Practice Test - Loudoun County Public Schools

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Practice Test - Loudoun County Public Schools Powered By Docstoc
					1. Savannah often appears nervous and agitated; she frequently talks loudly and laughs almost
uncontrollably. Her behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as psychologically disordered if it is:

A) not caused by a biological impairment.

B) difficult for her to discontinue.

*C) socially unacceptable and disturbing to others.

D) the product of unconscious motives.

2. Alexis is socially withdrawn and she fears and distrusts many people. This behavior is most likely to be
diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it is:

A) a long-standing pattern of behavior.

*B) rationally unjustifiable.

C) not caused by a biological disorder.

D) a response to a stressful life situation.

3. According to the medical model, psychological disorders are:

*A) sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured.

B) maladaptive responses to a troubling environment.

C) purely imaginary symptoms of distress.

D) learned habits that need to be extinguished.

4. Which perspective would have the most difficulty accounting for the fact that anorexia nervosa is
mostly a disorder of Western cultures?

A) psychoanalytic perspective

B) cognitive perspective

*C) medical perspective
D) behavioral perspective

5. DSM-IV is a widely used system for:

A) identifying the causes of psychological abnormality.

B) distinguishing sanity from insanity.

C) treating depression.

*D) classifying psychological disorders.

E) doing all of the above.

6. The DSM-IV does not:

A) include a classification for personality disorders.

*B) explain the causes of the various psychological disorders.

C) include a very broad range of psychological disorders.

D) provide systematic guidelines for diagnosing psychological disorders.

7. After George learned that Mrs. Min suffered from schizophrenia, he mistakenly concluded that her
tendencies to laugh easily and smile frequently were symptoms of her disorder. This best illustrates the:

A) unreliability of DSM-IV.

B) shortcomings of the medical model.

*C) biasing power of diagnostic labels.

D) dangers of the psychoanalytic perspective.

E) impact of expectations on another's behavior.

8. Jeffrey Dahmer was judged to be legally sane at the time he killed and dismembered 15 individuals.
This indicates that the jury believed that Dahmer:

A) suffered from an antisocial personality disorder.
B) experienced a massive dissociation of self from ordinary consciousness.

*C) was able to appreciate the wrongfulness of his behavior and control it.

D) had a persistent fear of people that caused him to commit crimes against society.

E) was not abused by his parents during his early childhood.

9. Rishi, a college student, complains that he feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but
doesn't know why. Without warning, his heart begins to pound, his hands get icy, and he breaks out in a
cold sweat. Rishi most likely suffers from a(n):

A) dysthymic disorder.

B) obsessive-compulsive disorder.

*C) generalized anxiety disorder.

D) phobia.

E) dissociative disorder.

10. While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension.
For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely
suffering from a(n):

A) bipolar disorder.

B) dissociative disorder.

*C) panic attack.

D) obsessive-compulsive disorder.

E) dysthymic disorder.

11. Sadie is so fearful of being overwhelmed by anxiety that she rarely steps outside her apartment. The
thought of going shopping and getting lost in a crowd terrifies her, so she has her groceries delivered.
Because of her fear, she earns her living as a freelance writer, working at home. Sadie's behavior is most
characteristic of:

A) dissociative disorder.
*B) agoraphobia.

C) catatonia.

D) a dysthymic disorder.

E) an obsessivecompulsive disorder.

12. Cecil is preoccupied with thoughts of jumping out the window of his tenthfloor apartment. In order
to reduce his anxiety, he frequently counts his heartbeats aloud. Cecil would most likely be diagnosed as
experiencing a(n):

A) panic disorder.

B) bipolar disorder.

C) generalized anxiety disorder.

*D) obsessive-compulsive disorder.

E) phobia.

13. Obsessions are:

A) persistent, irrational fears of specific objects or situations.

B) hyperactive, wildly optimistic states of emotion.

C) false beliefs of persecution or grandeur.

D) periodic episodes of intense dread accompanied by frightening physical sensations.

*E) offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person.

14. Repeatedly washing your hands is to ________ as repeatedly thinking about your own death is to

A) neurosis; schizophrenia

B) mania; depression

C) phobia; delusion

*D) compulsion; obsession
15. Luke suffers from acrophobia, a fear of high places. Luke's therapist suggests that his reaction to
heights is a generalization of the fear triggered by a childhood playground accident in which he fell off a
sliding board. The therapist's suggestion reflects a ________ perspective.

*A) learning

B) psychoanalytic

C) trait

D) humanistic

E) biological

16. A chronic state of low energy and low self-esteem that is a bit less disabling than major depression
is called a:

A) bipolar disorder.

B) generalized anxiety disorder.

C) phobia.

D) dissociative disorder.

*E) dysthymic disorder.

17. In which disorder do people alternate between states of lethargic hopelessness and wild

A) dissociative identity disorder

*B) bipolar disorder

C) obsessive-compulsive disorder

D) schizophrenia

18. Elmer, the owner of an auto service station, suddenly began smashing the front fenders and hoods
of two customers' cars. When asked why, he excitedly but incoherently explained that he was
transforming the cars into “real racing machines.” When an employee tried to restrain him, he shouted
that everybody was fired and quickly began breaking the car windows. Elmer is exhibiting symptoms of:

A) a dysthymic disorder.

B) catatonia.

C) a panic attack.

D) a phobia.

*E) mania.

19. Laura's husband died three years ago, but she is still depressed. Her therapist suggests that she is
really angry at her husband for abandoning her. The therapist's interpretation reflects the ________

A) social-cognitive

B) humanistic

*C) psychoanalytic

D) trait

E) biological

20. Inanna suffers from chronic depression. According to the social-cognitive perspective, how is she
most likely to respond when told that she performed very poorly on a test she took the previous day?

