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									  First published in 2009 by Mike Halsey                  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  www.thelongclimb.com
                                                          The author would like to thank the following
  Copyright © Mike Halsey 2009                            people without whose help and support this
                                                          book might not have been possible.
  The right of Mike Halsey to be identified as the
  author of this work has been asserted by him in         Duncan Buchanan
  accordance with the Copyright, Designs and              Rich Gilbane
  Patents Act 1988.                                       Richard Gough-Thomas
                                                          Larry Hall
  All rights reserved. No part of this publication
                                                          James Halsey
  may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into
                                                          Rachel Hymans
  a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or
                                                          Phil Smith
  by any means, electronic, mechanical,
                                                          Jake Webster
  photocopying, recording or otherwise, without
                                                          Rory Webster
  the prior written permission of the copyright
  holder.                                                 And Martin and Everton at Windows 7 News.com

  Windows®, Windows XP®, Windows Vista®,                  Finally a big thank you goes out to my mother,
  Windows 7®, Office 2007® and Office 2010® are           whose desire to find out more about how
  Trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation.                Windows works was all the prompting I needed
                                                          to write this book.




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                                  2
TABLE OF CONTENTS

   Starting ....................................................................................... 5
            About this book
   Installing ..................................................................................... 7
            Installing and getting started with Windows 7
   Exploring ................................................................................... 19
            Finding your way around
   Working..................................................................................... 37
            Get more done with Windows 7
   Searching .................................................................................. 49
            Searching for files and data
   Connecting ................................................................................ 57
            Communicating with our home and the outside world
   Securing .................................................................................... 65
            Keeping your PC and your files safe
   Configuring................................................................................ 75
            Get Windows 7 running at its best
   Playing ...................................................................................... 91
            Games and having fun and Windows 7
   Communicating ....................................................................... 101
            Connecting with your friends, family, work and home
   Guaranteeing ........................................................................... 107
            Helping make sure the worst never happens
   Maintaining ............................................................................. 115
            Keeping Windows 7 running quickly and smoothly
   Diagnosing .............................................................................. 119
            Problem-solving and fixing problems in Windows 7
   Tweaking ................................................................................. 129
            Tweaks and tips to get even more out of Windows 7
   Upgrading................................................................................ 133
            Improving your PC and upgrading Windows 7
   Finishing ............................................................................................................... 138
            Glossary and appendixes
Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         4
Part 1




         Starting
INTRODUCTION                               WINDOWS 7
                                           EDITIONS
Microsoft Windows 7 offers a
great many advanced features                                                   QUICK TIP
and is highly configurable.                As with all editions of
There is a great deal you can              Windows, Windows 7 comes
do to customise your system,               in different product               The benefits of
maintain it, simplify using it             versions. The ones you‘ll
                                           encounter will be Starter,
                                                                                Windows 7
and make it a more
pleasurable experience all                 Home Premium, the most              over XP and
round.                                     common edition and                     Vista
                                           Professional for advanced
This guide will take you                   systems and businesses.
                                           Ultimate will contain every        I have Windows
through everything you need
to know in easy steps with                 feature.                           XP : Windows 7 is
quick tips and step-by-step                                                   considerably more
guides.                                    Not all features are
                                           available in every product         secure and safer to
                                           edition. In this guide I will      use on the internet
WHO IS THIS GUIDE                          display icons to show what         than Windows XP.
                                           versions features are
FOR?                                       available in.                      For this reason
                                                                              alone you should
This guide is for non-                                                        consider upgrading
technical, casual, users of
                                                                              to Windows 7. Use
Windows. If you use a PC at
home for sending and                                                          the upgrade checker
receiving email, browsing the                                                 on the Microsoft
web and maybe odd jobs like                                                   website to see if
writing letters and editing                WHY SHOULD I
digital photographs then this                                                 your PC will run it.
is the book for you.                       INSTALL WINDOWS 7?
                                                                              I have Windows
         Any features for                  Windows 7 makes great              Vista : Windows 7
         advanced users will               leaps over previous versions
         be highlighted with                                                  fixes almost all of
                                           of Windows. It is
         this logo.                        significantly more secure          the     performance
                                           than Windows XP and                issues that caused
                                           Windows Vista.                     Windows Vista to
WHAT IS WINDOWS 7?                                                            run slowly.      The
                                           EASE OF ACCESS AND                 security     system,
Windows 7 is the latest in a
long line of different versions                                               User         Account
of Microsoft‘s operating                   DISABILITIES HELP                  Control (UAC) is also
system.                                                                       now considerably
                                                       Look for this icon
Windows 7 builds on the                                within this book for   less annoying. Any
success of operating systems                           information on how     PC           running
such as Windows XP and fixes                           to use the ease of     Windows Vista will
many of the problems                                   access features.
                                                                              happily           run
associated with Windows
Vista. You can find out more               These are here to help             Windows 7.
at...                                      people who may have
                                           trouble using the Windows
       www.windows7.com                    7 and software because
                                           they have trouble reading
                                           small text, listening for
                                           prompts or using a
                                           keyboard and mouse.

          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 6        www.thelongclimb.com
Part 2




         Installing
INSTALLING
   Windows 7 versions ................................................................................9
   Will my PC run Windows 7? ......................................................................9
   Clean install or Upgrade? .........................................................................9
          Upgrading from Windows XP ............................................................9
          Upgrading from Windows Vista ....................................................... 10
          Upgrading from other versions ....................................................... 10
          What is 64 bit Windows? ................................................................ 10
          Upgrading from 32 to 64 bit ........................................................... 10
          Clean install from upgrade only key ................................................ 10
   Plug in and turn on your devices ............................................................. 11
   Windows Easy Transfer.......................................................................... 11
   Common Windows features by version .................................................... 12
   Choosing a web browser (EU only) .......................................................... 13
   Help .................................................................................................... 13
   Getting Started .................................................................................... 13
   Install anti-virus ................................................................................... 13
   Step-by-step—Installing Windows 7 ................................................. 14-18




QUICK TIPS

   What is the difference between a clean install and an upgrade? ....................9
   32 or 64 bit? ........................................................................................ 10
   Always backup your files........................................................................ 11
   Missing drivers? .................................................................................... 13
                        WINDOWS VERSIONS                  CLEAN INSTALL OR
                        As with all editions of
                                                          UPGRADE?
 QUICK TIP              Windows, Windows 7 comes
                        in different product              When you upgrade your copy
  What is the           versions. The ones you‘ll         of Windows all of your files,
   difference           encounter will be Starter,        data and programs will remain
                        Home Premium, the most            intact. However not every
   between a                                              version of Windows 7 will
                        common edition and
  clean install         Professional for advanced         allow you to upgrade.
     and an             systems and businesses.           You cannot upgrade from
    upgrade             Ultimate will contain every       any copy of Windows XP
                        feature.                          and you cannot upgrade from
If you have files on                                      a copy of Windows Vista that
                        In this guide I will display      is a higher product edition to
your computer that
                        icons for the different           the version of Windows 7 you
aren’t backed up        features to say in which          are installing. For example,
then you should         versions of Windows 7 they        you cannot upgrade Windows
opt for an upgrade.     are available.                    Vista Ultimate to Windows 7
                                                          Home Premium.
This will keep all
your files intact.                                        The best advice is always to
However          any                                      make sure all your files and
                                                          data are backed up, see the
problems that exist     Each version of Windows 7         Guaranteeing chapter of this
on your PC may also     contains more features than       book for how to do this, and
be      there   after   the editions below it, a su-      do a clean install. This will
                        perset of each one. Home          make sure you get the fastest,
installing Windows      Basic lacks the glass aero        least problematic installation
7.                      effects and Media Centre          possible. Upgrading can
                        but is fine for low-power         cause any problems you
A clean install will    computers. Home Premium           currently have with your copy
delete all the files    will contain all the features     of Windows to also exist after
                        a home user needs.                the upgrade to Windows 7.
on your drive and
you will also have to   Each version of Windows 7
reinstall all of your   contains more features than       UPGRADING FROM
                        the one below it.
programs.
                                                          WINDOWS XP
                        Later in this chapter is a list
Not every edition       of the most common fea-
                        tures in Windows 7, broken        Windows 7 will not allow you
of Windows will                                           perform an in-place upgrade
                        down by each edition of the
allow      you to       operating system.                 from any edition of Windows
upgrade, some will                                        XP, trying to do so will give
                                                          you an error message.
force you to do a
clean install           WILL MY PC RUN                    On the Windows 7 DVD is a
                                                          program called Windows Easy
It is always a good
                        WINDOWS 7?                        Transfer that you can run in
idea to back up all                                       Windows XP (and Vista) to
                        You can find an upgrade           back up out files and settings
your files and data     checker to find this out from     to another location, either an
first.                  Microsoft for Windows 7 at..      external hard disk or another
                                                          partition, that can later be
                              www.windows7.com            restored after performing a
                                                          clean installation of Windows
                        ...run this software under        7. Getting Started in the
                        Windows XP or Windows             Start Menu has an option to
                        Vista.                            restore this.


                                                                                     9
UPGRADING FROM                             This is the best way to
                                           ensure that all your
WINDOWS VISTA                              hardware and programs will
                                           work properly.
You can perform an in-place
                                                                                QUICK TIP
upgrade from Windows Vista.
The following versions will                UPGRADING FROM 32                      32 or 64 bit?
allow an upgrade depending
on what editions of Vista and              TO 64 BIT
Windows 7 you are upgrading                                                     The        difference
from and to...                             Windows won‘t allow you to           between 32 and 64
                                           upgrade in-place from a 32           bit software is the
                                           bit version of Windows to a
                                           64 bit version, nor will it          size of the numbers
UPGRADING FROM                             allow you to perform an              the PC can do
OTHER VERSIONS                             upgrade the other way                calculations on.
                                           around. To change
                                           between these versions you
Windows 7 will not allow                   will have to perform a clean         64 bit operating
upgrading from other versions              install.                             systems are slightly
of Windows. This includes all
versions before Windows XP                                                      faster because of
(Windows ME, Windows 98                                                         this.
etc.) and all versions of                  CLEAN INSTALL FROM
Windows Server.                                                                 Windows 7 also
                                           UPGRADE ONLY
                                                                                includes additional
                                           PRODUCT KEY                          security
WHAT IS 64 BIT                                                                  functionality     that
WINDOWS?                                   It is possible to perform a
                                                                                makes the 64 bit
                                           clean install of Windows 7
                                           with a product key that will         version     of     the
Each edition of Windows 7                  only allow you to upgrade            operating      system
comes in two flavours, 32 bit              it.
and 64 bit. The edition you                                                     more secure.
have will be printed on your               To do this do a clean install
install DVD. Most new PCs                  Windows once without                 On the downside
now come with the 64 bit                   entering a product key, it           older hardware and
version of the operating                   will allow you to do this.           software might not
system pre-installed, however              Now run the installer again
there can be a downside.                   and perform an upgrade               be supported. For
                                           over the clean install you           best results run the
While the 64 bit versions of               have just done. Your                 Windows 7 upgrade
Windows offer better security              product key will now be
and stability, there is still              accepted as valid for                checker and check
hardware and software that                 installation.                        with                  a
won‘t run on it.                                                                manufacturer’s
If you have the              Windows Vista             Windows 7                website for your
choice of which                                                                 hardware to see if
version to buy then          Home Basic                Home Basic, Home         64 bit drivers exist.
opt for the 32 bit                                     Premium, Professional,
version. You should                                    Ultimate
only buy the 64 bit
version of Windows 7         Home Premium              Home Premium,
at this stage if it has                                Professional, Ultimate
been pre-installed on
your PC.                     Business                  Professional, Ultimate
                             Ultimate                  Ultimate


          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 10       www.thelongclimb.com
                        PLUG IN AND TURN                The wizard in your ―old PC‖
                                                        will guide you through making
                        ON YOUR DEVICES                 a backup.

QUICK TIP               You will have a much
                                                        You can transfer files toy our
                                                        new PC through am Easy
                        happier installation            Transfer Cable available from
Always backup           experience if all your          some PC and electronics
   your files           hardware is plugged in and      stores, across a network or
                        switched on when you are        via an external hard disk or
                        installing Windows. This        USB flash drive.
Remember that all       greatly increases the
sorts of things can     chance that Windows will        Bear in mind that the size of
potentially      go     install the drivers for all     the backup the Windows Easy
                        your hardware and that it       Transfer wizard makes on
wrong when you’re
                        will all work when the          your old operating system
installing a new        installation is complete.       could be very substantial as
version of Windows                                      all your music, documents,
from a hardware         This includes printers,         video, pictures and photos will
                        scanners, mp3 players etc.      be copied.
failure to a simple
power cut. All of                                       If you do not have a storage
these can lose your     WINDOWS EASY                    medium onto which you can
valuable                                                make the backup, or cannot
                        TRANSFER                        connect the two PCs directly
documents , photos                                      via a cable or across a
and music.              Available in every version      network, you should back up
                        of Windows since Windows        all your data and settings
Always back up          XP, Windows Easy Transfer       (see the chapter
                        is a way to transfer all your   Guaranteeing for how to do
your data before                                        this) onto removable media
                        documents, email, internet
installing Windows
                        favourites and more to          such as CD, DVD or BluRay
7.                      your new PC.                    Disc.

For information on
how to do this refer
to          chapter
Guaranteeing.

To find out how to
back up your files in
Windows XP or
Vista    follow the
links on page 7 of
this guide.




                                                                                  11
COMMON WINDOWS FEATURES BY VERSION



Windows Basic UI           Windows Update
Windows Aero Glass UI      Windows Firewall
Aero Peek                  Windows Defender
Aero Snap                  Windows Backup
Aero Shake                 Create System Image
Aero Background            Advanced Backup
Windows Flip               Encrypted File System
Windows Flip 3D            Bitlocker Drive Encryption
Live Taskbar Previews      Bitlocker To Go
Explorer File Preview      Automatic Disk
                           Defragmenter
Jumplists
                           Windows ReadyBoost
Windows Search
                           Previous Versions
Action Centre



                           Parental Controls

Basic Games                Multi-Touch / Tablet PC

Premium Games              Sync Centre

Calculator                 Offline Files

Paint                      Windows Mobility Centre

Snipping Tool              Windows Sideshow

Sticky Notes               HomeGroup sharing            Join

Windows Journal            Location Aware printing

Wordpad
Windows Photo Viewer
Windows Media Player       Remote Desktop
Windows Media Centre       Remote Desktop Host
DVD Player                 Join a domain
Windows DVD Maker          Connect to a projector
                         CHOOSING A WEB                HELP
                         BROWSER (EU ONLY)
QUICK TIP                If you live in the European
                                                       Help is always
                                                       available in
                         Union the Internet
                                                       Windows 7 by
Missing drivers?         Explorer web browser is
                                                       selecting Help
                         not installed by default in
                                                       and Support
If the drivers for any   Windows 7. The browser
                                                       from the Start
hardware have not        ballot screen will let you
                                                       Menu.
been installed in        choose and install a
Windows it’s easier      browser.
that in previous
                         More information on this
                                                       GETTING STARTED
versions            of
                         as and when the EU get
Windows to install                                     You can open Getting Started
                         their fact together!          from the Start Menu. Here
them.
                                                       you can personalise Windows,
Find out how to do                                     transfer files from your old
                                                       computer or add users to your
this in the chapter                                                             PC.
Configuring.




                                                       INSTALL ANTI-VIRUS
                                                       The new Action Centre in the
                                                       system tray will highlight it‘s
                                                       warning flag with a red cross
                                                       to alert you that you will need
                                                       to install anti-virus software.




                                                                                 13
STEP BY STEP—INSTALLING WINDOWS 7
       Your experience installing Windows 7 will change slightly depending on whether
       you are upgrading or
       performing a clean install.
       Your install experience
therefore may not include all the steps
shown this guide.

If you are upgrading from within your
existing copy of Windows you will be
asked if you want to ―go online to get the
latest updates‖. Doing this can make for a
smoother installation experience and
ensure more of your hardware works from
the moment Windows is installed.




         If you are performing a
         clean install you will be
         asked what country you
live in and what language you want
Windows 7 installed in.

Choose these and Press Next.




       When prompted at the next
       screen, press the Install Now
       button to begin your
       installation.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 14      www.thelongclimb.com
         At the next screen,
         depending on whether you
         are performing an upgrade
or a clean install, you will be asked
which version of Windows 7 you are
installing. Choose the version for which
you have a valid licence and click Next.




        The next step is to accept the
        licence agreement. You will
        need to pick a tick in
        the I agree box and
click Next to proceed.




          At this point you must
          choose whether you wish to
          upgrade your existing copy
          of Windows, if you have one
installed, or perform a clean install.
Performing a clean install will give
you a better, faster copy of
Windows but you will need to make
sure you have backed up all of your
files first as it will wipe them.




       The next few steps
       only apply to
       doing a clean
       install. First                      Windows will
ask on which disk or                       partition you
want to install Windows                    (see the
glossary for more                          information
on what these are) [step                   continues on
next page]




                                                   15
You may want to wipe the drive or partition
before installing Windows. This deletes all
files and data on the disk so you can start
with a clean drive. You can click on Drive
options (advanced) to get to this feature
and then choose Format.

Be very careful to only format the drive on
which you want to install Windows 7.

Click Next to start the installation.

         Windows will now
         begin the installation
         process. Your
computer will restart once or
twice during this process but you
will not need to do anything else
until it completes.

This can take 20 to 30 minutes for
a clean install or up to several
hours for an upgrade.

        When installation is
        complete you will be asked
        for your name, this will be
the name for the main
administrator [master] account on
the PC and your name for the PC
itself.

You might like Bob or Mary and Jane
as the account name and the name of
your PC could be Study or Phil’s PC.
You can set these to be anything you
want.


       You will then be asked if you
       want to set up a
       password for this
       account. If you do not
want to do this just leave the
boxes blank and press Next.

If you plan on using the parental
controls in Windows 7 to help
determine what games your children
can play and when they can use the
PC, you will need to set a password.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 16       www.thelongclimb.com
        Windows will now ask you to
        enter your product key. This is
        the 25 character code that
        came with your copy of
Windows. You will find it on a sticker
on the case for your PC or inside the box
your Windows 7 install DVD came in.

You can proceed without entering a product
key if, for instance, you are just evaluating
the features in a version of Windows 7
before choosing which one is best for you to
buy.

         Windows update is the
         system that helps keep
         your copy of Windows
         secure and up-to-date with
the latest patches. You will be asked
if / how you want Windows to update
itself. I recommend you select use
recommended settings and click Next.




        We‘re almost done. The only
        steps left are to set a few
        settings particular to your
location and preferences.

This screen will ask for your time-zone and
for you to confirm the current time and
date.




        If you have a wireless wi-fi
        network set up and
        Windows has recognised
the drivers, you will be asked what
type of network this is. Select the
option that best describes your wi-fi
network and click Next. Windows will
now set your internet security
accordingly.




                                                17
        Windows may now
        ask you if you want
        to set up a Home
Group. This will enable you
to share files, photos, music and
video with other PCs running
Windows 7 in your home.

You can skip this step by
pressing Cancel as this feature
can be set up later. We will
cover this in the chapter
Connecting.




        We‘re finished!
        You will now see
        the Windows 7
desktop and can get
started using Windows.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 18      www.thelongclimb.com
Part 3




         Exploring
EXPLORING
   The Windows 7 Desktop ........................................................................ 22
          The taskbar ................................................................................. 22
          The notification area ..................................................................... 22
   The Start Menu .................................................................................... 23
          Pinning start menu items ............................................................... 23
          Getting started ............................................................................. 23
   Using the taskbar ................................................................................. 24
          Live thumbnails ............................................................................ 24
          Show desktop .............................................................................. 24
          Notification area ........................................................................... 24
          Taskbar jumplists ......................................................................... 25
          Pinning items to jumplists .............................................................. 25
          Pinning programs to the taskbar ..................................................... 25
          The action centre.......................................................................... 26
   Windows Explorer ................................................................................. 27
          Navigation Pane ........................................................................... 27
          The Breadcrumb Bar ..................................................................... 28
          Previous locations ......................................................................... 28
          Choosing how to view files ............................................................. 28
          Sorting and Grouping Files ............................................................. 29
          Previewing Files ............................................................................ 29
          Collapsing groups ......................................................................... 29
          Working with folders ..................................................................... 29
          The details pane ........................................................................... 30
          The menu bar .............................................................................. 30
   Hiding picture and photo names ............................................................. 31
   Switching between windows................................................................... 31
          Flip 3D ........................................................................................ 31
   Step-by-step—Changing the default view in Windows Explorer ................. 32
   Remembering windows sizes .................................................................. 33
   Moving your files away from Windows ..................................................... 33
   Step-by-step—Moving your files for data security .............................. 34-36
          Part 1—Creating a new partition ..................................................... 34
          Part 2—Moving your files ............................................................... 36
QUICK TIPS


   A call to action ..................................................................................... 22
   Jumplists in the Start Menu ................................................................... 23
   Pin items to the Start Menu ................................................................... 23
   Using thumbnails to organise Windows .................................................... 24
   Running two instances of a program from the Taskbar .............................. 25
   Where have all the notification area icons gone? ...................................... 26
   Customise your favourite links ............................................................... 27
   Change the default explorer view ........................................................... 28
   Sorting and grouping by more criteria ..................................................... 29
   Different Views in different folders .......................................................... 29
   Use the details pane ............................................................................. 30
   Want more detail on files? ..................................................................... 30
   Hide the names of all your pictures ......................................................... 31
   Keep your documents safe..................................................................... 33
THE WINDOWS 7                            THE NOTIFICATION
DESKTOP                                  AREA
There have been some changes             One of the criticisms in
                                                                           QUICK TIP
made to the desktop with                 previous versions of
Windows 7. Some of these                 Windows was how annoying          A call to Action
changes may be familiar to               the notification area became.
you, especially if you‘ve been           This is the area on the right
                                                                           The new flag in the
using Windows Vista, others              side of the taskbar that filled
are completely new.                      up with icons and alert           notification    area,
                                                                           the far right of the
                                                                           taskbar, is now the
                                                                           only place you need
                                                                           to go to , to receive
                                                                           notifications about
                                                                           Windows and other
                                                                           software (including
                                                                           anti-virus software).

                                                                           The      flag    will
                                                                           highlight with a
                                                                           cross when there’s a
                                                                           message for you.




THE TASKBAR                              balloons, telling you about
                                         things happening on your
Sometimes called the superbar            PC.
this is completely redesigned in
Windows 7. You can read more             I will talk at more length
about the new taskbar and how            about the new notification
it works later in this chapter           area later in this chapter.
but it is now a place from
which you can both launch and
manage running and non-
running programs and
applications.
It is
essentially a
merging of
the old
taskbar and
quick launch
area.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 22      www.thelongclimb.com
                          THE START MENU
                          The Start Menu hasn‘t
QUICK TIP                 changed much since
                          Windows Vista but now
                          includes jumplists which
Jumplists in the          will pop out when you
  Start Menu              click the arrow on the
                          right side of some Start
Some Start Menu           Menu items.
items have a small        There is also a search
arrow to their right.     box you can
Clicking this will        use to find
                          programs and
bring out a list of       files.
options or recent
files / disk locations.

This can simplify
access to common
files and features
within programs.          PINNING START
                          MENU ITEMS
                          You can pin programs
 Pin items to             to the Start Menu so
the Start Menu            they always
                          appear there.
If you pin a program      You can do this by
                          right clicking with
to the Start Menu it      your mouse and
will always appear        selecting Pin to
in the Start Menu         taskbar. You can
                          also pin items to
whenever you press        the taskbar this
the Windows key.          way and unpin
                          items.
Right   click    the
program with your
mouse and select          GETTING STARTED
pin / unpin to Start
                          The first item in the
Menu to do this.          Start Menu is called
                          Getting Started.
                          You can click on
                          this to open it in
                          it‘s own window or
                          open its jumplist.

                          Here you can
                          perform post-install
                          duties such as
                          personalising your
                          desktop and adding
                          more users.


                                                     23
USING THE TASKBAR                         SHOW DESKTOP
The new taskbar is the main
place from which to launch                                                  QUICK TIP
programs and manage running
programs.
                                          At the very bottom right of
                                                                               Using
You can pin programs to the               your screen (the far right of     thumbnails to
taskbar in the same way as                the taskbar) is a small             organise
pinning them to the Start                 button which will show you
Menu (see Pinning Start Menu              your desktop.                       windows
Items) on the previous page.
                                                                           If you have a lot of
                                                                           windows open on
                                                                           your desktop you
                                                                           can use the live
                                                                           thumbnails        to
                                                                           organise       them.
                                                                           Hovering over a
                                                                           thumbnail on the
                                                                           taskbar will make all
                                                                           other       windows
                                                                           transparent      and
                                                                           show      you    the
                                          Rolling your mouse over this     selected     window,
LIVE THUMBNAILS                           button will make all the
                                          windows on your desktop go       even if that window
                                          transparent. Clicking it will    is minimised.
                                          minimise every window. If
                                          you click this button again
                                          every window will be
The live thumbnails have been             restored to its full-size.
improved since Windows Vista.
Rolling over an icon on the
taskbar will show you                     NOTIFICATION AREA
thumbnails of the program. In
the case (above) there are two            By default Windows 7 shows
tabs open in Internet Explorer            three icons in the
and it will show you both tabs.           notification area. The flag is
                                          the new action centre, more
Rolling your mouse over a                 on that in a bit. Next is
thumbnail will show you the               your network connection,
Window full size, making all              either wired or wireless.
other windows transparent.                The icon for wi-fi
This will also work for                   connections will show
minimised windows, it will                connectivity and signal
restore them for you.                     strength. The final icon is
                                              for sound. Clicking on it
                                              will bring up the volume
                                              control.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 24      www.thelongclimb.com
                          TASKBAR
                          JUMPLISTS
QUICK TIP                 The new Taskbar
                          also has jumplists
 Running two              for many
instances of a            programs. You
program from              can access these
                          either by right
 the taskbar              clicking on the
                          icon with your mouse
If a program is open      or by left clicking with
                          your mouse and
clicking it’s taskbar     pushing the mouse
icon     will    only     upwards, away from
minimise          and     the icon.
maximise it. There
                          These jumplists can show
are two ways to           you recent files and disk
open       a     new      locations. They can also
instance of the           contain features within a
                          program you may want to
program (say, two         access easily.
explorer windows).

