Corporate Profile - Tanker

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Corporate Profile - Tanker Powered By Docstoc

  Naval Architects, Marine Engineers &
       Transportation Consultants

       30 Vesey Street, 7th floor
      New York, New York 10007

           Tel. 212-964-1180
           Fax. 212-285-1334

               October 2009
C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

                              TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION                                                                     2

CORPORATE FACILITIES                                                             3

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Dry Cargo Vessels                                             4

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Product, Crude, and Chemical Carriers                         5

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Ferries and Passenger Vessels                                7

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Hull Form, Stability, Seakeeping & Maneuvering Studies        8

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Ports and Terminals                                           9

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Environment and Safety                                       12

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Containers                                                   11

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Accident Investigations                                      14

OTHER PROJECTS                                                                   15

REPRESENTATIVE LIST OF CLIENTS, NYC OFFICE                                       14

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT                                                         16

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

C.R. Cushing & Co. is a firm of naval architects, marine engineers and transportation
consultants, founded in New York in 1968. Over intervening years, the company has had
branch offices in the U.S. (New Jersey), overseas subsidiary companies (Hamburg; Madrid,
Piraeus), and foreign field offices (Korea; Spain, Japan).
C.R. Cushing & Co. has designed over 250 vessels that have been built in the U.S. and
abroad. These vessels currently constructed and other vessels designed have main propulsion
plants amounting to over 3,000,000 horsepower. We have been involved with vessel
construction in more than 200 shipyards worldwide. Along with overseeing ship
construction, we’ve performed conversion and repair negotiations with many of these
shipyards. Our projects have involved analyses of shipbuilding methods, design services for
shipyards, manufacture design of sub-assemblies, repairs, conversions, etc. In addition, C.R.
Cushing & Co. has carried out analyses of shipbuilding industries and shipyards throughout
the world to identify their strengths and weaknesses and presented solutions to our clients.
The company has designed, overseen building, converted and/or worked on all types of
vessels: Passenger ships, Cruise ships, Motor Yachts, Containerships, Roll-on/Roll-off
vessels, Container Feeder ships, Car Carriers, Crude and Product Tankers, Gas Carriers,
OBOs, Offshore Oil Production vessels, Pipe Laying vessels and barges, Tank barges, Bulk
Carriers, Chemical Carriers, Refrigerated Cargo ships, Heavy-lift ships, etc.
Our projects have involved all phases of ship design, ranging from concept and preliminary
design to plan approval, construction supervision and contract management. Specific areas of
our involvement include: the development of vessel arrangements and structural design; ship
motions and loading; design of cargo handling equipment and arrangements; propeller design
and propulsion analyses; heat balances and piping studies; design of electrical, HVAC, fire
protection, navigation and communications systems; vibration calculations, structural and
damage surveys; preparation of planned maintenance systems; design and implementation of
condition monitoring, loading manuals, operating manuals and other shipboard support
studies; and much more.
Conversion design work has included lengthening, widening and deepening hulls, adding
sponsons, widening hatch openings, relocating bulkheads, removing and adding decks, re-
engining, reflagging, relocating and rebuilding superstructures, strapping and strengthening
In addition to traditional ship design work, CRC&Co. has performed ship valuations and cost
estimating, economic analyses, safety audits, risk analyses, environmental impact
assessments, port and terminal design and development, container design, and studies
covering subjects such as transport, vessel stability, propulsion, intermodal logistics, energy
conservation, and marine operations.
C.R. Cushing & Co. has carried out over 3,000 projects of varying size and type for both the
private and public sector. Private sector work has included clients such as ship operators,
leasing companies, major shippers, oil companies, shipping and railroad companies, and
utilities. Among our public sector clients have been many agencies of the US government,
including the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Army, the Environmental Protection
Agency, etc., port authorities, municipal and state governments, foreign governments, as well
as standards and safety organizations with international jurisdiction.
While the work CRC&Co. has performed has been extensive, our commitment to client
satisfaction is paramount and is pursued on all projects.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc. is conveniently located in downtown Manhattan, in the heart of the
New York area shipping community. Classification societies, ship owners, shipyard sales
offices, marine equipment salespeople and various marine services are often within walking
distance, or located nearby in New Jersey or Connecticut. Three major local airports allow
easy transportation anywhere in the world at short notice.

Within the office C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc. has extensive computer capabilities to support
and enhance all the naval architectural, engineering and consulting services it offers. Our
state-of-the-art computers and naval architectural computer software allow quick and detailed
analysis of hull volumes, weights and moments, measures of stability, speed and power
prediction, etc. Also the latest editions of computer aided design (CAD) software are used for
drawing development. These programs enable our draftsmen, naval architects and engineers
to provide drawings to our clients in both two and three dimensions. In addition to these
programs the company utilizes a large library of software to meet our client’s needs such as
finite element analysis for structural design and analysis, pipe network analysis for pipe flow
problems, container and trailer restraint system design and analysis, vibrations, ship speed
and propulsion analysis, project management for PERT/CPM analysis and other requirements.
Our engineers are all equipped with lap-top computers to use in the field at shipyards,
surveying aboard ships, or when traveling so they are never out of touch with the office.

