                                                                                                     be made on how children interpret what
                                                                                                     they view.
                                                                                                                                                       those facts." he said.
                                                                                                                                                           '" am not sur. that our graduates, even
                                                                                                                                                        the best of them. have all of those qualities
  The belief that children are merely "empty vessels" in front of                                                                                       at graduation ."
a TV set has little validity. according to a senior lecturer in                                               Highest ever                                 ProfeMOr Nash repeated hi. suppon
education at Monash. Dr Mary Nixon.                                                                                                                     for what 10m. others hIve described ••
   Dr Nixon says that children interact w ith    di scover how children understand what
                                                 they S88 and hear on TV to help in the for­
                                                                                                               enrolment                                "backward stapa" in legal education•••
                                                                                                                                                        a mlan. of tuming out more competent
TV and bring to it their own set of rules for                                                               Monash this year had ita highast evar
 interpreting what they see and hear.            mulation of appropriate. quality programs               student enrolment (in 'body count' terms):     graduate• .
     Now a Monash study. being conducted         and in the effective transmission of infor­             13.910 perlOn• • compared with 13.898             Among these were closed book ex­
 by Dr Nixon. lecturer in education. Mr Alex     mation by the medium.                                   last vear.                                     aminations in the basic subjects to ensure
 MacKenzie. and Master students. Mrs                 The Monash work is an area in which lit­               Expressed in EFTS (equivalent full time     that the student had some knowledge of
 Anne Knowles and Mr Peter Rendell . is          tle research has been done previously.                  students) term •• however. the 1979 stu­       the law and not merely very well indexed
 exploring just what those rules are - how                                                               dent population (on 'Clnsus dey', April 30)    photocopied materials; the reintroduction
 well children understand what they see on
                                                  Behaviour                                              officially wa. 12.883.                         of university fees; provision of scholarships
 television and how well they remember it        Other researchers. motivated by the con­                  The apparent diecrepancy in numbers is.      for. say. the top 20 per cent of students:
 and in what form.                               cern expressed widely about the amount                  explained partty by In increase in the         abolition of TEAS and its replacement with
     The research has been supported. finan­     and quality of TV that children watch. have             number of part-time students. These now        a system of student loans: and a ttghtening
 cially and technically. by commercial sta ­     concentrated on the effects of television on            account for 33.3% of the total enrolment.      of exclusion criteria in relation to Bachelor
  tions HSV7 and AT¥O.                           children's behaviour. exploring. for exam­              compared with 31 . ~ in 1978.                  of L~ws students.
     Dr Nixon believes that it is important to   ple. the possibility of a link between aggres­

 November 1979                                                                                      12                                                                         MONASH REPORTER
       Be energy wise                                               • • •
                                                                                          inadvertently 'tampero' with the
                                                                                          system. 	
                                                                                                                                       that, while appea1a to the conocien_
                                                                                                                                       ofMonaab'. 17,000 inhabitante will no
                                                                                                                                       doubt help a lot, more miCht be

       like Sid                                                                             A.loelate ProIeuor Bill BoDwlck,
                                                                                          a member of the Energy CODlOl'Vation
                                                                                          Committae, explains it this way:
                                                                                                                                       achieved by an appeal to tbe hip­
                                                                                                                                       pocket nerve.
                                                                                                                                         Aaaoc. Prof. Bonwick again: "Until
                                                                                            "Imagine the problem if the occu­          this year, the electricity account at
  The self-saUstied Uttle man                                                             pant of a room with a aenaor turns on a      Monash was paid centrelly by General
you see here Is Saintly Sid, the                                                          radiator beneath the sensor - or, con·       University Services.
Energy Saver.                                                                             versely, if he or .he opens a window           "Any individual effort to save
  He first appeared a week or two ago                                                     during a cold snap.                          electricity was anonymous and went
on those USwitch Ofr and Save"                                                                                                         unrewarded; I... careful colleagu..
stickers next to light and power                                                             "In the first instance, the sensor will   were not correspondingly penalised.
switches around the University. And                                                       command the heating systam to reduce
he'll be back next year to lead the fight                                                 the temperature, the other 39 occu­          Stimulus to save
against energy waate.                                                                     pante will freeze, more radiators will
                                                                                          be bronght in from home and turned              "So in March, the Conservation
   Sid is the creation of the Univenity·.                                                                                              Committee decided to supply the
Energy Conservation Committee                                                             on.
                                                                                                                                       stimullll' to save by introducing a
which has embarked on a campaign                                                             "Conversely, with the window open         budget entitlement for electricity uaad
aimed at cutting the University's                                                         in the room containing the ..nsor, the       in 17 charge areas within the Univer­
mounting enel'KY bill. currently runn­                                                    heating system will be forced to work        sity, including the _en faculties. The
ing at about $800,000 a year.                                                             at the maximum level in an effort to         1980 entitlement for each area is set at
   A number of measurea introduced,                                                       heat the outside air. All the other of­      the electricity actually uaad in 1978.
or planned. by the Committee were                                                         fices will then overheat, and 39 other          "The incentive to save should be ob­
reported in SOUND 32-19.                                                                  windows will be opened as well."             vious to all thoee responsible for paying
   And one initiative begun earlier in       meant that we paid $98,874 for that                                                       the billa in their own charge areas .....
the year ha.o already brought resulte.       period, compared with $94,112 in             Savings
                                                                                                                                          As for other incentives, it could be
   At the beginning of the winter, the       1978).                                         It's not a fanciful scenario. A880C.       pointed out that a 10 per cent uving
temperature of the University's                Still, there'. Icope for further           Prof. Bonwick says such examples do          on the electricity account (usually ac­
heating system was reduced one degree        economi.. in both gas and electricity        occur.                                       cepted as an easy target, simply by
Celsius and, while the mildn... of the       consumption.                                   "We can make considerable enel'KY          eliminating f!1'088 waste) is equivalent
season may have been a contributing            Take heating: This is provided by          savings by letting the system operata        to:
factor, there ha.o been a significant        ducted, gas-heated air and is designed       as it's designed to do," he aaid. liTo
reduction in gas consumption.                to operate without supplementation           this end, the University Engineer, Mr        • Three or four academic salaries
   Consumption at the end of                 from electric radiators. The                 Kevin Grace, is anxious to learn of          • 	Many more travel f!1'ante, or ...
September, 1979, stood at 97,031,784         temperature of a given area of, say, 40      any ·heating complainte so that the          • A sizeable 	quantity of new equip­
Mj compared with 100,616,066 Mj at           offices is controlled by ..nsors located                                                     ment for several faculti ...
                                                                                          system can be checked and, if necee­
the same time in 1978. (Unfortunately,       in representative rooms within the           sary, adjusted."                               So Saintly Sld'l me..age might
this admirable result wa.o not reflected     area.                                          As to electricity consumption, the         well be: "Switch Off and Save .••
in the gas bill: an increase in the tariff     Troubles can ari.. when somebody           Committee has come to the conclusion         an academic'. Job. n