1) right click the icon   PINNING ITEMS TO
and click on the
                          JUMPLISTS
name         of     the
program to open a         You may want to pin
second instance of        items to jumplists on
it.                       the taskbar.

2) click the scroll       You can do this by right
                          clicking on the jumplist
wheel between the         item and selecting pin /
buttons on your           unpin to this list.
mouse (if you have
                          This can be used to gain
one) which will also      quick access to documents
open a second             or disk locations you use
instance of the           regularly, such as a home
                          finance spreadsheet.
program

                          PINNING PROGRAMS
                          TO THE TASKBAR
                          If you want to pin a
                          program to the new
                          taskbar you can either
                          right click on it in the
                          Start Menu and select
                          Pin to Taskbar or right
                          click on it‘s icon when it is
                          running and do the same.


                                                          25
THE ACTION CENTRE                                   The action centre is your
                                                    first port of call to diagnose
Clicking on the flag in the notification            and fix problems with
area will bring up the action centre.               Windows 7.
This is where all the alert messages,
informing you about things                          There are options here to
happening with your computer are to                 Troubleshoot problems
be found.                                           with Windows or use               QUICK TIP
                                                    Recovery tools if Windows
If there is a message this flag with                needs repairing.                 Where have all
change from plain white to a flag                                                    the notification
with a red cross on it.                             Alerts will be colour-coded
                                                    red, yellow or green
                                                                                     area icons gone
The first alert you will see after                  depending how serious
installing Windows 7 is one advising                Windows believes they are.       Icons that the new
you to install anti-virus                                                            notification    area
software. You can click on
the message to find out more                                                         hides by default can
about it or click on open                                                            be displayed by
action centre to see the action                                                      clicking a small up
centre full size.
It‘s in the full action centre                                                       arrow that appears
that you have control over                                                           next to the action
what alerts you choose to                                                            centre flag.
see. You can follow step-
though guides to fix common
problems and also view                                                               Clicking           the
archived messages.                                                                   customise link in the
                                                                                     window            that
                                                                                     appears will allow
                                                                                     you       to       set
                                                                                     programs, such as
                                                                                     anti-virus software,
                                                                                     to always display in
                                                                                     the       notification
                                                                                     area.




                  Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
         26       www.thelongclimb.com
                         WINDOWS EXPLORER               NAVIGATION PANE
                         As with previous versions      The new navigation pane on
 QUICK TIP               of Windows, Windows            the left side of explorer
                         Explorer is the main way       windows allows quick access
                         you access and organise        to Libraries, drives and your
                         your files and folders. It‘s   network.
Customise your           not changed much since
favourite links          Windows Vista, but there       Each section is collapsible and
                         are important changes          folds out into a full tree. In
Customising        the   none the less.                 addition you can view your
                                                                        Homegroup
favourite links in the                                                  (more on this
Navigation Pane on                                                      in the chapter
the left side of                                                        Connecting)
                                                                        There is also a
explorer windows                                                        new Favourites
can        be        a                                                  section into
tremendous time                                                         which you can
                                                                        drag and drop
saver.                                                                  folders, drives
                                                                        and other
Here you can drag                                                       locations for
and     drop   your                                                        quick and
                                                                           easy access
favourite and most
                                                                           to them.
commonly accessed
folders and drives,                                                      It‘s well
either on your own                                                       worth
                                                                         spending
PC or on a local                                                         some time
network.                 By default now, starting                        putting your
                         Windows Explorer will                           most
It’s well       worth    show you the new                                commonly
                         Libraries. I‘ll write about                     used places
spending some time                                                       into the
                         these more later in this
setting this up.         chapter. The toolbar along                      Favourites
                         the top of the screen now                       section as
                         has handy text labels that                      it‘s an
                         will change depending on                        enormous
                         the content you‘re looking                      time saver.
                         at. These commands will
                         allow you to do things from
                         creating folders to burning
                         files to CD or DVD.

                         The Breadcrumb bar also
                         still sits at the top of
                         Windows Explorer and I‘ll
                         talk about this more in a
                         moment.

                         The biggest change is the
                         Navigation pane along the
                         left side of the window.




                                                                                  27
THE BREADCRUMB BAR                         CHOOSING HOW TO
As with Windows Vista the
                                           VIEW FILES
breadcrumb bar is your main                                                   QUICK TIP
way of navigating Windows                  The default way of viewing
Explorer through the drives                files and folders is by no
and folders on your PC.                    means the only way of doing
                                           so.                                 Change the
Each section (folder) is                                                         default
separated by an arrow.                     In the top                         explorer view
Clicking this arrow will display           right of
a drop-down menu that will                 explorer
allow you to instantly move to             windows                           By          default,
any other branch in that point             are two                           Windows Explorer
of the tree.                               icons to                          will just show you
                                                                             an alphabetical list
                                                                             of     a     folder’s
                                                                             contents.

                                                                             It’s          worth
                                                                             customising     this
                                                                             view to another
                                                                             that is more helpful
                                                                             and better suits
                                                                             your       personal
For instance, in the image                                                   needs.
(above) you can see we‘re on
the Windows 7 (C:) drive, in                                                 Follow my step-by-
the Users folder and then in                                                 step guide on how
the Mike and Contacts folders,
both sub-folders of that.                                                    to do this later in
                                                                             this chapter.

PREVIOUS LOCATIONS
In the top left of explorer
windows are left and right
arrows to take you to back
and forward between the                    change the view you can see.
folders and disks you‘ve                   Clicking the first icon will
looked at.                                 bring up a slider control you
                                           can use to change the
You can also                                    thumbnail and icon size
jump directly                                   for files and folders in
to anywhere                                     that explorer view. You
you‘ve                                          can also select other
recently been                                   views here including List,
by clicking                                     Details and my personal
the down                                        favourites, the very
arrow                                           interesting and helpful
between                                         Tiles and Content.
these buttons
and the
breadcrumb
bar.

          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 28       www.thelongclimb.com
                           SORTING AND                     COLLAPSING GROUPS
                           GROUPING FILES                  When you are viewing files
QUICK TIP                                                  and folders organised by
                           By default the standard         groups you can collapse some
                           view of files and folders in    groups to make it easier to
                           Windows Explorer isn‘t very     see and get access to the files
  Sorting and              helpful, being just a simple    you want.
  Grouping by              alphabetical list. You can
  more criteria            change this as per previous     At the left side of each group
                           versions of Windows easily      is a small arrow you can click
                           though.                         to collapse and restore the
There are more                                             group.
than      just      the    Right clicking anywhere in a
standard criteria for      blank space in the
                           explorer window will
sorting            and     bring up a context
grouping          files.   menu that will allow
Clicking on More...        you to sort and
                           group files by
Will bring up a long       different criteria
list    of       many      such as when they
different      criteria    were last modified,
                           how big they are
you can sort files         or, my personal
and folders by.            favourite, what
                           type of file they are.
These include Exif
                           Sorting files by a
data from a digital
                           criteria will keep them
camera and artist          as one large list. Grouping
and       composer         them will separate them         WORKING WITH
details for music          into groups determined by
                           the criteria you have set.      FOLDERS
files.
                                                           While the Favourites in the
                           PREVIEWING FILES                Navigation Pane and the
                                                           Breadcrumb bar make it easy
Different views                                            to navigate through your files
                                                           and folders, if you have lots of
  in different                                             files sitting together in your
     folders                                               documents folder, creating
                                                           additional folders you can
The view you set for       Just next to the help button    move some files into can help
                           in the top right of explorer    make things easier to find and
an individual folder                                       organise.
                           windows is a button to
will not affect any        toggle the preview pane.
others, so you can         This will open up at the side   The New Folder button on the
                           of the window and will give     explorer toolbar will allow you
set different sets of                                      to do this.
                           you a large preview of
folders to display         many file types when you
files differently.         click on
                           them.




                                                                                      29
THE DETAILS PANE                          You can change the size of
                                          the details pane by right
                                                      clicking in it when
Along the bottom of explorer                          no file is selected
windows sits the details pane.                        and choosing how       QUICK TIP
Clicking on a file will bring up                      big you want
information about that file                           from the size
here. This information could                          context menu          Use the details
include the date the file was                         that appears.              pane
created, it‘s size, tags or                           The bigger it is
ratings (for information on                           the more
tags and ratings see the                  information it will display.      The details pane
chapter Searching).                                                         along the bottom of
                                                                            explorer windows is
                                                                            interactive, you can
                                                                            use it to add and
                                                                            update information
                                                                            about a file, such as
                                                                            its Tags or Rating
                                                                            (see the chapter
                                                                            Searching for ore
                                                                            information       on
                                                                            these).




                                                                             Want more
                                                                            detail on files?

                                                                            If you want more
                                                                            details about the
                                                                            files you click on
                                                                            displayed in the
                                                                            details pane you can
This can be especially useful
with digital photographs where
                                          THE MENU BAR                      right click in the
the details pane can show                                                   details pane when
what camera the photo(s)                  Along the top of every            no file is selected
were taken with, the resolution           explorer window is the menu       and change its size.
of the photograph and                     bar. The menu items will
additional information.                   change depending on the           The bigger it is, the
                                          content the window is             more information it
                                          displaying but can include        will display.
                                          options from sharing files to
                                          burning them to disc.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 30       www.thelongclimb.com
                         HIDING PICTURE AND           FLIP 3D
                         PHOTO NAMES
QUICK TIP                With most photos from
                         digital cameras named        A more attractive way to
   Hide the              DSC123 we don‘t really       switch between windows is to
                         need to know what the        hold down the Windows key
 names of all            names of the photos are.     while also pressing the Tab
 your pictures           Fortunately we can turn      key will bring up Flip 3D. This
                         this feature off when        will show all your windows in
                         looking at a folder of       an attractive three-
You might want to        pictures.                    dimensional way.
hide the names of
all your pictures,       Right click
                         anywhere in
especially if all the    a blank
images on your PC        space and in
tend to be digital       the context
                         menu that
photographs.             appears
                         select View
To do this right click   and then
in     any     folder    Hide file
displaying images        names. You
                         will now only
and select View and      see
Hide file names.         thumbnails
                         of the
Then click on the        pictures in
                         that folder.
Organise button in
the top left of the
explorer    window
and Folder and
Search options from      SWITCHING BETWEEN            You can cycle through these
                                                      by pressing the Windows key
the menu that            WINDOWS                      + Tab or by using the scroll
appears.                                              wheel on your mouse.
                         There are two ways to
In the window that       switch between open
pops up click on the     windows. Hold down the
                         Alt key on your keyboard
View tab and press       while pressing the Tab key
the Apply to folders     will bring up each window
button.                  in a panel of
                         thumbnails across the
                         middle of your screen.




                                                                                31
CHANGING THE DEFAULT VIEW IN WINDOWS EXP LORER


       Click on the Change your view
       button near the top right of any
       explorer window.

Here you can select the view you like. My
preference is Tiles.




        Right click anywhere in a
        black space in the
        explorer window and
select Sort by or Group by and
then select a criteria.

My preference is so group by Type.
This will separate files and folders into
their file type.




      Click the Organise button in
      the top left of the explorer
      window and select Folder and
Search options.




       In the window that appears, click on the View
       tab and press the button Apple to Folders. All
       your documents folders will not take on this
       appearance.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 32       www.thelongclimb.com
                        REMEMBERING                    DRIVE LETTERS AND
                        WINDOWS SIZES                  FILE EXTENSIONS IN
 QUICK TIP              By default all Explorer
                                                       WINDOWS 7
                        windows will always open at
                        the same size, but this size   Why do we need to see drive
  Keep your             may not suit you. The good     letters (C:, D: etc) and file
documents safe          news is that this is easily    extensions (.doc, .pdf) in
                        changed.                       Windows? Fortunately they‘re
                                                       easily turned off.
By default all your
                        You can resize the window
documents        are    by dragging and dropping it
stored in the same      from a corner. When you
place as Windows        have it the size you want
                        hold down the ctrl key while
stores all its files.   closing it. The next time
This means that if      you open that windows it
disaster strikes and    will be the size you want.
Windows 7 needs a
clean install, all      MOVING YOUR
those documents
will be wiped.          DOCUMENTS AWAY
                        FROM WINDOWS
You can use a
second hard disk or     Your hard drive is a big
create      a    new    block of storage space, a
partition on which      bit like a garage. In this
                        space is installed your copy
to keep your files      of Windows 7 and also kept
safely. Follow the      here are all your
step-by-step guide      documents, photographs,
                        music and video.
later in this chapter
for details on how      Windows 7 is extremely
to do this and keep     stable but disasters do
your      documents,    unfortunately happen.
                        Should your copy of
photographs      and    Windows 7 become corrupt
videos safe.            and need a fresh install,
                        those files could be wiped.

                        You can back up your files
                        and restore them from that
                        but how recent will your
                        backup be? Will you still
                        lose files?
                                                       Click the Organise button in
                        A simpler way is to move       the top left of an explorer
                        your files to another hard     window and select Format and
                        disk or partition. When you    search options. Under the
                        partition your hard drive,     view tab you can untick Show
                        you divide it into several     drive letters and toggle Hide
                        sections using software,       extensions for known file
                        each of which is treated as    types, which will be on by
                        its own drive. So if one of    default.
                        those partitions needs to be
                        wiped, the others won‘t be.

                                                                                33
MOVING YOUR FILES FOR DATA SECURITY
Moving your documents away from the drive Windows 7 is installed on can remove any
chance that your files will be lost if there is a serious problem with the operating
system.

If you have two separate hard disks on your PC, or your hard disk is already partitioned
into separate drives you can ignore steps 1 to 9 and go straight to step 10.

Always back up your files           before doing
this. If you can move them          to an external
disk while you partition your       disk you will be
able to shrink your Windows         7 disk more.


PART 1—CREATING A NEW PARTITION
Firstly, make sure all your files are backed up.
Changing anything with the partition structure on
your computer can occasionally result in disaster!

          Open the Start Menu and type computer
          into the search box there. When
          Computer Management appears, click to
run it.

If you already have third-party partitioning tools
you can also use those.



     In the window that
     appears click on Disk
     Management in the left
column.


       Next right click on your
       Windows 7 drive and in
       the context menu that
appears select Shrink Volume.




            Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 34         www.thelongclimb.com
      Windows will then tell you
      how much space it can
      shrink the drive to. Select
the amount you want.

You should leave your Windows 7 drive
as a minimum of 50Gb ideally, but
make sure you will have plenty of room
left for your files.

The shrinking process might take some
time so be patient. Press Shrink when
you are ready to start.


        You will now see some disk
        space that is marked as
        unallocated. Right click in
this space and select New Simple
Volume.




         The New Simple Volume
         Wizard will now appear and walk
         you through creating a new
partition. It will ask what size you
want it to be, use the maximum space
it offers, and what drive letter you
want to give it.

Finally it will ask if you want to format the
disk. Select NTFS and format it. You will
not be able to write files to the new
partition. [step continued on next page]




                                                35
You now have a fresh partition. The next step
is to move your document folders to it.




PART 2—MOVING YOUR FILES
       Open the Start Menu and
       click on your name at the
       top right to open your
       user folder.




       Select all the folders in the
       user folder (except
       Desktop which
       doesn‘t like being
moved). You can do this
by holding down the CTRL
key and clicking each folder.


Right Click on one of
them when they are
highlighted and select
Cut.


      Use the Navigation
      Pane to find the new
      empty partition you have
      created. In any blank
space right click and select
Paste from the context menu
that appears.

       You user folders will now be
       moved to the new drive or
       partition.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 36       www.thelongclimb.com
Part 4




         Working
WORKING
   Managing windows ............................................................................... 40
          Aero Snap ................................................................................... 40
          Aero Shake .................................................................................. 40
          Turning off Aero Snap and Shake ................................................... 40
   Accessibility ......................................................................................... 41
          Magnifier ..................................................................................... 41
          Ease of Access Centre ................................................................... 41
          Scaling your desktop screen........................................................... 42
          More on Windows Accessibility ....................................................... 42
   Desktop Gadgets .................................................................................. 43
   Calculator ............................................................................................ 43
   Paint ................................................................................................... 43
   Snipping tool ....................................................................................... 43
   XPS Viewer .......................................................................................... 43
   WordPad ............................................................................................. 44
   Sticky notes ......................................................................................... 44
   Other tools .......................................................................................... 44
   Touch control ....................................................................................... 44
          Multi-Touch gestures ..................................................................... 44
          Multi-touch software ..................................................................... 45
          Tablet PC Input Panel .................................................................... 45
          On-Screen Keyboard ..................................................................... 45
          Windows Journal .......................................................................... 45
          Maths Input Panel ......................................................................... 45
   Speech Recognition .............................................................................. 45
   Media Player and Photo Viewer ............................................................... 46
          Windows Live Essentials ................................................................ 46
          Zune Player ................................................................................. 46
   Sideshow............................................................................................. 46
   Windows Mobility Centre ....................................................................... 47
   Using a projector .................................................................................. 47
   Multiple displays ................................................................................... 47
   Uninstalling and repairing programs ........................................................ 48
   Windows components ........................................................................... 48
   Compatibility mode ............................................................................... 48
QUICK TIPS


   Working on two windows side-by-side ..................................................... 40
   Make accessibility easy ......................................................................... 41
   Scaling the desktop .............................................................................. 42
   The calculator ...................................................................................... 43
   Press and tap = Right mouse click .......................................................... 44
   Windows touch features availability ........................................................ 45
   Parental control and Windows Live Essentials ........................................... 46
   Work longer when you‘re mobile ............................................................ 47
   Repair your programs ........................................................................... 48




APPENDIXES

   Windows keyboard shortcuts...................................................... Appendix B
MANAGING WINDOWS                           AERO SHAKE
In part 2, Installing, I wrote
about some of the new and                                                  QUICK TIP
improved desktop features in
Windows 7. These included the              Aero shake is a good way to
new show desktop button and                get rid of all the windows on     Working on
improved thumbnails on the                 the screen except the one
taskbar. There are yet more                you are working on.              two windows
enhancements to the Windows                                                 side-by-side
7 desktop to aid productivity.             If you grab a window and
                                           shake it with your mouse all
                                           the other open windows on       It’s easy to work on
AERO SNAP                                  your screen will be             two windows side-
                                           automatically minimised.        by-side in Windows
Aero snap is a new way to                  If you shake the window         7 using Aero Snap.
quickly use and arrange                    again the windows will be
windows on your screen. Aero               restored to the desktop.        Just    drag     one
snap works in two ways.                                                    window to the far
If you drag a window to the top                                            left of your screen
of the screen it will maximise             TURNING OFF AERO                and the other to the
to fill your entire screen.                SNAP AND SHAKE                  far right. They will
Dragging it back from the top
                                                                           expand      to    fill
will restore it to its original size
                                                  Aero Snap and Aero       exactly half of your
Alternatively if you drag a                       Shake can cause          screen on each side
window to one side of the                         inconvenience for
                                                  people with motor        so both can be seen
screen it will expand to fill
exactly 50% of your screen,                problems. Go to the Ease of     at once.
either left or right, depending            Access centre in the Start
on what side of the screen you             Menu and click on Make the
dragged it to. This can be                 mouse easier to use you can
extremely useful when working              tick Prevent windows from
with, for example, two explorer            being automatically
windows to move or compare                 arranged... to turn it off.
documents.

Dragging a window back from
the side of the screen will
return it to its previous size.




           Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 40        www.thelongclimb.com
                         ACCESSIBILITY                      One especially useful feature
                                                            is called Let Windows suggest
                                                            Ease of Access Settings.
                                 Over the years
 QUICK TIP                       Microsoft has gone to      This is a short questionnaire
                                 great lengths to make      that will recommend the
                                 Windows as easy to         settings you should change
     Make                use as possible, and with          and take you directly to them,
  accessibility          Windows 7, things have             all on one page for easy
                         been further improved. The         management.
     easy                Getting Started panel, which
                         is the first thing to appear in
Open the Start           the Start Menu after
Menu and type ease       installing Windows 7, gives
                         you the option to change the
into the search box      text size on the screen.
there. The option        More about this later.
Let        Windows
suggest ease of
access settings will
                         MAGNIFIER
appear.
                                 Shortly after installing
                                 Windows the
This is a wizard with            Magnifier will arrear in
a               short            the Start Menu. This
questionnaire      to    is an excellent tool if you are
                         finding your way around,
help       determine     and finding access to the
what ease of access      Ease of Access Centre
settings will be best    difficult. It will increase the
                         size of everything on the
for you.                 screen and moves with your
                         mouse, making it easy to
When             the     get around the desktop.
questionnaire       is
complete         the
appropriate settings
will be displayed for
you, so you can                                             The Ease of Access Centre is
switch them on if                                           the control panel for everyone
                                                            who might have problems with
you wish.                                                   their sight, hearing, motor
                                                            control and concentration.

                                                            Everything in the Ease of
                                                            Access Centre is automatically
                                                            read out to you, if you have
                                                            speakers connected to your
                                                            PC.
                         EASE OF ACCESS                     If more than one person uses
                         CENTRE                             your PC, clicking Change
                                                            Administrative Settings in the
                                                            left hand pane will allow you
                                Opening the Start           to also set these settings for
                                Menu and typing Ease        the log-on screen.
                                into the search box
                                will bring up results
                         for the Ease of Access
                         Centre and associated
                         features.
                                                                                      41
SCALING YOUR                              There are two ways to get to
                                          this setting.
DESKTOP SCREEN
                                          In the Start Menu, open the
      A new feature with
                                          Getting Started panel and         QUICK TIP
                                          click on Change Text Size (in
      Windows 7, and by far               the Getting Started jumplist)
      one of the best is the              or Change the size of the           Scaling the
      ability to scale the                text on your screen (in the
desktop by up to 150%.                    full window).
                                                                                desktop

                                                                           Many people can
                                                                           find text and cons
                                                                           hard to see on
                                                                               today’s       high
                                                                               resolution
                                                                               screens.
                                                                               Opening        the
                                                                               Display settings
                                                                               from the control
                                                                               panel,       right
                                                                           clicking    in     any
                                                                           empty         desktop
                                                                           space      or    from
                                                                           within the Getting
This increases the size of                Alternatively right click in     Started window you
everything on the screen                  blank space on your desktop
without making your picture               and select Screen Resolution     can select Change
fuzzy.                                    from the menu that appears.      the size of text on
                                          In the Window that opens         your screen.
Until now the only way to do              click the link Make text and
this was to reduce the                    other items larger or
                                          smaller.                         This     will    scale
resolution on your screen.
This doesn‘t work well on flat                                             everything o your
screen monitors as the picture                                             screen by up to
distorts. The new scaling                 MORE ON WINDOWS                  150%          without
options get around this and
the effects are very sharp.               ACCESSIBILITY                    blurring it, making
                                                                           things considerably
                                                   You can find out        easier to read.
                                                   more about the
                                                   accessibility
                                                   options in
                                              Windows 7, and see
                                              demonstrations at...

                                                www.microsoft.com/enable




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 42      www.thelongclimb.com
                       DESKTOP GADGETS
                       Right clicking anywhere in a
 QUICK TIP             blank space on your
                       desktop will bring up a
                       context menu from which
The Calculator         you can select Gadgets.
                       These are the same utilities
The         Windows    formerly seen in Windows
                       Vista‘s now defunct Sidebar.
calculator has long    You can drag and drop
been a forgotten       these gadgets anywhere
feature, but in        into your desktop and click
                       the link Get more gadgets
Windows 7 it has       online to download more        PAINT
been considerably      from the Microsoft website.
improved and now                                      Windows Paint is another
                                                                    application that
includes conversion
                                                                    has had a major
utilities,   several                                                makeover can
panel layouts and                                                   now includes
additional features                                                 image cropping
                                                                    and scaling
such as mileage and                                                 features. As a
mortgage                                                            basic graphics
calculators.                                                        package it‘s now
                                                                    reasonably
                                                                    powerful and
                                                                    features the
                                                                    useful ribbon
                                                      interface first seen in Microsoft
                                                      Office 2007.
                       CALCULATOR
                       The calculator has been        SNIPPING TOOL
                       significantly improved in
                       Windows 7. Clicking the
                                                      Typing snipping into the
                       View menu in it now brings
                                                      search box in the Start Menu
                       up a host of new features
                                                      will bring up the snipping tool.
                       including unit (length,
                                                      This can be used to capture
                       weight, volume etc.) and
                                                      areas of the screen as graphic
                       date conversion and
                                                      images.
                       mortgage calculations.


                                                              XPS VIEWER
                                                              Adobe‘s PDF may still
                                                              be the format of
                                                              choice for portable
                                                              documents but
                                                              Microsoft‘s XPS is still
                                                              with us. Windows 7
                                                              includes a built-in XPS
                                                              viewer so you can view
                                                              these files.