In the course of forty years of business, C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc. has compiled an excellent
library of books, annuals and other references on ship design and construction,
containerization, intermodalism, general shipping subjects, port operations and terminal
design, oceanography, ship's systems, naval subjects, general engineering practice and much
more. The library also receives an abundance of international periodicals dealing with marine
and marine related subjects. Useful information is also available from the thousands of files
of past projects, research conducted for previous proposals, and the extensive collection of
subject files and product literature.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Dry Cargo Vessels
• The design and construction supervision of the world's largest dry cargo containerships
  (12 vessels) in South Korea for U.S. Lines.
• The jumboizing of twelve large containerships, which included a coarse and fine mesh
  FEA analysis of entire ship in Japan for Sea-Land Service.
• Design for the reconstruction of a fleet of tankers into containerships.
• Conversion of Lighter Aboard Ship (LASH) ships into containerships.
• The design and construction supervision of a fleet of Ro/Ros, with the first diesel PTO-
  driven generator.
• Conversion of a fleet (eight ships) of the world’s fastest merchant ships to naval
  auxiliary vessels.
• Prepared the concept design, contract specification and design, provided technical
  drawing review and supervised the sea trials for two 47,000 DWT Self-Unloading Bulk
  Carriers for Gypsum Transportation Limited.
• Develop conversion of a large containership of a Pre-positioned Logistics Support Vessel
  for the U.S. Marine Corps.
• Provided technical assistance, plan approval, and yard construction supervision of three
  new vessels for trans-Atlantic service, including the supervision of loading and container
  handling in all ports on the maiden voyage.
• Design and calculations, including preparation of specifications and contract plans, and
  solicitation of shipyard bids, for a mass-produced standard containership with numerous
  unique and patentable features, for a European steamship company.
• Provided design, plan approval, and construction of two classes of nine reefer ships built
  in Spain for an international fruit company.
• Prepared specifications and contract plans, gave general technical assistance, supervised
  yard construction, and inspected a fleet of high speed containerships, constructed in
  Germany for German owners.
• Prepared design and specifications, and supervised the construction of four large
  containerships, built in Korean yards for Korean owners.
• Supervised the construction of a high-tech combination reefer shipyard/automobile carrier
  in Japan. Provided considerable after-delivery support to insure proper operations of
  sophisticated refrigeration system and hydraulic car platforms and ramps.
• Developed contract design for large catamaran ro-ro barges.
• Developed preliminary steel weight and cost estimates for the conversion of four tankers
  to containerships.
• Evaluated new construction and conversion alternatives of self-propelled vessels,
  integrated tug-barges, and deck barges for a rail car ferry operation.
• Perform preliminary designs of rail car ITB and self-propelled vessel for short sea service.
• Prepared preliminary design studies for a post-Panamax containership for a U.S. container
• Studied trim and stability on refrigerated cargo/container ships to analyze possible
  enhancements to container capacity.
• Analyzed and developed solutions to bottom shell cracking problems on a class of eight
• Plan review, calculation verification, structural design, and other aspects of detail design
  review to support Quincy Shipbuilding in converting the SL-7 class containerships to
  meet Military Sealift requirements as a TAKRX.
• Plan review, calculation verification, and specification review in support of American
  President Lines' offer for the conversion of C5 cargo ships to meet Military Sealift
  Command requirements as TAKRX pre-positioned ships.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

