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EGA Handicap System - Opmerkingen

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					EGA Handicap System – Remarks
Extraction of the RBGF booklet “EGA Handicap System 2009 – 2011”, by Guido Van
Lommel.

Trivia: Par as a term was invented in connection with the Open Championship in 1870 and
was given an additional dimension in 1931 when Dr. Stableford invented his point system
after having been exceptionally unlucky at the first hole of an important tournament.

General remarks en definitions:
  •    EGA = European Golf Association
  •    CSA = Competition Stableford Adjustment
  •    Course rating = difficulty of a course for a scratch player
  •    Slope rating = difficulty of a course for a non scratch player (standard = 113)
  •    KBGF has the overall jurisdiction for Handicap Policy in Belgium.
  •    EGA playing handicap formula:
       Playing handicap = Exact Handicap x (Slope Rating / 113) + (Course Rating – Par)
  •    Return as many Qualifying Scores per calendar year as possible, with a minimum of 4.
  •    Qualifying conditions:
       o The length of the course played does NOT vary from the length of the Measured
         Course by more than 100 metres.
       o The movable tee-markers used to designate the Teeing Ground shall not be placed
         more than 10 metres in front or 10 metres behind the relevant Distance Point.
         Handicap Conditions do NOT prevail when the tee-markers are placed outside the
         above area on more than two holes.
       o A Marker marks the score.
       o The software will close a competition a 23:59h, no changes can be made afterwards!
  •    Preferred Lies:
       o Period from 1 November till 30 April (Qualifying conditions apply).
       o Requires a detailed Local Rule that allows the players relief.
       o If the player fails to mark the position of the ball before lifting it or moves the ball in
          any other manner, such as rolling it with a club, he incurs a penalty of one stroke.
       o The Committee on one or more, or all-18 holes may adopt a Local Rule allowing
          Preferred Lies.




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Handicapping
  •    Every affiliated club shall appoint a Handicap Committee.
  •    Handicap Committee:
       o Has the right, on the day of a Qualifying Competition and before the commencement
         of play, to declare a round of that competition as a non-qualifying round because of
         exceptionally bad weather and/or course conditions.
       o Should give the players the opportunity to return as many Qualifying Scores as
         possible.
  •    Player:
       o Shall ensure that before playing a Qualifying Round his entry is registered as
          required.
       o Shall ensure that all Qualifying Scores, whether or not complete, are returned to his
          Handicapping Authority.
       o The player shall return at least four (4) Qualifying Scores each calendar year to
          provide his Handicapping Authority sufficient information about his playing ability
          to confirm or adjust his EGA Exact Handicap at the Annual Handicap Review.
  •    9-Holes qualifying scores:
       o Course still has to be defined. KBGF has to be contacted to measure and define the
          CR and SR.
       o Only allowed for handicap categories 4 and 5 (as from HCP 18,5).
       o The number of Handicap Strokes a player receives is:
                    Ex.-HCP x 9-holes-SR / 113 + (9-holes-CR – 9-holes-PAR x 2)
                                                    2
       o Strokes are to be taken according to the relevant Handicap Stroke Index (ex. 12
          strokes received results in 3 holes with double strokes)
       o An Affiliated Club may limit the number of 9-holes Qualifying Scores in any
          calendar year.
       o The score shall NOT be part of an 18-holes score.
       o A player may return only one 9-holes Qualifying Score per day.
       o The player must add 18 Stableford points to the result over 9 holes to obtain a
          Qualifying Score which can be recorded on his handicap record.
  •    Extra Day Scores (EDS):
       o Only players with an Exact Handicap in Handicap Categories 2 to 5 may return
          Extra Day Scores for handicapping (from 4,5 until 36).
       o An Extra Day Score only counts for handicapping when the player, before starting
          the round, has registered his name and Federal Card Number on an EDS Entry List.
          Note from Guido: at Witbos we use the “CP Qualifying” script for registering.
       o If the player, after registration on the EDS Entry List, does not return his scorecard,
          within a reasonable delay to his club, a No Return will be registered for
          handicapping purposes (resulting in a handicap increase).
       o A player’s Exact Handicap can not be reduced to a handicap in Handicap Category 1
       o The number of EDS cards is limited to a maximum of 5 in any calendar year.
       o Can only be played at Belgium clubs.



