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									                    DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
                    (Formerly Oahu Civil Defense Agency)
                    Peter J.S. Hirai, C.E.M., Acting Director

The Oahu Civil Defense Agency was established by Section 128-13, Hawaii Revised Statutes, and Section 6-103, Revised
Charter of the City and County of Honolulu. In February 2007 the Agency was reorganized into the Department of
Emergency Management (DEM). Functions of the Department are to develop, prepare for and assist in the implementa-
tion of emergency management plans and programs to protect and promote the public health, safety, and welfare of
the City during times of disaster or emergency. The Department coordinates the emergency management activities
and functions of the City with those of the state and federal governments and other public or private organizations for
emergency management within the county.
In performing these functions, we conform to Federal Emergency Management Agency standards for local prepared-
ness by performing awareness, prevention, mitigation, preparedness, coordinated response and recovery activities and
Threats/hazards against which we direct our efforts include enemy attack; natural disasters such as hurricanes, earth-
quakes, tsunamis, flooding, high surf, and high winds; man-caused disasters such as aircraft crashes, radiological inci-
dents, marine and inland oil spills, and hazardous material releases; and acts or threats of terrorism, including terrorist
use of weapons of mass destruction.
                                           DEM hosts Australian Emergency Service visitors.
	 •	 Reorganization
	 •	 Homeland	Security	Program
	 •	 Community	 Emergency	 Response	
On February 22, 2007, Mayor Mufi
Hannemann announced the establish-
ment of the Department of Emergency
Management to replace and elevate
the old Oahu Civil Defense Agency. This
followed the passage of City Council
Resolution 07-037, which authorized
the reorganization. The Mayor recog-
nized that the old, cold-war era orga-
nization needed to modernize into the
21st century with continuously expand-
ing homeland security and emergency
management coordination roles.
The new department will be led by a
cabinet level director as an equal to the emergency response chiefs, who despite this will be a civil servant as mandated
by the City Charter. The elevation does not change any current missions and involved a modest increase of staff to
address new issues and programs.
Our	authorized	staff	includes	a	Director,	Plans	and	Operations	Officer,	Radiological	Defense	and	Logistics	Officer,	Com-
munications	Officer,	Disaster	Preparedness	and	Recovery	Officer,	Public	Information	and	Education	Officer,	Hazardous	
Materials	Officer,	Grants	Manager,	Training	and	Exercise	Officer,	two	Emergency	Management	Specialists,	an	Adminis-
trative	Assistant,	Secretary,	Account	Clerk,	Clerk,	and	Groundskeeper.	All	staff	positions	are	civil	service.
 The DEM staff is augmented by staff volunteers who provide technical/professional advice and operational/adminis-
trative assistance. These volunteers include a tsunami advisor and tsunami education volunteer, health care advisor,
shelter and communications specialists, and a Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Services (RACES) group.

