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CRA-W Newsletter October 2009.rev9.1


									                                           CRA-W Newsletter

                                                                    Summer-Fall 2009
  Inside This Issue                             Highlight on DMP Alum Rachel Pottinger
Alum News                 2
Kim Hazelwood Wins        7                                     Rachel Pottinger is an assistant professor in the Computer
BECA                                                            Science Department at the University of British Columbia
Barbara Liskov Wins       8                                     (in Vancouver) where she is affiliated with the Data Manage-
A. M. Turing Award                                              ment and Mining group. She earned her Ph.D. in the data-
                                                                base group in the Computer Science and Engineering De-
Interview with Fran       10                                    partment at the University of Washington. Her research fo-
                                                                cuses on managing data that are poorly supported by tradi-
Career Mentoring          17                                    tional databases. You can read more about her at
News of Affiliated        19                                    Q: Explain a bit about your research. What kinds of
                                                                data sources are you trying to organize and coordinate
About CRA-W               24                                    that are not well supported by current databases?

                                                                  I'll give you one example that's a great source of problems—
 Upcoming Events and           civil engineering data about building a building. Right now, most people involved in the
     Deadlines                 process use computers: architects use CAD models, contractors use estimating software and
September 30-October 3:        scheduling information, etc. However, when they try to communicate, they typically print
Grace Hopper Conference        everything and put it on a table. This means that if the contractor looks at a design and says
October 9-10: DLS at St.       "if you lower the ceiling by 2 cm, I can save you $50,000," trying to figure out how this im-
Xavier University and MidWic   pacts the rest of the systems (e.g., the ductwork and the electrical work) is a big pain. Hence
                               the building process both isn't as flexible as it could be—you tend towards a local maxi-
October 10-11: CRA-W/
                               mum—and it's tedious because people have to redo a lot of things by hand.
MT                                                                                                        (Continued on page 14)
January 15: Discipline-
specific Workshop proposals           Telle Whitney Receives ACM Distinguished Service Award
due                                                  and Marie R. Pistilli Award
February 1: Grad Cohort
applications due                Telle Whitney, Anita Borg Institute for Women and Infor-
February 15: DREU applica-      mation Technology (ABI) CEO and former CRA-W Board
tions due; Borg Early Career    member received two prestigious awards this year.
Award nominations due
February 22-23: CRA Career      The first award is the ACM Distinguished Service Award,
Mentoring Workshop, DC          which she received at the June 2009 ACM Awards Banquet.
May 1: CREU applications        Telle received the award for her profound impact on the par-
due                             ticipation and success of women in computing, and thus, on
                                the entire computing community, through her roles in the
Editors                         Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing
                                (Hopper) conference series, her leadership of the ABI, and
Carla Ellis
Duke University
                                her co-founding of the National Center for Women in Infor-
Mary Jean Harrold               mation Technology (NCWIT). Telle has made many other valuable service contributions to
Georgia Tech                                                                                              (Continued on page 13)
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                    Summer-Fall 2009
                                                      Alum News
Brittany Duncan                                                     Susan Eggers
DREU 2008                                                           Grad Cohort 2004 (speaker); CMW @FCRC 2003 (participant
I have gradu-                                                       and panelist); DSW-SOSP 2007 (presenter)
ated from
Georgia Tech                                                        This year, I was named the ACM-W Athena Lecturer
and will be                                                         Award. Below is the blurb they have about this award on
pursuing my                                                         the ACM Web page, and the URL.
Ph.D. in Com-
puter Engi-
neering at
Texas A&M
with Dr. Mur-
phy as my
adviser. We
first worked
together last
year as part of Brittany and her Mother (Jennifer) at Georgia
the DREU        Tech’s graduation.
program at
USF. I also received a fellowship from the Office of
Graduate Studies at Texas A&M.

Rachelle Kristof Hippler                                            Susan (second from left) received the award at the ACM Awards Cere-
SIGCSE CMW 2005                                                     mony in June 2009 in San Diego, CA.

I am the General Chair for the OCWiC 2011 conference                  “We recognize the 2009-2010 winner of the ACM-
(Ohio Celebration for Women in Computing), which will                 Athena Lecturer Award, Susan Eggers, for her work on
be held February 18-19, 2011 at the Mohican Resort &                  computer architecture and experimental performance
Conference Center, Perrysville, OH. For more informa-                 analysis. Her research has been instrumental to the de-
tion, see                                              velopment of Simultaneous Multithreading (SMT), the
                                                                      first commercially viable multithreaded architecture. On
Sara Su                                                               June 14, 2010, she will deliver her lecture at the Pro-
CMW@FCRC 2007; Grad Cohort 2007                                       gramming Language Design and Implementation Con-
                                                                      ference in Toronto.”
I graduated from MIT in May
2009 with a Ph.D. in Electri-                             
cal Engineering and Com-
puter Science. In my thesis                                         I was also named a Berkeley Distinguished Alumnae from
work, which lies at the inter-                                      EECS. I went there for graduate school. The award was
section of computer graphics                                        given as part of their graduation ceremony in June. Here is
and human-computer interac-                                         a URL of the award.
tion, I introduced interaction                            
techniques to support user                                          distinguished.cs.shtml#outstanding
productivity and creativity in
visual authoring tasks. In                                          On the update side of things, I'm now working part-time
September 2009, I will start as                                     and loving it.
a Visiting Assistant Professor
at Tufts University.
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                         Summer-Fall 2009
                                                       Alum News
Svetlana Slavova                                                     Services” (
Grad Cohort 2006, 2007                                               Along with my career, I try to develop and improve my per-
                                                                     sonal life as well. I have joined a club for young profession-
I attended the CRA-W                                                 als called Rotaract Club Varna, which is under Rotary Inter-
Graduate Cohorts in 2006 &                                           national, and works on voluntary projects aimed at helping
2007 in San Francisco, CA. It                                        different parts of the society. On the other hand, in order to
has been a wonderful experi-                                         keep in a good shape, I have become a member of a Yoga
ence and I had the unique                                            club which helps me reduce stress and improve body flexi-
chance to communicate and                                            bility and concentration.
share ideas with some of the                                         Please, feel free to visit my profile at or
best women professionals in                                          contact me directly at
computer science. I com-
pleted my M. Sc. degree at
the University of Saskatche-
wan, Canada in August 2007                                           Kathryn McKinley
with the defense of my thesis                                        DMP Mentor 1996, 1999, 2002, 2004 (mentor); Grad Cohort
entitled “Dynamic Selection                                          2004, 2005 (speaker); CMW@ FCRC 2003 (participant), 2007
of Redundant Web Services”.                                          (speaker); DSW Programming Languages 2007 (organizer, speaker);
I am very proud of my work on it.                                    DSW PLOSA 2009 (organizer, speaker); CRA-W Board 2009

After my graduation I was happy to move back to my                   I had some great news—I was inducted as an ACM Fellow
home town, Varna, Bulgaria, where I started a very inter-            at the ACM awards ceremony in San Diego, CA in June.
esting and promising IT job as a Senior Software Devel-
oper at Register.BG Ltd. – the Bulgarian domain name
registry. I have been working in a team at the company
for two years now and I am very pleased with the projects
in which I have been participating so far. My first big task
was to make a compilation and analysis of company's web
development technologies, strategies, and tactics to serve
as a company's standard about planning and development
of web-based applications. My second main project is a
FAQ web-based system which has a unified user interface
for different types of users. One of the benefits of the
applied approach is that the rights to access various func-
tions of the system as well as the data visibility are defined
in the database. In this way, adding new user types to the
system can be performed without modifying its business
                                                                     Kathryn celebrates with her family—sons (l to r) Cooper (14), Dylan (11),
In addition to the exciting projects I have been working             and Wyatt (8), and husband Scotty (r)—at the ACM Awards Ceremony.
on, my M. Sc. thesis was published in January 2009 as a
paperback book by a German publishing company and it
is now available to purchase on                                      At the same ceremony, Telle Whitney was awarded the,,                         ACM Distinguished Service Award (see article on page 1),
                                                                     Barbara Liskov the A. M. Turing Award (see article, page 8), and other online bookstores. The
                                                                     and Susan Eggers the Athena Award (see article, page 2).
book is entitled “Dynamic Selection of Redundant Web
Services: Managing Redundancy through Virtual Web

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                               Summer-Fall 2009
                                                      Alum News