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  •    Exact Handicaps may convert to a Playing Handicap exceeding the maximum Exact
       Handicap.
  •    Any score in a Par Qualifying Competition must be converted into a Stableford score by
       adding 36 points to the player’s final result.
               Example:        2 down : - 2 + 36 = 34 Stableford points
                               5 up : + 5 + 36 = 41 Stableford points
  •    If a player records a No Return, 0.1 increases his Exact Handicap for Handicap Category
       1 to 4, and by 0.2 for Handicap Category 5.
  •    Competition Stableford Adjustment (CSA):
       o When conditions deviate from normal the CSA can adjust Stableford scores upwards
         (+1, +2 or +3) or downwards (-1), and, if conditions are extreme, can even result in
         the scores counting for “Reduction Only” with no increase being applied.
       o Handicap Committees are reminded that they do not have discretion to determine
         whether a Qualifying Competition shall or shall not be “Reduction Only”.
       o CSA may not be applied to Extra Day Scores or to 9-holes scores.
       o The software will be adapted b the end of March to include HCP category 4 in the
         calculation.
  •    Suspension of Handicaps:
       o If, after due investigation, it is established that a player has failed to report away
          Qualifying Scores, the EGA Handicap of the player may be suspended.
       o No player’s handicap shall be suspended without first affording the player the
          opportunity of appearing before the Handicap Committee of his Handicapping
          Authority.
       o If the Exact Handicap of a player is to be reinstated within 12 months of the date on
          which the handicap was suspended, it shall be reinstated at the same handicap the
          player last held. In all other cases the player shall be allotted a new Exact Handicap
          after he has complied with the requirements of clause 21 (Attaining an EGA exact
          handicap).
  •    Duties of the Handicap Committee:
       o Whenever the Handicap Committee of a player’s Handicapping Authority considers
          that a player’s Exact Handicap is too high or too low and does not reflect his current
          playing ability, the Handicap Committee shall reduce or increase the Exact Handicap
          by not less than one whole stroke. This adjustment will be registered as “General
          Play”.
       o When deciding whether to effect or recommend an adjustment of handicap, the
          Handicap Committee shall consider in particular the player’s achievements in non-
          qualifying events.
       o The Handicap Committee shall advise the player of any change of his Exact
          Handicap.
          If the player is dissatisfied with the Committee’s decision, he shall be afforded the
          opportunity of appearing before the Committee.
       o The software will introduce a new type of HCP adjustment, GVB.




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  •    Handicap Allowances:
       o Match play:
             Singles: the full difference.
             Foursome: 50 % of the full difference between the aggregate handicaps of each
             side (In Mixed Foursomes, Handicap Strokes are taken as assigned on the
             Handicap Stroke Index for men).
             Four-ball: The player with the lowest Playing Handicap, who shall play from
             scratch, to concede Handicap Strokes to the three other players based on 90 % of
             the difference between the Playing Handicaps.
             Greensome: The partner with the lower Playing Handicap receives 60 % of his
             Playing Handicap and the partner with the higher playing handicap receives 40%
             of his Playing Handicap. Both figures are added before rounding. The side with
             the higher playing handicap receives the full difference.
         Sudden death play-off: when extra holes are played in handicap competitions,
         Handicap Strokes should be taken in accordance with the Handicap Stroke Index.
         Note from Guido: In 2008, in function of Captain, I contacted the KBGF about the
         matter of Handicap Allowances in Match play. Taking in consideration that we have
         a short course and that all categories play in the same competitions, the federation
         agreed that we can play our “Mashie” and” Keizer Karel” competitions at 75% of
         the handicap difference.
       o Bogey, Par and Stableford:
             Singles: 100% of the playing handicap.
             Foursome: The side receives 50 % of the sum of the Playing Handicaps of the
             partners (In Mixed Foursomes, Handicap Strokes are taken as assigned on the
             Handicap Stroke Index for men).
             Four-ball: Each partner receives 90 % of his Playing Handicap.
             Greensome: The partner with the lower Playing Handicap receives 60 % of his
             Playing Handicap and the partner with the higher playing handicap receives 40%
             of his Playing Handicap. Both figures are added before rounding. (In Mixed
             Greensomes, Handicap Strokes are taken as assigned on the Handicap Stroke
             Index for men).
       o Stroke play:
             Singles: 100% of the playing handicap.
             Foursome: The side receives 50 % of the sum of the Playing Handicaps of the
             partners.
             Four-ball: Each partner receives 90 % of his Playing Handicap.
             Greensome: The partner with the lower Playing Handicap receives 60 % of his
             Playing Handicap and the partner with the higher playing handicap receives 40%
             of his Playing Handicap. Both figures are added before rounding.




