THERE BE LIGHT Christmas decorations by pengxiuhui


									THE HIMALAYAN TIMES, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 18, 2010                                                                                                                                                                                                         PAGE 13

THT property
                                                                                                                                                                                     Without architecture of our
                                                                                                                                                                                       own, we have no soul.
                                                                                                                                                                                       — Frank Lloyd Wright

                                                                                                                                                                                                              THERE ARE
                                                                                                                               INTEGRATING                                                               SOME INHERENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                         DIFFICULTIES IN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    respond to the situation.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    There was a general opinion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    that these traditional struc-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tures should be demolished

                                                                                                                               CULTURAL HERITAGE                                                     FINDING A COMMON
                                                                                                                                                                                                          LANGUAGE AND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and rebuilt, possibly using
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    concrete. For the government
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to recommend that the tradi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tional structures were more

                                                                                                                               AND DISASTER                                                                DEVELOPING A
                                                                                                                                                                                                        MUTUAL RESPECT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    appropriate required a better
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    knowledge of the stability and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    general performance of the

                                                                                                                               MANAGEMENT                                                                  BETWEEN THE
                                                                                                                                                                                                             TWO FIELDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    stone masonry and timber
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    construction. Research was
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    needed to understand these
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    structures to give clear justifi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    cation to the communities
                                                                                                                               Kai Weise                                                                                                                            on the need to preserve their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    traditional buildings.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Understanding that this

                                                                                                                                          he     flight    from                                                                                                     was the opportunity to
                                                                                                                                          Kathmandu to Paro is                                                                                                      prepare the country for larger
                                                                                                                                          one of those awe-                                                                                                         disasters, a conference was
                                                                                                                                          inspiring      experi-                                                                                                    organised to bring together
                                                                                                                               ences, where one sees the                                                                                                            experts from the fields of
                                                                                                                               beautiful scenery created                                                                                                            Disaster Risk Management
                                                                                                                               through a violent geological                                                                                                         and Heritage Conservation.
                                                                                                                               process: the collision of                                                                                                            But there are some inherent
                                                                                                                               two tectonic plates. This im-                                                                                                        difficulties in finding a com-
                                                                                                                               pressive landscape however,                                                                                                          mon language and developing
                                                                                                                               brings with it hazards such as                                                                                                       a mutual respect between the
                                                                                                                               earthquakes, landslides and                                                                                                          two fields. Management sys-

                                              Himalayan News Service                  Sunshine Energy Pvt Ltd. Since its       flash floods. The experience                                                                                                         tems of cultural heritage must
                                                                                      operation in 2004, the company           does not end with the view of                                                                                                        include components dealing
                                                                                      has already installed 6,000 PV           Gauri       Shankar,     Everest,                                                                                                    with disaster risk, and disaster

      THERE N
                                                              epalis are forced to    cells within the country.                Makalu and Kanchenzonga,                                                                                                             risk management plans need
                                                              rearrange       their      “Though solar cells are costlier      for the landing in Paro is more                                                                                                      to incorporate a response to

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Photo: Courtesy Junko Mukai
                                                              routines      almost    to install as compared to alterna-       exciting than a rollercoaster                                                                                                        dealing with cultural heritage.
                                                              every other week        tive energy sources, people are          ride. The wings of the espe-                                                                                                         A somewhat fragile balance
                                                              according to Nepal      still buying it, as this one-time in-    cially built Airbus 319 practi-                                                                                                      was found after the two days
                                              Electricity Authority’s latest load     vestment provides value for cost,”       cally scrape past the trees on                                                                                                       of intense deliberations.
                                              shedding schedule. To cope with         adds Ghimire. A solar system that        the precipitous hillside before                                                                                                         The     overall    outcome

          BE                                  this never-ending power deficit,        covers just the basic lighting           banking steeply to the right to                                                                                                      as     formulated      in   the
                                              people are opting for different         requirements of a household can          manage a tight turn in the              • ARCHITECTURE                                                                               Thimphu Document lays
                                              alternative sources such as             cost over Rs 50,000, but the cost        valley. As it flies past Paro                                                                                                        the foundations for a
                                              inverters and generators. Besides       can come down if low consump-            Dzong, the plane is still at an     to an earthquake that had hit     fect of the earthquake on the                                  comprehensive approach to
                                              these, solar energy has also creat-     tion electronic appliances are in-       angle and only straightens out      Eastern Bhutan on September       traditional buildings seemed                                   protect cultural heritage from

