WORLD CULTURES MIDTERM REVIEW SHEET

The midterm will cover topics from the first semester (September to January)

        Chapter 1:
                 Section 1-Exploring the World Around Us
                 Section 3-The Meaning of Culture: 7 elements of culture
                 Section 4- How Cultures Change: causes, diffusion, ethnocentrism
        Important handouts: Six Suggestions for Learning about Peoples and Cultures, Characteristics/Elements of Culture
        Test: Culture

        Chapter 2:
                 Section 1-Patterns of Early Civilizations: Stone Age People, Agricultural Revolution, characteristics of early
                 Section 2-Shaping the Industrial World: Emergence of Europe, Industrial Revolution, Imperialism
                 Section 3-Developing World: trading patterns, goals of modernization, obstacles to development
                 Section 4-Growing Interdependence
        Test: The World Today

Middle East:
       Chapter 25:
               Section 1-Land and People: Crossroads of the World, climate and resources, people
               Section 2-Early Civilizations: examples of diffusion
               Section 3-Judaism and Christianity: basic beliefs and teachings, spread
       Important handouts: Christianity/Judaism Questions
       Test: Middle East: Geography and Early History

        Chapter 26:
                Section 1-World of Islam: history, rise, teachings, Five Pillars of Islam, expansion, trade and commerce,
                          advances in learning
        Important handouts: Understanding Islam: Identifications and Questions
        Test: Understanding Islam

                 Section 2-Centuries of Turmoil: foreign invaders, Crusades, Ottoman Empire, Safavid Empire
                 Section 3-Patterns of Life: village life, nomadic life, city life, lives of woman
                 Section 4-Imperialism and Nationalism: Turkey, Egypt, Iran
         Test: Middle East: Invaders, Patterns of Life, Imperialism and Nationalism

        Chapter 27:
                Section 1-Political Directions: Pan-Arabism (goals and obstacles), forms of government, Shariah,
                          challenges to stability
                Section 2-Changing Economic and Social Patterns: Arab Socialism, developing agriculture, oil, urbanization,
                           changing lives of women, education
                Section 3-Three Nations on the Road to Modernization: Iran- Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini;
                           Egypt- Nasser, Sadat, Mubarak; Turkey, economic patterns and challenges
        Important handouts: Changing Economic and Social Patterns (Chapter 27),
                            Guided Reading Comparing Three Nations on the Road to Modernization: Iran, Egypt, Turkey
        Test: Modernization in the Middle East

        Chapter 28:
                Section 1-Global and Regional Issues: Power of OPEC, Iran-Iraq War, Persian Gulf War
                Section 2-Arab – Israeli Conflict: Cause and effect, wars and results, key players, remaining issues
        Important handouts: Cause and Effects of the Modern Conflicts on the Persian Gulf, Arab – Israeli Conflict
        Test: Modern Conflicts of the Middle East
          Chapter 3:
                  Section 1-The Shape of the Land: location, regions, rivers, resources
                  Section 2-Climate and Diversity: effects of latitude and elevation, climate zones, five basic societies
                  Section 3-Early Civilizations of Africa: Nile Valley Civilization-Egypt, Axum, Kush (religion, trade, achievements)
          Important handouts: Early Civilizations of Africa
          Test: Geography and Early History of Africa

          Chapter 4:
                  Section 1-Trading States and Kingdoms: West African Kingdoms, Trans-Saharan Trade, cities of East Africa,
                            effect of trade
                  Section 2-Patterns of Life: family (lineage), lives of women, government, economy, age-grade, religion
                  Section 3-Slave Trade: cause and effects, Triangle trade, abolition
                  Important Handouts African Kingdoms and trading States Chart, Guided Reading: African Patterns of Life,
                  African Slave Trade,

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