                                                                                 43
WORDPAD
Wordpad has had a
significant update                                                           QUICK TIP
with Windows 7 and
now not only uses the
helpful ribbon
interface first seen in
                                                                             Press and tap =
Microsoft Office 2007                                                         right mouse
but also will open                                                                 click
Word 2007 and open
document format
files.                                                                               There is a
                                                                                     way       to
                                           MULTI-TOUCH                               simulate the
STICKY NOTES                                                                 right mouse click
                                           GESTURES
                                                                             with Windows 7
Formerly a Windows Vista                                                     multi-touch.
Sidebar gadget (but still                         There are two types
available to download as a                        of single finger
desktop gadget if you want),                      gesture, a tap and a       If you press the
Sticky Notes are now an                           flick. A tap will act as   screen with one
application of their own. You              a mouse click, so tapping a
                                           button will press the button      finger and then tap
can pin these to the desktop
and resize them to the size you            and double tapping an icon        it with the other,
require.                                   will open it for you.             this will bring up
                                           Two finger gestures extend        context menus in
                                           to software such as               the same way as a
OTHER TOOLS                                Windows Photo Viewer,             right mouse click
                                           Word, Internet Explorer and
                                                                             would.
Additional tools such as                   Google Earth.
Notepad, Sound Recorder, Fax
and Scan and DVD Maker are                 Taking hold of a picture or
all still in Windows 7 and have            document and dragging
all been improved with this                your fingers apart will zoom
edition.                                   inwards. Conversely,
                                           moving your fingers closer
                                           together will zoom out. You
                                           can also rotate images by
TOUCH CONTROL                              rotating your fingers on the
                                           screen.



       One completely new
       feature in Windows 7 is
       touch screen and multi-
       finger touch screen
support on compatible
hardware you can use touch
and gestures to use Windows.
These gestures are applicable
to both one and two-handed
operation.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 44       www.thelongclimb.com
                       MULTI-TOUCH                     MATH INPUT PANEL
                       SOFTWARE                        The new Math Input Panel
 QUICK TIP                                             (note the US English spelling if
                       Multi-touch technology is       you‘re searching for it) is a
                       still very new, but as more     useful new tool for using
Windows touch          PCs support it, more            touch to solve mathematical
                       software will be released to    problems and equations or for
   features            take advantage of it.           writing equations and complex
 availability          Windows 7 includes some         algebra into other documents,
                       useful touch-based utilities.   such as Word.
The new Windows
touch features are     TABLET PC INPUT
exciting and will be
of great use to        PANEL
some people. Make
                              Formerly in Windows
sure you buy the              Vista but now
correct edition of            improved, this will
Windows however.              enable you to use
                       handwriting directly with
Touch and multi-       Windows 7 and its
                       applications.
touch controls are
only available in      Typing Handwriting into the
Windows 7 Home         search box in the Start
                       Menu will bring up the
Premium, Windows       option to personalise the
7 Professional and     handwriting recognition to
Windows          7     teach Windows 7 how you
                       write and minimise errors.
Ultimate.

                       ON SCREEN
                       KEYBOARD
                              Similar to
                              the Tablet
                              PC Input
                              Panel this
                       will enable you to
                       type directly onto the PC‘s
                       screen with your fingers or
                       mouse.

                       WINDOWS JOURNAL                 SPEECH RECOGNITION
                                                              You can also now
                              Windows Journal is a
                                                              dictate text to Windows
                              new notepad that
                                                              7 and it‘s applications
                              will allow you to
                                                              directly and a wizard is
                              write directly onto it
                                                       available to help you train the
                       using handwriting (either a
                                                       software to recognise your
                       finger or stylus).
                                                       voice.




                                                                                 45
MEDIA PLAYER AND                           SIDESHOW
PHOTO VIEWER                               Windows sideshow is a
                                           utility that allows             QUICK TIP
Windows Media Player and                   compatible devices to
Windows Photo Viewer are still             display interactive content
part of Windows 7, but I won‘t             on an external screen (such       Parental
go into these in too much                  as on the lid of a laptop)      Controls and
detail because of the                      even when the PC is
availability of...                         sleeping. You can access        Windows Live
                                           Sideshow gadgets in the          Essentials
WINDOWS LIVE                               Control Panel from the Start
                                           Menu.
                                                                          Under Windows 7
ESSENTIALS
                                                                          you will not need to
Several programs                                                          download          and
such as Windows                                                           install Family Safety
Mail and Windows                                                          with the Windows
Movie Maker have
                                                                          Live Essentials suite,
been removed from
Windows 7 and are                                                         as     Windows       7
now instead part of                                                       already has full
the separate                                                              parental     controls
Windows Live
Essentials. You can                                                       built-in   to     the
download this                                                             operating system.
from...

  download.live.com

...or by clicking Get
Windows Live
Essentials in the
Getting Started
panel from the Start Menu.

This is an excellent suite of
free software with Mail and
Photo Gallery deserving
particular praise.


ZUNE PLAYER
Microsoft‘s Zune MP3
player, sadly only
available in the US and
Canada (at the time of
Windows 7‘s launch) is
accompanied by an
excellent media player
that you don‘t need to
own a Zune to use. You can
download the Zune media
player from...

        download.zune.net


          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 46       www.thelongclimb.com
                        MOBILITY CENTRE                USING A PROJECTOR
                        On laptops and netbooks        Windows 7 makes it easy to
 QUICK TIP              you can access the Mobility    use a projector, either
                        Centre from the Control        connected directly to your PC,
                        Panel or Start Menu.           or located through a network.
  Work longer                                          With Connect to a projector
                        This panel provides quick      and Connect to a network
  when you’re           access to the major power-     projector in the Start Menu.
    mobile              saving settings that can

The mobility centre
is a great way to
squeeze more life
out of the battery
on your laptop or
netbook.

It can help you
maximise      battery
life bys witching off
features you might
not need such as
sound,      and    by
reducing the overall
power consumption       extend the battery life on
                        your device when you‘re
of components such      out and about.
as your screen.
                                                       MULTIPLE DISPLAYS
                        It also provides access to a
                        new facility allowing you to   The same interface that
                        connect your PC to a           handles attached projectors
                        remote or network              also helps you manage
                        projector.                     multiple monitors. Press the
                                                       Windows key and P.




                                                                                47
UNINSTALLING AND                           COMPATIBILITY
REPAIRING PROGRAMS                         MODE
Accessed from the Control                  Some programs won‘t run
                                                                            QUICK TIP
Panel or a Start Menu search,              normally because they were
Programs and Features is your              designed for an earlier
central location to remove and             version of Windows and are        Repair your
repair programs.                           incompatible with Windows          programs
                                           7.

                                                   You can run these
                                                                            If a program is
                                                   programs in
                                                   compatibility mode       misbehaving it may
                                           for an earlier version of        have    a    repair
                                           Windows.                         option.
                                                       Right click on the
                                                       program in the       Open      Programs
                                                       Start Menu and       and Features from
                                                       from the context     the Control Panel
                                                       menu that
                                                       appears select       and click on the
Clicking on a program will                             Properties.          offending program.
bring up either just an option                                              A series of options
to Uninstall it in the toolbar, or         Under the Compatibility tab
other options such as Change               tick Run this program in         will appear in the
and Repair.                                compatibility mode for and       blue toolbar above
                                           select from the drop down        it. Repair might be
The repair option can be very              the version of Windows you
useful if a program is                                                      supported by this
                                           require.
misbehaving.                                                                program.


WINDOWS
COMPONENTS
Clicking on Turn Windows
features on or off in the left
pane of this window will bring
up a full list of Windows 7‘s
components that can be
switch on or off.

If there are any features
within Windows you don‘t
want, or if there is anything
that is not current available
and you would like to switch
on, you can find it here. You
do not need your Windows
install DVD to perform these
actions.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 48       www.thelongclimb.com
Part 5




         Searching
SEARCHING
   Search is everywhere ............................................................................ 51
          Searching in context ..................................................................... 51
          Start Menu search ........................................................................ 51
          Explorer search ............................................................................ 51
          Other programs ............................................................................ 51
   Indexing.............................................................................................. 52
   Saved Searches ................................................................................... 52
   Advanced searching .............................................................................. 53
   Search filters ....................................................................................... 53
          Basic search terms ....................................................................... 53
   Libraries .............................................................................................. 54
          Organising libraries ....................................................................... 54
          Creating a library..................................................................... 54-55
   Tags ................................................................................................... 56
   Ratings ............................................................................................... 56




QUICK TIPS

   Search from the Start Menu ................................................................... 51
   Contextualised search ........................................................................... 51
   Controlling indexed locations ................................................................. 52
   Power searches .................................................................................... 53
   Build yourself custom libraries ............................................................... 54
   Add more locations to libraries ............................................................... 55
   Add Tags and Ratings ........................................................................... 56




APPENDIXES

   Advanced search query syntax ................................................... Appendix C
                         SEARCH IS                     EXPLORER SEARCH
                         EVERYWHERE                    The search box in explorer
 QUICK TIP                                             windows is always in the top
                         Search is built into every    right. Searching here will first
                         aspect of Windows 7, and      prioritise the folder you‘re
 Search from             as we get more and more       looking at and then your
the Start Menu           files, documents, photos,     documents, photos, pictures
                         music and videos in our       and music.
                         personal libraries it can
Just hitting the Start   become harder to find
Button            will   things, especially if we
instantlybring up a      haven‘t looked at them in
                         a while.
search box.

You won’t then           SEARCHING IN
need to click in it.
The      ‘focus’   is    CONTEXT
automatically taken
                                                       OTHER PROGRAMS
                         Search in Windows 7 works
by the search box so
                         in a contextual way           Search boxes in other
you can start typing     depending on what you‘re      programs such as Windows
straight away.           searching in. For instance,   Media Player, Zune player and
                         search in the Start Menu      Internet Explorer will all be
                         will prioritise Start Menu    found in the same place, in
                         items and programs, search    the top right of the window.
                         in Explorer will prioritise
Contextualised           documents and pictures,       Searching in these programs
    search               search in Internet Explorer   will prioritise searches too, so
                         will prioritise Favourite     searching in Windows Media
                         websites and browsing         Player will prioritise music.
Depending         on     history and so on.
where         you’re
searching from, the
results you get will     START MENU
change. Searching        SEARCH
from     the    Start
Menu will prioritise     When you open the
programs         and     Start Menu you can
                         start typing in the
control panel items,     search box there
from     within     a    without having to
pictures or photos       click in it. Anything
                         you type will
view will prioritise
                         automatically be
images and so on.        there.

                         Any search results
                         will appear in the
                         Start Menu itself.

                         Searching here will
                         prioritise Start Menu
                         items, programs,
                         Control Panel items
                         and system settings.
                         However files and
                         documents should also
                         appear.                                                   51
INDEXING
Instant search is
possible in Windows 7
because the operating
system constantly
manages and
maintains an index of                                          QUICK TIP
all the files on your
disk(s).
                                                                 Controlling
You can access the                                                 indexed
controls for this by                                              locations
searching in the Start
Menu for Indexing or
Opening Indexing                                              If you find that
Options in the Control                                        items you would
Panel.
                                                              expect to appear in
If you are finding that                                       searches       are
some files and folders                                        missing check the
aren‘t displaying in
                                                              index.
searches, it may be
because those
locations aren‘t in the                                       This is where all the
index.                                                        locations         are
                                                              included in searches
To add a location in the index, open
Indexing Options and press the                                are listed. Get to it
Modify button in the window that                              through      Indexing
appears then Show all locations.                              Options     in    the
You can now tick and untick locations
you do and don‘t want indexed.                                control panel.

                                                              If a folder is missing
SAVED SEARCHES                                                form the index you
                                                              can add it by
When you perform a                                            pressing the Modify
search you have the                                           button then Show
option to save it. When
you save a search it will                                     all Locations.
be automatically saved
to a Searches folder in                                       Finally you just tick
your Documents                                                and untick the
however you have the                                          folder locations you
option to save it
elsewhere if you wish.                                        do and don’t want
                                                              included.
Reopening a save
search will automatically
update it with the latest
information, so your
saved searches will
always be up to date.




                 Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
         52      www.thelongclimb.com
                         ADVANCED                           BASIC SEARCH TERMS
                         SEARCHING                          A full list of search syntax is
QUICK TIP                                                   available in Appendix C
                         Alas, gone is the simple           however some of the most
                         search of previous versions        common are...
Power searches           of Windows to be replaced
                         by a more text-based               Kind: used to search the
                         search. When you start a           properties of a document type
The new search in        search a drop down will ask
Windows 7, while         if you want to add a search        Kind:email
nowhere near as          filter.                            Kind:tasks
                         There and a great many of          Kind:notes
friendly on the          these which I shall detail         Kind:docs
surface     as    in     but the basic ones Name:           Kind:music
previous versions of     and Type: for file name and        Kind:song
                         file type respectively would       Kind:folders
Windows,           is    be used in the format...           Kind:programs
incredibly powerful.
                                   Type: pdf                Datemodified: to search by
The search terms                                            the date a file was modified
                         ...if you were looking for
listed on this page
                         Adobe Acrobat files. This is       Datemodified:22/10/2008
are just a small         a way to help narrow down          Datemodified:22/10/08
sample of those          searches.                          Datemodified:yesterday
available.                                                  Datemodified:lastweek
                                                            Datemodified:pastmonth
                         SEARCH FILTERS                     Datemodified:27/03/03..1/4/0
For a full list of all
                                                            8
the search terms
available          in    There are, as I have said, a       Type: to search by file type
                         great many search filters.
Windows 7 see            The full list from Microsoft       Type:image
Appendix C.              can be found at...                 Type:.doc
                                                            Type:.pdf
Note: These search       http://www.microsoft.com/
terms also apply to      windows/products/winfamily/        Name: searching by file name
                         desktopsearch/                     or by a property name for a
Windows Desktop                                             file
search on Windows        technicalresources/advquery.mspx
XP    and    other                                          Name:holiday
                         ...however I have included         Name:wedding
products.                a full list in Appendix C.
                                                            Unfortunately the search
                                                            syntax doesn‘t let you double-
                                                            up on search terms. For
                                                                           instance typing
                                                                           type:.docx,
                                                                           .pdf won‘t
                                                                           bring up search
                                                                           results for all
                                                                           Word and PDF
                                                                           files.




                                                                                        53
LIBRARIES                                 ORGANISING
A new feature in Windows is
                                          LIBRARIES
called Libraries and opening an                                               QUICK TIP
explorer window will display              In the top right of every
your libraries by default.                library is an Arrange by:
                                          option. This will give you          Build yourself
Libraries are, in essence,                the option to sort the files in
aggregated storage for all your           the library by a variety of            custom
files, regardless of what folder          methods depending on the              libraries
or disk drive they are located            content.
in.                                                                          Libraries are an
                                                                             extremely    useful
                                                                             way of finding files
                                                                             that are scattered
                                                                             across your hard
                                                                             disk.

                                                                             You can create
                                                                             custom    libraries
                                                                             that are displayed
                                                                             exactly how you
                                                                             want.

                                                                             For example, the
                                                                             custom         library
                                                                             shown     (left)     is
                                                                             displaying all the
                                                                             photos     on      my
                                                                             computer arranged
                                                                             by tag.

By default there are four                 CREATING A LIBRARY                 This means that, no
libraries set up for Documents,                                              matter where a file
Music, Pictures and Videos. All
                                          You can create additional          is, I can instantly
the appropriate documents in
                                          libraries easily, I for instance   see all the photos of
your Documents, Music,
                                          have one just for my
Pictures or Videos folders will                                              Dusseldorf or my
                                          photographs. In the main
appear in these libraries as a
                                          libraries view click the New       dog Jed.
list of all available files. The
                                          Library button and give it a
folder structure for those files
                                          name.
will be ignored.

Libraries have their limitations,
for instance you can‘t create a
library of all the Excel
spreadsheets on your
computer, but they are still
very powerful.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 54       www.thelongclimb.com
                          You will now
                          be taken into
                          your new
                          Library and
                          invited to add
 QUICK TIP                folder to it.
                          The contents
                          of that folder
    Add more              can be added
   locations to           to the Library.
     libraries            You can add
                          as many
You can add as            folders as you
                          like to a
many drives and           Library or
folders to libraries      remove them
as you like, though       at any time, and the Library
                          will be automatically
you cannot add            updated.
removable storage
such as USB pen
drives.

Adding             and
removing        folder
locations            in
Libraries is easy, just
click the Includes: 1
location          (the
number may be
different) to bring
up a wizard that will
easily help you add
and remove folder
locations.




                          Clicking the Includes: 1
                          location link under the
                          library name in the top left
                          of the explorer pane that
                          displays the library contents
                          will bring up a window
                          allowing you to do this easily
                          and quickly.

                          Note: It can take Windows a
                          little time after installation to
                          index your files, libraries
                          may seem incomplete until
                          this is done.


                                                              55
TAGS                                      The Import Photos and
                                          Videos wizard will also allow
                                          you add tags when you plug
One way to make search easier             in your digital camera of
is to add tags to your files.             camcorder.                      QUICK TIP
Tags are words that are
related to the file, a good
example is the information
                                          RATINGS                          Add tags and
accompanying music files.                                                    Ratings
Each music files will contain             Many file types, including
the following information,                music, photos and video will    This can be a chore
Track name, Artist, Supporting            allow you to add Ratings.       the    first   time
Artist, Album, Track number,              These are star ratings from
                                                                          around but it’s one
Composer among many others.               zero to five stars.
                                                                          of those jobs that
                                                                          only ever needs
                                                                          doing once.

                                                                          Adding Tags and
In Windows 7 you can add tags             Adding ratings to mark your     Ratings to your
to every kind of file, from Word          favourite files can also make
and Excel documents to                                                    documents, music,
                                          searching for files much
pictures, photos and more                 faster and simpler.             photos and video
besides.                                                                  can make searching
                                                                          your           files
You can add tags
to a file (or                                                             considerably faster
multiple files                                                            and easier.
together) in
Windows Explorer                                                          You     can    select
by selecting the
file(s). In the                                                           multiple files for
Details pane will                                                         tagging by selecting
appear                                                                    them all with your
information about
the file(s)                                                               mouse, clicking the
including any                                                             first    one     and
current Tags.                                                             holding down the
Clicking next to
                                                                          SHIFT key while
Tags in the Details
Pane will let you                                                         selecting the last
add or update                                                             one or by holding
them.
                                                                          down the CTRL key
You can also use                                                          while       selecting
software such as                                                          multiple files with
Windows Live                                                              your mouse.
Photo Gallery to
make adding tags
easy.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 56       www.thelongclimb.com
Part 6




         Connecting
CONNECTING
   Getting online ...................................................................................... 59
   Network and Sharing Centre .................................................................. 59
   Sharing files, folders and media ............................................................. 60
   Homegroups ........................................................................................ 61
   Windows Mobile Device Centre ............................................................... 62
   Device Stage ....................................................................................... 62
   Location-aware printing......................................................................... 63
   Connecting across a network ................................................................. 63
   Maintaining network devices .................................................................. 63




QUICK TIPS

   Can‘t get online? .................................................................................. 59
   Sharing security ................................................................................... 60
   Better sharing at home ......................................................................... 60
   Consider Wireless N .............................................................................. 61
   Device Stage notes ............................................................................... 62
   Do you have a work laptop you use at home? .......................................... 63
                        GETTING ONLINE                 NETWORK AND
                        The first things anybody is
                                                       SHARING CENTRE
QUICK TIP               going to want to do after
                        installing Windows 7 is get    Also from this window or from
                        online.                        the Control Panel you can
    Can’t get                                          open the Network and Sharing
                        If your PC is connected        Centre. This will show you at
     online?            directly to your router or     a glance the status of your
                        phone line by a cable you      network and internet
Opening          the    will immediately be online     connection, and other devices
                        unless Windows 7 has failed    and computers your PC can
Network         and                                    see on the network and it will
                        to recognise your network
Sharing Centre from     hardware (see the chapter      allow you to modify and
the system tray or      Diagnosing for what to do if   troubleshoot problems or set
                        this happens).                 up a new connection.
Control Panel can
bring    up      the    If you connect to the
network    trouble-     internet via a wi-fi
shooter.                connection then this is
                        simpler to use than
                        previous Windows
First see if your       versions.
network is active. If
it is not select        In the system tray on the
                        far right of the taskbar is
Connect     to     a    the new wi-fi icon, a
network           or    series of rising white
Troubleshoot            bars. Click this icon once
                        and a window will appear
problems.
                        showing all the available
                        networks in your area. You
                        can connect to any with a
                        single click.




                                                       The new Troubleshoot
                                                       problems tool automates
                                                       many of the steps involved in
                                                       finding problems with your
                                                       network or internet
                                                       connection. This tool will try
                                                       and diagnose problems and
                                                       automatically implement
                                                       solutions for you.


                                                                                 59
SHARING FILES,
FOLDERS AND
MEDIA                                                  QUICK TIP
The Network and Sharing
Centre also allows you to                                  Sharing
control what you share
with other computers
                                                           security
and how you share it.
                                                      If you want to share
You can share you                                     documents, photos,
internet connection,
printer(s) and files. The                             video and music
settings here allow you                               within your home
to set what‘s shared and                              use the Network
who can see it.
                                                      and Sharing Centre
 You can also share                                   to     check    your
folders by Right Clicking                             security settings are
on one or more in Windows
                                                      set right.
Explorer and selecting Share
with in the context menu that
appears.                                              The security options
                                                      are clear and easy
You can choose from users on                          to understand with
your PC and network who the
folder is shared with, or you                         plain        English
can share a folder with your                          descriptions
Homegroup.                                            throughout.

                                                        Better home
                                                          sharing

                                                      Homegroups are an
                                                      excellent way to
                                                      share documents,
                                                      photos, music and
                                                      video around your
                                                      home,        offering
                                                      much           better
                                                      security than simple
                                                      file   and     folder
                                                      sharing.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 60      www.thelongclimb.com
                        HOMEGROUPS
                        You if you have more
 QUICK TIP              than one PC in your
                        home running
                        Windows 7 you can
   Consider             share documents,
                        pictures, music, videos
   wireless N           and printers easily by
                        setting up a
If you use a wi-fi      Homegroup.
network in your
                        When you first install
home and want to        Windows 7 at home it
stream and share        will ask you if you
video        consider   want to set one up.
                        A wizard will ask
upgrading your wi-fi    what you want to
router from the         share and then in a
802.11b or 802.11g      single step will set
                        up everything for
to 802.11n standard.    you and give you a
These codes are         password, don‘t lose
clearly labelled on     this.
products either at
                        Any other PC in your
online stores on in     home running
the shops. Wireless     Windows 7 will be
N     offers    much    able to log into your
                        Homegroup using
greater bandwidth       this password.
than         previous
standards.              Once the Homegroup
                        is set up you can
                        change its settings at
This means that         any point, adding or
video can be sent to    removing things to
other PCs on your       share. You can also
                        share individual
network     without     folders (see the
any worries about it    guide on the
stuttering    during    previous page).
playback.
                        One useful additional
                        feature is the
                        ability to stream
                        media to other
                        PCs and devices.
                        This will mean
                        music and video
                        content can start
                        playing on the
                        other device
                        without being
                        copied across to
                        that device. It
                        plays on the PC it‘s sat on
                        and can be seen and heard
                        on the other.


                                                      61
WINDOWS MOBILE
DEVICE CENTRE
Any device running Windows
                                                                          QUICK TIP
Mobile, which includes many
mobile phones, now has much
better integration with                                                   Device Stage
Windows 7.                                                                   notes

                                                                         Not every device
                                                                         you plug into your
                                                                         PC      will     be
                                                                         supported by Device
                                                                         Stage. It entirely
                                                                         depends          on
                                          Depending on the device        whether         the
                                          you can use this panel to
                                          buy supplies, get updates,     manufacturer     of
                                          download manuals and also      that         device
                                          access all the features and    supports it.
The new Windows Mobile                    functionality of the device.
Device Centre is                                                         If they do there are
excellent at                                                             all     sorts      of
automatically detecting
these devices and has                                                    additional services
simple and easy to use                                                   you can get through
options for synchronising                                                this          feature
them with your PC.
                                                                         including being able
                                                                         to     easily     buy
DEVICE STAGE                                                             consumables, get
                                                                         fixes and firmware
A new feature for                                                        updates and help
Windows 7, Device                                                        and support.
Stage can provide easy access             These options are also
to features in, and service and           available from a jumplist on
product updates for your third            the Taskbar when the
-party hardware.                          Device Stage for a device is
                                          open.
Accessed through Devices and
Printers in the Start
Menu. Many devices
you can plug into your
computer such as digital
cameras, mobile phones
and MP3 players can, if
the manufacturer
supports it, appear
here. Opening the icon
will open a new window
where you can do more
with your device.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 62      www.thelongclimb.com
                       LOCATION-AWARE                  MAINTAINING
                       PRINTING                        NETWORK DEVICES
 QUICK TIP                   The Enterprise and        You can also get quick access
                             Ultimate editions of      to the administrative
Do you have a                Windows 7 contain a       interfaces of hardware such as
                       feature that‘s very useful      routers and network-attached
 work laptop           for people who use a laptop     storage in this view.
  you use at           both at home and at work.
                                                                  Right click on the
    home?              Location-aware printing                    icon for the device
                       allows you to set a default                will bring up a
If you have a work     printer for both locations.                context menu
laptop       running   Windows 7 will determine                   including options
                       which printer you want to                  such as View
Windows            7   print to automatically by                  device webpage
Enterprise      this   determining which network                  which will allow you
version         also   you are attached to and will    quick and easy access to its
                       change the default printer      administrative settings.
features location-     for that session accordingly.
aware printing.                                        Another way to access these is
                                                       to open the Network and
You can use this       CONNECTING ACROSS               Sharing Centre and click on
                                                       View Full Map. Here again you
feature to make
                       A NETWORK                       can right click on a device to
sure that whenever                                     bring up Management URL
you press the print                                    which is quick and easy access
                       Windows 7 makes it easy to      to the device‘s management
button the correct     connect with computers          interface.
printer   will   be    and network-attached
automatically          storage in
                       your home or
selected for you by    work network.
Windows.
                       Opening
                       Windows
                       Explorer you
                       will see
                       Network listed
                       at the bottom
                       of the
                       Navigation
                       Pane.
                       Clicking on
                       this will bring
                       up details of
                       any other
                       computer and
                       device your
                       computer can
                       see.