The Civil Defense Advisory Commission is established by Section 6-104, Revised Charter of the City and County of
Honolulu to advise the mayor, the council and the director of emergency management on matters pertaining to civil
defense/emergency management, and to the promotion of community understanding and interest in such matters.
The five members serve on a voluntary basis with staggered terms and meet monthly at the City Emergency Operations
Center.	The	current	board	members	are:	Ms.	Faith	Evans,	Chair;	Mr.	Edward	R.	Cruickshank;	Mr.	Lee	D.	Donohue,	Sr.;	Mr.	
Victor T. Kimura; and Mr. Douglas Won.
Emergency Management Responders (formerly Civil Defense Volunteers)
A trained and dedicated response force of approximately 150 Emergency Management Responders operates in support
of DEM and other City departments and agencies during emergencies and disasters. To facilitate response support,
Oahu is divided into six districts. Each district functions under the direction and supervision of a response district co-
ordinator. Coordinators further subdivide their districts into smaller working areas led by team leaders. Team leaders
have the responsibility to know their areas and anticipate the problems that may arise in the event of a disaster. The
responders assist in accomplishing various preparedness and response actions. We have a positive program to support
the responders, including funding for radios, safety equipment, meals while on duty, mileage
reimbursement for personal vehicles, an awards program and monthly training classes to ensure responders are quali-
fied to accomplish required activities.
Our primary goal is to develop a high level of proficiency within our staff and among volunteers, government and
private sector organizations. This results in a well-coordinated and timely response to any disaster that may threaten
or strike the City. A continuing goal of near equal importance is the expansion of public information and education
programs so that awareness and preparedness are heightened. This ensures that emergency actions by residents and
visitors alike are predictable and in consonance with emergency plans.
DEM’s primary goal of emergency management proficiency in the City’s Emergency Operating Center (EOC) is ongoing.
Weekly training sessions on EOC technology and software ensure a well-coordinated and timely response to any disas-
ter, natural or otherwise, that may threaten or strike the City.
The	Honolulu	Urban	Area	Working	Group	(HUAWG)	formed	in	2003	to	assess	and	strategize	the	City’s	response	to	an	
act of Terrorism, is facilitated by DEM and has as its goal the universal homeland security issues of interoperability and
standardization.		The	HUAWG	shall	be	the	standardization	governance	structure	to	ensure	that	equipment	and	technol-
ogy are interoperable between the City’s first responders during the next emergency or catastrophic event.
Another critical goal is the establishment of the county Citizen Corps Council to coordinate volunteer programs that will
assist and augment first responders during times of catastrophe. DEM ensures that Federal funding continues to insti-
tute and nurture the Citizen Corps Council. One primary Citizen Corps program is the Community Emergency Response
Team (CERT), a corps of trained volunteers who would activate to assist their communities in response and recovery
actions when first responders are unable or overwhelmed.
 Another DEM goal is to ensure a balance between the focus and funding of the campaign against terrorism and an all-
hazards strategy. The Department of Homeland Security has acknowledged that funding can invest in not just terrorist
attacks but in “incidents of national significance”, which includes major hurricanes and natural disasters. Our islands
lie	 just	 north	 of	 what	 is	 considered	 the	“hurricane	 corridor”	 of	 the	 Pacific,	 and	 we	 have	 been	 fortuitous	 in	 dodging	
many close calls since Hurricane Iniki in 1992. The City and County of Honolulu has experienced many types of natural
disasters including the “80-day” flood of 2006.
A major goal for DEM and the City is meeting National Incident Management System (NIMS) compliance standards.
NIMS provide a framework for emergency managers and responders from different jurisdictions and disciplines to
work together more effectively in emergencies and disasters. Most incidents are handled on a daily basis by a single,
local jurisdiction at the local level, often by fire personnel, EMS and law enforcement. Even for incidents that are rela-
tively	limited	in	scope,	coordination	and	cooperation	among	the	responding	organizations	ensures	a	more	efficient	
result. NIMS forms a standardized, unified, expandable framework for incident management within which government
and private entities at all levels can work together effectively. This framework is designed to improve interoperability
among jurisdictions and disciplines in various areas – command and management, resource management, training,
and communications.
City and County of Honolulu efforts to implement NIMS includes the following:
	 •	 Incorporate	NIMS	into	existing	training	programs	and	exercises
	 •	 Ensure	that	federal	preparedness	funding	is	available	for	local	NIMS	implementation
	 •	 Incorporate	NIMS	into	Emergency	Operations	Plans
	 •	 Promote	intrastate	mutual	aid	agreements