                                              ed a niche for itself as a source of    stalled. Smaller solar systems can       in the last minute as it touches    21, 2009. The earthquake had      rather random. Referring to                                    disasters. This was the first
                                              electricity that provides relief to     be installed within three hours.         down. Outside the cool clear        damaged 6,000 structures in-      old photographs it was clear                                   time that a government
                                              consumers, especially in the ur-        The systems have adequate                air is refreshing.                  cluding Lakhangs (temples),       that the cracks found in some                                  committed itself to address
                                              ban areas. Its major advantage is       energy saved for back up in case            People from 23 countries         Dzongs (fortresses), houses       buildings existed even before                                  this issue. Maybe this would
                                              that it does not add up to the elec-    of a day or two of gloomy days.          gathered in this small              and government buildings          the earthquake. However, the                                   be an example that many
                                              tricity bills as other sources do.         Unlike       generators      and      Himalayan kingdom for               and 12 lives were lost.           people seemed to have lost                                     more countries could follow.
                                                 Confirming the increase in           inverters, which need additional         a conference on Disaster            Studying the situation, no        confidence in the traditional                                       (The author is an architect

       Solar energy                           popularity of solar energy, Yug
                                              Tamrakar, president of Solar
                                              Electricity Pvt Ltd (SEPL) of
                                                                                      cost to operate, the source of
                                                                                      solar panel is sunlight, which is
                                                                                      abundant and free of cost. Solar
                                                                                                                               Management and Cultural
                                                                                                                               Heritage. This was a response
                                                                                                                                                                   clear pattern of destruction
                                                                                                                                                                   could be identified and the af-
                                                                                                                                                                                                     structures and slept outside.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        A dilemma arose on how to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and can be contacted through

          is proving                          Bagbazar, says, “Previously solar

                                              panels were used in rural areas for
                                              lighting purposes whereas con-
             to be a                          sumers in urban areas assumed it
                                              to be beneficial only for water
                                              heating system. But today, more
            boon for                          and more people in the valley

                                              prefer solar energy — also known
                                              as photovoltaic (PV) — to light up

     valley-dwellers                          their homes.” He adds that solar
                                              panels are most convenient and
                                              viable alternative energy source.
      reeling under                           Established in 1934, SEPL is the
                                              first PV industry in Nepal and has
                                              already installed 3,00,000 PV solar
         power cuts                           systems in the country. According
                                              to Tamrakar, around 10,000 solar
                                              PV electric system have been
                                              installed in the valley alone.
                                                 There are various solar                                                                                                        EXPLORE
                                              packages, ranging from 20-watt to
                                              13,000-watt, on the offer in the                                                                                                     YOUR
                                              market that consumers can
                                              choose from, as per their
                                              requirement. “PV solar cells have
                                              capacity to operate even heavier
                                              appliances like refrigerators,
                                              television and solar machines,
                                              besides lighting a few rooms,”                                                                                                 PRESENT AN
                                              says Binod Ghimire, director of
                                                                                                                                                                                LOOK TO
                                                                                                                                                                             YOUR HOME

                                                                                                                                                                                  great way to cele-      your home look more a large crystal or glass bowl.
                                                                                                                                                                                  brate     Christmas     vibrant, fresh and ready to       3. A cute Christmas
                                                                                                                                                                                  Festival is to bring    be decorated.                   decoration idea would be to
                                                                                                                                                                                  alive the joyful                                        display teddies and dolls
                                                                                                                                                                        spirit of Christmas right in      Indoor decoration tips          around the house. You may
                                                                                                                                                                        your home. Make some                                              place them together on the
                                                                                                                                                                        thoughtful efforts and deco-         To bring alive the Yuletide floor. Dress the teddies and
                                                                                                                                                                        rate your home in a manner        spirit, effort must be made to use Christmas decorative as
                                                                                      panels are beneficial in the long       switch to solar power. Recently, a        that will help you and your       decorate every area of the accessories to increase
                                            ham Power claims to introduce             run with 20 years warranty. The         hybrid system has been gaining            visitors cherish the joyous       house. However, extra atten- the impact.