Annie Anton                                                     Sarah Osentoski
DMP 2000-2002,2004,2005,2007 (mentor); CMW 2005                 DMP 2001; CREU 2001-
(speaker); CRA-W Board 2006; CAPP 2004, 2005;                   2002
CMW@FCRC 2007 (organizer, speaker)
                                                                I defended my Ph.D. the-
                                  I've been named a non         sis in July 2009 at the Uni-
                                  -resident fellow of the       versity of Massachusetts
                                  Center for Democracy          Amherst. I started as a
                                  & Technology in               postdoctoral researcher at
                                  Washington, DC. This          Brown University in June
                                  past spring, I was a          2009 with Chad Jenkins in
                                  keynote speaker at the        the Brown Robotics
                                  Summit on the Na-             Group. I’m excited to be
                                  tional Academy of En-         applying machine learning
                                  gineering's Grand             techniques that I devel-
                                  Challenges. The press         oped in my dissertation to
                                  release for the summit        problems in robotics.
                                  can be found at duke_summit_security.
                                                                Maria Kazandjieva
                                                                DMP 2005, 2006; Computer Arch Summer School 2006; Grad
                                                                Cohort 2008, 2009
Victoria Manfredi
DMP 2001; CMW@FCRC 2007                                         This year I was selected as one of the Anita Borg Scholar-
                                                                ship finalists and in June I attended a retreat organized by
I completed my                                                  Google. I was also lucky to be a co-author on two papers, as
Ph.D. at the Uni-                                               well as first author on a workshop paper on building an in-
versity of Massa-                                               frastructure for measuring and collecting fine-grained power
chusetts Amherst                                                -data. I am currently attending SIGCOMM in Spain (and
in August 2009,                                                 loving it) and when I return I look forward to working on
working with Prof.                                              my energy project PowerNet (
Jim Kurose. My
Ph.D. thesis is enti-
tled "Sensor Con-                                                                               Tilke Judd
trol and Scheduling                                                                             Grad Cohort 2005, 2006
Strategies for Sen-
                                                                                                I enjoyed a summer intern-
sor Networks." In
                                                                                                ship at Industrial Light and
September 2009, l
                                                                                                Magic in San Francisco, CA
will begin a post-                                                                              this summer. In the fall I am
doc at Boston Uni-                                                                              going to ICCV 2009 in
versity working with Prof. Mark Crovella and will be                                            Kyoto to present my paper
funded by a Computing Innovation Fellowship. I'm                                                "Learning to Predict Where
thrilled to be starting this new stage in my research ca-
                                                                                                People Look". I have one
reer, and look forward to exploring some exciting re-
                                                                                                more year of my Ph.D. at
search problems in wireless and mobile ad-hoc net-
                                                                                                MIT, and then I am getting
works at Boston university.
                                                                                                married in France and plan-
                                                                                                ning to find an interesting
                                                                                                job in Europe!

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                               Summer-Fall 2009
                                                    Alum News
Yan Mao                                                           Animashree Anandkumar
Grad Cohort 2006, 2007                                            Grad Cohort 2005, 2006, 2008
I had a great time in
San Francisco, CA par-                                            I recently fin-
ticipating in the 2006                                            ished my Ph.D.
and 2007 CRA-W Grad                                               from Cornell
Cohort Workshops.                                                 University and
Communicating with                                                my thesis was
people in different ar-                                           on "Scalable
eas provided me valu-                                             Algorithms for
able suggestions for my                                           Distributed
career decisions.                                                 Statistical Infer-
                                                                  ence." I am
With the help of my                                               now a postdoc-
supervisors Julita Vas-                                           toral associate
sileva and Winfried Grassmann, our paper "A System Dy-            at the Labora-
namics Approach to Study Virtual Communities" was                 tory of Infor-
published in HICSS 2007, and I had a great time in Ha-            mation and
waii, meeting great people and enjoying the spectacular           Decision Systems at MIT. It has been a big step ending my
scenery.                                                          student life! I was recently awarded the IEEE Signal Proc-
                                                                  essing Society (SPS) Young Author Best Paper Award 2008,
Then I started a promising IT job as Programmer/Analyst           presented annually to a meritorious paper appearing in a
at Point2 Technologies Inc. in Feburary 2008, and suc-            three-year window in IEEE transactions on Signal Process-
cessfully defended my M.Sc. thesis "Use Multiple Model-           ing (picture attached). I also received the Best Thesis Award
ing Approaches To Study Sustained Online Communities"             2009 by the ACM Sigmetrics Society at Sigmetrics 2009,
in March 2008 and completed my M.Sc. program at the               their flagship conference.
University in Saskatchewan, Canada.
                                                                  In the past, I have been the recipient of the IBM Fran Allen
I had an awesome vacation in Europe and UK for a                  Ph.D. fellowship 2008-09, presented annually to one female
month in July 2009, with friends and my parents from              Ph.D. student in conjunction with the IBM Ph.D. Fellow-
China. I have not had a chance to go back to China and            ship Award at the Grace Hopper Conference. In summary, I
meet my parents for three years, and now I finally made           am very happy the way things have turned out in the past
my family European trip come true, and even better!               year.

During the past 18 months in the IT industry, I really
learned a lot, and I am really proud of the products we           L. Jean Camp
built at Point2 for Caterpillar heavy equipment dealers all       CAPP 2005
over the world ("Catused") and North American real es-
tate professionals ("Point2Agent"). I love the power of IT,       My big news is that I will be a Con-
and I'll stick with this area.                                    gressional Fellow in 2010. Here are
                                                                  the URLs that explain the program:
Arcana Chidanandan                                                congfel.asp and
CREU 2005-2006; SIGCSE CMW 2005                         
I am happy to announce that I have been granted tenure at         01_SponSocieties.shtml
Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and have been pro-
moted to associate professor. I am currently on a 1-term          So I am a IEEE/AAAS Congres-
sabbatical at Kasetsart University in Thailand.                   sional Fellow.

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                               Summer-Fall 2009
                                                       Alum News
        Cecilia Aragon Wins PECASE                                          Alums Can Stay Connected
 President Obama recently                                       CRA-W strives to build a positive community that will help
 named Cecilia Aragon, a re-                                    alums stay connected with each other as well as keep in-
 searcher from Lawrence                                         formed of upcoming CRA-W activities. Below are some
 Berkeley National Labora-                                      ways you can connect with other alums and with CRA-W:
 tory in Berkeley CA and a
 CRA-W board member, as                                         CRA-W Mailing Lists
 one of 100 early-career scien-                                 CRA-W moderates several mailing lists. We encourage you
 tists to be awarded the Presi-                                 to join one or more lists and actively participate.
 dential Early Career Awards                                    PhdjobhuntHers—for women seeking or starting Ph.D.
 for Scientists and Engineers                                        level jobs
 (PECASE), the highest                                          JrProfessHers (Pretenures)—for junior women faculty mem-
 honor bestowed by the                                               bers
 United States government on                                    ProfessHers — for all women faculty members
 young professionals in the                                     Sisters Mentoring — for Ph.D. students and faculty
 early stages of their independent research careers. The        ResearcHers — for women from industrial and government
 recipient scientists and engineers will receive their               research labs and academia involved in research
 awards in the Fall at a White House ceremony.                  For more information and to sign up for the lists, go to
 The Presidential Early Career Awards embody the high
 priority the Administration places on producing out-           Updated CRA-W Web Site
 standing scientists and engineers to advance the nation’s      The CRA-W website ( has been updated,
 goals and contribute to all sectors of the econ-               reorganized, and has several new features that we hope will
 omy. Nine Federal departments and agencies join to-            help our alum stay up-to-date with CRA-W. Click on the
 gether annually to nominate the most meritorious young         “Announcements” box for information about upcoming
 scientists and engineers—researchers whose early ac-           CRA-W programs and deadlines as well as a link to the pub-
 complishments show the greatest promise for strength-          lic CRA-W Google Calendar.
 ening America’s leadership in science and technology
 and contributing to the awarding agencies' missions.           CRA-W on Facebook
                                                                CRA-W also maintains a page on Facebook that provides a
 The awards, established by President Clinton in Febru-         way to post comments, start discussions, and find out what
 ary 1996, are coordinated by the Office of Science and         is happening at CRA-W. You can find the Facebook tag at
 Technology Policy within the Executive Office of the           the CRA-W website ( or go directly to the
 President. Awardees are selected on the basis of two           CRA-W Facebook page -
 criteria: Pursuit of innovative research at the frontiers of   group.php?gid=58020017457. The Grad Cohorts also have
 science and technology and a commitment to commu-              pages on Facebook.
 nity service as demonstrated through scientific leader-
 ship, public education, or community outreach. Winning         CRA-W Alum Listserv
 scientists and engineers receive up to a five-year research    If you are not receiving regular e-mails from the CRA-W
 grant to further their study in support of critical govern-    alum listserv and would like to, send an e-mail to cro-
 ment missions.                                        so we can add you to the list. We encourage
                                                                you to pass on any information about programs and activi-
 Cecilia was specifically honored for seminal research in       ties that we send out to others that may interested.
 workflow management and visual analytics for data-             Face-to-Face
 intensive scientific research, including the development
 of the Fourier contour analysis algorithm and Sunfall;         We also hope to continue to connect face-to-face. At the
 and for leadership in advancing diversity in computing.        next CRA-W event, be sure to pick up your CRA-W alum
                                                                button and lanyard to wear at meetings and conferences.
                                                                Feel free to let us know if there are other ways to build our
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                               Summer-Fall 2009
              Kim Hazelwood Receives CRA-W Borg Early Career Award (BECA)

 The Committee on the Status of Women in Computing               hancement Fellowship, and research awards from Micro-
 Research (CRA-W) presented the 2009 Borg Early Ca-              soft, Google, NSF, and the SRC. Her research has been fea-
 reer Award (BECA) to Kim Hazelwood, Assistant Pro-              tured in Computer World, ZDNet, EE Times, and Slashdot.
 fessor of Computer Science at the University of Vir-

 Kim works at the boundary between hardware and soft-
 ware, with research efforts focusing on computer archi-
 tecture, run-time optimizations, and the implementation
 and applications of virtual execution environments. She
 received the Ph.D. degree in computer science from
 Harvard University in 2004 after spending four summers
 and one post-doc in industry working for Hewlett-
 Packard, IBM Research, and Intel on well-known pro-
 jects related to dynamic optimization, including Dy-
 namo, DELI, Jikes RVM, and Pin. Since 2004, she has
 become widely known for her active contributions to
 the Pin dynamic instrumentation system, which allows
 users to easily inject arbitrary C++ code into existing
 program binaries at run time ( Pin is
 widely used throughout industry and academia to inves-
 tigate new approaches to program introspection, optimi-
 zation, security, and architectural design. It has been
 downloaded over 30,000 times and cited in over 350
 publications since it was released in July 2004.