	 •	 Coordinate	and	provide	NIMS	technical	assistance	to	local	entities
	 •	 Institutionalize	the	use	of	the	Incident	Command	System
 The City and County of Honolulu implemented NIMS through the following:
	 •	 Formally	recognized	NIMS	and	adopted	NIMS	principles	and	policies	through	a	City	Council	resolution.
	 •	 Identified	appropriate	city	second	responders	who	should	complete	NIMS	Courses.
	 •	 Establish	a	baseline	by	determining	which	NIMS	requirements	the	City	has	met.
                                                                                       PLANS AND PROGRAMS
                                                                                    City Emergency Operations
                                                                                    Plan (EOP)
                                                                                    DEM completed and published
                                                                                    the City Emergency Operating
                                                                                    Plan	 (EOP).	 The	 first	 maintenance	
                                                                                    meeting	 for	 the	 EOP	 will	 be	 held	
                                                                                    in January 2008. This meeting will
                                                                                    identify which five sections will
                                                                                    be reviewed and will establish
                                                                                    the timeline for the review and
                                                                                    updated (if needed) process. DEM
                                                                                    has also initiated revising Standard
                                                                                    Operating	 Procedures	 (SOP)	 into	
                                                                                    FEMA compliant Standard Operat-
                                                                                    ing	 Guidelines	 (SOG).	 Department	
                                                                                    SOG	 revision	 completion	 date	
                                                                                    is tentatively scheduled for 4th
                                                                                    quarter 2008.
                                                                                    DEM completed National Shelter
                                                                                    System (NSS) training conducted
                                                                                    by the Federal Emergency Man-
DEM assists a local school with evacuation drills.                                  agement Agency (FEMA). By com-
                                                                                    pleting the training, DEM is
now able to input shelter data for the City & County of Honolulu. The NSS is a system provides real-time monitoring of
shelter availability status and usage. Authorized state, county, city and American Red Cross personnel can assess NSS
but FEMA is the system administer.
Homeland Security Program
DEM continues to manage and facilitate grants received from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). These
funds have been invested in large scale projects to prevent or respond to acts of terrorism or incidents of national
significance against the people of Honolulu. Funds were also provided to city responders to attend conferences, work-
shops and meetings to expand their knowledge and training in an effort to expedite preparedness and response.
DEM also facilitated the development of goals and objectives for the City to achieve desired measurable results. A
committee	comprised	of	city	agencies	called	the	Honolulu	Urban	Area	Working	Group	(HUAWG)	adopted	these	goals	
and	 objectives.	 HUAWG’s	 plan	 to	 address	 catastrophic	 incidents	 or	 events	 through	 investments	 such	 as	 equipment	
acquisition, training, exercises and plan updates was approved by DHS and the Hawaii State Civil Defense Division. This
plan	covers	the	five	major	functional	areas	of	Awareness,	Prevention,	Preparation,	Response,	and	Recovery.	The	City	has	
received	about	$52.5	million	since	FY	2001	to	implement	this	plan,	which	was	adopted	by	HUAWG	in	FY	2004.	Depart-
ments	that	benefited	from	this	funding	include	the	Honolulu	Police,	Honolulu	Fire,	DEM,	Medical	Examiner,	Planning	
and	Permitting,	Emergency	Services,	Facilities	Maintenance	–	Security,	Board	of	Water	Supply,	Environmental	Services	
and Information Technology.
The	City	continues	to	refine	a	Tactical	Interoperable	Communication	Plan,	which	addressed	communication	among	first	
responders. Testing of the planned interoperability is going well with technical support being provided by DHS.
The City, through DEM, will continue to participate with state and federal entities to maintain communication and coop-
eration	at	all	levels.		Partnering	with	private	organizations	and	corporations	to	inform	the	public	of	non-governmental	
services will continue, since it brings all sectors of the community together.