          LETTER 
                                    FAUSA replies to 
 Appeal for
Sir: I read in Monash Reporter, Oc­
tober 3, 1979, and in i..ue 30-79 of
Sound, that the AVCC has offered to
                                                      A vee statement 
 refugee
engage in direct negotiations with           quite clearly should receive salary in­        We believe that, if anything, the
FAUSA about guidelines for some
employment conditions.
   We have responded positively to the
                                                                         children
                                             creases (e.g. tutors and some part-time
                                             staff) and we cannot allow our
                                             members' conditions to be eroded. For
                                                                                          public is more likely to be convinced,
                                                                                          and the government more likely to be
                                                                                          bound, by formal Conciliation and Ar­
chairman of the AVCC. In fact,               these and other reasons we must ex­          bitration Commission decisions than
                                             plore our options with other jurisdic­       by tho.. of a small specialist tribunal;        As the International Year of the
FAUSA hRS been suggesting "summit"                                                                                                     Child com.. to a close, Monash'.
conferences for six months, and the          tions.                                       the Arbitration Commi..ion is after all
                                                                                          the ....nior tribunal" and the AST           Refugee Children'. Spon.orohip
AVCC, at first reluctant, af!1'eed to a         Federal registration might allow                                                       Club, itaelf being wound up, II call­
meeting in August last. The idea of          determinations of wages and condi­           relies on many of its decisions and
                                                                                          principles (e.g. wage indexation).           ing for one last act of generollty
"national guidelines" arose therefrom.       tions in the Conciliation and Alcitra­                                                    from staff and .tudents.
   A      FAUSA        commentary            tion Commission, and FAUSA feels             There is more likely to be a vigorous
                                                                                          defence against attacks on the C & A            The club is seeking donations for the
on the AVCC Statement on Academic            that these determinations would be                                                        sponsorship of 13 children from India,
Staff Relations will be sent in              more secure than those of a cumber­          Commission than on the AST. Indeed,
                                                                                          there is recent evidence of this.            Indonesia, Korea, the Philippines,
the near future to all members of the        some and ineffectual tribunal. Even if                                                    Bangladesh, Kenya, Thailand, Chile
academic staff, both members and             unsuccessful, . the application for           Arbitration costs                           and Haiti.
non-members of SAMU. The present             registration protects our membership          3. The Avee i. concerned at the in­            A special account for donations has
AVCC statement is Ie.. objectionable         from other unions.                                                                        been opened at the Monash branch of
than earlier versions. On some issues                                                         creased financial costs which
                                                                                              would ari.e if external arbitration      the CBA - account no. 67 - 00 - 243.
FAUSA is in broad af!1'eement with the       Funding dangers                                                                           Cash should not be sent to the club
                                                                                              systems were involved.
AVCC. Consultation has widened the                                                                                                     box.
area of consensus. What follows is an           State jurisdictions are our last             FAUSA uses its own office resources
                                             preference, but given the low                in proceedings of the AST and in State          The Refugee Children's Sponsorship
outline of the major existing dif­                                                                                                     Club, formed in 1971, is being dis­
ferences.                                    probability of succe .. in the two op­       industrial tribunals. QCs have
                                             tions above, we cannot ignore them.          already appeared on behalf of the            banded at the end of the year due to
\. The "deep concern" of the AVCC            More importantly, it is the States who       AVCC before these courts. A com­             lack of interest. It is hoped that in­
   at recent moves to invoke state sr·       have the constitutional powers over          parison of present and anticipated           dividual members of the University
   bitratlon jurl.dictlon. and to            education, and . there are disturbing        costs would need to be offered for this      will take over sponsorship of the
   move to register a federal union of       signs that the new State tertiary            argument to be convincing.                   children so that it does not end.
   academics.                                education commissions (e.g. VPSEC in                                                         Money reised by the club is channel­
                                                                                          4. Tbe AVCC i. concerned at the              led through World Vision, a Christian
   FAUSA is determined that the              Victoria) wish to reassert this                  danger to the unusually wide con­
                                             authority. We Bre quite conscious of                                                      humanitarian organisation founded in
jurisdiction which fixes academic                                                             sultative procedures used in un­         Korea 30 years ago. Child sponsorship
salaries and conditions should be ac­        the funding dangers involved, and                iversities.
                                             have been very active in battling                                                         is only one aspect of its activities which
cessible, flexible and authoritative.                                                        In some universities, and in some         include aid programs in times of war
The Academic Salaries Tribunal is            political moves for a return to shared       matters, the consultation is not wide,
                                             funding.                                                                                  and natural disaster. World Vision is
none of these. It cannot be activated by                                                  let alone unusually wide. A change in        among the agencies which have as­
FAUSA. It cannot at present hear mat­                                                     the formal method of determining             sisted recently in Kampuchea.
ters except as part of a general review.     2. The AVCC e"p""." a preference             salaries and condition••hould not be
                                                for Informal AST proceedings,                                                             A similar appeal last year for con­
Its recommendations are not binding                                                       uaed as an excu.. to reduce the level of     tributions for refugee sponsorship was
                                                and observ.. that there I. a need         internal consultation. The modem in­
on State universities, and it cannot            for the Tribunal to a..... submi.­                                                     supported by many staff members and
protect conditions of employment. In                                                      dustrial trend i. to employee participa­     some student bodies such as the
                                                sions In a rigoroul equitable             tion or "industrial democracy". We as­
the last year it has met on only four oc­       manner.                                                                                Evangelical Union, and the Navigators
casions, and progress was successfully                                                    sume that the concern here is not a          and the Italian clubs.
frustrated by the Federal Government           FAUSA believes that informality            veiled threat.                                  For further information about spon­
and other parties arguing legal points.      and accountability are contradictory                              P. LeP. Darvall         sorship contact Marie Blew on
There are certain staff groups who           principles here.                                         President SAMU/FAUSA             243432 (home) or 598 7788 (busin...).
MONASH REPORTER                                                                         13 	                                                                     November 1979
   New Projeeta                                                                        Dr R. Brown and           Higb temperature pyrolYtia of                          14,206
                                                                                       Dr F. Eastwood            OI'Ianic comooundl:
                                                                                                                 generation 01 cumulenonee
   Prof. R. But                Reforminc the taw relating to            14,106         Dr D. Collina             Studi. of IOlanum alkaloids in                          7,000
                               unincorporated aaeociations                             Dr F. Eastwood and        relation to biOieneeia and
   MrM . Burns                 The distributional effecta of            10,313         Prof. J. Swan             taxonomy
                               AUltralia's recent inflationary                         OrG. Deacon               Lanthanoid and aclinoid                                12,200
                               experience 1966-1978                                                              organometalUce
   AMOC. Prof. M. Clyne        Australia's language reeourcN and         5,384         Aaaoc. Prof. R. Dickeon   Organometallic intermediatea in the                     1,260
                               needs.                                                                            transition metal ...iated reactions
   Prof. J. O. Legge           Western-educated intellectuala in         5,040                                   of subttituted alkyn.
                               Indoneeia in tbe later Itqet of Dutch                   Aaaoc. Prof. R. DicUon    The activation of meta.! carbonyl                      12,687
                               rule, duri", the occupation and                                                   and related comrie",.
                               revolution and in the early years of                    Prof. W.JacUon            Transition meta compla. with crural                     8,300
                               independence.                -                                                    ligands .. catalyats for uymmetric
   OrH. Love                   Melbourne public theatrical               6.000                                   syntbesil
                               performancee 1846-1895                                  Prof. W. Jacboo           ApplicatiOO8 of 2H N.M.R, to a study of the reaction       oil
   OrC . Maher                 Alteration ofinner city environmenta      4,Il00                                  ofliYclioPn with orcantc compoundt
   Dr B . McMullin             AUltralia and New Zealand early          13,e06         DrJ . Kent and            Enegy tranlfer mecbaniaJDI m                           12,916
                               imprints project (Victoria): A                          Dr M . 01>wyer            small poIy.tomic molecul.
                               project to record in machine-rMdable                    Dr F. Larkins             Photoel....... otudieo of                              14,400
                               form a union catal~e of {tre-l80l                                                 adeorbatee on catal)'lt IUrtecee
                               letterpreea materials held lD                           Dr I. Rae                 A rational aearch for nuclear                           4,Il00
                               institutional and private                                                         overbauaer eft'ect.a on the
                               collectiolll in Victoria.                                                         hydrocens ~ metbyl JlOUpt
   ProfM . Porter              A study of the overall impact on         12,273         eo.u..u\na Projecto
                               Australia of incl'Ulling international                  Dr D. S . Black            Methods of synthetia baaed on nittone                  6,800
                               economic interdependence.                                                          cycloaddition reactions
   DrN.Smith                   Attitudea of newly trained lOCial         6,667         ProfR. D. Brown and        Rotationallpec:tra of lonl                            23,806
                               worken in AUitralia towardl their                       DrP. D.Godfrey
                               working role.                                           ProfR. D.Brown and         Molecul. in space ­ pbue 2                            34,670
   Assoc. Prof. W. Steele      Bibliographical and textual studies in    2,300         Dr P. D. Godlrey
                               the works ofO. H. Lawrence                              DrF. Burden               Simulation studies of atmospheric                       1,000
                                                                                                                 reactiona
                                                                                       Dr O . Collina            The fate of IIOluodine in rlpeninc                        700
   Continuing projeeta                                                                 Dr F. Ealltwood and       fruit of solanum ladni.tum
                                                                                       OrT. O'Brien
   Prof. A. L . A. Boura       Learning retardation produced by the     18,602         DrG . B . DeaCOD          Elimination reactions in                                1,000
                               action of antibiotiCli and amino acid                                             Qrlanometallic Iynthelie
                                                                                       OrB. Gatehouae            Ciystal cbemiatry of tbelOlid lUte                     17,647
                               neurotransmitters on the developing
                               brain                                                   Dr F. P. Larkins          AUier election lpectra of atoms and                    16,790
   Dr J . Bradshaw and         Human cerebral uymmetry:                 17,006                                   molecules
   MrN.Nettieton               investigations with a diaplay                           Dr J. McKinnon and        Chemistry fA. the lower ltrt.toepbeJ'e                  1,100
                               controlled by eye movementa                             Dr I. Wilaon
   OrL . J . B~nand            An eumination of the aervicet            11,017
                                                                                       DrK . Murray              Biolo&ica1 iron compounds                               1,000
   Dr A. R. Hiller             provided by the Victorian lOCial                        DrK . S . Munay           Smale c:ryatal ~ otudleo of                             3,200
                               welfare department                                                                inorganic and biomoq:anic compouncb
   Or C. Chen                  Sensitivity to noise: analyaia of        11,147         OrA. Pullin               Inert g.. matrix lIolation ltudi..                        900
                               facton aaeociated with mechaniama                       OrT. D. Smith             Phyaico-chemicalltud'" o~ cobalt(U)                       IlOO
                               underlying IIInlitivity in mice                                                   lubetituted beme proteinl
   ProfR. Day                  The component.. of leometrical vilual    10,913         Prof. B. O. West          Alkyl group exchanp between                            14,014
                               illusiON.                                                                         tranaition metal compound.
   Prof. R. H. Day and         The development of perceptual            1I,8M                                        BIOLoGICAL SCIENCES
   Dr B . E . McKenzie         constancies                                                                            (Plant and Animal Btoiocy)
   Dr K. Forster               Vilual proc...ing of ..ntencN            12,819         New Project.
   Dr B . A. GOBB and          Price determination in international     11,(»7
   ProfD. E. A. Giles          commodity marketa with forward trading                  Dr R. furwater and        "Rebound" excitation of
   Dr M . J . Kartomi          The traditional music of Sumatra                                                                                                          1,Il00
                                                                        10,821         DrG . Taylor              gaatrointeatinalsmooth mu.cle
   OrE. Keller                 The literary criticism ofthe young         500          OrJ. Chapman              Physiological corwequenc.. of
                               George Lukacs (l002-1916)                                                                                                                   400
   Dr 1. W. Mabbett            Comparative history of Buddhilm: pilot                                            electrogenic active tranaport in
                                                                          440                                    cardiac muecle: compute limulation
                               study                                                   Dr E. McLachlan           Synaptic mecbanieml at peripheral
   Dr C. Maher and             Spatial organization witbin Australian   7,009
                                                                                                                                                                        11,200
   Dr K. O'Connor              metropolitan are..                                                                ."...­
   Aseoc. Prof. J. Platt                                                               Dr T. O'Brien             Plant-inaect interactions in the arid                     900
                               The U&e ofEngliah in Singapore and       6,611          DrG . Etterlhankand       zone with empbuil on euca1yp\t., anta
                               Malayaia                                                Prof. M . Canny
   Aseoc. Prof. E . O. Potts   Australian-American contactl durinc                                               and leaf.......
                                                                         1.070         Dr U. Pl'OIke             The atiffn... of mammalian Ilow and
                               World WarTwo                                                                                                                              1,000
   OrJ . Powell                COlUlervation and environmental                                                   futmuscle
                                                                          660
                               m&nqement in AUitralia 1914-1945
   OrA . Serle                 Biography of General Sir John Monash     5,488
   Ms H . L . Topli88          Catalogue raiaonne of Tom Roberta        2,806
   Aseoc. Prof.                Internal migration in Australia,                        OfL. Aitkin               Connections of the auditory midbrain                    1,160
                                                                        6,677          Dr L. Aitkin and          Organiution olthe central auditory
   J . S. Whitelaw             19'11-19'16                                                                                                                               6,000
   andMrJ . McKay                                                                      DrW . Webster             pathway
                                                                                       DrB . M . Allender        The effecta of tannins and turbidity                    1,S&)
                                                                                                                 upon the growth ol.tuarine ala..
                                                                                       OrM . Clayton             Studies on the reproductive bioloo                      6,800
                                     PHYSICAL SCIENCES                                                           and genetice of lOme brown aIeae,
                                                                                                                 qether with related tuonomtc
   New Project.                                                                                                  investigations
                                                                                       Dr S. Cl'06Iley           Behaviour genetic studi. of naturally                   4,100
   Dr J. Bennett and           Development of new ray tracing            4,000                                   occurring populationa ofOl'OlOphila
   OrP . Dyson                 techniques and their application                                                  melanogaater
                               to Spacelab and ground-baaed                            OrO. F . Gal!             Desiccation tolerant planta,                            6,000
                               radio experimenta                                                                 particularly graua
                                                                                       OrN . D. Hallam           The rme structure of planta adapted                    10,600
                                                                                                                 to desiccation
   Continuinl proJecli                                                                 DrG . D. S. Hirat         Quantitative upecta of neuromuecuw                     11,960
                                                                                                                 tranamiaaion in arteriol.
                                                                                       Prof. M . Holman          Innervation of smooth muscle                           27,000
   Dr J . Cashion and          Studies of solids of low temper.tUNe      7,760         Dr A. Lawrie              Nit:rocenfbation ill nativeAUItralian
   OfP.Clark                   and high magnetic fielda                                                                                                                  6,200
                                                                                                                 I~m.
   Dr J . Cashion and          M08lIbauer scattering from solidi         3,000         A88OC. Prof. A. K . Lee and ROle of endocrine facton in
   OrP.Clark                                                                                                                                                              800
                                                                                       Dr I. R. McDonald           mammalian life ru.toriee
   OrT. Finlayson and          The study of su~nducting                  9,<06         Dr A. R. Luff               Neural control of the dynamic                         1,200
   OrT.Smith                   tranaition metal alloys and compounds                                               propertin of mammalian skeletal
   Dr R. Fleming               CharKe tranaport mechaniama and           7,100                                     mUlc1e
                               distributions of localized states                       Or I. McDonald              Adrenal function in the Australian                    7,376
                               (trape) in some simple organic                                                      monotremes and marsupiala
                               polymers                                                OrT. O'Brien                Plant armour plate. Polyaaccharide­                   6,000
   OrT. Hicks                  Polarization analysis of diffuse         17,923                                     phenol complex. and tbe rMiatance
                               neutron scattering                                                                  of cell walla to funa:al attack
   DrJ . Monaghan              A numerical technique for fluid          11,000         OrS.Redman                  The application of electrical circuit                20,706
                               Iystems in ..trophysice and                                                         modela, of neuronee to the analysis
                               meteorology                                                                         of synaptic potentiaia
   OrJ . Pilbrow               Electron spin rellOnance in crystall     11,000         Dr B. Roberta               Geneticalstudiea on the fleehfly
                               and complexes                                                                                                                             1,Il00
                                                                                                                   sarcophaga
   Prof. T . Smith             Meuurementa of the thermal propertiee    14,000         DrG.A.M . Scott             A survey and tuonomic revision of the                 2,200
                               88IOCiated with solid state                                                         liverworta of Victoria
                               tranaitiona                                             Dr R. Westenn.n             Mammalian nerve-muscle interactions
   Aseoc. Prof. J . H. Smith   The relationship between atomic and       3,784                                                                                          12,700
                               magnetic ahort l'8llIe order in                                                         BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
                               mictomagnetic and superparamqnetic                                                (Molec:uIar BlololY ..... CoD _boDom)
                               alloys                                                  NewProjecW
   Mr R. C. Tobin              Metalva~l~                                  762
   Prof. R. Van der 8<q:ht     Computational metboda in optimum         13,606         OrG . CI'088              CharacteriNtion of the                                  1,200
                               sywtema control                                                                   bioph)'lical and biochemical
                                                                                                                 'pro~i.. olboolara virua
                                     CHEMICAL SCIENCES                                 Prel. D. Lowtherand       KelUJ8tion olmatriz formation                          11,000
   New preJecU                                                                         OrC . Handley             .. ann.~olthe
                                                                                                                 diff'erentiatecl .tat. of
   DrD. Blackand               New organotballium chelate eyatema        3,000                                   cboDdrocyttl cultured in vitro
   DrG.Deacon