 Kim has published over 25 peer-reviewed articles relat-                Kim Hazelwood (l) receives BECA award from Kath-
 ing to the interface between hardware and software.                    ryn McKinley (r) at he International Symposium on
 Since joining the University of Virginia in 2005, she has              Computer Architecture (ISCA).
 also taught six courses related to compilers, virtual ma-
 chines, and computer architecture while advising six
                                                                 Kathryn McKinley, Professor of Computer Science at the
 Ph.D. students. She has organized and presented nearly
                                                                 University of Texas at Austin and CRA-W member, pre-
 a dozen tutorials on binary instrumentation at confer-
                                                                 sented the BECA to Kim at the International Symposium
 ences, universities, and companies. She has served on
                                                                 on Computer Architecture (ISCA).
 over a dozen program committees, including PLDI,
 ISCA, MICRO, and PACT, and is the program chair of
                                                                 The Borg Early Career Award honors the late Anita Borg,
 CGO 2010.
                                                                 who was an early member of CRA-W and an inspiration for
                                                                 her commitment to increasing the participation of women
 Kim is also dedicated to supporting and advancing               in computing research. The award is given annually by
 women and minorities in computing, having served as a           CRA-W to a woman in computer science and/or engineer-
 regular speaker and organizer at conferences and work-          ing who has made significant research contributions and
 shops sponsored by the CRA-W and the Coalition to               who has contributed to her profession, especially in the out-
 Diversify Computing (CDC), and as one of the found-             reach to women. The award recognizes work in areas of
 ing members of UVA's Computer Science Diversity                 academia and industrial/government research labs that has
 Committee. Kim is the recipient of numerous awards,             had a positive and significant impact on advancing women
 including the FEST Distinguished Young Investigator             in the computing research community and is targeted at
 Award for Excellence in Science and Technology, an              women who are relatively early in their careers. Questions
 NSF CAREER Award, a Woodrow Wilson Career En-                   about eligibility should be directed to

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                               Summer-Fall 2009
                             Barbara Liskov Wins ACM A. M. Turing Award

 Professor Barbara                                                hiding than was possible with procedures, since the data
 Liskov of MIT has                                                structures that were shared among the operations could be
 won the 2008 Asso-                                               hidden inside the module.
 ciation for Comput-
 ing Machinery                                                    The work on multi-operation modules was done while I was
 (ACM) A.M. Turing                                                still working at the MITRE Corporation. I left MITRE to
 Award. The Turing                                                join MIT in September 1972. At MIT, I continued to think
 Award is the highest                                             about programming methodology and, during my first year
 honor awarded in                                                 there, I got the idea of linking multi-operation modules to
 Computer Science                                                 data types. The idea was that the module defined a new
 and Engineering and                                              data type whose objects could be used by calling the opera-
 carries a $250,000                                               tions. This work was done jointly with Steve Zilles and led
 prize. The ACM cita-                                             to a paper "Programming with Abstract Data Types" that
 tion for the award                                               was published in the fall of 1973.
 states "Barbara
 Liskov has led impor-                                            Then I decided to further investigate the idea of abstract
 tant developments in                                             data types by designing a programming language that in-
 computing by creat-                                              cluded them. I had two reasons for doing this: First, pro-
 ing and implementing programming languages, operat-              grammers think in terms of programming languages, so de-
 ing systems, and innovative systems designs that have            signing a programming language seemed like a good way to
 advanced the state of the art of data abstraction, modu-         communicate the new ideas. And second, a programming
 larity, fault tolerance, persistence, and distributed com-       language has to be well-defined and therefore designing one
 puting systems." Barbara formally received the award in          would force us to be very precise.
 June at the ACM Award's Banquet and she will deliver
 her Turing Award lecture at the Symposium on Operat-             CLU was designed and implemented during the period of
 ing Systems Principles (SOSP) in October.                        1973-1978. This work was done jointly with a number of
                                                                  students and colleagues, including Russ Atkinson, Craig
 Barbara kindly agreed to answer some questions for us:           Schaffert, and Alan Synder.

 Q: One of your most significant early contributions              In addition to data abstraction, CLU also contained a num-
 was a new paradigm in programming, data abstrac-                 ber of other innovations, including iterators, parametric
 tion, developed as a way to better organize and                  polymorphism, and exception handling. Also because
 build software systems. You formalized your ideas                modularity works only if module interfaces are well-defined,
 in terms of the programming language, CLU. Tell                  I did quite a bit of work on how to specify abstract types,
 us a bit about your insights and your approach to                both formally and informally, and also how to verify cor-
 making them concrete by designing CLU.                           rectness of code that implements abstract types.

 One of my first research projects after getting my Ph.D.         Q: Another major area of your accomplishments has
 was to design and implement a small multi-user operat-           been in the area of distributed systems and especially,
 ing system called Venus. At the end of that project, I           reliability and fault tolerance. Explain some of the
 began to think about programming methodology and I               problems you have tackled and the solutions you have
 realized that the way we had organized the program               discovered.
 modules in Venus was different from the normal ap-
 proach of just using procedures. Instead we had what I           I became interested in reliability and fault-tolerance in the
 call "multi-operation modules". These were black boxes           course of the project I started after CLU. This was a pro-
 that provided code with an interface consisting of sev-          ject to design a programming language that could be used to
 eral operations. The entire module was implemented as            implement distributed programs. While working in this
 a unit, and this enabled a greater amount of information         area, I realized that distribution, if used naively, can reduce
                                                                  availability: the machine where your (Continued on page 9)

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                 Summer-Fall 2009
                         Barbara Liskov Wins ACM A. M. Turing Award (cont’d)
(Continued from page 8: Liskov)
 data is stored may not be running when you need to
 access your data. However, a distributed environment               So I believe that I didn't move forward as fast as I might
 can also improve both availability and reliability, because        have done. But on the other hand, the time at MITRE was
 it enables replication, in which your data is stored at            helpful since I was changing fields (from AI to systems),
 multiple machines.                                                 and it was easier to do this without having teaching respon-
 Replication cannot be done naively, however, since this            sibilities. And I have felt supported at MIT.
 can lead to users observing odd effects in which the in-
 formation stored at the different replicas is inconsistent.        Of course in the early days there were very few women.
 To address this problem, I began to work on replication            There were a couple at Stanford; for example Susan Gra-
 protocols that coordinate the replicas to assure consis-           ham was a year or two behind me. But I was the first
 tency.                                                             woman faculty member in CS at MIT, and only the second
                                                                    in my EECS department (which had roughly 70 faculty at
 My early work in this area, done jointly with Brian Oki,           the time I joined). Today we have 9 women faculty in CS
 led to a protocol called "Viewstamped Replication",                out of about 55 total.
 which provides consistency under the assumption that
 the only way in which replicas can fail is by crash-               Q: In what CRA-W programs and other activities to
 ing. Later I became interested in the more challenging             encourage women researchers have you participated?
 Byzantine failure model, in which failed nodes can be-
 have arbitrarily. This work was done jointly with Miguel           I was one of the founders of the 2007 SOSP Women's
 Castro, and led to the first efficient replication protocol,       Workshop that was supported, in part, by the CRA-W Dis-
 called PBFT (for "Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance")            cipline Specific Workshops (DSW) program. This workshop
 to handle malicious attackers and Byzantine failures.              was organized to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the
 PBFT was based on Viewstamped Replication, but it                  formation of the Systers electronic community. I was one
 requires more replicas and more phases in the protocol.            of the women who gathered at lunch at the 1987 SOSP con-
                                                                    ference at which Systers was born. I actually remember a
 Q: What do you see as the most compelling re-                      discussion in the ladies room about how few women were at
 search challenges for the future?                                  SOSP, and this led to that first lunch. We have preserved
                                                                    that tradition of a lunch for women at every SOSP since.
 I think there is still a lot of basic work to be done, e.g.,
 in the area of support for parallel and distributed pro-
 grams. But more and more we will be seeing the use of              For three years between 2002 and 2005 I served as the asso-
 CS to enable other fields and I think much of the most             ciate head for CS. During this period I ran faculty search
 interesting research will arise in such areas, e.g., CS and        and we hired 5 women, thus increasing our total from 4 to
 biology or CS and medicine.                                        9. Another point is that for at least 10 years prior to my
                                                                    tenure, we had hired no women.
 Q: What were some of your experiences as the first                 More recently I am building on this experience to improve
 woman to earn a Ph.D. in computer science and as                   hiring and retention of women and underrepresented mi-
 a woman pioneer in pursuing an academic research                   norities across all of MIT, in my capacity as associate pro-
 career?                                                            vost for faculty equity.