•   Conducted design, specifications, plans, and engineering of the Roll on/Roll off vessel the
    M/V Cape Edmont for sale to the U.S. Federal Government.
•   Plan review, design, and specification for the modification of LASH-type vessels to meet
    U.S. military requirements.
•   Studied the conversion and reflagging of foreign-flag Roll on/Roll off vessels to U.S. flag
    specifications for the U.S. Maritime Administration.
•   Conducted design, specifications, plans, and engineering for the reflagging of The M/V
    American Eagle to U.S. Coast Guard and American Bureau of Shipping standards for
    Military Sealift Command charter.
•   Developed concept design for vessel to serve as a container crane transfer facility in
    conjunction with non-sustaining containerships to meet proposed requirements for the
    U.S. military.
•   Conducted design, specifications, plans, and engineering for the reflagging and deck
    modification of the M/V American Cormorant to U.S. Coast Guard and American Bureau
    of Shipping standards for use as a Military Sealift Command chartered semi-submersible,
    heavy-lift vessel.
•   Performed analyses of ro-ro decks to determine compliance with vessel charter
•   Developed steel weight and cost estimates for ro-ro barge modification options to increase
    cargo capacity.
•   Carried out rudder force and torque calculations to confirm suitability of rudder pintle
•   Developed a lashing system for two containerships chartered by the Military Sealift
•   Guided procurement of 3,500HP harbor tugboats for a Port Authority.
•   Carried out numerous modifications of hatch covers and container restraint systems to suit
    new combinations of container stowage.
•   The design (and patents) for a unique reel pipe laying vessel.
•   The design of an oil spill recovery vessel.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Product, Crude, and Chemical Carriers
• Carried out major conversion and upgrading of a product/chemical tanker to new vessel
  standards of the U.S. Coast Guard, including the joining of a tanker stern to an ITB
• Prepared conversion designs for several classes of tankers.
• Carried out reconstruction design of 120,000 ton deadweight tankers from single to
  double hull configuration.
• Prepared concept design of a forebody for a class of 125,000 ton deadweight tankers.
• Carried out design of 20,000 ton deadweight tankers for U.S. flag operation.
• Developed design of double hull VLCC’s.
• Evaluated several existing single hull tankers for operation in U.S. jurisdiction, including
  determining options for modification to carry desired products.
• Designed a 225,000 ton deadweight double hull oil tanker.
• Carried out the design, shipyard drawing review and construction supervision of a fleet of
• Designed and supervised the construction of an 80,000 DWT OBO, with the first Sulzer
  RTA diesel.
• Prepared plans and specifications, and carried out technical, safety and environmental
  studies for the construction of three 125,000 cubic meter LNG vessels.
• Carried out preliminary design for lengthening of a U.S. flag oil tanker.
• Performed preliminary design of a 30,000 DWT clean product tanker for a U.S. owner.
• Developed conversion designs for tankers to meet requirements of IOPP and MARPOL,
  including implementation of inert gas systems, segregated ballast systems, spill detection
  systems, crude oil washing and crew training procedures.
• Carried out plan approval for a 40,000 barrel double hull tank barge.
• Determined suitability of various noxious liquid substances (NLS) with the features of
  existing product or chemical carriers and advised about the modifications which would be
  necessary to carry the desired product.
• Prepared a design for the conversion of a petroleum tanker to a sulfur tanker.
• Developed preliminary and contract design for a 24,000 ton deadweight, U.S. flag sulfur
  carrier; carried out shipyard bid analysis, and negotiated specifications
• Carried out numerous on tanker damage and condition surveys on tankers.
• Analyzed the circumstances concerning the sinking of several tankers.
• Prepared re-engining studies on several tankers.
• Investigated the conversion of a tanker for the transport of tallow.
• Developed a fendering system for a class of OBOs.
• Performed preliminary concept design for conversion of a product carrier to an asphalt
• Evaluated a class of new tankers for a major ship financing institution.
• Investigation and repair of a major structural failure in a double bottom hull of an ITB
  tank barge.
• Prepared tank barge cargo oil heating retrofit with thermal fluid system.
• Redesign the rudder on a VLCC.
• Designed a floating storage tanker.
• Carried out a survey of floating storage tankers.
• Studied the corrosion rates in tankers.
• Studied and surveyed a VLCC for causes of contamination of product cargoes.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