November 1.7.                                                                     '4                                                                          MONASH REPORTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                            national Conf.renc. 011 Laqr. Hiah Voltage

                                                   GRADUATES
                                                                                                    dustry. 	
                                                                                                     For the fint five yean of the depart.­                 Electrical Systems).              .
                                                                                                    ment's uiltence the SECV donated 6000                     Prof....,r MOIIIZtyn ..ys that in _ t
                                                                                                    pounds a yeer to it enabling the pun:bue of             years the department', I'II88J'Ch iDt.ereate

                                                   PRIDE OF A                                       mOlt of the equipment for ita power
                                                                                                    laboratories.
                                                                                                        (Prof..... Morutyn points out thot a
                                                                                                                                                            have been ••tended from the study of
                                                                                                                                                            switching surges to the study of problema of
                                                                                                                                                            on-line control and optimilation of power


                                                   RETIRING                                         professor's salary at that time was about
                                                                                                    4100 pounds).
                                                                                                      In the mid·eo. the SECV mad. a further
                                                                                                    donation of a Westinghouse Network
                                                                                                                                                            systema.
                                                                                                                                                              "In order to study these phenomena in
                                                                                                                                                            depth it was necessary to built a very
                                                                                                                                                            sophisticated power sYltem simulator

                                                   PROFESSOR
  "One of our real p _ \a to produce lbe lype of paduale who will carry
                                                                                                    Analyser worth about 50.000 pounds at the
                                                                                                    time. Monuh is believed to be the only un­
                                                                                                    iversity with such an analyser.
                                                                                                                                                            which includes a new type of fully
                                                                                                                                                            electronic turbo-generator for which I think
                                                                                                                                                            we may claim world priority," he says.
                                                                                                      Private industry too, he says, played a                 Professor Moraztyo pays tribute to other
the enlPneering prof_Ion forward," 1&)'1 Prof_ Karol Morutyn lpaak­                                 generoua role in aiding the department.                 memben of the department with whom he
ing of Monash'. E1ectrIcal Englneerlna department from whlcll be ntIreI at                          Companies such 88 Wilson 'lTanaformera                  haa worked closely in power studies:
the end of the year.                                                                                supplied transformers and a high voltage                academica, A..oclate Prolelaor Bill
  Professor Morsztyn hu been with the                 " From the beginning we attracted lOme        impu1&e generator to equip what ProCeuor                Bonwlck, Dr Dave WIlcox, Dr David
department since it fint began teachina -           very good students who went into indUitry       Morsztyn terms a "proper" high voltage                  Gietne and Dr Tbaram Dlllon, profee­
17 years ago. His &rea is electrical power          and proved thernaelvee ."                       laboratory.                                             siooal officer, Mr J_ CappedoDa. and
studies. Before coming to AU8tralia in 1968            Professor Moraztyn says Monuh aleo             He says: " Monuh research activities                  technical staff.
he was a professor at Warsaw Technical              played a significant role in eetabliehing a     have also been supported comiatently for
Un iversity.                                        proper place for power studiel in a univer­     many yelJ1l by lubetantial granta from the
  The shelves of Professor Monztyn'.
bookcase are lined with the theeee of hia
Ph.D . and Master studenta and it ia the
                                                    sity engineering COUI'ICI. There wu • time,
                                                    he says, when power Itudiee were COD­
                                                    sidered "practical" while electronics wu 

                                                                                                    Electrical Reeeareh Board. EveD more im­
                                                                                                    pol tant than the rmancial support was the
                                                                                                    support given by the SECV and aJoo the 

                                                                                                                                                                 Monash Lions? 

work they have achieved and he hu luper­            more "theoretical" and suited. to a univer­ 
   SEC of NSW in ..nding to Monuh ....ral                    The Lions Club of Waverley II 

vised that has afforded him hi' proud_t             sity. 
                                         pootgraduate stud.nte to study for Ph.Os                exploring the poatibillty of form­

momenta at the univeraity. he say•.                    "The truth is that power atudies can be 
    and Muter d....... on full enginee"",                   ing a Lions Club at Monath. 

  He lists his best Ph.D. students: ule             as theoretical u practical, " he saya.          salariee." 
                                              Laboretory manager in the Physics
Wri,ht, 1970, now in a senior position with            He believes that one of the strengths of        In establishing the department's reputa­
                                                    the Monuh electrical engineering un­
                                                                                                                                                            department, Mr A, J . O'BrIen, says
the SEC and 8 member of ow faculty                                                                  tion for research, Prof8880r Moraztyn looke
board; James Brown, 1971, in private in­            dergraduate course has been that it hu          back to the exciting days of 1965 when
                                                                                                                                                            that Lions International II the l.....t
dustry; Tharam DilloD, 1974, Senior lec­            covered both electronics and power studiee      building started on a completely new type               community service club in the world.
turer in the department; Anthony Man­               with no apecialisation at such an early         of Transient Network Analyser (TNA) -                   Australia is strongly represented with
sen, 1976, with the SEC ; Norman                    stage , producing graduates with flexible       an electronic model of power system                     more than 1200 clubs.
Pid,eon, 1977. with the SEC; Ro..                   skills.                                         suitable lfor inve8tigation of electro­                   People interested in the proposed
Gawler, 1978, was a tutor in the depart­              It has been possible to teach both aspecta    magnetic tramienta on high voltage tran­                club should contact the e.tension
ment, now with the SEC; KeD Lawler.                 in depth, he says, because of the excellent     smission lines and in high voltage cables.              chairman of the Waverley Lions Club,
1979. with the SEC . . . th... peopl. hev.          laboratories developed at Monaah.                  The TNA haa since been used extensively
                                                      He says: "Instead of spending a great
                                                                                                                                                            Mr J. Devlin on 288 1098, or Mr D.
all contributed to the electrical power in­                                                         by power authorities 	in Victoria, NSW,
                                                    deal of time in lectures talking about power
                                                                                                                                                            Hume on 2323253 or 625476 (BH).
dustry and will continue to do 80 in the                                                            Queensland and Tasmania in many impor­
future ...                                          systems the students go into the laboratory     tant technical studies, he says.
                                                                                                                                                              • Lions Christmas Cakeo, 1.5 kg.
  Professor Morsztyn says that it wu                and learn on the spot."                            The TNA represented a completely new                 in size. are now available from the
M onash in its early days which put "proper           The development of the laboratories           design and aroused interest overseas which              Physic. departmeDt ttore (e&ten·
Ph .Ds in electrical engineering on the map         owes much to the remarkable cooperation         led to an invitation for Professor MO!8ztyn             sion 3665), or the Monash Branch of
in Australia." 	                                    built up between the department and in-         to join working groups of CIGRE (lnter-                 the CBA. 'The cakeo cost $3.50 each.

     Pro£. D. Lowther          The MCretion and activation of                         10,060              Continuin, Project.
     OrM . Britz               chondrocyte and polymorph neutral
     Dr E. Cartwright and      proteinuea and the effect of anti­                                        Dr L. A. Frakes               Sedimentation in Corner Inlet. Victoria                  700
     DrJ . Sandy               mn,mmatory drun on theee proceMeI                                         Prof. B. Hobbs and            An 8:lperimentai inve8tigation of                     28,090
     AI&OC. Prof. B. Preaton   Macromolecular dltrul!lion                             26.202             OrM . Etheridge               the influence of phase
     and DrW. Murphy           through porous membranet                                                                                tranlformations on the mechanical
     DrJ . Yandell             Electron transfer in heme and                           1,Il00                                          properti81 of rocka
                               copper proteins                                                            Dr A. C. McLaren             Direct observation and identification                  3,000
                                                                                                                                       of crystal defecta and their role in
     ContlauiD, Projec..                                                                                                               the mechanisms of crystallization and
                                                                                                                                       deformation of minerala and rocu
     Dr J. M. Armstrong and    Regulation of phOlpboprotejn                            2,200             Drl . Nicholl8and             Cryatallilation and origin ofthe                       2.000
     DrG , Y, Ma               .2.hOlphatuee m mammalian tiuue                                           MrV. WaU                      aluminous granitic magmu
     Dr L. AUl!ltin and        The role of tbe cell body in the                        8.760             OrI. A. NichoUs               Geochemiltry and petrology of Silurian­               10,930
     OrC , J . Langford        renewal of axonal and syn.ptic                                                                          Devonian volcanic rocka in the South­
                               componentt                                                                                              eutern Lachlan mobile belt
     Dr J . Baldwin            Role of octopine dehydf'Olenue in                       1.960             OrP. Rich                     Search (or Auatralian cretaceoua                       3.600
                               enefIY metabolil!lm 01. mollul!lC8                                        Dr M. Archer and              tetrapoda
     OrR. Bayly                Evolutionary relatedD_ of ,nz9mea                      11,268             OrT. Rich
                               0( meta nllion decrad.tive p.thwayl                                       MrV . WaU                     Experimental and thermodynamic                         8.710
     ProfB. Holloway           Genetic orcaniaation of Peeudomonu                     31,232                                           atudi. of subeolidua relations in the
     OrA . F. MOrJanand                                                                                                                &yatem o( Ca-Mg-Fe-Si-C-O-H
     Dr V. Kriahnapillai                                                                                 MrV . Wan                     Experimental inveetigationa on the                    15.970
     Dr P. Jeffrey and         The supply. turnover and role or                        9.100                                           hydrothermal mobilisation, tran8port
     OrL. AUl!ltin             synapttc componenUi                                                                                     and deposition of tin
     DrV . Kriahnapillai       Genetics oftranUer ofPseudomon..                        7.600
                               aeru,inOH. R plaamidt
     Prof. A. Linnane and      Bioreneia of mitochondria                              29.691
     Auoc. Prof. H. Lukint                                                                                                          ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCES
     Prof. D. Lowther           StrUeturalatudlee of connective                       11,500              New Projecta
     Dr H. Robinaon and     tillu. includina facton involved in
     DrJ . Sandy            the maintenanctl 0( cartil.,e                                                 OrG. Dixon and               The application of diJital data                        4.000
     Dr S. Manuki and       The effecte of altered biocnemic.l                        29.303              DrK . Forward                I~ing techniques to the .tudy 0(
     Prof. A. Linnane       function on the structure and                                                                              ahlp performance
                            functions of mitochondrial mambr.n_                                           OrC, Fryer                   U plake of h~avy metale by                            19,403
     DrS . W. McKechnie and An elucidation of biocb.mical and                          9.700                                           mlcrooflanllms
     DrL. H. Schmitt        pnetic facton which m.intain enzyme                                           OrL. K08I 	                  The meaaurement of eound eMfl)'                        3.000
                            polymorphiema in Droeopbila                                                                                radiated by trlIllient noiN lOW'Cea
                            MelanOluter                                                                                                ueiDl radiation ratio conceptt
     DrP. Nagl.yand         Informational macromolecul. in                            21.668              A88OC. Prof. F. LaWlOn 	     Removal of trace amount.. of copper                    2,208
     Prof. A. W. Linnane    nucieocytopwmic interactiona                                                                               from liquid metals uam, elemental
     Dr R. A. Skurray       Molecular and lienetic analyeis of the                     9,900                                           lulphuf
                            conjl1lative plumid F                                                         Prof. W . Melbourne 	        Aerodynamic inatabiliti., 10ildiDJ I.Dd               17,763
     Dr D. R . Smyth        PattemaofDNA oqaniution in                                 1.600                                           relpODIMI of bluff bodi. in a
                            mitotic and meiotic chromoeom.                                                                             turbulent now
                            oCLilium                                                                      OrB. Parker                  The effect. of microetructure on the                   9.000
     DrH. A. Ward           MecbaniJma of development and                              5.300                                           strain rate aenaitivity of allO)'l
                            differentiation O(B . iympboc:ytea                                            Prof. O. Polter              Fluidiution for reaction and other                    26.000
     DrM . Weiu             BiDlen.ia 0( Iteroida by the adrenal                       9.160                                           applicatioae
                            and lonadal tillue of the AUIttalian                                          Prof. O. Polter 	            Llquid-pbue oq:anic ozidations­                       12,100
                            monotrem. ed martupiala                                                                                    chemic&i enaineerinc aepectl
     DrJ . Youatt           Ultrutrudure and chemic.l chana_ in                        7.<00
                            the developina: ,porancia of Allomyc*                                         CoIltiaulD, Projecto