 When I got my PhD, there were very few women in
 faculty positions across all fields, and I'm not aware of          Q: What advice do you have for young women re-
 any woman who was a faculty member in a computer                   searchers entering our field?
 science department. And I was definitely not in demand
 for faculty positions. As a result I went to work at MI-           It's a great field with lots of interesting work to do. And
 TRE. I stayed at MITRE for 4 years and only moved to               furthermore there is plenty of opportunity. So if you enjoy
 MIT in 1972.                                                       it, you should go for it.

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                 Summer-Fall 2009
                                          Interview with Fran Berman

                                    Fran Berman has               bines both CEO and CTO functions, and I was responsible
                                    recently been ap-             for creating and implementing a vision for the organization.
                                    pointed the Vice              At SDSC, we always focused on providing the kind of cy-
                                    President for Re-             berinfrastructure that extends the reach of the research and
                                    search at Rensselaer          education community beyond their local labs and depart-
                                    Polytechnic Institute         ments. This meant that SDSC resources and expertise ex-
                                    (RPI). Prior to this          panded from a focus on supercomputers in the 1980’s to
                                    post, she served as           include data cyberinfrastructure, grid and cloud computing,
                                    the director of the           software tools, and interdisciplinary expertise in 2009. Be-
                                    San Diego Super-              ing Director was a bit like being mayor of a small village.
                                    computer Center and           The SDSC staff form a close community and we went
                                    High Performance              through a lot together, from natural disasters like the San
                                    Computing Endowed             Diego fires, to challenges such as changing our fundamental
                                    Chair at the Univer-          business model and streamlining the organization.
 sity of California, San Diego (UCSD). Fran earned her
 master's and doctorate in mathematics from the Univer-
 sity of Washington and began her teaching career at Pur-
 due University in 1979. She has had an amazing career
 of research and service to the computing research com-
 munity, including serving as co-chair of CRA-W from

 Q. You just moved to become VP for Research at
 RPI. Tell us about the opportunities you will be
 pursuing in your exciting new job. What attracted
 you to this new position?

 At the time of this writing, I’ve been on the job a month
 and am having a great time. There is much to learn and
 I’m energized by the opportunity to take on new chal-
 lenges in a new landscape. The Vice President for Re-
 search position at RPI provides me an opportunity to
 develop the entire research ecosystem, with the goals of
 achieving greater impact and funding success for RPI’s
 faculty, students, and research staff. The opportunity to         Fran presses the "Power on" button to formally open the new SDSC
 really make a difference at this scale drew me and it was         building addition on the UCSD campus in October 2008 during the
 a good time in my career to consider this kind of a
 change. RPI has a very dynamic president, Dr. Shirley
 Ann Jackson, and the opportunity to work with, and
 learn from, her was a tremendous attractor.                      Q. Looking back at your years at SDSC, what accom-
                                                                  plishments there are you most proud of?
 Q. You are leaving your previous role as Director of
 the San Diego Supercomputer Center. What did                     I am proud of many accomplishments at SDSC but the
 that job entail?                                                 most challenging and satisfying to me was the successful re-
                                                                  conceptualization of SDSC when the NSF PACI/CORE
 I greatly enjoyed my nine years at SDSC and the staff            program terminated. At that point, we needed to rethink
 was wonderful. The Director of SDSC position com-                SDSC’s vision, business model, and organization from the
                                                                                                             (Continued on page 11 )
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                         Summer-Fall 2009
                                           Interview with Fran Berman (cont’d)
(Continued from page 10: Berman)
 ground up and to integrate the center much more                           the performance of individual applications on the Grid
 closely with UCSD and the UC system. All of that,                         through self-optimizing behavior. This was some of the
 while continuing to provide excellent service, and pur-                   first work that dealt with the adaptive performance aspects
 sue new growth opportunities! It required a tremendous                    of Grid Computing, and it is gratifying to see these ideas re-
 amount of leadership, perseverance, hard work, and                        emerging today as an important approach for modern dis-
 reaching out to staff all over the center and colleagues                  tributed and cloud environments.
 within UCSD and UC. It also took a village. I am tre-
 mendously proud of what we did during this time and                       My current work focuses on digital preservation and access,
 the resulting health, stability, and impact of SDSC today.                and data cyberinfrastructure. In the Information Age, digi-
                                                                           tal information is everywhere – from YouTube videos to e-
                                                                           Government records – and we generally assume that digital
                                                                           information will be available when we need it. Ensuring
                                                                           that this is the case involves technical problems (e.g. migrat-
                                                                           ing information from one generation of storage media and
                                                                           systems to the next without data loss), development of ap-
                                                                           propriate policies (e.g. who owns digital information and
                                                                           who can access it), and implementation of sustainable eco-
                                                                           nomic models (e.g. who pays for the support of digital in-
                                                                           formation over time). I’m very involved in a variety of ef-
                                                                           forts promoting the preservation and access of the digital
                                                                           data, and raising awareness among decision makers and
                                                                           communities with respect to the cyberinfrastructure needed
                                                                           for its support.

                                                                           Q. What drives you at this point in your career?
  Fran gives a presentation on data preservation for a remote audi-        Like a lot of people in my generation, I feel strongly that it’s
  ence at Monash University in Australia.
                                                                           our responsibility to leave the world in better shape than we
                                                                           found it. This is especially important when you think about
                                                                           what our leaders in the next decade or two will inherit, most
                                                                           of whom are in their 20’s today, like my kids and their
                                                                           friends. I find their generation inspiring. They are smart,
 Q. Along with being Director of SDSC, you were a                          savvy, passionate, thoughtful, technology natives, and are
 faculty member, holding the High Performance                              just starting to deal with substantive real-world challenges.
 Computing Endowed Chair in the Computer Sci-
 ence and Engineering Department at UCSD. Tell                             I believe that we can evolve today’s universities to better
 us a bit about your research.                                             provide the next generations experience in addressing the
                                                                           challenges of a complex world for which there is no answer
 My research interests have evolved a lot over time. I                     key. We can give them safe places to try things and fail,
 started out in computer science theory and moved into                     and we can help prepare them for real-life problems. I’d
 parallel processing, then heterogeneous computing, then                   like to help universities, and particularly RPI, be this kind of
 grid computing, and now data cyberinfrastructure.                         critical venue for growth. At this point in my life, I have the
                                                                           luxury of doing things that I think are really important, and
 During the ‘90’s, I founded the Grid Computing Labo-                      to me, giving something back to the next generation is really
 ratory at UCSD. I was fortunate that the Lab attracted                    important.
 an outstanding group of students, postdocs, and visitors,
 and we investigated problems associated with promoting
                                                                                                                     (Continued on page 12)
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                      Summer-Fall 2009
                                     Interview with Fran Berman (cont’d)
 (Continued from page 11: Berman)
 Q. You were one of the founders of CRA-W. What                      day, it’s important to feel OK about your life and your be-
 programs were you involved in while you were part                   havior, and it helps tremendously to have some grounding
 of CRA-W?                                                           and perspective.

 A. I was one of the original members of CRA-W and at                Q. What do you do to balance work and family life?
 one point, I was one of the co-Chairs with Janie Irwin.
 One of my first responsibilities in CRA-W was to be the             A. Well, in our house, balance definitely doesn’t mean that
 editor of the “Expanding the Pipeline” column in Com-               everything is tidy or even in working order, but we always
 puting Research News. I was also General Chair of one               take time for each other. Our family has a lot of fun and we
 of the Careers workshops and participated in many oth-              really enjoy being with each other. You just can’t do every-
 ers.                                                                thing perfectly, so you pick what you want to spend time
                                                                     on. I’ve always focused on our family and my work, both of
 It was really a privilege. For more than a decade, CRA-             which I care passionately about.
 W has attracted a stellar group of senior women leaders
 who have had ambitious goals for an outstanding and                 I’m really enjoying my kids as adults. My 23 year old daugh-
 diverse professional community. They’ve committed a                 ter is a choreographer and lives in Chicago and my 21 year
 great deal of time and effort to mentor, promote, and               old son is finishing his undergrad degree in Math and Phys-
 retain women in computer science and engineering. It’s              ics and will likely go on to Math grad school. Both my kids
 paid off. Over the years, we have made a real difference            are thoughtful, creative, interesting, fun and really in touch
 for women in computer science and engineering. I’ve                 with the world. My husband is my best friend, and when
 had women email me who went through the job or ten-                 the kids were growing up, we both partnered fully as par-
 ure workshops, and tell me that the information, role               ents, which made a tremendous difference in my ability to
 modeling, and networking provided by CRA-W had real                 grow both personally and professionally. I’ve really loved
 impact on their careers.                                            having big leadership opportunities and responsibilities, but
                                                                     I’ve always thought that on the day you leave your high-
 Q. What challenges have you faced as a woman                        profile job, you need to have a satisfying real life to go back
 leader in our field?                                                to. Keeping that in mind keeps you focused on what’s really
 A. One of the biggest challenges is something I think of
 as professional cross-culturalism, where the “cultures”
 manifest themselves as the gender-oriented expectations
 and training we bring with us to the professional arena.
 Many women, including myself, have comparatively non
 -traditional approaches to leadership, communication,
 team-building, etc. To be effective, you need to know
 when to push the boundaries and when to respect them.
 Particularly when you come from a different place, you
 need to know how to be effective or it’s very hard to
 succeed. The process of navigating these “cross-
 cultural” notions of leadership, credibility, effectiveness,
 success, etc. is one of the challenges that I think many
 women deal with in the workplace.