                       You can open these to view
                       any files the they are
                       sharing or drag and drop
                       them into your Favourites
                       to provide quick and easy
                       access in the future.



                                                                                 63
Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         64
Part 7




         Securing
SECURING
   How secure is Windows 7? ..................................................................... 67
   Anti-virus software ............................................................................... 67
   Windows Firewall .................................................................................. 68
          Third-party firewall ....................................................................... 68
   Windows Defender ................................................................................ 68
   User Account Control ............................................................................ 69
   Phishing and Spam ............................................................................... 69
   Internet threats ................................................................................... 70
   Domain highlighting .............................................................................. 70
   In-Private browsing .............................................................................. 70
   Credential Manager............................................................................... 71
   Windows Update .................................................................................. 71
   Security glossary .................................................................................. 71
   Advanced Firewall................................................................................. 72
          Firewall Exceptions ....................................................................... 72
          Windows Firewall with Advanced Security ........................................ 72
   Bitlocker .............................................................................................. 73
          Bitlocker to go .............................................................................. 73




QUICK TIPS

   Worst case scenario .............................................................................. 67
   Protect your PC from Spyware ............................................................... 68
   Don‘t switch off UAC! ............................................................................ 69
   Look for the padlock ............................................................................. 70
   Beware the soft squishy thing ................................................................ 71
   Get Safe Online .................................................................................... 72
   Removing Bitlocker from a drive ............................................................. 73




GLOSSARY

   Downloads............................................................................... Appendix E
                        HOW SECURE IS
                        WINDOWS 7?
QUICK TIP               Microsoft Windows has
                        come under fire over the
   Worst case           years for being insecure.
                        The simple fact is that
    scenario            Windows is now one of the
                        most secure operating
Many things can         systems you can buy.
happen if you do
                        For example, if the first
not have up to date     year and a half after the
anti-virus software     launch of Windows XP
from your files         there were six or so major
                        security flaws highlighted
being deleted and       by the world‘s press. In
lost to your PC         the same period after
becoming unusable       Windows Vista launched,
                        there was only one,
as chips on your        compared to two for Apple
motherboard     are     Mac OS X in the same
rewritten.              period.

In the worst cases,     Windows 7 is even more
                        secure but to guarantee
criminals can gain      safety and security it can‘t
access to your bank     do it without some help
accounts and steal      from you.
your        identity,
running           up    ANTI-VIRUS                     This screen will take you
thousands         of                                   directly to the website for the
pounds of bills in      SOFTWARE                       anti-virus vendor you choose.
                                                       My two personal
your name.                                             recommendations are
                        Widows 7 doesn‘t come
                        with anit-virus software but   Microsoft Security
Do not take risks
                        for the first time will help   Essentials and AVG anti-
with      your PC       you to get it. When you        virus, both of which are free
                        first install Windows 7 the    although AVG also offer a
security.
                        Action Centre will alert you   paid-for security suite that
                        to download anti-virus         has additional functionality.
                        software and will take you
                        to a screen where you can      The Action Centre will alert
                        choose one to download         you if there are any problems
                        and install if you do not      with your anti-virus software,
                        have one already.              such as it needs updating and
                                                       hasn‘t done so automatically.

                                                       You should always keep your
                                                       anti-virus software up to date
                                                       and running properly as it‘s
                                                       the most essential line of
                                                       defence against attacks from
                                                       the outside world.




                                                                                 67
WINDOWS FIREWALL                           WINDOWS DEFENDER
Built into Windows 7 is the                The first line of defence in
firewall. This is much                     Windows 7 against spyware      QUICK TIP
improved from previous                     and Trojans, though not
versions and, if you‘re careful            viruses, is Windows
with your PC security, should              Defender. Accessed through      Protect your
be adequate for day to day                 the Start Menu, this
use.                                       program will alert you            PC from
                                           through the Action Centre         spyware
By default it will be set to               when it needs updating or
provide the protection you                 when a scan should be run.
need.                                                                     Windows Defender
                                                                          should not be the
                                                                          only software pack-
                                                                          age on your PC pro-
                                                                          tecting you from
                                                                          Spyware, Trojans
                                                                          and other internet
                                                                          nasties.

                                                                          In the appendices,
                                                                          you will find my
                                                                          recommendations
                                                                          for the best free
                                                                          and paid-for inter-
                                                                          net protection soft-
                                                                          ware available.



                                           Windows Defender has a
THIRD-PARTY FIREWALL                       simple interface that allows
                                           novice user to quickly a
                                           simply update it and search
You might additionally want to             their computers for
install a third-party firewall             Spyware.
from a vendor such as Check
Point or Kaspersky.                        You can also use third-party
                                           spyware removal tools such
This will not affect the                   as Spyware Terminator
Windows Firewall and will run              without affecting the
happily along-side it.                     performance of Windows
                                           Defender.
You may also wish to buy a
full security suite such as AVG
Internet Security which will
include anti-virus, firewall and
anti-spam software among
others. These suites are a
very good idea.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 68       www.thelongclimb.com
                       USER ACCOUNT                 It is not recommended that
                                                    you change UAC from the
                       CONTROL                      default setting as this will
                                                    provide you with the best
QUICK TIP              UAC is a security feature
                                                    protection while not being
                                                    anywhere near as annoying as
                       that was first seen in       UAC was in Windows Vista.
                       Windows Vista to help keep
Don’t switch off       your PC secure.
     UAC!
                       This feature takes
                       your computer
Many people criti-     into a protected
                       mode, darkening
cised User Account     the screen and
Control (UAC) when     asking you for
it first appeared in   permission to
                       continue,
Windows Vista for
                       whenever it
being, frankly, an-    detects a potential
noying.                threat to your
                       computer.
With Windows 7 it’s
                       It is possible to
much improved, you     change how User
should hardly ever     Account Control protects
see prompts.           your computer from the
                       Action Centre. The four
                       available settings are...    PHISHING AND SPAM
You should make
sure though that       Never Notify me when:        Your web browser isn‘t the
you never switch it    programs to try to install   only place you can suffer
                       software or make changes     attacks online. They can also
off. It performs an
                       to my PC, or when I make     arrive in your email inbox.
extremely important    changes to Widows settings
role on your PC,                                    Spam emails are more
protecting you and     Notify me only when          nuisance than a worry unless
                       programs try to make         you click on the link contained
your system from all   changes to me computer       in them.
types of attack.       (do not dim my desktop)
                       and don‘t notify me when I   Phishing emails are more
                       make changes to Windows      serious however. These are
                       settings                     emails, purporting to be from
                                                    your bank, building society or
                       Default—Notify me only       from a reputable website such
                       when programs try to         as PayPal, eBay or Amazon,
                       make changes to my           that ask you to log in to
                       computer and don‘t notify    confirm your account details.
                       me when I make changes
                       to Windows settings          Note: These companies and
                                                    banks will never send you
                       Always notify me when        emails like this. If you
                       programs try to install      receive one then you can
                       software or make changes     guarantee it is a fake.
                       to my computer or when I
                       make changes to Windows
                       settings.




                                                                              69
INTERNET THREATS                           DOMAIN
Internet threats come in
                                           HIGHLIGHTING
many forms but modern                                                     QUICK TIP
browsers all contain security              Another common feature of
features to help defend                    modern browsers is they
against them.                              will highlight the main
                                           domain name you are
                                                                            Look for the
Your web browser will warn                 visiting in the address bar.       padlock
you one of three ways to a                 As in the example below
possible threat.                           this makes it easy to see if
                                           the domain you are visiting    When you’re shop-
Changing the colour of the                 matches with what you
                                           think it will be.              ping, banking or
address bar, the place you
                                                                          performing any ac-
                                                                          tivity online where
                                                                          your privacy or se-
                                                                          curity could be com-
                                                                          promised      always
                                                                          look for the pad-
type web addresses in, will                                               lock.
change to either yellow or red             IN-PRIVATE
to warn you of the possible                                               This will appear in
threat.                                    BROWSING
                                                                          the address bar
A pop-up warning box will                  Internet Explorer 8 and        (left) or, in older
appear in either yellow or red             later include a feature        browsers, in the
to warn you of a possible                  called in-private browsing     status bar at the
threat.                                    (this will have different
                                                                          bottom of the win-
                                           names in other browsers).
The entire web page will                   This feature allow you to      dow.
change to a warning in                     surf the web completely
either yellow or red.                      anonymously, with no           You can click on this
                                                   information about      to see who owns
                                                   the websites you
                                                   have visited or any    the security certifi-
                                                   passwords or           cate for this website
                                                   usernames you have     and judge for your-
                                                   typed, stored on
                                                   your PC.               self if you think it is
                                                                          valid and whether
                                                                          you want to trust it.

                                                                          Phishing sites will
                                                                          regularly look exact-
                                                                          ly like their real
                                                                          counterparts     but
                                                                          will either have no
This may happen
when you visit a                                                          security certificate
website or when you                                                       or will have a fake
try to download                                                           one.
something.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 70       www.thelongclimb.com
                            CREDENTIAL                      Identify Theft—Unlawful
                                                            access to your bank account
                            MANAGER                         (s), the setting up of credit
                                                            card or other accounts or the
 QUICK TIP                  Hidden away in the Control
                                                            purchase of goods in your
                                                            name.
                            Panel is the Credential
Beware the soft             Manager. This utility stores    Keylogger—A program
                            all the usernames you use to    capable of recording what you
 squishy thing              log into other computers,       type on your keyboard,
                            network locations and some      including usernames and
                            websites.                       passwords.
There can be no
                            Not especially
doubting the fact
                            useful in itself
that the weakest            except that it‘s
link in the security        possible to create
of any PC is the soft,      a backup of these
                            login details that
organic,      squishy       you can use on
thing in front of the       another Windows
keyboard.                   7 PC or to keep if
                            Windows needs to
                            be reinstalled.
Always be careful
what you click on,
what    information         WINDOWS
you give away and
to whom.
                            UPDATE

If it looks like it’s too   I‘ll talk about
                            Windows Update
good to be true... IT       properly in the
IS!                         chapter Guaranteeing but a
                            good defence against viruses    Phishing—Emails purporting
                            and Trojans is to make sure     to be from a bank or website
Also no reputable                                           asking you to log-in to confirm
                            your PC is always kept up to
company or bank             date with the latest patches    your identity.
will EVER ask you to        and updates.
                                                            Plug-in—A control
confirm your securi-                                        downloaded from a website
ty details, either                                          required to perform an action
through a website           SECURITY GLOSSARY               like watch video. Some plug-
                                                            ins are malicious.
or over the tele-
                            Botnet—A collection of
phone.                      compromised PCs acting          Spam—Nuisance emails.
                            together under the control of
                            criminals to launch attacks     Trojan—A program that
                            on corporate and                allows back door access to
                            governmental computer           control a computer.
                            systems for blackmail or to
                            compromise them.                Virus—A malicious program
                                                            intended to cause harm or
                            Hacker—A person or              disruption on a PC or to a
                            persons who gain unlawful       user.
                            access to another computer
                            for malicious purposes.




                                                                                      71
ADVANCED FIREWALL                         WINDOWS FIREWALL
By default the Windows
                                          WITH ADVANCED
Firewall will provide adequate            SECURITY                          QUICK TIP
protection against hackers and
malicious websites. However
there are times when you                                Typing Firewall    Get safe online
require additional control.                             into the search
                                                        box in the Start
                                                                           For information on
                                                        Menu will bring
                                                        up the Control     the threats when
FIREWALL EXCEPTIONS                                     Panel option       you’re online and
                                                        Windows            how to avoid them
Typing Firewall into the search           Firewall with Advanced
box in the Start Menu will                Security. This is for            the             British
bring up the Control Panel                advanced users or those          government,          in
option Allow a program                    with complex network             association       with
through Windows Firewall.                 security requirements.
                                          Here you can control every       companies
This is a useful tool if a
program has been blocked                  aspect of the Windows            including Microsoft
accidentally, or if something             Firewall, allowing specific      have a website you
like a game requires additional           ports to be open and for
                                          specific applications, or to     can visit at...
internet access permissions to
work smoothly.                            overcome problems with
                                          network access.                   getsafeonline.org

                                             This facility allows you to   This         website
                                             define inbound and            includes        help,
                                             outbound rules for traffic
                                             and monitor firewall          advice and tips for
                                             activity.                     keeping         your
                                                                           computer free and
                                             This features is for
                                             advanced users only.          your identity secret.
                                             The basic firewall
                                             interface, located in the
                                             Control Panel is suitable
                                             for general Windows
                                             users.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 72      www.thelongclimb.com
                        BITLOCKER
                              Available only in the
 QUICK TIP                    Enterprise and
                              Ultimate versions of
                        Windows 7, Bitlocker is an
  Removing              excellent tool for securing
                        and encrypting full disk
Bitlocker from          drives, thus preventing
    a drive             them from being
                        read if they are
                        removed from
You can remove
                        the computer or
Bitlocker    security   accessed by an
from a drive by         unauthorised
formatting it. You      person.
can do this by right-   Ideally the
clicking the disk in    system works
Windows Explorer        with a TMP
                        (Trusted Platform
or through the          Module) chip on
Computer                your motherboard that ties
Management              that drive and the rest of    BITLOCKER TO GO
                        the computer together. This
console.                system can provide                  Bitlocker To Go can
                        excellent security for              encrypt full volume
                        workers‘ laptops.                   removable disks
                                                      including USB hard drives and
                                                      Pen Drives.

                                                      It can be set to automatically
                                                      unlock a drive when it‘s used
                                                      on specific PC(s).

                                                                     These drives
                                                                     will then only
                                                                     be readable on
                                                                     other
                                                                     computers
                                                                     running
                                                                     Windows 7 or
                                                                     Windows Vista
                                                                     Enterprise or
                                                                     Ultimate
                                                                     editions.




                                                                                73
Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         74
Part 8




         Configuring
CONFIGURING
   Personalisation ..................................................................................... 78
   Themes ............................................................................................... 78
   Creating a custom theme ...................................................................... 79
   Making things easier to read .................................................................. 79
   Adding wallpapers to Windows ............................................................... 80
   Displaying hidden themes ...................................................................... 80
   Where are the Ultimate Extras ............................................................... 80
   Windows 7 optimum configuration .......................................................... 81
          Virtual Memory............................................................................. 81
          Visual effects ............................................................................... 82
          Startup and Recovery ................................................................... 82
          Computer name ........................................................................... 82
          System protection ........................................................................ 82
   Control Panel ....................................................................................... 83
          Autoplay ...................................................................................... 83
          Date and Time ............................................................................. 83
          Default programs.......................................................................... 84
          Folder options .............................................................................. 84
                 Navigation pane ................................................................... 84
                 Folder views ......................................................................... 84
                 Search options ..................................................................... 84
          Notification area icons ................................................................... 84
          Power options .............................................................................. 85
          Region and Language options ......................................................... 86
   Configuring the Start Menu and Jumplists ................................................ 87
   Putting names back on the Taskbar ........................................................ 87
   The Recycle Bin .................................................................................... 88
          Pinning the Recycle Bin to the Taskbar ............................................ 88
   Gadgets .............................................................................................. 89
   Installing missing drivers ....................................................................... 89
   Step-by-Step—Installing Device Drivers ................................................ 90
QUICK TIPS

   Get more Themes for Windows 7 ............................................................ 78
   Better access to the Accessibility options ................................................. 79
   RSS powered wallpapers ....................................................................... 80
   Modify your system properties ............................................................... 81
   Switch on System Protection .................................................................. 82
   Devices and Printers ............................................................................. 83
   File association by drag and drop ........................................................... 84
   The phantom sleeper ............................................................................ 85
   Modify your time and date settings ......................................................... 86
   Display as menu ................................................................................... 87
   Pin the Recycle Bin to the Taskbar .......................................................... 88
   Sticky Notes ........................................................................................ 89
PERSONALISATION                          THEMES
                                         Windows 7 supports theme
                                         packs. These will display in   QUICK TIP
                                         the main section of the
                                         personalisation screen.
Windows 7 Home Premium and                                                  Get more
above let you customise your             Some of these have more
desktop display as you would             than one wallpaper.               themes for
with any version of Windows,             Selecting one will                Windows 7
note this is not available in            automatically change your
Windows 7 Starter.
                                                                        In the My Themes
           Right clicking                                               section of the Per-
           on the                                                       sonalisation   win-
           desktop or
           selecting                                                    dow you will get an
                                                                        option to Get more
                                                                        themes online.

                                                                        This will take you to
                                                                        a Microsoft website
                                                                        where you can
                                                                        download lots more
                                                                        theme packs for
                                                                        your computer.




Personalisation from the                 desktop to that theme. You
Control Panel will bring up              can them customise how
your options.                            you want it displayed by
This screen has been                     choosing the Desktop
rationalised from previous               Background option from the
versions of Windows and is               bottom of the
now much easier to use.                  Personalisation window.
                                         Here you can select what
Along the bottom you have                images are displayed as
options to change the                    wallpaper, how they appear
Desktop Background,                      on screen and how often
Window Colour, Sounds and                the image changes.
Screen Saver. Then in the
left hand pane are additional
options.


         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 78      www.thelongclimb.com
                        CREATE A CUSTOM                 MAKING TEXT EASIER
                        THEME                           TO READ
QUICK TIP               You can create your own                  Windows 7 has great-
                        themes in Windows 7 to                   ly improved the ac-
 Better access          share with friends and fami-             cessibility options
                        ly. Perhaps a ―Malaga pho-               available to users. In
to the Accessi-         tos‖ theme or one for           the Personalisation window
 bility options         ―Classic cars‖.                 you will see a display option
                                                        near the bottom of the left
                        This is simple and straight-    hand blue pane.
                        forward. You first select the
        All of Win-
                        picture or pictures you want    Clicking this will bring up the
        dows      7’s
        accessibil-
ity features are
available quickly by
typing access into
the search box in
the Start Menu.         as your wallpaper. Opening
                        Desktop Background from
                        the Personalisation window
Here there are wiz-     will allow you to browse
ards and guides to      your computer for images or
help make your          select from a series of pre-
                        defined locations.
experience    using
Windows 7 more          When you have done this
pleasant and enjoy-     you may want to modify
able.                   your colour, mouse and
                        sound schemes, again easily
                        Done from the Personalisa-
                                                        options to Make it easier to
                                                        read what’s on your screen.

                                                        Here you can change the de-
                                                        fault size of all text and icons
                                                        by up to 150%.

                                                        This should be done instead of
                                                        reducing the resolution of
                                                        your screen. If you are using
                                                        a flat-panel monitor reducing
                                                        the resolution will make your
                                                        screen appear fuzzy and diffi-
                        tion home screen.               cult to read.
                        Your new theme will show
                        up in the My Themes section     There are additional accessi-
                        of the personalisation screen   bility options here including
                        as Unsaved Theme. At the        tweaking the Clear Type sys-
                        bottom of the My Themes         tem used to make text clear-
                        section is a link to Save       er. This is a simple wizard
                        theme. This will allow you      that presents various texts
                        to save the currently select-   asking you which is clearer
                        ed theme to your hard drive     and easier to read.
                        for sharing and emailing.



                                                                                    79
                                             Open the
ADDING WALLPAPERS                            drive that
TO WINDOWS                                   Windows
                                             7 is in-
In the Personalisation window
                                             stalled on                     QUICK TIP
                                             from
you can add wallpapers from                  Within
any location on your hard                    Computer
disk. But you can also make                  and navigate to the fol-
                                                                             RSS powered
sure these are always availa-                lowing folder Windows >          wallpapers
ble to Windows, just in case                 Winsxs. Once there in
they‘re moved for example.                   the search box in the top      More      advanced
                                             right of that window
In Computer, open the disk                   search for *.theme.            users might want a
containing your Windows 7                                                   random wallpaper
Installation. This will probably             This will bring up a list of   scheme powered
be called ―local disk‖ and can               all the available themes,
be identified by the Windows                 many of which will already     by the RSS web
logo on the picture of the hard              be installed. However          publishing stand-
disk.                                        there will be other geo-       ard.
                                             graphical theme packs
Navigate                                     here that you can install
to...                                                                       This can be quite
                                             simply by double clicking
                                             them.                          complex but blog-
Windows                                                                     ger Long Zheng
> Web >
Wallpaper and here you can                                                  wrote an excellent
copy images, or folders con-                                                article about how
taining images that will then                   WHERE ARE THE               to get started with
appear by default in the Per-                   ULTIMATE EXTRAS?
sonalisation view.                                                          this feature.

Hamad Darwish was one of                     You might remember that        www.istartedsome
the official photographers for               Windows Vista Ultimate         thing.com/200901
the Windows Vista wallpapers.                came with ultimate extras.
                                                                             26/rss-powered-
He has some lovely wallpaper                 This was extra software
collections on his website at...             available through Win-             windows-7-
                                             dows Update that includes           desktop-
    www.hamaddarwish.com/                    additional games and the          slideshows/
                                             Dreamscene feature that
         winvista.html
                                             let you have animated and
                                             video wallpapers.              There are down-
                                                                            sides to using this
DISPLAYING HIDDEN                            Ultimate extras has been       system which is
                                             dropped in Windows 7.
THEMES                                       Though Stardock who re-        why      I’ve   not
                                             leased a, frankly, far bet-    written about it in
By default Windows 7 will                    ter version of Dreamscene      the main body of
show you a theme based on                    called Deskscapes may
                                             also release a version for     the book, but some
your Geographic location or
country however all the                      Windows 7. Their website       advanced      users
world‘s editions of Windows 7                can be found at...             and photo enthusi-
come on the same DVD so                                                     asts might find it
you can easily unlock the ad-                       www.stardock.com
                                                                            interesting.
ditional countries.




           Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 80        www.thelongclimb.com
                       WINDOWS 7                        When this memory is full your
                                                        PC will use a part of your hard
                       OPTIMUM                          disk as substitute, or virtual
                                                        memory. This is a file on
QUICK TIP              CONFIGURATION                    your hard disk that will obvi-
                                                        ously be far slower to read
                       When you first install           and write data than the physi-
  Modify your          Windows 7 there are some         cal memory itself.
    System             settings you can change in
                       the operating system to help     By default, every version of
   Properties          it work at its very best.        Windows maintains this virtu-
                                                        al memory in a very ineffi-
Everything in this     Everything in this section is    cient way, in that it grows and
                       access from the System           shrinks the size of the file of
section is access                                       your hard disk as required.
                       properties window. This is
from the System        accessed by opening the
properties window.     Control Panel and selecting      This creates a situation where
                       System and Security              your other files can become
This is accessed by                                     fragmented (split) across the
                       followed by System and
opening the Control    clicking Advanced system         hard disk because the swap
Panel and selecting    settings in the blue panel on    file isn‘t leaving enough space
                       the left of the Window that      for them to be saved whole in
System and Security                                     the place they should be.
                       appears.
followed by System
and clicking Ad-                                        To fix this, you can change
                                                        the virtual memory file to be
vanced        system   VIRTUAL MEMORY                   a fixed size. Open the Control
settings in the blue                                    Panel and selecting System
panel on the left of   You have two types of            and Security followed by Sys-
                       storage in your computer,        tem and clicking Advanced
the Window that
                       your hard disk which is a        system settings in the blue
appears.
                       physical spinning disk on        panel on the left of the Win-
                       which Windows files and          dow that appears.
                       your documents are stored
                       and your memory.                 By default the pop-up window
                                                        you now see will have the Ad-
                       When windows and                 vanced tab highlighted. In
                       programs load, they are          the Performance section
                       copied into memory, which        click the Settings button then
                       consists of silicon chips that   click the Advanced tab in the
                       can pass files and               next window that appears.
                       information in and out much
                       faster than a spinning hard
                       disk.

                       The more memory you have
                       installed in your computer
                       the more programs it can
                       have in it and the faster
                       Windows will run. The
                       biggest difference will be the
                       jump from 1Gb of memory
                       to 2Gb or 3Gb. After this
                       point, unless you are
                       working with enormous
                       photographs or other files,
                       the difference in speed in
                       much less pronounced.




