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Chinese Tonic Herbs Supporting Herbs Researched and Copy Written by Ron Teaguarden Used with Permission Achyranthes Root Yang Jing and Qi not be used by the novice herbalist since Products Featuring This Herb: it can be misused. However, if a novice Supreme Creation Treasure Rating wants to use Prepared Aconite, they Women’s Jing *** should consult an expert. Imperial Garden Strength Builder Atmospheric Energy Primary Combinations Profound Essence Hot (very) Never use Prepared Aconite alone, unless Remove Stagnation it is provided at an herbalists office by Frame Builder Taste the herbalist. Combine with: Return to Youth Acrid (very) and Sweet 1. Rehmannia, Cinnamon bark and Cornus Other Common Names Organ Meridian Systems to tonify Kidney yang and the sexual Achyranthes Root Kidney, Spleen, Heart energy Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Part Used and Form 2. Ginseng, Atractylodes, Astragalus and Tonic Herbs Lateral roots, specially prepared Licorice Root to build Spleen Qi 199 Primary Functions 3. Ginseng, Cinnamon twig and various Pharmaceutical Latin To supplement fire of the vital gate to Heart tonics to strengthen the heart. Achyranthes Bidentatae, Radix strengthen yang. Aconite warms the interior of the body and dispels cold. 4. Astragalus to build Qi in those who are Pinyin yang deficient and who suffer from Niu Xi (Huai Niu Xi) Qualities spontaneous sweating Prepared Aconite is a powerful herb Treasures which must be used moderately and with Varieties and Grading jing care. It is one of the few commonly used Aconite must be prepared in a very tonic herbs which may have toxic qualities specific manner in order to eliminate Treasure Rating if used in too large of quantities. Unpre- certain chemical agents that are toxic. ** pared, raw Aconite is toxic. It is put Virtually all tonic formulations on the through a special process to eliminate this American market which include Aconite Atmospheric Energy toxicity. However, over-use of Prepared use Prepared Aconite. Neutral Aconite can result in overheating of the body. It is never used alone — it is always Contraindications Taste combined with other herbs. This herb should not be used by people Bitter, Sour, who are deficient in Yin or are excessive Prepared Aconite is a powerful yang tonic in Yang. Organ Meridian Systems used to rebuild kidney yang when it has Liver, Kidney been depleted. Kidney yang deficiency is Precautionary Note: Prepared Aconite is a marked by chilliness, cold limbs, and powerful herb which must be used Qualities impotence, infertility, frequent urination moderately and with care. It is one of the Achyranthes Root is frequently used in without pain and some types of arthritis few commonly used tonic herbs which may Yang tonic formulations. It is a mild jing and rheumatism. It is extraordinarily have some toxic qualities if used in too tonic. Achyranthes root is used in many effective at waking up the yang energy, large of quantities. Over-use of Prepared Kidney tonic formulations to improve producing heat and warmth and activating Aconite can result in overheating of the circulation in the lower part of the body. metabolism. It is also an extremely potent body. Unprepared, raw Aconite is toxic. Its main function generally revolves Kidney and Bladder tonic, and is effective Do not use it unless you are a master around its ability to guide other herbs to at removing stagnant water due to herbalist. Raw Aconite is put through a the Kidneys, genitals, and legs. coldness. special process which eliminates this toxicity. Therefore, if you buy Aconite Herbalists in China are not afraid of this from an herb shop, be certain that the Aconite, Prepared herb — they just use it watchfully. I have herbalist understands that you want only Products Featuring This Herb: noticed a definite fear of the herb, Prepared Aconite. Prepared Aconite is a Super Yang Jing Drops however, by many American herbalists dark, brown slice of the root. Unprepared because the herb is considered to be very Aconite tends to be lighter in color or Other Common Names hot. I have found this to be a highly over- even greenish. If you are not certain Aconite, Prepared rated problem. I have used the herb which Aconite you have don’t use it. thousands of times and have rarely Prepared Aconite is never used alone — it Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese regretted it. The times I did regret it is always combined with other herbs and Tonic Herbs were only very minor regrets — the same in relatively small quantities. Ron 198 as I would have if I used too much Teeguarden’s Herb Garden only uses Ginseng Root, for example. I have never carefully Prepared Aconite in its tonic Pharmaceutical Latin seen a serious overheating. If a person is formulations. Radix Aconiti Lateralis Praeparata cold, this is a great and useful herb which I have found to be very safe. However, Acorus Root Pinyin practitioners who are not comfortable Fu Zi, shu Wild Acorus that grows near or under with the herb should use it conservatively waterfalls was traditionally used by until they have a feel for how much to use Daoists to open the senses, clear the Treasures under various conditions. Aconite should mind, overcome illusion and to elevate Spirit. It was used as a tool to help Agaricus for the world. Agaricus is develop intuition. It should be used Treasure Rating traditionally known as “God’s Mushroom” sparingly by those on a spiritual path. *** because of its near miraculous curative benefits to a wide range of disorders. Products Featuring This Herb: Atmospheric Energy People have used it to overcome numerous Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination Cool diseases and disorders relating to the immune system, cardiovascular system, Other Common Names Taste digestion, and for weight management, Acorus Root waterfall Sweet, Bitter, Bland diabetes, chronic and acute allergies, cataracts, hearing difficulties, stress Pharmaceutical Latin Organ Meridian Systems syndrome, chronic fatigue, diarrhea, Acori Graminei, Rhizoma Lung and Stomach constipation, and disorders of the liver. Pinyin Primary Functions Several studies have documented this Chang Pu (Shi Chang Pu) Tonify Yin: Clear Heat, Expel Phlegm from mushroom’s ability to very powerfully Treasures Lungs activate various components of the immune system. Treasure Rating Qualities Adenophora is used to moisten the Lungs The active constituents were identified Atmospheric Energy and Stomach. It is commonly used to as the polysaccharide-protein complexes Slightly Warm, treat yin deficiency cough (such as dry called Beta-1,6-D-glucan and an almost cough due to smoking, to dry heat, dust or identical chemical, Beta-1,3-D-glucan. Organ Meridian Systems smog). It is also useful for allaying These glucans have been found to be Heart, Liver, Spleen chronic thirst. It is often used in remarkable immune stimulants. They are children’s cough formulations. potent macrophage activators. These Actinidia Fruit glucan polysaccharides work through the Actinidia fruit is a rich source of antioxi- Preparation and Utilization “glucan receptor” on the surface of the dants. It is especially rich in vitamin C. It Adenophora is virtually identical to immensely important immune cells known has a heat clearing ability. Glehnia though they originate from as macrophages. Macrophages are our different areas of China. They may be first line of defense and play the pivotal Other Common Names used interchangeably. Use with other role in our immune response to any attack Actinidia, Kiwi Fruit, Mi Monkey Tree moistening herbs to tonify the lungs, such by any intruder. Macrophages are the Fruit, Monkey Fruit as Ophiopogon, American Ginseng, immune cells that recognize, engulf and Dendrobium, Schizandra and with other destroy any organisms, cells, and sub- Pharmaceutical Latin tonics to strengthen the whole body. stances that don’t belong in the body, Actinidiae, Fructus including viruses, bacteria, fungi, yeast, Primary Combinations heavy metals, pollutants, bits of dead Pinyin Combine with: tissue, mutated cells, tumor cells, etc. Mi Hou Tao They take on any challenge and further 1. American Ginseng, Schizandra and stimulate the immune system to respond. Treasures Asparagus root to tonify Lung yin Qi Macrophages ignite intercellular communi- 2. Ophiopogon and Fritillary bulb for dry cation by releasing chemical messengers Treasure Rating cough, dry throat and hoarseness called cytokines (interferon and interleukin). These cytokines are powerful Atmospheric Energy 3. Dendrobium, Ophiopogon, Raw Rehman- proteins responsible for catalyzing and cold nia and Polygonatum to build body fluids regulating several immune responses within the body. Agaricus stimulates the Primary Functions Varieties and Grading production of cytokines. Macrophages can harmonizing the middle jiao and calming Clean, tasty Adenophora is best. Most travel from the site of their first contact the liver Adenophora found in herb shops is fine. with an intruder or toxin to the lymph Good Adenophora should be pliable. system, where it communicates with T- Scientific Data cells, activating a specific immune re- Actinidia fruit contains vitamin C and Agaricus Mushroom sponse. Specific antibodies are then built actinidine, saccharides, organic acid, fruit to combat the specific intruder. Agaricus acid, tannins, protein and phytochromes Products Featuring This Herb: promotes this essential immune response. Immunity Booster Formula Beta-1,6-D-glucan and Beta-1,3-D-glucan Adenophora Root Protector 2000 have been shown to have inhibitory Other Common Names Four Kings effects on abnormal cell growths. It has Adenophora Root Other Common Names been proposed that Beta-1,6-D-glucan and Agaricus Mushroom Beta-1,3-D-glucan may stimulate cell Pharmaceutical Latin lysing (destroying) action in specialized Radix Adenophorae Agaricus blazei murill (most commonly immune system cells. known simply as Agaricus) is a mushroom Pinyin that originated in the rain forests of Thus researchers have found the Agari- Nan Sha Spirit Brazil. The mushroom thrives in certain cus polysaccharide fraction to have Treasures tropical areas of China and the Chinese significant immune activating power. Yin, Jing have become the premier growers of Agaricus mushroom has also been shown to have potent chemopreventive activity. into the classical category of “Qi regulat- Pinyin Agaricus in now being used clinically all ing” herbs, that is, herbs that help Qi to He Huan Pi over Asia for numerous diseases and move smoothly and to prevent blockage, disorders. However, it is also being particularly in the digestive and respira- Treasures consumed as a food and as a tonic herb tory systems. It is not a tonic herb, but is Spirit since Agaricus is a gentle, edible mush- often used in tonic formulations to room that has no side effects. improve their function. Sometimes strong Treasure Rating Qi formulas in particular can result in ***1/2 Agaricus mushroom is by far the richest minor stagnation in the digestive tract if natural source of Beta-1,6-D-glucan and a Qi regulating herb is not included in the Atmospheric Energy Beta-1,3-D-glucan known to mankind. formula. neutral Other immune potentiating herbs that contain similar polysaccharides include It can be useful even if the stagnation Organ Meridian Systems Reishi mushroom, Astragalus root, reaches the extreme by resulting in heart and liver Cordyceps mushroom, Polyporus mushroom nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. Tangerine and Shitake mushroom. By enhancing the Peel is used to eliminate problems of Part Used and Form body’s natural defenses, this humble excess moisture in the digestive tract. It Bark (and flower) mushroom is a powerful protector. is often used in combination with Qi tonics such as Ginseng, Codonopsis and Primary Functions Aged Citrus Peel Atractylodes to improve digestion and to pacify the spirit, calm the mind and Products Featuring This Herb: assimilation. relieve depression Shou Wu Formulation Because of its ability to eliminate damp- Profound Essence ness, Aged Tangerine Peel is often used Qualities Will Power to help eliminate phlegm, cough and The bark or flower of this exotic tree is Ginseng and Astragalus Combination oppression in the lungs and to help clear especially famous among the Chinese for Ginseng Nutritive Combination the upper respiratory passages. use when one is experiencing emotional Platycodon and Fritillary problems such as a broken heart and the Primary Combinations experience of great loss. The bark of the Other Common Names Combine with: Albizzia tree is an excellent Spirit Aged Citrus (Tangerine) Peel stabilizer. It is calming and improves 1. Ginseng, Astragalus and Atractylodes mood. It helps with anxiety, insomnia, Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese to move Qi and prevent stagnation irritability, anger, forgetfulness, exces- Tonic Herbs sive worry, etc. It is commonly used for 198 2. Ginseng, Ginger and Jujube to regulate any chronic emotional upsets. the Stomach and Spleen Pharmaceutical Latin The flower of Albizzia is even better than Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Varieties and Grading the bark. It has the same Spirit stabiliz- There are many grades of Chen Pi. ing ability as the bark but has a much Pinyin Generally, the longer it has been aged, stronger Spirit lifting (mood elevating) Chen Pi the better. Very high quality Chen Pi is ability. It is one of the best herbs to use pungeant, brown in color and has a very for people who are severely depressed, Treasures fine, crisp citrus aroma when a piece is very angry, despondent or overly-para- snapped off and smelled. It is also much noid. I have used the flower very success- Treasure Rating more expensive than lower quality. More fully for numerous cases of broken heart * commonly available low grade Chen Pi and despair. This is one of the ultimate tends to still be orange in color and may Spirit tonic herbs. Atmospheric Energy still be soft in texture. Warm Primary Combinations Contraindications Combine with: Taste Chen Pi is not a tonic, so it is included in Pungent and Bitter tonic programs to assure the smooth flow 1. Biota, Polygonum stem, Zizyphus and of Qi and to prevent stagnation. Amber to stabilize Spirit and to treat Organ Meridian Systems insomnia caused by anxiety Spleen, Stomach and Lungs Albizzia Bark Products Featuring This Herb: 2. Ganoderma, Wild Red Asparagus Root Part Used and Form Ant Essence Formula and Wild Ginseng to develop Spirit The peel of the ripe tangerines, sun-dried Calmers and aged naturally Varieties and Grading Other Common Names The quality of the bark available is quite Primary Functions Albizzia Bark stable. Flowers should be highly aromatic Regulates Qi and normalizes the functions and in good condition. Whole flowers of the Spleen and Stomach. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese should predominate. Tonic Herbs Qualities 199 Albizzia Flower Aged Citrus Peel is a digestant. It is most Products Featuring This Herb: commonly used to help eliminate digestive Pharmaceutical Latin Supreme Spirit Drops stagnation and to help relieve abdominal Cortex Albizia distention, belching and bloating. It falls Other Common Names Albizzia flower Organ Meridian Systems Kidney and Bladder Contraindications Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Don’t use this herb if you are dehydrated. Tonic Herbs Part Used and Form If you are chilled all the time, this is not 199 Tuber, which is sliced, dried in the the right herb for you since it has a cold sunlight, and stir-baked with wheat bran atmospheric energy and will tend to cool Pharmaceutical Latin or salt water. you down further. Albizziae Julibrissin, Flos Primary Functions Alpinia Fruit Pinyin Expelling dampness, inducing urination, Other Common Names He Huan Hua and eliminating pathogenic heat by Alpinia treating false fire conditions of the Treasures Kidney Pharmaceutical Latin Spirit Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae Qualities Treasure Rating Alisma is a very commonly used herb in Pinyin ***1/2 Chinese herbalism. It helps strengthen Yi Zhi Ren water metabolism, which is a critical Atmospheric Energy bodily function. It rids the body of Treasures excess dampness through the urinary Yang Jing and Qi Qualities tract. It is mild and safe with mild tonic The flower of Albizzia is even better than qualities, especially to the Kidney and Treasure Rating the bark. It has the same Spirit stabiliz- Bladder, and to the Spleen and Stomach ***1/2 ing ability as the bark but has a much as well. It is an excellent herb to use in a stronger Spirit lifting (mood elevating) tonic program by those who need to Atmospheric Energy ability. It is one of the best herbs to use stimulate fluid function, so long as you do Warm for people who are severely depressed, not have a cold constitution. very angry, despondent or overly-para- Organ Meridian Systems noid. Both the bark and the flower are It is used in medicinal herbalism to treat Kidney and Spleen considered to have these qualities, but damp heat conditions, which means the flower is more rare and is believed to conditions that are associated with Primary Functions be one of the ultimate Spirit tonics. I chronic or acute infections. It is one of To warm the Kidneys, retain essence and have used the flower very successfully the primary herbs used to treat damp benefit the powers of concentration for numerous cases of broken heart and heat conditions associated with the despair. This is one of the ultimate Spirit Kidney and Bladder system, such as Qualities tonic herbs. leukorrhea, where the discharge is yellow Alpinia is a Kidney yang tonic used to or urinary tract infections. It is also used warm the Kidney and to retain essence. It Alisma to treat conditions such as lung conges- is used for cold conditions of the Kidney, Products Featuring This Herb: tion where the phlegm is tinged yellow or including impotence, spermatorrhea and Rehmannia Six Combination green are examples. It is often used for dribbling of urine. Poria Five Combination obesity, especially for people who carry a Gentiana Combination lot of water weight and tend to have rosy Primary Combinations complexions. It is also commonly used by Combine with: Other Common Names people who have difficulty urinating and 1. Dioscorea to treat heat conditions of Alisma by diabetics. It is used routinely by older the urinary system men to help cleans the prostate gland and Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese improve urinary function. It can be used 2. Raw Rehmannia, Lycium and Dioscorea Tonic Herbs in large quantities. In fact it usually to preserve the youthfulness of older men 200 requires fairly large doses to do its best work. Varieties and Grading Pharmaceutical Latin All Alpinia entering America is of a Rhizoma Alismatis Primary Combinations standard grade Alisma is always used with other herbs. Pinyin Combine with: Contraindications Ze Xie This herb should not be used by people 1. Poria and Atractylodes (red or white) to who are deficient in Yin or are excessive Treasures move fluids and promote urination in yang. Not to be used by men suffering Qi from spermatorrhea or by women with 2. Polyporus, Gardenia Flower, Moutan and vaginal discharge or frequent urination. Treasure Rating Raw Rehmannia to treat fire conditions of *1/2 the Kidney system such as bladder, urinary tract and vaginal infections Amber Amber is the fossilized remains of the Atmospheric Energy sap of an extinct tree. Amber is used like Cold Varieties and Grading It is an inexpensive herb. It comes sliced Dragon Bone as a Spirit stabilizer, but is and dried. But if it sits around too long it even more highly prized. It is an excellent Taste sedative and is very useful for those with mildly sweet loses potency. Buy the freshest Alisma you can find. insomnia. body fluids, to nourish yin and clear heat Other Common Names 1. Spirit Poria, Dragon Bone, Oyster Shell, Amber Zizyphus Seed, Albizia Bark and Qualities Polygonum Stem to stabilize Spirit and American Ginseng is a true member of the Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese treat insomnia caused by anxiety ginseng family that grows natively in Tonic Herbs North America. It contains saponins 200 Varieties and Grading similar to those found in Panax Ginseng Amber for herbal use comes in a variety (Oriental ginseng). However, American Pharmaceutical Latin of grades. Good herbal Amber is dark Ginseng is considered to be a Yin tonic Succinum brown or reddish in color, and should be herb, especially nourishing to the lungs, free of loose dirt or residue. Wash the skin and stomach. American Ginseng is a Pinyin Amber before grinding it into powder. powerful adaptogenic herb. It is espe- Hu Po Amber will not melt in boiling water, cially appreciated for its endurance whereas fake “Amber” will. If it does increasing capacity. American Ginseng is Treasures melt, it is not really amber — don’t use it. extremely popular in China. The wild Spirit A counterfeit “Amber” made of colophony variety is considered to be far superior to is sometimes sold in Chinese herb shops. the cultivated. Treasure Rating Because Amber will not dissolve in water, ***1/2 it cannot be used in teas. It must be It is said to moisten and cool the lungs. ground into a very fine powder if added to American Ginseng is highly regarded for Atmospheric Energy an herb powder (such as the powder used its ability to promote the secretion of Neutral in a pill or capsule). body fluids. American Ginseng is often used in China to tonify the lungs of people Organ Meridian Systems Contraindications who have dry coughs due to smog, smoking Heart, Liver, Small Intestine and Bladder It should not be used by people with or from other causes. And American excess heat or who are yin deficient. Ginseng is considered to be especially Primary Functions strengthening to new mothers. To stabilize Spirit American Ginseng American Ginseng is a true member of the American Ginseng is not considered to be Preparation and Utilization Products Featuring This Herb: the same herb as Asian Ginseng. Though it Amber is primarily used in Chinese Heaven Drops Wild Ginseng is used in much the same way and with herbalism to relax the nerves and calm Earth Drops Wild Ginseng many of the same goals in mind, American the mind. It is safe and effective as a 500 Ginsengs Drops Ginseng is different in its actions from mild tranquilizer. It is believed that by Supreme Spirit Drops the Asian varieties. American Ginseng is calming the mind by consuming Amber and 8 Immortals Adaptogenic Elixir an adaptogenic and a Qi tonic. It thus other related Spirit stabilizing agents, Golden Air provides energy, adaptability and height- the mind has the opportunity to rest, Young Lungs ened alertness. It is especially appreci- regain strength and focus. Amber is thus ated for its endurance increasing capac- used in formulas both for calming anxiety Other Common Names ity. and for improving the power of the mind. American Ginseng Root It is believed therefore to improve American Ginseng is a Yin tonic and is cool concentration, memory and alertness Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese in nature. This is in contrast to Asian when consumed in moderation over a Tonic Herbs Ginseng which is a Yang tonic which is continuous period of time, especially when 117 generally warm, or even hot in nature. combined with other mind strengthening American Ginseng is thus useful for tonics such as Schizandra, Lycium, Pharmaceutical Latin people who are hot but wish to take Polygonatum Sibericum, Deer Antler, Panax Quinquefolium Ginseng. In other words, people who tend Ginseng, Gynostemma, Acanthopanax, etc., to have lots of energy, high metabolisms, and along with other Spirit stabilizers Pinyin are aggressive, have high blood pressure, such as Biota, Polygonum Stem and Xi Yang Spirit have ruddy complexions, etc. can take Zizyphus. Amber is always used with American Ginseng without overheating. In other herbs in a formulation. Treasures fact, taking the American Ginseng will Yin and Qi help to balance out the system and can Amber has excellent effects for people correct overheating problems, especially experiencing palpitations due to anxiety, Treasure Rating when the excess heat is in the lungs and insomnia, excessive dreaming and night- ***** stomach. American Ginseng is often used mares. Amber can be especially beneficial in China to tonify the lungs of people who to those who suffer excess tension due to Atmospheric Energy have dry coughs due to smog, smoking or stress. Cool from other causes. It is said to moisten and cool the lungs. Another use for Amber is to invigorate Taste blood flow. It is sometimes used in Sweet and slightly bitter American Ginseng is also extremely formulas which promote menstruation. popular among people who live in warmer Such formulas routinely contain Dong Gui Organ Meridian Systems climates. Since it is a cooling herb which and various blood vitalizing herbs Lungs, Spleen, Stomach replenishes fluids, it is especially benefi- cial during hot weather. American Ginseng Primary Combinations Primary Functions is more widely used in southern China than Combine with: An adaptogen, to replenish Qi, to promote Chinese Ginseng. However, in the north where the winters are cold, Chinese handle high and low temperatures more Varieties and Grading Ginseng is still favored. Many people now easily, perform work more efficiently, and There are three major categories of prefer a blend of American and Asian in general adapt to a wide range of American Ginseng: 1. wild, 2. woods grown; Ginsengs, with a shift in balance as the stresses more effectively. Anti-fatigue and 3. cultivated. seasons turn, utilizing more American activity has been demonstrated in both Ginseng in the warm months and more animal and human models. The mechanism Wild American Ginseng roots are much Asian Ginseng in the cold months. by which Ginseng helps humans cope with more common than Asian Ginseng roots. stress is being studied intensively, but it They can be expensive, but not nearly so In China Panax quinquefolium is consid- is believed to be due to peripheral and expensive as their Asian relatives. High ered to be the herb of first choice for neurogenic stimulation of the adrenal quality American roots that have grown in asthenia of the viscera and as tonic cortex, among other mechanism. the remote mountainous regions of treatments for anemia and for asthma. It upstate New York and in Canada can be is highly regarded for its ability to American Ginseng, like Asian Ginseng, has very powerful and therefore can be promote the secretion of body fluids. a double-direction mechanism by which it expensive. Old roots are of course Panax quinquefolium is used for over fifty regulates the CNS and endocrine system. considered to be the best. Very expensive different disorders and is now being Ginseng tends to stimulate weakened or American roots often are allowed to keep widely used for various disorders associ- exhausted animals while it has a sedating their rootlets. But most wild American ated with obstetrics and gynecology. It is effect on hyperactive animals. It is also Ginseng roots are carefully clipped down considered to be especially strengthening dose dependent. to the main root. This is unfortunate, to pregnant women and beneficial to new because the rootlets contain a very high mothers. China has used all parts of the In spite of its long history in America, concentration of ginsenosides. At some plant, including the roots, stems, leaves modern research into American Ginseng herb shops, you can purchase these wild and fruits to develop many new tonic has only just begun — in fact, it is still in Ginseng rootlets. They contain almost health products, and these products are its infancy even though it has become a twice as much ginsenoside as do the roots. distributed as pills, tablets, teas, wine, major economic crop. Most research on However, the root contains the oral liquids, hair conditioners, beauty Ginseng has been done in Asia and Europe ginsenosides in the optimum ratios and creams and cosmetics. American Ginseng on Asian species. Much needs to be done also contain other active components that is regarded as a true panacea in China. to explain the actions of this powerful makes it the main part of the herb. tonic herb, the only Chinese tonic herb Scientific Data that comes exclusively from America. Personally, I do not like very pretty, Saponins constitute the primary biologi- perfectly manicured Ginseng, wild or cally active component of Ginseng. Preparation and Utilization cultivated. I like the gnarly, twisted ones American Ginseng contains the following Use as you would Ginseng for energy. that nobody else wants. I especially like saponins: Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re, Rg1, Rg2, American Ginseng comes in a multitude of the ones that have been attacked by an Ro, and F2 , among others. The saponin varieties. Raw roots can be cooked with insect or seems to have been damaged in content has been reported to be higher in other herbs, either Yin tonics or Yang some other way. Sung Jin Park taught me wild roots and in woods grown roots than tonics as desired. If you like, combine it that the best Ginseng is Ginseng that had in cultivated roots. with other varieties of Ginseng to create to struggle to survive. In its own struggle a balanced Ginseng blend that suits your it had to adapt, and in adapting it had to Cultivated Panax quinquefolium is domi- constitution and condition. Fresh roots produce more ginsenosides and other nated by Re, Rc and Rb1 and lacks com- are sometimes available from herb shops substances that helped to survive. My pletely Rf. Woods grown American in the Fall for a short period of time. friends are often surprised when we get Ginseng is dominated by Re and Rb1. Wild These may be consumed by eating several in a new batch of Ginseng how I select American Ginseng is dominated by Rg1. small slices per day, up to 1/2 or even one the ugliest root for myself. They all think American Ginseng root fiber contains ginseng root per day. Or one or two fresh I am being very humble, but actually I’m much higher Rg2 and Rg3 concentrations roots may be placed in a bottle of fine picking out the premium root for myself. than Chinese or Korean Ginseng and is alcohol (32% or higher) and extracted for Besides, nobody else would want such an dominated by Rc, Re and Rb1. Wild and a month or longer before consuming one ugly root, and if you try to sell it or give woods grown American Ginseng has much ounce per day, or less often if desired, as it away, people think you’re nasty. Once more Rg1 and Rb1 than cultivated Ameri- a tonic. they’re dried and cleaned, and ultimately can Ginseng. boiled, who cares? Actually a study Rg1 has shown mild CNS (Central Nervous Primary Combinations conducted at the Philadelphia College of System) stimulant activity and anti- Combine with: Pharmacy and Science discovered (to fatigue action. However, large doses of their surprise) that “roots which were the same substance depresses the CNS. 1. Asparagus Root and Ophiopogon to diseased (moldy or burned) when har- Rb1, another Ginseng saponin, has shown strengthen the Lungs, generate yin and to vested were generally higher in total CNS-depressant activity, is anticonvul- clear the mind ginsenosides than were their healthy sant, analgesic, antipyretic and is antipsy- counterparts. chotic. This antagonistic activity of the 2. Schizandra Fruit to build yin, tonify various saponins probably explains much the Lungs and strengthen the mind Woods grown American Ginseng is often of the regulating, adaptogenic activity sold as wild ginseng. It is less expensive associated with Ginseng. 3. Licorice Root and Jujube Date to tonify than wild but looks very similar, and in the yin of the Stomach fact is chemically almost identical. Woods Ginseng is considered to be the quintes- grown Ginseng is grown from wild seed by sential adaptogenic herb. Laboratory 4. Dendrobium and Raw Rehmannia to casting the seeds in the forest. Just like animals as well as humans that are relieve thirst and shortness of breath Chinese and Korean forest grown Ginseng, consuming Ginseng have been found to due to Qi and yin exhaustion this Ginseng is superb. adapt to dark and light more easily, Cultivated American Ginseng is inexpen- that the same plant could likely be Ginseng had virtually dried up. However, sive but of generally fine quality. The growing in Canada due to the similarity of the demand in China for American Ginseng difference in quality and price will the forested regions. An active search remained. In the 1870’s Abraham generally depend upon the region the began for the same herb in the Canadian Whisman, a Virginian, became the first roots were grown in and the age of the forests. After several months of search- American to cultivate American Ginseng, roots. Older roots are better. In culti- ing, he found a Ginseng plant growing near and by the end of the century American vated American Ginseng, larger roots are his new house in a forested region. He Ginseng was being widely cultivated. not necessarily better. Check the head showed the roots to Chinese merchants, However in 1904 a fungus attacked the for notches. The more notches the who were extremely excited at the entire American Ginseng crop and virtually better, because it indicates the root is “discovery.” They taught him how they wiped out the industry. It did not recover older. Also, roots that appear to have had wanted the roots prepared, and exporta- for many years. And the fungus, along a rougher life are often more potent. If tion of American Ginseng to China com- with mismanagement of the wild resource there are any striations, it is a higher menced in 1717. eliminated wild Ginseng from many of its than average quality cultivated root. natural habitats throughout America. It Cultivated American Ginseng almost These earliest exports went to China the took decades for the wild crop to recover always comes carefully manicured, that is, long way — via France or England. Com- sufficiently to once again become the without any rootlets or side roots. The merce expanded rapidly, and by the object of commerce. root hairs have more ginsenosides than 1770’s a brisk trade was established. the roots, so pick the root hairs up There is a record of 55 tons being By the 1980’s, American Ginseng had once separately if they are available. shipped to China out of Boston in 1773 on again became a major export product, and a single ship. The first recorded direct it is now the most valuable legal cash crop There is another species of American shipment to China took place out of New in America. In 1989, 1800 tons of culti- Ginseng that appears on the market, York in 1784, on the Empress of China vated American Ginseng was exported to known as Pearl Ginseng, or Dwarf Ginseng. with a cargo made up entirely of Ginseng, China by the U.S. and Canada at a value of Its official name is Panax trifolius. Pearl which it subsequently exchanged for silk over $75 million and over 150 tons of wild Ginseng comes in a wide variety of and tea. As the Northwest Territory was ginseng was exported at a value of over qualities depending on its source. Low explored, Ginseng was found to be growing $30 million. grade Pearl Ginseng (which sells for profusely. During the late 1700’s, records around $20 per ounce) is very poor quality indicate that about 70 tons per year of In spite of the herbs name, “American” and very low in ginsenosides. Higher American Ginseng was shipped to China Ginseng, Panax quinquefolium is now being priced Pearl Ginseng (selling price around out of New England, and much more was widely grown in China. Since 1975, when it $160 per ounce), on the other hand is shipped out of New France (Canada). The became popular in Hong Kong, and ulti- superb and highly prized. The difference trade apparently dried up for unknown mately in mainland China, Panax is in the source and the age. Pearl Ginseng reasons during the first two decades of quinquefolium has been grown in twenty of must grow in a place where the winters the 19th century, but picked up again China’s provinces, and in particular in five are very cold, and they must be at least prior to the U.S. Civil War, and in 1858 northeastern regions. For example, one eight years old to be worth the price. over 180 tons was shipped to China. Canadian variety of Panax quinquefolium Between 1820 and 1903, 17 million pounds which the Chinese call Wu Long Ginseng, History of Ginseng was exported. The vast has been successfully grown on a large Panax Quinquefolium has been used by majority of the Ginseng collected and scale in the far northeast of China in Native-Americans since prehistoric times. cultivated in American continued to be Heilongjiang province. China has currently Numerous legends describe the use of exported to China, where American equaled the production scale and output Ginseng in America. It was used by the Ginseng had become highly coveted, in of America and Canada combined. Most of Seneca elders to give strength and as many cases even more so than the Asian this Chinese-grown American Ginseng is medicine. Crow women used it to promote species. sold in the Chinese domestic market, in a relatively painless and quick childbirth. Hong Kong and throughout Southeast The Seminole used it to stop nosebleed, Many people made large fortunes trading Asia. Some of this Ginseng has entered to treat shortness of breath and as a in Ginseng. Even Daniel Boone was a into the world market in various Chinese aphrodisiac. The Penebscots, who ironi- Ginseng trader. Records show that in the products, where it is generally referred cally called it “Man Root,” used it to winter of 1787-88, Daniel Boone, his sons to simply as Panax Ginseng. China has increase the fertility of women. However, and a number of employed hands spent openly stated its policy and goal of it was never as highly esteemed by most of the winter camped out in the hills becoming the world’s largest producer of Native-Americans as it long since has of western Virginia (now West Virginia) Panax quinquefolium. been by the people of Asia. and eastern Kentucky and collected nearly 15 tons of wild Ginseng. However, the American Ginseng was first observed by a boat carrying the Ginseng to market non-native American in 1716 who was overturned and was ruined. The next year Amolo working among the Mohawks, a forest- Boone repeated his collecting, but records Amolo is a fruit that aids digestion. It is dwelling tribe, north of Montreal when he indicate that he had to sell his Ginseng at very tart because it is extremely rich in found the root growing in Canadian virgin a low price because he had not prepared vitamin C. forest. He had recently read a report on the Ginseng properly. Asian Ginseng in China, which had opened Products Featuring This Herb: up during the reign of Emperor Kang The white settlers in America exploited Amolo Tea (1661-1722) An accomplished cartogra- this incredible resource without con- pher, drew for the emperor the first sciousness or ecological caution, as they Other Common Names accurate map of Manchuria, or northern did with so many resources during that Amolo, Phyllanthus China. While in the northern region, he period, and by the end of the nineteenth observed Ginseng growing and speculated century the supply of wild American Pharmaceutical Latin Phyllanthus emblica, Fructus Phyllanthi, weight, and people have long felt that Atmospheric Energy consuming non-toxic varieties of ants can Pinyin neutral increase physical and mental strength. Yu Gan Zi Students in particular have made ant Organ Meridian Systems elixirs a virtual craze in cities like Treasures Kidney, Liver, Spleen and Heart Shanghai , Hong Kong and Beijing. It is commonly used by those who have become Treasure Rating Part Used and Form fatigued or exhausted due to excess Whole dried ants workloads or other forms of stress, Atmospheric Energy including mental sources. Ant is noticeably Warm Primary Functions energizing when consumed for a short Promotes, maintains and prolongs life, period of time and builds long-term Taste replenishes Qi, nourishes blood, increases energy if used continuously for awhile. Sour, sweet, pungent, bitter vitality, adaptogenic, regulates yin and yang, antiaging, enhances immunocompe- Because of its long and short term energy Organ Meridian Systems tence (bipolar immune regulation), boosting quality, ant tonics are becoming Liver, Stomach, Intestine, Lungs, Heart improves sexual function and increases popular as pre-workout elixirs in Hong virility and fertility, strengthens musculo- Kong and Taiwan, where many adults visit Primary Functions skeletal system, calms anxiety, promotes health clubs regularly. Ant is an ideal Rejuvenating and regenerative, antioxi- sound sleep, improves digestion and tonic for athletes, especially when dant, anti-inflammatory. Stimulating to assimilation combined with Ginseng, Acanthopanax and the brain, the liver and metabolism. other similar tonics. Immune restorative. Qualities Ant tonics are widely consumed in Asia to Ant has a big reputation in Asia for Scientific Data promote strength, sexual vigor and as a increasing libido and virility. Both men and Research indicates that Phyllanthus powerful antiaging agent. Over 70 years women claim that after using ant for even contains approximately 30% vitamin C of research has proven that ants are a short time that their interest in sex (approximately 3000 mg. per fruit) and highly nutritious and have powerful increases significantly and that their 480 units of SOD per gram. Amolo has medicinal effects. As a matter of fact, sexual performance improves in numerous been shown to enhance production and ant is considered a premium adaptogenic ways. This reputation has contributed to secretion of interferon and corticoster- substance in the same ranks as Ginseng, the explosion of ant products available in oids. Increases blood cell count and Acanthopanax, Schizandra, Cordyceps, the Taiwanese, Hong Kong, Southeast regulates blood sugar. Astragalus, Ganoderma and Gynostemma, Asian and Japanese markets. The thermostability of the vitamin C in the superstars of Chinese tonic herbal- Amolo is very important. The thermosta- ism. As a result of modern technology and bility of the vitamin is due to the way the vastly improved manufacturing capabili- vitamin is bound up with certain tannins Polyrachis is widely used to boost the ties previously not possible, ant is now that make it nearly impervious to dissolu- immune system, or to maintain already being widely used in Asia for the first tion after drying, aging or subjection to strong immune functions. It has been time. There has been a genuine explosion heat. established to have double-direction of interest in ant tonic products now that benefits on the immune system, so it is it is, for the first time, not a product Primary Combinations used by anyone with any immune disorder reserved just for emperors, rich nobles Alone for obesity. Terminalia for diar- to regulate immune functions. and their wives and families. rhea. Schizandra for bronchitis. Ant Polyrachis is widely believed to prevent Scientific Data Products Featuring This Herb: common symptoms associated with aging, Ants are extremely rich in nutrients, Chinese Mountain Ant Extract such as lumbago, memory loss, joint including significant amounts of vitamins Ant Essence Formula problems, fatigue, climacteric symptoms, B1, B2, B12, D and E. Ant contains more cardiovascular disease, etc. Ant strength- than 42% protein and provide 8 essential Other Common Names ens the entire Kidney system, including amino acids. It contains enzymes and black ant or red ant the sexual functions, skeletal structures other active substances. The ATP in ants and renal system. It also strengthens the can provide energy directly to the human Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese nervous system, digestive functions, body. Ants are rich in more than 20 trace Tonic Herbs detoxification functions and muscular elements such as magnesium, calcium, 210 system. Therefore ant products have phosphorus, iron, selenium, and especially become extremely popular with middle zinc. Pharmaceutical Latin aged and elderly consumers in Asia. Ants Polyrachis are being called the “forever young” Polyrachis is extremely rich in zinc. The nutritional supplement. zinc content of Polyrachis is the highest Pinyin among all known living organisms. Every ma yi Young people in China seem to be major gram of dried ants contains 180 mg. of advocates of ant as well. Young men and zinc. This undoubtedly explains part of Treasures women use it to increase energy on a ant’s strong beneficial influence on Jing, Qi and Spirit daily, as well as long-term basis. Both sexuality, as zinc is a critical element in physical and mental energy seems to be the human sexual function. In Japan, Zinc Treasure Rating supplemented by consuming ant. Ants can has been called “harmony element” ***** carry a load of 100 times there own because it creates harmony between couples — it is a powerful sex-improving tion of the lymphocytes. Ants increase ranges such as the Himalayas in southern element. These chemicals seem to have an the amount of active immune cells. China and Tibet, or the Changbai Moun- influence on the way that zinc is utilized. Extensive research now verifies that ant tains in northeastern China are consid- Studies have shown that regular use of has a bipolar immune function. ered the finest and most potent. Most of ant tonics can prevent and treat disor- the tonic ants are large ants. ders associated with zinc deficiency, Ant can increase the amount of DNA and including senile cataract, night blindness, RNA inside of human cells. This is be- A primary concern in using ant as a tonic incontinence, and sexual dysfunction, lieved to slow down aging and to aid in the supplement is that the ants or ant including impotence, spermatorrhea and regeneration, and even rejuvenation of product is from a reputable company that premature ejaculation in men and menor- tissue. specializes in ant tonic preparation. The rhagia, frigidity and climacteric symptoms ants must be collected from, or raised in, in women. A unique set of aldehyde compounds a pure, pristine environment. Certainly, found in all edible species of Polyrachis using ants that have been exposed to Raid Ant has a bipolar (double-direction) has been demonstrated to have a stronger is not a good idea. In other words, it is immuno-regulatory activity. It thus tonic action than ginseng, and it has thus not a good idea to try collecting your own fortifies a weakened immune system and far been impossible to synthesize this from the basement or back yard. The ants modifies an overactive immune system. chemical. These aldehydes compounds used in Chinese tonic supplements are Ant can have a very beneficial effect on include geranicaldehyde (C10H16O) and raised in sealed ant farms and are auto immune disorders such as osteoar- formalindehyde (HCHO, C10H14O). It is absolutely chemical free. Ant is rare in thritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gouty believed to be a result of these and raw form in the United States, but is arthritis, anklyozing spondylitis, sclero- several similar aldehydes, as well as some extremely valuable if you can obtain it. It derma, psoriasis, and some studies other chemicals in ant, that give ants should be light in weight, dark and indicate significant tumor reducing their enormous physical strength — and consistent in color, and fluffy, with no effects when ant is consumed in thera- ultimately give the consumers of ant the obvious impurities, degradation or peutic dosages. Ant has been used well-established increase in strength. discoloration. Most sources of ant as a clinically for the following disorders in tonic supplement will be ant products China and other Asian nations: rheumatoid Polyrachis is not a source of hormones and made by a number of ant specialty houses and other forms of arthritis, sciatic are absolutely free of synthetic chemi- out of China. Ant tonics come in both neuralgia, hepatitis B, neurosis, insomnia, cals. capsules and oral liquid elixirs. At this diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, asthma, writing all the ant products I have tested dermatomyositis, tumor, hypertension, Some facts about ants: Ants can lift up to have been excellent and have met my and more. 400 times their own weight and pull up to every expectation. The ant industry is 1700 times their own weight, making them extremely heavily regulated in China and Polyrachis vicina, Polyrachis lamellidns and the world champions in terms of strength. there is no indication that less than other species of nutritional ant have been Ant contains 8-13 times the protein of quality ant products are now being demonstrated to have liver protective milk, chicken, duck, beef, mutton and fish. produced in mainland China. activity by lowering the activity of 0, a liver enzyme (detail). It can also, to a Primary Combinations Contraindications certain degree, prevent liver cells from Ant may be consumed by itself or may be Polyrachis vicina is non-toxic and without turning into fat. Polyrachis has been combined with other herbs. Combine with: clinically significant side-effect. demonstrated to be very useful in the treatment of both acute and chronic 1. Ginseng Root and Astragalus to build Qi However, minor side effects are some- hepatitis B. Recent research indicates times noticed by users who are extremely that hepatitis B, both chronic and acute, 2. Astragalus and Ganoderma to fortify allergic or debilitated, in which case there is due to immune deficiency and that the the defensive Qi may be minor abdominal distention, hepatitis virus is itself opportunistic. diarrhea, skin rash, etc. after initial use. Therefore, strengthening the immune 3. Dang Gui, White Peony and Rehmannia Experts in China recommend that if this system as a whole is essential and invalu- (steamed) to build blood, regulate and occurs, you should stop taking ant for 1 or able in treating hepatitis B. Ant serves fortify the female reproductive system 2 days, and start taking it again after the this role very effectively because of its symptoms subside. Take a lower dose for dual role as an immune tonic and a liver 4. Deer Antler, Cordyceps and Placenta to a few days and then increase to a full protector. tonify the original Qi and to fortify the dosage. In almost all cases, the reaction Kidney yin and yang will not repeat itself. Polyrachis also has anxiolytic, anti-cough, analgesic, anti-spasmotic, anti-asthmatic, 5. Silk moth, Gejie, Sea Dragon, Sea Those who have taken hormone type drugs anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti- Horse, Morinda, Cuscuta, Epimedium, etc. (steroidal compounds such as birth fungal, anti-oncologic and anti-arthritic to tonify male sexual functions control pills, cortisone, anabolic steroids, functions in studies done throughout Asia. etc.) for a prolonged period of time will Varieties and Grading not experience the overt benefits of ant Recent research demonstrated that Several varieties of ants are used in for a period of from 1 to 3 months, Polyrachis can promote the growth, and Chinese tonic herbalism, all with virtually although the ant will be helping the body prevent the shrinkage, of the thymus the same attributes. These different to reestablish its healthy hormone gland, which generally shrinks as one varieties come from different regions in balance during this period. Do not with- grows older. The thymus is one of the China. Each region claims that its ants are draw yourself from steroids abruptly and important immune system organs of the superior. Both black ants (primarily from without the supervision of a physician. body. Ants can stimulate the production southern and central China) and red ants of lymphocytes when the body is under (primarily from northeastern China) are Ant is considered to be very safe and, in microbial attack, and can improve replica- used. Ants from high, pristine mountain Asia, large quantities are often consumed by those seeking extra benefit. Always Lungs and Nourish the Kidney. benefits for the skin. Prolonged consump- consume extra water immediately after tion will make the skin soft, supple and consuming ant. Qualities smooth. In the art of radiant health, this Use of wild Asparagus root is said to lead kind of skin is a sure sign of attainment. History to a happy, mild manner, excellent vitality Beautiful skin is the result of pure blood Ant has been widely used and very highly and beautiful skin. It is said to strike a and healthy lungs. Asparagus root is regarded in China as a tonic for over balance into the internal functions of the useful for those who are experiencing dry 3000 years. Ant has been referred to in a body. skin due to a dry environment or due to number of famous Chinese medicinal internal dryness. Asparagus root is classics, including Li Shi Chen’s Ben Cao Wild Asparagus root is highly revered by matched by only a couple of other herbs Gang Mu, where the great master praised Taoists who use the tonic herbs to help in its skin improving ability. ants as a superior tonic with excellent them on their paths to radiant health and curative powers. It has been universally to spiritual awareness. It has many Since the Chinese say that “wisdom comes touted as a superb Liver and Kidney tonic attributes that make it one of the from the lungs,” it is clear to see why of the highest order. Its name, which it greatest health promoting herbs. Taoists believe that wild Asparagus root received in ancient times, means “black aids in the development of wisdom. The horse.” Imperial records indicate that It has long been one of the most highly Lung function, as it affects our psyche, numerous emperors and other noblemen prized Spirit tonic herbs consumed by the allows a person to extract the truth and have consumed ant tonics to promote holy men living in the various mountainous wisdom out of life’s experiences. It also sexuality and to increase longevity. Ant regions of China and Korea. Wild Aspara- allows us to let go of that which is useless has been historically considered a supe- gus is said to open up the Heart Center, and of no lasting value. Throughout life, rior herb of the highest order. In fact, it allowing Spirit to flourish, manifesting as we have experiences that are full of has been said that “Ginseng may be the feelings of love, good will, patience and lessons. When the Lung power is strong, King of Herbs, but Ant is the Herb of peace of mind. Regular consumption of we can pass through these experiences Kings!”. good quality Asparagus root seems to lift and then let them go. But the greatness a person’s spirits in a way that is consis- of the experience is in the wisdom we tent with the Taoist philosophy of gain. This is the nature of growth and Asparagus Root attaining happiness. If you take it for attainment. Whether an experience is Products Featuring This Herb: some time, you tend to see things from a good or bad in the short run, what is more Supreme Spirit Drops broader view, indeed almost an unlimited important is what we gain on the wisdom Yin Replenisher view. Taoists mention that by consuming plane as we proceed. In this way our life Essence Restorative wild Asparagus root a person gains the becomes great. Wild Asparagus is re- Super Essence Restorative ability to fly. This flying is really the spected at a level unsurpassed by any Golden Air ability to rise above things that are other herb in aiding this ability to let go Will Power limited and mundane, even if they seem of the dross of life, emotional waste, and Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination very important at the moment. From in allowing us to expand our view of life Platycodon and Fritillary above, we see things in their true light, with each passing day. having ups and downs, and unifying the Other Common Names notions of good and bad, right and wrong, Wild Asparagus root promotes the Asparagus Root which are always only relative and ephem- production of Kidney Yin, and prolonged eral. The Spirit quality of wild Asparagus use is beneficial for sexual weakness. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese root effects the Heart of a man or Even though its greatest value is in its Tonic Herbs woman. This spiritual ability to “fly” is in “love tonic” attributes, wild Asparagus 154 fact the freedom of spirit one experi- root is often used in tonics designed to ences when one has attained harmony with overcome impotence or frigidity on the Pharmaceutical Latin Tao and is guided by universal love. Those physical level. Wild Asparagus root has Asparagi Radix /Tuber who are seeking spiritual attainment slight diuretic action and removes heat should consume good wild Asparagus and pains in the feet, chest and neck. Pinyin whenever it is available. Tian Men Dong Taoists emphasize that wild Asparagus Wild Asparagus root is also an important root will strike a balance in the internal Treasures Lung tonic. In common Chinese herbalism, functions of the body. It is said that one Yin Jing, Qi and Spirit this is the quality most often referred to who consumes wild Asparagus root for a when discussing this herb. Asparagus root long time will feel so light that they can Treasure Rating moistens and purifies the lungs, aiding in fly. This not only refers to the spiritual ***** our breathing, removing toxins from the qualities of this amazing herb, but also to respiratory tract and improving all the energy and natural buoyancy it Atmospheric Energy respiratory functions. It increases the provides. Cold lung’s ability to extract Qi from the air we breath. Asparagus root is especially Scientific Data Taste useful for those who are exposed to Asparagus root has been found to induce Sweet and Bitter smoke, to dry or smoggy air or who interferon production in human beings. otherwise are experiencing dryness of Organ Meridian Systems the lungs and upper respiratory passages. Preparation and Utilization Lung, Kidney and Heart Eat one or two wild Asparagus roots each The skin is traditionally considered to be day, raw. Eat it slowly — almost let it melt Primary Functions a part of the Lung function, and sure in your mouth. Chew well and breathe Nourish Yin and Clear Heat. Moisten the enough wild Asparagus root has wonderful deeply. Or cook it with your choice of tonic herbs. have extracted Qi from the air we are Other Common Names breathing, and after the Stomach and Primary Combinations Astragalus Spleen have extracted Qi from the food Wild Asparagus root may be eaten raw. we have eaten. The air and food energies Otherwise it is generally used in combina- Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese are united in the Lungs to generate the tion with other tonic herbs. Combine with: Tonic Herbs “essential energy.” 