 I also think that women in professional life need to de-
 velop a tough skin. Higher level positions and more                 Fran, husband Mark, and children Emily and Nicholas share a family
 resources usually mean more professional politics and               event.
 higher stakes. Things can get very tough. It’s important
 to not take what happens personally, and to stay focused
 on what you want to accomplish. At the end of the

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                   Summer-Fall 2009
                       Telle Whitney Receives ACM Distinguished Service Award
                                   and Marie R. Pistilli Awards (cont’d)
 (Continued from page 1: Whitney)
the field including serving as Secretary-Treasurer of ACM              The second award is the 10th annual Marie R. Pistilli
and member of the Queue Advisory Board, the CRA Com-                   Women in Electronic Design Automation (EDA)
mittee on the Status of Women (CRA-W), the advisory                    Achievement Award, which was presented at the Work-
board of MentorNet, and a variety of NSF committees in-                shop for Women in Design Automation (WWINDA),
cluding the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science                which was held during the annual Design Automation
and Engineering and the CISE Advisory Committee.                       Conference (DAC) in July 2009.

In her acceptance of the award, Telle said                             In the announcement of the award, Karla Reynolds, 2009
   “It is an honor to receive this award. For me, it is rec-           WWINDA Committee Chair, stated that
   ognition of the importance of the work of the Anita
                                                                        “Throughout her career, Telle has made significant
   Borg Institute, and its impact on its community, many
                                                                        contributions to help advance other women, and it is
   of whom are in the room today. I’d like to recognize
                                                                        an honor to present her with this award. Men and
   ACM for its commitment to increasing the participation
                                                                        women working in EDA have benefited tremen-
   and impact of women, particularly John White and Pat
                                                                        dously from her energy and commitment to all she
   Ryan from ACM Headquarters, as well as Wendy Hall,
   and all of her immediate ACM President predecessors,
   who have shown their commitment to women in com-
   puting not only through words but through actions.                  In addition to her many service activities and leadership
                                                                       in many organizations, Telle has served as a role model
   At ABI, we have a vision in which women are equally                 during her more than 20 years in the semiconductor and
   represented in creating the technology of this next cen-            telecommunications industries Telle took over the lead-
   tury. With the help of all of you in this room, and                 ership of the Institute for Women and Technology
   through out our community, we can and will change                   (IWT), which had been founded by Anita Borg, when
   the world.”                                                         Anita's health declined. Under her leadership this insti-
                                                                       tute, which was renamed the Anita Borg Institute in
                                                                       honor of Anita, has initiated several programs to attract
                                                                       and retain women in technology careers and focus the
                                                                       attention of technology on the needs of women. Example
                                                                       initiatives include the TechLeaders series of workshops
                                                                       and the Women of Vision recognition events.

                                                                       Telle said of the ABI
                                                                         “We’ve grown substantially over these seven years.
                                                                         Today, we have 17 companies who are actively in-
                                                                         volved in the Institute, plus additional tens of com-
                                                                         panies and academic institutions contributing in
                                                                         some fashion or another. I’m pleased to be able to
                                                                         say that people continue to see how important it is
                                                                         to support us, even in these difficult economic
  Wendy Hall, ACM President (l) , and John White, ACM Executive          times.”
  Director and Chief Executive Officer (r), present ACM Distin-
  guished Service Award to Telle (c) at the ACM Awards Banquet.        This award was created to honor individuals who have
                                                                       contributed to the advancement of women in the EDA
This award is given on the basis of value and degree of ser-           industry.
vices to the computing community, includes activities in
other computer organizations, and emphasizes contribu-
tions to the computing community at large.
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                   Summer-Fall 2009
                              Highlight on DMP Alum Rachel Pottinger (cont’d)
(Continued from page 1: Pottinger)
  Civil engineers know this, so they created an XML stan-            is relevant. I believe that computer science is at a cross-
  dard for design data in order to make everything interop-          roads right now: we can either define ourselves broadly,
  erate. After all, we (the computer scientists) told them           and consider cross-disciplinary work (e.g., bioinformat-
  that XML would solve all their problems. Only it does-             ics) to be part of computer science and have all sorts of
  n't. As it turns out there are at least three major XML            interesting problems to work on, or we can define our-
  standards within the scope of the very simple problem              selves narrowly and talk ourselves right out of all of the
  that I've described above, each of which describes differ-         interesting problems. My research is directly in line
  ent parts of the data, and each of which is exceedingly            with that.
  difficult for civil engineers to understand. I had a CS
  masters student look at how to pull out all of the data for        Q: What do you enjoy the most about your career
  some simple queries (not even at the level of the one              right now?
  above), and it took her three months, because trying to
  figure out how many openings were in a wall took track-            I work with great peo-
  ing down five different levels of idrefs (i.e., pointers).         ple. One of the most
                                                                     important things that I've
  So there are problems that need to be solved in dealing            learned is that life is too
  with the design data. There are also problems with updat-          short to work with peo-
  ing estimates. And if I run out of work there, they also           ple that I don't like to
  keep all sorts of meeting minutes and other data that              work with. When I was a
  could help them figure out whether a project is on track           grad student, I was once
  or not. It's a great source of data. And many fields have          in a meeting with one of
  such sources. I'm also working on data from disaster               my advisors, and after I
  management and business intelligence data, and I've                asked him how he was,
  looked at bio/health informatics data a bit, too.                  he said that he thought I
                                                                                                  Rachel (l) and CDMP student,
                                                                     was physically incapable     Jamila Salari (r).
  Q: How did you become interested in these prob-                    of having a meeting with-
  lems? What do you think are the most exciting op-                  out asking him how he was. I thought that one over
  portunities for research in this area?                             and realized that he was right. So I only work with peo-
                                                                     ple who I care enough about to ask them how they're
  My Ph.D. was on more abstract research. When I gradu-              doing. Fortunately, that covers a lot of people. But it's
  ated, while I had enjoyed the work that I had done, I was-         true for both students and colleagues.
  n't convinced that the work that I was doing was going to
  be really relevant to people actually trying to use data-          Q: What are the greatest challenges of your career
  bases. Sure, there were lots of technical reasons why what         right now?
  I did was useful, but given the advances that we'd made in
  the behind-the-scenes components, I wasn't sure that we            There's not enough time to do everything well. It's
  were really solving the problems that prevented people             hard to let things go when you know that, with an infi-
  from integrating their data. So I went out and talked to           nite amount of time, you could do things better. I try
  various people across the university and Vancouver. My             to keep up with my graduate students as well as I can,
  first two years as a faculty member were largely trying to         but I'd like to do better (I recently told one of my grad
  figure out which were going to be fruitful collaborations          students that, and she laughed at the notion that I didn't
  and sources of problems while in the short run my stu-             spend enough time with my students. It's true that I
  dents and I continued on the direction of the research             probably do spend more time with them than many
  that I'd started as a student.                                     advisors, but I still wish I could do more). I can keep
                                                                     up better with the things that people depend on me for,
  The most exciting opportunity for research in what I'm             though, than I can with the things that I'm the only one
  doing is the chance to talk to people outside of computer          depending on me for—like publications from work of
  science about what they're doing and how what I'm doing            masters students who have gradu-
                                                                                                             (Continued on page 15)

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                 Summer-Fall 2009
                            Highlight on DMP Alum Rachel Pottinger (cont’d)
(Continued from page 14: Pottinger)