Community Emergency Response Team (CERT)
CERT began in 1995 at DEM (then OCDA). The program trains groups of individuals to assist their neighbors or co-work-
ers for up to 72 hours after a disaster strikes, or until emergency response personnel arrive. They are trained in disaster
preparedness, emergency management awareness, light fire suppression and safety, disaster medical operations, light
search and rescue, CERT organization, disaster psychology, and terrorism awareness. For the fourth consecutive year,
DHS	funded	this	program	through	the	Citizen	Corps	Grant,	allowing	DEM	to	purchase	safety	and	response	equipment	
for the teams. Funding has allowed CERT to expand the instructor corps, train more teams, and purchase additional
equipment. This fiscal year, a total of 150 individuals from various parts of the community received this training, along
with a CERT Kit, which contains the basic tools required to respond to their communities or workplaces after a major
disaster. Continued CERT funding will provide for additional recruitment, training, community outreach and public
awareness activities. This fiscal year, a total of 150 individuals from various parts of the community received this training,
along with a CERT Kit, that contains the basic tools required to respond to their communities or workplaces after a major
Visitor Industry Planning and Response
DEM became heavily involved in the planning and implementation process addressing the unique issues that arises
from the visitor industry. Beginning in July 2006, a dedicated representative from the Oahu Visitor’s Bureau is assigned
for all EOC activations, and proved valuable to coordinate and disseminate information on visitor industry-unique issues.
In addition, DEM’s close relationship with the Hawaii Hotel and Visitor Industry Security Association proved invaluable
in ensuring visitor and hotel industry plans and programs remained nested with city operations.
Bioterrorism Response
DEM continues working relations with the State Department of Health (DOH) and Healthcare Association of Hawaii
(HAH). These entities would assist the City during either a bioterrorism attack or a zoonotic outbreak. The DOH repre-
sents	the	Public	Health	response	and	the	HAH	represents	private	hospital	and	clinic	responses.	Regular	meetings	with	
both entities and the entire response community, along with several tabletop exercises (TTX), resulted in improved
plans and protocols established for a possible outbreak.
County Hazard Mitigation Planning
Hurricane mitigation became our main effort; we consulted on two projects – one was a homeowner’s handbook on
preparing for natural hazards and the other was to further heighten public awareness of the State DCCA Hurricane
Retrofit	Program.	These	are	ongoing	efforts.	We	continued	to	refine	the	County	Multi-Hazard	Pre-Disaster	Mitigation	
Plan.	The	plan	is	risk	and	vulnerability	based,	and	identifies	major	mitigation	projects	that	the	City	can	initiate.	The	plan	
was approved by FEMA in 2003 and will be up for review in 2008. We also assisted in updating the Statewide Hazard
Mitigation	Plan,	up	for	review	this	year.
Hurricane Shelter Resurvey Program
DEM participated in a countywide shelter resurvey initiative. The resurvey team was comprised of DEM, State Civil
Defense	(SCD),	American	Red	Cross	(ARC),	Department	of	Education	(DOE)	and	when	applicable,	Military	Safety	Officers.	
The purpose of this initiative was re-examining the retrofit list, establishing resurvey criteria and developing a prior list
based on a cost benefit analysis. The team resurveyed 38 facilities: 26 DOE (schools) facilities and 12 military facilities.
Hawaii Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (HEPCRA) Facility Visits
DEM	participated	with	the	State	Department	of	Health	in	conducting	HEPCRA	compliance	visits	to	facilities.	Facilities	
storing large quantities of hazardous materials were informed of their reporting requirements under HRS §128E and
formally brought into the program.
Campbell Local Emergency Action Network
DEM	continued	its	close	association	with	the	Campbell	Local	Emergency	Action	Network	(C.L.E.A.N.).	DEM	and	C.L.E.A.N.	
made presentations to DOE on an interactive hazardous materials DVD for children in grades 1-3 and will be distributing
several	thousand	of	these	to	Leeward	Oahu	schools.	DEM	also	participated	in	the	review	of	the	2007	CLEAN	Emergency	
Resources	Guide	for	Businesses	at	Campbell	Industrial	Park.	The	guide	along	with	C.L.E.A.N.	quarterly	newsletters	was	
posted	on	the	LEPC	website.
Honolulu Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC).	The	 2006	 Kakaako-Waikiki	 Project	 to	 prepare	 hazardous	
materials assessments of facilities in those areas was completed in September 2006. A 2007 project to assess businesses
in the Kailua-Kaneohe areas was initiated, with a projected September 2007 completion date. These projects are funded
by	a	grant	from	the	Department	of	Transportation	Hazardous	Materials	Emergency	Response	Program	(HMEP).
The	Honolulu	LEPC	also	worked	with	the	Hawaii	State	Emergency	Response	Commission	to	further	refine	the	electronic	
submission program for Tier II reports. Tier II Cameo facility data was established, facilities were plotted on Marplot
maps, and the data was provided to HFD HAZMAT units.