•   Designed a series of oil spill recovery vessels, oil spill pick-up equipment, and oily water
•   Provided inspection and owner’s representation for re-activation of LNG carriers.
•   Concept design development of a 20,000 - 30,000 DWT clean product tanker to meet the
    requirements of the U.S. Navy's Replacement Program.
•   Obtained U.S.C.G. approval of vapor recovery system installed on a tanker.
•   Prepared tanker freeboard calculation.
•   Prepared damage stability response system for a fleet of LNG tank vessels.
•   Provided technical assistance on the first series of Double Eagle Tankers.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Ferries and Passenger Vessels
• Prepared a preliminary design for a 2,200 passenger cruise ship for an American
• Performed surveys, ship evaluations, and modification designs of the U.S. flag passenger
  ships S.S. Constitution and Independence.
• Carried out survey and conversion design of the S.S. America.
• Provided technical services relating to the preliminary design of a 300 passenger ferry.
• Prepared preliminary design, specifications, working drawings and yard supervision in the
  conversion of the Theodore Herzog to the cruise vessel Mardi Gras.
• Prepared plans and specifications for the conversion of a cargo vessel for the Eastern
• Carried out design and specification negotiation, plan approval, and construction
  supervision of a 35 meter luxury motor yacht.
• Conducted technical and safety assessments aboard SSC Radisson Diamond, the world’s
  first SWATH cruise ship.
• Conducted condition surveys and feasibility studies for the sale of passenger vessels for
  use in the Mediterranean Sea as a foreign flag vessel.
• Carried out on-hire survey of Vera Cruz I and condition survey of T.S.S. Santa Rosa for
  Bermuda Star Line.
• Review design and approve plans for Hong Kong high speed ferries.
• Condition survey of the M/V Independence, 138 passenger commuter ferry converted
  from a crew boat, to determine the suitability of ferry operation in New York harbor.
• Surveyed numerous passenger ferries as candidates for conversion for a ferry in the Port
  of New York.
• Conducted safety and technical assessments aboard various cruise ships for Commodore
  Cruise Line.
• Conducted both safety and technical assessments aboard the cruise ship M/V Future Seas.
• Developed and approved design of sponsons and modifications to a 40 year old passenger
  vessel to meet statutory requirements.
• Analyzed intact and damage stability aspects and provided technical support in arbitration
  concerning a major modification of a passenger ship.
• Supervised stability test, prepared sea trial agenda, supervised sea trial, prepared sea trial
  report and maneuvering diagrams and information for navigation of a modern cruise ship.
• Evaluated the stability and supervised the stability test of a 63 ft. passenger ferry for U.S.
  Coast Guard approval.
• Measure and evaluate stern and shaft vibrations on the S.S. Caribe.
• Surveyed existing and analyzed proposed ferry services between Yucatan and Cozumel.
• Obtained U.S. Coast Guard approvals for ferry Oliver Twist.
• Accomplished contract design for modernization of steering system of the U.S. Coast
  Guard Governor’s Island ferry M/V Tide.
• Surveyed and prepared valuations of U.S. ferries for a major U.S. bank.
• Performed preliminary conversion design of a crew boat to a ferry.
• Studied feasibility of a high speed steel U.S. flag car ferry.
• Provided contract design, general arrangement, and specifications to the National Park
  Service for an all-weather ferry in New York Harbor.
• Provided design services for modification of prison ferries at Riker's Island for the New
  York City Department of Corrections.
• Provided engineering services to RCCL for cruise vessels Sovereign of the Seas and
  Monarch of the Seas.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Hull Form, Stability, Sea keeping, & Maneuvering Studies
• Developed alternative hull forms for comparative evaluation of resistance,
  propulsion, sea keeping, ship motions, and maneuvering characteristics for numerous ship
  design projects.
• Carried out sea keeping studies on a large, oceangoing catamaran.
• Supervised parametric tests on optimum bulbous bow forms for a variety of ships.
• Developed different stern form designs, including conventional waterline flow and
  buttock flow (Pram) type sterns.
• Carried out systematic studies and model tests to develop optimum trim.
• Carried out designs, investigations and model tests on a series of broad beamed, large
  containerships with pram-type sterns.
• Designed vessels for various grades of ice class.
• Prepared model test agenda for each phase of hull form design for many projects.
• Evaluated model test facilities for conduct of model testing on several occasions based
  upon the model test agenda contemplated.
• Evaluated model test quotations and carried out selection of model test facility on many
  different projects.
• Worked with major model test facilities of the world, including MARIN (Wageningen),
  HSVA (Hamburg), SSPA (Gothenburg), IHI (Yokohama), MHI (Nagasaki), the
  University of Michigan (Ann Arbor), and Davidson Laboratory (Hoboken).
• Evaluated model test results and prepared corresponding performance predictions.
• Carried out study of different thruster arrangements for evaluation of necessary ship
  maneuvering capability.
• Carried out numerous evaluations of maneuvering capability based on principal
  particulars and rudder type and area.
• Evaluated and selected thruster type and size based on vessel mission requirements and
  life cycle cost analysis.
• Performed calculations to reconstruct the tracks of vessels in shoal waters.
• Developed data on a number of vessels, including tankers and passenger ships on squat.
• Analyzed vessel performance, including power, speed, and vessel motions in varying
  ocean weather systems.
• Performed a systematic series of designs of breakwaters and bow forms for low freeboard
  vessels operating in waves.
• Analyzed the ship motions of containerships and compared with computer program
• Carried out wave refraction and diffraction calculations to assess wave height and period
  in marina.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

    TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Ports and Terminals
•    Prepared the preliminary design for a large multi-use container terminal in New York.
•    Planned, specified and acquired all container handling equipment and cranes for a New
     York terminal.
•    Carried out the planning and Phase One design of a container terminal for Prince Rupert,
•    Designed an automated ship unloading and rail container handling system.
•    Designed barge mounted crane and container terminal system for Port Said, Egypt.
•    Developed Container and refrigerated terminal facilities for Del Monte’s ports in Central
     America and the U.S. East, Gulf and West Coast.
•    Consultant to and part owner of container handling terminal facilities in New Orleans.
•    Consultant to European Container Terminus (ECT).
•    Consultant on numerous shipboard and shore gantry container cranes.
•    company for an investment group, including all owned port and cargo handling facilities,
     all vessels, evaluation of the company management, and determination of the
     competitiveness of the company in future operations.
•    Prepared a time and motion study relating to the loading and discharge of containers,
     using both shipboard and shore cranes for a large container operator.
•    Carried out a survey of ports and terminal facilities for a new container operation,
     including an analysis of port charges, labor costs, new facilities costs, and transportation
     and distribution systems serving the ports.
•    Prepared preliminary design of a container handling facility in Haifa.
•    Developed the port development and expansion plans for Tin Can Island in Lagos,
•    Performed the design of a marine terminal expansion including analysis of warehousing
     facilities, railroad spur access, traffic flow patterns, maintenance and repair facilities and
     cargo handling rates and throughput.
•    Investigated and analyzed the loading and discharge operation of paper newsprint for the
     New York Daily News, at a consolidated plant, including the preparation of the design for
     equipment for discharging the ships, moving the paper into the warehouse, stacking the
     rolls, and automatically withdrawing the rolls from storage for automatic feed to the press
•    Planned the development of a major oil terminal in the Virgin Islands.
•    Studied the interface options between a rail car ferry and shore ramp.
•    Carried out a study and design of specialized mechanical equipment to efficiently unload
     grain in bulk.
•    Develop several alternatives for a trailer ramp for interface with a large ro-ro barge.
•    Provided technical assistance in the conceptual design and layout of a marine container
     terminal for a terminal operating company.
•    Performed research project for the U.S. Government for improving the efficiency of
     container terminals, including a detailed cost analysis of all costs in the containerization
     system external to direct marine costs.
•    The design of crude discharge and product loading facilities for a 200,000 barrel per day

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

•   Performed a marine facility feasibility study for a major U.S. energy supplier including
    analyses of meteorological, climate and oceanographic data, geographic studies, ocean
    wave and current measurement surveys and marine environmental impact assessments for
    several proposed sites.
•   Developed plans for the expansion of the port of San Juan, Puerto Rico.
•   Provided consultation on the expansion of a floating tennis facility at the 79th Street boat
    basin and marina on the Hudson River in New York.
•   Engineering oversight of an automated grain loading facility in Galveston including the
    design & manufacturing of spiral loaders, conveyers, bagging equipment, palletizers, etc.
•   Engineering services in connection with the concept and contract design of a limestone
    port in Mexico handling 10,000,000 tons of stone per year.
•   Technical, safety, operational and economic audit of bulk bauxite and alumina terminal.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Environment and Safety
• Prepared the Tankerman's Manual for the U.S. Coast Guard.
• Prepared oil spill response manuals.
• Studied the collision resistance of tankers.
• Developed oil pipeline inspection procedures for the U.S. Coast Guard including
  identification of oil spill risk components.
• Investigation of maneuvering deficiency for a 225,000 DWT tanker.
• Prepared of a tanker operations manual for a U.S. owner and operator.
• Carried out a study of the technical, environmental, safety and operations aspects of an
  offshore platform in 130 feet of water to receive tank vessels up to 500,000 DWT.
• Studied deep water port mooring (CALMS and SALMS) and crude oil transfer systems
  for the U.S. Department of Transportation.
• Development of an operating manual for a tanker company, including safety procedures,
  pollution control, regulatory requirements, spill containment and collection.
• Development of environmental criteria and guidelines to assess the environmental impact
  plan submitted as part of the oil purchase/transport contract for U.S. Department of
  Energy, Strategic Petroleum Office.
• Compared the damage stability characteristics of double hull and mid-deck/hydrostatically
  balanced concept tankers.
• Analyzed stability aspects of trunk deck double hull tankers.
• Design of trolley, wave maker and trolley towing winch system for the EPA's Oil and
  Hazardous Materials Test Tank facilities (OHMSETT) in New Jersey.
• Studied the operational intact stability difficulties of double hull tankers.
• Technical, environmental, safety, and operational aspects of single point mooring
  facilities for tankers up to 500,000 ton DWT at an offshore platform in 130 feet of water
  for the U.S. Coast Guard in 1979.
• Prepared a prevention and control program for oil pollution in the San Francisco Bay area
  for the California Water Control Board.
• Performed studies on existing ships to assess new IMO damage stability regulations for
  cargo ships.
• Conducted a container safety study for the U.S. Coast Guard, examining a variety of
  containers and rating their overall safety features, entitled "A Study of Intermodal
  Container Safety."
• Studied the reported on the relative resistance of FRP containers to sustain side and top
  panel damage and the suitability of FRP containers to carry hazardous materials.
• Conducted a dry cargo vessel subdivision study to International Maritime Organization
  safety regulations for the U.S. Coast Guard.
• Studied the problems related to tanker navigation in ice.
• Conducted a Roll on/Roll off vessel dry cargo subdivision safety study for the U.S.
  Department of Transportation/ Transportation Systems Center.
• Development of acoustic emission hose failure detection system for deepwater port
  including effects of environmental factors on system reliability and maintainability.
• Developed a computer simulation technique for risk evaluation to augment existing
  experimental simulation.
• Safety analysis for LNG terminal and marine facilities for the State of New Jersey.
• Performed analysis of LNG cargo handling to assess problem of product spills.
• Measurement of airborne asbestos on vessels in port and at sea.
• Measurement of toxic gases and indoor air pollution on vessel.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