 ated. Unfortunately, this is an area that I really can't            started. I did my work at my home institution, Duke, as
 afford to ignore as a pre-tenure faculty member, so                 I requested, which in some ways wasn't really smart of
 there's a great deal of guilt in spending time doing lots of        me—it would have been better to meet more people at
 things that are unrelated.                                          other institutions—but in other ways was fantastic since
                                                                     it let me make really good local connections that I could
 Q: How is an academic career in Canada different                    use for the rest of my career.
 from one in the US?
                                                                     I participated in a career mentoring workshop the year
 I'll focus on being a faculty member who has research               before I got my Ph.D. That was very valuable; in addi-
 and supervising graduate students as part of her job de-            tion to the advice there, I made contact with a great
 scription, since otherwise it's too hard to make generali-          group of people, some of whom I'm still in touch
 zations. A big one is that grants in Canada tend to be              with. I set up a mailing list for graduating Ph.D.
 evenly distributed: more people get them, but they're               women in CS to help others benefit from this type of
 much smaller than the grants that you would get from                community (PhdjobhuntHers), as well as a mailing list
 NSF. To have more funding generally requires some                   for pretenure women in CS (JrProfessHers). I think
 kind of industrial support. I also don't have to pay my-            that they've helped a few people, but I wish there was
 self my summer salary out of grant money. So it's easier            something that I could do to make them more success-
 to get enough money to have a small group, but harder               ful. The lists are very quiet. When I talk with people at
 to have a big one.                                                  conferences, it's pretty clear that people on the list just
                                                                     aren't comfortable talking about the problems that
 Beyond that, it's fairly                                            they're having. It makes sense, but it's frustrating—
 hard to generalize. My                                              there are people out there who need help, and I can't
 department is fantastic                                             figure out how to get it to them.
 and very supportive
 (since my husband and I
 both found jobs there at                                            I've also spoken at two of the Grad Cohort programs,
 the same time, I tell peo-                                          been on two panels for the Distinguished Lecture Se-
 ple that I feel like I won                                          ries, and am now a mentor in the Canadian Distributed
 the job search lottery),                                            Mentor Program. Beyond that, I've also mentored in
 but there are many as-                                              several official and unofficial capacities, first just stu-
 pects of it that are due to                                         dents, and now also unofficially other junior faculty
 the department rather                                               members. I'm also on our department's committee for
 than being about Canada.                                            the Focus of Women in CS where I've been working on
                                                                     increasing our participation in Grace Hopper (both to
 I will also note that when I was on the job search, I met           help our current students and to attract more women to
 very few U.S. junior faculty women who had kids, and I              apply to UBC for graduate school). Hmm. I appear to
 met many Canadian junior faculty women who did. Our                 have been busy....
 parental leaves are much better for both men and                    Q: Tell us about your successful solution to the
 women, and I think that the departments in general are              "Two-Body Problem."
 more supportive.
                                                                     I met my husband, Steve, at orientation of our fresh-
 Q: How have your interactions with CRA-W af-                        man year of college. Four years later, we went to gradu-
 fected your career? In what other activities in the                 ate school together. As graduation approached, it be-
 support of women in computing have you been in-                     came clear that I wanted a position at a research univer-
 volved?                                                             sity, and Steve was interested in a more teaching-
                                                                     focused position. So we got a big map of colleges and
 I was a DMP (now DREU) student as an undergraduate,                 universities in the U.S. and Canada and put pins of vari-
 which is where my interactions with CRA-W really got                ous colors in the map where there
                                                                                                           (Continued on page 16)

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                  Summer-Fall 2009
                             Highlight on DMP Alum Rachel Pottinger (cont’d)
 (Continued from page 15: Pottinger)

 were places that we                                                 was born, we'd do things like tile the bathroom shower
 were interested                                                     ourselves. While the cheapskate in me certainly ap-
 in. Then we applied                                                 proves of that, the realist in me realizes that I can either
 to places where                                                     pay someone to do the task or hire someone to watch
 there were pins for                                                 Naomi while we do the task. I'd rather do things with
 both of us—I think                                                  Naomi than most things like that these days. I also do
 I applied to 46                                                     work in the evenings after Naomi goes to bed (which is
 places and he ap-                                                   pretty early since she's only 22 months old).
 plied to 56. When
 all was said and                                                    I remember when I was a grad student we had a guest
 done, it was clear                                                  speaker who talked about doing such things, and I
 that UBC was a                                                      thought that sounded like an awful way to live, working
 great fit for us—                                                   all the time, but it's usually pretty doable. You end up
 they had an opening                                                 with many tasks—like answering e-mail—-that are sim-
 in data management,                                                 ple and easy to do at night, and I don’t have to drive
 and they had a tenure-track teaching position opening,              back into work or get all stressed out to do them, and
 and they wanted to hire us. Plus, it's a great department,          answering e-mail can be fun, too.
 values the things that we value, and we would get to live
 in Vancouver, which is both beautiful and near where                I've also given myself a goal of submitting one paper
 Steve's parents and my mom lives. We'd specifically not             (whether it's a new one, resubmission, or camera-ready)
 ranked the places that we were applying, since we didn't            a month to keep myself from freaking out about need-
 want to get our hopes up, but if we had, UBC would                  ing to publish a zillion papers. That helps, too.
 have been close to the top.
                                                                     I sleep at least 8 hours a day unless something really
 Q: How do you balance work and family?                              urgent crops up. Knowing that I'll want to be up and
                                                                     doing things with Naomi by 7:30am seven days a week
 Sleep. Oh, wait, no. Um. No, really, sleep. I prioritize            helps me put down the work when it's time for bed. I
 the things that are important, and try to concentrate on            also couldn't make life work if Steve and I weren't equal
 doing those. Having time with Steve, and our daughter,              parents and partners, but we are. Naomi's daycare is
 Naomi is important, as is getting enough sleep, or I get            also fantastic, and I couldn't do it without that, ei-
 cranky and can't function (I'll leave it to you to decide           ther. A supportive extended family helps a lot, too.
 which of those is more important). So I get to bed at a
 decent hour, and when I'm not doing work, I try to do               Q: Do you have any advice for young women con-
                                             things that are         sidering a research career in academia?
                                             fun for the fam-
                                             ily—for exam-           Someone (maybe Jan Cuny) once said that when you're
                                             ple, Steve and I        a junior faculty member, you should do the job that
                                             like to get             you'd do anyway. If you can get tenure doing that,
                                             Naomi to help           great. If not, you don't want to be tenured in that job
                                             us cook --- that        anyway. This is really good advice. There are things
                                             means we get to         that you have to do that you don't really want to do, but
                                             spend time with         there are things that you have to do, and things that you
                                             her as well as          just feel like you're supposed to do. The trick is figur-
                                             eating. We also         ing out the difference. That's where having good men-
                                             eat out more            tors is important. It's great to have as many mentors as
                                             and pay people          you can, and definitely try to get some who are both
                                             to do things—           local and not. You'll need them for different
                                             before Naomi            things. I've been exceedingly fortunate in this, and it's
                                                                     made a huge difference.
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                     Summer-Fall 2009
                                   2009 Career Mentoring Workshops (CMW)
                    Sheila Castañeda, Susanne E. Hambrusch, Tessa Lau, CMW Directors

 Two CRA-W Career                                                       attended panel sessions given by 11 speakers. The par-
 Mentoring      Work-                                                   ticipants included 28 graduate students, seven post-
 shops (CMW) were                                                       docs, six tenure-track faculty, and four researchers from
 held in 2009: The                                                      labs/industry. For 63% of the participants this was
 research     focused                                                   their first CRA-W event. The career goals of the gradu-
 workshop (CMW-                                                         ate students spanned the entire spectrum of possible
 RL) was held July 11                                                   research positions, with a significant number of gradu-
 -12 in Pasadena, CA,                                                   ate students interested in a post-doc position after
 in conjunction with                                                    graduation. The workshop speakers were established
 the Twenty-first In-                                                   researchers who also served as mentors and met indi-
 ternational      Joint                                                 vidually with participants.       They included Cecilia
 Conference on Arti-                                                    Aragon, Carla Brodley, Tina Eliassi-Rad, Carla Ellis,
 ficial   Intelligence                                                  Judy Goldsmith, Leana Golubchik, Susanne Ham-
 (IJCAI-09).       The                                                  brusch, Sandy Irani, Shimei Pan, Tessa Lau, and Ashley
 education focused                                                      Stroupe. For more details on the agenda and links to
 workshop (CMW-E)                                                       the slides of the presentations please visit http://
 was held March 4 in                                          
 Chattanooga, TN, in
 conjunction       with
 SIGCSE 2009.

 The goal of Career
 Mentoring      Work-
                          Co-director Susanne Hambrusch prepares
 shops (CMW) is to for CMW.
 bring junior re-
 searchers and educators together with women already
 established in their fields. The established professionals
 provide practical information, advice, and support to their
 younger colleagues. CMW-RL provides mentoring activi-
 ties for female senior graduate students and women just
 starting as industrial researchers or faculty. The work-
 shop in Pasadena was attended by 45 participants who

                                                                        Carla Brodley, Judy Goldsmith, and Tessa Lau spoke at the Time
                                                                        Management session.

                                                                        The workshop sessions attended by all participants cov-
                                                                        ered the topics “Research as a career”, “Mentoring 101:
                                                                        How to find a mentor, how to be a mentor,” and “Time
                                                                        management.” Graduate student participants and other
                                                                        prospective job searchers attended the session “The
                                                                        job search process,” while those not expected to be on
                                                                        the job market next year attended “Growing your re-
                                                                        search program through funding, collaboration, net-
                                                                        working.” The remaining workshop sessions divided
                                                                        the participants based on a career or expected career in
               Participants network before a session.
                                                                                                                 (Continued on page 18)
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                              Summer-Fall 2009
                             2009 Career Mentoring Workshops (CMW) (cont’d)
                                           Sheila Castañeda, Susanne E. Hambrusch, Tessa Lau, CMW Directors
(Continued from page 17: CMW)
 academia or the lab/industry environment. They included:                      teaching strategies and learning styles, promotions and
 “The tenure process” and “Advising/supervising stu-                           tenure strategies, networking strategies, research col-
 dents” versus “Getting started in the lab” and “Learning                      laboration, time management, student engagement, and
 how to lead.”                                                                 strategies on balancing teaching, research and service
                                                                               activities. The workshop was held the day before the
                                                                               SIGCSE conference so participants could begin using
                                                                               some of their newly acquired skills and strategies during
                                                                               the following days while networking with others who
                                                                               had attended the workshop. Speakers for the CMW-E
                                                                               workshop included experienced faculty who shared
                                                                               their expertise and advice with the participants: Susan
                                                                               Rodger, Jodi Tims, Ellen Walker, Lisa Landgraf, Susan
                                                                               Williams, Andrea Danyluk and Sheila Castañeda. For
                                                                               more details on the agenda and links to the slides of the
                                                                               presentations please visit

                                                                               The workshop co-directors, Sheila Castañeda, Susanne
                                                                               Hambrusch and Tessa Lau thank all the speakers and
 Workshop participants with speaker Cecilia Aragon (second from right).
                                                                               participants for contributing to successful and interac-
                                                                               tive workshops. They also thank Carla Romero for tak-
                                                                               ing care of all the organizational tasks and paying so
 The CMW-RL workshop achieved its goals of bringing                            much attention to details. We thank NSF and CRA for
 together junior and senior researchers, outlining different                   providing funding that allowed us to support the par-
 research career paths as well as strategies for pursuing                      ticipation of a significant number of women.
 them, highlighting elements leading to success in a re-
 search career, and starting to build a network for female
 researchers. Reflecting the current hiring situation in aca-
 demia, student participants suggested that future work-
 shops include a session on how to find and interview for
 a post-doc position and how to best use a post-doc posi-
 tion to build one’s own research record. In addition, par-
 ticipants suggested a joint session on how to handle two-
 body situations and expand discussion of this topic be-
 yond its inclusion in the job search session.