                                                                                  81
In the Virtual Memory sec-
tion press the Change button.
                                          COMPUTER NAME
A third window will appear.
You should untick the Auto-               If you have only a single PC
matically manage paging                   in your home then chang-         QUICK TIP
file size for all drives and              ing its name won‘t benefit
select Custom size. At the                you. However if you have
bottom of this window will be             several on a home network           Switch on
the minimum and recommend-                it can help to identify which
ed sizes for your virtual                 computer, for instance, you          system
memory. Type the Recom-                   are sharing files or a printer      protection
mended figure into both the               with.
Initial size (MB) and Maximum                                              If you have moved
size (MB) boxes and press the             You are asked to name
                                                                           your      documents,
Set button. Making sure both              your computer when you
these numbers are the same                install Windows 7, but it        pictures and music
will maintain a constant size             can be checked and               away from the hard
for the virtual memory file.              changed at any time              disk or partition
                                          through the Computer
                                          name tab in the System           Windows 7 is stored
VISUAL EFFECTS                            Properties window.               on, you will need to
                                                                           turn on System
In the same window under the                                               Protection for the
Visual Effects tab you can
                                          SYSTEM PROTECTION                new location for
choose some of the custom                                                  those files.
effects you see on your Win-              Windows 7 includes a clev-
dows desktop.                             er system that quietly
                                          backs up older copies of         This is a facility that
A common one to change, be-               your files as you work on        can allow you to
cause many people, including              them so that if you need         recover a previous
myself, think it gives the Win-           restore an earlier version of
dows desktop a cleaner look is            that file you can. By de-        version of a file if
to untick the option to Show              fault this feature only pro-     you need to.
shadows under windows.
                                                                           In the Start Menu
There are a great many op-                                                 search box type
tions here you can play with
without upsetting Windows.                                                 Advanced settings
                                                                           and open View
                                                                           advanced      system
STARTUP AND                                                                settings when it
RECOVERY                                  tects your Windows drive or
                                                                           appears in the
                                          partition. If you have           search results. Click
For people run-                           moved your files away from       on     the    System
ning Windows 7 in            a            here (as described in Part       Protection tab and
dual-boot configu-                        3 : Exploring) you will need
ration, where you                         to turn the feature on for       turn on system
have more than                            that drive. You can do this      protection for the
one operating system installed            under the System protec-         drive you have
on your PC, you can change                tion tab in the System
                                          properties window.               stored your files on.
the boot order and boot menu
time in the Startup and Recov-
ery section of the System                 Set it to only restore previ-
Properties window.                        ous versions of files. You
                                          can also specify how much
                                          disk space is reserved for
                                          this.


          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 82       www.thelongclimb.com
                      THE CONTROL PANEL                AUTOPLAY

                      The Control panel, as with       If you are annoyed by the au-
QUICK TIP             previous versions of windows     toplay window that appears
                      is your centralised place for    when you put a CD, DVD or
                      all your system settings.        USB memory stick into your
  Devices and                                          PC. Here is where you can
                      By default you will see the      change the options for what
   Printers           category view where every-       happens by default. You can
                      thing is organised into help-    turn these prompts off by se-
                      ful groups. In the top right     lecting Take no action.
In addition to the    of the control panel is a View
Device Manager in
the Control Panel
the Start Menu
now contains an
item called Devices
and Printers which
is an easier way to
see the status or
devices and modify
their settings.




                      by option that you can also      DATE AND TIME
                      change to large or small
                      icons. This will allow you to
                      easily view all the Control      When you click on the clock in
                      panel items should you wish      the bottom right of the taskbar
                      to.                              a full size clock and calendar
                                                       will appear. The Date and
                      The Control Panel search box     Time controls in the Control
                      is also much smarter than in     panel allow you to add a se-
                      Windows Vista. A search for      cond clock to this window and
                      Disk for instance will imme-     change how and when your PC
                      diately bring up a variety of    synchronises its clock with the
                      options including Create a       internet.
                      password reset disk,
                      defragment your hard drive       This is also where you would
                      and free up disk space by        change the time and date on
                      deleting unnecessary files.      your PC if they are incorrect.

                      In this section I‘ll talk you
                      through some useful chang-
                      es you can make to Control
                      panel items.




                                                                                  83
DEFAULT PROGRAMS                          HIDE DRIVE LETTERS
This Control panel item does              In the Advanced settings un-
much more than its name sug-              der the View menu you can         QUICK TIP
gests. Here you can choose                also untick Show drive let-
the default programs for cer-             ters.
tain actions, such as playing a                                            File association
DVD, but you can change the               There is no real reason why
file association options. This            we still need to be looking at    by drag and
means you can select what                 drives with the C: or D:               drop
files are opened by what pro-             moniker attached to them.
grams. For instance you can               This can make navigating
change all your music and vid-            through your drives look         If you have a
eo files to open with the Zune            cleaner.                         program open or
Player (if you have installed it)                                          pinned      to    the
instead of Windows media                  You can right click on any
                                                                           taskbar you can
Player.
                                                                           drag and drop any
                                                                           file onto the icon to
FOLDER OPTIONS                                                             associate that file
                                                                           type     with    that
The Folder options section in                          disk and select     program.
the Control panel has several                          Rename if it is
options that you might find                            just called Local
                                                                           From then on, any
helpful.                                  disk.
                                                                           files of that type will
                                                                           open       with    the
NAVIGATION PANE                           SEARCH OPTIONS                   program         you’ve
                                                                           selected.
If you are missing the old tree-          In the Search panel there
folder view from previous ver-            are options such as use nat-
sions of Windows fear not, you            ural language search that
can restore it here. This re-             you can switch on.
stores this functionality to the
Navigation pane in Explorer
windows.                                  NOTIFICATION AREA
                                          ICONS
ADVANCED FOLDER
                                          Also available by pressing
VIEWS                                     customise when opening the
                                          hidden icons on the taskbar
There are some options under              you can change what icons
the View tab you might like to            will notify you of events and
change.                                   what can
                                          appear
     Hide empty drives on                all the
      your computer                       time. It
     Hide extensions for                 can be
      known file types                    useful to
     Show encrypted or com-              set your
      pressed files in colour             anti-virus
                                          software
                                          to always
                                          appear.



          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 84       www.thelongclimb.com
                       POWER OPTIONS
                       Especially useful if you are
QUICK TIP              running Windows 7 on a lap-
                       top, the power options have
                       been simplified and rational-
 The Phantom           ised. There are now two
                       standard power plans for
    Sleeper            Windows, Balanced and
                       Power Saver. Both plans
In rare instances,     can be modified by clicking
                       the Change Plan Settings
some self-build PCs
                       link to their right.
can automatically
send themselves to     In the left hand pane of
sleep after only a     this window is a link to
                       create your own power
second or two of       plan. This includes, as
inactivity.            with customising the oth-
                       ers, choosing when to turn
If this happens to     off the display and when
                       the computer sleeps.
your     PC    keep
moving the mouse       Also in this pane is an op-
and pressing the       tion to choose what the
                       power buttons do. Here
CTRL or ALT key on     you can redefine the ac-
your keyboard until    tions of the power and
you can get into the   sleep buttons, and change
                       whether Windows takes
Power Options from
                       you to the log-in screen or
the Control Panel.     straight to the desktop
                       when it resumes from sleep
Change the When I      or hibernation.
press the Sleep
                                 Clicking on
button action to Do              Choose when
nothing. From the                to turn off the
moment you press                 display or
                                 Change when
the Apply button       the computer sleeps and
the problem will       then, in when the dis-
vanish.                play changes, clicking
                       Choose advanced power
                       settings will open a win-
                       dow where you have
                       control over every as-
                       pect of the power man-
                       agement in Windows.
                       This is an incredibly
                       powerful feature and
                       can be used to great
                       effect to minimise power
                       consumption, especially
                       on a laptop. I would
                       recommend this feature
                       is used by experienced users
                       only.



                                                       85
REGION AND
LANGUAGE OPTIONS
This control panel applet
                                                        QUICK TIP
gives you control over
your location in the world,                             Modify your
your display formats for
times, dates and numbers                               time and date
and your keyboard lay-                                    settings
out.

By default, Windows 7                                  Modifying the time
doesn‘t have the best set-                             and date settings by
tings for the display of                               opening the Control
time and date. Clicking
the Additional settings                                Panel, clicking on
button in the bottom right                             Clock,     Language
of the Format tab in this                              and Region and
Window will allow you to
                                                       then Change the
change these.
                                                       date,    time     or
For instance, you can                                  number format can
change your default cur-                               make       Windows
rency symbol, how thou-
sands are separated and                                much easier to
how negative numbers                                   understand.
are displayed.
                                                       See the information
Under the Time tab I tend
to change Long Time to                                 (left) on the formats
h:mm:ss tt to show hours                               I recommend.
where there‘s just a single
digit if it‘s less than 10
and show the seconds. I
also change the AM and
PM symbols to lower
case.

I also find under the Date
tab it‘s useful to change
the Long date format to
dddd dd MMMM yyyy
which will include the day
name (Monday etc.) when
it‘s displayed.

Under the Location tab
you can change where
you are in the world if you
are working away and un-
der the Administrative tab
you can automatically
copy your custom settings
to any new user accounts
you create on your PC.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 86       www.thelongclimb.com
                        CONFIGURING THE                 PUTTING NAMES BACK
                        START MENU AND                  ON THE TASKBAR
 QUICK TIP              JUMPLISTS                       By default, the new Taskbar
                                                        only shows you icons for pro-
                        Right clicking on the Win-      grams, the names from previ-
   Display as           dows [Start] Button and se-     ous versions of Windows hav-
     Menu               lecting Properties will bring   ing been removed. You can
                        up the options to customise     restore these names however
It can be a time        the Start Menu and Taskbar      easily.
                        Jumplists.
saver       changing                                              Right click anywhere
some Start Menu         Under the Start Menu tab,                 in a blank space on
items     such     as   pressing the Customise but-               the Taskbar and se-
                        ton will bring up a series of             lect Properties from
Control Panel from      options allowing you to de-               the menu.
Display as link to      fine exactly what appears in
Display as menu.        your Start Menu.                           In the options panel
                                                                   that appears the
This means all the
                                                          Taskbar buttons section has
Control Panel items                                       a drop down menu of sever-
will pop out from                                         al options. Always Combine,
                                                          hide labels which is the de-
the side of the Start
                                                          fault, Combine when
Menu when you                                             Taskbar is full and Never
click on Control                                          Combine.
Panel. This can also
                                                          These latter two options will
be done with other                                        restore the text for all run-
items.                                                    ning programs.

          To access                                       There are also other options
                                                          in this window such as mov-
          this, Right                                     ing the taskbar around your
          click on                                        screen.
          the
          Windows
          orb *Start
          button+
and            select
Properties from the
menu that appears.      At the bottom of this
                        window are the options
Then under the          for choosing the num-
Start Menu tab click    ber of recent programs
the       Customise     that will appear in the
                        Start Menu, and also
button.
                        the number of recent
                        items that will appear
                        un Jumplists.




                                                                                  87
THE RECYCLE BIN                                     %userprofile%
                                           \AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Inte
By default the only icon on the                     rnet Explorer
Windows 7 desktop is the                                                     QUICK TIP
recycle bin. It‘s helpfully                …if it doesn‘t automatically
           labelled Recycle                go there. Select your
           Bin which you don‘t             System Launch folder and          Pin the Recycle
           need. You can                   press the Select Folder
           remove this name                button.                             Bin to the
           by right clicking on                                                 Taskbar
           it and selecting                Once this new toolbar
           Rename. You can                 appears you can unlock the
           just put a single                                                 Full instructions can
                                           taskbar and drag it to
           [space] instead of a            where you want and drag           be found (left) but
name and you will now only                 and drop any icons you            pinning the recycle
see the icon.                              want in it. You can also          bin to the Taskbar
                                           right click in it and untick
                                           the options Show Text and         cleans up your
PINNING THE RECYCLE                        Show Title and change the         desktop and makes
                                           icon size from small to           it easy to access the
BIN TO THE TASKBAR                         large. Note these options
                                           won‘t appear if the taskbar       Recycle Bin at all
                                                                             times.
         It is possible to pin
         the Recycle Bin to the
         Taskbar, which                                                      This is a little
         Windows 7 won‘t                                                     technical but any
         allow you to do.                                                    user, no matter how
Open an explorer window and                                                  inexperienced, can
in the navigation pane type…                                                 do this. It’s a real
                                                       is locked.            time-saver.
          %userprofile%
\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Interne                    You will also now
            t Explorer                                need to remove
                                                      the Recycle bin
                                                      icon from the
Note the Space between
                                                      desktop. Right
Internet and Explorer. You‘ll
                                                      click anywhere in
probably need to change the
                                                      blank desktop
view options so if you do, in
                                                      space and select
the same explorer
                                           Personalise from the menu.
window press the Alt button on
                                           In the top right of the
your keyboard and in the View
                                           window that appears click
menu temporarily change the
                                           Change desktop icons.
settings for Show hidden files…
                                           Here you can untick the
and Hide Protected Operating
                                           Recycle Bin, preventing it
System files.

In this folder create yourself a
new folder that I‘ve called
System Launch.

Now click anywhere in a blank
space on the taskbar
and select Toolbars
and New Toolbar. In
the window that
appears navigate to…


          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 88       www.thelongclimb.com
                         GADGETS                         INSTALLING MISSING
                         The Sidebar from Windows
                                                         DRIVERS
 QUICK TIP               Vista has been dropped but
                         he gadgets remain.              It‘s rare that Windows will
                                                         install drivers for every single
  Sticky Notes                     Right clicking        piece of hardware on your
                                   anywhere in a         machine when you install it
                                   blank space on        without missing one or two.
The sticky notes                   your desktop and
have been removed                  selecting Gadgets     You can install missing drivers
                                   from the menu         by accessing Device Manager
from the Gadgets
                                   that appears, or      from the Control Panel. Here
panel             from             selecting Desktop     you will see any hardware the
Windows Vista but                  Gadgets from the      drivers has not been installed
they’re still there.     Start Menu will bring up the    listed under Other devices.

They now exist as a
program in the Start
Menu, but if you
still want them as
gadgets,         and
without having an
icon permanently
on your Taskbar,
you      can       re-
download          the
gadget by clicking
Get more gadgets
online     in     the
Gadgets       window                                               You can right click on
                         gadgets panel. Windows 7                  any of these and get
and search for           comes pre-loaded with a                   Windows 7 to
Sticky notes.            series of gadgets but a great             automatically find
                         many more are available                   the correct driver, or
                         online. To get more gadgets               point it manually to
                         click on the Get more                     the location of the
                         gadgets online link in the                correct driver for
                         bottom right of this window.              your hardware.

                         Gadgets can be placed
                         anywhere on your desktop
                         and can be viewed at any
                         time using Aero Peek, rolling
                         your mouse over the button
                         on the far right of the
                         Taskbar.
                                                         For more information see the
                                                         Step-by-Step guide on the
                                                         next page.




                                                                                     89
INSTALLING DEVICE DRIVERS
        From the Control
        Panel open
        Hardware and
        Sound then in the
Devices and Printers section
open Device Manager if you are looking at
the standard ‗category view‘ control panel.
If you are looking at all Control Panel items
you will see Device Manager in the list.

         Any unidentified devices will be
         displayed under Other Devices with a
         small yellow icon.




       Right click on the
       item you want to
       install the driver
       for and select
Update driver software.



        You can choose whether
        to get Windows to search
        for compatible drivers
        online, or to install from
the driver disk that came with your
hardware.

If Windows did not find the driver
when it was installing, the second
option might be better.


       Point Windows at the
       next screen to the
       location of your drivers
       on your CD, DVD, SUB
pen drive or hard disk.

Windows 7 is extremely good at
installing drivers form this point.
If the drivers are incompatible
Windows will inform you and ask
for another driver location.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 90       www.thelongclimb.com
Part 9




         Playing
PLAYING
   Games ................................................................................................ 93
   My game won‘t run ............................................................................... 93
   Gaming mode? ..................................................................................... 94
   Share music and video .......................................................................... 94
   Windows Experience Index .................................................................... 95
   Windows Media Centre .......................................................................... 95
   Step-by-Step—Setting up a Homegroup ................................................ 96
   Step-by-Step—Connecting to a Homegroup ........................................... 96
   Parental controls .................................................................................. 97
   Live Family Safety ................................................................................ 97
   Step-by-Step—Setting up parental controls ...................................... 98-99
   Video, DVD and Blu-Ray support .......................................................... 100
   Burning discs ..................................................................................... 100




QUICK TIPS
   Hiding games ....................................................................................... 93
   Boost performance for games ................................................................ 94
   Your PC as a TV ................................................................................... 95
   Keep yourself and your family safe ......................................................... 97
   Movies on the move ............................................................................ 100
                      GAMES                             MY GAME WON’T RUN
                      First introduced with             Some games are blocked by a
QUICK TIP             Windows Vista, Windows 7          feature called Data Execution
                      has a Games panel                 Prevention. This is designed
                      available form the Start          to stop viruses and trojans but
Hiding games          Menu.                             can also affect some games.

                      The first time you
Not everybody will    open this Windows
want to see all the   will ask if you want
games available in    it to manage
                      updates and saved
Windows.              game information.




You can hide any
game in Windows
7’s Games Explorer
window by right-
clicking on it and
selecting Hide this
game.



                      This is useful because
                      games carrying the Games          In the Control Panel open
                      for Windows logo and              System, then Advanced
                      many others can now have          system settings. In the
                      updates and patches               options window that appears
                      delivered directly to your        click on the Settings button in
                      PC, and automatically             the Performance section of the
                      installed, through this           Advanced tab.
                      system. This takes a lot of
                      the worry out of gaming,          In the window that appears
                      particularly with some of         click on the Data Execution
                      the more complex games            Prevention tab. Here you can
                      today.                            add you game to the
                                                        exceptions list by pressing the
                      The number of games               Add button and navigating to,
                      available to you varies           and selecting the game on
                      depending on your version         your hard disk.
                      of Windows.

                      Clicking on a game will
                      bring up information about
                      it‘s rating and suitability for
                      younger players.



                                                                                  93
GAMING MODE?                               SHARE MUSIC AND
One of the biggest criticisms
                                           VIDEO
levelled against Windows Vista                                           QUICK TIP
was that there was so much                 Available in the Network
running in the background                  and Sharing Centre from
that doing anything felt                   the Control Panel and also        Boost
sluggish, this was doubly so               from Windows Media Player
for intensive processes like               are the media streaming        performance
gaming.                                    options.                        for games
Windows still doesn‘t have a
                                                                         Some third-party
‗gaming mode‘ however
Windows 7 is much fitter and                                             programs exist for
considerably faster than Vista.                                          boosting     game
                                                                         performance
                                                                         during gaming.

                                                                         One such example
                                                                         is Game Booster
                                                                         from           iobit
                                                                         software. You can
Owners of ATI graphics cards
                                           These allow you to share      download it from...
can download a utility from
their website called AMD                   music and video wirelessly,
Fusion.                                    if you have a wireless home    www.iobit.com/
                                           network, with other           gamebooster.html
AMD describe the utility as ―It            computers and devices in
works by temporarily shutting              your home, such as some
down background processes                  internet radios.
and intensifying processor
performance with AMD Boost.
That means you can keep all
the features of Microsoft
Windows ready for when you
need them, but turn them off
when you are ready to get
down to serious business –
gaming―

The software will provide                  There is also an option to
better results on a PC that                securely share your music
also has an AMD processor.                 with other PCs over the
                                           internet, so you can have
          Several people have              access to your music when
          also written scripts in          away from home.
          the new PowerShell
          scripting language.              These shares show up as
          You can search for               Media Devices in the
          these on-line but                Network section of Explorer
these should only be used by               windows.
technical Windows users.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 94       www.thelongclimb.com
                        WINDOWS
                        EXPERIENCE INDEX
QUICK TIP               Your Windows Experience
                        Index, accessed through
                        Performance Information
 Your PC as a           and Tools form the Control       When you first start Windows
      TV                Panel, is a score from 1.0 to    Media Centre you will be
                        7.9 that some games use to       asked to set up your libraries
                        show the minimum                 (where your music, video and
As PC screens           specification needed for it to   pictures are stored) and to set
become        bigger,   run.                             up your TV signal if your PC
and more all-in-                                         has a TV tuner card installed.
one machines are
sold,    it’s   now
possible to use
Windows       Media
Centre as a viable
alternative       to
having a separate
TV in your living
room or bedroom.

You can buy Media
Centre       remote
controls from your
local electronics or
PC store.




                        Your score is determined by      Windows Media Centre has
                        it‘s lowest component, in        been improved since Windows
                        the example here this being      Vista and is now more sensi-
                        the graphics card.               bly laid out and easier to use.

                        WINDOWS MEDIA                    If you are using Windows Me-
                                                         dia Centre as your main en-
                        CENTRE                           tertainment centre on your
                                                         TV, you might want to go into
                                                         Tasks, then Settings, General,
                                                         Startup and Window Behav-
                                                         iour and tick Start Media Cen-
                        In every edition of Windows      tre when Windows Starts to
                        7 except Starter is Windows      get it to start up automatical-
                        Media Centre, Microsoft‘s        ly.
                        entertainment centre
                        designed to be used on TV
                        screens via a remote
                        control.




                                                                                   95
SETTING UP A HOMEGROUP
Homegroups are new to Windows 7 and they‘re an excellent way to share
Music, Pictures, Photos, Videos and Printers with other PCs running Windows 7
on your home network. This feature, as of the time of writing, will only work
on PCs running Windows 7, though Microsoft may decide to back port it to
Windows Vista and Windows XP later via a service pack.

       To create a Homegroup open
       Network and Internet from the
       Control Panel and then click on
       Homegroup.

Alternatively you can type Homegroup into
the search box in the Start Menu.

Select the file types you want shared from
the current computer with the Homegroup
and press Next.



         Your Homegroup will be
         automatically created and
         you will be given a password
         to type into computers that
want to join the Homegroup.




    You can change your Homegroup
    settings at any time by selecting
    Homegroup from the Control Panel
    or by searching for it in the Start
menu search box.




CONNECTING TO A HOMEGROUP
      On another PC you want to connect to
      the Homegroup open Homegroup in the
      ways described above. The system will
      show all available Homegroups
(remember the host PC must be switched on).
You will be asked for the password and then
what files and documents you want shared
from the new PC.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 96      www.thelongclimb.com
                        PARENTAL CONTROLS                LIVE FAMILY SAFETY
                        Windows 7 has in-built           Part of the Windows Live Suite
 QUICK TIP              parental controls that are       available to download at...
                        really quite powerful and
                        useful. There‘s no real                 Download.live.com
 Keep yourself          need any more to buy a
                        third-party application for      Is Family Safety, this is the
   and your             this as the only missing         final piece of the puzzle in
  family safe           component is available as a      Windows 7‘s parental controls.
                        free download from the
                        Microsoft website.               Family safety allows you to
Parental    controls                                     filter and monitor the websites
                        Full instructions on how to      children are visiting through
themselves aren’t       set up the parental controls     whitelists and blacklists that
enough to keep you      are on the Step-by-Step          are automatically maintained
                        guide on next page, but it‘s     and updated by Microsoft.
and your PC safe.
                        very easy to do.
                                                         You have the option of
Check out the latest    You can select the               allowing of blocking specific
safety advice from      maximum game rating              websites yourself if you want
your         internet   children are allowed to play,    as well.
                        and you can select from a
service provider or     large number of rating           The system requires users to
from a website like     systems. If a game has no        log-in using a Microsoft Live
the excellent           official rating, you also have   ID [formerly known as a
                        the option to block it           Microsoft Passport] which, if
                        automatically.                   you have a Hotmail or MSN
www.getsafeonline.
      org




                                                         email account, you will already
                        Usefully, you can also set       have. Another piece of
                        the times during which           software in the Live suite
                        people are allowed to log-in     however will allow for
                        and use the PC.                  automatic log-in.



                                                                                    97
SETTING UP PARENTAL CONTROLS

        The first step is to create an
        account for the child / person
        you want to limit access to.

Click your logon picture at the top right of
the Start Menu and in the window that
appears click the Manage another account
link.

You will need to have a password on your
[Administrator] account to set these up.


          You now need to create a new
          user account for the person if
          you have not done so already.
This will need repeating for each person
you want set up in parental controls.

Make sure you set them as Standard Users
and NOT Administrators.

If you have already set up accounts, skip to
Step 3.


       If you have already set up an
       account, or after you have done
       so, click on the relevant account
       and then click the link Set up
Parental Controls.




        Windows will now ask for what
        user you want to set up Parental
        Controls. Select the appropriate
user.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 98       www.thelongclimb.com
SETTING UP PARENTAL CONTROLS
       You will now find yourself in the
       main controls window. Here you
       can select what controls you want
       to set up or modify.




       In the time restrictions options,
       you can click and drag blocks to
       select when the user will be
allowed to use the PC.

The parental controls will not let them log-
in or use it outside of these times and will
warn them when the end time is close.




      You can also choose if the user
      is allowed to play games and
      even, if you want, block specific
games from being played.




        The final screen allows you
        to choose a ratings system
        you want to use. Here, as
this PC was set up in the UK,
Windows has automatically chosen
the BBFC rating system.

If you are unsure which to use, have a
look at a box for one of your child‘s
games.

You can select the maximum age they
are allowed to play to. This integrates
with the Games Explorer from the Start
Menu.



                                               99
VIDEO, DVD AND                            BURNING DISCS
BLU-RAY SUPPORT                           Windows 7 has native
                                          support for burning data          QUICK TIP
                                          CDs, DVDs and Blu-Ray
                                          discs.
                                                                            Movies on the
                                          Right clicking on a file, or a
Windows 7 comes pre-
                                          selection of several files will      move
configured with a wide range
                                          give you an option to Send
of popular video codecs. This
                                          to... And your optical drive      Windows 7 will
means the videos you‘ve
                                          will appear in the list.
recorded from your camcorder                                                natively play both
in DivX or XviD formats will                                                DVD and Blu-ray
play straight away without
                                                                            movies, making it a
any hassle. This is a huge
improvement over previous                                                   viable option for
versions of Windows where                                                   watching movies
finding the right codec                                                     on the move and
pack could be fiddly.
                                                                            while travelling.
Windows 7 will also
natively play DVDs and                                                      Check your power-
Blu-Ray movies so if                                                        usage settings in
your PC or laptop comes
fitted by a Blu-Ray                                                         the Control Panel
player, you can watch                                                       to get the best out
high definition movies at                                                   of your battery as
home or on the go.
                                                                            the constant spin-
Because the support for this is           Windows 7 also now                ning and reading of
built into Windows itself, any            natively supports burning         the movie disc
media player that uses this               ISO disc images, should
                                          you have any. Right               could drain your
support can play your movies.
This includes Windows Media               clicking on an image will         power before the
Player and Windows Media                  bring up a Burn disc image        credits roll.
Centre. The latter is designed            option.
to be used from
a distance by
remote control
and, if your PC
came with a
remote control
and has a big
enough screen,
this is certainly
the way to
watch movies
full-screen.