The	LEPC	facilitated	another	C.L.E.A.N.	donation	of	$8,000	to	sponsor	five	additional	HFD	personnel	to	attend	the	2006	
Continuing	Challenge	HAZMAT	Workshop	in	Sacramento,	California.	LEPC	members	also	attended	the	Hazmat	Explo	
Conference	in	Las	Vegas,	Nevada	and	the	2007	National	Association	of	SARA	Title	III	Program	Officials	(NASTTPO)	&	
HMEP	Grants	Conference	in	Kansas	City,	Kansas.	
LEPC Exercises
Navy Spill Exercise
LEPC Hazmat Training
ICS 300/400
Bioterrorism Course
WMD Cameo Course
EPA	Nuclear	Radiation	Course
Pesticide	Course
PCB	Training
HAZWOPER	Refresher
LEPC Tours – Coordinated/Participated
JABSOM	Bio	Safely	Level	3	Lab
LEPC Meetings
USCG	Area	Committee
Hawaii Environmental Enforcement Meeting
Navy and Air Force Restoration Advisory Boards
Oceania Regional Response Team
Communications and Warning
Conversion of DEM communications systems to 800 MHZ is 97 percent completed. Sixty percent of the volunteers are
equipped. Radios were programmed and issued to users on a priority basis. New replacement radios are being pur-
chased to gradually replace the older radios to increase reliability and minimize downtime due to older radios breaking
The Siren Warning System coverage continues to improve. Several old electro-mechanical sirens were replaced, with
new	 battery	 powered/solar	 charged	 sirens	 allowing	 them	 to	 remain	 operational	 independent	 of	 the	 Electrical	 Grid.	
DEM and State Civil Defense personnel are in the planning phase of adding additional sirens to the network as well as
replacing all remaining electro-mechanical sirens.
The Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) organization continued to expand its emergency services to the
community and the City. Several repeaters are in planning for possible deployment of amateur radio operators.
Hawaii Emergency Preparedness Executive Committee (HEPEC)
DEM continues to participate in this coordination and information group of public, private, and military executives
organized to facilitate interaction between the armed services and the emergency response community. Topics and
issues discussed in these meetings included:
	 •	 Statewide	hurricane	exercise
	 •	 Interaction	with	the	Joint	Task	Force	–	Homeland	Defense
	 •	 Coordinated	exercise	schedules
	 •	 Weapons	of	Mass	Destruction	training
Emergency Food
DEM maintained 132 cases (12 meals per case) of Meals-Ready-to-Eat (MRE) to be used as emergency food for city EOC
staff. An agreement with the U.S. Army allows rotation of unused meals before their expiration date at no additional
	   •	   Department	of	Emergency	Management	Staff
	   •	   DEM	staff	received	training	in	the	following	subject	areas:
	   •	   Community	Emergency	Response	Team	(CERT)	Training
	   •	   CERT	Instructor	Training
	   •	   Emergency	Preparedness	Liaison	Officer

	   •	 GASCO	Emergency	Procedures
	   •	 Incident	Response	to	Terrorist	Bombing
	   •	 Integrated	Emergency	Management	Course
	   •	 Response	to	a	Biological	Attack:	Integrating	Public	Health	and	Law	Enforcement	
	   •	 Developing	and	Implementing	Interoperability	Communications
	   •	 Emergency	Planning
	   •	 Introduction	to	the	Incident	Command	System	
	   •	 Exercise	Design	Course
	   •	 Principles	of	Emergency	Management
	   •	 Developing	and	Managing	Volunteers		
	   •	 Household	Hazardous	Materials
	   •	 Tabletop	Exercise	Design	and	Development	
	   •	 Mitigation	for	Homeowners
	   •	 Mail/Bomb	Threat	Awareness	Course
	   •	 Prevention	of	Sexual	Harassment
	   •	 Principles	of	Emergency	Management
	   •	 Public	Assistance	Operations
	   •	 Terrorism	Awareness	Workshop
	   •	 USCG	Incident	Command	Course
	   •	 State	Dept	of	Health/Strategic	National	Stockpile	PIO/JIC	Training
	   •	 US	Coast	Guard	Mental	Health	Training
	   •	 ICS	401-404
	   •	 National	Incident	Management	System
	   •	 National	Response	Plan
	   •	 Debris	Management
	   •	 Improvised	Nuclear	Device	Workshop
	   •	 Improvised	Explosive	Device	First	Responder	Workshop
    WMD Training: DEM continued to send responders from key departments of the City to train at the US Department
    of Homeland Security facility in Socorro, New Mexico. They were sent for one-week sessions to hone their skills in
    responding to WMD terrorism bombings incidents, and to become trainers in bomb awareness programs.
Department Emergency Management Responders (formerly Civil Defense Volunteers)
Emergency Management Responders (EMR) received the following training:
	 •	 Domestic	Preparedness	Program
	 •	 Review	of	Hurricane	and	Tsunami	Standard	Operating	Procedures		
	 •	 Shelter	Selection	Criteria
	 •	 Hazard	Material	Familiarization
	 •	 Volunteer	Activation	Policy
	 •	 Shelter	Operations	
	 •	 HPD	Traffic	Control	Procedures
	 •	 NWS	Hurricane	Season	Review
	 •	 New	Volunteer	Orientation
	 •	 Volunteer	Manual	Review
	 •	 CERT	Training
	 •	 800	MHz	Radio	Operations
	 •	 High	Surf	SOP	Review
	 •	 Flash	Flood/Flood	SOP	Review
	 •	 Incident	Command	System	Orientation
Courses Presented by the Department
The following courses were presented by DEM to sustain the emergency response capabilities of the City:
	 •	 Community	Emergency	Response	Team	(CERT)
	 •	 Local	Government	Role	in	Emergency	Management