 The CMW-E workshop is conducted every other year in
 conjunction with ACM’s Computer Science Education
 Conference (SIGCSE). The 25 attendees at this year’s
 workshop were awarded scholarships for participation in
 the workshop, registration for SIGCSE, travel, and lodg-
 ing (for the workshop and the SIGCSE conference). Par-
                                                                                  Carla Ellis relaxes with Carla Romero after a well-organized
 ticipants included Ph.D. students in their final year who                        workshop.
 are interested in teaching as a career, Assistant Professors,
 and Associate Professors from teaching institutions dis-
 tributed across the country. The topics addressed issues
 of particular importance to faculty at teaching institutions:

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                       Summer-Fall 2009
                                              News of Affiliated Groups
                       Coalition to Diversify Computing Announces Ron Eglash,
                            Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, as New Chair
                                    Ann Redelfs, Empowering Leadership Alliance

The leadership of the Coalition to Diversify Computing                  community. He will build
(CDC) is welcoming a new chair as of July 2009. After                   upon Pam William's experi-
serving as the past CDC Chair, Pamela Williams of LMI                   ence, and he has a strong
Government Consulting is turning over the reins to Ron                  group of people involved
Eglash, Associate Professor, Department of Science and                  with the CDC that are
Technology Studies, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.                   ready to support him and
                                                                        help move forward his
                           "I can't imagine a better person to          plans to increase the fund-
                           take over the CDC," said Wil-                ing, the range of programs,
                           liams. "Ron's long history of in-            and visibility for the CDC."
                           volvement in the applications of
                           technology and social issues, as             The CDC seeks to address
                           well as his leadership qualities, are        the shortfall of a highly      Ron Eglash, incoming CDC Chair.
                           the ideal combination of knowl-              trained workforce of scien-
                           edge and interests to lead the               tists and engineers capable of understanding and imple-
                           CDC." During Williams' tenure,               menting resources through the development of a diverse
                           she increased the funding for the            community of professionals that can effectively meet the
                           CDC, broadened the scope of                  computing demands of an evolving society. The emphasis is
 Pamela Williams, outgoing projects and the number of pro-              placed on (1) recruitment of minority undergraduates to
 CDC Chair.
                           ject leaders, and oversaw a highly           MS/Ph.D. programs, (2) retention of minority graduate stu-
successful 2009 Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Comput-               dents enrolled in MS/Ph.D. programs, and (3) transition of
ing conference, one of the hallmarks of the CDC. The                    minority MS/Ph.D. graduates into academia and industry.
Tapia Celebration, which brought more than 400 people to
Portland, OR in April of 2009, focused on technological                 In addition to the Tapia conferences, the CDC's programs
advancements and the success of minority scholars.                      include support for academic career workshops, sending
                                                                        students and mentors to conferences, Collaborative Re-
Eglash, stating his vision for the CDC, said, "This is an               search Experiences for Undergraduates (CREU), Distrib-
especially exciting time to be working with the CDC be-                 uted Research Experiences for Undergraduates (DREU),
cause computing education is re-inventing itself, broaden-              and programs for Distinguished Visitors, Addressing the
ing to include greater fusion with other disciplines as well            Shrinking Pipeline, and Discipline-Specific Work-
as greater involvement from industry and community or-                  shops. Many of the CDC programs take place in coopera-
ganizations. Thus, there are new opportunities to not only              tion with the CRA's Committee on the Status of Women in
keep diversity concerns high on the agenda, but also to re-             Computing Research (CRA-W).
define diversity efforts themselves. All too often diversity is
reduced to a question of social group percentage. We also               About the Coalition to Diversify Computing (CDC)
need to look at how computing science and technology can      
do a better job of aiding these under-served communities.               The Coalition to Diversity Computing is a joint organiza-
That change will then draw more minorities (and women)                  tion of the ACM, CRA, and IEEE-CS. Its mission is to ad-
to computing. Diversity should really be about democratiz-              dress the shortfall in computing professionals through the
ing technology."                                                        development of a diverse community that can effectively
                                                                        meet the computing demands of an evolving society. Infor-
Deborah Cooper, Board member of the IEEE Computer                       mation about CREU and other CDC programs can be
Society and a member of the CDC Executive Committee,                    found at
stated, "Ron's vision for the CDC is already motivating the

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                                Summer-Fall 2009
                                                 News of Affiliated Groups

         Opportunity to Join the EL Alliance: A Network of People and Resources
                 Committed to Broadening Participation in Computing
                                      Ann Redelfs, Empowering Leadership Alliance

 The Empowering Leadership: Computing Scholars of                             fany Grady, University of Texas at Austin, Phoebe
 Tomorrow Alliance (EL Alliance or ELA), established in                       Lenear, University of Illinois, and Cynthia Lanius and
 2007 with a grant from the National Science Foundation’s                     Ann Redelfs, consultants. Lecia Barker and Jose Cossa,
 Broadening Participation in Computing (BPC) program,                         University of Texas at Austin, are conducting the exter-
 offers a range of professional development, mentoring                        nal evaluation. The leadership team receives input from
 programs, conference participation, research opportuni-                      partners and students, including a Student Advisory
 ties, and support for underrepresented minority students                     Board made up of students from diverse backgrounds,
 at majority institutions. The EL Alliance is a supportive                    grade levels, and disciplines.
 network composed of people from leading universities,
 professional societies, laboratories, research centers, and                  CRA-W alums are invited to consider joining the EL
 corporations, all committed to the success of minority                       Alliance at The
 scholars.                                                                    original set of partner institutions, numbering 26, has
                                                                              grown to more than 100; the individual leaders partici-
 Richard Tapia of Rice University is the Principal Investi-                   pating—faculty, researchers, and administrators who
 gator. Other members of the Leadership Team are Ru-                          participate as mentors, speakers at ELA events, subjects
 zena Bajcsy and Sheila Humphreys, University of Califor-                     for student interviews, and resources of information
 nia, Berkeley, Roscoe Giles, Boston University, Raquell                      about opportunities for students—number more than
 Holmes, Boston University and University of Connecticut                      145. There are currently more than 500 students from
 Health Center, Clint Dawson, Oscar Gonzalez, and Tif-                        175 institutions who belong to the EL Alliance.

     Richard Tapia, Rice University, Principal Investigator for the EL Alliance (center front), with students at the April 2009 Tapia Celebra-
     tion of Diversity in Computing conference.

                                                                                                                           (Continued on page 21)
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                          Summer-Fall 2009
                                                News of Affiliated Groups

           Opportunity to Join the EL Alliance: A Network of People and Resources
               Committed to Broadening Participation in Computing (cont’d)
                                                        Ann Redelfs, Empowering Leadership Alliance
(Continued from page 20: ELA)
 Leveraging op-                                                                                                             Students in
 portunities for                                                                                                            the EL Alli-
 students and                                                                                                               ance have
 faculty is an im-                                                                                                          expressed a
 portant compo-                                                                                                             strong interest
 nent of the                                                                                                                in attending
 overall BPC                                                                                                                conferences in
 program, which                                                                                                             their disci-
 includes CRA-                                                                                                              pline and
 W. The EL Alli-                                                                                                            meeting lead-
 ance has worked                                                                                                            ers in their
 with members                                                                                                               fields. This is
 of CRA-W to                                                                                                                accomplished
 share informa-                                                                                                             through active
 tion and oppor-                                                                                                            participation
 tunities for stu-                                                                                                          in a number
 dents and fac-                                                                                                             of confer-
                      EL Alliance computer science students from the University of Texas at Austin participated in the
 ulty throughout STARS Alliance annual meeting in August 2009.                                                              ences, includ-
 the BPC pro-                                                                                                               ing the Grace
 gram. Future plans are to increase minority recruitment                 Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing, Richard
 for CRA-W programs, including the Career Mentoring                      Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Computing, SC’XY,
 Workshops, Discipline-Specific Mentoring Workshops,                     and discipline-
 Distributed Research Experiences for Undergraduates,                    specific workshops.
 and a computer undergraduate scholars program.                          Conferences provide
                                                                         outstanding oppor-
                                                                         tunities for students
 In addition to working with CRA-W, the ELA established                  to become con-
 teams of students to participate in service projects                    nected to one an-
 through the BPC’s STARS program (Students and Tech-                     other and to the
 nology in Academia, Research, and Service), and devel-                  professional com-
 oped a series of interviews of minority leaders with A4RC               puting community,
 (Alliance for the Advancement of African American Re-                   and EL Alliance stu-
 searchers in Computing). The EL Alliance participates in                dents have presented
 a number of other BPC programs, offering a slate of op-                 papers, panels, and
 portunities tailored to the participants.                               Birds-of-a-Feather
                                                                         sessions at confer-
                                                                         ences while also net-
 The EL Alliance mentoring program includes mentor
                                                                         working with others. Chima Ebinama and Gleensha Johnson,
 matches through e-mentoring and on-site mentoring at                                                 EL Alliance students from the University
 conferences. The e-mentoring participants receive                                                    of Maryland College Park, at the 2009
                                                                         More information             National Society for Black Engineers
 monthly messages from Phoebe Lenear of the University                   about the EL Alli-           conference.
 of Illinois, EL Alliance’s mentoring director. Future plans             ance can be found at
 include a partnership with MentorNet to meet the needs         or by writing to
 of a growing number of students requesting mentors.           