•   Design and structural analysis on numerous types of containers, including dry cargo, tank,
    refrigerated, open top, folding, etc.
•   Prepared purchase specifications, negotiated and/or acted as owner representative and
    inspectors for the procurement of thousands of containers for such companies as Sea-
    Land, Seatrain, Delta Lines, U.S. Lines, Columbus Lines, Fabre Lines, Meri Shipping,
    Maersk Lines, and many others.
•   Inspected, type approved, load tested and damage surveyed, thousands of containers over
    the last 32 years.
•   Developed container cranes, container straddle carriers, container spreaders, container
    power boxes, container dehumidification and refrigeration systems, stores containers,
    containerized test labs, containerized gas turbine transport system, container securing and
    restraint systems.
•   Designed container factories in Ireland, India and Yugoslavia, and analyzed/evaluated
    such facilities in the U.S., China, Japan and elsewhere.
•   Designed containers in aluminum, stainless steel, flat and corrugated steel, filament
    wound plastic, honey combed sandwich panel, and other materials.

Distinctions within the Container Industry
•   The first to apply finite element analysis techniques to the structural analysis of
•   Dr. C. R. Cushing has been a member of the American Standards Committee continuously
    since 1960. This is the committee that developed the strength and dimensional standards
    for the ISO containers.
•   Dr. C. R. Cushing has been a U.S. delegate to the International Standards Organization
    TC104 meetings over the last 38 years.
•   Dr. C. R. Cushing has been a member of the American Bureau of Shipping container
    committee since its inception 18 years ago.
•   C. R. Cushing & Co. has been delegated authority by the Commandant (G-MSO), U.S.
    Coast Guard, to approve containers as complying with the International Safe Container
    Act in accordance with Title 49, U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Part 450, since 8 Sept.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

TYPICAL PROJECTS -- Accident Investigations
• Study of the structural failure and sinking of a tanker for the Liberian government.
• Investigation, analysis and solution to bottom shell cracking problems on a class of eight
• Study and repair design of a major structural failure in a double bottom of an ITB tank
• Study of the sinking of the tanker Spartan Lady.
• Investigation into the structural failure of a tanker which grounded in the Houston Ship
• Study of the grounding and damage to the tanker Sea Saint.
• Investigation of the corrosion rates of ULCCs and VLCCs.
• Investigation of the capsizing and subsequent sinking of containerships, including the
  Munchen, the Poet, and the Tuxpan.
• Studied the alleged grounding and total collapse of the hull girder of a tanker.
• Investigation of buckling and subsequent break up of a bulk carrier.
• Studied the alleged break up and disappearance of a four year old containership.
• Investigated the cause of the capsizing of a cruise ship subsequent to a grounding.
• Carried out several investigations of incidents where ocean barges had capsized or sunk
  while under tow.
• Investigated numerous cargo losses, cargo damages and personal injuries.
• Analyzed the arrangement of mooring lines and mooring line strength for containership on
  which mooring lines broke.
• Sinking of the Ukrainian bulkcarrier Salvadore Allende.
• Loss of containers containing highly toxic chemicals from the Santa Clara
• Exxon Valdez grounding and track analyses, causes for grounding, double hull analysis,
  testimony cases held in Anchorage and in Houston.
• Sundancer sinking analysis.
• The sinking of the M/V Golden Chariot.
• The loss of the tanker Hawaiian Patriot.
• Seaworthiness of the tanker Alsterstern.
• Risk analysis and testimony in asbestos and benzene cases.
• Causes for the grounding of the M/V Mantinia.
• Causes for the loss of the deck cargo from the M/V Captain Panos.
• A study of the fire on the passenger ship Rotterdam.
• Technical assistance concerning the charter party dispute on the M/V Dan Xia Shan.
• Technical analysis of the sinking of the tanker PRESTIGE.
• Analysis of the hull failure and sinking of the M/V MSC CARLA.
• Analyses on the fire and explosions on several vessels due to the spontaneous combustion
  of calcium hypochlorite.
• An analysis of the capsizing of the pilot boat GALTEX.
• A study on the cause of the sinking of the tanker PRESTIGE.
• Collision M/V Virgo
• Grounding M/V White Sea
• Stand alone (Independent) collision investigations involving these vessels: Nirint
  Progress, Linda E, M/V Jorita, and a Hess Barge.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