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Annual Handicap Review (AHR):
  •    The Handicap Committee shall undertake an Annual Handicap Review as soon as
       possible after the end of the year (season). Practically this should be done between the
       1st of November and the 31st of January.
       The Annual Handicap Review is mandatory for all players.
  •    The Handicap Committee shall confirm or adjust the Exact Handicap (upward or
       downward) of all players who have returned four (4) or more Qualifying Scores.
  •    An Exact Handicap based on only three (3) or fewer Qualifying Scores shall remain
       unchanged.
  •    The purpose of a computer analysis is to give an indication of the number of strokes for
       increase or decrease. However, the Handicap Committee shall still evaluate all proposals
       by the computer before confirmation.
  •    Handicap Committees must be aware that a good AHR will include all aspects of
       players’ results for the previous year. This may be particularly important for players
       who return few (four or five) Qualifying Scores but who do regularly compete in other
       events.
  •    Expected Mean Stableford Score (EMSS):
       Is the Stableford Score, calculated from handicapping statistics and computer models,
       that a properly handicapped player most likely will make when playing an 18-holes
       round.
              Handicap            - 2,4       2,5- 5,4     5,5 – 9,4    9,5 – 13,4    15,5 – 18,4   18,5 – 26,4    26,5 - 36

                EMSS              34            33            32             31           30           29             28




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  •    Procedure:
       1. Players with less than 4 scores returned are listed and shall remain unchanged.
       2. Newly awarded Exact Handicaps (i.e. those attained in the previous year) are listed
          and shall not be increased but may be considered for reduction. These handicaps can
          also be subjected to the analysis described in point 4.
       3. Compute the Average of the Better Half of a players’ Stableford Score (ABHSS).
          The ABHSS shall not be rounded (1 decimal).
          Ex. 1: scores 24, 35, 32, 28, 30 and 25, ABHSS = (30 + 32 + 35) / 3 = 32,3
          Ex. 2: scores 24, 28, 25, 29 and 32, ABHSS = (28 + 29 + 32) / 3 = 29,6
          Ex. 3: scores 24, 31, No Return and 36, ABHSS = (31 + 36) / 2 = 33,5
          Note: Handicap Committees should be aware that a player who regularly reports a
          No Return could be manipulating his handicap.
       4. Compare the ABHSS with EMSS:
          4.1. ABHSS => (Lower limit Buffer zone + 5)
                It is recommended to decrease his Exact Handicap by the difference between
                the ABHSS and the Lower Limit of the Buffer Zone + 5 but with a maximum
                being determined by his Handicap Category and a minimum of 1,0.
                              HCP Category                  I           II     III          IV        V
                             Buffer Zone               35-36      34-36      33_36       32_36    31_36
                             Lower limit
                                                            40       39        38           37      36
                             Buffer Zone + 5
                             Maximum
                                                         1,0        1,5       2,0          2,5     3,0
                             reduction
                 In exceptional cases maxima may be exceeded if performance factors in other
                 forms of golf (matchplay, four-ball etc) indicate it.
            4.2. ABHSS => EMSS and ABHSS < (Lower limit Buffer zone + 5)
                 The players’ handicap will remain unchanged.
            4.3. ABHSS < EMSS
                 It is recommended to increase the Exact Handicap by the difference between
                 ABHSS and EMSS but with a maximum being determined by his Handicap
                 Category and a minimum of 1.0
                             HCP category               I          II        III         IV       V
                             Maximum
                                                      1,0         1,5        2,0         2,5      3,0
                             increase
       5. In evaluating the proposals the Handicap Committee may take the following points
          in consideration:
          o Only one very high score will not be a valid reason to reduce a players’
              handicap.
          o Reduce the upper limit to lower limit of Buffer Zone + 4 for players who entered
              more than 12 scores.
          o A player who has a lower handicap at the end of the year than at the start should
              not have his handicap increased.




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Decisions
Question: The Club organizes a Qualifying Competition in which a Handicap Limit of 24.0
applies. However, the Committee accepts the entry of a competitor with an Exact Handicap of
28.2 on condition that he plays off 24. Is the competition a Qualifying Competition for this
player?
Answer: Yes.
Whoever, if it is a Stableford competition, the Committee shall calculate the player’s
Stableford score for the competition based on an Exact Handicap of 24 but for handicapping
purposes the player shall play of a Playing Handicap based on his Exact Handicap of 28.2.
The EGA recommends not accepting the entry of competitors with a higher handicap.