	   •	   Civil	Defense	Plans	and	Procedures	to	Police	Recruits
	   •	   RACES	-	Ham	Radio	Operators	Course
	   •	   E-Team	Program	Familiarization	Course
	   •	   Executive	Seminar	on	Hurricanes
	   •	   Executive	Seminar	on	Hazard	Mitigation	Planning
	   •	   High	Surf	SOP
	   •	   Explosives	Identification
	   •	   Community	Emergency	Response	Team
	   •	   Terrorism	Awareness
	   •	   Hurricane	Season	Forecast

The Department of Emergency Management conducted or participated in the following exercises and drills:
DEM participated in the annual statewide hurricane exercise conducted during the period May 14-25, 2007. Makani
Pahili	2007	involved	federal,	state,	county	and	private	agencies.	The	purpose	was	to	validate	disaster	plans	and	response	
DEM conducted this year’s exercise in two phases:
Phase	I	consisted	of	a	review	of	the	City’s	revised	EOP.	The	review	process	included	several	EOP	discussion	exercises.	
These discussion exercises included representatives from the City and private sector.
Phase	II	consisted	of	three	workshops	which	addressed	various	aspects	of	a	hurricane	preparation,	response	and	recov-
ery. These workshops were comprised of representatives from the City and private sector. Nurturing the relationship
between the City and the private sector was the focus of these workshops.
DEM participated in quarterly statewide tsunami communications exercises. It involved federal, state, county and
private agencies and verified tsunami standard communications.
School Tsunami Evacuation
Participated	and	assisted	in	tsunami	evacuation	exercises	of:
	 •	 Hau’ula	Elementary	School
	 •	 Haleiwa	Elementary	School	
	 •	 Iroquois	Point	Elementary	School
	 •	 Kaaawa	Elementary	School
	 •	 Laie	Elementary	School
	 •	 Nanaikapono	Elementary	School
	 •	 Waialua	Elementary	School
School Evacuation Exercises
Participated	and	consulted	in	emergency	evacuation	exercises	of:
	 •	 Laie	Elementary	School
	 •	 Kaaawa	Elementary	School
	 •	 Waipahu	High	School
	 •	 Waialua	Elementary	School
	 •	 Aliamanu	Elementary	School
	 •	 Kaimuki	High	School
	 •	 Waianae	High	School
RACES Communications
The Radio Amateur Emergency Services group participated in the following exercises:
	 •	 Statewide	Hurricane	Exercise
	 •	 Annual	Amateur	Radio	Relay	League	(ARRL)	Simulated	Emergency	Test
	 •	 Bi-annual	Statewide	Tsunami	Exercise
Poi Bowl 2006
In	July	2006	DEM	participated	in	the	county	tactical	interoperability	communication	plan	(TIC-P)	full	scale	exercise	at	
the	Aloha	Stadium.	This	exercise	tested	the	county’s	TIC-P	as	part	of	the	ongoing	efforts	to	standardize	responder	field	