120 1. American Ginseng and Ophiopogon to Ying and Wei are the two components of tonify the Lung and Heart Yin and Pharmaceutical Latin the essential energy. Wei Qi circulates in generate fluids Astragali, Radix the subcutaneous tissues providing suppleness to the flesh and adaptive 2. Lycium and/or Rehmannia (steamed) to Pinyin energy to the skin. This function is tonify blood and Kidney yin Huang Qi considered essential to life to Asian health practitioners. It is believed that 3. Anemarrhena, Raw Rehmannia and Treasures this adaptive energy at the surface of the Philodendron to relieve false fire in the Qi and Blood body is our first line of defense against upper Warmer the offensive forces of nature.. It is the Treasure Rating Wei Qi which provides the energy of the 4. Ganoderma, Pearl and Polygonum stem ***** flesh to perspire, produce goose bumps or to nurture Spirit to shiver. The Wei Qi controls the Atmospheric Energy opening and closing of the pores. If Wei Varieties and Grading Slightly Warm Qi is deficient, exhausted or blocked, Wild Asparagus is collected in the environmental forces such as heat, cold, mountains of Northern China and Korea. Organ Meridian Systems dampness and wind (the so-called “vicious After collecting it, the roots are cleaned Spleen, Lungs and Three Burning Spaces energies”) can easily penetrate through and dried. However, they generally remain the flesh and injure the tissues lying moist, in fact, gummy. Good quality Primary Functions below, including the blood and inner Asparagus root is soft, chewy, pleasant Tonify Qi, regulate immune functions, organs. If the Wei Qi is sufficient, strong tasting and mildly sweet. Although wild strengthen resistance, build blood, and unblocked, the body’s resistance is Asparagus root is readily available in strengthen “upright Qi,” formidable and one can easily adapt to almost all Chinese herb shops, really good difficult environmental conditions. wild Asparagus root is quite rare. Most Qualities Astragalus, by tonifying the Lungs, helps wild Asparagus root is yellow, and this is Astragalus ranks as one of the most the body generate an abundance of free excellent, so long as it is clean, moist and potent health tonics in the world. For flowing Wei Qi, thus fortifying the sweet. Connoisseurs tend to buy up entire over two thousand years, it has been one defense energy of the body. Consistent batches of the really good stuff quickly. of the most popular tonic herbs used in consumption of Astragalus is thus used to But occasionally you can find red wild the Orient, and remains so. protect the body and has traditionally Asparagus root. This is a treasure — it is Astragalus is said to strengthen the been called “the Great Protector.” the herb that the Taoists call “the flying primary energy of the body and to tonify herb.” Buy as much as you can when you the three burning spaces, or in other Astragalus helps regulate several other see it, because it probably won’t be there words, to strengthen all metabolic, important functions. It is used as a blood when you go back to the herb shop again. respiratory and eliminative functions. As tonic and is quite effective when com- an energizer, Astragalus is famed for its bined with primary blood tonic herbs such Contraindications strengthening effects on the outside of as Dang Gui, San Qi, Polygonum, etc. Do not use this herb if you do not want to the body, in particular to the musculature. Astragalus helps to regulate fluid me- have flying dreams. Do not use this herb It is therefore beneficial in particular to tabolism, and those who consume it if you don’t want to become wise. younger adults, who tend to be physically regularly are said to rarely suffer from active and require external abundant fluid retention and bloating. Combined Astragalus Root external energy. In China, Astragalus is with Licorice root, Astragalus helps Products Featuring This Herb: sometimes considered superior to Ginseng regulate blood sugar levels. Super Yang Jing Drops as an energizer for younger people. Supreme Protector Astragalus is used to strengthen the legs An important effect of Astragalus is in and arms, and is commonly used by people its ability to fortify the “Upright Qi.” Essence Restorative who work outdoors, especially in the cold, Upright Qi is the energy allocated by the Super Essence Restorative because of its strengthening and warming body to maintain upright posture and to Strength Builder nature. maintain the position of the organs in Golden Air their healthy position in their battle with Profound Essence Astragalus is said to have another effect gravity. As one gets older, or if one Tao in a Bottle on the “surface” of the body — that is, it experiences chronic fatigue or exhaus- Will Power is used to tonify the “protective Qi,” tion, or during illness, this Upright Qi is Super Adaptogen known as Wei Qi in Chinese. Wei Qi is a easily depleted resulting in the sinking, or Immunity Booster Formula yang energy and is the yang counterpart “prolapse,” of organs. This can happen Cardiovascular Protector to the yin (nutritional) energy flowing almost anywhere in the body, but it is Ginseng and Astragalus Combination through the meridian system, nourishing common in the abdominal and pelvic Ten Complete Supertonic Combination our tissues and organs. This nutritional cavities where organs tend to sink. Ginseng and Longan Combination energy flowing in the meridians in known Astragalus provides an abundance of this Ginseng Nutritive Combination as Ying Qi. Both Wei Qi and Ying Qi are Upright Qi. Thus Astragalus is used for Astragalus generated in the Lungs after the Lungs such conditions as hernias and prolapse of the uterus and stomach, as well as the Astragalus is often used with Ganoderma, herbs were studied to determine their inability to stand straight due to fatigue. Siberian Ginseng, Cordyceps and/or effect on sperm motility. Only Astragalus Gynostemma in this fu zheng therapy. proved to stimulate this activity. Astragalus enhances the function of the skin to eliminate toxins. It is commonly Astragalus extracts have been demon- Astragalus is rich in zinc and selenium. used to help sores in the skin to come to a strated to have significant hematopoietic They form components of molecules which head and suppurate, and thus to heal more (red blood cell-building) activity. have shown powerful anti-cancer activity. quickly and effectively. Astragalus is used They are also responsible for Astragalus’s by Chinese doctors to help slow-healing The primary active constituents of ability to treat osteoarthritis deforms. sores and wounds heal more quickly. All Astragalus, the triterpene glycosides, are Astragalus is used clinically to treat this activity is related to the Wei Qi saponins similar to the saponins in Ginseng cancer and osteoarthritis in China. which is circulating in the skin, which also and Gynostemma, though all of the improves blood circulation according to Astragalus saponins (triterpene glyco- Astragalus has been found to induce the the rule of “Qi leads Blood.” sides) have their own chemical identities. production in human beings of both b and There are over 30 such saponins in g-interferon. Astragalus has a mild diuretic action and Astragalus membranaceus, for example, helps to relieve excessive sweating. It is of which many are unique to that species. Preparation and Utilization helpful in treating loose stools, chronic The “total Astragaloside” fraction of Astragalus may be added to almost any diarrhea and chronic or recurring colds. Astragalus is an extremely potent health tonic formulation designed to strengthen If a cold lasts too long it can cause a agent. Studies have demonstrated that the entire body. It is superb for young or general fatigue syndrome that can itself the total Astragaloside fraction, known by old people, male or female. It can be the become chronic. Astragalus is very useful its trademarked name of TA-70, has a main ingredient or a secondary ingredient. for people who just can’t seem to shake a bipolar, biphasic, double direction activity. My recommendation here is to consume cold, and Astragalus can replace the Qi It is an extremely potent immune modula- Astragalus every day, to some degree or necessary to regain full strength. In tor, capable of building the immune another. China, there are patent medicines consist- response while suppressing excessive ing solely or primarily of Astragalus which immune activity, as occurs in auto immune Primary Combinations are targeted specifically at treating low conditions (including allergies and arthri- Combine with: grade chronic colds. tis). In addition, the total Astragaloside fraction has an extremely potent antioxi- 1. Ginseng Root and Licorice Root to Scientific Data dant activity, hundreds of times stronger tonify the primal Qi Astragalus, like many of the major tonic than vitamin E, and stronger than that of herbs, has a very complex constituent grape seed extract, Ginkgo biloba and 2. Dang Gui to tonify blood and to improve profile. Primarily, the active constituents pine bark extract. New extraction blood circulation at the surface of the of Astragalus consist of triterpene technology allows this total Astragaloside body glycosides, polysaccharides and fla- fraction to be extracted. The new high vonoids. Astragalus also contains numer- potency Astragalus extract known as TA- 3. Cinnamon to fortify the flesh, prevent ous amino acids, trace elements and 70 is without doubt among the most excessive sweating and beautify the skin various other components. potent health tonics in the world today. 4. Dang Gui and Licorice Root strengthen Astragalus extracts have been proven to The polysaccharides found in Astragalus menstrual functions, relieve menstrual have potent immunomodulating effects in are also extremely potent immune and other lower abdominal pain both animals and humans. Water extracts enhancers. However, these polysaccha- of Astragalus significantly enhance rides have been shown to be poorly 5. Schizandra and Ophiopogon to tonify macrophage activity and reduce the absorbed in the intestines and therefore the Lung Qi and yin activity of suppressor T-cells. The herbal have a low bioavailability. Pharmacological extract significantly increases natural studies have shown that injected polysac- 6. Ganoderma to tonify the Lungs, Spleen, killer cell cytotoxicity. It significantly charides and injected Astragalus glyco- Heart and Liver and to protect the body helps antibody response and increases T- sides have approximately equivalent from invasion — this is the premier helper cell activity. Studies conducted at potency relating to the immune system. protection entity in Chinese herbalism the M.D. Anderson Cancer Research However, the glycoside component is five Center at the University of Houston, the times more potent than the polysaccha- Varieties and Grading world’s largest cancer research institute, rides when consumed orally. Astragalus is one of the premium Chinese demonstrated clearly that Astragalus tonic herbs that has been a staple of improves the immune response in humans Both polysaccharide and saponin fractions traditional Chinese herbalism for three undergoing radiation and chemotherapy as have shown liver protective action. thousand years. Thus many varieties are a treatment for cancer. The FDA, However, the liver protective action of available at any Chinese herb shop, however, has not approved the use of the saponin fraction is more powerful due ranging in quality and price from very Astragalus for this purpose, although it is to higher bioavailability. inexpensive to relatively expensive. Prices approved for exactly that purpose in many range from a few dollars per pound up to other countries. It tends to protect the Astragalus contains GABA (g- around $60 a pound for the best sliced white cells from leucopenia (destruction aminobutyric acid) and has been shown to Astragalus. The Astragalus we get in of white blood cells due to the chemo- have a corresponding hypotensive effect America has been sliced and pressed, therapy or radiation) and maintains the as a direct result of that component. which makes it appear bigger than it healthy activity of these immune cells. actually was in the ground, and also makes Patients taking Astragalus during such An interesting new area of research on it easier to cook or otherwise extract. treatment tend to have far fewer side Astragalus concerns its potential as a effects and to recover at a higher rate. male fertility agent. Seventy Chinese If you compare the best Astragalus with the low end material, it is easy to note a fineness to the quality of the better root Treasure Rating Part Used and Form slices. Slices that are supple and pliable Thick slices of the sun dried rhizome are more desirable than dry, brittle Atmospheric Energy slices. It usually indicates that the herb Warm Primary Functions is fresher and was more carefully pre- Qi tonic. Aids digestion. Invigorates the pared. High quality Astragalus has an Organ Meridian Systems Yang. inner core which is distinctly earthy- Liver, Kidney yellow. Lesser grades are characterized Qualities by a non-distinct whitish-beige core and Primary Functions Atractylodes is one of the most important rough texture. However, some unscrupu- Astringe Jing and commonly used herbs used in Chinese lous suppliers actually dye this inside core tonic herbalism. It is found in the major- yellow. The yellow core is essential, but Qualities ity of formulations that are designed to make sure it is natural (it won’t turn a wet Astragalus seed is used in Chinese build Qi. Though the herb is not rare and tissue Ritz yellow). herbalism to astringe Jing. In other therefore is not expensive, it is highly words, it prevents the leaking out of vital regarded. Good quality Astragalus has a sweet essence. It is considered to be a longevity flavor that is pleasant when cooked in tea. herb. White Atractylodes is a powerful Qi Lower grade Astragalus is bland or tonic, almost in the same category of tasteless, and has a starchy taste. Atractylodes, White importance with other Qi tonics such as Atractylodes is an important and great Astragalus and Codonopsis. In some ways, My recommendation: buy middle or high energy (Qi) tonic which is famous for it may be more powerful even than priced Astragalus. Herb shops don’t sell regulating the digestive functions and as a Ginseng as an energy tonic. Many people the poor quality stuff for high prices powerful energy booster. This tonic find that Atractylodes provides more because too many people are experts in variety of Atractylodes is known as energy more quickly than Panax Ginseng. Astragalus. At least buy a middle grade, “White Atractylodes.” It is widely used in The point is somewhat moot however, and preferably buy the best — you’ll China by athletes and martial artists, and since the two herbs are almost always notice the difference. in weight control programs. It has a mild used together. While rapidly and effec- diuretic action. Atractylodes may be used tively building Qi, White Atractylodes Contraindications by anyone wishing to increase vitality. also invigorates the Yang energy of the Being in the legume family, it tends to body, providing power and strength to the produce flatulence in those who are prone Products Featuring This Herb: body. In particular, it invigorates the to this distressing symptom when they Profound Essence Yang energy of the Spleen so that eat legumes such as peas. If this is the Super Adaptogen digestion is more efficient. case, use less and try adding herbs like Frame Builder cardamom to the tea. It should not be Ginseng and Astragalus Combination It is widely used to strengthen digestion used during the acute phase of the flu. Ten Complete Supertonic Combination and assimilation and to move moisture There are no known side effects associ- Ginseng and Longan Combination through the body. It is capable of ated with TA-70, the high technology Ginseng Nutritive Combination regulating the appetite by increasing the standardized Astragalus extract. Poria Five Combination appetite of those who are weak and by Bupleurum and Peony Combination reducing appetite in those who overzeal- History ous. In either case, White Atractylodes Astragalus has been used in China as a Other Common Names will help improve digestive efficiency. tonic herb since deep antiquity. It was Atractylodes, White Hard physical activity performed while described as a superior herb in the Spirit Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese consuming White Atractylodes will result Farmer’s Materia Medica, where it was Tonic Herbs in muscle growth. It has a reputation as described as an herb which prolonged the 197 one of the primary herbs to be used by years of life without aging.” Since that athletes to build powerful muscle and to time, Astragalus has been one of the most Pharmaceutical Latin provide endurance. This is perhaps in most popular and highly respected tonic herbs, Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Rhizoma popular usage in this era of tonic herbal- in the class of Ginseng and Ganoderma, ism. In addition, White Atractylodes, though more commonly available. Pinyin because of its Yang invigorating quality, Bai Shu can be used for weak sexual drive and is Astragalus Seed sometimes used with Yang tonics for this Products Featuring This Herb: Treasures purpose.. Microcosmic Orbit Qi Eagle Vision People with weak digestive systems will Treasure Rating generally benefit greatly, and quickly, Other Common Names **** from this herb. It will be useful for Astragalus seed people who tend to experience diarrhea, Atmospheric Energy bloating, abdominal pain, vomiting and Pharmaceutical Latin Warm fatigue, especially during the summer or Astragali, Semen in hot climates. It is commonly used in Taste formulas for edema, phlegm retention and Pinyin Bitter, Sweet and Pungent vertigo as well, all of which are associated Sha Yuan Ji Li with poor fluid movement in the body, a Organ Meridian Systems condition that White Atractylodes will Treasures Spleen and Stomach help rectify. 1. Ginseng Root, Codonopsis, Licorice Root Chinese tonic herbalism as a component in White Atractylodes is one of the herbs and Astragalus to tonify the Spleen, build Spirit tonic formulations. It is calming widely consumed in China by pregnant Qi and sedative. It can be used to help allay women in order to protect the fetus and fear, anxiety and insomnia. When com- to strengthen the mother. It is especially 2. Ginseng and Poria to tonify the Spleen’s bined with Zizyphus, Schizandra and useful for women who are low in Qi and water transformation and transportation Poria, Biota is believed to be nourishing to thus experience fatigue, digestive activities the heart. Because of the oily nature of problems and anemia. the herb, it can help with constipation. 3. Ginseng Root and Dried Ginger for cold The herb has been shown to be effective Stomach manifesting as indigestion Primary Combinations for constipation after childbirth or Combine with: gynecological operation when combined Varieties and Grading with Prepared Rehmannia in a 2:1 ratio. There is just a small range of quality in 1. Zizyphus Seed, Albizia Bark, Spirit White Atractylodes. Large, clean, light Poria, Polygonum Stem, Dragon Bone and White Atractylodes can help relieve colored slices rich in aroma are best. Be Oyster Shell to stabilize Spirit and treat excessive fetal movement. In case of sure not to get White Atractylodes insomnia caused by anxiety weakness due to Qi or blood deficiency, it confused with Red Atractylodes, which can be combined with Ginseng and/or usually is smaller the White Atractylodes Varieties and Grading Eucommia bark. In case of heat syndrome, and is a brick red-brownish color. Red The kernels should be clean, light colored it should be combined with Scutellaria. In Atractylodes (Atractylodes lancea) does and oily. Be sure that they are fresh and the case of cold syndrome, it should be not have the tonic action of White not rancid (because of their oily, nutri- combined with Artemisia Atractylodes. Red Atractylodes is a tious nature, they can easily spoil). powerful diuretic used widely in medicinal Scientific Data Chinese herbalism. Contraindications A wide range of pharmacological studies Do not used excessively if experiencing have been conducted to determine the Contraindications loose stool. However, this herb is usually tonic action of Atractylodes macrocephala Do not use excessively if dehydrated. used in small quantities in combination and Atractylodes ovata. Atractylodes with other herbs. increased the body weight and swimming endurance of mice. The herb increases Biota Seed the phagocytic function of the reticuloen- Products Featuring This Herb: Bird’s Nest dothelial system. It increases leukocytes Lights Out Bird’s Nest is a Yin tonic. It promotes in patients with leukopenia. Atractylodes Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination beautiful skin, shiny hair and radiant eyes. macrocephala increases the lymphocyte transformation and rosette formation Other Common Names Products Featuring This Herb: rates, promoting cellular immunity and Biota markedly increases serum IgG. These Other Common Names results taken together support the Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Bird’s Nest traditional classification of Atractylodes Tonic Herbs macrocephala rhizome as a Spleen tonic 201 Pinyin which fortifies Qi, strengthening the yan wo body constitution and increasing the Pharmaceutical Latin resistance to disease. Semen Biotae Orientalis Pharmacological and human clinical studies Black Sesame Seed Pinyin Products Featuring This Herb: have shown that the herb has a diuretic Bai Zi Ren action in patients with edema, but has Small Volcano little or no diuretic action in normal Daily Regulator Treasures subjects. It has been shown to have mild Spirit hypoglycemic and liver protective action Other Common Names in pharmacological studies. Sesame Treasure Rating ***1/2 Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese It has been shown to have no effect on the central nervous system, a character- Tonic Herbs Atmospheric Energy 303 istic which distinguishes the tonic herb Neutral from its relative Atractylodes lancea (Red Atractylodes). Red Atractylodes is Pharmaceutical Latin Organ Meridian Systems Semen Sesami Indici commonly used in Chinese herbalism as a Heart, Kidney and Large Intestine potent diuretic, but not as a tonic herb. Pinyin Part Used and Form Hei Zhi Ma White Atractylodes has been found to Ripe kernel of the Arborvitae tree induce the production in human beings of a-interferon. Treasures Primary Functions Yin Jing and Blood Nourishing the Heart to Develop Spirit. Primary Combinations Tranquilizing to the Mind. White Atractylodes is never used alone. Treasure Rating Combine with: **** Qualities Biota seed is most commonly used in Atmospheric Energy Strong Bones ing in syndromes such as premenstrual Neutral Ginseng and Astragalus Combination syndrome (PMS) and menopausal distress. Bupleurum and Rehmannia Combination Bupleurum and Cyperus Combination is a Organ Meridian Systems Gentiana Combination powerful digestive regulating formula and Kidney and Liver Bupleurum & Cyperus Combination Bupleurum and Rehmannia Combination is a Bupleurum and Dragon Bone Combination powerful detoxifying formula which is Primary Functions Bupleurum and Peony Combination especially useful when there is blockage in To tonify Yin Jing and blood, to benefit Activated Minor Bupleurum the lymph glands. A formula known as the skin, and to moisten the intestines Minor Bupleurum Combination is the most and promote bowel movement Other Common Names widely used formula in the Japanese Bupleurum Kampo system of herbalism. Kampo is the Qualities government certified Chinese herbal Black sesame seed is a very good tonic Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese system used by millions of patients in the herb. It builds Yin Jing, and therefore it Tonic Herbs national health care system of Japan. is a longevity herb. In fact, Polygonum, 184 Minor Bupleurum Combination is used in when it is dug up from the ground, is Kampo for a wide range of problems, boiled in Black sesame seed soup, which is Pharmaceutical Latin including hepatitis B, the flu, liver cancer why Polygonum is dark brown. Raw Bupleuri, Radix and more, all approved by the Japanese Polygonum is nearly white underneath its Health Ministry. A slightly modified thin, dark skin. To build essence (Yin Pinyin version has been shown to block HIV Jing), Sesame may be combined with Chai Hu replication and is thus being tested in Lycium, Polygonum, Ligustrum, Steamed Japan for use by HIV infected individuals. Rehmannia, Eucommia, Placenta or any Treasures Initial studies have proven very favorable other combination of Jing tonics. None (See the discussion of Scutellaria for more about this therapy). It is even more In addition to its essence-building Treasure Rating widely used by health conscious people of capacity, Black Sesame also builds blood. Japan to prevent flues, especially during It acts in much the same way as Atmospheric Energy the flu season, and during recovery from Polygonum. As a component of a blood Cold the flu to speed up recovery and to tonic formula, it may be combined with prevent relapses. Longan, Dang Gui, Polygonum and/or Organ Meridian Systems Lycium. However, since it is generally used Liver and Gall Bladder Bupleurum is a powerful, cold, detoxifying in food, it is most often combined with herb. It is not a tonic herb. Therefore it Longan fruit Part Used and Form has the potential to have side effects if Sliced roots not used carefully. The primary side Black sesame seed is moistening to the effect is excessive detoxification in too intestines and helps move the bowels. It Primary Functions short a period of time. For this reason, prevents and relieves constipation due to Harmonizing. Relieves liver tension and Bupleurum should never be used without dryness of the intestines. It is combined discharges surface heat. being combined either with White Peony with Dang Gui, Cistanche, Polygonum and or Scutellaria, both of which detoxify the Biota to achieve the best result. Qualities blood and eliminate heat. They tend to Bupleurum is one of the most important prevent over-zealous detoxifying. The Black sesame seed is extremely rich in herbs used in Chinese herbalism. It is not toxins will be released more or less calcium, containing 85 milligrams per gram a tonic herb, but it is useful in the tonic unnoticed by the bowels and through of seeds. It is also high in protein, system because of its ability to relieve perspiration and urination. Excessive phosphorous, iron and magnesium. Liver tension and digestive disturbances, intake of Bupleurum without the appropri- and because it is detoxifying and anti- ate amount of Scutellaria or Peony Primary Combinations microbial. Bupleurum has the ability, when sometimes causing a “toxic headache,” a Combine with: combined with other herbs to clear common sign of detoxifying. Chinese stagnation virtually anywhere in the body. herbalism does not generally condone 1. Polygonum to keep the hair youthful and It can be used to relieve spasms, muscle detoxifying so rapidly as to cause a dark tension, lumps, bleeding due to heat and headache. Use more Peony or Scutellaria menstrual irregularity. The essential oil in in your formula if you discharge toxins so 2. Hemp seed and Dang Gui to tonify the Bupleurum is responsible for its ability to rapidly that it causes discomfort. A tea yin of the intestines and to promote relieve surface heat. of White Peony Root and Licorice Root healthy bowel movements can rapidly counteract the toxic dis- Bupleurum is the primary herb in dozens charge and its symptoms caused by Varieties and Grading of classical formulations which serve a Bupleurum. The toxins are not reab- Like any oily seed, sesame ages by wide variety of harmonizing and decon- sorbed, they are simply rerouted out by becoming rancid. Select sesame that gesting activities. For example, Bupleurum the proper means. looks, smells and tastes fresh and sweet. and Dragon Bone Combination, a classical formula, is superb as a Spirit stabilizing There are many such Bupleurum based Contraindications anti-stress formula. It is used extensively formulations, all of which regulate body Not to be used in cases of diarrhea. in Japan to reduce tension and anxiety. energy, allowing it to flow freely and in a Bupleurum and Peony Combination and balanced manner, and for relieving Bupleurum Root Bupleurum and Tang Kuei Combination are blockages in the body and then discharg- Products Featuring This Herb: the primary formulations for women who ing the toxin safely out of the system. Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) suffer from hormonal imbalances result- Bupleurum formulas are extremely useful at the early stages of tonic use in helping The flower of a special variety of Chry- Cibotium available in Chinese herb shops to establish radiant health. They serve santhemum is used in China to improve the in America is consistently of good quality. the purposes of relieving blocks, imbal- circulation in the head and face and is ances and tension while eliminating toxins. thus traditionally used for headaches and Contraindications Bupleurum formulas are useful when sinus conditions. Since it has a cooling Do not use in case of dehydration result- taking tonics because they assure that action, it is used to relieve red, swollen ing in diminished or deep yellow urine and the newly abundant energy will flow freely eyes such as that caused by smog and in dry mouth. through the body. As time goes by, these summer heat. formulas become less and less necessary until eventually they only need to be used Cibotium Cinnamon Bark occasionally, if at all. These formulas will Other Common Names Chinese Cinnamon bark is a strong essence be discussed in some detail in a later Cibotium tonic that promotes good circulation and section dealing with common imbalances. powerful internal energy. It is sweet and Pharmaceutical Latin spicy, and is considered to have a very hot Primary Combinations Rhizoma Cibotii Barometz energy. Cinnamon bark is said to increase Combine with: the Yang energy and sexual vitality. The Pinyin best Cinnamon bark in the world comes 1. Scutellaria to relieve the surface, Gou Ji from Southeast Asia from trees where dredge and soothe the Liver, purge heat, the bark is, at its best, almost a half inch clear fever, and detoxify the body Treasures thick and over twenty years old. Yang Jing 2. White Peony Root to do the same thing Products Featuring This Herb: as Scutellaria, but not as strongly (White Treasure Rating Ten Complete Supertonic Combination Peony is usually used for chronic condi- *** tions and Scutellaria is used for acute Other Common Names conditions with raging fire. Peony moder- Atmospheric Energy Cinnamon Bark ates the release of heat and pent-up Warm tension that may result from the detoxi- Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese fication) Taste Tonic Herbs Bitter and Sweet 202 3. Pinellia to relieve Lung congestion Organ Meridian Systems Pharmaceutical Latin Varieties and Grading Liver, Kidney Cortex Cinnamomi Cassiae Larger Bupleurum is usually considered to be stronger. Part Used and Form Pinyin Sliced Rhizome Rou Gui Contraindications Use under to care of an herbalist. May Primary Functions Treasures cause rapid detoxification, with symptoms Kidney and Liver Tonic Yang Jing, Qi and Blood such as headache and anger. In cases of severe toxicity and improperly balanced Qualities Treasure Rating Bupleurum administration, skin sores can Cibotium is a perfect example of a basic ****1/2 arise. Yang tonic herb. It strengthens the Yang of the Liver and Kidney and relieves pain Atmospheric Energy Chrysanthemum Flower and spasms. Cibotium is mostly used in Hot Products Featuring This Herb: formulations, combined with Kidney yang Eagle Vision tonics to strengthen the back and sexual Taste organs. The same Kidney yang tonic herbs, Acrid and Sweet Other Common Names with the addition of a couple of other Chrysanthemum Flower ingredients, such as Cinnamon Twig and Organ Meridian Systems Gentiana, may be used to relieve aches, Primarily Kidney and Circulation-Sex, but Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese pains and stiffness in the lumbar region also Spleen, Heart, and Liver Tonic Herbs of the back, and to relieve pain in the 222 knees. Part Used and Form The shade-dried inner bark of the trunk Pinyin Primary Combinations and thick branches, from which the outer ju hua Combine with: cork has been scraped of. Treasures 1. Eucommia, Dipsacus and Drynaria to Primary Functions none strengthen fortify Kidney yang and to Supplementing fire of the vital gate to strengthen the lower back and knees strengthen Yang, dispelling cold to relieve Treasure Rating pain, warming up and clearing the chan- none 2. Cinnamon Twig and Gentiana plus above nels. mentioned Kidney yang tonics treat low Atmospheric Energy back, knee pain and other joint pain due to Qualities cool rheumatism Chinese Cinnamon bark is one of the most warming of all herbs. It is a strong Yang Qualities Varieties and Grading tonic which may be used to correct syndromes of Kidney Yang deficiency, pyretic (fever reducing) activity as well. Often you can buy wonderful Cinnamon which will generally present itself by an bark that is old and thick but that is aversion to cold, cold hands and feet, Preparation and Utilization broken into small chunks. This is an weak kidneys, backache and lack of sexual Because of the extreme power and excellent buy because it is very delicious, energy. It is widely usually combined with spiciness of cinnamon bark, it is usually very effective and not very expensive — a Yin and Yang Jing tonic herbs and with Qi used in conjunction with other tonic herbs great value all the way around. Just tonics to build energy and to fire up which are milder. Use very small amounts remember, the hotter and sweeter, the sexual energy. of cinnamon bark, as its flavor and better. The real greatness in the expen- effects are very powerful. Its taste sive premium varieties is in the effect on Cinnamon bark promotes good circulation becomes bitter if boiled and the impor- the Kidney function and on how it warms and enables Qi to circulate freely. It has tant volatile oils are evaporated off. So the body. Consuming good cinnamon bark a hot energy which warms the body at its cinnamon bark is not added to boiling is by no mean just a taste sensation — it core. Cinnamon bark is used to warm up concoctions except at the very end, for makes you feel good. It warms your flesh cold visceral organs and to calm the the last few minutes unless the cooking is and has a relaxing effect on the nerves nerves. However, its energy is said to taking place in a closed system where the that is very pleasant. That is one reason “move upwards and float.” In moving oils can be trapped and retained. why people like it. The very finest upwards it disperses energy blocks in the cinnamon bark, according to all the Asian neck and shoulders and thus relieves So when making a tea which includes connoisseurs, comes from Southeast Asia, tension in this area. In moving outward cinnamon bark, it is best to use a ginseng especially from Vietnam. These specimens (“floating”), it warms the flesh. Prolonged cooker , since the herb brew will not quite will be the most expensive and have the use is said to result in a more youthful, boil and yet the essence of the herbs will most powerful effect. But high grade rosy cheeked complexion, and will help be thoroughly extracted. If you use an common Chinese cinnamon bark will clear the skin of blemishes. It is also used herb cooker, you may add the cinnamon suffice for all your real tonic needs. medicinally to treat headaches, abdominal for the last fifteen minutes of cooking. If pain (especially when combined with you are not using a ginseng cooker and are Contraindications licorice root), and to promote menstrua- simmering a brew in a regular pot, add the This herb should not be used by those tion. cinnamon bark for the last ten minutes, who have a hot constitution or feverish but only after you have turned the flame condition Cinnamon bark will open the energy down to the very lowest so that the brew channels of the abdomen and it can dispel is no longer boiling. And keep the lid on. even severe chills. If used when a person Cinnamon Twig experiences “flushing up,” a condition Primary Combinations Products Featuring This Herb: where heat rises in the body making the Combine with: upper part of the body hot and the lower Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) part cold, it will help regulate the energy 1. Ginger and Aconite to warm up the body Imperial Garden so that heat becomes distributed prop- in case of chill Ginseng Nutritive Combination erly. Poria Five Combination 2. Peony to relieve blood stasis Cinnamon and Poria Combination One other feature of cinnamon bark is its Bupleurum and Dragon Bone Combination antipyretic activity. An antipyretic is a 3. Ginseng Root and Deer Antler to tonify substance that lowers surface body heat and stimulate the primal yang Other Common Names when the surface is abnormally hot and Cinnamon Twig unable to release the heat. When you Varieties and Grading first consume cinnamon bark, you main Cinnamon is a very highly prized herb and Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese feel warm, but over a very short time it premium grades can be very expensive. Tonic Herbs can actually help to cool you down if you China produces a wide range of qualities 202 are too hot. It is sometimes used in of Cinnamon bark, so the consumer has to Chinese medicine to reduce fevers. be alert to what they are buying. The Pharmaceutical Latin Cinnamon is grown in the very southern Cinnamomi Cassiae, Ramulus Cinnamon Bark also generates Qi and areas of China the border on Vietnam, Blood, especially when combined with Qi Laos and Myanmar (Burma). This is hot, Pinyin and Blood tonics such as Astragalus. Use tropical territory which produces superb Gui Zhi with Tang Kuei for menstrual pain due to Cinnamon. Most Cinnamon bark sold will be poor circulation. in small broken pieces that are thin, Treasures almost like a potato chip. This low grade Scientific Data Cinnamon bark is inexpensive and is of Treasure Rating Extracts from cinnamon bark have shown only moderate quality because it is too none in vitro anti-fungal and antibacterial young. The very best Cinnamon bark activity and the volatile oil from cinnamon comes in large pieces that is perhaps 1/4 Atmospheric Energy has shown anti-viral activity. The volatile inch thick. It will always be sold with Warm oil, which is responsible for cinnamon’s some fanfare because great Cinnamon flavor, has also shown cardiovascular bark is rare. The taste will be very hot, Taste effects which can lower blood pressure in but also very pleasantly sweet. It is Acrid, Sweet cases of high blood pressure. usually possible to sample a little piece Cinnamaldehyde, one of the main active before buying — do it. Organ Meridian Systems ingredients in cinnamon bark, has been Heart, Lung, Urinary Bladder shown to have sedative activity in mice, Frankly, even middle grade cinnamon bark and has shown hypothermic and anti- is very powerful and delicious to chew on. Part Used and Form young cinnamon branches increase fertility. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Qualities It is widely reported, by men who have Tonic Herbs Cinnamon Twig, the young cinnamon taken Cistanches for more than a few 203 branches, strengthens the body and is weeks, that when a man consumes said to result in a more youthful complex- Cistanches consistently for some time his Pharmaceutical Latin ion. cinnamon Twig can be used to relax sexual prowess will increase noticeably. Semen Cnidii neck and shoulder tension. It is catego- The highly regarded tenth century rized as a warm herb, capable of warming imperial manual on health and sexual Pinyin the entire body, and is primarily used in conduct, The Essence of Medical Pre- She Chuang Zi Chinese herbalism to open blood channels scriptions, compiled by a Chinese physi- and thus to improve circulation. However, cian living in Japan by the name of Tamba Treasures the twig lacks the deep Yang tonifying Yasuyori, described numerous formula- Jing effect of the aged bark. tions which would enhance male potency. Cistanches was included in 80% of these Treasure Rating formulas. The ancient classics indicate ***1/2 Cistanches that Cistanches increases both the flow Products Featuring This Herb: of Yang energy and blood flow to the Atmospheric Energy Super Yang Jing Drops genitals. Warm Supreme Creation Imperial Garden Youthfulness is very much associated with Taste Return to Youth sexual vigor, whether or not one uses this Pungent and Bitter sexual vigor sexually, or converts the Other Common Names energy to other creative outlets. When Organ Meridian Systems Cistanches ,Salty pulpy mushroom, the Kidney Yin and Yang are strong, a Kidney and Spleen Chinese broomrape person can flourish. They will be full of energy, high in spirit, creative, and strong Primary Functions Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese minded. They will appear radiantly healthy Tonifies Yang, Warms the Kidneys Tonic Herbs to others and will be attractive to the 203 opposite sex. Qualities The small fruit is considered to be a Pharmaceutical Latin Cistanches has a secondary benefit, in superb tonic to the primal Yang essence Herba Cistanches that it improves the function of the and is thus used in many tonics for both bowels, resulting in healthy bowel move- men and women. It is widely believed in Pinyin ments. This is a result of increased Qi in the Orient to be a superb longevity herb Rou Cong Rong the Large Intestine. and an excellent sexual tonic and stimu- lant. It is said to strengthen the bones. Treasures Primary Combinations Cnidium seed has been very commonly Jing (Yang and Yin), Blood Combine with: used in formulations designed to warm the Kidneys and strengthen Yang energy. It is Treasure Rating 1. Deer Antler, Ginseng Root, Epimedium, primarily used for the purpose of over- **** Rehmannia (steamed), Cuscuta and coming sexual malaise and strengthening Cnidium to tonify the male sexual organs sexual potency. The classics repeatedly Atmospheric Energy and fortify the male Kidney system mention it as an aphrodisiac. It was used Warm almost routinely in imperial formulas 2. Dang Gui, Polygonum and Hemp seed (or designed specifically for the emperor. Taste Flax seed) to tonify blood, yin and Cnidium seed was often used in combina- Sweet and Salty encourage bowel movement tion with Cuscuta seed in aphrodisiac formulations, since the two herbs are Organ Meridian Systems 3. Deer Antler, Placenta and Rehmannia believed to work synergistically together Kidney, Large Intestine for frigidity and infertility and to enhance one another. It is also used to increase fertility in both men and Part Used and Form 4. Eucommia Bark and Morinda for pain in women. Cnidium has some astringent Thick slices of the pulpy stem the lower back quality, which means that it will help prevent premature ejaculation in men. Primary Functions Varieties and Grading Furthermore, Cnidium seed has disinfec- tonifying the kidney, reinforcing yang, Large, dark, moist slices of Cistanches tant qualities and may be used externally replenishing vital essence and blood, are generally of the highest quality. as a wash on sores, particularly in the moistening the bowels genital region. Contraindications Qualities Not to be used excessively by people with Primary Combinations Cistanches is one of the more popular, and excessive sexual drive, by those with Combine with: more potent, Yang tonic herbs and is deficiency of yin, or by people with found in many formulas designed to chronic loose stool. 1. Cuscuta and Schizandra to treat strengthen sexual function, treat impo- infertility, impotence and premature tence, and strengthen the back and knees. Cindium Seed ejaculation It is used not only in men’s sexual formu- Other Common Names las but also in women’s, particularly to Cnidium Seeds Varieties and Grading Fresh seed with an aroma is best. place of Ginseng in formulas that actually substituted for Ginseng whenever Ginseng call for Ginseng to be used as a main Qi is called for in a formulation. However, Contraindications tonic, especially when the purpose of the the chemical constituents of Radix Not to be used for heat syndromes. formula is to invigorate the Spleen and Codonopsis have turned out to be very Lung functions. This is totally acceptable different from Ginseng. In particular, Codonopsis in the Chinese herbal system. Although Codonopsis root has only a small saponin Products Featuring This Herb: high quality Codonopsis is a relatively content. Codonopsis contains taraxeryl Magu’s Treasure expensive herb, it is still called “poor acetate, friedelin and taraxerol. d- Magu’s Secret man’s Ginseng” because it is less expen- spinasterol, D7-stigmastenol and their Essence Restorative sive than Ginseng and serves the same glucosides have also been identified. In Super Essence Restorative primary role in a Ginseng-based Qi tonic addition, the root contains sucrose, Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) formula. However, recent studies have glucose, inulin, starch, traces of alkaloids Golden Air shown that Ginseng and Codonopsis do not and resins. Will Power share the same chemical basis for their Immunity Booster Formula Qi building activity. Codonopsis does not Codonopsis contains immune-stimulating Ginseng and Astragalus Combination contain any saponins similar to the polysaccharides. It is therefore being Ten Complete Supertonic Combination ginsenosides found in Ginseng. Therefore, used clinically in Japan and China to build Ginseng and Longan Combination it is not advisable to consider Codonopsis resistance of cancer patients in Fu Zheng Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination to be a true substitute for Ginseng in all Therapy. Codonopsis has been found to Bupleurum and Dragon Bone Combination instances. They both can be used in an induce the production in human beings of herbal program to build Qi. However, a-interferon. Other Common Names Ginseng possesses a very different type Codonopsis of adaptogenic activity. Ginseng’s action in Primary Combinations formulations associated with Ginseng’s Codonopsis is not commonly used by itself, Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese powerful Yang power cannot be substi- though it certainly could be. It may be Tonic Herbs tuted for by Codonopsis. Codonopsis does combined with: 157 possess mild Yang energy suited well to women and men who possess excessive 1. Astragalus, White Atractylodes, Poria Pharmaceutical Latin Yang energy already. and Licorice Root to strengthen the Codonopsis Pilosulae, Radix Spleen and to build Qi. Codonopsis can always be used as the main Pinyin Qi tonic in a person’s program when 2. Dang Gui to build blood Dang Spirit Ginseng is not desired but a Qi tonic is desired. Its blood building quality makes 3. Schizandra and Astragalus to tonify Treasures it especially good for people who are the Lung Qi Qi and Blood weakened due to illness, and Codonopsis is extremely effective at relieving chronic Varieties and Grading Treasure Rating fatigue. Many women use it to build blood Codonopsis is one of the herbs that comes ****1/2 and the Chinese consider Codonopsis to be in a very wide range of grades. All an herb specifically suited to pregnant Codonopsis grows in the north of China, Atmospheric Energy women and nursing mothers, holding that but the best grows in the mountains of Neutral Codonopsis helps produce milk and that Gansu and Shaanxi Provinces. Two kinds the nutrients in Codonopsis are especially of Codonopsis are available: the wild one, Organ Meridian Systems nourishing to babies. which is called Tai Dang Spirit, and the Spleen, Lungs cultivated, which is called Lu Dang Spirit. Codonopsis is also useful for those who Wild is superior, and it is more expensive, Part Used and Form wish to strengthen their digestive and although it may be somewhat smaller than Sun-dried Root respiratory functions. It is especially the cultivated variety. YeSpiritg Dang useful for people who tend to become Spirit, which is collected from the wild in Primary Functions short winded or cough easily due to Gansu Province, is highly favored and Qi and Blood tonic. Tonifies Spleen and deficient lung energy and for people who available in some Chinese herb shops. Lungs and mildly invigorates Yang. become congested after a meal or who Cultivated Codonopsis can also be of very digest inefficiently. high quality, and most of the Codonopsis Qualities available in herb shops in America is Codonopsis is one of the most famous and Codonopsis is an excellent herb for cultivated. Three varieties of cultivated widely used Chinese tonic herbs. It is very children. It is mild yet has powerful Codonopsis are particularly favored: mild and without any side effects, yet it strengthening effects, especially on the Tianshui Dang Spirit (from Tianshui is a superb Qi tonic. It invigorates the digestive and respiratory systems and District, Gansu Province), Luzhou Dang Spleen and Lung functions so that Qi is upon the immune system. It builds strong Spirit (from Shanxi Province) and Wen replenished and it promotes the produc- muscle in children. Babies can start Dang Spirit (from Gansu Province) tion of body fluids. Codonopsis is also an chewing on clean Codonopsis roots as soon excellent blood tonic and a major immune as they have teeth and know how to hold Tonic herbalists can easily recognize high system tonic. the root to their mouth. It is an excellent quality Codonopsis. Larger roots are the teething herb. best. They should be straight and clean, For many centuries, Codonopsis has been without signs of insect, mold or fungus one of China’s favorite tonic herbs. It is Scientific Data contamination. It should be dry on the believed to have an action similar to that Traditional Chinese herbalism has fea- surface, yet flexible and moist when a of Ginseng, but milder. It is often used in tured Codonopsis as an herb that could be piece is chewed. It should be a light tan. High quality Codonopsis is sweet tasting Coix to have anti-viral activity. and pleasant. The sweetness in the taste develops after you have chewed on the Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Coix can be used as an extremely healthy root for several seconds. Once you’ve Tonic Herbs and nutritious grain substitute in cooking gotten into the tonic herbs a bit, good 204 and there are currently a number of Codonopsis will taste very pleasant when products on the market which use Coix as eaten raw. Low grade Codonopsis is much Pharmaceutical Latin the food base for instant diet cereals. less tasty and poor Codonopsis has almost Semen Coix Coix contains: coixol, coixenolide, vitamin no flavor. Because low grade Codonopsis B1, leucine, lysine, arginine will sell for less, the suppliers spend less Pinyin time cleaning and preparing it, so it might Yi Yi Ren Primary Combinations still be quite dirty. Remember, if you eat (Spiritg Yi Mi) Combine with: an herb like Codonopsis raw, it is best to wash it first to get any remnants of Treasures 1. Dioscorea and Poria to relieve abdominal China’s good earth off it. Always get the Qi bloating due to water stagnation best Codonopsis you can obtain. Poor quality Codonopsis is of little value to Treasure Rating 2. Ma Huang to discharge surface water one’s health while high quality Codonopsis *** stagnancy is a major tonic herb. Atmospheric Energy 3. Dang Gui, White Peony, Longan, and Codonopsis is one of the herbs now Slightly Cold Schizandra to nourish and detoxify the regarded to possess significant immuno- skin stimulating properties. It is rich in Taste immune stimulating polysaccharides which Bland and slightly Sweet Varieties and Grading are extremely valuable in helping the body Fresh, clean, whole seeds without blem- fight off microbial invasion, especially in Organ Meridian Systems ishes are best. the early stages. These same polysaccha- Spleen and Lung rides have been shown to be useful in Contraindications supporting the immune systems of people Primary Functions use cautiously during pregnancy. with cancer who are using the herbs in Tonic to Spleen and Skin, Promoting the conjunction with conventional cancer flow of moisture Cordyceps therapies (Fu Zheng Therapy). Codonopsis Description has been demonstrated to have radiation Qualities Spray dried concentrated powder in protection activity and can be effective in Coix, also known as “Job’s Tears,” is a capsules. One of the premier tonic herbs protecting cancer patients receiving food-herb that many people get confused of Asia. Vegetarian. Grown by ultra radiation therapy from the side effects with barley. It is used as a general health modern fermentation technology. Ex- without diminishing its benefits. Codonop- tonic, primarily benefiting the functions tremely potent. sis also has interferon-inducing activity of the Spleen, Lungs and skin. It improves that may be of importance in many the flow of water throughout the body, so Primary Traditional Functions immune deficiency conditions, including it can therefore used by those who are Nourishes Jing (both Yin and Yang), HIV infection. experiencing water stagnancy, abdominal strengthens the Kidneys and Lungs and bloating, and edema (excessive water tonifies Qi, relieves depression of Liver Codonopsis can be taken safely by anyone weight). Puffed Coix (just liked puffed Qi. wishing to gently but assuredly build Qi, oats, corn or wheat — ”shot out of Who Can Use This Formula to strengthen their immune system, to cannons!”) is very beneficial to those who Because it contains both Yin and Yang it nourish their blood and to strengthen suffer from loose stool or diarrhea. Coix can be used by anyone safely and over a digestion and respiration. It can be taken is also commonly used in many formulas in long period of time. A powerful and in large or small dosages without side Asia for arthritis and rheumatism since proven athlete’s herb. Cordyceps is highly effect. It is an extremely reliable herb these conditions are associated with regarded in China as a tonic for those who which maintains its position as one of the “excess moisture.” are recovering from an illness or an great herbs of the world. operation, or after giving birth. In these Coix is considered to be very beneficial to cases, the Cordyceps helps the patient History the skin, in terms of both beauty and recover their physical power, to improve Qian Long, the most famous and longest health. Combined with herbs like White their appetite, and to protect the body ruling Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, Peony and Tang Kuei, it is very nourishing from infection. consumed Codonopsis every day. Qian to the skin. Also, It is said that by using Long was the longest living Emperor of Coix, one’s skin becomes especially smooth Typical Usage the modern era (the last three hundred and soft. Coix is used in Asia to eliminate 2 or 3 capsules, 2 or 3 times per day years). He lived to be eighty nine years coarse skin. Coix has long been believed to old, despite the fact that he had three be capable of helping to reduce moles, and Note thousand concubines. Emperors usually to eliminate warts and other blemishes Cordyceps is very widely used for the lived a short life because of too many from the skin surface. Recent research purposes of strengthening the primal concubines. (Note: when he became sixty- conducted in Japan has demonstrated Kidney functions, which include sexual one, he started taking Ginseng every day that raw Coix contains an anti-tumor functions, brain power, structural integ- as well). agent which may, in large doses, be useful rity and healing ability. It is a potent Yin in the treatment of cancer, and in Jing tonic, but it is also a very powerful Coix particular cancer of the skin when used in Yang tonic. As a sexual tonic, Cordyceps is Other Common Names large quantities. Coix has also been shown considered to be one of the best. Consis- tent use of Cordyceps helps to strengthen resist a wide range of pathogenic bacte- the physical structure, and specifically ria, fungi and viruses. Cordyceps is used in Ma’s recipe is still secret (though we know benefits the lower back region, the knees Asia to help treat fungus and yeast it), although the whole world knows of its and ankles. It is used for backache due to infections, and intensive research is being existence. We only know that the two injury, fatigue, stress or simple aging. conducted at dozens of institutions in dominant ingredients are Cordyceps and China and Japan relating to the potential Tortoise Shell, a major Yin Jing tonic. Cordyceps is also a major Lung tonic. It of Cordyceps to treat cancer and HIV can be used to strengthen respiratory infection. Researchers in Japan and China Cordyceps is highly regarded in China as a power in those who require extra energy have isolated a number of polysaccharides tonic for those who are recovering from in order to perform physical work (e.g. in Cordyceps which strengthen the an illness or an operation, or after giving labor, sports or exercise) or it can be immune system, and at least one, CO-1, birth. In these cases, the Cordyceps used by those who suffer from deficiency has been shown to have strong anti-tumor helps the patient recover their physical of Lung power. It is especially beneficial activity. Maintaining the immune system is power, to improve their appetite, and to to those who suffer chronic Lung weak- one of the mechanisms that can slow down protect the body from infection. When ness with cough, wheezing or shortness of aging and prevent both degenerative and blended with other tonics such as Gin- breath. acquired diseases. seng, Ganoderma, Lycium or Astragalus, Cordyceps’ power is just increased as the Other studies have shown that Cordyceps Other studies have shown that Cordyceps synergy of the various herbs results in an can have a benefit in the vascular system can have a benefit in the vascular system even more powerful tonic. as well. Cordyceps improves the function as well. Cordyceps improves the function of the micro-circulation and improves of the micro-circulation and improves Production efficiency at the capillary level. efficiency at the capillary level. In the last several years, it has become Cordyceps has been shown to help Cordyceps has been shown to help possible to grow a number of fungi by regulate blood pressure and to strengthen regulate blood pressure and to strengthen “fermentation” technology. The fungus is heart muscle. heart muscle. literally grown in large tanks, and in just a matter of days a large quantity can be Cordyceps is one of the absolute super- Cordyceps is considered in Asia to be a produced. The technology has now become stars of the Chinese tonic herbal system. robust and virtually miraculous athlete’s highly advanced and is making previously It is an extremely effective and powerful tonic. Cordyceps has attained even rare herbs like Cordyceps and Ganoderma life enhancing agent, ranking right up greater fame in the last few years since much more accessible. Many studies there with Ginseng, Ganoderma and Deer the quintessentially successful track indicate that the chemical nature of this Antler. Because it is rare, potent and coach, Ma Jia Jun, created a secret biotechnology Cordyceps is almost highly treasured, like Deer Antler, it is formula, based on Cordyceps and Tortoise identical to that of the wild variety and very expensive. It is the main ingredient Shell, which he gave to his China National pharmacological and clinical studies seem in a number of expensive elixirs and tonic Women’s track team. Subsequent to their to confirm this. formulations. taking this formula, which was made with Cordyceps as the dominant ingredient, the The new bio-technological approach to Cordyceps is very widely used for the women of this team came to dominate the growing Cordyceps possesses two truly purposes of strengthening the primal world track scene for more than two great advantages. The greatest advantage Kidney functions, which include sexual years. The members of the team broke of the new technology is that the herbal functions, brain power, structural integ- many world records, most of which they substance, in this case Cordyceps, can be rity and healing ability. It is a very still hold. highly controlled by scientific means powerful Yang tonic. As a sexual tonic, during its growth and “standardized” so Cordyceps is considered to be one of the During their reign, they were accused of that every batch is virtually identical — best. It is not as quick acting as the best taking steroids or other illegal drugs, and in a sense, “perfect.” This is very of the Yang tonics like Deer Antler, since their rise to dominance was so quick. important in pharmaceutical terms Epimedium and Sea Dragon, but it has a But all drug testing proved negative. No because without standardization, it is profound long range strengthening trace of any illegal substances have been difficult or impossible to develop drug- capacity. It is commonly used for impo- detected in their blood. None of Ma’s type standards for substances like tence, sexual neurasthenia, frigidity and track women were ever found to be Cordyceps. Once an herb can be standard- infertility. consuming anything other than his secret ized, all kinds of studies can be conducted Chinese tonic herbal formula. Due to a that will be accepted by the scientific Consistent use of Cordyceps helps to number of reasons, mostly associated community, including our FDA. strengthen the skeletal structure, and with personality conflicts between Ma and specifically benefits the lower back his track stars (he refused to let them Fermentation technology makes this region, the knees and ankles. It is used grow their hair, to keep much of their substance available to anybody who wants for backache due to injury, fatigue, prize money or to keep the luxury cars it, and this is great news for the world. stress or simple aging. they won as prizes on the world track Until now, few people have even heard of circuit, for example), virtually all the Cordyceps because of its rarity. In the Because of Cordyceps’ powerful deep women refused to stay in Ma’s camp and next decade, as a result of the new tonifying action, it is used for a wide they all went independent. No longer fermentation technology, Cordyceps will range of problems due to weakness. having access to his secret Cordyceps become known throughout the world. Cordyceps has always been used to recipe, all of the stars have lost their fortify the defensive system of the body dominating athlete prowess. In 1995, a There is one more advantage, at least by and large amounts of recent data indicate year after leaving Ma, only one of the some people’s standard, to the new that Cordyceps is a very potent immune former superstars qualified for the fermentation Cordyceps. The fungus is system potentiator. Many studies now National Team which represented China at grown without the use of animal nutrients indicate that Cordyceps can help the body the World Championships. and the result is a 100% pure “vegetarian” health product. Super Essence Restorative itself — it lies in Cornus’s incredible Imperial Garden astringent action on the urogenital organs. Coriolus Mushroom Strength Builder Other Common Names Endocrine Health Cornus is very sour, and like all sour Coriolus Versicolor Eagle Vision herbs, it helps control ejaculation of Return to Youth sperm and helps treat the problems of Pharmaceutical Latin Rehmannia Six Combination impotence, premature ejaculation, and Coriolus Versicolor frequent urination due to weak bladder. Other Common Names Because of its warm nature and because Pinyin Cornus of its direct action on the genital func- Yun Zhe Xe Se tion, many Asian herbalists consider Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Cornus to have “aphrodisiac” qualities. Treasures Tonic Herbs Like all true Kidney tonics, Cornus helps Qi 205 strengthen the back and knees, clears the mind, improves hearing. Cornus is well Treasure Rating Pharmaceutical Latin known for its benefits for people experi- **1/2 Fructus Corni Officinalis encing dizziness. Those who are deficient in Yin Jing can combine Cornus with Yin Atmospheric Energy Pinyin herbs. Those who are deficient in Yang Neutral Shan Yu Rou or Shan Zhu Yu Jing can combine Cornus with Yang herbs. In either case, Cornus will strengthen Taste Treasures Jing by conserving it. Bitter and Sweet Yin Jing A quinol glucoside has been isolated which Part Used and Form Treasure Rating acts as a urinary antiseptic. Extracts have whole mushroom including the mycelium ***1/2 shown antibacterial activity against and fruiting body Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhula Atmospheric Energy and Shigella dysentarae. Extracts have Primary Functions Warm also shown anti-allergenic effects. Cornus To fortify the defense and to dispel damp will help reduce perspiration in those who Organ Meridian Systems sweat due to illness, weakness or fear. Qualities Kidney and Liver Mixed with the appropriate herbs, Cornus The entire mushroom (mycelium and is very useful for stabilizing excessive or fruiting body) is used to fortify the Part Used and Form prolonged menstrual bleeding due to immune system. The polysaccharides Pulp of the ripe fruit. The fruit has been deficiency and weakness. found in the mycelium and from fermenta- prepared by baking over a slow fire or tion liquid each have significant anti- scalding with boiling water, then, after Primary Combinations carcinogenic activity. This whole polysac- removal of the stone, drying in the sun. Combine with: charide is used as a drug against malig- nant tumors in Japan. Coriolus has been Primary Functions 1. Rehmannia (steamed), Cuscuta, Lycium found to be an interferon-inducing To stabilize the Kidney and to contain and Eucommia bark to tonify the Liver and substance. In China, Coriolus is used for Jing. Astringent, preventing or arresting Kidneys, to strengthen the lower back and viral infections of the liver, including excessive loss of body fluid. Nourishing legs, to strengthen sexual functions and hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis, and it is the Kidney and Liver. to prevent premature ejaculation in men used as a preventive and curative drug for Qualities 2. Ginseng, Prepared Aconite and Oyster liver cancer. However, it is so safe that it This sour fruit plays an important role in shell to prevent sweating due to weakness is also sold over the counter as an immune many Essence tonics. It is said to be of the body system strengthening tonic in herb “astringent,” thereby locking energy into stores. the system and preventing the energy Varieties and Grading from ‘leaking” out. In its own right it is a The fresher the better. The more sour Primary Combinations powerful Yin essence tonic with a warm the better. Always used in combination