Question: The Club organizes a Stroke Play competition in which handicaps do not apply. Is
the competition a Qualifying Competition?
Answer: Yes, the competition must be declared a Qualifying Competition.
After the competition the Handicap Committee must calculate the Stableford score for each
player using his Playing Handicap based on his Exact Handicap.

Question: Can a competition with a “Shotgun Start” be a Qualifying Competition?
Answer: Yes.

Question: The Committee has valid reasons to deprive a certain competition of its status as
Qualifying Competition. May competitors play in such a competition but concurrently return
an Extra Day Score?
Answer: Yes.
Whoever, The Committee should never deprive a competition of its status as Qualifying
Competition solely to circumvent the regulations of the EGA Handicap System.

Question: On the day of a Qualifying Competition and before commencement of play the
Committee has declared the competition “Non-Qualifying” because of exceptionally bad
weather conditions. May competitors play in such a competition but concurrently return an
Extra Day Score?
Answer: No.

Question: Count competitions organized in other countries as qualifying?
Answer: Yes.
Provided the National Association in that country has adopted the EGA Handicap System and
all the requirements of this system are satisfied.

Question: Are scores of disqualified players accepted for handicapping purposes?
Answer: Yes, if the player is disqualified for:
              - none or a too high handicap recorded on the scorecard
              - the scorecard is not signed by the player or his marker
            No, if the player is disqualified for:
                  - a “technical” offence where it cannot be determined how much advantage the
                    player may have gained
                  - scores recorded for a hole lower than actually taken
                  - practicing on the course prior to play
            The players score shall be treated as a “No Return”


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Question: What if a player brings in a “No Return” card after playing only a few holes?
Answer: This card should not be accepted to avoid that the player handicap would be
increased.

Question: What’s the relation between a CONGU handicap and an EGA handicap?
Answer: A player with a CONGU handicap playing in a country with an EGA Handicap
receives the following Competition Playing Handicap:
               CONGU Exact Handicap + (Course Rating – Par)
When a player with a CONGU handicap becomes a member of a Club with an EGA
handicap, his Exact handicap is recalculated as follows:
               CONGU Exact Handicap X 113 / (Slope Rating new course)




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Directives to the Green Committee
  •    Policies of National Associations issuing Course and Slope Ratings must be consistent
       with the regulations of the USGA Course Rating System.
  •    A course must be rerated at least every ten years, even if it has not been changed in any
       way.
  •    The tee markers should be placed within 10 meters of the mark stones, this means that
       these mark stones should be placed in the middle of the tee box.
       The total length of the course should not differ more than 100 metres with the measured
       course length.
       The tee markers must always be at least two club lengths forward of the back edge of
       the teeing ground.
       In the illustration below, the total area represents the usual teeing ground, and the heavy
       line in the centre indicates the point of the permanent marker from which the hole was
       measured.
       Balance tee placement as follows:
                        Back half                   Front half

                             C           B          A           A            B     C

  •    It is recommended that the hole be located at least four paces from any edge of the
       putting green.
  •    An area two to three feet in radius around the hole should be as nearly level as possible
       and of uniform grade.
  •    There should be a balanced selection of holes locations for the entire course with respect
       to left, right, central, front, and back positions.




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Tables

       Handicap                         Buffer Zones (Handicap Stableford Points)
       Category                       18-holes scores                        9-holes scores
             1                             35 – 36                           not applicable
             2                             34 – 36                           not applicable
             3                             33 – 36                           not applicable
             4                             32 – 36                              34 – 36
             5                             31 – 36                              33 – 36
Table 1: Buffer Zone


 Handicap Category                  EGA Exact Handicap
              1                                   - 4,4
              2                            4,5 – 11,4
              3                           11,5 – 18,4
              4                           18,5 – 26,4
              5                           26,5 – 36,0
Table 2: Handicap Categories


                                                Buffer Zone                     Stableford-      Subtract for
                    EGA
 Handicap                                                                       points below      each point
                    Exact               18-holes              9-holes
 Category                                                                     the Buffer-zone   above 36 STBF
                   Handicap              scores               scores             Add only           points
      1                     - 4,4        35 – 36          not applicable              0,1              0,1
      2              4,5 – 11,4          34 – 36          not applicable              0,1              0,2
      3            11,5 – 18,4           33 – 36          not applicable              0,1              0,3
      4            18,5 – 26,4           32 – 36              34 – 36                 0,1              0,4
      5            26,5 – 36,0           31 - 36               33 - 36                0,2              0,5
Table 3: Alteration of Handicaps




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