• Carried out numerous valuations of vessels of all types.
• Planned, scheduled, and conducted sea trials for numerous vessels of all types, including
  passenger ships, containerships, ro-ro ships, tankers, bulk carriers, tugs, tug-barge
  combinations, private yachts, etc.
• Instrumented vessels with accelerometers, pressure transducers, strain gauges, velocity
  flow meters, torque meters, revolution counters, etc. and reduced data for use in finite
  element and longitudinal stress programs.
• Performed wind tunnel tests on shore gantry cranes to obtain information about forces on
  tie-down forces, stability information and performance of equipment in high winds.
• Designed, built, and positioned buoys in selected locations near the coast of St. Croix to
  set up and record wave patterns and amplitudes over a three month period. This
  information was used to assess the most appropriate site for an oil refinery.
• Carried out numerous analyses of model tests using scale models of ship designs in
  developmental stages, including resistance, self-propulsion, open water propeller
  cavitation, sea keeping, and maneuvering.
• Developed data for and produced trim, stability, and loading manuals for vessels of all
  types, including computer programs.
• Performed an analysis of the shipyards of China and recommendations concerning
  modifications to individual yards and the Chinese commercial industry.
• Analyzed the shipbuilding industry of Argentina for a major bank.
• Surveyed and analyzed the shipbuilding industry of Turkey for a major bulk carrier
• Obtained and reviewed proposals for the privatization of the Curacao Shipyard.
• A review of the plans, layout, work flow, production methods and shipbuilding equipment
  selection for a major South Korean shipyard.
• Carried out a detailed transportation study for the transportation of aggregate commodities
  between Central America and the U.S.
• Prepared transportation network model for comparing the economics of various
  transportation techniques and modes of different bulk commodities for development of an
  ITB operation.
• Designed and supervised the construction of a container manufacturing factory in Poona,
• Planning and analysis of a petroleum transshipment terminal in the Caribbean.
• Prepared conceptual design booklets describing various conversions of vessels for use as
  U.S. military transports (RRMS and RAPS).
• Conducted a lashing study for the U.S. Maritime Administration in 1983.
• Conducted a bulk handling study for the MARAD 1981, entitled "A Guide to Selecting
  Shipboard Container and Trailer Restraint Systems."
• Conducted a container optimization study to develop an equipment stowage scheme in
  aircraft for the U.S. Air Force, including the examination of container equipment,
  handling techniques, and logistical support.
• Conducted an engineering study for flat rack containers for the U.S. Army.
• Completed NAVFAC drawing corrections and participated in the plan review of marine
  control console drawings for causeway sections. Completed research, analyses, and text
  in association with a number of marine engineering firms for the U.S. MARAD’s “Ship of
  the Future” study.

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

   Representative List of Clients, NYC Office

  A.P. Moller                                   Continental Illinois
  Admiral Cruise Lines                          Continental Oil
  Aimcor                                        Coordinated Container Transport
  Alabama Shipyards                             Crowley Marine Transport
  Alcoa                                         CSAV
  Alfa Laval, Inc.                              Cushman & Wakefield
  Ambassador Cruises                            Cypress Financial
  American Automar, Inc.                        Del Monte Fresh Fruit Co.
  American Bulk Carriers                        Delta Steamship Lines
  American Bureau of Shipping                   DeOrchis, Walker & Corsa
  American Cruise Lines                         Derby, Cook, Quinby and Tweed
  American Hawaii Cruises                       Diamond Radisson
  American Heavy Lift                           Dixie Carriers
  American President Lines                      Dock Express Contractors
  Anchor Marine                                 Dole Fresh Fruit International Ltd.
  ARCO Marine                                   Don Jon Marine
  Argent Marine                                 Donovan Maloof, Walsh & Kennedy
  Association of Danish Shipbuilders            Dyer, Ellis
  Atlantic Container Line                       E.K. Traders Pty., Ltd.
  Bank of America                               Eastham, Watson
  Bath Iron Works                               Effjohn International
  Belcher Towing                                Egyptian Refrigerated Transport
  Beltship Management Limited                   Eletson Tankers
  Bermuda Star Lines                            European Container Terminals, E.C.T.
  Bethlehem Steel Corp.                         Exxon Corporation
  Bigham, Englar, Jones & Houston               Fabre Lines
  CIT                                           Farrell Lines
  CTI                                           Federation Navigation
  Cabot LNG Corporation                         First National Bank of Minneapolis
  Cardillo & Corbett                            Freehill, Hogan
  Carnival Cruise Lines                         Freehill, Hogan, Mahar
  Central Gulf Lines                            Freeport Cruise Lines
  Century Shipping                              GE Capital
  Chalos, English & Brown                       Gelco CTI Container Services
  Chandris Cruise Lines                         Global Terminal & Container Services
  Chargeurs Renunis                             Graham & James
  Chase Manhattan Bank                          Great American Lines
  City of Alameda                               Great Lakes Transport
  City of Philadelphia                          Greyhound Leasing
  Coastal Ship                                  Gypsum Transporation Limited
  Colonial Marine Industries                    Haight, Gardner, Holland & Knight
  Columbus Line                                 Halley, Calkins & Avallone
  Commodore Cruise Line                         Hamburg-Sud
  Connell, Foley                                Hanjin Transportation Co.
  Consolidated Edison                           Healy & Bailey
  Continental Bank                              Hill, Betts and Nash