with other energy. When combined with other tonic immune system stimulating herbs. Com- herbs, Cornus becomes a powerhouse, and Contraindications bine with: makes the other herbs much more Cornus is an extremely safe herb with no powerful as well. Cornus is considered to known side effects. However, it should be 1. Astragalus, Ganoderma, Codonopsis, be an aphrodisiac. not be used by people who have difficulty Cordyceps, Gynostemma to strengthen urinating or who become hot but cannot the immune system Cornus is a mild Yin tonic which acts upon sweat. the Kidney, most specifically upon the Varieties and Grading urogenital system. Its tonic action is Crataegus Not generally available in bulk in America. highly magnified by its powerful astrin- Other Common Names gent action. When combined with other Hawthorn Fruit or Berry tonic herbs, Cornus becomes a power- Cornus house, and makes the other herbs much Products Featuring This Herb: Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese more powerful as well. Being a warm Yin Tonic Herbs Super Yang Jing Drops tonic makes it a somewhat unique herb. Supreme Creation 205 It’s great power does not lie in the actual Essence Restorative amount of Yin provided by the Cornus Pharmaceutical Latin Fructus Crataegi stagnation in the Stomach ***1/2 Pinyin Varieties and Grading Atmospheric Energy Shan Zha Crataegus is best when it is freshly Warm processed. If it appears old, overly dry Treasures and discolored, look for another supply. It Taste None. Crataegus is not a tonic herb. It is should look like good dried fruit that you Spicy (acrid) a digestive. would eat. Both stir-baked Crataegus and unprocessed, sun dried Crataegus are Organ Meridian Systems Treasure Rating available. The stir-baked variety is best Kidney and Liver for digestion, while the unprocessed (sun Atmospheric Energy dried only) Crataegus is best for hyper- Part Used and Form Slightly warm tension, high cholesterol, etc. Rhizome, sliced and sun-dried Taste Primary Functions Sour, Sweet. Crataegus Leaf To Tonify Kidney and fortify Yang. To Crataegus leaf extract has become an eliminate cold and dampness. Organ Meridian Systems extremely popular herb in Europe because Spleen, Stomach, Liver of its very beneficial influence on hyper- Qualities tension (high blood pressure), hyper- Curculiginis is used in yang tonic formula- Part Used and Form lipemia (high blood fat) and high choles- tions to warm up the Kidney function, to The ripe fruit which has been sliced and terol. In China it is combined with Cassia strengthen sexual function, for infertility sun dried. tora seed and or Gynostemma leaf to in both men and women, for urinary improve this function and may be con- incontinence, low back pain and weakness Primary Functions sumed as a tea or in capsules. Crataegus in the legs, to strengthen the bones and To improve digestion and remove food leaf extract can be used to treat symp- ligaments and to strengthen the general stagnation. toms of coronary heart disease, especially constitution of one who is growing feeble. when combined with herbs that improve Qualities circulation, such as Salvia, Pseudoginseng, Primary Combinations Crataegus strengthens digestion. This Ginkgo and Ligusticum. Combine with: very useful herb helps to remove stag- nated food from the digestive tract and Products Featuring This Herb: 1. Epimedium for weakness of Kidney yang to restore normal functioning of the Cardiovascular Protector manifested as impotence, frigidity and Spleen and Stomach in digesting, trans- lower back pain porting and distributing nutrients. Other Common Names Crataegus a very commonly used herb, Varieties and Grading used to relieve indigestion which has Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese All Curculiginis sold in America is of resulted in abdominal distention, belching, Tonic Herbs similar grade. acid regurgitation, stuffiness, anorexia, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and Pinyin Contraindications irregular bowel movements (diarrhea or shan zha ye Not to be used by people who are severely constipation) due to food retention. In Yin deficient (e.g., showing heat signs) China, Crataegus is often consumed as the Treasures without first building the Yin. main ingredient in a tea, or combined on a couple of other digestive herbs, when one Treasure Rating Cuscuta Seed has consumed too much meat or greasy Products Featuring This Herb: food. Crataegus is excellent at digesting Atmospheric Energy Super Yang Jing Drops these. Microcosmic Orbit Primary Functions Women’s Jing Crataegus has become an extremely promotes circulation Profound Essence popular herb in Europe because of its very beneficial influence on hypertension (high Curculiginis Other Common Names blood pressure), hyperlipemia (high blood Products Featuring This Herb: Cuscuta Seed fat) and high cholesterol. In China it is Women’s Jing combined with Cassia tora seed to Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese improve this function and consumed as a Other Common Names Tonic Herbs tea or in capsules. Crataegus can be used Curculiginis 206 to treat symptoms of coronary heart disease, especially when combined with Pharmaceutical Latin Pharmaceutical Latin herbs that improve circulation, such as Rhizoma Curculiginis Cuscutae, Semen Salvia, Pseudoginseng, Ginkgo and Ligusti- cum. Pinyin Pinyin Xian Mao Tu Si Zi Primary Combinations Combine with: Treasures Treasures Yang Jing Yin and Yang Jing 1. Ginseng Root, Citrus Peel and Atracty- lodes to tonify the Spleen and remove Treasure Rating Treasure Rating ***1/2 turn provides the primal power of life. 1. Eucommia bark, Dioscorea and Cibotium Cynomorium builds both Yin and Yang Jing, Atmospheric Energy to fortify the Kidney, to strengthen the although it is predominantly a Yang tonic Neutral lower back and to treat lower back and herb. However, it does supply Yin Essence knee pain (Yin Jing) and can help build blood Taste (another Yin treasure). Furthermore, it is Acrid and Sweet 2. Schizandra fruit, Cnidium fruit, moistening to the intestines and helps Ligustrum fruit and Astragalus seed to relieve dry heat constipation. Organ Meridian Systems treat impotence Liver and Kidney Cynomorium is used for impotence in men 3. Codonopsis, White Atractylodes and and lack of libido in women due to defi- Primary Functions Dioscorea to treat chronic diarrhea due ciency of Kidney Yang energy. It To tonify the Kidneys, benefit Yin and to Spleen deficiency strengthens all sexual functions when Yang Jing. Astringent. used over a period of time. Men do not Varieties and Grading have to be impotent to use Cynomorium. Qualities Fresh, aromatic Cuscuta seed is best. It will simply strengthen a man, or women, Cuscuta is commonly used in long term starting from the point where they are at tonic programs. It is a gentle tonic for Contraindications on the energy scale. the Kidney Yin and Yang, and also helps Not to be used when experiencing strong nourish Chi. It helps the Kidney to heat patterns. Cynomorium is a superb rejuvenating herb. consolidate the Chi. It is widely used to It strengthens all the functions and improve vision, nourish the sperm and Cynomorium Root structures associated with the Kidney, marrow, strengthen bones and sinews and Products Featuring This Herb: including the bladder, the back, the legs to strengthen sexual functions. Magu’s Treasure and the skeleton in general. You can also Magu’s Secret think of Cynomorium as an herb which will Cuscuta seed is commonly used in tonic strengthen all bodily functions from the formulations designed to benefit Yin and Other Common Names waist down. It is a great herb if you want Yang Jing. It is most commonly used to Cynomorium to build your Kidney strength. strengthen the urogenital functions. It is used to treat impotence, premature Pharmaceutical Latin Cynomorium and Cistanche are very ejaculation, frequent urination, and Herbal Cynomorii similar in their actions; however, Cynomo- leukorrhea as well as ear ringing and rium is slightly milder (it is not quite as aching lower back, symptoms which often Pinyin hot) and is therefore often used in accompany deficient Kidney conditions Suo Yang fertility formulas for women where that cause sexual weakness. Cistanches may be too hot. Both of these Treasures superb Kidney tonics are used together in Cuscuta seed gently but efficiently helps Primarily Yang Jing, but also Yin Jing and a majority of sophisticated anti-aging, tonify both Yin and Yang, therefore it is a Blood potency-enhancing Kidney tonic formula- very useful, safe and important herb. tions for men. You will find Cynomorium People suffering from Kidney Yin defi- Treasure Rating combined with herbs like Rehmannia, ciency will tend to experience symptoms **** Lycium, Deer Antler, Gecko, Tortoise of dizziness, blurred vision, spots in front Shell, Polygonum, Schizandra, Cnidium of the eyes and ringing in the ears. Atmospheric Energy seed and Cuscuta seed, etc. Habitual consumption of Cuscuta can Warm improve vision and clear away these Organ Meridian Systems Varieties and Grading symptoms. Kidney and Liver Larger, clean looking slices are best. Cynomorium has a brick red tone. If the Cuscuta will build Yin Essence (Yin Jing) Part Used and Form redness is lacking, it is too old or not and thus it is considered to be an anti- Sun-dried fleshy stem Cynomorium. aging herb. It is used to build sperm, increase fertility in both men and women Primary Functions Contraindications and is listed as an aphrodisiac in all Tonify the Kidney and fortify Yang. To Cynomorium is not well suited to people traditional Chinese pharmacopoeias. nourish blood, benefit Essence (Yin Jing) who are severely Yin deficient since it is and strengthen sinews. primarily a Yang herb. Also, it is not well Cuscuta will be used with either Yin or suited to people who are suffering either Yang tonic herbs depending on the Qualities chronically or acutely from diarrhea since specifics of the person’s condition. Cynomorium is considered to be a superb it tends to loosen stool. Cuscuta is almost always combined with tonic to the primal yang essence and is Cnidium seed because they enhance one thus used in many tonics for both men and another. Cuscuta seed helps consolidate women. It is widely believed in the Orient Dang Gui the Essence (Yin Jing) and thus slows to be a superb longevity herb and an Products Featuring This Herb: down aging and prevents loss of bodily excellent sexual tonic and stimulant. It is Magu’s Treasure fluids. This type of herb is critical in any said to strengthen the bones. Magu’s Secret program designed to rejuvenate the body Women’s Jing and to prolong life. Cynomorium is a powerful yet relatively Shou Wu Formulation mild Jing herb. It plays a major role in Ant Essence Formula Primary Combinations many herbal programs designed to Strength Builder Combine with: strengthen the Kidney function, which in Profound Essence Endocrine Health potent and effective blood tonic, and 2. as addition, the vitamin E and folic acid in Remove Stagnation a gynecological regulator. Dang Gui contribute to the stability of Cardiovascular Protector the pregnancy. Dang Gui helps prevent Four Things Combination As a blood tonic, Dang Gui is almost inflammation in the pelvic cavity and Ginseng and Astragalus Combination incomparable. Few herbs in the world are therefore has protective benefits to the Ten Complete Supertonic Combination either as safe or as potent as blood pregnant woman besides stabilizing the Ginseng and Longan Combination tonics. It is commonly used by millions of fetus and preventing anemia. Ginseng Nutritive Combination people to treat common anemia. It can be Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination used after an illness, injury or surgery to Scientific Data Dang Gui and Gelatin rebuild red blood cells and to increase The root of Angelica sinensis contains a Bupleurum and Rehmannia Combination blood volume. It is very commonly used by small but potent quantity of volatile oil Platycodon and Fritillary women to build blood. It is most fre- (0.2-0.4%) of which about 35-50% is Gentiana Combination quently used after a woman’s menstrual ligustilide. The characteristic aroma Bupleurum and Peony Combination period has concluded, in order to replen- associated with Radix Angelica is the ish blood which has been lost. Dang Gui is result of a volatile oil called n-butylidene Other Common Names found in numerous general tonic formula- phthalide and a “fragrant-lemon” lactone. Tang Kuei, Dong Quai, Tang Kwei, Chinese tions as part of the blood-building The root contains vitamin B12 (0.25- Angelica Root component of the formula. Men as well as 0.4mg/100 g.), nicotinic acid, folic acid, women benefit from strong blood. folinic acid, biotin and vitamins A and E Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese and sucrose. In addition, it contains a Tonic Herbs Dang Gui is Chinese herbalism’s most fixed oil, palmitic acid, b-sitosterol, b- 181 important gynecological herb. It is used in sitosteryl palmitate, ferulic acid, succinic almost all formulas designed to treat acid, uracil and adenine. Pharmaceutical Latin dysmenorrhea and other menstrual Radix Angelica disturbances. It has an analgesic action in Experiments on a variety of animals and the case of dysmenorrhea (painful studies done with humans have shown that Pinyin menstruation) which is attributed to its Angelica sinensis has a regulatory, Dang Gui biphasic, regulating effect on the uterus. biphasic action on the pregnant and non- Dang Gui is mildly sedative and soothing pregnant uterus. A component of the Treasures to nervous disorders and excessive volatile oil, which works directly on the Blood emotionalism. uterus, has been demonstrated to reduce rhythmic contractions of the uterus, Treasure Rating Dang Gui is routinely used to treat resulting in muscular relaxation. The ****1/2 amenorrhea, infertility, premenstrual water-soluble and/or alcohol-soluble non- syndrome and menopausal distress. It is volatile substance of the herb, on the Atmospheric Energy generally combined with other herbs to other hand, has a stimulating action on Warm suit the condition and the constitution of the uterus, which can result in strong the woman. These Dang Gui-based uterine contraction. Taste formulations are extraordinarily effec- Sweet, Acrid, Bitter, tive and they are safe. Some of these Researchers now believe that the action formulations may be consumed as health- of the herb on the uterus correlates with Organ Meridian Systems promoting tonics. They help regulate the the functional state of the uterus. Heart, Liver, Spleen menstrual functions and prevent degen- Experiments on rabbits has shown that eration of the reproductive system. when the intrauterine pressure is not Primary Functions Therefore, Dang Gui is used in many increased, Angelica sinensis slightly Blood tonic, blood stimulant, menstrua- Chinese youth preserving formulations. It inhibits contraction. This results in the tion-corrective, analgesic is included in most beauty tonics. The relaxation of the uterine muscles and herb has in fact been found to benefit improves blood flow and local nutrition. On Qualities the complexion by improving circulation in the other hand, when intrauterine Dang Gui, Angelica sinensis, is used by the skin, and by detoxifying, and thus pressure increases, as in the case of men and women alike as a superb blood helping to clear blemishes. It is almost pregnancy, uterine contraction decreases tonic. It is also an important blood always included in formulations designed as a result of Angelica sinensis adminis- vitalizing herb (e.g., it improves blood to detoxify the skin and is used to treat tration, allowing the muscles to relax, but circulation). Men use it as a muscle urticaria, eczema, neurodermatitits, ultimately allowing the uterine muscles to building blood tonic. However, Dang Gui is pruritus, vitiligo, rosacea, alopecia and contract more efficiently at micturation. most famous as a women’s tonic, because pigment diseases. women often use it as a blood tonic and to Pharmacological studies indicate that regulate the female menstrual cycle. It is Although some Western physicians do not Angelica sinensis does not have estrogenic found in most women’s tonic preparations. recommend the use of Dang Gui during action, contrary to earlier reports. pregnancy because of a misunderstanding Dang Gui is one of the most famous and of its actions, this herb is used by The hemotinic, or blood tonic, effect of widely used herbs in the world. It is virtually every pregnant woman in China, Angelica sinensis is now attributed to its commonly described as the supreme and has been for many centuries. It has vitamin B12, folic acid, folinic acid, “woman’s herb,” and as the “queen of been demonstrated that during preg- nicotinic acid and biotin contents. An- Chinese herbs.” It is also very commonly nancy, Dang Gui exerts an inhibitory gelica sinensis is also rich in the metal used by men as a component of tonic action on the uterus, which the Chinese cobalt. Cobalt is the major element formulations. Dang Gui is most well known believe helps “stabilize the fetus” and responsible for vitamin B12’s hemotinic for its two primary functions: 1. as a prevents spontaneous miscarriage. In (blood enriching) action. Experiments have shown that once vitamin B12 loses 0.01 few complex organ structures which gram of cobalt, its hemotinic effect 4. Lycium fruit, Rehmannia (steamed) and regenerates in an annual rhythm and immediately disappears. Chrysanthemum flower to tonify yin and which will regenerate if cut or broken off. relieve false fire conditions resulting in This regenerative power is what has most The herb exerts a complex influence on red eyes, dizziness, etc. intrigued scientists in recent years, just the vascular system. It appears that the as it has the Asian people through the volatile oil component tends to have a Varieties and Grading ages. biphasic influence on blood pressure, first Dang Gui comes in a wide range of quali- increasing it then decreasing it, while the ties. The best Dang Gui is large, clean and Studies conducted in Europe indicate that non-volatile component decreases blood sweet. It has a pleasant yet potent the ability to regenerate is due to the pressure. Numerous studies, however, fragrance that smells fresh. Such high rich supply of substances known as indicate that the general result from grade Dang Gui comes from the north of ectosaponins. This complex chemical agent taking Angelica sinensis is to mildly lower China, from provinces such as Gansu and is found more abundantly in lower animals, blood pressure. Shanxi. The best Dang Gui has higher in which the ectosaponins cause a wide content of volatile oils, accounting for its variety of tissue to regenerate. The Angelica sinensis has a biphasic action on aroma and flavor. Lower grade Dang Gui is ectosaponin in deer antler is very similar the heart, in laboratory animals. Its smaller and not as good smelling. Poor to ectosaponins found at the tail bases of predominant effect, however in animals is quality Dang Gui is not pleasant smelling many lizards, such as the Gecko lizard, to lower cardiac excitability and to or tasting, or it has little or no aroma. Old and in the legs of star fish. Just as in the prolong the atrial refractory period. Dang Gui that lacks much fragrance or case of deer antler, if the tale is broken Angelica sinensis appears to improve taste is fairly useless. off a Gecko or similar lizard or the legs myocardial blood flow. This action is broken off a starfish, these appendages greatly improved when Angelica sinensis is Contraindications regrow — bone, nerves blood vessels, combined with Rhizoma Ligustici, and Flos Dang Gui should not be used against your flesh and all. The ectosaponins extracted Carthami). The herb has also been found doctor’s orders. It should not be used by from deer antler, as well as from Gecko to reduce triglycerides in humans. women with breast cancer. and star fish all have shown remarkable regenerative effects on all types of The herb has been demonstrated to Deer Antler Extract tissue, including nerve tissue, which possess nonspecific immunologic func- Deer Antler is mainly used as a rejuvenat- generally does not regenerate signifi- tions, including the capacity to enhance ing and strengthening agent. Short term cantly. For example, experiments have phagocytic functions of macrophages. It use is believed to quickly build strength been done by administering these also has anti-allergic activity and has been and power, while consistent long-term use ectosaponins (as pantocrin) to frogs and shown capable of decreasing allergic is believed to rebuild and maintain deep mice whose limbs have been amputated, inflammation in the knee joints. It has life force, preserve youthfulness and to resulting in imperfect, but impressive, been shown to have general anti-inflam- enhance longevity. Like all yang herbs, regrowth of the limb including the paws matory and analgesic capacity with is 1.7 deer antler is used to strengthen the and toes. times more potent than that of sodium back, knees and waste, but deer antler is acetylsalicylate. considered to be the most powerful such Research indicates that moderate doses agent and is usually the main herb in any of pantocrin (primarily the alcohol Angelica sinensis is capable of protecting formula in which it is included. It is used extract of deer antler) benefit cardiovas- laboratory animals against the symptoms to strengthen the skeletal structure in cular function by helping to regulate of vitamin E deficiency. both adults and children. It is also widely heart rhythm and by raising blood used to improve mental power. Deer pressure and circulation in people with antler has also been demonstrated to chronic poor circulation. Tang Kuei has been found to induce improve cardiovascular function and to Numerous studies done in China, Japan interferon production in human beings. It strengthen the nervous system. and Korea have shown that pantocrin has been shown to have a weak inhibitory increases work capacity, decreases action against many pathogenic microbes, Description muscular and mental fatigue, improves including Escherichia coli, Salmonella Full potency extract of the highest sleep and improves appetite. Deer antler typhi and paratyphy, Staphylococcus quality Deer Antler in the world. Made has been shown to increase the oxygen aureus, and many others. from the tips, the most potent part. 6:1 uptake of the brain, liver and kidneys in concentrate. laboratory animals. It also significantly Primary Combinations increased red and white blood cell May be used alone, but is most commonly Primary Traditional Functions production in laboratory animals, with the combined with other herbs. Combine with: Reinforcing Kidney Yang, tonifies Yin Jing, effects increasing as dose was increased. tonifies blood 1. Ginseng Root or Codonopsis Root to tonify yin and yang, Qi and blood Who Can Use This Formula Dendrobium Those who wish to increase primal Yang Products Featuring This Herb: 2. Ligusticum, Rehmannia (steamed) and energy Yin Replenisher White Peony to tonify blood and yin, Primal Yin Replenisher improve blood circulation, to regulate Typical Usage menstrual functions and to relieve 1 or 2 squeezes of the dropper (~35 70 Other Common Names menstrual pain drops), 13 times per day, or as desired Dendrobium 3. Deer Antler to tonify Jing, blood and Note Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese fluids, to fortify the Kidney and to Deer antler is a rare type of organ in the Tonic Herbs sharpen the mind higher animal kingdom. It is one of the 160 much more) have routinely used Gok and Gum Cho in Korean) tea brewing Pharmaceutical Latin Dendrobium as a daily tea for many at all times for both the practitioners and Herba Dendrobii centuries. The stems of leaves of a the clients. This simple but elegant number of varieties of Dendrobium are an combination of herbs is a healer’s tea. Pinyin excellent longevity herb. Dendrobium is When a practitioner of the healing arts is Shi Hu especially useful in quickly and effectively performing his or her art, they are using replenishing spent adaptive energy. “healing energy,” and in fact this healing Treasures energy comes straight from the Kidneys. Yin Jing Dendrobium has been traditionally used as This is especially true when, as we were, a daily tea to replace spent Yin Jing of you are working with your hands and mind Treasure Rating the Kidney. The Kidney is considered to by providing a service such as **** be the whole body’s reservoir of Yin Jing, acupressure. It was true. At the end of so replenishing the Yin of the Kidney some sessions, especially difficult ones Atmospheric Energy replenishes the whole body. with people who were going through a Slightly Cold great deal of stress, I could experience In replenishing and increasing Jing, an almost exhausted, drained feeling that Taste Dendrobium increases the generative made me want to sleep. Master Park said Sweet and lightly salty force. Dendrobium is especially famous that the Dendrobium and Licorice tea for relieving fatigue from over-indulgence would prevent this fatigue and, even more Organ Meridian Systems in sex. For those who maintain a balanced importantly, would replenish the energy Kidney, Lungs and Stomach sex life, Dendrobium is said to build given up when performing the healing superb sexual vigor. Dendrobium, being a work. Part Used and Form Kidney Yin tonic, increases the sexual Stems and Leaves fluids in men and women. And like all Jing >From that day forward, for the next tonics, it helps strengthen the lower back seven years while the Acupressure Primary Functions and knees (areas controlled by the Workshop existed, we had a pot of “Sok Replenish Yin Essence (Yin Jing), generate Kidney). For all these reasons, Denrobium, Gok and Gum Cho” on a hot plate at all fluids, clear heat. when combined with Licorice root and times for both the practitioners and for made into a tea is called “honeymooners the clients. The practitioners drank it Qualities tea.” before and after every session and I am This variety of Chinese orchid is an certain that they benefited greatly from excellent and delicious Yin Jing tonic and The Taoists say that Dendrobium fills the this practice. The clients almost univer- longevity herb. It is said to quickly and Kidney meridian up with new vitality and sally enjoyed the tea, usually drinking a effectively replace spent “adaptive strengthens muscles. It nourishes the Yin cup while in the waiting room and often energy.” It is widely used in the Orient by of the Kidney and nourishes the saliva, drinking another cup after the session. those who engage in a lot of sexual which the Taoists call the “Precious The feeling through the years was that activity to replace the spent energy and Fluid.” It can be made into a superb tea most of the clients felt that the tea to replace fluids; and thus it is commonly for athletes for the purpose of maintain- helped them to get centered and to get called “honeymooners tea.” When com- ing fluids during exercise or sports. more out of the acupressure session. The bined with licorice root, it is also called protective quality of this unique tea was “healer’s tea,” because it is said to My teacher, Taoist Master Sung Jin Park, always apparent. Our practitioners were provide healing energy which can be taught me another very important way to constantly exposed to people with stress, transmitted to others and replace spent use Dendrobium. In 1975, when I was colds, etc. and yet the amount of work healing energy. Thus body workers, other studying with Mast Park, I owned a small time missed due to illness was almost nil. hands-on healers, and all those who give acupressure clinic in Los Angeles. At first We all gave much of the credit to the of themselves from their soul, benefit by I had been studying with Master Park at constant drinking of the tea. consuming Dendrobium. It has been widely his apartment, but one day I invited him used both by Taoist hermits and by the to come see the Acupressure Workshop. One last benefit of Dendrobium lies in its Chinese elite. The first time I brought him to the clinic, beauty-promoting quality. Dendrobium which was in a small old house in a busi- helps keep the skin moist and constant Dendrobium is primarily used in China to ness district, he entered with true drinking helps generate beautiful skin. replenish fluids. It is commonly used in reverence, removing his shoes and bowing When combined in a person’s program with Chinese herbalism as a Yin tonic which repeatedly as he approached the front other skin nourishing and cleansing herbs moistens the Stomach and Lungs. It can door and passed through into the foyer of like Codonopsis, Tang Kuei, Schizandra be very effective in treating dryness the clinic. When he first entered, he and White Peony, a person’s skin will problems like dry mouth, thirst, stomach looked around and said “Ah! Just like definitely improve, becoming smooth, pain, mouth sores, sunstroke, and dry ancient hospital!” This gave me great radiant, supple and clear. lungs and air passages due to dry weather pride. But then he started sniffing as or due to pollution and smoke. In other though he could smell something fowl. He Primary Combinations words, Dendrobium is used to balance hot, asked me “Where is your Sok Gok and Combine with: dry conditions, to replace damaged or lost Gum Cho?” I didn’t have a clue as to what fluids and to relieve thirst, depression he was talking about. But after a couple 1. Licorice root to tonify Kidney yin and and deficiency fever as a result of an of minutes of trying to get him to explain, generate body fluids illness. I got an answer. 2. Ophiopogon, Glehnia and Raw Rehmannia However, the truly great value of It was traditional, where Master Park to generate body fluids, tonify Stomach Dendrobium lies elsewhere. Taoist sages, came from, for healing centers to have a yin and saliva who were the masters of longevity (and pot of Dendrobium and Licorice root (Sok 3. Raw Rehmannia, Prince Ginseng and therefore is neither hot nor cold, it ingredient in almost any cooking where Asparagus root for generalized yin benefits both the Yin and the Yang of the flour, grain or starch might otherwise be deficiency with afternoon fever Lungs, Kidneys and Spleen. used. Varieties and Grading It builds Spleen Qi, which results in Primary Combinations Large golden, or green-gold, well-pre- strong digestion and metabolism. It is Dioscorea may be used alone. Combine served stems and leaves indicate good often combined with Ginseng, White with: quality. If the stems and leaves are pulpy, Atractylodes and Poria to fortify the Qi that is excellent. The Dendrobium should producing power of the digestive tract. 1. Ginseng, Atractylodes, Poria, Licorice not be brittle or crumbly when gently Dioscorea is a great herb for people who and Jujube Date to strengthen the squeezed — this would mean that the suffer from loose stool. It is very Spleen and Lungs and to build Qi Dendrobium is old and will have lost its effective at treating many types of potency. The white pulp inside the diarrhea. 2. Lycium and Schizandra to tonify the Dendrobium should be fresh looking and Kidneys and even a bit moist. Some varieties are not Used with Codonopsis (or American as large as Dendrobium nobile. However, Ginseng), Ophiopogon, Schizandra and 3. American Ginseng or Panax Ginseng they work the same — just be sure they other herbs that benefit the Lungs, Root to moderate blood sugar levels are in good condition and are not too old. Dioscorea helps strengthen the ability to build Qi in the Lungs and generally 4. Poria to improve the urinary function of improve Lung functioning, which in turn the Kidney Dioscorea Root strengthens the whole body. It is com- Products Featuring This Herb: monly used in formulations designed to 5. Dang Gui and White Peony Root to Supreme Creation relieve coughing due to weak Lung condi- regulate female hormonal functions Imperial Garden tion. Strength Builder Varieties and Grading Endocrine Health Dioscorea is a valuable herb. In the Dioscorea comes in a range of grades Frame Builder process of rebuilding and maintaining depending on the variety and where it was Eagle Vision healthy Kidney functions, it has both Yin grown. A variety known as “Huai Shan” is Return to Youth Jing building power and an astringent grown in the mountains of Henan Province Rehmannia Six Combination action which helps consolidate the Kidney and is considered to be the best. How- energy, preventing “leaking” of fluids. It ever, good Dioscorea also grows in many Other Common Names is widely recommended for the “leakage” mountainous areas of China including Wild Chinese Yam and Mountain Medicine problems which occur as a result of a Hebei, Sichuan, Shandong and Shanxi deficiency of the Kidney, such as sperma- Provinces. Dioscorea is sometimes avail- Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese torrhea, leucorrhagia and frequent able simple as the sliced yam. Often, it is Tonic Herbs urination. It is also often used by people macerated and rolled into cylindrical rods. 186 suffering night sweats as a result of These rods are sometimes sold as whole general weakness or chronic consumptive rods (several inches long), and sometimes Pharmaceutical Latin illness. In each of the above mentioned sliced into very neat pieces. This process Radix Dioscoreae Oppositae cases, Dioscorea will be combined with does not in any way effect quality. Pure different herbs. Dioscorea will help white Dioscorea is usually the best. Pinyin strengthen the back and knees, like all Source and Price will generally tell you Shan Yao herbs that build the Kidney. which is the best Dioscorea. Treasures Diabetes is a disorder for which Contraindications Yin Jing and Qi Dioscorea is very highly recommended in Dioscorea should be used only sparingly in Asia. The vast majority of Chinese people cases of abdominal distention due to food Treasure Rating with diabetes drink a tea of Dioscorea, or stagnancy. **** a blend of Dioscorea with other herbs, throughout the day to help with the Dipsacus Atmospheric Energy symptoms of dysphoria and thirst. Products Featuring This Herb: Neutral Strong Bones Dioscorea is a powerful herb for treating Strength Builder Organ Meridian Systems dehydration be it due to an illness, Profound Essence Kidneys, Spleen and Stomach excessive sweating from physical activity, Frame Builder due to the weather, or whatever. Part Used and Form Dioscorea is a superb herb for helping Other Common Names The peeled sun-dried rhizome replenish body fluids when taken as a tea Dipsacus or with sufficient water. Primary Functions Pharmaceutical Latin Qi tonic, Yin Jing tonic, tonic to Yin of Dioscorea is a safe and mild herb that can Radix Dipsaci Lung and Stomach, astringent to Kidney. be used as a nutrient tonic on a regular basis. Being a type of yam, it is often Pinyin Qualities included in food products, and cooked in Xu Duan Dioscorea, whose literal name in Chinese routine Chinese cooking as a health food. is “Mountain Medicine,” is one of the more The slices of Dioscorea are quite edible. Treasures widely used tonic herbs. Because the herb Dioscorea can easily be crushed or ground Yang Jing has a neutral “atmospheric energy,” and into a powder which makes an excellent Treasure Rating irritability. It may be combined with ***1/2 1. Eucommia bark to strengthen the lower other yin herbs such as American Ginseng, back and knees Glehnia, Ophiopogon, Asparagus root, etc., Atmospheric Energy to replenish fluids. Slightly Warm 2. Eucommia bark, Donkey skin glue, Mugwort leaf, Astragalus root and Dang Primary Combinations Taste Gui for profuse menstrual flow, uterine Always combined with other tonic herbs. Bitter and Acrid bleeding and threatened abortion with Combine with: bleeding Organ Meridian Systems 1. Dang Gui and White Peony Root to Liver and Kidney Varieties and Grading tonify blood The herb must be fried if it is to be used Part Used and Form to stop uterine bleeding. As a tonic, the 2. Platycodon and Ophiopogon to nourish The sun-dried root raw herb may be cooked or used raw. All Lung Yin Dipsacus is of similar quality in the US. 3. Anemarrhena to stop bleeding and Primary Functions relieve heat in the lower burner. Tonify Kidney and Liver, help repair bones Donkey Hide Glue and ligaments, and open the blood vessels. Products Featuring This Herb: Varieties and Grading Dang Gui and Gelatin Donkey Skin Glue can be purchased at Qualities most Chinese herb shops. It is all high This Kidney tonic is primarily used to Other Common Names quality. strengthen the skeletal structure. Ass Hide Glue, Donkey Skin Glue Dipsacus is one of the main herbs used in Contraindications case of traumatic injury to the skeleton. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese The herb should not be used in large It is an excellent herb for repairing Tonic Herbs quantities by some one experiencing weak structural tissue (bones and ligaments) 201 digestion with poor appetite, or diarrhea that have been damaged as a result of and vomiting. trauma. Dipsacus helps relieve the Pharmaceutical Latin swelling due to structural trauma. It is Colla Corii Asini Dragon Bone the perfect herb for those who have Products Featuring This Herb: damaged spinal structure and for those Pinyin Strong Bones who have experienced knee injuries. E Jiao Profound Essence However, it is useful for any structural Will Power tissue damage to hasten repair. Treasures Bupleurum and Dragon Bone Combination Blood Thus Dipsacus is a premium herb for Other Common Names athletes, dancers and others who have Treasure Rating Dragon Bone experienced minor or severe structural **** injuries as a result of their activities. It Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese can be used preventatively by those who Atmospheric Energy Tonic Herbs have had previous injuries or by those Neutral 207 who are involved in dangerous activities and may wish to do all that they can to Organ Meridian Systems Pharmaceutical Latin fortify the structure of the body. It is Lung, Liver and Kidney Os Draconis equally effective for older people who are Primary Functions Pinyin experiencing structural difficulties simply To nourish the blood, to stop bleeding, to Long Gu due to aging. Dipsacus is usually combined replenish Yin and to moisten the lungs with Eucommia, Drynaria, Tang Kuei and Treasures sometimes Deer Antler. Qualities Spirit stabilizer The fried skin of the donkey is a powerful Dipsacus performs some of the classic blood and Yin tonic routinely used in Treasure Rating Kidney tonic functions as well. It helps Chinese herbalism. It is commonly com- ***1/2 strengthen sexual function and relieves bined with other major tonic herbs to back pain. Dipsacus is routinely used fortify the entire body after illness, Atmospheric Energy during pregnancy in Asia to strengthen injury or surgery. It can be used by any Neutral the mother’ back and to calm the fetus. one suffering from blood deficiency. It is It is used to relieve bleeding during usually combined with Ginseng, Astraga- Taste pregnancy which may threaten the lus, Dang Gui and Prepared Rehmannia. Sweet, Astringent pregnancy. It may be combined with herbs that have Organ Meridian Systems Dipsacus also helps improve blood flow by a hemostatic action (they stop bleeding). Heart, Liver, Kidney, Large Intestine opening up the blood vessels. Therefore it However, since bleeding is serious, it is useful in any condition in which the should only be done under a doctor’s Part Used and Form blood vessels are constricted especially supervision. Fossilized bones of prehistoric animals when the constriction results in pain. such as mastodon, hairy rhinoceros, Donkey Skin Glue has Yin properties that hipparion, deer, oxen, etc. Large or small Primary Combinations are useful in Yin deficiency syndrome, chunks of white mineralized vertebral or Combine with: manifesting as dry cough, dry mouth and extremities bone. Dragon’s Teeth, which are the fossilized teeth of these animals, Dioscorea and Astragalus. are also used with similar, though not Other Common Names identical function. The Taoists often used Dragon Bone at Drynaria the initial stages of their training in order Primary Functions to calm the mind so that they could make Pharmaceutical Latin Calm and stabilize the Spirit, astringent quick progress in their meditation Rhizoma Drynariae practices. Since agitation was considered Qualities to be anathema to a Taoist, Dragon Bone Pinyin Dragon Bone is a Spirit stabilizing provided a powerful tool in gaining a grip Gu Sui Bu substance. It calms the Liver and sup- on one’s emotions. Of course, the Taoists presses hyperactivity of Liver Yang. This combined the consumption of Spirit Treasures results in a strong calming effect which stabilizing herbs with mind training, and Yang Jing can be described as both sedating and the results were quick and profound. tranquilizing. Dragon bone has a profound Treasure Rating calming effect on the heart, being one of Dragon Bone’s calming effect can be just ***1/2 the primary natural substances known for as useful in our modern, generally hectic calming excitability and palpitation. society. In fact, Dragon Bone is one of Atmospheric Energy the most useful and effective substances Warm Dragon bone is an extremely useful in Chinese herbalism. It is an incredible therapeutic substance. Dragon bone, tool that I have seen help thousands of Organ Meridian Systems being a mineral, is rich in calcium and Americans. Anyone experiencing stress Kidney and Liver other trace minerals that can benefit the and agitation can benefit from the body in many ways. It is used to relieve calming, stabilizing effect of Dragon Part Used and Form irritability, chronic and acute anger, Bone. This rich source of minerals has Rhizome tension and dizziness caused by hyperac- excellent relaxing effects on the nerves tivity of Yang. Dragon Bone has wonderful and muscles. It helps relieve muscular Primary Functions benefits for those experiencing mental spasms associated with chronic or acute Tonify the Kidney, promotes mending of and emotional agitation, palpitations, tension. bones and related structural tissues, insomnia and chronic or acute anxiety. In stimulates hair growth Chinese medicine, it is even used for Formulations containing Dragon Bone are epilepsy induced by terror and for manic among the most popular in the current Qualities behavior. Japanese herbal system (known as Drynaria is the most important herb in Kampo), a result of the Japanese people’s the Chinese pharmacopoeia for healing Dragon Bone is not used by itself, but attempt to deal with Japan’s Type-A damaged bone and ligaments. It is used in always in combination with other herbs. If societal personality. If you suffer from all formulas for broken bones, torn the symptoms are the result of excessive insomnia, restlessness, apprehension, ligaments. It is also useful in the treat- yang activity, combining with Oyster Shell palpitations, anxiety, irritability, anger, ment of and recovery from sprains, and Haliotis will be effective. If the frustration, tension, fear, or any of the contusions (bruises) and stress fractures. problems are due to yin deficiency, symptoms that require an astringent, find Drynaria has been explored deeply by Dragon Bone is combined with herbs like a good Dragon Bone product. Dragon Bone martial arts practitioners in Asia for over Zizyphus, Polygonum stem and Biota. If changes people’s lives, and it’s extremely a thousand years and its efficacy is very the problem is due to Blood deficiency, it safe. well established. In fact, the literal name is combined with prepared Rehmannia, of the herb in Chinese is “Mender of White Peony and Tang Kuei. It is com- Shattered Bones.” Drynaria is usually bined with Ginseng, Poria, Licorice, Primary Combinations used in combination with Dipsacus and Astragalus and Polygala in cases of Heart Combine with: other herbs to deal with the specific Qi deficiency. problems. 1. Oyster Shell, Zizyphus, Spirit Poria, Dragon Bone can be used as a very Biota and Polygonum Stem to stabilize Drynaria can be used like all Yang Jing effective astringent herb. It is often Spirit tonics to strengthen the lower back and used in formulas for seminal emission, knees. It seems to have special efficacy leukorrhia, excessive perspiration due to 2. Oyster Shell and Cornus as an astrin- in a high percentage of cases of tinnitis weakness and excessive uterine bleeding. gent used for excessive perspiration, (ringing in the ears) and bleeding gums. It is often found in formulas designed to night sweats and diarrhea Though it is traditionally considered to be enhance male sexual performance. In this effective for toothaches, I recommend usage, it has both a calming effect on the Varieties and Grading you get to the dentist and get the mind, preventing premature ejaculation, There is counterfeit Dragon Bone avail- problem fixed. and it has the astringent action, literally able in some Chinese herb shops. It is locking in the semen and thus further difficult to recognize, but it is made from Primary Combinations preventing premature ejaculation. Its cow bone that is mineralized artificially. Combine with: astringent action is also useful for All real Dragon Bone is excellent. So buy problems like excessive perspiring, from a reputable herb dealer that you can 1. Eucommia , Psoralea and Walnut Kernel chronic diarrhea, leukorrhea and frequent trust. to strengthen the lower back and knees urination. Furthermore, it is extremely effective at restraining night sweats in Drynaria 2. Rehmannia (steamed) and Cornus for weakened individuals, especially when Products Featuring This Herb: tinnitus and deafness taken with Jing and Qi tonic herbs such Strong Bones 3. Tortoise plastrum for swelling and pain as Codonopsis, Gynostemma, Ganoderma, Frame Builder due to external trauma almost with the animal yang tonics like an incredible health aid for people Varieties and Grading Gecko, Male Silkworm Moth, Sea Horse, concerned about their cardiovascular and All Drynaria is of similar grade in Ameri- Sea Dragon and Deer Antler. This is very immune systems. The only drawback to can herb shops. unusual for a plant. Its name can literally Epimedium is that it is drying, so it should be translated, revealingly, as “the herb be used very carefully by those who are Contraindications for the man that likes sex too much, like a too dry or who are otherwise significantly Should not be used by people with severe goat,” or more simply “goat sex herb.” In yin deficient. First, build up yin. If you yin deficiency. Use with yin herbs if the general this is what Epimedium is famous are only slightly yin deficient or wish to person is mildly yin deficient. for and the most common purpose for protect your yin, it may be taken with yin using it. It is worth noting that women herbs. People who are in good health may often take this herb as well to increase use Epimedium safely and regularly to Epimedium their sexual drive, but usually in smaller enhance sexual power and to build their Products Featuring This Herb: quantities than men and combined with immune systems. HIV-infected individuals Super Yang Jing Drops women’s herbs, which are usually more yin. or other people with weakened immune Women’s Jing I have seen it used in a number of systems may use Epimedium regularly as Imperial Garden women’s fertility formulas in China. long as they are getting a full spectrum of Endocrine Health However, Epimedium has been shown to Yin tonics, Qi tonics and Blood tonics. have no estrogen-like activity. Other Common Names Epimedium is also beneficial for anyone Goat Sex Herb and The Herb for the Man This herb has been extensively studied in suffering from Kidney deficiency with Who Likes Sex Too Much, Like a Goat both the laboratory and in clinics in symptoms like lower back pain, weak or modern China, Korea and Japan. It has painful knees, dizziness, forgetfulness, Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese been clearly shown that Epimedium does frequent urination, irregular menstrua- Tonic Herbs increase sexual activity in animals and tion, etc. It will also be found in formulas 162 humans. It stimulates the sensory nerves designed to aid in the recovery from throughout the body, and in particular in sports injuries (fractures, tears, spasms), Pharmaceutical Latin the genital region. Epimedium also combined with other yang tonics like Herba Epimedii increases sperm production in men. It has Drynaria, blood tonics like Tang Kuei and been shown to have a moderate androgen- with blood vitalizing herbs. Pinyin like influence on the testes, prostate Yin Yang Huo gland and anal muscles, which will influ- The only drawback to Epimedium is that it ence sexual desire and activity. is drying. It should be used very carefully Treasures by those who are too dry or who are Yang Jing and Qi But the sexual strengthening effects of otherwise Yin deficient. Epimedium are only the beginning. This Treasure Rating remarkable herb has been found to have Preparation and Utilization **** significant ability to lower high blood An excellent and simple formula that one pressure, without reducing it below can make at home is to combine Atmospheric Energy normal if used by people with normal Epimedium with Schizandra and Lycium, Warm blood pressure. It does not influence the with several leaves of Epimedium being blood pressure of people with low blood combined with an ounce each of the other Taste pressure unless combined with red two herbs. Simmer this in a quart of Acrid and Sweet ginseng, in which case blood pressure can water until half is boiled away (as de- be elevated. In China, Epimedium is scribed in the section on Schizandra, add Organ Meridian Systems combined with Curculiginus and Morinda the Schizandra for only the final 20 Kidney and Liver to treat climacteric hypertension. minutes of cooking). This will strengthen the body by building both the Yin and Part Used and Form Perhaps even more important has been Yang of the Kidneys and Liver. Those who The leaves the recent discoveries that Epimedium is are Yin deficient may double the Schizan- a powerful immune enhancing agent. Many dra and Lycium (or reduce the amount of Primary Functions recent studies have confirmed that Epimedium to one half) and add other Yin To tonify the Kidney, strengthen Yang, Epimedium has powerful immune modulat- nourishing herbs such as Polygonum eliminate dampness, dispel wind and ing activity which can support the immune multiflorum, Dendrobium, steamed fortify the defenses functions of healthy and significantly Rehmannia, Tang Kuei, Glehnia, Asparagus enhance the immune systems of immune- root, Ophiopogon and/or American Qualities compromised individuals. Recent con- Ginseng, etc. Such a brew, if most of Epimedium is a powerful sexual tonic and firmed studies have shown that these herbs were used, would be superb stimulant. Epimedium is known as “horny Epimedium has significant anti-HIV for those who are experiencing deep goat weed “ because when goats eat it, activity. Epimedium is officially listed in exhaustion. Those who want more yang they begin copulating. Oriental people China as an herb that can help prevent action may add herbs like Eucommia, consider it an aphrodisiac. Epimedium is the growth of cancer and has been listed Cistanches, Cynomorium, Psoralea, also said to strengthen the bones and by the Chinese Academy of Medical Cordyceps, Cnidium, Sea Horse, etc. If joints, and to calm and relax the heart. Sciences as one of an elite group of herbs blood pressure is a problem, increase the Recent research indicates that Epimedium that slow down aging and promote longev- amount of Eucommia. is a strong immune system regulator. ity. Primary Combinations Epimedium is a very powerful yang tonic What a remarkable herb! Relaxing, yet Epimedium is always combined with other herb. Its power as a yang tonic ranks sexually invigorating. Not only safe, but herbs. Combine with: Cortex Eucommiae tonifying effects. It is in fact the 1. Deer Antler, Morinda, Ginseng Cynomo- primary herb in Chinese tonic herbalism rium, Cistanche and Cuscuta to tonify Pinyin for building a strong, sturdy, flexible Kidney yang and promote sexual energy Du Zhong skeletal structure. It is used to strengthen the bones, ligaments and 2. Rehmannia (steamed) and Curculigo Treasures tendons, and can be used to help mend rhizome for impotence Primarily Yang Jing, but also Yin Jing to a damage to these tissues, whether the lesser degree damage be due to stress, age or trauma. 3. Eucommia bark and Cinnamon twigs to Eucommia is also the primary herb of relieve low back pain due to an invasion of Treasure Rating choice for lower back and knee problems, wind-cold-damp. ****1/2 including pain, stiffness, dislocation, swelling and weakness. Eucommia is one of Varieties and Grading Atmospheric Energy the few herbs in Chinese tonic herbalism There are a number of varieties of Warm that is sufficiently powerful, balanced and Epimedium. Fundamentally, most are broad spectrum that it may be used alone. equally effective. However, each species Organ Meridian Systems However, it will generally be combined will come in several grades, depending on Kidney and Liver with any number of other tonic herbs in a its growing conditions. The better grades formulation designed to build the Yin and are prepared with much more care and will Part Used and Form Yang of the Kidney. cost a little more. Epimedium is not a very The sun-dried bark from the trunk of the expensive herb, so it is better to get the tree, after having the outer cork scraped Typically, Eucommia is combined with a best you can get. High quality Epimedium off. balance of Yin Jing tonifying herbs like will always be trimmed. There are little Lycium, Polygonum multiflorum, Ligustrum, prickly points at the edge of the leaves Primary Functions Schizandra, Tang Kuei, etc. and Yang Jing and these are considered to be slightly Nourishing the Kidney and Liver; herbs such as Psoralea, Cynomorium, toxic. So better quality Epimedium will strengthening the bones, ligaments and Morinda, Curculiginus, etc. to strengthen have the edges trimmed off. If you buy muscles; hypotensive; and benefiting the the Kidney function as a whole. The yin- some Epimedium that still has the little uterus and fetus during pregnancy yang balance of the formula will be points, you can cut them off yourself, but determined by determining the person’s the herb will probably be of lower quality. Qualities condition and adjusting the balance of the Excellent quality Epimedium will tradition- Eucommia bark is a superb Yang Jing Yin and Yang herbs. In order to tonify the ally tied into bundles a couple of inches tonic, used to strengthen the back entire body, at every level, other tonic thick, and this is the way you should (especially the lower back), skeleton, and herbs may be added to the Kidney tonic purchase it. joints (especially the knees and ankles). base, such as Ginseng, Astragalus, Deer Eucommia is believed to confer strength Antler, Ganoderma and so on. Eucommia is Preparations of Epimedium have a marked and flexibility to the ligaments and found in the majority of general tonifying inhibitory effect against the polio virus tendons. It is often used by athletes to formulas. and Staphylococcus aureus. strengthen the entire body. Eucommia is considered to be one of the great Eucommia is the most important herb in Contraindications longevity tonics of Chinese tonic herbal- the Chinese pharmacopoeia as a tonic Not to be used by men with hyperactive ism. during pregnancy. Jing is the foundation sexual drive. Not to be used over a long energy of life and Eucommia is the period of time by people who are yin Eucommia is believed in China to be a safe quintessential example of a safe, mild and deficient and suffer from dryness. effective sex tonic for men and women. potent Kidney tonic that build Jing. The Eucommia Bark Eucommia has been found to help regulate herb can be safely used as a tonic Products Featuring This Herb: blood pressure. It is especially beneficial throughout pregnancy to strengthen both Super Yang Jing Drops to those with high blood pressure. It is the mother and baby. It helps the Supreme Creation very safe mother’s skeletal structure adjust Essence Restorative properly and easily to the changes it must Super Essence Restorative Eucommia is the primary plant-source in go through, to help build the baby’s Strong Bones Chinese herbalism used to tonify the skeleton and immune system, to calm the Imperial Garden Kidney Yang functions, in particular as it fetus and, especially, to help prevent Strength Builder effects the lower part of the body and miscarriage. Profound Essence the skeletal structure. Eucommia is a Super Adaptogen superb Yang essence tonic. And although At the first sign of impending miscarriage Endocrine Health Eucommia is primarily known as a powerful in China, Eucommia is routinely consumed, Frame Builder Yang Jing tonic, it is also a strong Yin usually in combination with other Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination Essence (Yin Jing) nourishing herb. strengthening herbs such as Dipsacus and Return to Youth Because it provides both Yin and Yang, it Jujube Date, to prevent the miscarriage. is a superb herb for men and women alike Eucommia can be used to help stop vaginal Other Common Names and can be used by almost anybody to bleeding due to general weakness during Eucommia promote the functions of the endocrine pregnancy. If the bleeding seems to be system, to promote sexual functions, to due to an inflammation, Scutellaria is Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese enhance normal growth, to promote added. But these are modern times, so if Tonic Herbs healing, to strengthen the physical you become pregnant and seem to be 165 structure and to strengthen resistance. having a miscarriage, get to your doctor immediately (but bring your herbs with Pharmaceutical Latin Eucommia’s first fame is in its Kidney you). Eucommia and Eucommia based formulas come in tea bags and in capsules, Decoctions of this herb have been shown and blood vitalizing herbs. Combine with: so its easy to take with you wherever you to have powerful effects on the immune go. systems of various laboratory animals. In 1. Dipsacus and Drynaria to mend broken particular, it appears that Eucommia bones As a Kidney tonic, Eucommia is considered significantly enhances phagocytic action. an important herb for improving potency Phagocytosis involves the clearing away of 2. Ginseng, Epimedium, Sea Dragon and in men and fertility in women. It will be foreign material from the blood stream Gecko to tonify Kidney yang and to build found in almost every formula designed by the white blood cells. In this particular sexual energy for such purposes. Furthermore, Eucom- action, Eucommia proved to be as power- mia helps slow down ejaculation. ful as Astragalus membranaceus and 3. Lycium, Morinda, Achyranthes and Codonopsis pilosula, two herbs that have Cnidium seed to strengthen the lower Eucommia has been used for over a been proven to have powerful immunologi- back and knees thousand years to ease tension and cal activity in animals and humans. Many relieve the signs of high blood pressure. studies have proven that Eucommia 4. Psoralea fruit and Walnut seed to The ability of Eucommia to safely and potentiates the immunologic functions of strengthen the lower back and knees effectively reduce high blood pressure the body. has now been very well established. Many 5. Lonicera Flower, Scutellaria Root, animal studies and human clinical studies Clinically, the hypotensive action of the Prunella vulgaris fruit clusters, and have proven that Eucommia can be a very herb has been studied in several large Loranthus to disperse Liver fire and useful supplement for people suffering clinical studies. In each case, the effec- relieve hypertension from hypertension. It may be used along tive rate reached around 80% after 30 with conventional Western drugs if days of administration. The results have Varieties and Grading desired, as it is in Asia, since Eucommia is clearly shown that water extraction is Eucommia bark is peeled from trees that very mild and has no known adverse side effective, but that alcohol extraction is are ten years old or older. A small patch effects or negative interactions with ineffective. Eucommia has been shown to of the bark is peeled off the tree each drugs. The blood pressure reducing have a mild diuretic action. year so as not to harm the tree, which can effects of Eucommia are not as powerful grow to be over a hundred years old. The as the effects of reserpine, but it had a older the bark, the thicker it becomes. better effect at reducing the symptoma- The hypotensive effect has been shown tology associated with high blood pres- to be increased even further by combining Inside the bark is a pure white latex. sure. with Lonicera japonica, Prunella vulgaris, Eucommia is in fact the only temperate Scutellaria baicalensis fruit clusters, and zone rubber tree. This latex is noticeably Scientific Data Loranthus parastiticus, all herbs tradi- elastic. If you gently break a piece of Eucommia ulmoides has been found to tionally prescribed to reduce high blood Eucommia bark and stretch it slightly, the contain hypotensive compounds in 1974 at pressure. Using this combination, results latex will stretch. This rubber is believed the University of Wisconsin. Since that were quick and effective in over 90% of to confer strength to connective tissue time numerous studies have been con- the patients in the study. After just one and is considered to be part of ducted which have clarified the hypoten- week, most patients experienced a Eucommia’s active ingredients. The sive effects of Eucommia. The hypoten- marked reduction in blood pressure, a thicker and stronger this latex, the sive action has been demonstrated in stable emotional state and felt mentally better the quality of the specimen. numerous animal models and in humans. refreshed and relaxed. The symptoms of Therefore, in purchasing Eucommia, select Hypotensive compounds exist in both the tinnitus and numbness were relieved. The (1) thick pieces, since these are older, and bark and leaves. The hypotensive com- patients also reported marked ameliora- (2) Eucommia with the most white latex. pound has been determined to be tion of headaches, dizziness, palpitation, Very old Eucommia is called “Hundred pinoresinol diglucoside. The chemical insomnia, chest discomfort and difficult Year Old Pear Tree Bark.” This bark may structure has been determined and it has mobility. not be 100 years old, but it is certainly 30 been synthesized. to 50 years old and is very, very good. In a clinical study of 121 people with When you can find this, buy as much as The precise hypotensive mechanism has various types of arthritis and lumbago, a you can afford and store it away in tightly not been fully determined. Most studies preparation made from the leaves of closed containers. Otherwise, purchase indicate that the hypotensive action is a Eucommia had a marked effective rate of the oldest Eucommia you can find. consequence of central inhibition. But over 87%. conflicting studies indicate direct dilatory Eucommia usually comes “pre-sliced.” You action on the vascular musculature. In another clinical study of 40 patients will note small transverse slices across diagnosed as suffering from chronic the bark at quarter inch intervals. These Eucommia has been shown to markedly strain of the lumbar muscles and lumbar slices expose the inside of the bark, reduce cholesterol absorption in labora- osteoarthrosis, a Eucommia based formula including the latex. This is standard tory animals. It has also been shown to proved to be highly effective in relieving practice. If the Eucommia you purchase have mild sedative and anti-inflammatory the symptoms. The Eucommia bark does not come sliced, have the herb shop action in pharmacological experiments. extract was combined with Psoralea slice it for you, or you will have to slice it The experimental results indicate that corylifolia and Walnut kernel. yourself. The inside must be exposed to one of the anti-inflammatory mechanisms the cooking water in order to be properly of Eucommia involves enhancement of the Eucommia has been found to induce and efficiently cooked. adrenocortical function. This supports the interferon production in human beings. traditional theory that Eucommia tonifies Contraindications the Kidney function, which is now known Primary Combinations There has never been a case of overdos- to involve adrenocortical function. Eucommia Bark may be consumed alone, ing on Eucommia recorded in the litera- but is usually combined with other tonic ture (over a period of more than twenty- five hundred years). Organ Meridian Systems 208 Stomach, Liver and Kidney History Pharmaceutical Latin Eucommia was the second herb ever Part Used and Form Gastrodiae Elatae, Rhizoma described in a written text on herbs and Small ripe fruit medicine in China, playing second fiddle Pinyin only to Ginseng. The emperor Spirit Nung Primary Functions Tian Ma described Eucommia as a superior herb To regulate Qi, warm up the Middle and that could prolong life in the classic Spirit Lower Warming Spaces, and open the Treasures Nung Pen Tsao, more than two thousand Stomach years ago. Eucommia has remained a Treasure Rating virtual icon of tonic herbalism since that Qualities 1/2* time. Fennel seed significantly increases the production and flow of mother’s milk Atmospheric Energy Evodia during lactation. It has been used for this Slightly Warm Evodia is a very hot herb. It helps warm purpose since ancient times. Fennel fruit the body, the organs and the meridians. is used to warm up the stomach when it is Qualities cold, causing abdominal pain, indigestion, Gastrodia is one of the most precious of Products Featuring This Herb decreased appetite or vomiting. It is also the medicinal herbs used in Chinese used to warm up the scrotum area and is herbalism. It affects the liver function. Other Common Names used to treat hernias associated with cold It is primarily used to counter the Evodia blockage of the Liver Meridian. It is very symptoms caused by “endogenous wind,” effective for contracted scrotum due to which manifests in conditions such as Pharmaceutical Latin cold (either external or internal cause) childhood convulsions, convulsions result- Evodiae Rutaccarpae, Fructus and “cold” hernia. Fennel fruit is useful ing from high fever, headaches and for any kind of lower abdominal pain due epilepsy induced by fright. Gastrodia is Pinyin to cold. Fennel fruit is also used in sexual commonly used to treat spasms in the Wu Zhu Yu tonics in combination with Yang Jing legs, abdomen, feet and back. herbs since it has a warming effect and Treasures has local blood invigorating and nerve It is the main herb in formulas used to stimulating effects in the lower abdomen treat childhood convulsions. But there are Treasure Rating and genital area when combined with Yang different causes of childhood convulsions Jing tonics like Epimedium, Cnidium, Sea and a medical practitioner should be the Atmospheric Energy Dragon or Cistanches. one to select the herbs that are combined Very Hot, with the Gastrodia. It is rarely used Primary Combinations alone. It is combined in sophisticated Taste Combine with: formulas designed to treat each specific Acrid, Bitter, problem. 