For any codecs
that are missing
you can find my

                                          This will also appear as an
recommendation for an                     option in the Explorer
excellent codec pack in                   toolbar when you click on
Appendix E.                               an image file.



         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 100     www.thelongclimb.com
Part 10




          Communicating
COMMUNICATING
   Windows Live ..................................................................................... 103
   Photo Viewer ..................................................................................... 103
   Widows DVD Maker ............................................................................ 103
   Contacts ............................................................................................ 104
   Moving to Windows Live Mail ................................................................ 104
   Importing your calendar into Windows Live Mail ..................................... 105
   XPS documents .................................................................................. 105
   Sideshow........................................................................................... 105




QUICK TIPS
   Microsoft Powertoys ............................................................................ 103
   Backup your email before installing Windows 7 ...................................... 104
   XPS vs PDF ........................................................................................ 105
                          WINDOWS LIVE                    PHOTO VIEWER
                          Many of the programs we         Windows Photo Viewer is one
 QUICK TIP                used in previous versions of    of only two applications to
                          Windows, like Mail,             remain in Windows 7, the
                          Calendar and Movie Maker        other being Windows DVD
   Microsoft              have been removed in            Maker. It is a stripped down
                          Windows 7 and ported to         version of Windows Live
   Powertoys              the separate Windows Live       Photo Gallery and, frankly, I‘d
                          Essentials Suite.               recommend installing that
                                                          version from the Windows
Microsoft        have     This makes a lot of sense       Live Essentials Suite and
released powertoys        because it means they will      using that instead.
                          be updated more regularly,
for          previous     and the features in them
versions           and    will be much better than if     WINDOWS DVD MAKER
additional software       they were bundles with
                          Windows itself.
including           the                                   Windows DVD maker is a
excellent     SyncToy     You can download Windows        useful tool for creating DVDs
backup       program      Live Essentials Suite from...   on your PC from photo
                                                          libraries or home videos.
and a utility to allow
                                download.live.com
you to view and edit                                      It is entirely wizard driven
all the additional        The suite also includes         and extremely easy to use.
tags    added        by   Messenger, the Live
                          Internet Explorer Toolbar
digital cameras to
                          and the useful Family
give             extra    Safety software, which
information about         provides internet content
your photos.              filtering for the Windows 7
                          Parental Controls.
It’s worth visiting
the        Microsoft
website occasionally
to look for anything
new.




                          You can choose
                          which programs you
                          want installed when
                          download the main
                          installer.




                                                                                   103
CONTACTS                                   On your Windows 7 PC, you
                                           will need to import mail and
                                           contacts separately. The
The old Windows Address                    procedure is the same for
Book is alive and kicking                  both.                          QUICK TIP
though it‘s no longer a very
good option because nothing                Press the Alt key on your
seems to use it. Windows                   keyboard to bring up the        Back up your
Live, Gmail and Yahoo! mail                menu and select Import
all use their own address                                                  email before
                                           from the File menu. Here
books and the Windows Live                 you can point Windows Live       installing
Essentials Suite also has it‘s             Mail at your mail and con-       Windows 7
own contacts file.                         tacts backup and import
                                           them.
You can open these contact
by clicking on your name in                                               If you store your
                                           If you are using a Hotmail
the top right of the Start                 account there will be no       email in a program
Menu.                                      need to do this as your        like Outlook Express
                                           email and contacts will be     in XP or Windows
                                           automatically downloaded
MOVING TO WINDOWS                          and synchronised with your     Mail in Vista you
                                           webmail when you set up        should use that
LIVE MAIL                                  your email account in Win-     program to back up
                                           dows Live Mail.
                                                                          your     email     to
If you are moving from
                                                                          storage such as an
Windows Mail on Windows
Vista or Outlook Express 6 on                                             external hard disk
Windows XP it‘s simple to                                                 before     installing
import your contacts and                                                  Windows 7.
email into Windows Live Mail.

In Windows Mail or Outlook                                                Windows        Easy
Express go to the File menu                                               Transfer will not
[in Windows Vista, press the                                              copy those emails
Alt key on your keyboard to
bring up the menu]                                                        across, even if you
and select the                                                            have        already
Export option. Here                                                       installed Windows
you can export your
mail and contacts.                                                        Live Mail.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 104      www.thelongclimb.com
                        IMPORTING YOUR                 XPS DOCUMENTS
                        CALENDAR INTO                  The XPS document format
QUICK TIP               WINDOWS LIVE MAIL              was introduced by Microsoft a
                                                       few years ago as a potential
                                                       rival to Adobe‘s popular PDF,
                        Sadly, Windows Live Mail       portable document format.
  XPS vs PDF            does not, at least at the
                        time of writing, have the      While not as popular it‘s still
                        ability to import calendars.   sometimes very useful.
If you want a                                          Windows 7 has the ability to
                        If you are using Windows       view and create XPS files
portable document
                        Calendar on Windows Vista      natively. This can be useful
format to use for       and have a Hotmail, Live or    for keeping electronic copies
sending files to        MSN email address you will     of, say a sales receipt
friends        and      be able to retrieve your       displayed in a web browser.
                        calendar by following the
colleagues     you      instructions below. If you     The XPS write shows up as a
currently     have      use another email provider     printer so to create an XPS
choice     between      and are using Windows          file, print the document and
                        Calendar in Vista you will     select the Microsoft XPS
XPS and Adobe’s         sadly be unable to import      Document Writer.
PDF format.             your calendar items unless
                        your email provider
I can only really       provides a similar facility
                        and Windows Live Mail is       SIDESHOW
recommend        PDF    able to synchronise with it.
here if you have                                       First introduced with Windows
Office 2007 or          In Windows Calendar, press     Vista, Sideshow allows
                        the Alt button on your         computers with compatible
Office          2010
                        keyboard to bring up the       hardware to continue to be
installed. XPS files    menu. From the File menu       used even when in sleep
can only be natively    select Export and export       mode.
read by Windows 7       your calendar as an ICS file
                        to a USB pen drive,            Sideshow allows applications
and Vista unless        external hard disk or to a     to communicate with you via
you download a          file on your hard disk you     and external display, say on
plug-in.       Office   can burn to a CD or DVD.       the lid of a laptop. You can
                                                       view photos, play music and a
2007 can write PDF      Next you will need to          variety of other tasks.
files with a plug-in    access your Live account
and Office 2010 can     through a web browser.         Sideshow has been side-lined
                                                       in Windows 7 but it is still
do so natively.         1.   Log into your account     supported. It won‘t appear
                             at calendar.live.com      by default in the Control
While PDF files also    2.   Press Subscribe           Panel but will appear there if
require a plug-in,      3.   Select Import from an     you connect a compatible
                             ICS file.                 Sideshow device to your PC
this is much more
                        4.   Browse for the            [either built-in or by
common.                      calendar you want to      Bluetooth].
                             import
                        5.   Click Import              Many people have reported
                             Calendar.                 problems with Sideshow
                                                       devices in Windows 7 and if
                                                       you experience difficulties you
                                                       should visit the support
                                                       website for your Sideshow
                                                       hardware.




                                                                                  105
Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         106
Part 11




          Guaranteeing
GUARANTEEING
   Previous Versions ............................................................................... 109
   System Restore .................................................................................. 109
   Windows Backup ................................................................................ 110
          Backing up files and documents.................................................... 110
          Create a system image................................................................ 110
          System rescue disc ..................................................................... 111
          Restoring files from a backup ....................................................... 111
          Restoring Windows from a system image ....................................... 111
   Step-by-Step—Backing up files and documents .................................... 112
   Step-by-Step—Creating a system image backup ................................... 113
   Windows Startup repair ....................................................................... 114
   Recovery ........................................................................................... 114




QUICK TIPS
   Previous Versions vs Backup ................................................................ 109
   System Images .................................................................................. 110
   Restoring Windows ............................................................................. 111
   Recovery Options ............................................................................... 114
                        PREVIOUS VERSIONS               or a new piece of software is
                                                        installed. You can manually
                                                        create a restore point however
                        Windows 7 includes a            by typing create a restore
 QUICK TIP              feature called Previous         point into the Start Menu
                        Versions that can keep          search box.
                        copies of your documents as
    Previous            they change, enabling you
                        to revert to a previous copy
   Versions vs          if you make a change you
    Backup              later want to undo.

Previous    versions    This feature needs to be
can be a useful way     enabled. If you have moved
                        your documents away form
of reverting to an      the hard disk or partition on
older version of a      which Windows 7 is installed
file.   However it      see System Protection in the
                        Configuring chapter for
doesn’t       always    instructions.
index every file and
won’t work if the       Right clicking on a file will
                        bring up a menu from which      You can access System
file    has     been
                        you can select Restore          Restore through opening
deleted.                previous versions. If any       Backup and Restore from the
                        previous copies of the file     Control Panel and clicking on
You should still        exist, they will show up in     the link Recover system
make          regular   the window that appears.        settings or your computer
                        Selecting one will allow you    from the window that appears
backups of your         to restore it.
software        using
Windows Backup or       NOTE: Previous
                        Versions should
a third-party backup    not be relied
solution.               upon as an
                        alternative to
                        backing up
                        your files, as
                        there is no
                        guarantee
                        Windows will
                        have an older
                        copy of your
                        files. It will
                        also not allow
                        you to recover
                        deleted files.
                                                        or by typing System Restore
                                                        into the Start Menu search
                        SYSTEM RESTORE                  box.

                        As with previous versions of
                        Windows, System Restore is
                        a good way to recover your
                        PC if something goes wrong.
                        Restore points are created
                        automatically when a major
                        change is made to your
                        computer, such as a driver



                                                                                109
WINDOWS BACKUP                            CREATE A SYSTEM
Backup has been streamlined
                                          IMAGE
and simplified in Windows 7.                                            QUICK TIP
It is now available in the                Windows Vista included the
Control Panel or the Start                ability to create a full
Menu as Backup and Restore.               system-image of your          System Images
                                          Windows installation, so
                                          that if something went
                                          wrong you could restore it    When you have
BACKING UP FILES AND                      and within 15 or 20 minutes   installed Windows
DOCUMENTS                                 you‘d have a fully working
                                                                        7, configured it how
                                          copy of Windows again.
                                          This invaluable inclusion     you want and
You can easily back up your               was dampened by only          installed all your
files, documents, music,                  being available in Vista
photos, pictures and video                                              software         you
                                          Business and Vista
with the wizard-based backup              Ultimate.                     should create a
system. Click Set up Backup                                             backup image.
in the Backup and Restore                 The good news is that this
Centre to start this process.             feature is now available in   This is a snapshot
                                          every single edition of
You can set automatic backs               Windows 7. There is a         of your PC, the
to another hard disk or                   Step-by-Step guide later      drive or partition
partition in your computer.               in this chapter on how to     containing
There is a Step-by-Step                   use this facility but I do
guide in this chapter on how to           thoroughly recommend          Windows 7 anyway,
do this in detail.                        that, after you have          at that moment in
                                          installed Windows and your    time.

                                                                        You can use this to
                                                                        restore Windows to
                                                                        a fully working
                                                                        copy in just ten
                                                                        minutes or so if
                                                                        something     goes
                                                                        wrong or Windows
                                                                        starts           to
                                                                        misbehave.




You can save your backups to
another hard disk or partition            programs, and configured
in side your machine, an                  everything the way you
external hard disk, DVD or Blu            want it, that you create a
-Ray disc or onto a home                  system image.
network device.



         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 110     www.thelongclimb.com
                        You can save your backups
                        to another hard disk or       RESTORING FILES FROM
                        partition in side your
                        machine, an external hard     A BACKUP
                        disk, DVD or Blu-Ray disc
QUICK TIP               or onto a home network
                                                      To restore files you have
                        device.
                                                      previously backed up open the
                                                      Backup and Restore centre
    Restoring                                         and in the Restore section
    Windows             SYSTEM REPAIR DISC            should be details of your most
                                                      recent backup. You can click
You can create a        To restore a system image     on this to run the restore
system repair disc      backup you need to boot       wizard.
                        your PC from either your
by typing repair        Windows 7 installation DVD    If your backup doesn‘t show
into the search box     or a system repair disc.      up here, for instance it is
in the Start Menu                                     stored on a network location
                        If you want to keep your      you are temporarily
and         selecting                                 disconnected from, click the
                        Windows 7 install DVD safe
Create a System         then creating a system        link Select another backup to
Repair Disc.            rescue disc is an excellent   restore files from and search
                        option.                       for your backup file.
This disc can be
                        You can create this on a
used to restore         blank CD or DVD and it will   RESTORING WINDOWS
Windows 7 in the        contain tools for repairing
event that you          Windows 7 in the event of a   FROM A SYSTEM IMAGE
                        problem and restoring from
cannot get it to        your system image backup
                                                      If you need to restore
boot.                   as well.
                                                      Windows from a system
                        Click on Create a system      image, boot your PC from the
You can also start                                    Windows 7 install DVD or your
                        repair disc in the Backup
your PC from your
                        and Restore centre to bring   System repair disc and, when
Windows 7 install       up the wizard which will      prompted, click the Repair
                        walk you through this         your computer link.
DVD to achieve this
                        process.
as well.                                              This will find your backup
                                                                     image, unless it
                                                                     is stored
                                                                     remotely in
                                                                     which case you
                                                                     can search for it,
                                                                     and restore you
                                                                     to a fully-
                                                                     working copy of
                                                                     Windows in
                                                                     between 10 and
                                                                     20 minutes.




                                                                                 111
BACKING UP FILES AND DOCUMENTS
       Open the Backup and Restore
       centre from the Start Menu or the
       Control Panel and click the link Set
       up Backup.

You will be asked where you want to store your
backup. This can be on a local hard disk or
partition, an external hard disk, a set of DVDs
or Blu-Ray discs or on a home network.




         Next you will be asked if you
         want Windows to select the
         best files to be backed up or
         if you want to choose the
files and folders yourself.

By default, Windows will want to include
a system image which will make your
backup very large and slow the backup
down. Any problems that appear in your
computer over time could also be backed
up into future images. I suggest you
create a system image separately.

        If you want to choose what files
        and folders are backed up you
        can do so on the next screen.
You will also be prompted at the bottom of this
screen to create a system image. As before, I
recommend you do this separately.




       The next screen will show you
       what files ND folders are to be
       backed up and it will give you
       the option to set an automatic
backup schedule.

Click in the Change schedule link to set the
schedule you want your backup to run.
Daily, weekly or monthly and at
what times of what days.

     When you are ready to
     start your first backup
     press the Save settings
     and run backup button.



         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 112     www.thelongclimb.com
CREATING A SYSTEM IMAGE BACKUP
       Open the Backup and Restore
       centre from the Start Menu or
       the Control Panel and click
       the link Create a system
image in the left hand pane.

Select the location on which you want
your system image to be stored. This
can be a hard disk or partition in your
PC, an external hard disk, a series of
DVDs or Blue-Ray disc or a network
location.

NOTE : If you connect your PC to your
network via Wi-Fi I do not recommend
storing your system image on a
network.

        The next step is to
        decide what hard disks
        or partitions will be
        included in your backup. I
suggest only including the drive on
which Windows is installed.

NOTE : If you include a hard disk
containing your files, those files will
also be restored to earlier versions
when you restore the image and any
files created after the image was
made will be deleted.




       At the next screen the wizard
       will show you the backup
       settings you have chosen.
Press Start backup to create the system
image.

NOTE : I suggest that you close all your
running programs and that you do not
use Windows while the image is created
to prevent any problems occurring.




                                           113
WINDOWS STARTUP                           RECOVERY
REPAIR                                    In the Control Panel is an
                                          item called Recovery. Here       QUICK TIP
If disaster strikes and                   are links to help you use
Windows 7 won‘t start then it             System Restore or to restore
has a clever trick up its                 your files form a backup.
sleeve. Startup Repair will
                                                                               Recovery
detect that you can‘t get                 Clicking Advanced Recovery           Options
Windows to work and it will               Methods will help you restore
automatically kick in to try              your PC from a System Im-
and solve the problem.                    age or, if required, reinstall   Opening          the
                                          Windows 7 from scratch us-       Control Panel and
This is a series of programs on           ing your original installation
your hard disk that are                   DVD.                             selecting Recovery
automatically run at start-up if                                           gives you a great
Windows cannot start.
                                                                           many ways to
In the unlikely event that even                                            recover a faulty
Startup repair won‘t start, it‘s                                           Windows            7
also contained on your                                                     installation or lost
Windows 7
install DVD                                                                documents.
and on any
System repair                                                              This should be your
discs that you                                                             first port of call if
create.
Popping one                                                                something          is
of these into                                                              wrong with your
your DVD                                                                   copy of Windows 7.
drive and
booting from
                                                                           You can start with
it will have
the same                                                                   running     System
effect.                                                                    Restore to try and
                                                                           restore your copy
It is a very
efficient and                                                              of Windows 7 to a
helpful way to                                                             time before the
fix Windows.                                                               error or problem
If Startup
repair can‘t                                                               occurred.
fix the
problem then
only restoring
from a
System image
or reinstalling
Windows from
scratch will
get you
working
again.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 114      www.thelongclimb.com
Part 12




          Maintaining
MAINTAINING
   Cleaning Windows .............................................................................. 117
   Disk Clean-up .................................................................................... 117
   Disk Defragmenter ............................................................................. 117
   Windows Update ................................................................................ 118
   Windows Defender .............................................................................. 118




QUICK TIPS
   Third-party cleaning tools .................................................................... 117
   Keep Windows up-to-date ................................................................... 118
                       CLEANING WINDOWS                  DISK DEFRAGMENTER
                       It‘s the case with every          Also located in the Start Menu
QUICK TIP              operating system that over        by searching for clean or in
                       a period of time it will get      Accessories and then System
                       clogged up with temporarily       Tools is the Disk
 Third-party           files and other stuff that will   Defragmenter.
                       ultimately slow it down.
cleaning tools         Keeping Windows
                       lean is relatively
                       simple and should be
Appendix           E   done every month or
                       two to keep Windows
contains         my
                       7 running smoothly
recommendations        and efficiently.
for      third-party
software.       This
includes tools for     DISK CLEAN-UP
cleaning        and
                       Located in the Start
maintaining
                       Menu by searching
Windows 7.             for clean or in
                       Accessories and then
Cleaning        out    System Tools is the
                       Disk Clean-up tool.
temporary files and                                      Over time, as your hard disk
                       This wizard will walk you
cleaning        the                                      or partition fills up with
                       through removing any old,
                                                         temporary files, documents,
registry can have a    temporary and unwanted
                                                         music, photos and other files
                       files on your PC.
tremendous effect                                        you save can become
on          keeping                                      fragmented. This means there
                       There are better third-party
                                                         isn‘t enough space for
Windows 7 running      tools on the market, see
                                                         Windows to store the file
smoothly.              Appendix E, but this is a
                                                         where it wants to so, instead,
                       good, useful tool.
                                                         it breaks the file into smaller
                                                         chunks and scatters it around.

                                                         This can make accessing your
                                                         files very slow. The
                                                         Defragmenter shuffles all
                                                         these pieces of files around so
                                                         that the files are complete as
                                                         they ought to be.

                                                         You can, and should, set the
                                                         defragmenter to run on an
                                                         automatic schedule. This will
                                                         happen quietly in the
                                                         background, you will never
                                                         know it‘s happening, but it will
                                                         help keep Windows 7 feeling
                                                         quick.

                                                         NOTE : You should not
                                                         defragment too many drives or
                                                         partitions at once as this can
                                                         be slow and put a lot of
                                                         physical pressure on the disks.



                                                                                   117
WINDOWS UPDATE                            WINDOWS DEFENDER
Windows Update is the system              Windows Defender is the
intended to keep your copy of             anti-spyware software that    QUICK TIP
Windows up to date with the               comes with Windows 7.
latest updates and patches.               You can set it to run on a
You should have it switched               schedule you specify but      Keep Windows
on and can set it to download             should also use other anti-
and install new updates at a              spyware software as well.      up-to-date
schedule to suit you.

                                                                        You should make
                                                                        sure that Windows
                                                                        Update    is   left
                                                                        switched on to
                                                                        download
                                                                        recommended
                                                                        updates.

                                                                        This will make sure
                                                                        your PC is always
                                                                        patched with the
                                                                        latest and most up-
                                                                        to-date fixes for
                                                                        both it and any
                                                                        other      Microsoft
                                                                        software.

You can access
Windows Update
through the Start
Menu or the Control
Panel.

When you first use
Windows Update in
Windows 7 you will see a box
in the middle of the window
saying ―Find out more about
free software from Microsoft
Update. Click Here for
details.‖ This is a useful
feature to switch on as you
will then also receive updates
for Microsoft Office and other
software you have installed.

In the main Windows Update
window you will see a colour-
coded box, Red, Amber or
Green , letting you know the
current status of your PC
regards updates. If it is green
your PC is fully up to date.


         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 118     www.thelongclimb.com
Part 13




          Diagnosing
DIAGNOSING
   Action Centre ..................................................................................... 121
   Performance Information and Tools ...................................................... 121
          Event Log .................................................................................. 121
          Performance Monitor ................................................................... 122
          Resource Monitor ........................................................................ 122
          Task manager ............................................................................ 122
          System Information .................................................................... 123
          System Health Report ................................................................. 123
   Step-by-Step—Installing a Device Driver ............................................. 124
   Step-by-Step—Removing and Reinstalling Drivers ................................ 125
   Step-by-Step—Rolling back a driver .................................................... 125
   Step-by-Step—Seeking Remote Assistance .......................................... 126
   System Restore .................................................................................. 127
   The System File Checker ..................................................................... 127
   Startup Repair ................................................................................... 127
   Program compatibility ......................................................................... 128
   XP Mode ............................................................................................ 128




QUICK TIPS
   Keep and eye on the flag ..................................................................... 121
   Use the Task Manager ......................................................................... 122
   Health Reports ................................................................................... 123
   System File Checker ........................................................................... 127
   Program Compatibility Trouble-shooter ................................................. 128
                         ACTION CENTRE
                         The first place to check for
QUICK TIP                solutions to problems your
                         computer might be having
                         is the Action Centre,
 Keep and eye            accessed from the flag on
                         the Taskbar or through the
  on the flag            Control Panel.

                         As Windows encounters          For instance, let‘s say that
The flag icon at the     problems it reports many       Windows is crashing or blue-
                         of them directly back to       screening.
bottom right of
                         Microsoft. Occasionally
your Taskbar will        you will find a solution
notify you by high-      fed back directly to your
lighting itself with a   PC. The Action Centre
                         will notify you when a
red warning cross        problem solution is
when something in        available.
Windows         needs
your attention.
                         PERFORMANCE
                                                        Clicking on Windows Logs and
This is your prompt      INFORMATION AND                then System in the left-hand
that you will need                                      pane will bring up a list of
to act to fix a po-      TOOLS                          things that have happened
                                                        with the operating system.
tentially   harmful
                         Available through
problem on your          the ‗all icons‘ view
pc, such as your         of the Control Panel
anti-virus software      or from the Start
                         Menu is
being out of date.       Performance
                         Information and
                         Tools.

                         Clicking the
                         Advanced link in
                         the left-hand pane
                         will bring up
                         options you can use
                         to help diagnose
                         and fix problems with your
                         PC.                            You may see some
                                                        critical errors.
                                                        Clicking on the
                                                        error will bring up more
                         EVENT LOG                      information in the pane below
                                                        about the error. You may see
                                  There is a great      a clue, such as details of a
                                  deal of technical     piece of hardware or a driver
                                  information stored    name that will tell you if, for
                                  by Windows in the     instance you have an unstable
                                  Event Log. This       driver for your graphics card
                         can be extremely useful        or if a .dll file is
                         when tracking down a           malfunctioning. See the
                         problem.                       section Fixing Problems later.



                                                                                 121
PERFORMANCE
MONITOR
          For
                                                       QUICK TIP
          experienced
          technical
          users and                                     Use the Task
          system                                         Manager

administrators only, the
                                                                    Availa-
Performance Monitor
can give you detailed                                               ble by
real-time status information                                        right
for a great deal of hardware                                        click-
and software components
inside your PC.                                                     ing on
                                                                    your
                                                       Taskbar and se-
RESOURCE                                               lecting Start Task
MONITOR                                                Manager, this help-
                                                       ful utility will let
The Resource Monitor                                   you see if any pro-
can be useful for seeing                               grams on your PC
problems with disk or
                                                       aren’t responding.
network throughput if
you think you may be
having problems, say                                   You can right click
with your internet                                     on these programs
connection. It will give                               and select End Task
you real-time displays
of most things happening with                          to shut them down.
your PC.


           TASK MANAGER
           Also available by
           right clicking on the
           Taskbar, the Task
           Manager is your
           main view into the
           world of your PC.
           It will tell you
what‘s running, how much
processor time and memory
programs are taking up and
this is where you can shut-
down hung programs.

Under the Applications and
Processes tabs you can right-
click on programs and select
End Task to shut them down
if they have crashed.