C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

  Ingenieros Civiles Associados (ICA)      Pacific Lighting and Electric
  Integrated Container Services            Peck & Hale, Inc.
  International Terminal Operating Co.     Penn Tankers
  Interocean                               Pepsico
  ITEL Container International Corp.       Polish Ocean Lines
  Johnstone, Adams                         Port Authority of Jamaica
  Kadampanattu Corp.                       Port Authority of Jebal Ali
  Keystone Shipping                        Pratt and Whitney
  Kirk Line                                Prince Rupert Port Corporation
  Lamont, Doherty Geological Observatory   Prudential Lines
  LNG Ltd.                                 Raytheon
  Lockeed Corporation                      Red River Shipping
  Maersk Container Line                    Reefer Express Lines
  Marine Transport Lines                   Royal Caribbean Cruise Line
  Maritime Capital Corporation             Royster, Razor, Vickery, Williams
  Massport                                 San Francisco Drycok
  Mattioni, Mattioni & Mattioni, Ltd.      Sante Fe International Corporation
  May Ship                                 Sea River Maritime
  McAllister Towing & Transportation       Sea-Land Services
  McArdle, McMaster, Meighen               Sedgwick, Detert
  McDonald, Douglas                        Skagit Corporation
  Mexican Line                             Soros and Associates
  Meyerwerft                               Southern Cross Overseas
  Minneapolis Honeywell                    Southern Ship Management, Inc.
  Mitsubishi Heavy Industries              Southwest Marine
  Moffat Nichol                            Stolt Nielsen
  Moore-McCormack Bulk Transport           Sulphur Carriers
  Moran Towing & Transportation            Sumitomo Corp. of America
  Morgan Guaranty Trust                    Texaco
  NASSCO                                   TMT
  National Maritime Research Center        Trailer Bridge
  Navierias de Puerto Rico (PRMMI)         Trans Oceanic Cableship
  Network Shipping                         Transporta Mexicana
  New York City Dept. of Corrections       U.S. Air Force
  New York City Fire Department            U.S. Army
  New York City Police Department          U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  New York Daily News                      U.S. Coast Guard
  Novoship                                 U.S. Department of Interior
  Odense Shipyard                          U.S. Federal Energy Administration
  Oilmorphic                               U.S. Maritime Administration
  Oiltest Inc.                             U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  Orient Overseas Container Service        U.S. Coast Guard
  Osprey-Acomarit                          U.S. Department of Interior
  Overseas Shipholding Group               U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  Pacific Alaska LNG Company               U.S. Federal Energy Administration
  Pacific Indonesia Company                USG Corp.


C. R. Cushing & Co., Inc.

•   To encourage personnel development and education, C.R. Cushing & Co. supports a
    graduate education tuition reimbursement plan. Company personnel do participate, or
    have participated, in professional and governmental technical activities, including:
•   International Maritime Organization (IMO) - U.S. Delegation to Subcommittee on
    Stability, Load Lines, and Fishing Vessels Safety
•   International Maritime Organization (IMO) - U.S. Delegation to Subcommittee on Bulk
    and Hazardous Cargoes;
•   National Academy of Science - Ship Structures Committee
•   American Bureau of Shipping - Member and Technical Committees
•   Lloyds Register of Shipping - North American Committee member
•   Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers - Member and Technical Committees
•   International Cargo Handling Coordination Association - Governing Board
•   American National Standards Institute - Technical Advisory Group
•   International Standards Organization - U.S. Delegation
•   U.S. Coast Guard - Advisory Group on Petroleum Terminals; Advisory Group on
    Hazardous Cargo

Other organizations in which C.R. Cushing & Co. personnel participate in are:
• The Royal Institution of Naval Architects
• The Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology
• American Boat and Yacht Council
• Japan Society of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers
• Korean Society of Naval Architects
• American Society of Mechanical Engineers
• American Society of Naval Engineers
• The Society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers
• American Society of Heat, Refrigeration, Air Conditioning Engineers
• National Fire Protection Association
• National Safety Council
• Refrigerated Transportation Foundation
• Truck Trailer Manufacturers Association
• International Standards Organization (ISO) TC-104 Committee on Containers
• World Maritime University (Faculty)
• Royal Institute of Navigation
• Alumni associations of MIT, Michigan, Webb, Kings Point, Fort Schuyler, and other