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                         Summer-Fall 2009
                                               News of Affiliated Groups

                               Michigan Celebration of Women in Computing
                                            We Are Computing
                                   Kim Glass Thompson, Michigan State University

        Michigan Celebration of Women in Computing (MICWIC) participants at the April 2009 celebration in Hickory Corners, Michigan.

 The second biennial Michigan Celebration of Women in                    sions sparked lively discussions about getting admitted to
 Computing (MICWIC) took place April 3-4, 2009 at the                    graduate school, running a successful women in comput-
 Kellogg Biological Station in Hickory Corners, Michigan.                ing group, preparing for an entry-level IT position, and
 The conference theme “We Are Computing” was a tribute                   working from home.
 to women who are creating, teaching, and shaping the
 future of computing technology.                                         Saturday morning lightning talks and paper sessions
                                                                         highlighted student research, professional networking,
 “It is important to think of ourselves as being what com-               Serious Game Design, physical computing, Google out-
 puting is about,” said conference chair Linda Ott, profes-              reach projects, and “cool” Microsoft research. One
 sor and chair of the computer science department at                     lightning talk was a heartfelt tribute to a cherished men-
 Michigan Technological University. “One of the goals of                 tor, computing pioneer Dr. Rose Carney.
 MICWIC is expanding our visions of ourselves and our
 opportunities in computing.”

 Over 125 people attended MICWIC. The conference at-
 tracted students with diverse academic backgrounds, rang-
 ing from professional writing and digital art to computer
 science. Professionals in industry, government, and acade-
 mia shared their insights and mentored the next genera-
 tion of computing professionals. MICWIC also featured a
 special track for high school students and teachers.

 The celebration began on Friday with a student poster
 session featuring ten different entries, including an interac-
 tive “We Are Computing” poster where conference par-                                  Students present posters about their work.
 ticipants could add their own bios. Birds of a Feather ses-
                                                                                                                     (Continued on page 23)
CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                                    Summer-Fall 2009
                                              News of Affiliated Groups
(Continued from page 22: MICWIC)                                                      CRA-W and NCWIT
 Keynote speaker Vibeke Sorensen, professor and chair of                      Joanne Cohoon, University of Virginia
 media studies at the University at Buffalo, The State Uni-
 versity of New York, gave participants a thought-                      For maximum impact, CRA-W
 provoking glimpse into the intersection of computing                   collaborates with other major
 technology and the arts. Sorensen provided examples of                 organizations dedicated to
 how technology can empower humanity to embrace the                     women’s full participation in
 unique perspectives of every culture.                                  computing. One of these col-
                                                                        laborating organizations is the
 Throughout the afternoon, panelists and speakers shared                National Center for Women and
 strategies for success in computing fields. Denise Fogel               Information Technology
 of Crowe Horwath described how technologists can take                  (NCWIT).
 their skills to a new level in her talk “Moving from Tech-
 nologist to Project Manager.” High school sessions fo-                 NCWIT is a growing coalition of
 cused on unleashing creativity, college preparation, and               over 170 prominent corporations, academic institutions,
 computing career options. Students attended a career                   and non-profits that work at strengthening the computing
 and graduate school information fair, and the Michigan                 workforce and promoting technology innovation through
 Council of Women in Technology helped students hone                    women’s greater participation. NCWIT creates both infra-
 their interviewing skills during two fast-paced speed inter-           structure and community to connect inclusion efforts from
 viewing sessions.                                                      K-12 and higher education through industry, academic, and
                                                                        entrepreneurial careers.
 Like other
 small re-                                                              One unique feature of NCWIT is its incorporation of social
 gional cele-                                                           science scholarship into its resources for members of its
 brations of                                                            Academic, Workforce, K-12, and Entrepreneurial Alliances.
 women in                                                               A group of prominent sociologists, psychologists, educa-
 computing,                                                             tion researchers, economists, and others who study the rela-
 MICWIC                                                                 tionship between gender and technology advise the organi-
 provided a                                                             zation about strategy and content. In addition to this advi-
 low-cost                                                               sory group, the core NCWIT staff includes social scientists
 opportunity                                                            who translate research findings into free products for at-
 for students                                                           tracting, retaining, and advancing women in computing.
 and profes-        Students get an opportunity to make friends.        CRA-W has many connections to NCWIT. For example,
 sionals to                                                             we share some members and we have formal organizational
 come together as a community. Attendees were enthusi-                  collaborations, such as the longitudinal study of participants
 astic about sharing their ideas and experiences in a sup-              in the CRA-W Graduate Cohort program. The newest joint
 portive environment, and the men and women who at-                     project is WWW.2, a Wide Web for Women, which was
 tended filled two short days with an amazing amount of                 recently funded by the National Science Foundation.
 energy and fun.
                                                                        The WWW.2 project brings CRA-W and NCWIT together
 MICWIC was sponsored by Crowe Horwath, Michigan                        with the ACM-W for generating and enhancing regional
 State University Libraries, Computing and Technology,                  celebrations for women in computing. This new alliance
 Eaton Corporation, TechSmith Corporation, the Michi-                   will triple the current number of “mini Hoppers” to build
 gan Council of Women in Technology, and ACM-W.                         regional communities for women in computing, extend the
                                                                        positive effects of these events to underserved populations
 Conference organizers are looking for enthusiastic indi-               and regions, and recruit and retain women in computing.
 viduals to help plan MICWIC 2011. We would also like                   By working with NCWIT, CRA-W leverages its own pro-
 to expand high school participation. Please send an e-mail             grams for even broader impact on the computing commu-
 to if you would like to be involved.                nity.

CRA-W Newsletter
                                                                                           Summer-Fall 2009

                 CRA-W Members                                           CRA-W Emerita Members
 Co-Chairs                                                   Anne Condon, University of British Columbia
 Carla Brodley, Tufts University                             Jan Cuny, National Science Foundation
 Kathleen Fisher, AT&T Labs Research                         Fran Berman, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
                                                             Leah Jamieson, Purdue University
 Nancy Amato, Texas A&M University                           Maria Klawe, Harvey Mudd College
 Cecilia Aragon, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab              Nancy G. Leveson, MIT
 Tracy Camp, Colorado School of Mines
 Sheila Castañeda, Clarke College
 Lori A. Clarke, University of Massachusetts, Amherst                              About CRA-W
 Joanne Cohoon, University of Virginia                        CRA-W is an action-oriented committee of the Computing Re-
 Andrea Danyluk, Williams College                             search Association dedicated to increasing the access, retention,
 Dilma Da Silva, IBM Research                                 and advancement of women in computer science and engineering
 Carla Ellis, Duke University                                 research and education, including undergraduate and graduate
 Joan Francioni, Winona State University                      students, faculty, and industry and government research labs. See
 Maria Gini, University of Minnesota                          more about CRA-W and its activities at
 Susanne E. Hambrusch, Purdue University                      CRA-W has received support from the National Science Founda-
 Mary Jean Harrold, Georgia Tech                              tion, EOT-PACI, Google, The Henry Luce Foundation, Lucent
 Julia Hirschberg, Columbia University                        Technologies, Microsoft Research, Usenix, General Motors-
 Mary Jane Irwin, Penn State University                       Canada, NSERC, Intel, IBM, Sun, and ACM Special Interests
 Susan Landau, Sun Microsystems Laboratory                    Groups. We thank them for their generous support.
 Tessa Lau, IBM Almaden Research Center                       CRA-W encourages individual contributions from alums of our
 Margaret Martonosi, Princeton University                     programs and other CRA-W friends, to build a broad base of
 Kathryn McKinley, University of Texas at Austin              supporters and to develop long-term relationships that, over the
 Renée J. Miller, University of Toronto                       years, will help diversify CRA-W’s funding sources. Because
                                                              CRA-W programs have touched so many lives, this initiative is an
 Joann Ordille, Avaya Labs
                                                              outlet for alums and friends to make contributions toward reach-
 Lori Pollock, University of Delaware                         ing the next generation of women computer scientists and engi-
 Mary Lou Soffa, University of Virginia                       neers. To donate to CRA-W, visit
 Manuela Veloso, Carnegie Mellon University         


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