                                       EARTII SCIENCES                                                    DrJ . Hinwood 	              Cellular structure in a turbulent                      3.900
                                                                                                                                       ahearnow
      New Project.                                                                                        ASIIOC. Prof. J . AIR8W      Dyn.mic 8tudi. ofbeteroeeneoua                        10,147
                                 The stratigraphy, aedimentolocy,                                                                      reaction -r-tem&
      DrR. Cas                                                                         1.560              DrD. Boa:er                  Aecelenunc and deaccelentm, now.                      15.423
                                  palaeogqraphy and tectonic                                                                           Of vitcoelutic nuids
                                  lipiticance of the onilvician rock                                      Prof. J . Cr088ley           Recursive content of atgebn and                        2.000
                                  Mquence in the Victorian ..,meDt of                                                                  anal)'lil
                                  lhe Lachlan fold belt                                                   OrJ. Keedy                   Mooade: Software methode for complex                  17,640
      Dr D. Dunkerley             Effects of forest Itrip-thinnm, on                     900                                           l)'Iteml
                                  chemical denudation Crottr.' C...t                                      AfIIIOC. Prof. F. La-non     Leachinjl mechaniam of metal oxid"                     8,660
                                  catchment, Narbetbonc, V ct.                                            andDrK. N. Han
      OrA . KenMw                 The v8letation history ot                           13,590              ASIOC Prof. A. MontgomeryFile ltorqe ayltem deailfn and                             14,140
                                  north-eut Queentland                                                                             evaluation
      DrJ . PeuMIOn               Quaternary environmental chana.,                     3,180              DrC. Hazvany             Optimization 0( ,tructurallayoutt                         12,814
                               ...Macquarie Island                                                                                 by analytical metboda


 MONASH REPORTER 	                                                                                 15                                                                                    November 1979
   Monash Council this week approwd the Unlver.tly·, aubmluion to             fOlemost a product of creative intellectual capac;ty. and Monash is for·    be used to construct badly-needed offices,
the Universities Council for the 1982.... triennium.                          tunate to have a relatively young but ·......rch·...toned· Itaft whose      laboratories. library extensions, clinical
  The document i, the outcome of many month" work by the Profeuorial          scholarly contributions have created an international ,..,utltion In m.ny   areas and additional student accommoda­
Board's Development Committee. chaired by the Vice-Chancetlor. Prot.·         fiekts.
sor Ray Martin. in coosuhetion with the PI.nning Committee of Council.           "However, imaginative research idea. mutt be supported by • solid in­
                                                                                                                                                          tion and union facilities.
   It aims to define the directions Monash e"pects to take .. it moves into   frastructure of funds for libraries. equipm.nt. genaral maintenance end        The proposal relating to Engineering
the 19808 - and. incidentally. it. third decade of t.aching.                  even building repairs and alteration •.                                     building 6 envisages a full·height extension
   Prof8SSOf Martin says the submtssion pieces h.avy emph..i. on the im­         "The increasing compression of the overall Univertity budget in rec.nt   at the east end to meet the essential need.
portance of research and rese.rch lTaining.                                   years has caused considerable difficulties in m.ny .r....                   of the departments of materials engineering
   "Already Mon.ash has established a remarkable reputation - especially         "We hope that our proposals, if accepted. will help to arrest - and      and chemical engineering.
overseas - for ItS research and scholarship:' he said. "We now want to        reverse - the serious slide that has been developing over recent years of      Monash has al80 put forward the
enlarge our research activities and to promote increased growth in our        inadequate funding," Prof8SSC)r Martin said.
graduate training programs.
   "As the submission points out. vigorous r...arch ICtivity i. fir.t and
                                                                                  Here, "Monash Reporter" summarl.e. tome
                                                                              the subml.sion ...
                                                                                                                                0'  the meJor point. In
                                                                                                                                                          reners. proposition that the Universities
                                                                                                                                                          Council should consider providin, funds
                                                                                                                                                          for the construction of space for contract
  Monash will seek substantial In·                 the long-standing inadequacy of the                 isting wave flume, and an outdoor facility         research.
                                                   facilities available to our Medical School          for river and estuarine models.                       The submission says: "Universities are
creases in funds for buildlngl and                                                                                                                        constantly exhorted to undertake research,
equipment in the 1982·84 triennium                 for proper clinical training; one reflects the         Its construction would enable the faculty
                                                   subsequent canceJIation of a building ap­           to develop its teaching and research in            and this is especially true in science and
in a bid to arrest what It ...... as a                                                                                                                    technology, where universities are asked by
serious decline In these areas ariling             proved in the Universities' Commission'a            coastal, estuarine and river engineering and
                                                   Fifth Report in 1972, when 8 sum of                 to meet a pressing and growing need for            both government and industry to make
out of the continuing financial                                                                                                                           their expertise and facilities available to 88­
squeeze.                                           $1,530,000 was granted for it; the fifth,           engineers and researchers trained in these
                                                   which we rank first in order of priority,           areas.                                             sist in development.
                                                   reflects our assessment of a national need".           The wind/wave basin would provide a                ''This often necessitates additional staff
  The University's submission to the
                                                     The 'top-priority' project - Engineer­            capability unique in the world, the submis­        and facilities, but the space parameters
Universities Council asks for buildings al­                                                                                                               used in the allocation of capital grants to
locations totalling $5,710,000 over the            ing's hydraulics laboratory - incorporates          sion says.
                                                   a wind/wave basin, an extension to the ex­             The funds 90ught for the hospitaia would        universities make no provision for them."
three-year period.                                                                                                                                           The submission suggests that the Coun­
   It also seeks an equipment grant of
$5,195,000 in 1981, plus further substantial                                                              ,                                               cil should advance half the OO8t of ad­
                                                                                                                                                          ditioDal space. The universities would then
grants in the years 1982-84 to overcome the
effects of obsolescence.
   The submission also asks for progreeeive
                                                               Next year s funds                                                                          raise loans for the balance, repaying them
                                                                                                                                                          out of overheads charged on the _ b
                                                                                                                                                          undertaken for outside bodies.
increases in the level of recurrent funds
grants from $54,000,000 in 1980 to
                                                      Monalh Counell at Its October naeetInc appioved a Recu,rnDt FwuIa                                      In the section devoted to Recunent Fund
$58,942,000 in 1984, pointing out that 1980         Budget tor 1980 of $53,977,080 (after oupplementativn tor ~ In otatr·                                 propoeals, the submission draWl attention
                                                    ing COltl). This com........ with a comparable ......t In ItT' of ,",164,000.                         to the exceptional price rises for boob and
will be the ftfth consecutive year in which                                                                                                               journals, currently Nnl)ing at more than 20
the University has had to absorb the "ac­           (Figurea are at Decemher quarter ItT8 evet Ieve".)
                                                      Below I. a breakdown of the 1980 Budget:                                                            per cent a year.
cumulating effects of incremental creep
and other unavoidable expenditure not
                                                                                                                                                            It says: "We believe that we shall need
                                                                    1980 RECURRENT FUNDS BUOGET SUMMARY STATEMENT                                         an increase of about 0.5% in our recurrent
compensated for under cost­
                                                                                    (Cost levels 1/1179)                                                  grant if we are to maintain even our
supplementation arrangements".
                                                                                                                                                          reduced level of aCQuisitions."
   The University says that the increases
                                                                                                                                                            The .ubmi88ion notes that i18 proposals
sought in recurrent funds would, in normal
circumstances, only just be sufficient to
                                                    BUDGETARY AREA/UNIT
                                                    , . Academic Activitle.
                                                                                                                                 !Jml
                                                                                                                                (SOOO)        (mg)        would increase the Univensity's recurrent
                                                    1.1 Teaching and Research                                                                             grant by about 7%, which is the minimum
return to the 1975 level of funding that the             1.1.1 Faculties' Staffing and Maintenance                           36.651.4        36.812.1     increase judged. necessary by the Williams
Tertiary Education Commission believed                   , .1.2 Aboriginal Research Centre                                       40.6            39.0
appropriate. However, much of the increase
                                                                                                                                                          Report for a satisfactory quality and quan­
                                                         1.1.3 Trainee Teacher Supervision                                       177.0          177.0
would be required to reduce shortcomings                 1.1 .4 P. G. Research Aw.rds - G.LA.                                         -          75.4
                                                                                                                                                          tity of teaching and research,
                                                         1.1.5 Outside Studt.. Programme, Appointment Costa.                                                 Other points emerging from the lIubmw­
in present superannuation schemes and full
restoration to 1975 levels would have to be                     Repatriation, Distinguished Visitors and Profenorial                                      iion include:
                                                                loadings.                                                       389.5           453.7
further postponed.
   "By that time," the submission says,
"unless an economic improvement permits
                                                         1.1.6 Supplementary Pensions
                                                        Total 1.1 Teaching and Research
                                                    1.2 Research Only - Publications Subsidy
                                                                                                                             rum                 71 .4
                                                                                                                                             :!nm!
                                                                                                                                                             • With the university-age population
                                                                                                                                                          likely to remain. static at least until 1987,
                                                                                                                                                          Monash foresees little change in enrol­
                                                                                                                             ~
                                                                                                                                                  10.0
an earlier restoration, the period of inade­
quate resources wil1 have been extended to
                                                    TOTAL 1.0 ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES                                            37.35 .4        rom          ments. It anticipates 8mall progressive in­
                                                                                                                                                          creases in total enrolments from 13,190
over ten years."                                    2 . Academic Services
                                                    2. 1 Library                                                               3.900.8        3.791 .5
                                                                                                                                                          (including 2224 higher degree) in 1979 to
   The submission expresses dismay at the                                                                                                                 14,119 (2274 HD) in 1984.
inadequacy of equipment funds allocated             22 Computer Centre                                                           844.5          885.2
                                                    2.3 Higher Education Advisory &. Research                                                               • Forthcoming chang.. in the HSC ..­
to Monash for the remainder of the 1979-81                Unit                                                                                            amination under VISE would compel lOme
                                                                                                                                463.5           468.7
triennium.                                          2 .4 Animal Services                                                        256.1         239.6       adjustment in the proceee of selection and
   It says: "We appreciate that our grant for       2.5 Safety                                                                   56.8          56.2       admi88ion, but it is not intended that any
1980 is some 2.8% higher than that for 1979,        2 .6 Art Collection                                                              10.4      10.4       significant changea in admission policy
but since we are in need of much larger             27 Alexander Theatre                                                           68.0        69.3       should u.ke place.
sums, we can only hope that for us the              2.8 Robert Blackwood Hall                                                  ....M.§         65.6          • The 8ubmisaion was formulated in the
slight increase represents the beginning of         2.9 Sub-total                                                              5.664.9        ~
                                                    2.10 Supplementary Pensions                                                                 4.6       light of the Williams Committee comment
an exponential curve which will steepen                                                                                        ---liJ!                    that "The most distinctive features of the
rapidly in the years immediately following.         TOTAL 2.0 ACADEMIC SERVICES                                                5.671.5        ~
                                                                                                                                                          universities are research and training in
   "Ever since equipment grants were in­            3 . Student Servke.                                                                                   research". It points out that Monash, since
troduced in 1973 the allocations to Monash          3.1 Careers                                                                  134.7           138.6    it was opened in 1961, had won a world­
have been substantially less than those to          3.2 Counselling                                                              124.4           123.7    wide reputation for its research and cur­
the other large universities and noticeably         3.3 Health                                                                   177.5           lS1.'    rently 26 members of its teaching staff were
less than those to some of even the small           34 Housing                                                                    40.2            40.2
                                                    3.5 Religious Centre                                                             12.9
                                                                                                                                                          Fellows of the various learned Academies.
universities.                                                                                                                                     12.6
                                                    3.6 Warden of Union                                                                                      • Apart from an expected. growth in the
   "In order to reduce the effect this has had                                                                                       60.0        ~
                                                    3.7 Sub-total                                                                549.7           556.2    graduate school, the University had
on our teaching and research we have been                                                                                                                 reached ita planned size and there were no
                                                    3.B Supplementary Pensions                                                    12.8             7.3
obliged to use recurrent funds for equip­           39 M.G.S. Stipends and Allowances                                            754.0           754.0    plans for the establishment of new faculties
ment purchases, this at a time when we              TOTAL 3.0 STUDENT SERVICES                                                 m6.5            1.317.5    or for the introduction of major new
would have hoped to conserve them in                                                                                                                      academic initiatives. The main problem
order to retain some opportunity for                4. General University Service.
                                                    4.1 General                                                                8.963.3        9.212.1
                                                                                                                                                          was that of maintaining flexibility and
academic changes' despite cut-backs in                                                                                                                    enabling some degree of innovation in a
                                                    4.2 Major Building Renovations                                               100.0          250.0
recurrent funding."                                 4.3 Supplementary Pensions                                                                            steady.state situation. However, it adds,
   Building projects for which funds are                                                                                       ~                 35.2
                                                    TOTAL 4.0 GENERAL UNiVERSITY SERVICES                                      9.117.1        9.497.3     " ... it now wishes to enlarge its research
sought in 1982-84 are: hydraulics                                                                                                                         activities and to promote increased growth
laboratory in the faculty of Engineering            6. Public S.rvlc••        Continuing Education                                   69.5         69.5    in its graduate training programs, in both
($600,000); extension of facilities at Prince       8. G.neral R...rve                                                                                    research and advanced study, as a major
                                                                                                                                 450.0            50.0
Henry's ($1.3m), Alfred ($3.2m) and                                                                                                                       activity for the nelt triennium."
Geelong (SO.35m) hospitals; and extension          7. BUDGET TOTAL                                                            53.977.0(2) 54,164.0( 1)       • The reduction in the level of funding
of Engineering Building 6 ($260,000).                                                                                                                     over recent years had inevitably meant
                                                   NOTES: (1) Actual grant was $54.265.000 excluding $8,000 for Evaluative Studies and $216000
  A further $1.5m is sought for minor pro­                for Legal Workshop Course (Leo Cussen Institute).                                    .          some reduction in staff numbers, both
jects and site works.                                     (2) T.E.C. has advised th~ grant at December quarter 1977 cost levels and index movements       academic and general - but this had been
  At this stage, the University is not seek­              for 1978, $53.977,000 IS the University's calculation from such advice excluding $216 000       managed through the process of natural at­
ing funds for the proposed re-siting of the               for the Legal Workshop Course.                                                       .          trition and non-replacement of some staff.
Queen Victoria Medical Centre to the                                                                                                                         • Hails of residence face a number of
Clayton site.                                         The Tertiary Ed~cation Commi..ion in Volume 3 of its Report for the 1979-81                         problems which could affect their financial
  The submission says: "Our estimate of             TrIenmum, tabled ID Federal Par.liament late in August, recommended the fol­                          viability; these include: (a) the increasingly
the cost of the University's part of the new        lowmg capital grants for Mon ..h ID 1980: Equipment grants $1 615000' Major                           difficult task facing students of finding
complex is $V.5m, but while it is reported
that construction is to start no earlier than
                                                    ~;~~~(microbiology building) $1,050,000; MInor Worlu; .it.. ~cee                                      vacation employment and the increased
                                                                                                                                                          strain this places on their personal
1983, this date appears far from certain."                                                                                                                finances; and (b) the total financial sup­
                                                       (Equip~ent        grants are calculated at estimated December quarter 1978 cost
  The submission says that, of the five                                                                                                                   port available to students which, in real
nominated building projects, "three reflect         levels; major and mmor works at December 1978 levels.)
                                                                                                                                                          terms, has fallen .
November t979                                                                                        16                                                                           MONASH REPORTER
                                                                                        The Physic. department held an Open House on the afternoon of October 24 with