          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 122      www.thelongclimb.com
                         SYSTEM
                         INFORMATION
 QUICK TIP               The system information
                         screen can be very
Health Reports           useful if you need to
                         give anybody detailed
                         information about your
                         PC and the version of
If you are asking a      Windows and the
friend to help diag-     software running on it.
nose problems with
                         This screen can also
your PC it can be        prove useful when you want
useful to first gener-   to upgrade your PC and
ate a System Health      need to find new,
                         compatible, hardware.
Report, see right for
details of how to do
this.                    SYSTEM HEALTH
You can save this        REPORT
report and email it
or give it to your                Generating a
                                  System Health
friend.                           Report can
                                  provide all
System Health Re-                 sorts of useful
ports contain a          information when
                         diagnosing problems
wealth of extremely
                         with your PC. It can
useful information       inform you of faulty
when     diagnosing      Windows files or drivers
problems with your       and much more.
PC.




                                                      123
INSTALLING A DEVICE DRIVER
        Windows 7 is excellent at
        finding drivers for hardware
        but occasionally, as new
        hardware is released after
your Windows DVD was created, or after
a fresh install, it may file to find installers
for new hardware.

To manually install drivers, open
the Device Manager from the
Control Panel or by searching for
it in the Start Menu.

Any hardware for which drivers are
not installed will show up with a
yellow triangle next to them.


        Right-click on the
        hardware and from the
        context menu that
        appears click Update Driver
Software.




        Select if you
        want Windows
        to search for
the driver, which won‘t be
worth it if Windows has
failed previously, for
instance when it was
installed or if it‘s the
network hardware you
need to get online so
Windows can search
Windows Update, or if you
want to browse for the
driver on your hard disk
or an a supplied DVD.

If you find the right folder
on the disc, Windows
should have no problems installing the driver.



          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 124      www.thelongclimb.com
REMOVING AND REINSTLLING DRIVERS
        If you need to remove or
        reinstall a device driver, go
        into Device Manager from the
        Control Panel and find the
component you want to uninstall /
reinstall.

Right-click on it and from the
context menu that appears select
Uninstall.




         You may be given an option to
         Delete the driver software for
         this device. This can be useful
         if you are installing a different
driver version.

You can now reinstall the driver using the
steps described on the previous page.




ROLLING BACK A DRIVER
Sometimes it can be useful to go back to a previous driver if you have
upgraded a driver and it becomes faulty.

     Go into Device Manager
     from the Control Panel and
     find the component you
want to roll back the driver for.

Right-click on it and select
Properties from the menu that
appears.

       In the window that pops up, under the
       driver tab, select Roll Back driver. If there
       is a previous version of the driver stored
       that Windows can restore, it will be done
now. You may need to reboot your PC when this is
complete.




                                                                         125
SEEKING REMOTE ASSISTANCE
Windows 7 offers you the ability to let a friend or technical support person
(make sure you know they‘re trustworthy) to take remote control of your PC
over the internet.

     Type assist in the Start Menu search box and run Windows Remote
     Assistance.



        In the window that
        appears tell Windows that
        you want to invite someone
you trust to help you.




        The system
        will ask how
        you want to
send the invitation.
Choose the option that‘s
best for you and press
Next.




        Once the
        invitation
        is sent a
        window
will pop up and you
should wait for your
friend to connect to
your PC.

You will be prompted to give them full control and it can be useful to tick the
box that allows them to deal with any UAC User Account Control prompts too.




         Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 126     www.thelongclimb.com
                        SYSTEM RESTORE                 To use this useful utility, type
                                                       command into the Start Menu
                                                       search box and when
                        As with previous versions      Command Prompt appears,
QUICK TIP               of Windows, System             right click on it and select Run
                        Restore is a good way to       as Administrator. You will now
                        recover your PC if             need your Windows 7 install
   System File          something goes wrong.          DVD in your main DVD or Blu-
                        Restore points are created     Ray drive, but don‘t run the
    Checker             automatically when a           installer.
                        major change is made to
                        your computer, such as a       In the command window that
The System File         driver or a new piece of       appears on your screen type
Checker is an excel-    software is installed. You     SFC /SCANNOW and press
lent utility for re-                                   the Enter key.
storing parts of Win-                                  The System File Checker will
dows that have be-                                     check every Windows file
come corrupt from                                      against the version on the
                                                       DVD, and if it finds any files
the original install                                   that have become corrupt, it
DVD, without having                                    will replace them with the
to reinstall all of                                    original copy.
Windows 7 itself.                                      NOTE: if you have a Windows
                        can manually create a          7 Service Pack installed you
Instructions for how
                        restore point however by       may need an install DVD with
to use this excellent   typing create a restore        that same service pack on it.
                        point into the Start Menu      Check with a Windows
utility can be found
                        search box.                    technician or on-line forums
on the right.
                        You can access System          for how to create a
                        Restore through opening        slipstreamed Windows DVD.
Note if you have        Backup and Restore from
installed a service     the Control Panel and
pack into Windows       clicking on the link Recover   STARTUP REPAIR
                        system settings or your
7, you may also need    computer from the window       Windows 7 is quite clever in
an install DVD con-     that appears or by typing      that if it detects a problem
taining that service    System Restore into the        that‘s preventing it from
                        Start Menu search box.         starting, a diagnostic utility,
pack.
                                                       called Startup Repair will run
You can find out        SYSTEM FILE                    to try and fix the problem.
online how to slip-     CHECKER                        If you
stream a service                                       are
pack into a Win-                   If Windows is       getting
                                   faulty then it      past the
dows DVD.                                              BIOS
                                   can sometimes
                                   be quickly and      screen,
                                   easily repaired     (black
                                   using the           screen
                                   System File         with
                                   Checker.            white text) but Windows is not
                                                       starting, this utility is also
                                                       available by booting from your
                                                       install DVD.




                                                                                  127
PROGRAM
COMPATIBILITY
Windows 7 is far
                                                                          QUICK TIP
better able to run
older software than                                                          Program
Windows Vista was.
In addition to this                                                        Compatibility
there are some                                                               Trouble-
useful tools built into
the operating
                                                                              shooter
system.

The Program                                                               Program
Compatibility                                                             compatibility      is
Assistant is able to
                                                                          excellent         in
tell you if a
program, when you                                                         Windows 7 but just
are installing it, has                                                    in    case    typing
any known                                                                 program
compatibility issues
with Windows. It                                                          compatibility into
will give you an                                                          the Start Menu
option if it does to                                                      search box will
check for solutions
to help you run the                                                       bring     up     the
software.                                                                 Program
                                                                          Compatibility
Also if an
installation does not work                                                Trouble-shooter.
correctly, Windows 7 will
                                           XP MODE
automatically adjust itself to                                            This is an wizard-
accommodate the installation,                                             based system that
and will prompt you to
                                                                          will search your
reinstall it again Using [these]
Recommended Settings.                      Windows 7 Professional         software          for
                                           and Ultimate feature an        incompatibility
           Finally, right-                 optional plug-in called XP
                                                                          issues           and
           clicking on a                   Mode. This will allow still
           program in the                  incompatible software to       automatically apply
           Start Menu,                     run in a Virtual Machine       fixes to help you get
           selecting Properties            (see appendix F) on your       the         software
           from the menu that              desktop and it includes a
           appears and                     full licenced copy of          working again.
           navigating to the               Windows XP Professional.
Compatibility tab will allow
you to set the program to run              In order to be able to use
in a special compatibility                 XP Mode your motherboard
mode for a previous version of             and processor will need to
Windows.                                   support Hardware
                                           Virtualisation. You can find
                                           out about this in the
                                           manuals for your
                                           hardware.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 128      www.thelongclimb.com
Part 15




          Tweaking
TWEAKING
   MSConfig ........................................................................................... 131
   Services ............................................................................................ 131
   Third-party tweaking software ............................................................. 132
   Readyboost ....................................................................................... 132




QUICK TIPS
   MSConfig ........................................................................................... 131
   Be careful of tweaking software ............................................................ 132
                         MSCONFIG                          This operating system runs
                                                           far fewer services than
                                                           previous editions of Windows.
                                   Search in the           It was the number of running
 QUICK TIP                         Start Menu for          services that was largely
                                   MSConfig and this       responsible for Windows Vista
                                   useful little utility   being very slow.
    MSConfig                       will appear.

                         It‘s most useful feature the
                         Startup tab in which you
MSConfig, accessed       can see, and deactivate,
by typing its name
into the search box
in the Start Menu, is                                            By default only the
                                                                 services Windows 7
an excellent utility                                             needs are running. You
for          disabling                                           can look down the list
annoying start-up                                                though to view all
                                                                 running services and
programs.                                                        shut down any that you
                                                                 feel you don‘t need.
For more advanced
users it is also very
powerful for other
tasks.                   every program that‘s
                         set to start when
                         Windows boots.
MSConfig      should
not be used for          Many pieces of
disabling Windows        software such as
                         toolbars, utilities for
services though, this    disc burning software
should always be         and updaters for
done through the         software are often
                         set to run at start
main         Services    up.
control panel. For
                         Deactivating unnecessary          Significant performance
instructions on how                                        boosts can be gained by doing
                         and unwanted software can
to access this see
                         speed up Startup and              this, but be careful as
the text on the          shutdown times, and speed         shutting down the wrong
                         Windows 7 in general use.         service can cause Windows to
right.
                                                           crash, unable to restart.

                         SERVICES
                                     Typing
                                     services
                                     into the
                                     Start Menu
                                     search box
                         will find this utility
                         with its cogs icon
                         that enables you to
                         start, stop and
                         switch off services
                         that are running in
                         Windows 7.


                                                                                   131
THIRD-PARTY                                The only one I can
                                           recommend at this time is
TWEAKING SOFTWARE                          Windows 7 Manager from
                                           Yamicsoft
           With every version
                                                                          QUICK TIP
                                                  www.yamicsoft.com/
           of Windows there
           are always a great                      windows7manager
                                                                           Be careful of
           number of
           third-party                                                      tweaking
           tools that will                                                   software
enable you to tweak the
settings in Windows to
help you get the best
                                                                          Third-party
from it.
                                                                          tweaking software
Using third-party                                                         can be an excellent
tweaking software does                                                    tool to help you get
include risks that
changing some Windows                                                     the best out of
settings could cause                                                      Windows 7.
Windows 7 to become
unstable or even unable                                                   Sometimes
to boot, so caution
should always be exercised                 I have used Yamicsoft          however, a badly
when using these tools.                    tweaking utilities myself      written        or
                                           before and found them to       incompatible tool
Just some of the Windows 7                 be very professionally
tweaking utilities available               written, sensibly laid out     can render your
include...                                 and stable.                    copy of Windows
                                                                          unusable.
EnhanceMySe7en
                                           READYBOOST                     You should always
      www.seriousbit.com/
                                                                          make sure you have
       tweak_windows_7                     If you have a spare USB        a backup of your
                                           pen drive, you can use this
Ultimate Windows Tweaker                   to speed up your system.       Windows               7
                                                                          installation you can
      www.winvistaclub.com/                Plug the drive in and when     reinstall if there is a
 Ultimate_Windows_Tweaker.html             the autoplay window
                                           appears select Speed up        problem.
                                           my system to use the pen
XdN Tweaker                                drive as additional memory.

                                           It does this by using space
   xenomorph.net/?page_id=336
                                           on the pen drive to cache
                                           programs for faster loading.
TweakNow PowerPack

www.tweaknow.com/powerPack.html


Windows 7 Little Tweaker

 windows7news.com/2009/05/27/
customise-windows-7-with-windows-
          7-little-tweaker


          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 132      www.thelongclimb.com
Part 15




          Upgrading
UPGRADING
   Windows Anytime Upgrade .................................................................. 135
   Upgrading to Windows 8...................................................................... 135
   Adding memory .................................................................................. 136
   Upgrading your Graphics card .............................................................. 136
   Adding a hard disk.............................................................................. 137
   Tips for upgrading your PC .................................................................. 137




QUICK TIPS

   Cheap copies of Windows 7 ................................................................. 135
   The 32 bit barrier ............................................................................... 136
   What else can you upgrade? ................................................................ 137
                         WINDOWS
                         ANYTIME
QUICK TIP                UPGRADE
                         Owners of Windows 7
 Cheap copies            Starter, Home Premium
 of windows 7            or Professional can
                         upgrade their copy of
                         Windows 7 in-place to a
Normally        from     better version using
about three months       Windows Anytime
after launch, which      Upgrade.                                    You can use this program to
                         Accessed through the Start                  transfer all your documents,
would put it at from     Menu this is a quick and                    email and settings to Windows
February 2010, far       simple way to buy a new                     8 when it becomes available.
cheaper copies of        product key and upgrade
                         windows in as little as 10                  Bear in mind however that this
Windows           are    minutes.
available       from                                                 backup will be extremely big if
                                                                     you have a lot of documents,
computer fairs and       There‘s no need to reinstall                photos and music. If you
                         Windows, everything is done                 have an external hard disk
on the internet.
                         within your current                         you can back up to this is the
                         installation.                               best option.
Major companies
such as Amazon,
Dabs and e-Buyer         UPGRADING TO
regularly sell full
                         WINDOWS 8
copies of windows
for about £80 (UK).      When Windows 8 launches
                         (it‘s due around 2012), it
It can be worth          will have a Windows Easy
waiting to upgrade       Transfer utility on the disc,
                         similar to the one bundled
to Windows 7 to
                         with Windows 7. This will
take advantage of        make it easy to transfer
the cheaper pricing.     your files and documents
                         across.
                        Prices correct as of October 2009     US               UK           EU

                        Starter to Home Premium             $79.99           £69.99        €74.99

                        Starter to Professional             $114.99          £119.99      €184.99

                        Starter to Ultimate                 $164.99          £139.99      €204.99

                        Home Premium to                     $89.99           £119.99      €179.99
                        Professional
                        Home Premium to Ultimate            $139.99         £124.99       €189.99

                        Professional to Ultimate            $129.99          £84.99       €134.99



                                                                                              135
UPGRADING YOUR                             UPGRADING YOUR
MEMORY                                     GRAPHICS CARD
The easiest and quickest way               The other common way to
                                                                           QUICK TIP
to upgrade your PC and                     upgrade a PC is to change
improve performance is to                  the graphics card to enable        The 32 bit
install extra memory (RAM).                you to play the latest
Windows 7 and your programs                games.                              barrier
run from memory so the more
you have the more your PC                  There are two types of         32 bit operating
can do. If your PC runs out of             interface, AGP and PCI-
                                                                          systems        cannot
memory it uses space on the                Express. In the image
hard disk as virtual memory                below the AGP socket is        ‘see’ a total amount
instead, which is much slower.             yellow on the left and the     of memory over
                                           long orange socket is on the   4Gb.
Memory cards sit behind your               right.
DVD/Blu-Ray drives in your
computer and poke out                                                     This includes the
vertically from the                                                       memory on your
motherboard.                                                              graphics card which
                                                                          is typically between
                                                                          256Mb and 1Gb.

                                                                          To take advantage
                                                                          of more than 4Gb of
                                                                          memory you will
                                                                          need to be running
                                                                          the 64 bit version of
                                                                          Windows 7.

                                                                          If you do not
                                                                          already have this
                                                                          version running it
They should have a label on                                               will    require   a
them telling you what type of
memory they are. They will                 Any                            complete reinstall
usually be DDR, DDR2 or                    compatible                     as upgrading is not
DDR3 and this will be followed             graphics                       possible.
by a speed. The label above                card should
says DDR PC2700 which you                  work in
                                           your PC,                       You should be able
can match up with an online
shop. It will also tell you how            though some may require        to get a 64 bit install
big the card is, in this case              additional power so you        DVD from your PC
1Gb.                                       should check the power
                                           supply in your PC has a        supplier.
If you do not have this                    spare power cable, usually a
information, look for a model              small white one.
number you can search online
for.                                       Again, always make sure
                                           you have discharged any
Always make sure the PC is                 static electricity from
switched off and you replace               yourself and replace any
memory carefully, having                   parts in your computer
discharged any static-                     carefully.
electricity from yourself first.

          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 136      www.thelongclimb.com
                        ADDING A HARD DISK            TIPS FOR UPGRADING
                        If you want more storage in
                                                      YOUR PC
QUICK TIP               your PC you can add an
                        extra hard disk drive.        Always be careful when
                                                      working inside your PC. Many
 What else can          Modern drives will connect    of the components are very
                        to your PC by a SATA cable.   fragile and susceptible to very
 you upgrade?           The ports on your             minor changes in electric
                        motherboard will look the     charge.
The next things you     same as in the image below.
                        First check that you have a   You should always earth
can upgrade in your                                   yourself. You can do this by
                        free connector.
PC is the processor.                                  leaving your PC connected to
                                                      the main via a cable and, after
Check the manual                                      removing the side panel,
that came with your                                   touching your fingers to
                                                      unpainted metal on the power
motherboard to see                                    supply (the box the mains
what socket the                                       cable plugs into) and then
motherboard has,                                      with your other hand
                                                      unplugging the power cable
the maximum speed                                     from the back of the PC.
the    motherboard
can operate at and                                    Also be careful when handling
                                                      new components as a static
what processors are                                   electric shock could short out
supported by it.

You may also need
to buy a new heat
sink for the new        The back of the
                        hard disk drive
processor, though       will have sockets
many come with          for the power and
one anyway.             data cables. The
                        small plug is for
You will finally need   data, this
                        connects to your
silicon      thermal    motherboard, the
paste      to      go   larger is for
between the two to      power.
                        If your power
stop the processor      supply does not have a        fragile parts like memory and
from cracking.          SATA power connector the      processors.
                        hard disk should have a
                        large Molex power socket      Never do PC maintenance on a
                        you can use instead that is   carpet or another surface
                        normally a white plug.        where static electricity can be
                                                      generated. Always use a flat
                                                      table-top or similar surface.




                                                                               137
Part 16




          Finishing
APPENDICES
   Appendix A : Glossary ......................................................................... 140
   Appendix B : Keyboard shortcuts .......................................................... 146
   Appendix C : Advanced searching ......................................................... 148
   Appendix D : Windows features by edition ............................................. 155
   Appendix E : Downloads ...................................................................... 160
   Appendix F : Virtual Hard Disks ............................................................ 167
   Appendix G : Office 2010 Quick guide ................................................... 169
   Appendix H : About the author ............................................................. 172
Appendix A




             Glossary
32 BIT                                                 BOOTING
An older type of computer processor                    Starting up your computer to use
capable of processing up to 32 bits of                 Windows.
binary data (0 or 1) at a time. They can
handle up to 4Gb of installed memory.
                                                       DEFRAGMENT
64 BIT                                                 Files on your hard drive can become
                                                       fragmented over time. This means that
Much newer processor designs capable                   Windows looks for the next best place to
of handling 64 binary bits at a time and               save your file. However as you delete
memory in excess of 4Gb. They offer                    files this space might not be big enough
significant stability and security benefits            for it. So it splits the file over the
over 32 bit processors.                                available free space.

                                                       Over time this can slow your PC down
ADMINISTRATOR                                          and cause your files to become corrupt.

                                            Defragmenting your drive brings all the
The user mode in which software has         pieces of your files back together again.
full access to change / delete anything
on your computer. Windows Vista by
default runs in a Standard User mode Fragmented files
to improve security.
                                        F i  F    l    i         2   l   e   e    1
                                             Defragmented files
ADSL                                         F    i     l    e   1    F    i   l    e    2

The most common type of broadband
internet access. Asynchronous Digital
Subscriber Line is the access provided                 DEP
by British Telecom and all other non-
cable or satellite internet access                     Data Execution Prevention, a feature
providers.                                             introduced in Windows XP Service Pack
                                                       2 to stop viruses. It can also prevent
                                                       some games from running.
AGP
An interface for graphics cards on a PC,               DRIVE LETTERS
has since been replaced by PCI-Express
(PCI-E).                                               Typically C: or A:, these are traditional
                                                       ways to refer to the hard drives and
                                                       removable storage in your PC.




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                             141
DRIVER                                             HARD DRIVE / HARD DISK
Software that tells Windows how to                 A physical disk that sits inside your PC
communicate with installed hardware.               on which you store files and data in a
                                                   non-volatile way (see Memory). Hard
                                                   disks are measured in Gb units.
DUAL BOOTING                                       The disk operates with a series of
                                                   spinning discs on platters read by a
Running more than one operating on                 moving arm.
your PC. For instance having both
Windows XP and Windows Vista installed
and choosing when you switch the
computer on, which one to boot into.               HOMEGROUP
                                                   A feature in Windows 7 that allows the
DUAL CORE                                          sharing of documents, photos, pictures,
                                                   music, video and printers between PCs
                                                   running Windows 7 on a network.
A processor that has two physical cores
(processors) on the one chip. This
enables faster operation in modern PCs
and is the most common form of                     ICAL
processor found in desktop machines.
                                                   See WebDav, also the calendar program
                                                   for Apple computers.
DX11
DirectX 11 is the new 3D graphics                  MB
engine for Windows Vista, it enables
new effects in PC games.                           Megabyte, A unit of measure. 1Mb is
                                                   approximately the amount of storage
                                                   you can fit on a floppy disk. To
GB                                                 compare, a CD will store approximately
                                                   650Mb and a DVD will store 4.5Gb.

Gigabyte, A unit of measure. 1Gb =
1000Mb. 1Gb is typically enough space
on a hard disk to store 200 MP3s or                MEMORY (RAM)
enough memory to allow Windows Vista
to run properly.                                   Temporary (volatile) storage for files
                                                   and programmes while your computer is
                                                   running. The more memory your
                                                   computer has, typically between 512Mb
                                                   and 2Gb, the faster it can run because
                                                   the less reading of the hard disk is
                                                   required. Reading and writing to
                                                   memory is faster than to a hard disk.
                                                   Memory is measured in either Mb or Gb
                                                   units.

                                                   The common types of memory are DDR2
                                                   and DDR3 which is newer and faster.




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         142
OPERATING SYSTEM                                   PHISHING
Aka: Windows 7. The software that acts             Emails that purport to be from Banks or
as an interface for your computer and              websites such as Amazon or eBay that
that allows you to run software.                   try and trick you into logging in to what
                                                   you think is a genuine site to get your
                                                   passwords and other details.
NETWORK
A collection of PCs at home or at work             PROCESSOR
that can share files and data with each
other.                                             The silicon chip at the heart of your PC
                                                   that does all the computational work.

NETWORKING
                                                   QUAD CORE
Connecting your computer to a network
of others, either in your home or                  A processor that has four physical cores
onwards to the internet.                           on a single chip. Thus it can operate
                                                   far faster than a single or dual core
                                                   machine. These are commonly used for
PARTITION                                          high-end tasks such as gaming, graphics
                                                   intensive work, mathematical
                                                   calculations and running a different
Your hard drive can be split into                  operating system on each core (see
separate partitions. Each of these                 Virtual Machine)
becomes its own hard drive in the
available space. For instance a 400Gb
hard drive can be split into a 100Gb
partition followed by two 250Gb                    READYBOOST
partitions. This is useful for keeping
your data and files away from your                 A way of increasing the amount of
Windows installation.                              memory in Windows Vista by plugging in
                                                   a compatible USB pen drive.

PCI-E
                                                   REMOTE ASSISTANCE
PCI Express, the new format for
graphics cards on a PC, replacing the              A feature in Windows that allows remote
older AGP standard.                                control of your PC over the internet
                                                   when you give permission, so that
                                                   someone not in front of your PC can
                                                   solve problems on it.
PDF
Adobe‘s Portable Document Format is an
excellent way to transfer documents
between people, being operating system
independent.




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         143
REMOTE DESKTOP                                     SSD
Remote control of other PCs on your                Solid-state disk. A hard drive with no
home or office network.                            moving parts where all the storage is
                                                   silicon chip based. SSDs are far more
                                                   robust and much faster than their
SAVED SEARCHES                                     mechanical alternatives.

A search that you can save as a folder             SWAP FILE
and that can be treated in the same
way, but that holds no actual files and            If you do not have much memory,
dynamically updates whenever it‘s                  Windows creates a virtual memory file,
opened.                                            called a swap file, that acts as memory
                                                   but sits on the hard drive. Reading and
                                                   writing to a hard disk is slower than
SHADOW COPIES / PREVIOUS                           reading and writing to memory.

VERSIONS
                                                   SYSTEM RESTORE
Automatic backup of previous versions of
files performed by Windows Vista.                  A feature that takes a snapshot of your
These previous copies of files can be              PC‘s operating system at certain periods
restored by right clicking on the file and         so you can restore the system to that
selecting its properties                           point in the event of a problem.


SPAM                                               TAGS
Unwanted, unsolicited email. Named                 Key words to describe the contents of
after a pre-cooked tinned meat                     your files, music or photographs.
commonly eaten in the UK during the
Second World War, and usually despised
by all who ate it.                                 TASKBAR
                                                   The bar that typically runs along the
SPYWARE                                            bottom of your screen containing the
                                                   Windows Orb Button, icons and the
Unwanted files that collect on your PC as          clock.
you browse the internet. Many are
innocuous but some can have malicious
purposes. They are removed by                      UAC
software such as Windows Defender.
                                                   User Account Control (UAC) is the
                                                   security system in Windows Vista to
                                                   guard against virus and other attack.




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         144
UI                                                 WI-FI

User Interface, a term to describe the             Wireless internet access, also called
look and feel of an application or                 802.11. There are four speeds a, b, g
Operating System.                                  and n with a being the slowest, n being
                                                   the fastest and g currently being the
                                                   most common.
USERS FOLDER
                                                   WINDOWS KEY
The location where your Documents and
other personal files are stored. This can          The key between CTRL and ALT at the
be moved away from the drive or                    bottom left of your keyboard, also
partition on which you have installed              known as the Windows Orb (formerly
Windows Vista.                                     the Start Button) on the taskbar.