A’Kele Statewide Nuclear Device Exercise
In August 2006 DEM participated, along with all state and county emergency response agencies, in Exercise A’Kele. The
scenario called for reaction to and consequence management of a 10 kiloton improvised nuclear device detonated at
Honolulu Harbor. DEM activated the EOC and coordinated the response from the incident scenes.
Kiholo Earthquake
On October 15, 2006 at 7:07 a.m. a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck off the Kohala coast of the island of Hawaii; it
was followed by over 50 aftershocks, including a 6.0 magnitude 7 minutes later. Within minutes, the County EOC was
activated and running. Initial actions included ensuring there was no tsunami and that there was no significant damage
on Oahu.
Several minutes after the initial earthquake Hawaiian Electric Company’s generators completely shut down as a protec-
tive measure. This brought about a complete blackout for the island that ranged from 13 to 30 hours. The EOC remained
open the entire time to ensure power restoration activities were nested with restoring city critical services. At no time
did the city’s most critical services—emergency responder communications, sewer services, and water supply—fail due
to lack of power. The city suffered minor structural damage as a result of the earthquake.
October/November 2006 Floods
Two systems converged over the Hawaiian Islands resulting in heavy rainfall throughout October 31 and November 1st
2006.	The	rains	caused	flooding	over	portions	of	windward	Oahu	and	triggered	a	small	landslide	that	closed	the	Pali	
Highway.	The	EOC	activated	and	issued	emergency	alert	system	bulletins	to	inform	the	public	on	the	status	of	the	Pali	
Highway. Of note, improvements that Mayor Hannemann had instituted as a result of the October earthquake were
implemented,	and	the	public	was	notified	of	the	Pali	Highway	closure	in	a	timely	manner.
November 2006 Tsunami
At 1:14 a.m. HST on November 15, 2006 an 8.3 magnitude earthquake struck near the Kuril Islands between Japan and
Russia,	prompting	the	Pacific	Tsunami	Warning	Center	(PTWC)	to	issue	a	tsunami	watch.	DEM	immediately	activated	
and staffed the County EOC to prepare for a possible warning. Due to information from the Deep-ocean Assessment
and	Reporting	of	Tsunamis	(DART)	buoys,	PTWC	cancelled	the	watch	at	about	5	a.m.	when	they	determined	the	wave	
would	not	inundate	the	coastlines.	However,	as	a	precaution	PTWC	issued	a	statement	that	the	wave	action	would	be	
severe in the water, creating very hazardous wave and current conditions. City responders coordinated a beach closure
from the EOC that lasted from 5 to 9 a.m. Responders issued public notification and prevented beachgoers from enter-
ing the ocean and stream-fed oceans during that time. The EOC also issued constant public advisories on the threat and
received many calls from the public on eyewitness accounts at the shoreline and in upstream areas.
January 2007 Tsunami
At	6:23	p.m.	HST	an	8.1	magnitude	earthquake	again	struck	near	the	Kuril	Islands	prompting	the	Pacific	Tsunami	Warning	
Center	(PTWC)	to	issue	a	tsunami	watch.	DEM	immediately	activated	and	staffed	the	County	EOC	to	prepare	for	a	pos-
sible	warning.	Due	to	information	from	the	Deep-ocean	Assessment	and	Reporting	of	Tsunamis	(DART)	buoys,	PTWC	
cancelled the watch at about 9 p.m. when they determined the wave would not inundate the coastlines. As a precaution
PTWC	issued	a	statement	that	the	wave	action	would	be	severe	in	the	water,	creating	very	hazardous	wave	and	current	
conditions. City responders kept beaches closed throughout the night. Responders issued
public notification and prevented beachgoers from entering the ocean and stream-fed oceans during that time. The
EOC also issued constant public advisories on the threat.
2006 Hurricane Season
First storm formed: May 27, 2006
Last	storm	dissipated:		November	20,	2006
Total Storms:
	 •	 18	—	East	&	1	—	Central
Total Hurricanes:
	 •	 10	—	East	&	1	—	Central
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+):
	 •	 5	—	East	&	1	—	Central
Strongest	Eastern	Pacific	storm:		Daniel
Strongest	Central	Pacific	storm:		Ioke
Hurricane	Ioke	intensified	to	a	Category	5	hurricane,	which	made	it	the	strongest	Central	Pacific	Hurricane	in	recorded	

DEM activated the Honolulu emergency operating center and monitored the following emergency situations during
this period:
                             EVENT                                # OF DAYS/INCIDENTS
  WATER	SPOUT                                                                 2
  BIO	AGENT	HOAX/THREAT	                                                      0
  BRUSH/WILD	FIRE                                                            10
  ROCK/LANDSLIDE                                                              3
  FLOOD/FLASH	FLOOD/USSFA                                                    58
  HAZARDOUS	MATERIALS                                                         0
  FUNNEL	CLOUD                                                                2
  HIGH	WIND	                                                                 19
  HIGH	SURF	(DAYS)                                                          163
  POWER	OUTAGE                                                                1
  INLAND	OIL	POLLUTION                                                        3
  MARINE	OIL	POLLUTION                                                        0
  OIL/FUEL	SPILL                                                              0
  GAS	LEAK                                                                    0
  THUNDER STORMS                                                              3
  OIL	SPILL	EXERCISE                                                          0
  TROPICAL	CYCLONE                                                           39
  TSUNAMI	INFO/WATCH/WARNING                                                 54
  SHIP	CONTAINER	LEAK                                                         0
  TRANSFORMER	(NON	PCP)                                                       0
  BOX	JELLYFISH                                                              12
  REPORTS,	NO	ACTION                                                        215
  TOTAL                                                                     576