                                                 Physics                             the aim of .howing some of its work. technique. and expertiH to Industrial phyaicittl
                                                                                     tn the community.

                                                  pen house
                                                                                         The department invited research managers and scientiata to visit its laboratories to djs~
                                                                                     cuss research work.
                                                                                        The Dean of Science. Professor John Swan. welcomed participants and mentioned
                                                                                     some of the existing interactions between research groups in the Science 'acuity and in­
                                                                                     dustry.
                                                                                        The Chairman of the Physics department. Prof••sor Bert Bolton. addressed the gather­
                                                                                     ing also.
                                                                                        Professor 80lton said that. in his opinion. the difference between pure and applied
                                                                                     research in physics was an artificial one.
                                                                                        Good problems needed good physic•• done by good physici.... he .. id. Ind the solution
                                                                                     of any physics problem demanded 8. much fundamantal physic. 81 could be ClUed to it,
                                                                                     aid.
                                                                                        Professor Bolton said that a drop in the number of students taking physics was a world­
                                                                                     wide problem. He said efforts were being made in the Monash department to secure more
                                                                                     research studentships and assistantships.
                                                                                        It already had some research students funded from industry and shared with a govern­
                                                                                     ment laboratory, he said.

                                                                                                                                                               Photo: Ken N uske




  Computerised medical patients,
social work clients, seeker. of legal
aid ... and now, a crowning delicacy
                                                                    Computerised 
                                                    running they are economical compared
                                                                                                                                      with, say, test books used in medical
                                                                                                                                      examinations now which, like the com­
- computerised mushrooma.                                                                                                             puter, call for student respon... at dif­
  They're all part of the computer
aided approach to learning which has
been pioneered at Monash by the
                                                                     mushrooms 
                                                      ferent steps of diagnosis and treatment
                                                                                                                                      but, once marked, have no further use.
                                                                                                                                        The act of examining a subject in
Higher Education Advisory and maturity - Coprinus. But the more                      suited to the computer. It allows stu­           light of the needs of a computer
Research Unit in association with complicated ones can require decisions             dents to economically practise their             program can give new insights into the
several departments.                     on identifying features at up to 12         skills in repetitive tasks, reviewing in­        subject.
  The mushrooms, or more particular­ steps and the path to classification            formation 88 it is gained.                          Senior lecturer in Social Work, Dr
ly a classification procedure for the resembles a tree more thickly                    They say the computer can also be              Norm Smith, says he has found this
common genera of gilled fungi branched than the best connected                       useful in areas such as medicine. social         the case for the helping professions like
(mushrooms and toadstools) in Toorak family'S.                                       work, special education and the law in           social work where the principles and
Australia, form the latest subject to be    The computerised method is for use       creating mock student-client contact             purposes are not clearly defined.
incorporated in a computer program in the laboratory with specimen                   situations or "dramatising" case                    Dr Smith says that the process of
for student use, in this case for Botany alongside. The program was devised by       studies.                                         translating a problem and the problem
students who study gilled fungi as part Dr Natalie Kellett, HEARU lecturer.             On computer are programs, for ex­             solving procedure into terms for com­
of an introduction to mycology (study       Starting with the question "Gills at­    alhple. for medical students which al­           puter simulation requires a preciseness
of fungi).                               tached?" the program runs along the         low them, with great flexibility, to take        from which it is possible to learn
   Senior lecturer in HEARU, Mr Nell branches of the classification process          histories from "patients" with                   something about the problem solving
Paget, had the idea for such a program posing questions which follow on from         specified symptoms of an illness, reach          procedure itself.
after he saw a copy of A Field Guide to the previous response.                       a diagnosis and recommend treatment.                And to the criticism that the multi­
the Common Genera of Gllled Fungi           The student can respond through             In social work and special education,         ple choice approach used in some of
in Australia, published last year by the computer terminal keyboard with             case studies of people with problems             the programs discourages original
Mrs Mary Cole, Mr Bruce Fuhrer a symbol for "yes", "no" or "don't                    have been programmed. The program                thought and encourages an attraction
and Associate Profe..or Albert Hol­ know". In case of a smooth flow                  works through different options for              to what "looks right", the computer
land of the Monash Botany depart­ through to identification the computer             diagnosis and treatment of the client            has its own reply.
ment.                                    lists the identifying features at the       calling for a student response at each              In a special education exercise the
   The core material of the guide is a end. In the case of a "don't know" the        stage. It can assess the student's com­          computer asks the student why a
key which a student can use to classify computer lists the features identified       petence based on his responses.                  previous response was chosen. To the
his specimen fungi by working through so far and runs through the pos­                  Mr Paget and Dr Kellett say: "Such            option. "It looked like the correct
branches of identifying features.        sibilities which remain with 8 final        programs can be valuable in providing            response," comes the stern reminder:
   As an example, the most straight­ suggestion, UPlease consult your lec­           a comfortable halfway step between               14There is no necessary relationship
forward identification path is for the turer for further help".                      the text book and face to face contact           between being successful at mUltiple
Coprinus genus: gills free - spores         Mr Paget and Dr Kellett say that         with real patients".                             choice examinations and being a good.
black - cap and gills liquefy on such classification exercises are ideally              They say that once such systems are           therapist."



