Chapter 13: THE IMPENDING CRISIS DQ #1: Write a brief synopsis of the causes, conduct, and results of the war between the United States and Mexico from a Mexican point of view. I. Causes of the Mexican War: A. Manifest Destiny: Coined by John L. O’Sullivan Says America has right to expandGives Americans mentality that they are superior+have right to encroach on others’ lands B. Mexico allows American immigration into Texas: Mexico thought having Americans in Texas good ideabuffer against Indians+stop America from expanding Big mistake for MexicoAmericans take advantage+rebel again Mexico John L. Try to ban immigrationtoo many Americansattempts futile O’Sullivan C. General Antonio Lopez de Santa Annadictator of Mexico: Santa Anna increase power of national gov’tdecrease power of state gov’t o Texans overreacttake as personal attack Texans try to attack Mexicanskeep failing, most flee to LA Battle of San Jacinto: General Houston captures Santa Anna+forces him sign Texas’ independence treaty Mexicans forced to leave/stuck with subordinate positions in Texas D. Texas wants to join Union: If Texas join: another slave state+more southern electoral votes Opposition from Jackson, Van Buren, and Harrison E. Polk annex Texas: Mexicans know that border is Nueces River, Americans insist its Rio Grande (Americans trying to take advantage)Polk eventually agree with Mexico F. Slidell Mission Polk sends Slidell to try to buy disputed territoriesfails James Polk G. Polk sends Taylor’s army from Nueces RiverRio Grande: Mexico refuse to fight for monthsgives in+attacks II. During the Mexican War: A. Congress declares war: Senate: 40 to 2, House: 174 to 14 B. American wins: Taylor captures Monterrey, Kearny captures Santa Fe, Scott captures Mexican capital C. New Mexican gov’t takes over+offers to negotiate peace treaty III. Results of the Mexican War: A. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexico: cedes CA+NM, recognizes Rio Grande as borderhuge land loses for Mexico John Slidell US: assures any financial claims its new citizens has against Mexico, pay $15 million CONCLUSION: Starting from the Manifest Destiny, which gave Americans the idea that they were above all other races and were thus given the right to take their lands, Americans believed they could take what was Mexico’s starting with Texas. Mexico allowed American immigrants into Texas as a buffer against Indians and as an attempt to prevent American expansion into Mexican lands, Mexico also believed that in time the Americans in Texas would gain loyalty for the Mexican government. However instead of loyalty there were many backlashes, which resulted in Texas being made an independent nation, suppressing Mexicans that decided to stay in the area. During the Mexican War, the Americans pulled most of their resources and power into defeating the Mexicans who ended up offering to negotiate a peace treaty. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo gave Mexico 15 million dollars but gave America an enormous part of Mexico.