ARCHITECTURE OF CENTRAL JAVA

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					                              ARCHITECTURE OF CENTRAL JAVA

Architecture or Art Building located in the area of ​Central Java province are grouped into two,
namely:
a. Traditional Architecture, the Java Native Art Building, which until now still alive and thriving in
the Java community.
The science of studying the art of building by the Java community commonly called or known as
Science Kalang Kalang Wong. Which is the main building in the art building is Java 5 (five) kinds,
namely:
- Bake-pe, the only building with a roof next to the side.
- The village, which is building two sides with a roof, a ridge in the middle.
- Limasan, that is the building with the roof 4 sides, a ridge de middle.
- Joglo or Tikelan, Soko Guru that is the building with four sides and roof, a ridge in the middle.
- Tajug or Mosque, which is building with Soko Guru roof four sides, without a ridge, so the taper.

        Each one of developing into many different types and variations which are not only related
to differences in size, but also with local circumstances. Of the five kinds of basic building Java
home is, if there is a merger between 5 different buildings then going home various forms of Java.
For example: selirang papaya, pawpaw setangkep, cere gencet, sinom joglo emblem hanging, and
others.
        According to the Javanese philosophy of life, forms of the house has its own characteristics
and usage. For example Tajug form, it is always used only for buildings that are sacred, for instance
for building mosques, tombs, and where the king reigns, so that the Java community can not be
house-shaped homes made Tajug.

Complete home often have the forms and use of certain, among others:
- Gateway: the form of village
- Marquee: shape joglo
- Pringgitan: shape Limasan
- Dalem: shape joglo
- Gandhok (left-right): a hoe gowang
- Kitchen: a village
- And others.

        But for those who can not afford not possibly be the case. With its home in the form of Doro
gepak (roof-shaped building that are flying pigeons flapping their wings) such parts are used for
specific uses, for example:
- The front porch: for Pendopo
- Living room: for a family meeting place
- Right-veranda-left: to senthong right middle and left senthong
- Porch the other: for warehouse and kitchen.
In some coastal areas there are also houses berkolong. It is intended as a precaution when there is
flooding. In the Art Building Java because it has been so advanced, it is all part of the framework of
the house have been given specific names, such as: Ander, dudur, brunjung, usuk peniyung, usuk ri-
gereh, lath, blandar, sledge, pillars, saka responders, pedestals , and so forth. Java home building
materials are mainly from teak wood. Javanese traditional architecture proved to be very popular
not only in Java itself, but to reach out to foreign countries. Indonesian Embassy in Singapore and
Malaysia also Soekarno-Hatta Airport has a traditional Javanese architecture.

Javanese traditional architecture should be seen as the totality of life is contradictory statement of
manners put themselves, norms and human values ​of Java with all conditions of natural
environment. Architecture is the rule looks showcase the work of "self-help in togetherness" which
wisely take advantage of every potential and local resources and create a harmonious harmony
between the "little universe" (microcosm) and the "universe gedhe" (macrocosm).

         Basically the Javanese traditional architecture - as well as Bali and other regions - is the
architecture page surrounded by a fence. The so-called whole house is often not the one building
with a solid wall but the page that contains a group of units of buildings with different functions.
Each other in outer space and induce a strong borderless. The structure of the building is a frame
structure with wood construction, is fixed like an open umbrella. The walls of the room just a
curtain divider, not a wall bearers. A very interesting also to reveal the structure shown in a clear,
fair and honest without any cover-up effort. Similarly, building materials, all the left shows the
original character. In addition, Java has a security architecture that is reliable to earthquakes.
The roof of the building is always using a wide tritisan, which is to protect the space underneath the
porch or overhang. And spatial structure of such very suitable for tropical climates that experience
frequent earthquakes and suitable for human life fairy who has a personality like being in the open
air. The page is relieved with sand or gravel pavement is very useful for the absorption of rainwater.
While the planted trees often have sasraguna (multi function), namely as a shade, filter dust, wind
and noise reducer, as well as a food source for humans and even animals are often used for
traditional medicine.
         The main source of getting to know the art building for Java to Central Java region is the
Kraton and the Kraton Surakarta Mangkunegaran. Also relics of ancient buildings and tombs of
ancient mosques such as the Mosque of Demak, the Holy Mosque with a minaret that particular
style, Tomb of Demak, Kadilangu Tomb, Tomb Mengadeg, etc..
         In addition to native Java building art of building homes, there is also the art of Javanese
buildings and relics from the era Sanjayawangça Syailendrawangça, during the power in the area of ​
Central Java. Building during the usual use of the river stone building materials, there is also the use
of red stone, wood materials that legacy not we meet again, but the possibility was once there.
The function of these buildings vary: as a place of worship, memorials, cemeteries, meditation
place, and so forth. The style of religious buildings, there is Mahayana Buddhism, for example:
Borobudur. A patterned Trimurti, for example: Dieng. While the character of the mix with the local
belief, for example: Temple Sukuh and Çeta.
Forms Home Bake-pe:
Many of us have encountered as a place selling drinks, rice and others found on the roadside. If the
function can be expanded as a ronda, where the car / garage, factory, and so forth.
Forms of Home Kampung:
Generally as a residence, both in cities and villages and in the mountains. The development of this
form is also used as a residence.

Forms Home Limasan:
Particularly visible on the roof which has 4 (four) pieces of the side, wearing dudur. Most place to
stay. Development with the addition of a porch or veranda, and some rooms will be created sinom
forms, curses float, symbol pendants, trajumas, and others. Only the form unusual trajumas used as
a residence.
Forms Home Tajug:
The main feature of the taper-shaped roof, pillars with blandar-blandar intercropping, berdenah
square, the floor is always on top without a bunk. Used as a sacred place, such as: Mosque, where
the king reigns, tomb. There's nothing to shelter.
Forms Home Joglo:
Characterized; roof consists of 4 (four) pieces side pillars with pemidangannya (alengnya) and
berblandar intercropping. The building is generally used as a pavilion and also to residence (palace).

B. Modern Architecture; the art buildings in the Central Java province which has a mix of art style
original building with the influence of art outside the building, or a mixture of outside with the
outside or beyond the original. Alloy elements of the art building with the other one is particularly
visible in the construction of the building, or in the form of its roof. From the easy part of this look,
for example on the roof, people can know easily that the building blend elements of his art. Types
of buildings including the modern architecture can serve as a residence, house of worship, school
buildings, conference hall, restaurants, and so forth. For example, the Holy Mosque, which in
addition to the original Java-shaped building that is Tajug, also has a bale-shaped tower kul-kul
Balinese art and culture, has a Persian-style gate. Government offices are relics of the Dutch
colonial rule that has many pillars with Kapiteel Yonis, Doris atauKornilis.
Monuments including Modern Architecture is; Monument Theater Ambarawa, Diponegoro
Monument in Magelang, Tugu Muda Monument in Semarang, and others.

				
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posted:5/20/2011
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