                                                                                                   'MONGOLS BROUGHT STABILITY' 

                                                                                     The Mongolian invasion of Russia in                 Moscow emerged in importance,
                                                                                        1237 heralded a period of destruc­               and influence became concentrated
                                                                                        tion, historian. have widely ac­                 in the north-east. It was a produc­
                                                                                        cepted.                                          tive period, too, in Russian
                                                                                     But now a new study by a professor of               literature and the arts.
                                                                                        Russian literature at Oxford                  Professor Fennell has reached his con­
                                                                                        University, Professor John Fen­                  clusions about the nature of the
                                                                                        nell, has challenged that opinion.               Mongolian invasion from research
                                                                                        Far from smashing Russia the in­                 chiefly on Russian chronicles
                                                                                        vading Golden Horde of Mongols                   available in printed or manuscript
                                                                                        brought stability and laid founda­               form.
                                                                                        tions for the modem Russian state,            Born in 1918 and professor of Russian
                                                                                        he says.                                         at Oxford since 1967, Professor Fen­
                                                                                     Professor Fennell visited Monash's                  nell is well-known for his work on

r                                                                                       Russian department last month as
                                                                                        part of an Australian tour, his first,
                                                                                        sponsored by the Russian/Slavonic
                                                                                        departments of Monash, the ANU
                                                                                                                                         medieval Russian literature and
                                                                                                                                         history and 19th Century Russian
                                                                                                                                         literature.
                                                                                                                                      His bibliography lists nine
                                                                                        and the Universities of Melbourne,               monographs.
                                                                                        New South Wales and Queensland.               Of today's Russian authors, he says the
                                                                                        He lectured at Monash on "Ler­                   best work is coming from those in
                                                                                        montov's Lyrical Poetry" and                     the dissident movement.
                                                                                        "Alexander Nevsky - A Reap­                   "The dissidents who have emigrated
                                                                                        praisal" .                                       are producing an exciting,
                                                                                     Professor Fennell says that in their 240            flourishing literature," he says.
                                                                                        years of occupation the Mongols               In the Soviet Union itself there are
                                                                                        contributed to Russia's economic                 several authors of interest, he adds,
                                                                                        and political stability and en­                  particularly writers of country prose
  Visiting Oxford profeuor John Fennell lIeft) with Profn.or J. MerWin. Dro~.,IO'       couraged centralised social                      - a popular form of expression
                                             Mon••h.                                    organisation. During this period                 dealing with pastoral themes.
MONASH REPORTER                                                                     17                                                                             November 1979
    First scholarly look at 

   modern Australian· drama 

   Peter Fitzpatrick's new book on AUltralian                                                                                       drama being liberated from thooe twin demanda. He
drama, After 'The Don'. has the distinction of BOOr­         Peter FItzp8trick i•• lecturer in the depertment of Enoli..,. H.       is at his most stimulating when writing of the move­
ing two ftrsts.                                              plans a production of Inner Volcet by louis Nowr. It Mon.'" in         ment away from naturalism and national identity ­
                                                             Mav next vear.                                                         witneaa his perceptive and partial discuasion of In­
   It is the ftrst volume to be published in a new
Edward Arnold series "Studie" in Australian                                                                                         ner Voices hy Louis Nowra. arguably the most im­
Culture." edited by John Colmer and intended to                  Peter HollowliV ia II lecturer in the Department of LangUBg4t      portant new play of the late seventi...
                                                             and Literature, Melbourne State College, He he. edited e collec­          Fitzpatrick's other concern in the book is with the
exhibit "the unique value of literature and the otber        tion of critical articles on Austr.li,n drame fOf Currency Prete en­
arts aa a revelation of the life of a rapidly evolving       titled Contemporary Autt... ll.n Dr'mII : "--pectlvee Since            language of the plaY'. a concern which he states un­
organic aociety:' And itjs the ftrst full length book        1966, to be published in early 1980. In June this y•• r he             ambiguously in his pn/'ace. Some of the beat discus­
to be written on Austrs:,ian drama by an academic.           delivered 8 paper on 'Contemporary Australian Dram,: Some                      in
                                                                                                                                    sions " the book are to do with language per Ie e.g.
                                                             Problems of Its Criticism' at a conf.rence on Australian Literature    the charactera' struggl.. with language in The DoH.
It is this latter distinction which mak.. it a signifi­      in the Twentieth Century, in Augsburg, West Germanv.
cant and valuable addition to the slim amount of                                                                                    Monk O'Neill's 'languag..• in Hibberd's A Stretcb
critical material available on Australian drama. It                                                                                 of the imagination. the relationship between power
will quickly become the benchmark for future                   Not only is Fitzpatrick', breadth of knowledge of                    and language in Inner Voices.
Australian dramatic criticism.                               contemporary Australian drama formidable (he con·                         It is to be hoped that this important new book will
   The book is suitable for both the serioul student of      siders several hundred play" and a score or more                       stimulate new interest in the large corpus of
drama. who will find much that is critically                 dramatists). but also his understanding of drama                       Australian drama now published and available for
provocative. and for the general theatregoer with a          and of theatre in general. He il able to addreaa                       critical appraisal. Much critical work remains to be
greater interest in Australian drama than a perfor­          himself very fairly and very adroitly to a great                       done on all Australian playwrights. especially thooe
 mance and program notes can provide. It i. a book to        variety of writing. ranging from the naturalism of                     of the last decade. Lawler and White have received
dip into rather than to read straight through. It haa        Williamson to the black comedi.. of Buzo to the                        ozceaaive attention. The work of Hibberd. Kenna
three general chapters, one at the begin!ling                committed non-naturalism of Hibberd.                                   and Romeril. for instance. baa been neglected for too
(Births. Deaths and Renai...nc....). one in the mid­            Critically. he .... 20th century Australian drama                   long - for example. only one academic article baa
dle (" 'Rough Theatre' in Melbourne and Sydney").            as being constricted by a commitment to                                heen published on Jack Hibberd's pla)'1l. though he
and one at the end ("And Now For Something A Lit­            "naturalistic form and a concern for cultural                          haa written more than 20 in the l..t 13 years.
tle Different?"). all of whicli should be read               definition" .                                                             After 'The DoH' is highly recommended to all
 together. before the chaptera on the individual                Its apogee was Summer of the Seventeenth DoH.                       those interested not only in the development of
 playwrights are tackled - Ray Lawler. Patrick               which also sounded the death-knell of that ap­                         Australian drama. but in the development of
White. Alexander Buzo. David Williamson. Jack                proach. It is in the laat decade in particular that                    Australian culture generally.
 Hibberd. Dorothy Hewett and others.                         Fitzpatrick. and most obaerven. see Au"tralian                                                               Peter Holloway



     m mig ra t·Ion:
        .                                                                                                                                  Monash poet 

                                                             Aetug... RMOUroM Reunion: Auetref18'. Immigration


   I
                                                             Dilemma.. Ed Robert 8lrrell. Leon Glezer. Colin Hey.
                                                             Michael Liffman(Melboum•• VerA Publishing ltd.. 1979).
                                                                                                                                           a .'Wes~erly' 

              A multi-sided appraisal 
                                                                                                    pnze winner 

                                                                                                                                      Senior lecturer In Monalh·. EngU.h depart­
                                                                                                                                    ment. Mr. Jennifer Strau... w.. one of four
   It II trite to oay that when Arthur Calwell                tives (ii) Claims and Counterclaims and (iii) Racon­                  prize.wlnnlng Australian poets In the recent
presided over the beginning of the post-war im­               ciliations - the second is both the physical and in­                  WOBtern Australian UlOth Anniverury Literary
migration program a ma.llve change began.                     tellectual core. for here the dimensions of the debate                Competition. The competition .... conducted by
  The Chifley government introduced the program               are made clear. the papers by Robert Birrell and                      Westerly. a literary magazine publl.hed
for conventional humanitarian reasons; it was COD­            Kenneth Rivett being ..pecially valuable.                             quarterly by the Unlve..lty of We.tern
tinued by that government because wartime ex­                    The question is, of course, whether or not we                      AustraUa EngUlh department.
periences had convinced it that adequate defence re­          should take more migrants; those arguing the pro                        Reporter reprints Mn Stra....•• winning
quired a larger population. With the echoes of                case can fwd little positive economic support for                     entry:
Hiroshima and Nagaaaki "till to be heard in the               their case, and are forced to argue on normative AFTER A DEATH
land. this propoaition waa "urely a little doubtful by        humanitarian grounda. It is left unsaid that the
the late 194Oa.                                                                                                        Last night dreamt of
                                                              hurden of bearing this moral duty will fall most Piping the Itraffic underthe Pittsburgh tunnels
                                                                                                                                                the winter hills:
   Why and how the migration intake haa continued             heavily on the lower paid manual workera who have
                                                                                                                       To grope half-sighted in a narrow passage
for 30 years is leas eaay to underatand. Anyone.              not been consulted by the contributora to this book. Shut by the grinding weight
however, who has worked even on the fringes of im­            any more than their fathen were consulted hy the Of earth's bones and flesh. the thud of its rivers.
migration planning must suspect that the Immigra.             originators and perpetuatora of the program.             In an underground of exhausted air
tion Department haa provided a constant thrust                   The alternative c... argued cautiously by Birrell Walled by a dark and pestilential pallor
towards larger immigrant totals. and that it has              is that there are limits to the nation's capacity to abo Lit spasmodically by sickly glares,
done this because it haa seemed to be the way to the          sorb. indeftnitely. migrant incre.... of the propor· The big trucks swimming up like lanterned leviathans,
pinnacles of inter-departmental power.                        tions of the past 30 years. While Birrell's argument Great gouts of mud and snow packed to ice
                                                              runs in terms of our physical and economic endow· Slopped from their warmed metal underbellies.
                                                              ment, another dimension is suggested by the discus· Everything slithery - sweat along the hairline.
 More than one view                                           sion in Section (i) on family reunion. Obviously, At the upper lip, lids   fingers wet on the wheel.
                                                                                                                       Eyes popping at
                                                              many recent migrants originate in aocietiea in which Screaming for light at the end of the tunnel
   Refugee. Reoourcel Reunion does Australians a              extended family systems are the norm. and equally Let. let. let me
genuine service. It points to the fact that it is possi­      obviously the Australian norm is the parents· (panic of dying. panic of birth)
ble to appraise immigration in terms more                     children relationship. In arguing. aa many of them Out.
pragmatic than the fatuous pieti.. that characterise          do. that for immigration purpoaea. 'family' should be That's how it was in sixty-seven: a hard season. 

its political discuasion. and it indicates that it is poa.    interpreted in a broader sense than the Australian. Strange to all comerS, we grew foreign 

sible to have more than one view on the effects of            the pro-immigration people may have a good c.... Even to each other; had to learn 

past and future migration.                                       It is, however, symptomatic of the trend in any A new language, to put out tentacles of trust. 