A) “The professor in this course is probably one of the poorest teachers I have ever had.”

*B) “I'm academically incompetent and always will be.”

C) “Yesterday was just my unlucky day.”

D) “I suspect that none of the students in my class did well on that test.”

E) “Hardly any of the professors in this college are effective classroom teachers.”

21. A therapist suggests that Margaret is depressed because she attributes her failures to her own
incompetence instead of blaming her parents and teachers for the unreasonable demands they p lace on
her. The therapist's interpretation most clearly reflects a ________ perspective.
A) biological

B) psychoanalytic

C) humanistic

*D) social-cognitive

E) trait

22. A sense of being separated from your body and watching yourself with a sense of detachment is a
symptom of:

A) bipolar disorder.

B) dysthymic disorder.

C) generalized anxiety.

D) agoraphobia.

*E) dissociation.

23. William, an airplane pilot, is unable to remember anything of a bombing raid in which his plane was
severely damaged and two crew members were killed. Because he himself suffered no physical injuries,
psychologists suspect that William probably suffers from a:

A) panic disorder.

*B) dissociative disorder.

C) phobia.

D) generalized anxiety disorder.

E) bipolar disorder.

24. Jabar, a 25-year-old auto mechanic, thinks he is Napoleon. He further believes he is being
imprisoned against his will in the mental hospital where his relatives have brought him for treatment.
Jabar is most likely suffering from:

A) an antisocial personality disorder.
*B) schizophrenia.

C) a panic disorder.

D) a dissociative identity disorder.

E) a dysthymic disorder.

25. In which type of disorder is a person's speech likely to be so full of unrelated words and phrases that
it could be characterized as a “word salad”?

A) dysthymic disorder

B) obsessive-compulsive disorder

*C) schizophrenia

D) dissociative disorder

E) anorexia nervosa

26. Mr. Hunt believes that he is the President of the United States and that he will soon become the
“King of the Universe.” Mr. Hunt is most clearly suffering from:

*A) delusions.

B) obsessions.

C) hallucinations.

D) dissociative identity disorder.

27. Wilma is extremely agitated because she hears voices that tell her to sexually seduce the mal e
nurses in her hospital ward. Wilma is most clearly suffering from:

A) a dysthymic disorder.

B) an obsessive-compulsive disorder.

C) delusions of grandiosity.

D) a dissociative disorder.

*E) hallucinations.
28. Schizophrenia is associated with an excess of receptors for:

A) norepinephrine.

*B) dopamine.

C) serotonin.

D) acetylcholine.

29. Those with an avoidant personality disorder are most likely to display:

A) a lack of guilt feelings.

B) a sense of self-importance.

C) shallow, attention-getting emotions.

*D) a fear of social rejection.

30. Those with a narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied with:

A) an irrational fear of people.

B) delusions of persecution.

C) physical symptoms of distress.

*D) their own self-importance.

E) sexual fantasies.

31. The French reformer who insisted that madness was not demon possession and who called for
humane treatment of patients was:

A) Nadel.

B) Freud.

C) Szasz.

D) Spanos.
*E) Pinel.

32. Which of the following is true of the medical model?

A) In recent years, it has been in large part discredited.

*B) It views psychological disorders as sicknesses that are diagnosable and treatable.

C) It emphasizes the role of psychological factors in disorders over that of physiological factors.

D) It focuses on cognitive factors.

33. Most mental health workers today take the view that disordered behaviors:

A) are usually genetically triggered.

B) are organic diseases.

*C) arise from the interaction of nature and nurture.

D) are the product of learning.

34. The term insanity refers to:

*A) legal definitions.

B) psychotic disorders only.

C) personality disorders only.

D) both psychotic disorders and personality disorders.

35. Phobias and obsessive-compulsive behaviors are classified as:

*A) anxiety disorders.

B) mood disorders.

C) dissociative disorders.

D) personality disorders.
36. Joe has an intense, irrational fear of snakes. He is suffering from a(n):

A) generalized anxiety disorder.

B) obsessive-compulsive disorder.

*C) phobia.

D) mood disorder.

E) bipolar disorder.

37. Jason is so preoccupied with staying clean that he showers as many as ten times each day. Jason
would be diagnosed as suffering from a(n):

A) dissociative disorder.

B) generalized anxiety disorder.

C) personality disorder.

*D) obsessive-compulsive disorder.

38. The psychoanalytic perspective would most likely view phobias as:

A) conditioned fears.

*B) displaced responses to incompletely repressed impulses.

C) biological predispositions.

D) manifestations of self-defeating thoughts.

39. Julia's psychologist believes that Julia's fear of heights can be traced to a conditioned fear she
developed after falling from a ladder. This explanation reflects a ______ perspective.

A) medical

B) psychoanalytic

C) social-cognitive
*D) learning

40. Although she escaped from war-torn Bosnia two years ago, Zheina still has haunting memories and
nightmares. Because she is also severely depressed, her therapist diagnoses her condition as:

A) dissociative identity disorder.

B) bipolar disorder.

C) schizophrenia.

*D) post-traumatic stress disorder.

41. After falling from a ladder, Joseph is afraid of airplanes, although he has never flown. This
demonstrates that some fears arise from:

A) observational learning.

B) reinforcement.

*C) stimulus generalization.

D) stimulus discrimination.

42. For the past six months, a woman has complained of feeling isolated from others, dissatisfied with
life, and discouraged about the future. This woman could be diagnosed as suffering from:

A) bipolar disorder.

*B) major depressive disorder.

C) generalized anxiety disorder.

D) dissociative disorder.

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