VIRTUAL MACHINE                                    WIMAX
A copy of an operating system running              The next generation wi-fi with a much
within another operating system in a               broader range and greatly increased
protected / separated environment.                 speed and capacity.
Commonly found in testing situations or
with company servers.
                                                   WINDOWS UPDATE /
VIRTUAL MEMORY                                     MICROSOFT UPDATE
Additional memory kept as a hidden file            A utility built into all versions of
on your hard drive for when you run out            Windows to help keep the operating
of physical memory. This is much                   system up to date and free from
slower than physical memory.                       security holes.


WEBDAV                                             XPS
A way to store calendars online so that            Microsoft‘s answer to Adobe‘s PDF
they can be shared with other people.              format, the Cross Platform Support
                                                   document format offers the same
                                                   advantages that PDFs offer but is
WEP                                                relatively new.

The typical format for the security key
used to protect access to wi-fi (wireless)
networks.




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         145
Appendix B




             Keyboard Shortcuts
WINDOWS KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS
It‘s also possible to control many aspects of Windows 7 using just the keyboard. Below
is a complete list of Keyboard controls, most of which will involve pressing the Windows
key (start button on the keyboard).

     *windows key+ and *M+ ................................................................... Minimise all open windows
     *windows key+ and *Shift+ and *M+ ............................................ Undo all window minimisation
     *windows key+ and *D+ ................................................................... Toggle showing the desktop
     *windows key+ and *Up cursor key+ .................................................. Maximise current window
     *windows key+ and *Down cursor key+ ......................................... Minimise windows / Restore
     *windows key+ and *Left cursor key+ ................................ Dock current window to the left side
     *windows key+ and *Right cursor key+ ........................... Dock current window to the right side
     *windows key+ and *Shift and Up cursor key+ ........................ Maximize vertical size of window
     *windows key+ and *Shift and Down cursor key+ ........................................ Restore vertical size
     *windows key+ and *Shift and Left cursor key+............................. Move window to left monitor
     *windows key+ and *Shift and Right cursor key+ ....................... Move window to right monitor
     *windows key+ and *Spacebar+ ..................................................................... Aero desktop peek
     *windows key+ and *Home+ ....................................... Minimise/maximise all inactive windows
     *Alt+ and *F4+ ....................................................................................... Close the active window
     *Alt+ and *Tab+ ....................................................................... Switch to previous active window
     *Alt+ and *Esc+ .......................................................................... Cycle through all open windows
     *windows key+ and *Tab+.................................................................................................. Flip 3D
     *Ctrl+ and *windows key+ and *Tab+ ................................................................ Persistent Flip 3D
     *windows key+ and *T+ ........................................................ Cycle through programs on taskbar
     *windows key+ and *Shift+ and *T+............................................... As above, but in reverse order
     *windows key+ and *R+ ............................................................................. Opens Run dialog box
     *windows key+ and *P+ ............................................. Show projector / multiple screen options
     *windows key+ and *G+ ............................................................................ Show desktop gadgets
     *windows key+ and *L+......................................................................................... Lock computer
     *windows key+ and *X+ ....................................................................................... Mobility Centre
     *windows key+ and *++ ................................................................................................... Zoom in
     *windows key+ and *-+ ..................................................................................................Zoom out
     *windows key+ and *=+ .................................................................................................Magnifier
     *Alt+ and *P+ ........................................................................................ Show/hide Preview Pane
     *Alt+ and *Up+ ..................................................................................................... Go up one level
     *Alt+ and *Left/Right cursor keys+.......................................................................... Back/forward

Additionally you can use the following keyboard and mouse combinations.

     *Win+ and *Any number (1, 2, .., 0)+ ............. Open the corresponding taskbar pinned program
     *Ctrl+ and *Click a pinned taskbar icon+ ................ Cycle through the program’s open windows
     *Shift+ and *Click a pinned taskbar icon+ ............................. Run a new instance of the program
     *Ctrl+ and *Shift+ and *Click a pinned taskbar icon+............... New instance as an administrator
     *Shift+ and *Right-click on icon+ ................................................................. Show window menu
     *Shift+ and *Right-click on grouped icon+ ................................................... Show window menu
Appendix C




             Advanced Search
ADVANCED SEARCH QUERY SYNTAX

Author:name              Author:mike             Finds documents written and / or
                                                 created by Mike

                         Author:(mike halsey)    Find items containing the string Mike
                                                 Halsey

                         Author(mike or jed)     Finds items written / created by mike
                                                 or jed

                         Author:mike jed         Finds items written / created by mike
                                                 and with jed anywhere in the
                                                 document
From:name                From:mike               Finds items sent by mike
Before:date              Before:22/10/2009       Finds items created before 22/10/2009
After:date               After:22/10/2009        Finds items created after 22/10/2009
Has:attachment           Guide has:attachment Finds items containing the word guide
                                              that have attachments

Is:attachment            Guide is:attachment     Finds attachments containing with
                                                 word guide


When typing dates you can use several methods. The one above is an example but to
search between a range of dates you can use from:mike
sent:27/03/08..22/10/09 as Windows search will recognise all relevant date
formats.

In addition you can use the following terms...

Relative dates: today, tomorrow, yesterday

Multi-word relative dates: week, next month, last week, past month, coming year,
or contracted as thisweek, nextmonth, lastweek, pastmonth and comingyear

Days: Sunday, Monday ... Sunday

Months: January, February ... December


Size:>50KB <70KB                   Searches for files with a file size between 50Kb and
                                   70Kb
Size:>=50KB <=70KB                 Searches for files with a size between 50Kb and
                                   70Kb including the end values
Size:50KB..70KB                    The same as size:>=50KB <=70KB

Date:>27/3/08<22/10/09             Searches for dates between 27/3/08 and 22/10/09

Date:>=27/3/08<=22/10/0            Searches for dates between 27/3/08 and 22/10/09
9                                  including the end values
Date:27/3/08..22/10/09             The same as Date:>=27/3/08<=22/10/09
Searching by file type

To search for                       Use                    Example
Communications                      Communications         Kind:communications
Contacts                            Contact                Kind:contacts
                                    Person                 Kind:person
Email                               Email                  Kind:email
Instant messenger                   Im                     Kind:im
conversations
Meetings                            Meetings               Kind:meetings
Tasks                               Tasks                  Kind:tasks
Notes                               Notes                  Kind:notes
Documents                           Docs                   Kind:docs
Music                               Music                  Kind:music
                                    Song                   Kind:song
Pictures                            Pics                   Kind:pics
                                    Pictures               Kind:pictures
Videos                              Videos                 Kind:videos
Folders                             Folders                Kind:folders
Folder name                         Fordername             Foldername:windows7
Programs                            Programs               Kind:programs
Recorded TV                         Tv                     Kind:tv
Link                                Link                   Kind:link
Journal Entry                       journal                Kind:journal

To search by file store

Store         Use      Example       Store         Use                 Example
Files         File     Store:file    Outlook       Mapi                Store:mapi
Offline       csc      Store:csc     Outlook       outlookexpress      Store:outlookexpress
files                                Express

Video                                          Calendar

Property     Use          Example              Property    Use            Example

Name         Name         Name:paris           Recurring   Isrecurrin     Isrecurring:true
             Subject      Subject:holiday                  g              Recurring:false
Extension Ext             Ext:mp3                          recurring
          filext          Filext:wmv           Organiser   Organizer, Organizer:mike
                                                           by, from

                                               Location    location       Location:sheffield
Searching by file type


Property                 Use                      Example

Title                    Title, subject, about    Title:consultant
Status                   Status                   Status:active
Date                     Date                     Date:lastweek
Date modified            Datemodified, modified   Modified:yesterday
Importance               Importance, priority     Importance:high
Size                     Size                     Size:>50MB
Deleted                  Deleted, isdeleted       Isdeleted:true
Is attachment            Isattachment             Isattachment:false
To                       To, toname               To:johnsmith
Cc                       Cc, ccname               Cc:david
Company                  Company                  Company:inspirare
Category                 Category                 Category:business
Keywords                 Keywords                 Keywords:sports
Album                    Album                    Album:greatest
File name                Filename, file           Filename:2009hits
Genre                    Genre                    Genre:jazz
Author                   Author, by               Author:mike
Folder                   Folder, under, path      Folder:windows7
Ext                      Ext, fileext             Ext:.pdf
Tags                     Tag, keyword             Tag:personal
Type                     Type                     Type:image


Properties for Documents


Property                        Use                    Example
Comments                        Comments               Comments:excellent
Last saved by                   Last saved by          Lastsavedby:mike
Document manager                Documentmanager        Documentmanager:mike
Revision number                 Revisionnumber         Revisionnumber:5a
Date last printed               Datelastprinted        Datelastprinted:yesterday
Slide count                     slides                 Slides:>20
Properties for Music


Property                             Use                 Example

Bit rate                             Bitrate             Bitrate:>150kbps
Artist                               Artist, by          Artist:pink
Year                                 Year                Year:1977..1987
                                                         Year:>1980<1990
Album                                Album               Album:‖greatest hits‖
Genre                                Genre               Genre:rock
Lyrics                               Lyrics              Lyrics:‖I can make you
                                                         happy‖
Track                                #, track            Track:14


Properties for Pictures



Property                             Use                 Example

Camera make                          Cameramake          Cameramake:nikon
Camera model                         Cameramodel         Cameramodel:D20
Dimensions                           Dimensions          Dimensions:8x10
Orientation                          Orientation         Orientation:landscape
Date taken                           Taken               Taken:last
                                     Datetaken           Datetaken:22/10/2008
Width                                Width               Width:33
Height                               Height              Height:66
Flash mode                           Flashmode           Flashmode: no flash


Properties for Recorded TV


Property                             Use                 Example

Broadcast date                       Broadcastdate       Broadcastdate:2007
Channel number                       Channel             Channel:13
Closed captioning                    Closedcaptioning    Closedcaptioning:true
Date released                        Datereleased        Datereleased:2008
Episode name                         episodename         Episodename:‖best of‖


Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                               152
Properties for Contacts


Property                           Use                    Example

Job title                          Jobtitle               Jobtitle:manager
IM address                         Imaddress              Imaddress:sparky@inspirare.net
Assistant’s phone                  Assistansphone         Assistantsphone:01141234567
Assistant name                     Assistantname          Assistantname:paula
Profession                         Profession             Profession:banker
Nickname                           Nickname               Nickname:bono
Spouse                             Spouse                 Spouse:louise
Business city                      Businesscity           Businesscity:redmond
Business postal code               Businesspostalcode     Businesspostalcode:98052
Business home page                 Businesshomepage       Businesshomepage:www.inspirare.net
Callback phone number Callbacknumber                      Callbacknumber:882-8080
Car phone                          Carphone               Carphone:555-1212
Children                           Children               Children:paul
First name                         Firstname              Firstname:mike
Last name                          Lastname               Lastname:halsey
Home fax                           Homefax                Homefax:555-1212
Manager’s name                     Manager                Manager:steve
Pager                              Pager                  Pager:882-8080
Business phone                     Businessphone          Businessphone:555-1212
Home phone                         Homephone              Homephone:01141234567
Mobile phone                       Mobilephone            Mobilephone:077712345678
Office                             Officelocation         Officelocation:red/101
Anniversary                        Anniversary            Anniversary:yesterday
Birthday                           Birthday               Birthday:nextweek




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                                153
Properties for Communications



Property                   Use                            Example

From                       From, organizer                From:mike
Received                   Received, sent                 Sent:yesterday
Subject                    Subject, title                 Subject:book
Has attachment             has attachment, hasattachments hasattachment:true
Attachments                Attachment, attachments        Attachment:win7power.pdf
Bcc                        Bcc, bccname                   Bcc:margaret
Bcc address                Bcc, bccaddress                Bccaddress:mike@inspirare.net
Cc address                 Cc, ccaddress                  Ccaddress:mike@inspirare.net
Follow-up flag             Flagstatus                     Flagstatus:unflagged
                           Flagststus:followup            Flagstatus:completed

To address                 Toaddress, to                  Toaddress:mike@inspirare.net
Date due                   Duedate, due                   Due:22/10/2009
Read                       Read, isread                   Isread:true
Is completed               Iscompleted                    Iscompleted:false
Incomplete                 Iscomplete                     Incomplete:false
Has flag                   Hasflag, isflagged             Hasflag:true
Duration                   Duration                       Duration:>120




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                             154
Appendix D




             Windows Features
              By version
USER INTERFACE



Windows Basic
Windows Standard
Windows Aero
Aero Peek
Aero Snap
Aero Shake
Windows Flip
Windows Flip 3D
Live Taskbar Preview
Jumplists
Windows Search



BUNDLED APPLICATIONS



Internet Explorer 8                                                 *
Windows Desktop gadgets
Basic Games
Premium Games
Calculator
Paint
Snipping Tool
Sticky Notes
Windows Journal
Windows Fax and Scan
Windows PowerShell
WordPad
XPS Viewer

*pre-installed in some versions of Windows 7 and available via-download in others,
dependant on whether your copy of Windows 7 came with a new PC or was purchased
separately.
Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         156
DIGITAL MEDIA



Windows Photo Viewer
Windows Media Player 12
Windows Media Player Remote Media Experience
Windows Media Centre
Windows DVD Maker
Device Stage
Sync Centre
MPEG-2 Decoding
Dolby Digital Playback
AAC and H.264 Decoding
DVD Playback
TV Tuners Supported                                4   4   4



SECURITY



Action Centre
Windows Defender
Windows Firewall
IE 8 Protected Mode and DEP Support
User Account Control
Windows Update
Fast User Switching
Parental Controls




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         157
MOBILITY



Windows Mobility Centre                                             *
Windows Sideshow
Sync Centre
Tablet PC
Multi-Touch Support

*No presentation mode

PERFORMANCE



Windows ReadyDrive
Windows ReadyBoost
SuperFetch
64-bit Processor Support
Physical Processors Supported                           1       2         2       2
Processor Core Support                                          Unlimited
Maximum RAM (32-bit)                                  4Gb*    4Gb*      4Gb*    4Gb*
Maximum RAM (64-bit)                                          16Gb      192Gb   192Gb

*This includes memory on any installed AGP or PCI-Express Graphics card(s).

RELIABILITY



Windows Backup
System Image
Backup to Network
Encrypting File System
Bitlocker
Bitlocker to Go
Automatic Hard Disk Defragmenting
Previous Versions (Shadow Copies)
Create and Attach Virtual Hard Disks
NETWORKING



Network and Sharing Centre
Homegroup                                          Join
Improved Power Management
Connect to a Projector
Remote Desktop
Remote Desktop Host
IIS Web Server
RSS Support
Internet Connection Sharing
Network Bridge
Offline Files


ENTERPRISE AND BUSINESS FEATURES



Join a domain
XP Mode (via download)
Applocker
Boot from Virtual Hard Disk
BranchCache
DirectAccess
Federated Search
Multi-lingual User Interface Language Packs
Location-Aware Printing
Subsystem for UNIX Applications




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         159
Appendix E




             Downloads
ANTI-VIRUS SOFTWARE
My choices for the best anti-virus downloads are.



MICROSOFT SECURITY
ESSENTIALS
A free basic anti-virus solution that has
advantages over the competition
including only scanning your PC when
you‘re not using it.

It uses Microsoft‘s award-winning
corporate anti-virus engine.

     www.microsoft.com/security_essential




AVG ANTI-VIRUS
For years the anti-virus of choice for
internet professionals.

AVG comes in both a free version and a
full security suite including firewall and
spam protection

                www.avg.com




KASPERSKY                                    AVIRA
One of the longest-standing anti-virus       A relative newcomer to anti-virus but the
vendors.                                     Avira security suite is an excellent all-
                                             rounder with a
Kaspersky is                                 fantastic
either a paid for                            record.
anti-virus or a
security suite.                               www.avira.com

www.kaspersky.com
FIREWALLS
My choices for the best firewall downloads are.



ZONEALARM
Available as both a free basic firewall and
a full security suite, ZoneAlarm is one of
the best and longest-standing firewalls.

             www.zonealarm.com




AVG SECURITY SUITE
AVG provides an excellent firewall as part
of its paid for security suite.

               www.avg.com




COMODO                                        AVIRA
Comodo offers an excellent free firewall      A relative newcomer but the Avira security
as well as an upgraded paid-for edition.      suite is an excellent all-rounder with a
                                              fantastic record.
             www.comodo.com
                                                             www.avira.com
ANTI-SPYWARE SOFTWARE
My choices for the best anti-spyware downloads are.



SPYWARE TERMINATOR
Completely free but a little complex in
parts. Should be installed by an
experienced user but fire-and-forget after
that time. Spyware Terminator provides
excellent spyware and trojan protection.

         www.spywareterminator.com




AVG SECURITY SUITE
AVG provides an excellent anti-spyware
package as part of its paid for security
suite.

               www.avg.com




KASPERSKY                                    AVIRA
Kaspersky offers an excellent anti-          A relative newcomer but the Avira security
spyware package as part of it‘s paid for     suite is an excellent all-rounder with a
security suite.                              fantastic record.

             www.kaspersky.com                www.avira.com
PC MAINTENANCE SOFTWARE
My choices for the best PC maintenance downloads are.



GLARY UTILITIES
One of the best and simplest to use
Windows optimisations tools available,
and even better it‘s completely free.

                www.glarysoft.com




ASHAMPOO WINOPTIMISER
A paid for package but well worth the
small price. An excellent Windows
optimisation tool.

               www.ashampoo.com




CCLEANER
Another free Windows optimisation utility
and an excellent one at that, but only
recommended for more advanced users.

                www.ccleaner.com




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         164
OTHER ESSENTIAL SOFTWARE
My choices for the best software you can‘t do without are.



WINDOWS LIVE SUITE
Many of the programs we were used to
with previous versions of Windows were
removed in Windows 7 and clearly for the
better. Now integrated into Windows
Live Suite, Mail, Photo Gallery and much
more are the first thing I install in
Windows 7.

             download.live.com




ZUNE PLAYER
Far superior to any other media player on
the market today, and you don‘t have to
own a Microsoft Zune MP3 player to use
the software.

           www.zune.net/software




SHARK007 CODECS
A complete codec package for Windows
7, ensuring you can listen to and view
the widest range of music and video files.

             www.shark007.net
ESSENTIAL WEBSITES
My choices for the best websites to bookmark are.



MICROSOFT FIX IT
A new service from Microsoft, helping you
diagnose and fix common Windows
problems, with downloadable fixes and
patches. This is an essential bookmark for
any Windows user.

              support.microsoft.com/fixit




GIBSON RESEARCH
The website of one of the internet‘s foremost
security experts. A goldmine of free tools
and utilities for finding and fixing security
problems on your PC.

                     www.grc.com




THE LONG CLIMB
My own website with a comprehensive PC
support section along with lots more.

                www.thelongclimb.com




Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
www.thelongclimb.com                         166
Appendix F




             Virtual Hard Disks
WHAT IS                                    A dialog will pop up in
                                           which you should specify
VIRTUALISATION?                            where on your computer
                                           you want this stored and
Virtualisation is the ability run
                                           what size it should be.          QUICK TIP
create and run a virtual disk,             You will need to initialise
an entire hard disk contained
within the file, similar to the
                                           this disk which you can do           What is
                                           by right-clicking on it.
way files can be stored within                                              Virtualisation?
a ZIP file for emailing.

A copy of Windows can be                                                    When you have a
installed inside this virtual
                                                                            ZIP file on your PC
hard disk, protecting it from
the outside world and making                                                and open it, it
it easy to restore from a                                                   appears to be a
backup if something goes
                                                                            folder    containing
wrong with it.
                                                                            other files. IT is
                                                                            though just a file
                                           You can also attach a virtual    containing    those
                                           hard disk *.VHD file created     other files in a
                                           previously or on another
                                           copy of Windows 7 from the       compressed form.
                                           Action menu in the
                                           Computer Management              A virtual hard disk is
                                           console.                         the same thing, a
                                                                            file on your PC
                                           CREATING A                       containing      other
                                           BOOTABLE VIRTUAL                 files. The difference
CREATING A VIRTUAL                                                          is that, rather than
                                           WINDOWS
                                                                            appear as a folder, a
HARD DISK                                                                   Virtual Hard Disk
                                           You can install a bootable
                                           copy of Windows 7 into this      appears as an extra
Windows 7 allows you to                    partition. This can be           hard disk on your
create a virtual hard disk and             useful in certain
mount it as though it were                 circumstances, for instance
                                                                            computer.
another drive on your PC.                  if you want a safe copy of
Open Computer Management                   Windows to use as a test         This means you can
from the Start Menu and from               environment.                     install an operating
the Action menu select Create
VHD.                                                                        system          and
                                           The full instruction for this
                                           are out of the scope for this    programs on it as
                                           book, however there is an        well as store files
                                           excellent guide online from      and documents on
                                           Microsoft on how to set this
                                           feature up.                      it.

                                                http://blogs.msdn.com/
                                                    cesardelatorre/
                                            archive/2009/01/11/windows-7-
                                             natively-booting-from-a-vhd-
                                               virtual-pc-image-file.aspx



          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 168      www.thelongclimb.com
Appendix G




             Office 2010
               Quick Guide
THE RIBBON                                 BACKSTAGE
Microsoft Office 2007 caused               Clicking the new coloured
some considerable debate                   Office tab will bring up a      QUICK TIP
because of the inclusion of the            new feature called
new ribbon interface. This was             backstage. From here you
introduced because the                     can open and save files,        Customise the
standard menu system had                   print and print-preview
become unwieldy, and unable                them and perform                   Ribbon
to cope with the sheer number              additional actions such as
of features within the Office              changing the default
programs.                                  options.                        Many people find
                                                                           the Ribbon in
                                                                           Office confusing.

                                                                           Office 2010 allows
                                                                           you to customise
With Office 2010, the ribbon
has been extended to all of the                                            the ribbon, see left
Office suite and has changed
                                           CUSTOMISE THE                   for instructions on
slightly from it‘s previous                RIBBON                          how to do this.
version.

The oft-confusing Office Orb               Click the coloured Office       You can add your
has been removed and                       button and then the             own tabs and add
replaced by a more prominent               options link on the left side
                                                                           or remove features
coloured Office tab at the far             of the backstage window
left of the ribbon. Also at the            and you will see in the         from the existing
far right, next to the help                options controls for            ones.
button is a quick button that              customising the ribbon,
will minimise and maximise                 including creating custom       You can create
the ribbon for you.                        tabs for yourself.
                                                                           your own tabs with
                                                                           the Office features
                                                                           you use most
                                                                           regularly.




          Windows 7 Power Users Guide by Mike Halsey
 170      www.thelongclimb.com
                        QUICK ACCESS                   FILE FORMATS
                        TOOLBAR
                                                       By default, Microsoft Office
 QUICK TIP                                             2010 wants to save your files
                        At the very top left of the    in the *.docx, *.xlsx format.
                        window is the quick access     This format cannot be read on
                        toolbar. This section          Office 2003 and earlier
 Office Online          contains common functions      without the Office 2007 File
                        you can access with a single   Format Compatibility Pack
                                                            which is available as a
Anyone     familiar                                         free download from the
with Google Docs                                            Microsoft website.
will know what to
                                                           You also have the choice
expect with Office                                         of saving documents in
Online immediately.                                        the more compatible
                                                           *.doc and *.xls formats
It is a cut down                                           and also the *.odf open
                                                           document format.
version of the main
office     programs,
Word, Excel and                                            OFFICE ONLINE
PowerPoint that you
can access and use                                          Microsoft Office Online is
within      a     web                                       a new Service to allow
                                                            you to create, work on
browser       without
                                                            and store Office
having to have a                                            documents in the cloud
copy of Microsoft       click. You can add new         that you can work on in a web
Office installed.       items to this toolbar by       browser. You do not need to
                        clicking the down arrow to     own or have installed a copy
                        the right it and selecting     of Microsoft Office to use this
This can make it        items from the drop down       service, just a live internet
very      accessible    list that appears.             connection.
when you’re away
from your PC.
                        LANGUAGES
You can also store
your files on the       Office 2010 does a better
                        job than ever before of
Office Online service   recognising your language
meaning you will be     and only installing the
able to access them     dictionary for that.
wherever you are,
                        You can access Languages
whenever you need       from Options in the
to.                     Backstage screen if you
                        need to change this
                        however.




                                                                                171
Appendix H




             The Author
ABOUT MIKE HALSEY
Mike Halsey grew up in Camberley, Surrey
(UK). He is currently based in Sheffield.

Mike has been working in IT Support for
years. He began supporting individuals in
their homes and micro-businesses and
moved on to blue-chip clients including
major UK banks NatWest and Royal Bank of
Scotland and the supermarket chain Tesco.

He has been a beta-tester for Microsoft since
the launch of Windows XP.

Before that Mike spent several years‘ self-
employed providing websites, adverts and
other promotional materials for micro-
business and SMEs in the UK and as far
afield as Amsterdam and China.

He also spent some years touring the UK as
a singer.

He is now working as a teacher for a South
Yorkshire training company teaching English
and Mathematics as well as maintaining their
e-learning system.

He is a keen photographer with a particular
interest in modern architecture. His
photographic, PC support site and blog is at

            www.TheLongClimb.com

He was one of only a very few photographers
ever allowed into the Millennium Dome in
London, and maintains the only full photo
library of the empty dome on the internet.

He is an editor for windows7news.com and
windows8news.com for whom he has been
writing since May 2009.

Mike is the author of the Windows Vista
Power Users Guide, that he initially wrote
to stop his mother and friends asking him
dumb questions when he was down the pub.

								
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