1. Cistanche, Morinda, Lycium to eliminate Organ Meridian Systems cold in the Kidney and tonify yang, Gastrodia is the main herb used in Liver, Stomach, Spleen, Kidney Chinese herbalism to treat headaches. 2. Dried Ginger, Atractylodes to improve The Chinese describe at least four digestion primary headache syndromes, with many subtle variations, for which Gastrodia is Fennel Seed Varieties and Grading effective. These are: (1) headaches Products Featuring This Herb: If it is fresh, sweet and highly aromatic, caused by hyperactivity of Liver Yang, (2) Supreme Creation it’s fine. “No smell, no good.” headaches caused by upward movement of Imperial Garden wind-phlegm, (3) headaches caused by Return to Youth Contraindications deficiency of Blood and Yin, and (4) Use moderately and cautiously if there chronic headaches and migraines. Formu- Other Common Names are heat signs due to Yin deficiency. las for the various headaches will be Fennel described in a later section. Pharmaceutical Latin Gastrodia Gastrodia is a wonderful herb which is Gastrodia is also used to treat chronic Fructus Foeniculi dizziness and vertigo. These too are said to open the energy in the upper part of the body. It is used to relieve dizzi- “endogenous wind” conditions. Also, Pinyin Gastrodia is used in formulas to treat Xiao Hui Xiang ness and headaches and is one of the most important herbs used to increase wind stroke, hemiplegia and numbness of the flow of energy to the brain and the limbs. In China, it has been used to Treasures treat tetanus, but if you step on a rusty None improve intelligence. nail, hurry to a doctor and get a tetanus Products Featuring This Herb shot. Treasure Rating None In addition, Gastrodia is beneficial for Other Common Names Gastrodia preventing premature graying and loss of Atmospheric Energy the hair. It improves circulation in the Warm scalp, and when combined with He Shou Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs Wu, it stimulates circulation in the follicles and promotes the health of the kick in, somewhere between a week and a must remove the head and legs — they hair. It is therefore used both internally month after you start taking it. Like all are slightly toxic and do not possess the and externally as a hair tonic. Yang Kidney tonics, Gecko strengthens tonic components anyway. Have your the lower back. herbalist remove them for you. Use both Gecko Geckos together to make you soup. Other Common Names Gecko is a powerful Lung tonic. It is Gejie traditionally used in a great many lung Contraindications tonic formulations, as it is said to enhance Do not use if you are suffering from an Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese the extraction of Qi (energy) from the acute hot condition, such as the acute Tonic Herbs air. Used with Ginseng and/or Astragalus, (feverish) stage of the flu. 209 it empowers breathing enormously and builds endurance. No more powerful Ginger Dried Pinyin energy building combination exists in Products Featuring This Herb: Gejie Chinese tonic herbalism. That is why Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) Gecko formulas have always been a Bupleurum and Peony Combination Treasures favorite of Chinese Gung Fu masters and Jing and Qi is now a favorite of athletes around the Other Common Names world. Gecko is also used for coughs due Ginger, Dried Treasure Rating to cold and to relieve asthma that is ****1/2 stimulated by cold. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs Atmospheric Energy Preparation and Utilization 211 Neutral It may be cooked as a decoction (a soup) or even ground into powder and consumed Pharmaceutical Latin Organ Meridian Systems raw. Generally, consuming the equivalent Zingiberis Exsiccatae, Rhizoma Kidney and Lung of 4-7 grams a day as a decoction and 1-3 grams a day as a powder is quite effective Pinyin Part Used and Form and safe. Gan Jiang The spine and tail, and usually the flesh of the back Primary Combinations Treasures Gecko may be used alone to tonify the Qi Primary Functions Kidney. But most often it is combined with Tonifies Yang of the Kidney, replenishes other herbs. Combine with: Treasure Rating Yin essence of the Kidney, nourishes Yin 1/2* of the Lung, enhances breathing and 1. Ginseng, Deer Antler, Astragalus, internal respiration, and builds blood. Lycium and Schizandra to tonify the Atmospheric Energy whole body Hot Qualities The Gecko lizard that inhabits southern 2. Ginseng, Astragalus and Atractylodes Organ Meridian Systems China is widely used in the Orient as a as a superb Qi tonic Heart, Lung, Spleen, Stomach, Kidney tonic. The tail and backbone of the Gecko are used traditionally as a warming Yang 3. Ginseng Root, Deer Antler and Part Used and Form tonic. It is a favorite among athletes for Epimedium for impotence or to further rhizome strength and endurance and is said to tonify the Kidney yang provide sexual energy. It is also tradition- Qualities ally used as a major lung tonic, as it is said 4. Lycium, Morinda and Drynaria, to Dried Ginger is used in Chinese herbalism to enhance the extraction of energy (Qi) strengthen the back primarily to warm up the Stomach and from the air. Spleen and thus to improve digestion and 5. Astragalus, Asparagus root, Ophiopogon relieve cold conditions associated with Gecko is used to tonify the Lung and and Schizandra as a Lung tonic these organs, which generally cause poor Kidney functions. It is extremely effec- digestion. It has a hot energy, a spicy tive and is very highly prized as a tonic. It 6. Ginseng Root (or American Ginseng flavor and affects the Spleen, Stomach, is the lead herb in many patent formula- Root) Apricot Seed and Fritillary bulb to Kidney, Heart and Lung functions. If tions, and is regarded to be in the same relieve cough and asthma due to Lung and mixed with a Yang tonic, the warmth of league as Deer Antler and Cordyceps as a Kidney deficiency this herb can provide heat to other yang tonic to the Kidney. Like Cordyceps, organs as well. Thus when it is combined it builds both Yang and Yin, and is there- Varieties and Grading with a Kidney Yang herb, it will provide fore considered to be highly nourishing. There are many varieties of Gecko. The heat to the Kidney. The herb itself has It is considered to be an excellent blood main characteristic to look for, as always, only very minor tonic effects, but it tends and yin essence tonic. is the freshness of the dried Gecko. If to magnify the tonic qualities of other you compare samples from several places, herbs, particularly Qi tonics like Ginseng Gecko is very commonly used in men’s you will note that some appear to be more and Astragalus. sexual potency-enhancing tonic formula- firm and newer than others. Obviously, tions. Taken consistently for a period of select the newest ones. I generally prefer Fresh Ginger is sometimes used in Chinese time, Gecko is extremely reliable as a larger Geckos, but smaller ones have herbalism as well. It is called Shangjiang. tonic to the male sexual functions. Though equivalent potency (just less because they It is used for just the opposite condi- it is not considered an aphrodisiac, it does are smaller). Geckos are always sold in tions. It is used when there is dryness have very long lasting results once they pairs — one male and one female. You and heat. It moistens and cools the interior. researchers took special interest in present. European brands have been the Ginkgo’s antioxidant properties and have biggest culprits in this regard. Chinese Ginkgo Biloba studied its therapeutic activity quite and Japanese extractors tend to use just Products Featuring This Herb: thoroughly. water and alcohol. And, you might as well Diamond Mind know that there are brands that have Tao in a Bottle Ginkgo biloba contains flavone-glycosides, higher percentages of the active compo- including quercetin and proanthocyanidins, nents — as high as 40% Other Common Names which are extremely potent and effective ginkgoflavoneglycosides. Shop around. Ginkgo antioxidants. In fact, it is the standard- ized, high potency extract of Ginkgo that Contraindications Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese is most commonly sold in the marketplace. Ginkgo is reported to be non-toxic. Tonic Herbs Extracts standardized to 24% flavone- 188 glycosides are very common at the present time, although there are more Ginseng Pharmaceutical Latin highly purified products available with as Products Featuring This Herb: Folium Ginkgo much as 40% flavone-glycosides present. Heaven Drops Wild Ginseng These ginkgo flavone-glycosides have Earth Drops Wild Ginseng Pinyin powerful antioxidant and free radical 500 Ginsengs Drops Yin Xin Ye (leaf) and Yin Xin Huang Tong scavenging capability. They are consid- Super Yang Jing Drops (Ginkgo biloba glycoside) ered to be anti-aging agents. 8 Immortals Adaptogenic Elixir Ginseng Sublime Treasures Another component of Ginkgo biloba is Supreme Creation Qi the terpene fraction, which consists of Imperial Garden ginkgolides and bilobalides. These compo- Super Adaptogen Treasure Rating nents have a powerful anti-inflammatory Endocrine Health **** effect. They also reduce the stickiness of Ginseng Nutritive Combination the blood by inhibiting the Platelet Activated Minor Bupleurum Atmospheric Energy Activating Factor, which causes platelets to stick together, reducing the flow of Other Common Names Primary Functions blood circulation. Ginseng Root To promote longevity, antioxidant, free radical scavenger Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Ginkgo biloba has gained incredible Tonic Herbs Qualities acceptance as a mind tonic. Since it has 96 The leaves of the Ginkgo tree are reputed been determined that Ginkgo increases in the Orient to “benefit the brain,” by blood circulation in the brain, it has been Pharmaceutical Latin improving memory and the ability to accepted as a treatment for memory loss Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer concentrate. It is now known that Ginkgo and poor concentration. It is even being biloba improves oxygen supplies to the used for more serious problems such as Pinyin brain and promotes circulation to many cerebral vascular insufficiency, senility, Ren Spirit other organs. It is also traditionally used dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, vertigo, to strengthen the heart, lungs, skin and tinnitus, dizziness, and peripheral vascular Treasures genital organs in both men and women. problems including numbness, impotence Qi, Spirit and Jing and Raynaud’s syndrome. It is being used Ginkgo biloba is believed to be the oldest clinically for hemorrhoids, inflammation, Treasure Rating living species of tree, dating back nearly migraines, allergies and asthma. ***** 200 million years. The tree itself is capable of a very long life, and individual Primary Combinations Atmospheric Energy trees have been reported to have lived Ginkgo leaf is not a traditional tonic herb Slightly Warm over 1000 years. and therefore does not have traditional combinations. It is primarily taken alone Taste Ginkgo seed (sometimes called Ginkgo nut) or in combination with other antioxidants Sweet, Slightly Bitter, has long been used in Chinese herbalism to and nutrients. Combine with: clear the lungs of phlegm. It is mildly Organ Meridian Systems toxic, but is sometimes used in Chinese Gynostemma, Green tea and Astragalus to Spleen and Lungs cooking in small quantities. However, the accentuate its antioxidant activity leaf has not been a standard herb in Part Used and Form Chinese herbalism until the past decade. Varieties and Grading Root (leaves are sometimes used as a tea) But with the advent and popularization of Different producers of standardized antioxidant theory in recent years, Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba extracts use different Primary Functions has rapidly become one of the most widely proprietary technologies to produce their Tonify Qi, Adaptogenic, immune modula- used health supplements in the world. It products. Read the literature to deter- tor, prolong life, overcome fatigue, first gained wide acceptance in Japan and mine which is the best. Generally, ones increase blood volume, aid in recovery Germany, and has since become very that have proof that they do not use from illness or trauma, sharpen and poplar in America, Europe, Australia, and chemical agents other than water and calm the mind, stabilize the emotions, in many other countries. Ginkgo is now one alcohol to extract the product are the counteract stress and enhance wisdom of the most thoroughly studied herbs in safest. Some brands have been found to the world. European and Japanese have large amounts of chemical residues Qualities One of the most famous and valued herbs doctors as a tonic for general weakness, qualities. Korean Ginseng in particular has used by mankind, Asian Ginseng is an poor appetite, low sex drive, shortness of a reputation for this. Ginseng certainly energy tonic that regulates the human breath, cold limbs, spontaneous sweating can help to improve sexual function by energy system. It has been shown to be and premature aging. Generally, Ginseng is making both men and women stronger and stimulating and regulatory to both the used with other herbs. However, Ginseng more athletic. It improves endurance and central nervous system and to the is often used by itself or with just one or muscular strength. By improving respira- endocrine system. It is the primary Qi two other herbs. tory functions, sexual intercourse can be tonic of Chinese tonic herbalism. significantly lengthened. Sex is not Ginseng increases physical and mental merely a function of the gonads. The Ginseng helps a person to adapt to all efficiency, and has been shown to improve whole body must be healthy to enjoy sex kinds of stresses, and enhances endur- the accuracy of work by promoting to its fullest. However, Ginseng is be- ance and resilience under stressful concentration. Ginseng prevents lieved to have gonadal effects as well. conditions. It has thus been termed an overfatigue. Ginseng is not a stimulant Men and women alike claim that Ginseng “adaptogenic” substance by scientific like amphetamines or caffeine, yet it increases the urge for sex and intensifies researchers. Ginseng is also used to increases alertness. However, it does not sexual response. tonify digestive and respiratory func- provoke subjective excitation (nervous- tions. ness) nor does it disturb sleep. It is, in Scientific Data fact, used in a great many sleep-aid Constituents: The main active constitu- Ginseng contains many active ingredients, formulations. In China, there is an almost ents of Ginseng are its saponins, known as but the most important are the saponins universal practice by high school and ginsenosides. Thirty-five ginsenosides called ginsenosides. Ginsenosides specifi- college students to consume Ginseng have been isolated and identified from cally improve adaptability and are be- during examination periods. The practice Panax Ginseng cultivated in the northeast lieved to help build muscle and endurance. is generally to chew several pieces a day of China. Thirty of these have been found Therefore, Ginseng is very popular with while preparing for examinations and to in the root and six have been isolated athletes. Asian Ginseng generally has a chew Ginseng constantly during the from the stems and leaves. Five polysac- “warm” energy. examination period. Students claim that it charides have also been isolated. makes them more alert, helps them stay Ginseng is a superb herb for aged people. awake for days on end with little sleep Analytical studies done in the United It has a mental stimulant effect in elderly and improves memory and reasoning States indicate that the steam processing persons and it improves memory and ability. used to make red Ginseng is less destruc- cognitive power, and can often reverse tive to ginsenoside content that sun intellectual and mental deterioration. It This great herb has a mental stimulant drying. The also found that wild roots quickens thinking and improves physical effect in elderly persons. It improves contain the most ginsenosides. energy, often to a startling degree. memory and cognitive power and can often Ginseng is very effective in hastening the reverse intellectual and mental deteriora- Cultivated White Korean Ginseng is recovery from illness and surgery. tion. It quickens thinking and improves dominated by ginsenoside Re, just as is physical energy, often to a startling cultivated white American Ginseng. There are in fact many varieties of degree. Ginseng is very effective in Ginseng, all of which have distinct hastening the recovery from illness and Ginseng contains the following constitu- characteristics. Most high quality ginseng surgery. Ginseng is a superb herb for ents: is good for men and women alike. Wild and aged people. 1. Panaxin (C23H38010) and several semi-wild Ginseng is generally far superior related compounds, which act generally as to the cultivated, commercial varieties. The tonic benefits of Ginseng are long stimulants to the midbrain, the heart and The higher the quality, the more Spirit lasting. When Ginseng is taken for an the blood vessels. (Spirit) a ginseng root is said to contain. extended period of time, the physiological 2. Panax acid, which is a stimulant for the There are also a number of superb changes that take place as a result of the heart and general metabolism. sources of cultivated Ginseng, which have Ginseng last for a long period of time 3. Panaquilin, which acts as a stimulant for long traditions of excellence. after the Ginseng is discontinued (if it is internal secretions. discontinued). Studies indicate, for 4. Panacen and other volatile oils, which Several varieties of Ginseng may be example, that increased work efficiency stimulate the central nervous system. blended to create remarkable adaptogenic is retained from one to two months after 5. Ginsenin, which lowers blood sugar formulations. a one month course of Ginseng adminis- 6. Vitamins A, B1, B2 and C. tration. People who take Ginseng to help 7. Bio-organic Germanium (Ge), which is a On the basis of its pharmacological regulate their blood sugar level will power immuno-stimulant. properties, Ginseng has been classified as maintain normal blood sugar for several and adaptogen. It is a powerful anti- weeks after they discontinue Ginseng. Panax Ginseng also contains a glycoside stress agent. In Chinese health practice, fraction which has been demonstrated to there is a theory of Li Qi, which literally Many people claim that Ginseng has possess significant antioxidant activity. means balance of energy. It is a term powerful aphrodisiac effects. The often used to describe the ability of reputation as a sex tonic goes back to There is no doubt that other active Ginseng to balance the system at a very ancient times. To this day, Ginseng constituents exist in Ginseng which have fundamental level. In modern terms, this maintains a reputation in this regard. I not yet been identified or studied, but concept refers to the ability of Ginseng have known many men and women who which undoubtedly contribute to its to help regulate body functions, or to have used Ginseng either for a short time pharmacological make-up. strengthen the functions that regulate or over long periods of time who claim other body functions. that their sex lives improved noticeably Pharmacology: after using Ginseng. Red Ginseng is most Ginseng is used by Chinese traditional highly revered for its sex-stimulating A very large number of pharmacological studies have been conducted on Radix anti-fatigue effects of Ginseng are the transmissions and improved their decod- Ginseng. It is one of the most studied result of complex metabolic regulatory ing ability. Ginseng has been shown to substances on earth. Yet, due to its activities. Primarily, however, it involves improve the concentration of writers and extraordinary complexity, a great many significantly improved utilization of elderly persons. questions remain. Unlike any single drug, glycogen and the reduced accumulation of Ginseng contains dozens of powerful lactic acid and acetoacetic acid. Ginseng can have both tranquilizing and active compounds. Different varieties exciting effects on the nervous system. have different constituents inherently The total saponin fragment of Panax The extract of Ginseng has been shown to and different preparation methods alter Ginseng has been found to have both have mild tranquilizing, analgesic and the constituents even within the same hypertensive and anti-hypertensive muscle relaxant action. The ginsenoside variety. This remarkable herb has been activity. This has been determined to be Rb1 has been shown to be tranquilizing, as demonstrated to have many significant due to the co-existence of agonistic and is the total saponin fraction extracted pharmacologically significant activities antagonistic saponins in the total saponins. from Ginseng leaves. The water extract which influence the health and well-being These exist in varying proportions of Ginseng has been shown to have of animals and humans who consume it. depending on the geographical and anticonvulsant effects. It can antagonize anatomical sources of the Ginseng plants. convulsions caused by cocaine and strych- In general, the pharmacological action of Overall, however, this co-existence seems nine for example. However, at a different Ginseng is not only dependent upon its own to explain the regulatory capacity of dose and with different fractions and constituents, but varies according to the Ginseng on blood pressure. Soviet scien- different preparation, Ginseng can be condition of the organism consuming the tists have reported that Ginseng normal- stimulating. It has been shown to weaken Ginseng. Ginseng shows bipolar, biphasic ized the level of arterial pressure and the effects of strong sedatives. Again, activity at virtually every level of its that it was clinically effective in the typical aqueous extracts of Ginseng tend action. This is undoubtedly why Ginseng treatment of both hypo and hypertension, to have a normalizing action, therefore has become so highly revered as a tonic with the exception of severe forms of helping the body and mind attain optimum and medicinal herb. It is also the basis of hypertension. nervous activity for whatever action the its classification as an “adaptogenic” body and mind are being used for. substance. There are hundreds of Panax Ginseng has shown the following examples of Ginseng’s double direction, important pharmacological activities: 1. Other experiments have shown that adaptogenic action. Numerous studies enhancement of swimming time; 2. Ginseng not only effects the central have shown that it, for example, elevates prevention of stress-induced ulcers; 3. nervous system, but also effects both the blood pressure in cases of hypotension or proliferation of endoplasmic reticulum and sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous in case of shock, but restores blood ribosomes in rat hepatocytes; 4. inhibition system, thus having a regulatory influence pressure to a normal level in cases of of glycogen utilization in rat skeletal on involuntary activities of the body such hypertension. It normalizes white blood muscle during exercise; and, 5. inhibition as bowel movements, etc. cell counts in cases of either excess or of adrenaline induced lipolysis in fat cells. deficient white cell counts. It can inhibit Ginseng has demonstrated a double ACTH to cause adrenal hypertrophy, but Ginseng has been found to significantly direction influence on the heart in various can inhibit cortisone to cause adrenal facilitate the depletion and the restora- laboratory animals, increasing heart rate atrophy. tion of ascorbic acid in the adrenal gland at the outset of use, followed by an of test animals exposed to stress. Thus inhibiting effect. Ginseng has a beneficial Even short term administration of Radix both the initial stress reaction and the effect on the functions of diseased Ginseng increases the adaptability of the recovery process were improved by the hearts in laboratory animals, reducing or organism consuming it. Numerous studies administration of Ginseng. eliminating cardiac arrhythmia induced by have shown that short or long term ephedrine and improving weak heart beats administration of Ginseng can increase Ginseng is believed to have a regulatory in animals with ventricular fibrillation. the non-specific response to various effect on blood production functions. Ginseng appears to dilate the coronary noxious influences, whether they be Certain ginsenosides appear to increase arteries, allowing increased blood supply physically, chemically or biologically erythrocytes, hemoglobin and leukocytes. to the heart muscle. It also dilates the induced. Even very short term administra- Yet in humans who consume Ginseng, blood vessels of the brain and the eye. tion of Ginseng promotes the reestablish- these cells tend to be normalized. This is Ginseng has shown both hypotensive and ment of normal function of the organism. believed to be due to components with hypertensive effects on animals, however, Ginseng is indeed the king of adaptogens. mutually antagonistic activity — some dose plays a large role. Ginseng given at Longer term use of Ginseng appears to increasing and some decreasing these normal therapeutic doses did not signifi- cause numerous physiological changes in cells, with the end result of balanced cantly influence the blood pressure of the animal or human consuming it, result- maintenance. human subjects. In fact, it has now been ing in improved functioning which become shown that ginsenosides Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, more or less permanent. Ginseng both stimulates and inhibits the Re, Rg, and Rg1 have a biphasic action on higher nervous activity. However, the blood pressure. A mild elevation in blood Ginseng has been demonstrated in stimulatory action appears to be stronger. pressure is followed by vasodilation and numerous animal studies, as well as in A wide range of experiments has thor- subsequent depression of blood pressure. human studies, and thus proven to have oughly proven that the learning ability of powerful anti-fatigue effects. Moderate laboratory animals is significantly im- And in a very illuminating study, Ginseng doses of Ginseng have endurance enhanc- proved when they are fed Ginseng. A helped restore dogs in a critical state due ing effects. Ginseng can thus prevent double-blind experiment involving Chinese to hemorrhage or asphyxia to health, fatigue when consumed prior to exertion. students over a 33-day period proved which parallels claims made by many that In addition, certain ginsenosides in that Ginseng improved their responses. In Ginseng can be a life-saving herb. Ginseng Ginseng can promote the recovery of a famous experiment, Ginseng reduced greatly reduced the degrees of shock in animals and humans from fatigue. The the rate of errors in telegraph operators’ laboratory animals. feron production and augment natural 10. Dang Gui to tonify Qi and blood The effects on the endocrine system have killer and antibody dependent cytotoxic been studied by hundreds of researchers. activities in human peripheral blood 11. Dang Gui, White Peony, Rehmannia Studies have clearly demonstrated that lymphocytes. Animal studies also indicate (steamed) and Ligusticum for complete Ginseng is devoid of corticosteroid-like that Ginseng enhances antibody forming tonification of Qi and blood activity. However, it does have a profound cell response. and potent influence on the pituitary- 12. Cordyceps to tonify Qi and blood, yin adrenal system and this is one reason why Panax Ginseng has been found to induce and yang it so profoundly changes the stress the production in human beings of b and reaction in animals and humans. Ginseng is g-interferon. It augments natural killer 13. Gecko to tonify Kidney yang and Lung capable of significantly reducing the and antibody dependent cytotoxic yin pathological processes due to stress in activities in human blood lymphocytes. animals and humans. Ginseng directly Ginsenoside Ra1 has a very strong effect 14. Ophiopogon and Schizandra to regu- influences the pituitary, and probably the on the cells of HL-60; and Ginsenoside late blood sugar balance and to tonify Qi hypothalamus, the virtual regulatory Rh2, 20(R)-Rh2 and panaxadiol have centers of the entire hormonal system in stronger cytotoxicity effects on many Varieties and Grading higher animals and man. Ginseng appears kinds of tumor strains. Ginsenoside-Rb1 In selecting a Ginseng root, or Ginseng to influence both the anterior and and Rg1 both inhibited kidney, brain and product, the primary considerations are: posterior pituitary. liver microsome Na+, K+-ATPase activity. the source of the root, the age and the Ginsenoside-Re has the anti-lipid method of processing of the root. Size, Ginseng does appear to have profound peroxidation effect, the prevention and shape and aroma are also important influence on the gonads of animals. cure effects during myocardial ischemia/ criteria. Experiments suggest that Ginseng has no reperfusion damage and protective effect sex-hormone-like action itself, but does on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. In general it can be assumed that the appear to have gonadotropin-like action. Ginseng polypeptides and polysaccharides wilder, the older, and richer in flavor and Many animal experiments have illustrated have been demonstrated to decreases the aroma a root is the better. The source Ginseng’s ability to stimulate sexual levels of blood sugar and liver glycogen in can make all the difference in the world behavior. Ginseng is widely touted as a mice or rats without affecting total blood and proper processing is essential. sexual tonic, however, no serious double- lipids. Ginseng volatile oil was shown to Authenticity is another important issue, blind clinical studies have been conducted have an inhibitory effect on gastric as there are numerous ways to fake high to study the validity of this claim. cancer cell growth in vitro. Ginseng has quality ginseng and counterfeiting is However, castrated rats given Ginseng been found to have a moderate but rampant in the Ginseng market. Ulti- enter into a mating frenzy. Ovariecto- consistent inhibiting effect in vitro on mately, however, the only real criterion is mized female rats, given Ginseng in their human breast cancer when combined with efficacy, that is, the bioactivity of the food, go into sexual mode, and are even Royal Jelly. Ginseng and its various components. This capable of attracting male rats out of is often subjective and may be overt or mating season. Queen bees experience Primary Combinations subtle. In general, Ginseng which grew in increased ovulation after being fed Ginseng is used in hundred of formula- the best locations, that is old and wild, or Ginseng. Rabbit sperm counts increase tions. However, certain basic combinations semi-wild, or at least has been grown when they are given Ginseng. Human are common. Combine with: from superior seed stock, is older than clinical studies have shown that Ginseng is eight years old and is rich in aroma is the an effective agent for the treatment of 1. Atractylodes, Poria and Licorice Root to kind you are looking for and will be impotence and some types of infertility. tonify Qi profoundly efficacious. Ginseng has shown clear hypoglycemic 2. Astragalus, Atractylodes and Licorice Wild Ginseng Roots: Chinese wild Ginseng action in laboratory animals. It can Root to tonify Qi more strongly and with grows in deep shaded forests and hillsides promote the lowering of the blood glucose an emphasis on defensive Qi of northeastern China ,Korea and Russia. level, but it appears that Ginseng alone It is a shy plant that tends to grow under cannot prevent or treat diabetes. Ameri- 3. Jujube Dates to tonify the Stomach other plants out of sight of humans. It is can Ginseng, it should be noted, has and Spleen and to build Qi never found near stagnant water. Wild demonstrated a much stronger hypoglyce- Ginseng is much more expensive than mic effect than Asian Ginseng. 4. Dioscorea to tonify Kidney and Spleen cultivated Ginseng. Virtually everybody Qi believes that wild roots are more potent It has been proven that ginsenosides and more chemically balanced than promote the synthesis of cholesterol but 5. Steamed Ginger to tonify the Spleen cultivated roots, no matter how carefully decreases the cholesterol in animals with and Stomach the cultivation was handled. However, this high cholesterol. It has likewise been is only partially true. First is the issue of proven that a peptide in the water 6. Deer Antler to tonify primal Qi and authenticity. There is an ancient craft in extract of Ginseng has anti-fat forming yang China whereby skilled farmers can create action. what is known as “Art Ginseng.” Art 7. Rehmannia (steamed) to tonify the Ginseng is created by hand crafting semi- Ginseng has shown significant anti-viral Kidney and Lungs wild Ginseng to look just like old mountain activity in laboratory animals. It has wild Ginseng. Artists are, of course, of shown protection against a lethal-chal- 8. Aconite to tonify yang different skills. In general, art Ginseng is lenge viral infection. In addition, Ginseng sold more cheaply than real wild Ginseng. can magnify antiviral resistance induced 9. Schizandra to tonify the Lungs and to But whenever you are buying wild Ginseng, by an interferon inducer. In vitro studies build endurance you should examine the roots and their indicate that Ginseng can induce inter- heads very carefully to be sure that pieces have not been pasted together to reveal this type of counterfeiting. All you feits. North Koreans Ginseng is widely give the appearance of an older root. have to do is look carefully. I always look imitated. Far more fake North Korean is at the heads of very expensive roots with sold than the real thing, especially in Hong True wild Ginseng is not always perfectly a magnifying glass. In fact, I look at all Kong and in the United States. Real North shaped. It may be straight or it may be the details of expensive roots with a Korean roots come out of a metal can that tortuously contorted. I have found that magnifying glass. has been neatly painted in the factory. It more contorted roots have more potency. has a red label with art on both faces. It is standard belief, now scientifically Red Ginseng: There are many kinds of red Counterfeits have a paper label wrapped confirmed, that roots that have experi- Chinese Ginseng. Ginseng can be treated around the can. I never buy a Ginseng enced extreme hardship, have themselves with hot water, then steamed in a closed root that came out of a tin can with a produced more adaptive constituents and room, and finally dried, in the process of paper label. They’re virtually always are more potent adaptogenically. which it turns a glossy reddish brown. counterfeit. Real North Korean Heaven This is known as Red Ginseng. Some Grade roots are very tasty while imita- Almost all wild Chinese Ginseng still has preparers add herbs to the steam water, tions taste much more bland. the rootlets attached. Chinese people call which changes the quality of the Ginseng. these rootlets the “beard.” The beard is Though North Korean Ginseng is prepared South Korean Red: South Korean Ginseng very rich in ginsenosides and germanium by a secret process, for example, it is is of very high quality. The Koreans have and should not be taken for granted, and widely assumed that the secret involves put enormous effort into making their certainly should never be discarded. adding certain herbs which add to the Ginseng the best in the world. Recently, There should be small nodules every inch potency of the Ginseng. North Korean more and more experts are saying that or so along the rootlets. They feel like Ginseng is very yang and thus has a hot South Korean Ginseng is beginning to little pearls. No nodules — not wild. energy. It is probable that not only is this genuinely rival North Korean Ginseng. And the result of harsh conditions during South Korean Ginseng is legal in the There should be numerous striations growth, but also to Yang herbs being United States. Therefore it is easy to circling the root, and the tighter the added to the steam water. obtain. It is not inexpensive, but it is less striations, the better. The striations expensive than North Korean. indicate the hardship the root had to There are several kinds of premium Red overcome to survive. A root without Ginseng grown is Asia. These include: Just like North Korean, South Korean striations or with weak striations will be North Korean Red, South Korean Red, Ginseng is divided into Heaven, Earth and weak, or may not in fact be wild at all. Chinese Shih Chu Red, Korean semi-wild Man grades and is graded by size. Again, Typical cultivated Ginseng, for example, red and Chinese Emperors’ Tribute Red. only Heaven Grade is truly great, and does not have striations. In determining All of these are absolutely great. larger roots are better. If you buy a the quality of a root, I look at the South Korean Heaven Grade 15 or 20 striations first, whether the root is large It is not legal to import North Korean root, you will appreciate its obvious or small and no matter what its source. Ginseng into the United States. However, potency. it is widely distributed throughout the The head, or Ginseng rhizome, is the next rest of the world and is sometimes Though South Korean Ginseng is widely thing to look at. The head is very impor- available in America. Genuine North counterfeited, there is also plenty of the tant because it tells you a great deal Korean Ginseng is considered by many real stuff around. Just check to make about the history of the root. Supposedly, connoisseurs of Ginseng to be the finest sure the root came out of a painted can the number of notches in the head tell cultivated Ginseng in the world. It is very, and not a can wrapped in a paper label. you how many years old a root is. This is very powerful. It is also very expensive, probably true to a degree, but is not a even in distribution centers such as Hong Semi-Wild Korean Red: Very rare and perfect gauge. There is no way to judge Kong. North Korean Ginseng is very hot awesome. That says it all. the exact age of a Ginseng root. However, and very yang. It is generally used to Semi-wild Korean Red Ginseng is virtually it is certain that the number of notches is provide increased physical power, espe- the same product as Shih Chu Ginseng a good approximation. Therefore the cially physical and sexual power. North grown in China, which I will describe next. more notches the better, since older wild Korean Ginseng comes in three grades: It is grown in forest beds from wild seed roots are considered to be better. Heads Heaven, Earth and Man. Heaven Grade is and allowed to grow for at least ten years. with more than twenty notches are the best and the most expensive. It also It is harvest under exacting conditions premium — more than forty are awesome. comes in a variety of sizes: 10, 15, 20, 25 and steamed. Generally, the beard is There are roots on the market that are and so on up to 45. The number repre- allowed to remain. apparently as old as 150 years old. These sents the number of roots that fit into a are worth a fortune. An authentic one Chinese “pound” or “catty.” A catty weighs This is what Ginseng is all about. It is hundred year old root would certainly 1.6 U.S. pounds. The description “Heaven extremely effective. It gives you lots of earn its owner somewhere in the vicinity Grade 15” Ginseng root means that 15 energy that lasts and lasts. It effects of $100,000 in Hong Kong, Taiwan or Heaven Grade roots make one catty. In your mind, too. You become clear, sharp, Japan, and perhaps more if it came from a other words, the smaller the number, the peaceful and optimistic. When I take this premium location such as Chang Bai larger the root. If you’re going to buy Ginseng, my confidence grows and I feel Mountain in China or the Diamond Moun- North Korean Ginseng, only buy Heaven smarter and wiser. It is not as physical as tain in North Korea. The head is the main Grade roots and don’t bother with a root North Korean Red, but that is not to say way that people judge the age of a smaller than a 30. I personally don’t that it is not energizing. It is just Ginseng root, so it is also the main way bother with roots smaller than a 20. smoother. It’s the best. that Ginseng Art is created. These Because larger roots are more potent, “artists” skillfully paste together two or they therefore cost more — but it’s It does not come graded. All these roots three (or more) heads so that the head worth the cost. tend to be large and truly beautiful. If appears to be older than it really is. they were graded, they would be 10’s or Careful observation, however, can always As with all Ginseng, beware of counter- 15’s. And they have great heads — almost identical to the heads on Shih Chu Bai Mountain and pick wild-growing White Ginseng: Both South Korea and Ginseng. But semi-wild Korean red is Schizandra and observe Atractylodes, China export a great deal of white extremely rare. But don’t despair. There Peony and Acanthopanax (Siberian Ginseng. White Ginseng is dried Ginseng is some around — you just have to find Ginseng) growing in their natural habitat. that has not been steamed. It is either the source. Good luck in finding it. peeled and allowed to sun dry, or it is left Throughout the valleys surrounding Chang to sun dry with its skin still intact. Most Chinese Shih Chu: Many people in Asia Bai, Ginseng is cultivated on a large scale. white Ginseng has been peeled. It is very consider this to be the finest red Ginseng This Ginseng is of fine quality, though it is difficult for the average person to judge in the world. It is virtually the same as not as fine as Shih Chu. This Chang Bai the quality of white Ginseng. However, the semi-wild Korean Red. Again, wild Mountain Ginseng is highly favored by the there are a few rules of thumb that can seeds are collected and planted in forest Chinese and is the most common Ginseng help. beds, where the roots are allowed to used in China by Chinese connoisseurs. In develop for a minimum of ten years Hong Kong, where the people are much 1. Larger roots are usually better because before harvesting. This technique is only richer, Shih Chu is far and away the they are probably older. Ginseng is not practiced in one place in China, in the Shih favorite Chinese red Ginseng. really mature until it is five years old. Chu Valley in Jilin near Korea. Supposedly, Larger roots were more likely in the Shih Chu Valley has the best soil for Jilin Red Ginseng: Throughout Jilin ground longer. growing Ginseng in China. Province, Ginseng is grown. However, in general, the lower the altitude above sea 2. The roots should be clean looking and Shih Chu Ginseng has precisely the same level and the further from Chang Bai not too shriveled up. They should be a feel as semi-wild Korean Red. It is Mountain, the lower the quality of the light, uniform cream color, which may powerful yet mild. It effects body and Ginseng. There is a considerable amount appear slightly powdery. mind. It lifts the spirit and sharpens the of medium to low grade Ginseng grown in intellect. It is the perfect red Ginseng. Jilin that is used for commercial extrac- 3. Roots with strings neatly binding the However, there is a major caveat: only tions and products. This Ginseng is a crap- beard are usually of pretty good quality. large Heaven Grade Shih Chu is really shoot. Some is good, some is poor and good. Shih Chu, like Korean cultivated, some is useless. Most commercial prod- 4. Some excellent white roots do exist, comes in the three grades of Heaven, ucts use this Ginseng. The only way to and these are usually sold in individual Earth and Man. Only Heaven Grade is judge these products is by their overall boxes or otherwise individually. They tend grown from wild seed and allowed to efficacy. I try to avoid all commercial to be neatly prepared. In fact, it is remain in the ground for ten years. Only grade Ginseng since it may contain possible to buy Shih Chu white roots, buy Heaven Grades 16, 20 or 24. Anything pesticides. Some manufacturers, however, though they are rare. smaller is of less potency. It is always are very conscious and use only pesticide- sold with the beard removed. And as free Ginseng. These products tend to be 5. Korean white roots, in cans with always, watch out for counterfeit. Real more expensive. government seals, are of good quality. I Shih Chu Red Ginseng comes either in a have always found that Korean white painted metal can or a similarly designed Chinese Emperors’ Tribute Ginseng: roots give good quality instant energy, but cardboard box. If it comes in a tin can During the Ching Dynasty, the emperors do not seem to provide the long term with a paper label, forget it — it’s fake. of China developed a passion for Ginseng boost that you get from any of the red to the point that they set up a Ginseng varieties described above. Korean white This is probably the best Red Ginseng for preserve in Jilin Province, thus guarantee- ginseng comes in different ages and sizes. the majority of people. It is not as yang ing them and others of the imperial Four year old roots are too young for my as the Korean reds, which is good for household an ample supply of premium liking, but are widely used by Korean most people, and it is readily available. It Ginseng. This Ginseng became known as doctors and as an energy beverage. Six is a stunning product and I personally find Emperors’ Tribute Ginseng. Though it year old, large white South Korean roots it to be the perfect tonic herb. disappeared after the Chinese revolution, are good. I like them and recommend it has again become available, but this them. However, they are in no way Chang Bai Mountain Red Ginseng: Ginseng time commercially — that is, to the public. comparable to a Heaven Grade red root. is grown throughout the northeastern A small quantity of Ginseng which is grown areas of China. The main province where in the same location and by the same In general, the best roots are usually Ginseng grows is Jilin Province, though techniques as available. The brother of prepared as red roots in the Orient. some Ginseng comes from Heilongjiang, the Last Emperor has been personally White roots are milder and more yin than which is north of Jilin. This whole region involved in reviving this Ginseng. It is in red roots. Red roots are simply more was formerly known as Manchuria. It is very limited supply, but can be obtained powerful, except for a few special widely believed that Ginseng originated in from knowledgeable and very well con- varieties of white root. Occasionally you Manchuria. The finest Ginseng in the nected Ginseng suppliers. This Ginseng can find semi-wild white roots. These, of world comes from this region, and was suitable for the Emperors of China course, are extremely powerful and match particularly from the Chang Bai Mountain and his wives and family. It is a the power of semi-wild red roots. Semi- area. Chang Bai Mountain is a spectacular connoisseur’s dream. wild roots, be they white or red, are very volcanic mountain range which borders on similar to true wild roots. North Korea. The last time that I visited It is graded like Korean Red and Shih Chu: Chang Bai Mountain, I was able to stop Heaven, Earth and Man. Again, forget Standardized Ginseng Products: In an along the road and buy thirty-seven Earth and Man grades — they’re for attempt to come to grips with this genuine wild roots from peasants who Chinese peasants who simply cannot incredibly wide range of Ginsengs, and the were hoping that a Ginseng-loving traveler afford good Ginseng. Find Heaven Grade unpredictability of dosage and results, might stop and buy their treasure. To me 25 or better or buy a different Ginseng. the modern neutraceutical industry is this was Ginseng Heaven! I was also able Price: about the same as Shih Chu. attempting to set chemical standards by to stop on the mountain roads of Chang which Ginseng can be judged based on consistent chemistry. This is a superb at least match, if not surpass, these human immune system and has been idea, except that I do not believe that results. But of course, it is important to recognized in Japan and China as a cancer there is enough known yet about Ginseng’s be taking authentic Ginseng, and this is preventative agent. chemistry to base everything on one what standardization guaranties. chemical standard. For example, I believe 3. The polysaccharide content of Ginseng it is impossible to say that a 4% standard- Biotechnology Ginseng: Very strict cell culture can be higher than that of ized ginseng from one company has any surrounding conditions, such as soil, cultivated Ginseng. It has been estab- relevance to a 4% standardized extract climate, etc. are required for cultivating lished that these polysaccharides are from another company. Different variet- Ginseng. Therefore, the cultivation of responsible for much of Ginseng’s immune ies of Ginseng will have different ratios Ginseng is very much limited by numerous potentiating ability. However, normal of ginsenosides which will have an entirely biological factors. With the advances of cultivated Ginseng has a low quantity of different physiological effect. modern biological techniques, many polysaccharides. Ginseng cell culture can Ginsenosides extracted from Ginseng root scientists in China, Japan, Korea and thus be bio-technologically manipulated to are very different from the ginsenosides Russia have been investigating “tissue be a stronger immune potentiating agent. extracted from stems, rhizomes or cultivation” and “cell cultivation” of leaves. Different extraction techniques Ginseng. They are also investigating cell 4. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) will produce products with vastly differ- cultivation in order to produce Ginseng activity in the cultured cells is far higher ent chemical make-ups. The resulting saponins in large quantities sufficient for than that of cultivated Ginseng. Dried effects on one’s physiology will vary industrial production. Japan, China and earth-grown Ginseng retains almost no greatly. Russia are all racing to industrialize SOD activity. However, even after Ginseng cell culture technology. lyophilization, the SOD activity remains Artificially standardizing Ginseng to a set unchanged. This SOD activity makes level of ginsenosides is not an adequate Based on over a decade of research, Ginseng cell culture an ideal ingredient in means of judging the quality of the Professor Ding Jiayi of China Pharmaceu- anti-aging cosmetics for topical applica- Ginseng you are consuming. Many other tical University has developed the tion, since SOD has been shown to slow factors come into play, besides cultivation method. Ginseng tissue can be the aging of skin. ginsenoside ratios and quantities, such as grown in tanks from cell culture, without presence and quantities of other ingredi- the need to grow in the ground. Professor This is the ultimate in standardization, ents such as polysaccharides, germanium, Ding has painstakingly developed hundreds however, this type of technology probably etc. Though standardized Ginseng is of strains of Ginseng cell culture, each will become common or even prevalent in consistent and undoubtedly beneficial, I with their own attributes based on the the next couple of decades as the do not believe it is the source of the best genome of that particular strain. In neutraceutical industry matures. There Ginseng experience you can obtain. Whole general, Professor Ding feels that there will always be a mass of people who want Ginseng extracts from the best sources, are four primary advantages to Ginseng the real herb, out of the earth. There will properly and caringly prepared, will always cell culture technology. be others who prefer standardization. provide the best results, even if from Certainly, for some medical purposes, batch to batch there may be some 1. The quantity of Ginseng saponins can be standardized extracts will be appropriate, deviation of constituents. very high. The crude saponin contents in but for pure life enhancement and the cultured Ginseng cells can reach 22%, in development of the three treasures, The obvious advantage of standardization contrast to the 4% which is standard for nature will always remain supreme. lies in the ability to do controlled clinical earth-grown, sun-dried Ginseng. However, testing. Ginsana has conducted such based on the genome selected and on the Contraindications studies, and studies have been conducted nutrients provided to the cell culture, any All authorities agree that Ginseng has a on their product between 1980 and the percentage of saponins desired can be very low acute and chronic toxicity. Over present which have proven their stan- produced on a mass scales and under the the period of more than two thousand dardized Ginseng extract to be safe and complete control of the technicians. years of continuous use, Ginseng has effective. Such clinical trials clearly Furthermore, within a few years, Profes- gained a reputation as being a strong demonstrated that their product (G115) sor Ding is certain that specific herb, but one which is free of real side improves the general physical condition, ginsenosides can be generated in pre- effects when used moderately and improves mental performance, including defined ratios, that creating designer appropriately. Italian researchers have learning ability, and enhances the non- Ginseng which can have clearly defined shown that 2,100 mg/kg of Ginseng specific immunologic functions of the pharmacological activity based on the extract given orally in standard toxicity body, thus improving resistance. All-in-all, amounts and ratios of its constituents. studies gave no indication of acute seven European clinical studies involving toxicity. Long-term, chronic toxicity standardized Ginseng (4%) were con- 2. The content of bio-organic germanium studies likewise have proven Ginseng to ducted in the 1980’s, with results that (GE) is controllable. Based on genome have no side effects. demonstrated shortening of time to react selection, certain bio-technological to auditory and visual stimuli, improved methods and on the amount of inorganic Excessive intake may cause headaches or visual and motor coordination, increased germanium provided as a nutrient, the muscle tension in people of a Yang alertness, improved grasp of abstract content of cultured cells can reach 100 constitution. Yang varieties of Ginseng concepts, improved concentration, and ppm or higher, while earth-cultivated should be used with caution and moder- increased respiratory quotient. All of this Ginseng contains about 2 ppm. Even wild ately by people with a Yang constitution is valuable to most people, and it could Ginseng contains only about 5 ppm. or by anyone who is experiencing hot easily be said that this makes 4% stan- Therefore, Ginseng cell culture can conditions. Ginseng is not to be used by dardized Ginseng an ideal herb for become an economical means of producing anyone experiencing an acute fever, sore athletes. bio-organic germanium as a specific throat, or influences. supplement. Germanium has been clearly All authentic, high quality Ginseng should linked to the positive functioning of the History Ginseng has been known in Chinese good effect. Those that are in health ethnolpharmacology for more than 3000 Korea became knowledgeable of Ginseng often make use of it to render themselves years. In fact, it is commonly believed in about five centuries after China, and more vigorous and strong, and I am China that the first Emperor, Huang Ti, Japan appears to have first made use of persuaded that it would prove an excel- also known as the Yellow Emperor (2698- Ginseng seven centuries after China. It lent medicine in the hands of any Euro- 2589 BC), used Ginseng. Written records has been grown in South Habaluofska, in pean who understands pharmacy.... of Ginseng reach back to the Spring and Eastern Russia, for at least 800 years. All Autumn Period (770-476 BC). Ginseng Asian societies have developed strong “It is certain that it subtilizes, increases described in the Spirit Farmer’s Pharma- Ginseng cultures through the centuries. the motion of, and warms the blood, that copoeia, the original Chinese materia it helps digestion and invigorates in a very medica as follows: In 1274, Marco Polo, during his famous sensible manner. After I had illustrated extended stay in China, found Ginseng to the root, I observed the state of my “Ginseng is nourishing to the five internal be widely used, and to be especially pulse, and then took half of the root, raw organs, it is sweet in taste, it contains no popular among the Chinese nobility, as it was and unprepared: an hour after I toxicity, it calms and stabilizes the spirit, including the emperor and his family. found my pulse much fuller and quicker, I eliminates palpitations, prevents fright had an appetite, and found myself much and stops terror, removes evil Qi (patho- Among the very first descriptions of more vigorous, and could bear labor much genic factors), improves eyesight, opens Asian Ginseng by a non-Asian was written better and more easily than before. the heart, brightens the mind, strength- by Father Joseph Petrus Jartoux. Father ens the memory, benefits wisdom and Jartoux was serving as a missionary in “But I did not rely on this trial alone, long-term administration of Ginseng will China during the reign of Emperor Kang imagining that this alteration might lighten the body and prolong lifespan.” and in 1709 he was commissioned by the proceed from the rest that we had that Emperor to draw a map of Manchuria. day: but four days after, finding myself Ginseng was further established as the While on a surveying expedition to so fatigued and weary that I hardly could primary tonic herb of Chinese herbalism Manchuria, which is now the northeaster sit on horseback, a mandarin who was in by the true father of Chinese medicinal frontier of China, he wrote the following company with us perceiving it, gave me one herbalism, Zhang Zhong-Jing, in the third description of Ginseng in a report to his of these roots: I took half of it immedi- century AD. In his famous, remarkable superior: ately, and a half hour after I was not the and still-used herbal text, “Treatise on least sensible of any weariness. I have Febrile Diseases,” Zhang used Ginseng in “Peking, April 12, 1711 often made use of it since, and always 20% of the formulas he created and in Reverend Father, with the same success.”” most of these cases, Ginseng was the “The map of Tartary, which we made by main ingredient of the formula. These order of the Emperor of China, gave us an Jartoux went on in the report to tell how formulations are still memorized and opportunity to see the famous plant the Emperor sent out ten thousand men utilized to this day by all practitioners of ginseng, so much esteemed in China and so on a wild ginseng hunt to assure that the Chinese Traditional Medicine. little known in Europe. Towards the end of imperial palace would have an ample July 1709 we arrived at a village not supply. From that time on, Ginseng became the above four small leagues distant from the object of great desire. It was collected in Kingdom of Korea, which is inhabited by Such massive Ginseng hunts and intensive the mountains as well as in open country those Tartars called Calca tatze. One of hunting by Chinese peasants resulted in by farmers and even by professional these Tartars went and found upon the near exhaustion of the natural wild supply Ginseng hunters. It took little time for neighboring mountains four plants of the in northeast China. Wild Ginseng is now the natural wild supply to become scarce. ginseng, which he brought us entire in a very rare. Emperor Kang and subsequent In “The Record of Shi Le,” written around basket.... Ching Dynasty emperors created large 350 AD, there is a description of how Shi “The most eminent physicians in China Ginseng preserves in what is now Jilin Le first cultivated Ginseng. Mr. Shi, who have writ whole volumes upon the virtues Province, where the punishment for lived in Shanxi province, recollected in and qualities of this plant and make it an hunting Ginseng could be death. The best this autobiography how he was selling wild ingredient in almost all remedies which Ginseng is believed to come from this Ginseng for a very good profit. One day, they give to their chief nobility, for it is region. To this day, the Ginseng grown in he decided to transplant a small piece of of too high a price for the common people. the area of the former preserves is wild Ginseng rhizome into his garden, They affirm, that it is a sovereign remedy considered especially fine and is the where he cultivated it into a large root for all weaknesses occasioned by exces- favorite of Ginseng connoisseurs around that he sold for a huge profit. Ginseng sive fatigues either of body or mind, that the world. Special Ginseng from this cultivation has thus been practiced for it dissolves pituitous humors, that it cures region, called “Emperor’s Tribute” Ginseng more than 1700 years. weakness of the lungs and the pleurisy, is sometimes available even today. This that it stops vomiting, that it strengthens Ginseng is especially famous because it This was the first act in the development the stomach and helps the appetite, that was the favorite of the last emperor of of Ginseng cultivation in China. The it disperses fumes or vapors, that it China. history of Ginseng cultivation can be fortifies the breast, and is a remedy for divided into three stages: 1. transplanta- short or weak breathing, that it strength- Prior to 1949, very little Ginseng was tion of wild-growing Ginseng and domestic ens the vital spirits and increases lymph in grown for commercial use in China. Poor cultivation of it; 2. the collection of the the blood, in short, that it is good against economic conditions made matters even seed of wild-growing Ginseng and artifi- dizziness of the head and dimness of worse. Mao Zi Dong, however, declared cial breeding of them; and 3. artificially sight, and that it prolongs life in old age. herbs to be China’s “treasure house,” and breeding and purification of seeds and from that time on the Ginseng industry large scale production. In fact, all three “Nobody can imagine that the Chinese and has been steadily growing. stages still occur in China and Korea Tartars would set so high a value upon today. this root if it did not constantly produce a All forms of Ginseng are highly treasured Cool the prevention and treatment of athero- in Hong Kong, where it is both heavily sclerosis and for retardation of the aging used and where it is a major trade item. A Taste process. Studies have shown that the very substantial amount of the world’s Sweet, Bitter, Bland water extract of GP can decrease the Ginseng trade takes place in Hong Kong, activity of multiple coagulation factors. which for nearly half a century has been Organ Meridian Systems This extract can accelerate the erythro- China’s main outlet to the rest of the Lung, Stomach cyte electrophoresis rate. The studies world. From 1990 through 1993, over 7 revealed that GP is an antithrombotic million pounds of Ginseng was imported Qualities agent affecting the links of thrombotic into Hong Kong, most of which was re- Glehnia is a very good moistening tonic. It chain. exported. This represents a five-fold clears the lungs and tonifies Yin. Glehnia increase in the importation of Chinese is cold, sweet and affects the Lung and 2. The total saponin of GP can markedly Ginseng in just a five year period, which Stomach. It is the perfect herb to use act against the immunity inhibition due to coincides with the opening up of China and when the Lungs are dry due to smoking, Cy management in experimental animals. development of China’s market economy. smoke, dry or dusty air, excessive talking The total saponin showed a definite bi- As for Hong Kong consumption of Ginseng, or singing, etc. It can also be used to directional immuno-modulatory action in statistics indicate that between 50 and treat common dry chronic coughs, hoarse- normal healthy mice, recovering the 60% of Hong Kong residents consume ness, etc. If such a condition persists, see immune indices to normal value from Ginseng. your doctor. either originally lower or higher than the medium figure, by significant difference Glehnia helps replenish body fluids. It is a in comparison with the Cy groups. The Ginseng has likewise been extremely very useful herb during dry weather, as in total saponin also had actions to prevent important in the culture of Korea. The desert conditions. It can also be used to from fatigue and to tolerate hypoxia Ginseng industry is huge and hundreds of replenish fluids during and after an illness under usual atmospheric pressure. These millions of dollars worth of Ginseng is or surgery. People who are chronically data indicate that the total saponin of GP grown and exported each year. The dehydrated will find this herb a lifesaver. is an effective immuno-modulator, similar Ginseng industry in South Korea is highly It is a great component of a home-made in action to Ginseng, Astragalus, Gano- regulated by the government and has sports drink. It is virtually identical to derma and several other Chinese herbs. been developed into a world-class indus- Adenophora except that Glehnia is more try. However, no wild Ginseng still exists brittle. 