                                   G        the world’s top ranked solar
                                            technology from the USA into the
                                   Nepali market. According to Moon
                                                                                      major maintenance cost is that
                                                                                      of battery life, which lasts for
                                                                                      at least five years, but may need to
                                                                                                                              popularity among people, which
                                                                                                                              allows battery to charge through
                                                                                                                              both solar and the main power line,
                                                                                                                                                                        Christmas spirit. Besides
                                                                                                                                                                        interesting Christmas deco-
                                                                                                                                                                        rative readily available in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                          tion should be paid to the        4. On a side table, you
                                                                                                                                                                                                          decoration of the living may pile Christmas books.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          room, as this is the place It will work both as a
                                   Pradhan, director of sales and marketing of        be changed after that. The condi-       ensuring 24-hour power supply. It is      market, you may explore           where you will receive your source of knowledge and as
                                   Gham Power, the PV cells they provide are          tion of the battery depends on the      evident that solar power, though          yourcreativity and present        guests and celebrate the a decorative.
                                   especially designed for urban households.          charge controller. Batteries            it may initially appear costly, is        an innovative new look to         festival. For this, the follow-   5. A great idea would be to
                                     “It is a burden for many customers to            require a change of distilled water     cost-effective in the long run,           your home. In case you are        ing points can be followed:     create a collage of old Christ-
                                   invest a huge amount of money at once, so          every three to six months.              eco-friendly as well as a boon for        getting short of ideas and           1. Christmas tree is one of mas cards and pictures. This
                                   we have tied-up with Clean Energy                     Solar      panels      are   less    harried valley-dwellers reeling           looking for tips on how to        the most important decora- will be a heart touching
                                   Development Bank to provide them with              problematic, reliable and safer         under power cuts.                         decorate your home for            tive for the Christmas. Pay Christmas decorative.
                                   instalment facilities,” says Pradhan. She          than generators and inverters              Solar energy was introduced in         Christmas, here are some          full attention to it. A good      6. You can also decorate
                                   adds that customers are assured of after-          as the latter have to be main-          the remote areas of Nepal where           ideas just for you.               idea would be to tie ribbon colourful candles around
                                   sales service and maintenance as long as           tained repeatedly, are noisy and        people did not have access to the                                           bows on curtains, chairs, the house.
                                   they keep paying the instalment.                   inefficient for long load shedding      main hydroelectric grids. This            Advance preparations              doorknobs or candle holder        7. Place colour glass balls
                                                                                      hours. The solar panels only need       concept was implemented during                                              or at any other feasible place. or marbles or even beads in
                                                                                      to be wiped clean once a month.         the seventh five-year plan in 1989.          While final decoration            2. Place flowers, natural or glass bowls and place them
  Size / production: 0.5unit/day     Size / production: 1.6 unit/day                  Eighty per cent of solar panels are     The first three community solar           touches are usually given in      artificial, all around your on the centre or side table.
  Panel: 95 watt                     Panel: 185 watt                                  imported from India and China,          energy systems were established in        the last week, a lot of work      house. This will make your        8. Pay extra attention to
  Capacity: Four 11-watt bulbs       Capacity: Six 11-watt bulbs, TV and a            whereas the rest arrive from            Bahrebishe of East Nepal as well as       needs to be done weeks            home more vibrant and live- the decoration of Christmas
  and TV                             computer or a water pump                         Canada, Japan and Germany.              Simikot and Gumgadhi of Midwest           before Christmas. This            ly. A great idea would be to table as major activities will
                                                                                         Unlike rural areas, the valley       Nepal, with support from the              mainly includes getting rid       use mistletoes and poinset- be centred there.
  Rate: Rs 75,000                    Rate: Rs 145,000                                 has not yet adopted a completely        French government. There are 100          of the junk in your house and     tias, the traditional Christ-     9. Use room fresheners,
  Down payment: 20 per cent          Down payment: 10 per cent                        solar-dependent power. But if the       companies that are involved in this       thoroughly cleaning up            mas flowers to get a better aroma candles and flowers
                                                                                      power cut extends up to18 hours         sector, while 32 are pre-qualified for    every area. This whole spring     feel of the festival. You may for fragrance to please your
                                                                                      a day, it might be prudent to           government subsidy programmes.            cleaning exercise will make       also float flowers or petals in olfactory senses. — Agencies

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