VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 8 POSTED ON: 7/1/2009
Save the Children and Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Risk management Implementation in the tsunami countries What is Disasters Risk Management and Risk Reduction About? Disaster or Emergency Preparedness – emphasis on mounting an efficient and effective response and getting better. • Speed. Saving lives. Distributing relief. DRM and DDR • Looks beyond quick response to analysing vulnerability and risk using the framework: Hazard x Vulnerability = Risk REGISTERED CHARITY NO. 213890 www.savethechildren.org.uk Why Disasters Risk Management and Risk Reduction? • Some 200 million a year affected • On average 60,000 killed – most of them children and women. • Loss in 60s was $75 billion, in 70s it was $138 billion, in 80s it was $214 billion and in the 90s it grew to $600 billion! • Evidence shows that the “ignored” disasters cost more cumulatively than the big ones. • People are left to face the majority of disasters on their own. REGISTERED CHARITY NO. 213890 www.savethechildren.org.uk Why should Save the Children be involved in DRM / DRR? • Disasters affect poor people and poor communities worst deepening their poverty and affect ability to recover. • Figures from Vietnam show that children constitute 60 to 80% of total killed. • Experience from Cuba, Japan, Bangladesh and India show that DRM/DRR can reduce deaths, protect lives and reduce economic losses. • Save the Children has experience that can be adapted and transferred to other countries (food security work in Africa and DRM work in Cuba and Vietnam. REGISTERED CHARITY NO. 213890 www.savethechildren.org.uk What can be done? • Community based disasters risk management projects could be implemented with children as leaders and activists. • Activities could include: • Action research • Risk mapping • Awareness raising and education with other children and also adults • Community mobilisation • Advocacy shaping government policy and plans for disaster preparedness and management • Promote or implement mitigation measures • First Aid… REGISTERED CHARITY NO. 213890 www.savethechildren.org.uk Examples from Cuba Forestation Entertainment brigades Early warning systems Education campaign Risk mapping First aid brigades E&P REGISTERED CHARITY NO. 213890 Gender Multirisk www.savethechildren.org.uk Peer education What next? • Develop and implement community based child rights and child focused DRM projects with the following objectives: • Establish models for good practice for CBDRM • Establish evidence base for shaping the development of systems, policies and practices of DRM at national and local level REGISTERED CHARITY NO. 213890 www.savethechildren.org.uk How do we go about it? • There are no templates, but there is a well established framework: H+V = R • What we do as part of DRM projects will vary and would depend on: • National systems and their state of development • How do these they work at the local level • The nature of hazards faced, the level and characteristics of vulnerability and our understanding of it and of risk. • Our programme base in each of the tsunami countries. • What others are doing • Other favourable and/or unfavourable factors. REGISTERED CHARITY NO. 213890 www.savethechildren.org.uk
"DRM Cuba lessons presentation"