3. GP can improve exercise endurance of in Korea, or at least ever becomes white rats, especially healthy and trained available. My teacher, Sung Jin Park told Gynostemma rats. Studies showed that the muscle me that in the mountains around Pusan, on Pure Gynostemma, also known as “south- cells of rats having taken GP for 45 days the West coast of China, the Taoist and ern ginseng” and the “miracle herb.” It is were less injured after physical exhaus- Buddhist hermits who still live there, a quintessential adaptogenic herb. It is tion than those of the control group. Both routinely find wild roots, but that they regarded as one of Asia’s premier longev- phosphate and liciferase assays showed are extremely well hidden and that it ity herbs. Currently one of the most that GP saponin could to some extent takes a true expert to find one. It is safe popular herbs in all of Asia. It is adapto- extend or activate (Na+K+) ATP-ase in to say that they are too rare to consider genic, antioxidant, immune modulating, membrane. obtaining in practicality, unless, of course, anti-inflammatory, anti-aging agent. It you are closely connected to a Taoist also has been found to be anti-ulcer, 4. Gypenosides regulate lymphocyte hermit living in the mountains of western respiratory tonic, platelet regulating, transformation and DNA synthesis by South Korea. anti-hyperlipidemic, cholesterol regulat- regulating DNA polymerase II activity. ing, anti-obesity, liver protecting, triglyc- 5. In search of new products for the Glehnia eride lowering, cardiovascular protecting, treatment of hyperlipidemia with a low Products Featuring This Herb: and anti-thrombic. It tonifies the immune frequency of side effects, a decoction of Young Lungs system. It is one of the great herbs in Crataegus cuneata, Nelumbo nucifera and the world. GP has been tested. A reduction of Other Common Names triglyceride and cholesterol was seen. Glehnia Description Spray dried concentrated powder in 6. The action of gypenosides as an Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese capsules. Made from the purist, highest antioxidant was studied using various Tonic Herbs grade Gynostemma in the world. models of oxidant stress in phagocytes, 212 Primary Traditional Functions liver microsomes and vascular endothelial Tonifies Qi, cooling, adaptogenic, anti- cells. It was found that GP decreased Pharmaceutical Latin inflammatory superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide Glehniae Littoralis, Radix Typical Usage content in human neutrophils, etc. It was 2 or 4 capsules, 2 or 3 times per day also found that GP protected Pinyin Note biomembranes from oxidative injury by Bei Sha Spirit (Sha Spirit) Scientific Data: Following are the results reversing the decreased membrane of studies done in China, Korea and Japan fluidity of liver microsomes and mitochon- Treasures on Gynostemma pentaphyllum (GP) and its dria, increasing mitochondrial enzyme yin jing gypenosides: activity in vascular endothelial cells and decreasing intracellular lactate dehydro- Treasure Rating 1. Gypenosides have been shown to genase leakage from these cells. The ***1/2 protect vascular endothelial cells from extensive antioxidant effect of GP may oxidant injury. The data thus suggest be valuable to the prevention and treat- Atmospheric Energy that gypenosides may be beneficial for ment of various diseases such as athero- sclerosis, liver disease and inflammation. 14. Pharmacological and clinical investiga- gypenosides at the dose of 200 mg/kg tion has pointed out that gypenosides(also had obviously better body force and 7. GP water extract was shown to have called “gynosaponins” by Hu) can effec- tolerance than those in the control group significant anti-inflammatory and liver- tively inhibit cancer cells in the liver, that were not given GPS. protective effects in rats. stomach, lung, skin and uterus. 22. The LD50 of mice i.p. GPS is 755 mg/ 8. The immuno-potentiating effects of 15. The basic chemical structure of the kg. The LD50 of rats i.p. is 1.85 g/kg. Oral gypenosides in relation to the network of gynosaponins is of the dammarane type. administration at the dose of 10 g/kg was neuroendocrine-immune modulation (NIM) non-toxic which was more than the were examined. The results indicate that 16. The sweet flavor in the leaves of GP is determination limitation of LD50. Thus, the mechanism of immunomodulating due to phyllodicin. Other constituents of gypenosides are very safe for consump- effects of gypenosides may be mediated GP include Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin tion. through the NIM network, and suggest a C, calcium, sodium, iron, phosphorus, close relationship between the neuroendo- carotene, protein, fat, fiber and sucrose. 23. Gynostemma contains trace elements, crine activities and the immunofunctions. of which 5 are fundamental to human 17. Animal tests proved that crude body. Mineral analysis indicates that GP 9. A study on rabbits indicates that GP gynosaponins possessed obvious antican- contains: Se, Mg, Zn, Ca, Fe, K, Mn, P, has the protective effect on acute cer and antiulcer action, inhibited the etc.( See table 3. Content determination cerebral ischemia injury. side effects of glucocortico-hormones, of trace element) promote cell metabolism, benefit sleep 10. A comparison study between the and lower blood lipids. Gynosaponins might Table 3. Content Determination of Trace effects of gypenosides and ginsenosides be able to inhibit the multiplying of Elements (from Panax Ginseng) on cardiac function cancer cells in liver, uterus, lung, etc. by and hemodynamics was done on dogs. It as much as 20~80%. In mice with experi- Trace elements Content (mg/g) was found that the coronary flow was mental sarcoma-180, the cancer may be calcium, Ca 19475.00 raised and the heart rate lowered by both reduced by 40% at the dose of 50 mg/kg zinc, Zn 178.75 gypenosides and ginsenosides. The of GPS every day for seven days. iron, Fe 786.30 lowering of myocardial oxygen consump- manganese, Mn 87.50 tion after the administration of 18. If mice were injected with dexam- magnesium, Mg 2045.00 gypenosides and ginsenosides could be ethasone beforehand i.e. at the dose of explained by the decreasing of cardiac 10 mg/kg a day for 10 days and then GP contains water-soluble amino acids, tension-time index and the slowing of injected with gypenosides at the dose of various vitamins, protein. heart rate. Nevertheless, it was insignifi- 10 mg/kg a day for 10 days, GPS might cant that gypenosides and ginsenosides prevent the side effects of dexametha- Table 2. Content Determination of Amino affected the myocardial contractility and sone, such as atrophy in the adrenal gland Acid heart pump function. The effects of and thymus. gypenosides are slightly more potent than Amino Acid Content (mg/g) ginsenosides. 19. Gypenosides 22, 30 and 41 have leucine, Leu 0.0549 obvious antiulcer activity. histidine 0.0473 lysine, Lys 1.5563 11. Gypenosides is a potent inhibitor to 20. Extended administration of GP might glutamic acid, glutaminic acid 0.6872 platelet aggregation and its action inhibit the forming of experimental glycine, glycocoll 0.8600 mechanism may be related to inhibiting cholelithiasis, lowering the cholesterol in methionine, Met 0.3289 the platelet from releasing reaction and blood and bile. The experimental group aspartic acid, ASP 0.0929 increasing the platelet cAMP level. used a feed containing 1.2% cholesterol threonine 0.1425 and into it was added the fine powder of serine 0.1629 12. Gypenosides was shown to have a Gynostemma. The mice were fed with this cystine 1.1325 platelet aggregation factor which was kind of feed. Three weeks later, choles- isoleucine 0.2127 completely inhibited by prostaglandin 12, terol value, total bile acid value and arginine 0.0559 but was not affected by aspirin. Studies phospholipids value were determined in phenylalanine 0.9758 indicate that the active principle is most animal bile and observation was made to likely a kind of glycoside or polysaccha- see if any stone was formed in the gall 24. The use of glucocorticoids in therapy ride. bladder. The results indicated that in 3 can preserve life. However the side mice of the experimental group, stone was effects may include excessive appetite, 13. Crude saponins isolated from GP were formed; and in 6 mice of the control lack of energy, dropsy or obesity, kerati- tested for their effect on lipid metabo- group, stone was formed. In 2 mice of the tis, pigmentation and hypertension, etc. It lism in corn oil-containing, high sugar diet- experimental group, more than 11 stones is usually accompanied by severe damage fed rats. Oral administration of such high were formed, but in 4 mice of the control to the adrenal glands, thymus and other sugar and fat diet caused hyperlipemia, group, 11 stones were formed. In the mice organs, resulting in early aging syndrome. liver injury with increased serum level of of the controlled group, were found The thymus is the center of the immune glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT), and mucous membrane multiplying, bleeding system, though it atrophies with age. accumulation of lipid peroxide in the liver. and swollen fat liver. In the experimental Therefore, protecting the thymus and Administration of the crude saponins group the cholesterol value and total bile adrenal glands from atrophying is essen- from GP reduced serum levels of triglyc- acid concentration in blood and bile were tial in anti-aging efforts. Gypenosides can erides, lipid peroxide, total cholesterol, markedly decreased in comparison with prevent these side effects from happen- phospholipids and GPT in such high sugar the control group. ing and restore the organs that have and fat diet-fed rats. atrophied due to the damaging effects of 21. In a swimming test in which mice fed glucocorticoids. GP and gypenosides can greatly improve the suppressed immunity Gynostemma has real potential as a Atmospheric Energy caused by steroids abuse. It can also biological reaction regulator in treating Neutral strengthen the phagocytosis of the malignant tumor. Gypenoside can not only phagocytes in the abdominal cavity of directly kill cancer cells, it also increases Organ Meridian Systems mice, it increases the weight of the the titer of PFC plaque forming cell and Spleen and Stomach spleen and adrenal gland. This is why GP is hemaglutination antibody, strengthens the called an “immunity strengthener.” delayed hypersensitivity of mice and Part Used and Form Researchers (Ma Bing Xuan, et al) believe therefore improves the immunity of Dried ripe fruit that GP has strong preventive and curing tumor carrying animals. These might be effects against the damage due to some of the reasons why Gypenoside has Primary Functions steroids. The use of gypenosides to anti-cancer and anti-tumor effects and Replenishes Qi in the middle burning prevent and cure the side effects of can prevent the growth of tumors. space (Spleen and Stomach), nourishes steroid use has been granted a patent in blood, soothes the mind, moderates the Japan. The patent recommends dosages 29. It was reported in Yunnan Province actions of other herbs in a formula for adults of 5~500 mg/day, usually that it was used to treat senile chronic 10~250 mg/day, 3~4 times, orally. bronchitis in 537 cases. The total effec- Qualities tive rate was 79% after the treatment of This special fruit, sometimes called the one therapeutic period. It was found that “red date,” has been used since ancient 25. The adrenal cortex is a superbly the stemona was more effective in times as a nutrient tonic, a blood cleanser, developed organ for the regulation of treating bronchitis than the leaves. It and as an important adjunctive herb to homeostasis. It is essential for life. The was taken 2.5 3.9 g tid, for ten days as other tonics, especially in combination hormones of the adrenal cortex can be one therapeutic course. with Ginseng and Tang Kuei. Jujube, which divided into two main categories: is not a true date, is universally believed (1) glucocorticoids which affect carbohy- 30. The gypenosides 3, 4, 8 and 12 are in the Orient to build strength and drate metabolism, and virtually identical to ginseng saponins Rb1, extend life. Jujube is slightly sedative (2) mineralocorticoids which affect water Rb3, Rd and F2 in structure, respectively. and laxative and removes obstructions of and salt metabolism. It is fairly well the energy flow. The juice of jujube is established that GP influences the one of the wonderful and delicious glucocorticoids produced in the innermost Jujube Date specialties of Chinese tonic herbalism. It zone of the adrenal cortex, the zona Products Featuring This Herb: is often used as a base for other herbal reticularis, and has a regulatory influence 500 Ginsengs Drops extracts. on the secretion of the glucocorticoids, Ginseng Sublime hormones that influence carbohydrate Jujube is a very commonly used herb, and protein metabolism. Cortisol, also Supreme Creation especially in formulas that use Ginseng. It known as hydrocortisone is the most Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) is the classic side-kick to Ginseng. important glucocorticoid, its secretion Shou Wu Formulation Anytime you use Ginseng, you can use being regulated by ACTH. The drug Ant Essence Formula Jujube. The date is believed to enhance cortisone is the synthetic cortisol Imperial Garden the activity of Ginseng while smoothing analogue. GP may help regulate the Super Adaptogen out any rough edges the Ginseng may secretions of the outermost zone of the Endocrine Health have. It harmonizes the ingredients in a adrenal cortex as well, including the Ginseng and Astragalus Combination formula, making the whole formula smooth mineralocorticoids, the most important of Ten Complete Supertonic Combination in both taste and action. However, it is which are aldosterone and deoxycorticos- Ginseng and Longan Combination much more than just an adjunctive herb. terone, which regulate the water and Ginseng Nutritive Combination It provides excellent energy and is a electrolyte metabolism of the body. Return to Youth powerful Qi tonic in its own right. Platycodon and Fritillary 26. Gynostemma can help adjust and Bupleurum and Dragon Bone Combination It is an excellent tonic to the Spleen and regulate blood sugar levels. Activated Minor Bupleurum Stomach, helping these organs extract the energy from food and drink at 27. In the test in vitro where 0.38-0.75% Other Common Names maximum efficiency. It is also an excel- Gypenoside is used directly to kill S-180 Red Date lent blood tonic. Jujube also has an sarcoma cell, the killing rate is 54~87.5% emotionally calming effect. It is a mild while the control group only has 28.84% Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Spirit stabilizer. death rate. Tonic Herbs 212 Primary Combinations 28. Zhe Jiang Traditional Medical Re- Combine with: search Institute used Gynostemma Pharmaceutical Latin instant granule (each bag contains 400 mg Fructus Jujube 1. Ginseng to tonify the Spleen and to Gypenoside) on cancer patients after build Qi their operation. All the patients improved Pinyin their conditions. The total effectiveness Hong Zao 2. Dang Gui and White Peony Root to rate reaches 89.47%. It improves the cell tonify blood immune function, lowers the IgG, IgM. It Treasures can also induce the thymus dependent Qi and Spirit Varieties and Grading lymphocytes to differentiate and sensi- The smaller the dates, the better. Be tize so that they can kill the relevant Treasure Rating sure that the dates are fresh and free of target tumor cells on contact. ***1/2 insects. They are highly nutritious and are easily and readily infested with moths and other creatures. Throw them out if you Qi some cases hypertension. Occasional large find any larvae. Where there’s one, there doses are not considered to be a problem are usually many more hidden away. The Treasure Rating for most people when used for specific skin of a good quality Jujube should be **** purposes and under a doctor’s watchful firm, radiant and deeply wrinkled. If the eye. dates are too large or too moist, they will Atmospheric Energy not be powerful. Remember, an herbalist Neutral Licorice is an excellent Qi tonic. It can judge you by how you pick your increases vital energy. This herb is Jujubes. If you select small ones, they Organ Meridian Systems frequently used to strengthen the will know that you know what you are Spleen, Stomach and Lungs digestive and metabolic functions. It aids doing, they will respect you and they will in the assimilation of nutrients and thus start showing you better quality goods. Primary Functions contributes to the building of blood. Most novices, of course, think that big, Regulates the function of the Stomach, Licorice is universally believed, in Asia, to juicy dates are best. invigorates the Spleen, Qi tonifying, lung build large, strong muscle tissue. It is clearing, latent-heat clearing, detoxicant, thus widely used by athletes, dancers, Contraindications anti-inflammatory, harmonizing and etc. It is used as an ingredient in numer- Do not use when you are suffering from regulating to the twelve organs ous Qi tonic formulations as both a Qi excessive phlegm, food retention, abdomi- tonic and as the harmonizing ingredient. nal bloating and parasites. Qualities Chinese Licorice root, or Glycyrrhiza, is It is often used as an anti-inflammatory Licorice one of the greatest herbs known to agent. Licorice contains chemical compo- Products Featuring This Herb: mankind. Licorice root builds energy and is nents which act similarly to cortisone, but an excellent digestive tonic. It is the without the side effects. It is useful for Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) most broad spectrum natural detoxifying all sorts of inflammation, but usually it Shou Wu Formulation agent known, ridding the body of over depends on the other herbs in a formula Ant Essence Formula 1200 known toxins without any distressful to determine where the formula will act. Strong Bones side-effects. It also helps regulate the Strength Builder blood sugar level, helping counteract This herb has a reputation as an excellent Golden Air hypoglycemia, a very common imbalance. expectorant in the case of lung conges- Profound Essence tion. Furthermore, it is widely used as a Young Lungs Licorice root provides basic nutrients to tea to help relieve sore throat and Will Power the adrenal glands. Licorice helps build pharyngolaryngitis. Millions of smokers Super Adaptogen and strengthen muscle, and it is a natural use it to soothe their dry throats since Endocrine Health muscle relaxer. It is very sweet and adds Licorice root improves secretion of the Immunity Booster Formula a delicious flavor to herbal teas. Licorice throat mucosa. It is also used as an Isatis Supreme is included in most Chinese herbal teas ingredient in teas used by singers, public Lights Out and formulations because it is said to speakers and others who utilize their Golden Voice harmonize all the ingredients in an herbal vocal cords excessively. Calmers formula. Licorice root is very powerful Small Volcano and should be used in small quantities Licorice root has acquired the name in Ginseng and Astragalus Combination China of “the Great Detoxifier.” It is Ten Complete Supertonic Combination Licorice root is used as a harmonizing considered to be one of the primary Ginseng and Longan Combination ingredient in many Chinese herbal formu- detoxifying herbs in the Chinese herbal Ginseng Nutritive Combination lations. It is used in more formulations arsenal. Its reputation for this action Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination than any other herb in Chinese herbalism. goes back to the time of Spirit Nong. It Dang Gui and Gelatin Though it is considered to be the quintes- is widely believed that low level consump- Bupleurum and Rehmannia Combination sential “servant” herb, it is often re- tion of Licorice root will rid the body of Platycodon and Fritillary ferred to as the King of Herbs, in spite of poisons that would otherwise accumulate Yin Qiao the fact that Ginseng also bares the title. and cause disease or functional disorder Gentiana Combination Its sweet and pleasant flavor help make if not cleaned out. In particular, it is Bupleurum & Cyperus Combination some unsavory formulations palatable, and believed to clean the blood and the liver. Bupleurum and Peony Combination otherwise bland tasting formulas excel- Though there are many detoxifying Activated Minor Bupleurum lent. agents used in Chinese herbalism, most of them are harsh. Licorice root, on the Other Common Names It is believed that Licorice root “harmo- other hand is mild and devoid, for most Licorice Root nizes” the ingredients in an herbal people, of side effects. It can of course formulation, eliminating harshness of be used preventively, which makes it more Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese action and promoting smooth activity of generally useful than medicinal herbs. Tonic Herbs the herbs. It is therefore called “the 168 Great Harmonizer.” It is thus extremely Many people use Licorice root internally important in the Chinese herbal system, as a general anti-inflammatory. It is used Pharmaceutical Latin both tonic and medicinal. It is used in for redness and swelling anywhere in the Glycyrrhizae Uralensis, Radix small quantities in a very wide number of body. Of course, if inflammatory condi- formulations as a harmonizer. The herb is tions exist, one should consult a physician, Pinyin powerful and small doses are usually but for low grade inflammations, Licorice Gan Cao sufficient to achieve excellent results. root may prove to be extremely effective. Large quantities are uncommon because It is also used as an antispasmodic. When Treasures excessive use can cause edema, and in combined with White Peony Root, it is a superb antispasmodic. These two herbs actions. Glycyrrhizin has been shown to role in the herbs anti-ulcer by relieving combined work synergistically to relax prolong the action of cortisone.. It is spasms of the smooth muscle of the both smooth muscle and striated muscle. believed to inhibit the metabolism of the gastrointestinal tract. The removal of It is especially famous for relieving steroids, thus maintaining higher corti- glycyrrhizin from the extract both cramps in the gastrocnemius and feet. sone levels for a longer duration. improves this action and reduces the side However, it is almost equally as useful for effects, including primarily edema. De- cramps and contraction anywhere in the Licorice root extract, as well as the raw glycyrrhinated licorice root is available body. powder, glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetinic for those who cannot use normal licorice acid exhibit deoxycorticosterone-like due to the edemic side effects. FM 100, Another condition for which Licorice root action. They reduce the urinary volume the anti-ulcer component of Licorice root, is famed is for the relief of gastric and and sodium excretion while increasing has also been shown to have mild anticon- duodenal ulcers. It has been used to potassium excretion. This action has vulsant, anti-spasmotic and analgesic relieve hyperacidity for thousands of produced edema in laboratory animals and actions. When Licorice root is combined years and is a superb anti-ulcer agent. A in humans. with Paeonia albiflora, or when FM 100 is small quantity in tea can quickly help heal used with paeonin (the active component ulcers in most cases. It is especially Human clinical studies have demonstrated of Paeonia albiflora), the antispasmodic, effective when combined with herbs like that the hormone-like actions of Licorice anticonvulsant and analgesic actions are Gynostemma and White Peony, which root are therapeutically useful, strength- greatly increased, confirming the famous themselves help relieve ulcers. ening resistance, enhancing adrenocortical combination in traditional Chinese herbal- function, improving the regulatory ism. Licorice root is an indispensable compo- function of hormones drugs, reducing the nent of the Chinese herbal system. It has dependence of patients on the steroidal The detoxicant action that has classically powerful tonic benefits and at the same hormones and mitigating the withdrawal been attributed to Licorice root has also time has a wide range of healing effects symptoms from steroidal hormones. been verified. The administration of that have been time-proven innumerable Licorice root, its extract or of times. The trick in using Licorice root lies Licorice root has anti-inflammatory action glycyrrhizine have all demonstrated in watchful moderation. Don’t use too similar to hydrocortisone. Glycyrrhizin powerful detoxicant actions against much — it’s unnecessary and excessive and glycyrrhetinic acid are believed to be toxins such as cocaine, chloral hydrate, quantities can have the side effect of the components responsible for this strychnine, urethane, arsenobenzene and causing water retention. Small doses are activity. mercurous chloride. It has also been very unlikely to have any results but shown to have detoxicant action against excellent ones. Liquiritigenin and isoliquiritigenin, found in caffeine, nicotine and barbiturates. It the alcohol extract of Glycyrrhiza has also been used to detoxify snake and uralensis, have been found to be MAO spider venom. Given along with snake Scientific Data inhibitors, that is, they inhibit monoamine antiserum, the results were better than Glycyrrhiza uralensis contains two major oxidase in the liver. Synthetic MAO snake antiserum alone. However, Licorice triterpenes, glycyrrhizin (glycyrrhizic inhibitors have been used in the treat- root is not effective in detoxifying acid) and glycyrrhetinic acid. Glycyrrhiza ment of psychotic patients who have mild morphine, ephedrine and epinephrine uralensis usually contains 6-14% glycyr- or severe depression. Both Liquiritigenin toxicity. Various Licorice root prepara- rhizin, which exists for the most part as and isoliquiritigenin are spasmolytic tions are now being experimentally used salts of glycyrrhizic acid and ammonia, agents, that is, they relieve spasms (they with antineoplastic (cancer) drugs to calcium potassium, iron or barium. are muscle relaxants). Isoliquiritigenin is reduce their toxicity and to improve their 5 times as potent as liquiritigenin. It is effects. Excellent results have been Licorice root is rich in flavonoids. The being examined as a natural substitute reported in China and Japan. All this primary one is liquiritin, with isoliquiritin, for the synthetic MAO drugs used in detoxifying activity is now believed to be liquiritigenin and isoliquiritigenin also clinical practice for depression. due to the improvement of the regulative playing important pharmacological roles. activity of the adrenal-pituitary system, Licorice root contains a substance called Licorice root has been demonstrated to and to direct adrenocorticomimetic FM 100, which is a component of the have powerful anti-HIV action in vitro. An actions of glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetinic flavonoids of the cortex. It has been herbal drug utilizing Licorice root is being acid, among other mechanisms. demonstrated to have anti-ulceration tested in Japan. In addition, Licorice root action. has been found to induce the production Glycyrrhetinic acid has an antitussive in human beings of g-interferon. (anti-cough) action similar in action to Other components include amino acids, codeine, but without the drowsiness. biotin, b-sitosterol, berniarin, Numerous reports confirm Licorice root’s Licorice root extract or an herbal tea umbelliferone, ferulic acid and sinapic traditional use as an anti-ulcer agent. It containing sufficient quantity of the herb, acid. has shown significant inhibition on can relieve irritation of inflamed pharyn- experimental ulcers as well as in human geal mucosa. Licorice root also promotes The various species of Glycyrrhiza used clinical settings. It protects the mucosa pharyngeal and bronchial secretion, which as Licorice root have adrenocorticomi- against damage. One mechanism is by in turn promotes expectoration. metic action. Most authorities on inhibiting abnormal gastric secretion by Glycyrrhiza believe that glycyrrhetinic the gastric mucosal cells. FM 100 is the Licorice root extract has been shown in acid produces adrenocorticomimetic primary component involved in this action. laboratory animals to significantly protect action. Its chemical structure is similar to the liver from damage due to strong liver that of the corticosteroids. Pharmacologi- Licorice root has a well-known antispas- toxins. cal studies indicate, for example, that modic action. The flavonoids in licorice glycyrrhetinic acid has sodium-retention, root are responsible for this action. This Licorice root has a significant antidiuretic antidiuretic and anti-inflammatory antispasmodic effect plays an important action, due to the action of glycyrrhizin. This action produces the one overt side Bupleurum and Rehmannia Combination many benefits to the heart muscle. Its effect of Licorice root — edema. Bupleurum & Cyperus Combination action in this regard is similar to that of Ilex and Notoginseng. It significantly Primary Combinations Other Common Names enhances myocardial circulation and is now Combine with: (sometimes called “Cnidium” — not to be being widely used clinically in China to confused with Fructus Cnidium) treat and prevent heart disease. Ligusti- 1. Ginseng, Codonopsis, Astragalus and cum is related to Dong Gui and they share Atractylodes to tonify Spleen and build Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese many of the same characteristics. They Qi Tonic Herbs also share significant components. 213 However, Dong Gui is a stronger blood 2. White Peony to relieve spasms and tonic and Ligusticum is a stronger Blood cramps Pharmaceutical Latin vitalizer and analgesic. Rhizoma Ligustici 3. Ginger and Aged Citrus to regulate It is also widely used to relieve the pain Stomach Qi Pinyin associated with invasion of wind and in Chuan Xiong formulations to treat colds, flus, sinus Varieties and Grading congestion and various skin disorders. Large, very sweet licorice root is the Treasures best. Very high quality Licorice root, when Blood Ligusticum has been found to induce sliced, has a smoother, finer texture than interferon production in human beings. cheap, low grade Licorice. Good Licorice Treasure Rating root is pleasant to chew. Licorice root is a ***1/2 Preparation and Utilization soft pulpy wood, yet it becomes pulpy It is usually used in formulas with Dong when chewed. Cheaper Licorice root tends Atmospheric Energy Gui, Rehmannia, Peony, etc. It is one of to be more splintery when chewed and Warm the “four things” in the most famous of doesn’t taste as good. Sometimes small, women’s formulas, “Four Things Combina- splintery Licorice root is quite sweet. This Taste tion.” Combine with Notoginseng, Ilex and type of Licorice is fine for extraction, Pungent and bitter Qi tonics to create a formula beneficial but the larger Licorice root has better to the heart. Do not cook Ligusticum for chemical harmony and is simply better in Organ Meridian Systems more than a few minutes. Add it to an most cases. All Licorice root is inexpen- Liver, Gall Bladder, Pericardium, Heart infusion only at the end. Overcooking boils sive, and it goes a long way because you off and destroys the aromatic oils, which will be using small quantities, so purchase Part Used and Form are essential components of the herb. the best you can find. Rhizome Overcooking destroys the herb and it will not do its job. It should be noted that Chinese herbal- Primary Functions ists sometimes use Licorice root that has Vitalizes the blood, promotes the circula- Primary Combinations been roasted in honey. This is usually tion of blood and Qi, nourishes blood, Never used alone. Combine with: called Honey-fried Licorice or prepared relieves wind conditions, analgesic Licorice. This kind of Licorice is usually 1. Dang Gui, Rehmannia (steamed) and used either in the winter or by people who Qualities White Peony Root to build blood, stimu- have a cold constitution or cold condition Ligusticum wallichi, sometimes referred late blood flow, regulate the menstrual where they feel chilled all the time. to as Cnidium, is a very widely used blood cycle and relieve abdominal pain tonic. It is especially common in women’s Contraindications blood tonic formulations. Ligusticum is a 2. Salvia and Notoginseng to invigorate Large doses of Licorice root can result in superb “blood vitalizing” herb used to blood circulation and protect the Heart side effects associated with the adreno- improve blood circulation and to disperse corticomimetic action of the herb. The blood stagnation. It has recently been Varieties and Grading symptoms associated with Licorice root found to improve blood circulation in the The stronger Ligusticum’s fragrance, the include edema and hypertension. Patients heart. It is sometimes called Cnidium on more powerful its activity inside the body. prone to, or suffering from, these some product labels, and should not be If it is old, it will have lost much of its disorders should use Licorice root only confused with Cnidium seed, a Yang fragrance sparingly, as a low level adjunctive herb in essence tonic. other formulations, or they should use de- glycyrrhinated licorice root extracts. In Ligusticum is one of the primary blood Ligustrum addition, they should seek the advice of vitalizing herbs used in Chinese herbalism. Products Featuring This Herb: their doctor. Elderly patients in particular It is very widely used in treating men- Microcosmic Orbit should use Licorice root sparingly and strual disorders because it is so effective Women’s Jing under the supervision of an herbalist. at activating blood flow and relieving pain Young at Heart associated with blood and Qi stagnation. Immunity Booster Formula Ligusticum It warms the uterus and decongests Products Featuring This Herb: swelling in the pelvic basin. In addition to Other Common Names Remove Stagnation its blood vitalizing effects, Ligusticum is Ligustrum Golden Voice a good blood tonic. Cardiovascular Protector Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Eagle Vision Though it was not classically recognized Tonic Herbs Four Things Combination as a major heart tonic, it has recently 190 Dang Gui and Gelatin been discovered that Ligusticum provides Pharmaceutical Latin despair. However, in this regard it is Fructus Ligustri lucidum 2. Lycium fruit, Raw Rehmannia and weaker than Lily flower. Moutan for deficient yin and heat Pinyin Primary Combinations Nu Zhen Zi 3. Astragalus, Ganoderma and Gy- Combine with: nostemma to counteract the side effects Treasures of chemotherapy and radiation, provided 1. Ophiopogon, Raw Rehmannia, Fritillaria Yin Jing the doctors involved agree. Fairly large and Anemarrhena to moisten dry Lungs doses are more effective in building and/ and relieve cough Treasure Rating or protecting the immune system **** Varieties and Grading Varieties and Grading The bulbs or cloves should be smooth and Atmospheric Energy All Ligustrum sold in the United States is moist, and certainly not dried out and Cool of approximately equivalent quality and is brittle. generally quite good. Taste Contraindications Bitter and Sweet Contraindications Lily bulb should not be used when experi- Do not use when you have diarrhea due to encing cough due to invasion of wind-cold Organ Meridian Systems cold. In cases of Yang deficiency it is for those with cold Spleen with diarrhea. Kidney and Liver often better to use Polygonum. Lily Flower Primary Functions Lily Bulb Other Common Names Tonifies Kidney and Liver Yin, enhances Products Featuring This Herb: Lily Flower immune functions, clears heat, brightens Yin Replenisher the eyes Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Other Common Names Tonic Herbs Qualities Lily Bulb 214 Ligustrum is a Yin Kidney tonic which is said by the Chinese to prolong life. It has Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Pinyin been found to be a significant immune Tonic Herbs jin zhen hua enhancing agent. It is also used as a blood 213 tonic. Treasures Pharmaceutical Latin Spirit Ligustrum is a very good Yin essence Bulbus Lilii tonic. It’s action is very similar to that of Treasure Rating Polygonum, except that it is a cool herb. Pinyin ***1/2 It is used for all the same purposes as Bai He Polygonum, including blackening the hair Atmospheric Energy or preventing premature graying. Thus it Treasures is considered to be an antiaging, rejuvena- Yin Qualities tive herb. It strengthens the back and The Chinese call Lily “the plant for relieves soreness in the lower back and Treasure Rating forgetting care and sorrow.” They believe knees, and helps relieve aching in other **1/2 that by eating or drinking a tea of Lily joints. It is said to improve hearing and Atmospheric Energy Flower, one is able to forget unpleasant sharpen vision. Slightly Cold memories and sorrow. Lily flower is high in iron and builds blood, and also contains Ligustrum has gain quite a reputation in Taste several vitamins. the past decade due to the discovery that Slightly cool it has powerful immune enhancing effects. In a study done in the United States, Longan Organ Meridian Systems Products Featuring This Herb: supported by the National Institutes of Lung and Heart Health, it was found to prevent break Supreme Spirit Drops down of the immune system when cancer Magu’s Treasure Primary Functions Magu’s Secret patients were given chemotherapy and Moisten the Lungs, relieve cough, clear radiation therapy. Subsequent studies Ginseng and Longan Combination heat in the Heart, calm the Mind and around the world have supported this stabilize the Spirit action. It is now used clinically for this Other Common Names purpose in Japan and China. Longan fruit Qualities Lily bulb is primarily used to moisten the Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Preparation and Utilization Lungs. It is very effective at relieving dry It may be used in Kidney and Liver tonics. Tonic Herbs cough and dry throat. It thus is excellent 191 for smokers, singers, public speakers, fire Primary Combinations eaters and those who use their voices Combine with: Pharmaceutical Latin excessively for any other reason. Arillus longan 1. Lycium fruit, Polygonum or Rehmannia It has mild but effective influence on the (steamed) to build blood, to tonify Kidney Pinyin emotions. It is capable of calming agita- Long Yan Rou yin, and to prevent premature aging tion and relieving anxiety, grief and by every Chinese late each summer when prevent or treat premature ejaculation, Treasures it is in season. It may be consumed alone spermatorrhea, and is also used in Blood and Qi as an herb as well. However, it is usually women’s formulas to treat leucorrhagia. combined with other tonic herbs: For these purposes, it is often combined Treasure Rating with other astringent herbs such as **** 1. Ginseng and Dang Gui to strengthen the Dragon Bone, Cuscuta, Euryale, Cuscuta, Spleen and Heart Cnidium, Astragalus seed, etc. Atmospheric Energy Warm 2. Dang Gui and White Peony to build It is also commonly used in formulas blood designed to firm up the stool in individu- Organ Meridian Systems als with weak Spleen functions. It is Heart and Spleen 3. Zizyphus, Spirit Poria and Polygala to usually combined with herbs such as calm the mind, stabilize the nerves and White Atractylodes and Poria for this Primary Functions develop Spirit purpose. To nourish the Blood, calm the mind, strengthen the Spleen and tonify Qi Varieties and Grading Lotus seed has Spirit stabilizing proper- This is an herb that must be selected ties. It is therefore combined with other Qualities very carefully. The aril, which is the Spirit stabilizers to calm the mind and to Longan is a wonderful and delicious tonic sweet fleshy fruit meat is extremely help overcome emotions such as chronic fruit used by the Chinese as a blood tonic, delicious. The dried fruit obtainable at worry, fear, anger, etc. It is usually to build energy, to nurture the heart, and herb shops is priced based on its flavor combined with Dragon Bone, Polygonum to add luster and beauty to the skin. It is and sweetness. So producers soak the stem, Albizzia bark or flower, Biota, etc. believed among the Chinese people that Longan in sugar water to enhance its for this purpose. Longan is not only great for the skin, but sweetness. Buy from a reputable herbalist is also a fantastic sex tonic. For that and ask him or her if the Longan has been Primary Combinations reason, Longan is considered as a special sweetened. Buy unsweetened Longan — it Combine with: tonic for women who wish to be both is sweet enough without the sugar and is beautiful and sexual — it has a 2000 year much better for you. I prefer dried 1. Ginseng, Poria and Dioscorea to tonify reputation as a special love tonic. It is Longan that is lighter in color. It is less the Spleen and Kidney said that the most beautiful women in often artificially sweetened and pre- China eat Longan. Longan is equally serves better. 2. Astragalus Seed, Euryale seed, Cornus, beneficial to men. It is believed to have a Dragon tooth, Oyster shell, Cnidium and calming effect and to add radiance to the Contraindications Cuscuta to astringe the Kidneys and eyes. Don’t eat so much you become ill. prevent premature ejaculation and to treat chronic vaginal discharge Longan is an excellent Blood and Qi tonic Lotus Seed that can be used to relieve heart palpita- Other Common Names Varieties and Grading tion, insomnia, forgetfulness and anxiety Lotus Seed Select fresh, clean lotus seed. associated with Blood and Qi deficiency, especially when combined with Qi tonics Pharmaceutical Latin Contraindications such as Ginseng, Codonopsis and Astraga- Semen Nelumbinis Not to be used by those who are experi- lus. It is one of the premier blood tonics encing constipation. of Chinese tonic herbalism, and is often Pinyin combined with other blood tonics such as Lian Zi Dong Gui and Peony to build blood. Dragon Treasures Lotus Stamen Eye Fruit has a high content of iron, Jing and Qi Other Common Names about 20 times that of grapes and 15 Lotus Stamen times that of spinach. Treasure Rating *** Pharmaceutical Latin Combined with Spirit tonic herbs such as Stamen Nelumbinis Ganoderma and Fu Spirit, it promotes Atmospheric Energy tranquility. This herb has been found to Neutral Pinyin promote deep, refreshing sleep. For this Lian Xu purpose, it may be combined with Organ Meridian Systems Zizyphus. It increases physical stamina Kidney, Spleen and Heart Treasures and promotes peripheral circulation, Jing warming up cold hands and feet. Primary Functions Astringent to control Jing, to reinforce Treasure Rating Preparation and Utilization the Kidney, to tonify the Spleen and firm * Blend with Qi tonic, Blood tonics or Spirit up the stool, and to stabilize Spirit and tonics according to your needs. You may calm the mind Atmospheric Energy eat Longan by itself so long as you don’t Warm eat them in excess, since they can cause Qualities an upset stomach when over eaten. Try Lotus seed is used primarily as an astrin- Organ Meridian Systems mixing them with walnuts. gent in Kidney and Spleen tonic formula- Kidney and Heart tions. It is in own right a good mild tonic. Primary Combinations It is useful for preventing the leakage of Primary Functions Longan Fruit is a fruit which is consumed essence, and thus is commonly used to Astringent to control Jing, to reinforce the Kidney, to stabilize Spirit and calm Lung, Spleen elderly people, once a day for 3 weeks, the mind more than 67% of the patients’ T cell Primary Functions transformation functions tripled and the Qualities moistens and cools the Lungs, used for activity of the patients’ white cell Lotus stamen is an excellent astringent. hot coughs, especially in cases of defi- interleukin-2 doubled. In addition, the It is stronger as an astringent than Lotus cient Lung Yin. results showed that all the patients’ spirit seed, but does not have the tonic qualities and optimism increased significantly, of the seed. It is very useful for prevent- Qualities appetite improved in 95% of the patients, ing the leakage of essence, and thus is Luo Han Guo is a very sweet fruit is a 95% of the patients slept better and 35% commonly used to prevent or treat superb Lung tonic used to relieve lung of the patients at least partially recov- premature ejaculation, spermatorrhea, congestion and to cool the lungs, thus ered their sexual function. and is also used in women’s formulas to “clearing heat” such as one might experi- treat leukorrhia. For these purposes, it is ence on a hot smoggy day. A special Lycium fruit contains a powerful polysac- often combined with other astringent extract of this herb can provide a charide which has been shown to have herbs such as Dragon Bone, Cuscuta, wonderful flavor to any tea. potent immune enhancing activity. This Euryale, Cuscuta, Cnidium, Astragalus same polysaccharide has been found to be seed, etc. Lycium Fruit a secretagogue, that is, a substance that Products Featuring This Herb: stimulates the secretion in the pituitary Primary Combinations Schizandra and Lycium Drops gland of human growth hormone, a Combine with: 8 Immortals Adaptogenic Elixir powerful innate anti-aging hormone. 1. Astragalus Seed, Euryale seed, Cornus, Yin Replenisher Dragon tooth, Oyster shell, Cnidium and Ron Teeguarden’s Super Pill This delicious fruit is very widely used Cuscuta to astringe the Kidneys, prevent Supreme Creation throughout Asia as a superb Yin essence premature ejaculation and to treat Magu’s Treasure and blood tonic. It is one of the most chronic vaginal discharge Magu’s Secret popular herbs in the world. Regular Microcosmic Orbit consumption of Lycium is traditionally 2. Radix Scrophulariae and Tuber Women’s Jing believed to lead to a long, vigorous and Ophiopogonis for excessive sweating and Imperial Garden happy life. And it is said that prolonged thirst, loss of consciousness, and delirium Strength Builder consumption of Lycium will promote caused by high fever associated with Super Adaptogen cheerfulness and brighten the Spirit. warm-febrile diseases Endocrine Health Lycium is also said to brighten the eyes Protector 2000 and improve vision. Lycium strengthens Varieties and Grading Eagle Vision the legs and has long been a favorite herb Lotus stamen should be fresh, sweet Return to Youth of Chinese martial artists and athletes. smelling. Its aroma is quite pleasant. The Spring Dragon Longevity Tea Lycium fruit is widely believed to increase fresher it is the better. If it is dry to sexual fluids and enhance fertility. the point of being brittle, look elsewhere. Other Common Names Lycium, like Ginseng and Ganoderma, is a Lycium barbarum L. quintessential tonic herb. Contraindications Not to be used by those who are experi- Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Lycium has long been used as a longevity encing constipation. Tonic Herbs herb. It is one of the premier anti-aging 140 herbs of Asian herbalism and is believed Pharmaceutical Latin to fortify the system against disease and Luo Han Guo Fructus Lycii to provide the energy to overcome Products Featuring This Herb: difficult obstacles. Spring Dragon Longevity Tea Pinyin Gou Qi Zi This herb is now being used in clinical Other Common Names settings for a number of common mala- Luo Han Guo, Arhat Fruit Treasures dies. Lycium is used in the treatment of Yin Jing, Blood consumptive disease accompanied by Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese thirst such early-onset diabetes and Tonic Herbs Treasure Rating tuberculosis, dizziness, blurred vision, and 220 ***** chronic cough. Pharmaceutical Latin Atmospheric Energy Lycium has been tested as an anti-obesity Momordicae Grosvenori, Fructus Neutral drug. Patients were given 30 grams each morning and each afternoon to be made Pinyin Organ Meridian Systems into a tea. Results were excellent. Most Luo Han Guo Liver, Kidney patients lost significant weight. Treasures Primary Functions Lycium is commonly used in the treatment To tonify the Kidneys and promote the of diabetes. 8-10 grams of fruit is Treasure Rating production of essence, to strengthen the steamed and eaten each time, three times legs, to nourish the Liver and brighten the daily (steaming softens the fruits). The Atmospheric Energy eyes, to moisten the lungs daily dosage range of 8-30 grams is neutral typical of medical applications in China. Qualities Organ Meridian Systems When Lycium extract was provided to 20 Lycium fruit, as an ingredient in prescrip- tions, has been used in a number of recent of herbal connoisseurs. It is big, has thick clinical trials for treatment of bone Lycium has been undergoing intense fruit meat, has few seeds and its taste is marrow deficiency conditions (low produc- scrutiny as a cancer drug in China and sweet and exquisite. Ning Xia Lycium is tion of red blood cells, white blood cells, Japan. Lycium fruit, as well as an extract further graded according to size, larger and platelets). from its leaves, can kill many kinds of ones selling for considerably more than cancer cells in vitro. In vivo studies and smaller ones. The larger ones tend to be It has been reported that Lycium has human studies are proving to be highly sweeter, and have a juicier texture. been used in the treatment of atrophic promising. Ning Xia Lycium contains 124 Grade 1 Ning Xia Lycium has no more than gastritis weakened digestion due to ppm of organic Germanium. Germanium has 370 fruits per 50 grams. Grade 2 has no reduced stomach activity. Patients been demonstrated to have anti-cancer more than 580 grains per 50 grams. Grade consume 10 grams of the whole fruits activity. Japanese studies indicate that 4 has no more than 1100 grains per 50 each time, twice daily before meals for organic Germanium is effective in treating grams and no more than 15% damaged two months or longer. liver cancer, lung cancer, uterine cancer, fruit. cervical cancer, and testicular cancer Lycium is commonly used by first trimes- when combined with other drugs. Lycium A second variety is known as Blood ter mothers to prevent morning sickness. has been found to induce the production Lycium. Blood Lycium is of a lower quality 50 grams of Lycium is boiled along with 50 in human beings of g-interferon. Inter- than Ning Xia Lycium. The Blood Lycium grams of Scute for 30 minutes. Drinking feron can depress and even kill cancer Fruit tends to be relatively small, has this tea is a quick and effective remedy cells. Germanium possesses the power to numerous seeds, has a bright glossy skin for morning sickness. take over the hydrogen ion from cancer that is thicker and tougher than that of cells. Losing hydrogen ions can cause Ning Xia Lycium, and is considerably less Blended with Yang tonic herbs such as depression and even death to cancer cells. sweet. Often, Blood Lycium has a distinct Deer Antler, Morinda and Cordyceps, with Besides Germanium, Lycium has other tartness that overwhelms the sweetness. Qi tonics such as Astragalus and Ginseng, components that act against cancer. Grade 1 Blood Lycium contains no more and with Astringent herbs such as These other components appear to be than 600 fruit grains per 50 grams. Blood Schizandra and Cornus, Lycium is one of able to depress or block the synthesis of Lycium is OK, and it still has the tonic the fundamental sexual tonic herbs in the cancer cells DNA, which interferes benefits associated with Lycium, but it is Chinese herbalism. with the cell’s ability to divide and thus far inferior to Ning Xia Lycium. lowers the reproductive capacity of the It is said in China that eating a handful of cancer cells. Blood Lycium is very commonly found in Lycium a day will make you happy for the Chinese herb markets, but it is not entire day. Such a practice has a cumula- Primary Combinations commonly found in America. Almost all of tive effect. Eventually, you can’t stop Preparation and Utilization it is picked up commercially in China by smiling. May be consumed alone, but mostly used Asian or American manufacturers who in formulas. Combine with: process the herb into off-the-shelf Scientific Data products. Premium manufacturers will still Fresh Ning Xia Lycium has the highest 1. Rehmannia (steamed) to strengthen use Ning Xia Lycium, but the lower cost of content of beta-carotene among all foods Jing, nourish Kidney yin, and build blood Blood Lycium tempts most producers to on earth. Beta-carotene can be trans- select it for packaged products. formed into vitamin A under the influence 2. Ginseng Root to strengthen the Heart of human liver enzymes. Therefore, and Kidney There are other minor varieties of Lycium vitamin A ultimately plays a major influ- available in America. Shandong Lycium is ence in Lycium’s actions. Lycium’s function 3. Chrysanthemum flower and Ophiopogon similar to Ning Xia, but is not as sweet on the eyes is related to this factor. to tonify Kidney yin, nourish Jing, dis- and are not usually as plump. They are Lycium’s vitamin B1 and B2 contents are perse Liver heat and clear the eyes thus less expensive. significant and the vitamin C content of freeze-dried Lycium has been measured 4. Schizandra to tonify Kidney and Liver At the herb shop, you may select your to be 73 mg/100 grams. yin and strengthen Jing Lycium by looking at it, feeling it and tasting it. It should have a uniform color The fruit also contains vitamin C, beta- Varieties and Grading that is not too bright. Some suppliers in sitosterol (an anti-inflammatory agent), Because of Lycium’s great fame over Asia dye the fruit red to make it more linoleic acid (a fatty acid), many, many centuries, it has been col- “attractive” to naive buyers. It should not sesquiterpenoids (cyperone, solavetivone), lected and cultivated in almost every have any dark fruit mixed in — dark fruit tetraterpenoids (zeaxanthin, physalin), region of China. It grows on hillsides and is oxidized and spoiled. The fruit should and betaine (0.1%). ridges in most areas of China. The best be firm and not mushy. Mushy fruit is Lycium grows in cool climatic areas. The spoiled. Larger fruit is best. Always taste Lycium contains 18 kinds of amino acids, Lycium is collected in the summer and Lycium before you buy it. It should be of which 8 are indispensable amino acids autumn when the fruit is mature. It is delectable. Great Lycium is very sweet for the human body (such as isoleucine spread thin on bamboo mats and dried in and a total pleasure to eat raw or cooked. and tryptophan). 