   Views on migration have been sadly lacking: one            discussion of this issue to ignore or reject an To touch, grasp. Patience. 

gains the impreasion that none of the contributors to          Australian culture and ita valuM. Just 88 our Wait for the spring , you said. At winter'S end 

                                                                                                                       We started our th ird child. 

the volume would argue that Australia's current                physical r..ources may be too fragile to sustain
population mix is the outcome of popular choice,                                                                        Last
                                                               much more migration. it must be doubted that the I wasnight I dreamt of the Pittsburgh tunnels. 
 

                                                                                                                              re-making history. entering joyfully, singing.
that had the Australian people been aaked at any               Australian character can survive if ita values are per­ Certain you waited in light at the tunnel's end 

time since 1948 they would probably have voted that           sistently ignored. ridiculed or treated as mild And I Eurydice coming to fetch you home. 

they wanted no more migrants. The contributora                 trauma.                                                  Not dreaming in dreams you ever could turn away 

seem largely unconcerned about this, preferring to               This is not to suggest that aocieti.. should be im· Unteachably into the dark. 

tackle the iaaue itself. rather than the proc...... or         mune from the evolutionary proc.... but that I woke too soon. 

lack of them. giving rise to the problem. Democracy.           generosity and hospitality do not neceeearily involve The spring wind rattling the door 

aa is so often the caae. ia dispensable to the                 self·ab...ment.                                          Was herald to no-one but itself. 

enthusiaat.                                                                       Auoeiate Profeuor W. Howard Our cycles done: you will not come again. 

   Of the three sections of the book - (i) Perspec·                                         AdmiDi.tratlve Studiea. i -_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _J:::.::n.::n.::if:.:.::.'..::S::':.:,.:::u:::::.....J
                                                                                                                                                                                        ..

 November 1979                                                                                tS                                                                          MONASH REPORTER
                                  Bronda Niall ........ Uttle Billabongo: the Worid of Ethel
                                  Turner ·.nd M.ry O,."t Bruce, Melbourne University
                                  Pros•. 1979. pp.xii + 219. $17.80.
                                                                                                                       Review


                                        'Elegant' study 

                                     of two women who 

                                    wove childhood dreams 

    'Killed Judy to slow music' Ethel Tumer noted in       - - - - - - " - - - - - - - - - - - - - Australian writer. Mary Grant Bruce. whatever
 her diary one day in 1893. Thooo or us wbo cannot.
 eV'n now. read that chapter without a lump in the
                                                                 R.uL.wed by John RieL-ni
                                                                       .....                                II1II
                                                                                                                           charms her boob micht hold. is fair game Cor a
                                                                                                                           social analysis; but with Ethel Turner there is a call
 throat may be juot a little dismayed by Ethel               • The author, Mi.. Br.ndtI NltIli. is senior l.ctuTe, in the  for something more. Brenda Niall doee at timeo
 Turner', evident satisCaction in ber killina nff or         English department. Dr RickM'd i$ senior lecturer in History. provide this. but the framework .is neceeeariJy
 Judy in Seven Little AutraJIau.                           ~--------------- limiting. Why was it. one can't help asking. that
    But or couree Ihe knew what ohe was doing. and it      This. as the caoo of Seven Little AutraJIau in· Ethel Tum.r's remarkable literary achievement u.
 was part of h.r achievement that Ibe was able to          dicatee. i, not to he taken literally; ratber. that Seven Little AutraJlau. pubJiabed wben obe was 

 take a traditional Victorian tableau. tbe death or a      'mothers and listers' provide the '_ntial moral in· all or 22, was not really equalled by any or her eubee· 

 child. and charg. it with a new and. in a ......,         flu.nces· (p. 180).                                             quent novels? 

 Australian .motional- quality.                                The world or Mary Grant Bruce is the busb, and                 And about Judy. too. there is ourely more to he 

    Brenda Niall's account or 'the World or Ethel          Billabong is oituated 'somewhere in northem Vic· said. Brenda Niall admite that Ethel Tumer 'was
 Turn.r and Mary Grant Bruce' will appeal to many          toria·. Cities produce weedy little onobo wbo Imoke acute enollgh to _ the dangers or letting Judy grow
 who have childbood memorieo or Misrule or BiI·            cicarettes. wbereas BillallonJ is • pastoral paradise up' (p. 65) and comparee her fate with the ourvival or
 labong; it is also a ..riOll8 otudy or the work and       inhabited by tall peopl•• wbere IOmethinc called Jo from Little Women. Judy'. death not only
 values of two very important Australian writare.          'mateehlp' is reconciled with an implicit ...... or provided a convenient emotional climax Cor the
 Their importance can be gallged by the Cact that          social bi.rarchy. There is no disputing Mary Grant novel. it also removed a disturbing Cemale rebel wbo
 Brenda Niall estimatee the totaJ oaJoo or Mary Grant      Bruce's conoorvatlam. and it is no ourpriaa to learn in maturity micbt not have been eatlafted with the
 Bruc.·, 39 booke to be in the order or two million        tl)at Cor several years ohe edited Woman. the journal social conventiono whicb governed even her creator.
 copies. and presumably Ethel Tumer'l fiJuno               of the Australian Women'l National Leque. Her Judy alive might have been. like Jo. effectively put
 would he compareble.                                      cbaracters are atereotypee. and Ibe Ia mucb more in· under adult sedation: but. alternatively. the con·
    The careers or the two writers nffer many paral.       terested in telling a tal. or adventure tban in explor· frontation might have been a creative cbaJlenge for
 leis. Tb.ir lives lpanned the same period (both were      ing human relationohipe. 'I was more or 1_ forced Ethel Turner. But thooo sorto or queotlona micbt reo
 born in the 1870. and died in 1958) and their boob        into marrying nff Norah and Wally eventually' ••h. quire another book. and another kind or analysis.
 were published by the same fInD. Ward. Lock.              later confessed. 'but beyond that I drew the line' (p.             As it is. Seven Little BUIa""",. is a well
 (There is no s_tion, however. that they ever met.          182). Th. values of Mary Grant Bruc. are researched and elegantly written piece. It also boute
 A challeng.. p.rhaps. for an imaginative                  patriarchal. and Norah. however much a stersotype a pl.asant ,mattering oC illustrations. including
 playwright?) Both started out as journaliste and          of the independ.nt colonial girl. deriv.. h.r 'moral some of A. J . Johnson's attractive line drawingo for
 wrote in order to make a living. Eth.1 Tum.r wanted       strength: from her fath.r.                                      the early Turner booke. In the caoo of Mary Grant
 to escape b.ing a govern...; Mary Grant Bruce                                                                             Bruce a few of the original illustrations are sup·
 seems mainly to have wanted to eocape Gippeland.           HI.lerlcal .Ignlflcanc.                                        plemented by a map of Billabong and three n.w
 Both marri.d (thougb Mary Grant Bruc. h.ld out                                                                            sketches by Mary Steel•. Theoo modem contribu·
 till she wa, 36) and both combined marriage. and              Brenda Niall explores these contraste in terms oC a tions, however charming in their own right, are mis­
 two childr.n. with th.ir writing. Mary Grant Bruce'o       number oC themes of historical lignificance. in· leading to the casual read.r and out or keeping with
 tally of 39 booke was matched by Eth.1 Tumer'1             c1uding the perc.ived qualities or tbe Australian the realistic but wooden style or the original illustra·
 total of 44.                                               child, the city and the bUlh. tb. imp.rial tione for the Grant booke. And what is missing. oC
    Yet the differences b.tween the two writers are         relationehlp. racism and the Camily. All of tbeoo course, is the very frontispiece from A Little Buh
 perhaps .ven more interesting tban their                   chapters offer interesting insights for the social Maid. to which Brenda Niall refers. or 'Norah
 similarities. Ethel Turner'o world was urban - and         historian. At the outoot Niall makes clear that Ihe is Linton in divided skirt. linen jack.t and flowing tie.
 Sydney at that. She was interested in social               not 'much concerned with questions of literary gazing devotedly at her pony' (p. 1).
 problems and once described herself as 'always more        merit' (p. 4). and tbe very title. Seven Little BU­               But t bese are quibbles. Seven Little BUlabo",1
 than a bit of a socialist'. As a writer she was. Brenda    labong.. maenificently establisheo the dominant works both as an entertainment and an historical
 Niall areues. b.tter at characterisation tban plot.        tone of affectionate irony . Yet this approacb doee. study. Devotees of Ethel Tum.r and Mary Grant
 and she did, at times. seek to escape her apparent         pernape. do Ethel Turner a slicht diaeervic•• for she Bruce need not fear that their idol' have been
 fat. as a writer of children's books. Her valueo are       is. whatever her faults and exceeeee. without a doubt desecrated. 1. for on• • will still shed a tear. whenever
 matriarchal: 'fathers are dispensable in the Tum.r         the better writer. It is interesting. Cor example. to Judy is killed to slow music.
 world', Niall observes. 'mothers are not' (p. 178).        leem of the Bulletin'. acclaim oCTumer as a oorious                                                 John Rickard.



     Why bids to float maritime education failed
  The Workin, Men'. Colle,e tried              Dr Shorten ""ys the only effective               veyor. of Douglas Parade. WiIliame·       recognised structur. for the profes·
it and 'aUed. Melbourne Unlvenlty            provision for maritime education was               town, who, in an advertisement in the     sional training of AU8traiian merchant
toyed with the Idea but abandoned            made by private initiative in this                 Williamstown Chr<!n1cle in 1867. in·      service officers which proved an intract­
ship. And the pattern wa. repeated           period.                                            formed uMasters, Mates and OtbetB"        able obstacle to thooo who would
in other State..                                                                                that he was a "Teacher of Practical       provide the education within formal
                                                The education off.red was simple                Navigation. Nautical Astronomy and        institutions.
  Attempts to provide education for          and pragmatic . Private coaching
the merchant service master and mate                                                            Law of Storms."                              This year's edition of "M.lbourn.
                                             schools w.re established by shore·                    Later attempte by educational in·      Studies in Education" is the 21st. It is
and the seagoing engineer in a formal        based members of the ..afaring profes·
educational institution were doomed                                                             stitutions to take maritime education      edited by Stepben Murray-Smith.
                                             sion, to prepare their studente to pass            on board found.red Cor a number of
to failure dllring the half c.ntury to the   Marine Board examinations. The ex·                                                               Among oth.r contributors are
early 1920. which saw espansion and                                                             reasons. Dr Shorten ..ys.                 Monash prof.ssor of Educatio,!.
                                             ams I.d to the imperially valid C.r·
chang. in the Australian m.rcantile          tificates of Competency which were                    One was that the marin.r·s liteotyl.    Proresoor R. J. W. Selleck. who pay.
marine.                                      mandatory I.gal qualifications r.·                 was never conduciv. to steady otudy        tribute to the rec.ntly r.tired D.an of
  Why this was the caoo is .xplored by       quir.d for .mploym.nt ao a master. a               ashore in .ither full or part.time        Melbourne University'8 Education
principal tutor in Education at              mate or an engineer or a for.ien·going             courses, however vocationally relevant    Faculty. Pror..oor A. G. Autin. in a
Monash. Dr Ann Shorten. in a                 or Australian trade Britioh ohip.                  the couroes may have been.                 chapter titled "A Scholar. and a Ripe
chapter titled"A School for the Mer·                                                              Another was the influence of the         and Good On.... and Vic.·Chanc.llor
cantile Marine" in Melbourne                   M.lbourn.·s fll"llt nautical ochool ap·          legal basi' for maritime education. the    of Sydn.y Univ.rsity. Prorellor
Studies In Education 1979 published          pears to have been eotablished by Cap·             imperially.valid 8tatUtory qualifica·      Bruce WUllama, who writea on uThe
by Melbourne Unive)'8ity Preas.              tain William Browne,      8   marine   SUl­        tions. They provided a reputable           New Arithmetic or Education."
November 1979                                                                              19                                                                 MONASH REPORTER
                                                                     •                                                                                               •
       Frustrations In the bid to paint a 