                                                                Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunami (DART) buoys more
PUBLIC EDUCATION AND INFORMATION                                accurately report presence of tsunamis in the Pacific..
One public education goal the department met for FY
2007 was to once again commemorate the 61st anni-
versary of the 1946 tsunami, responsible for 161 deaths
statewide—including six on the island of Oahu—the
most deadly tsunami event to affect our islands in recent
history. Educational commemorative programs included
meetings with the community and neighborhood groups
on Oahu, public education displays at shopping centers
and special events at the Neal Blaisdell Center and coor-
dinating	activities	with	State	Civil	Defense	and	the	Pacific	
Tsunami Museum in Hilo.
In addition the department hosted a one-day seminar
in conjunction with State Civil Defense, especially tar-
geting our media partners in print, television and radio.
This seminar exposed more than 30 Honolulu based
professional journalists to our emergency management
system and specific information they need to be aware of
when reporting and broadcasting information related to
tsunami awareness, response and evacuation.
Plans and Programs:
Emergency	Public	Information	–	As	a	direct	result	of	the	
response to the October 15, 2006 Big Island earthquake,
the department made immediate improvements to it’s
capability	 to	 broadcast	 Emergency	 Public	 Information.	
Key	DEM	staff	members	as	well	as	information	officers	from	the	Mayor’s	office	received	updated	Emergency	Alert	System	
training and the department received upgrades to broadcast equipment supplied by State Civil Defense Division. DEM,
in	conjunction	with	the	Mayor’s	office,	convened	several	executive	level	meetings	with	station	managers	from	Oahu’s	

largest metropolitan broadcasting companies to ensure open lines of communication existed before and during an
island or statewide emergency.
In	March	of	2007,	DEM	became	the	first	county	emergency	office	in	the	state	to	broadcast	the	monthly	Emergency	Alert	
System	(EAS)	test	as	well	as	the	monthly	Live	Audio	Broadcast	(LAB)	at	11:45	a.m.	in	conjunction	with	the	outdoor	siren	
test.	Previously	all	EAS	and	LAB	tests	were	conducted	exclusively	by	State	Civil	Defense	Division.
The Emergency Management speakers’ bureau program continued its active involvement in the community. DEM staff
members participated in the agency’s outreach public speaking program to educate a broad cross-section of the Oahu
population, to include private businesses, school children, community associations, Neighborhood Boards, professional
organizations,	senior	citizens	groups,	Boy	and	Girl	Scouts,	hospital	staffs,	clubs,	church	groups	and	government	agen-
cies. A total of 86 public speaking appearances were conducted, reaching an audience of more than 95,000 residents
and visitors on Oahu during the period.
Emergency	Management	public	affairs	displays	and	information	centers	were	established	at	various	locations:	Pet	Expo,	
20th	Annual	Seniors	Fair,	Waialua	Community	Association	Fair,	U.S.	Coast	Guard	Red	Hill	Housing	Fair,	Wal-Mart	stores,	
Costco	Safety	Week,	Sheraton	Hotels	Employee	Fair,	ADA/CAIT	Conference,	Bishop	Museum	Malama	I	Ke	Kai,	Pacific	
Tsunami	Museum,	New	Food	&	Product	Fair,	Home	and	Garden	Show,	Pet	Walk,	Building	Industry	of	America	trade	show	
and other events.
The following expenditures were made during the fiscal year as compared to the budgeted amounts:
DEM Operating Expenditures                                                                                         Actual                             Budgeted
Salaries ........................................................................................................... $492,294.00 .................. $534,417.00
Current Expenses........................................................................................ $145,373.00 .................. $153,581.00
Equipment ................................................................................................................. $0.00 ............................... $0.00
Total ................................................................................................................. $637,667.00 .................. $687,998.00

                                                                                                            FY 07 (Actual)
Civil	Defense	Coordinator	(Police	Department) .................................$21,900.00
Local	Emergency	Planning	Committee	(LEPC) ...................................$26,165.00

                                                                                                                                                                      DEM staff tour Super Ferry with
                                                                                                                                                                      other responders.


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