50% of Lycium’s amino semi-shady sunlight. The farmers must be acids are free amino acid. Lycium contains very careful not to touch the fruit with Contraindications numerous trace elements, of which the their hands during the drying process Lycium has absolutely no toxicity. How- main ones are zinc, iron and copper. because this will cause the fruit to turn ever, it should not be used in the cases of Mature fruits contain about 11 mg. of iron very dark, which is unacceptable. hyperactive fire due to an exopathogen, per 100 grams. Ning Xia Lycium contains or if you are suffering from Spleen 45% glucose, 7% fructose and 5.5% There are two primary varieties of deficiency with dampness and diarrhea. glucose. Lycium. The first is called Ning Xia Lycium. This Lycium is the preferred herb History Lycium has been considered a major multiflorum is not yet well-known here, inhibiting tumor growth, preventing tumor antiaging herb for over 2500 hundred but is highly prized in the Orient as a metastasis, and working together with years. It was described as a superior herb longevity herb, in the same class with chemotherapy to relieve side effects. in the Spirit Farmer’s Herbal. Tao Hong ginseng. He continued to consume his Maitake has also been shown to have the Jing (456-536 AD), a Taoist master and Lycium soup daily. ability to lower high blood pressure. physician, wrote in his famous herbal Animal studies indicate that Maitake is classic “Commentary on the Spirit It is said that Master Li also changed his effective for diabetes and human studies Farmer’s Herbal,” that “Lycium tonifies diet so as to consume little meat or root have shown that Maitake can help reduce Jing and Qi and strengthens the Yin Tao vegetables and limited his consumption of body weight in overweight individuals. within a human.” grain. Instead, he lived mainly on steamed Maitake has recently been categorized as above-ground vegetables and herbs. He an adaptogenic herb, thus helping to There is an incredible Chinese story in lived to be 252 years old, dying in 1930, normalize body functions. which Lycium plays a major role. The very reportedly after a banquet presented in widespread knowledge of this story in his honor by a government official. He had Male Silk Moth Drops Asia has made Lycium even more popular married during his lifetime fourteen Male silk moth has a long history in China in China in the past century. One man, Li times and lived through eleven genera- of being used as a male sex tonic. Rich in Qing Yuen, is said to have lived to be 252 tions of his own descendants, of which he protein, cephalin and male hormones, male years old. His life span has been verified had almost two hundred during two and a silk moth is conducive to the normal by modern scholars. Born in 1678 in the half centuries of life. growth of the body, and the formation mountainous southwest of China, he ran and evolution of the male reproductive away from home at the age of eleven with Though Li Qing Yuen’s case is rare, in that organs. It is used to nourish the Kidney, three travelers. These travelers were in it has been reasonably authenticated by accelerate the growth of sperm and the herbal trade. Together the boy and both Eastern and Western scholars, marrow and stimulate the nervous system. his three teachers traveled throughout tradition is rich in the Orient in the lore Male silk moth is considered in Asia to be China, Tibet, and Southeast Asia, encoun- of Taoists living to ages unimaginable by an extremely potent male sexual stimulant tering many dangerous situations, but all us. It is well known that among the and tonic. It is very Yang. the while studying the herbal traditions Chinese population, the Taoists far of all the various regions. outlived all other people. Many lived to be Description centurions and few died prematurely. The Use with Super Yang Jing Drops or by As Li Qing Yuen became older, he became Taoist art of longevity, known as the “Art itself. An 8:1 concentrate. a practicing herbalist, and was well known of Radiant Health” is one of the great for his amazing vigor and excellent health. legacies of the East. And Lycium has Primary Traditional Functions Then one day, when he was around fifty played a major part in Taoist health Tonifies Primal Yang years old, while out on a hike, he met a practice since ancient times. Though it is very old man who, in spite of his venerable a common herb, it is one that the Taoists Who Can Use This Formula old age, could out-walk Li Qing Yuen. This consider to be transcendental. Those who wish to supplement their yang impressed Master Li very much because energy and increase sexual drive and he believed that brisk walking was both a Maitake Mushroom potency. way to health and longevity and a sign of Products Featuring This Herb: inner health. Li Qing Yuen inquired as to Four Kings Typical Usage the old sage’s secret. He was told that if 1 to 2 squirts per day every day he consumed a “soup” of Lycium Other Common Names he would soon attain a new standard of Maitake Mushroom Morinda Root health. Li Qing Yuen did just that and Products Featuring This Herb: continued to consume the soup daily until Pinyin Supreme Creation he was over one hundred and thirty years hui shu hua Strong Bones old ! Strength Builder Treasures Return to Youth Naturally, he was greatly revered by all those who knew him and he had many Treasure Rating Other Common Names disciples who followed him. Even at this Morinda very old age, his sight was keen and his Atmospheric Energy legs were strong, and he continued to Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese take his daily vigorous walks. One day, he Qualities Tonic Herbs was on a journey through treacherous Maitake mushroom is a powerful health 143 mountains. In the mountains he met a promoting mushroom that is currently Taoist hermit who claimed to be five extremely popular in Asia because of its Pharmaceutical Latin hundred years old. Humbled by the great life-promoting benefits. Like Agaricus, Morindae Officinalis, Radix illumination of the old Taoist, Li Qing Shitake and Reishi, it is rich in the beta- Yuen begged the Taoist sage to tell him D-glucan polysaccharides that have been Pinyin his secrets. The old Taoist, recognizing demonstrated to be potent immune Ba Ji Tian the sincerity of Li, taught him the potentiators. Maitake has been clearly secrets of Taoist Yoga (also known as Nei demonstrated to possess immune stimu- Treasures Gong, “the Inner Alchemy”) and recom- lating, tumor inhibiting qualities. Recent Jing mended that Li consume a daily dose of research indicates that Maitake D- Panax Ginseng combined with Polygonum fraction provides a number of immune Treasure Rating (Radix Polygonum multiflorum). Ginseng is actions: activating cellular immunity, ****1/2 well-known in the West; Polygonum stopping normal cells from carcinogenesis, Atmospheric Energy 3. Cinnamon bark and Aconite for irregu- the root Warm lar menstruation due to cold uterus and for impotence due to cold Kidneys in men Primary Functions Taste cooked: as a blood and yin tonic; raw: to Pungent and Sweet Varieties and Grading stop bleeding, and transform congealed Morinda comes in a range of qualities. blood Qualities Really good Morinda is large, very pliable Morinda is an excellent Yang essence and slightly moist. Poor quality Morinda is Qualities tonic. It is considered to be highly small, brittle and tasteless. The Notoginseng plant looks similar to nutritious and is used in superior tonic Siberian Ginseng and contains saponins formulas for strengthening the body. It is Contraindications similar to those of Panax Ginseng. It is widely used in primal essence formula- Not to be used in cases of Yin deficiency commonly called by its Chinese name, San tions, often as the main ingredient, and with excessive fire, or in cases of damp- Qi. Li Shi Chen, Chhina’s most renowned sometimes secondarily to Yang tonics of heat. herbalist, said that “San Qi is more animal origin, such as Deer Antler, valuable than gold,” and since that time Cordyceps, Sea Dragon and/or Gecko. Notoginseng this herb has often been referred to as ‘`The miracle root for the preservation of “Not to Be Exchanged for Gold.” It has Morinda is often used to increase sexual life,” as it is called by the Chinese, stands also been called the Miracle Root for the strength in men and women. It is used for as one of the great health preserving Preservation of Life. impotence, premature ejaculation, herbs known to mankind. Notoginseng, soreness of the lower back and knees, and also called Tienchi ginseng, is a relative of Scientific Data infertility. In this case it would be Panax Ginseng. It is a superb blood tonic Panax Notoginseng root is rich in saponins. combined with herbs such as Deer Antler, and blood cleanser when cooked. It is a It contains a mixture of more than 12 Ginseng, Cistanche, Cuscuta, Cnidium seed, powerful blood vitalizing agent when saponins, and approximately 12% of the Epimedium, etc. consumed raw, and is believed by the root extract are saponins. The primary It is used by women for infertility and Chinese to protect the heart and vascular saponin fractions are arasaponins A and B, frigidity. It would be combined with system. It can be used externally to stop which are dammarane derivatives and are Ginseng or Codonopsis, Mantis Egg Case, bleeding. It is widely used in Chinese very similar, or in many cases identical, to Astragalus, Placenta, Dong Gui, Lycium, herbalism internally as a tonic after ginsenosides derived from Panax Ginseng. Schizandra, etc. It can be used for traumatic injury. It is one of China’s irregular menstruation, pain and cold premier longevity herbs. Because of its reputation for benefiting sensation in the lower abdomen and the circulatory system, the action of this chronic fatigue, especially when combined Products Featuring This Herb: herb on the cardiovascular system have with these same tonic herbs plus Cinna- Heaven Drops Wild Ginseng been extensively investigated,. Panax mon bark and Evodia, both warming herbs. Earth Drops Wild Ginseng Notoginseng has been shown to dilate the 500 Ginsengs Drops coronary artery and to increase coronary Morinda is widely believed in China to Ginseng Sublime blood flow and thus providing more blood increase mental power. It is also consid- Young at Heart to the cardiac muscle in humans. The herb ered to be beneficial to the heart. And Cardiovascular Protector reduces cardiac load and lowers arterial like many other Yang tonic herbs, it has pressure. It improves collateral microcir- been shown to be effective in treating Other Common Names culation in and around damaged heart hypertension. San Qi, Tian Qi, Pseudoginseng. tissue in humans. It is one of the finest Yang tonics since it Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Laboratory animals fed this herb had is not only powerful but extremely well Tonic Herbs increased ability to tolerate and survive tolerated by almost everyone. It is a 171 hypoxia (reduced oxygen supply) and superb athletes herb and ranks among the anoxia (minimal oxygen supply). most important vitalizing herbs of the Pharmaceutical Latin tonic system. It is likewise considered a Pseudoginseng, Radix The herb is widely used clinically in Asian major longevity herb and is a regular countries for angina pectoris and other ingredient in Taoist formulations. Pinyin coronary disease. It is often given in San Qi (Tian Qi) conjunction with western-style drugs and Primary Combinations always under a doctor’s supervision. Morinda is a premium herb which may be Treasures used by itself, but is most often found in Blood The uncooked powder as well as the combination with other tonic, wind infusion of San Qi shortens the clotting dispersing and blood vitalizing herbs. Treasure Rating time of blood in laboratory animals. The Combine with: herb has been proven to have significant Atmospheric Energy hemostatic, anticoagulant and platelet 1. Ginseng, Cistanche, Lycium and Cuscuta Slightly Warm function-suppressing action in animals and seed to tonify Kidney yang, and to treat in humans. impotence, premature ejaculation, Taste infertility, frigidity, irregular menstrua- bitter and slightly sweet Preparation and Utilization tion For cooking, as a blood tonic or to build Organ Meridian Systems strength after surgery or while recover- 2. Eucommia bark, Dipsacus and Drynaria Heart, stomach and large intestine ing from an illness, whole roots may be to treat soreness of the lower back and cooked with chicken or with other tonic knees Part Used and Form herbs (traditionally, in China, San Qi is almost always cooked with chicken an old story about how the herb came to Mai Men Dong because the chicken eliminates the bitter be named Three Seven (San Qi). A long flavor of the San Qi — the resultant soup time ago, there was a famous doctor Treasures is mild and delicious, especially if other named Tian who was an expert at curing Yin vegetables have been added). Among the bleeding diseases. One time he cured a tonic herbs, San Qi is one of the least gentleman named Zhang Xiao Er whose Treasure Rating pleasant tasting. It has a bitter flavor nose and mouth bled constantly. He used ****1/2 that is difficult to get used to. For this the ground fine powder of San Qi root reason, capsules and pills are generally and, since Zhang Xiao Er lived fairly far Atmospheric Energy most palatable and are overall the best away, he gave Zhang Xiao Er some seeds Cold way to take San Qi unless it is a minor telling him to grow some in his garden so ingredient in an herbal formula that that he can have some for later use. One Taste overwhelms its flavor. year later, the only daughter of an Sweet and bitter official developed a bleeding disease and For those who wish to use raw San Qi to all the local famous doctors had been Organ Meridian Systems benefit the cardiovascular system, brought in, but no progress occurred. Lung, Heart and Stomach capsules are best. San Qi is an ingredient When Zhang Xiao Er heard of this, he in many commercial cardiovascular tonic brought some of the herb that he grew in Part Used and Form formulations. As always, if you suffer his backyard for the official’s daughter. Tuberous root heart disease, consult a physician or other But the daughter died soon after. The primary care practitioner before using father was so angry that he arrested Primary Functions raw San Qi for medical purposes. Zhang Xiao Er and tortured him seeking Provide cooling Yin to the Heart, Lungs information. Finally, Zhang Xiao Er told and Stomach, to promote production of Primary Combinations them where the herb came from. Doctor body fluids, to clear heat in the heart and Notoginseng is one of the few herbs that Tian was arrested and was accused of relieve irritability, to relieve dry cough, is more commonly used alone rather than murder. Doctor Tian defended himself: dry mouth and tongue, and to moisten the in combination with other herbs. However, “This herb has a magic effect on bleeding, bowels it is combined with Dang Gui in blood but it has to have grown between 3 and 7 tonics and with other blood vitalizing years before it can have this effect. The Qualities herbs in cardiovascular tonics. In that one Zhang Xiao Er used had been growing This herb is very similar in its actions to case, combine with: Ligusticum rhizome for just one year and that’s why it didn’t wild Asparagus root, a close relative. It is and Salvia root. It is combined with musk work.” He then took out a sharp knife and primarily used as a Yin tonic, and espe- in the famous trauma treating formula cut deeply into his own leg. The bloods cially as a Yin tonic to the heart and lung. known as Yunnan Baiyao. sprang out. He then leisurely took out the It is excellent for moistening any dryness San Qi herb powder and scattered it on in the body. Being a cold herb, it can cool Varieties and Grading the cut. It stopped the bleeding immedi- down hot symptoms and relieve Yin San Qi is available in its unprocessed ately. The official apologized to Tian and deficiency conditions such as Yin-defi- form at Chinese herb shops. If you want set him free immediately. The story does ciency insomnia and irritability, especially the raw San Qi, you can obtain both not relate the fate of Zhang Xiao Er. The when blended with herbs such as fresh capsules and powdered San Qi at Chinese herb, however, acquired its permanent Rehmannia, Asparagus root and Coptis. herb shops. Also, sliced raw San Qi can be name because now it became well known obtained from the herb shop and ground that for it to have its great power of It is a great herb for people who experi- in a coffee grinder. Whole San Qi is stopping bleeding, it must be collected ence hot, dry lungs. Smokers and people generally available at Chinese herb shops between three and seven years after it is exposed to smoke, smog, desert heat and as well. My view is that these are usually planted. dust will benefit from a daily dose of this the best San Qi available. Larger roots herb. Singers and public speakers will find are considered premium. They are hard, Ophiopogon that Ophiopogon moistens the throat and so you should have the herb shop crush Products Featuring This Herb: vocal cords, improving vocal quality. It them or slice them for you for efficient Yin Replenisher helps relieve sticky sputum For dry throat cooking or easy grinding. Essence Restorative and lungs, Ophiopogon can be combined Super Essence Restorative with herbs such as Fritillaria, Asparagus Contraindications Golden Air root, Glehnia and fresh Rehmannia. San Qi should never be taken during Young Lungs pregnancy. San Qi has the capacity to Will Power When blended with Dong Gui and “dissolve” and cause the expulsion of Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination Cistanche, Ophiopogon is very useful for blood clots lodged anywhere in the body. Platycodon and Fritillary relieving dry-type constipation. It is especially useful for dissolving and eliminating blood clots in the pelvic basin. Other Common Names The Taoists perceived an even deeper However, it has been found that San Qi Ophiopogon level of purpose for consuming the this treats an embryo as a blood clot, and can herb. They considered Ophiopogon a therefore result in an unwanted miscar- Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese major Spirit tonic herb. Like Asparagus riage. Tonic Herbs root, it was considered extremely valuable 215 for mastering one’s own heart. It is found History in a wide number of Taoist formulas. By Recorded history of the use of Notogin- Pharmaceutical Latin cooling down the heat in the heart it helps seng goes back over a thousand years in Radix Ophiopononis to steady the emotions and control the China. It was particularly well established mind. Combine with major Spirit develop- in Southwest China and in Tibet. There is Pinyin ing tonics such as wild Ginseng, Ganoderma, and Asparagus root, etc. Liver, Kidney, Stomach uneasiness of the heart and mind, to benefit reproduction, to relieve “wander- Ophiopogon root is an ingredient in an Pearl ing arthritis,” to relieve internal fever, to extremely popular tonic preparation called Products Featuring This Herb: clear sputum, to remove visual obstacles Formula for Restoring Pulse Beating, Magu’s Treasure and improve eyesight, to promote muscle which consists of relatively equal parts of Pearl Capsules development and to invigorate blood Panax Ginseng, Ophiopogon root and Pearl Spirit circulation. Schizandra fruit. This formula is famous for quickly rebuilding energy in those that Other Common Names As a beauty tonic, pearl is hard to beat. have experienced trauma or surgery and Mother of Pearl The components in pearl powder help heal for those recovering from illness. blemishes and maintain the health of the Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese skin by participating in the metabolic Primary Combinations Tonic Herbs activities of the skin. Pearl promotes the Combine with: 175 regeneration of new cells and makes the skin smooth, fine, elastic and naturally 1. Glehnia root, Asparagus root, Raw Pharmaceutical Latin beautiful. High quality pearl powder can Rehmannia to tonify Lung yin Margarita promote the activities of the important natural antioxidant enzyme, SOD, and can 2. Glehnia root, Asparagus root, Raw Pinyin help prevent the development of melanin, Rehmannia and Fritillary bulb to treat dry Zhen Zhu which causes freckles and dark patches cough due to Lung yin deficiency on the skin. It can help prevent the skin Treasures from becoming old looking, wrinkled and 3. Raw Rehmannia, Zizyphus seed and Spirit sagging. This is partly due to its stimula- Coptis to treat irritability and insomnia tion of SOD activity and partly due to due to pathogenic heat entering the heart Treasure Rating other capacities and nutrients. Consistent Varieties and Grading ****1/2 use of pearl powder can eliminate blem- Most Ophiopogon available in America is ishes such as colored spots and even of similar quality. But fresher Atmospheric Energy pimples and boils. Constant use can help Ophiopogon, which is gummier and more Cold assure that the skin will age much more pliable is better than stiff, hard, dry slowly and that it will not be easily tubers. Taste harmed by either time or the elements. salty, sweet Pearl is one of the great secrets of the Contraindications most beautiful women of the Orient. Use moderately in cases of cold, deficient Organ Meridian Systems Spleen resulting in diarrhea. Heart and Liver Pearl is also a powerful Spirit stabilizer. It is among the elite substances of this Oyster Shell Part Used and Form type known. It can relieve uneasiness, Oyster shell is an important mineral Whole pearl nervousness, anxiety and tension. Pearl sedative commonly used in Spirit stabiliz- promotes sound sleep, prevents nerve- ing formulations, generally in combination Primary Functions disorders and nerve weakness, and is with Dragon Bone. It is also an astringent, Spirit stabilizing, generate beautiful skin commonly used to prevent or overcome preventing the leaking of Kidney energy. and clear toxins fatigue. Consistent use helps a person maintain their energy and vitality. It is an Products Featuring This Herb: Qualities ideal Spirit tonic and is the main ingredi- Strong Bones Pearl is a very special herbal substance ent in the finest Spirit tonic formulations. Bupleurum and Dragon Bone Combination used since ancient times. Powdered Pearl is used as a Spirit tonic to stabilize the Hydrolyzed pearl powder, which is pearl Other Common Names emotions, allay fright, ease frustration that has been broken down for easy and Oyster Shell, Prepared and anger, brighten the eyes and help complete absorption, has been shown in regenerate tissue. Pearl is also used as a China to help the growth of children’s Pharmaceutical Latin major beauty tonic, because it is believed teeth and bones and to improve children’s Ostreae, Concha (cooked/calcined) that oral consumption of Pearl powder intelligence. Hydrolyzed pearl has also results in lustrous, pure, beautiful skin. been shown to be beneficial for habitual Pinyin Pearl powder is also used topically in skin constipation, acting quickly, gently and Shou Mu Li creams to purify the skin. The best effectively. Studies indicate that hydro- (Duan Mu Li) pearls, for herbal purposes, are wild sea lyzed pearl can lower blood pressure, water pearls that come from cold north- increase endurance, and can prevent Treasures ern waters. The smaller the pearls, the osteoporosis and various cardiovascular more powerful their effect. Hydrolyzed diseases. Recent studies indicate that Treasure Rating Pearl, which is almost totally water hydrolyzed pearl is effective in healing soluble, is also now available. This hydro- inflammation of the uterus. Atmospheric Energy lyzed pearl is highly assimilable and Neutral extremely effective. Pearl is extremely safe. Safety studies on hydrolyzed pearl have shown it to be Taste Pearls have a tremendous reputation in absolutely harmless. It can be taken by Salty, Sour, China as both a beauty tonic and as a anybody for the course of a lifetime Spirit tonic. Recent Chinese medical texts without side effects. Organ Meridian Systems credit pearl with the ability to relieve expensive, costing between $100 and the Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Scientific Data $1000 an ounce at Chinese herb shops in Republic of China.” Pearl was made To many people’s surprise, pearl is not Hong Kong. They are rare and are very especially famous as a beauty tonic by the just a mineral. It contains dozens of hard to find in mainland China. They are Dowager Empress Xi who consumed pearl amino acid (eight of the amino acids are generally sold to overseas Chinese who every day to maintain her stunning beauty. “essential,” in other words, cannot be can afford them. She has been regarded as one of the produced in the body but are required for great beauties in the history of China, health), and dozens of minerals, including: Cultivated pearls are not considered to be which is saying a lot. She maintained her calcium, magnesium zinc, iron, strontium, of the same herbal quality as natural beauty until she was very old and always copper, selenium, silicon, titanium, etc. pearls. They tend to be large and difficult looked younger than her years. Pearl contains calcium carbonate, magne- to grind into fine powder. However, over sium carbonate, calcium phosphate, ferric the last decade a new technology has Peony Root, White oxide, silica. been developed in China whereby the Products Featuring This Herb: cultivated pearls are “hydrolyzed.” Various components in pearl participate in Through modern advanced biochemical Magu’s Treasure DNA and RNA metabolic activities, and technology, pearl can now be made Magu’s Secret thus can promote and accelerate cell virtually totally water soluble. The result Women’s Jing renewal. is pure instant pearl powder. The solubil- Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) ity rate of this hydrolyzed pearl is 98%, Strong Bones Mucopolysaccharides in Margarita have and of this, studies have shown that 95% Strength Builder been shown to prevent wrinkling and to is absorbed into the blood stream through Profound Essence increase libido and sexual potency in the digestive tract. This absorbability is Will Power humans. approximately four times the Remove Stagnation bioavailability of normal ground pearl, and Calmers Preparation and Utilization double that of the finest ground natural Daily Regulator Pearl can be fed to the skin both through pearl. This increased bioavailability and Eagle Vision external application and by taking it as a the enormous reduction in cost makes the Four Things Combination supplement. Many women are familiar with hydrolyzed pearl an extraordinary value Ten Complete Supertonic Combination pearl creams, but few are aware that for all but the richest of herbal consum- Ginseng Nutritive Combination pearl is even better utilized by consuming ers — and even for the rich and famous, a Dang Gui and Gelatin it and letting it nourish the skin through blend of hydrolyzed pearl and premium Bupleurum and Rehmannia Combination the blood stream. The best pearl creams natural is probably best. Cinnamon and Poria Combination now use hydrolyzed, dissolvable pearl Bupleurum & Cyperus Combination since it is easily absorbed into the skin. Natural pearls have more magnesium Bupleurum and Peony Combination Use according to instructions. carbonate than cultured pearls, and cultured pearls have more calcium Other Common Names If you buy high grade natural pearls and carbonate than natural pearls. Peony Root, White have them ground into a fine powder, consuming between two to five grams a In buying supplements with pearl powder, Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese month is sufficient to improve the beauty be sure that you are buying a brand that Tonic Herbs of the skin and to adjust Spirit. Simply you can trust. 192 place a little of the pearl powder on your tongue and swallow with a drink. If you If you are buying your own pearls to Pharmaceutical Latin buy hydrolyzed pearl powder, consuming grind, do not use cultivated pearls unless Radix Paeoniae alba between 500 mg. (1/2 gram) and 1 gram they are hydrolyzed (dissolvable). Do not per day is usually sufficient to achieve buy dissolvable, hydrolyzed pearl powder Pinyin the best results. Be consistent and the from a dealer that you do not know and Bai Shao results will amaze you. trust. Some pearl powders on the market are not real pearl, or contain pearl mixed Treasures Varieties and Grading with adulterants. Some of these counter- Blood Basically there are two types of pearls: feits come in lovely boxes, but they are natural and cultivated. Natural pearls are worthless. Good pearl powder costs a Treasure Rating much more expensive and are considered little more than the cheaper brands, but **** to be superior to cultivated pearls for is well worth the added expense. My both external, cosmetic use, and for advice in buying pearls: buy high quality Atmospheric Energy internal, nutritional use. The natural natural pearls or buy the most expensive Slightly Cold pearls used in herbalism are very small. hydrolyzed pearl you can find. The smaller the pearl, the more potent Taste and effective the pearl is as an herb. Contraindications Slightly cold Some pearls are not much larger than a None. Safety studies have shown pearl grain of salt. These very small pearls, powder to be extremely safe at all Organ Meridian Systems which are softer, can be easily crushed reasonable doses. Liver and Spleen and ground into very fine powder which can be absorbed with relatively high History Primary Functions efficiency by the digestive tract. Larger Pearls have been used in Chinese herbal- To nourish blood and consolidate Yin, to pearls tend to be much harder to grind ism for more than three thousand years. soothe the liver, to cleanse the blood and into fine powder and are thus harder to They were described in detail in the Ben to stop pain digest. Small natural pearls are quite Cao Gong Mu and are currently listed in Qualities in the body by life itself, but most White Peony root is a famous and highly 3. Dang Gui, Schizandra, Pearl, Longan and especially by chronic and acute stress and prized tonic herb used to build and Coix to clear the complexion and beautify excessive behavior, including overwork, cleanse the blood. It is one of the most the skin excessive emotionalism, substance abuse, highly prized women’s herbs used tradi- chronic pain or illness, and sexual excess tionally to help regulate the female 4. Bupleurum to cleanse the Liver (especially in men). Excessive menstrual hormonal cycle and to tonify and purify patterns, pregnancy and childbirth can the blood, to help regulate menstruation Varieties and Grading result in a dramatic drain on the Jing of a and to improve the quality of the skin. The best quality White Peony root is said woman, especially in middle aged women. Men use it as a blood tonic as well. White to come from the Eastern region of There are special tonics that fortify Jing, Peony is commonly combined with Dang Hangzhou. It is now known that the and these are found among the Yin and Gui, Rehmannia, Ligusticum and other chemistry of White Peony grown near Yang tonics. Jing tonics are used to blood tonics. Hangzhou is richer than that of other replace the spent energy and to build up sources. Good White Peony is smooth and large reserves for future use. It is also used to relax muscles, both smooth and though it is fundamentally striated and smooth. It is said to relieve white, it will have a pink hue. Larger Because of its original role of nurturing cramps and spasms anywhere in the body. pieces are always considered best. new life, Placenta is considered to be the But in particular, it is considered to be most profound substance for replenishing very highly effective in relieving men- Contraindications Yin and Yang essence and blood. It is also strual cramps, cramps in the gastrocne- Since the herb is cold, it should be used considered to be a major Qi tonic. It is mius and in the feet. White Peony con- cautiously in cases of excess cold or the dominant ingredient in a number of tains components which make it an deficiency of Yang. the greatest “restorative” formulations, effective pain-reducing agent. White where quick and powerful replenishment Peony has a calming effect and is widely of spent essence is required. It is used used as an emotional stabilizer, especially Placenta Hominus along with Tortoise shell, Turtle shell, by women. When combined with Licorice Products Featuring This Herb: Polygonum, Lycium, Ginseng, Morinda, root, White Peony’s anti-spasmodic, Supreme Creation Astragalus, Cordyceps, Deer Antler, Ant analgesic qualities are magnified. This Magu’s Treasure and other major tonics to restore lost combination is better than the sum of the Super Essence Restorative essence. parts. Other Common Names It is routinely used, naturally, after Placenta childbirth. But it may also be used after White Peony root is considered to be one any extremely draining experience, of China’s premium antiaging herbs and is Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese including injury, trauma and surgery. In very widely used to promote beauty. It Tonic Herbs addition, it can be rejuvenating to some purifies the blood which in turn purifies 219 one who has experienced a long period of the skin. There is an old Chinese saying extreme stress, such as is experienced in that “a woman who consumes White Peony Pharmaceutical Latin chronic abuse, overwork, imprisonment, root every day becomes as beautiful as Placenta hominis war, trauma or deep grieving, etc. the Peony flower itself.” The Peony flower is the national flower of China and the Pinyin Most importantly, it can be used preven- symbolism of the statement illustrates Zi He Che tively during such experiences to prevent how effective the Chinese believe White exhaustion and to resist the sped-up Peony root is in generating beautiful skin Treasures aging process that generally accompanies and radiant health. Women who use White Jing, Qi and Blood such stress. Peony for an extended period of time find that their skin becomes finer, smoother, Treasure Rating Primary Combinations softer and cleaner. The skin develops a ***** Placenta is marketed as a Chinese patent soft radiance that looks young and alive. medicine by itself, but historically is For beautiful skin, White Peony root is Atmospheric Energy always used as part of a formula. Combine usually combined with other anti-aging, Warm with: beauty-enhancing herbs such as Dang Gui, Pearl, Placenta, Schizandra, Astragalus, Taste 1. Ginseng, Deer Antler and Cordyceps to Royal Jelly, Asparagus root, Gynostemma, Sweet and Salty tonify primal Qi and Kidney yin and yang etc. Organ Meridian Systems 2. Dang Gui and White Peony to tonify Primary Combinations Kidney, Heart and Lung blood White Peony is always used in combination with other tonic herbs. Combine with: Part Used and Form 3. Tortoise Plastrum to tonify Kidney yin Cleaned, boiled placenta 1. Dang Gui, Rehmannia and Ligusticum to Varieties and Grading build blood, regulate the female hormonal Primary Functions Human placenta is a product mainly system and relieve menstrual pain To tonify Yang and nourish Yin Jing, to produced in the People’s Republic of China. build Qi and Blood The placenta is provided by healthy, young 2. Licorice Root to relieve spasms and mothers. The fresh placenta is cleaned, cramps in the gastrocnemius, feet and Qualities cooked and processed at a special bio- internal organs, especially the pelvic Placenta is the quintessential Jing technology laboratory under the scrutiny organs and digestive tract restorative substance. Jing is burned up of the Ministry of Health. Each placenta is individually tested for any viral or was believed to be an empowering sub- regulate the functions of the body-mind. other contamination. This is a highly stance in the class with wild Ginseng and It is called a “psychic channel” by the refined process and the end result is a Ganoderma in this regard. This root is Taoists. Commonly, this vessel is blocked, unique, absolutely safe and incredible traditionally used as a Spirit tonic to resulting in a de-linking of our sexual tonic substance. relax the mind, calm the emotions and to energy and our emotional feelings. It is aid in the sleep process. However, it does essential for our true health and well Only buy placenta from a dealer you know not relax the mind in entirely the same being that feelings of love and the and only purchase placentas that are in manner as many Spirit stabilizing herbs — functions of sex are united. Consuming perfect condition. As sold in America, Dragon Bone and Polygonum stem for Polygala for a period of time will have this they look very much like puffed rice example. result. The Will Strengthener thus has a cakes. They are a light yellow color and unique power to deepen our experience should be individually packaged. Each Instead, many people claim that it and our feelings, and to bring new levels placenta should be perfectly circular. enhances dreaming and aids in creative of happiness into our lives. thinking. And it not only aids creative Polygala Root thinking, but the ability to manifest our Primary Combinations Products Featuring This Herb: ideas. In fact, the ancient name for this Combine with: Supreme Spirit Drops herb is the “Will Strengthener.” The herb Supreme Creation is believed to have the ability to 1. Zizyphus Seed, Albizia Bark, Spirit Microcosmic Orbit strengthen that part of the psyche which Poria, Biota Seed, Polygonum Stem, Imperial Garden we call the “Will.” Taoists have long Dragon Bone and Oyster Shell to stabilize Will Power claimed using Polygala to strengthen the Spirit and treat insomnia caused by Lights Out focus of the mind and to empower our anxiety Calmers thoughts so that they may be made real. Ginseng and Longan Combination The Taoists taught that our creative 2. Ganoderma, Albizia Flower and Wild Ginseng Nutritive Combination visualization, which they called Yi, could Red Asparagus Root to nurture Spirit Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination be brought to reality by the Will. Thus 3. Lycium, Morinda, Rehmannia, Albizia Return to Youth the Will had to be strengthened. In fact, Flower and Biota to open the channel of the Will was virtually considered to be communication between the Heart and Other Common Names the fourth Treasure in what was other- Kidney Polygala wise called the Three Treasures system. Thus Polygala, as a Will-strengthening Varieties and Grading Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese herb, ranked extremely high on the list of Fresh, pliable Polygala is much more alive Tonic Herbs important herbs in the Taoist pharmaco- and potent than old, dry, brittle roots. 194 poeia. These days, Polygala may be used to Larger roots are better. strengthen the Will of the spiritual Pharmaceutical Latin seeker, or it may be used to strengthen Contraindications Radix Polygalae the Will of the more earth-bound. It is Do not use excessively at first. Polygala used in formulations to build enough root is used to stabilize excessive Pinyin willpower to overcome obstacles and to dreaming, but in rare, extremely creative Yuan Zhi achieve greater heights. For example, it individuals, Polygala may have a paradoxi- can be used a the main ingredient in cal reaction at first and actually increase Treasures formulas to help stop smoking, or even to the intensity of dreaming for a short Spirit break other habits, such as drug abuse, period of time. overeating, or compulsive behavior of any Treasure Rating sort. Polygala has the unique power to Polygonatum Sibericum ****1/2 provide the energy (the “power”) to our Products Featuring This Herb: Will, so that we can overcome the ob- Diamond Mind Atmospheric Energy stacles that block us from becoming all Slightly Warm that we can become. And it not only helps Other Common Names us break old, bad habits, it also helps Siberian Solomon Seal Root Taste strengthen our will to do new things, to Pungent and Bitter achieve new heights. It strengthens our Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Will so that we can start to work on a new Tonic Herbs Organ Meridian Systems project, to start exercising, to start and 216 Heart and Lung continue whatever we need to do to grow, to become a great human being. That is Pharmaceutical Latin Primary Functions the magic of Polygala, the “Will Rhizome Polygonati To calm the heart and mind, to clear the Strengthener.” orifices, to resolve phlegm and to Pinyin strengthen the Will Polygala has another unique quality that Huang Jing sets it apart from most other herbs, Qualities including the tonic herbs. It has the Treasures Polygala is one of the truly extraordinary ability to connect the Kidney (sexual) Qi and Yin Jing tonic herbs in the entire Asian tonic energy with the Heart (love) energy. It herbal system. This herb first attained does this by opening the energy flow Treasure Rating wide use in Taoist circles because it was between the Heart and Kidney known as **** believed to have powerful mind and spirit- the Penetrating Vessel. The Penetrating developing power. In fact, Polygala root Vessel is one of the energy channels that Atmospheric Energy Neutral to tonify the brain Prepared Polygonum is one of the most important and widely used Chinese tonic Organ Meridian Systems Varieties and Grading herbs. It shares the position as the Kidney, Heart, Spleen and Lung All Polygonatum Sibericum I have come primary essence tonic of Chinese herbal- across in America is of equivalent quality. ism with Lycium. Primary Functions In spite of the fact that its name indi- To nourish the Qi of the Heart, to cates that the herb is yellow, it is not. It Constant consumption of this famous strengthen the mind, to nourish the is black and looks almost exactly like “longevity herb,” also known as Fo Ti, is marrow, to moisten the Lung prepared Rehmannia. said in the Orient to help return an aging person to youthfulness. It is a classic Yin Qualities Contraindications essence (Jing) tonic, as well as a major Polygonatum Sibericum is used as a Qi and This herb may be difficult to digest by blood tonic. It is said to increase energy Yin Jing tonic and is said to have a people with damp, deficient or cold Spleen and to clean the blood. Polygonum is specific benefit on the energy of the conditions. In that case, add the Qi tonics believed to be a powerful sexual tonic heart and brain. It is used in Spirit and to the formula. when consumed regularly. Polygonum is Jing tonics to nourish the brain and widely believed in China to increase sperm strengthen the mind. Polygonatum Siberi- Polygonum Multiflorum Root production in men and to increase fertility cum is believed to be restorative to Products Featuring This Herb: in women. Polygonum is used in almost all mental vitality, especially when the mind Super Yang Jing Drops tonics that are believed in the Orient to has been overworked, over-stressed or is Shou Wu Formulation nurture the hair and teeth. in a state of exhaustion. It is not a Ant Essence Formula stimulant, and thus does not have instant Strength Builder Polygonum is tonic to the kidney and liver effects. However, taken over a relatively Super Adaptogen functions. It is a potent and sure fire yin short period of time (a week to a month), essence tonic. As such it strengthens the this herb is a potent mind tonic. Its Other Common Names tendons, ligaments and bones, and pre- effects are long lasting. And if consumed Polygonum, Shou Wu, and sometimes vents premature aging. It reputedly has regularly, Polygonatum can prevent mental erroneously as Fo Ti the capacity to return gray hair to black. and emotional breakdown when you are This is one of its most popular attributes experiencing heavy mental loads. Regular Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese and is used throughout Asia for this use sharpens memory, mental power, Tonic Herbs purpose. concentration, creativity, wakefulness and 151 focus. It is a great herb for students, It is also capable of increasing sperm and executives, airplane pilots, emergency Pharmaceutical Latin making the ova more vital. It is therefore room personnel, etc. It is especially Radix Polygoni Multiflori considered to be a primary fertility- restorative to individuals who have enhancing herb. Many men have claimed exhausted themselves mentally. Pinyin that consuming Polygonum has noticeably He Shou Wu increased their sperm production. One It can be combined with Panax Ginseng, client of mine, who was trying to impreg- Siberian Ginseng (Acanthopanax), Deer Treasures nate his wife, told me that after taking Antler, Ganoderma, Walnut, Ginkgo biloba, Essence and blood Polygonum for one month that his sperm Schizandra, Lycium, Ant, Gynostemma, count had tripled, according to lab tests. and various Spirit tonics such as Aspara- Treasure Rating Polygonum is likewise famous for increas- gus root, Spirit Poria and Pearl, etc., as a ***** ing the fertility of women. Traditionally component in a super brain tonic. this herb is said to increase essence and Atmospheric Energy blood. This combination of attributes For people with weak digestion (deficient Slightly Warm indicates that it would increase fertility Spleen), the herb may be mixed with in a woman, since essence and blood are Astragalus, White Atractylodes, Poria and Taste the two necessary qualities required to Codonopsis. These herbs may be added to Bitter, sweet and pungent bare a child. Both men and women at- the above described formulas to improve tempting to have children take Polygonum. digestion of the Kidney tonic formula- Organ Meridian Systems tions. Liver and Kidney Another attribute of the herb, associated with its Kidney and Liver tonic effects, is Primary Combinations Part Used and Form its ability to strengthen the lower back, Combine with: Root tuber the knees and tendons, ligaments and bones throughout the body. Thus 1. Lycium fruit to tonify Kidney yin Primary Functions Polygonum is not only useful for maintain- As a tonic to the kidney and liver func- ing youthfulness but also for providing 2. Codonopsis to tonify Spleen Qi tions, toning up the vital essence and added strength to the body. It is also blood, fortifying the muscles, tendons and used to strengthen muscle. Polygonum is 3. Glehnia and Ophiopogon root to tonify bones, and to prevent premature aging, therefore very widely used by athletes the yin of the Stomach and Lungs maintaining the youthful condition and and martial artists in Asia. It is a perfect color of the hair, strengthening sperm essence tonic for the athletically inclined, 4. Astragalus root, Ophiopogon root, Raw and ova, fortifying the back and knees providing strength, resilience and stamina Rehmannia and Trichosanthes root for and as the premier longevity herb of to the body. Alone, or properly combined diabetes Chinese tonic herbalism. with other tonic herbs, Polygonum is an ideal longevity-promoting, anti-aging tonic 5. Polygonum, Salvia, Acorus and Polygala Qualities herb. material. But Polygonum is an inexpensive herb and Scientific Data even the old stuff is cheap relative to its Polygonum multiflorum had a calming Primary Combinations value as a life-enhancing tonic. effect on the hearts of various labora- Polygonum is one of the rare herbs that is tory animals. Laboratory animals who were often consumed by itself. However, it is Contraindications fed Polygonum multiflorum showed fewer still better used by combining with other Rare cases of gastrointestinal distur- atherosclerotic lesions and lower blood tonic herbs such as Ginseng, Acantho- bance are the only side effects associ- cholesterol levels than animals of the panax (Siberian Ginseng), Lycium, Dang ated with Polygonum multiflorum. Soft control group fed with cholesterol only. Gui, Astragalus, etc. stool is the result. However, moderate Clinical evidence supports the moderate doses of Polygonum multiflorum rarely anti-hypercholesterolemia effect of Combine with: result in such an effect. The effect can Polygonum multiflorum. 1. Ginseng Root and Dang Gui to build be corrected by combining with herbs blood, tonify yin and yang and to increase that remove dampness through the Because of Polygonum multiflorum’s Qi. urinary pathway, such as Poria, Atracty- reputation and an anti-aging, longevity lodes (red or white), etc. herb, various studies have been conducted 2. Lycium fruit and Cornus fruit to tonify to determine the nature of this activity. the kidney, strengthen the sexual organs Polygonum Stem Studies have demonstrated that various and calm the nerves Products Featuring This Herb: laboratory animals fed Polygonum Lights Out multiflorum in their diets lived longer 3. Lycium fruit, Cuscuta seed and Calmers than control animals. Achyranthes root to tonify the Kidney and Liver, strengthen the bones and Other Common Names Research has demonstrated that prevent spermatoria Polygonum Stem Polygonum multiflorum can very signifi- cantly increase superoxide dismutase 4. Eucommia bark, Ligustrum fruit and Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese (SOD) activity. SOD is a powerful natural Rubi fruit to strengthen the Kidneys, Tonic Herbs antioxidant and free radical scavenger nourish Jing and blood, strengthen and 216 that has been demonstrated to have relieve pain in the lower back and knees, powerful anti-aging benefits in humans. to turn the hair dark and to prevent Pharmaceutical Latin Polygonum multiflorum also inhibits spermatoria. Caulis Polygoni Multiflori bmonoamine oxidase (bMAO). Both of these factors contribute to the anti-aging 5. Acanthopanax to build energy, blood Pinyin effects of this herb. and Jing. Shou Wu Teng Polygonum multiflorum has been demon- Varieties and Grading Treasures strated to help strengthen the mem- There are two varieties of Polygonum sold Spirit and Blood branes of erythrocytes (red blood cells) on the Chinese market: prepared and and to promote the growth and develop- unprepared. Prepared Polygonum is tonic, Treasure Rating ment of erythrocytes. Polygonum with the properties described above. *** multiflorum has been found to induce the Unprepared Polygonum has a mild atmo- production in human beings of g-inter- spheric energy and functions quite Atmospheric Energy feron. differently from the prepared variety. Neutral Unprepared Polygonum is a laxative which Polygonum multiflorum is being used is also used to treat sores. It is thus used Organ Meridian Systems clinically in China for patients suffering to treat constipation, acne, etc. It is not Heart and Liver from Schizophrenia. It is generally to be confused with the prepared combined with Spirit stabilizing herbs Polygonum. Unprepared Polygonum is Primary Functions such as Ziziphus and Polygonum stem. though unmistakably an excellent cleanser Nourish Heart blood, steady the mind, Reportedly, results have been good. of the body. stabilize Spirit, promote sound sleep The tuberous root, the part of the plant Polygonum is prepared by boiling it in a Qualities used herbally under the name Polygonum soup of black beans. This preparation Polygonum stem, the stem of its more multiflorum, contains lecithin and an- changes the characteristic of the herb. famous root, Polygonum, is a powerful thraquinones, free or conjugated. The Spirit stabilizing agent used in many tuberous root also contains more than The older the tuber, the higher the formulas to calm the Spirit, steady the 1.2% of a substance known as 2,3,5,4- quality of the herb. Typical Polygonum is mind and promote sound sleep. It has a tetrahydroxystilbene-2-0-b-D-glucoside, not very old these days. Good Polygonum smooth action and is very safe to use. It which is considered to be the principle should be at least four years old. Older is generally combined with other Spirit active constituent. Polygonum, however, is available to those stabilizing herbs such as Zizyphus seed, who seek it, and this older stock is far Biota, Dragon Bone, Oyster Shell and Fu Preparation and Utilization superior. Older Polygonum not only tastes Spirit, and with other Heart blood tonics Polygonum is found in a very large variety much better, but it is a much more potent such as Longan to treat insomnia due to of products. It is most commonly the tonic. It is invariably prepared much more Heart Blood deficiency. Such insomnia is primary herb in essence-building, blood carefully. Generally, it is sliced thinly and characterized by difficulty in falling tonifying longevity formulas. Remember laid out neatly for sale. Befriend your asleep, as opposed to Heart Yin deficiency that there are different grades of this herbalist so that he or she gives you the insomnia, which is characterized by herb and the quality of a product is old Polygonum. The older Polygonum is difficulty staying asleep. dependent upon the selection of raw fairly rare and therefore will cost more. Primary Combinations mind Combine with: Primary Combinations Combine with: Qualities 1. Zizyphus Seed, Albizia Bark, Spirit Poria is very widely used in Chinese Poria, Biota Seed, Polygala, Dragon Bone 1. Poria, Red Atractylodes, Corn Silk and herbalism. It is traditionally used as a Qi and Oyster Shell to stabilize Spirit and Alisma to promote the flow of moisture, tonic to benefit the internal organs. It is treat insomnia caused by anxiety promote urination and relieve inflamma- a solid fungus which grows on the roots of tion and infection in the urinary tract old pine trees. The Spirit Farmers Varieties and Grading Pharmacopoeia said that Poria is tranquil- Polygonum stem is fairly standardized and 2. Ganoderma, Poria, Astragalus, Coriolus izing to the mind, and that long term all of it works about the same. and Shitake to fortify the immune system taking of Poria can relieve hunger and lengthen the life. Contraindications Varieties and Grading Polygonum Stem may cause drowsiness The Polyporus available in American all It is a mild, safe and effective diuretic. appears to be of similar quality. It is used in hundreds of classical formu- Polyporus las to improve the flow of water through Products Featuring This Herb: Poria the body. It is commonly used in Qi tonics Poria Five Combination Products Featuring This Herb: for this purpose. Supreme Creation Other Common Names Imperial Garden Poria is also mildly sedative, and is Polyporus Mushroom Endocrine Health considered to be highly nourishing. It is Immunity Booster Formula one of the primary longevity herbs and is Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Frame Builder included in most longevity tonics. Recent Tonic Herbs Ten Complete Supertonic Combination research has discovered that Poria is a 219 Ginseng and Longan Combination powerful immune system tonic. Poria has Ginseng Nutritive Combination been found to induce the production in Pharmaceutical Latin Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination human beings of a-interferon. It is Sclerotium Polypori Umbellati (Grifola) Return to Youth commonly used in Fu Zheng therapy in Rehmannia Six Combination China and Japan formulas to build the Pinyin Poria Five Combination immune system of cancer patients. Zhu Ling Platycodon and Fritillary Cinnamon and Poria Combination There was a tradition in the Imperial Treasures Bupleurum and Dragon Bone Combination Palace during the Qing Dynasty of “taking Qi Bupleurum and Peony Combination Poria in the winter and drinking plum soup in the summer.” A very popular tonic herb Treasure Rating Other Common Names among the common folks, Poria was also **1/2 Hoelen (note: the name Hoelen is not used commonly used in the imperial cuisine in China but has recently taken hold in during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It Atmospheric Energy America only was made into buns, which was eaten daily Neutral as a snack. “Black fish and Poria soup” was Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese a famous dish in the imperial cuisine. Taste Tonic Herbs There is also a famous imperial cake: Poria Bland or slightly sweet 207 sandwich cake. This was invented by Ci Xi, the last Empress of China. Ci Xi ruled Organ Meridian Systems Pinyin China for over fifty years in the latter Kidney and Bladder Fu Ling half of the nineteenth century. The palace used to make plain Poria cake, Part Used and Form Treasures without any fillings. But one time, Ci Xi Fungal mass Qi was very sick, and the normal Poria cake (snow white, paper thin, round cakes ) was Primary Functions Treasure Rating tasteless to her palette. She was about to Dispersing moisture, promoting water **** show her famous temper when all of metabolism, improving immune functions sudden, she caught sight of her honey Atmospheric Energy preserved fruits, so she asked her Qualities Neutral servant to add some honey pine nuts and Recent research conducted in Japan walnuts between two cakes. This was how indicates that Polyporus is a very potent Taste the famous Poria sandwich pancake was immune system potentiator, similar in this Bland or very mildly sweet invented. You can still buy this famous regard to Reishi, Shitake and Agaricus imperial cake at stalls in Beijing and in mushrooms. It too contains a potent range Organ Meridian Systems Beijing’s grocery shops. Since Poria was a of polysaccharides which activate the Heart, Spleen and Kidney popular food among the imperial concu- human immune response. Polyporus has bines, there are still two huge Poria from been found to induce the production in Part Used and Form Qing Dynasty kept on display in the human beings of a-interferon. Polyporus is Whole fungus Forbidden City. a woody mushroom which is a Qi tonic traditionally used in medicinal formula- Primary Functions Primary Combinations tions to treat various urinary tract To strengthen the Spleen and transform Combine with: infections, leukorrhea and diarrhea. dampness, to stabilize Spirit and calm the Atractylodes (white and red), Ginseng with hemp seed, Cistanche, Dong Gui and/ Root, Codonopsis, Astragalus and Ginger 2. Dang Gui, Schizandra, Placenta and or Polygonum, it can help relieve constipa- to tonify the Spleen, build Qi and elimi- Cynomorium to tonify Kidney yang and tion. nate excess moisture blood in women Traditionally, Prince Ginseng was consid- Varieties and Grading Varieties and Grading ered to be a good mild substitute for Poria is not an expensive herb. But some Fresh looking, whole egg casings are best. Ginseng. In fact, it is an excellent and Poria is better than others. Try to find inexpensive substitute for American large, white pieces. The best Poria is still Contraindications Ginseng. However, it is a different kind of slightly moist — or at least, not very dry Like all Yang tonics, this herb should be herb — it does not contain ginsenosides. and brittle. There is also a variety known avoided when their is a deficiency of Yin Some people now are using Prince Ginseng as pink Poria, which has stronger Spirit and an excess of Fire. It should also be and American Ginseng in the same tonic effects. It has a slight pink tint. avoided when there is heat in the urinary formula. bladder manifesting as frequent urination. Contraindications Primary Combinations Poria is a very safe herb. Prince Ginseng Root Combine with: Products Featuring This Herb: Praying Mantis Egg Case Young Lungs 1. Ginseng, Astragalus and Licorice Root Other Common Names to tonify Qi Praying Mantis Egg Case Other Common Names Prince Ginseng 2. Ophiopogon, American Ginseng and Pharmaceutical Latin Schizandra to tonify Lung yin Ootheca Mantidis Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs Varieties and Grading Pinyin 217 Prince Ginseng is almost always of equiva- Sang Piao Xiao lent quality. Pharmaceutical Latin Contraindications Treasures Radix Pseudostellariae Prince Ginseng is a very nutritious and Yang Jing mild herb. It is very safe. Pinyin Treasure Rating Tai Zi Spirit Psoralea ***1/2 Other Common Names Treasures Psoralea Atmospheric Energy Qi and Yin Neutral Pharmaceutical Latin Treasure Rating Fructus et Semen Psoraleae Corylifolia Taste ***1/2 Sweet and salty Pinyin Atmospheric Energy Bu Gu Zhi Organ Meridian Systems Neutral Liver and Kidney Treasures Taste Yang Part Used and Form Sweet and slightly bitter Whole Prepared Egg Case Treasure Rating Organ Meridian Systems ***1/2 Primary Functions Spleen and Lung Astringent, tonify Kidney Yang Atmospheric Energy Part Used and Form Very warm Qualities Tuberous root The egg casing of the Preying Mantis is a Taste very useful Kidney/Liver tonic used Primary Functions Sour and Bitter primarily to conserve essence while To build Qi and generate body fluids building Yang. It is one of the Kidney Yang Organ Meridian Systems herbs most suitable and beneficial to Qualities Kidney and Spleen women. It is often found in women’s Prince Ginseng is an excellent Qi tonic formulas where Kidney Yang is deficient that is often substituted for Ginseng. Primary Functions manifesting in sluggishness, obesity, low Being Yin, it can be used much as Ameri- To tonify Kidney and strengthen Yang sexual drive, infertility and premature can Ginseng is used. As a Qi tonic, it can aging. Many women claim that Mantis Egg be combined with Dioscorea and other Qi Qualities Case is a female sexual stimulant. tonics to tonify Qi while not creating Psoralea is your classic Yang tonic herb. excess heat. As a Yin tonic, it can be It is very warm, and thus stimulating, and Primary Combinations combined with Glehnia, Dendrobium, is used primarily to strengthen sexual Combine with: Polygonatum and/ or Ophiopogon to energy, and to strengthen the back, legs nourish the Lungs. Used with these herbs, and knees. It is routinely used in formulas 1. Dragon bone and Oyster shell and it can generate fluids and allay thirst. with Eucommia, Cistanche, Cuscuta, Cuscuta seed and Psoralea to tonify With the same herbs, and with the Epimedium, etc. to strengthen male sexual Kidney yang and to prevent seminal addition of Fritillaria, it is excellent for functions. It is considered to be too warm emissions dry coughing and difficult breathing. Used for most women’s formulas. This herb was very popular in the imperial formulas of minor ailment for which Pueraria Root is the Ming and Qing dynasties and was used helpful. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese in formulas prescribed for the emperors. Tonic Herbs Rehmannia Root, Raw 179 When blended with astringent herbs, Products Featuring This Herb: Psoralea itself acts as an astringent. It is Essence Restorative Pharmaceutical Latin used to prevent nocturnal emissions and Super Essence Restorative Radix Rehmanniae praparatae premature ejaculation in men. It is often Profound Essence mixed with Dioscorea, Astragalus seed, Primal Yin Replenisher Pinyin Schizandra, Cornus, etc. for this purpose. Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination Shu Di Huang (Shu Di) Gentiana Combination Varieties and Grading Treasures There is no grading of this herb in Other Common Names Yin Jing and Blood America. Rehmannia Root, Raw Treasure Rating Contraindications Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese ***** Being very warm, it should be avoided in Tonic Herbs cases of deficiency of Yin with excessive 215 Atmospheric Energy fire, and in cases of constipation. Psorolea Slightly Warm should not be used by those who become Pinyin sunburned very easily. Spiritg di huang Organ Meridian Systems Kidney, Liver and heart Pueraria Treasures Products Featuring This Herb: yin jing Part Used and Form Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) Tuberous root Treasure Rating Other Common Names **1/2 Primary Functions Pueraria To tonify the Kidneys and nourish yin jing. Atmospheric Energy Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese cool Qualities Tonic Herbs Rehmannia is said to be the “Kidney’s own 217 Qualities food.” It is a fundamental Kidney tonic in Fresh Rehmannia is used in formulas that Chinese tonic herbalism, and is considered Pharmaceutical Latin require yin tonifying benefits of Rehman- to be a primary longevity herb. It is found Radix Puerariae nia but also require a cooling or anti- in a great many common “anti-aging” inflammatory effect. Fresh Rehmannia is formulations. It is considered rejuvenat- Pinyin often used in cases where a person is ing and life lengthening. Ge Gen experiencing such warming symptoms as Treasures hot flashes. It is used less commonly than Steamed Rehmannia is a fundamental Yin Prepared Rehmannia in tonic herbalism Jing tonic, providing Yin directly to the Treasure Rating but can be very useful in cases of yin Kidney. It is quick and effective. Steamed 1/2* deficiency. Rehmannia is said to benefit sexual functions in men and women and is Atmospheric Energy included in almost every formula that is Rehmannia, Prepared designed to strengthen reproductive Cool Products Featuring This Herb: functions, including fertility. It forms the Supreme Creation Yin base of many men’s potency formulas. Taste Essence Restorative Sweet, Acrid, pungent In such formulas, Steamed Rehmannia Super Essence Restorative may be combined with a whole range of Women’s Jing tonic herbs, including super tonics such as Organ Meridian Systems Shou Wu Formulation Spleen, Stomach Deer Antler, Gecko, Ginseng, Astragalus. Ant Essence Formula Imperial Garden Prepared Rehmannia is a major blood Qualities Primal Yin Replenisher This herb is a Yin tonic, famous in the tonic. This is of special importance to Super Adaptogen women, who always need to rebuild blood. Orient for its ability to relax the neck Endocrine Health and shoulders. It is also commonly used to Steamed Rehmannia, when combined with Four Things Combination Dang Gui, Ligusticum and Peony forms the relieve sinus congestion and headaches. Ten Complete Supertonic Combination Pueraria is among the most important of quintessential women’s herbal combina- Ginseng Nutritive Combination tion. Prepared Rehmannia is said to be the medicinal herbs used in Chinese Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination herbalism. It is very widely used, it is warm in nature and warms up the uterus in Return to Youth women. A “cold uterus” will result in particularly important in the treatment of Rehmannia Six Combination many common ailments, from headaches painful menstruation and infertility. Dang Gui and Gelatin and stiff shoulders to fevers and the Bupleurum and Rehmannia Combination common cold. It is an herb that everyone Steamed Rehmannia, when used as a tonic, familiar with Chinese herbs uses from is usually combined with Qi tonics to Other Common Names improve its assimilation. It is routinely time to time. Chinese doctors use it daily. Rehmannia, Prepared ; Steamed Rehman- In tonic herbalism, it is only used on the combined with Dang Gui to produce blood. nia It is also commonly combined with rare occasions when one is suffering a Astragalus, Gecko, and Deer Antler, as Reishi availability of this amazing health prod- well as more common tonic herbs in tonic uct. Reishi has been the object of formulations. Other Common Names intensive scientific studies to discern its Reishi mushroom, Ling Zhi, Ganoderma many health functions from a modern Primary Combinations perspective. Traditionally, Reishi is Prepared Rehmannia is never used alone. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese believed to be a tonic to all of the body’s Combine with: Tonic Herbs energies. It was revered as a major tonic 88 to each of the three Treasures, Jing, Qi 1. Tang Gui and White Peony to build blood and Spirit. and Kidney yin Pharmaceutical Latin Ganoderma As a Jing (Essence) tonic, Reishi is 2. Asparagus root to tonify yin, build believed to have major life-lengthening blood and calm the heart Pinyin effects when consumed over a long period Ling Zhi of time. It is believed to build primal 3. Ophiopogon to build Kidney yin and to power and to replenish energy spent remove heat in the upper warmer Treasures handling stressful situations. Jing, Qi and Spirit 4. Cuscuta seed to tonify the Kidney and As a Qi tonic, Reishi is used to build Liver Treasure Rating energy, although it is slightly sedative in ***** the short run. It is most famous as an 5. Ophiopogon and Cuscuta seed to tonify herb used to build the immune system. the Heart, Kidney, Jing and blood Atmospheric Energy Many studies done in Japan have shown Neutral or slightly warm Reishi to have a powerful effect on the Varieties and Grading body’s overall resistance to disease. There are two fundamental varieties of Organ Meridian Systems Reishi is believed by Japanese and Rehmannia used in Chinese herbalism: Heart, Liver, Lungs, Kidney Chinese researchers to have a regulatory prepared and raw. Raw Rehmannia has effect on the immune system, bringing up simply been dried. It has a cold nature Part Used and Form immune functions in cases of immuno- and is not particularly tonic (its tonic Fruiting body, spores, mycelium deficiency and reducing the excesses nature has not been activated). Raw associated with auto-immune conditions. Rehmannia is used primarily in medicinal Primary Functions Reishi is a superb tonic for people who herbalism to cool down inflammatory Nourishing tonic, tonic to the three suffer from chronic allergies. Reishi is conditions. Prepared Rehmannia is highly treasures (Jing, Qi and Spirit), builds also believed to have major benefits on tonic. It has been prepared by soaking in body resistance, detoxifying, aphrodisiac, the lungs and liver. Studies done in Japan a special blend of wine (which itself has sedative, prolongs life and enhances have shown that Reishi protects the liver been specially prepared with Amomi and intelligence and wisdom from damage due to toxic chemicals, Tangerine peel), and then steaming and including pharmaceutical metabolites. sun drying. The Rehmannia becomes deep Qualities Furthermore, studies done in Japan and black, soft and sticky. It is sold in slices The Reishi mushroom, also known by its elsewhere have also demonstrated that in most markets for easily handling. Most formal name of Ganoderma and its Reishi is beneficial to the cardiovascular Prepared Rehmannia sold in America is of Chinese name Ling zhi, has attained an system, since it appears to help regulate high quality. It may be tasted raw. It will unparalleled reputation in the Orient as coronary and cerebral blood flow and also be soft, easily chew, fine in texture and the ultimate herbal substance. For over seems to help reduce levels of blood lipids very sweet. three thousand years it has been the and in lowering elevated cholesterol. most sought-after product of nature by Contraindications mountain sages and by the emperors and As a Spirit tonic, nothing compares to Rehmannia is considered to be “greasy” empresses of all Eastern nations. In the Reishi. It is simply the greatest Spirit and “slippery,” which means that it can first Chinese herbal text (Spiritnong’s tonic of them all. It is believed by the cause loose stool in people with weak Pharmacopoeia) written about 2400 years Chinese to protect the Spirit and to digestive systems. That is why it should ago, Reishi was classified as a “superior nurture the growth of intelligence, be combined with Qi tonics. Use cau- herb” which is defined as one that “serves wisdom and spiritual insight. Reishi is a tiously if prone to diarrhea and replace it to maintain life, promote radiant health superb anti-stress herb. Everyone who with Polygonum if loose stools continue to and long life because of its normalizing takes Reishi notices the peacefulness occur. action, and to cause no side effects, even that seems to accompany its use. Many when used continuously.” That ancient people are able to stop using chemical Reishi book said that “continuous consumption of drugs. And Reishi seems to be cumulative, Products Featuring This Herb: Reishi makes your body light and young, gradually strengthening the nerves and Wild Reishi Drops lengthens your life and turns you into one actually changing how we perceive life. Duanwood Reishi Drops like the immortal who never dies.” Thus Supreme Spirit Drops Reishi was traditionally called “the Studies done in Asia indicate that Reishi 8 Immortals Adaptogenic Elixir mushroom of immortality.” is a supreme health food supplement that Supreme Protector has virtually no toxicity or side effects. Ron Teeguarden’s Super Pill The Reishi Mushroom grows wild only upon Super Adaptogen old trees and roots of certain types of There are many Reishi products coming to Immunity Booster Formula trees in remote mountain forests of the market at this time, but very few are Protector 2000 China, Japan and Korea. Only in the last truly excellent. Reishi must be extracted CardioPro 2000 fifteen years have we seen the cultivation to be digestible and assimilable. Unfortu- Four Kings of Reishi, and thus the commercial nately, most Reishi products are not extracted and most are made from defense in order to eliminate them. A caused by a retrovirus closely related to inferior quality hot house mushrooms or healthy immune system is capable of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. It has use inferior cultivated Ganoderma resisting most such intruders and a very been an approved drug for cancer in mycelium. hardy system may be able to resist Japan since that time and has been used invasions that many other people’s safely and effectively, often in conjunc- Ganoderma is arguably the most revered systems cannot. If the immune system is tion with other drugs or radiation. It has herbal substance in Asia, certainly ranking weakened or malfunctioning, the invading been demonstrated that Reishi can help with ginseng as the elite substance for microbes can easily establish a foothold in reduce the side-effects of many kinds of the attainment of radiant health, longev- our body and disease sets in. Antibiotics chemotherapy and radiation treatment ity and spiritual attainment. It has can often be used to stop the invasion at and simultaneously contribute to the maintained that position for at least 2000 this time, but chronic use of antibiotics rebuilding of the immune system — an years, and its reputation and value are further weakens the immune response. essential part of the recovery from only increasing. Numerous legends provide Furthermore, antibiotics are useless cancer. Ganoderma stimulates the a rich and extensive record of Ganoderma against viruses, pollens and most para- production of interferon and interleukins in Asian society. sites. They are certainly useless against I and II, all being potent natural anti- malignant (cancerous) cells generated in cancer substances produced in our own Reishi has traditionally been used as an our own bodies. It is much better to bodies. Reishi may well prove to be the anti-aging herb and has been used for resist the invasion from within with a greatest prevention against cancer many diseases and disorders as well. It fully fortified immune system and not because it helps us to protect ourselves has long been a favorite tonic food become ill in the first place. This is where by our own power. supplement by the Chinese Royal family herbs like Reishi are now attracting the and virtually anyone who could obtain it. attention of scientists and consumers It has also been approved in Japan and Ganoderma was particularly revered by alike. China for the treatment of myasthenia the followers of the Taoist tradition as gravis, a serious auto-immune disease. the “Elixir of Immortality.” Taoists have Many chemical constituents play a role in Besides that, it is commonly prescribed continuously claimed that Reishi promotes GL’s immune-modulating capacity. The by M.D.’s in Japan for chronic bronchitis, calmness, centeredness, balance, inner polysaccharide components in particular memory loss, insomnia, hyperlipidemia and awareness and inner strength. They have seems to play an important role in attack- a whole range of degenerative diseases of used it to improve meditative practices ing cancerous cells, but not healthy ones, the elderly, including disorders associated and to protect the body, mind and spirit while simultaneously strengthening the with senility. so that the adept could attain both a long body’s overall immune functions. The and healthy life and spiritual immortality. polysaccharides appear to help the body Reishi is a superb anti-stress herb. Due to its rarity, the common people could attack microbial invaders such as viruses, Throughout history, it has been used to rarely obtain a Reishi mushroom, but it bacteria and yeast. bring balance into the lives of people who was popularly revered as a greater needed help in this department, and that treasure than any jewel. But Reishi does not just “stimulate” the means most everyone. Deep in antiquity, it immune system — it regulates it. And that was routinely used by mountain hermits, Since Reishi has been known to have many is what makes Reishi so precious. If the monks, Taoist adepts and spiritual functions, it has been the subject of a immune system is excessive, as is the case seekers throughout Asia because it was great deal of research in recent years. It with auto-immune diseases and allergies, believed to help calm the mind, ease ranks in Asia with Ginseng, Deer Antler, Reishi can have significant positive tension, strengthen the nerves, Astragalus and Cordyceps as a preeminent influence. A group of chemicals known as strengthen memory, sharpen concentra- tool in the attainment of radiant health. the ganoderic acids help fight auto- tion, improve focus, build will-power and, immune diseases such as allergies. as a result, help build wisdom. That is why The health benefits of Reishi are ex- Ganoderic acids inhibit histamine release, it was called the “Mushroom of Spiritual tremely broad and it is virtually non-toxic. improve oxygen utilization and improve Potency” by these seekers. The people of Though it is now used much like Ginseng, liver functions. Ganoderic acids are also Asia have never lost their faith in Reishi. Eleutherococcus and Astragalus as a potent antioxidant free-radical scaven- They believe more than ever in Reishi’s general tonic to help develop energy, to gers. power to improve the quality of life by improve digestion and to improve sleep, improving the inner life of a human being. scientists are exploring its potential in Still another component, Beta-1, 3-glucan, All the scientific validation only explains their terms of benefits. helps regulate and stabilize blood sugar the physical nature of Reishi, but it is the levels. Not only that, but these same profound ability of Reishi to improve one’s Ganoderma is a profound immune poten- components have been shown to have life on every plane that makes it so tiator. It has been found to significantly powerful anti-tumor properties. miraculous. Reishi is indeed calming and improve the functioning of the immune centering. Everyone who takes Reishi system whether the immune system is Reishi is widely used in Asia to improve notices the peacefulness that seems to deficient or excessive. In this sense, it is the cardiovascular system. It helps lower accompany its use. Many people are able an immune “modulator” — that is, it helps HDL (the “bad” cholesterol) and reduce to stop using chemical drugs. And Reishi to modulate, or regulate, and fine tune excess fatty acids. It has been found to seems to be cumulative, gradually the immune system. Our immune system is prevent and treat hardening of the strengthening the nerves and actually a virtually miraculous network of activi- arteries, angina and shortness of breath changing how we perceive life. ties designed over millions of years to associated with coronary heart disease. protect us from viruses, bacteria, Reishi is a substance that builds health on parasites, molds, dust, pollen and malig- In 1977, it was discovered in Japan that all levels. It is the rarest of jewels in nant cells. It is the responsibility of the Reishi had potent anti-cancer activity. It Nature. Life itself is based on the ability immune system to detect the intrusion, or was first used to treat, and quite suc- to adapt to the stresses, the attacks, the invasion, of these entities and to mount a cessfully, hairy-cell leukemia, which is challenges that come our way every day. Reishi seems to provide an incredible conducted on three strains of Reishi; red absorption: A sterol derivative of Gano- resource of the full range of energies we (sekishi), purple (shishi) and black derma identified as sterol IV with 7-oxo need to meet these challenges. Reishi is (kokushi). The red and purple strains and l5x-hydroxy groups potently inhibited indeed “the great protector,” protecting analyzed had similar triterpenoid pat- cholesterol synthesis . One mecha- us on every level — physically, immunologi- terns. The black Ganoderma analyzed nism of action is due to the ability of cally, mentally, spiritually. It helps us contained little acid material. Others have Ganoderma triterpenes, which contain adapt to the world and provides additional also reported on the significant constitu- oxygenated functionalities at C- I5 and a power for us to achieve a superior level of ent variation in the different parts of the hydroxyl group at C-26' to effectively life. When we are so protected and so mushroom including the pileus, stalk and inhibit the rate-limiting enzyme 3- provided for, we can achieve things that underground portion. (upton) hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-co-enzyme A otherwise would be impossible. That is reductase (HMG-CoA) in the cholesterol why Reishi has been called the “herb of 1.4. Germanium fortification. In an effort biosynthesis pathway. This has been good fortune.” to yield higher organic-germanium demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo contents of Ganoderma, some producers assays using mevinolin as a positive Scientific Data enrich the growing substrate with control. HMG-CoA also begins the synthe- 1. Constituents germanium dioxide. Wild Ganoderma sis of CoQ10. Some researchers consider yields low levels of CoQ10 to be a cardiovascular 1.1. The primary constituents responsible 1.3-17.8 ppm of germanium. Enriching the disease risk factor in itself. Therefore, it for Ganoderma’s medicinal actions are substrate with germanium dioxide at 1.5 may be advantageous to supplement with polysaccharides and highly oxygenated ppm, 5 ppm and 10 ppm yielded germanium CoQ10 when using Ganoderma. In addition, lanostanoid triterpenes, including multiple contents of 5.1 ppm, 15.3 ppm and 24.6 other similar triterpenes are structurally pairs of C-3 stereoisomers and C-3/C-15 ppm respectively. (upton) similar to the post-lanosterol intermedi- positional isomers. More than 100 differ- ates in the cholesterol biosynthetic ent triterpene molecules have been 1.5. At least two particular characteristic pathway of mammals, and inhibit lanos- identified in Ganoderma. In addition, constituent patterns have been identified terol 14x-methyl-demethylase. Compounds constituents of Reishi fruiting body in Ganoderma-C27 strains richer in 1, 8 & 9 have been shown to be more include: b & x glucans, beta sitosterol, lucidenic acid, and C30 strains richer in effective at reducing cholesterol absorp- heteropolysaccharides composed of D- ganoderic acid. The fruiting body has also tion than b-sitosterol. However, these glucose, D-galactose, D-mannose, L- (or D- been classified as being rich in ganoderic triterpenes are poorly absorbed in the )arabinose, D-xylose, and L-fucose acid A, while the mycelium has been most gastrointestinal tract. (upton) (soluble in water), heteroglycans, steryl noted for its concentration of ganoderic esters, adenosine[, ergosterol, uridine, acid T . Two other strains, an antlered 2.4. The tincture of fruiting body extract oleic acid, cyclooctasulphur, fungal form and a full cap (Nagano) were rich in of G. lucidum had a significant cardiotonic lysozyme, acid protease and amino acids. ganoderic acids, but showed no definitive effect on the isolated frog heart, as well Amino Acids: Serine (15.2), alanine (14.8), signs of lucidenic acid. (upton) as on the pentobarbital sodium-inhibited glycine (12.7), threonine (12.4), aspartic heart. Using an i.p. injection of 3g/kg of acid (9.9), glutamic acid (8.1), proline 1.6. Identification: The mapping of an alcohol extract of both the fruiting (6.9), valine (5.3), and other minor amino twenty-five well characterized body and mycelium, the following actions acids. (Upton) triterpenoid using high-performance liquid were observed: increased contractility of chromatography (HPLC), has been used as the in situ rabbit heart, an increase of 1.2. Constituent Variation: Constituent a standard reference for compositional 41.08% in contraction amplitude, reduc- content varies between different strains comparison of constituents between tion of the heart rate, an increase of of Ganoderma. Differentiation’s include a different strains and species of Gano- 44%-66% in coronary blood flow with change in both the amount and pattern of derma. (upton) concomitant increase in cerebral blood triterpenes. Several triterpenes, not flow, and coronary dilation. (Upton) present in the mycelium, increase in 2. Effects on Cardiovascular System concentration as the cap of the fruiting 2.5. At 0.8 mg/kg-1, 5’deoxy- body develops. This includes ganoderic 2.1. Ganoderma contains a water soluble 5’methylsulphinyladenosine lowered blood acid A. Quantitatively, the caps provide derivative of adenosine (5’deoxy-5'- pressure in cats by 30%.(Upton) the richest source of triterpene acids, methylsulphinyladenosine), a platelet followed by the stem and then the spores. aggregation inhibitor. At 50 mg/ml-1 2.6. In a clinical study at Tokyo University The underside of the outer layer of the 5’deoxy-5’methylsulphinyladenosine hospital, patients with essential hyperten- cap yields a higher concentration of exhibited a 20-50% inhibitory rate. This sion (genetically inherited) were given six triterpenes than the other sections of action is reportedly due to the activation 240-mg Reishi tablets each day. After six the cap. Qualitatively, the HPLC patterns of platelet phospholipase. Adenosine months on this regimen, they showed are similar for each. Samples grown on content varies dramatically among normal systolic and diastolic readings. cherry wood yield higher amounts of different strains of G. lucidum. (upton) (Upton) triterpenes but grow more slowly and produce less than samples grown on the 2.2. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) 2.7. Searching for herbs that benefit the oak Quercus variabilis. During the initial Inhibition: ten lanostane triterpenes with heart, researchers at the Cardiology fruiting stage of an antlered strain ACE inhibiting effects have been identi- Research Center at the Academy of (Saegusa), ganoderic acids and lucidenic fied in Ganoderma. Ganoderic acid F Medical Sciences in Moscow tested 21 acids were not present, however they exhibited the highest inhibitory effect, herbs to see which most effectively began to develop within one week of while the others were relatively mild. prevented and corrected the buildup of fruiting, subsequently becoming major These were identified in a 70% MeOH atherosclerotic plaque in the arteries. constituents. (upton) extract of Ganoderma. (upton) 2.8. Ninety-two patients with myocardial 1.3. Comparative constituent analysis was 2.3. Effects on cholesterol biosynthesis & infarction and chest pain were treated with GL extract and 72% of these asthma patients after oral administration patients felt the symptoms were relieved. of GL for four months. (Tsung) 4.5 Fifty-two leukopenia patients were Hyperlipemia patients treated with GL treated with GL extract and 44 patients extract also showed decreased blood 4.2. Immunostimulating Polysaccharides showed increased leukocytes of about cholesterol levels in 14 out of 15 patients. and Anti-Cancer Activity. The immuno- 1028/mm3 after treatment. The effec- (Tsung) stimulating polysaccharides isolated from tive rate was 84.8%. (Tsung) Ganoderma lucidum have shown b-(123) 2.9. It has been reported that Ganoderma and b-(124) linkages in the polysaccharide 4.6. The extract of Ganoderma lucidum lucidum has cholesterol-lowering proper- structures Miyazaki et al, 1981, 1982). has been used for leukopenia patients ties (Xian Medical College, 1978; Shanghai The functions of the polysaccharides (Jiangsu New Medical College, 1978). Medical Supply Station, 1978; Peng,1983; include intensified phagocytosis of Since AIDS patients frequently develop Chen, Liao, Xiao, 1988). The effective reticuloendothelial systems, activation of leukopenia, it is worthwhile to research rate was about 86% for 12 weeks to 6 macrophages, activation of T-lympho- which component of Ganoderma lucidum is months of treatment for hyperlipidemia cytes, enhancement of cell-mediated the functional compound. (Tsung) patients. Arichi, et al (1979), also re- immune response, and activation of the ported that the extract of Ganoderma alternative pathway of the complement 4.7. Liu, et al (1980) reported that the lucidum is clinically effective for hyper- system. The most immunologically active extract of Ganoderma lucidum was lipemia treatment. (Tsung) polysaccharides have an anti-cancer effective for the treatment of muscular activity. Miyazaki, et al (1981) showed dystrophy. (Tsung) 2.10. Morigiwa, et al (1986) have isolated that the anti-cancer arabinoxyloglucan 10 antihypertensive lanostane triterpenes has (123)-b-D-glucan moiety in the 4.8. The effect of Ganoderma lucidum on from Ganoderma lucidum. Among the 10 structure. Mizuno, et al induction of differentiation in leukemic triterpenes, ganoderic acid F had the (1984) also showed that the anti-cancer U937 cells. Ganoderma (G.) lucidum is a highest anti-hypertensive effect. How- water-soluble b-D-glucan contains a herbal medicine with tumoricidal activity ever, Anchi, et al ( 1979) have found that backbone of (123)-linked D-glucose capable of inhibiting the proliferation of compounds responsible for anti-hyperten- residues having single D-glucosyl mouse Sarcoma 180 cells both in vitro and sive activity have molecular weights of branches. The attachment of polyol in vivo. In this study, we investigated the more than 100,000 daltons. (Tsung) groups to the (123)-linked backbone effect of the polysaccharide fraction of significantly enhances its host-mediated G. lucidum (PS-G) on the proliferation and 2.11. Isolation of an Inhibitor of Platelet anticancer activity (Sone, Okuda, et al differentiation of human monocytic Aggregation. The water-soluble fraction 1985). However, Mizuno, Kato, et al leukemia cell line, U937. Using an in vitro of Ganoderma lucidum was found to (1984)showed that the host-mediated liquid culture system, we found that the suppress platelet aggregation. From anti-cancer polysaccharides fraction was conditioned medium from PS-G-stimulated physico-chemical and biochemical analysis, composed of a backbone of b(123)-linked- human blood mononuclear cells (PSG- this fraction was identified to be adenos- D-glucosyl residue with a single branch of MNC-CM) contained an activity that could ine. (Tsung) b-(126)-linked-D-glucosyl group in every significantly inhibit the growth of U937 four to six residues of backbone chain. cells and induce them to differentiate 2.12. GL also markedly improved pancre- Acidic b-glucan isolated from Ganoderma into mature monocytes/macrophages atic blood flow rate in rats (18). GL was lucidum also showed an anti-cancer which had functions of phagocytosis and also effective in treating abnormal activity. (Tsung) producing cytoplasmic superoxide. cardiac impulse in rats (18). By using Neither PS-G nor normal (untreated) radioactive 86Rb uptake as a marker in 4.3 Natural Killer Cell Activating Factor. MNC-CM was found to have a differenti- the rat heart muscle, the blood flow in In most of the cancer-host relationships, ating effect on the target cells. The the rat heart muscle was increased with cancer cell destruction is accomplished by optimal condition for stimulating the in the increase of the administration of GL. many different ways. The one mechanism vitro production of MNC-derived differ- (Tsung) of immunoactivation and anti-cancer entiation-inducing activity was to use PS- action is to kill cancer cell through G at a low concentration of 50 micro- 3. The Effect on the Central Nervous activation of natural killer cells. The hot- grams/ml and to incubate MNC for a System water extract of ganodenna lucidum short period of 24 hours. Long-term showed the ability to activate natural (greater than 3 days) incubation resulted 3.1. The extract of GL was able to killer cell activity (Murai, Yamashita, et al, in a decrease in the differentiating suppress the central nervous system and 1987). The natural killer cell activating activity of the conditioned media. relaxed the muscles in an experimental factor is distributed in the fruit body of (Internet 1) mouse. An hour of sleep induced by Ganoderma lucidum. The concentration of cyclohexabarbital was extended after natural killer cell activating factor is 4.9. Effect of Japanese Ganoderma injection of GL extract. The extract also higher in the early budding stage and in Lucidum on production of interleukin-2 had an anodyne effect on animal subjects. the completion of fruit body growth stage from (Tsung) (Tsubokura, Ogita, et all, 1988). (Tsung) murine splenocytes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of 4. Immunostimulating Activity 4.4 Interferon-Inducing Activity. Ganoderma lucidum (GL) planted in Japan Interferons are a family of small protein on the production of Interleukin-2 (IL-2) 4.1. The injection of GL extract or GL molecules secreted naturally by human from murine splenocytes. It was observed polysaccharides in mice resulted in the cells to fight viral and other infections. that hydrocortisone (HC) 0.025-1 micro- activation of the phagocytic activity of Interferon has been touted as a potential gram /ml could significantly antagonize macrophages. Macrophages play an cancer-treating drug for nearly 30 years. the inhibitory activity of HC and CSA to important role in the immune system. The Ganoderma lucidum has been found to increase the production of IL-2 in vitro, P increase of immunoglobulin A was ob- have interferon-inducing activity (Meng, < 0.01. When the splenocytes pretreated served in the phlegm of chronic bronchial 1983). (Tsung) with GL alone or in combination with HC, it was shown that pretreatment alone had no addition of neutralizing antibodies to both homogeneous polysaccharides were significant effect on IL-2 production, but IL-2 receptor and TNF alpha blocked separated and purified. Chemical studies preincubating splenocytes with HC and GL aggregate formation, cellular prolifera- on the main components BN3B1 and resulted in a significant increase of IL-2 tion, and ICAM-1 expression. These BN3B3 indicated that BM3B1 contained production when compared with that of findings demonstrate that LZ-8 is a only glucose and should be a glucan HC group, P < 0.01. In vivo, GL 300 mg/kg potent T cell activator, mediating its containing beta-(1 — — 6) and (1 — — could increase the production of IL-2 effects via cytokine regulation of integrin 3)glycoside bonds and that BN3B3 was an when orally taken GL alone or in combina- expression. (Internet 4 — Genentech) arabinogalactan containing beta-(1 — — 6) tion of HC. (Internet 2) and (1 — — 3)glycoside bonds. (Internet 4.12. Effect of Ganoderma polysaccha- 7) 4.10 Effects of Ganoderma polysaccha- rides on T cell subpopulations and produc- rides on the activity of DNA polymerase tion of interleukin 2 in mixed lymphocyte 5. Anti-allergic Activity alpha of splenocytes and immune function response. Mixed lymphocyte response was in aged mice. The activity of DNA poly- used as a main model through all the 5.1. GL suppressed histamine and other merase alpha in splenocytes of 24-month- experiments. In a series of concentra- chemical mediator release from mast old mice was about 35.6% lower than that tions (25, 50, 100, and 200 micrograms/ cells. of 3-month-old mice. Aged mice were ml), Ganoderma polysaccharides (GL-B) Hirai, Takase, et al (1983) showed that intraperitoneally administered Ganoderma promoted the production of interleukin 2 the extract of Ganoderma lucidum has an polysaccharides (GL-B) once a day for 4 (IL-2) in a concentration-dependent inhibitory action on histamine release days and then the activity of the enzyme manner after initiation of culture for 12 h from rat mast cells. A Japanese research was assessed. The results showed that and increased the total cell recovery as group at Kinki University also found that GL-B at doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg-1 well as that of Lyt 2+ and L3T4+ cells the hot-water extract of Ganoderma enhanced the activity of the enzyme in after 4 days of culture. The data also lucidum has a strong suppressive activity aged mouse splenocytes by 44.0 and shows that the polysaccharides markedly on histamine release from mast cells 58.8% respectively. In addition, the enhanced the cytotoxicity of cytotoxic T (Kubo Lab, 1984). The extract also mixed lymphocyte response to alloantigen, lymphocytes, which was increased by suppressed the passive cutaneous anaphy- automatic proliferation and IL-2 produc- 100% at the concentration of 200 laxis (PCA) reaction. Since the Ganoderma tion of splenocytes in aged mice declined micrograms/ml. (Internet 5) extract can suppress histamine release as compared with that in young adult mice. from mast cells and suppress PCA reac- GL-B (50, 100, 200 micrograms.ml-1) was 4.13. Ganoderma tsugae mycelium en- tion it is expected to do well against type found to restore those parameters to the hances splenic natural killer cell activity I allergies, including anaphylactic shock, levels of that of young mice in vitro. and serum interferon production in mice. atopic dermatitis hay fever, hives, drug (Internet 3) Effects of the water-soluble extract of allergies, and bronchial asthma. Ganoderma tsugae mycelium (GT), its 4.11. Ling Zhi-8: a novel T cell mitogen alcohol-insoluble subfraction (GTI), and 5.2. In the animal model for immune- induces cytokine production and its alcohol-soluble subfraction (GTS) on complex disorders (type III allergies), upregulation of ICAM-1 expression. Ling splenic natural killer (NK) cell activity and nephritis is induced by successive injec- Zhi-8 (LZ-8) is a protein purified from serum interferon (IFN) production were tions of rabbit serum protein into rats, Ganoderma lucidum, a Chinese medicinal assessed in mice. Intraperitoneal adminis- causing antigen-antibody complexes to fungus thought to possess potent effects tration of GT (4-200 mg/kg) or GTI (1-50 develop in the blood stream and to be on the immune system. When examined mg/kg), but not GTS, augmented the NK deposited in the kidneys. In nephritis, for its effects on lymphocytes, LZ-8 cytotoxic activity in a dose-dependent both protein concentration in urine and exhibited potent mitogenic effects on manner in C3H/HeN mice. This augmenta- cholesterol concentration in serum are human peripheral blood lymphocytes tion of splenic NK cytolytic activity was increased. With treatment by Ganoderma (PBL), inducing a bell-shaped dose- not mouse-strain-dependent. The serum extract, protein and cholesterol concen- response curve similar to that caused by IFN titers of mice were also elevated trations were reduced to normal levels. PHA and other lectin mitogens. Fraction- after i.p.-doses of GTI. The GTI-induced Morphological observation of the kidney ation experiments indicated that the serum IFN was reduced by either IFN- also showed recovery, and hypertension proliferative response in the PBL cultures (alpha+beta) antiserum or IFN-gamma due to nephritis was returned to normal. was primarily due to T cells, but was monoclonal antibody in vitro. The treat- monocyte dependent. Stimulation of PBL ment with antiserum neutralizing IFN- 5.3. Ganoderma extract also did well with LZ-8 resulted in the production of (alpha+beta) resulted in a 70% reduction against such cell-mediated allergies as IL-2 and a corresponding upregulation of of GTI-induced IFN, while monoclonal picryl IL-2 receptor expression. In addition to antibody against mouse IFN-gamma, chloride-induced dermatitis in mice. Cell- T cell proliferation, microscopic examina- moderately neutralized the GTI-induced mediated allergies include contact tion of LZ-8-stimulated PBL revealed that IFN (50%). These results demonstrated dermatitis, tubercular lesions, chronic LZ-8 induced cellular aggregate forma- that both the splenic NK activity and hepatitises, auto-immune disorders and tion. The aggregate formation correlated serum IFN [IFN-(alpha+beta) and IFN- Hashimoto thyroiditis. In addition, the with a dramatic rise in ICAM-1 expression gamma] titers are elevated by Ganoderma extract showed great enhancement of and an increased production of IFN- tsugae mycelium extracts in mice. steroid-drug effect in the treatment of gamma, TNF alpha, and IL-1 beta, mol- (Internet 6) dermatitis. Due to steroid drug’s consid- ecules associated with regulation of erable side effects, any herb which could ICAM-1 expression. Both the aggregate 4.14. Chemical studies on immunologically bring about a decrease in steroid dosage formation and the proliferative effects active polysaccharides of Ganoderma is beneficial to patients. The anti-allergic of LZ-8 were blocked by addition of lucidum (Leyss. ex Fr.) Karst. BN3B, the activity of Ganoderma lucidum extract monoclonal antibody to either CD18 or polysaccharide component of the fruit of has been identified to be four triterpenes CD11a, the counter-receptor complex Ganoderma lucidum, has been shown to ganoderic acids: A, B, C, and D (Kohda, components for ICAM-1. Furthermore, have immune activity. From BN3B four Tokumoto, et al, 1985). (Tsung) was 90.5%. (Tsung) ganoderan C with molecular weight of 6. Antioxidant Activity 5800 and containing D-glucopyranosyl 8.3. Antihepatotoxic Activity. Six b(123) and b(126) linkages and a D- Free radical reactions are believed to be triterpenoid, ganoderic acids U, V, W,X, galactopyranosyl b(126) linkage in the the cause of various aging-associated Y, and Z, isolated from Ganoderma polysaccharide structure. (Tsung) diseases. The anti-oxidant activity in the lucidum have been found to have cyto- body decreases with age. In order to keep toxic activity in vitro on hepatoma cells 14.2. Kimura, et al, (1988) also showed us younger for a happier and healthier (Toth, Lu, et al, 1983). Hirotani, et al, that the water extract of Ganoderma life, we need an antioxidant substance to (1986) also observed that ganoderic acids lucidum reduces the blood glucose level in suppress the aging process. GL extract T, S, and R, isolated from Ganoderma experiments with rats. (Tsung) has been found to have an antioxidant lucidum, have a strong antihepatotoxic activity. (Tsung) activity. (Tsung) 15. Dental Caries Preventive 7. Effect on the Respiratory System 9. Radiation Protection Effect A primary cariogenic bacterium has been identified as Streptococcus mutans 7.1. The GL extracts showed anti-asth- Radiation protection can be obtained with (Montville, Cooney and Sinskey, 1978; matic effects during experiments with administration of GL extract to mice prior Hamada and Slade, 1980). Membrane- guinea pigs’ 12-14)- The GL extracts also to irradiation. (Tsung) bound or extracellular glucosetransferase showed anti-histamine and anti-acetylcho- from Streptococcus mutans produces line effects. (Tsung) 10. Effect on Total Oxygen Consumption water-soluble and water insoluble glucans from sucrose. The glucans facilitate the 7.2. There was also a decrease of blood The administration of GL to mice for 14 accumulation of microorganisms on smooth cholinesterase activity in 29 chronic days resulted in decrease of whole body tooth surfaces and subsequently dental bronchitis patients after treatment with oxygen consumption (3). The result caries is developed (Montville et al, 1778; GL for 4 months. (Tsung) suggests that GL can help the body to Hamada and Slade, 1980). Ganoderic acids have more endurance capability during S 1 and C2, isolated from Ganoderma 7.3 Peritoneal injection of GL extract for oxygen deficient conditions. (Tsung) lucidum, have been identified to have 14 days resulted in an increase of cyclic inhibitory activity on glucosyltransferase AMP in serum and heart muscles of 11. Effect on Adrenocortical Hormone from Streptococcus mutans (Hada, experimental rats (18) (Table 2 and 3). Secretion Hattori and Namba, 1989). The result Cyclic AMP is a regulator of many meta- suggests that the anti-plaque activity of bolic systems. GL extract also showed a After administration of GL extract to Ganoderma lucidum is due to ganoderic stimulatory effect on the production of 2, rabbits for a week, the serum cortisol acids S 1 and C2 if not all. (Tsung) 3-Diphosphoglyceric acid in human concentration was increase from 1.21 + erythrocytes (27). This indicates that 0.2897 ug/100 ml to 3.47 + 0.548 ug/100 16. Comparative Polysaccharide aerobic metabolism can be improved by ml ( 18). The increment of cortisol Bioavailability: the use of GL extract. (Tsung) secretion was about 2.9-fold in GL extract-treated rabbits. (Tsung) It appears that Ganoderma polysaccha- 7.4. Two hundred and eighty-eight rides are better absorbed orally than patients were treated with GL extract 12. Protective Effect on Burns those from most other mushrooms. When for 1-3 months. The effective rate was the edible mushroom Shitake (Lentinus) 88.2%. In 27 cases of pediatric bronchial In burn experimentation mice, the was provided to laboratory animals with asthma, 23 patients showed that cough survival rate of GL extract-treated mice tumors, tumor regression could be and asthmatic symptoms were gone after was 40% in comparison to a 0% survivor induced at a significant levels only when one month of treatment with GL extract rate in non-treated mice. (Tsung) they were provided as 20-30% of the injection. The effective rate was 85%. A diet. By contrast, Ganoderma seems to be similar result was obtained when GL 13. Anti-microbial Effect highly effective at relatively low oral extract was used to treat allergic asthma. dosages in both animals and humans. (Tsung) Water extract of GL has an antibacterial and anti-virus effect on pneumococcus, Primary Combinations 8. Effect on the Liver streptococcus, staphylococcus and Reishi is commonly consumed by itself. In influenza virus. Alcohol and acetone addition it may be combined with other 8.1. GL extract showed anti-hepatotoxic extract of GL also have an antibacterial tonic herbs. Combine with: activity with administration of the effect on Escherichia coli Shigella extract to mice with carbon tetrachlo- dysenteriae, and Bacillus. (Tsung) 1. Astragalus to protect the body and to ride-induced liver damage (3). An alcohol strengthen the immune system extract of GL also stimulated regenera- 14. Hypoglycemic Effect tion of liver cells after part of liver was 2. Zizyphus, Pearl, Asparagus Root and removed by surgery. (Tsung) 14.1 Blood Sugar Reducing Agent. Polygonum Stem to build Spirit Ganoderans A and B, a glycans of Gano- 8.2. Twenty-one hepatitis patients were derma lucidum, was shown to have blood 3. Cordyceps to tonify primal essence and treated with GL extract. For nineteen sugar reducing properties (Hikino, Konno, to fortify immune functions patients the major symptoms were gone et al. 1985). Later the same group within 10 days after GL extract treat- demonstrated that ganoderan B has a 4. Schizandra to tonify and cleanse the ment and the hepatitis marker enzyme molecular weight of 7400 and contains D- Liver and beautify the skin serum glutamic-pyruvic tansaminase value glucopyranosyl b(123) and b(126)) linkages was returned to normal 45 days after the in the polysaccharide structure (Tomoda, 5. Schizandra and Polygonatum Sibericum GL extract treatment. The effective rate Ganda, et al. 1986). They also isolated to strengthen the mind There are a few superior sources of hot throughout Asia. Just as “we are what we Varieties and Grading house Reishi available in America. These eat,” a Reishi mushroom, too, is what it Spirit Nung said that there are at least are from folks that have obtained special eats. Depending upon the kind of wood a six varieties of Ganoderma. He noted red, strains of Reishi from the Japanese Reishi grows upon, the Reishi may be purple, black, white, green and yellow. scientists such as Yoshi, who first powerful and medicinally marvelous, or it Currently, one mainly finds red and black developed the modern strains of Red may be weak or even useless. The best Reishi available in herb shops. Occasion- Reishi. Then they are grown in superior Reishi grows on certain kinds of old ally, a purple Reishi can be obtained, but media. These mushrooms tend to be large hardwood trees that are indigenous to usually not through normal channels. and red and look like real Reishi mush- certain regions of China. The Chinese have Purple Reishi is extremely rare. rooms. They smell fresh and rich. When made a very thorough study of this, you break one open, they have a pulpy including conducting years of pharmaco- The Black Reishi, Ganoderma sinensis, is interior that has a more subtle texture logical studies on laboratory animals to fairly commonly available and can be found than the cheap cultivated varieties. These determine which Reishi is the most in most Chinese herb shops that carry mushrooms can even be obtained in their potent, based on what kind of wood it is bulk herbs. The older it is, the larger it mycelial state from some mushroom mail grown on. becomes. But old age is not necessarily a order houses, in which case you can grow virtue in Reishi. Reishi is at its best when your own fresh Reishi mushrooms. This is The appropriate Duan wood trees are cut it is still fresh and moist inside, not when a real treat that I recommend very down and cut into short logs, usually about it is old, dry and brittle. This species of highly. ten inches long. They are inoculated with Ganoderma tends to be unevenly shaped Reishi spores that have been specially and can measure up to ten inches in Reishi Mycelium: The actual fungus is not prepared to assure successful growth. diameter, though about six inch diameters in fact the mushroom that we associate These logs are then planted in soil in are more common. If its skin is still highly with Reishi. The mycelium is a whitish mountainous regions of China. In the glossy, it is good enough to use. blob that grows into a piece of wood or spring, Reishi mushrooms shoot up consumes some sort of nutrient until the through the soil in great abundance. This variety is considered inferior, though nutrient is gone. At a certain time of Gradually over the period of a few months it is certainly still a fine herbal tonic. Its year, the mycelium puts out its sexual they mature. Growing Duan wood Reishi polysaccharide content is low in compari- apparatus, which is the mushroom that we requires no pesticides or chemicals of any son to the high quality red Reishis. see projecting out of the ground. The sort. In fact, chemicals ruin Reishi, so the Though the black variety is wild, it lacks function of the mushroom is to reproduce. government forbids it. Farmers who try potency and should be used only if higher Reishi mycelium was not traditionally used to use chemicals are not allowed to grow quality Reishi is not available. The major- as a tonic herb by the Chinese or Japa- Reishi again. All Duan wood Reishi is ity of Reishi products that claim to be nese. However, it has recently been tested. The farmers I have talked to say using “wild” Reishi are using this black discovered that the mycelium is very rich they don’t ever use chemicals because variety. in the same polysaccharides that make they are totally unnecessary. Therefore, the mushroom an effective health all Duan wood Reishi is totally organic. Wild Red Reishi is rare, but not as rare as product. In fact, the mycelium has been Purple Reishi. This Reishi, which is the found to contain much more polysaccha- Eventually the mushrooms produce a thick Reishi that Spirit Nong was talking about, ride than the mushroom, since the coating of spores. In June, one day in a is much more potent and effective than mycelium is much larger than the mush- great unison, all the mushrooms release the black variety. Red Reishi is Gano- room. This has led to many people using their spores into the air. It is at this derma lucidum, the primary Reishi. It is the mycelium in products. These products moment that the Reishi is perfectly ripe unlikely that you will find wild Red Reishi usually do not include the mushroom, but for harvesting. The farmers stay with the for sale in herb shops in America, but are simply ground mycelium. This has been mushrooms day and night collecting them, there are a few superior products widely accepted in America, but is looked and collecting the spores on plastic tarps available which utilize these mountain- upon with disdain in China and Japan. that they spread out over the Reishi. I collected mushrooms. The extraction Specialists there point out that all the have seen the farmers during this yield from wild red Reishi tends to be research has been done on the mushroom, harvest, and they become completely very low, so the extracted products tend not the mycelium and that the virtually brown as they are coated by spores. This to be very potent. This is a sublime miraculous health benefits of Reishi are is perhaps the most joyous harvest I have product. The Red Reishi commonly found found primarily in the mushroom. The ever witnessed. The farmers seem to be in Chinese herb shops is not wild Red mycelium is, to this day, not used in China in some kind of ecstasy during this ritual. Reishi — it is most likely hot house Reishi. or Japan. Though the mycelium may be The mushrooms are sun dried and ready useful, it does not match the efficacy and for consumption. A second, but smaller, Hot house Reishi can be of good quality or balance of the mushroom. They are not in harvest takes place about two months poor quality, but most of it is poor. Reishi the same league. This is especially true later. can now be grown in hot houses in a since virtually all mycelium is grown in hot medium of saw dust and a nutrient such as houses on less than optimum nutrients. Duan wood Reishi is grown from a genetic rice. Most Reishi products sold in America stock that was developed in Japan about are of the hot house variety. In my Duan Wood Reishi. The real deal, when it twenty years ago by a Professor Yoshi. opinion, most of this hot house Reishi is comes to Reishi mushrooms, lies in the The Japanese government supported Dr. almost useless. These mushrooms tend to domain of what is known as “Duan Wood” Yoshi’s research to determine the most be small and lumpy in appearance and Reishi. Reishi that is grown on certain powerful genetic line of Reishi after it often grow irregularly. They are not really specific varieties of wooden logs, without was discovered that Reishi could cure a red, but tend to be a light, dull brown. any chemicals, in a pristine mountain type of cancer that was prevalent in They are inexpensive, but are worth environment, is known as “Duan wood” Japan at that time. Yoshi collected almost nothing. Don’t waste your money. Reishi. In nature, Reishi grows on a large hundreds of samples of wild Red Reishi variety of trees in mountain forests from China and led a research team that studied the pharmacological effects of “elixir of life” to Asian herbalists. Spores tale, “The White Snake,” wherein a the various strains. The most potent are just now becoming commercially magical Reishi is stolen from the gods by strain, the champion of Reishi genotypes available in the West, albeit in small a magical female being in order to save from a health promoting and medicinal quantities and only through special the life of her human lover. The celestial perspective, was then made available to sources. The spores must be purified, battle for the Reishi rivals the battles Chinese farmers by contract with the which is a difficult task because of their portrayed in Homer’s Iliad and is a story Chinese government. The farmers were fineness. Traditionally, spores were known by virtually every Chinese. taught a new method of cultivating Duan believed to not only provide Jing, but to wood Reishi by these Japanese scientists. be the most subtle aspect of the Reishi In the 16th Century pharmacopoeia Ben The Japanese subsequently bought all of and thus to develop Spirit. Cao Gang Mu, which contains hundreds of the Duan wood Reishi for use in Japan. natural medicines the Chinese have used Only recently has a small amount of this History for thousands of years, compiler Li Shi extraordinary Reishi become available Ganoderma was first described more than Chen described the uses of Reishi. “It outside of China. 2400 hundred years ago during the Shu benefits the life energy, or Qi of the Dynasty. The first detailed description heart, repairing the chest area and Duan wood Reishi is more than twice as was written in Spirit Nong’s Herbal, benefiting those with a knotted and tight potent as any other variety of Reishi attributed to the legendary herbalist- chest.” He wrote that it also increases mushroom available anywhere, with the emperor Spirit Nong (Han Dynasty, 206 intellectual capacity and banishes forget- possible exception of some wild Red or B.C.~ 8 AD). Reishi was classified by fulness. “Taken over a long period of time, wild Purple Reishi. The Chinese and Spirit Nong as a superior herb that may agility of the body will not cease, and the Japanese make extracts of it for injec- be taken continuously without side years are lengthened to those of the tion and use it as a treatment for various effects. A “superior herb” was defined as Immortal Fairies.” forms of cancer. They also use it to treat a substance that serves to maintain life, hepatitis, arthritis and other immunologi- causes no side effects by continuous use, Reishi can be seen depicted everywhere in cal dysfunction’s. It is also sold as a and promotes radiant health and long life Asian art, architecture and design. premium, and rather expensive, tonic for by helping to harmonize the functions of Paintings, embroideries, buildings, sculp- domestic use in China and Japan, and more the body, mind and spirit. ture and carvings of the gods and immor- recently in America. Research revealed tals virtually always included Reishi as a the exact moment to harvest the Reishi Spirit Nong said of Reishi that “if eaten symbol of the divine, as a symbol of to maximize the quantity and potency of customarily, it makes your body light and longevity and good luck. Reishi was a the active constituents. These Reishi, young, lengthens your life and turns you favorite ornamental design feature of the however, should be used within one year into one like the immortal (a Taoist royalty and the wealthy, sometimes as of harvest or they lose much of their hermetic adept) who never dies.” much for good luck as for its actual potency. health benefits. Depiction’s of Reishi are Specifically, regarding Red Reishi (which seen everywhere in the Forbidden City Wild Purple Reishi. These wild mushrooms is the variety that is prevalent today), and the Summer Palace in Beijing, a grow in the Chang Bai Mountains, north of Spirit Nong said: testimony to how highly valued it was North Korea in Jilin province. They are everywhere in Chinese society throughout extremely rare. They are beautiful “The taste is bitter, its atmospheric history. Even the traditional scepter of specimens. They are not entirely purple. energy is neutral, it has no toxicity, it the emperors of China was a stylized They have both red and purple elements. cures (removes) the accumulation of Reishi, called a Ru Yi. Undoubtedly, the In fact they look like red Reishi at first pathogenic factors in the chest, it is good first scepter was indeed a real Reishi. glance, but upon examination they have a for the Qi (functional activities) of the There is a display in the Summer Palace significant purple coloration in the heart heart including mental activities, it of the history of the imperial scepter. It of the mushroom cap. These are revered tonifies the Spleen, increases wisdom, displays scepters back to deep antiquity, in much the same way as wild Chang Bai improves memory so that you won’t and sure enough the earliest existent Mountain Ginseng. Many people believe forget, long-term consumption will lighten scepters were precise wooden copies of a that Reishi originated in the Chang Bai your body, you will never become old, it Reishi mushroom. Traditionally in China, Mountains and that Purple Wild Reishi is lengthens years, it has spiritual power, Ganoderma was considered to be among the great ancestor of all Reishi. It is a and it develops Spirit so that you become the most valuable possessions a new bride Purple Wild Reishi upon which the White a “spirit-being” like the immortals.” could bring into a marriage because of its Snake legend was based. It is considered many benefits. to be the ultimate Spirit tonic. The first Emperor of the Chin Dynasty, sometime around 214 BC heard rumor that Rhodiola Reishi spores have recently become a the “herb of immortality,” which was Products Featuring This Herb: major source of interest in China and considered to be one and the same as Supreme Spirit Drops Japan. Reishi spores contains huge Ganoderma, grew abundantly in the Ron Teeguarden’s Super Pill quantities of polysaccharides and other “Eastern Paradise.” The Emperor sent 500 Young at Heart ingredients which strengthen the immune men and 500 women (the women being Golden Air system. The spores are now being used to selected for their beauty), by ship to find Diamond Mind treat liver and stomach cancer in China. this mystical island and its magical herb. Tao in a Bottle As a health tonic, it is believed that the The party never returned, but legend Super Adaptogen spores are even more potent that the asserts they landed in Japan and colo- CardioPro 2000 mushroom cap itself. The spores, being nized the island. seed, are believed to contain an abun- Other Common Names dance of Jing and are, therefore, consid- Reishi was further immortalized as the Rhodiola Root ered to be an anti-aging substance. The ultimate healing substance and spiritual spores are considered to be the virtual herb of China in the classic Chinese fairy Pharmaceutical Latin Radix Rhodiola sacra or R. crenulata for adapting to stressful conditions and Evidence has shown that Tibetan Rhodiola adjust physiological functions for resto- Pinyin is in many ways more powerful than ration. It has double-direction adjusting hong jing tian Ginseng. It is a superb herb for people effects on the nervous system and who work very hard, either physically or endocrine system, and possesses many Treasures mentally. Tibetan Rhodiola has been shown kinds of physiologically active components Jing, Qi and Spirit to improve endurance and mental capacity, which studies have shown have including memory enhancement. It has anticarcinogenic, antiviral, and antimicro- Treasure Rating been shown to be a superb tonic and bial activity. ***** energizer for those into physical fitness, and a superior tonic for those stuck Primary Combinations Atmospheric Energy behind a desk or at a computer terminal 1. Schizandra, Ginkgo, Polygonatum and Slightly warm for long periods of time. Consumption of a Acanthopanax for increased mental small amount of Rhodiola extract signifi- power, better memory and improved Taste cantly improves a person’s capacity to creativity Astringent absorb and utilize oxygen. 2. Salvia, Ligusticum, Crataegus leaf Organ Meridian Systems Tibetan Rhodiola is especially beneficial extract standardized, Panax Heart, Kidney, Liver, Spleen, Lung to those who live under stressful condi- Pseudoginseng, Ligusticum, Dang Gui, tions. It has been proven that Tibetan Astragalus to benefit the cardiovascular Part Used and Form Rhodiola reduces the body’s stress system Primarily the root, but to some degree reactions, and thus relieves mental stress the stem may be included as well. People stay focused and suffer 3. Wild Ginseng, Wild Reishi, Spirit Poria, far less from fatigue even under severe Wild Asparagus, Wild Ophiopogon, Primary Functions stress. It is the ideal herbal supplement Steamed Rehmannia, Wild Polygala to Rhodiola is nourishing to the lungs and for the modern world. benefit the psyche and tonify Spirit respiratory functions, it is antipyretic, and vitalizing. It was said by “Supernatu- Tibetan Rhodiola has been found to be 4. Siberian Ginseng, Gynostemma, Ginseng ral Peasant’s Materia Medica Classics” extremely beneficial to the cardiovascu- Root, Astragalus, Lycium, Schizandra to that “Rhodiola will make the body light lar system, and has been found to prevent tonify Qi and as an adaptogenic. and relaxed, and will make the eyes heart disease, the number one cause of bright.” As a tonic, it strongly increases death in the United States. It is also a Varieties and Grading vitality. It is good for strengthening the powerful immune modulator, building the Rhodiola sacra and Rhodiola crenulata are body and mind, resisting fatigue, resisting immune system into a well tuned fighting from Tibet and are considered in the a lack of oxygen and excessive radiation, machine. Orient to be the most powerful varieties and for prolonging life. It is especially of Rhodiola in the world. Rhodiola rosea well known for increasing the intelligence Tibetan Rhodiola also is being used as a from Europe and Russia is also beneficial of those who consume it regularly. It is powerful and safe antidepressant. It is but is not as potent as the Tibetan used as cardiovascular tonic, and to believed to be more powerful than St. varieties. promote the regulation of blood sugar. John’s Wort, currently the world’s number one selling natural antidepressant Contraindications Qualities substance. Rhodiola is very safe. Tibetan Rhodiola is an extraordinary herb, now available outside of Asia for And Tibetan Rhodiola is a very safe, non- Royal Jelly the first time at Ron Teeguarden’s Herb toxic herbal nutrient. It may be consumed Products Featuring This Herb: Garden. It is a relatively rare substance daily as a tonic and health maintaining Magu’s Treasure that grows in one of the harshest envi- supplement. ronments in the world. In the Orient, it is Other Common Names called “Plateau Ginseng,” and the Tibetans Scientific Data Royal Jelly considered Rhodiola to be a sacred herb. Rhodiola’s root and stem are mainly used It has been used by the Tibetan people as for medicine or as a precious tonic. Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese a powerful adaptogenic vitalizer and as a However, the whole plant body can also be Tonic Herbs substantial medicinal agent since the used for the same purpose. The major 219 beginning of Tibetan civilization. Rhodiola effective contents are Salidroside has also been prized by the Chinese and (C14H20O9), Tyrosot (C8H10O2), P- Pinyin was very positively reviewed in the first Sitosterol, Ethyl Gallate, Gallic Acid, Feng Wang Jiang Chinese herbal classic over two thousand flavones, phenol compounds, 35 kinds of years ago. It was regarded as a life- biologically active trace elements (i.e., Fe, Treasures prolonging, wisdom enhancing “superior Al, Zn, Ag, Co, Cd, Ti, Mo, Mn, etc.), as herb.” However, the rarity of Tibetan well as volatile oil. Rhodiola crenulata also Treasure Rating Rhodiola has prevented it from becoming contains 18 amino acids which are needed ****1/2 a well-known commodity outside of Asia by the human body, 7 of which cannot be until now. This incredible herb was used produced by the body. Such a spectrum of Atmospheric Energy by the Tibetan monks to enhance their bio-nutrients is seldom seen in any other inner spiritual power, the power of natural plant. Qualities concentration and physical endurance. It A natural food substance produced by has undoubtedly played a major role in the Salidroside, Tyrosot and Sitosterol mainly worker bees for their queen. This incred- development of Tibetan culture. enhance the resistance of the human body ibly nutritious whole food is rich in a very broad spectrum of important vitamins, Other Common Names minerals and other substances essential Salvia It is one of the primary herbs used to to radiant health. Royal Jelly is popular treat hot skin diseases, including acne and natural food substance produced by Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese boils. Such sores are hot (they are worker bees for their queen. This incred- Tonic Herbs inflamed and red) and stagnant. Salvia is ibly nutritious whole food is rich in a very 218 used to clear them out and cool the area broad spectrum of important vitamins, down. Salvia can be used with Dong Gui, minerals and other substances essential Pharmaceutical Latin Pearl, White Peony, and Scute to help to radiant health. Royal Jelly is believed Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae clear the skin. to be an important beauty aid and is said to beautify the skin, eyes and hair. It is Pinyin It is also extremely valuable for treating available in many commercially prepared Dan Spirit menstrual problems, including irregular, products or can be obtained fresh, absent or painful menstruation. For this straight from the hive. It is often Treasures purpose it would be combined with some combined with super-tonic herbs such as None of the following herbs: Dong Gui, Ligusti- Ginseng, Dang Gui and Schizandra. cum, Carthamus, Moutan, Red Peony, Treasure Rating Achyranthes and White Peony. Rubus Fruit * Rubus Fruit is an excellent astringent Schizandra herb. It also has antioxidant activity. Atmospheric Energy Description Cool Spray dried concentrated powder in Products Featuring This Herb: capsules. This is made from wild Schizan- Microcosmic Orbit Organ Meridian Systems dra and is highly concentrated. It doesn’t Imperial Garden Heart, Pericardium, Liver get any better than this. Other Common Names Primary Functions: Primary Traditional Functions Fructus Rubi 1. Circulation enhancer. Tonifies all three treasures (Jing, Qi and Spirit), tonifies and regulates all five Pharmaceutical Latin 2. To dispel heat. elements, tonifies and regulates all twelve Rubi, Fructus organ-meridian systems. Astringent. 3. To remove blood stagnation or blood Improves memory. Pinyin stasis accompanied by heat. Fu Pen Zi Typical Usage 4. Affects the Heart function. 2 or 3 capsules, 2 or 3 times per day Treasures 5. Treats hot skin diseases. Note Treasure Rating The herb that does almost everything. 6. Treats menstrual problems. Schizandra develops the primary energies Atmospheric Energy of life and is thus of great use to any one Slightly Warm Qualities who consumes it. Schizandra generates Salvia is not a tonic herb because it does vitality and radiant beauty when used Taste not nourish any of the three treasures. regularly for some time. It is a safe and Sweet, Astringent, However, it is a very important herb in powerful tonic herb which is mildly the tonic health system because of its calming and possessing pain-alleviating Organ Meridian Systems critical adjunctive role as a circulation properties. Schizandra develops the Liver, Kidney enhancer. Salvia has the capacity to primary energies of life and is thus of activate blood circulation and to dispel great use to any one who consumes it. Primary Functions blood stasis, or blood congestion. It is Schizandra generates vitality and radiant Astringent used in much the same manner as raw beauty when used regularly for some time. Notoginseng, except that Salvia is a It is a safe and powerful tonic herb which cooling herb which can dispel heat. As a is mildly calming and possessing pain- Salvia cooling herb, it can be used to treat Salvia is a “blood vitalizing” herb used to alleviating properties. If used for 100 problems where there is blood stagnation days successively, Schizandra is said to improve circulation. Recent research in (areas where blood flow is sluggish) or China and Japan indicates that this herb purify the blood, sharpen the mind, blood stasis (areas where blood flow is improve memory, rejuvenate the Kidney can improve the condition and functioning entirely blocked or impeded) accompanied of the cardiovascular system. It is a energy (especially the sexual energy and by heat, as is the case in heart disease functions in both men and women), and famed longevity herb. and skin eruptions. Salvia has a bitter cause the skin to become radiantly taste and affects the Heart function. beautiful. Products Featuring This Herb: Young at Heart It is the perhaps the primary herb now Cardiovascular Protector The very name of Schizandra in Chinese used in Chinese herbalism used to prevent tells us a great deal about the qualities of Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination and treat heart disease, including angina Salviq this herb. Wu Wei Zi means “Five Taste pectoris. Salvia can be combined with Fruit.” Due to the fact that Schizandra Gecko Rockclimber Ligusticum and Notoginseng to improve Hair and Nails possesses all five of the classical “tastes” circulation in the myocardium, or it can be (sour, bitter, sweet, spicy and salty) and Pearl Spirit used alone. It is now believed in China to thus possesses the essence of all five of have preventive action. the elemental energies (wood, fire, earth, metal and water), Schizandra is respected dra, the skin tends to hold its moisture ing for Schizandra in Northern China, I as a health-providing tonic in the same and becomes full and beautiful. It has have always found that Schizandra tends class with Ginseng and Ganoderma. always been very popular with the wealthy to grow in relatively inaccessible areas, men and women of China because of its often near cliffs and streams. It is almost The Taoists especially revered Schizan- youth preserving and rejuvenating impossible to cultivate Schizandra and dra. Schizandra was my teacher’s, Sung effects. It is said that those who use very few farmers try. However, wild Jin Park’s, favorite herb. This is because Schizandra consistently will remain Schizandra is not overly abundant and the Schizandra contains all five elemental youthful in both appearance and physiol- end users should appreciate the difficulty energies in abundance, contains all three ogy. I have seen the benefits of this herb that collectors experience in collecting it. treasures in abundance, and enters all with my own eyes hundreds of times in my twelve meridians. Master Park considered life. People who start taking Schizandra High quality Schizandra, as we see it in it to be the quintessential herbal sub- regularly all change for the better. Their American herb shops, is dried and dark stance. skin virtually glows and becomes clear and purple with some pinkish tone left. fine after several months. Freshly dried Schizandra has a luster and Though Schizandra is believed to benefit the flesh is still plump and tender. If the all the functions of the body, its has This herb is considered to be one of the fruit is dark black, brown or has white traditionally been considered to have the premium mind tonics of herbalism. It is patches everywhere, it is probably too old most influence on the Kidney, Lung and used to sharpen concentration, improve to be fully useful. Freshly dried Schizan- Liver functions. memory and increase alertness. Yet, dra still has a very pleasant sweet-sour unlike caffeine-like stimulants, Schizan- aroma. With experience you will be able to Schizandra is said to increase the Water dra does not produce nervousness. In select premium Schizandra with your eyes Qi in the Kidney. In particular, it is said fact, some people consider Schizandra closed. The fruit has a wonderful flavor to vastly increase the “water of the mildly “calming” while producing wakeful- and fresh Schizandra has a smoother, genital organs,” referring to the sexual ness and improved focus. sweeter fragrance. Be careful to select fluids. Schizandra is said to promote the good Schizandra. Schizandra is often production of semen. It is famous for its Schizandra is one of the primary cleans- stored for years before it is sold in herb ability to relieve sexual fatigue and for ing tonic herbs used in Chinese herbalism. shops. I have seen Schizandra that is increasing the sexual staying-power in Schizandra stands along with Reishi as barely recognizable. It was shriveled, men. It is thus an ingredient in the vast the primary liver cleansing agents used in black and lifeless. This Schizandra would majority of men’s sexual tonics in Asian tonic programs. Schizandra does not have be herbally useless. Keep the Schizandra herbalism. the side effects that are associated with in a well-closed container in a dark closet, many of the “medicinal,” or “inferior” liver or better yet, refrigerate it. When you Women benefit from the same capacity to cleansing herbs. It is believed that by find great Schizandra, stock up — it is increase Water Qi of the Kidney. Schi- taking Schizandra regularly, it is possible the quintessence of everything good zandra is said to increase circulation and to rid the body of toxins before they about tonic herbalism. sensitivity in the female genitals. Many have a chance to do serious damage. women claim increased genital warmth and Schizandra, especially alcohol extracts, Scientific Knowledge: The fruit of sensation after using Schizandra for a are widely believed to protect the liver Schizandra chinensis contains numerous period of time. The Chinese sexual from damage due to poisons, as well as lignin’s, schizandrins A, B and C, classics claim that continuous use by a the by-products of living. deoxyschizandrin, g-schizandrin, pseudo- woman will increase the amount of “female g-schizandrin, schizandrol and Schizandra elixir,” a euphemism for vaginal secre- Schizandra is among the most popular esters. Fructus Schizandra contains tions, during intercourse. On the other tonic herbs in Asia and is frequently approximately 3% volatile oil. It also hand, Schizandra is used clinically to help pictured in ancient art as a symbol of contains vitamins C and E, citral, b- counteract vaginal discharge. longevity, and even the ability to attain sitosterol and citric acid. “immortality.” For both men and women, Schizandra is Schizandra is considered to be one of the considered to have “aphrodisiac” qualities, Varieties and Grading: premier adaptogens. Just like Ginseng, especially when combined with other There are two varieties of Schizandra: Acanthopanax and Gynostemma, Schizan- Kidney tonifying herbs like Lycium, Northern and Southern. Northern dra increases resistance of the body and Cistanche, Deer Antler, Epimedium, etc. Schizandra is generally considered to be mind against nonspecific stimuli. It can Furthermore, Schizandra is one of the superior to the southern variety. It is protect the body from damage due to most important astringent herbs used in stronger tasting and more potent. The extreme or chronic stress. In particular, Chinese herbalism. An astringent herb skin and meat of the Schizandra fruit are it can protect the adrenals and prevent conserves fluids, and in the case of sweet and sour, the core is pungent and atrophy due to extreme stress. Schizandra, it tends to contain sexual bitter, the whole fruit salty. Virtually all fluids until the appropriate time of Schizandra is collected wild in the Schizandra has been demonstrated in release. Thus, consuming Schizandra for a mountains and hills away from cities and laboratory animals and in humans to have period of time, one tends to build up industrial areas. Dragon Herbs uses only a stimulant action on the central nervous sexual fluids. Schizandra is used in sexual northern Schizandra collected in the system. The herb works directly on the formulations to prevent premature pristine Chang Bai Mountains of north- nervous tissue. Many studies now indicate ejaculation and to help promote incredible eastern China. that Schizandra actually has a powerful endurance. balancing, or regulating, action on the The fruit, which is mature in the fall, is a central nervous system. It can result in Schizandra is widely used to beautify the beautiful, radiant violet-red. The plant accurate and optimal balancing between skin and to protect the skin from the grows by entwining itself around short the excitatory and inhibitory control damaging effects of the sun and wind. trees in dense areas where forest and functions of the cerebral cortex. Due to the astringent quality of Schizan- grassland meet. In my experience search- It has been demonstrated that human humans, comparable to similar effects Signathus, or Sea Dragon, is an extremely intellectual activity can be enhanced and well established for Panax Ginseng, powerful Yang tonic. It provides signifi- work efficiency increased by consuming Astragalus and Ganoderma. cant Yang to the Kidney, which results in Schizandra. Various tests have shown sexual power. It is mainly used to increase that moderate therapeutic doses of Fructus Schizandra is an ingredient in an sexual strength. It is used as a primary Schizandra can improve various activities extremely important tonic preparation herb in many Yang tonic preparations requiring concentration, fine coordination, called Formula for Restoring the Pulse, aimed at keeping older men in peak sexual sensitivity and endurance. The tests in which consists of Panax Ginseng, condition, and even by younger men to humans confirming Schizandra’s efficacy Ophiopogon root and Schizandra fruit. maximize potential. in these areas range from threading This formula has been broadly studied in needles to running marathons. China as an example of how tonic formula- Preparation and Utilization tions work and because it is very widely Sea Dragon, be it Sygnathus or Human studies have also shown that used in Chinese hospitals. Experiments Solenognathus, may be used with any Schizandra can improve vision, even have shown that this formula has the other tonic herbs. It is commonly com- enlarging the field of vision, and can effect of dilating blood vessels, increas- bined with Kidney tonics, both Yin and improve hearing. It also improves the ing the coronary blood flow, enhancing the Yang. discrimination ability of the skin recep- anoxic tolerance, and reducing toxicity of tors. It has been determined that this toxins to the body. It is effective for Primary Combinations increased sensitivity is due to improved cardiac shock, acute myocardial infarction Combine with: function of the central nervous system’s and myocarditis, and is tonifying to the 1. Deer Antler, Sea Horse, Gecko, Gin- ability to analyze data flowing to it from heart and effective at raising blood seng, Lycium, Schizandra, Cuscuta, the peripheral sensors. pressure in patients with low blood Cynomorium, Morinda, etc. to tonify the pressure. sexual organs Schizandra has been shown to have significant respiratory-strengthening 2. With Jujube and Cordyceps for capacity. It can cause the breathing to be Sea Dragon scorfula and goiter both deeper and more powerful. Schizan- Products Featuring This Herb: dra also has significant expectorant and Super Yang Jing Drops 3. With Gelatinum Asini to tonify the Yin antitussive action. Other Common Names Varieties and Grading Fructus Schizandra has been shown to Signathus , Sea Dragon, Pipe Fish Common Sygnathus is about 5 to 6 inches have significant hepatic protective long. So long as they look like they are in effects. It can promote the regeneration Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese good shape, they will do the job. There is of liver tissue, protein synthesis, and Tonic Herbs another version of Sea Dragon that can nucleic acid synthesis. It is believed that 212 occasionally be found in Chinese herb the protective action of Schizandra is shops that is even better. These larger partly due to its ability to promote the Pharmaceutical Latin Sea Dragons are actually Solenognathus regeneration of mitochondria in hepatic Sygnathoides biaculeatus hardwickii (Gray), a close relative of cells. Also, it can improve the function of Zoological Names: Solenognathus Sygnathus. Solenognathus is always the cell membrane, lowering its perme- hardwickii, Syngnathoides biaculeatus, considered premium and is much more ability which, in turn, minimizes enzyme Syngnathus acus L. expensive. They provide absolutely leakage into the blood stream. awesome Kidney Yang power. Solegnathus Pinyin gets a five-star rating. Sea Dragon is a It can reduce elevated 0 in patients with Hai Long close relative of Sea Horse. Sea Horse chronic hepatitis. In a clinical study has almost identical functions, but is conducted in China, more than 5000 Treasures generally not quite as strong as people suffering from various types of Yang Sygnathus. hepatitis were given Schizandra and the results were very good. The aggregate Treasure Rating Contraindications effective rate was 84-97.9%. 0 was **** Men, do not use if you are mateless. normalized in about 75% of the cases. Women should use this herb only in very Atmospheric Energy small quantities and only for short periods In another clinical study, Schizandra was warm of time. Do not use when experiencing proved to be very effective in treating pathogenic fire (e.g., the flu, a herpes various neurotic symptoms, including Part Used and Form outbreak, etc.). It is best not to use Sea insomnia, headache, dizziness, blurred whole dried fish Dragon during pregnancy. vision, palpitations and nocturnal emission. It has even been used in cases of psycho- Primary Functions Sea Horse sis, with symptoms of hallucination, Yang tonic, sexual tonic Other Common Names paranoia and neurosis, with good results. Sea Horse Qualities Schizandra chinensis has been found to This variety of fish, known as Sea Dragon Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese induce the production in human beings of is a close relative of the Sea Horse. It is Tonic Herbs g-interferon. It contains shizandrin, an extremely yang and powerful Essence 212 schizandrol, volatile oil, chamigrenal, malic tonic, reputed in China to have “aphrodi- acid citric acid, tartaric acid, Vitamin C, siac” qualities. Large, wild Sea Dragons Pharmaceutical Latin etc. Extracts of Schizandra have been are rare and highly prized. The larger the Hippocampus shown to induce non-specific resistance in Sea Dragon, the more potent its energy. Pinyin small quantities and only for short periods physical and mental performance, endur- Hai Ma of time. Do not use when experiencing ance and adaptability. pathogenic fire (e.g., the flu, a herpes Treasures outbreak, etc.). It is best not to use Sea It has been demonstrated that Acantho- Yang Jing Horse during pregnancy. panax has an anabolic action which can result in an increase in lean body weight. Treasure Rating Shitake Mushroom Acanthopanax, however, differs from the **** Pharmaceutical Latin steroid anabolic hormones. It does not Lentinus edodes have a masculinizing effect. Atmospheric Energy warm Pinyin Acanthopanax is highly effective in xiang gu treating and preventing altitude sickness. Part Used and Form Whole dried fish Treasures History: Qi Acanthopanax senticosus (the Latin name Primary Functions for Siberian Ginseng) has been used in Provides Yang to the Kidney, aphrodisiac Treasure Rating China for over 2,000 years. It is believed **** to have been first described in the Spirit Qualities Atmospheric Energy Nong Ben Cao where the Spirit Farmer This is a species of Sea Horse This graded it a general herb and described it variety of fish is a close relative of the Qualities as being useful for promoting energy and Sea Dragon. It is an extremely yang and This edible mushroom has been prized for curing rheumatism. Later, Li Shih Chen, in powerful Kidney tonic, reputed in China to its tonic and therapeutic value for his great Catalog of Medicinal Herbs, have “aphrodisiac” qualities. Large, wild thousands of years. It is used to reduce upgraded it to a superior herb, indicating Sea Horses are highly prized. The larger cholesterol and to fortify the immune he believed that Acanthopanax is a the Sea Horse, the more potent its system. Shitake contains polysaccharides, primarily tonic, with an anti-aging nature energy. including the all-important Beta-1,3-D- rather than a medicinal effect. He glucan, which powerfully activates the describes it as follows: “Its action is to Sea Horse is considered to be a powerful human immune system. It has been shown invigorate physical energy, regulate vigor, sex tonic. It is very similar to Sea to have antiviral, antibacterial, anti- strengthen the skeleton and tendons and Dragon, but is slightly weaker. It provides parasitic and liver protective qualities. increase one’s ambition. If administered Yang to the Kidney and has a reputation Scientific research has demonstrated over a long period of time, it can delay as an aphrodisiac. It is used in a wide that Shitake has significant antitumor weakness and aging. Indications for its variety of men’s tonic formulations to effects. Shitake has also been shown to use include sexual debility, overly- build sexual strength. It is quite effec- have cardiovascular benefits, including frequent urination, lumbago (low-back tive. the ability to lower blood pressure. pain), rheumatic pain in the legs and Shitake helps lower elevated sugar levels weakness of vigor and vitality.” Preparation and Utilization and promotes urination. Sea Horse may be used with any other Historically, there has been some confu- tonic herbs, but it is most commonly sion as to which species is really the tonic combined with Kidney tonics, both Yin and Siberian Ginseng and which are more medicinal. Studies Yang. You can make a tea of it, or you can Description done in the Soviet Union and in China grind it into powder and add it to cap- Mild tasting, yet potent in effect, our clearly identified the correct species sules. Also, Sea Horse is commonly Siberian Ginseng is made from wild roots. during the 1960’s. Acanthopanax, re- extracted, with other tonics, in alcohol to An 8:1 concentrate. ferred to as Eleutherococcus in Soviet make a tonic jiu. sources, has become one of the most Primary Traditional Functions popular and widely respected herbal Primary Combinations Tonifies Qi, adaptogen, immune modulat- tonics in the world. Combine with: ing According to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. 1. Deer Antler, Sea Dragon, Gecko, Typical Usage Acanthopanax is used for: hypofunction Ginseng, Lycium, Schizandra, Cuscuta, 1 or 2 squeezes of the dropper (~35 70 of the Spleen and the Kidney marked by Cynomorium, Morinda, etc. as a Kidney drops), 13 times per day, or as desired general weakness, lassitude, anorexia, yang tonic and to tonify the sexual aching of the loins and knees; insomnia functions Recognized the world over as one of the and dream-disturbed sleep. ultimate adaptogenic agents, Siberian Varieties and Grading Ginseng, also known as Acanthopanax and Qualities Attributed to the Root: Larger Sea Horses are better. Some- Eleutherococcus, helps provide long term The herb has developed a major reputa- times, very large Sea Horses are available energy and the ability to cope with a tion as a premier supplement for those and these tend to have strong aphrodisiac world of stress. who require additional physical strength power. If they still smell like the sea, or who suffer as a result of low resis- they are fresh. That is usually better so Siberian Ginseng is especially popular tance to the side effects of extreme long as they are well dried and in good among athletes or physical workers who exertion. It aids in the recovery from condition. require substantial sources of adaptive hard exercise, as well as from extreme energy and endurance, such as long mental exertion. It is now routinely used Contraindications distance runners, rock climbers, bicy- by people required to engage in high Men, do not use if you are mateless. clists, scuba divers, dancers, tennis stress, high energy-demanding activities Women should use this herb only in very players and by others seeking to enhance such as high altitude flying, long-distance sailing, working in high or low temperature environments or in deep water. Acantho- Acanthopanax increases respiratory In addition to this, Acanthopanax has panax is used by all Russian cosmonauts. power by improving the ability of the been shown to improve mental alertness The use of the extract of this herb in body to absorb and efficiently use and work output. Numerous studies have these endeavors has been reported to oxygen. For this reason, Russian cosmo- demonstrated that Acanthopanax has the increase physical strength, sharpen nauts use it during space travel. Mountain ability to enhance sensorial perception, concentration, improve various param- climbers who scale peaks where oxygen improving visual acuity and night vision, eters of mental power, increase visual becomes scarce commonly use Acantho- heightening auditory awareness, all while acuity, improve color vision and to pro- panax to reduce the stress on the body protecting the eyes and hearing apparatus mote healing power. caused by the adverse conditions, and to from damage due to excess stimulation. absorb oxygen more efficiently. For the In addition, considerable research and Acanthopanax has been used regularly as same reasons, any one engaged in hard clinical evidence has demonstrated that a tonic by the people of far northern physical activity will benefit from the Acanthopanax is a powerful immune China for over two thousand years, but consumption of Siberian Ginseng. It is a modulator. It helps to build resistance to was not used widely in the full Chinese superb athlete’s tonic, especially for infectious disease and can prevent auto system until the latter half of this athletes who rely on respiratory endur- immune reactions. Studies have shown century when phyto-biologists in the ance. that Acanthopanax is especially useful in Soviet Union discovered that this herb, reducing the incidence of influenza in which they called Eleutherococcus Acanthopanax helps regulate functions so groups of people who consume it regularly. senticosis, had profound adaptogenic that optimum physiological efficiency is functions, similar to those of ginseng. achieved. Used regularly, the energy of All this adds up to one of the most useful Acanthopanax has grown enormously in the whole body will increase. This herb and powerful health supplements known to reputation, importance and popularity in has been shown to reduce the activation mankind. In an era when workloads are the Chinese and Western herbal systems of the adrenal cortex in response to intense, stress is ubiquitous and competi- in the last few decades. In fact, Acantho- stress, which means that it helps to tion is the name of the game, Acantho- panax, which is better known in the prevent excessive stress reactions, which panax is the perfect adaptogenic sub- Western world as Siberian Ginseng, has can in term damage other components of stance to make part of your daily regimen. exploded in usage throughout the world, the endocrine and nervous systems and Those who use high quality Acanthopanax including Asia. Acanthopanax is now one of result in exhaustion. In clinical trials in quickly discover that it is one of the the most commonly available, and widely which Acanthopanax was administered to great tools in natures herbal arsenal. It used Chinese tonic herbs on the American healthy human subjects, results showed provides an abundance of both quick and market. It is especially popular among that Acanthopanax increases the ability long-term energy that results in an athletes or physical workers who require of humans to withstand a wide range of improved ability to handle stress, and substantial sources of adaptive energy adverse physical and mental conditions, further results in the improvement of and endurance, such as long distance such as exercise, increase in workload, one’s capacities, both physically and runners, rock climbers, bicyclists, scuba noise, heat, motion and decompression. It mentally. Acanthopanax has been demon- divers, dancers, tennis players and by was also shown in the same studies to strated to be a remarkably safe sub- others seeking to enhance physical and improve athletic performance and the stance. mental performance, endurance and quality of work under stressful conditions. adaptability. There is considerable confusion in the Besides being characterized as a tonic world market as to how to determine true Acanthopanax is a very powerful adapto- herb, Acanthopanax is, in fact, also Siberian Ginseng. True Acanthopanax genic agent. It is among the most famous regarded as a mild, but significant comes either from Soviet Siberia or the and important adaptogenic herbs in the “stimulant.” This stimulating action refers northernmost province of China, world. It helps expand the dimensions of to the pharmacological ability of Acantho- Heilongjiang, which is a frigid area work that one can perform, improving panax to increase the work capacity of a adjacent to Soviet Siberia. The plant is work capacity in both the short and long person after a single dose of the prepara- common in Heilongjiang, but does not grow term. Athletes and workers all over the tion. This is in some contrast to its tonic in any abundance elsewhere in China. It is world have found that regular consump- action, which refers to its ability to very difficult to find Acanthopanax root tion of the extract of this herb provides increase work capacity after prolonged or in herb stores in America. The herb itself endurance and the capacity to handle continuous use of the substance. Work is the woody root of the above-ground heavy work loads with less strain on the capacity is increased as a result of taking shrub. Because of its woody nature, it body. Although Acanthopanax is an a tonic, not just during the time period takes a large quantity of the root to yield extremely safe herb that has been clearly when the substance is being used, but for even a small amount of extract. Generally, demonstrated to have no negative side a sustained period of time afterwards. it takes fifty pounds of Acanthopanax effects, it has been banned for use by Acanthopanax has the rare ability to both root to produce one pound of finished Olympic athletes because it provides an increase immediate energy and long-term extract powder. For this reason, it is “unfair competitive advantage.” This energy, and is thus known as a “stimulat- generally found only as a finished product should not deter other athletes from ing tonic.” It increases the general tone as an extract. Most Acanthopanax is using it. It contains no steroids or other of the body, while adjusting and normaliz- processed in China and sold in America as dangerous chemical agents. Its benefits ing arterial blood pressure and blood either concentrated powder in capsules are derived from its broad spectrum of sugar levels. It does not possess the and pills or as liquid concentrates. High eleutherosides, chemical agents that help negative side effects, depressing qualities quality Acanthopanax roots are large (0.5 the nervous and endocrine systems to or addictive potential of most other ~ 1.5 inches thick). The best extracts are perform at a higher level. These eleuth- pharmacological and biological stimulants dark in color and are strongly bitter in erosides are saponins, which are very such as coffee, guarana, amphetamines, or flavor. Do not get this herb confused with similar to the saponins found in Panax cocaine, etc. It is the safest and healthi- Acanthopanax gracilistylus (Chinese: Wu Ginseng, Notoginseng and Gynostemma. est known stimulant. Jia Pi), which is the root bark of a related species used specifically in Chinese phenylhydrazine. Similarly, Acanthopanax herbalism to treat rheumatism, but which Laboratory experiments have demon- normalized blood pressure in laboratory does not have the tonic qualities of strated that Acanthopanax has marked animals, whether the blood pressure was Acanthopanax senticosus. This medicinal detoxicant action, protecting animals high or low to start with. This regulatory Acanthopanax is the herb sold at Chinese against various poisons. effect of Acanthopanax has been ob- herb shops in Chinatowns throughout served clinically in humans. Therefore America. The antistress action of Acanthopanax Acanthopanax is used clinically in China, has been studied in great depth. This Korea, Russia and Japan to regulate blood Scientific Knowledge: herb has been found to be capable of pressure. After profuse bleeding, Acan- Radix Acanthopanax contains glycosides altering the stress response mechanism in thopanax promoted the recovery of including resin glycosides and phenolic such a way as to prevent severe pathology hemoglobin and stimulated antibody glycosides. Five primary glycosides, which associated with the mechanism. Labora- production. Blood pressure in either are called eleutherosides, have been tory results have demonstrated reduction hypertensive or hypotensive patients isolated from the root. Many others of in adrenal hypertrophy, maintenance of generally normalizes after oral adminis- lesser quantity have been isolated. vitamin C content in the adrenal glands, tration of Acanthopanax, according to Experiments have demonstrated that this prevention of atrophy of the thymus numerous clinical reports. herb exerts control functions over gland and reduction of gastric bleeding — excitatory and inhibitory control mecha- all signs of stress syndrome progression. Acanthopanax has been shown to promote nisms of the central nervous system. This antistress action has been proven to antibody formation and to protect the Numerous experiments have shown that be due to the activities of eleutherosides immune system, in particular to prevent this herb improves both the excitatory E and B. Acanthopanax also prolonged the leukopenia (depressed white blood cell control mechanism and the inhibitory resistance to stress. Laboratory animals count) due to various cytotoxins. When control mechanism. Its central excitatory, were subjected to extreme stress, the herb, as well as its polysaccharides, or stimulant, action has been reported to resulting in exhaustion. Those given were administered to tumor-bearing mice, be quite similar pharmacologically to that Acanthopanax did not experience choles- the average number of splenic macroph- of Panax Ginseng. terol reduction, and shrinkage or weight ages was markedly increased, as was the loss of the thymus, spleen, liver, kidneys splenic weight of the animals. Oral Extensive work has been conducted in the and heart. The animals which did not administration of Acanthopanax provided former Soviet Union as well as in China on receive the herb did experience signifi- prophylactic and therapeutic actions the herb’s capacity to regulate the body cant cholesterol reduction and shrinkage against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and reaction to non-specific stimuli. Both the of the vital organs associated with severe sarcoma 180. It has also been shown to root extract and the total eleutherosides exhaustion resulting from the extreme reduce the transplantation rate of other have shown significant anti-fatigue stress. forms of experimental cancer in labora- activity. Eleutherosides have been shown tory animals. The herb consistently to have a stronger anti-fatigue effect Acanthopanax prevents damage to various inhibited induced tumors in laboratory than ginsenosides (the glycosides present endocrine glands. In laboratory animals, it animals. For example, the extract of the in Panax Ginseng). The stimulant and anti- prevented adrenal hyperplasia due to root, when added to drinking water, fatigue actions of Acanthopanax have ACTH, and reduced adrenal atrophy due inhibited the metastasis of SSK sarcoma been proven in both animals and in to the administration of cortisone. and Walker carcinoma in rats. humans. For example, animals subjected Similarly, it prevented thyroid enlarge- to extreme exertion were tested after ment due to the administration of The extract of the root as well as the one hour’s rest to determine their oxygen thyroxin, and prevented thyroid atrophy eleutherosides isolated from the root deficit. Those that had been given due to administration of methylthiouracil, have been found to have gonadotrophic Acanthopanax root showed that the a drug that normally causes atrophy of action. When the root extract or total oxygen deficit had been absolutely the thyroid. And again, it lowered blood glycosides (as well as certain specific abolished, whereas those of the control glucose to normal in drug induced hyperg- eleutherosides) were administered to group, tested under the same conditions, lycemic animals while increasing the blood young male mice, the RNA content still had an oxygen deficit 62% higher glucose in insulin-induced hypoglycemic increased as did the weight of the than normal. Also, laboratory animals fed animals. prostate gland and testicles and total this herb had significantly increased body weight. The eleutherosides pre- tolerance to oxygen deprivation, as Acanthopanax has been found to exert a vented testicular and prostatic atrophy in compared to animals not provided the stimulant action on the endocrine func- castrated laboratory animals. Acantho- herb. The herb is very widely used by tions of the gonads and adrenals of panax effected females similarly. It humans to prevent altitude sickness, a laboratory animals, resulting in significant promoted early maturity and increased disorder associated with oxygen defi- increases in mating activity. body weight in female mice and increased ciency. It is commonly used by mountain the number of eggs laid by hens, as well climbers. The remarkable normalizing ability of as increasing the total nitrogen and Acanthopanax was again demonstrated protein contents of the fallopian tubes. Acanthopanax has been shown to exert a when it was shown to regulate the red and powerful protective action against white blood cells and blood pressure. It has been demonstrated that Acantho- numerous injuries that result from Cobalt nitrate is known to cause an panax has anabolic action which can result radiation, both chronic and acute. It increase in erythrocytes (red blood cells). in an increase in lean body weight. Acan- doubled the survival time of animals Acanthopanax normalized the red blood thopanax, however, differs from the exposed to lethal doses of irradiation, and cell count in cases of increased erythro- steroid anabolic hormones. It does not when combined with antibiotics, tripled cyte as a result of cobalt nitrate. Phenyl- have a masculinizing effect. Acanthopanax the survival period. It protects the hydrazine decreases erythrocyte count. has been found clinically useful for erythrocytes from damage due to irradia- Acanthopanax normalized erythrocyte chronic bronchitis, where it has proven tion. counts in the case of the increase due to antitussive, expectorant, bronchodilatory, anti-asthmatic and antibacterial actions. Spirit and Qi 1. Zizyphus Seed, Albizia Bark, Biota Its effects on chronic bronchitis has Seed, Polygonum Stem, Dragon Bone and been found to be especially useful for Treasure Rating Oyster Shell to stabilize Spirit and treat elderly patients. Patients taking daily ****1/2 insomnia caused by anxiety doses between 8-22 grams (given in three doses) showed a 50% increase in vital Atmospheric Energy 2. Ganoderma, Pearl, Wild Red Asparagus capacity, compared to 29% in the control Neutral Root and Albizia Flower to nurture Spirit group. The herb also improved the reaction of the pituitary-adrenal system Taste Varieties and Grading in these patients. The patients became Bland or very mildly sweet Select Poria that has substantial pieces stronger and had a strong recovery rate. of wood still in it. Try to find large, white Organ Meridian Systems pieces with nice pieces of wood. The best Acanthopanax is highly effective in Heart, Spleen and Kidney Spirit Poria is still slightly moist — or at treating and preventing altitude sickness. least, not very dry and brittle. One experiment, involving over 200 Part Used and Form soldiers in Tibet, resulted in a 97.3% Whole fungus with host wood Contraindications effective rate. Poria is a very safe herb. Primary Functions The extract of Radix Acanthopanax is To stabilize and lift Spirit, to help Stevia widely used clinically in Asia. It is broadly develop spirit and calm the mind, emotion- Products Featuring This Herb: used as an adjunct in the treatment of ally balancing. To strengthen the Spleen Spring Dragon Longevity Tea chronic diseases, where numerous reports and transform dampness, to move water indicate that the herb increases physical and to tonify the immune functions as Other Common Names strength of patients, especially those who regular Poria. Stevia have undergone surgery, severe acute illness and exhaustion. The root extract is Qualities Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese commonly used clinically to relieve the This special variety of Poria is considered Tonic Herbs symptoms and pain due to rheumatic a premium Spirit tonic herb. It is the part arthritis. The herb is also used clinically of the Poria mushroom which contains the Pharmaceutical Latin in China during the treatment of diabetes root of the old pine tree, upon which it Stevia Rebaudiana, Herba mellitus. has grown. Spirit Poria is said to benefit the heart, to nourish the Spirit and to Pinyin Acanthopanax has been demonstrated to lead to a long and happy life. It is often tian ye ju be a remarkably safe substance. No used by those wishing to overcome abnormalities resulted from administra- anxiety, worry, fear, etc. This is a very Treasures tion of Acanthopanax to mice at 350 g/ special herb traditionally used by Taoist kg., a very high dosage. When mice were adepts to help attain enlightenment. Treasure Rating given doses 220 times the clinical dose, they showed no abnormalities after seven It is primarily the same herb as Poria, Atmospheric Energy days. The animals were able to tolerate except that it is the center of the administration of the herb extract mushroom, where the host wood root throughout their life span without toxic runs. The pine root is allowed to remain Tortoise Plastron reactions. In fact, continuous treatment and represents about 20% of each slice Products Featuring This Herb: for six months prolonged their average of Spirit Poria. The chemistry and the Essence Restorative life span, and did not adversely affect energy of the wood has been changed by Super Essence Restorative ensuing offspring. the mushroom and is no longer simply pine Profound Essence root. It was used by Taoists and has been held in the highest esteem by spiritual Other Common Names Spirit Poria Mushroom Tortoise Shell Products Featuring This Herb: seekers. It is believed by the Taoists to Supreme Spirit Drops have a very special power to lift Spirit and to help develop the Spirit. It is one of Pharmaceutical Latin Will Power Plastrum Testudinis Lights Out the major Spirit tonic and Spirit stabiliz- Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination ing substances and has acquired a special reputation for it overall emotional Pinyin balancing benefits. By stabilizing the Gui Ban Other Common Names Spirit Poria emotions, the true mind is able to develop fully, unhindered by emotional distraction. Treasures Unlike Biota and Zizyphus, it is drying and Yin Jing Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs can be used by people who suffer from fluid stagnation. Besides these Spirit Treasure Rating 208 **** actions, Spirit Poria still has the same Pharmaceutical Latin actions as regular Poria with regard to its ability to move water and tonify the Atmospheric Energy Sclerotium Poriae Cocos Pararadicis Cold immune functions. Pinyin Taste fu Spirit Primary Combinations Combine with: Sweet and salty Treasures Organ Meridian Systems Kidney, Liver and Heart Tortoise Plastron is also used to tonify Treasure Rating the bones. For this it is blended with **** Part Used and Form herbs like Deer Antler, Drynaria, The plastron (undershell) of a fresh Dipsacus and Morinda. Atmospheric Energy water Tortoise Neutral Primary Combinations Primary Functions Combine with: Taste To nourish Yin and subdue fire (hyperac- Sweet and Bland tive Yang), to tonify the Kidney and to 1. White Peony root and Uncaria stem to strengthen the skeleton, and to cause the subdue hyperactive yang due to deficient Organ Meridian Systems Qi to ascend Liver, manifesting as dizziness, headache Lung, Stomach, Kidney and blurred vision Qualities Part Used and Form Tortoise plastron is an important tonic, 2. Fresh Rehmannia, Oyster shell and Fungus fruiting body used routinely in “restorative” formulas Donkey skin glue for convulsions due to for people who are experiencing exhaus- dehydration and exhaustion of yin Primary Functions tion. It replenishes bodily fluids, and Nourishes Yin of the Stomach, moistens settles unruly wind, which manifests in 3. Rehmannia (steamed) and Dragon Bone Lungs, generates fluids. Yin-deficiency cases as inflammation, for low back pain due to yin deficiency pain, cramps, fever, dehydration, insom- and to prevent premature ejaculation Qualities nia, etc. Due to its Yin nourishing ability Used for Deficient Yin patterns with and to the fact that it is a cold herb, it is 4. Ganoderma, Polygala and Spirit Poria ascendant Yang, especially with such capable of extinguishing false fire for confusion due to exhaustion symptoms as emaciation and sensations of conditions anywhere in the body. heat in the five centers. Tremella is a Varieties and Grading great Yin tonic. It is a staple in Chinese Yin Jing is easily depleted by excessive There are many kinds of Tortoise Plastron health food cooking. It is not only used to stress, over work, and particularly by available in China, but the selection is treat the problems associated with Yin excessive sexual activity (beyond the extremely limited in America. Genuine, deficiency and unruly fire, but is used to body’s actual capacity) and drug abuse. As first grade tortoise plastron will be 3 to 6 beautify the skin. It is without question the Yin Jing becomes depleted, Yang is inches long and 2 to 3 inches wide. It is a one of the premier beauty herbs of Asia. left uncontrolled and false fire conditions light yellow and purplish-brown elliptical It has a special affinity to the skin. When can easily develop, resulting in hyperac- plate with purplish-brown radial veins consumed regularly, the skin becomes tive Yang. If the condition is left un- lines. Each plastron is composed of 12 soft, moist and pliant. Tremella is prob- treated, severe damage will (not might) smaller plates. The inner surface is ably the most widely used internal beauty result. Yin Jing is synonymous with life yellow. Be sure to obtain the plastron supplement used in China. itself. It protects our youthfulness. from a reliable herb dealer, since plastron When a person runs low on Yin Jing, they from some species is not very useful. For typical Yin deficiency conditions, us age very quickly. When a person runs out There are many fakes and some of them with some of the following herbs: Ameri- of Yin Jing, they die. Therefore, Yin Jing look very much like Chinemys reevesii. can Ginseng, Asparagus root, Lily bulb, deficiency is very serious and must be Most of the time, you will be obtaining Glehnia root, Prince Ginseng and avoided at all cost. That is where herbs Tortoise Plastron as a component of a Ophiopogon. Traditionally, Tremella is like Lycium, Polygonum and Steamed prepared formula and you won’t have to almost always combined with rock sugar Rehmannia come into play. But if Yin Jing worry about selecting it. (the natural yellow kind). The sugar deficiency does occur, it must be treated activates the Yin tonic effects of the as quickly and effectively as possible. Contraindications Tremella (and makes it taste very good). That is where Tortoise plastron comes in. The herb should be used with caution It is powerful, effective, and quick. If during pregnancy. To beautify the skin, the same Yin herbs the symptoms of exhaustion do include can be used, and several other herbs may hyperactive symptoms, such as afternoon Tremella be added, such as: Pearl powder, Schizan- fevers, inflammation, sore throat, swollen Products Featuring This Herb: dra, Lycium, Longan, Dang Gui and White lymph glands, etc., blend the Tortoise Young Lungs Peony. Plastron with cold herbs like Dendrobium, raw Rehmannia, Philodendron, Red Peony, Other Common Names Primary Combinations Anemarrhena, etc. This combination will White Wooden Ear Tremella is often combined by itself, by replenish fluids (Yin) and Kidney Yin (Yin adding just enough sugar to make a sweet essence). Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese soup. It may be combined with other Tonic Herbs herbs. Combine with: If someone is thoroughly exhausted but is 251 1. American Ginseng and Asparagus root not yet showing such hot symptoms, or if to tonify Kidney, Stomach and Lung yin the hot symptoms have already been Pharmaceutical Latin overcome but more restorative therapy is Fructifatio Tremella Fuciformis. 2. Bulbus Lilii, Radix Glehniae and rock required, then Tortoise Plastron and a candy for consumption, coughing up blood, variety of cooling Yin herbs may be Pinyin and lung abscess blended with Placenta hominis, Astragalus, Bai Mu Er Ginseng (Panax or American, depending on 3. To beautify the skin, the same Yin conditions) and other Qi tonics to create Treasures herbs can be used, and several other an awesome restorative formula. Yin herbs may be added, such as: Pearl powder, Schizandra, Lycium, Longan, Dang Pharmaceutical Latin Gui and White Peony. 1. Dioscin, protodioscin, diosgenin, etc. Carapx Trionycis This first group has an effect on sexual Varieties and Grading performance and may treat various sexual Pinyin Tremella is a cultivated jelly fungus. The disorders, sexual energy level and Bie Jia Tremella with more flavor is best, but you strength by increasing the percentage of generally won’t know that until you cook it. free testosterone level for men, and Treasures So usually, the most expensive is the effects pregnenolone, progesterone, Yin and Yin Jing best. The best Tremella may cost a dollar estrogen, etc. The hormone balancing or two more per pound. Good Tremella is a effects of Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris Treasure Rating pure creamy white color, with no discol- for women makes this product best for **** oration. Be sure to buy relatively fresh premenstrual syndrome and menopausal Tremella. Though it is dried like all herbs syndrome. Atmospheric Energy in the herb shops, it will appear clean and Cold fresh. When Tremella becomes old, it 2. Sterols - betasitosterols, stigma, etc. crumbles — a sign of nutritional degen- This second group protects the prostate Part Used and Form eration (and a sign that it has lost its own from swelling and in combination with the Shell of freshwater turtle Yin!). X steroidal saponins (third group listed below), protects the prostate from Primary Functions There is also a Black Wooden Ear, but it cancer. To nourish Yin and subdue fire (“unruly is not as highly prized as the white Yang”), to soften hardness variety. The White Wooden Ear is 3. Proprietary steroidal saponins currently traditionally believed to be much more referred to as X steroidal saponins. Qualities tonic. However, recent analysis has shown These X steroidal saponins effect the The shell of several species of freshwa- that the calcium content of the black immune system. They have been demon- ter turtle is a very special and potent Yin variety is approximately equivalent and strated to possess anti-bacterial and Essence tonic that also builds blood. It is the black variety tends to be richer in anti-viral (especially anti-herpes) effects. said to increase fluids, build hormones protein and iron. Therefore, it is certainly Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris may be used and to replenish substances lost due to worth using for tonic purposes. internally and externally to treat herpes, stress and excessive behavior. Turtle and virus infections such as influenza and shell is thus included in “restorative” Contraindications the common cold. formulas. These are formulas designed to None, Tremella is extremely safe. It is a rejuvenate some one who has aged highly nutritious food which may be Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris themselves prematurely by living exces- enjoyed by the whole family any time. are made from a different part of the sively or because they have experienced plant and is harvested at a different time severe stress. The same formulas can also Tribulus Leaf, Bulgarian of the year. The phytochemistry of be used as an occasional replenisher. The Products Featuring This Herb: Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris is Yin essence is constantly drained by life Tribulus Drops considerably different from that of itself, and since restorative formulas are Tribulus Capsules Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris. quick and effective, they can be used Trilovin PMS/Menopause Chinese and Indian Tribulus Terrestris is from time to time to slow down aging. Trilovin used as a diuretic, and is used to treat kidney stones. Chinese and Indian Tribu- Turtle shell is also used to in formulas Other Common Names lus Terrestris does not have the same designed to soften masses and nodules. Tribulus pharmacological and physiological func- tions as Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris. At Primary Combinations Pinyin the best, Indian and Chinese Tribulus Combine with: Terrestris have but a trace of group 1 and Treasures 1 phytochemicals, and contain virtually no 1. Raw Rehmannia, Donkey skin glue and X steroidal saponins. The Indian and White Peony root to tonify body fluids Treasure Rating Chinese producers extract for furo- due to febrile disease or exhaustion of stanols, which has no equivalent pharma- Kidney yin Atmospheric Energy cological effect to the Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris. Furostanols are not the active 2. Prince Ginseng and Dendrobium for Scientific Data ingredient used to effect sexual physiol- deficient yin with fever and dehydration Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris differs ogy and to regulate hormone balance. As significantly from the Tribulus Terrestris they exist in Indian and Chinese Tribulus Varieties and Grading extracts from India and China. Terrestris, they are not absorbed and The species used is cultivated for food utilized by the body. However, the all of and is not endangered. Be sure to pur- Using a special method of harvesting and the active Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris chase Turtle shell from a reliable herb pharmaceutical preparation, Bulgarian are readily absorbed and utilized in the dealer. Tribulus Terrestris has a very high body. This explains the radical difference concentration of steroidal saponins; in the effects of Tribulus Terrestris Contraindications Indian and Chinese Tribulus Terrestris do from different sources. This is a cold herb, so it should not be not. used in cases of deficiency where cold Turtle Shell symptoms such as cold diarrhea are There are three groups of active phy- Other Common Names occurring. Use during pregnancy only tochemicals in Bulgarian Tribulus Terres- Turtle Shell under a doctor’s supervision. tris. Uncaria Hook Qualities Varieties and Grading Uncaria is a powerful sedative that Walnuts are well-known here in the West There are several varieties of Walnut. eliminates anxiety, fear and anger. It is as a delicacy. However, to the Chinese, Most walnuts are equivalent. However, in thus a potent and important Spirit Walnut kernels are an important tonic China the black walnut is often favored stabilizing herb. herb which has significant strengthening since black is the color of the Kidney. qualities. In particular, it is used to Also, organic walnuts are sometimes Products Featuring This Herb: strengthen the Kidney functions, and available — these are best. The thin outer Easy Qi (formerly Smooth Flowing Qi) therefore it is used to strengthen the skin of the kernel is considered to be Golden Voice lumbar region of the back, the legs and slightly toxic. If you are the fastidious the sexual organs. It is commonly com- type, you may scrub this off to improve Other Common Names bined with other Kidney tonics to enhance both the effect and the taste of the Uncaria Hook this action — in particular, Lycium, walnuts (this skin has a bitter taste). Eucommia, Morinda, Polygonum, Psoralea, Some Chinese suppliers have organically Pharmaceutical Latin Cynomorium, Cistanche, etc. grown, peeled walnuts. These are the Uncariae Cum Uncis, Ramulus connoisseurs choice. In addition, the brain is believed to be Pinyin controlled by the Kidney function. So Contraindications Gou Teng most Kidney tonics are believed to help Do not use in cases of Yin deficiency with strengthen the brain to one degree or excessive fire, or in cases of cough due to Treasures another. However, Walnuts, which are phlegm-heat, or when experiencing shaped like a brain, are believed to have a diarrhea. Treasure Rating more powerful effect on the brain than many other Kidney tonics. It is especially Zizyphus Seed Atmospheric Energy powerful when combined with Deer Antler Products Featuring This Herb: Cool (Pantocrin), Lycium, Polygonatum Siberi- Lights Out cum, Acanthopanax (Siberian Ginseng), Calmers Organ Meridian Systems Schizandra, Gynostemma, Cordyceps, Ginseng and Longan Combination Liver, Heart Ganoderma and/or appropriate Spirit Ginseng and Zizyphus Combination tonics. Primary Functions Other Common Names Stabilizes Spirit When combined with Panax Ginseng, Zizyphus Walnut is beneficial to cough due to Walnut Kernel deficient Lung Qi. Combine with Astraga- Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Other Common Names lus, Gynostemma, Ganoderma and Schizan- Tonic Herbs Walnut dra to strengthen the Lungs. 196 Page # In Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Walnut helps moisten the intestines and Pharmaceutical Latin Tonic Herbs improves their function. This herb may be Semen Zizyphi spinosae 220 combined with Hemp seed, Cistanches and Polygonum to tonify the Large Intestine. Pinyin Pharmaceutical Latin Suan Zao Ren Semen Juglandis Many people appreciate Walnut’s benefit to the skin above all else. Regular, Treasures Pinyin moderate consumption improves the Blood and Spirit Hu Tao Ren complexion and the condition of the skin. It may be combined with Lycium, Longan, Treasure Rating Treasures Pearl, White Peony and Schizandra. ***1/2 Yang and Yin Walnuts may be blended into formulas Atmospheric Energy Treasure Rating just as any Chinese herb may, or they may Neutral ***1/2 be eaten raw or roasted. The Chinese use them in cooking much more than we do in Taste Atmospheric Energy the West, both for their flavor and for Sweet and sour Warm their health benefits. Organ Meridian Systems Organ Meridian Systems Primary Combinations Heart and Liver Kidney, Lung and Large Intestine Combine with: Primary Functions Part Used and Form 1. Eucommia bark and Psoralea fruit to Nourish Heart blood, pacify Spirit, Kernel (Seed) tonify the Kidney and strengthen the benefits Yin lower back and knees Primary Functions Qualities To tonify the functions of the Kidney, 2. Ginseng root for cough and asthma due Zizyphus is one of the most commonly strengthen the lower back, relieve cough to lung deficiency used herbs in Chinese herbalism. It is the due to Lung deficiency, relieve constipa- 3. Cistanche, Polygonum, Dang Gui and quintessential tranquilizing herbal sub- tion due to dryness, and to benefit the Hemp seed for constipation due to stance. Being neutral in energy and mild in skin dryness in the intestines nature, it is the most commonly used lead herb in sedative formulas designed to help relax the mind and induce sound sleep. It is especially useful for people Contraindications who are experiencing restless sleep with Do not use when experiencing diarrhea. excessive, vivid dreams and/or night- Zizyphus may cause drowsiness. mares. Researched and copy written It is categorized as a heart-blood tonic, by Ron Teaguarden therefore directly calming the heart, Used with permission which is the seat of Spirit and which determines our emotional stability. This is Posting information on this web site does a very good herb for women who suffer not necessarily mean we agree with all of insomnia due to a slight or profound it, particularly from a religious aspect. anemic condition. It may be combined with Spirit (Spirit) tonics have enabled us to Dang Gui, White Peony and Polygonum to get a closer walk with Jesus by cleansing build heart blood. the body to eliminate the distractions that normally try to take us away from For simple, occasional insomnia due to our attention to Him. From our experience stress or over-thinking, Zizyphus may be as well as clients, we have found the brewed simply by itself, or it may also be physical benefits of these herbs to be brewed as a tea with other Spirit stabi- accurate. It is up to the individual to lizing herbs such as Polygonum stem, decide what is right and true for them Spirit Poria and/or Ganoderma and from a religious standpoint. consumed at bedtime. It is used with Biota, Polygonatum Sibericum and/or steamed or raw Reh- mannia for insomnia, fright or anxiety caused by deficiency of the Kidney and Yin deficiency with hyperactive Yang. It can also be used to stop excessive perspiration. In this case it is combined with tonic astringents such as Schizandra, Cornus and Dragon Bone, and with Qi tonics such as Codonopsis and/or Astraga- lus. For spontaneous sweating or night sweating due to weakness (as occurs in people who are exhausted or are infected with a chronic virus), mix Zizyphus with Ginseng, Astragalus and Schizandra. It also helps the bowels to move. Mixed with Biota, it is both a sedative and a mild laxative. Primary Combinations Combine with: 1. Zizyphus Seed, Albizia Bark, Spirit Poria, Polygonum Stem, Dragon Bone and Oyster Shell to stabilize Spirit and treat insomnia caused by anxiety 2. Astragalus, Schizandra and Ginseng as a Heart Qi tonic and to stop night sweating 3. Biota for insomnia and as a mild laxative Varieties and Grading Zizyphus seed is not the seed of the Jujube Date, as many people think. Zizyphus jujube (Chinese Red Date)and Zizyphus spinosa are different species and have different herbal effects. The seed must be roasted to be effective and mild in action. Freshly roasted Zizyphus has a very pleasant aroma.
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