       petrified scream 

          i. no satillaotion in it," say. Earllsh artIIt, John WalIrer,
                           .n.cuum.his ute'. work.
   "Certainly there's a momentary joy          and must train, with brush, charcoal or
when the light goee in your painting           whatever, keeping his eye and hand in
     there's never a time you can say          shape.
      got it'. You can always say 'I want         In the room his own work is in-
it'." 	                                        te..pened with open fine art boob and
   John Walk.r, 39, is sitting in a small
room on the sixth floor of the Menzies
Building. ("This environment the
isolated room or studio, is typi~al of
                                               it is n~.. lik~ ~mb~dt ~d ~cao­
                                               so he mvok.. m disc:uesmg his Vlew of
                                               what painting is about.
                                                  H. says: "Subject matter is only one
                                                                                                  - --
the one in which an artist leads his
monastic life," he says.)
   Walk.r is at Monash for several
                                               aspect of painting. Painting is about
                                               painting, continuing a tradition.
                                                  "The best artists concern themeelves
                                                                                                -• Artist John Walk.r . '... an artist leads a monastic life .             Photo: Rick Crompton.
weeks in the Visual Arts d.partment.           with making a contemporary poignant
   H. prefe.. to describe his status as        statement with paint."
"visiting artist" rather than "artist-in-
residence". An artist-in-residence, he
explains, creates 8 studio on campus 80 before.
                                                  An ~i8t'8 role, he says, is to make
                                               somethmg that has never been seen                          A holid"y 10 hold lorlh 

                                                                                                   If .ummer makee you hot under
that students can see an artist at work.         Great art, too, has the dim.nsion of           the collar the Mona.h A..oclatlon of
He performs.                                   communication between viewer and                 Debaterl II providing an oppor­
   In the short time h. will b. at artist. Th. artist has imbu.d his
                                                                                                tunity to let off Iteam.
Monash, rather, he will be discu88ing painting with a human presence.                              The Association is organising a
painting and contemporary issu.. with Walker says: "In Rembrandt's work,                        Summer Debating Competition to be
the department's students and staff. for example, w. can feel Rembrandt                         h.ld in the Union over the vacation
   Walk.r is no stranger to the univer- through his subject. Ther. is a form of                 months.
sity environment. Born in Birmingham direct communication between you                              The competition will be a five round
h. did his initial art training at that and the artist which has survived the                   "Swiss movement" - teams will com·
city's College of Art before winning a centuries. It is a high human activity."                 pete against oth.r teams of a similar
Gr.gory Fellowship to tb. University While Walker says that he can                              standard as each round progretll108.
of L••ds. In 1969 he crossed tb. Atlan- recognise such communication h.                         Teams will be arranged to .nsure that
tic after winning a Harkness Fel· doesn't know how to ach~eve it in his                         all participants have a fair chance of
lowship and later taught at Cooper own work.                                                    doing w.11.
Union in New York. In the last four Th. last 15 years bav. been ones of                            Th. competition will have a social
years he has been visiting professor at frustration, he says, and only now he                   side as well as the d.bating with par­
the Yale University Graduate School -considers he is "beginning to paint."                      ties, a barbecue and, after each round,              early entries will receive pref.rence.
of Art, artist-in-residence at St Walker says that in his own work h.                           a win. and cheese ev.nt being plan­                    Anyone interested in taking part or
Catherine's Colleg., Oxford, and is attempting to find an abstract                              ned.                                                 being a m.mber of the audiencuhguJd
visiting professor at Columbia Univer- equivalent for figurative imagery.                          The competition is open to all, with              contact Sue HeI.tein on 696 1660, or
sity in New York.                            "I am trying to find a sign for                    Monash stud.nts and staff having                     David Bentley on 232 4282, for full
   He has studios at Kew, in England, everything, trying to articulate a rang.                  priority. Entries close on Nov.mber 30;              program d.tails.
and in New York.                           of feelings visually," he says.
   Walker says both artist and the stu-      He says that h. would lik. to paint                                                                         Monash Association of Debaters. Ap­
dent of art can benefit from a visiting "a petrified scream": make a vivid,
appointment such as his.                   powerful, emotional statement in                                    SUMMER 
                                  prox. one round per fortnight from early
                                                                                                                                                         December to late February. Registration
                                                                                                                                                         fee for participants: $2. Spectators
   He says: "Th. artist has som.thing paint meaningful to oth.r peopl•.
to learn from the art historian and tb.      A work is n.ver complet., he
art historian something to I.arn from beli.ves, until it looks at the vi.w.r
                                                                                                                DIARY 
                                  welcome. admission free. For further in­
                                                                                                                                                         formation contact Sue Heiatein.
                                                                                                                                                        596 lOOQ; David Bentley, 2324282.
talking with an artist. It is possible for and not the viewer at it.                             19-21:  INTENSIVE COURSE - ''Tbe                     DECEMB"R I : CONCERT - City of
an art historian to pass through life As throughout history, Walk.r says,                            Engineering of SOlid-Cata1yaed G...                 DandenoDg Band with guest art~st
                                                                                                     Reactions", pres. by MonaSh depart.                 Norman Yemm. 8 p.m. RBU. AdmiS­
without meeting a painter or, for that artists congregate around tb.ir patrons                                                                           sion: adults $4; students and pensioners
matter, a painting."                       which makes N.w York the capital of                       ment of Chemical Engineering. For
                                                                                                     further information contact Mrs B.                   $2.
   He says the artist is not out of place the art world today.                                       White. ext. 3420.                                5: 	 LECTURE - "Stained Glass in
with m.mbe.. of oth.r disciplines in a Th. gath.ring of about three to four                                                                                Australia Today and Tomorrow - the
                                                                                                 22: 	   ILLUSTRATED LECTURE ­                             Prospects for Revival", by Derek Pearse,
university .ith.r. Th. medical prof..- thousand artists in a few blocks in that                      "Leather as a Living" - a look at con­                including an illustrated review of works
sion is more visually oriented than city is a phenomenon unparalleled in                             temporary leather craftsmen working in                by Chagal, John Piper, Leonard French,
oth..., h. says. And h. fmds pey- size in history.                                                   Australia, by John Simson,                            and others. Lecture followed by discus­
                                                                                                     Leatherworkers Guild of Victoria, fol­                sion and coffee. 8 p.m. Arts and Crafts
chologists interested in his imagery.        He says: "The en.rgy I.aps at you                       lowed by discussion and coffee. 8 p.m.                Centre. Admission $1. Inquiries: ext.
   "I think I worry them," he says, from the pavement."                                              Arts and Crafts Centre. Admission: $1.                :3096.
smiling.                                     Walker is on his first visit to                         Inquiries: ext. 3096.                            8: CONCERT - St. Grerorius Dutch Male
   While Walker is not attempting to Australia but is familiar with our ar­                      22-23: 	WORKSHOP          - "Chemical Reac·               Choir with Liedertafe Arion, Australian
create a studio at Monash the floor of tists and th.ir work.                                         tion Engineering", pres. by Monash                    Children's Choir, the Good News
his room and his desk are cov.red with "Australian artists are t.rrific                              department of Chemical Engineering.                   Singers, Box Hill Salvation Army
                                                                                                     For further information contact Mrs B.                Citadel Band, with guest artist Tony
larg. sheets of cardboard on which he trav.lle..," he says. "Th.y are always                         White, ext. 3420.                                     Fenelon. and compere Peter Thomas.
has drawn and painted symbols.             visiting my studi08. It is nic. to be h.re            23: 	 CONCERT - organist Douglas
                                                                                                                                                           7.4:) p.m . RBH. Admission: adults $4;
   Th. artist, he says, is like an athl.te and abl. to visit th.i.....                               l..awrence, the Chapel Singers and the                students, pensioners, children $2.
                                                                                                                                                       15: 	 CONCERT - National Boys' Choir
                                                                                                     Wednesday Consort. 8.15 p.m.                          Christmas concert. 8 p.m. RBH. Admis­
                                                and have career -objectives in ael'08pace­           Religious Centre. Admission: adults                   sion: adults $4, $3; students, penSioners,
   SCHOLARSHIPS 
                               related fields ; value $5000; tenable
                                                anywhere. Applications close in Chicago, on
                                                January 1.
                                                                                                     $3; students and pensioners $2, by
                                                                                                     program available at the door or from
                                                                                                     the Ch~plains' Office. Net proceeds to
                                                                                                                                                           children $2.
                                                                                                                                                      .JANUARY, 'SO: SCHOOL HOLIDAY
                                                                                                     the 1980 Autumn Of1fan and Harp­                     XITRACTION - "Beauty and the
  The Academic Registrar'. department      Royal CommlMIon ror the Ezhibltlon of                     sichord Festival. Inquiries: ext. 3160.              Beast" , Alex. Theatre, performances
has been advised of the follow in, '1851 Science Retearch SCholar.hi....                         27: 	CONCERT - "An Evening of Family                     twice daily.
scholarships. The Reporter preeenta a      Open to postgraduates in the physical                     Entertainment", with Triad, The Syn­
precis of the details. More iDf'ormalion and biological sciences, pure and applied.                  dal Technical School Show Band, The
can be obtained from the Graduate Tenable abroad. Valued at 2,500 pounds                             Australian Children's Choir and other
Scholarships Office. ,round Ooor, p.a. plus allowances. Applications close at                        artists, presented by Pinewood Music                  MONASH REPORTER
University Offtcetl, eItenaioD 3055.     the Graduate Scholarships Office, February                  Studios. 8 p.m. RBH. Admission: adults
  Humboldt Fellow.hi...                         22.                                                 $3.50, children $2.                                  The next i.sue of Monash Reponer
  Tenable for up to two years, in any field,      Rut_ord Scholar.hip                            29: 1979 CHAPMAN ORATION - "Feat                       will be pubU.hed in the lint w<ek or
in Germany. Ph.D. graduates under 40                                                                 on the Ground - Human Habitat",                    Marcla, 1980.
                                                 Open to postgraduates of exceptional                with guest speaker Mr John Bayly,
may apply. Benefits include monthly sti­       ability and promise to undertake three                                                                     Contributions (letters, articles,
                                                                                                     Chairman, Town and Country Plannina                ~~ and lug,..tion••bould be ad­
pend, fares, family and other allowances.      years research in the natural sciences.               Board. Pres. by Institution of Engineers
Application can be made at any time.           Valued at 2,250 pounds p.a. plus al­                                                                              to the editor. (ext. 20(3) c/­
                                                                                                     Australia. 8 p.m. RBH. AdmiSsion free.             the information offtee. II'OUDd floor,
  Am.n. Earhart Followohl...                   lowances. Applications close at the               30: 	CLOSING DATE for entries in Sum­                  UDiveni!y Oft\ceo.
  For women who will be full time students     Graduate Scbolarships Office, February 22.            mer Debating Competition presented by

                                                                                              20 	                                                                           MONASH REPORTER
                                                             PrinIId Wfb 0ffMt br St.nd.d   ~   lid.. 10 hrt M. ~. 3112. VdDria.

				
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